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Genus: Rosa

There are several things that are particularly important to look for when identifying species of
Rosa. Look at shoots with normal growth when assessing prickle size and density. Plants
sometimes produce vigorous shoots with greatly elongated growth, identifiable by the absence of
both abrupt color changes of the bark and annualscars normally found at the junction of the years
growth. These vigorous shoots are usually much more densely prickly than the normal shoots and
are misleading for identification. To check stipule structure, use stipules on leaves located near the
base or middle part of a branchlet and not the top one or two leaves. If you need to check for
bracts beneath the flowers, use stems with budding flowers because the bracts are shed
early.Species described in the key as having pinnatifid sepals actually produce flowers with
2 entire sepals, 2 sepals with slender lobes on both margins, and 1 sepal with slender lobes on only
1 margin. A clue that a rose may be a naturalized European species and not native is the presence
of a double corolla. References: Lewis (1957), Graham and Primavesi (2005), Joly and Bruneau

Rosaceae (rose family)

This Genuss Species in New England:

Rosa acicularis

Rosa arkansana

Rosa blanda

Rosa canina

Rosa carolina

Rosa cinnamomea

Rosa gallica

Rosa glauca

Rosa luciae

Rosa micrantha

Rosa mollis

Rosa multiflora

Rosa nitida

Rosa palustris

Rosa rubiginosa

Rosa rugosa

Rosa sempervirens

Rosa setigera

Rosa sherardii

Rosa spinosissima

Rosa virginiana

The scientific name for a rose is Rosa. Roses are a perennial shrub or vine of the
Rosa genus and the family Rosaceae. There are more than 100 species of roses,
most of which are from Asia.

ROSE FAMILY : Rosaceae

Diagnostic characters

Habit: Perennial; herbs, shrubs, and trees.


Roots: Fibrous tap root and fibrous adventitious roots. 3.. Stem: Herbaceous or
woody; stem is covered with prickles.


Leaves: Petiolate; alternate; simple or compound (pinnate type):

Stipulate (adnate)


Inflorescence: Racemose or mostly cymose, some are solitary.

Flower: Pedicillate; bractcate: actinomorphic; Regular; complete;
hermaphrodite; perigynous. sometimes epigenous.

Calyx: 5 or 4 sepals: free. Sometimes, epicalyx of bracteoles is



Corolla: 5 or multiple of 5 petals; free; imbricate.


Stamens: numerous stamens; lice, sometimes united by their

filaments; versatile.


Carpel: I to numerous carpels; pocarpotis or syncarpous;

placentation basal or axile.


Fruits: Drupe. pome or an etaerio of drupes or achenes of follicles


Seed: non-endospermic seed

Floral formula and floral diagram (Rose plant)

Economic Importance
This fain lb has a great economic importance for mankind. It has great
importance in temperate (cold) region. This family is ranked third in the
flowering families for commercial importance in thetemperate zone.

1- Fruit: Many fruits are cbtained from the plants of this family. Some
important fruits are Apple, Pear, Almond Peach, Apricot , and
Strawberry etc.
2- Ornamental Plants: A large number of plants of this family are
ornamental. They are grown in gardens for their beautiful and
scented flowers. The genus Rosa is widely cultivated for decorative
purpose. It has been growing since ancient times. Its cultivated
names are in thousands. Many other genera are also grown in
gardens and parks for beautiful flowers.
3- Wood: The branches of Crataegus are used as walking sticks and
wood. The wood ofpints pactia is used for making tobacco pipes.
Commercial and medicinal uses of Petuls

The petals of some common roses are called gulabs in many Asian
countries like Pakistan. The gbiabs have following uses: e These
petals are used for making gulkand

C Petals of rose are used tor extraction

of rose oil. This oil is used in perfumes.
C The petals give Ark-Gulab on
distillation with water. This Ark-Gulab is
used tbr curing eye disease and for many
other purposes.
Pattern of distribution
This family has about 100 genera and 2000 species. It is distributed
all over the world. About 29 genera and 213 species of this family are
present in Pakistan.
Common species


Rosa indica (rose)


Pyrus ma/us (apple)


Prunus persica (peach )


Fragaria vesca (Strawberry)

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