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Answer the questions based on the information you gathered from the passage.
The Olympic Games originated in 776 B.C. in Olympia, a small town in Greece.
Participants in the first Olympiad are said to have run a 200-yard race, but as the
Games were held every four years, they expanded in scope. Only Greek amateurs were
allowed to participate in this festival in honor of the god Zeus. The event became a
religious, patriotic, and athletic occasion where winners were honored with wreaths
and special privileges. There was a profound change in the nature of the Games under
the Roman emperors. After they became professional circuses and carnivals, they were
banned in 394 A.D. by Emperor Theodosius.
The modern Olympic Games began in Athens in 1896 as a result of the initiative of
Baron Pierre de Coubertin, a French educator whose desire was to promote
international understanding through athletics. Nine nations participated in the first
Games; over 100 nations currently compete.
The taint of politics and racial controversy, however, has impinged upon the
Olympic Games in our epoch. In 1936, Hitler, whose country hosted the Games,
affronted Jesse Owens, an African American runner, by refusing to congratulate Owens
for the feat of having won four gold medals. In the 1972 Munich Games, the world was
appalled by the deplorable murder of eleven Israeli athletes by Arab terrorists. The
next Olympic Games in Montreal were boycotted by African nations; in addition,
Taiwan withdrew. In 1980, following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, sixty-two
nations caused great consternation to their athletes by refusing to participate in the
Games. The consensus among those nations was that their refusal would admonish the

1. The first Olympic Games were held

(A) for political reasons
(C) as a religious festival
2. Why were the Games discontinued?
(A) They had ceased to be sports events.
(C) The emperors hated athletes.
3. Olympic Games are held
(A) every decade
(C) every four years

(B) as an international competition

(D) as a professional athletes competition

(B) The Romans did not enjoy them.

(D) Winners were getting special privileges.

(B) biannually
(D) perennially

4. The Greek Olympic Games were __________ in nature.

(A) religious
(B) national
(C) athletic
(D) All of the above.
5. The Games were resumed in modern times for the purpose of
(A) giving amateur athletes a chance to participate

(B) promoting goodwill among nations

(C) creating an apolitical arena

(D) None of the above.

6. You can infer that the athletes in sixty-two nations in 1980 were
(A) terribly disappointed
(B) very happy
(C) participants
(D) boycotted
7. The last three Olympic Games mentioned in the passage were notorious for
(A) racial discrimination
(B) triumphant victories

(C) fidelity to the goals of the Olympic Games

(D) political controversy


Choose from the four phrases after each of the following sentences the one which most
suitably fills the blank spaces.
What Father said was brief and .. .
a) on the point
b) to the point
c) up to a point
d) in point
2. Yes, we do eat out .. , but not very often. Its so expensive nowadays.
a) in time
b) from time to time
c) against time
d) at one time
You might be able to get their flat if youre lucky. Theyre of giving it up.
a) beside the point b) to the point
c) on the point
d) in point
Theyre most unpunctual people but because the boss was going to be at the party they had
to be .. for once.
a) in time
b) to time
c) with time
d) at the same time
Youre quite right, of course, but you neednt have been so rude about it.
a) at one time
b) from time to time
c) at the same time d) at times
Im sure that when it comes she wont marry him, after all.
a) in point
b) up to a point
c) to the point
d) in a point
Its wonderful! The trains here always leave, and nearly always arrive . .
a) in time
b) on time
c) to time
d) with time
Were fighting . to finish the job for you before the end of the week.
a) in time
b) on time
c) by the time
d) against time


The blank spaces in these sentences need either the or a (an) or no article at all.
After 1) awful accident he had 2).. last month, he spent 3).. week in 4)
hospital. He had 5). private room which had 6) visitors bed in it,
so his wife was able to spend 7) lot of 8) time with him at 9) hospital.
We dont go to 10) . cinema as often as we used to, because 11) most of 12)
. films that are made these days are so poor that they are not worth 13). price
of 14) .. ticket, never mind 15).. trouble of getting there.
Choose the right option.
1. He was a _______ promising student in Maths and Physics at Cambridge and always felt
a lingering interest in the _________ subject.
A very, last
C highly, latter
B - , latest
D quite, later
2. Pencil marks, ________ those made by writing implements using fluids, can be ______
A different, easily
C unlike, easily
B not like, easy
D unlike, easy

3. The islands were named after British explorer and navigator James Cook, who ______
sighted them in 1773.
A firstly
C at first
B first
D at the first
4. In the ___ 1990s several companies introduced electronic books, or e-books. These ____
devices display the text of books on a small screen designed to make reading ____ .
A late, computerized, easily
C late, computerized, easy
B last, computerizing, easily
D latest, computerizing, easily
5. I cannot make up my mind if I ____ them till I _____ when they ____ .
A join, will find out, leave
C will join, will find out, are leaving
B will join, find out, will be leaving
D would join, would find out, will leave
6. Cyprus ____ on major migration routes for birds, and in spring and autumn many
millions ___ through. Many species also ____ on the island.
A is lying, are passing, will winter
C is lying, pass, wintered
B lies, pass, winter
D has lain, have passed, have been wintering
7. Raphaels greatest work, The School of Athens, ____ in the Vatican at the same time
that Michelangelo ____ on the Sistine Chapel.
A had been being painted, worked
C was painting, had worked
B was painted, was working
D had been painted, was working
8. Do you see a couple in the corner? Their dessert ____ now. As soon as they ____ it, we
___ their table.
A is served, finish, will take
C is being served, finish, will take
B is serving, will finish, take
D has been served, will have finished, will take
9. Where ___ to? - My mother ____ me to go to the post office because they ___ a break in
half an hour. A parcel ___ to us.
A are you going, has asked, will be having, has sent
B do you go, asked, would have, was sent
C are you go, asked, will have had, is sent
D are you going, has asked, will have, has been sent
10. They ___ married for seven years when their first son _____ .
A have been, was born
C had been, had been born
B had been, was born
D were, had been born
11. I felt I ___ , but there was nobody in the sight.
A had watched
C was being watched
B was watched
D had been watching
12. Look at him! He ____ the same clothes for years.
A wears
C had worn
B has been wearing
D had been wearing
13. Coal plants ____ one of the worst industrial polluters since the Industrial Revolution ___
in the 19th century.
A had been, began
C have been, began
B were, had begun
D were, have begun
14. The afternoon was the longest Grace ______. She ____ for Tom.
A ever knew, was waiting
C ever knew, was expecting
B had ever known, was waiting D had ever known, was expecting
15. How _____ the citizens of Babylon or Ur actually _____ their bills, however, depended
on who ____.
A did, pay, were they
C did, pay, they were
B __, paid, they were
D ___, paid, were they


Complete the text with the correct words from the box. There is one extra word.
blood bones exercises faces fat fitness foot heart health
improve levels muscles numerous outdated series stress

Aerobics is programs of physical 1) .. that help people improve their level of 2)

by temporarily raising their 3) . rate and breathing rate. The term aerobics- the original name
for the activity- is now somewhat 4)., and most enthusiasts use the name group fitness or
group exercise. They enjoy group fitness classes for the 5) benefits they provide and as a
way to meet other people. Classes take place in community centres and health clubs all over the
The health benefits of aerobic exercise are 6). . People who regularly attend classes can
7) their cardiovascular health, reduce their body 8) .. , increase their flexibility, and
strengthen their 9) . Other benefits include increased energy 10) . throughout the day,
decreased 11). pressure and cholesterol levels, a strengthening of 12) , improved
posture, and a lower level of 13).. .
There are many types of group fitness programs. Most are held in classes of 10 to 30 people,
usually in an indoor, mirrored room, at a fitness facility. An instructor organizes and leads each
class. The instructor 14) the class or the mirror and leads a routine, which is a specific 15)
. of exercise movements synchronized to music. Most classes last one hour and consist of
four components.

Choose the right word.

1. He knew that Mary did not love him and never would; this thought made him .. .
A unfortunate
B unhappy
C unlucky
D depressing
2. More and more people are coming to appreciate the contribution he to our society.
A brought
B made
C took
D did
3. I was an hour late because of the . traffic.
A difficult
B heavy
C hard
D densely
4. I am a manager and I have to with any complaint.
A make
B consider
C deal
D examine
5. You must not .. a motorbike without a crash helmet.
A catch
B go
C ride
D take
6. I shopping yesterday.
A made
B came
C managed D did
7. She is quite . her elder sister.
A different
B the same
C unlike
D alike
8. I will buy the house if it is in good .
A shape
B form
C colour
D condition
9. Listen, it sounds the church bells.
A as
B like
C similar
D --10. He was often to as the architect of the countrys foreign policy.
A considered
B looked
C referred
D mentioned
11. In most families there is someone who his relatives are .. of.
A beloved
B ashamed
C confided
D discussed

12. You could not help enjoying his company, though he was good for .
A everybody
B everything C anybody
D nothing
13. He looks .. he had come into a fortune.
A as
B though
C if
D as if
14. He hoped to be . for years of hard work by getting his promotion.
A awarded
B rewarded C granted
D prized
15. Unfortunately, I had time only to . the article before the exam.
A look
B examine
C skim
D glance
16. Isnt it time you finished watching TV, Andy?
A the
BC right
D good
17. Hes been working in the garden since morning, and he is completely . .
A exhausted
B destroyed C tiring
D exhausting
18. I would . him to speak to her in private.
A rather
B like
C better
D suggest
19. I had to go the launderette because my washing machine is out of .. .
A practice
B function
C order
D act
20. Having lost patience he kicked the engine to try to . it work.
A get
B cause
C force
D make