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Due: 1392/7/29

Engineering Electromagnetics

Homework 3

1-An electric dipole with moment p~1 is located at origin and another dipole with moment p~2 is at point ~r.
(a) Derive the expression for the electric field of dipole 1.
(b) Derive a general expression for the force between the two dipoles.
(c) Determine the force on the central dipole caused by the field of the other two dipoles.
p~

p~
d

p~
d

2-() Two point charges +q and q are located on the x-axis at x = a and x = a, respectively. > 0 is an
arbitrary constant:
(a) At which point on the x-axis the electric field is zero? Is the potential minimum or maximum at this point?
(b) Find the equation of equipotential surface in space corresponding to potential V = 0
3-Charge q is uniformly distributed inside a cube of edge a. If V0 is the potential at the center of the cube and
V1 is the potential at a corner of the cube, determine V0 /V1 .
4-Charge is uniformly distributed on a disk of radius a with density S . Calculate the stored electric energy.
5-Four different arrangements of the electric dipole moments of two identical neighboring polar molecules are
shown below. Find the potential energy of each arrangement.
p~

p~
d

6-Two protons and two electrons are located at the corners of a rectangle with side lengths a and b. Consider
the work required to assemble this system of charges by bringing them from infinity. Is it possible for the stored
energy to be positive? If so, what must be b/a? Hint: there are only two possible arrangements of the charges.
7-() Consider three concentric conducting spheres with radius a, b, c where a < b < c.
(a) If the innermost and the outermost spheres are connected to the ground and charge Q is uniformly
distributed over the middle sphere, calculate the electric energy stored in this system.
(b) If the middle sphere is grounded and charges +Q1 and Q2 are distributed on the innermost and outermost
spheres, respectively, calculate the electric energy stored in the system.
8-The principle of an oscilloscope is illustrated in the following figure. The electrons are accelerated and
acquire kinetic energy by drifting through the potential difference Va of the anode before entering the deflecting
plates at velocity v. There, they accelerate upward or downward under the influence of deflecting electric field Ed
which is proportional to deflecting voltage Vd . Assuming that the electron will follow a straight line path until it
impinges on the fluorescent screen, calculate the deflection angle and the position of the electron on the screen
y in terms of x, Ed , Va , m (mass of electron), and e (charge of electron). Assume x d

() Starred problems are not mandatory and will not be marked.

Amir Borji

Sharif University of Technology