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Title of the Pocket Book: Romeo & Juliet

Author: Shakespeare
Type of Pocketbook:

Main Characters:
Protagonist:

Romeo - The son and heir of Montague and Lady Montague. A young man of about
sixteen, Romeo is handsome, intelligent, and sensitive. Though impulsive and immature,
his idealism and passion make him an extremely likable character. He lives in the middle
of a violent feud between his family and the Capulets, but he is not at all interested in
violence. His only interest is love.
Juliet - The daughter of Capulet and Lady Capulet. A beautiful thirteen-year-old girl,
Juliet begins the play as a naïve child who has thought little about love and marriage, but
she grows up quickly upon falling in love with Romeo, the son of her family’s great
enemy. Because she is a girl in an aristocratic family, she has none of the freedom Romeo
has to roam around the city, climb over walls in the middle of the night, or get into
swordfights.

Antagonist:

Capulet - The patriarch of the Capulet family, father of Juliet, husband of Lady Capulet,
and enemy, for unexplained reasons, of Montague
Lady Capulet - Juliet’s mother, Capulet’s wife. A woman who herself married young
(by her own estimation she gave birth to Juliet at close to the age of fourteen), she is
eager to see her daughter marry Paris
Montague - Romeo’s father, the patriarch of the Montague clan and bitter enemy of
Capulet. At the beginning of the play, he is chiefly concerned about Romeo’s
melancholy.
Lady Montague - Romeo’s mother, Montague’s wife. She dies of grief after Romeo is
exiled from Verona.
Friar John - A Franciscan friar charged by Friar Lawrence with taking the news of
Juliet’s false death to Romeo in Mantua.

Supporting Characters:

Prince Escalus - The Prince of Verona. A kinsman of Mercutio and Paris. As the seat of
political power in Verona.
Balthasar - Romeo’s dedicated servant,
Benvolio - Montague’s nephew, Romeo’s cousin and thoughtful friend,
Friar Lawrence - A Franciscan friar, friend to both Romeo and Juliet. Kind, civic-
minded, a proponent of moderation, and always ready with a plan, Friar Lawrence
secretly marries the impassioned lovers in hopes that the union might eventually bring
peace to Verona.
Mercutio - A kinsman to the Prince, and Romeo’s close friend.
Tybalt - A Capulet, Juliet’s cousin on her mother’s side.
Sampson & Gregory - Two servants of the house of Capulet, who, like their master,
hate the Montagues. At the outset of the play, they successfully provoke some Montague
men into a fight.
Abram - Montague’s servant, who fights with Sampson and Gregory in the first scene of
the play.
The Apothecary - An apothecary in Mantua. Had he been wealthier, he might have been
able to afford to value his morals more than money, and refused to sell poison to Romeo.
Peter - A Capulet servant who invites guests to Capulet’s feast and escorts the Nurse to
meet with Romeo. He is illiterate, and a bad singer.
Rosaline - The woman with whom Romeo is infatuated at the beginning of the play.
Rosaline never appears onstage, but it is said by other characters that she is very beautiful
and has sworn to live a life of chastity.
The Chorus - The Chorus is a single character who, as developed in Greek drama,
functions as a narrator offering commentary on the play’s plot and themes.

Summary:
The play begins with a large fight between the Capulets and the Montagues, two
prestigious families in Verona, Italy. These families have been fighting for quite some
time, and the Prince declares that their next public brawl will be punished by death.
When the fight is over, Romeo’s cousin Benvolio tries to cheer him of his melancholy.
Romeo reveals that he is in love with a woman named Rosaline, but she has chosen to
live a life of chastity. Romeo and Benvolio are accidentally invited to their enemy’s
party; Benvolio convinces Romeo to go.

At the party, Romeo locks eyes with a young woman named Juliet. They instantly fall in
love, but they do not realize that their families are mortal enemies. When they realize
each other’s identities, they are devastated, but they cannot help the way that they feel.
Romeo sneaks into Juliet’s yard after the party and proclaims his love for her. She returns
his sentiments and the two decide to marry. The next day, Romeo and Juliet are married
by Friar Lawrence; an event witnessed by Juliet’s Nurse and Romeo’s loyal servant,
Balthasar. They plan to meet in Juliet’s chambers that night.

Romeo visits his best friend Mercutio and his cousin Benvolio but his good mood is
cutailed. Juliet’s cousin, Tybalt, starts a verbal quarrel with Romeo, which soon turns into
a duel with Mercutio. Romeo tries to stop the fight but it is too late: Tybalt kills
Mercutio. Romeo, enraged, retaliates by killing Tybalt. Once Romeo realizes the
consequences of his actions, he hides at Friar Lawrence’s cell.

Friar Lawrence informs Romeo that he has been banished from Verona and will be killed
if he stays. The Friar suggests Romeo spend the night with Juliet, then leave for Mantua
in the morning. He tells Romeo that he will attempt to settle the Capulet and Montague
dispute so Romeo can later return to a united family. Romeo takes his advice, spending
one night with Juliet before fleeing Verona.
Juliet’s mother, completely unaware of her daughter's secret marriage to Romeo, informs
Juliet that she will marry a man named Paris in a few days. Juliet, outraged, refuses to
comply. Her parents tell her that she must marry Paris and the Nurse agrees with them.
Juliet asks Friar Lawrence for advice, insisting she would rather die than marry Paris. Fr.
Lawrence gives Juliet a potion which will make her appear dead and tells her to take it
the night before the wedding. He promises to send word to Romeo - intending the two
lovers be reunited in the Capulet vault.

Juliet drinks the potion and everybody assumes that she is dead — including Balthasar,
who immediately tells Romeo. Friar Lawrence’s letter fails to reach Romeo, so he
assumes that his wife is dead. He rushes to Juliet’s tomb and, in deep grief, drinks a vial
of poison. Moments later, Juliet wakes to find Romeo dead and kills herself due to grief.
Once the families discover what happened, they finally end their bitter feud. Thus the
youngsters' deaths bring the families together. Romeo And Juliet is a true tragedy in the
literary sense because the families gather sufficient self-knowledge to correct their
behaviour but not until it is too late to save the situation
Paulita Magada