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Detailed Official Solutions of the 2014 AMC 8 Problems

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Harry and Terry are each told to calculate 8 (2 + 5). Harry gets the correct answer. Terry

ignores the parentheses and calculates 8 2 + 5. If Harrys answer is H and Terrys answer

is T , what is H T ?

(B) 6

(C) 0

(D) 6

(E) 10

og

ut

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(A) 10

(A) 10

ka

Solution

We have

and

, so our answer is

. Clearly

.

Paul owes Paula 35 cents and has a pocket full of 5-cent coins, 10-cent coins, and 25-cent

coins that he can use to pay her. What is the difference between the largest and the smallest

number of coins he can use to pay her?

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

(E) 5

og

ut

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(A) 1

(E) 5

ka

Solution

a dime). The greatest amount is 7, if he uses all nickels.

Therefore we have

, or

Isabella had a week to read a book for a school assignment. She read an average of 36 pages

per day for the first three days and an average of 44 pages per day for the next three days.

She then finished the book by reading 10 pages on the last day. How many pages were in the

book?

(B) 250

(C) 260

(D) 270

(E) 280

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ut

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(A) 240

(B) 250

ka

Solution

Isabella read

as

pages.

of

pages.

The sum of two prime numbers is 85. What is the product of these two prime numbers?

(B) 91

(C) 115

(D) 133

(E) 166

og

ut

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(A) 85

(E) 166

ka

Solution

Since the two prime numbers sum to an odd number, one of them

must be even. The only even prime number is . The other prime

number is

.

Margies car can go 32 miles on a gallon of gas, and gas currently costs $4 per gallon. How

many miles can Margie drive on $20 worth of gas?

(B) 128

(C) 160

(D) 320

(E) 640

og

ut

i.

co

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(A) 64

Solution

ka

(C) 160

Six rectangles each with a common base width of 2 have lengths of 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, and 36.

What is the sum of the areas of the six rectangles?

(B) 93

(C) 162

(D) 182

(E) 202

og

ut

i.

co

m

(A) 91

(D) 182

ka

Solution

. This is simply equal to

, which is equal to

to our final answer of

, which is equal

There are four more girls than boys in Ms. Raubs class of 28 students. What is the ratio of

number of girls to the number of boys in her class?

(B) 4 : 3

(C) 3 : 2

(D) 7 : 4

(E) 2 : 1

og

ut

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(A) 3 : 4

(B) 4:3

ka

Solution

of students is equal to

we get

is

. There are

, we get

Eleven members of the Middle School Math Club each paid the same amount for a guest

speaker to talk about problem solving at their math club meeting. They paid their guest

speaker $1 A 2. What is the missing digit A of this 3-digit number?

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) 3

(E) 4

og

ut

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(A) 0

(D) 3

ka

Solution

A number is divisible by

digits in the odd-numbered slots (e.g. the ones slot, the hundreds slot, etc.)

and the sum in the even-numbered slots (e.g. the tens slot, the thousands

slot) is a multiple of

. So

is equivalent to

that. So

or any multiple of

.

greater than

the degree measure of ADB?

70

A

(B) 120

(C) 135

(D) 140

(E) 150

og

ut

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co

m

(A) 100

(D) 140

ka

Solution

BD = DC, so angle DBC = angle DCB = 70. Then CDB = 40. Since angle

ADB and BDC are supplementary, ADB = 180 - 40 = 140.

The first AMC 8 was given in 1985 and it has been given annually since that time. Samantha

turned 12 years old the year that she took the seventh AMC 8. In what year was Samantha

born?

(B) 1980

(C) 1981

(D) 1982

(E) 1983

og

ut

i.

co

m

(A) 1979

(A) 1979

ka

Solution

The seventh AMC8 would have been given in 1991, when Samantha

was 12. Therefore, she was born in

, or

Jack wants to bike from his house to Jills house, which is located three blocks east and two

blocks north of Jacks house. After biking each block, Jack can continue either east or north,

but he needs to avoid a dangerous intersection one block east and one block north of his

house. In how many ways can he reach Jills house by biking a total of five blocks?

(B) 5

(C) 6

(D) 8

Solution

(A) 4

(E) 10

i.

co

m

(A) 4

og

ut

ka

paths possible.

OR

A magazine printed photos of three celebrities along with three photos of the celebrities as

babies. The baby pictures did not identify the celebrities. readers were asked to match each

celebrity with the correct baby pictures. What is the probability that a reader guessing at

random will match all three correctly?

(A)

1

9

(B)

1

6

(C)

1

4

(D)

1

3

(E)

1

2

Solution

There is a

(B)

1

6

i.

co

m

picture for the first person. Next, the second person gives a

og

ut

chance, and the last person leaves only 1 choice. Thus, the

probability is

OR

ka

celebrity A's picture will be selected, and a

chance that

celebrities left. There is now a

picture will be selected. This leaves a

celebrity, so the total probability is

chance for the last

.

final probability will be

(B).

(C) n + m is even

(D) n + m is

og

ut

i.

co

m

(B) n and m are odd

odd

(E) none of these are impossible

(D) n + m is odd

ka

Solution

Since

and

and

odd, since the square of an even number is even and the square

of an odd number is odd. As a result,

answer, then, is

Rectangle ABCD and right triangle DCE have the same area. They are joined to form a

trapezoid, as shown. What is DE?

5

B

(B) 13

(C) 14

(D) 15

(E) 16

og

ut

i.

co

m

(A) 12

(B) 13

ka

Solution

The area of

is

. The area of

is

, which, since

should be apparent that

.

, and

is a

.

. It

triangle, so

The circumference of the circle with center O is divided into 12 equal arcs, marked the letters

A through L as seen below. What is the number of degrees in the sum of the angles x and y?

B

A

C

x

F

I

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y

G

(A) 75

(B) 80

(C) 90

(D) 120

Solution

og

ut

(E) 150

(C) 90

ka

central angle. Since each unit arc is

of the circle's

Then, we know that the inscribed arc of

and the inscribed arc of

so

.

so

.

The Middle School Eight basketball conference has 8 teams. Every season, each team

plays every other conference team twice (home and away), and each team also plays 4 games

against non-conference opponents. What is the total number of games in a season involving

the Middle School Eight teams?

(B) 88

(C) 96

(D) 144

(E) 160

g

ut

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co

m

(A) 60

(B) 88

Solution

pairings of teams, and each pair must play two games, for a total

games within the conference.

ka

of

Each team also plays 4 games outside the conference, and there

are 8 teams, so there are a total of

conference.

Therefore, the total number of games is

is our answer.

, so

George walks 1 mile to school. He leaves home at the same time each day, walks at a steady

speed of 3 miles per hour, and arrives just as school begins. Today he was distracted by the

pleasant weather and walked the first 12 mile at a speed of only 2 miles per hour. At how

many miles per hour must George run the last 12 mile in order to arrive just as school begins

today?

(B) 6

(C) 8

(D) 10

(E) 12

og

ut

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(A) 4

(B) 6

ka

Solution

mile. That means that he has

get to school, and

must be

hours left to

, so

is the answer.

Four children were born at City Hospital yesterday. Assume each child is equally likely to be

a boy or a girl. Which of the following outcomes is most likely?

(A) all 4 are boys

(B) all 4 are girls

(C) 2 are girls and 2 are boys

(D) 3 are of one gender and 1 is of the other gender

(E) all of these outcomes are equally likely

i.

co

m

Solution

occurring is

og

ut

, because we

ka

For D, there are two possible cases, 3 girls and 1 boy or 3 boys

because we need to choose 1 of the 4 children to be a boy. However,

the second case has the same probability because we are choosing

1 of the 4 children to be a girl, so the total probability is

So out of the four fractions, D is the largest. So our answer

is

A cube with 3-inch edges is to be constructed from 27 smaller cubes with 1-inch edges.

Twenty-one of the cubes are colored red and 6 are colored white. If the 3-inch cube is

constructed to have the smallest possible white surface area showing, what fraction of the

surface area is white?

5

54

(B)

1

9

(C)

5

27

(D)

2

9

(E)

1

3

og

ut

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(A)

(A)

5

54

ka

Solution

the center, and the other 5 with only 1 face exposed. This gives

5 square inches of white surface area. Since the cube has a

surface area of 54 square inches, our answer is

circle of radius 2 is centered at B, and a circle of radius 3 is centered at C. Which of the

following is closest to the area of the region inside the rectangle but outside all three circles?

C

3

5

og

ut

(B) 4.0

i.

co

m

(A) 3.5 (B) 4.0 (C) 4.5 (D) 5.0 (E) 5.5

Solution

The area in the rectangle but outside the circles is the area

ka

circles in the rectangle.

The area of the rectangle is

circles is

. Therefore the area in

approximately

is

following could be the value of C?

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 5

(E) 8

k

ao

gu

ti

.c

om

(A) 1

Solution

(A) 1

.

divisible by 3. Therefore,

also congruent to 0.

, so

. As we know,

therefore

so

is

, so

, and

, and therefore

. This means

answer choice is

A 2-digit number is such that the product of the digits plus the sum of the digits is equal to

the number. What is the units digit of the number?

(B) 3

(C) 5

(D) 7

og

ut

(E) 9

i.

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m

(A) 1

(E) 9

ka

Solution

plus the sum of the digits (

factor to

, and

Three members of the Euclid Middle School girls softball team had the following conversation.

Ashley: I just realized that our uniform numbers are all 2-digit primes. Bethany: And the

sum of your two uniform numbers is the date of my birthday earlier this month. Caitlin:

Thats funny. The sum of your two uniform numbers is the date of my birthday later this

month. Ashley: And the sum of you two uniform numbers is todays date.

What number does Caitlin wear?

(B) 13

(C) 17

Solution

(E) 23

og

ut

(D) 19

i.

co

m

(A) 11

(A) 11

The maximum amount of days any given month can have is 31, and

the smallest two digit primes are 11, 13, and 17. There are a

ka

numbers, which are 24, 30, and 28, all of which represent the

three days. Therefore, since Bethany says that the other two

people's uniform numbers is earlier, so that means Caitlin and

Ashley's numbers must add up to 24. Similarly, Caitlin says that

the other two people's uniform numbers is later, so the sum must

add up to 30. This leaves 28 as today's date. From this, Caitlin

was referring to the uniform wearers 13 and 17, telling us that

her number is 11, giving our solution as (A) 11.

One day the Beverage Barn sold 252 cans of soda to 100 customers, and every customer

bough at least one can of soda. What is the maximum possible median number of cans of

soda bought per customer on that day?

(B) 3.0

(C) 3.5

(C) 3.5

Solution

(D) 4.0

(E) 4.5

i.

co

m

(A) 2.5

og

ut

of the numbers as small as possible. Since there are

people,

and

largest

amount of cans per person. To minimize the first 49, they would

ka

gives us

Gives us

and a remainder of

people. Taking

our answer is C.

cans

and

is

. Thus

A straight one-mile stretch of highway, 40 feet wide, is closed. Robert rides his bike on a

path composed of semicircles as shown. If he rides at 5 miles per hour, how many hours will

it take to cover the one-mile stretch?

Note: 1 mile= 5280 feet

11

(B)

10

(C)

(D)

(B)

Solution

10

2

5

(E)

2

3

i.

co

m

(A)

road as a whole is

feet

og

ut

However, let us stick with the first interpretation for

simplicity. Each lane must then be

ka

diameter

feet and

semicircles in total. Were

feet; as it is, the circumference of each is half

that, or

feet, equivalent to

miles by mph to arrive at

hours.

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