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Islamic Revival

"Thoughts are the greatest wealth of any nation."


SATURDAY, OCTOBER 18, 2014

The Fikrah (thought) and the Tareeqah (method)


The following is a translation from the archives.
The Tareeqah represents the Ahkaam Ash-Shar'iyah which explains the manner of
implementing the Aqeedah and the manner of implementing the Ahkaam Ash-Shar'iyah.
Allah (swt) has commanded Imaan in Waajib Al-Wujood (whose existence is obligatory)
and He is Allah, and Imaan in the Prophethood of Muhammad (saw) whilst He (swt)
forbade apostatizing from Islaam and commanded carrying the Islamic Da'wah to the
world. Therefore the Ahkaam (rulings) which explain the manner of implementing these
commands and prohibitions are from the Tareeqah (method) and they include for
example the ruling for the Murtadd (apostate), the Ahkaam of Al-Jihaad and the Ahkaam
relating to the Arab Mushrikeen (polytheists) and non-Arabs etc And Allah (swt) has
commanded chastity whilst forbidding Zinaa (fornication and adultery), and He has
commanded the protection of the private property and forbidden thievery (as-Saraqah),
and He (swt) has commanded the preservation of human life and forbidden killing it. The
explanation of the manner of implementing these commands and prohibitions is from the
Tareeqah and this is like the Hadd (prescribed punishment) for Zinaa, and for Saraqah
(thievery) and the killing of the killer etc
Allah (swt) has commanded the establishment of a Khalifah and He has prohibited for
the Muslims to refrain from establishing the Khalifah for more than three days. He (swt)
has commanded the establishment of Judges to settle the disputes and commanded the
taking care of the people's affairs whilst He (swt) has forbidden acts of injustice
(Mazhaalim) and forbidden deceit in trade, monopoly and oppression. The Ahkaam that
explain the manner of implementing these commands and prohibitions are from the
Tareeqah and they include the Ahkaam of trade, the Ahkaam of judiciary, the Ahkaam of
the Bait-ul-Maal (treasury), the Ahkaam of (dealing with) acts of injustice and the
Ahkaam of Hisbah (affairs related to the public well-being) etc

Also Allah (swt) has commanding the feeding of the Fuqaraa and Masaakeen
(impoverished and poor) and has forbidden for anyone to go to sleep whilst being
hungry and the rules that explain the manner of how the money or wealth is provided to
the poor and preventing them from going to sleep whilst hungry are from the rules of
the Tareeqah. These include for example the Ahkaam of Nafaqaat (spending on others),
the Ahkaam of Az-Zakaah and the Ahkaam of those who have a right upon the Bait-ulMaal etc
As such every Hukm (ruling) that explains the manner of implementing a command from
the commands of Allah Ta'Aalaa or a prohibition from His prohibitions is from the
Tareeqah. Therefore it should not be asked what the Daleel evidence) for the Talab AlJaazim (decisive request i.e. obligation) from the Shaari' (legislator) for the obligation of
adhering to the Tareeqah is. This is because the Daleel (evidence) for it is the (same)
Daleel that guides to the obligation of abiding by and adhering to the Ahkaam AshShar'iyah which is well known. This is like His statement (swt):





So no and by your Lord they do not believe until the make you the judge between them
in all that which they dispute about amongst them and then they find within themselves
no resistance to what you have judged and submit with complete submission (An-Nisaa
65).
And His speech (swt):










And whatsoever the Messenger brings to you take it and whatever he forbids you from
abstain from it and fear Allah, verily Allah is severe in punishment (Al-Hashr).
These are two from amongst many other well-known evidences related to this issue.

Allah (swt) did not reveal the Ahkaam Ash-Shar'iyah to treat the problems whilst leaving
the human to implement these rulings in the way that he sees fit. So He (swt) did not
say don't steal, don't commit Zinaa, don't consume the property of others and do not
drink Khamr for example and then just leave man to implement these rules. Rather He
(swt) don't steal and then provided rules that explain the manner of implementing that
prohibition and these include the Ahkaam of Saraqah, An-Nahab, As-Salab and AlGhasab (different types of taking property without right). Allah (swt) explained all of the
necessary rulings for the implementation of these Ahkaam and He did not leave man
with the right to put down any ruling, whether related to the provision of solutions and
treatments to problems or related to the manner of implementing these treatments.
Rather He (swt) explained and made them all clear for man.
Islaam is therefore a Fikrah (thought) and a Tareeqah (method). The Fikrah is the
Aqeedah and the Ahkaam which explain the treatment of the problems of life. These
include for example believing in the validity and applicability of Islaam, the belief in the
Kitaab and the Sunnah and the belief in the corruption of Kufr and so on. They also
include the like of the Ahkaam of trade, the Ahkaam of marriage, the Ahkaam of renting
and leasing, and the Ahkaam of Salaah and so on. As for the Tareeqah (method), then it
is represented in the Ahkaam which explain the manner of implementing the Fikrah
(thought), in other words the manner of implementing the Aqeedah and the manner of
implementing the Ahkaam Ash-Shar'iyah like the Ahkaam of Al-Jihaad, Ghanaa'im (spoils
of war), Fa'i (booty) and the Ahkaam of the apostate (Mutadd) for example. They also
include the like of the Ahkaam of Al-'Uqoobaat (punishments) like the Hudood, AlJanaayaat and At-Ta'zeer, or the rules related to the Imaamah (leadership) like the rules
related to judges and Hisbah, and the Ahkaam related to Da'wah, accounting the Rulers,
ordering the Ma'roof and forbidding the Munkar and so on.
As such adhering to and abiding by the Tareeqah is Fard whilst not abiding by it is a sin.
If it is not abided by and another method is adopted whilst believing that the (Islamic)
Tareeqah is not valid or applicable, then this action would be Kufr (disbelief) and may
refuge be sought in Allah from that. If the person did not abide by the Ahkaam of Islaam
in their quality as the Tareeqah for the implementation whilst not believing in their
suitability and validity like the cutting of the hand of the Saariq (thief) for instance, then
he would have disbelieved. However if he did not abide by them due to laziness, neglect
or in conformity to what is present or similar to this, then his action would be a Ma'siyah
(sinful act of disobedience). It is from this perspective that the judgments of the rulers
and judges are measured in respect to them being acts of disobedience of disbelief as
the rule and judiciary are from the rules of the Tareeqah. So the judge who rules that
the thief should be imprisoned instead of cutting his hand then the issue is examined.

If he passed this judgement due to not believing that the cutting of the hand of the thief
was valid and applicable then he would have disbelieved and apostatized from Islaam
but if he did it to full in line with the wishes of the ruler whilst still believing in the validity
of the Hukm of cutting the hand of the thief and its applicability, then in this case he
would be someone who is disobedient and each case he would be sinful. The same
applies also to the Hukaam (rulers).
Therefore abiding by the Tareeqah, i.e. the Ahkaam which explain the manner of
implementing the Ahkaam is a matter which has reached the severity that Allah (swt)
has stated in the Noble Aayah:


So no and by your Lord they do not believe until they go to you for judgement (Al-Hashr)
The seriousness has reached the level that the one who does not believe in the Tareeqah
has disbelieved and may Allah's refuge be sought from that.
26th Jumaadaa Al-Uolaa 1383
14/09/1963
Posted by Islamic Revival at Saturday, October 18, 2014
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Labels: Concepts, Khilafah