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Title: Rainfall-induced flow landslides in loose granular soils

Presenter: Andy Take, Canada Research Chair in Geotechnical Engineering, Queens University,
Canada
Abstract: The tragic consequences of the March 2014 Oso landslide in Washington, USA were
particularly high due to the mobility of the landslide debris. Confusingly, a landslide occurred at that
exact same location a number of years earlier, but simply slumped into the river at the toe of the
slope. Why did these two events differ so drastically in their mobility? Considerable questions
remain regarding the conditions required to generate flow failures in loose soils. Geotechnical
centrifuge testing, in combination with high-speed cameras and advanced image analysis has now
provided the landslides research community with a powerful new tool to experimentally investigate
the complex mechanics leading to high mobility landslides. This presentation highlights recent
advances in our understanding of the process of static liquefaction in loose granular soil slopes
achieved through observations of highly-instrumented physical models. In particular, the
presentation summarises experimental results aimed to identify the point of initiation of the chainreaction required to trigger liquefaction flow failures, to assess the effect of slope inclination on the
likelihood of a flowslide being triggered, and to quantify the effect of antecedent groundwater levels
on the distal reach of landslide debris with the objective of beginning to explain why neighbouring
slopes can exhibit such a wide variation in landslide travel distance upon rainfall-triggering.
Andy Take is Canada Research Chair in Geotechnical Engineering at Queens University in Canada.
Andy conducted his PhD studies at Cambridge University where he worked with David White to
develop geoPIV while conducting his research program on physical modelling of landslide processes.
Andy returned to Canada in 2004 as a faculty member at Queens University, where he continues to
work on the topics of digital imaging, geosynthetic materials, physical modelling of landslidetsunamis, and field monitoring of landslides. The findings of his research program have led to him
being awarded the Casimir Gzowski Medal, the International Geosynthetic Society Award, the R.M.
Quigley Award for the best paper in the Canadian Geotechnical Journal, and the best paper award in
the Journal Geosynthetics International (twice).

Title: Quantification of pre- and post-remediation stiffness of peat railway subgrades using digital
image correlation
Presenter: Lisa Wheeler, Final year PhD student, Queens University, Canada
Abstract: Digital image correlation (DIC) has seen increasingly widespread use in geotechnical
engineering laboratory and field monitoring applications over the past fifteen years including the
quantification of track displacement in high quality railway subgrades. However, in poor quality
subgrade materials such as peat, camera-based optical techniques are currently highly susceptible to
errors associated with ground vibration. This presentation describes the latest research at Queens
University to develop a new multi-camera technique to mitigate the influence of ground vibrations
on DIC measurements of track deformation, and once validated, to quantify the increase in stiffness
that can be achieved through the use of mass stabilisation in peat subgrade applications.
Lisa Wheeler is a Graduate Student in the Department of Civil Engineering at Queen's University,
Canada. After graduating with a B.Sc. in Civil Engineering from the University of Alberta, Lisa worked
in the engineering consulting industry for four years at BGC Engineering where she focused on
instrumentation and quality assurance of tailings dams in Canada and the Caribbean. Lisas current
research at Queens University aims to quantify the effectiveness of different remediation
techniques used to improve soft railway subgrades.