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1

TASCAM

TEAC Professional Division

i=ORT/JSTUDIO

OWNER'S

MANUAL

)

5700124700

i

Important

Safety

Precautions

1

Safety Instructions

i

:

L*lE

CAUTION

A

AlE

CAUTION:TO

(OR BACK). NO USER-SERVICEABLEPARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICINGTO QUALIFIEDSERVICEPERSONNEL.

REDUCETHE RISKOF ELECTRICSHOCK.DO NOTREMOVECOVER

CAUTION:

Read all of these

instructions,

 

Save these

instructions

for

lateruse.

Follow

all

warnings

and

instructions

marked

on the

audio

equipment.

13.

14.

Cleaning -- The appliance should be cleaned only as recom-

mended by the manufacturer.' Power Lines - An outdoor antenna should be Iocatad away from power lines.

,_

tothepresenceofuninsula"dangerousted

sufficientmagnitudetoconstitutea riskof electricshockto persons,

The_ightning_ashwitharr_whe_dsymb

voltagewithin"

theproduct'senclosurethatmaybeof

withinaneq_i_at_ra_triang_e'isintendedt_a_erttheuser

connected to the receiver, be sure the antenna system is

Outdoor Antenna Grounding

grounded so as to provide some protection against voltage

2. Retain Instructions--Thesafetyandoperatinginstructions surges National and Electrical built up Coder static ANSI/NFPA charges. Section No. 70 - 810 1984, of pro- the

1. Read Instructions

--All

the safety andoperating instructions

15.

-

If

an

outside antenna'is

should be readbefore the appliance is operated,

,_

Timheportexclamatiantoperatingonpointandwithinmaintenancean equilateral(servicing)triangleinstructiis intendedointonsthealertliteraturethe useraccto theompresencepanyingtheof appliance.

This appliance hass serial numbelocatedr

ontherearpanel.Reaserecordthemodel

numberandserialnumberandretainthemfor

yourrecords.

Modelnumber Sedalnumber

WARNING:

HAZARD,DONOTEXPOSETHIS

TO

PREVENT

FIRE

OR

SHOCK

APPLIANCETORAINOR-.n,eT,,.¢

IVIUIOIUDF=

I

NOTE

FOR

U.K.

CUSTOMERS

 

Due

to

the

variety

of

plugs

being

used

in the

U.K.,

this

unit

is sold

without

an AC

plug.

Please

request

your

dealer

to

install

the

correct

plug

to

match

the

mains

power

outlet

where

your

unit

will

be used

as per these

instructions.

THIS

DIGITAL

APPARATUS

DOES

NOT

EX-

NOISE

EMISSIONS

FROM

DIGITAL

APPARA-

TUS

AS

SET

OUT

IN

THE

RADIO

INTER-

FERENCE REGULATIONS OF THE CANADIAN DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNICATIONS.

LE PRESENT

APPAREl

L NUMERIQUE

PAS DE BRUITS RADIOELECTRIQUES PASSANT LES LIMITES APPLICABLES

N'EMET

DE-

AUX

APPAREILS

NUMERIQUES

DE

CLASSE

B

PRESCRITES

DANS

LE

REGLEMENT

sun

LE

BROUILLAGE

RADIOELECTRIQUE

ED

CTE

3.

4.

shouldHeed Warningsbe retained- Aforll warningsfuture reference,on the appliance and in the ridesmast informationand supportiwingth structure,respect togrproperoundinggrouof ndtheing leofadth-ine

operating instructions should be adhered to.

Follow

to

wire to an antenna discharge unit, size of grounding con-

Instructions

-

All operating and use instructions

ductors, location of antenna-dischargeunit, connection

,.

appliance should not be used

near water - for exenlple, near a bathtub, washbowl, kitchen

sink, laundry tub, in a wet basement, or near a swimming

Water and Moisture -

The

should pool, etc. be followed,

6. Carts and Stands -- The applianceshould be used only with a cart or standthat is recommendedby the manufacturer.

electrode. See Figure below.

grounding electrodes, zxAMFLZOrANTENNAGROUNmZ_G _LSErC.r_ZNc_O_[ and requirements for the grounding

6A. An appliance and cart combination .should be moved with care. Quick stops, excessiveforce, and unwen surfaces may

_N_

causethe applianceand cart combination to overturn.

_R¢

 

CRO_,O

_,

 

*'_(s_%,_,o

,_,o_,or

0_o_,_

_o,0_o_

_(c s(c_o

,o-,,)

 

_o

oc_,_

7. Wall or CeilingMounting-

The appliance should bemount-

ed to a wall or ceiling only as recommended by the manu- fasturer.

-

NEC- NATIOELNAL£CTRmCO0(J¢

C_CTROOSTSElrEM

(N(C_T ZS0.P_TH)

E_o

=,_

PAR

LE

MINISTERE

DES COMMUNICATIONS

DU CANADA.

 

Bescheinigung

des

Herstellers/Importeurs

Hierrnitwird bescheinigt,dabder/die/das

MlSCHPULT

MIT

MAGNETTONBANDGERAT

424

"-

(Ger4t,TyJBezeichnung)p.

in Ubereinstimrnungmitden Bestimmungencler

,

AMrSBLATT163/1984,VFG1045/1984,VRi1046/1984

(AmtsblattverfOgung)

,

8.

Ventilation - The appliance should be situated so that its 16. location or position does not interfere with its proper venti- lation. For example, the appliance should not be situated on a bed, sofa, rug, or similar surface that may block the

Nonuse Periods -- The power cord of the appliance should be unplugged from the outlet when left unused for a long period of time.

ventilation openings; or, placed in a built-in installation,

17.

Object and Liquid Entry

-

Care should be taken so that

such as a bookcaseor cabinet that may impede the flow of

objects do not fall and liquids are not spilled into the en-

air through the ventilation openings, closure through openings,

 

9.

Heat -

The appliance, should be situated away from heat

18.

Damage Requiring Service -

The appliance should be ser-

sources such as radiators, heat registers,stoves, or other

viced by

qualified service personnelwhen:

 

appliances(including amplifiers) that produce heat. A. The power-supply cord or the plug has beendamaged; or B. Objects have fallen, or liquid has been spilled into the

10.

Power Sources- The appliance should be connected to a

 

appliance; or

 

power supply only of the type described in the operating in-

 

C.

The

structions or asmarked on the appliance.

D. The

appliance has been exposed to rain; or appliance does not appear to operate normally or

11.

Grounding or Polarization -- The precautions that should

 

exhibits a marked change in performance; or

be taken

so that the grounding or polarization meansof an

 

E. The appliance has been dropped, or the enclosure darn-

appliance is not defeated,

 

aged.

12.

Power-Cord Protection

-

Power-supply cords should be

19. Servicing -

The

user should not attempt

to service the

THE

APPLIANCE

CONFORMS

WITH

EEC DI REC-

funk-entstGrtist.

 

routed so that they are not likely to be walked on or pinch- appliance beyond that

described in the

operating instruc-

TIVE

B7/308/EEC

REGARDING

INTERFERENCE

Per

Deutschen Bundespost wurde

des Inverkehrbringen

ed by items placed upon or againstthem, paying particular

tions. All

other servicing should be referred to

qualified

S UPPR ESSI ON

CON FORME

AL D.M.

13 APRI

D I R ETT I VA CE E/87/308

LE 1989

dieses GerBtes angezeigt und die Berechtigungzur 0her-

prOfungder SerieaufEinhanungder Bestirnmungeneinger_tumt, the point where they exit from the appliance.

attention to cords at plugs, convenience receptacles, and servicepersonnel.

TEAC

CORPORATION

Namdese Herstellers/Importours

i

;

i

i

.

!

;

--_

!3

,;

r_;;.

_

Table

of Contents

The PORTASTUDIO

Recording

Understanding

424

The

System

the Mixer

is

Multitrack

Cassette

Recorder

Precautions

and Recommendations

Brief

Guide

5

5-6

7-8

9

9-16

11-12

Step-by-step

Operations

Guide

Let's Try the 424 Mixer

How to record on track 1

How to play back track

How to make an overdub

How to record all other tracks

How to record

How to record a mix onto two tracks

1 through

CUE MONITOR

on track 2

many sources

onto a single track

simultaneously

Recording

on more than

simultaneously

How to mix

down.

two tracks

Punch-in

or Insert Recording

Punch-in/out

Procedure

Selecting

In and

Out

Points

Punching-in/out

with

RECORD

Using the Remote

Footswitch

(RC-30P)

Bouncing Tracks (Ping-pong)

13

15

16

16

18

18

18

19

20

13-20

21-22

21

22

22

22

23-24

Ping-pong Ping-pong

Plus Procedure Live

Material

Using Effects

Setting

Adding Setting

the

Effect Send

with

PORTASTUDIO

Levels

424

the Output

Stereo

Channels to a Bounce

of Effect Devices

Setting the Mix/Balance

How to Connect Your Effect Devices

Control

on Effect Devices

23 24

25

24 25

25

26

25-26

Making

an Automatically

Repeating

Loop

Features

and Controls

Effect Send Section

Stereo

Inputs Section

Main

Stereo

Mix

Master

Output

Tape Cue and Monitor

InputSection(Channels

Recorder

Section

Section

1-4)

Cassette Loading

Transport

Track Controls

Controls

and dbx System

29

30

31

29

31

32

33

34

o,s0as

SYNC

Features

the dbx Works

Commonly

Asked

Accessories

Care and Maintenance

How

Some

Optional

Specifications

Block Diagram

Questions

35

about the Portastudio

Level

Diagram

27

29-35

36-37

37

38

39

40

41

42

© Copyright1990,TEACCorporation" All rights reserved under internationaland Pan This bookmay not be reproducedin wholeor in part, by mimeograph withoutpermission.

or any other means,

The PORTASTUDIO 424 is

The

PORTASTUDIO

424

is an 4-track

"Multi-

Using this manual

: To get

424,

please

take the

the

most out of your

track

Master"

cassette tape

recorder

and a full-

time

to

read through

this

function

8x2

mixer

combined

into

a

single

manual.

Some

time

spent

now

will

keep

you

workstation,

Its

high

audio

quality

and

creative

flexibility

from overlooking

make

discover

the

424

some

a more

new

some

tricks

creative of the

you

features

tool.

You

haven't

may that

tried

reflect the

experience

and innovation

that

have

before.

allowed TASCAM to earn its reputation

in

professional

audio

production

fields,

and

its

Use

upper

of capital

case

letters

to

type

: In general,

a

we

use all

particular

user-friendly

design

makes the 424 suitable

for

designate

anyone, from

expert to novice,

switch,

control,

jack

name

or

label

(like

PAN).

:

The

Recording

System

The PORTASTUDIO 424 is a complete audio

box. It is divided

production

facility

in a single

into and

an 4-channel,

two

major sections:

multitrack

a full-function

cassette

recorder. mixer

additionally

need

these:

Input

devices

(microphones,

instruments),

Output

devices

(headphones),

complete

To

cessors,

2-track

the

recording

recorder,

system, Effects

etc., as shown on the next page.

The Three Steps to

Multitrack

you'll pro-

from

routed.

equipment

connected

to the

In

The

TRACKING

diagram

on the

and

Ovardubbing,

right

depicts

424 can

be

the

how

signals

mixer

inputs

are usually microphones

or instruments,

going

to

different

tracks

of the

recorder.

In

OVERDUBBING,

the

MONITOR

section

and

Transport

modes

and

some

features

are

described

with

an

upper

case

first

letter

(like

Record mode).

 

_'_

Tracking

 
 

L---424

J

(_

Overdubbing

_;_

IIl_l_

"" "

"

+"

III

°_°

 

L

424

J

TAPE CUE

of the mixer

must be used to listen

Mixdown

1171

to0+v+outrac+wI m.ietloul l+cor0no

so there is a two-way

In

MIXDOWN,

signal

flow through the console.

comes

from

the

multi-

track and is sent to an external

2-track

recorder.

2 Track

I_]

[--424--

j

'

Mic

i

[_[.jt_l_

Effects

Mixdowndeck

cO

PORTASTUDIO424

Understanding

the

Mixer

Signal

Flow

in the 424 Mixer

 

The

illustration

below

shows

how

the

input

signal

passes

through

the

424

Mixer

section.

After the MASTER fader they go to the L/R LINE

route in the mixar and is called "Main

Mix".

'_l.r_

OUT

jacks.

This

 

P"

is the

most

important

_IIC,

_1

-,

u

ic/i

i-

c

J_

-L

signal

'1Pt_

NES

MOI

io_m_

_'DI-

Cl E

m

M

-

i

 

I

 

-

-_ i

_

U

'

Hea0pnones

m

1o--

-

 

9--

:

eN

!

RC-30PFootswitch

_--

-

e--

 

_

,--

3--

0--

II IASTER

N

-

-

--

i

i

Multitrack

Cassette

Recorder

 

The

424

records

on readily

available

standard

Three

tape

speeds

offer

HIGH

for

greater

(Philips) Compact

Cassette tape, high bias Type

fidelity,

NORM

for

compatibility

with

I1.The recorder

has 4 tracks

while the mixer

has

standard

cassette

tapes,

and

SLOW

for

a stereo

output;

however,

using

the

DIRECT

studying

complex

musical passages.

 

feature

you

can record

on

any

or

all

of the

4

tracks at one time.

For more

details, see "How

ZERO

RETURN

will

automatically

 

STOP

or

to

Record

More

than

Two

Tracks

Simul-

PLAY the transport

when

it is fast wound

to

taneously',

page 18.

 

the O00 counter

position.

 

The

424's

dbx

Noise

Reduction

virtually

MEMORY

will

automatically

 

STOP

or

eliminates

unwanted

tape

noise.

A

special

REWIND

the

transport

when

it

reaches

a

SYNC

feature

turns

off

the

dbx

on

track

4

counter

position

that

you

select.

In

separately,

making

it possible

to

record

and

 

combination

with

ZERO

RETURN

PLAY,

you

play

back

the MIDI

sync tones

or

SMPTE/EBU

can use MEMORY

REWIND

to automatically

time

code

without

being

affected

by the

dbx

repeat

a

section

of tape

without

having

to

encode/decode.

This

ensures

that

the

sync

press the transport

controls.

 

tones/code

are

recorded

and

played

back

without

unnecessary

processing.

With

proper

The

tape

speed

can

be

increased

or

Tape

Cue Monitor

System

The TAPE CUE mix and

MONITOR

switches

are

If you

can

hear

tape

playback

in your

head-

also crucial for successful multitrack recording,

phones

when

CUE

is

not

pressed,

it

means

because they control what you hear in the

you're

hearing tape through

the Main

Mix.

This

headphones.

dependent

you don't

accidentally

This

CUE

the Main

mix

is

totally

in-

If

from

Mix going to tape.

you

run the risk of

time

you

every

use the CUE mix,

"bouncing

tracks"

is correct for mixdown and bouncing tracks, but

during overdubbing it can cause previous tracks

to

of each part

Use the TAPE

be mixed together

remaining

with

new tracks,

instead

separate.

record new

material.

CUE toavoidthis.

 

The 4 TAPE

CUE controls

act like a separate

4xl

The

three

MONITOR

switches

choose

which

mixer,

dedicated

solely

so

you

can

hear

mix(es)

you

can hear in the

PHONES

- the

CUE

playback from

headphones.

affect

the mix

the

multitrack

recorder

in your

mix,

and

the

LEFT and

RIGHT

outputs

of the

Settings

of

these

controls

don't

Main

Mix.

You

press

LEFT or

RIGHT

to

hear

going to tape.

When

any of the

what

you

are

recording

:

for

example,

LEFT

TAPE

CUE controls

are turned

to the right,

CUE

is

pressed

in

the

MONITOR

switch,

and

the

PHONES

controls

is turned

up,

you

can hear

tape

playback

in

the

headphones.

You

can

adjust

the

monitor

level

of

each

track

by

adjusting

its TAPE CUE control. The channels

of

while recording

onto track 1.

the

Main

Mix

remain

free

to

handle

external

inputs for recording,

 
 

_

,

w

_;:,(@)).

,o,o-

_-6

 

"_'_'_"

"/'/'A_"

4_

-,.,

.

,-

-_j)-

8

,

If you need to add external

sources to the CUE

 

operating

techniques,

it

is

not

necessary

to

decreased

with

the PITCH

CONTROL

dial

in

mix

(for

example,

a

MIDI-synchronized

drum

leave

a

guard

band

between

music

and

sync

 

both playback

and record,

to match

pitch

or

machine

that you don't want

to record

on tape),

 

tone tracks

because

of the

low

crosstalk

of the

for special effects.

 

the

ASSIGN

switches

for

channels

5-6

and 7-8

TASCAM

heads.

 

have

a CUE

position.

This sends the

output

of

Punch-in and Punch-out

can

be

engaged

the stereo channel directly

to the CUE mix.

 

The

transport

controls

of

the

424

are

micro-

using the optional

RC-30P

footswitch,

which

L

_

,,_,

""

4k

\

}

processor

functions that make

operated,

allowing

highly

reliable

the unit

easier to use:

Precautions

and

Recommendations

Tape Speed

and Track

 

The Portastudio

424

Format uses a HIGH speed

of 9.5

cm/sec.

(3-3/4 inches per second) which

is two

times

(2X)

the

normal

speed

of

a

standard

audio cassette.

(1-7/8

i.p.s.),

Its NORMAL

the

same

speed is 4.8 cm/sec

as that

used

by

gives

you

an "extra

hand"

in the'recording

process.

 

conventional

recorders.

The SLOW

speed

is 2.4

cm/sec (15/16

i.p.s.), of half the normal

speed. It

also employs

a discrete

4-channel

format

head

developed

multitrack

comparison

especially

cassette

TEAC

recorders.

by

for

TASCAM

Here

formats:

is

of variouscassette

a

 

@

®

@

@

'

c,_c,

c,

'

L TASCAM J

4Tr 3Ch

L J TASCAM

4Tr 4Ch

L

L TASCAM

8Tr 8Ch

J

IEC L

(Philips)

4Tr 4Ch

J

L IEC

J

ANSI L

(Philips}

2Tr 2Ch

J

(Philips)

4Tr 2Oh

,

;

(Unit:

mm}

9

-

:

*

i

:

Ii

Playing

back

standard

tapes:Tapes

recorders

recorded

back

can play

(stereo)

prerecorded

on

stereo

cassette

properly

on the

424

if

you

set the

track

playback,

tape

speed,

and

noise reduction

roughly follow the standard

type

correctly.

2

but

side)

off Track 3- 4 playback

Tracks

1 and

"stereo"

format,

tracks

tracks. So you must turn

to

3 and

avoid

B type

4

use the

hearing

If

the

cassette

the

noise

"Side

B" (reverse

flip

was

side

playing

with

switch

backwards.

Dolby

recorded

the

DBX

reduction,

_Side

_"

B

safety tab

safety tab

should

be set to OFF.

Tape Length

 

For the

same

reasons,

tapes

recorded

on the

Use the shortest

possible tape for a given work.

Portastudio

424

will

not

playback

properly

on

It is not unusual to

play a tape

100 times

before

stereo

cassette

recorders.

Material

recorded

on

you

are

finished,

so select

a cassette

length

the 424 must be mixed

down to stereo

for final

that

is as close as possible to the length

of the

distribution,

The 424 needs the entire width of the tape to

both

directions). Therefore, you should decide which

side

use that

into habit of consistently using the same side

good idea to get

to use and

record its four tracks, eliminating the option of

recording on both sides (actually,

it's

(side "A" or side "B')

side exclusively.

you want

It's a

on all multitrack tapes.

Tape Type The Portastudio 424 is internally adjusted for HiGH BIAS "Type I1" tape. This means that for

best results,

type.

formulations are recommended. We strongly

suggest that you select one good quality brand and use it exclusively. The time you spend

creating your multitrack

only use tapes of this

you should

SA,

Maxell

TDK

XL-II

master

or

equivalent

more

is much

valuable than the money you save by buying inferior tape. The cassette shell essentially

Poor

and

use. can

Even

cause "dropouts = (temporary loss of signal)on

one or more tracks.

becomes

a

part

of the

424's

transport.

snarls

oxide with

quality shells can cause wrinkles,

shredding

small

of

scratches

the

edges

of the tape

on

the

tape

High quality

tapes

are less

program you plan to record. Cassettes C-60 length and shorter are often made from thicker

stock than

longer

cassettes.

The tape used in C-120 cassettes is extremely

thin and can cause winding problems, crimping,

wrinkling, coating

work. Don't use C-120s in the 424.

of

and the

tape other

damage

which

will

to

destroy

"*

the

oxide your

Remember that at 2X normal speed, and the "one-side-only" 4- track single direction format

means

that

you

have

only

1/4X

normal

play

time:

 

(approx.)

 
 

C-3O

7.5 min.

C-46

11.5 min.

C-60

15 min.

C-90

22.Smin.

 

Powering

the 424

 

IMPORTANT

!

Only

use

the

provided

AC

adaptor

for

the

PS-P424

Portastudio