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For B.Sc.(MATHEMATICS) GRADUATES


1. MATHEMATICS

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Unit - I:
Differential Equations of First Order and First Degree: Linear Differential Equations; Differential
Equations Reducible to Linear Form; Exact Differential Equations; Integrating Factors; Change of
Variables; Total Differential Equations; Simultaneous Total Differential Equations; Equations of the
Form dx/P = dy/Q = dz/R
(i) Method of Grouping
(ii)
Method of Multipliers
Differential Equations of the First Order but not of the First Degree: Equations Solvable for p;
Equations Solvable for y, Equations Solvable for x; Equations that do not Contain x (or y); Equations
Homogeneous in x and y; Equations of the First Degree in x and y; Clairauts Equation
Unit - II:
Higher Order Linear Differential Equations: Solution of Homogeneous Linear Differential
Equations of Order n with Constant Coefficients
Solution of the Non-homogeneous Linear Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients by means
of Polynomial Operators.
(i) When Q(x) = bxk and P(D) = D (ii) When Q(x) =b xk and P(D) = ao Dn + a1 Dn-1 + + an

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(iii) When Q(x) = eax


(iv) When Q(x) = b sin ax or b cos ax
(v) When Q(x) =
V where V is a function of x.

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(vi) When Q(x) = xV. Where V is any function x.


Unit - III:
Elements of Number Theory: Divisibility, Primes, Congruences, Solutions of Congruences,
Congruences of Degree 1; the Function (n)
Unit - IV:
Binary Operations: Definition and Properties, Tables
Groups: Definition and Elementary Properties; Finite Groups and Group Tables.
Subgroups: Subsets and Subgroups; Cyclic Subgroups
Permutations: Functions and Permutations; Groups of Permutations, Cycles and Cyclic Notation,
Even and Odd Permutations, The Alternating Groups
Cyclic Groups: Elementary Properties, The Classification of Cyclic Groups, Subgroups of Finite
Cyclic Groups
Isomorphism: Definition and Elementary Properties, How to show that groups are Isomorphic, How
to show that Groups are Not Isomorphic, Cayleys Theorem.
Groups of Cosets: Cosets; Applications
Normal Subgroups and Factor Groups: Criteria for the Existence of a Coset Group; Inner
Automorphisms and Normal Subgroups; Factor Groups; Simple Groups
Homomorphisms: Definition and Elementary Properties; The Fundamental Homomorphism
Theorem; Applications.
Unit - V:
Vector Differentiation: Differential Operator; Gradient; Divergence; Curl
Vector Integration: Theorems of Gauss, Green and Stokes and Problems related to them.
Unit - VI:
The Plane: Every equation of the first degree in x, y, z represents a plane, Converse of the preceding
theorem; Transformation to the normal form, Determination of a plane under given conditions.
i) Equation of a plane in terms of its intercepts on the axes.
ii) Equations of the plane through three given points.
Systems of planes; Two sides of a plane; Length of the perpendicular from a given point to a given
plane; Bisectors of angles between two planes; Joint equation of two planes;

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Orthogonal projection on a plane; Volume of a tetrahedron in terms of the co-ordinates of its vertices;
Equations of a line; Right Line; Angle between a line and a plane; The condition that a given line
may lie in a given plane; The condition that two given lines are coplanar, Number of arbitrary
constants in the equations of a straight line. Sets of conditions which determine a line; The shortest
distance between two lines. The length and equations of the line of shortest distance between two
straight lines; Length of the perpendicular from a given point to a given line; Intersection of three
planes; Triangular Prism.
The Sphere: Definition and equation of the sphere; Equation of the Sphere through four given
points; Plane sections of a sphere. Intersection of two spheres; Equation of a circle. Sphere through a
given circle; Intersection of a sphere and a line. Power of a point; Tangent plane. Plane of contact.
Polar plane . Angle of intersection of two spheres. Conditions of two spheres. Conditions for two
spheres to be orthogonal; Radical plane, coaxial system of spheres; Simplified form of the equation of
two spheres.
Unit - VII:
The Real Numbers: The algebraic and Order Properties of R; Absolute Value and Real Line; The
Completeness Property of R; Applications of the Supremum Property; Intervals (No question should
be set from this part).
Sequences and Series: Sequences and their Limits; Limits Theorems; Monotone Sequences;
Subsequences and the Bolzano - Weierstrass Theorem; The Cauchy Criterion; Properly Divergent
Sequences; Series.
Limits: Limits of Functions, Limits Theorems, Some Extensions of the Limit Concept.
Continuous Functions: Continuous Functions, Combinations of Continuous Functions; Continuous
Functions on Intervals, Uniform Continuity, Definition, Non-Uniform Continuity Criteria, Uniform
Continuity Theorem.
Unit - VIII:
Differentiation: The derivative, The Mean Value theorem, LHospital Rules, Taylors Theorem.
The Riemann Integral: The Riemann Integral, Riemann Integrable Functions, the Fundamental
theorem (Scope as in Introduction to Real Analysis by Robert G. Bartle and Donald R. Sherbert,
published by John. Willey and Sons, Inc.)
Unit - IX:
Rings: Definition and Basic Properties, Fields.
Integral Domains: Divisors of 0 and cancellation, Integral domains, The Characteristic of a Ring.
Some Non-Commutative Examples: Matrices over a field, The Quaternions
Homomorphisms of Rings: Definition and Elementary properties; Maximal and Prime Ideals, Prime
Fields
Rings of Polynomials: Polynomials in an Indeterminate, The Evaluation Homomorphisms.
Factorization of Polynomials over a field: The Division Algorithm in F[x]; Irreducible polynomials,
ideal structure in F[x], Uniqueness of Factorization in F[x].
Unit - X:
Vector Spaces: Vector Spaces, Subspaces, Linear Combinations and Systems of Linear Equations,
Linear Dependence and Linear Independence, Bases and Dimension
Linear Transformation and Matrices: Linear Transformations, Null spaces, and Ranges, The
Matrix Representation of a Linear Transformation, Composition of Linear Transformations and
Matrix Multiplication, Invertibility and Isomorphisms.
Systems of linear Equations: Elementary Matrix operations and Elementary Matrices, The Rank of a
Matrix and Matrix Inverses, Systems of Linear Equations:- Theoretical Aspects, Systems of Linear
Equations - Computational Aspects.
Determinants: Determinants of Order 2; Determinants of Order n, Properties of Determinants.
Diagonalization: Eigen values and Eigen Vectors
Inner Product Spaces: Inner Products and Norms, the Gram - Schmidt Orthogonalisation Process
and Orthogonal Compliments, The Adjoint of a Linear Operator, Normal and Self - Adjoint
Operators, Unitary and Orthogonal Operators and their Matrices.

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a.
b.
c.

=c1e2x+c2e3x

c.

=c1cos2x+c2sin2x

d.

=c1cosh2x+c2sinh2x

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2. The complimentary function of (D2-5D+6)y = xe4x


a.
=c1e-2x+c2e-3x

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d.

b.

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3. The radius of the sphere x2+y2+z2+6x-8y-t=0 is 6 then the value of the t is


a. 8
b. 10
c. 11
d. 9
4. The No.of generators of a cyclic group of order 5
a. 1
b. 4
c. 2
d. 3
5. The left hand limit of

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a. 4/5
b. 3/2
c. 2/7
d. 1/6
6. If f(x) = x on [0,1] and P = {0,1/3,2/3,1} then U[P,f] is
a. 2/3
b. 1/3
c. 4/3
d. 5/3
7. If = xi+yj+zk then div
a. 2
b. 3
c. 0
d. 4
8. If S is the surface of the sphere x2+y2+z2= 1 then
a.

(a+b+c)

MODEL QUESTIONS FOR B.Sc. (Mathematics)


1. Mathematics (100 Questions of this type)
1. Solution of xdy-ydx =xy2dx is

c.

(a+b+c)

d.

(a+b+c)

(a+b+c)

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b.

9. Let T:V2 V3 be defined by T(x,y) = (x+y,2x-y,7y) then the matrix of T with respect
to the standard bases of V2 and V3 is

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a.

b.

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c.

d.

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10. If = (2,1,3), = (1,2,3) are two vectors in an inner product space


inner product between and is
a. 13
b. 12
c. 11
d. 10

then the

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2. ANALYTICAL ABILITY

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1. Data Sufficiency:- A question is given followed by data in the form of two statements labeled
as I and II. If the data given in I alone is sufficient to answer the question then choice (1) is the
correct answer. If the data given in II alone is sufficient to answer the question, then choice (2) is
the correct answer. If both I and II put together are sufficient to answer the question by neither
statement alone is sufficient, then Choice (3) is the correct answer. If both I and II put together
are not sufficient to answer the question and additional data is needed, then choice (4) is the correct
answer.
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a.
Sequences and Series: Analogies of numbers and alphabets completion of blank
spaces following the pattern in A: b:: C:d relationship odd thing out; Missing number in a
sequence or a series.
Data Analysis: The data given in a Table, Graph, Bar Diagram, Pie Chart, Venn diagram or
a passage is to be analyzed and the questions pertaining to the data are to be answered.

c.

Coding and Decoding Problems: A code pattern of English Alphabet is given. A given word
or a group of letters are to be coded and decoded based on the given code or codes.

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b.

d. Date, Time and Arrangement Problems: Calendar problems, Clock Problems, Blood
Relationship, Arrivals, Departures and Schedules; Seating Arrangements, Symbol and Notation
Interpretation.

MODEL QUESTIONS FOR ANALYTICAL ABILITY

I. Data Sufficiency

In questions 1-2 the choices are same as given below

(1) If the data I alone is sufficient to answer the question, then (1) is the correct answer.
(2) If the data II alone is sufficient to answer the question, then (2) is the correct answer.
(3) If the data I & II both are sufficient to answer the question, then (3) is the correct answer.
(4) If the data I & II both are not sufficient to answer the question, then (4) is the correct answer.
How far is town A from Town C?
I: Town A is 160 kms from town B. II: Town B is 155 kms from town C

2.

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1.

If M and N are points on segment RS. What is the length of the segment MN? I: The
length of segment RM is 10 II: The length of segment NS is 8

II.
a)

RTV, OQS, LNP, IKM,

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3.

Sequence and Series:

(1) FHJ

(2) GIK

(3) GHJ

(4) GIJ

(2) 98

(3) 99

(4) 100

(1) 97

Data Analysis:Note:- Answer questions 5 and 6 after reading the table


Food Items
Jan
Feb
March April May
Rice
250
230
210
260
240
Wheat
320
340
280
290
300
240
210
200
210
160
Sugar
Pulses
360
300
320
245
235
380
390
385
375
355
Vegetables
Misc.
460
485
440
460
475

The quantity of sugar used in month of April is approximately what percent of the total of food items
used in April.
(1) 21%
(2) 18%
(3) 11%

What is the respective ratio of the total quality of food items used in the month of March to the
quantity of food items used in the month of April?
(1) 366: 367
(2) 361: 365
(3) 248:245

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6.

(4) 25%

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5.

(4) 367:368

c)

Coding and Decoding Problems:

7.

If BELIEF is written as AFKKDI, then the code for SELDOM is


(1) TFKENP
(2) RFKFNP
(3) RFKENN

8.

June
220
360
150
250
370
480

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b)

Find the missing term in the series 1,9,17,33,49,73, ______

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4.

(4) RDKCNL

In a row of six persons D and C are immediate neighbours of E. B is a neighbour of A only. If A is the
forth from F who are on the two end points?
(1) F,B
(2) F,C
(4) C,A

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(3) B,D

3. COMMUNICATIVE ENGLISH

3. ERROR ANALYSIS

Synonyms
Antonyms
One word Substitutes
Affixes
Homophones
Words often confused

10

Spotting Errors
(Includes all the components mentioned in this syllabus)
Sentence Improvement
Idioms
Phrasal verbs

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4. USAGE

10

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2. VOCABULARY

Total Marks

Articles
Prepositions
Tenses
Active and Passive Voice
Concord
Question Tags

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Components

1. GRAMMAR

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Name of the Item

10

Main idea
Factual question
Inferential
Vocabulary

6. REARRANGEMENT
OF PARTS IN
SENTENCES

Jumbled parts of a sentence to be rearranged ( Tests


understanding of relation between form and function)

7. FUNCTIONAL
ENGLISH

Requesting
Complaining
Seeking Permission
Apologising
Suggesting

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5. READING
COMPREHENSION

Total 50

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Communicative English (50 Questions of this type)


Table showing the various components of language items tested with weight age of marks
Name of the item

1. GRAMMAR

Components

No. of Questions

Marks

Articles

Prepositions

Tenses

Active and Passive Voice

Question Tags

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Synonyms
Antonyms

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2. VOCABULARY

Sample

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I want to buy .........


a) a b ) an c) the
10

2
10

One word Substitutes

Affixes

a) lap top
d) none of the above

Will you please sit ________ me?


a) beside b) by c) besides d) between
I _________ since morning.
a) Am working b) was working
c)
worked d) have been working
It _______ to hold a meeting in the office today.
a) Is proposed b) proposed c) they
proposed d) is proposing
Each of the boys _______ for the game show.
a) Were called b) was called c) were
calling d) are call
Farmers work on land to produce food for us,
________
a) Isnt it? B) doesnt it? C) werent
they? D) dont they?
Examine
a) Check b) cheque c) exact d) disclose
Analyse
a) Synthesise b) co ordinate c) organise
d) concise
One who is recovering from illness
a) Sickness b) convalescent c) conduit d)
ill-free
...relevant
a) Un b) dis c) mis d) ir

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Concord

Total
Marks

3. ERROR ANALYSIS

4. USAGE

5. READING
COMPREHENSION

6.
REARRANGEMENT
OF PARTS IN
SENTENCES
7. FUNCTIONAL
ENGLISH

Homophones

Words often confused

Spotting Errors
(Includes all the components
mentioned in this syllabus)

Sentence Improvement

Idioms
Phrasal verbs

2
3

Main idea
Factual question
Inferential
Vocabulary
Jumbled parts of a sentence to be
rearranged ( Tests understanding
of relation between form and
function)
Requesting
Complaining
Seeking Permission
Apologising
Suggesting

p
tt

10

1
2
1
1
5

1
1
1
1
1
50

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Total

2
3

50

50

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________ is todays newspaper.


a) Hear b) her c ) heir d) here
I invited everyone ____ Rahim to the party.
a) Accept b) except c) exempt d)
extinct
The father / along with his son were found /missing
from the party/ held at the
A
B
C
D
Function hall.
Being a Sunday, I stayed at home.
a) I am being the Sunday b) It being a
Sunday c) When being the Sunday d)
On being a Sunday
The workers are hell bent at getting what is due to
them.
a) hell bent on getting b)hell bent for getting
c)hell bent upon getting d) No
improvement
A passage of suitable level of difficulty may be
given to test comprehension skills.

tomorrow? / to come with us/ to have dinner


/Would you like
A
B
C
D
a) acdb b) cd ba
c) dcba
d) dbca
A: May I leave the room now Madam?
B: Yes you may.
a) Requesting
b) Seeking permission
c) Apologising
d) Commanding