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Chemical

Physical & Chemical


Properties

Magnesium
sulfate
heptahydrate
(MgSO4H2O)

Physical State: Solid


Appearance: transparent
Odor: odorless
Vapor Pressure: < 0.1 mm
Hg at 20 C
Vapor Density: < 0.01
Boiling Point: Decomposes
Freezing/Melting
Point:1124 C
Decomposition
Temperature:1124 deg C
NFPA Rating: (estimated)
Health: 1; Flammability: 0;
Reactivity: 0
Solubility: Soluble in water.
Specific
Gravity/Density:2.66

Concentrated
ammonia (NH3)

Appearance, Odor, and


State: Colorless gas with a
sharp, strong odor similar to
smelling salts
which is readily detectable at
20 ppm
Molecular Weight: 17.0
Boiling Point (1 atm):

Physical &
Chemical
Hazards
Eye: May cause
mild eye irritation.
Skin: May cause
skin irritation.
Ingestion: May
cause
gastrointestinal
irritation with
nausea, vomiting
and diarrhea. The
toxicological
properties of this
substance have
not been fully
investigated.
Inhalation: May
cause respiratory
tract irritation.
Chronic:
Exposure to high
concentrations
may cause central
nervous system
depression.

Irritating or
corrosive to
exposed tissues.
Inhalation of
vapours may
result in
pulmonary
oedema and

Proper Handling

First Aid

Wash thoroughly
after handling.
Remove
contaminated
clothing and wash
before reuse. Use
with adequate
ventilation.
Minimize dust
generation and
accumulation.
Avoid contact with
eyes, skin, and
clothing. Keep
container tightly
closed. Avoid
ingestion and
inhalation.

Eyes: Flush
eyes with plenty
of water for at
least 15
minutes. Get
medical aid.
Skin: Get
medical aid.
Flush skin with
plenty of soap
and water for at
least 15 minutes
while removing
contaminated
clothing and
shoes.
Ingestion: Get
medical aid. Do
NOT induce
vomiting.
Inhalation:
Remove from
exposure to
fresh air
immediately. If
not breathing,
give artificial
respiration. Get
medical aid.
Eyes: Flush
eyes with large
quantities of
water. Seek
medical
attention
immediately.
Ingestion:

Do not breathe
gas/vapor. Avoid
all contact
with skin, eyes, or
clothing.
Emergency eye
wash
fountains and

Waste
Disposal
Can be safely
disposed of
down the drain
with plenty of
water.

Ammonia may
be disposed of
by discharge
into
water of
sufficient
volume to
absorb it. D

95% ethanol
C2H5OH

-28.1 F (-33.4 C)
Specific Gravity (air=1):
0.59
Freezing Point/Melting
Point: -107.9 F (-77.7 C)
Vapor Pressure (At 70 F
(21.1 C)): 114.4 psig
Gas Density (At 70 F
(21.1 C) and 1 atm):
0.045 lb/ft3
Solubility in Water
(vol./vol. at 68 F): 0.848

chemical
pneumonitis.
Contact with
liquid product
may cause
frostbite or freeze
burns, in exposed
tissues.

safety showers
should be
available in the
immediate vicinity
of any potential
exposure.

Physical State: Liquid


Appearance: clear, colorless

Flammable liquid.
Causes severe
eye irritation. May
cause blindness if
swallowed. May
be fatal if
swallowed. May
cause skin
irritation. May
cause central
nervous system
depression. May
cause liver and
kidney damage.
May cause
reproductive and

Avoid contact with


eyes, skin, and
clothing. Keep
container tightly
closed. Avoid
contact with heat,
sparks and flame.
Avoid ingestion
and inhalation. Do
not pressurize,
cut, weld, braze,
solder, drill, grind,
or expose empty
containers to
heat, sparks or
open flames.

Odor: aromatic odor


Vapor Pressure: 25 mm Hg
Vapor Density: 1.6
(ethanol)
Evaporation Rate:2.0
Boiling Point: 173.3 F
Freezing/Melting Point:-90
C
Autoignition Temperature:
685 F ( 362.78 C)
Flash Point: 13 deg C
( 55.40 F)
NFPA Rating: (estimated)

Ingestion is not
a likely route of
exposure for
Ammonia.
Inhalation:
Remove person
to fresh air. If
not breathing,
administer
artificial
respiration. If
breathing
is difficult,
administer
oxygen.
Skin Contact:
Flush affected
area with large
quantities of
water. Remove
contaminated
clothing.
Eyes:
Immediately
flush eyes with
plenty of water
for at least 15
minutes. Get
medical aid
immediately.
Skin: Get
medical aid.
Immediately
flush skin with
plenty of soap
and water for at
least 15 minutes
while removing

Can be safely
disposed of
down the drain
with plenty of
water.

Health: 1; Flammability: 3;
Reactivity: 0
Explosion Limits,
Lower:3.3 (ethanol)
Upper: 19 (ethanol)
Solubility: Soluble in water.
Specific
Gravity/Density:0.7905

fetal effects. May


be absorbed
through intact
skin. May form
explosive
peroxides.

contaminated
clothing and
shoes.
Ingestion: If
victim is
conscious and
alert, give 2-4
cups of milk or
water. Never
give anything by
mouth to an
unconscious
person. Get
medical aid.

References:
http://www.riskmanagement.ubc.ca/environment/hazardous-waste-management/waste-disposal-guide/chemicals
http://www.afrox.co.za/internet.global.corp.zaf/en/images/Ammonia266_27591.pdf
http://avogadro.chem.iastate.edu/MSDS/ethanol.htm
http://avogadro.chem.iastate.edu/MSDS/MgSO4-7H2O.htm