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Exercise 3 (SPS210)

Matric No.:
Answer either TRUE (T) or FALSE (F).
1. The careers of sport psychology are divided into two, namely the applied and
experimental sport psychology.
2. Hollander has developed one of the best methods for understanding personality. The
model viewed personality as involving three separate but interrelated components of
psychological core, typical responses and role related behavior.
3. Coleman Robert Griffith known as the father of American sport psychology, has
established the first sport laboratory in 1965.
4. There are three main factors that influence a persons personality and they are
heredity, environment and behavior.
5. Another important concept of self-confidence is self-efficacy. Self-efficacy relates to
self-confidence and some see the two concepts as synonymous.
6. Self-confidence helps athletes to overcome adversity and reserve bad competitive
situations to their advantage and process to win.
7. Motivation can be divided into two, which include the intrinsic motives and extrinsic
8. An individual movement, interest and enjoyment of a task of taking part into one
particular sport are an example of extrinsic motives.
9. Heart rate measurement, blood pressure measurement and muscular tension
measurement are the methods for measuring physiological arousal.
10. Increased heartbeat, increased sweating and increased breathing are the signs that
a person in a low state of arousal.
11. Charismatic theory of leadership perceived certain leaders to be charismatic in
relationship to their ability to have substantial influence on their subordinates.
12. Power is defined as the capacity or potential ability of a person to influence the
behavior of others to do things that they would not otherwise do.
13. Formal groups develop naturally among employees without any influence from the
sports organization within which they operate.
14. According to McClement (1982), goal can be divided into two main types which is
objective goals, subjective goal and cognitive goals.
15. Distraction can come from a number of sources, including both internal and external
sources, and if they are not ignored or controlled can affect concentration and

16. Imagery helps athletes to create, modify or strengthen sports skills that are important
for sport performance, by practicing them in the mind.
17. The result if imagery may be either positive or negative.
18. There are three types of aggression in sport namely hostile aggression, instrumental
aggression and assertiveness.
19. Aggression is the behavior that aimed at another person with the goal of inflicting
physical harm and with reasonable expectation that the attempt to inflict bodily harm
will be successful.
20. Hostile aggression is an aggressive behavior that is aimed at hurting another person
with the aim of achieving a result other than the hurt that the victim suffer.