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7. Design of Press working Tools Nageswara Rao Posinasetti 1 February 6, 2012
7.
Design of Press working Tools
Nageswara Rao Posinasetti
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February 6, 2012
Stock Strip Layout  Since, the components are to be ultimately blanked out of a stock
Stock Strip Layout
Since, the components are to be ultimately blanked
out of a stock strip, hence , precaution is to be taken
while designing the dies for utilizing as much of stock
as possible.
It is also necessary in progressive dies, to ensure
continuous handling of the scrap on the die block,
which means that the scrap strip should have
sufficient strength.
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Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 3 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 4 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 5 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Percentage utilization = 56.5% Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 6
Percentage
utilization = 56.5%
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Percentage utilization = 56.5% Percentage utilization = 73.5% Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
Percentage
utilization = 56.5%
Percentage
utilization = 73.5%
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Percentage utilization = 56.5% Percentage utilization = 73.5% Percentage utilization = 76% Fig. From P. N.
Percentage
utilization = 56.5%
Percentage
utilization = 73.5%
Percentage
utilization = 76%
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 9 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing
Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998.
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February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 10 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 11 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 12 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 13 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 14 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 15 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 16 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata McGraw Hill, 1998. 17 February 6, 2012
Fig. From P. N. Rao, Manufacturing Technology, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1998.
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Sheet Metal Die Design Procedure  Step 1: Decide the tentative sequence of operations.  Step
Sheet Metal Die Design Procedure
Step 1: Decide the tentative sequence of operations.
Step 2: Layout the stock strip, preferably using at least three
part templates.
Step 3: Establish centre line of pressure.
Step 4: Establish location of pilot hole punches.
Step 5: Decide on the punches to be used and their placement
from the strip layout.
Step 6: Make preliminary layout of die block.
Step 7: Locate and design any finger, swing type, or automatic
stops.
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Sheet Metal Die Design Procedure  Step 8: Selection of best die set, total design considered.
Sheet Metal Die Design Procedure
Step 8: Selection of best die set, total design
considered.
Step 9: Make adequate provisions for scrap disposal.
Step 10: Decide best keying methods.
Step 11: Check for good dowelling practice.
Step 12: Make punch plate sufficiently thick to
support all punches adequately.
Step 13: Decide upon stripper and shedders and
requirements.
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Step 1: Decide the tentative sequence of operations. 34 February 6, 2012
Step 1: Decide the tentative sequence
of operations.
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Step 2: Layout the stock strip, preferably using at least three part templates. 36 February 6,
Step 2: Layout the stock strip, preferably using at
least three part templates.
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Step 3: Establish centre line of pressure. 37 February 6, 2012
Step 3: Establish centre line of
pressure.
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Centre Line of Pressure  Shearing should be symmetrical about the axis of the ram. 
Centre Line of Pressure
Shearing should be symmetrical about the axis of the
ram.
This ensures no side thrust.
To do this, the point on the die block is to be found
out, through which the resultant of all the shearing
forces is acting and this is coincided with the ram
axis.
This point is called the centre line of pressure.
(c) TMH New Delhi, Manufacturing
Technology Vol 1, Foundry, Forming and
Welding by P N Rao
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6 February 2012
(c) TMH New Delhi, Manufacturing Technology Vol 1, Foundry, Forming and 39 6 February 2012 Welding
(c) TMH New Delhi, Manufacturing
Technology Vol 1, Foundry, Forming and
39
6 February 2012
Welding by P N Rao
Step 4: Establish location of pilot hole punches. 40 February 6, 2012
Step 4: Establish location of pilot hole
punches.
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Step 5: Decide on the punches to be used and their placement from the strip layout.
Step 5: Decide on the punches to be used
and their placement from the strip layout.
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Step 6: Make preliminary layout of die block. 45 February 6, 2012
Step 6: Make preliminary layout of die
block.
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Step 7: Locate and design any finger, swing type, or automatic stops. 47 February 6, 2012
Step 7: Locate and design any finger, swing type,
or automatic stops.
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