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CRITICAL REGIONALISM

CHARLES CORREA
AN INDIAN ARCHITECT

CONTENTS

R.K A T H I R V E L F I N A L Y E A R
PMU THANJAVUR

B.ARCH 2011 - 2016 SAP

INTRODUCTION

02

CHARLES CORREA - PRINCIPLES


ANALYSIS WITH EXAMPLES
CONCLUSION

03
04-10
11

INTRODUCTION

CRITICAL REGIONALISM

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"How to be modern and to continue the tradition, how to revive an old dormant
civilization as a part of universal civilization."
Paul Ricour

The term critical regionalism was first used by Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre and later more
famously by Kenneth Frampton.
There no critical regionalism without regions.
It is an approach to architecture that strives to counter the placelessness and lack of meaning in
Modern Architecture by using contextual forces to give a sense of place and meaning.

LIST OF CRITICAL REGIONALIST ARCHITECTS

Charles Correa
Tado ando
Alvar Aalto
Geoffrey Bawa
Mario Botta
Raj Rewal
Glen Murcut

Correa

Al v a r Aa l t o

Raj Rewal

Ta d o An d o

CHARLES CORREA - PRINCIPLES

The thing about architecture is that you cannot teach it. You can learn it, but you cannot
teach it. And a good school is a school which makes you passionate about
architecture and that teaches you how to ask questions. [...] If you know how to ask
the right questions, you will develop your own philosophy and your own visual

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vocabulary."
Charles Correa is an influential architect, urban planner, activist and
theoretician credited for the creation of modern architecture in post-Independence
India

Charles Correa, considered one of India's greatest architects, is celebrated for his post-war work in
India in which he connects modernism with local traditions.

AWARDS

RIBA Royal Gold Medal 1984.

Padma Vibhushan (2006) and Padma Shri (1972).

Praemium Imperiale (1994)

7th Aga Khan Award for Architecture for Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly (1998)

Austrian Decoration for Science and Art (2005)

His acclaimed design for McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT was dedicated
recently

PRINCIPLES

Traditional planning concepts


Designing to context
Site responsive
Climate responsive
Material

Open to sky space/ Living with exterior

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ANALYSIS - TRADITIONAL
ONCEPTS

PLANNING

VASTU PURUSHA MANDALA


The Hindu philosophy was among the first to relate the human figure as the basis of a system of
proportion.
The Vastupurashamandala is derived from three separate words each having a specific meaning
where vastu refers to physical environment, purusha refers to energy, power or cosmic being, and
mandala is the diagram or chart.

Vastu chart

Jawahar kala kendra, Jaipur

MODEL OF COSMOS
The stupa at Sanchi is one of the most perfect examples extant in Indian architecture as a model of
the cosmos. Its very form symbolises Mount Meru,the sacred mountain.

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Plan of sanchi stupa


assemblyA

NALYSIS -

Vidhan bavan, State

DESIGNING TO CONTE

XT

SITE TOPOGRAPHY

The site for this art centre is on a gently sloping hill overlooking the lake in Bhopal. The natural
contours of the site has been used to create series of terrace gardens and sunken courtyards.

MAXIMUM ADVANTAGE FROM SITE


Kovalam Beach Resort
India's most beautiful beach resort with stunning view of the beach.

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ANALYSIS - CLIMATE RESPONSIVE

TUBE HOUSE
Tube house concept was designed for areas where the climate is hot dry. Based on this concept
charles correa designed several residence in Ahmadabad.

TUBE HOUSE -KEY CONCEPT


Narrow plan
Cross ventilation
Sloping roofs/Vents
Protecting inner volume from sun(proper shading)
Proper shading
Courtyards

P A R E K H H O U S E, A H M E D A B A D.

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ANALYSIS - CLIMATE RESPONSIVE

COURTYARDS
Introducing courtyards into building is considered as a spiritual act according to Hindu religion in India.
Courtyard is considered as Brama (Hindu God) .
Courtyards bring Sun , Air & Light into the building.
Provides proper ventilation and is suitable for hot dry, warm humid climates to keep the home
comfortable without any air conditioners.
Courtyards are almost inevitable from Charles correa works.

CABLENAGAR TOWNSHIP

ASSEMBLY BUILDING
LA KENDRA

JAWAHARKA

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ANALYSIS - MATERIALS
GHANDHI ASHRAM-AHMEDABAD
Maximum uses locally available materials t great extent.
The modular simplicity o the structure is continued in the use of basic materials stone floors, brick
walls, wooden doors, louvered window devoid of glass and tiled roof.

JAWAHARKALAKENDRA - JAIPUR
The external walls of the building are in red Agra sand stone topped by a coping of beige Dholpur
stone.
On the external surface, the presence of each of planets is expressed by its traditional symbols inlaid
in white marble.

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OPEN TO SKY SPACE /LIVING WITH EXT


ERIOR
"In India, the sky has profoundly affected our relationship to built form, and to open
space. For in a warm climate, the best place to be in the late evenings and in the early
mornings, is outdoors, under the open sky. Such spaces have an infinite number of
variations: one steps out of a room. . . into a verandah. . . And thence on to a terrace
from which one proceeds to an open courtyard, perhaps shaded by a tree . . . or by a
large pergola overhead. At each moment, subtle changes in the quality of light and
ambient air generate feelings within us feelings which are central to our beings."

ELEMENTS FOUND IN CORREA'S WORKS


Courtyards
Deep open terrace (shaded by tree or pergola)
Light shaft

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KHANCHANJUNGA APARTMENT -MUMBAI

CONCLUSION

Correa's works shows how buildings should be designed to the context without maximum involvement
of international style in the building. He may have left us but his works will stay forever. An Indian
architect for a reason.

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