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Simulation of fluid-structure interaction to estimate fatigue life of subsea pipeline spans Juan P. Pontaza
Simulation of fluid-structure interaction to estimate fatigue life of subsea pipeline spans Juan P. Pontaza

Simulation of fluid-structure interaction

to estimate fatigue life of

subsea pipeline spans

Juan P. Pontaza

Shell Projects & Technology Houston, TX

10 th Symposium on Overset Composite Grids and Solution Technology September 20 23, 2010

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

September 2010

1

OUTLINE

Background  Vortex-Induced Vibrations (VIV) of subsea pipeline spans  Motivation / Numerical Methods / Scope Vortex-Induced Vibrations (VIV) of subsea pipeline spans Motivation / Numerical Methods / Scope

Modeling Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI)pipeline spans  Motivation / Numerical Methods / Scope Field application: A crossing pipeline span Concluding

Field application: A crossing pipeline spanMethods / Scope Modeling Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) Concluding Remarks Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All

Concluding Remarks(FSI) Field application: A crossing pipeline span Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved. This

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

September 2010

2

BACKGROUND: VIV of Pipeline Spans

BACKGROUND: VIV of Pipeline Spans Vortex-Induced Vibrations  External flow about offshore structures  Frequency

Vortex-Induced Vibrations External flow about offshore structures

Frequency synchronization (lock-in) Fatigue damage

Integrity of subsea pipelines

 Fatigue damage  Integrity of subsea pipelines Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

TLP image credit: atlantia.com
TLP image credit: atlantia.com

September 2010

3

BACKGROUND: VIV of Pipeline Spans

BACKGROUND: VIV of Pipeline Spans Widespread solutions to suppress VIV  Helical strakes  Prevents near-wake

Widespread solutions to suppress VIV

Helical strakes

Prevents near-wake interaction of shear-layers

Spanwise de-correlation of vortices

Some fixed separation points

Increased drag coefficient

Fairings

Flow streamlining

Free to weathervane

Low drag coefficient

Unstable for certain Chord/D

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved. This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99. September
Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved. This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99. September

September 2010

4

BACKGROUND

Motivation

Numerical simulation Prediction Better assessment of risk

Numerical methods

Block-structured grids / Overset grids

Incompressible flow

Finite difference / Finite volume hybrid scheme

Discretization in (ξ,η,ζ)

LES & URANS turbulence models

Level-set methods for two-phase flows

turbulence models  Level-set methods for two-phase flows Scope  Asset / Pipeline structural integrity in

Scope

Asset / Pipeline structural integrity in the presence of fluid flow

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

September 2010

5

MODELLING FSI

MODELLING FSI Fluid & Structure coupling  Flow solver/Structural solver/Hole cutter  Structural solver

Fluid & Structure coupling

Flow solver/Structural solver/Hole cutter

Structural solver receives instantaneous flow-induced loading

Flow solver receives instantaneous displacement

CSS vs. SLIK

1 2
1
2
4 3 September 2010 6
4
3
September 2010
6

Structural

Solver

Flow

Solver

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

MODELLING FSI: Validation

(1/3)

MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top

Numerical model

MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top
MODELLING FSI: Validation (1/3) Numerical model Hinged end condition pulley top frame weight to compensate top

Hinged end

condition

pulley top frame weight to compensate top assembly Bending load cell and sleeve Upper ball
pulley
top frame
weight to compensate top assembly
Bending load cell
and sleeve
Upper ball joint
Current
Test tubular
Lower ball joint
Bending load cell
Bottom plate
Caisson

Experimental setup

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

Pinned end

condition

is classified as ECCN EAR99. Pinned end condition JP Pontaza, RG Menon. OMAE Conference Proceedings.

JP Pontaza, RG Menon. OMAE Conference Proceedings.

OMAE2009-79150.

September 2010

7

MODELLING FSI: Validation

(2/3)

MODELLING FSI: Validation (2/3) Comparison with experimental measurements RMS of cross-flow motion R M S o

Comparison with experimental measurements

RMS of cross-flow motion

RMS of in-line motion

R M S o f i n - l i n e m o t i

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

September 2010

8

Cross-Flow

Cross-Flow MODELLING FSI: Validation (3/3) Comparison with experimental measurements Response frequency Simulation

MODELLING FSI: Validation

(3/3)

Comparison with experimental measurements

Response frequency Simulation
Response frequency
Simulation

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

U* = 2.20 sst1207 1.00 0.50 0.00 -1.00 -0.50 0.00 0.50 1.00 -0.50 75 -0.5
U* = 2.20
sst1207
1.00
0.50
0.00
-1.00
-0.50
0.00
0.50
1.00
-0.50
75
-0.5
-0.25
0
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
x/D
-1.00
Inline
U* = 4.00
sst1213
1.00
0.50
0.00
-1.00
-0.50
0.00
0.50
1.00
-0.50
75
-0.5
-0.25
0
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
x/D
-1.00
Cross-Flow
Cross-Flow
Experiments
U* = 5.00 -0.75 -0.5 -0.25 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 x/D
U* = 5.00
-0.75
-0.5
-0.25
0
0.25
0.5
0.75
1
1.25
x/D
= 5.00 -0.75 -0.5 -0.25 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 1.25 x/D Flow Inline sst1216 1.00

Flow

Inline

sst1216

1.00 0.50 0.00 -1.00 -0.50 0.00 -0.50 -1.00 0.50 1.00

1.00

0.50

0.00

1.00 0.50 0.00 -1.00 -0.50 0.00 -0.50 -1.00 0.50 1.00
-1.00 -0.50 0.00 -0.50 -1.00

-1.00

-0.50

-1.00 -0.50 0.00 -0.50 -1.00

0.00

-0.50

-1.00

1.00 0.50 0.00 -1.00 -0.50 0.00 -0.50 -1.00 0.50 1.00
1.00 0.50 0.00 -1.00 -0.50 0.00 -0.50 -1.00 0.50 1.00

0.50

1.00

1.00 0.50 0.00 -1.00 -0.50 0.00 -0.50 -1.00 0.50 1.00

Inline

September 2010

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CROSSING SPAN: Structural Model

CROSSING SPAN: Structural Model  Pipe is modeled as a beam subject to unsteady three-dimensional flow-induced

Pipe is modeled as a beam subject to unsteady three-dimensional flow-induced loads

Nonlinear strain measures: Coupling of in-line, cross-flow, and axial degrees-of-freedom

Soil is modeled as an elastic foundation, with stiffness values from

field measurements

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

JP Pontaza, RG Menon. OMAE Conference Proceedings.

OMAE2010-20804.

September 2010

10

CROSSING SPAN: Fluid Flow Model

(1/2)

CROSSING SPAN: Fluid Flow Model (1/2)  Near-wall spacing of Δ s/D = 10 - 5
CROSSING SPAN: Fluid Flow Model (1/2)  Near-wall spacing of Δ s/D = 10 - 5

Near-wall spacing of Δs/D = 10 -5 at all no slip surfaces (seabed & pipe)

180 cells around the circumference of the pipe

Large Eddy Simulation (LES), 17 MM grid points

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

September 2010

11

CROSSING SPAN: Fluid Flow Model

(2/2)

CROSSING SPAN: Fluid Flow Model (2/2)  U r e f based on metocean data for

U ref based on metocean data for extreme sea bottom current event Reynolds number, Re = 4.94×10 4 Reduced velocity, U* = U ref f/D = 3.1

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

September 2010

12

CROSSING SPAN: Ignoring flow blockage

CROSSING SPAN: Ignoring flow blockage Idealized scenario where flow blockage is ignored  As expected, in-line

Idealized scenario where flow blockage is ignored As expected, in-line VIV is significant and dominates the fatigue life

in-line VIV is significant and dominates the fatigue life Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights
in-line VIV is significant and dominates the fatigue life Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

September 2010

13

CROSSING SPAN Flow blockage effects  A localized gap effect at the crossing is present

CROSSING SPAN

Flow blockage effects A localized gap effect at the crossing is present

 A localized gap effect at the crossing is present Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All
 A localized gap effect at the crossing is present Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All

Copyright of Shell Oil Company. All rights reserved.

This presentation is classified as ECCN EAR99.

September 2010

14

CONCLUDING REMARKS
CONCLUDING REMARKS
CONCLUDING REMARKS

CONCLUDING REMARKS

CONCLUDING REMARKS
CONCLUDING REMARKS
CONCLUDING REMARKS