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BRIGHT MINDS SPM 2014

CHEMICAL FOR CONSUMER


Medicine

Medicine

Traditional

Modern

Traditional medicine: derived from natural sources such as


plants and animal without being
processed chemically
Traditional
medicine
Ginseng
Aloe vera
Mint
Garlic
Ginger
Quinine
Cocaine

uses
To improve the overall health and increasing energy,
endurance and reducing fatigue
Treating itchy skins and burns on the skins
Increase body temperature and make it sweating
As antibiotic and use to treat injured, asthma, flu and
also decreasing high blood,
Treating stomach pain, supplying heat energy to
keep body warm and preventing flu attack
Treating malaria and preventing muscle cramps
anesthetic

BRIGHT MINDS SPM 2014

Modern medicine : - known as chemotherapy


- made in various type like pill, capsule, paste
and solution

Modern medicine is classified in 4 categories:


1. ANALGESICS
Relieve pain or sometimes called pain killer
example : Aspirin (acetyl salicylic)
- Pain killer
- Reduce fever
- Treat arthritis (muscle aches)
- Prevent clotting of blood and reduce the risk
of heart attacks and strokes
Paracetamol / panadol
- Pain killer
- Reduce fever
- Replace aspirin for children
Codeine
- Relieve minor to moderate pain
- Suppressing cough
- Can cause addicted
2. ANTIBIOTIC
Destroy or prevent the growth of infectious microorganism
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BRIGHT MINDS SPM 2014

Example :

Penicillin
- Treat disease cause by bacteria, such as
pneumonia, gonorrhea and syphilis
Streptomycin
- treating tuberculosis

3. PSYCHOTHERAPEUTIC MEDICINE
Treating mental or emotional illness
Psychotherapeutic is divide in 3 group;
Group

Function

- stimulate(excite) the activity


of brain and central nervous
system
Stimulants
- increasing alertness and
physical abilities to prepare
for demanding or energetic
activities
- increase the brains level of
neurotransmitters, thus
Antidepressants improving mood and also
make a person feel calm and
sleepy
Antipsychotic

- treating schizophrenia
(people lose touch with
reality)

Example

Amphetamines
Dextoamphetamine
Femetrazin

Barbiturate
Tranquilizer

Chlozapin
Chlorpromazine
Haloperidol
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BRIGHT MINDS SPM 2014

4. Hormone and Steroid


Hormone is a organic substance that produce by
human endocrine gland to control physiology
process and homeostasis
Hormone example : Insulin
- treating diabetes
Steroid is natural lipid compound.
Steroid is divide to steroid anabolic and corticosteroid

Group
Steroid
anabolic

Function
- use to treating AIDS and
cancer

- having anti inflammation


characteristics and treating
Corticosteroid
asthma and arthritis
rheumatoid (joint illness)

Example
Metandrostenolone
(Dianabol)
Testosteronpropionat
(Testex)
Cortisone
Prednisone

BRIGHT MINDS SPM 2014

Side effects of modern medicine


Modern medicine have side effects:
Example ;
Type of modern
drug

Side effect

Aspirin
(analgesic)

Bleeding in stomach, allergic reaction, skin


rashes and asthmatic attacks

Penicillin
(antibiotic)

Allergic reactions, coma and rash

Amphetamines
Excitable and talkative, can cause heart attack,
(psychotherapeutic) anxiety, sleepiness, aggressive behavior and
(stimulant)
decrease appetite.
Barbiturate
(psychotherapeutic) Addicted,
(antidepressant)
Haloperidol
(psikoteraputik)
(antipsychotic)

Sedative (imagination), Increase the weigh,


dizzy, giddy, constipation and active.

Cortisone (Steroid) Increase the weigh, high blood pressure, joint


(Corticosteroid)
illness, muscle cramps, headache,

End
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