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Ch.

4 DiscreteProbabilityDistributions
4.1 ProbabilityDistributions
1 DecideifaRandomVariableisDiscreteorContinuous
MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
Provideanappropriateresponse.
1) Statewhetherthevariableisdiscreteorcontinuous.
Thenumberofcupsofcoffeesoldinacafeteriaduringlunch
A) discrete
B) continuous
2) Statewhetherthevariableisdiscreteorcontinuous.
Theheightofaplayeronabasketballteam
A) continuous

B) discrete

3) Statewhetherthevariableisdiscreteorcontinuous.
ThecostofaStatisticstextbook
A) discrete

B) continuous

4) Statewhetherthevariableisdiscreteorcontinuous.
Thebloodpressuresofagroupofstudentsthedaybeforetheirfinalexam
A) continuous
B) discrete
5) Statewhetherthevariableisdiscreteorcontinuous.
ThetemperatureindegreesFahrenheitonJuly4thinJuneau,Alaska
A) continuous
B) discrete
6) Statewhetherthevariableisdiscreteorcontinuous.
Thenumberofgoalsscoredinasoccergame
A) discrete

B) continuous

7) Statewhetherthevariableisdiscreteorcontinuous.
ThespeedofacaronaLosAngelesfreewayduringrushhourtraffic
A) continuous
B) discrete
8) Statewhetherthevariableisdiscreteorcontinuous.
Thenumberofphonecallstotheattendanceofficeofahighschoolonanygivenschoolday
A) discrete
B) continuous
9) Statewhetherthevariableisdiscreteorcontinuous.
Theageoftheoldeststudentinastatisticsclass
A) continuous
10) Statewhetherthevariableisdiscreteorcontinuous.
Thenumberofpillsinacontainerofvitamins
A) discrete

B) discrete

B) continuous

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2 FindProbabilities
MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
Provideanappropriateresponse.
11) Therandomvariablexrepresentsthenumberofcarsperhouseholdinatownof1000households.Findthe
probabilityofrandomlyselectingahouseholdthathaslessthantwocars.
Cars Households
0
125
1
428
2
256
3
108
4
83
A) 0.553

B) 0.809

C) 0.428

D) 0.125

12) Therandomvariablexrepresentsthenumberofcarsperhouseholdinatownof1000households.Findthe
probabilityofrandomlyselectingahouseholdthathasatleastonecar.
Cars Households
0
125
1
428
2
256
3
108
4
83
A) 0.875

B) 0.125

C) 0.500

D) 0.083

13) Therandomvariablexrepresentsthenumberofcarsperhouseholdinatownof1000households.Findthe
probabilityofrandomlyselectingahouseholdthathasbetweenoneandthreecars,inclusive.
Cars Households
0
125
1
428
2
256
3
108
4
83
A) 0.792

B) 0.125

C) 0.208

D) 0.256

SHORTANSWER.Writethewordorphrasethatbestcompleteseachstatementoranswersthequestion.
14) Astudenthasfivemotorvehicleaccidentsinoneyearandclaimsthathavingfiveaccidentsisnotunusual.
Usethefrequencydistributionbelowtodetermineifthestudentiscorrect.
Accidents 0 1 2 3 4 5
Students 260 500 425 305 175 45
15) AbaseballplayergetsfourhitsduringtheWorldSeriesandasportsannouncerclaimsthatgettingfouror
morehitsisnotunusual.Usethefrequencydistributionbelowtodetermineifthesportsannounceriscorrect.
Hits
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Players 7 9 7 4 1 1 2 1

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3 ConstructProbabilityDistributions
SHORTANSWER.Writethewordorphrasethatbestcompleteseachstatementoranswersthequestion.
Provideanappropriateresponse.
16) AsportsanalystrecordsthewinnersofNASCARWinstonCupracesforarecentseason.Therandomvariable
xrepresentstheraceswonbyadriverinoneseason.Usethefrequencydistributiontoconstructaprobability
distribution.
Wins
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Drivers 12 2 0 2 0 0 1

17) Aninsuranceactuaryaskedasampleofseniorcitizensthecauseoftheirautomobileaccidentsoveratwo -year


period.Therandomvariablexrepresentsthenumberofaccidentscausedbytheirfailuretoyieldtherightof
way.Usethefrequencydistributiontoconstructaprobabilitydistribution.
Accidents
0 1 2 3 4 5
SeniorCitizens 4 3 12 3 2 1

18) AsportsannouncerresearchedtheperformanceofbaseballplayersintheWorldSeries.Therandomvariablex
representsthenumberofofhitsaplayerhadintheseries.Usethefrequencydistributiontoconstructa
probabilitydistribution.
Hits
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Players 7 9 7 4 1 1 2 1

MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
19) Determinetheprobabilitydistributionsmissingvalue.
Theprobabilitythatatutorwillsee0,1,2,3,or4students
x

0
1
2 3 4
2
4
5
5

?
P(x)
17
17 17 17
A)

1
17

B)

2
17

C)

16
17

D) -

10
17

20) Determinetheprobabilitydistributionsmissingvalue.
Theprobabilitythatatutorwillsee0,1,2,3,or4students
x
0
1
2
3 4
P(x) 0.57 0.07 0.16 0.02 ?
A) 0.18

B) 0.36

C) 0.82

D) -0.82

21) Determinetheprobabilitydistributionssmissingvalue.
Theprobabilitythatatutorsees0,1,2,3,or4studentsonagivenday.
x
0 1
2
3
4
P(x) ? 0.15 0.20 0.20 0.25
A) 0.20

B) 0.50

C) 0.80

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D) 1.0

SHORTANSWER.Writethewordorphrasethatbestcompleteseachstatementoranswersthequestion.
22) Therandomvariablexrepresentsthenumberofboysinafamilyofthreechildren.Assumingthatboysand
girlsareequallylikely,(a)constructaprobabilitydistribution,and(b)graphthedistribution.
23) Therandomvariablexrepresentsthenumberofteststhatapatiententeringahospitalwillhavealongwiththe
correspondingprobabilities.Graphtheprobabilitydistribution.
x

0 1 2 3 4
3 5 6 2 1
P(x)
17 17 17 17 17
24) Therandomvariablexrepresentsthenumberofcreditcardsthatadultshavealongwiththecorresponding
probabilities.Graphtheprobabilitydistribution.
x
0
1
2
3
4

P(x)
0.07
0.68
0.21
0.03
0.01

25) Inapizzatakeoutrestaurant,thefollowingprobabilitydistributionwasobtained.Therandomvariablex
representsthenumberoftoppingsforalargepizza.Graphtheprobabilitydistribution.
x
0
1
2
3
4

P(x)
0.30
0.40
0.20
0.06
0.04

26) Usethefrequencydistributionto(a)constructaprobabilitydistributionfortherandomvariablexrepresents
thenumberofcarsperhouseholdinatownof1000households,and(b)graphthedistribution.
Cars Households
0
125
1
428
2
256
3
108
4
83

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4 DetermineifaDistributionisaProbabilityDistribution
SHORTANSWER.Writethewordorphrasethatbestcompleteseachstatementoranswersthequestion.
Provideanappropriateresponse.
27) Determinewhetherthedistributionrepresentsaprobabilitydistribution.Ifnot,identifyanyrequirementsthat
arenotsatisfied.
x
1
2
3
4
5

P(x)
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2
0.2

28) Determinewhetherthedistributionrepresentsaprobabilitydistribution.Ifnot,identifyanyrequirementsthat
arenotsatisfied.
x
3
6
9
12
15

P(x)
-0.3
0.5
0.1
0.3
0.4

29) Determinewhetherthedistributionrepresentsaprobabilitydistribution.Ifnot,identifyanyrequirementsthat
arenotsatisfied.Also,thesumoftheprobabilitiesdoesnotequalone.
x
1
2
3
4
5

P(x)
1.2
1.2
1.4
1.1
1.1

30) Determinewhetherthedistributionrepresentsaprobabilitydistribution.Ifnot,anyrequirementsthatarenot
satisfied.Also,thesumoftheprobabilitiesdoesnotequalone.
x
1
2
3
4
5

P(x)
0.49
0.05
0.32
0.07
0.07

31) Determinewhetherthedistributionrepresentsaprobabilitydistribution.Ifnot,identifyanyrequirementsthat
arenotsatisfied.Also,thesumoftheprobabilitiesdoesnotequalone.
x
1
2
3
4
5

P(x)
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2
-0.2

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5 FindtheExpectedValueoftheProbabilityDistribution
MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
Provideanappropriateresponse.
32) Therandomvariablexrepresentsthenumberofboysinafamilyofthreechildren.Assumingthatboysand
girlsareequallylikely,findthemeanandstandarddeviationfortherandomvariablex.
A) mean:1.50;standarddeviation:0.87
B) mean:2.25;standarddeviation:0.87
C) mean:1.50;standarddeviation:0.76
D) mean:2.25;standarddeviation:0.76
33) Therandomvariablexrepresentsthenumberofteststhatapatiententeringahospitalwillhavealongwiththe
correspondingprobabilities.Findthemeanandstandarddeviation.
x

0 1 2 3 4
3 5 6 2 1
P(x)
17 17 17 17 17
A) mean:1.59;standarddeviation:1.09
C) mean:2.52;standarddeviation:1.93

B) mean:1.59;standarddeviation:3.71
D) mean:3.72;standarddeviation:2.52

34) Therandomvariablexrepresentsthenumberofcreditcardsthatadultshavealongwiththecorresponding
probabilities.Findthemeanandstandarddeviation.
x P(x)
0 0.07
1 0.68
2 0.21
3 0.03
4 0.01
A) mean:1.23;standarddeviation:0.66
C) mean:1.30;standarddeviation:0.44

B) mean:1.30;standarddeviation:0.32
D) mean:1.23;standarddeviation:0.44

35) Inapizzatakeoutrestaurant,thefollowingprobabilitydistributionwasobtained.Therandomvariablex
representsthenumberoftoppingsforalargepizza.Findthemeanandstandarddeviation.
x
0
1
2
3
4

P(x)
0.30
0.40
0.20
0.06
0.04
A) mean:1.14;standarddeviation:1.04
C) mean:1.30;standarddeviation:2.38

B) mean:1.54;standarddeviation:1.30
D) mean:1.30;standarddeviation:1.54

36) Onethousandticketsaresoldat$2each.Oneticketwillberandomlyselectedandthewinnerwillreceivea
colortelevisionvaluedat$350.Whatistheexpectedvalueforapersonthatbuysoneticket?
A) -$1.65
B) $1.65
C) $1.00
D) -$1.00
37) Ifapersonrollsdoubleswhentossingtwodice,therollerprofits$95.Ifthegameisfair,howmuchshouldthe
personpaytoplaythegame?
A) $19
B) $95
C) $94
D) $92

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38) Ataraffle,10,000ticketsaresoldat$5eachforthreeprizesvaluedat$4,800,$1,200,and$400.Whatisthe
expectedvalueofoneticket?
A) -$4.36
B) $4.36
C) $0.64
D) -$0.64
39) Ataraffle,10,000ticketsaresoldat$10eachforthreeprizesvaluedat$4,800,$1,200,and$400.Whatisthe
expectedvalueofoneticket?
A) -$9.36
B) $9.36
C) -$0.64
D) $0.64
40) Inaraffle,1,000ticketsaresoldfor$2each.Oneticketwillberandomlyselectedandthewinnerwillreceivea
laptopcomputervaluedat$1200.Whatistheexpectedvalueforapersonthatbuysoneticket?
A) -$0.80
B) $0.8
C) $1.20
D) -$1.20
SHORTANSWER.Writethewordorphrasethatbestcompleteseachstatementoranswersthequestion.
41) Fromtheprobabilitydistribution,findthemeanandstandarddeviationfortherandomvariablex,which
representsthenumberofcarsperhouseholdinatownof1000households.
x
0
1
2
3
4

P(x)
0.125
0.428
0.256
0.108
0.083

4.2 BinomialDistributions
1 DetermineifanExperimentisaBinomialExperiment
SHORTANSWER.Writethewordorphrasethatbestcompleteseachstatementoranswersthequestion.
Provideanappropriateresponse.
1) Decidewhethertheexperimentisabinomialexperiment.Ifitisnot,explainwhy.Youobservethegenderof
thenext300babiesbornatalocalhospital.Therandomvariablerepresentsthenumberofgirls.
2) Decidewhethertheexperimentisabinomialexperiment.Ifitisnot,explainwhy.Yourolladie 650 times.The
randomvariablerepresentsthenumberthatappearsoneachrollofthedie.
3) Decidewhethertheexperimentisabinomialexperiment.Ifitisnot,explainwhy.Youspinanumberwheel
thathas17numbers250times.Therandomvariablerepresentsthewinningnumbersoneachspinofthe
wheel.
4) Decidewhethertheexperimentisabinomialexperiment.Ifitisnot,explainwhy.Youtestfourpainrelievers.
Therandomvariablerepresentsthepainrelieverthatismosteffective.
5) Decidewhethertheexperimentisabinomialexperiment.Ifitisnot,explainwhy.Testingapainrelieverusing
840peopletodetermineifitiseffective.Therandomvariablerepresentsthenumberofpeoplewhofindthe
painrelievertobeeffective.
6) Decidewhethertheexperimentisabinomialexperiment.Ifitisnot,explainwhy.Surveying 100 prisonersto
seehowmanycrimesinwhichtheywereconvicted.Therandomvariablerepresentsthenumberofcrimesin
whicheachprisonerwasconvicted.
7) Decidewhethertheexperimentisabinomialexperiment.Ifitisnot,explainwhy.Surveying 550 prisonersto
seewhethertheyareservingtimefortheirfirstoffense.Therandomvariablerepresentsthenumberof
prisonersservingtimefortheirfirstoffense.
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8) Decidewhethertheexperimentisabinomialexperiment.Ifitisnot,explainwhy.Eachweek,amanplaysa
gameinwhichhehasa26%chanceofwinning.Therandomvariableisthenumberoftimeshewinsin 50
weeks.
9) Decidewhethertheexperimentisabinomialexperiment.Ifitisnot,explainwhy.Selectingfivecards,oneata
timewithoutreplacement,fromastandarddeckofcards.Therandomvariableisthenumberofredcards
obtained.
2 FindtheMean,Variance,andStandardDeviationofaBinomialDistribution
MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
Provideanappropriateresponse.
10) Findthemeanofthebinomialdistributionforwhichn= 60 andp= 0.2.
A) 12
B) 3.1
C) 30
11) Findthevarianceofthebinomialdistributionforwhichn= 800 andp= 0.88.
A) 84.48
B) 9.19
C) 704

D) 60

D) 32.54

12) Findthestandarddeviationofthebinomialdistributionforwhichn = 400 andp=0.89.


A) 6.26
B) 39.16
C) 356
D) 6.31
13) Atestconsistsof850trueorfalsequestions.Ifthestudentguessesoneachquestion,whatisthemeannumber
ofcorrectanswers?
A) 425
B) 0
C) 850
D) 170
14) Atestconsistsof910trueorfalsequestions.Ifthestudentguessesoneachquestion,whatisthestandard
deviationofthenumberofcorrectanswers?
A) 15.08
B) 0
C) 2
D) 21.33
15) Inarecentsurvey,80%ofthecommunityfavoredbuildingapolicesubstationintheirneighborhood.If15
citizensarechosen,whatisthemeannumberfavoringthesubstation?
A) 12
B) 15
C) 8
D) 10
16) Inarecentsurvey,80%ofthecommunityfavoredbuildingapolicesubstationintheirneighborhood.If15
citizensarechosen,whatisthestandarddeviationofthenumberfavoringthesubstation?
A) 1.55
B) 2.40
C) 0.98
D) 0.55
17) Theprobabilitythatahouseinanurbanareawillbeburglarizedis5%.If20housesarerandomlyselected,
whatisthemeanofthenumberofhousesburglarized?
A) 1
B) 10
C) 0.5
D) 1.5
18) Inonecity,21%ofadultssmoke.Ingroupsofsize 130 of adults,whatisthevarianceofthenumberthatsmoke
?
A) 21.57
B) 4.64
C) 27.3
D) 10.78
19) Atestconsistsof30multiplechoicequestions,eachwithfivepossibleanswers,onlyoneofwhichiscorrect.
Findthemeanandthestandarddeviationofthenumberofcorrectanswers.
A) mean:6;standarddeviation:2.19
B) mean:6;standarddeviation:2.45
C) mean:15;standarddeviation:2.19
D) mean:15;standarddeviation:3.87
20) Theprobabilitythatanindividualisleft-handedis0.17.Inaclassof40 students,whatisthemeanand
standarddeviationofthenumberofleft-handersintheclass?
A) mean:6.8;standarddeviation:2.38
B) mean:40;standarddeviation:2.38
D) mean:40;standarddeviation:2.61
C) mean:6.8;standarddeviation:2.61
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21) Arecentsurveyfoundthat69%ofalladultsover50wearglassesfordriving.Inarandomsampleof 70 adults


over50,whatisthemeanandstandarddeviationofthosethatwearglasses?
A) mean:48.3;standarddeviation:3.87
B) mean:48.3;standarddeviation:6.95
C) mean:21.7;standarddeviation:3.87
D) mean:21.7;standarddeviation:6.95
22) Accordingtogovernmentdata,theprobabilitythatawomanbetweentheagesof25and29wasnevermarried
is40%.Inarandomsurveyof10womeninthisagegroup,whatisthemeanandstandarddeviationofthe
numberthatnevermarried?
A) mean:4;standarddeviation:1.55
B) mean:6;standarddeviation:1.55
C) mean:6;standarddeviation:155
D) mean:4;standarddeviation:2.4
23) Accordingtopolicesources,acarwithacertainprotectionsystemwillberecovered94%ofthetime.If400
stolencarsarerandomlyselected,whatisthemeanandstandarddeviationofthenumberofcarsrecovered
afterbeingstolen?
A) mean:376;standarddeviation:4.75
B) mean:376;standarddeviation:22.56
C) mean:122:standarddeviation:4.75
D) mean:122:standarddeviation:22.56
24) Theprobabilitythatatennissetwillgotoatiebreakeris16%.In420 randomlyselectedtennissets,whatisthe
meanandthestandarddeviationofthenumberoftiebreakers?
B) mean:67.2;standarddeviation:8.2
A) mean:67.2;standarddeviation:7.51
C) mean:63;standarddeviation:7.51
D) mean:63;standarddeviation:8.2
SHORTANSWER.Writethewordorphrasethatbestcompleteseachstatementoranswersthequestion.
25) Assumethatmaleandfemalebirthsareequallylikelyandthatthebirthofanychilddoesnotaffectthe
probabilityofthegenderofanyotherchildren.Supposethat1000coupleseachhaveababy;findthemeanand
standarddeviationforthenumberofgirlsinthe1000babies.
3 FindBinomialProbabilities
MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
Provideanappropriateresponse.
26) Assumethatmaleandfemalebirthsareequallylikelyandthatthebirthofanychilddoesnotaffectthe
probabilityofthegenderofanyotherchildren.Findtheprobabilityofexactlyeightboysintenbirths.
A) 0.044
B) 0.8
C) 0.176
D) 0.08
27) Assumethatmaleandfemalebirthsareequallylikelyandthatthebirthofanychilddoesnotaffectthe
probabilityofthegenderofanyotherchildren.Findtheprobabilityofatmostthreeboysintenbirths.
A) 0.172
B) 0.300
C) 0.003
D) 0.333
28) Atestconsistsof10trueorfalsequestions.Topassthetestastudentmustansweratleasteightquestions
correctly.Ifthestudentguessesoneachquestion,whatistheprobabilitythatthestudentwillpassthetest?
A) 0.055
B) 0.8
C) 0.20
D) 0.08
29) Atestconsistsof10multiplechoicequestions,eachwithfivepossibleanswers,oneofwhichiscorrect.Topass
thetestastudentmustget60%orbetteronthetest.Ifastudentrandomlyguesses,whatistheprobabilitythat
thestudentwillpassthetest?
A) 0.006
B) 0.060
C) 0.377
D) 0.205
30) Inarecentsurvey,73%ofthecommunityfavoredbuildingapolicesubstationintheirneighborhood.If14
citizensarechosen,findtheprobabilitythatexactly 8ofthemfavorthebuildingofthepolicesubstation.
A) 0.094
B) 0.013
C) 0.571
D) 0.730

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31) Theprobabilitythatanindividualisleft-handedis0.19.Inaclassof23 students,whatistheprobabilityof


findingfiveleft-handers?
A) 0.188
B) 0.217
C) 0.000
D) 0.19
32) Arecentsurveyfoundthat70%ofalladultsover50wearglassesfordriving.Inarandomsampleof10adults
over50,whatistheprobabilitythatatleastsixwearglasses?
A) 0.850
B) 0.700
C) 0.200
D) 0.006
33) Accordingtogovernmentdata,theprobabilitythatawomanbetweentheagesof25and29wasnevermarried
is40%.Inarandomsurveyof10womeninthisagegroup,whatistheprobabilitythattwoorfewerwerenever
married?
A) 0.167
B) 1.002
C) 0.013
D) 0.161
34) Accordingtogovernmentdata,theprobabilitythatawomanbetweentheagesof25and29wasnevermarried
is40%.Inarandomsurveyof10womeninthisagegroup,whatistheprobabilitythatatleasteightwere
married?
A) 0.167
B) 1.002
C) 0.013
D) 0.161
35) Accordingtopolicesources,acarwithacertainprotectionsystemwillberecovered87%ofthetime.Findthe
probabilitythat4of8stolencarswillberecovered.
A) 0.011
B) 0.500
C) 0.87
D) 0.13
36) Theprobabilitythatatennissetwillgotoatie-breakeris17%.Whatistheprobabilitythattwoofthreesets
willgototie-breakers?
A) 0.072
B) 0.17
C) 0.351
D) 0.0289
37) Fiftypercentofthepeoplethatgetmail-ordercatalogsordersomething.Findtheprobabilitythatexactly two
of8peoplegettingthesecatalogswillordersomething.
A) 0.109
B) 0.250
C) 0.004
D) 7.000
38) Theprobabilitythatahouseinanurbanareawillbeburglarizedis3%.If25 housesarerandomlyselected,
whatistheprobabilitythatnoneofthehouseswillbeburglarized?
A) 0.467
B) 0.030
C) 0.000
D) 0.001
SHORTANSWER.Writethewordorphrasethatbestcompleteseachstatementoranswersthequestion.
39) Anairlinehasapolicyofbookingasmanyas150personsonaplanethatseats140.Paststudiesindicatethat
only85%ofbookedpassengersshowupfortheirflight.Findtheprobabilitythatiftheairlinebooks150
personsfora140-seatplane,notenoughseatswillbeavailable.
MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
40) Sixty-fivepercentofmenconsiderthemselvesknowledgeablefootballfans.If12menarerandomlyselected,
findtheprobabilitythatexactlyfourofthemwillconsiderthemselvesknowledgeablefans.
A) 0.020
B) 0.237
C) 0.65
D) 0.333
4 ConstructBinomialDistributions
SHORTANSWER.Writethewordorphrasethatbestcompleteseachstatementoranswersthequestion.
Provideanappropriateresponse.
41) Youobservethegenderofthenext100babiesbornatalocalhospital.Youcountthenumberofgirlsborn.
Identifythevaluesofn,p,andq,andlistthepossiblevaluesoftherandomvariablex.

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42) Twenty-sixpercentofpeopleintheUnitedStateswithInternetaccessgoonlinetogetnews.Arandom
sampleoffiveAmericanswithInternetaccessisselectedandaskediftheygetthenewsonline.Identifythe
valuesofn,p,andq,andlistthepossiblevaluesoftherandomvariablex.
43) Fifty-sevenpercentoffamiliessaythattheirchildrenhaveaninfluenceontheirvacationplans.Considera
sampleofeightfamilieswhoareaskediftheirchildreninfluencetheirvacationplans.Identifythevaluesofn,
p,andq,andlistthepossiblevaluesoftherandomvariablex.
44) Thirty-eightpercentofpeopleintheUnitedStateshavetypeO+ blood.Yourandomlyselect30Americans
andaskthemiftheirbloodtypeisO+.Identifythevaluesofn,p,andq,andlistthepossiblevaluesofthe
randomvariablex.

4.3 MoreDiscreteProbabilityDistributions
1 FindProbabilitiesUsingtheGeometricDistribution
SHORTANSWER.Writethewordorphrasethatbestcompleteseachstatementoranswersthequestion.
Provideanappropriateresponse.
1) Acompanyshipscomputercomponentsinboxesthatcontain100 items.Assumethattheprobabilityofa
defectivecomputercomponentis0.2.Findtheprobabilitythatthefirstdefectisfoundintheseventh
componenttested.Roundyouranswertofourdecimalplaces.
MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
2) BasketballplayerChaunceyBillupsoftheDetroitPistonsmakesfreethrowshots88%ofthetime.Findthe
probabilitythathemisseshisfirstshotandmakesthesecond.
A) 0.1056
B) 0.7744
C) 0.0144
D) 0.50
SHORTANSWER.Writethewordorphrasethatbestcompleteseachstatementoranswersthequestion.
3) Acompanyshipscomputercomponentsinboxesthatcontain60 items.Assumethattheprobabilityofa
defectivecomputercomponentis0.1.Usethegeometricmeantofindthemeannumberofdefectiveparts.
Interprettheresults.
MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
4) Acompanyshipscomputercomponentsinboxesthatcontain20 items.Assumethattheprobabilityofa
defectivecomputercomponentis0.2.Usethegeometricvariancetofindthevarianceofdefectiveparts.
A) 20
B) 0.3125
C) 0
D) 400
2 FindProbabilitiesUsingthePoissonDistribution
MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
Provideanappropriateresponse.
5) Astatisticsprofessorfindsthatwhenheschedulesanofficehouratthe10:30a.m.timeslot,anaverageofthree
studentsarrive.UsethePoissondistributiontofindtheprobabilitythatinarandomlyselectedofficehourin
the10:30a.m.timeslotexactlyfourstudentswillarrive.
A) 0.1680
B) 0.0618
C) 0.1328
D) 0.0489
6) Astatisticsprofessorfindsthatwhenheschedulesanofficehouratthe10:30a.m.timeslot,anaverageofthree
studentsarrives.UsethePoissondistributiontofindtheprobabilitythatinarandomlyselectedofficehourno
studentswillarrive.
A) 0.0498
B) 0.1225
C) 0.1108
D) 0.0743

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7) Asalesfirmreceivesanaverageoffourcallsperhouronitstoll-freenumber.Foranygivenhour,findthe
probabilitythatitwillreceiveexactlyfivecalls.UsethePoissondistribution.
A) 0.1564
B) 0.0575
C) 772.5846
D) 0.0954
8) Asalesfirmreceivesanaverageofthreecallsperhouronitstoll-freenumber.Foranygivenhour,findthe
probabilitythatitwillreceiveatleastthreecalls.UsethePoissondistribution.
A) 0.5768
B) 0.1891
C) 0.4232
D) 0.6138
9) Amail-ordercompanyreceivesanaverageoffiveordersper500solicitations.Ifitsendsout100
advertisements,findtheprobabilityofreceivingatleasttwoorders.UsethePoissondistribution.
A) 0.2642
B) 0.1839
C) 0.9048
D) 0.9596
10) Alocalfirestationreceivesanaverageof0.55rescuecallsperday.UsethePoissondistributiontofindthe
probabilitythatonarandomlyselectedday,thefirestationwillreceivefewerthantwocalls.
A) 0.894
B) 0.106
C) 0.317
D) 0.087
11) Acartowingservicecompanyaveragestwocallsperhour.UsethePoissondistributiontodeterminethe
probabilitythatinarandomlyselectedhourthenumberofcallsissix.
A) 0.0120
B) 0.0002
C) 0.0068
D) 0.0001
12) Abookcontains500pages.Ifthereare200typingerrorsrandomlydistributedthroughoutthebook,usethe
Poissondistributiontodeterminetheprobabilitythatapagecontainsexactly twoerrors.
A) 0.0536
B) 0.0108
C) 0.4423
D) 0.0893
3 DecideiftheProbabilityDistributionisBinomial,Geometric,orPoisson
MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
Decidewhichprobabilitydistribution-binomial,geometric,orPoisson- appliestothequestion.Youdonotneedto
answerthequestion.
13) Given:Theprobabilitythatafederalincometaxreturnisfilledoutincorrectlywithanerrorinfavorofthe
taxpayeris20%.Question:Whatistheprobabilitythatofthetentaxreturnsrandomlyselectedforanaudit,
threereturnswillcontainonlyerrorsfavoringthetaxpayer?
B) geometric
C) Poisson
A) binomial
14) Given:Theprobabilitythatafederalincometaxreturnisfilledoutincorrectlywithanerrorinfavorofthe
taxpayeris20%.Question:Whatistheprobabilitythatofthetentaxreturnsrandomlyselectedforanauditin
agivenweek,threereturnswillcontainonlyerrorsfavoringthetaxpayer?
A) Poisson
B) geometric
C) binomial
15) Given:Theprobabilitythatafederalincometaxreturnisfilledoutincorrectlywithanerrorinfavorofthe
taxpayeris20%.Question:Whatistheprobabilitythatwhenthetentaxreturnsarerandomlyselectedforan
audit,thesixthreturnwillcontainonlyerrorsfavoringthetaxpayer?
C) Poisson
A) geometric
B) binomial

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Ch.4 DiscreteProbabilityDistributions
AnswerKey
4.1 ProbabilityDistributions
1 DecideifaRandomVariableisDiscreteorContinuous
1) A
2) A
3) A
4) A
5) A
6) A
7) A
8) A
9) A
10) A
2 FindProbabilities
11) A
12) A
13) A
14) Thestudentisnotcorrect.Forastudenttohavefiveaccidentsisunusualbecausetheprobabilityofthiseventis0.026.
15) Thesportsannounceriscorrect.ForabaseballplayertogetfourormorehitsduringaWorldSeriesisnotunusual
becausetheprobabilityis0.15625.
3 ConstructProbabilityDistributions
16)
x
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
P(x) 0.71 0.12
0
0.12
0
0
0.06
17)
x
0 1 2 3 4 5
P(x) 0.16 0.12 0.48 0.12 0.08 0.04
18)
x
P(x)
0
0.21875
1
0.28125
2
0.21875
3
0.125
4
0.03125
5
0.03125
6
0.0625
7
0.03125
19) A
20) A
21) A

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22) (a)
x P(x)
1
0
8
1

3
8

3
8

1
8

(b)

23)

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24)

25)

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26) (a)
x
0
1
2
3
4

P(x)
0.125
0.428
0.256
0.108
0.083

(b)

4 DetermineifaDistributionisaProbabilityDistribution
27) probabilitydistribution
28) Notaprobabilitydistribution.Aprobabilityvaluecannotbenegative.
29) Notaprobabilitydistribution.Aprobabilityvaluecannotbegreaterthanone.
30) probabilitydistribution
31) Notaprobabilitydistribution.Aprobabilityvaluecannotbenegative.
5 FindtheExpectedValueoftheProbabilityDistribution
32) A
33) A
34) A
35) A
36) A
37) A
38) A
39) A
40) A
41) =1.596;=1.098

4.2 BinomialDistributions
1 DetermineifanExperimentisaBinomialExperiment
1) binomialexperiment
2) Notabinomialexperiment.Therearemorethantwooutcomes.
3) Notabinomialexperiment.Therearemorethantwooutcomes.
4) Notabinomialexperiment.Therearemorethantwooutcomes.
5) binomialexperiment.
6) Notabinomialexperiment.Therearemorethantwooutcomes.
7) binomialexperiment.
8) binomialexperiment.
9) Notabinomialexperiment.Theprobabilityofsuccessisnotthesameforeachtrial.
2 FindtheMean,Variance,andStandardDeviationofaBinomialDistribution
10) A
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11) A
12) A
13) A
14) A
15) A
16) A
17) A
18) A
19) A
20) A
21) A
22) A
23) A
24) A
25) =np=1000(0.5)=500;= npq= 1000(0.5)(0.5)=15.81
3 FindBinomialProbabilities
26) A
27) A
28) A
29) A
30) A
31) A
32) A
33) A
34) A
35) A
36) A
37) A
38) A
39) 0.0005
40) A
4 ConstructBinomialDistributions
41) n=100;p=0.5;q=0.5;x=0,1,2,...,99,100
42) n=5;p=0.26;q=0.84;x=0,1,2,3,4,5
43) n=8;p=0.57;q=0.43;x=0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
44) n=30;p=0.38;q=0.62;x=0,1,2,...,29,30

4.3 MoreDiscreteProbabilityDistributions
1 FindProbabilitiesUsingtheGeometricDistribution
1) (0.8)6 (0.2)=0.0524
2) A
3) Geometricmean=10;onaverage,10itemswillbeexaminedbeforefindingonethatisdefective.
4) A
2 FindProbabilitiesUsingthePoissonDistribution
5) A
6) A
7) A
8) A
9) A
10) A
11) A
12) A
3 DecideiftheProbabilityDistributionisBinomial,Geometric,orPoisson
13) A
14) A
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15) A

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