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NWP102A Design a basic water system model

management.

Water treatment quiz


There are 10 questions below and each one gives you three possible answers to
choose from. Choose the answer that you think is most suitable.
When you have completed the quiz you will find the answers on the last page.
1.

Why does water have to be treated?


a) Because it is the law.
b) So that we can be sure it is safe to use.
c) So we can make it last longer.

2. How is ideal water described?


a) Freely available and safe from chemicals.
b) Clean, clear with no taste or smell and free of harmful substances.
c) Clean and fresh with added chemicals to protect our teeth.
3. What are cholera and typhoid two examples of?
a) Waterborne diseases.
b) Diseases that have been wiped out.
c) Chemicals used to treat water.
4. When can bugs and micro-organisms get into the water supply?
a) Water is too acidic or alkaline.
b) Water distribution systems are not closed.
c) Animals get into catchment areas and pollute the water.

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NWP102A Design a basic water system model


management.

5. How can other water contamination occur?


a) Old pipe systems corroding.
b) Physical contaminants.
c) People not washing their hands.

6. When does coagulation occur?


a) Chemicals are added to the water to make the particles stick together.
b) The water is churned around.
c) The particles settle on the tank surface.

7. What is sediment?
a) Another word for mud.
b) Filtered sand.
c) Matter heavier than water that collects on the bottom of the tank.

8. What are the main water treatments?


a) Coagulation, flocculation & sedimentation, filtration and disinfection.
b) Radiation, filtration and flocculation.
c) Coagulation, flocculation & sedimentation, closed systems and
radiation.
9. How is water disinfected?
a) With a filter.
b) By radiation and chlorine.
c) With bleach.

Commonwealth of Australia | Licensed under AEShareNet - S Licence

NWP102A Design a basic water system model


management.

10. Why does fluoridation take place?


a) To help water mix with toothpaste better.
b) To help see the water in the dark.
c) To help prevent tooth decay.

Commonwealth of Australia | Licensed under AEShareNet - S Licence

NWP102A Design a basic water system model


management.

Answers.
1

Answer is b. Untreated water can be contaminated and cause ill health.

Correct answer is b. Australian guidelines state that water should be


clear, colourless, well aerated, with no unpleasant taste or smell, no
matter, harmful chemicals or pathogenic micro-organisms..

Correct answer is a. Both these diseases can travel through the water
supply if it is left untreated.

Correct answer is c. Mammals polluting catchment areas is a main


source of micro-organisms entering the water supply.

Correct answer is b. Other substances (physical contaminants) entering


the water have to be cleaned out to ensure it is safe.

Correct answer is a. Coagulants are added to the water to make smaller


particles sticky so they clump together and form bigger particles.

Correct answer is c. During sedimentation, heavier substances will sink


to the bottom of the tank in a layer called the sediment.

Correct answer is a. The water is treated to treat and remove the


sediment layer then it is filtered and finally disinfected.

Correct answer is b The water is disinfected using either a chemical


such as chlorine, or UV radiation.

10 Correct answer is c. Research has proved that there is a link between


fluoride and healthy teeth, but fluoridation is not compulsory in Australia
and is controlled at state level.

How did you do?


Score one point for each correct answer.
0-4

Wobbly water. You need to visit the content section and try again.

5-7

Water great effort! but can you improve your score? Check your
answers and try again.

8-10 Wet and wild! Well done.

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