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WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY Penetrant Testing Coursework 1 Enter all answers on the answer

WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY

Penetrant Testing

Coursework 1

Enter all answers on the answer sheet

  • 1. The tendency of a liquid penetrant to enter a discontinuity is primarily due to:

    • a. Capillary forces

    • b. Specific gravity

    • c. Viscosity

    • d. Chemical inertness

  • 2. The process by which a penetrant is drawn out of discontinuities by the developer is:

    • a. Capillary action

    • b. Suck back

    • c. Reverse capillary action

    • d. Gravitational attraction

  • 3. A disadvantage of penetrant flaw detection is:

    • a. It can only detect surface breaking discontinuities

    • b. It cannot be used on fine cracks such as fatigue cracks

    • c. Parts cannot be re- tested

    • d. It cannot be used on non-ferrous materials

  • 4. An advantage of penetrant flaw detection is:

    • a. It can be used on non-ferromagnetic materials

    • b. Fluorescent penetrant can be used for on-site testing of large parts

    • c. The temperature of the part need to be considered

    • d. Painted parts can be rapidly test

  • 5. Which of the following is a type of penetrant?

    • a. Chemical etch penetrant

    • b. Non-aqueous penetrant

    • c. Post Emulsifiable penetrant

    • d. Non-ferrous penetrant

  • WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY 6. A dual sensitivity penetrant is: a. A penetrant which

    WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY

    • 6. A dual sensitivity penetrant is:

      • a. A penetrant which can be used with only visible light

      • b. A penetrant which can be used both abnormally low and abnormally high temperatures

      • c. A penetrant that is suitable for wide, shallow discontinuities and for the cracks such as fatigue cracks

      • d. A penetrant to which replenisher can be added to change its sensitivity

  • 7. Which of the following is not a type of developer?

    • a. Dry developer

    • b. Non-aqueous wet developer

    • c. Aqueous liquid developer

    • d. Liquid developer

  • 8. A dry developer is generally applied to:

    • a. Viscosity

    • b. Surface tension

    • c. Wetting ability

    • d. No one single property determines if a material will or will not be a good penetrant

  • 9. Excess water- washable fluorescent penetrant can be removed by:

    • a. Hand wiping with a cloth moistened with solvent

    • b. Applying a lipophilic emulsifier

    • c. Spraying water until all traces of penetrant have been removed from the

  • surface

    • d. Drying in an oven at a temperature not greater than 85° C

    • 10. Excess water- washable fluorescent penetrant can be removed by:

      • a. Hand wiping with a cloth moistened with solvent

      • b. Applying a lipophilic emulsifier

      • c. Spraying water until all traces of penetrant have been removed from the surface

      • d. Drying in an oven at a temperature not greater than 85° C

  • 11. When fluorescent penetrants are used:

    • a. The inspector should allow five minutes before inspection to allow his eyes to become accustomed to the lighting conditions

    • b. The quality of white light in the inspection booth should be limited to, typically 10 lux

    • c. Removal of excess penetrant is monitored under UV-light

    • d. All the above

  • WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY 12. Which of the following is an advantage of the

    WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY

    • 12. Which of the following is an advantage of the post-emulsifiable penetrant system

      • a. Excess penetrant is easier to remove from rough surfaces

      • b. Overall the process is cheaper

      • c. It is best for complex shape such as screw threads

      • d. It is highly sensitive on smooth surfaces

  • 13. A disadvantage of dry powder developer is that:

    • a. It is difficult to see whether the parts has been completely covered in developer

    • b. The part must be dried after application of the developer

    • c. It can represent a potential safety hazard through inhalation

    • d. It can only be used with colour contrast penetrants

  • 14. A possible cause of non-relevant indications is:

    • a. Rivets

    • b. Contamination of dry powder developer with fluorescent penetrant

    • c. Failure to remove excess penetrant

    • d. Lint fibres on the test piece

  • 15. Which of the following penetrant systems would be the most sensitive for the detection of very fine defects:

    • a. Fluorescent water washable

    • b. Colour contrast water washable

    • c. Colour contrast solvent removable

    • d. Post – emulsifiable fluorescent

  • 16. Which of the following physical properties, more than any other, determines, what makes a material at a good penetrant ?

    • a. Viscosity

    • b. Surface tension

    • c. Wetting ability

    • d. No one single property determines if a material will or will not be a good penetrant

  • 17. When selecting a penetrant system which of the following factors would be considered:

    • a. Component surface finish

    • b. The sensitivity required

    • c. The compatibility of the penetrant with the material under inspection

  • WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY d. All of the above would be considered 18. Which

    WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY

    • d. All of the above would be considered

    • 18. Which of the statements concerning liquid penetrant testing is correct?

      • a. Fluorescent penetrant will produce a red against white discontinuity indicates

      • b. Non-fluorescent penetrants require the use of black lights

      • c. Yellow-green fluorescent indications glow in UV-A light for easy viewing and interpretation

      • d. Non-fluorescent indications glow in the dark for easy viewing and interpretation

  • 19. The most widely accepted method of washing excessive water-washable penetrant from the surface of a test specimen is:

    • a. By means of a wet rag

    • b. By means of a hose and special nozzle

    • c. Washing the part directly under water running from a tap

    • d. Immersing the part in water

    • 20. Development time depends upon the:

      • a. Type of penetrant used

      • b. Type of developer used

      • c. Temperature of the material being tested

      • d. All of the above

  • 21. The functions of the emulsifier in the post-emulsifiable penetrant method is to:

    • a. Drive penetrant into deep, tight cracks

    • b. React with surface penetrant to make the penetrant water washable

    • c. Add fluorescent dye or pigment to the penetrant

    • d. Provide a coating to which dry developer can adhere

  • 22. Hydrophilic and lipophilic removers differ in that:

    • a. Hydrophilic removers are fluorescent whereas lipophilic removers are always colour contrast

    • b. With hydrophilic removers, the application of the remover can be preceded by an optional water wash. This is not the case with lipophilic removers

    • c. Lipophilic removers require a contact time at least twice as long as hydrophilic removers

    • d. Hydrophilic removers are oil based whereas lipophilic removers are water based

  • WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY 23. Capillary pressure would be greatest in which of the

    WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY

    • 23. Capillary pressure would be greatest in which of the following:

      • a. A wide long crack

      • b. A long dirt filled crack

      • c. A fine clean crack

      • d. A wide shallow crack

  • 24. Which of the following is not a basic inspection principle that’s applied to all penetrant methods?

    • a. The penetrant must enter the discontinuity in order to form an indication

    • b. Indications glow when illuminated with black lights

    • c. A longer penetration time is required for finer discontinuities

    • d. If the penetrant is washed out of the discontinuity, an indication will not formed

  • 25. A good penetrant has:

    • a. Low volatility and high surface tension

    • b. Low volatility and low surface tension

    • c. High volatility and high surface tension

    • d. High volatility and low surface tension

  • 26. Viscosity is a measure of:

    • a. How quickly the penetrant flows

    • b. How quickly the penetrant evaporates

    • c. The density of the penetrant compared to water

    • d. Wetting ability

  • 27. Possible sources of non-relevant indications are:

    • a. Threads

    • b. Rivets

    • c. Splines

    • d. All of the above

  • 28. An advantage of colour contrast penetrants over fluorescent penetrants is that:

    • a. They are more sensitive because the indications are easier to see

    • b. They do not require special lighting conditions

    • c. They are more suitable for smooth surfaces

    • d. They are less corrosive

  • WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY 29. Post-emulsifiable penetrants have the following advantages: a. Excess penetrant

    WORLD CENTRE FOR MATERIALS JOINING TECHNOLOGY

    29. Post-emulsifiable penetrants have the following advantages:

    • a. Excess penetrant is easier to remove from rough surfaces

    • b. Less penetrant is used than with water washable penetrants, and the process is therefore cheaper

    • c. They can detect wide, shallow cracks

    • d. Parts are less liable to be over washed than with water-washable penetrants

    30. Disadvantages of dry powder developers are that:

    • a. It is difficult to see whether the part has been completely covered in developer

    • b. The part must be dried after application of the developer

    • c. They can only be used with colour contrast penetrant

    • d. They should only be used with fluorescent penetrant