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A)

B)
C)
D)
E)

1.What should the nurse do before conducting a physical examination of a patient? (Select
all that apply.)
Obtain and check needed equipment.
Ensure a quiet environment.
Identify ways to ensure patient privacy.
Assist the patient to a standing position.
Wash hands.

A)
B)
C)
D)

2.During a physical examination, the nurse wants to assess a body area for contours and
size of organs. The technique that the nurse will use for this assessment would be:
Inspection
Palpation
Percussion
Auscultation

A)
B)
C)
D)

3.The nurse is going to conduct a physical assessment on a patient who is on bed rest. The
best position for the nurse to begin the head to toe assessment would be to:
Stand on the right side of the bed.
Stand on the left side of the bed.
Stand at the head of the bed.
Stand at the foot of the bed.

A)
B)
C)
D)

4.The nurse is conducting a physical examination of a patient who is lying down. Which
body area can be assessed while the patient is in this position?
Range of motion of the spine
Posterior chest excursion
Head and neck range of motion
Jugular vein distention

A)
B)
C)
D)

5.The nurse is planning to inspect a patient's apical heart impulses. What should the nurse
do to ensure that this body organ is optimally assessed?
Use perpendicular lighting.
Use tangential lighting.
Focus a penlight on the patient's chest.
Assist the client to a standing position.

A)
B)
C)
D)

6.The nurse is having difficulty auscultating a patient's bowel sounds during a physical
examination of the abdomen. What can the nurse do to improve hearing the patient's
sounds of this body area?
Percuss the region before auscultating.
Palpate the region before auscultating.
Assist the client to a sitting position.
Reduce all environmental noise.
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A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

7.The nurse is preparing to assess a patient's vision. The equipment that the nurse will need
to conduct this portion of the physical examination is: (Select all that apply.)
Ophthalmoscope
Snellen chart
Rosenbaum chart
Otoscope
Cotton balls

A)
B)
C)
D)

8.The nurse is planning to assess for the presence of lower pitch sounds when examining a
patient's heart. Which item of equipment would the nurse use to make this assessment?
Tuning fork
Two test tubes
Bell of a stethoscope
Diaphragm of a stethoscope

A)
B)
C)
D)
E)

9.The nurse is conducting a physical examination of a patient who is in the lying position.
Place in order the areas the nurse will assess when completing this examination.
a. Shins and ankles
b. Groin, hips, and knees
c. Breasts
d. Chest and thorax
e. Cardiovascular
c, d, e, b, a
d, b, a, e, c
a, c, b, d, e
c, e, b, d, a
d, e, b, a, c

A)
B)
C)
D)

10.After completing the physical examination of a patient in the seated and lying positions,
the nurse asks the patient to stand. What body areas will the nurse assess with the client
in this position?
Cervical spine
Thorax
Axillary nodes
Gait and balance

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Answer Key
1.A, B, C, E
2.B
3.A
4.D
5.B
6.D
7.B, C
8.C
9.A
10.D

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