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SIMILITUDE

INFINITIVE

INFINITIVE = SIMPLE PAST beat (bit)

SIMPLE PAST

PAST PARTICIPLE

beat (bit)

beaten (bitn)

became (bikim)

become (bikm)

come (km)

came (kem)

come (km)

run (ran)

ran (ren)

run (ran)

abide (abid)

abode (abud)

abode (abud)

awake (auik)

awoke (auuk)

awoke (auuk)

bend (bend)

bent (bent)

bent (bent)

bind (bind)

bound (bund)

bound (bund)

bleed (bl:d)

bled (bled)

bled (bled)

breed (br:d)

bred (bred)

bred (bred)

bring (bring)

brought (brot)

brought (brot)

build (bilt)

built (bilt)

built (bilt)

burn (bern)

burnt (bernt)

burnt (bernt)

buy (bi)

bought (bot)

bought (bot)

catch (kach)

caught (kot)

caught (kot)

creep (kr:p)

crept (krept)

crept (krept)

deal (d:l)

dealt (delt)

dealt (delt)

dig (dig)

dug (dag)

dug (dag)

feed (f:d)

fed (fed)

fed (fed)

feel (f:l)

felt (felt)

felt (felt)

fight (fit)

fought (f:t)

fought (f:t)

SIMPLE PAST = PAST PARTICIPLE

SIMPLE PAST = PAST PARTICIPLE

IN
FI
N

IT
IV

PA
S

PA
RT
IC

IP
LE

become (bikm)

SIMPLE
SIMPLE PAST = PAST PARTICIPLE

found (fand)

found (fund)

flee (fl:)

fled (fled)

fled (fled)

fling (fln:)

flung (flang)

flung (flang)

grind (grind)

ground (grund)

ground (grund)

hang (jng)

hung (jng)

hung (jng)

have (jev) [have/has]

had (jad)

had (jad)

hear (jar)

heard (jerd)

heard (jerd)

hold (juld)

held (jeld)

held (jeld)

keep (k:p)

kept (kept)

kept (kept)

kneel (n:l)

knelt (nelt)

knelt (nelt)

lead (l:d)

led (led)

led (led)

lend (lend)

lent (lent)

lent (lent)

learn (lrn)

learnt (lernt)

learnt (lernt)

leave (l:v)

left (left)

left (left)

lose (l:s)

lost (lost)

lost (lost)

make (mik)

made (mid)

made (mid)

mean (m:n)

meant (ment)

meant (ment)

meet (m:t)

met (met)

met (met)

pay (pi)

paid (ped)

paid (ped)

say (si)

said (sed)

said (sed)

seek (s:k)

sought (sot)

sought (sot)

sell (sel)

sold (suld)

sold (suld)

send (send)

sent (sent)

sent (sent)

shine (shin)

shone (shun)

shone (shun)

shoot (sh:t)

shot (shot)

shot (shot)

sit (sit)

sat (sat)

sat (sat)

sleep (slp)

slept (slpt)

slept (slpt)

slide (slid)

slid (slid)

slid (slid)

sling (sling)

slung (slang)

slung (slang)

PAST PARTICIPLE

SIMPLE PAST = PAST PARTICIPLE

find (find)

SIMPLE PAST = PAST PARTICIPLE


SIMPLE PAST = PAST PARTICIPLE
Only a vowel varies
thing changes

smell (smel)

smelt (smelt)

smelt (smelt)

spin (spin)

spun (span)

spun (span)

stand (stand)

stood (st:d)

stood (st:d)

stick (stik)

stuck (stak)

stuck (stak)

sting (sting)

stung (stang)

stung (stang)

stride (strid)

strode (strud)

strode (strud)

strike (strik)

struck (strak)

struck (strak)

sweep (su:p)

swept (supt)

swept (supt)

teach (tch)

taught (tot)

taught (tot)

tell (tel)

told (told)

told (told)

think (zink)

thought (zot)

thought (zot)

understand (anderstnd) understood (anderstd)

understood (anderstd)

weep (w:p)

wept (wpt)

wept (wpt)

win (un)

won (un)

won (un)

wind (uind)

wound (uund)

wound (uund)

wring (ring)

wrung (rang)

wrung (rang)

begin (bigun)

began (bign)

begun (bign)

drink (drink)

drank (drnk)

drunk (drank)

ring (ring)

rang (reng)

rung (rang)

shrink (shrink)

shrank (shrenk)

shrunk (shrank)

sing (sing)

sang (seng)

sung (sang)

sink (sink)

sank (senk)

sunk (sank)

swim (sum)

swam (sum)

swum (sum)

bet (bet)

bet (bet)

bet (bet)

cost (kost)

cut (kat)

cut (kat)

cut (kat)

hit (jit)

hit (jit)

hit (jit)

put (put)

put (put)

put (put)

read (rid)

read (red)

read (red)

shut (shat)

shut (shat)

shut (shat)

spend (spend)

spent (spent)

spent (spent)

Others

arise (aris)

arose (arus)

arisen (arsn)

Nothing changes

cost (kost)

be (bi) [am/are/is]

was/were (us/ur)

been (bin)

bite (bit)

bit (bit)

bitten (btn)

blow (blu)

blew (blu)

blown (blun)

break (brik)

broke (bruk)

broken (brukn)

choose (chus)

chose (chos)

chosen (chsn)

do (d) [does]

did (dd)

done (dn)

draw (dr:)

drew (dr)

drawn (drn)

drive (driv)

drove (druv)

driven (drvn)

eat (:t)

ate (et)

eaten (tn)

fall (fol)

fell (fel)

fallen (flen)

fly (fli)

flew (flu)

flown (fln)

forget (forgut)

forgot (forgt)

forgotten (forgtn)

freeze (fr:s)

froze (frus)

frozen (frusn)

get (gut)

got (got)

got/gotten (got/gotn)

Others

Others

Others

Others

- Nothing
Others
changes

cost (kost)

Others

gave (guiv)

given (guvn)

go (gu)

went (unt)

gone (gn)

grow (gru)

grew (gr)

grown (grn)

hide (jid)

hid (jid)

hidden (jdn)

know (nu)

knew (ni)

known (nun)

ride (rid)

rode (rud)

ridden (rdn)

see (s:)

saw (s:)

seen (sin)

shake (shik)

shook (shuk)

shaken (shikn)

show (shu)

showed (shud)

shown (shun)

slay (sli)

slew (sli)

slain (slin)

speak (spik)

spoke (spuk)

spoken (spukn)

steal (stl)

stole (stul)

stolen (stln)

strive (striv)

strove (struv)

striven (strvn)

swear (sua:)

swore (sur)

sworn (surn)

swell (sul)

swelled (suld)

swollen (sulen)

take (tik)

took (tul)

taken (tikn)

tear (ta:)

tore (tor)

torn (torn)

thrive (zriv)

throve (zruv)

thriven (zrvn)

throw (zru)

threw (zru)

thrown (zrun)

tread (tred)

trod (trod)

trodden (trden)

undertake (andertik)

undertook (andertk)

undertaken (andertikn)

undo (and)

undid (andd)

undone (andn)

wake (uik)

woke (uuk)

woken (uukn)

wear (uar)

wore (ur)

worn (urn)

weave (wv)

wove (wov)

woven (wven)

withdraw (uizdr:)

withdrew (uizdr)

withdrawn (uizdrm)

write (rit)

wrote (rut)

written (rtn)

Others

Others

Others

Others

Others

Others

give (guv)

ESPAOL

golpear, latir, batir

llegar a ser

venir

correr

tolerar, soportar
despertarse

doblarse, inclinarse
atar, unir, ligar
sangrar
criar, reproducir/se
traer
construir
quemar
comprar

agarrar
arrastrar, deslizarse

tratar, ocuparse
cavar, excavar

alimentar
sentir
luchar, pelear

encontrar
escapar, huir
arrojar, lanzar

moler

colgar
tener, haber
or
sostener, soportar

guardar, conservar
arrodillarse

guiar, conducir
prestar
aprender
irse, dejar, partir
perder

hacer, fabricar
significar
encontrarse con

pagar

decir
buscar
vender
enviar
brillar, resplandecer
pegar un tiro
sentar/se
dormir
resbalar, deslizar
lanzar con fuerza

oler
girar, hilar
pararse
pinchar, atascarse
picar, arder
dar pasos largos
golpear, sonar
barrer

ensear
decir, contar
pensar, creer

entender, comprender

llorar
ganar
serpentear, enrollar
retorcer, escurrir

comenzar

beber

sonar

encogerse (tamao)
cantar
hundir/se
nadar

apostar en algo

costar
cortar

golpear

poner, colocar

leer

cerrar
gastar, pasar

surgir, plantear

ser, estar
morder/se
soplar, hacer sonar
romper

elegir

hacer
dibujar, atraer
conducir

comer

caer
volar
olvidar
helar, congelar

obtener, conseguir

dar
ir
cultivar, crecer

ocultar, esconder

saber, conocer

cabalgar

ver
agitar, sacudir
mostrar, demostrar
asesinar
hablar
robar
esforzarse
jurar, maldecir
hinchar/se

tomar, llevar
rasgar, arrancar
crecer, prosperar
tirar, arrojar
pisar, aplastar

comprometerse,
emprender
deshacer

despertarse
vestir, usar (ropa)
tejer
retirar/se, extraer
escribir