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R&S S4200

XU 4200 VHF Transceiver


Operating Manual

Operating Manual

Radio Communications Systems


Division

6166.5368.02 01

The Operating Manual describes the following R&SS4200 XU 4200 VHF Transceiver
models and options:

6144.7300.02
6144.7300.12
6162.4409.02 (GS4201-XU) OCXO
6162.4480.02 (GS4202-XU) E1-Interface
6162.4609.02 (GS4203-XU) VoIP

DS4200V R10.0x
6164.6744.0y (DS4200V SW-CD R10.0x) Radio SW Package
6164.6721.0y (DS4200V R10.0x) Bin-File

2012 Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG


81671 Munich, Germany
Printed in Germany Subject to change Data without tolerance limits is not binding.
R&S is a registered trademark of Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG.
Trade names are trademarks of the owners.
The following abbreviations are used throughout this manual:
R&SS4200 is abbreviated as R&S S4200.

R&S XU 4200

OVERVIEW

User Information
General Features, Explanation of a Model, Required Power Supply, Design,
Functioning, General Data, Accessories

Preparation for Use


Safety Precautions, Unpacking and Checking, Installation into a 19" Rack, Basis
Cabling, Switching On/Off, Mechanical Interface Description, Function Test

Operation
Control Elements and Interfaces, Introduction, Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200,
Local Control (Local Mode), Remote Control (Remote Mode), Main/Standby
Operation (1:1), External Automatic Filters, In-Band Signaling, RSSI Output
Characteristic, ACARS Mode (External Modem), Best Signal Selection, Audio via
E1 Interface (Optional), External Power Amplifier, Radio in VDL Mode 2, Audio
via VoIP (Optional), Software Download

Malfunction
Visual Inspection, Troubleshooting

Maintenance
Scheduled Maintenance, Fan Maintenance, Cleaning

Technical Information
Specifications, Interface Description, Remote Control Commands

7
8

Index
Appendix
General Data, Specifications, Accessories, Mechanical Interface Description

0.1

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R&S XU 4200

6166.5368.02.01

0.2

R&S XU 4200

Table of Contents
1

User Information ..................................................................................1.1

1.1

General Features..........................................................................................................1.1

1.2

Explanation of a Model................................................................................................1.1

1.3

Required Personnel ..................................................................................................... 1.2

1.4

Required Power Supply............................................................................................... 1.2

1.5

Design ........................................................................................................................... 1.3

1.6
1.6.1
1.6.2

Functioning...................................................................................................................1.4
Block Diagram................................................................................................................1.4
Functions Description .................................................................................................... 1.5

1.7

General Data ................................................................................................................. 1.6

1.8

Accessories ..................................................................................................................1.6

Preparation for Use .............................................................................2.1

2.1

Safety Precautions.......................................................................................................2.1

2.2

Unpacking and Checking ............................................................................................ 2.2

2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2

Installation into a 19" Rack .........................................................................................2.3


Installation of Two Radios.............................................................................................. 2.3
Installation with Blank Panel .......................................................................................... 2.4

2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2

Basis Cabling ...............................................................................................................2.5


Rear Cabling ..................................................................................................................2.5
Front Cabling..................................................................................................................2.8

2.5

Switching On/Off..........................................................................................................2.9

2.6

Mechanical Interface Description...............................................................................2.9

2.7

Function Test..............................................................................................................2.10

Operation..............................................................................................3.1

3.1
3.1.1
3.1.2

Control Elements and Interfaces................................................................................3.2


Front View ...................................................................................................................... 3.2
Rear View....................................................................................................................... 3.3

3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.2.1
3.2.2.2
3.2.2.3
3.2.2.4

Introduction ..................................................................................................................3.4
Control Interfaces...........................................................................................................3.4
Modes of Control............................................................................................................3.5
Non-Controlled Mode.....................................................................................................3.5
Remote Mode.................................................................................................................3.6
Local Mode.....................................................................................................................3.7
Service Mode .................................................................................................................3.8

3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200.............................................................................3.9


Factory Default Settings.................................................................................................3.9
Meaning of Parameters................................................................................................3.14
0.3

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R&S XU 4200
3.3.3

CBIT Type Configuration .............................................................................................3.25

3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.2.1
3.4.2.2
3.4.2.3
3.4.2.4
3.4.2.5
3.4.2.6
3.4.2.7
3.4.3
3.4.3.1
3.4.3.2
3.4.3.3
3.4.3.4
3.4.3.5
3.4.4
3.4.5
3.4.6
3.4.6.1
3.4.6.2
3.4.6.3
3.4.6.4
3.4.7
3.4.7.1
3.4.7.2
3.4.7.2.1
3.4.7.3
3.4.7.4
3.4.7.4.1
3.4.7.4.2
3.4.7.4.3
3.4.7.4.4
3.4.7.4.5
3.4.7.5
3.4.7.6
3.4.7.7
3.4.7.7.1
3.4.7.7.2
3.4.7.7.3
3.4.7.7.4
3.4.7.7.5
3.4.7.7.6
3.4.7.7.7
3.4.7.7.8

Local Control (Local Mode).......................................................................................3.25


Overview of Operation .................................................................................................3.26
Making Entries from the Keypad..................................................................................3.27
Numeric Keys...............................................................................................................3.27
Cursor Keys .................................................................................................................3.27
MENU Key ...................................................................................................................3.28
ENTER Key..................................................................................................................3.28
ESC Key.......................................................................................................................3.28
SQ Key.........................................................................................................................3.29
LOC Key.......................................................................................................................3.30
Screen Display .............................................................................................................3.31
Start Display.................................................................................................................3.31
Boot Display .................................................................................................................3.31
Standard Operating Display.........................................................................................3.32
Main Menu Display ......................................................................................................3.33
Display Settings ...........................................................................................................3.34
Indication via LEDs ......................................................................................................3.35
Calling and Changing Menus.......................................................................................3.36
Setting Parameters ......................................................................................................3.37
Direct Selection of Radio Functions.............................................................................3.38
Toggling a Setting ........................................................................................................3.39
Selecting Settings ........................................................................................................3.40
Entering Numeric Parameters......................................................................................3.41
Overview of All Menus and Functions .........................................................................3.42
MAIN Menu ..................................................................................................................3.42
OPERATION Menu......................................................................................................3.43
Explanation of Offset Activation ...................................................................................3.45
TIME/DATE Menu........................................................................................................3.46
MEASUREMENT Menu ...............................................................................................3.46
TX PARAMETER Menu ...............................................................................................3.47
RX PARAMETER Menu...............................................................................................3.48
SUPPLY Menu .............................................................................................................3.49
TEMPERATURE Menu................................................................................................3.49
EXTERNAL VOLTAGES Menu....................................................................................3.50
CBIT STATUS Menu....................................................................................................3.50
INVENTORY Menu ......................................................................................................3.53
CONFIGURATION Menu.............................................................................................3.55
IP ADDRESS Menu .....................................................................................................3.56
FREQUENCY BLOCK Menu .......................................................................................3.62
DISPLAY SETTINGS Menu.........................................................................................3.63
RX THRESHOLDS Menu ............................................................................................3.66
TX MODULATION DEPTH Menu ................................................................................3.68
OPTIONS Menu ...........................................................................................................3.69
AUDIO DELAY Menu...................................................................................................3.70
AUDIO INTERFACE Menu ..........................................................................................3.71

3.5

Remote Control (Remote Mode) via LAN ................................................................3.72

3.6
3.6.1

Main/Standby Operation (1:1) ...................................................................................3.73


Introduction/Overview ..................................................................................................3.73

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R&S XU 4200
3.6.1.1
3.6.1.2
3.6.1.3
3.6.2
3.6.3
3.6.4

Behavior of the Main/Standby Configuration with Power On.......................................3.73


Behavior at Remote Control.........................................................................................3.75
Behavior in Case of Device Errors...............................................................................3.75
Cabling ......................................................................................................................... 3.76
Configuration................................................................................................................3.77
Limitations/Notes .........................................................................................................3.78

3.7
3.7.1
3.7.1.1
3.7.1.2
3.7.1.3
3.7.1.4
3.7.2
3.7.2.1
3.7.2.2
3.7.2.3
3.7.2.4

External Automatic Filters ........................................................................................3.79


Telsa External Automatic Filter ....................................................................................3.79
Introduction/Overview ..................................................................................................3.79
Cabling ......................................................................................................................... 3.79
Configuration................................................................................................................3.80
Limitations/Notes .........................................................................................................3.80
R&S External Automatic Filter .....................................................................................3.80
Introduction/Overview ..................................................................................................3.80
Cabling ......................................................................................................................... 3.81
Configuration................................................................................................................3.81
Limitations/Notes .........................................................................................................3.81

3.8
3.8.1
3.8.2
3.8.2.1
3.8.2.2
3.8.2.3

In-Band Signaling ......................................................................................................3.82


Introduction/Overview ..................................................................................................3.82
Configuration................................................................................................................3.83
In-Band Signaling of PTT with Different Audio Tones .................................................3.83
In-Band Signaling of SQ with Different Audio Tones...................................................3.83
Audio In-Band Tones for RSSI Signaling.....................................................................3.83

3.9
3.9.1
3.9.2
3.9.3

RSSI Output Characteristic.......................................................................................3.84


Introduction/Overview ..................................................................................................3.84
Configuration................................................................................................................3.86
Limitations/Notes .........................................................................................................3.86

3.10
3.10.1
3.10.2
3.10.3
3.10.4

ACARS Mode (External Modem)...............................................................................3.87


Introduction/Overview ..................................................................................................3.87
Cabling ......................................................................................................................... 3.87
Configuration................................................................................................................3.88
Limitations/Notes .........................................................................................................3.89

3.11
3.11.1
3.11.2
3.11.3
3.11.4

Best Signal Selection ................................................................................................3.90


Introduction/Overview ..................................................................................................3.90
Cabling ......................................................................................................................... 3.91
Configuration................................................................................................................3.92
Limitations/Notes .........................................................................................................3.93

3.12
3.12.1
3.12.2
3.12.3
3.12.4
3.12.5

Audio via E1 Interface (Optional) .............................................................................3.94


Introduction/Overview ..................................................................................................3.94
Cabling ......................................................................................................................... 3.95
Configuration................................................................................................................3.95
Limitations/Notes .........................................................................................................3.96
Parallel Operation of the Analog and E1 Audio Interfaces ..........................................3.96

3.13
3.13.1

External Power Amplifiers ........................................................................................3.97


External Power Amplifier R&S VU220L .......................................................................3.97
0.5

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3.13.1.1
3.13.1.2
3.13.1.3
3.13.1.4
3.13.2
3.13.2.1
3.13.2.2
3.13.2.3
3.13.2.4

Introduction/Overview ..................................................................................................3.97
Cabling ......................................................................................................................... 3.97
Configuration................................................................................................................3.98
Limitations/Notes .........................................................................................................3.99
External Power Amplifier Jotron PAV-100/200 ............................................................3.99
Introduction/Overview ..................................................................................................3.99
Cabling .......................................................................................................................3.100
Configuration..............................................................................................................3.100
Limitations/Notes .......................................................................................................3.101

3.14
3.14.1
3.14.2
3.14.3
3.14.4

Radio in VDL Mode 2 ...............................................................................................3.102


Introduction/Overview ................................................................................................3.102
Cabling .......................................................................................................................3.102
Configuration..............................................................................................................3.102
Limitations/Notes .......................................................................................................3.104

3.15
3.15.1
3.15.2
3.15.3
3.15.4
3.15.5
3.15.6
3.15.7
3.15.8
3.15.9

Audio via VoIP (Optional)........................................................................................3.105


Introduction/Overview ................................................................................................3.105
Cabling .......................................................................................................................3.106
Configuration..............................................................................................................3.106
Limitations/Notes .......................................................................................................3.107
VoIP Information on Standard Operation Screen ......................................................3.107
VoIP Connections ......................................................................................................3.108
VoIP Connection Establishment ................................................................................3.109
AM Voice Functionality with VoIP Interface ...............................................................3.110
Parallel Operation of the Analog and VoIP Audio Interfaces.....................................3.111

3.16

Software Download..................................................................................................3.112

Malfunction ..........................................................................................4.1

4.1
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3

Visual Inspection .........................................................................................................4.1


Cabling Check................................................................................................................4.1
Checking the LED State.................................................................................................4.2
Checking the CBIT State ...............................................................................................4.3

4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3

Troubleshooting...........................................................................................................4.4
TX CBIT Events .............................................................................................................4.4
RX CBIT Events ...........................................................................................................4.16
Unexpected Radio Restart...........................................................................................4.23

Maintenance .........................................................................................5.1

5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2

Scheduled Maintenance ..............................................................................................5.1


TCXO Adjustment ..........................................................................................................5.1
OCXO Adjustment (Optional).........................................................................................5.2

5.2

Fan Maintenance.......................................................................................................... 5.3

5.3

Cleaning ........................................................................................................................ 5.4

Technical Information .........................................................................6.1

6.1

Specifications...............................................................................................................6.1

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R&S XU 4200
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.2.5
6.2.6
6.2.7
6.2.8
6.2.9
6.2.10
6.2.11
6.2.12
6.2.13
6.2.14
6.2.15
6.2.16

Interface Description ................................................................................................... 6.1


AC Input X1....................................................................................................................6.1
DC Input/Battery Input X2 .............................................................................................. 6.2
Common Antenna X3.....................................................................................................6.3
TX/RX Switch X4 ........................................................................................................... 6.3
TX Audio Basic X5 ......................................................................................................... 6.4
Ethernet LAN Remote Control X6............................................................................... 6.6
TX Audio Extended X7................................................................................................... 6.7
RX Input X8....................................................................................................................6.9
Ethernet LAN Remote Control X9............................................................................. 6.10
RX Audio Basic X10..................................................................................................... 6.10
RX Audio Extended X11 .............................................................................................. 6.12
RS-422 Host Interface Port X12 (Reserved) ............................................................ 6.13
RX E1 Communication Data Connector X13............................................................ 6.14
TX E1 Communication Data Connector X14 ............................................................ 6.15
USB Device Connector X20......................................................................................... 6.16
Headset Connector X21............................................................................................... 6.17

6.3

Remote Control Commands ..................................................................................... 6.18

Index .....................................................................................................7.1

Appendix ..............................................................................................8.1

0.7

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0.8

Table of Figures
Fig. 1.1

Modules of the R&S XU 4200 transceiver. .....................................................................1.3

Fig. 1.2

Block diagram. ................................................................................................................1.4

Fig. 2.1

Installation of two radios. ................................................................................................2.3

Fig. 2.2

Installation with blank panel. ...........................................................................................2.4

Fig. 2.3

Rear cabling. ................................................................................................................... 2.6

Fig. 2.4

Front cabling. .................................................................................................................. 2.8

Fig. 3.1

Front view........................................................................................................................ 3.2

Fig. 3.2

Rear view. ....................................................................................................................... 3.3

Fig. 3.3

Non-controlled mode.......................................................................................................3.5

Fig. 3.4

Remote mode..................................................................................................................3.6

Fig. 3.5

Local mode...................................................................................................................... 3.7

Fig. 3.6

Service mode. .................................................................................................................3.8

Fig. 3.7

Overview of operation. ..................................................................................................3.26

Fig. 3.8

Keypad. ......................................................................................................................... 3.27

Fig. 3.9

Squelch behavior. .........................................................................................................3.29

Fig. 3.10

R&S Series 4200 logo...................................................................................................3.31

Fig. 3.11

Boot display...................................................................................................................3.31

Fig. 3.12

Standard operating display. ..........................................................................................3.32

Fig. 3.13

Main menu display. .......................................................................................................3.33

Fig. 3.14

Brightness setting display. ............................................................................................3.34

Fig. 3.15

Contrast setting display.................................................................................................3.34

Fig. 3.16

Indication via LEDs. ......................................................................................................3.35

Fig. 3.17

Main menu. ...................................................................................................................3.36

Fig. 3.18

Submenu.......................................................................................................................3.37

Fig. 3.19

Direct selection of radio functions. ................................................................................3.38

Fig. 3.20

Toggling a setting..........................................................................................................3.39

Fig. 3.21

Selecting settings..........................................................................................................3.40

Fig. 3.22

Frequency entry. ...........................................................................................................3.41

Fig. 3.23

MAIN menu. ..................................................................................................................3.42

Fig. 3.24

OPERATION menu.......................................................................................................3.43

Fig. 3.25

ICAO channeling / frequency pairing. ...........................................................................3.44

Fig. 3.26

Possible combinations of mode/spacing/offset VHF..................................................... 3.45

Fig. 3.27

Supported frequency ranges.........................................................................................3.45

Fig. 3.28

TIME/DATE menu. ........................................................................................................3.46

Fig. 3.29

MEASUREMENT menu. ...............................................................................................3.46

Fig. 3.30

TX PARAMETER menu. ...............................................................................................3.47

0.9

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R&S XU 4200
Fig. 3.31

TX PARAMETER menu in ACARS mode.....................................................................3.47

Fig. 3.32

TX PARAMETER menu in VDL Mode 2. ......................................................................3.47

Fig. 3.33

RX PARAMETER menu................................................................................................3.48

Fig. 3.34

SUPPLY menu. .............................................................................................................3.49

Fig. 3.35

TEMPERATURE menu.................................................................................................3.49

Fig. 3.36

EXTERNAL VOLTAGES menu.....................................................................................3.50

Fig. 3.37

CBIT STATUS menu.....................................................................................................3.50

Fig. 3.38

TX CBIT STATUS. ........................................................................................................3.51

Fig. 3.39

RX CBIT STATUS.........................................................................................................3.52

Fig. 3.40

INVENTORY menu. ......................................................................................................3.53

Fig. 3.41

INVENTORY menu: Display format. .............................................................................3.54

Fig. 3.42

CONFIGURATION menu..............................................................................................3.55

Fig. 3.43

IP ADDRESS menu. .....................................................................................................3.56

Fig. 3.44

IP Configuration TX module. .....................................................................................3.56

Fig. 3.45

IP Configuration RX module......................................................................................3.57

Fig. 3.46

IPv4 configuration. ........................................................................................................3.57

Fig. 3.47

IPv4 address setting. ....................................................................................................3.58

Fig. 3.48

IPv4 gate address setting. ............................................................................................3.58

Fig. 3.49

IPv4 netmask setting.....................................................................................................3.59

Fig. 3.50

IPv6 configuration. ........................................................................................................3.59

Fig. 3.51

IPv6 address setting. ....................................................................................................3.60

Fig. 3.52

IPv6 gate address setting. ............................................................................................3.61

Fig. 3.53

Indication of frequency blocking ranges. ......................................................................3.62

Fig. 3.54

DISPLAY SETTINGS menu..........................................................................................3.63

Fig. 3.55

Brightness setting..........................................................................................................3.63

Fig. 3.56

Contrast setting. ............................................................................................................3.64

Fig. 3.57

Screen saver timeout setting. .......................................................................................3.64

Fig. 3.58

Load default values setting. ..........................................................................................3.65

Fig. 3.59

Saved values setting.....................................................................................................3.65

Fig. 3.60

RX THRESHOLDS Menu. ............................................................................................3.66

Fig. 3.61

RSSI squelch threshold setting.....................................................................................3.67

Fig. 3.62

S/N squelch threshold...................................................................................................3.68

Fig. 3.63

TX MODULATION DEPTH Menu. ................................................................................3.68

Fig. 3.64

TX Modulation setting. ..................................................................................................3.69

Fig. 3.65

OPTIONS Menu. ...........................................................................................................3.69

Fig. 3.66

AUDIO DELAY Menu....................................................................................................3.70

Fig. 3.67

AUDIO INTERFACE Menu. ..........................................................................................3.71

Fig. 3.68

Radio control via LAN. ..................................................................................................3.72

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0.10

R&S XU 4200
Fig. 3.69

Active device. ................................................................................................................ 3.73

Fig. 3.70

Inactive device. ............................................................................................................. 3.74

Fig. 3.71

Device in local mode (LOC) activation state On. .......................................................... 3.74

Fig. 3.72

Device in remote control mode activation state AUTO. ................................................ 3.74

Fig. 3.73

Main/Standby status after booting and main/standby switchover................................. 3.75

Fig. 3.74

Main/Standby cabling PTT R&S Standard....................................................................3.76

Fig. 3.75

Main/Standby cabling PTT Type I. (cutout). ................................................................. 3.76

Fig. 3.76

Main/Standby cabling PTT Type II. (cutout). ................................................................ 3.77

Fig. 3.77

Telsa external automatic filter connection. ................................................................... 3.79

Fig. 3.78

R&S External automatic filter connection. .................................................................... 3.81

Fig. 3.79

Tone used for RSSI signal quality................................................................................. 3.82

Fig. 3.80

RSSI output type R&S Standard. .............................................................................. 3.84

Fig. 3.81

RSSI output type User defined..................................................................................3.85

Fig. 3.82

Cabling for operation with the external modem (ACARS). ........................................... 3.87

Fig. 3.83

ACARS mode activation. .............................................................................................. 3.88

Fig. 3.84

Active device in the ACARS mode................................................................................3.89

Fig. 3.85

Radio 1 has a stronger receive signal, no switchover audio signal. ............................. 3.90

Fig. 3.86
Radio 2 has a stronger receive signal, audio signal is switched after 200 ms from radio 1
to radio 2. ................................................................................................................................ 3.91
Fig. 3.87

Cabling for best signal selection. .................................................................................. 3.92

Fig. 3.88

Radio operation via E1 interface................................................................................... 3.95

Fig. 3.89

Cabling for operation with the external power amplifier R&S VU220L. ........................ 3.98

Fig. 3.90

Cabling for operation with the external power amplifier Jotron...................................3.100

Fig. 3.91

VDL Mode 2 cabling....................................................................................................3.102

Fig. 3.92

VDL Mode 2 activation................................................................................................3.103

Fig. 3.93

Active device in VDL Mode 2. .....................................................................................3.103

Fig. 3.94

VoIP cabling. ...............................................................................................................3.106

Fig. 3.95

VoIP Connections. ......................................................................................................3.108

Fig. 3.96

VoIP Connection establishment..................................................................................3.110

Fig. 3.97

Software download via LAN........................................................................................3.112

Fig. 3.98

Software download via USB. ......................................................................................3.112

Fig. 4.1

Checking the LED state. ................................................................................................. 4.2

Fig. 4.2

Events related to internal restart triggers...................................................................... 4.25

Fig. 4.3

Validation result mask................................................................................................... 4.26

Fig. 5.1

Test connection of TCXO adjustment. ............................................................................ 5.1

Fig. 5.2

Test connection of OCXO adjustment. ........................................................................... 5.2

Fig. 6.1

AC input X1. .................................................................................................................... 6.1

Fig. 6.2

DC input/battery input X2................................................................................................ 6.2

Fig. 6.3

Common antenna X3. ..................................................................................................... 6.3


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Fig. 6.4

TX/RX switch X4. ............................................................................................................6.3

Fig. 6.5

TX audio basic X5. ..........................................................................................................6.4

Fig. 6.6

Ethernet LAN remote control X6. ................................................................................. 6.6

Fig. 6.7

TX audio extended X7. ................................................................................................... 6.7

Fig. 6.8

RX input X8. .................................................................................................................... 6.9

Fig. 6.9

Ethernet LAN remote control X9. ...............................................................................6.10

Fig. 6.10

RX audio basic X10. .....................................................................................................6.10

Fig. 6.11

RX audio extended X11. ...............................................................................................6.12

Fig. 6.12

RS-422 Host interface port X12 (reserved). ..............................................................6.13

Fig. 6.13

RX E1 Communication data connector X13..............................................................6.14

Fig. 6.14

TX E1 Communication data connector X14. .............................................................6.15

Fig. 6.15

USB device connector X20. ..........................................................................................6.16

Fig. 6.16

Headset connector X21. ...............................................................................................6.17

Last Page of Chapter 0\\Last Page of Chapter 0 "Radio".doc

6166.5368.02.01

0.12

Safety instructions for


handling parts made from
beryllium oxide ceramics

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(

Fr Betrieb im Europischen Wirtschaftsraum (EWR) und zivilen Einsatz.


Hinweis gem dem Gesetz ber Funkanlagen und Telekommunikationsendeinrichtungen (FTEG) und der Europischen Richtlinie 1999/5/EG:
Dieses Produkt darf innerhalb des EWR nicht uneingeschrnkt betrieben werden, da
der verwendete Frequenzbereich auf nicht harmonisierten Bndern erfolgt. Nationale
Vorschriften / Genehmigungen sind zu beachten.
Das Gert ist 4 Wochen vor Inverkehrbringen bei der jeweils zustndigen nationalen
Behrde fr die Frequenzhoheit zu notifizieren. Informationen hierzu im Internet unter
folgender Adresse: http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/rtte/spectr.htm

For operation in the European Economic Area (EEA) and for civil use.
Note pursuant to the German Radio and Telecommunications Terminal
Equipment Directive (FTEG) and the European R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EC:
Operation of this product within the EEA is subject to restrictions since the frequency
bands used are not harmonized. National provisions / authorizations shall be
complied with.
The product shall be notified to the competent national frequency management
authority four weeks before the product is put on the market.
For more information refer to: http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/rtte/spectr.htm

6012.1234.54 1 / 2

KONFORMITTSERKLRUNG gem dem Gesetz ber Funkanlagen und Telekommunikationsendeinrichtungen (FTEG)


und der Richtlinie 1999/5/EG (R&TTE) Anhang V, zertifiziert durch die Benannte Stelle CETECOM ICT Services GmbH,
Reg. Nr. Q812137N und der Verordnung (EG) Nr. 552/2004 (Interoperabilitts-Verordnung)
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY in accordance with the Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Act (FTEG) and Directive
1999/5/EC (R&TTE Directive) Annex V, certified by the Notified Body CETECOM ICT Services GmbH Germany, Reg. No. Q812137N as
well as the Regulation (EC) No. 552/2004 (Interoperability Regulation)

Zertifikat-Nr.: / Certificate No.: 2011-14


Hiermit wird in alleiniger Verantwortung bescheinigt, dass die

Funkanlage

We herewith certify under our sole responsibility that the radio equipment

Vorlage:Vorlage:
CE_B_fteg_D_E_flugfunk_3573706704.dot
CE_B_fteg_D_E_flugfunk_3573706704.dot
3573.7067.04
3573.7067.04
/ I 01.00
/ I 01.00

Gertetyp

Materialnummer
Stock No.

Benennung

Equipment Type

XU4200
XU4200

6144.7400.xx1)
6144.7300.xx1)

VHF Transceiver
VHF Transceiver

1)

Designation

xx = 02..99

Gerteklasse: / Equipment class: 2.12 (Infrastructure Equipment)


bei bestimmungsgemer Verwendung den grundlegenden Anforderungen des 3 und den brigen
einschlgigen Bestimmungen des FTEG (Artikel 3 der R&TTE) entspricht.
complies with the essential requirements of 3 and the other relevant provisions of the FTEG (Article 3 of the R&TTE
Directive), when used for its intended purpose.

Gesundheit und Sicherheit gem 3 (1) 1, (Artikel 3 (1) a))


Health and safety requirements pursuant to 3 (1) 1, (Article 3(1) a))

Schutzanforderungen in Bezug auf die elektromagn. Vertrglichkeit 3 (1) 2, (Artikel 3 (1) b))
Protection requirements concerning electromagnetic compatibility 3(1)(2), (Article 3(1)(b))

Manahmen zur effizienten Nutzung des Funkfrequenzspektrums 3 (2), (Artikel 3(2))

Measures for the efficient use of the radio frequency spectrum 3 (2), (Article 3(2))

Luftschnittstelle bei Funkanlagen gem 3(3), (Artikel 3(3))

Air interface of the radio systems pursuant to 3(3), (Article 3(3))

Angewendete harmonisierte Normen:


Harmonized standards applied:

Einhaltung der grundlegenden Anforderungen auf


andere Art und Weise (hierzu verwendete
Standards/Spezifikationen):
Other means of proving conformity with the essential requirements
(standards/specifications used):

EN 60950-1: 2006 + A11:2009


ETSI EN 301489-1 V1.8.1 (2008-04)
ETSI EN 301489-22 V1.3.1 (2003-11)
ETSI EN 300676-2 V1.4.1 (2010-04)
ETSI EN 300113-2 V1.4.1 (2007-02)
ETSI EN 301841-3 V1.1.1 (2011-11)
EN 55022, Klasse B
ETSI EN 300676-1 V1.5.2 (2011-03)
ETSI EN 300113-1 V1.6.2 (2009-11) )
ETSI EN 301841-1 V1.3.1 (2010-06)
ETSI EN 301841-2 V1.1.1 (2004-03)
Rec.1999/519/EG; 26.BImSchV

ROHDE & SCHWARZ GmbH & Co. KG


Mhldorfstr. 15, D-81671 Mnchen
Mnchen, den 31.07.2012

Zentrales Qualittsmanagement GF-QP / Chadzelek

Munich, 2012-07-31

Central Quality Management GF-QP / Chadzelek

CE

D/E-2

KONFORMITTSERKLRUNG gem dem Gesetz ber Funkanlagen und Telekommunikationsendeinrichtungen (FTEG)


und der Richtlinie 1999/5/EG (R&TTE) Anhang V, zertifiziert durch die Benannte Stelle CETECOM ICT Services GmbH,
Reg. Nr. Q812137N und der Verordnung (EG) Nr. 552/2004 (Interoperabilitts-Verordnung)
DCLARATION DE CONFORMIT selon la loi sur les quipements radio et les quipements terminaux de tlcommunications (FTEG)
ainsi que selon la Directive 1999/5/CE (Directive R&TTE) Annexe V, certifi par l'Organisme Notifi CETECOM ICT Services GmbH
Allemagne, Reg. N. Q812137N et le Rglement (CE) N 552/2004 (rglement sur l'interoprabilit)

Zertifikat-Nr.: / Certificat N : 2011-14


Hiermit wird in alleiniger Verantwortung bescheinigt, dass die Funkanlage
Par la prsente, nous certifions sous notre responsabilit exclusive que l'quipement radio

Gertetyp

Materialnummer

Benennung

Type

N de rfrence

Dsignation

XU4200
XU4200

6144.7400.xx1)
6144.7300.xx1)

VHF Transceiver
VHF Transceiver

Vorlage: CE_B_fteg_D_E_flugfunk_3573706704.dot 3573.7067.04 / I 01.00

1)

xx = 02..99

Gerteklasse: / Classe d'quipement : 2.12 (Equipment Infrastructure)


bei bestimmungsgemer Verwendung den grundlegenden Anforderungen des 3 und den brigen
einschlgigen Bestimmungen des FTEG (Artikel 3 der R&TTE) entspricht.
est conforme aux prescriptions fondamentales du paragraphe 3 et aux autres prescriptions applicables de la loi susmentionne (Article 3 de
la Directive R&TTE), condition qu'il soit utilis dans les conditions stipules.

Gesundheit und Sicherheit gem 3 (1) 1, (Artikel 3 (1) a))

Prescriptions en matire de scurit et de sant selon le paragraphe 3 (1) 1, (Article 3 (1) a))

Schutzanforderungen in Bezug auf die elektromagn. Vertrglichkeit 3 (1) 2, (Artikel 3 (1) b))

Prescriptions en matire de protection relative la compatibilit lectromagntique selon le paragraphe 3 (1) (2) (Article 3 (1) b))

Manahmen zur effizienten Nutzung des Funkfrequenzspektrums 3 (2), (Artikel 3(2))

Mesures pour l'utilisation efficace du spectre radiolectrique le paragraphe 3 (2), (Article 3(2))

Luftschnittstelle bei Funkanlagen gem 3(3), (Artikel 3(3))


Interface radio des quipements radio selon le paragraphe 3 (3) (Article 3 (3))

Angewendete harmonisierte Normen:

EN 60950-1: 2006 + A11:2009


ETSI EN 301489-1 V1.8.1 (2008-04)
ETSI EN 301489-22 V1.3.1 (2003-11)
ETSI EN 300676-2 V1.4.1 (2010-04)
ETSI EN 300113-2 V1.4.1 (2007-02)
ETSI EN 301841-3 V1.1.1 (2011-11)
EN 55022, Klasse B
ETSI EN 300676-1 V1.5.2 (2011-03)
ETSI EN 300113-1 V1.6.2 (2009-11) )
ETSI EN 301841-1 V1.3.1 (2010-06)
ETSI EN 301841-2 V1.1.1 (2004-03)
Rec.1999/519/EG; 26.BImSchV

Normes harmonises utilises :

Einhaltung der grundlegenden Anforderungen auf


andere Art und Weise (hierzu verwendete
Standards/Spezifikationen):
Autres moyens servant tablir la conformit aux prescriptions
fondamentales (normes/spcifications utilises) :

ROHDE & SCHWARZ GmbH & Co. KG


Mhldorfstr. 15, D-81671 Mnchen
Mnchen, den 31.07.2012
Munich, le 2012-07-31

Zentrales Qualittsmanagement GF-QP / Chadzelek


Gestion centrale de la qualit GF-QP / Chadzelek
CE

D/F-2

KONFORMITTSERKLRUNG gem dem Gesetz ber Funkanlagen und Telekommunikationsendeinrichtungen (FTEG)


und der Richtlinie 1999/5/EG (R&TTE) Anhang V, zertifiziert durch die Benannte Stelle CETECOM ICT Services GmbH,
Reg. Nr. Q812137N und der Verordnung (EG) Nr. 552/2004 (Interoperabilitts-Verordnung)
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY in accordance with the Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Act (FTEG) and Directive
1999/5/EC (R&TTE Directive) Annex V, certified by the Notified Body CETECOM ICT Services GmbH Germany, Reg. No. Q812137N as
well as the Regulation (EC) No. 552/2004 (Interoperability Regulation)

Zertifikat-Nr.:/ Certificate No.: 2011-14

Vorlage: CE_B_fteg_D_E_flugfunk_3573706704.dot 3573.7067.04 / I 01.00

Anlage 1 / enclosure 1
Gertetyp

Materialnummer

Equipment Type

Stock No.

XU4200
VU4250
EU4250
IN4240
KK4250

6144.7300.xx
6144.7274.xx1)
6144.7274.xx1)
6133.8522.xx1)
6144.7268.xx1)

1)

Benennung
Designation
1)

VHF Transceiver
SENDERMODUL VHF
EMPFANGERMODUL VHF
AC/DC NETZTEIL 400
HOUSING W. OCXO

xx = 02..99

ROHDE & SCHWARZ GmbH & Co. KG


Mhldorfstr. 15, D-81671 Mnchen
Mnchen, den 31.07.2012

Zentrales Qualittsmanagement GF-QP / Chadzelek

Munich, 2012-07-31

Central Quality Management GF-QP / Chadzelek

CE

D/E/F-1

Certificate of Compliance
Certificate:

1954259

Master Contract:

190420

Project:

2361032

Date Issued:

January 6, 2011

Issued to:

Rohde & Schwarz Gmbh & Co. KG


Postfach 80 14 69
Muhldorfstrasse 15
Munchen, 81614
Germany
Attention: Erich Gerhard

The products listed below are eligible to bear the CSA


Mark shown with adjacent indicators 'C' and 'US' for
Canada and US or with adjacent indicator 'US' for
US only or without either indicator for Canada only.
Eric Fortier
Issued by: Eric Fortier, Eng.
PRODUCTS
CLASS 3862 93
CLASS 3862 13

- INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EQUIPMENT - (UL 60950-1, Second


Edition-Certified to U.S.Stds
- INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EQUIPMENT - (CSA 60950-1-07,
Second Edition)

VHF, UHF Air traffic control radios, cord connected, AC or DC supplied, Table top or rack mounted, Class I.
Series 4200. Model : AB4200C
Ratings:
Models
AB4200C (A=X or S or E; B=U or D)

Rating
AC Input rated: 115-230 Vac, 50/60 Hz, max. 5 A or
DC Input rated: DC Input: 19-32V DC, max. 16A

AB4200C (A=E; B=U or D)

DQD 507 Rev. 2009-09-01

AC Input rated: 100-240 Vac, 50/60 Hz, max. 2 A

Page: 1

Certificate:

1954259

Master Contract:

190420

Project:

2361032

Date Issued:

January 6, 2011

or
DC Input rated: 19-32V DC, max. 3.15A

Exceptions:

R&S EU 4200

Models

6130.2100.02, 6133.8600.03

Rating
AC Input rated: 100-240 Vac, 50/60 Hz, max. 5 A
or
DC Input rated: 19-32V DC, max. 16A

Where A stands for X: Transceiver, S = Transmitter, E = Receiver.


Where B stands for U = VHF, (UKW), D = UHF
Where C is optional and stands for compact enclosure being 1/4 19 wide (without C the enclosure is
1/2 19 wide)

Notes(*):
is

- Subject unit was evaluated for a +55C maximum ambient temperature. The maximum humidity

95% at 40C.
- When used as rack mount, product is certified as a component. Evaluation of end product will need to
be evaluated by CSA.

DQD 507 Rev. 2009-09-01

Page: 2

Certificate:

1954259

Master Contract:

190420

Project:

2361032

Date Issued:

January 6, 2011

BI-NAT Std. CSA 60950-1-03/UL 60950-1, 1st Edition DESIGN MANUAL v2.2
IS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THIS REPORT

APPLICABLE REQUIREMENTS
CAN/CSA-C22.2 No 60950-1-07 - Safety of Information Technology Equipment
UL Std No 60950-1, 2nd Ed. - Safety of Information Technology Equipment

DQD 507 Rev. 2009-09-01

Page: 3

R&S XU 4200

Open Source Acknowledgement


Open Source Acknowledgement\\Open Source Acknowledgement "Radio".doc

The firmware of the instrument makes use of valuable open source software
packages. The most important of them are listed below together with their
corresponding open source license. The verbatim license texts are provided in
the following chapters.
Package

Link

License

BZIP2

http://www.bzip.org

BZIP2

Linux

http://www.kernel.org

GPL v.2

FEC

http://www.ka9q.net/code/fec

LGPL 2.1

MD5

http://openjpeg.googlecode.com/svn
/trunk/OPJ_Validate/md5.c

RSA MD5

Net-SNMP

http://www.net-snmp.org/

NetSnmp-5.4.2.1

OpenSSL

http://www.openssl.org

OpenSSL / SSLeay

The product OpenSSL includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young


(eay@cryptsoft.com) and software written by Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
Rohde & Schwarz would like to thank the open source community for their
valuable contribution to embedded computing.
The source code of the open source packages is available on request.

0.17

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

6166.5368.02.01

0.18

R&S XU 4200

User Information

Purpose of the Manual


This Manual provides all information the operators and service staff need to maintain level 1
of repairs.
lt contains all necessary information and instructions concerning the installation, putting into
operation and control of the unit, plus troubleshooting instructions down to unit level. In case
of trouble this allows straightforward error localization as well as easy replacement of the
unit.

We recommend to keep complete spare units in store.

Measuring Units
In this Manual the basic SI measuring units and units coherently derived from them are used
by preference. In exceptional cases units legally derived from the SI units acc. to DIN1301
may also be used.

0.19

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

6166.5368.02.01

0.20

General Features

R&S XU 4200

User Information

User Information\User information "Radio".doc

This chapter

This chapter describes the use of the transceiver and provides information
on functions.

Further
information

Chapter 3.1 contains an overview of transceiver control elements,


indicators, etc.
Chapter 3 describes how to put the transceiver into operation.

1.1

General Features

General Features\\General Features "Radio".doc

Note: See General Data in the Appendix.


Note: The warm-up time of 5 s required by EN 301841-1 for VDL Mode 2
operation will be exceeded. This note is not applicable when the radio is
used in AM voice mode.

1.2

Explanation of a Model

Explanation of Models\Explanation of models "Radio".doc

VHF radio

Type

VHF
Transceiver
112 to 156 MHz
50 W AM;
AC/DC

Description

Type

Stock No.

R&S
XU 4200
6144.7300.x2

HOUSING/FRAME
Housing incl. Front
Panel

KK 4250

6144.7268.x2

BASIC MODULES
AC/DC Power Supply
IN 4240
Unit 400 W
Transmitter
Module
VU 4250
VHF

6133.8522.xx

6144.7280.x2

EU 4250

6144.7274.x2

Receiver Module VHF

Note: The frequency ranges are valid for the complete manual. Some
screenshots and parameters shown in the manual may vary from these
ranges.

1.1

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

1.3

Required Personnel

Required Personnel

ATTENTION

The transceiver has to be configured by qualified personnel. Installation and


operation of the transceiver should be assigned to adequately skilled
personnel.
The personnel must be familiar with this Operating Manual.

1.4

Required Power Supply


Danger of electric shock!

WARNING

The transceiver meets the requirements for Safety Class I in accordance


with DIN EN 61010-1/IEC 61010-1, e.g. all metal parts that can be touched
or accessed without removing the enclosure are connected to the protective
ground of the power supply network.
When connecting the instrument to the AC power supply, always use a
power cable with thermal connector and a socket with earthing contact.
Danger of electric shock!

WARNING

The radio contains a two-pole or neutral-conductor fuse. This means that


some parts of the radio will continue to be energized after the fuse has been
tripped.
When replacing the fuse, always disconnect the radio from the AC power
supply. Do not touch any live parts when performing service and
maintenance on the radio while the radio is switched on (by qualified
service personnel only).

External DC Power Supply\\External DC power supply "Name".doc

ATTENTION

The external DC power supply should deliver a short-circuit current of


I 30 A to ensure that the overcurrent protective device functions properly
in the event of a malfunction.
Note: To ensure that the radio works properly, it is required to supply an
earthing contact.

AC voltage

The transceiver operates on an AC voltage.


When the transceiver is connected to the AC line, it automatically sets itself
to the correct voltage (AC voltage 115 V/230 V). There is no need to set the
voltage manually or change the fuse.

DC voltage

The transceiver may also be powered by an external battery (28 V DC). An


automatic switchover facility integrated in the radio provides for automatic
standby switchover in case primary power fails.
Note: See chapter 2.4 for basic cabling and further information.

6166.5368.02.01

1.2

Design

1.5

R&S XU 4200

Design

Moduls\Moduls "Radio".doc

Housing R&S KK 4250

Backplane

Front panel

Power supply unit


R&S IN 4240

Fan

R&S XU 4200 receiver module R&S EU 4250 with interface


R&S XU 4200 transmitter module R&S VU 4250 with interface

Fig. 1.1

Modules of the R&S XU 4200 transceiver.

Note: See chapter 1.6 for additional information.

1.3

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

1.6

Functioning

Functioning

Block Diagram\Block diagram "Radio".doc

1.6.1

Block Diagram

Fig. 1.2

6166.5368.02.01

Block diagram.

1.4

Functioning

1.6.2

R&S XU 4200

Functions Description

Function\Function "Radio".doc

Function of the
R&S XU 4200
transceiver

The transceiver R&S XU 4200 contains the R&S EU 4250 receiver module
and the R&S VU 4250 transmitter module, which is powered by the
R&S IN 4240 power supply unit.

Front panel
control unit

The front panel control unit A8 with LCD and keyboard A9 make local
control of the radio possible on a lab bench or for activities such as
installation and maintenance. You can audio-monitor to the demodulated
analog voice in the receiver module at any time by using the built-in
loudspeaker. The RF signal issued at common antenna X3 is demodulated
in the transmitter module and can be audio-monitored at any time via the
built-in loudspeaker too. You can control the volume by means of the
volume control on the front panel.
The main fan is controlled and monitored by the control unit A8.

USB interface

You can configure and make basic settings for the radio via the USB
interface on the front panel. In addition you can download software of all
firmware components via the USB. The main backplane A6, which
connects all modules, contains a USB hub and connects the transceiver's
USB interface controller with the front panel control unit A7.

Remote control

Remote control is performed as standard via the Ethernet LAN interface


Ethernet LAN Remote Control X6 (TX) or Ethernet LAN Remote
Control X9 (RX) using the powerful R&S remote-control protocol GB2PP.

Power supply

The radio can be powered by AC and/or DC voltage. If the AC source fails,


the radio automatically switches to the DC source. You can switch the
radio on with the switch on the front panel A7.

Display

LEDs indicate the current operating state at all times. You can display the
operating settings, radio configuration, analog measurement values and
status in detail on an eight-row LCD.

Audio interface

Receiver module:
On the system side the 600 ohm audio interface RX Audio Basic X10 is
connected to the rear panel and the squelch state can be signalled here via
a contact.
Transmitter module:
On the system side the 600 ohm audio interface TX Audio Basic X5 is
connected to the rear panel and the PTT keying is activated. You can
flexibly configure the PTT input via service PC and adjust it to the voltage
conditions (48 V, +28 V, optocoupler input) in the system.
Note: Audio interface can also support digital audio nterfaces of E1 and
VoIP.

Main and
standby function

For redundant system installations with 1:1 switchover, the main and
standby radios are connected with each other via hardware contacts. This
allows quick switchover without any delay in the event of a failure. In
addition, an antenna relay can be connected and controlled.

1.5

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200
Extended DSUB
interface

General Data
Receiver module:
The 15-contact extended DSUB interface RX Audio Extended X11
provides discrete digital control contacts as well as the analog output for
RSSI received signal strength.
Transmitter module:
The 15-contact extended DSUB interface TX Audio Extended X7
provides discrete digital control contacts too.

Receive antenna

The receive antenna is connected to the BNC input "RX Input X8". The
receiver consists of the analog RF board A3 with its VCO/synthesizer and
600 ohm audio interfaces as well as the digital interface module A5 with
the main VCXO/clock processing unit, DSP, LAN and USB controller. The
received signal is mixed and converted to the first intermediate frequency
(IF). The remaining processing is performed digitally, where the various
channel spacing 8.33 kHz/25 kHz and modulation schemes AM and
ACARS are processed via the software.

Transmit antenna

The transmit antenna is connected at to N-connector X3. The transmitter


consists of power board A4 with 200 Wpep output stage and analog/digital
board A1 with the main VCXO/clock processing unit, VCO/synthesizer,
600 ohm audio interface, DSP, LAN and USB controller. The AM
and ACARS modulation signals are processed digitally in the baseband
and transformed to output frequency via the I/Q modulator. The output
signal of the transmit output stage is coupled out and linearized via the
Cartesian I/Q control loop. Modules A4 and A1 are mounted on the highpower heat sink and are cooled by the fan.

Main TCXO

The main TCXO on the A6 backplane board serves as the reference for the
radio and can be easily adjusted via the USB interface.

1.7

General Data
Note: See General Data in the Appendix.

1.8

Accessories
Note: See Accessories in the Appendix.

Last Page of Chapter 1\\Last Page of Chapter 1 "Radio".doc

6166.5368.02.01

1.6

Safety Precautions

R&S XU 4200

Preparation for Use

This chapter

This chapter provides all information for:

Checking upon delivery

Installation into a 19" rack

Connection of peripheral equipment

Connection of mains and/or 28 V DC supply

Chapter 3.1 contains an overview of the transceiver control elements,


indicators, etc.

Further
information

Chapter 6.2 is an in-depth description of the radios interfaces.

2.1

Safety Precautions

Safety Precautions\Safety Precautions"Radio".doc

Before putting the transceiver into operation, make the following checks:

ATTENTION

Ensure that the ventilation holes are free of obstructions.

Ensure that there are no unsuitable signal voltages connected to the


input.

The transceivers outputs may not be overloaded and correct polarity


must be ensured.

The radio may be damaged if the above checks are not performed.
When fitting operating rooms and installing and operating electrical
equipment, the relevant national and international safety provisions and
regulations have to be adhered to.
The following safety instructions apply in particular:

ATTENTION

IEC 364

VDE 0100

DIN 57100

These safety regulations deal with the following subjects:

Protective measures:
- Prevention of accidents
- Overvoltage protection
- Insulation of equipment
- Grounding

Type and laying of lines and cables

Provisions for operational facilities, rooms and equipment requiring


special handling

Note: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can cause temporary malfunctioning of


the display, resulting in the deletion of the on-screen contents. This
malfunction can be eliminated by restarting the radio. ESD discharges will
not impair other functional features of the radio.

2.1

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

2.2

Unpacking and Checking

Unpacking and Checking

Recommended
procedure

After delivery carry out the following steps:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Unpack the transceiver.


Check if delivery (transceiver and accessories) is complete by referring
to the delivery note (see Accessories in the Appendix).
Check the transceiver and accessories for signs of damage which may
have occurred during transit.
Contact the shipping agent immediately if damage is found.
Keep the packaging (box, etc.) for later use, e.g. if the transceiver is to
be sent to the nearest Rohde & Schwarz representative for repair (see
the List of Rohde & Schwarz Offices following the title page of this
manual).

0.

6166.5368.02.01

2.2

Installation into a 19" Rack

R&S XU 4200

2.3

Installation into a 19" Rack

2.3.1

Installation of Two Radios

Installation of two Radios\Installation of two radios "Radio".doc

1.
5.

3.

6.
4.
2.
Fig. 2.1
Installation
instruction

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

7.

Installation of two radios.

Prepare the rack by installing the guide rails.


Screw-connect the included L-mounting brackets on one side of the
transceiver.
Slide the transceiver into the rack so that one side lies on the guide
rails.
Fasten it to the rack with screws. Do not tighten the screws to the end.
Install the second radio.
Using the supplied screws, fasten the front handles of the two adjacent
transceivers together, creating a rigid unit.
Tighten the four rack screws.

Note: To remove one of the radios, follow the reverse procedure. Radios
can be replaced separately.

2.3

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

2.3.2

Installation into a 19" Rack

Installation with Blank Panel

Installation with Blank Panel\Installation with blank panel "Radio".doc

2.
3.

Fig. 2.2

Installation
instruction
0.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Installation with blank panel.

Prepare the rack by installing the guide rails (see chapter 2.3.1).
Using the supplied screws, fasten the front handles of the transceiver
and the blank panel together, creating a rigid unit.
Screw-connect the included L-mounting brackets on both sides of the
rigid unit.
Slide the rigid unit into the rack so that the sides lie on the guide rails
(see chapter 2.3.1, instruction 3.).
Fasten the rigid unit to the rack with screws.

Note: To remove the radio, follow the reverse procedure.

6166.5368.02.01

5.

2.4

Basis Cabling

R&S XU 4200

2.4

Basis Cabling

2.4.1

Rear Cabling

WARNING

Danger of electric shock!


The transceiver meets the requirements for Safety Class I in accordance
with DIN EN 61010-1/IEC 61010-1, e.g. all metal parts that can be touched
or accessed without removing the enclosure are connected to the protective
ground of the power supply network.
When connecting the instrument to the AC power supply, always use a
power cable with a thermal connector and a socket with an earthing contact.

WARNING

Danger of electric shock!


The radio contains a two-pole or neutral-conductor fuse. This means that
some parts of the radio will continue to be energized after the fuse has been
tripped.
When replacing the fuse, always disconnect the radio from the AC power
supply. Do not touch any live parts when performing service and
maintenance on the radio while the radio is switched on (by qualified
service personnel only).

Danger of electric shock\Danger of electric shock "Name".doc


Danger of electric shock\\Danger of electric shock Transmitter.doc

Danger of electric shock!

WARNING

A strong RF signal is present on antenna output socket X3 during


transmission.
Do not touch the antenna output socket on the rear of the radio during
transmission.

Danger of burns on the rear panel\Danger of burns on the rear panel "Name".doc
Danger of electric shock\\Danger of burns on the rear panel Transmitter.doc

Danger of burns on the rear panel!

CAUTION

The rear panel is extremely hot around common antenna X3 and the power
supply unit (plugs X1, X2) owing to the radio's high transmit power. A label
indicates the hot area.
Do not directly touch the rear panel during or soon after operation.

External DC Power Supply\\External DC power supply "Name".doc

ATTENTION

The external DC power supply should deliver a short-circuit current of


I 30 A to ensure that the overcurrent protective device functions properly
in the event of a malfunction.
Note: To ensure that the radio works properly, it is required to supply an
earthing contact.

External DC Power Supply Note\\External DC power supply note "Radio".doc

2.5

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Basis Cabling
Note: The DC input/battery input (X2) of the radio is intended for a DC-only
supply of the radio or connection of the external backup battery stacks for
bridging interruptions of an AC supply of the radio. Rohde & Schwarz
recommends using DC cables with a length of < 3 m and an appropriate
wire gauge.
Note: Do not connect/disconnect any cable when the radio is operating.
Connect all other cables before the radio is connected to AC and/or DC
power.

Rear Cabling\Rear cabling "Radio".doc

2.

1.

4.

Fig. 2.3

6166.5368.02.01

3.

5.

3.

6.

7.

Rear cabling.

2.6

9.

8.

Basis Cabling

ATTENTION

R&S XU 4200

Do not connect the power cable with the thermal connector until all rear
cables have been connected!
The radio may be damaged if the above checks are not performed.
0.

Instruction of rear cabling\Instruction of rear cabling "Radio".doc

Instructions for rear


cabling of the
transceiver

1.

Connecting the audio basic X10 with a 10-pin patch cable, especially
audio RX lines and SQ contact if required.
2. Ethernet LAN: Connecting the Ethernet LAN remote control X9 via
LAN to the remote control computer.
3. a) Connecting the delivered coaxial cable W34 between RX input X8
and TX/RX switch X4 if the transceiver uses the same antenna for
receiving and transmitting.
b) Connecting the receive antenna to the BNC input X8 if the
transceiver uses a separate antenna for receiving.
4. Connecting the audio basic X5 connector with a 10-pin patch cable.
The PTT contact can be adjusted to the system's physical
characteristics and configured as necessary via service PC setup. With
factory setting the PTT input shall be switched to ground at PIN X5.9.
5. Ethernet LAN: Connecting the Ethernet LAN remote control X6 via
LAN to the remote control computer.
E1: Connecting the E1 Communication data port X13 to the voice
communication system.
6. Establish a connection to ground, e.g. via the 19" rack. Ensure that the
grounding line has the required cross-section (observe VDE
regulations).
7. Connecting the transmit antenna to the N-connector X3.
8. Connecting the main AC supply 115/230 V to X1.
The power supply unit completely covers the voltage range 115 V and
230 V without a separate switchover. You do not need to select and
preset the voltage manually.
9. Connecting DC battery supply 28 V to X2.
The radio can operate from either an AC or DC supply. If both voltages
are connected, the radio will automatically switch to the DC battery
input if the AC supply fails.
Note: To meet the requirements of applicable EMC standards, double
shielded cables are recommended on the LAN remote control (X6, X9) and
E1 Communication data port (X13, X14).
Note: See chapter 6.2 for additional information on interface description.

2.7

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

2.4.2

Basis Cabling

Front Cabling

Introduction

In actual operation, the radio is usually operated via the rear panel system
interfaces, thus eliminating the need for front panel cabling. The radio is
preconfigured with the factory settings and can be operated without any
further configuration.
The front panel interfaces are needed during installation and maintenance.
The radio can be operated in the local mode via the headset. The USB
interface is used to set configuration parameters or to perform complete
software updates. Rohde & Schwarz supplies the Service and Maintenance
Tool R&S ZS 4200 for this purpose.

Front Cabling\Front cabling "Radio".doc

1.

2.

Fig. 2.4
Front cabling
(optional)
0.

1.

2.

6166.5368.02.01

Front cabling.

Connecting the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200:

Software download

Configuration

Monitoring

Connecting a headset for LOCAL mode operation (voice).

2.8

Switching On/Off

2.5

R&S XU 4200

Switching On/Off

Switching On Off\Switching On Off "Radio".doc

Danger of electric shock!

WARNING

The radio contains a two-pole or neutral-conductor fuse. This means that


some parts of the radio will continue to be energized after the fuse has been
tripped.
When replacing the fuse, always disconnect the radio from the AC power
supply. Do not touch any live parts when performing service and
maintenance on the radio while the radio is switched on (by qualified
service personnel only).

ATTENTION

Switching on
the radio

Before putting the transceiver into operation, make sure that the following
minimum requirements are met:

Antenna is connected

Press the POWER switch on the front panel.


The following LEDs should go on:
LED AC lights up when AC-Supply is connected to X1.
LED DC lights up when DC-Supply is connected to X2.
Display shows booting progress. After successful booting the screen
changes to the standard operating display.
LED VOP lights up after successful booting and shows that the
transceiver is active.
LED GO lights up after successful booting and shows that the
continuous built-in test could not detect any CBIT errors.

Note: If fuse F1 or F2 in the AC line input or fuse F3 in the DC line input is


defective, please replace it with the fuses listed in the appendix Fuses. If
the fuses get defective again after the replacement, please contact our
service center.
Note: Deviating from the requirement stated in section 4.3 Warm up of the
European standard ETSI EN 300676-1 V1.5.1 (2010-07), it may take the
radio longer than one minute to start and to reach the parameters required
by the standard.

2.6

Mechanical Interface Description


Note: See Mechanical Interface Description in the Appendix.

2.9

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

2.7

Function Test

Function Test

ATTENTION

The transceiver does not contain any parts the operator can repair. Only
properly qualified technicians are allowed to repair the radio. When
performing service procedures, follow the requirements of VDE 0701.

Function test\Function test "Name".doc


Function Test\\Function test Receiver.doc

Function test
of the receiver

LED SQ lights up if an RF receive signal is present at the set channel


frequency on X8.
You can audio-monitor the AM-demodulated voice signal by using the builtin loudspeaker. You can adjust the volume using the rotary knob. The
demodulated audio can also be heard in the headset at the same time, and
you can also control its volume.
If no RF receive signal is present, you may hear a noise signal depending
on how the SQ switch (SQ button) is set. In the default state with the factory
settings, the SQ muting function is deactivated and the noise signal is
present at the output.
After you press the LOC key, you can toggle the SQ key.
Function Test\\Function test Transmitter.doc

Function test
of the transmitter

LED CARR lights up after you press the PTT key. The transmitter is active
and can be modulated via audio input X5.
LED MOD flashes or lights up in rhythm with the voice signal.
You can listen to the modulated voice signal via the loudspeaker and the
headset. You can adjust the volume of the two separately.
If PTT keying is not activated at X5, you can also operate and activate the
radio in LOCAL mode. After you press the LOC key, you can power up and
modulate the transmitter via the headset.
The TX PARAMETER menu provides test functions for activating the
transmitter via keyboard operation (see chapter 3.4.7.4.1).

Last Page of Chapter 2\\Last Page of Chapter 2 "Radio".doc

6166.5368.02.01

2.10

R&S XU 4200

Operation

Operation\\Operation "Radio".doc

This chapter

This chapter describes all transceiver functions and their application. The
sequence of the individual sections is based on the procedure for working
with the transceiver:

Control Elements (see chapter 3.1)

Configuration (see chapter 3.3)

Local Control (see chapter 3.4)

Remote Control (see chapter 3.5)

Main/Standby Operation (see chapter 3.6)

External Automatic Filters (see chapter 3.7)

In-Band Signaling (see chapter 3.8)

RSSI Output Characteristic (see chapter 3.9)

ACARS Mode (External Modem) (see chapter 3.10)

Best Signal Selection (see chapter 3.11)

Audio via E1 Interface (Optional) (see chapter 3.12)

External Power Amplifier (see chapter 3.13)

Radio in VDL Mode 2 (see chapter 3.14)

Audio via VoIP (Optional) (see chapter 3.15)

Software Download (see chapter 3.16)

3.1

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Control Elements and Interfaces

3.1

Control Elements and Interfaces

3.1.1

Front View

Front View\Front view "Radio".doc

Fig. 3.1

Front view.

POWER switch

LED indication

USB device connector X20

Keyboard

Volume control for headset

LCD display

Headset connector X21

Loudspeaker

Volume control for loudspeaker

6166.5368.02.01

3.2

Control Elements and Interfaces

3.1.2

R&S XU 4200

Rear View

Rear view\Rear view "Radio".doc

26

10 11 12

21

25

24 23

22

13

14

16 17

15

Fig. 3.2

20

18

19

Rear view.

10

RS-422 X12 (reserved)

18

AC input X1

11

RX E1 Communication data
connector X13

19

AC line fuses F1/F2

20

Battery fuse F3

12

RX audio extended X11

21

DC input/battery input X2

13

RX audio basic X10

22

TX/RX switch X4

14

TX audio basic X5

23

Ethernet LAN remote control X6

15

TX audio extended X7

16

Common antenna X3

24

TX E1 Communication data
connector X14

17

Earthing clamp

25

RX input X8

26

Ethernet LAN remote control X9

3.3

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Introduction

3.2

Introduction

3.2.1

Control Interfaces

Control Interfaces\Control interfaces "Radio".doc

Operation

Operation can be performed locally on the built-in front panel control unit or
remotely via the USB or Ethernet LAN interface. Operational parameters
such as setting the frequency, changing the channel spacing or activating
presets can be controlled. In addition, the current status Information and
indicators such as GO, ACTIVE, SQ, CARRIER or VSWR can be received
from the transceiver and displayed.

Maintenance

Maintenance status parameters can be read out via the USB or


Ethernet LAN interfaces, and the built-in front panel control unit. The
transceiver delivers the result of the continuous built-in test (CBIT) and the
event list, which saves all events with the time information of occurrence.
Maintenance activities can be performed and controlled via the built-in front
panel control unit and remotely via the USB or Ethernet LAN interface.
The transceiver provides commands for switching over from main to
standby (and vice versa) and for performing a test transmission. In addition,
the device can be reset or the real time clock (RTC) can be initialized locally
or remotely.

Performance values

Performance values can be read out over the built in front panel control unit
or over the Ethernet LAN interface. Parameters such as
modulation depth, temperatures, voltages, power levels, receive signal,
audio level and VSWR can be measured.

Configuration

Configuration of the transceiver can be performed with the Service and


Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200, which runs on a standard PC or laptop.
Connected via service PC, the radio provides easy and fast configuration of
the radio basic parameters such as IP address, PTT timeout, power audiolevels and preset pages.
The configuration files can be saved and loaded to the transceiver. The
configuration process is very convenient and allows you to quickly configure
an entire rack. In case of service, the defective radio can be cloned and
the parameters loaded to a replacement radio.

Preset loading

Up to 200 preset pages can be loaded via the USB or Ethernet LAN
interfaces.

Inventory

All hardware and software components can be read out on all the USB or
Ethernet LAN interfaces and are visible on the built-in display.

Software update

The R&S DS 4200 software is delivered as a CD ROM and contains all


software components, which are automatically loaded to the radio modules
via the USB interface. The Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200
provides a software download manager, crosschecks the hardware and
software and ensures a proper software download.

6166.5368.02.01

3.4

Introduction

R&S XU 4200

3.2.2

Modes of Control

3.2.2.1

Non-Controlled Mode

Description

This radio mode means that either there is no client connected to the radio
or all connected clients have monitoring sessions only. The connected
remote clients can retrieve parameters from the radio without affecting the
operation of the equipment.

Modes of Control\Modes of control "Radio".doc

Description

This radio mode means that either there is no client connected to the radio
or all connected clients have monitoring (read-only) sessions only. The
connected remote clients can retrieve parameters from the radio without
affecting the operation of the equipment.

R&S XU 4200
example

AM transceiver, active, frequency 124.608333 MHz, spacing 8.33 kHz,


non-controlled mode

X U 4 2 0 0
MU E NCH E N 4

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3
RACK 1 RAD 1 7
AM

124 610
ACT
.

CB I T

S T A T U S :

Fig. 3.3

OK

Non-controlled mode.

3.5

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.2.2.2

Introduction

Remote Mode

Description

A radio module is in remote mode when one of the connected RC clients


has a fixed session. The remote RC client controls the radio and can
change parameters.

Remote Mode\Remote mode "Radio".doc

Description

A radio module is in remote mode when one of the connected RC clients


has a fixed session. The RC client with the fixed session can control the
radio and change parameters.

R&S XU 4200
example

AM transceiver, active, frequency 124.608333 MHz, spacing 8.33 kHz,


Remote client with authorization for fixed session

X U 4 2 0 0
MU E NCH E N 4

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3
RACK 1 RAD 1 7
AM

124 610
REM AC T
.

CB I T

S T A T U S :
Fig. 3.4

6166.5368.02.01

Remote mode.

3.6

OK

Introduction

3.2.2.3

R&S XU 4200

Local Mode

Description

Local mode using the built-in front panel control unit of the radio allows the
maintenance staff to operate the radio locally with the highest priority.
In order to change to local control, the LOC key on the radio keypad must
be pressed. If local mode is entered, all possible existing fixed sessions of
remote RC clients change back to monitoring session. In case of local mode
disabled (configurable via service PC), the LOC key does not work.
Local mode cannot be interrupted by remote control. After leaving local
mode, all parameter settings remain valid.

Local Mode\Local mode Compact Receiver Standard.doc

R&S XU 4200
example

AM transceiver, active, frequency 124.608333 MHz, spacing 8.33 kHz,


local mode

X U 4 2 0 0
MU E NCH E N 4

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3
RACK 1 RAD 1 7
AM

124 610
L OC AC T
.

CB I T

S T A T U S :
Fig. 3.5

OK

Local mode.

3.7

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.2.2.4

Introduction

Service Mode

Description

The interactive service mode of the transceiver is used during the


configuration of basic parameters such as IP address, preset pages and
installation info.
Using the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200, you can change
the basic parameters via service PC after entering the interactive service
mode.
All existing remote connections and any local mode will be interrupted. The
display shows that the radio is in service.
After all configurations have been completed, the transceiver performs a
reset in order to activate the basic parameters. Leaving service mode
requires a reset.

Example

I NT E RACT I V E
Co n f i g
a r e
Re s e t
Fig. 3.6

6166.5368.02.01

S E RV I CE

P a r a me t e r s
c h a n g e d

Ra d i o

t o

Service mode.

3.8

e x i t

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

3.3

R&S XU 4200

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

Configuring\\Configuring "Name".doc

Introduction

The transceiver is equipped with LAN and USB interfaces to allow


communication with the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200.
The following activities can be carried out:

Software download
Preset setup
Configuration
Inventory list
Read/Clear event log
Parameter adjustment
Cloning of configuration parameters
Operational parameters setting

Note: For configuring with the R&S ZS 4200, see the Service and
Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 software manual.

3.3.1

Factory Default Settings

Switching on
for the first time

The radio is preconfigured with the factory default settings. These settings
will be activated the first time the radio is switched on.

Switching on
in general

All radio parameters are stored in the non-volatile memory. The settings
active at the time of a power failure are restored when the radio is switched
back on.

Changing the radio


parameters

The radio is preconfigured with the factory default settings. These settings
can be changed via service PC with the Service and Maintenance Tool
R&S ZS 4200.

Properties

The properties of the parameters can have the following status:

A Adjustment parameter (updated immediately after a change)


C Cloning parameter
O Operating parameter (updated immediately after a change while the
radio is in Local Mode)

For more details please refer to the Service and Maintenance Tool
R&S ZS 4200 software manual.
Default setting\Default setting "Radio".doc

Parameters

Value range

Default value

Properties

TX Audio Level

30 to +10 dBm

0 dBm

A/C

RX Audio Level

30 to +10 dBm

0 dBm

A/C

TX Output Power Level Low

5 to 20 W

10 W

A/C

TX Output Power Level


Normal

5 to 50 W

50 W

A/C

S/N Squelch Threshold

6 to 20 dB

10 dB

A/C

RSSI Squelch Threshold

1 to 50 V

5 V

A/C

Disabled/Enabled

Enabled

Carrier Override

3.9

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

Parameters

Value range

Default value

Properties

S/N RSSI Logical Operation

AND/OR

OR

30 to 90 %

85 %

A/C

TX Audio ALC

Disabled/Enabled

Enabled

RX Audio AGC

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

3 to 300 s,
0 (disabled)

30 s

Type I / Type II /
R&S Standard

R&S Standard

True SideTone Transceiver

Disabled/Enabled

Enabled

5-Carrier Offset

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

Analog Audio/E1/VoIP

Analog Audio

Low Noise/Low Distortion

Low Noise

225.000 to 399.975 MHz for


spacing 25 kHz

312.400 MHz

8.33/12.5/25 kHz

25 kHz

8 / 7.5 / 7.3 / 5 / 4 /
2.5 / 0 / +2.5 / +4 / +5 /
+7.3 / +7.5 / +8 kHz
Note: Insignificant for RX
module

0 kHz

AM

AM

Installation Info

Max. 20 characters

No text

Location Info

10 lines each
max. 20 characters

No text

IP Address
Netmask
Gateway

192.168.52.101
255.255.255.0
192.168.52.1
for RX module

TX AM Modulation Depth

PTT Timeout
PTT Input Configuration

Select Audio Interface


RX Input Sensitivity
Set/Get Values for Preset
Page

IP Address
(radio in IPv4 mode)

192.168.52.102
255.255.255.0
192.168.52.1
for TX module
IP Address
(radio in IPv6 mode)

IP Address/Prefix length
Gateway

fc00::1/64
::
for RX module
fc00::2/64
::
for TX module

ACL (Access Control List)


(radio in IPv4 mode)

6166.5368.02.01

IPv4
20 Entries

3.10

Empty

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200


Parameters

R&S XU 4200

Value range

Default value

Properties

IPv6
20 Entries

Empty

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

Main (0)/Standby (1)

Main (0)

Line Interface in Local Mode

Disabled/Enabled

Enabled

Local Mode

Disabled/Enabled

Enabled

60 to 900 s,
0 (disabled)

0s
(disabled)

0 to 5 V

2V

0 (neg. slope) / 1 (pos. slope)

1 (pos. slope)

Single Channel

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

Motor Tuned Telsa Filter

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

Mute Loudspeaker

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

8 Blocking Ranges
Start-, Stop frequency

Empty

Disabled/Jotron

Disabled

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

PTT Signaling Frequency

2040 / 2300 / 2970 / 3100 Hz

2040 Hz

PTT Signaling Threshold

40 to 0 dB

12 dB

A/C

Off, SQ, RSSI, INVSQ

Off

SQ Signaling Frequency

1225 / 2040 / 2175 / 2440 /


2970 / 3300 Hz

2440 Hz

SQ/RSSI Signaling Level

40 to 0 dB

12 dB

A/C

R&S Standard,
User defined

R&S Standard

ACL (Access Control List)


(radio in IPv6 mode)
BSS Enable
Main/Standby Type

Local Mode Timeout


EXT VSWR Limit
EXT VSWR Polarity

Frequency Blocking Ranges


External Power Amplifier
PTT Signaling

SQ/RSSI Signaling

RSSI Output

R&S
Standard

User
defined

RSSI Output Curve Slope

500 to 500 mV/dB

38.5 mV/dB

18 mV/dB

A/C

RSSI Output Curve Offset

50 to 50 V

0.00 V

1.24 V

A/C

RSSI Output Curve Min.


Voltage

0 to 5 V

0.00 V

1.52 V

A/C

RSSI Output Curve Max.


Voltage

0 to 5 V

5.00 V

3.00 V

A/C

TX Preemphasis

0 to 15 dB

0 dB

A/C

Max. 15 characters

public

SNMP Enable

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

E1 Alarm for Inactive


Warning

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

Disabled/Warning/NOGO

Disabled

SNMP Community String

DC-Battery Supervision

3.11

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200
Parameters

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200


Value range

Default value

Properties

Disabled/Warning/NOGO

Disabled

VoIP radio URI RX

Max. 64 characters
(RFC 3986 rules)

rx@192.168.52.101

VoIP radio URI TX

Max. 64 characters
(RFC 3986 rules)

tx@192.168.52.102

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

A/C

VoIP Jitter Buffer Prefetch


Value

10 to 100 ms

40 ms

A/C

Emergency VoIP URI ACL

Allowed URI
20 Entries
Max. 64 characters per entry

Empty

A/C

Main/Standby

Main

A/C

Allowed URI
20 Entries
Max. 64 characters per entry

Empty

A/C

Permit Only ACL URI Call

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

A/C

Coupling PTT Summation

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

A/C

Primary Domain Name


Server

IP Address

Empty

Secondary Domain Name


Server

IP Address

Empty

RTP Start Port


Port = Start Port + 2
Start Port >= 5000
Only even ports

5004

0 to 63

R&S Default/Latching

R&S Default

0 to 250 ms

0 ms

A/C

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

FTP Login

Max. 20 characters

Empty

FTP Password

Max. 20 characters

Empty

112.000 to 155.991 MHz

124 100 000 Hz

O/C

Channel Spacing

8.33/25 kHz

25 kHz

O/C

Modulation Mode

AM /ACARS/VDL2

AM

O/C

RF Power Level

Low/Normal

Normal

O/C

Off / 8 / 7.5 / 7.3 / 5 /


4 / 2.5 / 0 / +2.5 / +4 / +5 /
+7.3 / +7.5 / +8 kHz

Off

O/C

1 to 200

0=manual mode

O/C

30 to 0 dBm0

0 dBm0

A/C

AC-Main Supervision

VoIP PTT Summation Mode

VoIP Main-Standby Type


Normal VoIP URI ACL

RTP Port Range Start

DSCP Value
ATR Switch Mode
Audio Delay
Local Mode Warning

Frequency

Carrier Offset

Preset Page Number


TX Audio Level E1

6166.5368.02.01

3.12

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200


Parameters

R&S XU 4200

Value range

Default value

Properties

RX Audio Level E1

30 to 4 dBm0

4 dBm0

A/C

TX Audio Level VoIP

30 to 0 dBm0

0 dBm0

A/C

RX Audio Level VoIP

30 to 4 dBm0

4 dBm0

A/C

TX Audio ALC E1

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

RX Audio AGC E1

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

TX Audio ALC VoIP

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

RX Audio AGC VoIP

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

IPv6 Enabled

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

DHCP Enabled

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

TX Hostname

Max. 24 characters
(RFC 952 rules)

tx

A/C

RX Hostname

Max. 24 characters
(RFC 952 rules)

rx

A/C

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

Disabled/Warning/NOGO

Disabled

VSWR Warning

Warning/NOGO

Warning

PSU Fan Warning

Warning/NOGO

Warning

Main Fan Warning

Warning/NOGO

Warning

Inactive Warning

Disabled/Enabled

Enabled

User Contact Warning

Disabled/Enabled

Disabled

E1 RAI Warning

Warning/NOGO

Warning

E1 CRC4 ERROR Warning

Warning/NOGO

Warning

E1 LOS

Disabled/NOGO

NOGO

E1 LOF

Disabled/NOGO

NOGO

USB Connect Warning


Ext VSWR Warning

3.13

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.3.2

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

Meaning of Parameters

Default setting description\Default setting description "Radio".doc

TX Audio Level

This parameter refers to the modulation input (connector X5.2/3). With the
default setting, the modulation sensitivity is of 0 dBm which means that at
an AF level of 775 mV at this 600 ohm input, the AM transmitter is driven
and modulated at 90 % modulation. The input can be configured from
30 dBm to +10 dBm in accordance with the line infrastructure and the
incoming signal levels. The sensitivity is greatest at 30 dBm, which
means that the full modulation of 90 % modulation is achieved even at a
low level.

RX Audio Level

This parameter refers to the audio output of the AM receiver


(connector X10.2/3). With the default setting of 0 dBm, an effective level of
775 mV is applied at 60 % AM modulation of the current receive signal.
The output can be configured from 30 dBm to +10 dBm in accordance
with the line infrastructure.

TX Output Power
Level Low

Using this parameter, you can define the transmit power between 5 W and
20 W. This value is then adopted with the Low setting (see chapter
3.4.7.2).

TX Output Power
Level Normal

Using this parameter, you can define the transmit power between 5 W and
50 W. This value is then adopted with the Normal setting (see chapter
3.4.7.2).

S/N Squelch
Threshold

The threshold value for the signal to noise (S/N) ratio can be set for the
squelch. If the squelch is activated, the RX audio output is muted until an
RF receive signal with a sufficient S/N ratio is applied.
The S/N threshold can be set in a range between 6 dB and 20 dB.
Note: The thresholds are defined for S/N. The corresponding value of
SINAD will be 2 dB higher (SINAD 12 dB value corresponds with S/N
10 dB value).

RSSI Squelch
Threshold

The RSSI threshold is based on the received signal level at the receivers
input. The RSSI threshold can be set in a range between 1 V and 50 V.

Carrier Override

This parameter refers to opening the squelch in presence of a carrier which


is higher than 85 dBm, even if other squelch criteria like S+N/N of the
audio signal are not met.
Note: If the parameter is enabled and the input level is above 85 dBm,
the other squelch settings S/N Squelch Threshold, RSSI Squelch
Threshold and S/N RSSI Logical Operation are insignificant.

S/N RSSI Logical


Operation

It is possible to combine the S/N-squelch and RSSI-squelch. By default


both mechanisms are OR conjunct. The squelch opens the audio path if
only one condition is fulfilled. In case of the AND conjunction both
thresholds must be exceeded in order to open the audio path.
Note: For offset reception it is recommended to configure the conjunction
type to OR.
Note: If the "AND" conjunction type is selected, the squelch attack time
can be longer for levels above the RSSI Squelch Threshold than in "OR"
conjunction type. If the "OR" conjunction type is selected for input signals
below the RSSI Squelch Threshold, the attack time can be longer.

6166.5368.02.01

3.14

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

R&S XU 4200

TX AM Modulation
Depth

The modulation depth for the AM modulation can be set.


When the automatic level control (see TX Audio ALC parameter) is
activated, the set AM modulation is ensured over a dynamic range of
15 dB at the TX audio level interface (X5.2/3).
Note: The AM modulation should be left at 90 % all the time, since the
radio link is best at this value.

TX Audio ALC

The automatic level control for the audio modulation can be switched on
and off.
When this function is activated, the set AM modulation depth (see TX AM
Modulation Depth parameter) is ensured over a dynamic range of 15 dB
at the TX audio level interface (X5.2/3).
Note: If an automatic level control is active in the system external to the
radio, then the level control of the radio should be switched off.

RX Audio AGC

The automatic gain control in the AM demodulator can be switched on and


off. It ensures that the dependency of AF amplitude on modulation depth
signal is compensated. In the range from 30 % to 90 % modulation depth,
the signal (RX Audio) remains constant.

PTT Timeout

A time limit can be set for the transmit time. This prevents the radio from
transmitting for an unlimited amount of time if the PTT key is pressed
(stuck). With a value of 0 s, the time limit is switched off.
Note: It is recommended to disable the PTT Timeout in the VoIP mode.

PTT Input
Configuration

There are three different input configurations for the rear PTT input
(connector X5.8/9).
Type I stands for optocoupler input.
Type II should be configured if the system ground (= ground of the PTT
key) does not have the same potential as the rack ground. In this case, the
PTT circuit is fed via the negative voltage of 48 V in the radio.
With the Rohde & Schwarz standard, a pull-up resistor is switched against
the positive voltage of +28 V in the radio.

True Sidetone
Transceiver

The built-in receiver demodulates the emitted signal of the transmitter and
a true sidetone is provided to the Audio RX output.
Depending on the configuration, the receiver in the housing is muted
during transmission. In this case, a true sidetone is not supplied.
Note: Not supported in receivers.

5-Carrier Offset

The transmitter allows different frequency offsets to be set. Normally the


2-carrier, 3-carrier and 4-carrier offset with the values of
7.5 kHz / 7.3 kHz / 5 kHz / 2.5 kHz / 0 kHz / +2.5 kHz / +5 kHz /
+7.3 kHz / +7.5 kHz are available. In addition, the 5-carrier offset can be
selected; this provides 8 kHz / 4 kHz / +4 kHz / +8 kHz in the
transmitter.

3.15

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

ACARS Data Mode

With this parameter the radio can be configured for voice (disabled) or
ACARS data operation (enabled) (2400 Bps).
The Voice setting is optimized for voice processing and squelch muting.
The ACARS setting available for receiving ACARS data. In this case a
faster RF front-end control is in action. The attack and decay time is in
accordance with the ETSI EN 300676 standard.
If the radio is operating in ACARS data mode, only the 25 kHz spacing can
be used and the parameters RX Audio AGC and TX Audio ALC must be
deactivated.

Select Audio Interface

This parameter is used to select the audio interface of the radio. If the
Analog Audio is selected, the RX Audio Basic interface X10/TX Audio
Basic interface X5 is used. If the E1 is selected, the E1 Communication
Data interface X13 is used. For more information on E1 interface please
refer to chapter 3.12 Audio via E1 Interface. If VoIP is selected, audio data
will be transmitted via Ethernet by the data interface X6 (RX), X9 (TX) (see
chapter 3.15) and TX Audio Basic interface X5. For parallel operation of
VoIP and Analog Audio interfaces, please see chapter 3.15.9 Parallel
Operation of the Analog and VoIP Audio Interfaces.

RX Input Sensitivity

There are two settings for the sensitivity of the transceiver:


The Low Distortion (LD) setting is recommended for strong interference
signals at the antenna input. It reduces sensitivity, and thus improves
immunity.
The Low Noise (LN) setting increases the sensitivity, and thus improves
the reception of weak signals.

Set/Get Values for


Preset Page

200 preset pages can be stored in the radio and called up. Each contains
the frequency and spacing parameters. These parameters can be set for
each preset page.

Installation Info

Information (up to 20 characters) can be entered to describe the radio


more precisely.

Location Info

Only the first 20 characters entered by using the R&S ZS 4200 appear on
the radio display.

IP Address

An IP address must be assigned for each radio module, which allows each
module to be uniquely identified and operated in remote operating mode.
Additionally, specifying the netmask and the gateway makes it possible to
work within different subnets via a router.

ACL
(Access Control List)

Here you can enter the IP addresses of the remote control systems or
clients that are allowed to access the radio. This protects the radio against
unwanted/unknown accesses. If the list is blank (default), then any client
with any IP address can access the radio.

BSS Enable

The parameter is used to enable or disable the Best Signal Selection


functionality. For more information please refer to chapter 3.11 Best Signal
Selection.

6166.5368.02.01

3.16

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

R&S XU 4200

Main/Standby Type

The main/standby type declares if a radio should start up as an active main


radio or as an inactive standby radio. If the common AC- or DC-supply of a
main/standby installation is powered up, then the radio will boot
accordingly.
Note: The parameter Main/Standby Type is also used for the Best Signal
Selection if this functionality is enabled.

Line Interface in
Local Mode

In local mode, the rear and front panel audio interfaces as well as the VoIP
and E1 data streams operate in parallel (default). The rear panel audio line
interface (including PTT) as well as the VoIP and E1 data streams can be
disabled for the local mode. This allows independent use of the radio for a
service technician where unwanted radio keying from the system-oriented
PTT line input must be prevented.

Local Mode

You can disable the LOC button on the radio to prevent the radio from
being switched from remote mode to local mode.

Local Mode Timeout

Local Mode will be quit automatically if there is no further


activity on the front-panel radio keys or if local PTT (Push-To-Talk) is not
re-keyed any longer. Timeout can be set between 60 s and 900 s, or
disabled.

EXT VSWR Limit

The external VSWR limit specifies the voltage threshold for the analog
input EXT-VSWR (X7.8). Especially for installations with external
circulators the voltage from an external SWR-detector can be connected to
the radio in order to generate CBIT warning 0338. The external VSWR
input is only processed during active TX state.

EXT VSWR Polarity

Polarity of the external VSWR voltage. Positive polarity means the CBIT is
generated if the measured value is above the defined limit. Negative
polarity means the measured value is below the defined limit.

Single Channel

Fixed frequency cannot be changed. Frequency must be configured before


activating this function.

Motor Tuned Telsa


Filter

It is possible to connect an external automatic filter to the radio. Either


Telsa or R&S filter can be used. In order to activate RS-422 interface, the
configuration parameter has to be enabled.
Note: The X-cross adapter KG42-Z75 is required for operation with the
R&S filter Fx22x.
Note: Enabling the external automatic filter will limit the frequency range of
the radio to 118 MHz 155.9916 MHz.

Mute Loudspeaker

The loudspeaker of the radio can be muted if the PTT is keyed.

External Power
Amplifier

The parameter External Power Amplifier has to be set to R&S or Jotron in


order to control an externally connected power amplifier. Please refer to
chapter 3.13 External Power Amplifier.

Frequency Blocking
Ranges

Up to eight frequency blocking ranges can be defined. The device will


refuse any frequency set command from MMI local operation or from
remote control which is within these frequency blocking ranges.
The configured frequency blocking ranges have to fit the radios
frequency range from 112 MHz to155.991666 MHz.

3.17

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

PTT Signaling

PTT can be keyed by a tone with a specified frequency that is present


within AF signal. If the parameter is on, the tone is detected and controls
the PTT function. The tone itself is suppressed within transmitted signal by
a notch filter.

PTT Signaling
Frequency

The frequency of the PTT tone is variable within a specified range.

PTT Signaling
Threshold

The level threshold of the PTT tone detector is variable within specified
range and is related to nominal audio signal level set by TX Audio Level.
Note: In case of low absolute levels, the S/N ratio in the system must be
taken into account. Make sure that the S/N ratio does not fall below a
specific value. The applicable value in each case is calculated from the
audio level minus the PTT signaling level for the transmitter. If the setting
with 0 dB in-band signaling is selected, the headroom for the sum level is
reduced by 6 dB.

SQ/RSSI Signaling

SQ can be indicated by a tone with a specified frequency that is present


within AF signal. If the parameter is on, the tone is generated when SQ is
open. A part of AF signal near the SQ tone frequency is suppressed by a
notch filter.
An alternative setting is RSSI signaling. One of four tones within AF range
3 kHz to 3.4 kHz is generated depending on received signal strength. An
appropriate low pass filter is used in order to suppress received AF signal
in the affected AF range.

SQ Signaling
Frequency

The frequency of the SQ tone is variable within a specified range.

SQ/RSSI Signaling
Level

The level of the SQ tone generator is variable within specified range and is
related to nominal audio signal level set by RX Audio Level.
Note: In case of low absolute levels, the S/N ratio in the system must be
taken into account. Make sure that the S/N ratio does not fall below a
specific value. The applicable value in each case is calculated from the
audio level minus the signaling level for the receiver. If the setting with 0 dB
in-band signaling is selected, the headroom for the sum level is reduced by
6 dB.

RSSI Output

RSSI analog output can provide various linear curves depending on


received signal strength. Curve R&S Standard is predefined, curve User
defined has variable parameters.

RSSI Output Curve


Slope

RSSI analog output: Curve User defined has the slope configurable.

RSSI Output Curve


Offset

RSSI analog output: Curve User defined has the offset configurable.

RSSI Output Curve


Min. Voltage

RSSI analog output: Curve User defined has the minimum output voltage
limit configurable.

RSSI Output Curve


Max. Voltage

RSSI analog output: Curve User defined has the maximum output voltage
limit configurable.

6166.5368.02.01

3.18

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

R&S XU 4200

TX Preemphasis

For the use especially with long telephone lines, the AF response shape
can be adjusted in a way that higher frequencies have higher gain than
lower frequencies. The value in dB specifies the gain at AF = 3400 Hz in
comparison to AF = 800 Hz. Nominal TX audio level is always related to
AF = 1 kHz. Default value is 0 dB which means that TX preemphasis is off.

SNMP Community
String

Name of the SNMP communication community. It is used to restrict the


network access.

SNMP Enable

The parameter is used to enable and disable the SNMP functionality of the
radio on the LAN interface.
If the parameter is set to "Disable", the SNMP functionality is disabled and
only GB2PP protocol is supported via LAN. If the parameter is set to
"Enable", both GB2PP and SNMP protocols are supported.
Note: It is strongly recommended to disable the SNMP protocol if only the
GB2PP protocol is used.

E1 Alarm for Inactive


Warning

The parameter is used to enable/disable the transfer of the inactive


warning via the E1 interface.

DC-Battery
Supervision

The voltage during battery operation can be monitored. If the voltage is too
low, two responses in the radio can be triggered.
The Warning setting generates the CBIT warnings 0301 and 0401, which
are output via the remote system connected.
The NOGO setting sets the TEST_OC signal at the output
(connector X5.4) and initiates a switchover to the standby mode in
a main/standby configuration. This setting is recommended if, for example,
two separate DC networks are used for the main and standby radios.

AC-Main
Supervision

The voltage during network operation can be monitored. If the voltage is


too low, two responses in the radio can be triggered:
The warning setting generates the CBIT warnings 0302 and 0402, which
are output via the remote system connected.
The NOGO setting sets the TEST_OC signal at the output
(connector X5.4) and initiates a switchover to the standby mode in
a main/standby configuration. This setting is recommended if, for example,
two separate AC networks are used for the main and standby radios.
Note: If the AC-Mains fail, operation automatically switches to the standby
radio. Otherwise the DC battery of the main radio would be
unnecessarily discharged.

VoIP radio URI RX

This is the unified identifier for VoIP communication of the RX module. This
identifier consists of two parts concluded with the @ sign
user@<IP Address>
or
user@<Full Qualified Domain Name>
eg.
user@muenchen.rohde-schwarz.de.
The URI can be up to 64 characters. Characters and other naming
conventions have to follow the RFC 3986 rules. Using the reserved
characters makes the URI invalid and thus the VoIP operation is not
possible.
The default value of URI RX module is rx@192.168.52.101.

3.19

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

VoIP radio URI TX

This is the unified identifier for VoIP communication of the TX module. This
identifier consists of two parts concluded with the @ sign
user@<IP Address>
or
user@<Full Qualified Domain Name>
eg.
user@muenchen.rohde-schwarz.de.
The URI can be up to 64 characters. Characters and other naming
conventions have to follow the RFC 3986 rules. Using the reserved
characters makes the URI invalid and thus the VoIP operation is not
possible.
The default value of URI TX module is tx@192.168.52.102.

VoIP PTT Summation


Mode

This setting is used for enabling/disabling of PTT summation for multiple


RTP audio streams.

VoIP Jitter Buffer


Prefetch Value

In order to compensate network delays, the VoIP implementation of the


radio uses a so called Jitter Buffer. The adjustment of this buffer controls
the delay between sender and receiver.
Note: An inadequate value can cause interrupted audio flow. The optimal
value is system-specific and has to be found during the system-setup.
Note: This value influences the maximum confirmation delay. If the value is
greater than 20 ms, the maximum confirmation delay is not compliant to
ED-137-1.

Emergency VoIP URI


ACL

The VoIP mode of the radio offers the possibility to configure the access for
VoIP connections. Each entry contained in the URI ACL grants access to
establish VoIP connections to the radio. In default configuration the URI
ACL is a whitelist. This means that accessing the radio via VoIP is not
restricted. The URI ACL can contain up to 20 entries with a maximum of 64
characters per entry.
Emergency VoIP URI ACL stores URI of the VoIP clients which are allowed
to access the radio with either normal or emergency call priority.

Normal VoIP URI ACL

Compared to Emergency VoIP URI ACL the Normal VoIP URI ACL stores
URI of the VoIP clients which are allowed to access the radio with normal
call priority.

Permit Only ACL URI


Call

This configuration parameter enables or disables acceptance of the VoIP


session requests which only have URIs matching the VoIP URI ACL lists.

Coupling PTT
Summation

This parameter enables or disables additional summing of the VoIP RTP


stream of the SIP call-type coupling and PTT-type coupling together
with the RTP streams selected for the transmission.
Note: The setting of this parameter will end all active SIP sessions.

Primary Domain Name


Server

This parameter is used to setup an IP address of a Domain Name Server.

Secondary Domain
Name Server

This parameter is used to setup an IP address of a Domain Name Server


which is used for backup purposes.

RTP Port Range Start

The real time transport protocol uses several IP ports for communication
with VCS or the R&S GB4000V. This parameter sets the start port for the
port range which can be used for VoIP audio streams.

6166.5368.02.01

3.20

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

R&S XU 4200

DSCP Value

The radio supports Differentiated Services (DiffServ) as defined by RFC


2474 and RFC 2475 in such a way that each different traffic type can be
marked with a specific differentiated service code point (DSCP) value.

ATR Switch Mode

Reserved / for future use.

Audio Delay

This parameter is used for delay setting on the audio line.

FTP Login

The parameter needs to be configured to allow remote software download.


If left empty, the Remote Software Download cannot be used (see chapter
3.16 Software Download).
Note: The FTP Login cannot have values FTP and Anonymous.

FTP Password

The parameter needs to be configured to allow remote software download.


If left empty, the Remote Software Download cannot be used (see chapter
3.16 Software Download).

Frequency

Operating frequency in Hz. Only the values compatible with the selected
channel spacing are accepted.

Channel spacing

Channel spacing. Only the spacings compatible with the current operating
frequency and mode are accepted.

Modulation Mode

Radio operating mode. Only the modes compatible with the current
operating frequency and channel spacing are accepted.

RF Power Level

Selection of the TX output power levels Low or Normal. Power levels for
selection Low and Normal are configurable.

Carrier Offset

TX carrier offset. Configuration parameter 5-carrier offset must be


enabled in order to provide 8 kHz / 4 kHz / +4 kHz / +8 kHz offsets.
For further details on the TX offset activation see chapter 3.4.7.2.1
Explanation of Offset Activation.

Preset Page Number

Number of the selected preset page. Zero is displayed in case of an


individual frequency setting, channel spacing, modulation mode, and offset.

TX Audio Level E1

This parameter refers to the E1 modulation input (connector X13, X14).


With the default setting, the modulation sensitivity is 0 dBm0 which means
that at the E1 audio level of 0 dBm0 the AM transmitter is driven and
modulated at 90 % modulation. The input can be configured from
30 dBm0 to 0 dBm0 in accordance with the E1 infrastructure and the
incoming signal levels. The sensitivity is greatest at 30 dBm0 which
means that the full modulation of 90 % modulation is achieved even at a
low level.
Note: The achieved modulation depth depends on the TX AM Modulation
Depth parameter. The relationship described above is valid for TX AM
Modulation Depth configured to 90 % (by default).

RX Audio Level E1

This parameter refers to the E1 audio output of the AM receiver (connector


X13). With the default setting of 4 dBm0, an effective level of 4dBm0 is
applied at 60 % AM modulation of the current receive signal (0.5 dBm0 at
90 % modulation). The output can be configured from 30 dBm0 to
4 dBm0 in accordance with the E1 infrastructure.

3.21

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

TX Audio Level VoIP

This parameter refers to the VoIP modulation input. With the default
setting, the modulation sensitivity is 0 dBm0 which means that at the VoIP
audio level of 0 dBm0 the AM transmitter is driven and modulated at 90 %
modulation. The input can be configured from 30 dBm0 to 0 dBm0 in
accordance with the VoIP infrastructure and the incoming signal levels.
The sensitivity is greatest at 30 dBm0 which means that the full
modulation of 90 % modulation is achieved even at a low level.
Note: The achieved modulation depth depends on the TX AM Modulation
Depth parameter. The relationship described above is valid for TX AM
Modulation Depth configured to 90% (by default).
Note: The default setting ensures the compliance with the ED-137
requirement of 30 % AM modulation depth at 10 dBm0 audio level. If the
VoIP infrastructure complies with the ED-137, the default value shall be left
unchanged.

RX Audio Level VoIP

This parameter refers to the VoIP audio output of the AM receiver. With the
default setting of 4 dBm0, an effective level of 4dBm0 is applied at 60 %
AM modulation of the current receive signal (0.5 dBm0 at 90 %
modulation). The output can be configured from 30 dBm0 to 4 dBm0 in
accordance with the VoIP infrastructure.
Note: The default setting ensures the compliance with the ED-137
requirement of 10 dBm0 at 30% AM modulation depth. If the VoIP
infrastructure complies with the ED-137, the default value shall be left
unchanged.

TX Audio ALC E1

The automatic level control for the E1 audio modulation can be switched on
and off. When this function is activated, the set AM modulation depth (see
TX AM Modulation Depth parameter) is ensured over a dynamic range of
15 dB at the TX E1 audio interface (X13, X14).
Note: If the automatic level control is active in the system external to the
radio, then the level control of the radio should be switched off.

RX Audio AGC E1

The automatic gain control in the AM demodulator can be switched on and


off. In the range from 30 % to 90 % modulation depth, the signal (E1 RX
Audio) remains constant.

TX Audio ALC VoIP

The automatic level control for the VoIP audio modulation can be switched
on and off. When this function is activated, the set AM modulation depth
(see TX AM Modulation Depth parameter) is ensured over a dynamic
range of 15 dB at the TX VoIP audio interface.
Note: If an automatic level control is active in the system external to the
radio, then the level control of the radio should be switched off.

RX Audio AGC VoIP

The automatic gain control in the AM demodulator can be switched on and


off. In the range from 30 % to 90 % modulation depth, the signal (VoIP RX
Audio) remains constant.

IPv6 Enabled

This parameter is used to enable IPv6 IP-version. The radio can use either
IPv4 or IPv6 for LAN communication. Simultaneous operation of IPv4 and
IPv6 is not possible. If this parameter is set to Enabled, IPv6 will be used
and IPv4 will be automatically disabled.
Note: DHCP will be automatically disabled if IPv6 is enabled by the user.
Note: Both IP configuration and Access Control List of the RX and TX
modules must be configured according to the selected IP-version.

6166.5368.02.01

3.22

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200


DHCP Enabled

R&S XU 4200

This parameter is used to enable dynamic host configuration (DHCP). If


enabled, the radio uses DHCP and can learn an IP address from a DHCP
server installed in the network.
Note: DHCP is supported in IPv4 network only. It is not possible to enable
DHCP while IPv6 is being used.

TX Hostname

TX Hostname is assigned to the TX module. Characters and other naming


conventions must comply with the RFC 952 rules. The parameter is
included in the initial DHCP message sent from the radio to the DHCP
server. If the DHCP server is configured accordingly, this information can
be used to inform a DNS server about a potential change in the mapping of
the IP address to hostname.

RX Hostname

RX Hostname is assigned to the RX module. Characters and other naming


conventions must comply with the RFC 952 rules. The parameter is
included in the initial DHCP message sent from the radio to the DHCP
server. If the DHCP server is configured accordingly, this information can
be used to inform a DNS server about a potential change in the mapping of
the IP address to hostname.

Local Mode Warning

The radio can be configured in such a way that pressing the LOC button on
the radio generates the CBIT warnings 0336 and 0415, which are output
via the remote system connected.

USB Connect Warning

The radio can be configured in such a way that a USB access via a service
PC generates the CBIT warnings 0335 and 0414, which are output via the
remote system connected.

External VSWR
Warning

The radio could be configured in such a way that a warning will be


generated if the limit external VSWR EXT_VSWR (X7.8) is exceeded.
The external VSWR CBIT warning 0338 will be sent to the remote control
system connected if the external VSWR limit is exceeded.
The warning can be configured as NOGO warning in order to request a
main/standby switchover via TEST_OC X5.4.

TX Power Low
Warning

If the power is 3 dB lower than expected, the radio will generate the NOGO
warning 0323 and will request a main/standby switchover via TEST_OC
X5.4.

VSWR Warning

The VSWR on the transmitter output (X3) is monitored during operation. If


the VSWR is higher than 2, a NOGO warning will be generated.
The NOGO warning VSWR 0331 will be sent to the remote
control system connected if the VSWR on the transmitter is above 2.
The warning can be configured as NOGO warning in order to request a
main/standby switchover via TEST_OC X5.4.

PSU Fan Warning

The rotation of the power supply fan is internally monitored and will cause
a warning if the fan is not running as expected.
The NOGO warning PSU fan 0201 will be sent to the remote control
system connected if the power supply fan is not working well.
The warning can be configured as NOGO warning in order to request a
main/standby switchover via TEST_OC X5.4.

3.23

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200

Main Fan Warning

The rotation of the main fan is internally monitored and will cause a NOGO
warning if the fan is not running as expected.
The NOGO warning main fan 0103 will be sent to the remote control
system connected if the main fan of the radio is not working well.
The warning can be configured as NOGO warning in order to request a
main/standby switchover via TEST_OC X5.4.

Inactive Warning

The radio can be configured in such a way that if the radio is inactive, it
generates the CBIT Warning 0101 which is output via the remote system
connected.

User Contact Warning

The radio can be configured in such a way that a warning will be generated
if the user contact X7.15 or X11.15 is high. The USER CONTACT
WARNING 0342 or 0430 will be sent to the remote control system.

E1 RAI Warning

The transmission on the E1 interface is monitored. If errors are occurring


on the transmission system, they are indicated with an alarm indication
(RAI).
The NOGO warning E1 RAI (CBIT TX 0347 or RX 0437) will be sent to the
connected remote control system if the remote alarm (RAI) is indicated.
The warning can be configured as NOGO warning in order to request a
main/standby switchover via the TEST_OC X5.4 (TX) or X10.4 (RX).

E1 CRC4 ERROR
Warning

The bit error rate in the E1 interface is monitored. If bit errors are occurring,
they are indicated with an excessive bit error rate (CRC4) CBIT.
The NOGO warning E1 CRC4 ERROR (CBIT TX 0348 or RX 0438) will be
sent to the connected remote control system if the excessive bit error rate
(CRC4) is indicated.
The warning can be configured as NOGO warning in order to request a
main/standby switchover via the TEST_OC X5.4 (TX) or X10.4 (RX).

E1 LOS

Loss of the incoming signal of 2048 kbit/s on E1 interface.


The NoGo warning E1 LOS (CBIT TX 0345 or RX 0435) will be triggered if
the incoming signal on E1 interface is lost.
The NoGo warning can be disabled. This is useful to avoid a main/standby
switchover request via the TEST_OC X5.4 (TX) or X10.4 (RX).

E1 LOF

Loss of frame alignment and channel associated signaling (CAS) (without


recovery in timeout).
The NoGo warning E1 LOF (CBIT TX 0346 or RX 0436) will be triggered if
the frame alignment and CAS on E1 interface is lost.
The NoGo warning can be disabled. This is useful to avoid a main/standby
switchover request via the TEST_OC X5.4 (TX) or X10.4 (RX).

6166.5368.02.01

3.24

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.3.3

R&S XU 4200

CBIT Type Configuration


The CBIT parameters can be configured as shown in the table below.

Function
CBIT type configuration\CBIT type configuration "Radio".doc

Disabled

Warning

NOGO

DC-Battery Supervision

AC-Main Supervision

External VSWR Warning

Local Mode Warning

USB Connect Warning

Inactive Warning

User Contact Warning

TX Power Low Warning

PSU Fan Warning

VSWR Warning

Main Fan Warning

E1 LOS

E1 LOF

E1 RAI Warning

E1 CRC4 ERROR Warning

Preset Pages Configuration\Preset Pages Configuration "Radio".doc

3.4

Local Control (Local Mode)

Local Control\Local Control "Radio".doc

Note: If the radio is set to local mode (LOC), remote control commands will
be refused. Local mode has the highest priority and interrupts any remote
control fixed sessions. Parameters can only be monitored remotely when
the radio is in local mode.
When the radio is in the local mode, you can connect a headset and power
up the transmitter by pressing the PTT key at any time.
In the receive mode, the front-panel receive audio signal is always audible.
In other words, the internal loudspeaker and the headset audio connector
are always active and the volume of the two can be controlled by the
assigned potentiometer.
Note: The local mode causes the termination of all active VoIP connections
if the parameter Line Interface in Local mode is disabled. As long as the
radio is in local mode, all VoIP connection requests are rejected.
All parameters and measurements can be displayed in the remote and local
modes.

3.25

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.1

Local Control (Local Mode)

Overview of Operation
Overview of operation\Overview of operation "Radio".doc

Boot Display
Boot process finished
Standard
Operating Display
ESC

MENU
Main Menu

ESC

Operation

Enter

Time/Date

Measurement

CBIT Status

Activation

TX Parameter

Preset No

RX Parameter

Configuration

IP Address

Component
No 1

Frequency
Block
Component
No 2

ESC
Mode

Inventory

Supply

ESC

ESC

ESC

Display
Settings
RX Thresholds

Frequency

Temperature

Offset TX

External
Voltages

TX Modulation
Depth
Component
No N

Options
Audio Delay

RF Power

Audio
Interface
Picture: Menu Guide MMI

Fig. 3.7
Menu control

Overview of operation.

The transceiver is menu-driven using the keypad (see chapter 3.4.2).


The MENU key takes you to the main menu at any time. From the main
menu, you can reach lower menus/submenus by using the cursor keys and
the ENTER key. Pressing the ESC key takes you to the next-higher menu.
If you are in the main menu, you can go to the standard operating display
by pressing the ESC key.

6166.5368.02.01

3.26

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.4.2

R&S XU 4200

Making Entries from the Keypad

Introduction

The transceiver is operated using menus in conjunction with a keypad. The


keypad comprises the following sections:
Numeric keys 0 to 9
Cursor keys
MENU key
ENTER key
ESC key
SQ key
LOC key

1
4
7

2 3 MENU
5 6
8 9
SQ 0
LOC ESC

ENTER

Fig. 3.8

3.4.2.1
Function

3.4.2.2

Keypad.

Numeric Keys
The numeric keys 0 to 9 are used to enter numeric parameters.

Cursor Keys

Local Control\Local Control "Radio".doc

Function

As well as the numeric keys, the cursor keys are used for entering
parameters and to navigate through the menus.
The cursor keys have the following functions:

The and cursor keys are used to navigate within menus and
selection fields.

The and cursor keys are used to move the cursor to the desired
position within the numeric line.

The and cursor keys decrement and increment the radio


parameter when making numeric entries.

3.27

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.2.3

MENU Key
Pressing the MENU key will take you to the main menu at any time.

Function

3.4.2.4

Local Control (Local Mode)

ENTER Key
The ENTER key is used to navigate within the menus and to accept
settings.

Function

The ENTER key has the following functions:

3.4.2.5

Open submenus

Open selection and entry fields

Directly initiate a function or toggle a setting

Confirm an entry; the new value will be accepted

ESC Key

Function

The ESC key is used to navigate within the menus and to terminate
settings.
The ESC key has the following functions:

Close submenus

Close selection and entry fields

Cancel an entry; the previous value will be retained

Initiate a radio reset if pressed and held longer than five seconds

Note: If you press and hold the ESC key for longer than five seconds, the
radio will perform a complete reset (cold start).
SQ Key\SQ Key "Radio".doc

6166.5368.02.01

3.28

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.4.2.6

R&S XU 4200

SQ Key

Function

By using the SQ key, you can open or close noise suppression (squelch) at
any time independently of the current menu. The only precondition is the
local mode.

Squelch behavior

The switch-on and switch-off behavior of noise suppression (squelch) and


the opening and closing of the squelch relay at the output of the radio
depend on the RSSI squelch threshold and the S/N squelch threshold. The
thresholds can be configured using the Service and Maintenance Tool
R&S ZS 4200 (see chapter 3.3 Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200).
The following table shows the states on the radio as a function of the
thresholds.
Analog
Audio
muted
by radio

SQ relay
(X10.8/X10.9)

VoIP Audio
muted by
radio

SQ key on + RSSI AND/OR (S+N)/N over SQ


threshold

No

Close

No

SQ key on + RSSI AND/OR (S+N)/N below SQ


threshold

Yes

Open

Yes

SQ key off + RSSI AND/OR (S+N)/N over SQ


threshold

No

Close

No

SQ key off + RSSI AND/OR (S+N)/N below SQ


threshold

No

Open

Yes

Fig. 3.9

Squelch behavior.

3.29

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.2.7

Local Control (Local Mode)

LOC Key

LOC Key\LOC Key "Radio".doc

Function on radio

The LOC key enables you to switch between local and remote mode at any
time independently of the current menu. The local mode has priority over
remote accesses, i.e. a remote fixed session over the Ethernet LAN
interface will automatically be terminated if you select local mode by
pressing this key. If you press the key a second time, local mode will be
terminated, at which point a remote client must re-initiate the session to the
device (or to the modules).
By pressing the LOC key the radio will enter the local mode.
Note: The local mode causes the termination of all active VoIP connections
if the parameter Line Interface in Local mode is disabled. As long as the
radio is in local mode, all VoIP connection requests are rejected.

Deactivation

You can deactivate the LOC key from the service PC (USB configuration),
thus blocking local mode altogether (protection from improper use).

Key operation
messages

By using the service PC (USB), you can configure whether a local access
leads to a warning message or not. The local mode state would then be
reflected in the CBIT status. In addition, the start and end of the local mode
will be stored in the event log together with time information. If applicable,
this information will also be sent to the fault management system.

6166.5368.02.01

3.30

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.4.3

Screen Display

3.4.3.1

Start Display

Display parameter

R&S XU 4200

The start display is an independent screen containing the radio name and
type. After booting the transceiver is started (see chapter 3.4.3.2).

Fig. 3.10

3.4.3.2

R&S Series 4200 logo.

Boot Display

Display parameter

The boot display is an independent screen containing a progress bar and


boot messages. The progress bar displays the current boot process state of
the transceiver.
Booting of the transceiver is completed when the standard operating display
appears (see chapter 3.4.3.3).

Boot display\Boot display "Name".doc

5 0%
T X : I n i t
R X : I n i t
Fig. 3.11
In case of boot error

HW
L AN

OK
OK

Boot display.

Boot errors are handled by a special error routine which allows the radio to
end the booting process and start the operation. This is indicated by the
TX/RX CBIT 0344/0434. This error can be than read out via remote control.
Note: If the booting stops and the message Boot Error is displayed, switch
the transceiver off and on. In case the error persists, return the transceiver
to our service center for checking.

3.31

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.3.3

Local Control (Local Mode)

Standard Operating Display

Standard operating display\Standard operating display "Radio".doc

Display parameter

During operation, the LCD indicates the most important settings and status
messages.

R&S XU 4200
example

X U 4 2 0 0
MU E NCH E N 4

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3
RACK 1 RAD 1 7
AM
.
+ 7 . 5
S C
SQ
S T A T U S :
WA RN I NG
V SWR A BO V E 2
W

124 675
L OC I NAC T
CB I T
3 3 1
Fig. 3.12
Line

Standard operating display.

Display text

Description

XU4200
21:04:13

Device type: VHF transceiver


Display: time of day

MUENCHEN4 RACK1 RAD17

Location information, optional text. It can be entered


via USB service PC (see chapter 3.3). Only the first
line is displayed.

124.675

Frequency in ICAO format. Example shows frequency


value with 25 kHz spacing
AM/ACARS mode
Offset TX, set to +7.5 kHz
Note: Frequency can be entered by pressing any
numeric key. Then, the MMI opens the Frequency
submenu automatically.

3+4

AM
+7.5

5+6

LOC
INACT
SC
SQ

7+8

CBIT STATUS: WARNING


331 VSWR ABOVE 2 W

6166.5368.02.01

Local control mode


Radio in inactive state (standby). For example, radio
was switched to inactive via remote control command.
Single channel configuration has been configured via
USB.
Squelch Button indication. The SQ state will be stored
after the reboot.
CBIT status line. In normal case OK is indicated.
Otherwise, warning or error is indicated (if at least one
notice is present).
If there are more notices, they are displayed in
sequence.
Note: The W at the end of a message means that
this is a warning. Generally there are two types of
displayed CBIT messages:
W for warning
E for error
3.32

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.4.3.4

R&S XU 4200

Main Menu Display

Display
of menus

During menu-guided settings, the LCD shows the corresponding menus


together with their functions.

M a
O
T
M
C
I
C

i
p
i
e
B
n
o

n
e
m
a
I
v
n

M
r a
e /
s u
T
e n
f i

e
t
D
r
S
t
g

Fig. 3.13

n
i
a
e
t
o
u

u
o
t
m
a
r
r

n
e
e n t
t u s
y
a t i o n

Main menu display.

Operation

Dual-purpose menu for manual operation and


preset operation

see chapter 3.4.7.2

Time/Date

For displaying and setting the radio clock

see chapter 3.4.7.3

Measurement

Measurement of transmit parameters and receive


parameters, supply voltage and operating
temperatures

see chapter 3.4.7.4

CBIT status

Continuous built-in test (CBIT) error message

see chapter 3.4.7.5

Inventory

Hardware and software inventory

see chapter 3.4.7.6

Configuration

Display of configuration parameters

see chapter 3.4.7.7

0.
Volume Control Display\Volume control display "Radio".doc

3.33

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.3.5

Local Control (Local Mode)

Display Settings

Introduction
Brightness setting

It is possible to set up brightness and contrast anywhere in the menu by


pressing the cursor keys.
1. Press the or cursor keys for approximately one second.
A setting window (brightness or contrast) with a shifter appears.
2.

Use the or cursor keys to select the brightness window.

X U 4 2 0 0
MU

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3

B r i g h t n e s s
II -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- I II
1 0 0 %

CB I T - S T A T U S
Fig. 3.14

Contrast setting

1 7
A M

O K

Brightness setting display.

3.

Use the or cursor keys to change the setting.


The cursor will move to the right, or left and luminance of the display
will intensify, or reduce accordingly.

4.

Press the ENTER key or wait approximately three seconds until the
window disappears.

5.

Press the or cursor keys for approximately one second.


A setting window (brightness or contrast) with a shifter appears.

6.

Use the or cursor keys to select the contrast window.

X U 4 2 0 0
MU

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3
C o n t r a s t

II -- -- -- -- -- I -- -- -- -- -- II
5 0 %

CB I T - S T A T U S
Fig. 3.15

1 7
A M

O K

Contrast setting display.

7.

Use the or cursor keys to change the setting.


The cursor will move to the right, or left and the contrast of the display
will intensify, or reduce accordingly.

8.

Press the ENTER key or wait approximately three seconds until the
window disappears.

Note: The settings will be stored temporarily if there is no key operation for
5 seconds. If the settings are not stored manually, the old values will be
recovered after the reboot.

6166.5368.02.01

3.34

Local Control (Local Mode)

R&S XU 4200

Indication via LEDs\Indication via LEDs "Name".doc

3.4.4

Indication via LEDs

Status display

The LEDs on the front of the radio show the status of various settings and
operating modes.

Fig. 3.16
Meaning of LEDs

Indication via LEDs.

LED

Color

AC

Green

AC Primary voltage is available

DC

Green

DC Battery voltage is available

VOP

Green

Voltage operational is available,


radio is active

GO

Green

No error, no NOGO warning,


output TEST_OC = contact to ground

CARR

Yellow

Transmit power (carrier) is available


Pout > 500 mW

VSWR

Yellow

VSWR mismatch at antenna


VSWR > 2

MOD

Yellow

Transmitter is modulated (>30 % AM)

SQ

Yellow

Squelch indicator, Receive signal is


available

3.35

Meaning

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.5

Local Control (Local Mode)

Calling and Changing Menus

Introduction

The transceiver is operated via menus. After you press the menu key, all
menus will be listed. Depending on the menu you select, various radio
functions will be displayed.

Main menu
0.

1.

Press the MENU key.


Note: Pressing the MENU key always takes you directly to the main
menu.

M a
O
T
M
C
I
C

i
p
i
e
B
n
o

n
e
m
a
I
v
n

M
r a
e /
s u
T
e n
f i

e
t
D
r
S
t
g

n
i
a
e
t
o
u

Fig. 3.17

u
o
t
m
a
r
r

L OC
n
e
e n t
t u s
y
a t i o n

Main menu.

Note: If the LOC key is pressed, the statement LOC is displayed in each
menu.
Call up submenu\Call up submenu "Name".doc

Submenu

2.

Using the or cursor keys, select a menu, e.g. CBIT STATUS.


The current selection will be indicated with the inverse display.

CB I T
3.

Press the ENTER key.


The submenus TX and RX CBIT STATUS will be indicated.

T X
R X
4.

CB I T
CB I T

S t a t u s
S t a t u s

Using the or cursor keys, select a submenu, e.g.


TX CBIT STATUS.
The current selection will be indicated with the inverse display.

T X

6166.5368.02.01

S t a t u s

CB I T

3.36

S t a t u s

Local Control (Local Mode)

5.

R&S XU 4200

Press the ENTER key.


The submenu will be opened and the radio status displayed.

T X
1
2
2
3
3

0
0
0
1
3

CB I T S t
2 NOGO
2 P S U F
3 P S U T
7 P A T E
6 L OCA L

Fig. 3.18

a t u s
AN
EMP
MP
MOD E

E
E
W
W
W

Submenu.

Note: The scroll bar on the right indicates that you can display further
entries by using the or cursor keys.
6.

Exit
submenu

3.4.6

Press the ESC key.


The submenu will be exited (returned to parent menu).

Setting Parameters
Note: All parameter changes can be set only in the local mode. Press the
local button to activate the local mode. The statement LOC appears in the
LCD display above on the right in each menu.

Various methods
possible
0.

You can set parameters in various ways:

Directly selecting of radio functions


Toggling a setting
Selecting settings
Entering numeric parameters

The keypad can be used to select and enter radio parameters.


Direct selection of radio functions\Direct selection of radio functions "Radio".doc

3.37

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.6.1

Local Control (Local Mode)

Direct Selection of Radio Functions

Introduction

After you select a menu, various radio functions will be displayed. Radio
functions are carried out directly after you press the ENTER key.

For example:
Power up the
transmitter with test
modulation

1.
2.

Press the MENU key.


Using the or cursor keys, select the MEASUREMENT submenu.

M e a s u r eme n t
3.

Press the ENTER key.


The submenu will be opened.

4.

Using the or cursor keys, select the TX PARAMETER submenu.

T X
5.

P a r ame t e r

Press the ENTER key.


The submenu will be opened.

T X

P a r ame t e r

L OC

PWR
0

5 0

1 0 0

MOD
SWR
T e s t
6.

1
2
P T T

T ON E

Using the or cursor keys, select the TEST TONE function.

T e s t

P T T

Fig. 3.19
7.

5
T e s t

49
72
1 . 3

T e s t

T ON E

Direct selection of radio functions.

Press the ENTER key.


The test will be started. The transmitter will be powered up with a 1 kHz
test tone and the configured AM modulation.
Note: TX transmission is switched on as long as the ENTER key is
pressed or until the timeout PTT timer switches off the transmission.

6166.5368.02.01

3.38

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.4.6.2

R&S XU 4200

Toggling a Setting

Introduction

After you select a menu, various radio functions will be displayed. You can
switch several radio functions on or off by repeatedly pressing the ENTER
key (toggling).

For example:
Switch radio
activation on/off
0.

1.

Press the MENU key.


The cursor will point to the OPERATION submenu.

2.

Press the ENTER key.

Toggling settings\Toggling settings "Radio".doc

The OPERATION submenu will be opened and the radio functions will
be displayed. The cursor will point to ACTIVATION.

O p
A
P
M
F
O
R
3.

e
c
r
o
r
f
F

r
t
e
d
e
f

a
i
s
e
q
s
P

t i o n
v a t i o n
e t
N o

L
O
A
1 2 3 . 8 1
L o

u e n c y
e t
T X
o w e r

Press the ENTER key.


The function will be switched off.

A c t i v a t i o n
4.

OC
n
M
5
w

O f f

Press the ENTER key again.


The function will be switched on.

A c t i v a t i o n
Fig. 3.20

3.39

O n
Toggling a setting.

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.6.3

Local Control (Local Mode)

Selecting Settings

Introduction
0.

After you select a menu, various radio functions will be displayed. Some
functions have a further submenu from which you can select a parameter
after you press the ENTER key.

Selecting settings\Selecting settings "Radio".doc

For example:
Select transmit
power

1.

Press the MENU key.


The cursor will point to the OPERATION submenu.

2.

Press the ENTER key.


The cursor will point to ACTIVATION.

3.

Using the
submenu.

O p
A
P
M
F
O
R

t i o n
v a t i o n
e t
N o

4.

e
c
r
o
r
f
F

r
t
e
d
e
f

a
i
s
e
q
s
P

or

cursor

u e n c y
e t
T X
o w e r

L
O
A
1 2 3 . 8 1
L o

the

RF

POWER

OC
n
M
5
w

L OC

Using the or cursor keys, select a setting, e.g. NORMAL.


Press the ENTER key.
The selection menu will be closed and the setting will be active.

R F

P o w e r
Fig. 3.21

6166.5368.02.01

select

Press the ENTER key.


The selection menu will be opened. The cursor will point to the current
setting.

R F P o w e r
L o w
N o r ma l

5.
6.

keys,

3.40

N o r ma l
Selecting settings.

Local Control (Local Mode)


3.4.6.4

R&S XU 4200

Entering Numeric Parameters

0.
Introduction

Entering numeric parameters xU\Entering numeric parameters xU "Radio".doc

You can enter numeric parameters by using the numeric keys and the
and cursors.
You can enter the value directly via the numeric keypad. Start with the
foremost position. After each digit, the cursor will jump to the next position.
After you enter the last digit, the cursor will remain at that position. To
accept the value, press the ENTER key. The system will automatically
check for valid limit values and consistency.

R&S XU 4200
example

1.

Press the MENU key.


The cursor will point to the OPERATION submenu.

2.

Press the ENTER key.


The cursor will point to ACTIVATION.

3.

Using the or cursor keys, select FREQUENCY.

O p
A
P
M
F
O
R

4.

e
c
r
o
r
f
F

r
t
e
d
e
f

a
i
s
e
q
s
P

t i o n
v a t i o n
e t
N o

L
O
A
1 2 3 . 8 1
L o

u e n c y
e t
T X
o w e r

Press the ENTER key.


Digit entry is active. The cursor is located at the first position.

F r e q u e n c y
Enter new value

5.

OC
n
M
5
w

1 2 3 . 8 1 5

Overwrite the old value by using the numeric keys, e.g. 117.675 MHz.

F r e q u e n c y

L OC

1 1 7.6 7 5
E n t e r

i n

I CAO

Fig. 3.22

F o r ma t

Frequency entry.

Note: You can skip spaces by using the or cursor keys.

3.41

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Local Control (Local Mode)

Finish entry

6.

Press the ENTER key.


Numeric entry will become inactive and the new value will be accepted.

Invalid parameter
entry

If the value you entered is outside the acceptable range, the parameter will
not be changed. The previous value will be retained.

Entering numeric parameters xD\Entering numeric parameters xD "Radio".doc

3.4.7

Overview of All Menus and Functions

3.4.7.1

MAIN Menu

Content
of menus

M a
O
T
M
C
I
C

i
p
i
e
B
n
o

n
e
m
a
I
v
n

M
r a
e /
s u
T
e n
f i

e
t
D
r
S
t
g

n
i
a
e
t
o
u

Fig. 3.23

u
o
t
m
a
r
r

n
e
e n t
t u s
y
a t i o n
MAIN menu.

Operation

Dual-purpose menu for manual operation and


preset operation

see chapter 3.4.7.2

Time/Date

For displaying and setting the radio clock

see chapter 3.4.7.3

Measurement

Measurement of transmit parameters and receive


parameters, supply voltage and operating
temperatures

see chapter 3.4.7.4

CBIT Status

Continuous built-in test (CBIT) error message

see chapter 3.4.7.5

Inventory

Hardware and software inventory

see chapter 3.4.7.6

Configuration

Display of configuration parameters

see chapter 3.4.7.7

6166.5368.02.01

3.42

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.4.7.2

R&S XU 4200

OPERATION Menu

Operation menu\Operation menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

O p
A
P
M
F
O
R

e
c
r
o
r
f
F

r
t
e
d
e
f

a
i
s
e
q
s
P

t i o n
v a t i o n
e t
N o
u e n c y
e t
T X
o w e r

Fig. 3.24
Display text

L
O
A
1 2 3 . 8 1
L o

OC
n
M
5
w

OPERATION menu.

Values

Description

Operation

Activation

On

Preset No

--

In this example, no Preset No. was selected or a


parameter (frequency, spacing, TX offset) was
changed manually. In both cases, "--" will appear.
In preset mode the number of the currently selected
preset page is displayed in the range from 1 to 200.

AM

AM/ACARS/VDL Mode 2 modes


Note: In VDL Mode 2 the frequency range is limited
from 118 to 136.975 MHz.

Mode

Frequency

123.815

Menu name
On: Radio is active (possible only in local mode)
Auto: Activation via input *OFF,
see chapter 6.2.5 and 6.2.10
(only possible in remote mode)
Off: Radio is inactive (supported in
local and remote mode)
Note: If VoIP mode is used and the activation state is
changed to Off, all SIP sessions will be terminated.
When the user changes to local mode, "Auto" is
changed to "On", which activates the radio in local
mode.

Frequency value in ICAO format. In this example, the


radio operates in 8.33 kHz spacing on frequency of
123.816666 MHz.
ICAO numeric entry:
112 to 155.991 MHz in 8.33 kHz spacing
112 to 155.975 MHz in 25 kHz spacing
Note: For ICAO channelling and frequency pairing
see Fig. 3.25.

3.43

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Local Control (Local Mode)

Display text

Values

Description

--

Depending on whether the 5-carrier offset is enabled


via the service PC (see chapter 3.3) or not, the
possible value range is as follows:

Offset TX

Standard:
7.5 / 7.3 / 5 / 2.5 / 0 / +2.5 / +5 / +7.3 / +7.5
Incl. 5-Carrier:
as above, in addition 8 / 4 / +4 / +8
Fig. 3.26 shows the possible combinations for mode,
spacing and offset.
RF Power

Low
Normal

Transmit power level Low is selected.


The following power levels can be selected:
Low: 5 W
Normal: 50 W
The values 5 W (Low) and 50 W (Normal) are factory
default settings. They can be configured via service
PC (see chapter 3.3).

Frequency (MHz)

Channel Spacing (kHz)

Channel

118.0000

25

118.000

118.0000

8.33

118.005

118.0083

8.33

118.010

118.0167

8.33

118.015

118.0250

25

118.025

118.0250

8.33

118.030

118.0333

8.33

118.035

118.0417

8.33

118.040

118.0500

25

118.050

118.0500

8.33

118.055

118.0583

8.33

118.060

118.0667

8.33

118.065

118.0750

25

118.075

118.0750

8.33

118.080

118.0833

8.33

118.085

118.0917

8.33

118.090

118.1000

25

118.100

Fig. 3.25

6166.5368.02.01

ICAO channeling / frequency pairing.

3.44

Local Control (Local Mode)

R&S XU 4200

Radio
Type

Supported
Modes

Supported
Spacings

Accepted Offsets
to HW

Possible
Mode
Switching

Possible
Switching of
Spacing

VHF

AM

25

8 / 7.5 / 7.3 / 5 /
4 / 2.5 / 0 / +2.5 / +4 /
+5 / +7.3 / +7.5 / +8

=> ACARS+25
=> VDL2+25

=> AM+8.33

8.33

2.5 / 0 / +2.5

ACARS

25

=> AM+25
=> VDL2+25

VDL2

25

=> ACARS+25
=> VDL2+25
=> AM+25

Fig. 3.26

Lowest Frequency
Highest Frequency

Possible combinations of mode/spacing/offset VHF.

Frequency (MHz)

Channel Spacing
(kHz)

Channel

112.0000

8.33

112.005

112.0000

25

112.000

155.9917

8.33

155.990

155.9750

25

155.975

Fig. 3.27

3.4.7.2.1

=> AM+25

Supported frequency ranges.

Explanation of Offset Activation

The radio offers a number of different offsets that can be activated. As the
handling of unsupported offsets is different from the handling of any other
unsupported parameter, an explanation is given here to avoid
misunderstandings. Normally unsupported parameters or commands are
rejected by the radio with an error message.
Whether an offset is supported depends on a combination of other
parameters, such as spacing or mode. Please refer to the ICD for a
detailed table with all permitted combinations of modes, offsets and
spacings that can be set to the hardware.
Note: The radio behavior is specified as follows: offsets that are not
permitted in certain spacing will be accepted and stored by the radio, but
not activated in the hardware. Only when a spacing which supports this
stored offset is activated, the offset will be activated in the hardware. The
consequence of storing the offset is that it can be read out over all
interfaces and it is displayed on the MMI, even if it is not activated in the
hardware because this combination of offset and spacing is not permitted.

3.45

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.7.3

Local Control (Local Mode)

TIME/DATE Menu

TIME DATE Menu\TIME DATE Menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

T i me / D a t e

1 4 : 0 2 : 1 5
2 0 1 2 / 0 4 / 1 3

Fig. 3.28
Display text

TIME/DATE menu.

Values

Time/Date

Description

Menu name

Time

14:02:15

Date

2012/04/13

Time display and setting (HH:MM:SS)


Date display and setting (YYYY/MM/DD)

Note: For setting time and date you can select the digit entry by using the
cursor keys and overwrite the old value by using the numeric keys.

3.4.7.4

MEASUREMENT Menu

MEASUREMENT menu\MEASUREMENT menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

M e
T
R
S
T
E

a
X
X
u
e
x

s u
P
P
p p
mp
t e

r
a
a
l
e
r

Fig. 3.29
Display text

e
r
r
y
r
n

me n t
ame t e r
ame t e r
a t u r e
a l
V o l t a g e s

MEASUREMENT menu.
Description

Measurement

Menu name

TX Parameter

Submenu for displaying the transmit parameters

see chapter 3.4.7.4.1

RX Parameter

Submenu for displaying the receive parameters

see chapter 3.4.7.4.2

Supply

Submenu for displaying the supply voltage

see chapter 3.4.7.4.3

Temperature

Submenu for displaying the operating temperature

see chapter 3.4.7.4.4

External Voltages

Submenu for displaying the external voltages

see chapter 3.4.7.4.5

6166.5368.02.01

3.46

Local Control (Local Mode)

R&S XU 4200

PARAMETER menu\PARAMETER menu "Radio".doc

3.4.7.4.1

TX PARAMETER Menu

Meaning
of entries

T X

P a r ame t e r

L OC

PWR
0

5 0

1 0 0

MOD
SWR
1
2
P T T

T e s t

Fig. 3.30

5
T e s t

49
72
1 . 3
T ON E

TX PARAMETER menu.

For ACARS mode, the last line of the MMI will change in order to provide
1200 Hz and 2400 Hz Test Tone.

T e s t
Fig. 3.31

1 k 2

2 k 4

TX PARAMETER menu in ACARS mode.

T e s t
Fig. 3.32
Display text

T e s t

D 8 P S K
TX PARAMETER menu in VDL Mode 2.

Values

TX Parameter

Description
Menu name

PWR

49 W

Display of transmit power as a bar chart and numeric


value (with decimal place up to 9.9 W; no decimal place
starting from 10 W).

MOD

72 %

Display of modulation depth for AM as a bar chart and


numeric value, for example.

SWR

1.3

Display of the antenna matching as a bar chart and


numeric value (optimum, VSWR = 1; otherwise, value in
range 1 to approx. 26).

Test PTT

Test for PTT function


Transmitter can be powered up in the unmodulated CW
mode via the ENTER key.
Note: Only available in AM mode.

Test TONE

Test for TONE function


Transmitter can be powered up at a test modulation
1 kHz and the configured AM modulation depth via the
ENTER key.
Note: TX transmission is switched on as long as the
ENTER key is pressed or until the timeout PTT timer
switches off the transmission.
Note: Only available in AM mode.

Test 1k2

Test for TONE function


Transmitter can be powered up at a test modulation

3.47

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Local Control (Local Mode)


1.2 kHz and the configured AM modulation depth via
the ENTER key.
Note: TX transmission is switched on as long as the
ENTER key is pressed or until the timeout PTT timer
switches off the transmission.
Note: Only available in ACARS mode.

Test 2k4

Test for TONE function


Transmitter can be powered up at test modulation
2.4 kHz and the configured AM modulation depth via
the ENTER key.
Note: TX transmission is switched on as long as the
ENTER key is pressed or until the timeout PTT timer
switches off the transmission.
Note: Only available in ACARS mode.

Test D8PSK

Test for TONE function


The test provides a D8PSK test tone via the ENTER
key.
Note: TX transmission is switched on as long as the
ENTER key is pressed or until the timeout PTT timer
switches off the transmission.
Note: Only available in VDL Mode 2.

3.4.7.4.2

RX PARAMETER Menu

Meaning
of entries

R X P a r ame t e r
R S S I
1 2 0 d Bm

Fig. 3.33
Display text
RSSI

6166.5368.02.01

4 9

RX PARAMETER menu.

Values

RX Parameter

1 0

Description
Menu name

49 dBm

Display of receive power as a bar chart and numeric


value.

3.48

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.4.7.4.3

R&S XU 4200

SUPPLY Menu

Meaning
of entries

S u p p l y
BA T T E R Y
DC S E C

L OC
3 1 . 4 V
2 7 . 7 V

Fig. 3.34
Display text

SUPPLY menu.

Values

Supply

Description

Menu name

BATTERY

+31.4 V

Display of battery voltage

DC SEC

+27.7 V

Display of secondary voltage from the power supply


unit

3.4.7.4.4

TEMPERATURE Menu

TEMPERATURE Menu\TEMPERATURE Menu "Name".doc

Meaning
of entries

T e
R
T
P
P

mp e r a t
X B o a r
X B o a r
S U n i t
A B o a r

Fig. 3.35
Display text
Temperature

u r e
d
d
d

3
8
2
7

C
C
C
C

TEMPERATURE menu.

Values

4
3
4
5

Description
Menu name

RX Board

+43 C

Temperature display of the receiver board A3

TX Board

+38 C

Temperature display of the transmitter board A1

PS Unit

+42 C

Temperature display of the power supply unit

PA Board

+57 C

Temperature display of the power amplifier board A4

3.49

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.7.4.5

Local Control (Local Mode)

EXTERNAL VOLTAGES Menu

EXTERNAL VOLTAGES Menu\EXTERNAL VOLTAGES Menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

E x t e r n a l
SWR
0

Fig. 3.36
Display text
External Voltages
SWR

EXTERNAL VOLTAGES menu.

Values

2.5

3.4.7.5

V o l t a g e s

Description
Menu name
Ext. VSWR voltage on connector X7.8

CBIT STATUS Menu

CBIT STATUS Menu\CBIT STATUS menu "Name".doc

Meaning
of entries

CB I T S t a t u s
T X CB I T S t a t u s
R X CB I T S t a t u s

Fig. 3.37
Display text

CBIT STATUS menu.


Description

CBIT Status

Menu name

TX CBIT Status

Submenu for displaying the TX CBIT status

see below

RX CBIT Status

Submenu for displaying the RX CBIT status

see below

CBIT STATUS\CBIT STATUS "Name".doc

6166.5368.02.01

3.50

Local Control (Local Mode)

R&S XU 4200

TX CBIT STATUS
Meaning
of entries

T X
1
2
2
3
3

0
0
0
1
3

CB I T S t
2 NOGO
2 P S U F
3 P S U T
7 P A T E
6 L OCA L

Fig. 3.38
Display text (error code)
TX CBIT Status

a t u s
AN
EMP
MP
MOD E

TX CBIT STATUS.

Status

E
E
W
W
W

Description
Menu name

102 NOGO

ERROR

General fault in the radio; at least one CBIT error


message is active

202 PSU FAN

ERROR

No rotation of the power supply unit fan

203 PSU TEMP

WARNING

Temperature exceeded on the PSU Board

317 PA TEMP

WARNING

Temperature exceeded on the PA board

336 LOCAL MODE

WARNING

If necessary, entering the local mode can be stored as


a CBIT warning and event. However, this function must
be first configured via a service PC. Unauthorized local
control can then be detected and forwarded to the
remote control system as a warning.

Note: See chapter 4.2 Troubleshooting for detailed CBIT event


descriptions.

3.51

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Local Control (Local Mode)

RX CBIT STATUS
Meaning
of entries

R X
1
2
2
4
4

0
0
0
0
1

CB I T S t
2 NOGO
1 P S U F
3 P S U T
7
I F OV
0 S Y N T H

Fig. 3.39
Display text (error code)
RX CBIT Status
102 NOGO

a t u s
AN
EMP
E R L OAD
UN L OCK

RX CBIT STATUS.

Status

ERROR

E
W
W
W
E

Description
Menu name
General fault in the radio; at least one CBIT error
message is active

201 PSU FAN

WARNING

Rotation speed of the power supply unit fan too low

203 PSU TEMP

WARNING

Temperature exceeded on the PSU Board

407 IF OVERLOAD

WARNING

Signal overload in intermediate frequency section

ERROR

PLL synthesizer unlocked in the receiver module

410 SYNTH UNLOCK

Note: See chapter 4.2 Troubleshooting for the detailed CBIT event
descriptions.

6166.5368.02.01

3.52

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.4.7.6

R&S XU 4200

INVENTORY Menu

INVENTORY Menu/INVENTORY Menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

I n v e
D E V
SWM
HWM
SW
FW
HWM
HWM

n t o r y
X U
OD D S
OD KK
MM
MM
OD
I N
OD V U

Fig. 3.40
Display text

4
4
4
I
I
4
4

2
2
2
2
2

0
0
5
C
F
4
5

0
0
0
OC XO
T R L
PGA
0 S U P P L Y
0

INVENTORY menu.
Description

Inventory

Menu name

DEV XU4200

Submenu for displaying the radio identification

SWMOD DS4200

Submenu for displaying the software package (Release)

HWMOD KK4250 OCXO

Submenu for displaying a hardware module

SW MMI-CTRL

Submenu for displaying a software component

FW MMI-FPGA

Submenu for displaying a firmware component

HWMOD IN4240 SUPPLY

Submenu for displaying a hardware module

HWMOD VU4250

Submenu for displaying a hardware module

Scroll bar on the right

Indication for further entries

3.53

see below

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Local Control (Local Mode)

Display format (identification)


Meaning
of entries

D E
I
S
V
D

V
X U 4 2 0
D
6 1 4 4
E R
1 0 0 0
E R S 1 0 . X
A T E 2 0 1 2

Fig. 3.41
Display text
DEV XU4200
ID
SER

0
. 7 3 0 0 . X 2
0 1
X
/ 0 4 / 1 3

INVENTORY menu: Display format.

Values

6144.7300.X2
100001

VERS

10.XX

DATE

2012/04/13

Description
Device designation (or hardware, software, firmware)
Display of the ID number
Display of the serial number
Display of the version number
Display of the manufacturing date

Note: Examples of figures only.

6166.5368.02.01

3.54

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.4.7.7

R&S XU 4200

CONFIGURATION Menu

CONFIGURATION Menu\CONFIGURATION Menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

C o
I
F
D
R
T
O
A
A

n
P
r
i
X
X
p
u
u

f i
A
e q
s p
T
M
t i
d i
d i

g
d
u
l
h
o
o
o
o

Fig. 3.42
Display text

u
d
e
a
r
d
n

r
r
n
y
e
u
s
D
I

a t i o
e s s
c y B
Se t
s h o l
l a t i

l
t
d
o

o c k
i n g s
s
n D e p t h

e l a y
n t e r f a c e

CONFIGURATION menu.
Description

Configuration

Menu name

IP Address

Submenu for displaying and configuring the


network parameters

see chapter 3.4.7.7.1

Frequency Block

Submenu for displaying the frequency blocking


ranges

see chapter 3.4.7.7.2

Display Settings

Submenu for displaying the display settings

see chapter 3.4.7.7.3

RX Thresholds

Submenu for displaying the RX threshold settings

see chapter 3.4.7.7.4

TX Modulation Depth

Submenu for displaying the modulation depth

see chapter 3.4.7.7.5

Options

Submenu for displaying the radio options

see chapter 3.4.7.7.6

Audio Delay

Submenu for displaying the audio delay

see chapter 3.4.7.7.7

Audio Interface

Submenu for displaying the audio interface mode

see chapter 3.4.7.7.8

CONFIGURATION Menu Display Format\CONFIGURATION Menu Display Format"Radio".doc

3.55

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.7.7.1

Local Control (Local Mode)

IP ADDRESS Menu

Meaning
of entries

I P A d d r e s s
T X Mo d u l e
R X Mo d u l e

Fig. 3.43
Display text

IP ADDRESS menu.
Description

IP Address

Menu name

TX Module

Submenu for displaying and configuring the network


parameters of the transmitter

see below

RX Module

Submenu for displaying and configuring the network


parameters of the receiver

see below

IP Configuration
Meaning
of entries

T X Mo d u
I P
C o
R E N EW
UR I
t x
4 2

Fig. 3.44

l e
n f i g
DHC P L E A S E
@1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 0 5 2 . 1

IP Configuration TX module.

Display text

Description

TX Module

Menu name

IP

Submenu for IP parameters setting

RENEW DHCP
LEASE

Press ENTER key to renew a DHCP lease.


Note: This function is only available when DHCP is enabled via the
R&S ZS 4200.

URI

URI for the TX Module


Note: This setting is read-only and configurable via the R&S ZS 4200.

6166.5368.02.01

3.56

Local Control (Local Mode)

Meaning
of entries

R&S XU 4200

R X Mo d u
I P
C o
R E N EW
UR I
r x
4 1

Fig. 3.45

l e
n f i g
DHC P L E A S E
@1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 0 5 2 . 1

IP Configuration RX module.

Display text

Description

RX Module

Menu name

IP

Submenu for IP parameters setting

RENEW DHCP
LEASE

Press ENTER key to renew a DHCP lease.


Note: This function is only available when DHCP is enabled via the
R&S ZS 4200.

URI

URI for the RX Module


Note: This setting is read-only and configurable via the R&S ZS 4200.

IPv4 Configuration
Meaning
of entries

I P C o n f i g
L OC
I P
1 9 2 . 1 6 8 .
5 2 . 1 4 2
GA T E 1 9 2 . 1 6 8 .
5 2 .
1
MA S K 2 5 5 . 2 5 5 . 2 5 5 .
0

Fig. 3.46

IPv4 configuration.

Display text

Description

IP Config

Menu name

IP

Submenu for setting the IPv4 address

GATE

Submenu for setting the gateway IPv4 address

MASK

Submenu for setting the IPv4 netmask

3.57

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Local Control (Local Mode)

IPv4 Address Setting


Meaning
of entries

L OC

I P

1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 0 5 2 . 1 4 2

Fig. 3.47

IPv4 address setting.

Display text
IP

Description
Setting the IP address of the radio is possible by pressing the ENTER key
while the cursor is pointing to the IP item. Using the and cursor keys,
the cursor will be moved to the right or left and single digits of the IP
address will be displayed immediately. The digit selected by the cursor will
be inverted and can be changed using the numeric keys. Any digit of the IP
address can be selected separately. To save the changed value and leave
the window, press the ENTER key. To keep the current value unchanged
and leave the window, press the ESC key.

IPv4 Gate Address Setting


Meaning
of entries

GA T E

L O C

1 9 2 . 1 6 8 . 0 5 2 . 0 0 1

Fig. 3.48

IPv4 gate address setting.

Display text
GATE

6166.5368.02.01

Description
Setting the gateway IP address of the radio is possible by pressing the
ENTER key while the cursor is pointing to the GATE item. Using the and
cursor keys, the cursor will be moved to the right or left and single digits
of the gateway IP address will be displayed immediately. The digit selected
by the cursor will be inverted and can be changed using the numeric keys.
Any digit of the gateway IP address can be selected separately. To save the
changed value and leave the window, press the ENTER key. To keep the
current value unchanged and leave the window, press the ESC key.

3.58

Local Control (Local Mode)

R&S XU 4200

IPv4 Netmask Setting


Meaning
of entries

MA S K

L O C

2 5 5 . 2 5 5 . 2 5 5 . 0 0 0

Fig. 3.49

IPv4 netmask setting.

Display text
MASK

Description
Setting the netmask of the radio is possible by pressing the ENTER key
while the cursor is pointing to the MASK item. Using the and cursor
keys, the cursor will be moved to the right or left and single digits of the
netmask will be displayed immediately. The digit selected by the cursor will
be inverted and can be changed using the numeric keys. Any digit of the
netmask can be selected separately. To save the changed value and leave
the window, press the ENTER key. To keep the current value unchanged
and leave the window, press the ESC key.

IPv6 Configuration
Meaning
of entries

I P C o n f i g
L OC
I P
2 0 0 1 : d b 8 : : 1 0 / 6 4
GA T E 2 0 0 1 : d b 8 : : 1

Fig. 3.50

IPv6 configuration.

Display text

Description

IP Config

Menu name

IP

Submenu for setting the IPv6 address

GATE

Submenu for setting the gateway IPv6 address

3.59

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Local Control (Local Mode)

IPv6 Address Setting


Meaning
of entries

L OC

I P

2 0 0 1 : d b 8 : : 1 0 / 6 4

Fig. 3.51

IPv6 address setting.

Display text
IP

6166.5368.02.01

Description
Setting the IP address of the radio is possible by pressing the ENTER key while
the cursor is pointing to the IP item. Using the and cursor keys, the cursor will
be moved to the right or left and single digits or characters of the IP address will be
displayed immediately.
The value selected by the cursor will be inverted and can be changed using the
numeric keys. If the key is pressed once, the corresponding digit is displayed on
the cursor position. If the key is pressed twice or more, it is possible to rotate in the
list of these characters {., :, a, b, c, d, e, f, /}. Each pressing displays the next
character from the list.
The cursor key inserts a new character behind the cursor; the default value is :.
The cursor key removes the digit or character on the cursor position.
To save the changed value and leave the window, press the ENTER key. To keep
the current value unchanged and to leave the window, press the ESC key.

3.60

Local Control (Local Mode)

R&S XU 4200

IPv6 Gate Address Setting


Meaning
of entries

GA T E

L O C

2 0 0 1 : d b 8 : : 1

Fig. 3.52

IPv6 gate address setting.

Display text
GATE

Description
Setting the gateway IP address of the radio is possible by pressing the ENTER key
while the cursor is pointing to the IP item. Using the and cursor keys, the
cursor will be moved to the right or left and single digits or characters of the IP
address will be displayed immediately.
The value selected by the cursor will be inverted and can be changed using the
numeric keys. If the key is pressed once, the corresponding digit is displayed on
the cursor position. If the key is pressed twice or more, it is possible to rotate in the
list of these characters {., :, a, b, c, d, e, f, /}. Each pressing of the key displays the
next character from the list.
The cursor key inserts a new character behind the cursor; the default value is :.
The cursor key removes the digit or character on the cursor position.
To save the changed value and leave the window, press the ENTER key. To keep
the current value unchanged and to leave the window, press the ESC key.

3.61

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.7.7.2

Local Control (Local Mode)

FREQUENCY BLOCK Menu

FREQUENCY BLOCK Menu\FREQUENCY BLOCK menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

F r
1
1
1
1

e
1
2
3
4

Fig. 3.53

q
2
2
0
0

u
.
.
.
.

e
0
5
7
0

n
0
7
5
0

c
0
5
0
0

y
0
0
0
0

B l o c k
1 1 4 .
1 2 2 .
1 3 6 .
1 4 2 .

9
6
0
0

9
5
0
0

1
0
0
0

6
0
0
0

B
B
B
B

Indication of frequency blocking ranges.

Display text

Description

Frequency Block

Menu name

112.0000 114.9916 B
122.5750 122.6500 B
130.7500 136.0000 B
140.0000 142.0000 B

This menu is a read-only display of configured frequency blocks.


Frequencies are given in MHz.

6166.5368.02.01

3.62

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.4.7.7.3

R&S XU 4200

DISPLAY SETTINGS Menu

Display Settings\Display Settings "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

D i
B
C
S
L
S

s
r
o
c
o
a

p
i
n
r
a
v

l
g
t
e
d
e

a
h
r
e

Fig. 3.54

y
t
a
n
d
s

n
s
e
e

S
e
t
s
f
t

e t t i n g s
s s
a v e r
a u l t s
t i n g s

DISPLAY SETTINGS menu.

Display text

Description

Display settings

Menu name

Brightness

Submenu for setting the display luminance

Contrast

Submenu for setting the contrast

Screen saver

Submenu for setting the screen saver timeout

Load defaults

Submenu for loading previous three values

Save settings

Submenu for saving previous three values

Brightness Setting
Meaning
of entries

D i s p l a y
B
C
S
L
S

S e t t i n g s

B r i g h t n e s s
II -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- I II
1 0 0 %

Fig. 3.55

Brightness setting.

Display text
Brightness

Description
Setting the brightness of the radio display is possible by pressing the
ENTER key while the cursor is pointing to the BRIGHTNESS item. Then, a
window with a shifter appears. Using or cursor keys, the cursor will
move to the right, or left and luminance of the display will intensify, or
reduce accordingly. Percentage value is displayed below the shifter. The
window disappears after five seconds, or by pressing the ENTER key.

3.63

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Local Control (Local Mode)

Contrast Setting
Meaning
of entries

D i s p l a y
B
C
S
L
S

S e t t i n g s

C o n t r a s t
II -- -- -- -- -- I -- -- -- -- -- II
5 0 %

Fig. 3.56

Contrast setting.

Display text
Contrast

Description
Setting the contrast of the radio display is possible by pressing the ENTER
key while the cursor is pointing to the CONTRAST item. Then, a window
with a shifter appears. Using or cursor keys, the cursor will move to
the right, or left and contrast of the display will intensify, or reduce
accordingly. Percentage value is displayed below the shifter. The window
disappears after five seconds, or by pressing the ENTER key.

Screen Saver Timeout Setting


Meaning
of entries

S c r e
N o n
5
1 0
1 5
2 0
2 5
3 0

e
e
m
m
m
m
m
m

Fig. 3.57

n
i
i
i
i
i
i

S a v e r
n
n
n
n
n
n
Screen saver timeout setting.

Display text
Screen Saver

6166.5368.02.01

Description
Screen saver timeout values are displayed as an enumeration type. It is
possible to choose values from five to thirty minutes, or no value to disable
the screen saver.
Note: The screen saver is enabled by default with a timeout of 5 minutes.

3.64

Local Control (Local Mode)

R&S XU 4200

Load Default Values Setting


Meaning
of entries

D i s p l a y
B
C
S
L
S

S e t t i n g s
D i s p l a y

D e f a u l t s
P r e s s

Fig. 3.58

E S C

Load default values setting.

Display text
Load defaults

u s e d

Description
Loading the default values is triggered by pressing the ENTER key, while
the cursor is pointing to LOAD DEFAULTS item. When the values are
loaded, a dialog pop-up window occurs with the information shown above
in Fig. 3.58.
Note: The screen saver is enabled by default with a timeout of 5 minutes.

Saved Values Setting


Meaning
of entries

D i s p l a y
B
C
S
L
S

S e t t i n g s
D i s p l a y

S e t t i n g s
P r e s s

Fig. 3.59

E S C

Saved values setting.

Display text
Save settings

s a v e d

Description
Display settings such as brightness, contrast, and screen saver timeout can
be saved. This is done by pressing the ENTER key, while the cursor is
pointing to SAVE SETTINGS item. When all values are saved, a dialog
pop-up window occurs and informs about the execution of this action.

3.65

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.7.7.4

Local Control (Local Mode)

RX THRESHOLDS Menu

RX THRESHOLDS Menu\RX THRESHOLDS Menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

R X T h r e s h o l d s
R S S I
SQ T HR
S / N SQ T HR

Fig. 3.60
Display text

4 8 u V
6 d B

RX THRESHOLDS Menu.

Values

Description

RX Thresholds

RSSI SQ THR

48 V

Submenu for setting the RSSI squelch threshold

S/N SQ THR

6 dB

Submenu for setting the S/N squelch threshold

6166.5368.02.01

Menu name

3.66

Local Control (Local Mode)

R&S XU 4200

Setting the RSSI squelch threshold


Meaning
of entries

R S S I

SQ

T HR

L OC

5 1 u V

R S S I

SQ

T HR

S Q

S e t t i n g

O u t

o f

P r e s s

Fig. 3.61

r a n g e
E S C

RSSI squelch threshold setting.

Display text
RSSI SQ THR

LOC

Description
Value for the RSSI squelch threshold can be changed from 1 V to 50 V
in 1 V steps. Local mode is needed to set the value. If value is not set
within the range after pressing the ENTER key, a pop-up window indicating
an error appears.

3.67

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Local Control (Local Mode)

Setting the S/N squelch threshold


Meaning
of entries

S / N

S Q

T HR

L O C

1 6 d B

Fig. 3.62

S/N squelch threshold.

Display text
S/N SQ THR

3.4.7.7.5

Description
Value for the S/N squelch threshold can be changed from 6 dB to 20 dB in
1 dB steps. Local mode is needed to set the value. If value is not set within
the range after pressing the ENTER key, a pop-up window indicating an
error appears (see the RSSI squelch threshold above).
Note: The thresholds are defined for S/N. The corresponding value of
SINAD will be 2 dB higher (SINAD 12 dB value corresponds with S/N 10 dB
value).

TX MODULATION DEPTH Menu

TX MODULATION DEPTH Menu\TX MODULATION DEPTH Menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

T X

M o d u l a t i o n

T X

Fig. 3.63
Display text
TX Modulation Dept

TX MOD Depth

6166.5368.02.01

MO D

D e p t h

D e p t
3 0 %

TX MODULATION DEPTH Menu.

Values

Description

Menu name
Note: In the TX Modulation Depth submenu name an h is
missing because the last three columns are reserved for status
indication (LOC).
Submenu for setting the modulation depth

30 %

3.68

Local Control (Local Mode)

R&S XU 4200

Setting the Modulation Depth


Meaning
of entries

T X

MO D
S

D e p t h
Ht

L O C

3 0 %

Fig. 3.64

TX Modulation setting.

Display text
TX MOD Depth

3.4.7.7.6

Description
Value for the TX Modulation Depth can be changed in range from 30 % to
90 % in 1 % steps. Local mode is needed to set the value. If value is not
set within the range after pressing the ENTER key, a pop-up window
indicating an error appears.

OPTIONS Menu

OPTIONS Menu\OPTIONS Menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

O p
G
G
G

t
S
S
S

i
4
4
4

o
2
2
2

n
0
0
0

s
1 OC XO
2 E 1
3 V o I P

Fig. 3.65

OPTIONS Menu.

Display text

Description

Options

Menu name

GS4201 OCXO
GS4202 E1
GS4203 VoIP

This menu displays all options that have been activated in the radio. If the
list is empty, there are no options activated.

3.69

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.4.7.7.7

Local Control (Local Mode)

AUDIO DELAY Menu

AUDIO DELAY Menu\AUDIO DELAY Menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

A u d i o

D e l a y

T X

M o d u l e

0 m s

R X

M o d u l e

2 5 0 m s

Fig. 3.66
Display text

AUDIO DELAY Menu.

Values

Description

Audio Delay

TX Module

0 ms

RX Module

250 ms

Menu name
The menu displays the configured audio delay (in range from 0
to 250 ms in 1 ms steps) on the TX and RX modules.
The audio delay can be adjusted via the R&S ZS4200 (see
Audio Delay configuration in chapter 3.3).

6166.5368.02.01

3.70

Local Control (Local Mode)

3.4.7.7.8

R&S XU 4200

AUDIO INTERFACE Menu

AUDIO INTERFACE Menu\AUDIO INTERFACE Menu "Radio".doc

Meaning
of entries

A u d i o

I n t e r f a c e

T X

M o d u l e

A n a l o g

R X

M o d u l e

A n a l o g

or

T X

M o d u l e

E 1

R X

M o d u l e

E 1

or

T X

M o d u l e

A n a l o g

R X

M o d u l e

V o I P

Fig. 3.67

AUDIO INTERFACE Menu.

Display text

Description

Audio Interface

Menu name

TX Module

The menu displays the configured Audio Interface (Analog, E1, VoIP) on
TX and RX modules. The Audio Interface can be configured via the R&S
ZS4200 (see Select Audio Interface configuration in chapter 3.3.2)

RX Module

3.71

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.5

Remote Control (Remote Mode) via LAN

Remote Control (Remote Mode) via LAN

Fig. 3.68

Radio control via LAN.

Note: The remote control and fault management features of transceiver are
based on the typical customer systems. For a detailed description of the
remote control commands, see chapter 6.3.

6166.5368.02.01

3.72

Main/Standby Operation (1:1)

3.6

R&S XU 4200

Main/Standby Operation (1:1)

0.
Main-Standby Operation\Main-standby operation "Radio".doc

This chapter

3.6.1

This chapter provides information about the cabling and configuration of the
radio pair for the main/standby operation.

Introduction/Overview

Introduction

Two radios can be connected together in a main/standby configuration. The


main radio is used for radiocommunication. The standby radio takes over if
a failure or critical error occurs on the main radio.
All CBIT events with the level E (Error) switch the main radio to the standby
mode and the standby radio to the main mode. CBIT events can be
configured as an error (E) or a warning (W) (see chapter 3.3 Configuring
with the R&S ZS 4200).

3.6.1.1
Description

Behavior of the Main/Standby Configuration with Power On


Both radios have to be powered up. If there is no failure, the radios are
booting and will get into the following state: The radio configured as "Main"
has to indicate the "GO" and "VOP" LEDs and to show the status "ACT" on
the display. The radio CBIT status is "OK" (see Fig. 3.69 Active device). The
second radio configured as "Standby" has to indicate the "GO" LED while
the "VOP" LED remains dark. In addition, the display shows the status
"INACT". The figures below show the radios displays after booting (see Fig.
3.70 Inactive device).
The inactive standby radio becomes active after switching to local mode, as
long as the radio is in the activation state AUTO. The main active radio
becomes inactive. After leaving the local mode both radios will keep their
state.

X U 4 2 0 0
D E V I C E 1

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3
MA I N

119 125
ACT

AM

CB I T

OK

S T A T U S :
Fig. 3.69

Active device.

3.73

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Main/Standby Operation (1:1)

X U 4 2 0 0
D E V I C E 2

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3
S T ANDB Y
AM

119 125
I NACT
.

CB I T S T A T U S :
1 0 1
I NAC T I V E
Fig. 3.70

OP
A
P
M
F
S
O
R
Fig. 3.71

6166.5368.02.01

R
t
e
d
e
a
f

A
i
s
e
q
c
s
P

Inactive device.

T I ON
v a t i o n
e t
N o
u
i
e
o

e n c y
n g
t
T X
w e r

L
O
A
1 2 3 . 8 1
2
L o

OC
n
M
5
5
w

Device in local mode (LOC) activation state On.

OP
A
P
M
F
S
O
R
Fig. 3.72

E
c
r
o
r
p
f
F

WA RN I NG
W

E
c
r
o
r
p
f
F

R
t
e
d
e
a
f

A
i
s
e
q
c
s
P

T I ON
v a t i o n
e t
N o
u
i
e
o

e n c y
n g
t
T X
w e r

AU T
A
1 2 3 . 8 1
2
L o

O
M
5
5
w

Device in remote control mode activation state AUTO.

3.74

Main/Standby Operation (1:1)

3.6.1.2

R&S XU 4200

Behavior at Remote Control


When the command "MS_GO" has been sent via remote control, the radio
switches to ACTIVE state irrespective of the previous state. Referring to the
settings mentioned above, the radio which got this command becomes
active and the partner device (cross-connected via X5) becomes inactive.
The "MS_GO" command is ignored by the radio if at least one of its
modules is set to OFF state. A radio can be set to OFF or to AUTO state
using the "MS_AC" command. When the command "MS_AC" with the
OFF parameter was sent via remote control, the radio switches to
INACTIVE state irrespective of the previous state. The partner device (X5 or
X10) gets ACTIVE if it is in AUTO state.

Description

There are different ways to switch between the radio states. Using the
remote control mode, it is possible to send the "MS_GO" or "MS_AC"
command to toggle the radio state. In the local mode, it is possible to
change the activation state of the radio. After leaving the local mode, the
radio will keep this state.

3.6.1.3

Behavior in Case of Device Errors

Description

If an error or NOGO warning occurs on the "Main" radio, the "Standby" radio
will be activated via the TEST_OC line. The "Standby" device will
become active and switches the "Main" radio inactive using the crossconnected *OFF line.
If an error disappears on the inactive "Main" radio, the "Standby" radio will
stay active. In case there will be an error on the active "Standby" device, a
switchover to the "Main" radio will be done if no error is active on this radio.
Device 1 "Main"
Display

LED

Device 2 "Standby"
Display

LED

Stable State after


booting

See Fig. 3.69


Active device

VOP = active
GO = active

See Fig. 3.70


Inactive device

VOP = inactive
GO = active

Error or NOGO
warning on
Device 1 after
main/standby
switchover

See Fig. 3.70


Inactive device

VOP = inactive
GO = inactive

See Fig. 3.69


Active device

VOP = active
GO = active

Fig. 3.73

Main/Standby status after booting and main/standby switchover.

3.75

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.6.2

Main/Standby Operation (1:1)

Cabling

Instructions

6166.5368.02.01

1.

Connect the radios according to figures below.

Fig. 3.74

Main/Standby cabling PTT R&S Standard.

Fig. 3.75

Main/Standby cabling PTT Type I. (cutout).

3.76

Main/Standby Operation (1:1)

Fig. 3.76

R&S XU 4200

Main/Standby cabling PTT Type II. (cutout).

Note: If transceivers are configured for main/standby operation, the


"TEST_OC" and "*OFF contacts of only one module (receiver or
transmitter) must be connected together. The "TEST_OC" and "*OFF"
contacts of the two modules are internally hard-wired in the transceiver.

3.6.3

Configuration

Setting using
the R&S ZS 4200

1.

Use the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 to configure one
of the two devices as Main (0) and the other one as Standby (1) unit.

Setting on the radio


or via remote
control

2.

The following settings have to be done in the local mode or via the
remote control system.
Both radios (in transceiver radios: four radio modules 2x TX and 2x
RX) have to be set to "AUTO" via the remote control command
"MS_AC" or they could be configured to activation state "ON" in the
local mode (see Fig. 3.71).
After leaving the local mode, the device will automatically switch to the
"AUTO" mode and will be ready for the main/standby switchover (see
Fig. 3.72).

Note: The operation of the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 is
described in detail in the corresponding operating manual.

3.77

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.6.4

Main/Standby Operation (1:1)

Limitations/Notes
Please note that there are certain limitations for the main/standby operation:

Main and Standby radio configuration with NoGo state on radios wired
as 1:1 M/S pair must be avoided
In case of the NoGo state on both radios, both TEST_OC lines become
open (both radios are reporting a request for M/S switchover). This
state brings the radios to ACTIVE state when they can receive and
transmit simultaneously. This can be dangerous especially for
transmitters.
Example of an incorrect radio configuration:
HW Configuration: Main and Standby radios are supplied from the
same mains. Both radios are connected to a DC backup battery
CBIT Configuration: AC-Main Supervision is configured as "NoGo" on
both Main and Stadby radios. If the AC main fails, the radios will
request the M/S switchover and switch to the unwanted ACTIVE state

Note: If one radio is in local mode while the other one is in remote mode,
then the locally operated radio is active and the second one is inactive. This
setting remains even when the local mode is left. The main/standby
switchover capability of the radio pair is now available.
Note: The Inactive Warning parameter should be set to Disable to avoid
the inactive "Standby" radio showing the CBIT event INACTIVE
WARNING.
Note: Set the Line Interface in Local Mode parameter to Disable.
Note: Make sure that all operational parameters are equal on both radios
(with exception of IP address).

6166.5368.02.01

3.78

External Automatic Filters

3.7

R&S XU 4200

External Automatic Filters

Motor Tuned Telsa Filter\Motor tuned telsa filter "Radio".doc

3.7.1

Telsa External Automatic Filter


This chapter provides information about cabling and configuration using the
Telsa external automatic filter together with the radio.

This chapter

3.7.1.1

Introduction/Overview
The radio supports several Telsa Automatic Cavity Filters with single and
double cavity.

Introduction

The Telsa external automatic filter is optional hardware equipment and it is


not contained in a standard shipment.

3.7.1.2

Cabling

Instructions

1.

Connect the filter to the RS-485 interface of the radio. In case of the
transceiver R&S XU 4200 the filter must be always connected to the TX
module via X7.

Fig. 3.77

Telsa external automatic filter connection.

3.79

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.7.1.3

External Automatic Filters

Configuration

Setting using
the R&S ZS 4200

Use the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 to activate the Telsa
external automatic filter.
1.

Set the Motor Tuned Telsa Filter parameter to Enable on the radio.

Note: The operation of the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 is
described in detail in the corresponding operating manual.

3.7.1.4

Limitations/Notes
Please note that there are certain limitations to radio operation if a Telsa
Automatic Cavity Filter is used:

Limitations

Enabling the Telsa external automatic filter will reduce the frequency
range. Please refer to the specification of the filter

Note: If more than one radio is used, each radio needs its separate filter.
Note: The timeout for tuning the filter is set to 60 seconds. If the filter has
not tuned to the correct setting by this time, the radio will generate a CBIT
warning.

3.7.2

R&S External Automatic Filter

This chapter

3.7.2.1

This chapter provides information about cabling and configuration using the
R&S external automatic filter R&SFx22x together with the radio.

Introduction/Overview

Introduction

The radio directly supports serial control of Telsa Automatic Cavity Filters.
With help of R&SKG42-Z75 X-cross adapter the R&SFx22x automatic
filters can be used together with the R&SSeries4200 radios.
The R&S external automatic filter is optional hardware equipment and it is
not contained in a standard shipment.

6166.5368.02.01

3.80

External Automatic Filters

3.7.2.2

R&S XU 4200

Cabling
1.

Instructions

2.

Connect the X-cross adapter R&SKG42-Z75 to the RS-485 interface


of the radio. In case of the transceiver R&S XU 4200 the filter must be
always connected to the TX module via X7.
Connect the filter to the X-cross adapter R&SKG42-Z75.

X1

X7

MUX

X-Cross
Adapter

Radio
S4200

Filter
R&S Fx22x

KG42-Z75

Fig. 3.78

3.7.2.3

R&S External automatic filter connection.

Configuration

Setting using
the R&S ZS 4200

Use the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 to activate the
R&S external automatic filter.
1.

Set the Motor Tuned Telsa Filter parameter to Enable on the radio.

Note: The X-cross adapter converts the radios' serial protocol into a
parallel BCD signal required for the R&S filter.
Note: The operation of the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 is
described in detail in the corresponding operating manual.

3.7.2.4
Limitations

Limitations/Notes
Please note that there are certain limitations to radio operation if the
R&S external automatic filter is used:

Enabling the R&S external automatic filter will reduce the frequency
range of the radio to 118 MHz 155.9916 MHz (although the R&S
filter supports a wider frequency range)

Note: If more than one radio is used, each radio needs its separate filter.
Note: The timeout for tuning the filter is set to 60 seconds. If the filter has
not tuned to the correct setting by this time, the radio will generate a CBIT
warning.

3.81

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.8

In-Band Signaling

In-Band Signaling

0.
In-band Signaling\In-band Signaling "Radio".doc

This chapter provides information about the functioning, configuration and


conditions of the radio for the in-band signaling.

This chapter

3.8.1

Introduction/Overview

Introduction

To reduce the number of lines, in particular for transmitting signals over long
distances, the use of the bidirectional in-band technique via a 2-pair
AF/telephone line per radio unit (receiver, transmitter or transceiver) is
recommended.
The R&S Series 4200 radios support the following in-band functions:

Signaling of PTT on transmitter side


Signaling of SQ on receiver side
Audio in-band tones for RSSI signaling on receiver side

Signaling of PTT

PTT can be keyed by a tone with a specified frequency that is present within
AF signal. If the parameter is ON, the in-band tone is detected and controls the
PTT function. The tone itself is suppressed within transmitted signal by a notch
filter. The PTT can be signaled via the TX audio channel with the tones of 2040
Hz, 2300 Hz, 2970 Hz or 3100 Hz.

Signaling of SQ

SQ can be indicated by a tone with a specified frequency that is present within


AF signal. If the In-Band signaling is configured to SQ, the in-band tone is
generated when SQ is open (SQ threshold is met). If the parameter is
configured to INVSQ, the in-band tone is generated when the SQ threshold is
not met. A part of AF signal near the SQ tone frequency is suppressed by a
notch filter. The squelch can be signalled via the RX audio channel with the
tones of 1225 Hz, 2040 Hz, 2175 Hz, 2440 Hz, 2970 Hz or 3300 Hz.
The level of the SQ tone is variable within specified range and is related to
nominal audio signal level set by RX Audio Level.

Audio in-band
tones for RSSI
signaling

At the RSSI selection one of four tone frequencies is generated depending on


received signal strength and is transmitted via the in-band audio channel
(X10.2/X10.3) (see Fig. 3.79 Tone used for RSSI signal quality). The
appropriate low pass filter is used in order to suppress received AF signal in
the affected AF range. During one transmission cycle the RSSI signaling
frequency is kept constant. The level of the RSSI tone is variable within a
specified range and is related to nominal audio signal level.
Note: Once the SQ criteria is met, the signal strength is evaluated. An
appropriate in-band tone is selected and kept unchanged for the whole period
(until the SQ release).
3390 Hz (good quality)

SQ criteria met, RSSI > 30 V

3300 Hz (middle quality)

SQ criteria met, 6V < RSSI < 30 V

3210 Hz (bad quality)

SQ criteria met, RSSI < 6 V

3180 Hz (no signal)

SQ criteria not met

Fig. 3.79

6166.5368.02.01

Tone used for RSSI signal quality.

3.82

In-Band Signaling

3.8.2

R&S XU 4200

Configuration
To setup the in-band signaling functionality, it is necessary to configure
various parameters with the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200
via the USB (see also chapter 3.3 Configuring with the R&S ZS 4200).

General

Note: The operation of the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 is
described in detail in the corresponding operating manual.

3.8.2.1

In-Band Signaling of PTT with Different Audio Tones

Setting using
the R&S ZS 4200

1.
2.
3.

3.8.2.2

In-Band Signaling of SQ with Different Audio Tones

Setting using
the R&S ZS 4200

1.
2.
3.

3.8.2.3

Set the PTT Signaling parameter to Enable on the radio.


Set the PTT Signaling Frequency parameter to a value of
2040 Hz, 2300 Hz, 2970 Hz or 3100 Hz.
Set the PTT Signaling Threshold parameter related to the TX audio
level.

Set the SQ/RSSI Signaling parameter to SQ, or INVSQ on the


radio.
Set the SQ Signaling Frequency parameter to a value of 1225 Hz,
2040 Hz, 2175 Hz, 2440 Hz, 2970 Hz or 3300 Hz.
Set the SQ/RSSI Signaling Level parameter related to the RX audio
level.

Audio In-Band Tones for RSSI Signaling

Setting using
the R&S ZS 4200

1.
2.

Set the SQ/RSSI Signaling parameter to RSSI on the radio.


Set the SQ/RSSI Signaling Level parameter to configure the tone
level relating to the RX audio level.

3.83

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.9

RSSI Output Characteristic

RSSI Output Characteristic

0.
RSSI Output Configuration\RSSI Output Configuration "Radio".doc

This chapter

3.9.1

This chapter provides information about the characteristic and configuration


of the analog RSSI output on the radio.

Introduction/Overview

Introduction

The received signal strength indication (RSSI) is available as an analog


voltage via the RSSI output on the rear side of the radio (X11.8).
The R&S Series 4200 radios support a configurable analog RSSI output.

RSSI Output Type

R&S Standard

The RSSI output characteristic can be configured with the RSSI Output
parameter in two different modes:

R&S Standard type with a linear dependency of the received signal


strength predefined by the manufacturer (see Fig. 3.80
RSSI
output type R&S Standard)

User defined type with variable user defined parameter settings to


adapt the radio behavior to customers needs (see Fig. 3.81 RSSI
output type User defined)

The RSSI output type R&S Standard has a linear characteristic with the
slope of 38.5 mV/dB and offset of 4620 mV @ 0 dBm.

Fig. 3.80

6166.5368.02.01

RSSI output type R&S Standard.

3.84

RSSI Output Characteristic


User defined

R&S XU 4200

The User defined configuration allows configuring the output characteristic


of the RSSI indication within the following parameters:

Offset of the output level (RSSI Output Curve Offset)

Slope of the output level (RSSI Output Curve Slope)

Minimum output level (RSSI Output Minimum Voltage)

Maximum output level (RSSI Output Maximum Voltage)

Fig. 3.81

RSSI output type User defined.

3.85

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.9.2

RSSI Output Characteristic

Configuration

Setting using
the R&S ZS 4200

Use the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 to configure the RSSI
output pin characteristic of the radio.
1.

User defined setting

Set the RSSI Output parameter to R&S Standard or User defined


on the radio to select the RSSI Output Type.

After selecting the RSSI Output Type User defined you can configure the
output characteristic of the RSSI indication.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Set the offset of the output level via the RSSI Output Curve Offset
parameter.
Set the slope of the output level via the RSSI Output Curve Slope
parameter.
Set the minimum output level via the RSSI Output Minimum Voltage
parameter.
Set the maximum output level via the RSSI Output Maximum Voltage
parameter.

Note: The operation of the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 is
described in detail in the corresponding operating manual.

3.9.3

Limitations/Notes
Note: The adjustment of the RSSI output curve parameters does not
require rebooting the radio. The parameters will be set directly after they are
changed using the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200.
Note: Changes done on the RSSI output characteristic via the Service and
Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 will be valid only for the User defined
setting even if the R&S Standard configuration is selected.

6166.5368.02.01

3.86

ACARS Mode (External Modem)

3.10

R&S XU 4200

ACARS Mode (External Modem)

0.
ACARS Mode\ACARS Mode "Radio".doc

This chapter

3.10.1

Introduction/Overview

Introduction

3.10.2

This chapter provides information about the cabling and configuration of


ACARS mode.

The radio can be configured for ACARS data operation (2400 Bps).
In this case a faster RF front-end control is in action. The attack and decay
time is in accordance with the ETSI EN 300676 standard. An external
ACARS modem needs to be used for ACARS operation. Communication
between the modem and the radio is via 2 tones: 1200 Hz (bit change from
previous) and 2400 Hz (no bit change from previous).

Cabling

Instructions

1.

Connect the TX and RX audio signals, the PTT and SQ signals with the
ACARS modem.

Cabling

Radio
X5
AUDIO_TX_A

AUDIO_TX_B

+PTT

PTT

GND

5
X10

AUDIO_RX_A

AUDIO_RX_B

SQ+

SQ

GND

Fig. 3.82

External
ACARS
Modem

Cabling for operation with the external modem (ACARS).

3.87

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.10.3

ACARS Mode (External Modem)

Configuration

General

The ACARS mode activation must be done in two steps:


1.
2.

ACARS mode
configuration using
the R&S ZS 4200

Configuration with the R&S ZS 4200.


Activation on the radio (MMI) or via the remote control.

Use the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 to configure the radio
in ACARS mode.
3.
4.

Set the configuration ACARS Data Mode parameter to Enable.


Then set the modulation to ACARS in at least one preset page.

Note: The operation of the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 is
described in detail in the corresponding operating manual.
ACARS mode
activation on the
radio

You can use the radio (MMI) to configure the radio in ACARS mode. This
can be done in two different ways:

Set the radio to ACARS via Mode setting in operation menu on MMI.

O p
A
P
M
F
O
R

e
c
r
o
r
f
F

r
t
e
d
e
f

t i o n
v a t i o n
e t
N o
u e n c y
e t
T X
o w e r

L
O
0
ACA
1 2 3 . 8 2
L o

OC
n
1
R S
5
w

Or select a preset page with enabled ACARS modulation mode.

O p
A
P
M
F
O
R

e
c
r
o
r
f
F

r
t
e
d
e
f

Fig. 3.83

6166.5368.02.01

a
i
s
e
q
s
P

a
i
s
e
q
s
P

t i o n
v a t i o n
e t
N o
u e n c y
e t
T X
o w e r

L
O
0
ACA
1 2 3 . 8 2
L o

ACARS mode activation.

3.88

OC
n
5
R S
5
w

ACARS Mode (External Modem)

ACARS mode
activation via the
remote control

R&S XU 4200

You can use the remote control to configure the radio in ACARS mode.

Send a set-preset-page command to the radio. The preset chosen must


have the modulation set to ACARS.

If the radio operates in the ACARS mode it is displayed in the standard


operating display.

X U 4 2 0 0
MU E NCH E N 4

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3
RACK 1 RAD 1 7
AC AR S

124 675
L OC
ACT
.

S C
SQ
S T A T U S :
WA R N I NG
V SWR A BO V E 2
W

CB I T
3 3 1
Fig. 3.84

3.10.4
Limitations

Active device in the ACARS mode.

Limitations/Notes
Please note that there are certain limitations to radio operation if the
ACARS mode is active:

Only the 25 kHz spacing can be used.

The RX Audio AGC and TX Audio ALC parameters must be


deactivated.

Note: The loudspeaker and headphone will be switched on during ACARS


operation.
MODEA\MODEA "Radio".doc

3.89

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.11

Best Signal Selection

Best Signal Selection

0.
Best Signal Selection\Best Signal Selection "Radio".doc

This chapter

3.11.1

This chapter provides information about the cabling, configuration and


conditions when using a pair of radios for best signal selection (BSS).

Introduction/Overview

Function description

To optimize signal quality in difficult reception environments (shadowing,


etc.), two radios can be operated at different sites at the same frequency,
each with a separate antenna.
The radios automatically detect the one which receives the stronger audio
signal from the distant station, and this signal is connected through.
The "best signal" is determined by means of the two RSSI signals during
the first 200 ms of each radio message (PTT). The radio offering better
reception is then used during the entire radio message.
The radio which first switches the squelch on delivers a signal to the audio
line. After 200 ms the RSSI is sampled once and the radio with larger RSSI
value switches its signal to the audio line for the rest of the transmitted
audio burst. A new evaluation is done when the squelch opens again.
The following timing diagrams show the 2 possible cases (radio 1 with
stronger RSSI, radio 2 with stronger RSSI)

Fig. 3.85

6166.5368.02.01

Radio 1 has a stronger receive signal, no switchover audio


signal.

3.90

Best Signal Selection

R&S XU 4200

Fig. 3.86

3.11.2

Radio 2 has a stronger receive signal, audio signal is


switched after 200 ms from radio 1 to radio 2.

Cabling

Instructions

1.

2.

Connect the USER_OUT2 (X11.14) signal to the /AF_INHIBIT (X11.7)


input and the RSSI (X11.8) signal to the EXT_RSSI (X11.5) input on
each radio.
Connect the SQ+ (X10.8), SQ- (X10.8), AUDIO_RxA (X10.2) and
AUDIO_RxB (X10.3) outputs of the two radios in parallel.

3.91

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Best Signal Selection

Cabling

Fig. 3.87

Cabling for best signal selection.

Note: The maximum permissible length of the cables between the two
radios depends on the cable type. Make sure that the DC loop resistance
remains < 100 Ohm for each cable.
Note: Using the E1 interface together with the BSS function is not possible.
Note: With the AUDIO_RxA and AUDIO_RxB signals connected in parallel
the output impedance will be halved to a value of 300 Ohm.

3.11.3

Configuration

Configuration of
radios using
the R&S ZS 4200

Use the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 to configure the
radios for control of the best signal selection function.
1.
2.
3.

Configure one of the two radios as the "Main (0)" and the other one as
the "Standby (1)" radio.
Set the BSS Enable parameter to "Enable" on both radios.
Set the RSSI Output parameter to "R&S Standard" on both radios.

Setting on radios

4.

Set the same frequency on both radios.

Conditions

For the following parameters identical settings must be made on both


radios:

SN Squelch Threshold
RSSI Squelch Threshold
S/N RSSI Logical Operation
RX Input Sensitivity

Note: The operation of the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 is
described in detail in the corresponding operating manual.

6166.5368.02.01

3.92

Best Signal Selection

3.11.4
Limitations

R&S XU 4200

Limitations/Notes
Please note that there are certain limitations to radio operation if the best
signal selection function is active:

The radios cannot be operated in the main/standby mode as described


in chapter 3.6 Main/Standby Operation (1:1). Both radios must be
operated in active mode

The USER_OUT2 output cannot be used for remote control of a user


via the management system (UO (user out) GB2PP code)

Note: If the signal strength is nearly identical on both radios, it may happen
that the radio with the weaker signal is connected to the distant station
because of measurement tolerances.
Note: The thresholds are defined for S/N. The corresponding value of
SINAD will be 2 dB higher (SINAD 12 dB value corresponds with S/N 10 dB
value).

3.93

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.12

Audio via E1 Interface (Optional)

Audio via E1 Interface (Optional)

0.
Audio Data via E1 Interface\Audio Data via E1 Interface "Radio".doc

This chapter

3.12.1

This chapter provides information about the cabling, configuration and


conditions for using the E1 interface.

Introduction/Overview

Introduction

The radio is equipped with an E1 interface for the digital transmission of


audio signals.

Description of
the E1 interface

The E1 interface is implemented according to ITU standards G.703, G.704,


G.711 and G.732. The frame structure is CAS multiframe. The PCM coded
audio signal (A-law) is transmitted in the timeslot TS1 and the signaling is
transmitted in timeslot TS16. The channel associated signaling (CAS) used
in TS16 is specified below.

Signaling code

The signaling is coded in bits A, B, C, D as follows (first bit = A):


CAS coding for direction to transceiver (TX)
PTT active:
1010
PTT inactive:
all other states
CAS coding for direction from transceiver (RX)
Squelch closed/Device status OK:
Level < 6 V:
Level > 6 V to 30 V:
Level > 30 V:
Device status NOGO:
Reserved:

0101
0011
0110
1100
1111
all other states

Note: Once the SQ criteria are met, the signal strength is evaluated. An
appropriate CAS code is selected and kept unchanged for the whole period
(until the SQ release).
Error handling

If NOGO errors occur in the radio, an alarm indication signal (AIS) is sent
via the E1 interface. If a CAS-coded PTT signal is received during this time,
it is ignored.
The squelch signaling is overwritten by the "Device status NOGO" signaling.
The Alarm for Inactive Warning parameter can be used to enable or
disable the sending of AIS also when the radio goes to inactive mode
(stand-by). This allows implementing an automatic switchover to another
radio if the multiplexer used on site supports such function.
The PTT function will be disabled if one of the following states of the E1
interface are detected:

LOS (Loss of Signal)


LFA (Loss of Frame Alignment)
Loss of multiframe
Loss of synchronization
External D-bit set (remote alarm indication (RAI))
Other conditions that can lead to misinterpretation of CAS information

For remote control it is required to have additional LAN connection to the


remote control system (see chapter 3.5 Remote Cotrol via LAN).

6166.5368.02.01

3.94

Audio via E1 Interface (Optional)

3.12.2

R&S XU 4200

Cabling

Instructions

1.

Cabling

Connect the transceiver to the E1 transmission network via connector


X13 (receiver module) only.
Radio
X13
RX1_RING

RX1_TIP

TX1_RING

TX1_TIP

GND

MUX

E1
Transmission
Network

VCS

4, 7

Fig. 3.88

Radio operation via E1 interface.

Note: See chapter 6.2 for additional information about the E1 interface.

3.12.3

Configuration

E1 interface
configuration using
the R&S ZS 4200

Use the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 to configure the E1
interface.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Set the Select Audio Interface parameter on the radio to E1.


Configure the TX Audio ALC E1 and adjust the TX Audio Level E1
as required in your E1 audio infrastructure.
Configure the RX Audio AGC E1 and adjust the RX Audio Level E1
as required in your E1 audio infrastructure.
Set the E1 RAI Warning and E1 CRC4 ERROR Warning parameters
as necessary for your redundancy configuration.
Set the Alarm for Inactive Warning parameter as necessary for your
redundancy configuration.

3.95

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R&S XU 4200

3.12.4

Limitations/Notes
Please note that there are certain limitations to radio operation if the E1
interface is active:

Limitations

3.12.5

Audio via E1 Interface (Optional)

Voice transmission is in AM mode. The ACARS and VDL Mode 2


modes are not supported

Parameter Audio Delay is not applicable to E1 interface

Parameter Line Interface in Local Mode is not applicable to E1


interface of the RX module. Audio over E1 interface is not muted in
Local Mode when the parameter is disabled

Parallel Operation of the Analog and E1 Audio Interfaces

Introduction

Analog interface functionality remains unchanged when E1 audio interface


is selected (see chapter 3.3).

TX Audio Basic
interface X5

Radio functionality related to the TX Audio Basic interface X5 remains


unchanged when E1 audio interface is selected. Transmitter can be keyed
via E1 interface or using the rear PTT input (connector X5.8/X5.9).
In-Band PTT can be configured on the X5 interface as well (see chapter 3.8
In-Band Signaling).
Note: Analog transmitting via the X5 and E1 cannot work simultaneously.
Only one PTT and audio source are accepted at a time.

RX Audio Basic
interface X10

Radio functionality related to the RX Audio Basic interface X10 remains


unchanged when the E1 audio interface is selected. The received
demodulated audio signal is available on the Analog and E1 interfaces in
parallel.
Note: When in-band signalling is enabled (SQ or RSSI, see chapter 3.8
In-Band Signaling), the tones are present only on the RX Audio Basic
interface X10.

0.

6166.5368.02.01

3.96

External Power Amplifiers

3.13

R&S XU 4200

External Power Amplifiers

External Power Amplifier\External Power Amplifier "Radio".doc

3.13.1

External Power Amplifier R&S VU220L

This chapter

3.13.1.1

This chapter provides information on how to operate the radio together with
the R&S VU220L VHF external power amplifier.

Introduction/Overview

Introduction

The radio supports the use of an external power amplifier.


The R&S VU220L VHF external power amplifier is set to a fixed gain of
10 dB. This means that with input power of 10 W signals will be transmitted
at output power of 100 W.
The amplifier is operated (switched on/off) via the PTT signal which controls
the TX/RX relay of the amplifier. In standby operation the signal from the
antenna is passed through the amplifier to the amplifier's RF input. Thus,
the signal from the antenna is available at the receiver. When the PTT is
active, the signal from the transmitter is passed through the TX/RX relay of
the amplifier to the amplifier's RF input. The amplified signal is passed to
the antenna.
In case of any error an alarm signal is generated by the amplifier at the Test
pin (X200.4). The alarm signal can be connected to the radio's USER_IN
input, X7.15. The CBIT event 0342 "User Contact Warning" can be
configured to indicate the alarm.

3.13.1.2

Cabling

Instructions

1.

2.
3.
4.

Connect the USER_OUT output (X7.14) of the radio to the *PTT input
(X200.3) of the amplifier and connect the ground contacts of the two
units (X7.3, X7.4, X7.9 and X200.1, 15) with one another.
Connect the Common Antenna output (X3) of the radio to the RF IN
input (X5) of the amplifier.
If necessary, connect the Test control signal (X200.4) of the amplifier to
the USER_IN input (X7.15) of the radio.
Connect the RF OUT output of the amplifier to the antenna.

3.97

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

External Power Amplifiers

Cabling

Radio

Amplifier VU220L
X7

X200

USER_IN

15

Test

USER OUT

14

*PTT

1, 15

GND

GND 3, 4, 9

RF OUT

X3

X5

Common
Antenna

Antenna

RF IN

Fig. 3.89
Cabling for operation with the external power amplifier
R&S VU220L.

3.13.1.3

Configuration

Configuration of
radio using
the R&S ZS 4200

Use the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 to configure the radio
for controlling the external power amplifier.
1.
2.
3.

Set the External Power Amplifier parameter on the radio to "R&S".


Set the TX Output Power Level parameter to max. 20 W for both the
"Normal" and the "Low" setting.
Set the User Contact Warning to Warning level.

Note: The operation of the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 is
described in detail in the corresponding operating manual.

ATTENTION

Risk of destruction of amplifier due to high input power


The R&S VU220L VHF external power amplifier can be operated only at a
maximum input power of 20 W. Higher input power can result in destruction
of the amplifier!

6166.5368.02.01

3.98

External Power Amplifiers

3.13.1.4

R&S XU 4200

Limitations/Notes
Please note that there are certain limitations to radio operation if an external
power amplifier is connected:

Limitations

The main/standby function is not supported

The USER_OUT output cannot be used for remote control of a user via
the management system (UO (user out) GB2PP code)

The transmit signal at the antenna output of the radio is made available
with a delay of 20 ms relative to the PTT input signal.

Note: When the radio is switched off, the amplifier is still active and
consumes power.
Note: When the external power amplifier is active, only AM modulation
mode can be used.
Note: Make sure that the maximum set output power of the radio does not
exceed the maximum permissible input power of the amplifier.

3.13.2

External Power Amplifier Jotron PAV-100/200

This chapter

3.13.2.1

This chapter provides information on how to operate the radio together with
the Jotron VHF external power amplifier.

Introduction/Overview

Introduction

The radio supports the use of an external power amplifier.


The Jotron VHF external power amplifier is set to a fixed gain of 6 dB. This
means that with input power of 25 W signals will be transmitted at output
power of 100 W. With an input of maximum 50 W, the RF signal is
transmitted with 200 W.
The amplifier is operated (switched on/off) via the PTT signal which controls
the TX/RX relay of the amplifier. In standby operation the signal from the
antenna is passed through the amplifier to the amplifier's RF input. Thus,
the signal from the antenna is available at the receiver. When the PTT is
active, the signal from the transmitter is passed through the TX/RX relay of
the amplifier to the amplifier's RF input. The amplified signal is passed to
the antenna.
In case of high antenna mismatch SWR ALARM signal is generated by the
amplifier at the Remote Facility Connector, pin 9 and 10. The alarm signal
shall be connected to the radio's USER_IN input, X7.15. When the
USER_IN input is grounded, the radio switches RF Power to Low. CBITs
0349 EXT PA ALARM and 0350 PWR REDUCED TO LOW are
generated.

3.99

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.13.2.2

External Power Amplifiers

Cabling

Instructions

1.

2.
3.
Cabling

Connect the USER_OUT output (X7.14) of the radio to the External


Key input (Remote Facility Connector, pin 7) of the amplifier and the
USER_IN input (X7.15) of the radio to the SWR ALARM contact
(Remote Facility Connector, pin 10) of the amplifier. Connect the
second pin of the SWR ALARM contact (Remote Facility Connector,
pin 9) to ground. Connect the ground contacts of the two units (X7.3,
X7.4, X7.9 and Remote Facility Connector, pin 8 and 9) together.
Connect the Common Antenna output (X3) of the radio to the RF IN
input of the amplifier.
Connect the RF OUT output of the amplifier to the antenna.
Radio

Amplifier PAV-100/200
X7

REMOTE

USER_IN

15

10

SWR ALARM

USER_OUT

14

External Key

GND

3,4,9

8,9,15 GND
ANTENNA

X3
Common
Antenna

Fig. 3.90

3.13.2.3

Antenna

RF INPUT

Cabling for operation with the external power amplifier Jotron.

Configuration

Configuration of
radio using
the R&S ZS 4200

Use the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 to configure the radio
for controlling the external power amplifier.
1.
2.

3.

Set the External Power Amplifier parameter on the radio to "Jotron".


Set the TX Output Power Level Low 6 dB lower than TX Output
Power Level Normal. For example, when TX Output Power Level
Normal is set to 40 W, the TX Output Power Level Low shall be set to
10 W.
Set the TX Output Power Level Normal to max. of 25 W for Jotron
PAV-100 and max. of 50 W for Jotron PAV-200.

Note: The operation of the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 is
described in detail in the corresponding operating manual.

ATTENTION

Risk of destruction of amplifier due to high input power


The Jotron PAV-100 VHF external power amplifier can be operated only at
a maximum input power of 25 W. The Jotron PAV-200 VHF external power
amplifier can be operated only at a maximum input power of 50 W. Higher
input power can result in destruction of the amplifier!
Note: For configuration of the amplifier please refer to the technical manual
of Jotron PAV-100/200.

6166.5368.02.01

3.100

External Power Amplifiers


3.13.2.4
Limitations

R&S XU 4200

Limitations/Notes
Please note that there are certain limitations to radio operation if an external
power amplifier is connected:

The main/standby function is not supported

The USER_OUT output cannot be used for remote control of a user via
the management system (UO (user out) GB2PP code)

The transmit signal at the antenna output of the radio is made available
with a delay of 20 ms relative to the PTT input signal

CBIT event 0342 User Contact Warning cannot be used when the
External Power Amplifier is configured to Jotron. CBIT events 0349
EXT PA ALARM and 0350 PWR REDUCED TO LOW are enabled
instead

Note: When the radio is switched off, the amplifier is still active and
consumes power.
Note: When the external power amplifier is active, only AM modulation
mode can be used.
Note: Make sure that the TX Output Power Level Low is set 6 dB lower
than TX Output Power Level Normal and RF Power of the radio is set to
Normal (see chapter 3.4.7.2).

3.101

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.14

Radio in VDL Mode 2

Radio in VDL Mode 2

VDL2 Mode\VDL2 Mode "Radio".doc

This chapter

3.14.1

Introduction/Overview

Introduction

3.14.2

This chapter provides information about the cabling and configuration of


digital data mode (VDL Mode 2).

The radio supports the VDL Mode 2 in the transceiver configuration. A VDL
ground computer (VGC) is connected to the radio via the LAN port. The
VGC is always connected to the LAN port of the receiver module of the
transceiver.

Cabling

Instructions

1.

Connect the radio via the connectors X6 and X9 to the LAN network.

Cabling

Transceiver

LAN to
VGC
(VDL +
Remote
Control)

Fig. 3.91

3.14.3

X9

X6
LAN

VDL Mode 2 cabling.

Configuration

General
VDL Mode 2
configuration using
the R&S ZS 4200

The VDL Mode 2 activation on the radio can be done using the MMI or via
the remote control.
1. Use the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 to set the
modulation to VDL Mode 2 in at least one preset page.
Note: The operation of the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 is
described in detail in the corresponding operating manual.
Note: Activation of VDL Mode 2 is only possible if the configuration
parameter Select Audio Interface has been set to Analog Audio by
using the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200.

6166.5368.02.01

3.102

Radio in VDL Mode 2


VDL Mode 2
activation
on the MMI

R&S XU 4200

You can use the radio (MMI) to configure the radio in VDL Mode 2. This can
be done in two different ways:

Set the radio to VDL Mode 2 via Mode setting in operation menu on
MMI.

O p
A
P
M
F
O
R

e
c
r
o
r
f
F

r
t
e
d
e
f

a
i
s
e
q
s
P

t i o n
v a t i o n
e t
N o
u e n c y
e t
T X
o w e r

OC
n
1
L 2
5
w

Or select a preset page with enabled VDL Mode 2 modulation mode.

O p
A
P
M
F
O
R

e
c
r
o
r
f
F

r
t
e
d
e
f

a
i
s
e
q
s
P

t i o n
v a t i o n
e t
N o
u e n c y
e t
T X
o w e r

Fig. 3.92
VDL Mode 2
activation via the
remote control

L
O
0
V D
1 2 3 . 8 2
L o

L
O
0
V D
1 2 3 . 8 2
L o

OC
n
5
L 2
5
w

VDL Mode 2 activation.

You can use the remote control to configure the radio in VDL Mode 2:
1.
2.

Send a set-preset-page command to the radio


Use the mode command to switch the radio to VDL Mode 2

If the radio operates in the VDL Mode 2 it is displayed in the standard


operating display.

X U 4 2 0 0
MU E NCH E N 4

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3
RACK 1 RAD 1 7
V D L 2

124 675
L OC
ACT
.

CB I T
3 3 1
Fig. 3.93

S C

S T A T U S :
WA R N I NG
V SWR A BO V E 2
W
Active device in VDL Mode 2.

3.103

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.14.4

Radio in VDL Mode 2

Limitations/Notes
Note: The loudspeaker and headphone will be switched on during VDL Mode 2
operation.
Note: The warm-up time of 5 seconds required by EN 301841-1 for VDL Mode 2
operation will be exceeded. This note is not applicable when the radio is used in
AM voice mode.

6166.5368.02.01

3.104

Audio via VoIP (Optional)

3.15

R&S XU 4200

Audio via VoIP (Optional)

VoIP Mode\VoIP Mode "Radio".doc

This chapter

3.15.1

This chapter provides information about the VoIP mode. The R&S S4200
radio offers the possibility of digital audio transmission via voice over
internet protocol (VoIP). VoIP is a protocol driven communication standard.
VoIP is implemented according to EUROCAE ED-137B, part 1.

Introduction/Overview

Introduction

This chapter explains basic mechanisms of VoIP communication. VoIP for


Air Traffic Management (ATM) represents an IP communication standard
which is adapted for ATM requirements.
Note: VoIP is used for communication between a voice communication
system (VCS) or the R&S GB4000V over an IP network.

VoIP for ATM

VoIP standard uses the following protocols:

SIP (Session Initiation Protocol)


Application layer protocol for establishing, modifying and terminating
multimedia sessions based on RFC 3261.

SDP (Session Description Protocol)


Application layer protocol used for defining and negotiation of session
parameters which are used for a two-way RTP communication based on
RFC 4566.

RTP (Real-Time Transport Protocol)


Application layer protocol used for transporting audio data via network
based on RFC 3550.

R2S Protocol (R2 Signaling Protocol)


Protocol which offers a mechanism for Keep Alive signalling to control the
connection between the VCS or the R&S GB4000V and the radio.

3.105

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.15.2

Audio via VoIP (Optional)

Cabling

Instructions

1.

Connect the radio via the connectors X6 and X9 to the LAN network.

Cabling

Transceiver
LAN
VoIP +
(Remote
Control)

Fig. 3.94

3.15.3

X9

X6

LAN
VoIP +
(Remote
Control)

VoIP cabling.

Configuration

VoIP interface
configuration using
the R&S ZS 4200

Use the Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 to configure the VoIP
interface.
Set the Select Audio Interface parameter on the radio to VoIP.
Configure the VoIP radio URI TX.
Configure the VoIP radio URI RX.
Configure the Emergency VoIP URI ACL.
Configure the Normal VoIP URI ACL.
Configure the TX Audio ALC VoIP and adjust the
TX Audio Level VoIP as required in your VoIP audio infrastructure.
Note: The default settings (see chapter 3.3.1) ensures the compliance with
the ED-137 requirement of 30 % AM modulation depth at 10 dBm0 audio
level. If the VoIP infrastructure complies with the ED-137, the default value
shall be left unchanged.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Configure the VoIP PTT Summation Mode.


Configure the VoIP Jitter Buffer Prefetch Value.
Configure the RX Audio AGC VoIP and adjust the
RX Audio Level VoIP as required in your VoIP audio infrastructure.
Note: The default settings (see chapter 3.3.1) ensures the compliance
with the ED-137 requirement of 10 dBm0 at 30% AM modulation depth. If
the VoIP infrastructure complies with the ED-137, the default value shall be
left unchanged.
7.
8.
9.

6166.5368.02.01

3.106

Audio via VoIP (Optional)

3.15.4

Limitations/Notes
Please note that there are certain limitations to radio operation if the VoIP
interface is active:

Limitations

3.15.5

R&S XU 4200

Voice transmission is in AM mode. The ACARS and VDL Mode 2


modes are not supported

Parameter Audio Delay is not applicable to VoIP interface

Configuration parameter True Sidetone Transceiver should be left in


the default state (Enabled). If disabled, the receiver is muted while the
transceiver is transmitting

VoIP Information on Standard Operation Screen

Introduction

This chapter describes behavior on the standard operation screen while the
radio is running in VoIP mode.
The standard operation screen informs the user about active SIP sessions
of the radio. This information contains the number of active SIP sessions for
the RX (0) and TX (1) module.
The information of active SIP sessions replaces the information
ACT/INACT on the standard operation screen.

X U 4 2 0 0
L OCA T I ON

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3
I N F O

119 125
L OC S I P 0 / 1

AM
+ 0 . 0

CB I T

S T A T U S :

OK

The number directly following SIP indicates the number of active SIP
sessions on the RX module. The number following the slash sign indicates
active SIP sessions on the TX module. If both modules manage active SIP
sessions, the standard operation screen summarises them.

X U 4 2 0 0
L OCA T I ON

2 1 : 0 4 : 1 3
I N F O

119 125
L OC S I P

AM
+ 0 . 0

CB I T

S T A T U S :

3.107

2
OK

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.15.6

Audio via VoIP (Optional)

VoIP Connections

Introduction

This chapter gives an overview about the network-based communication


between VCS or the R&S GB4000V and the radio.
In transceivers each module (RX/TX) manages
connections. Each connection consists of two parts:

separated

VoIP

Session related connections (SIP/SDP)

Audio stream related connections (RTP/R2S)


The figure below shows that a VoIP connection to the radio always consists
of both a SIP/SDP and an RTP/R2S connection. VoIP connections need to
be established for each module. Therefore, a transceiver in VoIP operation
mode will always have at least one connection to the RX and one
connection to the TX module. Note that each module can have a maximum
of two concurrent SIP/RTP sessions.

Fig. 3.95

6166.5368.02.01

VoIP Connections.

3.108

Audio via VoIP (Optional)

3.15.7

R&S XU 4200

VoIP Connection Establishment

Introduction

This chapter explains the way from session initiation to audio transmission
via VoIP. The explanation of the connection establishment is independent
from the radio modules.
VoIP is a session-based communication standard. This means that audio
data transmission requires a mechanism to synchronize the two endpoints
(RX/TX and VCS/R&S GB4000V) also called user agents (UA). This
synchronization of endpoint capabilities is done by SIP (see chapter 3.15.1)
and SDP (see chapter 3.15.1). In this case SIP is used to initiate a session
and SDP is used for negotiating the endpoint capabilities.
The connection establishment between two user agents contains two
phases:

Session Initiation

Session initiation (see chapter 3.15.6)

Audio communication (see chapter 3.15.6)


During session initiation the user agent one (VCS or R&S GB4000V) tries to
connect to the user agent two (R&S S4200) by using the session initiation
protocol (SIP). The identification between the two user agents is done by
unified resource identifier (URI). The user agent two (R&S S4200) checks
its Emergency and Normal VoIP ACLs whether the requesting user agent is
allowed to connect. The VoIP ACL contains the URIs being allowed to
connect.
Note: The VoIP ACL can be used as a whitelist. This allows all user agents
to connect to the radio (no URI restriction).
By using the session description protocol (SDP) both user agents negotiate
their capabilities (e.g. used codec etc.). If the whole negotiating process
succeeds, the session between both user agents is established. This
establishment is the basis for the audio communication. This means that
without an established SIP session no audio data can be transferred.
Note: The SIP session keeps existing until one of the user agents
terminates
the
session
or
the
network
connection
fails.

Audio
Communication

After successful establishment of a SIP session the result of the negotiating


process between both user agents will be used to configure the RTP-based
audio transmission (e.g. codec to use, ports to use etc.).
Note: The real time transport protocol uses even ports higher than 5000.
If one user agent terminates the SIP session, the corresponding RTP
connection will also be terminated.

3.109

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Audio via VoIP (Optional)

Fig. 3.96

3.15.8

VoIP Connection establishment.

AM Voice Functionality with VoIP Interface

Introduction

This chapter is an overview of AM Voice Functionality which influences the


VoIP communication.

AF Inhibit

The AF Inhibit functionality is working but it is not signalled via the VoIP.
The AF Inhibit input X11.7 on the rear panel should be left unconnected to
avoid malfunction of the VoIP operation.

TX Inhibit

The TX Inhibit functionality is signalled back via the VoIP.

True Sidetone

Muting of the receiver due to True Sidetone is not indicated via the VoIP.

6166.5368.02.01

3.110

Audio via VoIP (Optional)

3.15.9

R&S XU 4200

Parallel Operation of the Analog and VoIP Audio Interfaces

Introduction

Analog interface functionality remains unchanged when VoIP audio


interface is selected (see chapter 3.3).

TX Audio Basic
interface X5

Radio functionality related to TX Audio Basic interface X5 remains


unchanged when VoIP audio interface is selected. Transmitter can be
keyed via VoIP interface or using rear PTT input (connector X5.8/X5.9).
In-band PTT can be configured on X5 interface as well (see chapter 3.8
In-band Signaling).
Note: Analog transmitting via X5 and via VoIP cannot work simultaneously.
Only one PTT and audio source is accepted at a time.
Note: Analog Audio Basic Interface is always considered by the transmitter
as PTT-TYPE Normal. Analog audio transmission can be interrupted when
PTT-TYPE Coupling, Priority, or Emergency is coming over VoIP
interface.The PTT coming from the TX Audio Basic interface X5 towards the
VCS is indicated via the RTP Keep Alive with PTT-ID set to 63.

RX Audio Basic
interface X10

Radio functionality related to RX Audio Basic interface X10 remains


unchanged when VoIP audio interface is selected. Received demodulated
audio signal is available on Analog and VoIP interfaces in parallel.
Note: When in-band signalling is enabled (SQ or RSSI, see chapter 3.8 Inband Signaling), the tones are present only on RX Audio Basic interface
X10.

3.111

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

3.16

Software Download

Software Download

Software Download\Software Download "Radio".doc

Introduction

The software download can be done using the Service and Maintenance
Tool R&S ZS4200. There is a possibility to perform the software download
remotely via the LAN interface (see Fig. 3.97) or by using the local USB
interface (see Fig. 3.98).
Note: For details (e.g. IP address), please refer to the Service and
Maintenance Tool R&S ZS4200 software manual.

Partition
management

Fig. 3.97

Software download via LAN.

Fig. 3.98

Software download via USB.

The radio is equipped with two different partitions; each of them can be
updated with a certain software version. The software versions in a partition
1 may be different from the version in a partition 2.
The radio may be booted from each partition. The partition to be booted can
be selected with the LAN command RU_SI or by using the
Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200. For more details, see the
Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 software manual and the ICD.
Note: As the R&S XU 4200 contains 3 modules (receiver, transmitter and
MMI modules), there is a partition 1 and a partition 2 in each module.

6166.5368.02.01

3.112

Software Download
USB Download

R&S XU 4200
If the radio is updated via USB interface, always the first partition is
updated. The Service and Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 switches the
radio into an update mode, which interrupts the operation and disables all
interfaces.
After the software download the radio always boots from the partition 1.

Remote Download
via LAN

The software download on the LAN interface can be done in parallel to the
operation of the radio. The update is always done into the partition which
was not used for booting. This means that if the radio was booted from the
partition 1, the remote download will be done into the partition 2 and vice
versa.
After the download has been completed the user can choose when to
switch the radio into the updated partition. This is done by selecting the
partition which has been updated as the boot partition and then
commanding the radio to reboot. Then, the radio always reboots from the
same partition until the partition is changed manually via a remote control
command.

Recovery
mechanism

The radio is equipped with a recovery mechanism. In two defined situations,


the radio will automatically switch from one partition and try to boot the
other, currently an inactive partition:
1.
2.

The radio is rebooted after a software update and this reboot fail.
The user manually switches the partition and the succeeding reboot
fails.
Note: The normal booting time of the radio is less than 1 minute.
Last Page of Chapter 3\\Last Page of Chapte3 "Radio".doc

3.113

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R&S XU 4200

6166.5368.02.01

Software Download

3.114

Visual Inspection

R&S XU 4200

Malfunction

This chapter

This chapter provides information concerning visual inspection and


troubleshooting.

Further
information

Chapter 3.1 contains an overview of transceiver control elements,


indicators, etc.
Chapter 3 describes how to put the radio into operation.

4.1

Visual Inspection

4.1.1

Cabling Check

Danger of burns on the rear panel/Danger of burns on the rear panel "Name".doc
Danger of electric shock\\Danger of burns on the rear panel Transmitter.doc

Danger of burns on the rear panel!

CAUTION

The rear panel is extremely hot around common antenna X3 and the power
supply unit (plugs X1, X2) owing to the radio's high transmit power. A label
indicates the hot area.
Do not directly touch the rear panel during or soon after operation.

Cabling Check/Cabling check "Name".doc


Cabling Check/Cabling check Transmitter.doc

ATTENTION

Cabling check
0.

If a connector shows any discoloration caused by heat, the mating


connector is also defective and must be replaced, too.

1.
2.

Check external cabling between the complete transceiver and external


equipment.
Check all connectors for good contact and the cables at the rear for
mechanical damage.
If necessary, replace cables with new ones, one at a time, until the
defective connection has been found.
Note: Obvious damage of minor importance can be eliminated on the
spot, provided that the appropriate equipment is available. In case of
severe damage, the transceiver must be sent to the nearest repair
facility.

4.1

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

4.1.2

Visual Inspection

Checking the LED State

Introduction

The LEDs on the front panel of the radio display the status of various
settings and operating modes. If the LEDs AC, DC, GO or VOP are not
illuminated, there are a number of possible reasons.

Fig. 4.1
Indication
LED AC
not illuminated

Checking the LED state.

Possible cause of fault


With AC operation only:
If the secondary voltage of approx.
28 V is displayed (see chapter
3.4.7.4.3), LED AC is defective
With AC/DC operation only:
Mains connector not plugged in, no
mains voltage available
Fuse F1 or F2 in AC line input
defective

LED DC
not illuminated

6166.5368.02.01

With AC/DC operation only:


Battery connector not plugged in or
no DC voltage available (or reversed
polarities)
Fuse F3 in DC line input defective

4.2

Remedy
Return radio to our service center for
replacement

Plug in mains connector X1, check


mains voltage (see chapter
3.4.7.4.3)
Please replace the fuses with the
fuses listed in the appendix Fuses. If
the fuses get defective again after
the replacement, please send the
radio to our service center.
Plug in battery connector X3 and
check battery voltage (see chapter
3.4.7.4.3)
Please replace the fuses with the
fuses listed in the appendix Fuses. If
the fuses get defective again after
the replacement, please send the
radio to our service center.

Visual Inspection

R&S XU 4200

Indication

Possible cause of fault

Remedy

LED GO
not illuminated

CBIT detected error


(At least one CBIT error or NOGO
warning exists in the radio.)

Check CBIT status


Check NOGO configuration via
service PC
Check radio environment (antenna,
DC voltage)

LED VOP
not illuminated

Radio set to "OFF"


(standby operation). Display shows
INACT in standard operating display.

Activate radio using a proper remote


control command or switch over to
active mode locally (see chapter
3.4.7.2)
Check hardware Input *OFF on
connector X5.7 or X10.7 if a
contact to ground is applied.
Activate radio using a proper remote
control command or switch over to
active mode locally.

Hardware input *OFF on rear panel


connector X5.7 or X10.7 is
connected to ground.
Radio was switched off remotely via
remote control command or locally
via front panel of the radio.

4.1.3

Checking the CBIT State

Displayed warnings
and/or error
messages

For detection of device and system failures, continuous built-in test (CBIT)
functions are implemented in the equipment.

The CBIT starts directly after switching on the transceiver

Warnings and/or error messages produced during ongoing operation


are displayed in the CBIT STATUS menu (see chapter 3.4.7.5)
When malfunctions (warning or error message) are detected, the failure
is signalled to the connected remote control unit.
CBIT always indicates the existing state, which means that as long as a
message is being indicated by CBIT, this problem persists.

4.3

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

4.2

Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting\Troubleshooting "Radio".doc

If an event occurs on the radio, it will be stored in the event log of the radio.
The event log can be read out via LAN interface or using the Service and
Maintenance Tool R&S ZS4200. The following chapters give an overview
about all the possible CBIT events.

CBIT events

Note: In most cases of error, the transceiver will need to be transferred to


the nearest service.
Description of
columns

Column

Description

Code

Code is the unique number for this kind of event.

Message

Message is the designation of this event.

Level

Level is a ranking of this event (W = warning; E = error).


Warnings and errors will be logged into CBIT status list.
Errors and NOGO warnings additionally cause NOGO
(LED GO not illuminated, error code 102).

Config

Config states the configurability of each event:


W = event can be configured as warning,
N = event can be configured to cause NOGO.

Notes

Notes describes the reasons and if necessary the


reaction of the radio when the event occurs.

Action

Action describes what the user can do to eliminate the


cause of the event.

CBIT events\CBIT events "Radio".doc


CBIT events\\CBIT events Transmitter STANDARD.doc

4.2.1

TX CBIT Events

Code

Message

0101

INACTIVE WARNING

6166.5368.02.01

Level Config
W

Note

Action

Radio was switched to Check the VOP LED (see


the inactive mode, e.g.
chapter 4.1.2).
via the *OFF contact on
Check the hardware
the rear panel or by
input *OFF on connector
software command or
X5.7.
locally on the radio (see
Check software settings.
chapter 3.4.7.2).
Note: If the radio
switches into INACTIVE
mode, all active VoIP
connections will be
terminated and new
VoIP connection
requests will be
rejected.

4.4

Troubleshooting

R&S XU 4200

Code

Message

Level Config

0102

NOGO ERROR

0103

MAIN FAN WARNING

0104

MAIN FAN ERROR

0107

MMI WD Restart

Note

Action

Radio switches to the


Check the NOGO
NOGO state.
configuration via the
The NOGO error is the service PC (see chapter
3.3).
general fault in the
radio and corresponds Analyze the CBIT status
to the GO LED. At least in detail in order to find
one error or one NOGO out what the fault actually
is.
warning exists.
Rotation speed of the
main fan is low.

Check airflow of fans and


clear the ventilation
opening.
Check the internal
temperatures in the radio
(see chapter 3.4.7.4.4) to
determine whether
operation can be
maintained for a certain
time (see chapter 5.2).
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

Main fan is not running Send the radio to service.


or is blocked.
Indication of restart
after the watch-dog
timer expires.

4.5

This maybe a software


error. Please report it to
the service. Radio will be
restarted automatically.

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Troubleshooting

Code

Message

0108

OCXO OVEN
WARNING

0109

MODE IMPOSSIBLE

6166.5368.02.01

Level Config

Note

Action

Indication of OCXO
oven alarm.

This message will appear


after booting. It will
disappear when the
OCXO reaches its
operating temperature
(approximately 10
minutes). If it is signaled
during operation and
does not disappear
again, it is recommended
to send the radio to
service.
Note: Frequency setting
and PTT keying might
not be possible, when the
CBIT 0108 is signaled.
This may happen if the
OCXO value is far from
its specified value.
Note: While this CBIT
0108 message is shown,
it might occur that it is not
possible to adjust the
frequency or to key the
PTT. This happens only if
the OCXO frequency is
not inside the allowed
range.

Operation modes of the


receiver module and
transmitter module do
not fit together or mode
setting failed.

Please retry to setup the


modes. If this fails to
eliminate the problem,
this might be a software
error. Please report it to
the service.

4.6

Troubleshooting

R&S XU 4200

Code

Message

Level Config

Note

Action

0110

MMI PART a b c

Information about
booted MMI FW and
device FW validity:
a = currently booted
partition, i.e. 1 or 2,
b = version number,
e.g. 10.xx,
c = comparison result
defined as a bit-wise
mask (little endian),
where:
bit 0 set comparison
fail, currently booted
partition numbers not
equal,
bit 1 set comparison
fail, part numbers not
equal,
bit 2 set comparison
fail, version numbers
not equal.
E.g. 0 for case of
comparison passed or
6 for case when
currently booted
partition numbers are
equal on MMI, TX and
RX, but part numbers
and version numbers
are not equal on at
least two modules.

This event is for


information only (see
chapter 4.2.3).

0201

PSU FAN WARNING

Rotation speed of the


PSU fan is low.

Check airflow of fans and


clear the ventilation
opening.
Check the internal PSU
temperature (see chapter
3.4.7.4.4) to
determine whether
operation can be
maintained for a certain
time (see chapter 5.2).
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

0202

PSU FAN ERROR

PSU fan is not running


or is blocked.

Send the radio to service.

4.7

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Troubleshooting

Code

Message

0203

PSU TEMP
WARNING

Temperature on the
Check airflow of fans and
PSU board is over the
ambient temperature
warning limit.
(see chapter 5.2).
Transmitter power is
Clear the ventilation
reduced to 20 W.
opening.
This behavior is normal
If this fails to eliminate
with extreme ambient
the fault, send the radio
temperature, 115 V AC
to service.
supply and continuous
transmission.

0204

PSU TEMP ERROR

Temperature on the
PSU board is over the
error limit.

See PSU TEMP


WARNING above

0301

TX DC BATTERY

W/N

DC battery voltage on
X2 is missing or low.

Check whether the DC


voltage is properly
connected to X2.
Measure DC voltage (see
chapter 3.4.7.4.3).
If no DC voltage is
connected, check the
appropriate configuration
(see chapter 3.3).
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

0302

TX AC MAIN

W/N

AC main voltage on X1
is missing or low.

Check whether the AC


voltage is properly
connected to X1.
If no AC voltage is
connected, check the
appropriate configuration
(see chapter 3.3).
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

0303

PA DC 28V VLT LOW

0304

PA DC 28V
OVERVOLT

6166.5368.02.01

Level Config

Note

Action

DC voltage on the PA Check DC voltage on X2


board is less than 22 V. (see chapter 3.4.7.4.3).
Transmitter power is
reduced.
DC voltage on the PA
board is more than
32 V.

4.8

Check the DC voltage on


X2; normally the voltage
must never be
more than 32 V (this is
the final charging voltage
of the 28 V lead battery).
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

Troubleshooting

R&S XU 4200

Code

Message

Level Config

Note

Action

0305

PA DC 28V
UNDERVOLT

0306

TX DC 1.2V FAIL

DC regulator 1.2 V on
the TX module is
beyond limit.

Send the radio to service.

0307

TX DC 1.8V FAIL

DC regulator 1.8 V on
the TX module is
beyond limit.

Send the radio to service.

0308

TX DC 5.7V FAIL

DC regulator 5.7 V on
the TX module is
beyond limit.

Send the radio to service.

0309

TX DC 8.7V FAIL

DC regulator 8.7 V on
the TX module is
beyond limit.

Send the radio to service.

0310

TX DC 28V X7 FAIL

Internal secondary
voltage 28 V on the TX
module is under 19 V.

Check connected
equipment on X7.1/2.
Check the voltage; a
short circuit may have
occurred.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

0311

TX DC 28V PTT FAIL

PTT DC regulator 28 V Send the radio to service.


on the TX module is
beyond limit.

0312

TX DC 48V PTT
FAIL

PTT DC regulator
48 V on the TX
module is over 16 V.

Send the radio to service.

0313

TX DC 11V FAIL

DC regulator 11 V on
the TX module is
beyond limit.

Send the radio to service.

0314

TX DC 5.7V FAIL

DC regulator 5.7 V on Send the radio to service.


TX module is beyond
limit 5.7 V 400 mV.

0315

TX INT REF UNLOCK

Internal reference
unlocks.

Send the radio to service.

0316

TX SYNTH UNLOCK

Synthesizer unlocks.
Transmission is
blocked.

Send the radio to service.

DC voltage on the PA Check DC voltage on X2


board is less than 19 V.
(battery may be
Transmitter is switched
discharged).
off.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

4.9

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Troubleshooting

Code

Message

0317

PA TEMP WARNING

Temperature on the PA Check airflow of fans and


module is over the
ambient temperature
warning limit (80 C).
(see chapter 5.2).
Output power is
Clear the ventilation
reduced step by step.
opening.
This behavior is normal Check the antenna, and
with continuous
measure VSWR (see
operation and +55 C chapter 3.4.7.4.1). A high
ambient temperature.
VSWR may cause a
heavy power loss in the
transmitter.

0318

PA TEMP ERROR

Temperature on the PA Send the radio to service.


module is over the error
limits (95 C).
Transmitter is switched
off.

0319

TX TEMP WARNING

Temperature on the TX Check airflow of fans and


board is over the
ambient temperature
warning limit (70 C).
(see chapter 5.2).
Output power is
Clear the ventilation
reduced step by step.
opening.
This behavior is normal
with continuous
operation and +55C
ambient temperature.

0320

TX TEMP ERROR

Temperature on the TX Send the radio to service.


board is over the error
limit (85 C).

0321

PA NO OUTPUT
PWR

Output power is less


than 500 mW.

Send the radio to service.

0322

PA POWER LOW
1 DB

Output power
decreases by 1 dB.

Check temperature (see


chapter 3.4.7.4.4)
Check VSWR (see
chapter 3.4.7.4.1)
Check DC voltage (see
chapter 3.4.7.4.3).
See CBIT messages
0325 to 0328.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

6166.5368.02.01

Level Config

Note

4.10

Action

Troubleshooting

R&S XU 4200

Code

Message

Level Config

Note

Action

0323

PA POWER LOW
3 DB

Output power
decreases by 3 dB.

Check temperature (see


chapter 3.4.7.4.4)
Check VSWR (see
chapter 3.4.7.4.1)
Check DC voltage (see
chapter 3.4.7.4.3).
See CBIT messages
0325 to 0328.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

0324

PA POWER HIGH
+1 DB

Output power increases Send the radio to service.


by 1 dB.
Transmitter is switched
off.

0325

PA POWER
REDUCED DC

Output power was


reduced due to DC
voltage warning on the
PA board.

Check supply voltage


(see chapter 3.4.7.4.3).
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

0326

PA PWR
REDUCED VSWR

Output power was


reduced due to VSWR
warning.
VSWR is above 2.

Switch off and check


antenna cabling. Switch
on the transmitter again
in order to check VSWR
(see chapter 3.4.7.4.1)
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

0327

PA PWR
REDUCED TEMP

0328

PWR REDUCED PSU


TEMP

Output power was


Check airflow of fans and
reduced due to
ambient temperature.
temperature warning on
Clear the ventilation
the PA board.
opening.
This behavior is normal Check the antenna, and
with continuous
measure VSWR (see
operation and +55 C chapter 3.4.7.4.1). A high
ambient temperature.
VSWR may cause a
heavy power loss in the
transmitter.
Output power was
reduced due to
temperature of PSU
board warning.
This behaviour is
normal with extreme
ambient temperature,
115 V AC supply and
continuous
transmission.

4.11

Check airflow of fans and


ambient temperature.
Clear the ventilation
opening.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Troubleshooting

Code

Message

0329

TX I/Q
OVERLOAD

I/Q overload in digital


Measure VSWR (see
IQ control loop; power
chapter 3.4.7.4.1).
is reduced step by step Check DC voltage (see
to avoid overload.
chapter 3.4.7.4.3).
Note: Digital control
If the VSWR is above 1.5
ensures an optimal I/Q and at the same time the
modulation and good
DC supply is less than
harmonic distortion
28 V, than the radio is
under all operating
operating correctly and
conditions.
the CBIT warning is ok.
Otherwise send the radio
to service.

0330

TX I/Q LOOP
UNLOCK

Digital loop not running. Send the radio to service.


Note: The radio stops
the transmission.

0331

PA VSWR
ABOVE 2

VSWR is above 2.

Switch off and check the


antenna cabling. Switch
on and test the PTT
function (see chapter
3.4.7.4.1)
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

0332

TX WD RESTART

Indication of restart
after the watchdog
timer expires.

This may be a software


error. Please report it to
the service. Restart and
observe.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

0333

TX DSP ERROR

Error in DSP.

Send the radio to service.

0335

TX USB CONNECT

If this warning was


configured via the
service PC (see
chapter 3.3), you will
get a warning message
when the USB is
connected.

0336

TX LOCAL MODE

Radio was switched to


The user has to
local mode. The CBIT
configure whether the
message disappears local mode is to generate
once you switch back to the CBIT warning or not.
non-controlled mode or
Please check
remote mode.
configuration via the
Entering and leaving
service PC (see chapter
the local mode
3.3).
including a time stamp
will be stored in the
event log.

6166.5368.02.01

Level Config

Note

4.12

Action

Troubleshooting

R&S XU 4200

Code

Message

Level Config

0337

TX PTT TIMEOUT
EXPIR

0338

TX EXT VSWR HIGH


X7

External voltage (from


Check if the antenna is
SWR detector) X7.8
connected to the external
exceeds the configured
detector. Check the
limit.
external detector. Check
configuration via the
service PC (see chapter
3.3).
Key PTT again and
check if the warning
disappears.

0339

EXT FILTER
TIMEOUT

Timeout for tuning the Check if the external filter


Telsa external
is connected properly
automatic filter expired. and working well. Then
(Filter is not tuned
try to tune it again (set
correctly.)
new radio frequency
again).
No transmitting is
possible.
Disable the Telsa
external automatic filter
via USB if it is not
intended to be used.

0340

EXT FILTER ALARM

At least one of the Filter Check the Telsa external


state criterias (READY,
automatic filter and its
ALARM, STARTUP,
connection to the radio.
TEST or frequency
The filter must not be in
value) is not correct.
the TEST mode. If
necessary,
No transmitting is
restart
the filter. Wait for
possible.
finishing the STARTUP.
Try again to set radio
frequency.

0341

EXT FILTER LOCAL

Telsa external
automatic filter is in
LOCAL mode.

Check the external filter,


leave LOCAL control at
the filter or wait until the
filter is automatically
leaving this mode. Try to
set radio frequency
again.

0342

USER CONTACT
WARNING

User contact (X7.15) is


high.

The user contact (X7.15)


is high and this status is
indicated by the radio.

4.13

Note

Action

Timeout for PTT


expired.

Check if the PTT button


is released. Check
configuration via the
service PC (see chapter
3.3).
Make sure that the PTT
button works properly.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Troubleshooting

Code

Message

Note

Action

0343

TX SNMP WD
RESTART

Indication of restart
caused by a problem
with the internal SNMP
agent.

This may be a software


error. Please report it to
the service. Restart and
observe.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

0344

BOOT ERROR

There was at least one Read out the error via the
error during the last
remote control and check
booting. The list of
the troubleshooting for
errors can be read out
this command. If the
via the remote control.
error occurs again after
the troubleshooting and
the next reboot, send the
radio to service.

0345

TX E1 LOS

Loss of the incoming


signal at 2048 kbit/s.

Check the E1 interface


X14.

0346

TX E1 LOF

Loss of frame
alignment and CAS
(without recovery in
timeout).

Check the E1 interface


X14.

0347

TX E1 RAI

W/N

Alarm indication from


transmission system
(RAI).

Check the E1 interface


X14.

0348

TX E1 CRC4 ERROR

W/N

Excessive bit error rate


(CRC4).

Check the E1 interface


X14.

0349

EXT PA ALARM

SWR ALARM was


Check if the antenna is
generated by External connected to the External
Power Amplifier Jotron
Power Amplifier.
(USER_IN X7.15 was
Check the External
connected to GND)
Power Amplifier.
Key the PTT again and
check if the warning
disappears.

0350

PWR REDUCED TO
LOW

RF Power switched to
Low due to EXT PA
ALARM

6166.5368.02.01

Level Config

4.14

See the EXT PA ALARM

Troubleshooting

R&S XU 4200

Code

Message

Level Config

0351

TX PART a b c

0352

TX RST REQ RC

Note

Action

Information about
booted TX FW and
device FW validity.
a = currently booted
partition, i.e. 1 or 2,
b = version number,
e.g. 10.xx,
c = comparison result
defined as a bit-wise
mask (little endian),
where:
bit 0 set comparison
fail, currently booted
partition numbers not
equal,
bit 1 set comparison
fail, part numbers not
equal,
bit 2 set comparison
fail, version numbers
not equal.
E.g. 0 for case of
comparison passed or
6 for case when
currently booted
partition numbers are
equal on MMI, TX and
RX, but part numbers
and version numbers
are not equal on at
least two modules.

This event is for


information only (see
chapter 4.2.3).

After RC client sends


an RST command to
TX module, but before
reboot.

This event is for


information only (see
chapter 4.2.3).

4.15

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

4.2.2

Troubleshooting

RX CBIT Events

Code

Message

0101

INACTIVE WARNING

Radio was switched to Check the VOP LED (see


the inactive mode, e.g.
chapter 4.1.2).
via the *OFF contact on
Check the hardware
the rear panel or by
input *OFF on connector
software command or
X10.7.
locally on the radio (see
Check software settings.
chapter 3.4.7.2).
Note: If the radio
switches into INACTIVE
mode, all active VoIP
connections will be
terminated and new
VoIP connection
requests will be
rejected.

0102

NOGO ERROR

Radio switches to the


Check the NOGO
NOGO state.
configuration via service
PC (see chapter 3.3).
The NOGO error is the
general fault in the
Analyze the CBIT status
in detail in order to find
radio and corresponds
to the GO LED. At least out what the fault actually
is.
one error or one NOGO
warning exists.

0103

MAIN FAN WARNING

0104

MAIN FAN ERROR

0107

MMI WD Restart

Indication of restart
after the watch-dog
timer expires.

This maybe a software


error. Please report it to
the service. Radio will be
restarted automatically.

0109

MODE IMPOSSIBLE

Operating modes of the


receiver module and
transmitter module do
not fit together or mode
setting failed.

Please retry to setup the


modes. If this fails to
eliminate the problem,
this might be a software
error. Please report it to
the service.

6166.5368.02.01

Level Config

Note

Rotation speed of the


main fan is low.

Action

Check airflow of fans and


clear the ventilation
opening.
Check the internal
temperatures in the radio
(see chapter 3.4.7.4.3) to
determine whether
operation can be
maintained for a certain
time (see chapter 5.2).
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

Main fan is not running Send the radio to service.


or is blocked.

4.16

Troubleshooting

R&S XU 4200

Code

Message

Level Config

Note

Action

0110

MMI PART a b c

Information about
booted MMI FW and
device FW validity.
a = currently booted
partition, i.e. 1 or 2,
b = version number,
e.g. 10.xx,
c = comparison result
defined as a bit-wise
mask (little endian),
where:
bit 0 set comparison
fail, currently booted
partition numbers not
equal,
bit 1 set comparison
fail, part numbers not
equal,
bit 2 set comparison
fail, version numbers
not equal.
E.g. 0 for case of
comparison passed or
6 for case when
currently booted
partition numbers are
equal on MMI, TX and
RX, but part numbers
and version numbers
are not equal on at
least two modules.

This event is for


information only (see
chapter 4.2.3).

0201

PSU FAN WARNING

Rotation speed of the


PSU fan is low.

Check airflow of fans and


clear the ventilation
opening.
Also check the internal
PSU temperature (see
chapter 3.4.7.4.3) to
determine whether
operation can be
maintained for a certain
time (see chapter 5.2).
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

0202

PSU FAN ERROR

PSU fan is not running


or is blocked.

Send the radio to service.

4.17

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Troubleshooting

Code

Message

Note

Action

0203

PSU TEMP
WARNING

Temperature on the
PSU board is over the
warning limit.

Check airflow of fans and


ambient temperature
(see chapter 5.2).
Clear the ventilation
opening.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

0204

PSU TEMP ERROR

Temperature is over the


error limit.

See PSU TEMP


WARNING

0401

RX DC BATTERY

W/N

DC battery voltage on
X2 is missing or low.

Check whether the DC


voltage is properly
connected to X2.
Measure DC voltage (see
chapter 3.4.7.4.3).
If no DC voltage is
connected, an
appropriate configuration
must be performed (see
chapter 3.3).
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

0402

RX AC MAIN

W/N

AC main voltage on X1
is missing or low.

Check whether the AC


voltage is properly
connected to X1.
Measure AC voltage (see
chapter 3.4.7.4.3).
If no AC voltage is
connected, an
appropriate configuration
must be performed (see
chapter 3.3).
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

0403

RX DC 28V VLT LOW

DC voltage on the RX
module is less than
22 V.

Check the DC voltage on


X2 (see chapter
3.4.7.4.3).

0404

RX DC 28V
OVERVOLT

0405

RX INT REF
UNLOCK

6166.5368.02.01

Level Config

DC voltage 28 V on the Check the DC voltage on


RX module is more
X2; normally the voltage
than 32 V.
there must never be
more than 32 V (this is
the final charging voltage
of the 28 V lead battery).
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.
Internal reference
unlocks.

4.18

Send the radio to service.

Troubleshooting

R&S XU 4200

Code

Message

Level Config

Note

Action

0407

RX IF OVERLOAD

Input RF signal is too


strongor RF AGC
failure occurred.

Receive signal too


strong.
Check the antenna signal
(see chapter 3.4.7.4.2);
there may be strong
signals in the VHF range.
Disconnect the antenna
from the receiver and
check the signal level of
the antenna signal.
If the antenna signal is
less than +10 dBm, send
the radio to service.

0408

RX DSP ERROR

Error in DSP.

Send the radio to service.

0409

RX WD RESTART

Indication of restart
after the watchdog
timer expires.

This may be a software


error. Please report it to
the service. Restart and
observe.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

0410

RX SYNTH UNLOCK

Synthesizer unlocks.

Send the radio to service.

0411

RX TEMP WARNING

Temperature on the RX Check airflow of fans and


module is over the
ambient temperature
warning limit (75 C).
(see chapter 5.2).
Clear the ventilation
opening.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send radio to
service.

0412

RX TEMP ERROR

Temperature on the RX Send the radio to service.


module is over the error
limit (85 C).

0414

RX USB CONNECT

If this warning was


configured via the
service PC (see
chapter 3.3), you will
get a warning message
when the USB is
connected.

4.19

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Troubleshooting

Code

Message

0415

RX LOCAL MODE

0416

RX DC 1.2V FAIL

DC regulator 1.2 V on
the RX module is
beyond the limit.

0417

RX DC 1.25V FAIL

DC regulator 1.25 V on Send the radio to service.


the RX module is
beyond the limit.

0418

RX DC 3.3V FAIL

DC regulator 3.3 V on
the RX module is
beyond the limit.

Send the radio to service.

0419

RX DC 4.0V FAIL

DC regulator 4.0 V on
the RX board beyond
the limit.

Send the radio to service.

0420

RX DC 13V FAIL

DC regulator 13 V on
the RX module is
beyond the limit.

Send the radio to service.

0421

RX DC 5.7V FAIL

DC regulator 5.7 V on
the RX module is
beyond the limit.

Send the radio to service.

0422

RX DC 8.7V FAIL

DC regulator 8.7 V on
the RX module is
beyond the limit.

Send the radio to service.

0423

RX DC 28V X7, X11


FAIL

0424

RX DC 20V FAIL

DC regulator 20 V on
the RX module is
beyond the limit.

Send the radio to service.

0425

RX DC 11V FAIL

DC regulator 11 V on
the RX module is
beyond the limit.

Send the radio to service.

6166.5368.02.01

Level Config

Note

Action

Radio was switched to


The user has to
local mode. The CBIT
configure whether the
message disappears local mode is to generate
once you switch back to the CBIT warning or not.
non-controlled mode or
Please check
remote mode.
configuration via the
Entering and leaving
service PC (see chapter
the local mode
3.3).
including time stamp
will be stored in the
event log.
Send the radio to service.

Internal secondary
Check the connected
voltage 28 V on the RX equipment on X7.1/2 and
module is under 26.4 V.
X11.1/2. Check the
voltage; a short circuit
may have
occurred.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

4.20

Troubleshooting

R&S XU 4200

Code

Message

Level Config

Note

0426

RX DC 5.7V FAIL

DC regulator 5.7 V on Send the radio to service.


the RX module is
beyond the limit.

0427

EXT FILTER
TIMEOUT

Timeout for tuning


the Telsa external
automatic filter expired
(filter is not tuned
correctly).

0428

EXT FILTER ALARM

At least one of the Filter Check the Telsa external


state criterias (READY,
automatic filter and its
ALARM, STARTUP,
connection to the radio.
TEST or frequency
The filter must not be in
value) is not correct.
the TEST mode. If
necessary,
restart the filter. Wait for
finishing the STARTUP.
Try again to set radio
frequency.

0429

EXT FILTER LOCAL

Telsa external
automatic filter is in
local mode.

Check the external filter,


leave LOCAL control at
the filter or wait until filter
the is automatically
leaving this mode. Try to
set radio frequency
again.

0430

USER CONTACT
WARNING

User contact (X11.15)


is high.

The user contact


(X11.15) is high and this
status is indicated by the
radio.

0431

RX SNMP WD
RESTART

Indication of restart
caused by a problem
with the internal SNMP
agent.

This may be a software


error. Please report it to
the service. Restart and
observe.
If this fails to eliminate
the fault, send the radio
to service.

0433

CONGESTION
TIMEOUT

Timeout during CSMA


MAC Algorithm

Reconfigure the TM2


timeout using the MAC
parameters command. If
this fails to eliminate the
problem, this might be a
software error. Please
report it to the service.

4.21

Action

Check if the external filter


is connected properly
and working well. Then
try to tune it again (set
new radio frequency
again).
Disable the Telsa
external automatic filter
via USB if it is not
intended to be used.

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Troubleshooting

Code

Message

Note

Action

0434

BOOT ERROR

There was at least one


error during the last
booting. The list of
errors can be read out
via the remote control.

Read out the error via


remote control and check
the troubleshooting for
this command. If the
error occurs again after
the troubleshooting and
the next reboot, send the
radio to service.

0435

RX E1 LOS

Loss of the incoming


signal at 2048 kbit/s.

Check the E1 interface


X13.

0436

RX E1 LOF

Loss of frame
alignment and CAS
(without recovery in
timeout).

Check the E1 interface


X13.

0437

RX E1 RAI

W/N

Alarm indication from


transmission system
(RAI).

Check the E1 interface


X13.

0438

RX E1 CRC4 ERROR

W/N

Excessive bit error rate


(CRC4).

Check the E1 interface


X13.

0439

RX PART a b c

Information about
booted RX FW and
device FW validity.
a = currently booted
partition, i.e. 1 or 2,
b = version number,
e.g. 10.xx,
c = comparison result
defined as a bit-wise
mask (little endian),
where:
bit 0 set comparison
fail, currently booted
partition numbers not
equal,
bit 1 set comparison
fail, part numbers not
equal,
bit 2 set comparison
fail, version numbers
not equal.
E.g. 0 for case of
comparison passed or
6 for case when
currently booted
partition numbers are
equal on MMI, TX and
RX, but part numbers
and version numbers
are not equal on at
least two modules.

This event is for


information only (see
chapter 4.2.3).

6166.5368.02.01

Level Config

4.22

Troubleshooting

R&S XU 4200

Code

Message

Level Config

0440

RX RST REQ RC

Note

Action

After RC client sends


an RST command to
RX module, but before
reboot.

This event is for


information only (see
chapter 4.2.3).

Unexpected Radio Restart\Unexpected Radio Restart "Radio".doc

4.2.3

Unexpected Radio Restart

This chapter

This chapter describes the process of troubleshooting and possible restart


triggers in case of an unexpected restart of the radio.

Radio restart
triggers

There are two main radio restart triggers:

External triggers (can be requested, e.g. user, remote client; or


unrequested, e.g. power line interruption)

Internal triggers (always unrequested, e.g. WatchDog (WD), Partition


Management)

In order to recognize the exact trigger of the radio restart, it is necessary to


analyze Event logs of the TX and RX modules of the radio.
Every time the radio restarts (or is powered up), it stores the restart-related
events in the event logs at a certain point of booting process:

001 RESTART indication of radio restart

110 MMI PART a b c indication of MMI booted partition

351 TX PART a b c indication of TX booted partition (TX only)

439 RX PART a b c indication of RX booted partition (RX only)

4.23

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Troubleshooting

The following table shows restart triggers (referenced shortly as triggers)


and the related events in the event log. The restart-related events described
above are not part of the table. Please note that some triggers do not create
an event in the event log. The disjunctive method can be used for detection
of such triggers.
Restart
Trigger

Trigger
Description

Trigger
Source

Module
processing
the trigger

Additional
Events in RX
and TX Event
Logs

Restart Type

Switch off

HW restart

Local User

MMI

Hold ESC
button for
more then 3s

SW restart

Local User

MMI

Requested
restarts

LAN RST
CMD

Radio gets a restart


request via LAN

Remote client

TX, RX

352 TX RST REQ


RC
440 RX RST REQ
RC

Leave
interactive
mode

Leaving USB
Service or Factory
mode

WD restart

Software parts of
the radio are
guarded by WD
mechanism which
may trigger radio
restart in case of
software failure

Partition
Due to safety of
management remote update there
are two firmware
storage places
(partitions) in the
radio. Partition
management
controls booting
process of three
independent
modules (TX, RX,
MMI) and may
restart the radio in
case of
inconsistency.
Power line
interruption

Local User
TX, RX, MMI
configuring the
radio via USB
interface (using
R&S ZS4200)
Internal

MMI

Unrequested
For details see
restarts
Fig. 4.2 Events
related to internal
restart triggers.

Internal

MMI

The information
event is stored
during every
booting phase.
For details see
Fig. 4.2 Events
related to internal
restart triggers.

When the radio


UPS
operates without
malfunction,
DC and when AC is cable pull out,
disconnected.
electrical power
blackout, etc.

6166.5368.02.01

4.24

Troubleshooting

R&S XU 4200

The following table shows the internal restarts triggered by recognized


failures of WD guarded parts of the device firmware and related events
logged in TX and RX module event logs.

Source
of failure

Module

TX
Main
Processor

Link Processor

Digital Signal
Processor

RX

Description
Not controlled by WD.
MMI recognizes failure
of intermodule
communication (with
TX or RX module) and
triggers WD restart.

Events in TX and RX
Event Logs
107 MMI WD RESTART

107 MMI WD RESTART

TX

332 TX WD RESTART

RX

409 RX WD RESTART

TX

333 TX DSP ERROR


107 MMI WD RESTART

RX

Not controlled by WD
Currently
booted
partitions
not equal

Partition
Management

MMI

RU
timeout
expired

Version
numbers
not equal

110 MMI PART a b c*


351 TX PART a b c*
439 RX PART a b c*

Part
numbers
not equal
*a stands for currently booted partition, i.e. 1 or 2
b stands for version number, e.g. 10.xx
c stands for validation result, as explained in the following table

Fig. 4.2

Events related to internal restart triggers

Note: In case the radio was restarted on the basis of the WD RESTART
trigger and the consequent boot process was interrupted by switching the
radio off (mains failure), the original restart event (e.g. 409 RX WD
RESTART) is logged in the event log.

4.25

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Troubleshooting

Fig. 4.3

Validation result mask

Last Page of Chapter 4\\Last Page of Chapter 4 "Radio".doc

6166.5368.02.01

4.26

Scheduled Maintenance

R&S XU 4200

Maintenance

This chapter

This chapter provides information concerning scheduled maintenance and


cleaning.

Further
information

Chapter 3.1 contains an overview of transceiver control elements,


indicators, etc.
Chapter 3 describes how to put the radio into operation.

5.1

Scheduled Maintenance

Scheduled maintenance\Scheduled maintenance "Radio".doc

5.1.1

TCXO Adjustment

TCXO adjustment

Due to the natural aging of the crystal oscillator (TCXO), it is advisable to


check the frequency offset after the first year of operation and readjust it if
necessary. We recommend a further adjustment interval of 3 years in order
to ensure the specified frequency accuracy.
Test connection

D.U.T.

Fig. 5.1

X3

ATT
30 dB

Spectrum
analyzer/
frequency
counter

Test connection of TCXO adjustment.

Test procedure

DUT is controlled via the R&S ZS 4200 (see chapter 3.3).

The minimum warm-up time is 1 minute for the TCXO.

Test frequency:

120 MHz (see chapter 3.4.7.2)

Power level set:

Low (see chapter 3.4.7.2)

Mode:

AM (see chapter 3.4.7.2)

Radio is keyed ON, e.g. via function Test PTT, which delivers an
unmodulated CW signal (see chapter 3.4.7.4.1).

Measure frequency at antenna X3 and adjust TCXO value using


the Service & Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 (see chapter 3.3).
The step width (1 bit) for the adjustment is approximately 11 Hz. Adjust
it only in small steps and do not detune the TCXO to the extreme
positions, because the internal reference on the RF module could
unlock here. (CBIT error 0315, see chapter 4.2.1).

Nominal value
TCXO f 0.2 ppm (corresponds to 24 Hz at 120 MHz)

5.1

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

5.1.2

Scheduled Maintenance

OCXO Adjustment (Optional)

OCXO adjustment

Due to the natural aging of the crystal oscillator (OCXO), it is advisable to


check the frequency offset after the first year of operation and readjust it if
necessary. We recommend a further adjustment interval of 3 years in order
to ensure the specified frequency accuracy.
Note: If the radio is started at low temperatures (approximately 20 C),
the frequency of the OCXO is far from its nominal value. This causes the
generation of the CBIT message 0315 TX INT REF UNLOCK. When the
OCXO is warmed up, this message will disappear. This is a typical behavior
of radios with the OCXO installed and not an indication of a radio failure.
Test connection

D.U.T.

Fig. 5.2

X3

ATT
30 dB

Spectrum
analyzer/
frequency
counter

Test connection of OCXO adjustment.

Test procedure

DUT is controlled via the R&S ZS 4200 (see chapter 3.3).

The minimum warm-up time is 10 minutes for the OCXO. The OCXO
OVEN WARNING must disappear before the OCXO can be adjusted.

Test frequency:

120 MHz (see chapter 3.4.7.2)

Power level set:

Low (see chapter 3.4.7.2)

Mode:

AM (see chapter 3.4.7.2)

Radio is keyed ON, e.g. via function Test PTT, which delivers an
unmodulated CW signal (see chapter 3.4.7.4.1).

Measure frequency at antenna X3 and adjust OCXO value using


the Service & Maintenance Tool R&S ZS 4200 (see chapter 3.3).
The step width (1 bit) for the adjustment is approximately 1.5 Hz.
Adjust it only in small steps and do not detune the OCXO to the
extreme positions, because the internal reference on the RF module
could unlock here (CBIT error 0108, see chapter 4.2.1).

Nominal value
OCXO f 0.02 ppm (corresponds to 2.4 Hz at 120 MHz)

6166.5368.02.01

5.2

Fan Maintenance

5.2

R&S XU 4200

Fan Maintenance

Fan Maintenance\Fan Maintenance "Radio".doc

Introduction

The main fan of the radio prevents the radio from overheating in case of
high external temperature, or a high VSWR value on the transmitter. The
fan of the PSU (power supply unit) ensures that the power supply does not
overheat. Therefore, the temperature inside the radio is constantly
measured and the rotation speed of the fans is adapted accordingly and
monitored.

Inspecting
the air intake

Inspect the air intake on the front panel for dust build-up and clean it if
necessary. The inspection interval depends on the environmental conditions
under which the transceiver is operated.
Note: Due to the long service life of the fan, no regular maintenance is
required here besides cleaning. The speed of the fan is monitored by
means of the continuous built-in test (CBIT), and a warning is promptly
generated (see chapter 4.2).

Maintenance of the
main and PSU fans

If a fan wears out, it is recommended to exchange the fan to prevent the


radio from subsequent failure. An indication to replace the fan is the
occurrence of a CBIT warning message. If a warning occurs, the radio is
still operational, but the fan must be replaced soon.
If one of the following CBIT messages occur more than once or over a
prolonged period of time, it is recommended to replace the main fan or the
PSU fan as a preventive action.
On the transmitter:

0103 MAIN FAN WARNING, possibly in conjunction with a temperature


warning 0317 PA TEMP WARNING or 0319 TX TEMP WARNING

0201 PSU FAN WARNING, possibly in conjunction with a temperature


warning 0203 PSU TEMP WARNING

On the receiver:

0103 MAIN FAN WARNING, possibly in conjunction with a temperature


warning 0411 RX TEMP WARNING

0201 PSU FAN WARNING, possibly in conjunction with a temperature


warning 0203 PSU TEMP WARNING

Replacement of the fan is described in the service manuals of the radios,


where also the order number for the spare part is listed.

5.3

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

5.3

Cleaning

Cleaning

Danger of burns on the rear panel\Danger of burns on the rear panel "Name".doc
Danger of electric shock\\Danger of burns on the rear panel Transmitter.doc

Danger of burns on the rear panel!

CAUTION

The rear panel is extremely hot around common antenna X3 and the power
supply unit (plugs X1, X2) owing to the radio's high transmit power. A label
indicates the hot area.
Do not directly touch the rear panel during or soon after operation.

CAUTION
Wear goggles when working with compressed air in order to avoid injuries.

ATTENTION

Direct compressed air first toward ground until no more condensed water is
contained in the air jet.
Keep a minimum distance of 20 cm between compressed air and
transceiver.

Preparation

Cleaning
0.

Such measures involve cleaning and touching up slight blemishes in the


varnish coat of the transceiver. The following materials are required:

Soft brush
Duster
Cleaning compound, e.g. suds, household detergent

1.
2.
3.

First clean the surfaces of the unit with compressed air.


Continue cleaning with a soft brush or a duster.
Clean heavily contaminated surfaces, especially grease stains, with a
soft, lint-free cloth moistened with suds.

Last Page of Chapter 5\\Last Page of Chapter 5 "Radio".doc

6166.5368.02.01

5.4

Specifications

R&S XU 4200

Technical Information

This chapter

This chapter contains a description of the transceiver interfaces.

Further
information

Chapter 3.1 contains an overview of transceiver control elements,


indicators, etc.
Chapter 3 describes how to put the radio into operation.

6.1

Specifications
Note: The series R&S 4200 radios have been developed and designed to
allow a service life of 10 years and more when used in normal conditions.
For details see Specifications in the Appendix.

6.2

Interface Description
Note: Signal names with a leading "/" are low-active (e.g. /TEST_OC).

6.2.1

AC Input X1

Power entry module

L
EX
N
Fig. 6.1
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

AC input X1.
B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

Remarks

X1.L

Main power phase

P 115 V/230 V AC
P 10/+15 %
47 to 63 Hz
max. 400 W

X1.N

Main power neutral

P Safety ground

X1.E

Safety ground

6.1

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

6.2.2

Interface Description

DC Input/Battery Input X2

XLR connector type

1
3
2
Fig. 6.2
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

D T

Battery

GND

N.C.

DC input/battery input X2.


I = Input
D = Digital

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

P 19 to 32 V DC
P max. 16 A
(if an external device
is connected to X5.6,
X7.1/X7.2, X10.6 and
X11.1/ X11.2)

Common Antenna X3\Common Antenna X3 "Radio".doc

6166.5368.02.01

6.2

Contact

Remarks

X2.1

Positive battery contact

X2.2

Negative battery contact


System ground

X2.3

N. C.

Interface Description

6.2.3

R&S XU 4200

Common Antenna X3

Common antenna for TX and RX, N-type female

Fig. 6.3
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description
ANTENNA

Common antenna X3.

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

O A TX: nominal 50 W
5 to 50 W
settable via software
AM
50 W carr/
200 W peak
I

GND

X3.1

Remarks
112 to 155.991666 MHz

A RX:
RX/TX switch input
max. +30 dBm

Ground

X3.2

TX-RX Switch X4\TX-RX Switch X4 "Radio".doc

6.2.4

TX/RX Switch X4

Output of transmit/receive switch, BNC-type female

Fig. 6.4
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

TX/RX switch X4.

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

T/R_SWITCH

O A TX/RX switch output


max. +30 dBm

X4.1

GND

X4.2

Ground

Remarks
112 to 155.991666 MHz

TX Audio Basic X5\TX Audio Basic X5 "Radio".doc

6.3

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

6.2.5

Interface Description

TX Audio Basic X5

10 pins modular jack


1

Fig. 6.5
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

D T

10

TX audio basic X5.

I = Input
D = Digital

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

Remarks

MONITOR_TX_A

O A 0 dBm 1.5 dB
300 to 3400 Hz
600 15 % balanced

X5.1

RF AM demodulation
signal derived from
antenna port
@ 90 % AM mod. depth
Audio transformer
minimum 500 V isolation
to ground

AUDIO_TX_A

I A Nominal
0 dBm 1.5 dB
I A
30 to +10 dBm
settable via software
300 to 3400 Hz
600 15 % balanced
ALC switchable
Range 15 dB
Total max. +15 dBm

X5.2

For 90 % AM mod. depth


Audio transformer
minimum 500 V isolation
to ground

AUDIO_TX_B

X5.3

/TEST_OC

O D Low = no error
X5.4
Open collector =
request for
main/standby switchover
Open collector
Ri = 10
limited to max. 6.8 V

GND

B P

X5.5

V_OP_SW

O P 0 V/19 to 32 V
Inactive: 0 V
Active: 19 to 32 V
Switched supply
Reverse current safe

X5.6

6166.5368.02.01

6.4

TEST_OC signal
generated by NOGO logic
on backplane

Operational voltage
switched
Max. 1 A for external
antenna relays. Do not
short to ground.
Note: Maximum current in
sum with X7.1/X7.2,
X10.6, and X11.1/X11.2
Corresponds to VOP LED
on front panel

Interface Description

R&S XU 4200

Entry in column D (direction): O = Output


Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

D T

*OFF

+PTT

PTT

I = Input
D = Digital

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

D Low (external contact


against ground)
= device off
High (or open) = on
Internal pull-up 10 k to
3.3 V, limited to max.
6.8 V

D Configurable via
software
I D

Contact

Remarks

X5.7

Hardware input for


activating/deactivating
transceiver
module

X5.8

Pull-up resistors
connected via relay
contact to internal supply
+28 V/ 48 V
Note: The PTT contact of
the radio is low if the radio
is switched off.
Note: It is not
recommended to switch
the PTT Type during the
operation. Make sure the
hardware configuration is
set according to the setup
of the radio.

X5.9

Type I:
Optocoupler inputs
+PTT and PTT
V = 12 V to 57 V
I source = 2 to 13 mA

Type II:
+PTT, pull-up 48 V
Contact against
GND = PTT
I sink = 4 to 5 mA

R&S standard:
PTT, pull-up +28 V,
contact against
GND = PTT
I sink = 3 to 4 mA

6.5

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Interface Description

Entry in column D (direction): O = Output


Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description
MONITOR_TX_B

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

O A 0 dBm 1.5 dB
300 to 3400 Hz
600 15 % balanced

X5.10

Remarks
RF AM demodulation
signal derived from
antenna port
@ 90 % AM mod. depth
Audio transformer min.
500 V isolation to ground

Ethernet LAN remote control X6\Ethernet LAN remote control X6 Radio.doc

6.2.6

Ethernet LAN Remote Control X6

10 pins modular jack


Compatible to RJ-45 (8 pins) cable
2

Fig. 6.6
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

Ethernet LAN remote control X6.


I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

Remarks

N.C.

X6.1

N.C.

ETH_TX+

O D Acc. to 100 base TX

X6.2

RJ-458 pin 1

ETH_TX

O D Acc. to 100 base TX

X6.3

RJ-458 pin 2

ETH_RX+

D Acc. to 100 base TX

X6.4

RJ-458 pin 3

ETH_Common

Matched to 75 AC

X6.5

RJ-458 pin 4

ETH_Common

Matched to 75 AC

X6.6

RJ-458 pin 5

ETH_RX

D Acc. to 100 base TX

X6.7

RJ-458 pin 6

ETH_Common

Matched to 75 AC

X6.8

RJ-458 pin 7

ETH_Common

Matched to 75 AC

X6.9

RJ-458 pin 8

N.C.

X6.10

N.C.

TX Audio Extended X7\TX Audio Extended X7 "Radio".doc

6166.5368.02.01

6.6

Interface Description

6.2.7

R&S XU 4200

TX Audio Extended X7

DSUB male (15 pins)


1

15

9
Fig. 6.7
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

TX audio extended X7.

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

Remarks

+28 V

O P 19 to 32 V

X7.1

+28 V

O P

X7.2

GND

B P Ground

X7.3

GND

B P Ground

X7.4

/CARRIER

O D Low = carrier > 0.5 W


Open collector
Ri = 220
limited to max. 6.8 V

X7.5

Indicates that
RF antenna power
approx. 500 mW
Corresponds to CARR
LED on front panel

/VSWR

O D Low = VSWR > 2


Open collector
Ri = 220
limited to max. 6.8 V

X7.6

Corresponds to VSWR
LED on front panel

/TX_INHIBIT

D Contact against
ground (low) = inhibit
transmission
Internal pull-up 10 k
to 3.3 V, limited to
max. 6.8 V

X7.7

EXT_VSWR

A 0 to 5 V
limited to max. 6.8 V
RL = 14 k

X7.8

GND

B P Ground

DC supply for external


filter (external device)
Max. 2 A (peak 4 A)
protected PTC
Note: Maximum current in
sum with X5.6, X10.6 and
X11.1/X11.2

Used e.g. for monitoring of


external RF detector
Generates CBIT warning
when the configurable
threshold voltage value is
exceeded during TX

X7.9

6.7

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Interface Description

Entry in column D (direction): O = Output


Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

O D RS-422 / RS-485
O D Ri = 120 (a-b)
Max. 6.8 V
I D against GND
I D

X7.10

USER_OUT

O D Ri = 220
CMOS 3.3 V

X7.14

USER_IN

X7.15

SER_CONTR_TXD_A
SER_CONTR_TXD_B
SER_CONTR_RXD_A
SER_CONTR_RXD_B

D Contact against
GND = active
Internal pull-up 10 k
to 3.3 V, limited to
max. 6.8 V

RX Input X8\RX Input X8 "Radio".doc

6166.5368.02.01

6.8

X7.11

Remarks
RS-422 / RS-485 interface
to Telsa external
automatic filter only

X7.12
X7.13

If "User Contact Warning"


is enabled and the input
USER_IN (X11.15) is
"high" (e.g. input open),
the radio will send a
USER CONTACT
WARNING 0430 to the
remote control system.
If "User Contact Warning"
is enabled and the input
USER_IN (X11.15) is
"low" (input connected to
GND), no warning will be
send to the remote control
system.
Note: If "User Contact
Warning" is disabled, no
warning will be send to the
remote control system.

Interface Description

6.2.8

R&S XU 4200

RX Input X8

BNC-type female

Fig. 6.8
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description
RX Input

GND

I = Input
D = Digital

D T
I

RX input X8.
B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

A 107 up to +7 dBm
Sensitivity Low
Noise LN:
< 105 dBm for 112
MHz to 118 MHz
< 107 dBm for 118
MHz to 144 MHz
< 105 dBm for 144
MHz to 156 MHz
(S+N)/N = 10 dB
weighted ITU-T,
mod. depth 30 %,
AF = 1 kHz
Sensitivity Low
Distortion LD:
< 99 dBm for 112
MHz to 118 MHz
< 101 dBm for 118
MHz to 144 MHz
< 99 dBm for 144
MHz to 156 MHz
(S+N)/N = 10 dB
weighted ITU-T,
mod. depth 30 %,
AF = 1 kHz

Contact
X8.1

Remarks
112 to 155.991666 MHz
Sensitivity LN/LD
configurable via software

X8.2

Ethernet LAN Remote Control X9\Ethernet LAN Remote Control X9 "Radio".doc

6.9

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

6.2.9

Interface Description

Ethernet LAN Remote Control X9

10 pins modular jack


Compatible to RJ-45 (8 pins) cable
2

Fig. 6.9
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

Ethernet LAN remote control X9.


I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

Remarks

N.C.

X9.1

N.C.

ETH_TX+

O D Acc. to 100 base TX

X9.2

RJ-458 pin 1

ETH_TX

O D Acc. to 100 base TX

X9.3

RJ-458 pin 2

ETH_RX+

D Acc. to 100 base TX

X9.4

RJ-458 pin 3

ETH_Common

Matched to 75 AC

X9.5

RJ-458 pin 4

ETH_Common

Matched to 75 AC

X9.6

RJ-458 pin 5

ETH_RX

D Acc. to 100 base TX

X9.7

RJ-458 pin 6

ETH_Common

Matched to 75 AC

X9.8

RJ-458 pin 7

ETH_Common

Matched to 75 AC

X9.9

RJ-458 pin 8

N.C.

X9.10

N.C.

RX Audio Basic X10\RX Audio Basic X10 "Radio".doc

6.2.10

RX Audio Basic X10

10 pins modular jack


1

Fig. 6.10
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

RX audio basic X10.

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

AF_TX_INBAND_A

AUDIO_RX_A

O A Nominal

6166.5368.02.01

10

A (Reserved)

6.10

Contact

Remarks

X10.1

(Reserved)

X10.2

For 60 % AM mod. depth

Interface Description

R&S XU 4200

Entry in column D (direction): O = Output


Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

Remarks

AUDIO_RX_B

O A 0 dBm 1.5 dB
X10.3
into 600
30 to +10 dBm
settable via software
300 to 3400 Hz
600 15 % balanced
RX-ALC switchable
for modulation depth
30 to 90 %

Audio transformer min.


500 V isolation to ground

/TEST_OC

O D Low = no error
Open collector =
request for
main/standby
switchover
Open collector
Ri = 10
limited to max. 6.8 V

X10.4

TEST_OC signal
generated by NOGO logic
on backplane

GND

B P

X10.5

V_OP_SW

O P 0 V/19 to 32 V
Inactive: 0 V
Active: 19 to 32 V
Switched supply
Reverse current safe

X10.6

Operational voltage
switched
Max. 1 A for external
antenna relays
Note: Maximum current in
sum with X5.6, X7.1/X7.2,
and X11.1/X11.2
Corresponds to VOP LED
on front panel

*OFF

D Low (external contact


against ground)
= device off
High (or open) = on
Internal pull-up 10 k
to 3.3 V, limited to
max. 6.8 V

X10.7

Hardware input for


activating/deactivating
transceiver module

SQ+

O D Relays contact
between SQ+ and
O D
SQ
Closed = RX signal
level above
SQ threshold
Open = no RX signal
max. 0.2 A

X10.8

Differential voltage over


68 V between SQ+ and
SQ will be clipped
Corresponds to SQ LED
on front panel

SQ

AF_TX_INBAND_B

A (Reserved)

X10.9

X10.10

(Reserved)

RX Audio Extended X11\RX Audio Extended X11 "Radio".doc

6.11

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

6.2.11

Interface Description

RX Audio Extended X11

DSUB female (15 pins)


1

15
Fig. 6.11
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

RX audio extended X11.

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

Remarks

+28 V

O P 19 to 32 V

X11.1

+28 V

O P

X11.2

GND

B P Ground

X11.3

GND

B P Ground

X11.4

EXT_RSSI

X11.5

USER_OUT1

O D Ri = 220
CMOS 3.3 V

X11.6

/AF_INHIBIT

X11.7

Mute RX audio

RSSI

O A 0 to 5 V
corresponds to
120 to +10 dBm

X11.8

Received signal strength


indication

GND

X11.9

SER_CONTR_TXD_A

O D (Reserved)

X11.10

SER_CONTR_TXD_B

O D

X11.11

SER_CONTR_RXD_A

X11.12

SER_CONTR_RXD_B

X11.13

6166.5368.02.01

P 0 to 5 V
limited to max . 6.8 V
RL= 18 k

D Contact against
ground (low) =
inhibit RX audio
Internal pull-up 10 k
to 3.3 V, limited to
max. 6.8 V

6.12

DC supply for external


filter (external device)
Max. 2 A (peak 4 A)
protected PTC
Note: Maximum current in
sum with X5.6, X7.1/X7.2,
and X10.6

Input of the External RSSI


signal (for Main/Standby
switchover based on RSSI)

(Reserved)

Interface Description

R&S XU 4200

Entry in column D (direction): O = Output


Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

USER_OUT2

O D Ri = 220
CMOS 3.3 V

X11.14

USER_IN

X11.15

D Contact against
GND = active
Internal pull-up 10 k
to 3.3 V, limited to
max. 6.8 V

Remarks

If "User Contact Warning"


is enabled and the input
USER_IN (X11.15) is
"high" (e.g. input open),
the radio will send a
USER CONTACT
WARNING 0430 to the
remote control system.
If "User Contact Warning"
is enabled and the input
USER_IN (X11.15) is
"low" (input connected to
GND), no warning will be
send to the remote control
system.
Note: If "User Contact
Warning" is disabled, no
warning will be send to the
remote control system.

Host Interface Port X12\Host Interface Port X12 "Radio".doc

6.2.12

RS-422 Host Interface Port X12 (Reserved)

RS-422 Host interface port (EIA-530)


DCE configurated DSUB female (25pins)

Fig. 6.12

ATTENTION

RS-422 Host interface port X12 (reserved).

Reserved connector.
Do not connect any signal to connector X12.
The radio may be damaged if any signal is connected.

Communication Data Connector X13\Communication Data Connector X13 "Radio".doc

6.13

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

6.2.13

Interface Description

RX E1 Communication Data Connector X13

10 pins modular jack

10

RX E1 Communication data connector X13.

Fig. 6.13

Entry in column D (direction): O = Output


Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

N.C.

RX1_RING

RX1_TIP

S
TX1_RING

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

Remarks

X13.1

Not connected

X13.2

Receive input negative

X13.3

Receive input positive

P Shielding/GND

X13.4

Receive ground

O D 2Mbits TDM/120
Mark
O D balanced: 3.0 Vp
Space
balanced: 0 Vp
+/ 0.3 V

X13.5

Transmit output negative

X13.6

Transmit output positive

P Shielding/GND

X13.7

Transmit ground

N.C.

X13.8

Not connected

N.C.

X13.9

Not connected

N.C.

X13.10

Not connected

TX1_TIP

D 2Mbits TDM/120
Mark
D balanced: 3.0 Vp
Space
balanced: 0 Vp
+/0.3 V

Communication Data Connector X14\Communication Data Connector X14 "Radio".doc

6166.5368.02.01

6.14

Interface Description

6.2.14

R&S XU 4200

TX E1 Communication Data Connector X14

10 pins modular jack

10

TX E1 Communication data connector X14.

Fig. 6.14

Entry in column D (direction): O = Output


Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

N.C.

RX1_RING

RX1_TIP

S
TX1_RING

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

Remarks

X14.1

Not connected

X14.2

Receive input negative

X14.3

Receive input positive

P Shielding/GND

X14.4

Receive ground

O D 2Mbits TDM/120
Mark
O D balanced: 3.0 Vp
Space
balanced: 0 Vp
+/ 0.3 V

X14.5

Transmit output negative

X14.6

Transmit output positive

P Shielding/GND

X14.7

Transmit ground

N.C.

X14.8

Not connected

N.C.

X14.9

Not connected

N.C.

X14.10

Not connected

TX1_TIP

D 2Mbits TDM/120
Mark
D balanced: 3.0 Vp
Space
balanced: 0 Vp
+/ 0.3 V

6.15

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

6.2.15

Interface Description

USB Device Connector X20

USB-B-S-S-B-TH (4 pins)

Fig. 6.15
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description

USB device connector X20.


I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

P 5V

Contact

Remarks

USB_PWR

X20.1

USB

B D According to USB
specification 1.1.

X20.2

USB data minus

USB+

B D According to USB
specification 1.1.

X20.3

USB data plus

GND

X20.4

Headset connector X21\Headset connector X21 "Radio".doc

6166.5368.02.01

6.16

Interface Description

6.2.16

R&S XU 4200

Headset Connector X21

MDN-S-07-F-S (7 pins)

Fig. 6.16
Entry in column D (direction): O = Output
Entry in column T (type):
A = Analog

Signal description
AF_HEADPHONES+

Headset connector X21.

I = Input
D = Digital

D T

B = Bi-directional
P = Power

Range

Contact

Remarks

X21.1

AF_HEADPHONES

O A 0 V to 1 Vrms into
150 load min.
O A
Volume controllable
via potentiometer

D_MICROPHONE_IN

X21.3

D_MICROPHONE_GND

V_MICROPHONE_IN

A 100 mV 20 dB
Input Impedance
330
DC 8 V 10 %
Automatic level
controlled (ALC)

X21.5

Electret microphone

/PTT_LOCAL

A Contact against GND


= transmit

X21.6

Push-To-Talk input

GND

B P

X21.7

Return from PTT

SHIELD

B P

Connector
shield

Cable shielding

A 1 mV 20 dB
A Input impedance
200
Automatic level
controlled (ALC)

Earphones output

X21.2

Dynamic microphone

X21.8

WB X22\WB X22 "Radio".doc


Headphone connector X23\Headphone connector X23 "Name".doc

6.17

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

6.3

Remote Control Commands

Remote Control Commands

List of Remote Control Commands\List of Remote Control Commands "Radio".doc

The radio can be remotely controlled and monitored via its IP-interface.
Remote control is possible either via SNMP or the Rohde & Schwarz
GB2PP protocol and specified in a separate interface control document
(ICD).
The commands on the LAN interface between the radio and a VDL ground
computer are specified in a separate ICD.
Please contact your sales representative to obtain the ICD or MIB
documents.

6166.5368.02.01

6.18

Index

R&S XU 4200

Last Page of Chapter 6\\Last Page of Chapter 6 "Radio".doc

Index

7.1

Index
Device Standby .................................................3.73
DHCP ................................................................3.23
Display...............................................................3.31
Boot...............................................................3.31
Main menu ....................................................3.33
Standard operating display ...........................3.32
Volume control ..............................................3.34
Display settings .................................................3.34

A
AC
LED ...............................................................3.35
ACARS ..............................................................3.87
Accessories ........................................................ 1.6
ACTIV (display).........................................3.32, 3.39
Activation ...........................................................3.73
Activation (menu)...............................................3.39
ACTive device ...................................................3.73
AGC...................................................................3.15
ALC....................................................................3.15
AM (display).......................................................3.32
Application .......................................................... 1.1
Audio delay........................................................3.70
Auto (Activation) ................................................3.73

E
E1 Interface .......................................................3.94
Enable SNMP ....................................................3.19
ENTER key (description) ...................................3.28
Entry ..................................................................3.27
Entering numeric parameters ........................3.41
Selection .......................................................3.40
Toggling ........................................................3.39
Errors...................................................................4.4
ESC key (description)........................................3.28
ETSI ...........................................................2.9, 3.87
Event log .............................................................4.4
Explanation..........................................................1.1
EXT_RSSI .........................................................6.12
External automatic filter .....................................3.79
External power amplifier ...........................3.97, 3.99
EXTERNAL VOLTAGES (menu) .......................3.50

B
Basis cabling ...................................................... 2.5
Best signal selection ..........................................3.90
Blank panel...................................................2.3, 2.4
Block diagram ..................................................... 1.4
Boot display .......................................................3.31
Brightness..........................................................3.34

C
Cabling
Front............................................................... 2.8
CARR (LED) ......................................................3.35
CBIT state........................................................... 4.4
CBIT STATUS
Display ..........................................................3.32
Menu ....................................................3.51, 3.52
CBIT type configuration .....................................3.25
Check
Cabling ........................................................... 4.1
CBIT state ...................................................... 4.3
LED state ....................................................... 4.2
Checking (Unit) ................................................... 2.2
Configuration (Main/Standby) ............................3.73
CONFIGURATION (menu) ................................3.55
Configuring ......................................................... 3.9
Connectors ......................................................... 6.1
Contrast .............................................................3.34
Control
Front view....................................................... 3.2
Mode .............................................................. 3.5
Rear view ....................................................... 3.3
Control elements................................................. 3.2
Cursor keys (description)...................................3.27

F
Features ..............................................................1.1
Filter ..................................................................3.79
Fixed session.......................................................3.6
Frequency (setting)............................................3.41
FREQUENCY BLOCK (menu)...........................3.62
Front
Cabling ............................................................2.8
View ................................................................3.2
Function
Description (structure) .....................................1.5
Keys (assignment) ........................................3.42
Test ...............................................................2.10

G
General data........................................................1.6
GO (LED) ..........................................................3.35

H
Headset (connection) ..........................................2.8

I
ICAO..................................................................3.43
INACTIV (display).....................................3.32, 3.39
INACTive device................................................3.73
In-Band..............................................................3.82
PTT ...............................................................3.83
RSSI..............................................................3.83
SQ.................................................................3.83
In-Band signaling...............................................3.82
Index....................................................................7.1
Indication via LEDs............................................3.35

D
DC
LED ...............................................................3.35
Default, instrument settings ................................ 3.9
Design ................................................................ 1.3
Device 1.............................................................3.73
Device 2.............................................................3.73
Device Main .......................................................3.73

7.1

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

Index

Inputs.................................................................. 6.1
Inspection
Cabling ........................................................... 4.1
CBIT state ...................................................... 4.3
LED state ....................................................... 4.2
Installation
Blank panel ..............................................2.3, 2.4
Instrument
Functions.......................................................3.42
Settings (factory) ............................................ 3.9
Interface description
Mechanical ..................................................... 2.9
Interfaces............................................................ 6.1
E1..................................................................3.94
LAN ...............................................................3.72
USB................................................................ 3.4
INVENTORY (menu) .........................................3.53
IP ADDRESS (menu).........................................3.56

TEMPERATURE ...........................................3.49
TIME/DATE ...................................................3.46
TX MODULATION DEPTH............................3.68
TX PARAMETER ..........................................3.47
Update ........................................................3.112
VoIP ............................................................3.105
MENU key (description).....................................3.28
MOD (LED)........................................................3.35
Mode
Local ...............................................................3.7
Not controlled ..................................................3.5
Remote ...........................................................3.6
Service ............................................................3.8
Monitoring session...............................................3.5

N
None (control mode)............................................3.5
Normal (RF Power)............................................3.40
Numeric keys (description) ................................3.27

Key assignment .................................................3.42


Keypad ..............................................................3.27
Keys
Cursor keys ...................................................3.27
ENTER key....................................................3.28
ESC key ........................................................3.28
LOC key ........................................................3.30
MENU key .....................................................3.28
Numeric keys.................................................3.27
SQ key ..........................................................3.29
LAN....................................................................3.72
LEDs (indication) ...............................................3.35
LOC (control mode) ............................................ 3.7
LOC key (description) ........................................3.30
Local mode ........................................................3.25
Low (RF Power).................................................3.40

OCXO..................................................................5.2
OFF (Activation) ................................................3.73
On (Activation)...................................................3.73
Operating display...............................................3.32
Operation
Configuring......................................................3.9
Local .............................................................3.25
Manual ..........................................................3.26
Operation (Main/Standby) .................................3.73
OPERATION (menu) .........................................3.43
OPTIONS (menu) ..............................................3.69
OPTIONS(menu) ...............................................3.69
E1..................................................................3.69
GS.................................................................3.69
OCXO ...........................................................3.69
VoIP ..............................................................3.69
Outputs................................................................6.1

MAIN..................................................................3.42
Main menu display.............................................3.33
Main/Standby operation.....................................3.73
Maintenance
Cleaning ......................................................... 5.4
Fan ................................................................. 5.3
Malfunction ......................................................... 4.1
MEASUREMENT (menu) ..................................3.46
Menu
AUDIO DELAY ..............................................3.70
Calling and changing.....................................3.36
CBIT STATUS ......................................3.51, 3.52
CONFIGURATION ........................................3.55
Display ..........................................................3.33
DISPLAY SETTINGS ....................................3.63
FREQUENCY BLOCK...................................3.62
INVENTORY .................................................3.53
IP ADDRESS.................................................3.56
MAIN .............................................................3.42
MEASUREMENT ..........................................3.46
OPERATION .................................................3.43
OPTIONS ......................................................3.69
Overview .......................................................3.42
RX PARAMETER ..........................................3.48
Software download......................................3.112
SUPPLY ........................................................3.49

Parameter entry
Direct.............................................................3.38
Numeric entry................................................3.41
Selection .......................................................3.40
Toggling ........................................................3.39
Personnel, required .............................................1.2
Preparation for use ..............................................2.1
PTT (display) .....................................................3.38
Putting into operation...........................................2.1

6166.5368.02.01

R
R&S Filter ..........................................................3.80
Radio restart ......................................................4.23
Rear
View ................................................................3.3
REM (remote mode) ...................................3.6, 3.72
Remote control .........................................3.72, 6.18
Remote update ................................................3.112
Required
Personnel ........................................................1.2
Restart...............................................................4.23
RF Power (menu) ..............................................3.40
RS-422 ..............................................................6.13
RSSI ..................................................................3.83
RSSI Output ..................................................3.84
RX PARAMETER (menu) ..................................3.48

7.2

Index

R&S XU 4200

RX THRESHOLDS Menu ..................................3.66

V
VDL Mode 2 ....................................................3.102
VoIP.................................................................3.105
ATM ............................................................3.105
Audio communication..................................3.109
Audio connection.........................................3.108
Connections ................................................3.108
Endpoints ....................................................3.109
R2S .............................................................3.105
RTP.............................................................3.108
SDP.............................................................3.109
Session connection .....................................3.108
Session initiation .........................................3.109
SIP ..............................................................3.109
UA ...............................................................3.109
URI..............................................................3.109
User agent...................................................3.109
VoIP ACL ....................................................3.109
Volume control...................................................3.34
VOP (LED) ........................................................3.35
VSWR (LED) .....................................................3.35

S
Safety
Precautions .................................................... 2.1
SC (display) .......................................................3.32
Screen
Boot display...................................................3.31
Layout ...........................................................3.31
Main menu ....................................................3.33
Standard operating display............................3.32
Volume control ..............................................3.34
SERVICE (control mode)..............................3.8, 3.9
Setting
Entering numeric parameters ........................3.41
Selecting settings ..........................................3.40
Selection of instrument functions...................3.38
Toggling ........................................................3.39
SNMP Communication string.............................3.19
Software download ..........................................3.112
SQ
Key ................................................................3.29
LED ...............................................................3.35
Standby (Main/Standby) ....................................3.73
Structure ............................................................. 1.4
SUPPLY (menu) ................................................3.49

W
Warnings .............................................................4.4

X
X1 ........................................................................6.1
X10 ...........................................................3.83, 6.10
X11 ....................................................................6.12
X12 ....................................................................6.13
X13 ....................................................................6.14
X14 ....................................................................6.15
X2 ........................................................................6.2
X20 ....................................................................6.16
X21 ....................................................................6.17
X3 ........................................................................6.3
X4 ........................................................................6.3
X5 ........................................................................6.4
X6 ........................................................................6.6
X7 ........................................................................6.7
X8 ........................................................................6.9
X9 ......................................................................6.10

T
TCXO.................................................................. 5.1
Technical data .................................................... 6.1
Telsa filter ..........................................................3.79
TEMPERATURE (menu) ...................................3.49
TIME/DATE (menu) ...........................................3.46
TONE (display) ..................................................3.38
Troubleshooting .................................................. 4.4
TX PARAMETER (menu) ..................................3.47

U
Unpacking (Unit) ................................................. 2.2
Update .............................................................3.112
USB ..............................................................2.8, 3.9
Last Page of Chapter 7\\Last Page of Chapter 7 "Radio".doc

7.3

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

6166.5368.02.01

Index

7.4

Appendix

R&S XU 4200

Appendix

8.1

Appendix
General Data
Specifications
Accessories
Fuses
Mechanical Interface Description

8.1

6166.5368.02.01

R&S XU 4200

6166.5368.02.01

Appendix

8.2