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Inter-Radio Access Technology (Inter-RAT) Handover

Chapter 2: Configuring BSS Features

Inter-Radio Access Technology (Inter-RAT) Handover

Overview of Inter-RAT Handover

Initially, when network operators provide a UMTS service, there may only be small pockets of UMTS coverage in a predominantly GSM coverage network. In this situation, when a UMTS subscriber leaves a UMTS coverage area, the call may be dropped. UMTS subscribers may also face problems establishing a U M T S c al l w h en t h e t r aff ic i n t h e U MT S co ve r ag e ar ea i s hi g h. To av oi d t h es e pr o bl e ms , t he I n t er-R AT Handover feature can be enabled.

The Inter-RAT Handover feature allows a multi-RAT mobile station (MS) to perform 2G to 3G cell selection/reselection in idle mode, and 3G to 2G handovers in circuit-switched dedicated mode. When the Inter-RAT Handover feature is enabled at a BSS, the BSS broadcasts new system information messages to allow a multi-RAT MS to perform measurements on UMTS FDD (UTRAN) neighbour cells for handover and cell selection/reselection purposes. When in dedicated mode, Inter-RAT Handover provides 3G measurement control parameters to the MS. When the Inter-RAT Handover feature is enabled at a BSS, it can then be enabled or disabled for individual cells.

Inter-RAT Handover dependencies

The Inter-RAT Handover feature requires:

• Multi-RAT mobile stations, which are capable of accessing the Core Network (CN) from a UMTS coverage area and a GSM coverage area. The MS must be capable of operating in either GSM or UMTS cells including execution of procedures such as PLMN selection, cell reselection, measurements in idle mode and dedicated mode, and so on.

• A UMTS network including 2G/3G compatible MSC.

• Existing 2G CN nodes must be able to interact with the 3G CN nodes through MAP procedures defined on the E-interface between a 3G CN node and 2G CN node.

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Enhanced Inter-RAT Handover feature

{22879}

T he E n han ce d 2G /3 G H an do ve r an d C el l R e s el e cti on f e at ur e ( a ls o r ef er r ed t o a s t h e E n ha nc ed I nt e r-R AT Handover feature) provides support in the BSS for:

• Outgoing dedicated mode handover from 2G to 3G (basic measurement-based and service-based handover triggers).

• BSS control for measurement reporting by multi-RAT MS, UTRAN early classmark sending blind search for cell reselection from 2G to 3G.

• Inter-RAT related performance measurements.

The Enhanced Inter-RAT feature also introduces a new device called a Blind Search Neighbour, which is supported under a cell, and represents the blind search neighbours of a cell. See "UTRAN blind search neighbour" on page 8-153 for further details.

Additional information

For further details of the Inter-RAT Handover feature and the Enhanced Inter-RAT Handover feature, see Technical Description: BSS Implementation (68P02901W36).

Interaction with other features

{22404}

This feature interacts with the IMRM feature, see "Intelligent Multilayer Resource Management (IMRM)" on page 2-161 for further details.

Inter-RAT Handover and Enhanced Inter-RAT Handover parameters

Table 2-17 lists the parameters associated with the Inter-RAT Handover and Enhanced Inter-RAT Handover features. Unless stated otherwise, the OMC-R parameter name is usually the same as the BSS parameter name. For further details of these and other parameters, see Technical Description: BSS Command Reference

(68P02901W23).

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Chapter 2: Configuring BSS Features

Table 2-17 Inter-RAT Handover and Enhanced Inter-RAT handover parameters

OMC-R GUI field name/BSS parameter name

Description

Values

BSS parameters:

Inter-RAT Handover Feature InterRatOpt

Displayed in the Optional Features grouping of the BSS Detailed View form. Indicates whether or not the Inter-RAT Handover Feature is restricted (disabled) or unrestricted (enabled) in the BSS software. This parameter cannot be modified by a user. {22879}When the Enhanced Inter-RAT Handover Feature (EnhncdInterRatOpt) is set to 1 (Enabled), InterRatOpt is automatically set to 1 (Enabled).

0 or 1, where:

Disabled (0). Enabled (1). Default is Disabled (0).

{ 228 79 } Enh an ced I n t er-R AT Handover Feature EnhancedInterRatOpt (OMC parameter name:

Displayed in the Optional Features grouping of the BSS Detailed View form. Indicates whether or not the Enhanced Inter-RAT Handover Feature is restricted (disabled) or unrestricted (enabled) for the BSS. This parameter cannot be modified by a user. When the Enhanced Inter-RAT Handover Feature (EnhncdInterRatOpt) is set to 1 (Enabled), InterRatOpt is automatically set to 1 (Enabled).

0

or 1, where:

Disabled (0). Enabled (1). Default is Disabled (0).

EnhncdInterRatOpt)

MSC Release

Displayed in the General grouping of the BSS Detailed View form. Indicates the release of the MSC to which this BSS is connected.

0

or 1, where:

msc_release

Release 1998 or older (0). Release 1999 or newer (1). Default is 0.

 

Cont.

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Table 2-17 Inter-RAT Handover and Enhanced Inter-RAT handover parameters (Continued)

OMC-R GUI field name/BSS parameter name

Description

Values

CELL parameters:

Inter-RAT Handovers Enabled inter_rat_enabled

D i s p l ay ed i n t he I nt e r-R AT Handover grouping of the CELL Detailed View form. Indicates whether idle mode, dedicated mode, or idle mode and dedicated mode functionality of the Inter-RAT Handover feature are enabled for this cell. This field is greyed-out if the Inter-RAT Handover Feature (InterRatOpt) is restricted (disabled) for the BSS. Can only be set to 1 (Idle) if network_control_order is set to 0 (NC0). This field cannot be set to 4, 5, 6 or 7 if the container BSS has EnhancedInterRatOpt set to Disabled (0). If modified to either of 4, 5, 6 or 7 and the container BSS has earlyClassmarkSndset to 0 or 1, the following warning is displayed: “Enhanced 2G/3G requires early_classmark_sending to be enabled across both the A and Air Interfaces”. If modified to either of 4, 5, 6 or 7 and the container BSS has phase2ClssmkAld not set to 2, the following warning is displayed:

“Enhanced 2G/3G requires phase2_classmark_allowed to be configured to support multiband”.

{22879} 0 to 7, where:

0 - OFF.

1 - 2 – 3G Idle.

2 - 3 – 2G Dedicated.

3 - 2 – 3G Idle and 3-2G

Dedicated. {22879} 4- 2G-3G Dedicated. 5- 2G-3G Idle and 2G-3G Dedicated. 6- 3G-2G Dedicated and 2G-3G Dedicated. 7- Idle and bi-directional Dedicated.

Default is 0.

 

Cont.

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Table 2-17 Inter-RAT Handover and Enhanced Inter-RAT handover parameters (Continued)

OMC-R GUI field name/BSS parameter name

Description

Values

BCCH RF Signal Level Threshold qsearch_i

 

0

to 15, where:

0

= -98 dBm.

 

1

= -94 dBm.

2

= -90 dBm.

4

= -82 dBm.

5

= Below -78 dBm.

6

= Below -74 dBm.

D i s p l ay ed i n t he I n t er-R AT Handover grouping of the CELL Detailed View form. Used by the MS to determine when to start measuring a UTRAN neighbour cell. When the received RF signal level of the BCCH carrier in the serving GSM cell is below or above the qsearch_i value, the MS starts measurement of the UTRAN neighbour cells. This

7 = Always Search (irrespective of threshold value).

8 = Above -78 dBm.

9 = Above -74 dBm.

 

i el d i s g r ey ed - ou t i f I n t er-R AT Handover Feature (InterRatOpt) is restricted (disabled) for the BSS.

f

10

= -70 dBm.

14

= -54 dBm.

15

= Never Search.

 

Default is 15.

Use BCCH RF Signal Level

D i s p l ay ed i n t he I n t er-R AT Handover grouping of the CELL Detailed View form. The value of this parameter is broadcast on the BCCH using the SYSTEM INFORMATION TYPE 2quater message, and determines if qsearch_I is used by the MS in dedicated mode after certain instances of MEA- SUREMENT INFORMATION messages are received, OR if the MS should always search. Modi- fying this parameter will cause the

0

or 1, where:

0

= Use Q Search_I.

Threshold qsearch_c_initial

= Use Q Search_C. Default is 0.

1

SI2ter_MP_CHANGE_MARK

and SI2quater MP_CHANGE_MARK to be toggled. This field is greyed-out if In- ter-RAT Handover Feature (InterRatOpt) is restricted (dis- abled) for the BSS.

 

Cont.

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Table 2-17 Inter-RAT Handover and Enhanced Inter-RAT handover parameters (Continued)

OMC-R GUI field name/BSS parameter name

Description

Values

Receive Signal Code Power (RSCP) Threshold fdd_qoffset

D i s p l ay ed i n t he I nt e r-R AT Handover grouping of the CELL Detailed View form. Used by the MS in the cell reselection algorithm. This field is greyed-out if Inter-RAT Handover Feature (InterRatOpt) is restricted (disabled) for the BSS.

0 to 15, where:

0 = always select a cell, if acceptable.

1 = -28 dB.

2 = -24 dB.

3 = -20 dB.

15 = 28 dB.

Default is 8 (0 dB).

Minimum Ec/No Threshold

D i s p l ay ed i n t he I nt e r-R AT

0

to 7, where:

fdd_qmin

Handover grouping of the CELL

0

= -20 dB.

Detailed View form.

1

= -6 dB.

Used by the MS in the cell

2

= -18 dB.

reselection algorithm.

3

= -8 dB.

This field is greyed-out if

4

= -16 dB.

Inter-RAT Handover Feature

5

= -10 dB.

(InterRatOpt) is restricted

6

= -14 dB.

(disabled) for the BSS.

7

= -12 dB.

Default is 0 (-20 dB).

{22879} SACCH RF Signal Level

D i s p l ay ed i n t he I nt e r-R AT

0

to 15, where:

Threshold

Handover grouping of the CELL

0

= -98 dBm.

qsearch_c

Detailed View form. Used by

1

= -94 dBm.

the MS in dedicated mode to decide when to start measurement

4

= -82 dBm.

of a UTRAN neighbour cell.

5

= Below -78 dBm.

This field is greyed-out if

6

= Below -74 dBm.

EnhncdInterRatOpt is Disabled

7

= Always search.

(0).

8

= Above -78 dBm.

 

9

= Above -74 dBm.

10

= -70 dBm.

14

= -54 dBm.

15

= Never search.

Default is 15 (Never search).

{22879} UTRAN Reporting

D i s p l ay ed i n t he I nt e r-R AT

0

or 1, where:

Quantity

Handover grouping of the CELL

0

= R S C P.

fdd_rep_quant

Detailed View form. Indicates

1

= Ec/No.

the measurement quantity to be reported for a UTRAN FDD cell. Greyed out if EnhncdInterRatOpt is Disabled (0).

Default is 1 (Ec/No).

 

Cont.

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Table 2-17 Inter-RAT Handover and Enhanced Inter-RAT handover parameters (Continued)

OMC-R GUI field name/BSS parameter name

Description

Values

{22879} Number of Serving Band cells to report serving_band_reporting

D i s p l ay ed i n t he I n t er-R AT

Handover grouping of the CELL Detailed View form. Indicates the number of cells to be reported from the frequency band to which the serving GSM cell belongs. Greyed out if EnhncdInterRatOpt is Disabled (0).

Values: 0 to 3. Default is 3.

{22879} Number of UTRAN FDD cells to report fdd_multirat_reporting

D i s p l ay ed i n t he I n t er-R AT

Handover grouping of the CELL Detailed View form. Indicates the number of UTRAN FDD cells to be reported in the list of strongest cells in the measurement report. Greyed out if EnhncdInterRatOpt is Disabled (0).

0 to 3.

Default is 1.

{22879} Blind Search Preference

D

i s p l ay ed i n t he I n t er-R AT

0

or 1, where:

blind_search_preference

Handover grouping of the CELL

0

= No blind search in idle mode.

Detailed View form. Indicates

1

= Blind search in idle mode.

the preference for blind search in idle mode and/or dedicated mode. Greyed out if EnhncdInterRatOpt

is Disabled (0). If modified from

0 to 1, and there are no UTRAN blind search neighbours equipped to that cell, the following warning message is displayed: “There are no Blind Search neighbours equipped for this cell”.

Default is 0 (No blind search in idle mode).

{22879}UMTS Band Preferred umts_band_preferred

D

i s p l ay ed i n t he I n t er-R AT

0

or 1, where:

Handover grouping of the CELL Detailed View form. Indicates whether or not handover to UMTS band is preferred. Greyed out if

EnhncdInterRatOpt is Disabled

0

= No.

 

1

= Yes.

Default is 0 (No).

(0)

{22879}Threshold when FDD_REP_QUANT is Ec/No umts_cpich_ec_no_min

D

i s p l ay ed i n t he I n t er-R AT

Handover grouping of the CELL Detailed View form. It is a threshold parameter used by the handover algorithm when fdd_rep_quant is Ec/No(1). Greyed out if EnhncdInterRatOpt is Disabled (0).

-20 dBm to 0 dBm. Default is -15 dBm.

 

Cont.

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Table 2-17 Inter-RAT Handover and Enhanced Inter-RAT handover parameters (Continued)

OMC-R GUI field name/BSS parameter name

Description

Values

{22879}Threshold when FDD_REP_QUANT is RSCP umts_cpich_rscp_min

D i s p l ay ed i n t he I nt e r-R AT Handover grouping of the CELL Detailed View form. It is a threshold parameter used by the handover algorithm when fdd_rep_quant is RSCP (0). Greyed out if EnhncdInterRatOpt is Disabled (0).

-53 dBm to -115 dBm. Default is -90 dBm.

UTRAN parameters:

{22879} UMTS Measurement Margin umts_meas_margin

Displayed in the Identification parameter grouping in the UTRAN Detailed View form. It is a measurement parameter used by the handover algorithm. Greyed out if EnhncdInterRatOpt is Disabled (0).

0

dB to 20 dB. Default is 3 dB.

 

Displayed in the General parameter grouping in the UTRAN Detailed View form. Indicates UTRAN neighbour cell measurement averaging period. Greyed out if EnhncdInterRatOpt is Disabled (0).

0

to 12.

{22879} Averaging Period umtsNcellAvgPrd

Default is 6.

{22879} UMTS BA Type umts_ba_type

Displayed in the General parameter grouping in the UTRAN Detailed View form. Specifies the neighbour lists:

BCCH, SACCH, or BCCH and SACCH. Greyed out if EnhncdInterRatOpt is Disabled

(0).

1 to 3, where:

1 = BCCH.

2 = SACCH.

3 = BCCH.

and SACCH. Default is 3 (both buttons checked). If the SACCH option is selected, it cannot be modified after creation (whether selected or not).

{22879} Blind Search Neighbour parameters

See "UTRAN blind search neighbour" on page 8-153 for details.

Methods of configuring Inter-RAT Handover

Inter-RAT Handover can be configured using:

• OMC-R GUI BSS and CELL Detail Views and the fields shown in Table 2-17.

• TTY interface, see Configuring Inter-RAT Handover using the TTY interface.

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Configuring Inter-RAT Handover using the TTY interface

Checking if Inter-RAT Handover is unrestricted

To check if the Inter-RAT Handover feature is unrestricted (enabled) using the TTY interface, enter the following command:

º £± ¨ ±

If Inter-RAT Handover is unrestricted, the following is displayed:

ÌÍ ¨ªÆŒø¨ ÿø º±™ªÆ ÓŸ‚ÌŸ ›ª¥¥ Œª ª¥ª ¨ ± Ù ÌŸ‚ÓŸ ‹ªº ø¨ªº ”±ºªÚ

Displaying and modifying Inter-RAT Handover parameters

The º £ª¥ª ª ¨, º £ ª¥¥, £ª¥ª ª ¨ and £ ª¥¥£ª¥ª ª ¨ commands can be used to display and configure the Inter-RAT Handover cell parameters shown in Table 2-17. Some examples are also given in the following sections.

See Technical Description: BSS Command Reference (68P02901W23) for full details of BSS commands, prompts, and parameters.

Displaying whether Inter-RAT handover is enabled at a cell

Use the disp_element command to display whether Inter-RAT Handover is enabled for a cell. For example, the following command displays the current setting at cell 0010114, site 0:

º £ª¥ª ª ¨ ¨ªÆ£Æø¨£ª ø楪º ª¥¥£ ´ æªÆ„ Ô ÔÔÏ

The system replies, for example:

¨ªÆ£Æø¨£ª ø楪º „

Setting cell parameters for Inter-RAT Handover

Use the chg_cell_element command to change an Inter-RAT Handover cell parameter. For example, the following command changes qsearch_i to 10 for cell 0010114:

£ ª¥¥£ª¥ª ª ¨ Ø ªøÆ £ Ô Ô ÔÔÏ

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GSM location services

GSM location services

Description of Location Services

Location services is an optional feature, which identifies the physical location of a Mobile Station (MS) by using one or more positioning mechanisms. Location services is also referred to as LCS.

The location services feature provides support for a Motorola or third-party mobile positioning application.

The positioning process involves two main steps:

1. Signal measurement.

2. Location estimate computation based on the measured signal.

Location services have been identified by operators, service providers and Motorola as being a key application enabler. For example, through applications tailored to use the position of the mobile device directly (Where am I?), to deliver tailored content (Location Specific Advertising) or to determine the routing of voice traffic (Location Sensitive Routing).

Location services support is through:

• NSS-based Servicing Mobile Location Centre (SMLC), which is an SMLC communicating with an MSC through the Ls interface.

• BSS-based SMLC, which is an SMLC communicating with the BSS through the Lb interface.

For a full description of location services, see Technical Description: BSS Implementation (68P02901W36).

Location services and the LMTL device

The Location Services Message Transfer Link (LMTL) device is present in a BSS-based implementation of the LCS feature. The LMTL device refers to the both the physical and logical interface between the BSC and the BSS-based SMLC.

See "Configuring an LMTL device" on page 9-139 for details of how to configure an LMTL device.

Determining whether location services is unrestricted

Location services is an optional feature.

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