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EATING PLAN FOR TYPE 2 DIABETES

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Type 2 Diabetes affects how your body uses and stores glucose.
Glucose comes from digestion of sugars and starches in the foods
we eat. Our body produces a hormone called insulin that it uses to
remove glucose from our blood. In Type 2 diabetes our body may
not be making enough insulin or our body is not properly responding
to the insulin it is making. Glucose levels in our blood rise and can
cause both short term and long-term effects on our body.
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Symptoms include: unusual thirst, frequent need to urinate,


weight change, lack of energy, blurred vision, frequent
infections, cuts and bruises that are slow to heal, tingling in
the hands and feet.

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Risk factors include: being overweight, a parent or sibling


with diabetes, having diabetes while pregnant (gestational
diabetes), impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting
glucose, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, polycystic
ovary syndrome, being of Aboriginal, Hispanic, Asian, South
Asian or African descent.

Did You Know?

.PSFUIBO3 million Canadians have diabetesBOENPSFUIBO90% of


these have Type 2 Diabetes
Tips to Help Keep Your Blood Sugar levels in a Healthy Range
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Blood Glucose Target Ranges


Fasting: 4.0 -7.0 (empty stomach or no food for at least 3 hours)
Postprandial: 5.0-10.0 (2 hours after a meal)

Type 2 Diabetes FACTS Focus on Carboyhdrate, Fibre and Glycemic Index


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Go Low GI Foods and Their Glycemic Index


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LOW GI FOODS (55 OR LESS)
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MEDIUM GI FOODS (56-69)

HIGH GI FOODS (70+)


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Whole grain bread

Couscous

White bread

Pumpernickle bread

Rye bread

Instant mashed potatoes

Oatmeal

Instant Oatmeal

Corn Flakes, Rice Krispies

All-Bran cereal

Shredded Wheat

Refined, sweetened cereals

Converted rice

Cream of Wheat

Instant rice

Brown & Basmati rice

Whole grain crackers

Bagels

Bulgur, Barley, Quinoa

Pita bread

Waffles/pancakes made with white


flour

Firm cooked pasta

Long grain white rice

Soda crackers

Beans, peas, lentils

Apricot, banana

French fries

Apples, peaches, pears

Cantaloupe

Dried dates/figs

Grapefruit, oranges

Pineapple, raisins

Sweetened fruit juice

Berries, cherries, grapes

Canned fruit in juice

Parsnips, pumpkin

Kiwi, Mango, Plum

Cranberry juice

Rutabaga, turnip

Avocado

New potatoes

Broad beans

Sweet Potato

Beets

Refried beans

Carrots, broccoli

Sweetened condensed milk

Ice cream

Cauliflower, corn

Soft drinks

Leafy vegetables

Glucose

Low fat milk, soymilk, yogurt


and cottage cheese

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Tips for using the Glycemic Index


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Did you know?

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Balancing Carbohydrates (Carbs)


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Sugar and Refined Starches


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See it to Believe it!


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1 tsp = 5 grams sugar
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The Canadian Diabetes Association has an excellent summary sheet on sugars and sweetners.
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Did you know?

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Decoding Food Labels


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Learn more about using food labels to make healthy choices on the web:
Health Canada XXXIDTDHDDBGOBOMBCFMFUJRVFUOVUSJUJPODPOTJOEFYFOHQIQ
Healthy Eating Is In Store for You XXXIFBMUIZFBUJOHJTJOTUPSFDB

Did you know?

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Portions to Live By

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Eating Well with Canadas Food Guide
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Breakfast

Protein

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Lunch & Supper

Protein

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Vegetables

How Many carbs are right for me?


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Fibre
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To Reduce Weight
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Waist loss is as important as weight loss. For tips on how to trim your waist see our Waisting Away Healthy
Weight Management nutrition fact sheet.

Staying Healthy with Diabetes


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Type 2 Diabetes Eating Plan


Choose Low Glycemic Index Foods Whenever Possible!
FOODS TO CHOOSE
Whole Grains
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FOODS TO LIMIT OR AVOID

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Vegetables and Fruit with lots of colour


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Milk and Alternatives


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Meat and Alternatives


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Meat and Alternatives


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Sweets (in very small amounts)


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Snack Foods
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Alcohol
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Supplements
Check with your Doctor, Dietitian or Pharmacist before starting a supplement.
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Move your body, burn the glucose


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Keeping active can lower your blood sugar, lower your blood pressure, help you lose weight, help you feel better reduce
the amount of medication you need, relieve tension or stress, improve your heart and lung function and improve your
muscle tone! Look at all those benefits!

Recognize and be ready to treat low blood glucose


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* Medications more likely to cause a low blood sugar include Amaryl, Diabeta, Diamicron, Gluconorm and Insulin.

Other Nutrition Fact Sheets Available:


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Please visit www.cvtoolbox.com for more
information

Ottawa Cardiovascular Centre


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Eating Plan for Type 2 Diabetes, December 2010
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