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ZXG10 iBSC Base Station Controller Technical Manual ZTE CORPORATION ZTE Plaza, Keji Road South, Hi-Tech

ZXG10 iBSC

Base Station Controller

Technical Manual

ZTE CORPORATION ZTE Plaza, Keji Road South, Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Nanshan District, Shenzhen, P. R. China

518057

Tel: (86) 755 26771900

Fax: (86) 755 26772236 URL: http://support.zte.com.cn E-mail: doc@zte.com.cn

800-9830-9830

Version 6.10

LEGAL INFORMATION

Copyright © 2006 ZTE CORPORATION.

The contents of this document are protected by copyright laws and international treaties. Any reproduction or distribution of this document or any portion of this document, in any form by any means, without the prior written consent of ZTE CORPORATION is prohibited. Additionally, the contents of this document are protected by contractual confidentiality obligations.

All company, brand and product names are trade or service marks, or registered trade or service marks, of ZTE CORPORATION or of their respective owners.

This document is provided “as is”, and all express, implied, or statutory warranties, representations or conditions are disclaimed, including without limitation any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title or non-infringement. ZTE CORPORATION and its licensors shall not be liable for damages resulting from the use of or reliance on the information contained herein.

ZTE CORPORATION or its licensors may have current or pending intellectual property rights or applications covering the subject matter of this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license between ZTE CORPORATION and its licensee, the user of this document shall not acquire any license to the subject matter herein.

ZTE CORPORATION reserves the right to upgrade or make technical change to this product without further notice.

Users may visit ZTE technical support website http://ensupport.zte.com.cn to inquire related information.

The ultimate right to interpret this product resides in ZTE CORPORATION.

Revision History

Date

Revision No.

Serial No.

Reason for Revision

Apr. 28, 2008

R1.0

sjzl20081436

First edition

Aug. 19, 2008

R1.1

sjzl20081436

Updated

Sep. 25, 2008

R1.0

sjzl20083710

Updated

ZTE CORPORATION Values Your Comments & Suggestions!

Your opinion is of great value and will help us improve the quality of our product documentation and offer better services to our customers.

Please fax to: (86) 755-26772236; or mail to Technical Delivery Department, ZTE University, Dameisha, Yantian District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, P.R. China 518083.

Thank you for your cooperation!

Document

 

Name

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

 
   

Document Revision

 

Product Version

V6.10

Number

 

R1.0

 

Serial No.

sjzl20083710

 

Equipment

   

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Contents

About this Manual

i

Purpose

i

Intended Audience

i

Prerequisite Skill and Knowledge

i

What is

in This Manual

i

Related Documentation

ii

Conventions

iii

How to Get in Touch

iv

Declaration of RoHS Compliance

v

Chapter 1

1

System Overview

1

System Background

1

Position of iBSC in Network

2

System Features

3

System

Functions

4

Standards Complied

10

Chapter 2

13

System Indices

13

Physical Indices

13

Clock Indices

14

Power Supply Indices

15

Environmental Conditions

15

Reliability Indices

16

Interface Indices

17

Capacity Indices

18

Chapter 3

21

System Architecture

21

Hardware System

21

Shelves

23

Boards

23

Software System

25

Chapter 4

29

Interfaces and Protocols

29

External Interfaces

29

A-Interface

31

Ater Interface (TC is External)

31

Abis

Interface

31

Gb Interface

32

Foreground-Background Interface

32

Protocols

32

Protocols in CS domain

32

Protocols in PS Domain

37

Chapter 5

41

Data Flow Direction

41

System

Clock Signal Flow

41

User Plane Data Flow

42

Control Plane Data Flow

44

Chapter 6

47

Networking Modes and System Configuration

47

Networking Modes

47

Abis Interface Networking Modes

47

A-Interface Networking Mode

51

Ater Interface Networking Mode

51

Gb Interface Networking Mode

51

Operation and Maintenance System Networking

52

System Configuration

55

Cabinet Configuration

55

Shelf Configuration

57

NM Configuration

62

Appendix A

63

Appendix B

69

Figures

69

Tables

71

Index

73

This page is intentionally blank.

About this Manual

Purpose

The purpose of this manual is to introduce the technical specifications and working of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10). In addition, to provide information about the technology involved in the designing of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) system.

Intended Audience

This document is intended for engineers and technicians who perform operation activities on the ZXG10 iBSC Base Station Controller.

Prerequisite Skill and Knowledge

To use this document effectively, users should have a general understanding of wireless telecommunications technology. Familiarity with the following is helpful:

The ZXG10 system and its various components

User Interface on Base Station Controller (BSC)

Local operating procedures

What is in This Manual

This manual contains the following chapters.

TABLE 1 – M ANUAL SUMMARY

Section

Summary

Chapter 1, System Overview

This chapter describes the system background, features, and standards complied in ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) system.

Chapter 2, System Indices

This chapter describes the physical, clock, power, capacity,

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

Section

Summary

 

and interface indices of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10).

Chapter 3, System Architecture

This chapter describes the ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) hardware system, software system, shelves, and boards.

Chapter 4, Interfaces and Protocols

This chapter describes external interfaces and protocols of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10).

Chapter 5, Data Flow Direction

This chapter describes data flows of the control plane and the user plane.

Chapter 6, Networking Modes and System Configuration

This chapter describes about the networking modes and system configuration of ZXG10 iBSC

(V6.10).

Appendix A, Abbreviations

List of abbreviations used in this manual.

Appendix B, Figures and Tables

List of figures and tables included in this manual.

Index

Index of important terms and definition in this manual.

Related Documentation

The following documents are related to this manual:

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Documentation Guide

ZXG10

iBSC

(V6.10)

Base

Station

Controller

Hardware

Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Installation Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Performance Counter Manual Volume I

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Performance Counters Manual Volume II

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller KPI Reference Manual

ZXG10

iBSC

(V6.10)

Base

Station

Maintenance

Manual

(Troubleshooting)

 

ZXG10

iBSC

(V6.10)

Base

Station

Maintenance

Manual

(Emergency Maintenance)

 

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Maintenance Manual (Routine Maintenance)

About this Manual

About this Manual

ZXG10 BSS (V6.10) Base Station Subsystem Alarm Handling Manual

ZXG10 BSS (V6.10) Base Station Subsystem Notification Handling Manual

Conventions

Typographical

ZTE documents employ the following typographical conventions.

Conventions

 

TABLE 2 – TYPOGRAPHICAL CONVENTIONS

Typeface

 

Meaning

Italics

 

References to other Manuals and documents.

“Quotes”

 

Links on screens.

Bold

 

Menus, menu options, function-names, input fields, radio button names, check boxes, drop- down lists, dialog box names, window names.

CAPS

 

Keys on the keyboard and buttons on screens and company name.

Constant width

Text that you type, program code, files and directory names.

[

]

Optional parameters.

{ }

Mandatory parameters.

|

Select one of the parameters that are delimited by it.

  Note: Provides additional information about a certain topic.
 

Note: Provides additional information about a certain topic.

  Checkpoint: Indicates that a particular step needs to be checked before proceeding further.
 

Checkpoint: Indicates that a particular step needs to be checked before proceeding further.

  Tip: Indicates a suggestion or hint to make things easier or more productive for
 

Tip: Indicates a suggestion or hint to make things easier or more productive for the reader.

Mouse

TABLE 3 – MOUSE OPERATION CONVENTIONS

Operation

   

Conventions

Typeface

Meaning

Click

Refers to clicking the primary mouse button (usually the left mouse button) once.

Double-click

Refers to quickly clicking the primary mouse button (usually the left mouse button) twice.

Right-click

Refers to clicking the secondary mouse button (usually the right mouse button) once.

Drag

Refers to pressing and holding a mouse button and moving the mouse.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

How to Get in Touch

The following sections provide information on how to obtain support for the documentation and the software.

Customer

If you have problems, questions, comments, or suggestions

Support

regarding your product, contact us by e-mail at

Documentation

support@zte.com.cn. You can also call our customer support center at (86) 755 26771900 and (86) 800-9830-9830.

Support

ZTE welcomes your comments and suggestions on the quality and usefulness of this document. For further questions, comments, or suggestions on the documentation, you can contact us by e-mail at doc@zte.com.cn; or you can fax your comments and suggestions to (86) 755 26772236. You can also browse our website at http://support.zte.com.cn, which contains various interesting subjects like documentation, knowledge base, forum, and service request.

Declaration of RoHS Compliance

To minimize the environmental impact and take more responsibility to the earth we live, this document shall serve as formal declaration that the ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller manufactured by ZTE CORPORATION is in compliance with the Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament - RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances) with respect to the following substances:

Lead (Pb)

Mercury (Hg)

Cadmium (Cd)

Hexavalent Chromium (Cr(VI))

PolyBrominated Biphenyls (PBB’s)

PolyBrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE’s)

The usage of the above substances in ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) is explained in Table 4.

TABLE 4 – USAGE EXPLANATION OF THE HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES IN ZXG10

IBSC (V6.10)

Names of Parts

Hazardous substances

 

Pb

Hg

Cd

Cr(VI)

PBB’s

PBDE’s

System

×

0

0

0

0

0

Cables and Assembly

0

0

0

0

0

0

Auxiliary Equipment

×

×

×

×

×

×

Table Explanation:

0: The usage of the substance in all of the components is less than the allowed values given by 2002/95/EC standard.

×: The usage of the substance in at least one of the components is beyond the allowed values given by 2002/95/EC standard.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

The ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller manufactured by ZTE CORPORATION meet the requirements of EU 2002/95/EC; however, some assemblies are customized to client specifications. Addition of specialized, customer-specified materials or processes which do not meet the requirements of EU 2002/95/EC may negate RoHS compliance of the assembly. To guarantee compliance of the assembly, the need for compliant product must be communicated to ZTE CORPORATION in written form.

This declaration is issued based on our current level of knowledge. Since conditions of use are outside our control, ZTE CORPORATION makes no warranties, express or implied, and assumes no liability in connection with the use of this information.

Chapter 1

System Overview

This chapter contains following topics:

System Background

Position of iBSC in Network

System Features

System Functions

Standards Complied

System Background

Future Usage

The idea of developing ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) is to improve the capacity and make it compatible with 3G networks in the future.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) is highly integrated system and has five times more capacity than ZXG10-BSC (2.96). It provides E1 and Fast Ethernet based Abis interface, which is a new feature.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) is a part of GERAN (GSM/EDGE Ground Radio Access Network), which includes one or more BSS.

Structure of iBSC is based on the hardware structure of ZXWR RNC (WCDMA Radio Network Controller).

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) can be upgraded in future to support and work together with WCDMA. It can work as an intermediate BSC between the GSM and WCDMA networks. Following features of GERAN and iBSC can be provided in future:

To provide smooth access to mobile subscribers from GSM/EDGE network to UMTS.

GERAN can be accepted into the network system of UMTS, and provides the same service as UMTS network to end users, including various services such as session, streaming, and interactivity.

The connection of GERAN with CN (Core Network) through A/Gb/Iu interfaces.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

The connection of iBSC with the WCDMA RNC through Iur-g interface.

Position of iBSC in Network

When TC is internal, the position of iBSC in the network is shown in Figure 1.

FIGURE 1 – POSITION OF IBSC IN THE NETWORK (TC IS INTERNAL)

P OSITION OF I BSC IN THE N ETWORK (TC IS I NTERNAL ) When TC

When TC is external, the position of iBSC in the network is shown in Figure 2.

FIGURE 2 – POSITION OF IBSC IN THE NETWORK (TC IS EXTERNAL)

GERAN BSS Iur-g Um Ater MS A BTS iTC Gb MS iBSC GSM/ UMTS Core
GERAN
BSS
Iur-g
Um
Ater
MS
A
BTS
iTC
Gb
MS
iBSC
GSM/ UMTS Core Network
BTS
Iu
BSS
Iur-g
UTRAN
RNC
Chapter 1 - System Overview

Chapter 1 - System Overview

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) is a part of GERAN (the GSM EDGE Radio Access Network). GERAN includes one or multiple BSS, and one BSS consists of one BSC and one or multiple BTS. BSC is connected with BTS via Abis interface, and BSC-BSC, BSC-RNC are connected with each other via Iur-g interface.

If TC is internal, GERAN is connected with GSM/UMTS Core Network via A/Gb/Iu interface. GERAN has two working modes:

A/Gb mode and Iu mode and can work in these two modes at the same time. In this case, the 2G MS uses A/Gb working mode, the working mode used by the MS supporting Iu mode depends on GERAN and MS together.

System Features

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) is the high capacity base station controller developed by ZTE cooperation independently, and the following are the main features:

All IP hardware platform

ZXG10 iBSC employs the all IP hardware platform the same as the 3G products of ZTE Corporation. The hardware platform based on all IP ensures powerful PS service support capability and facilitates to realize IP Abis interface and IP Gb interface.

High capacity and strong processing capability

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) supports maximum 1536 sites and 3072 carriers with strong processing capability. High capacity and strong processing capability can reduce the complexity of networking, improve network quality and save the investment on equipment room.

Standard A interface

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) provides completely open A interface to ensure the interconnection of the equipment from different vendors.

Modularization, easy capacity expansion

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) employs modularized design, which facilitates the capacity expansion. Smooth expansion can be realized by module overlay.

Flexible networking mode

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) supports star, link, tree and ring networking of Abis interface, and also supports transmission equipment such as E1, satellite, microwave and optical fiber.

High integration and low power consumption

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) is highly integrated and occupies less area, which saves the investment in the equipment room.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) has low overall power consumption, which reduces the operator’s investment on auxiliary power and air conditioning.

High reliability

The key components of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) employs 1+1 redundancy backup, which increases the system reliability.

System Functions

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) supports the service functions of base station controller in GSM Phase II and Phase II+ standards. Its main functions are as follows:

Supports GSM 900, GSM 850, GSM 1800 and GSM 1900

network.

Supports the base station management functions in the standard. It can manage the hybrid access of ZXG10 BTS series products.

Connects with OMC by foreground/background interface to realize the operation and maintenance management of BSS.

Supports various types of services.

i.

Circuit Voice Services

Full rate voice service

Advanced full rate voice service

Half rate voice service

AMR voice service

AMR is one of the voice coding algorithms with variable rate. It adjusts the voice coding rate automatically according to the C/I value to ensure the best voice quality under different C/I.

According to the protocol, there are 8 AMR-FR voice coding rates. ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) supports all 8 modes. And there are 5 AMR-HR voice coding rates (7.4 kbps, 6.7 kbps, 5.9 kbps, 5.15 kbps, 4.75 kbps), all supported by ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10).

ii.

Circuit Data Services

14.4 kbps full rate data service

9.6 kbps full rate data service

4.8 kbps full rate data service

2.4 kbps full rate data service

iii. Short Message Service, Chinese SMS supported

Point to point SMS in case that MS is the called party

Point to point SMS in case that MS is the calling party

Chapter 1 - System Overview

Chapter 1 - System Overview

Cell broadcast service from SMS center or OMC

iv. GPRS Service

At present, main services available are point to point interactive telecommunication services, such as access database, session service, Tele-action service and so on.

v. EDGE Service

Supports channel management, including ground channel management, service channel management and control channel management.

Ground channel management

It includes the ground channel management between MSC and BSC, the ground channel management between BSC and BTS and the channel management between BSC and SGSN.

Service channel management includes channel allocation, link monitoring, channel release, and function control determination.

Available channels: FCCH, SCH, BCCH, PCH, AGCH, RACH, SDCCH, SACCH, FACCH, PACCH, PAGCH, PBCCH, PCCCH, PPCH, PRACH, and PTCCH.

Supports frequency hopping

 

Supports DTX and VAD

Supports various handover types

 

Supports

synchronous

handover,

non-synchronous

 

handover and pseudo-synchronous handover.

 

Supports the handover intra 900 MHZ frequency band, 1800 MHZ frequency band and between 900 MHZ and 1800 MHZ frequency band.

Handles handover measurement and switch over.

Supports the handover originated by network since service or interference management.

Supports the handover between the channels with different voice coding rate.

Supports the handover when using DTX.

 

Supports the handover caused by traffic.

Supports the concentric ring handover based on carrier- to-interference ratio.

Supports 6-level static power control and 15-level dynamic power control of MS and BTS. Supports fast power control based on reception quality.

Supports overload and flow control

 

iBSC is able to locate and analyze the overload, and send the cause to the background. If the traffic is too heavy, control

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

the flow at A interface, Abis interface, and/or Gb interface to reduce the flow and guarantee maximum network utilization.

Supports call-reestablishment when radio link is faulty

iBSC supports call queuing and forced call release during assignment and handover.

High end user preferential access

High end user preferential access, also called high priority user preferential access or EMLPP. It is used to divide the users into different priorities, and allocate the channel resource to the users according to the priority. The higher the priority of the user is, the easier to access the network.

Supports Co-BCCH.

Co-BCCH is usually used in dual-frequency common cell. Dual-frequency common cell is a cell that supports the carriers of two frequency bands, and the carriers of different carrier bands share one BCCH.

Co-BCCH networking has the following advantages:

Save one BCCH time slot

Configure the 1800 MHz carrier directly in 900 MHz cell. There is no need to change the original cell adjacent relation, re-arrange network, and no need to consider the reselection and handover between the dual-frequency cell with common site.

Supports dynamic HR channel conversion

ZXG10 iBSC supports dynamic HR channel conversion. System is able to adjust HR/FR channel dynamically according to the traffic, and realize the conversion between HR/FR channels automatically.

Supports flow control

Flow control is a method to protect the system. It controls the overload by limiting some services to ensure that the system runs normally.

Supports dynamic radio channel allocation

ZXG10 iBSC supports the dynamic allocation of CS and PS channels.

In dynamic radio channel allocation, the logic type of radio channel is generated according to the current call type rather than configured at background NM. The advantage of dynamic radio channel is that it uses the radio resource the best according to the service type.

ZXG10 iBSC allocates the channel according to various factors, such as channel rate selection, carrier priority, interference band, the channel allocation in intra-cell handover, allocation of reservation channel, and the selection of sub-cell channel.

Chapter 1 - System Overview

Chapter 1 - System Overview

Supports voice version selection

ZXG10 iBSC provides the function of setting prior voice version; one prior voice version can be set for full rate and half rate channel. Full rate voice version is one of version I (FR), version II (EFR) and version III (AMR); half rate voice rate voice version is one of version I (HR) and version III (AMR).

Supports 3 digits network number

ZXG10 iBSC supports 3 digits network number. The current network number can be set as 2 or 3 digits. It interprets the MNC in the received signaling message at A interface and Gb interface, confirms the MNC format in the transmitted signaling, and confirms the MNC format in the broadcast message at Um interface according to the network number.

Supports the handover between 2G/3G system

Support handover from 3G to 2G in CS service

Support handover from 2G to 3G in CS service

Supports full dynamic Abis

Full dynamic Abis is that the corresponding relation of radio channel and Abis transmission channel is not generated in OMC, but is configured dynamically in service process. Dynamic Abis is to provide more bandwidth in case the Abis transmission bandwidth is fixed.

Supports coding control

Compared with GPRS, the measurement report of EDGE is improved a lot. The EDGE measurement is based on each pulse, which means the measurement is performed by the granularity of Burst.

The fast measurement of EDGE makes the network is able to respond the change of the radio environment rapidly so that it can select the most proper coding mode and carry out power control.

In downlink direction, iBSC supports selecting the coding mode by time slot and by TBF.

In uplink direction, iBSC selects the uplink TBF coding mode according to the measurement parameters of the uplink channel reported by BTS.

Supports retransmission

In packet service, the negative feedback is employed to control the retransmission, which means that the transmitter finds out the packets that are not received correctly by the receiver according to the bitmap fed back from the receiver, then determines if to retransmit the corresponding packet.

In GPRS, the packet data is retransmitted in original transmission coding mode, for example, the block transmitted in CS4 coding is retransmitted in CS4 mode.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

In EDGE, there are two new retransmission methods:

segmentation and reassembly, and incremental redundancy.

Optimization of packet channel allocation algorithm

ZXG10 iBSC supports the multiple time slot ability of the MS. It allocates GPRS TBF or EDGE TBF to the MS according to the different GPRS/EDGE availability of MS.

When ZXG10 iBSC allocates the PDTCH channel to the MS, it selects the carrier with lower load first; after selecting the carrier, it selects the most proper PDTCH channel combination in the carrier according to the MS requirement.

Supports satellite Abis and satellite Gb

There is a bi-directional time delay about 540 ms, which impacts the GRPS and EDGE services a lot. ZXB10 iBSC eliminates this impact as much as possible and ensures that the GPRS and EDGE services run normally.

Supports various interfaces

ZXG10 iBSC supports STM-1 interface, Fast Ethernet (FE) interface, and E1 interface.

Supports UMTS QoS

After the GSM network evolves into GERAN, operators can provide more powerful services for users due to the high- speed packet data transmission brought by EDGE. These services include conversational service, stream media service, and interactive service. ZXG10 iBSC supports various service quality requirements of different services, i.e. QoS.

Supports extended uplink dynamic TBF

Before the extended uplink dynamic allocation is applied in GPRS system, the number of uplink channels available for uplink TBF is always less than the number of occupied downlink channels. ZXG10 iBSC supports the extended uplink dynamic TBF and realizes that the number of uplink channels is larger than the number of downlink channels, which better satisfies the service requirement.

Supports multi-signaling-point connection

According to the ITU-T specification, the maximum number of signaling links between two signaling points is 16, and the maximum number of circuits is 4096. With the development of mobile network, the number of users increases greatly. The maximum number of signaling links and the maximum number of circuits can not satisfy the on-site service requirement.

ZXG10 iBSC adopts the unified 3G platform to support multi- signaling-point connection. In other words, one iBSC can connect multiple MSCs.

Supports intelligent power-off

Chapter 1 - System Overview

Chapter 1 - System Overview

When the system performance data reaches the threshold value for power-on/off, ZXG10 iBSC sends message to notify BTS to perform the power-on/off operation.

Supports TFO

Tandem Free operation (TFO) refers to the following process:

After a call is established, the two Transcoders (TC) perform in-band negotiation for the Codec used, to avoid unnecessary voice coding conversion at the sending end and the receiving end during the call process.

TFO improves the voice quality and reduces the transmission delay.

Supports transparent channel

The transparent channel realizes transparent data transmission between a timeslot of E1 at one end’s interface and that at the other end’s interface.

If E1 cables at the two ends of the transparent channel are in the same shelf, this function can be realized by the circuit switching of UIMU of the shelf.

If E1 cables at the two ends of the transparent channel are in different shelves, this function is realized by transparent data forwarding through DSP (the DSP is used to process user plane data).

ZXG10 iBSC supports the following transparent channels:

The transparent channel between Abis interface and A- interface

The transparent channel between Abis interface and Abis interface

The transparent channel between A-interface and A- interface

The transparent channel between Abis interface and Ater interface (if TC is remote)

Supports EGPRS and GPRS channel scheduling

Take GPRS MS for example. The channel scheduling process is as follows:

Allocate the GPRS channel for GPRS MS first. If the EGPRS channel is idle and the GPRS channel load is heavy, the GPRS MS can be allocated with EGPRS channel. If the EGPRS channel load becomes heavy or the GPRS channel is idle, the GPRS MS can migrate to the GPRS channel.

Supports Dual Transfer Mode (DTM)

ZXG10 iBSC supports the Dual Transfer Mode (DTM). ZXG10 iBSC can perform CS/PS service simultaneously under A/Gb mode.

Supports user tracing function

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC realizes single-user signaling-tracing function according to user’s identification IMSI, TMSI, or TLLI.

Supports PS paging coordination

ZXG10 iBSC supports PS paging coordination, that is, under the packet transmission state, iBSC can make MS intercept the circuit paging message.

Standards Complied

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) development standards are given below:

3GPP 23.060 – General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) – Service description – Stage 2 (Release 5) – version V5.10.0

3GPP 44.160 – General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) – Mobile Station (MS) – Base Station System (BSS) interface – Radio Link Control/Medium Access Control (RLC/MAC)protocol Iu mode(Release 5) – version V5.8.0

3GPP 43.051 – Radio Access Network – Overall description – Stage 2 – (Release 5) –version V5.10.0

3GPP 23.221 – Technical Specification Group Services and System Aspects – Architectural requirements(Release 5) – version V5.11.0

3GPP 23.236 – Intra-domain connection of Radio Access Network (RAN) nodes to multiple Core Network (CN) nodes (Release 5) – version V5.3.0

3GPP 24.008 – Mobile radio interface Layer 3 specification – Core network protocols – Stage 3(Release 5) – V5.13.0

3GPP 25.323 – Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP) specification (Release 5) – Version V5.4.0

3GPP 48.016 – General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) – Base Station System (BSS) – Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) interface – Network service – Version V5.4.0

3GPP 48.018 – General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) – Base Station System (BSS) – Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN)

BSS GPRS protocol (BSSGP) – version V5.13.0

3GPP 44.018 - Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification – Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol (Release 5) – version

 

V5.20.0

3GPP 44.060 – General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) – Mobile Station (MS) – Base Station System (BSS) interface – Radio Link Control/Medium Access Control (RLC/MAC) protocol(Release 5) – version V5.10.0

3GPP 44.118 – Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification – Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol – Iu Mode (Release 6)

– version V6.4.1

Chapter 1 - System Overview

Chapter 1 - System Overview

3GPP 44.008 – Technical Specification Group GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network – Radio subsystem link control (Release 5) – version V5.19.0

3GPP 43.130 – Iur-g interface – Stage 2 – version V5.0.0

3GPP 23.271 – Functional stage 2 description of Location Services (LCS) – version V5.13.0

3GPP 45.002 – Multiplexing and multiple access on the radio path – version V5.13.0

3GPP 43.059 – Functional stage 2 description of Location Services (LCS) in GERAN – version V5.5.0

3GPP 49.031 – Location Services (LCS) – Base Station System Application Part LCS Extension (BSSAP-LE) – version

V5.4.0

3GPP 48.071 - Location Services (LCS); Serving Mobile Location Centre - Base Station System (SMLC-BSS) interface; Layer 3 specification – version V5.1.0

3GPP 44.031 - Location Services (LCS); Mobile Station (MS) - Serving Mobile Location Centre (SMLC) Radio Resource LCS Protocol (RRLP) – version V5.13.0

3GPP 44.071 - Location Services (LCS); Mobile Radio Interface Layer 3 LCS Specification – version V5.0.1

3GPP 48.008 – Mobile Switching Centre – Base Station System(MSC-BSS) interface – Layer 3 specification(Release 5) – version V5.12.0

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

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Chapter 2

System Indices

This chapter contains following topics:

Physical Indices

Clock Indices

Power Supply Indices

Environmental Conditions

Reliability Indices

Interface Indices

Capacity Indices

Physical Indices

Size

Physical structure of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) is the same as ZXWR RNC. Structure of ZXG10 iBSC cabinet is shown in Figure 3.

Excluding left & right side door panel: H X W X D = 2000 mm X

600 mm X 800 mm

Including left & right side door panel: H X W X D = 2000 mm X

650 mm X 800 mm

right side door panel: H X W X D = 2000 mm X 650 mm X

Note:

Outline dimension for whole cabinet: 2000 mm X 600 mm X 800

mm (H X W X D), width for single side panel is 25 mm.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

FIGURE 3 – PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF ZXG10 IBSC (V6.10)

Overall Weight

HYSICAL S TRUCTURE OF ZXG10 I BSC (V6.10) Overall Weight Table 5 describes the weight of

Table 5 describes the weight of ZXG1 iBSC (V6.10) equipment and load bearing capacity of equipment room floor.

TABLE 5 – WEIGHT OF IBSC CABINET

Weight

Weight of a single cabinet

350 kg

Clock Indices

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) clock indices are given in Table 6.

TABLE 6 – CLOCK INDICES OF ZXG10 IBSC (V6.10)

Index

Value

Clock level

Level 3 class-A clock

Minimum clock accuracy

±4.6 × 10 -6

Pull-in range

±4.6 × 10 -6

Maximum

frequency

2×10 -8 /day

deviation

Chapter 2 - System Indices

Chapter 2 - System Indices

Index

Value

Maximum initial frequency deviation

1 × 10 -8

Clock working mode

 

Fast pull-in, trace, hold, and free run

Clock

synchronization

External clock synchronization, extracting from the line clock

mode

 

2MBITS

2

Clock

   

synchronization

interfaces

2 MHz

2

   

Line

8

 

kbps

2

Power Supply Indices

Power Supply

Table 7 describes the power supply ranges for ZXG10 iBSC

Range

(V6.10).

TABLE 7 – POWER SUPPLY RANGE

 

Power Supply Range

Rated input voltage

-48 V DC

 

Voltage fluctuation range

-57 V DC ~ - 40 V DC

Power

Consumptions

Table 8 describes the power consumptions of ZXG10 iBSC

(V6.10).

Index

 

TABLE 8 – POWER CONSUMPTION OF ZXG10 IBSC (V6.10)

Power Consumption

Power consumption of fully- configured single cabinet

2360

W

Power consumption of fully- configured dual-cabinet

5360

W

Environmental Conditions

Grounding

The ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) cabinet can be upper-grounded or lower-grounded.

Requirements

Table 9 describes ZXG10 iBSC grounding indices:

TABLE 9 – GROUNDING REQUIREMENTS OF ZXG10 IBSC (V6.10)

Index

Range

Cabinet grounding resistance

0.1 Ω ~ 0.3 Ω

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

Index

Range

Equipment room grounding resistance

< 1 Ω

Temperature

and Humidity

Requirements

Table 10 describes the temperature and humidity requirements.

TABLE 10 – TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY REQUIREMENTS FOR IBSC(V6.10)

Requirement

Range

Operating

Long-term operating temperature: 0˚ C ~ 40˚C

temperature

Short-term operating temperature: -5˚C ~ 45˚C

Relative

Relative humidity for long-term operation: 20% ~

humidity

90%

Relative humidity for short-term operation: 5% ~

95%

Air Pollution

Requirements

Air inside the equipment room must be free of magneto- conductive, conductive, and corrosive gases that may corrode metallic parts and degrade insulation. Table 11 describes the air pollution requirements of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10).

TABLE 11 – AIR POLLUTION AND ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE REQUIREMENTS

Requirement

 

Range

Density

of

dust

particles

with

a

3×10 4 grains/m 3

diameter larger than 5 µm

 

Reliability Indices

Reliability indices of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) are shown in Table 12.

TABLE 12 – RELIABILITY INDICES OF ZG10 IBSC (V6.10)

Index

Value

Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF)

100,000 hours

Mean Time To Repair (MTTR)

30 minutes

System restart time

<10 minutes

Chapter 2 - System Indices

Chapter 2 - System Indices

Interface Indices

A-Interface

The A-interface connects MSC. A-interface uses the following media:

Index

E1 link

STM-1 link

 

Table 13 describes the A-interface index for internal TC. The A- interface connects MSC.

TABLE 13 – A-INTERFACE INDEX (FOR INTERNAL TC)

   

Maximum Capacity

Index

Single Cabinet

Dual Cabinet

A-

E1

224

672

interface

STM-1

4

12

Ater Interface

The Ater interface connects iTC. Ater interface uses the following media:

Index

E1 link

STM-1 link

 

Table 14 describes the Ater interface index for external TC. The Ater interface connects iTC.

TABLE 14 – ATER INTERFACE INDEX (FOR EXTERNAL TC)

   

Maximum Capacity

Index

Single Cabinet

Dual Cabinet

Ater

E1

64

192

interface

STM-1

1

3

Abis Interface

Abis interface uses following media:

 

Index

E1 link

Fast Ethernet (FE) link

The Abis interface connects BTS. Table 15 interface index.

TABLE 15 – ABIS INTERFACE INDEX

describes the Abis

 

Maximum Capacity

Index

Single Cabinet

Dual Cabinet

Abis

E1

208

624

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual
 

Maximum Capacity

Index

Single Cabinet

Dual Cabinet

interface

FE + E1

4 FE + 104 E1

12 FE + 312 E1

FE

4

12

Gb Interface

Index

Gb interface uses the following media:

E1 link

FE link

The Gb interface connects SGSN. Table 16 describes the Gb- interface index.

TABLE 16 – GB INTERFACE INDEX

 

Maximum Capacity

Index

Single Cabinet

Dual Cabinet

 

A-interface

32

Mbps

96 Mbps

Gb

interface

adopts E1

     

flow

A-interface

   

(Mbps)

adopts

32

Mbps

160 Mbps

STM-1

 

Foreground- Foreground-background interface uses the following media:

Background

Interface

Index

FE link

Capacity Indices

Table 17 describes the capacity index of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) configuration.

TABLE 17 – CAPACITY INDEX OF ZXG10 IBSC (V6.10)

Index

Maximum Capacity

A-Interface

E1

672

STM-1

12

Abis Interface

E1

624

FE + E1

12

FE + 312 E1

FE

12

Ater Interface

E1

192

STM-1

3

Gb Interface

A-interface adopts

96

Mbps

Chapter 2 - System Indices

Chapter 2 - System Indices

Index

Maximum Capacity

 

E1

 

A-interface adopts

160 Mbps

STM-1

Number of No.7 link

64 kbps link

16

2 Mbps No.7 link

16

Number of Carriers

3072

Number of Sites

1536

BHCA

4200 K

Traffic

15000 Erlang

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

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Chapter 3

System Architecture

This chapter explains the following topics:

System Composition

Hardware System

Shelves

Boards

Software System

System Composition

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) works smoothly in the GSM system and is compatible to all parts of GSM network. It consists of the hardware system and software system.

The hardware system contains the cabinet, shelves, and boards. The software system includes the foreground software and the background software.

Hardware System

Overview

Figure 4 shows the structure of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) hardware system.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

FIGURE 4 – ZXG10 IBSC (V6.10) HARDWARE SYSTEM DIAGRAM

ZXG10 iBSC Processing unit 处理单元 接 交 TC 单元 TC unit 入 换 BTS 单
ZXG10 iBSC
Processing unit
处理单元
接 交
TC 单元
TC unit
入 换
BTS
单 单
元 元
Z
E T
操作维护单元
O&M unit
Peripheral device
MSC
外围设备监控单元
monitoring unit
Power, Fan
电源、风扇
SGSN

Logically, ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) consists of six units:

Access unit

 

This unit provides the following interface access processing for iBSC:

A-interface/Ater interface

 

Abis interface

 

Gb interface

This unit includes:

A-Interface Unit (AIU) (when TC is external, AIU belongs to iTC system, and the Ater interface unit NSMU is added between iBSC and iTC)

Abis Interface Unit (BIU)

 

Gb Interface Unit (GIU)

Switching unit

 

This

unit

provides

a

large-capacity

platform

without

congestion.

 

Processing unit

 

This unit performs upper-level protocol processing for system control plane and user plane.

O&M unit

 

This unit performs management for iBSC system, and provides global configuration data storage and foreground- background interfaces.

Peripheral device monitoring unit

 

This unit performs detecting and alarm for iBSC cabinet power and environment, and detecting and controlling for the cabinet fan.

Chapter 3 - System Architecture

Chapter 3 - System Architecture

TC unit

This unit performs transcoding and rate adaptation. When TC is external, this part is realized by iTC.

Shelves

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) system includes three shelves: control shelf, resource shelf, and packet switching shelf. The functional description of each shelf is given in Table 18.

TABLE 18 – SHELVES DESCRIPTION

Shelf Type

Functions

Control Shelf

Implements the system global operation and maintenance, global clock function, control plane processing, and control plane Ethernet switching functions.

Resource Shelf

Implements the system access and form various common service processing sub-systems.

Packet

 

Switching

Provides non-blocking IP switching platform with large-capacity.

Shelf

Refer to ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Hardware Manual for details about shelves.

Boards

The boards configured in the shelves are classified into front board and back board according to the assembly relation. The front board and back board are inserted in the slot on the backplane. The indicators for board running status are installed on the front board panel. The back board assists the front board to lead out the external signal interface (the optical fiber is led out from front board panel) and debugging port to realize the connection between different shelves on the same rack, between different racks, and between the system and the external NE.

The description of the boards in ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) is given in Table 19.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

TABLE 19 – ZXG10 IBSC (V6.10) BOARDS LIST

   

Board

 

Board

Name

Functions

Function

Name

Corresponding

Rear Board

 

Provide FE interface for iBSC system, there are 4 FE interfaces on each BIPI.

IPBB,

 

BIPI

IPAB,

RMNIC

IPGB

 

CHUB and UIMC/UIMU together control the exchange and convergence of the system internal control plane data.

 

RCHB1

CHUB

CHUB

RCHB2

 

Implement the clock function of iBSC system.

 

RCKG1

CLKG

CLKG

RCKG2

CMP

Implement the service call control management in PS/CS domain, the resource management in sub-layer, such as BSSAP, BSSGP, and system itself.

CMP

-

DTB

Each DTB provides 32 E1 interfaces.

DTB

RDTB

GLI

Provide interface and processing function for the interconnection of each resource shelf.

GLI

-

 

Realize the Abis interface processing, transcoding and rate adaptation.

BIPB

 

GUP

DRTB

-

TIPB

OMP

Implement the system global processing, provide an external FE interface and iOMCR connection; monitor and manage the boards in the system directly or indirectly.

OMP

RMPB

PSN

Implement the exchange of user plane data with large capacity.

PSN

-

SDTB

Provide a standard 155M STM-1 interface.

SDTB

RGIM1

 

Implement the signal processing and external interface function.

SPB,

 

SPB

GIPB,

RSPB

LAPD

SVR

Store some files needed by OMP, and organize these files according to the requirement of OMC.

SVR

RSVB

Chapter 3 - System Architecture

Chapter 3 - System Architecture

   

Board

 

Board

Name

Functions

Function

Name

Corresponding

Rear Board

 

Provide switching plane for control shelf and packet switching unit shelf.

 

RUIM2,

UIMC

UIMC

RUIM3

UIMU

Provide internal platform for resource shelf.

UIMU

RUIM1

UPPB

Implement the PS service processing in A/Gb mode and user plane service processing in Iu mode.

UPPB

-

and user plane service processing in Iu mode. UPPB - Note: Each board has two names:

Note:

Each board has two names: board hardware name and board function name. The board hardware name is the board name, and board function name reflects the function that the board implements after loading the software. The same hardware board can realize a different function by loading different software.

Refer to ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Hardware Manual for details on boards.

Software System

The software system of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) includes foreground software and background software. The foreground software runs on ZXG10 iBSC equipment, and the background software runs on the NM server and client.

The software structure of ZXG10 iBSC is shown in Figure 5.

FIGURE 5 - ZXG10 IBSC SOFTWARE STRUCTURE

iBSC Background NM iBSC设备 后台网管 Equipment TCP/IP Foreground Background 前台软件 后台软件
iBSC
Background NM
iBSC设备
后台网管
Equipment
TCP/IP
Foreground
Background
前台软件
后台软件
Software
Software

Foreground Software

The foreground software system structure of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) is shown in Figure 6.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

FIGURE 6 – FOREGROUND SOFTWARE SYSTEM STRUCTURE

             

RAN用户

系统控制

子系统

SCS

数据库子

系统

DBS

操作维护

子系统

OMS

Signalin

信令子

g Sub-

系统

RAN控制

面子系统

RANC

RAN业务支

RANS

撑子系统

S

面子系统

RANU

RANU

SCS

DBS

OMS

system

RANC

RANSS

 

承载子

BR

系统

S

BRS

 

操作支撑子系统(OSS

OSS

 

VxWorks

 
 

BSP& DRIVER

 
 

HARDWARE

 

Description of the main parts of software system is as follows:

BSP

BSP subsystem implements the hardware drivers of the whole

Subsystem

system. It shields the upper level software module from the operation details of hardware device, extracts the hardware function and only provides the logic function level of the hardware device to the other software module.

OSS

Operation Support Subsystem (OSS) works above the BSP subsystem and below all other subsystems, it shields the user process from all device driver interfaces. The main tasks of OSS include process communication, file management, device driver and process scheduling.

DBS

Database Subsystem (DBS) works above the OSS. It manages the physical resources of NE, manages the configuration information of services, signaling and protocol, and provides the database access interface to other subsystems.

BRS

Bearer Subsystem (BRS) provides the bearer services of IP and TDM for the service support subsystem, signaling subsystem and OMS, and implements LAPD function and Frame Relay (FR) function.

OMS

Operation & Maintenance Subsystem (OMS) is a foreground realization of OMCR and LMT. It performs following functions:

Performance management

Chapter 3 - System Architecture

Chapter 3 - System Architecture

 

Signal tracing

Performance statistic of radio service

Service alarm, and dynamic observation of service data

SCS

System Control Subsystem (SCS) works above the OSS and DBS. It performs the monitoring, startup, and version download of the whole system.

Signaling

Signaling subsystem works above OSS, DBS, and bearer

Subsystem

subsystem. It realizes the narrow band No. 7 signaling, broadband No. 7 signaling, calling signaling, IP signaling and gateway control signaling, and it provides services to RANC and RANSS.

RANC

RAN Control Plane Subsystem (RANC) performs the following functions:

Implements processing of layer-3 control plane protocols at Um, Abis, A, and Gb interface.

Implements function of calling signaling connection control, including; radio resource management, dynamic channel resource adjustment, load control, acceptance control, handover, and signaling connection management.

RANU

RAN User Plane Subsystem (RANU) performs the following functions:

For the PS in A/Gb mode and Iu mode, it provides data forwarding and scheduling at radio interface, Gb interface, and Iu interface according to the QoS demand.

For CS in A/Gb mode, it provides the TC function on GUP board.

RANSS

RAN Service Support Subsystem (RANSS) provides support to control plane and user plane subsystem and performs the following functions:

Guarantees the proper process of service.

Provides monitoring of various services.

Implements iBSC global processing, including signaling tracing, load control, acceptance control, and performance measurement.

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) Base Station Controller Technical Manual

Background Software

Background software runs on the NM server and client, it is called ZXG10 NetNumen-G and it communicates with iBSC by TCP/IP protocol. The main functions of ZXG10 NetNumen-G are as follows:

Configuration management

Fault management

Performance management

System management

Chapter 4

Interfaces and Protocols

This chapter describes the following topics:

A-interface

Ater Interface

Abis interface

Gb interface

Foreground-Background Interface

Protocols in CS Domain

Protocols in PS Domain

External Interfaces

When TC is internal, the external interfaces of ZXG10 iBSC (V6.10) are shown in Figure 7.