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TRAINING REPORT

OF
SIX WEEKS INDUSTRIAL TRAINING, UNDERTAKEN
AT

BHARAT ELECTRONICS LIMITED, Panchkula


SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE DEGREE
OF
BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
IN
ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGG.

Submitted By:
Name: Bhavya Passi
UPT No.: 6476/15
College: ITM University, Gurgaon

Under the Guidance of:


Name: Anish Chauhan
Desig.: Sr. Asstt. Engineer
Department: HRD

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I am highly grateful to Bharat Electronics Limited Panchkula, one of the leading


defence organizations of the nation, for providing me an opportunity to undertake
six weeks training at their manufacturing premises at Panchkula, Haryana. It was a
great learning experience as I was introduced to various aspects of the working of
the organization, the latest state of the art technologies & machines used in the
manufacturing processes. It was wonderful to see the company striving hard to
keep up the national security at par with the rest of the world. I would like to
express my sincerest gratitude towards Mr. Anish Chauhan (Sr. Assistant Engineer)
and Mr. Pankaj Singhal (Manager, Quality Control) and Ms.Sunita for their regular
support and guidance that helped me in successful completion of my six weeks
training.
At the end I would like to thank all the staff members of BEL, Panchkula who
made this training a rich learning experience.

PREFACE

With the on-going revolution in electronic & communication where innovations


are taking at the blink of eye, it is impossible to keep the pace with the emerging
trends. Excellence is an attitude that whole of human race is born with. It is the
environment that makes sure that whether the result of this attitude is visible or
otherwise. A well planned, properly executed and evaluated industrial training
helps a lot in including a professional attitude. It provides a linkage b/w the student
and industry to develop an awareness of industrial approach to problem solving,
based on broad understanding of process and mode of operation of organization.
During this period, the student gets the real experience for working in the actual
industry environment. Most of the theoretical knowledge that has been gained
during the course of their studies is put to test here. Apart from this the student gets
an opportunity to learn the latest technology, which is immensely helps in them in
building their carrier.
I had the opportunity to have a real experience on many ventures, which increased
my sphere of knowledge to great extent. I got a chance to learn many new
technologies and was also interfaced to many instruments.
And all this credit goes to organization Bharat Electronics Ltd.

CONTENTS
1. COMPANY PROFILE
2. MANUFACTURING UNITS
3. PRODUCTS & MARKET OF BEL
4. VISSION, MISSION, VALUES & OBJECTIVES
5. BEL PANCHKULA & ITS PRODUCTS
6. DEPARTMENTS AND FUNCTIONS
6.1 DEVLOPMENT AND ENGINEERING
6.2 MANUFACTURING
6.3 MATERIAL MANAGEMENT
6.4 MARKETING
6.5 QUALITY ASSURANCE
6.6 PLANT & SERVICES
6.7 HUMAN RESOURCE & ADMINISTRATION
6.8 FINANCE & ACCOUNTS
6.9 INFORMATION SYSTEMS
6.10 QUALITY MANAGEMENT

7. DEPARTMENT ALLOTED
8. CONCLUSION

COMPANY PROFILE
Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) is a state-owned electronics company with about nine
factories, and few regional offices in India. It is owned by the Indian Government & primarily
manufactures advanced electronic products for the Indian Armed Forces. BEL is one of the eight
PSUs under Ministry of Defence, Government of India. It has even earned the government's
Navratna status.
Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) was set up at Bangalore, India, by the Government of India
under the Ministry of Defence in 1954 to meet the specialised electronic needs of the Indian
defence services. Over the years, it has grown into a multi-product, multi-technology, multi-unit
company serving the needs of customers in diverse fields in India and abroad. BEL is among an
elite group of public sector undertakings which have been conferred the Navratna status by the
Government of India.
The growth and diversification of BEL over the years mirrors the advances in the electronics
technology, with which BEL has kept pace. Starting with the manufacture of a few
communication equipment in 1956, BEL went on to produce Receiving Valves in 1961,
Germanium Semiconductors in 1962 and Radio Transmitters for AIR in 1964. In 1966, BEL set
up a Radar manufacturing facility for the Army and in-house R&D, which has been nurtured
over the years. Manufacture of Transmitting Tubes, Silicon Devices and Integrated Circuits
started in 1967. The PCB manufacturing facility was established in 1968. In 1970, manufacture
of Black & White TV Picture Tube, X-ray Tube and Microwave Tubes started. The following
year, facilities for manufacture of Integrated Circuits and Hybrid Micro Circuits were set up.
1972 saw BEL manufacturing TV Transmitters for Doordarshan. The following year,
manufacture of Frigate Radars for the Navy began. Under the government's policy of
decentralization and due to strategic reasons, BEL ventured to set up new Units at various
places. The second Unit of BEL was set up at Ghaziabad in 1974 to manufacture Radars and
Tropo communication equipment for the Indian Air Force. The third Unit was established at
Pune in 1979 to manufacture Image Converter and Image Intensifier Tubes. In 1980, BEL's first
overseas office was set up at New York for procurement of components and materials.

In 1981, a manufacturing facility for Magnesium Manganese Dioxide batteries was set up at the
Pune Unit. The Space Electronic Division was set up at Bangalore to support the satellite
programme in 1982. The same year saw BEL achieve a turnover of Rs.100 crores. In 1983, an
ailing Andhra Scientific Company (ASCO) was taken over by BEL as the fourth manufacturing
Unit at Machilipatnam. In 1985, the fifth Unit was set up in Chennai for supply of Tank
Electronics, with proximity to HVF, Avadi. The sixth Unit was set up at Panchkula the same year
to manufacture Military Communication equipment. 1985 also saw BEL manufacturing on a
large scale Low Power TV Transmitters and TVROs for the expansion of Doordarshan's
coverage.
1986 witnessed the setting up of the seventh Unit at Kotdwara to manufacture Switching
Equipment, the eighth Unit to manufacture TV Glass Shell at Taloja (Navi Mumbai) and the
ninth Unit at Hyderabad to manufacture Electronic Warfare Equipment. In 1987, a separate
Naval Equipment Division was set up at Bangalore to give greater focus to Naval projects. The
first Central Research Laboratory was established at Bangalore in 1988 to focus on futuristic
R&D. 1989 saw the manufacture of Telecom Switching and Transmission Systems as also the
setting up of the Mass Manufacturing Facility in Bangalore and the manufacture of the first
batch of 75,000 Electronic Voting Machines.
The agreement for setting up BEL's first Joint Venture Company, BE DELFT, with M/s Delft of
Holland was signed in 1990. Recently this became a subsidiary of BEL with the exit of the
foreign partner and has been renamed BEL Optronic Devices Limited. The second Central
Research Laboratory was established at Ghaziabad in 1992. The first disinvestment (20%) and
listing of the Company's shares in Bangalore and Mumbai Stock Exchanges took place the same
year. BEL Units obtained ISO 9000 certification in 1993-94. The second disinvestment (4.14%)
took place in 1994. In 1996, BEL achieved Rs.1,000 crores turnover.
In 1997, GE BEL, the Joint Venture Company with M/s GE, USA, was formed. In 1998, BEL set up
its second overseas office at Singapore to source components from South East Asia. The year

2000 saw the Bangalore Unit, which had grown very large, being reorganized into Strategic
Business Units (SBUs). There are seven SBUs in Bangalore Unit. The same year, BEL shares
were listed in the National Stock Exchange. In 2002, BEL became the first defence PSU to get
operational Mini Ratna Category I status. In June 2007, BEL was conferred the prestigious

Navratna status based on its consistent performance.

MANUFACTURING UNITS
BEL has a total of nine manufacturing complexes spread throughout the nation with Banglore
being the biggest of them. The details about the different manufacturing units of BEL along
with their product specialities are a s follows:Sr. No.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

COMPLEX
Ghaziabad
Panchkula
Navi Mumabi
Kotdwara
Pune
Hyderabad
Banglore
Machlipatnam
Chennai

STATE
Uttar Pradesh
Haryana
Maharashtra
Uttaranchal
Maharashtra
Andhra Pradesh
Karnatka
Andhra Pradesh
Tamilnadu

In 1954 with a factory of Jallahali, Bharat Electronics grew into nine units, spread all over India.
The locations & products of the units are given below:1. BANGALORE: This is also called BG Complex. Jallahali unit which is the mother unit is
now a part of the BG Complex. This is the biggest unit with approx. 10,000 employees
working here. Among the products here, the important ones are:

Communication equipment

Air & Doordarshan equipment like mobile van for live telecast etc.
Radar-mobile, one dimensional, 3-dimensional & multi-dimensional Radars are
manufactured here. Different range of semi-conductor devices like ICs.

Resistors & black & white color TV picture tube glasses.


ISROs requirements are met at space electronics department at Bangalore. Satellite
launch vehicle was also manufactured here.

2. GHAZIABAD: This is the second unit which was set up in 1974, & approx. 2500
employees working here. Radars & some communication equipment are The products
manufactured here are:

Radars
SATCOM
Microwave components

3. PUNE: To diversify further one more branch was added 1979 & this was in Pune. In
this branch around 700-800 employees are working. The product profile includes:

Image convertor, image intensifier,


X-ray tubes
Batteries
Electro-optics

4. MACHLIPATNAM: There was one Andhra scientific company, which was a sick unit.
This was taken over by BEL & is called ASCO unit in 1983. The products include:

Optical & optoelectronic equipment like binoculars, microscopes


Medical Electronics

5. NAVI MUMBAI: This is an industrial place near Mumbai. This unit makes:

Glass shells for black & white TV picture tubes

Shelters for Electronic Equipment

Train Actuated Warning System

Electronic Equipment Assembly

6. PANCHKULA: Panchkula & Kotdwara were proposed simultaneously by the Government


in 1985. It was proposed to set up one unit each in Haryana & Uttar-Pradesh. But the place in
U.P. for setting up a BEL unit could not be decided while that at Haryana was decided &
hence this unit started earlier. This unit manufactures only tactical communication equipment
like VHF, UHF transceivers etc.
7. KOTDWARA: This is a unit in Garhwal district of Uttaranchal. This unit manufactures
radio relay, multiplex equipments & exchanges etc.
8. CHENNAI: The eight unit of BEL was established in Chennai. This unit manufactures:

Tank related electronic equipments


Optical fire control systems

9. HYDERABAD: This is another unit of BEL which manufactures electronic warfare


equipments.

PRODUCTS & MARKET OF BEL

Bharat Electronics Limited is a major supplier of products and turnkey systems to the
Indian Defence Services. Over the years, BEL has diversified into manufacturing many
civilian products as well. Large turnkey telecommunication solutions are also being
offered to civilian market. BEL has been involved in providing state-of-the-art
communication equipment to the Indian Army, be it hand held mobile radios and
terminals, ground based systems, airborne and even ship borne equipment and systems.
The communication equipment developed here cover HF, VHF, UHF, and V/UHF
frequency bands. The most important project of BEL under the communication
equipment is STARS-V which provides secure mode of data transfer. In STARS-V, the
data to be transferred is first encrypted using a microprocessor which could be read only
by a similar device with same coding. Now the latest technology of frequency hopping is
being implemented which is a very useful tool in making a secure data transfer system.
BEL manufactures a lot of product which is very difficult to list but some of the major
products were as follows:
Integrated circuits and micro circuits
Radars
X-ray tubes and magnetrons
STARS-V
HF & broadcast equipment
SECTEL
ACME MK II
CNR
SPACE GUIDING EQUIPMENTS
HUD
AIRBORNE GPS RECEIVER (UA-429)
LUP
SRAX
TIDEX
SECURE TELEPHONE
SECURE FAX
DOMESTIC MARKET
Sr. No.
PRODUCT
CUSTOMER
Defence Communication
Indian Defence Services , Para -Military Forces
1

Radars & Sonars

Telecommunication

Broadcasting Equipment
and Studio Systems

5
6

Electronic Voting Machine


Solar Products & Systems

Indian Defence Services, Civil Aviation,


Meteorological Department, ISRO
Department of Telecommunication, Para- military
forces, Power Sector, Oil Industry, Railways
All India Radio, Doordarshan, (National Radio & TV
Broadcasters)
Election Commission Of India
Individuals, Private and Government Organizations

7
8

Turnkey Systems, EGovernance Networks


Components

Police, State Governments, Public Sector


Undertakings
All India Radio and Doordarshan the National Radio
& TV Broadcasters, Instrumentation Industry,
Switching Industry, Entertainment Industry,
Telephone Industry.

Exports play a key role in BEL's strategic perspective. A number of International companies are
using the facilities at BEL for contract Manufacturing.. The broad list of products and services
being exported is given below:

2
3
4

EXPORTS/INTERNATIONAL MARKET
PRODUCT
CUSTOMER
Defence Communication equipment and
Botswana, Indonesia, Suriname,
spare parts
Malaysia
Indonesia, Egypt, Switzerland
Radars & Sub-systems
Electronic Warfare products and services
Russia, Brazil
Opto-electronics products
Sri Lanka, Nepal, Israel, South

Semiconductor devices, Microwave Tubes

Africa
Malaysia, Singapore, Turkey,

and Transmitting Tubes

Netherlands, UK, USA, France,

Solar Products & Systems

Hong Kong
Suriname, Germany, Zimbabwe,

7
8

Telecom and SATCOM systems


Radio& TV Broadcasting products and

Botswana, Kenya, Nigeria


Nigeria, Kenya
Nepal, Mauritius

Systems
Electronic Voting Systems

Sri Lanka, Uganda, Malawi, South

Sr. No.
1

10

Vacuum Interrupters

Africa
Malaysia, UAE, Uganda, Turkey,
UK, Azerbaijan

VISION, MISSION, VALUES & OBJECTIVES

Corporate motto
"Quality, Technology and Innovation."
VISION
To be a world-class enterprise in professional electronics.

MISSION
To be a customer focused, globally competitive company in defence electronics
and in other chosen areas of professional electronics, through quality, technology

and innovation.

VALUES
4.
5.
6.
7.

Putting customers first.


Working with transparency, honesty & integrity.
Trusting and respecting individuals.
Fostering team work.

Striving to achieve high employee satisfaction.


Encouraging flexibility & innovation.
Endeavoring to fulfill social responsibilities.
Proud of being a part of the organization

OBJECTIVES
- To be a customer focused company providing state-of-the-art products &
solutions at competitive prices, meeting the demands of quality, delivery &
service.
- To generate internal resources for profitable growth.
- To attain technological leadership in defence electronics through in-house R&D,
partnership with defence/research laboratories & academic institutions.
- To give thrust to exports.
- To create a facilitating environment for people to realize their full potential
through continuous learning & team work.
- To give value for money to customers & create wealth for shareholders.
- To constantly benchmark companys performance with best-in-class
internationally.
- To raise marketing abilities to global standards.
- To strive for self-reliance through indigenization

BEL PANCHKULA & ITS PRODUCTS


Panchkula is a planned city in Panchkula District, Haryana, India. It is a satellite city of the
Union Territory of Chandigarh. The prestigious Chandimandir Cantonment Headquarters of the
Indian Western Command, is also located in Panchkula city. There are five towns in the district
named Panchkula,Barwala Pinjore, Kalka and Raipur Rani. The only Hill station in Haryana
called Morni is also in this District. The estimated population of Panchkula city, in 2006, is
2,00,000. Panchkula and Mohali (in Punjab) are two satellite cities of Chandigarh. These three
cities are collectively known as Chandigarh Tricity. The complex at Panchkula is spread over an
area of 63 acres. It has a total employee strength of 600. It specialises in defence communication
products and has recently started the manufacturing of RADARs also.
Following are some of the important products manufactured by BEL Panchkula:

1. Electronic Voting Machines:The world's largest democracy with 671 million voters went to polls in April - May 2004 and
elected a Government of their choice using the most powerful means of decision making in the
world, The Electronic Voting Machine (EVM). Exclusive use of EVMs across the length and
breadth of a huge country like India came off splendidly and the unparalleled success of this bold
and progressive experiment demonstrated to the rest of the world, the country's technological as
well as grassroots democratic capabilities. About half a million of the EVMs deployed in these
elections were designed, manufactured and delivered by Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL), a
Public Sector Enterprise of the Government of India. Today, the Electronic Voting Machines
have made an easy passage to India's hundreds of thousands of villages. There is widespread
awareness of its reliability and adaptability, so also the political recognition. All these have been
achieved through a series of meticulously planned events like exhaustive training to the polling
officials, mass awareness programmes to educate voters, especially the overwhelming majority
of those who live in the remote villages of India, etc. Technical experts from Bharat Electronics
Ltd. worked untiringly alongside the Indian Election Commission officials offering support and
assistance for these activities and also during the elections, ensuring that the whole process
succeeded and it is remarkable that there have been no problems with the machines worth
speaking about.

The 2004 general elections in India, where millions of voters cast their votes through the
electronic voting machines and the results of which were declared in one single day, was indeed
a landmark success for the application of technology for sustained development of society.

2. STARS-V (Secure Tactical Army Radio System):


STARS-V (Secure Tactical Army Radio System - VHF) is a family of fixed frequency and
frequency hopping radio sets avai lable in 5W and 25W power output configurations. The radios
provide communication in voice clear, voice secure and data modes. They can be controlled
from a remote location upto 2 km. All front panel controls (except ON/OFF) are extended using
2 wire cables to a Remote Control Unit (RCU) at the remote location. Intercom operation
between radio set and RCU is also provided. The radio set can be configured for fully automatic
rebroadcast operation. It is also possible to setup rebroadcast over two wires for voice clear
mode only. External data interface is provided on the front panel to facilitate data
communication with suitable modem. The radios are fully modular in construction. They are
designed to perform in conformance to MIL 461class of EMI/EMC specifications. STARS-V
radios find use in Manpack as well as vehicular applications for providing voice and data
communications in VHF frequency range of 30-88MHz

There is two types of STARS-V:1. MARK I:This is the first stage of STARS-V .This set is heavy and the if any need repair then difficulty to
find out the fault .And the major difference is frequency hopping is not possible. There are two
power mode 5W, 25W and the frequency range only used by army is (30-87.97MHz)
2. MARK II:This is the modified stage of the MARK-I. It is light in weight then the MARK-I. And the major
difference is frequency hopping is possible.it consist of seven modules are given as
A2-Power amplifier A4Receiver card A5Synthesizer Card A11Fequency hoping card A6controller card A7-secure
card A8-display card

3. CNR (Composite Net Radio)

VHF Transrecievers (CNR) is a software controlled frequency hopping radio (Transmitter and
Receiver)in the VHF frequency band of 30 88MHz the design of the radio is based on Digital
Signal Processor (DSP) technology making use of Direct Digital Frequency Synthesis (DDFX).
The radio works in Anti-jam frequency hopping and fixed frequency modes with built-in high
grade digital secrecy. Theradio supports both Voice and Data communication in clear as well as
secure mode.

VHF frequency range of 30 - 88 MHz

2320 channels with 25 KHz spacing

1W/2W/5W/25W power outputs

Different models 250 hops per sec

Specifications Manpack / Vehicular roles


Radio is based on DSP technology Frequency range of 30-88 MHz with 25 KHz channel spacing
Supports 2320 channels with 10 preset channels and 10 hop sets Scan and BITE facility
Automatic re-broadcast facility Direct serial data interface (RS-232C)Modular construction.

4. SECTEL (Secure Telephone)


Secure Telephone is a compact, full duplex digital Subscriber End Secrecy Device (SESD)
providing highest grade of secrecy on normal telephone lines. It replaces subscribers normal
telephone instruments. It can operate over any standard voice channel of telephone networks like
DOT hired mi l trunk single link circuits and STD channels. It operates from 230 V AC mains
using AC-DC adapter. Key management is supported by Fill gun. Speech is digitized using
Linear Predictive Coding(LPC) technique and digitally encrypted by a highly complex crypto
algorithm which ensures highest grade of secrecy. The encrypted speech is transmitted over the
telephone line using a Full Duplex QAS modem. At the receiver end, the encrypted data stream
is demodulated decrypted and the original speech is synthesized. The user can switch between
clear and secure mode during the same call.

5. SECURE UHF HANDHELD RADIO (LUP 291)


High-grade speech secrecy Full duplex transmission in Secure and Clear mode Data rate 2.4
kbps full duplex Memory dialling of 10 stored numbers Multifunction keypad for different
functions Simple connectivity over standard two wire telephone lines 2 x 16 character LCD
display to show the status LUP 291 is a UHF hand held radio with inbuilt high grade digital
secrecy. The radio set is state of the art design, compact and light weight. Interface is
provided for Headgear and Crypto key loading .The operator interface is user friendly with
minimum number of controls. The radio set is provided with helical and magnetic mount
antennas. The radio set has in-built mic and speaker. VOX headgear is also available as optional
accessory for hands free operation. Continuous Tone coded squelches (CTCSS) RF Power
Output: 5W /1 W (selectable). Various programmable features like Scan, CTCSS frequency
selection, Power Save, Password etc. Inbuilt Powerful Diagnosis feature (BITE) TX Inhibit (Sulk
) , Clone , Erase and Whisper facilities7.2 V Primary & Secondary batteries Antennas : Helical
and magnetic mount Complaint to MIL 461 EMI.

6. SEED (Subscriber End Encryption Device)


It is compact, full duplex secrecy deice. Description:
1) SEED Processor card PRGMD
2) Power supply card
3) Battery charger
4) Front

panel

card
Application:1) Execute the application file provided for data communication.
2) Secret comport on which the SEED connected to the pc and the main menu will
be displayed.
1

Go to telephone dairy.

To transmit a file, go to transmit file menu.

7. SMILE (Secure Multi Interface Link Encrypter)


It is a bulk data traffic and radio relay with variable data rates of 64, 128, 256, 384, 512,
1024, 2048 kbps.
Description:1) Mother fillgun
2) Child fillgun
Various card consist of SMILE:
1) PRGMD controller card
2) PSU-card
3) Front panel card
4) V.35 male interface card
5) V.35 female interface card

8. HUD (Head up display)


The projection unit in a typical HUD is an optical collimator setup: a convex lens or concave
mirror with a Cathode Ray Tube, light emitting diode, or liquid crystal display at its focus. This
setup (a design that has been around since the invention of the reflector sight in 1900) produces
an image where the light is parallel i.e. perceived to be at infinity. The combiner is typically an
angled flat piece of glass (a beam splitter) located directly in front of the viewer, that redirects
the projected image from projector in such a way as to see the field of view and the projected
infinity image at the same time.

Combiners may have special coatings that reflect the monochromatic light projected onto it from
the projector unit while allowing all other wavelengths of light to pass through. In some optical
layouts combiners may also have a curved surface to refocus the image from the projector. The
computer provides the interface between the HUD (i.e. the projection unit and the systems/data
to be displayed and generates the imagery and symbols to be displayed by the projection unit.

Generations HUDs are split into four generations reflecting the technology used
to generate the images.

First GenerationUse a CRT to generate an image on a phosphor screen, having the


disadvantage of the phosphor screen coating degrading over time. The majority of HUDs
in operation today are of this type.

Second GenerationUse a solid state light source, for example LED, which is
modulated by an LCD screen to display an image. These systems do not fade or require
the high voltages of first generation systems. These systems are on commercial aircraft.

Third GenerationUse optical waveguides to produce images directly in the combiner


rather than use a projection system.

Fourth GenerationUse a scanning laser to display images and even video imagery on a clear
transparent medium. Newer micro-display imaging technologies are being introduced including
1.

Liquid crystal display (LCD),

2.

Liquid crystal on silicon (LCoS),

3.

Digital micro-mirrors (DMD),

4.

Organic light-emitting diode (OLED).

DEPARTMENTS & FUNCTIONS

BEL Panchkula has different divisions which are further divided into departments-

1. D&E (Development and Engineering)


This is a division which is further divided into departments. They are:

D&E (DEVELOPMENT & ENGINEERING) It is to design the


project, make the modifications to prepare design and related documents.

D&E CRYPTO It is for designing of secure communication.

TIC (Technical Information Centre) TIC is a library for designing purpose.

DRA OFFICE - It is the Drawing office.

STDS (STANDARDS) These are the standards for Drafting,


Design manure, Quality standards.

2.

MFG (MANUFACTURING):

WA (WORK ASSEMBLY) There are different types of work assembly


i.e PCB assembly, Module assembly, Final assembly.

WF (WORK FABRICATION) It is the department for the mechanical


work.

AMF (ADVANCED MANUFACTURING FACILITIES) Advanced machines are used in


the manufacturing of the projects as SMT (Surface Mounted Technology), it is an automatic
system to mount the item on the PCB.

PE (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING) It is for the installation of the new machinery.

PPC (PRODUCTION, PLANNING and CONTROL) In this the work is


planned.

SC (SUB CONTRACT)

3. MM (MATERIAL MANAGEMENT):

It is the management of the materials.

PUR (PURCHASE DEPARTMENT) - This department purchases the materials.

ISM (INTEGRATED STORE MANAGEMENT)

HS (HOLDING STORE) It has different bins that holds items after inspection.

IGS (INCOMING GOODS STORE)

MC (MATERIAL CONTROL)

4. MKTG / PA (MARKETING / PRODUCT ASSURANCE):

MKTG (Marketing Division)

Sales It is to prepare ESO equipment source order.

FGS (FINISH GOODS STORE) After finishing the project it is sent to


FGS for final packing.

TL (Technical Literature) It is the booklet with the project having


instructions.

PR (PUBLIC RELATION) It is the relation with the customers.

TESTING Products are tested by different tests

C TEST (CIPHER TEST) - It is the test for the secrecy.

PS (PRODUCT SUPPORT) It is done after sale services.

SELF CERT (SELF CERTIFICATION) It is the department which visits the place where
work is going on.

5. QA (QUALITY ASSURANCE):
It deals with the quality of the material.

INSP(WA) {INSPECTION IN WORK ASSEMBLY)

INSP(WF) {INSPECTION IN WORK FABRICATION)

R&E (RELIABILITY & EVALUATION) - The materials are checked before giving it

to customers.

6.

P&S (PLANT AND SERVICES):


It is the department for providing the services to company. Services are water supply, electrical
supply, transport, horticulture.

7. HR & A (HUMAN RESOURCES & ADMINISTRATION):

PERSON. (PERSONNEL) In this department the recruitment of employees is done.

ESTD. (ESTABLISHMENT) It is to use manpower in different areas.

MEDICAL Medical facilities are also available.

CRECHE

CANTEEN

WELFARE

8. F&A (FINANCE & ACCOUNT):


FINANCE - Department for the sanction of money.

PAYROLL It is the salary of the employees.

BUDGET It is made for one year.

ACCOUNTS It is the record of the money.


AUDIT Survey of the systems.

9. IS / MS (INFORMATION SYSTEMS):

MRP - All Production Related work related to assy,stores, purchase etc.

PAYROLL - Related to Salary.

10.

FINANCE - Concerned with ledgers, sub-sidary ledgers, General ledger etc.

QM (QUALITY MANAGEMENT):

ISO (INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS ORGANISATION) It is to sell our


products in the international market.

6 SIGMA It is the statistical Technique for maintaining Quality.


TES (TEST EQUIPMENT AND SUPPORT) Calibration or measuring of
instruments.
IGI (INCOMING GOODS INSPECTION)
QCC (QUALITY CONTROL CIRCLE) In this department there is a group of
employees who discuss the problems, find out its solution and present it to manager.

DEPARTMENT ALLOTED
QUALITY CONTROL
According to some laid down standards, the quality control department ensures the quality
of the product. The raw materials and components etc. purchased and inspected according
to the specifications by IG department. Similarly QC work department inspects all the items
manufactured in the factory. The fabrication department checks all the fabricated parts and
ensures that these are made according to the part drawing, painting , plating and stenciling
etc are done as per BEL standards

ACTIVITIES

Test instrument calibration and status.

ESD control and audit of other departments.

Test jigs validation and maintenance of records.

Hand soldering process validation.

Wave soldering process validation.

Reflow process validation.

Small tools validation.

House keeping.

ESS records for customer/testing department.

QCIR entry no. , gate pass, providing SAP document to inspectors etc.

Maintenance of customer offering items in boxes.

Process Flow Document

1. Receive production order


2. First off inspection
3. Approval for full batch quantity
4. Patrol inspection in WA/ in-process audit for supplier
5. Receipt of lot
6. Inspect items as per engineering document
7. Approval duration by PC/ D&E or custom inspection agency
8. Forward pass quantity to ICT/ESS/planning store
9. Keep rejected items in area for reject items to avoid inappropriate use
10.Forward rejected items to planning for dispose
11.Feedback to WA/SC departments for necessary correctness

MEASURE OF PERFORMANCE
To clear first off sample - SMT line
To clear first off sample - In-house

RECORDS
First off inspection records
Quality control inspection reports
Service entry sheets

The assembly inspection departments inspects all the assembled parts such as PCB ,
cable assembly ,cable form , modules , racks and shelters as per latest documents and
BEL standards .

The mistakes in the PCB can be categorized as:


D & E mistakes
Shop mistakes

Inspection mistakes

The process card is attached to each PCB under inspection. Any error in the PC
is entered in the process card by certain code specified for each error or defect.

After a mistake is detected following actions are taken:


1.

Observation is made.

2.

Object code is given.

3.

Division code is given.

4.

Change code is prepared.


5. Recommendation action is taken.

CONCLUSION

The six weeks of summer training at BEL, PKL unit generated a lot more interest in my subject.
It made me more aware of the scope of Electronics & Communication Engineering. It has also
made me appreciative of an industrial work environment.
Undergoing training on the indoor substation has helped me integrate conceptual knowledge with
real life application. I was fortunate to have personal guidance from experienced professionals
who took been interest in explaining the working details of various equipments.
I feel that without this opportunity, my own understanding of this subject and also the motivation
to acquire more knowledge would have remained incomplete.
Well, regarding future scope I think my training has given me enough motivation and an
exposure that I will try to join defence services or get linked up with the defence of the country.
To know the technical know-how, industrial training is the best way to move forward.