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Exercise: [PROBABILITY I & II]

1. A number is chosen at random from the set {x : 1


x 50, x is an integer}. Find the probability of
choosing a perfect square.
1
3
10
25
A
C
2
7
25
50
B
D
2. There are 12 apples in a basket of fruits. A fruit is
taken at random from the basket. The probability
3
8
of getting an apple from the basket is
.
Calculate the total number of fruits in the basket.
A 16
C 32
B 20
D 64
3. There are 50 members in a Mathematic society and
30 of them are male. A further 30 female
members join the club. If a number is chosen at
random form the society, find the probability of
choosing a female.
3
5
8
8
A
C
2
5

2
3

4. Table 1 shows the number of balls of red, blue and


green in a box.
Colour

Red

Blue

Green

Number

20

10

Table 1
If a ball is picked at random from the box, the
2
7
probability of getting a blue ball is
. Find the
value of x.
A 5
C 15
B 10
D 20

3
13

5. A box contains 10 yellow marbles,


red marbles
and some black marbles. When a marble is picked
at random from the box, the probability of getting
5
13
a black marble is
. Find the total number of
marbles in the box.
A 6
C 20
B 10
D 26
6. There are 64 students in Class Science 5. The
probability of picking a student who wears
3
8
spectacles at random is . Find the number of
students who do not wear spectacles in the class.
A 24
C 40
B 36
D 50
7. Table 3 shows the enrolment of a group of students
in two streams.
Male

Female

Science

22

20

Art

18

24

Table 3
A student is chosen of random from the group.
What is the probability of choosing a female
student from the Art stream?
3
11
14
42
A
C
5
2
21
7
B
D
8. A class consists of 26 girls and x boys. The
probability of choosing a boy at random from the
9
22
class is
. Find the value of x.
A 14
C 18
B 16
D 44

9. Diagram 3 shows six labelled cards in two boxes, P and Q,

Diagram 3
A card is picked at random from box P and then a card is picked at random from box Q. By listing the
sample of all the possible outcomes of the event, find the probability that
(a)a card with an odd number and the card labelled J are picked,
(b)a card with a number which is multiple of 2 or the card labelled H are picked.
[5 marks]

10. In a quiz, there are three categories of questions consisting 6 questions on problem solving, 4 questions
on critical thinking, and 5 questions on general knowledge. Each question is placed inside an envelope.
All of the envelopes are similar and put inside a box. All the participants of the quiz are requested to
pick two envelopes at random from the box.
Find the probability that the first participant picks
(a) the first envelope with a critical thinking question and the second envelope with a question on
general knowledge,
(b) two envelopes with questions of the same category.
[5 marks]
Answer: