Sie sind auf Seite 1von 18

Essential Biology

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

Student Name:
Blog resource: http://tinyurl.com/l363hk
http://tinyurl.com/35gzg34

Click4Biology:

Cite all sources using the CSE method (or ISO 690 Numerical in Word. Highlight all objective
1 command terms in yellow and complete these before class. Highlight all objective 2 and
3 command terms in green these will be part of the discussions in class. After class, go
back and review them.
Complete the self-assessment rubric before submitting to Moodle. Avoid printing this if
possible.

1. Define vascular plant.


Vascular plants (tracheophytes) have conductive tissues (a vascular
system) for transporting water, minerals and nutrients throughout the
plant. (1)
2. Distinguish between angiospermophytes and gymnospermophytes.

3. Complete the table below to distinguish between monocotyledons and


dicotyledons.
You may use labeled diagrams if you wish.
Monocotyledon
Examples
Number of
cotyledons
(first leaves)
Roots
Stem tissue
distribution
Leaves

Flowers

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Dicotyledon

Essential Biology

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

Student Name:

For much of the remainder of the unit we focus on dicotyledons (dicots), which are
examples of angiosperms. Be sure to use dicot examples in any research you carry
out.
4. In the space below, draw and label a tissue plan (low power) diagram of a
dicot stem.

5. Draw and label a tissue plan diagram of a dicot leaf.

6. Outline the functions of the following leaf structures.


How does their position/ distribution in the leaf relate to their function?
Structure

Function

Distribution/ function
relationship

Waxy cuticle
Palisade mesophyll
Spongy mesophyll

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

Student Name:

Vascular bundle i.
xylem
ii.
phloem
Guard cells and
stomata

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

Student Name:

7. Give named examples of the following modified leaf, root and stem
structures:
Example:
Leaf: tendril
e.g. Bignonia

How is it modified?

Image:

Leaf: bulb

Stem tuber

Root tuber

8. Define meristem.

9. Explain why meristem cells are more likely to be in mitosis than cells found
in other parts of the plant.

10.Distinguish between apical and lateral meristems in terms of location and


function in the stem.
Apical

Lateral

Location
Function

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

Student Name:

11.

Describe
the function of the axillary bud.
What is the trigger to growth of a new shoot or branch?

12.Define tropism.

13.Compare these types of tropism:


Response to:

Positive or negative?

Phototropism
Geotropism
(radicle)
Geotropism
(plumule)
Hydrotropism

14.Define auxin.

15.Explain, with the aid of a diagram, the role of auxins in phototropism.

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology
Student Name:

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

16.Outline how the following structures of the roots are beneficial to the plant:
a. Branching roots

b. Root hairs

c. Tap roots

d. Wide-reaching roots

17.Match up the following mineral ions with their functions in plants:


Nitrates
(NO3)
Phosphates
(HPO4)
Potassium
(K+)

Stimulate root growth and


flowering
Regulation of water use/ loss
Amino acid/ protein
production

18.Describe these three methods of mineral ion movement through the soil to
the roots:
a. Diffusion

b. Mass flow

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology
Student Name:

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

c. Via fungal hyphae (how is this relationship mutualistic?)

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

Student Name:

19.Explain why mineral ions need to be taken up by active transport in the


roots.
(Go all the way back to membrane transport!)

20.Distinguish between anions and cations.

21.State the source of energy used in active transport at the root hairs.

22.Annotate the diagram below to explain the uptake of cations by mineral


exchange.

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology
Student Name:

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

23.Annotate the diagram below to explain the uptake of anions by


symport.

24.Identify one step in ion uptake which is common to both symport and ion
exchange.

25.Describe how the following methods help support a


plant:
a. Thickened cellulose

b. Lignified xylem

c. Cell turgor

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology
Student Name:

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

26.Define transpiration.

27.Annotate the diagram to explain how the structure of primary xylem


facilitates transpiration.

28.Outline how water leaves the leaves of a plant.

29.State one property of water which allows a transpiration pull to be


generated.

30.Explain how the action of guard cells allows the plant to balance CO2
uptake with control over water loss.

31.Outline factors which cause the opening of the stoma.

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

Student Name:

32.Outline the hormonal control of opening and closing of the stoma.

33.Draw and label a simple diagram to show the open and closed stomata.
Include cell turgor, water pressure.

34.Define boundary layer.

35.Explain how the presence of a boundary layer decreases the rate of


evaporation of water from the leaf.

36.Complete the table to explain how the following abiotic factors affect the
rate of transpiration:
Effect
Temperature

Light

Wind

Humidity

37.Define xerophyte.
Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Reason

Essential Biology

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

Student Name:

38.Define hydrophyte.

39.Describe three physical adaptations of xerophytes to minimise water loss.

40.Describe two life cycle adaptations of xerophytes to minimize water loss.

41.Describe how CAM plant metabolism is an adaptation to preventing water


loss.

42.List three types of macromolecule transported by active translocation.

43.State the function of phloem.

44.Distinguish between source and sink in terms of molecules in plants.

45.Complete the table below to show the sources and sinks of sugars and
amino acids in plants.
Sugars

Amino Acids

Sources

Sinks

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

Student Name:

46.Draw and label a simple line drawing of an animal-pollinated dicot.


Include all reproductive structures.

47.Outline the steps involved in insect-pollination of a flower.


Begin with attraction of the insect to the flower.

48.Describe the process of fertilization in a flowering plant.


Begin with the pollen grain on the stigma.

49.Identify the site of seed development in a fertilized dicot.

50.State two advantages of dispersing seeds over a wide area.

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology
Student Name:

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

51.Outline some examples of these methods of seed dispersal:


a. By wind

b. By water

c. By animal vector

52.In the space below, draw a simple line drawing to show the structure of a
green bean seed.
Label and include functions of: testa, micropyle, scar, radical and plumule

53.Define germination.

54.State the functions of the following in the germination of a seed?


a. Water

b. Ideal temperature/ pH

c. Oxygen

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology
Student Name:

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

55.Annotate the diagram below to outline the metabolic processes during the
germination of
a starchy seed: 1
.
2
.
3
.
4
.
5
.
6
.

56.Distinguish between long-day and short-day plants in terms of conditions


needed for flowering.

57.Define phytochrome.

58.Distinguish between red light and far-red light.

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology
Student Name:

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

59.Use the diagram below to help explain the interconversion of


phytochromes during daylight and darkness.

60.Explain how phytochrome levels control flowering:


a. In short-day plants.

b. In long-day plants.

61.Describe the results of one experiment to show that it is in fact nightlength that is critical in triggering flowering and not day-length.

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Essential Biology

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

Student Name:

Works Cited
1. Allott, Andrew. IB Study Guide: Biology for the IB Diploma. s.l. : Oxford
University Press, 2007. 978-0-19-915143-1.
2. Mindorff, D and Allott, A. Biology Course Companion. Oxford : Oxford
University Press, 2007. 978-099151240.
3. Clegg, CJ. Biology for the IB Diploma. London : Hodder Murray, 2007. 9780340926529.
4. Campbell N., Reece J., Taylor M., Simon. E. Biology Concepts and
Connections. San Fransisco : Pearson Benjamin Cummings, 2006. 0-8053-7160-5.
5. Taylor, Stephen. Science Video Resources. [Online] Wordpress, 2010.
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com.
6. Burrell, John. Click4Biology. [Online] 2010. http://click4biology.info/.
7. IBO. Biology Subject Guide. [Online] 2007.
http://xmltwo.ibo.org/publications/migrated/productionapp2.ibo.org/publication/7/part/2/chapter/1.html.

Self Assessment:

Essential Biology
Criterion

Complete (2)

Partially complete (1)

NA

Complete and neat. All command terms


highlighted, tables and diagrams well
presented.

Presentation
&
Organisation
Academic
Honesty
Objective 1
understandin
g
Objective 2
understandin
g
Objective3
understandin
g
Logic,
notation,

NA
All answers for the following command
terms correct:
Define

Draw

Label

Sources cited using the CSE (ISO 690


numerical) method, with Works Cited
section complete and correct.
Most answers for the following command
terms correct:
List

Measure

State

All answers for the following command


Most answers for the following
terms correct:
command terms correct:
Annotate
Apply
Calculate
Describe
Distinguish Estimate
Identify
Outline
All answers for the following command
Most answers for the following
terms correct:
command terms correct:
Analyse Comment Compare Construct Deduce Derive Design
Determine Discuss
Evaluate
Explain Predict
Show Solve
Sketch Suggest
Answers
are
presented
in a logical and
NA
concise manner. SI units used most

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School

Assessmen
t
Self
MrT

Essential Biology

Due Date:
Candidate Number:
002171-

Student Name:
mathematical
working
Further
research

NA

times, with correct unit symbols and


definitions of terms. All mathematical
working shown.
Evidence is apparent of research and
reading beyond the textbook and
presentations to find correct answers to
challenging questions. If any questions
are unanswered, this criterion
scores zero.

Total (max 10):

Stephen Taylor
http://sciencevideos.wordpress.com

Bandung International School