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Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

Department of Mathematics

Mathematics-I

MA 101 
Tutorial Sheet-3

Date:
Time:

Aug

17-2015
08:00  09:00

Linear Algebra

Topics Covered:

Linear independence, subspace, row/column space, null space, basis, dimension, linear transformations.
1. State TRUE or FALSE. Give a brief justication.
(a) For a matrix A in its row echelon form, the non-zero rows are linearly independent.
(b) If v1 and v2 are linearly independent vectors, and if {v1 , v2 , v3 } is a linearly dependent set, then v3
Span{v1 , v2 }.
(c) The vectors u, v and w are in Span(u, u + v, u + v + w).
(d) If all the columns of an m n nonzero matrix (it has at least one nonzero entry) A are equal then
rank(A) = 1.
(e) If A and B are square matrices such that AB is invertible then both A and B are invertible.
(f) If the equation AX = b has at least one solution for each b Rn , then the solution is unique for each b.
(g) Let A be an invertible matrix. If the vectors {x1 , x2 , . . . , xr } are linearly independent then the vectors
{Ax1 , Ax2 , . . . , Axr } are linearly independent.
(h) Let {v1 , . . . , vn } be a linearly independent set. Suppose there exists scalars i and i such that
n
X

i vi =

n
X

i=1

i vi .

i=1

Then for each i, i = i .


2. Examine whether the following sets are subspaces of Rn .
(a) For n 3, S1 = { [x1 , . . . , xn ]T Rn : x1 + x2 = 4x3 }
(b) For n 3, S1 = { [x1 , . . . , xn ]T Rn : x1 + x2 4x3 }
(c) A line given by equation y = mx + c in R2 .
(d) For a linear transformation T : Rm Rn , the range of T .
3. Show that the matrix

2
0

A=
6
0
4

5
3
2
2
7

2
5
7
5
5


is equivalent to another matrix B whose last row is 20604

2
0
9
2
7

7
8

2
1

53227

25755

20927


78421 .

4. Compute the null space of the matrix

3
A= 1
2

6
2
4

1
2
5

1 7
3 1 .
8 4

What is dim(null(A))?
5. Under what conditions on the scalars such that the vectors [1 +
linearly independent.

1 ]T and [1

1 + ]T in R2 are

6. Let A be a 3 3 matrix such that rank(A) = 2 and the columns of A satisfy the relation C3 = C1 + C2 . Then
show that there exists a matrix X , not equal to identity matrix, such that AX = A.
7. Let A be an n m matrix and let B be an m n matrix. Prove that the matrix Im BA is invertible if and
only if the matrix In AB is invertible.

8. Show that if A is a m n and B is an n p matrix then:


(a) col(AB) col(A).
(b) row(AB) row(B). If m = n and A is invertible, what can you say in addition?
9. Let A be an m n matrix with entries in R. Let T be the corresponding linear transformation. Then nd out
the domain and codomain of T .
10. Show that in R2 , the rotation by 90 is a linear transformation.
11. Examine whether the following maps T : V W are linear transformations.

T
T  
(a) V = W = R3 . T x y z
= 3x + y z |x|
(b) V = W = R2 . T is the reection in the line y = x.

T  
T
(c) V = R2 , W = R3 . T x y
= x y + 5 z 2 xyz .

T  
T
(d) V = R3 , W = R3 . T x y z
= x y + z 2z 3y + x .
(e) V = W = R2 . T is the projection onto Y -axis.
12. In the previous exercise, if the map T is a linear transformation, then compute its standard matrix.