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2012
EDITION

ENERGY BALANCES
OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES

International
Energy Agency

2012
EDITION

ENERGY BALANCES
OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES
This volume contains data for 2009 and 2010 on the supply and consumption
of coal, oil, natural gas, electricity, heat, renewables and waste presented as
comprehensive energy balances. Data are expressed in thousand tonnes of oil
equivalent for over 100 non-OECD countries.
Historical tables summarise production, trade and final consumption data as well as
key energy and economic indicators. These tables also include preliminary estimates
of 2011 production (and trade when available) for natural gas, primary coal and
oil. This book includes definitions of products and flows, explanatory notes on the
individual country data and conversion factors from original units to energy units.
More detailed data in original units are published in the 2012 edition of
Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries, the sister volume of this publication.

(61 2012 13 1 P1) 120


ISBN 978-92-64-17466-5

-:HSTCQE=V\Y[[Z:

2012
EDITION

ENERGY BALANCES
OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY


The International Energy Agency (IEA), an autonomous agency, was established in November1974.
Its primary mandate was and is two-fold: to promote energy security amongst its member
countries through collective response to physical disruptions in oil supply, and provide authoritative
research and analysis on ways to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for its 28 member
countries and beyond. The IEA carries out a comprehensive programme of energy co-operation among
its member countries, each of which is obliged to hold oil stocks equivalent to 90 days of its net imports.
The Agencys aims include the following objectives:
n Secure member countries access to reliable and ample supplies of all forms of energy; in particular,
through maintaining effective emergency response capabilities in case of oil supply disruptions.
n Promote sustainable energy policies that spur economic growth and environmental protection
in a global context particularly in terms of reducing greenhouse-gas emissions that contribute
to climate change.
n Improve transparency of international markets through collection and analysis of
energy data.
n Support global collaboration on energy technology to secure future energy supplies
and mitigate their environmental impact, including through improved energy
efficiency and development and deployment of low-carbon technologies.
n Find solutions to global energy challenges through engagement and
dialogue with non-member countries, industry, international
organisations and other stakeholders.

OECD/IEA, 2012
International Energy Agency
9 rue de la Fdration
75739 Paris Cedex 15, France

www.iea.org

IEA member countries:


Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea (Republic of)
Luxembourg
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States

Please note that this publication


is subject to specific restrictions
that limit its use and distribution.
The terms and conditions are available online at
http://www.iea.org/termsandconditionsuseandcopyright/

The European Commission


also participates in
the work of the IEA.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................................... vii
WORLD ENERGY TRENDS: AN OVERVIEW....................................................................... ix

PART I: METHODOLOGY
1.
2.
3.

Issues of data quality ........................................ I.3


Explanatory notes ............................................. I.7
Units and conversions .................................... I.15

4.
5.

Geographical coverage ................................... I.19


Country notes and sources .............................. I.21

PART II: STATISTICAL DATA


COUNTRY-SPECIFIC NET CALORIFIC VALUES .............................................................................. II.3

World .................................................................... II.28


OECD Total .......................................................... II.35
Non-OECD Total .................................................. II.38
Africa .................................................................... II.41
Non-OECD Americas ........................................... II.43
Asia (excluding China) ......................................... II.45
China (P.R. of China and Hong Kong) ................. II.47
Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia ........................... II.50
Middle East ........................................................... II.52
Albania .................................................................. II.57
Algeria ................................................................... II.59
Angola ................................................................... II.62
Argentina ............................................................... II.64
Armenia ................................................................. II.67
Azerbaijan ............................................................. II.69
Bahrain .................................................................. II.72
Bangladesh ............................................................ II.74
Belarus .................................................................. II.76
Benin ..................................................................... II.79
Bolivia ................................................................... II.81
Bosnia and Herzegovina........................................ II.83
Botswana .............................................................. II.85
Brazil ..................................................................... II.87
Brunei Darussalam ................................................ II.90
Bulgaria ................................................................. II.92

Cambodia .............................................................. II.95


Cameroon ............................................................. II.97
China, Peoples Republic of ................................. II.99
Chinese Taipei .................................................... II.102
Colombia ............................................................ II.105
Congo ................................................................. II.108
Congo, Democratic Republic of. ........................ II.110
Costa Rica........................................................... II.112
Cte dIvoire ....................................................... II.114
Croatia ................................................................ II.116
Cuba.................................................................... II.119
Cyprus................................................................. II.121
Dominican Republic ........................................... II.123
Ecuador ............................................................... II.125
Egypt................................................................... II.127
El Salvador ......................................................... II.129
Eritrea ................................................................. II.131
Ethiopia............................................................... II.133
Gabon ................................................................. II.135
Georgia ............................................................... II.137
Ghana.................................................................. II.139
Gibraltar .............................................................. II.141
Guatemala ........................................................... II.143
Haiti .................................................................... II.145
Honduras............................................................. II.147

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

GRAPHS AND ENERGY BALANCE SHEETS 2009-2010

iv - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Hong Kong, China .............................................. II.149


India .................................................................... II.152
Indonesia ............................................................. II.155
Iran, Islamic Republic of ..................................... II.158
Iraq ...................................................................... II.160
Jamaica ................................................................ II.162
Jordan .................................................................. II.164
Kazakhstan .......................................................... II.166
Kenya .................................................................. II.169
Korea, Democratic Peoples Republic of ............ II.171
Kosovo ................................................................ II.173
Kuwait ................................................................. II.175
Kyrgyzstan .......................................................... II.177
Latvia .................................................................. II.179
Lebanon ............................................................... II.182
Libya ................................................................... II.184
Lithuania ............................................................. II.186
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.... II.189
Malaysia .............................................................. II.191
Malta ................................................................... II.194
Moldova, Republic of.......................................... II.196
Mongolia ............................................................. II.199
Montenengro ....................................................... II.201
Morocco .............................................................. II.203
Mozambique........................................................ II.206
Myanmar ............................................................. II.208
Namibia ............................................................... II.210
Nepal ................................................................... II.212
Netherlands Antilles ............................................ II.214
Nicaragua ............................................................ II.216
Nigeria ................................................................. II.218
Oman ................................................................... II.220

Pakistan............................................................... II.222
Panama ............................................................... II.225
Paraguay ............................................................. II.227
Peru ..................................................................... II.229
Philippines .......................................................... II.231
Qatar ................................................................... II.234
Romania .............................................................. II.236
Russian Federation ............................................. II.239
Saudi Arabia ....................................................... II.242
Senegal ............................................................... II.244
Serbia .................................................................. II.246
Singapore ............................................................ II.249
South Africa........................................................ II.251
Sri Lanka ............................................................ II.254
Sudan .................................................................. II.256
Syrian Arab Republic ......................................... II.258
Tajikistan ............................................................ II.260
Tanzania, United Republic of ............................. II.262
Thailand .............................................................. II.264
Togo.................................................................... II.267
Trinidad and Tobago .......................................... II.269
Tunisia ................................................................ II.271
Turkmenistan ...................................................... II.274
Ukraine ............................................................... II.276
United Arab Emirates ......................................... II.279
Uruguay .............................................................. II.281
Uzbekistan .......................................................... II.283
Venezuela ........................................................... II.286
Vietnam .............................................................. II.289
Yemen................................................................. II.291
Zambia ................................................................ II.293
Zimbabwe ........................................................... II.295

SUMMARY TABLES AND ENERGY INDICATORS

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Population ........................................................... II.423


Energy production/TPES .................................... II.426
Net oil imports/GDP ........................................... II.429
TPES/GDP .......................................................... II.432
TPES/population................................................. II.438
Oil supply/GDP .................................................. II.441
Oil supply/population ......................................... II.444
Electricity consumption/GDP ............................. II.447
Electricity consumption/population .................... II.450

OECD/IEA, 2012

Production ........................................................... II.298


Net imports .......................................................... II.320
Primary energy supply ........................................ II.333
Electricity generation .......................................... II.353
Electricity consumption....................................... II.370
Final consumption ............................................... II.373
Consumption in industry ..................................... II.386
Consumption in transport .................................... II.399
Other consumption .............................................. II.407
Gross domestic product (GDP) ........................... II.417

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - v

ABBREVIATIONS
Btu:
GWh:
kcal:
kg:
kJ:
Mt:
m3:
t:
TJ:
toe:

British thermal unit


gigawatt hour
kilocalorie
kilogramme
kilojoule
million tonnes
cubic metre
metric ton = tonne = 1000 kg
terajoule
tonne of oil equivalent = 107 kcal

CHP:
GCV:
GDP
HHV:
LHV:
NCV:
PPP:
TFC:
TPES:

combined heat and power


gross calorific value
gross domestic product
higher heating value = GCV
lower heating value = NCV
net calorific value
purchasing power parity
total final consumption
total primary energy supply

AfDB:
EU-27:
FAO:
IEA:
OECD:
OLADE:
UN:
UNECE:

African Development Bank


European Union - 27
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
International Energy Agency
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Organizacin Latinoamericana de Energa
United Nations
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

IPCC:
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
ISIC:
International Standard Industrial Classification
UNIPEDE: International Union of Producers and Distributors of Electrical Energy
not available
nil
not applicable

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

..
x

vi - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

MULTILINGUAL GLOSSARIES
See multilingual glossary at the end of the publication.
Voir le glossaire en plusieurs langues la fin du prsent recueil.
Deutsches Glossar auf der letzten Umschlagseite.
Riferirsi al glossario multilingue alla fine del libro.

Vase el glosario plurilinge al final del libro.


.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - vii

INTRODUCTION

This publication offers the same coverage on energy


balances, trends and indicators as the homonymous
publication for OECD countries. It provides statistics
on production, trade and consumption in a common
unit for each source of energy in more than 100 nonOECD countries1,2 and main regions including the
World. Non-OECD countries cover developing countries, Central and Eastern European countries, and
Eurasia. The consistency and complementarity of
OECD and non-OECD countries statistics ensure an
accurate picture of the global energy situation.
This volume has been prepared in close collaboration
with other international organisations, including the
Economic Commission for Europe of the United
1. This document is without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty
over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and
boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area.
2. In this publication country refers to country or territory, as the
case may be.

Nations (UNECE), the Organizacon Latino Americana De Energa (OLADE), the Asia Pacific Energy
Research Centre (APERC), the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), and the Forestry Department of
the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United
Nations (FAO). It draws upon and complements the
extensive work of the United Nations in the field of
world energy statistics.
While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of
the data, quality is not homogeneous throughout the
publication. In some countries data are based on secondary sources, and where incomplete or unavailable,
on estimates. In general, data are likely to be more
accurate for production, trade and total consumption
than for individual sectors in transformation or final
consumption.
Energy balances are presented in two formats reflecting the available degree of detail, which is generally
lower than that of OECD countries. For example, the
data on renewable energies and energy from wastes
are less detailed in this publication than in the report
Energy Balances of OECD Countries. General issues
of data quality, as well as country notes and sources,
should always be consulted when using data.
Energy data on OECD and non-OECD countries are
collected by the team in the Energy Data Centre
(EDC) of the IEA Secretariat, headed by Mr. JeanYves Garnier. The IEA would like to thank and acknowledge the dedication and professionalism of the
statisticians working on energy data in the countries
that are presented in this publication. Within the IEA,
non-OECD countries statistics are the responsibility
of Mr. Pierre Boileau with assistance from Ms. Zakia
Adam, Mr. Emmanouil Christinakis, Ms. Claire
Morel, Mr. Diego Palma, Mr. Gianluca Tonolo and
Mr. Tomasz Tru. Desktop publishing was supplied
by Ms. Sharon Burghgraeve. We would like to
thank our numerous contacts worldwide in national
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

An analysis of energy problems requires a comprehensive presentation of basic statistics in original units
such as tonnes of coal and kilowatt hours of electricity. This type of presentation is published in Energy
Statistics of Non-OECD Countries, the sister volume
to this publication. The usefulness of such basic data
can be considerably improved by expressing them in a
common unit suitable for uses such as estimation of
total energy supply, forecasting and the study of substitution and conservation. The energy balance is a
presentation of the basic supply and demand data for
all fuels in a manner which shows the main fuels together but separately distinguished and expressed in a
common energy unit. Both of these characteristics
will allow the easy comparison of the contribution
each fuel makes to the economy and their interrelationships through the conversion of one fuel into
another.

viii - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

administrations and in public and private companies


for their helpful co-operation.
Complete supply and consumption data from 1971 to
2010 and selected estimates for 2011 are available on
CD-ROM suitable for use on IBM-compatible systems.
In addition, a data service is available on the internet. It
includes unlimited access through an annual subscription
as well as the possibility to obtain data on a pay-perview basis. Details are available at http://www.iea.org.

Enquiries about data, methodology, or comments and


suggestions should be addressed to the head of the nonOECD countries Section, Energy Data Centre, at:
Energy Data Centre
International Energy Agency
9 rue de la Fdration
75739 Paris Cedex 15, France
Telephone: (+33-1) 40-57-66-48
E-mail:
wed@iea.org.

WHATS NEW
Selected estimates for 2011
Preliminary 2011 estimates for all countries and regions have been included in summary tables for
production (primary coal, primary oil, natural gas) and trade (primary coal, natural gas).
New Non-OECD Countries
Data for Kosovo and Montenegro have been added in this years edition.
Data for Kosovo are available starting in 2000. Between 1990 and 1999, data for Kosovo are included in
Serbia. Prior to 1990, they are included in Former Yugoslavia.
Data for Montenegro are available starting in 2005. Between 1990 and 2004, data for Montenergo are
included in Serbia. Prior to 1990, they are included in Former Yugoslavia.
The IEA has also made some small changes in the terminology of countries and regions.
The region Latin America and the region Other Latin America have been renamed Non-OECD Americas
and Other Non-OECD Americas.
More detailed energy statistics have become available for Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan for the period 1990
to 2010. As a consequence, information for these countries is now available in an extented format rather
than the aggregated format presented in previous editions of this publication.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

The OECD National Accounts has rebased the GDP and GDP PPP series from 2000 USD to 2005 USD.
As a result, those series and all associated ratios now refer to 2005 USD in this publication. The main
sources of the GDP data is World Development Indicators, The World Bank, Washington D.C., 2012 and
the CHELEM-CEPII online databases, 2011 and 2012.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - ix

WORLD ENERGY TRENDS:


AN OVERVIEW
Figure 1: Global annual change in
energy production by fuel

Global trends
14%

Production
In terms of energy production, fossil fuels accounted
for 81% of global energy production in 2010. From
2009 to 2010, production of natural gas increased by
7.5% and coal by 5.9%; oil production increased by
only 1.9% (Figure 1).
Among non-fossil sources, nuclear (5.6% of total energy production) increased by 2.2% while hydro
(2.3% of total production) increased by 5.7% between
2009 and 2010. With a 3.9% increase, biofuels, mainly
due to the large part of solid biofuels, (fuelwood,
agro-residues), kept their 10% share of global energy
1. OECD includes Estonia and Slovenia starting in 1990. Prior to
1990, data for Estonia are included in Former Soviet Union and data
for Slovenia in Former Yugoslavia in this publication.

12%
10%
8%
6%
4%
2%
0%

1971-2010

2009-2010

* Includes geothermal, solar thermal, solar photovoltaic and wind.

production. Other renewable sources (solar, wind),


despite representing only 1% of total production, registered the most pronounced growth rates. In 2010,
wind generation increased by 24%, solar thermal generation by 15%, and solar photovoltaic by 59%.
At a regional level, the OECD and Asia2 remained the
two largest energy producing regions, each accounting
for about 30% of global production in 2010. However,
the annual increase in production was much higher in
Asia than in OECD; this was especially true in 2010
with a three times larger increase in Asia (+6.6%)
compared to +2.2% for OECD (Figure 2). However, it
is Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia which registered
the largest growth among all regions (+7.1%).
In terms of production at the country level, many
countries experienced a major increase in their own
domestic production in 2010. This is the case for instance for China with coal and natural gas production
2. In this chapter, Asia includes China region unless otherwise specified.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

After the 0.8% decrease in 2009 - mainly due to the


impact of the economic crisis global energy demand
rebounded by a dramatic 4.8% increase in 2010. This is
the largest demand increase in the last five years. Both
OECD1and non-OECD countries saw significant increases during the period, with respectively +3.4% and
+5.8% growth. Preliminary figures indicate a slightly
different situation in 2011 with global energy demand
continuing to grow although at a lower pace (around 3%)
but a 1.9% decrease in demand in OECD countries due
to the impact of the Fukushima disaster on Japanese
energy demand and a milder winter for many OECD
countries. The impact of the Fukushima disaster is also
evident in the more than 4% decline in global nuclear
power production in 2011. As regards global fossil
fuel production in 2011, coal increased by almost 7%,
natural gas by more than 3% and oil by around 1%.

x - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

increasing by 8.5% and 11.2% respectively, hydro


generation increasing by 17%, nuclear by 5.3%, solar
and wind together by 29%. The growing production of
energy in China is a consequence of the growing demand in the country.
Figure 2: Annual change in
energy production by region
8%
7%
6%

Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES)


Figure 4 shows the fuel shares of total primary energy
supply (TPES) in 1971 and 2010. During this time
world TPES more than doubled. Oil, still the dominant fuel in 2010, reduced its share from 44% to 32%,
while natural gas increased from 16% to 21% and
nuclear from 1% to 6%. Remarkably, the share of coal
increased constantly in recent years, reaching the
highest level since 1971 (27%) in 2010.
Figure 4: Total primary energy supply by fuel

5%

1971
Hydro
2%
Nuclear
1%
Nat.
Gas
16%

2%
1%
OECD

Africa

NonNonOECD
OECD
Americas Europe
and
Eurasia

Middle
East

1971-2010

Asia

2009-2010

90%
Others
Others

70%

In terms of regional breakdown, from a dominant position in 1971 (62%), the OECD as a region reduced its
share to less than half of the world TPES, as shown in
Figure 5, but experienced an increase in TPES (+3.4%)
in 2010 due to recovery from the economic crisis.
Within the OECD, the United States keeps by far the
leading position, representing more than 41% of the
regional total in 2010, just a few percentage points less
than in 1971.
Figure 5: Total primary energy supply by region
1971
Middle
East
Non- 1%
OECD
Europe
and
Eurasia
15%

2010
Bunkers*
3%

Bunkers*
3%
Asia
13%
OECD
62%

Middle
East
5%

Asia
31%

NonOECD
Europe
and
Eurasia
9%

5 526 Mtoe
USA

40%
30%
20%

12 717 Mtoe

Others

60%
50%

Oil
32%

NonOECD
Americas
Africa
3%
3%

100%

Others

Nat. Gas
21%

5 526 Mtoe

Figure 3: Largest producers by energy form in 2010

China

10%
0%
Coal/peat

Other
OPEC

Japan
Canada

USA
Saudi
Arabia
Russian
Fed.

Russian
Fed.

Oil

Natural Gas

France

Canada
Brazil

USA
USA

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

USA

Nuclear

China

Hydro

Other
2%

Coal/peat
27%

Oil
44%

Figure 3 illustrates that energy production is not


evenly distributed across countries. For each fuel, just
four to five countries generally account for more than
half of global production. For coal, this is even more
pronounced: China and the United States together
produced 60% of the world total in 2010. Saudi Arabia
and the Russian Federation are prominent in global
production of oil, the Russian Federation and the
United States in the production of natural gas, and the
United States, France and Japan played a key role in
the production of nuclear in 2010.

Others

Coal/peat
26%

2%
Nuclear
6%

World

In the OECD region, Ireland and Israel experienced


a large increase with respecively +24%, and +18%,
while a few countries experienced a decrease in their
production; it was the case for the United Kingdom
(-6%) and Chile (-10%).

80%

Biof uels
Hydro 10%

OECD
42%

NonAf rica
OECD
5%
Americas
5%

12 717 Mtoe

* including international marine and aviation bunkers.

Outside of the OECD, the most dramatic increase over


the thirty-nine years occurred in Middle East, which
in 2010 consumed about fourteen times as much energy as in 1971. However, the most prominent emerging region in world energy consumption is definitely
Asia, which more than doubled its share in global

OECD/IEA, 2012

3%

0%

2010

Biof uels
11%

4%

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - xi

TPES during the same period and represented more


than 31% of total TPES in 2010.
As shown in Figure 6, Asia increased its TPES by
over 6% between 2009 and 2010, led by China, while
non-OECD Europe and Eurasia experienced a more
than 8% growth and non-OECD Americas a 7.5%
growth.
Figure 6: Annual change in TPES by region

In 2010, the top-five countries of Table 1 produced


close to half of global GDP3, consumed 51% of the
total world energy and accounted for 45% of the total
population. However, the relative shares of GDP, population and TPES of these five countries significantly
varied from one to another, as illustrated in Figure 7.
Figure 7: Top-five energy consumers:
2010 relative shares*
100%

12%

80%
10%
8%

60%

6%

40%

4%

20%
2%

World*

Asia

The role of non-OECD countries in the current world


energy picture is becoming more and more prominent
when ranking countries by TPES, as shown in Table 1.
In 2010, China continued to outpace the United States
in terms of Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES),
with China accounting for 19% of global TPES
while the United States accounted for only 17%. The
Russian Federation and India ranked third and fourth,
respectively. Japan, the second largest OECD consuming country, is in fifth position. It should also be
noted that Brazil overtook both France and Canada to
become the seventh largest energy consumer country
in the world.
Table 1: TPES - top-ten countries in 2010

Peoples Rep. of China


United States
Russian Federation
India
Japan
Germany
Brazil
France
Canada
Korea
Rest of the world
World

Population

United States

GDP PPP

Russian Federation

India

Japan

* Relative shares within the top-five, which differ from shares in the world total.

2009-2010

* World also includes international marine and aviation bunkers.

Country

TPES
China

TPES
(Mtoe)

Share in
world TPES

2 417
2 216
702
693
497
327
266
262
252
250
4 835

19%
17%
6%
5%
4%
3%
2%
2%
2%
2%
38%

12 717

100%

The United States consumed 17% of world energy,


despite a population of less than 5% of the global
total. Conversely, China and India, consumed together more energy than the United States (24% of
global TPES) and accounted for 37% of the global
population. In the United States, the large share of
energy consumption is associated with a commensurate share of economic output. India, the Russian
Federation and Japan consumed comparable amounts
of energy in 2010. However, energy intensities differed significantly. With a GDP almost two times larger than that of the Russian Federation, Japan consumed more than 30% less energy per unit of GDP.

Total Final Consumption (TFC)


Figure 8: Total final consumption by sector
1971
Agriculture/
f orestry
3%
Commerce
and public
services
8%
Residential
24%

Nonspecif ied
(other)
4%

Industry
38%

2010

Commerce
and public
services
8%

Agriculture/
f orestry
2%

Residential
24%

Nonspecified
(other)
2%

Industry
37%

Transport
23%

Transport
27%

4 253 Mtoe

8 677 Mtoe

3. In this chapter, GDP refers to GDP using purchasing power parities.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

1971-2009

Middle East

Non-OECD
Europe and
Eurasia

Non-OECD
Americas

OECD

Africa

0%

0%

xii - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

4. In this chapter, each sector of final consumption includes its respective non-energy use quantity.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

The following sections briefly describe 1971-2010


energy trends in six different regions of the world:
OECD, Africa, Non-OECD Americas, Asia, Non-OECD
Europe and Eurasia, and the Middle East.

OECD/IEA, 2012

To conclude this global overview, Figure 8 presents


the shares of different sectors in total final consumption4 (TFC) of energy. Industry is still the largest consuming sector (with a significant fraction derived from
non-energy use), followed by the transport sector and
the residential sector.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - xiii

dominant role as electricity source, with a share in


2010 (35%) comparable to that of 1971.

OECD
Besides being the main energy producing region, the
OECD1 is also the largest importer. In terms of selfsufficiency, the OECD is last among all regions, with
a production/TPES ratio of 72%, far behind the closest region, Asia, at 89%.
The OECD statistics are largely driven by the importance of the United States, alone accounting for 41% of
regional TPES. Japan and Germany follow, with 9%
and 6% of regional TPES. After a short period of decrease in the mid-70s and early 80s, the OECD energy
supply has progressed regularly, with an average annual growth rate of 1% since 1971. In 2010, TPES rebounded strongly by 3.4% from the impact of the economic crisis, in line with a 3% increase in GDP.
Since the oil shocks of the 70's, the OECD has diversified its mix in energy supply. Consequently, the fuel
shares in TPES have evolved, as shown in Figure 9.
Although oil remains the main component of TPES,
its share decreased from 51% in 1971 to 36% in 2010.
The decrease was compensated by a pronounced increase in nuclear (from 1% to 11%) and by an increased penetration of natural gas (from 20% to 25%).
Figure 9: Total primary energy supply* by fuel

Nuclear
1%

Hydro
2%

Nat. Gas
20%

Coal/peat
24%

Oil
51%

Biofuels
2%
Hydro
13%

Hydro
23%

Nuclear
3%

Nat. Gas
13%

Nuclear
21%

Oil
22%

Other
3%

Coal/peat
35%

Coal/peat
39%

Nat. Gas
23%

3 837 TWh

Oil
3%

10 854 TWh

The role of coal in total final consumption (TFC)


within OECD countries is much less important than
that in electricity generation. In final consumption, oil
is the key player, as shown in Figure 11. Oil consumption (in the form of secondary products like motor gasoline) had decreased after the oil shocks of the
70's, but since the mid-80's it has started to grow
again. In 2010, oil consumption grew by more than
1% and still accounted for about half of the total final
consumption within the OECD.
Mtoe

Figure 11: Final consumption by fuel

4000

Hydro Biof uels


5%
2%

Other
1%

3000
2500
2000

Nuclear
11%

Coal/peat
20%
Nat. Gas
25%

1500
1000
500

Oil
36%

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995
Coal/peat

3 372 Mtoe

2010

3500

2010
Biof uels
2%

1971

5 405 Mtoe

*Excluding electricity trade.

The trends in electricity generation are even more pronounced than those of TPES, as presented in Figure 10.
Electricity production has almost tripled since 1971,
increasing on average by 5% per year, more than
twice as fast as TPES, at a rate comparable to that of
GDP. Oil has been almost completely displaced by the
dramatic increase of nuclear (on average, +9% per
year), and by the increase of natural gas. Hydro has
progressed very slowly, losing 10% in the share over
the time period. Most importantly, coal has kept the
1. OECD includes Estonia and Slovenia starting in 1990. Prior to
1990, data for Estonia are included in Former Soviet Union and data
for Slovenia in Former Yugoslavia in this publication.

Oil

Nat. Gas

2000

2005

Electricity

2010

Other

As illustrated in Figure 12, the driver for oil consumption


(63% in 2010) is the transport sector, where total consumption almost doubled between 1971 and 2010. Meanwhile in all sectors, consumption of electricity has increased
considerably: it almost tripled between 1971 and 2010.
Figure 12: Total final consumption by sector and fuel
Mtoe
1400
1200
1000

Other

800

Electricity

600

Nat. Gas

400

Oil

200

Coal/peat

0
1971 2010

Industry

1971 2010

Transport

1971 2010

Residential

1971 2010

Other

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

1971

Figure 10: Electricity generation by fuel

xiv - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Figure 14: Total primary energy supply* by fuel


1971

In 2010, Africa produced 9% of the worlds energy.


African production is dominated by oil (43%), followed by traditional biomass (28%), natural gas
(15%) and coal (13%). The use of biofuels (mainly
fuelwood) is significantly higher across Africa than
the world average. For commercial types of energy,
production is unevenly distributed across sub-regions,
as shown in Figure 13.
Crude oil and natural gas tend to be concentrated in a
few countries of North, West and Southern Africa. In
2010, Nigeria, Angola, Libya and Algeria produced together 76% of the crude oil of the region, while Algeria
produced alone more than 40% of the regional output of
natural gas. Coal is produced almost exclusively in
South Africa, the sixth coal exporter in the world, and a
significant coal consumer itself.
Figure 13: Energy production by sub-region
Mtoe
400
350
250
200
150
100
50
0

Coal/peat
19%

Biof uels
61%

North
Africa

East
Africa

Southern Central
Africa
Africa

West
Africa

Nat. Gas
1%

Nat. Gas
13%

Hydro
1%

192 Mtoe

681 Mtoe

*Excluding electricity trade.

However, the share of traditional biomass in TPES


significantly decreased between 1971 and 2010, due
to increased electrification, and particularly the recent
development of power generation from natural gas.
Natural gas increased its share in TPES from 1% in
1971 to 13% in 2010. Coal continued to represent an
important share of African TPES (16% in 2010), due
to the continued high reliance of South African supply
on it (74% in 2010).
Figure 15: Electricity generation by fuel
100%

Nat. Gas

80%

Oil

60%

Hydro

Coal/peat

40%

Gas

Other
Africa

In 2010, Africa produced 2% more oil than in 2009, representing 12% of world crude oil output, and exported
80% of its production. Among the largest oil producers,
the output increased for Nigeria (+16%) and Egypt
(+2%) while it decreased for all of the other 3 major
producers. Natural gas production increased by 6%, with
more than half of the output exported in 2010, both by
pipeline and LNG.
As shown in Figure 14, TPES in Africa is dominated
by solid biofuels (mainly fuelwood), with a share in
2010 (48%) much higher than the world average
(10%). The presence of large forests, agro-industry,
agriculture, a large rural population, and a low GDP per
capita have resulted in a large use of biomass for cooking. Because of the extensive use of wood and charcoal, energy intensity6 is higher than the world average.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Oil
21%

Biof uels

North Africa includes Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia; East Africa includes
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Sudan and United Republic of Tanzania; Southern
Africa includes Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe;
Central Africa includes Cameroon, Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo; West
Africa includes Benin, Cte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo.

6. Measured by the ratio TPES/GDP.

Coal/peat
16%

Biofuels
48%

Oil
18%

Hydro
1%

Other

300

2010
Other
1%

Other
Nuclear

Oil

20%

Coal/peat

0%
1971

2010

Figure 15 shows that electricity generation drove the


substantial changes observed for TPES between 1971
and 2010. The growth of natural gas power generation, especially in natural gas-producing countries, has
been remarkable. In 2010, natural gas provided 99% of
the electricity in Tunisia, 97% in Algeria and 64% in
Nigeria. On a regional level, the share was 30%, larger
than in the OECD (23%), and only behind Non-OECD
Europe and Eurasia (40%) and Middle East (63%).
The large share of coal in electricity production is due
to the weight of South Africa, which almost exclusively
uses coal as an electricity source (94% in 2010).
Electricity production reflects the disparity in fossil
fuel resources between sub-regions of Africa. In 2010,
North African countries plus South Africa, represented only 20% of the population but generated 80%
of the electricity in Africa. Electricity remains a grave
scarcity for most Sub-Saharan African countries, with
electrification rates often below 20%.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Africa

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - xv

Figure 17: Annual change in TPES by fuel

Non-OECD Americas
In 2010, energy production in Non-OECD Americas
was 3.3% higher than in 2009, with changes in Brazil
(+8.3% for biofuels, +5.4% for oil but +26% for natural gas) and Peru (+4.4% for oil, -71% for coal and
+86% for natural gas). Variability of production was
also common in Venezuela (-17% for coal, -3.5% for
oil and +5.2% for natural gas).
Figure 16 shows that oil largely remained the dominant fuel in the supply (43% in 2010), followed by
comparable shares of natural gas and biofuels
(~20%). While the share of natural gas in TPES increased from 9% to 21% between 1971 and 2010, the
share of biofuels and waste decreased from 32% to
20%. Urbanisation and increases in the purchasing
power of citizens explain the move away from traditional biofuels.
Figure 16: Total primary energy supply* by fuel
2010

Biof uels
32%
Hydro
3%

Oil
53%

Other
1%

Hydro
10%

Nuclear
1%

Nat. Gas
9%

Coal/peat
4%

Biofuels
20%

1971-2010

2009-2010

* Includes geothermal, solar thermal, solar photovoltaic and wind.

Figure 18 illustrates the sectoral consumption in the


region. In 2010, industry accounted for 44% of total
final consumption (TFC), followed by transport (31%)
and residential (16%). Oil consumption, accounting
for almost half of TFC, is driven, as in all countries,
by road transport. Still, within transport, Non-OECD
Americas has the largest share of liquid biofuels in the
world (11%) thanks to Brazil (20%), the worlds largest
exporter and consumer of fuel ethanol from sugarcane.
Figure 18: Total final consumption
by sector and fuel
Mtoe
200
180

Oil
43%
Nat. Gas
21%

160

Other

140

Electricity

120

Nat. Gas

100
80

193 Mtoe

583 Mtoe

*Excluding electricity trade.

As shown in Figure 17, hydro generation developed at


an average rate of 6% per year between 1971 and
2010, growing from 3% to 10% of TPES. In 2010,
hydro represented 63% of total Non-OECD Americas
electricity generation, by far the largest share among
all regions, and far above the world average of 16%.

Oil

60

Coal/peat

40
20
0
1971 2010

1971 2010

1971 2010

1971 2010

Industry

Transport

Residential

Other

The share of electricity in TFC increased from 6% in


1971 to 16% in 2010 due to a series of structural and
regulatory changes to favour access to electricity and
to develop interconnections.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

1971
Coal/peat
3%

22%
20%
18%
16%
14%
12%
10%
8%
6%
4%
2%
0%

xvi - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Asia
In 2010, the Asian total primary energy supply continued its pronounced growth (+6.2%), in line with the
strong economic growth for the region. The GDP increased by 9%, dominated by China (+10%) and India
(+9%). Asia was the second largest energy-producing
region in the world, with 28% of global production.
Figure 19 shows the steep recent growth in production, led by China, the largest coal producer in the
world. Despite this growth, the region as a whole is a
net energy importer, as its internal demand is growing
even faster than its production. Self-sufficiency has
slowly declined over the last twenty years for both
China (91% in 2010) and India (75% in 2010). Even
Indonesia, which is still self-sufficient because of its
large coal exports, became a net oil importer in 2004.
Figure 19: Energy production by country
Mtoe
4000
3500

of the worlds coal. In 2010, China also increased its


oil supply by 14%, becoming the worlds second largest oil importer behind the United States and just outpacing Japan.
Increase in per capita GDP, urbanization and electrification programmes have lowered the share of biofuels
(predominantly biomass) from 47% in 1971 to 14% in
2010 in the region. Due to the expansion of infrastructure, natural gas has become significant in the fuel
mix (8.2%). In 2010, China itself increased natural gas
production by 11%, and also strongly increased its
LNG imports that had started in 2006.
Figure 21: Annual growth in TPES by fuel
18%
16%
14%
12%
10%
8%
6%
4%
2%
0%

3000
2500
1971-2008

2000

2009-2010

1500

* Includes geothermal, solar thermal, solar photovoltaic and wind.

1000

As shown in Figure 22, Asia has the largest share of


coal in the electricity mix among all regions (68% in
2010). Among the largest electricity producing countries, coal provided 78% of electricity in China, 68% in
India, 51% in Chinese Taipei and 40% in Indonesia.

500

China

India

Indonesia

Malaysia

2000

2005

Vietnam

2010

Other

Figure 20: Total primary energy supply* by fuel


1971

2010
Hydro
2%

Biof uels
47%

Coal/peat
35%

Nuclear
1%

Hydro
1%

Coal/peat
52%
Oil
22%

Nat. Gas
1%

707 Mtoe

Asia
Non-OECD Europe
and Eurasia
Af rica
OECD

3 954 Mtoe

*Excluding electricity trade.

As shown in Figure 20, coal is the main energy source


in the region, accounting in 2010 for more than half of
the TPES, well above the world average of 27%.
Figure 21 shows that in 2010 the Asian coal supply
increased by almost 5%. Growth was driven by the
5.7% increase of China, which consumed alone 46%
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

World

Biof uels
14%

Nat. Gas
8%

Oil
16%

Other
1%

Figure 22: Share of coal in electricity generation


in 2010

Middle East
Non-OECD
Americas
0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

In 2010, total electricity generation in Asia increased


by 10.4% led by the 12.5% increase of China. Even if
electricity production grew in the region at an average
rate of 5.8% since 1971, its consumption per capita
was still half the world average in 2010.

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - xvii

Figure 24: Total primary energy supply*

Non-OECD Europe and


Eurasia

Mtoe
1800
1600
1400

Dominated by the Russian Federation (62% of regional TPES in 2010), Ukraine (11.5%) and Uzbekistan
(3.9%), Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia represents
8.9% of the world energy supply. With a production/
TPES ratio of 156%, it is one of the most energy self
sufficient world regions.
Figure 23 shows the trend over time for regional
TPES. In the years after 1990, economic output as
well as energy consumption strongly declined
(~30%), due to the very sharp decrease in industrial
consumption. A slow recovery has occurred since
1999, which was briefly interrupted by the economic
downturn in 2009 but has continued in 2010.
Figure 23: Trend in total primary energy supply*
by fuel
Mtoe
1600

1200

800

1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0
1971

1990

Coal/peat

Oil

2009
Natural Gas

Other

*Excluding electricity trade.

As illustrated by Figure 25, industrial energy consumption declined by 4% between 1971 and 2010 and 33% between 1990 and 2010. The decrease between 1990 and 2010 was particularly pronounced in
Azerbaijan (-84%), Armenia (-84%) and Bosnia and
Herzegovina (-64%). In recent years, industrial energy
consumption has gradually recovered in the region
(+12% between 2000 and 2010). Conversely, consumption in the transport sector has almost doubled
over the last thirty-nine years (+5.1% only between
2009 and 2010).

400

Coal/peat

Figure 25: Total final consumption


by sector and fuel
1980
Oil

1985

1990

Natural gas

1995
Nuclear

2000

2005

Hydro

2010

Biof uels

*Excluding electricity trade.

Oil and natural gas are the largest contributors to energy production in the region (38% and 39% respectively in 2010), followed by coal and nuclear. Natural
gas production increased in the largest producing
country, Russian Federation, with the 2010 output up
almost 14% from 2009. Coal production and crude oil
production were also up, 17% and 2.6% respectively.
Nuclear production also increased 4.2%, the first time
in several years.
In 2010, nuclear power provided 36% of the electricity of the region, especially developed in Russia
(51%), Ukraine (52%), Armenia (49%) and Bulgaria
(37%). However, it has been the development of natural gas in the region which is the most significant variation in the regional fuel mix over the last three decades, as shown in Figure 24. In 2010, oil, coal and
natural gas still accounted together for more than 80%
of the supply.

Mtoe
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
1971 2009

1971 2009

1971 2009

Industry

Transport

Residential

Coal/peat

Oil

Natural Gas

Electricity

1971 2009
Other
Other

In 2010, natural gas had the largest share in the


regional TFC (32%), followed by oil (24%), heat
(21%) and electricity (15%). Natural gas was also
dominant in the regional electricity mix (40%) with
coal as the second fuel of choice (23%). In 2010, coalgenerated electricity increased (+3.6%), as well as
natural gas (+10%) while solar, geothermal and wind
electricity generation increased 85%.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971 1975

xviii - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

The energy profile of the Non-OECD and Eurasia


region is largely influenced by major energy producers
and exporters such as the Russian Federation. In 2010,
the Russian Federation produced 10% of global energy, 20% of global natural gas, and 12% of global
oil. A key world energy exporter, the Russian Federation is increasing its production faster than its domestic supply. In 2010, net exports in the region were
equivalent to 45% of total production, compared to
32% in 1990. Within the region, the Russian Federation produced 76% of total oil, 78% of total natural
gas and 63% of total coal in 2010, keeping its position
of first exporter of natural gas, second exporter of
crude oil and third exporter of coal in the world.

since 1971. However, 2010 saw a 7.1% increase in


energy production. The trend in energy production is
evident in Figure 26. Remarkably, with a TPES increase of just 2% per year, the energy intensity of the
region has decreased by about one third since 2000.
In 2010, the regional production of oil was just above
2009 levels (+2.3%). Production of natural gas increased by 11%, with the most remarkable increases
in Bulgaria (+351%) and Serbia (+47%).
Figure 27: The Russian Federation:
total final consumption by fuel
1990

2010
Coal/peat
9%

Figure 26: Energy production by fuel


Mtoe

Other
34%

800 000

600 000

Electricity
11%

500 000
400 000
300 000

Other
26%

Oil
23%

700 000

Nat. Gas
23%

625 Mtoe

Coal/peat
5%

Electricity
14%

Oil
23%

Nat. Gas
32%

446 Mtoe

200 000

0
1971 1975
Coal/peat

1980
Oil

1985

1990
Nat. Gas

1995

2000
Nuclear

2005

2010
Other

Since 2000 the economies of Non-OECD Europe and


Eurasia have been expanding at an average rate of
6.4% per year. In 2010 they experienced a 3.9% increase in GDP. In line with GDP growth, energy production has increased by 2.1% per year on average

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Figure 27 shows the penetration of natural gas in final


consumption for the Russian Federation (32% in
2010), and the stable share of oil in time, driven by
consumption in the transport sector.
Even though the energy intensity of the region has
dramatically decreased since 2000 (by about one
third), Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia remains one of
the most energy intensive among all regions, with a
TPES/GDP ratio more than four times as large as the
world average.

OECD/IEA, 2012

100 000

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - xix

Middle East
With a production almost three times as large as its
supply, Middle East is the region with the highest
self-sufficiency ratio in the world. In 2010, the region
produced 13% of global energy, 30% of global oil and
15% of global natural gas. In 2010, production increased for natural gas (+14.5%) and for crude oil
(+2%) due to increases in demand from many countries recovering from the economic crisis.
Figure 28 shows that Saudi Arabia is the largest oil
producer in the region (38%), followed by Iran (18%),
which is also the largest producer of natural gas, with
30% of the regional production, followed by Qatar
(27%). Regional trends for 2010 were dominated by
increases in Syrian, Omani and Qatari oil output
(+7.8, +6.3% and +5.1% respectively), and by increases in Syrian and Qatari natural gas output (+44%
and +35% respectively). Qatar has developed natural
gas production at an average annual growth rate of
39% in the last ten years.
Figure 28: Energy production in 2010
Saudi Arabia
Islamic Rep. of Iran

the share of natural gas increased from 18% to 63% in


the same period. In 2010, natural gas provided almost
all the electricity generated in Bahrain, in the United
Arab Emirates and in Qatar.
Figure 29: Total primary energy supply* by fuel
1971

2010

Other
1%

Coal/
peat
1%

Nat. Gas
25%

Nat. Gas
51%

Oil
73%

43 Mtoe

Oil
49%

606 Mtoe

*Excluding electricity trade.

Figure 30 illustrates the remarkable growth of consumption in the transport sector, completely relying on oil. Oil
is responsible for more than 50% of total consumption in
the region as a whole, 72% in Saudi Arabia, and up to
90% in Yemen. Electricity more than doubled its share
in the final energy consumption (from 5.6% in 1971 to
14.2% in 2010).
Figure 30: Total final consumption
by sector and fuel

UAE
Kuwait
Mtoe

180

Oman

160

Others

140

200

400

600
Mtoe

Oil

Natural Gas

Other

A key energy exporter, Middle East has also dramatically developed its own energy demand. Over the period 1971-2010, TPES grew on average by 33% per
year, faster than in any other region in the world. As
shown in Figure 29, the supply is almost exclusively
based on oil and natural gas. With time, natural gas
has partly displaced oil, more than doubling its share
between 1971 and 2010.
Key factors for the fast development of natural gas in
Middle East are power generation and the petrochemical sector. While the share of oil in electricity
production shrank from 63% in 1971 to 34% in 2010,

Other

120
100

Electricity

80
Nat. Gas

60
40

Oil

20
0
1971 2010

Industry

1971 2010

1971 2010

Transport

Residential

1971 2010

Other

Improving energy efficiency remains a key challenge


for the region. The fast growth of supply compared to
economic output pushed energy intensity upwards
since the early 80's. With a 2010 ratio almost twice
as large as the world average, Middle East is second
only to Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia in terms of
TPES/GDP.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Iraq
Qatar

OECD/IEA, 2012

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.1

PART I

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

METHODOLOGY

OECD/IEA, 2012

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.3

1. ISSUES OF DATA QUALITY


Considerable effort has been made to ensure that the
data presented in this publication adhere to the IEA
definitions reported in Part I.2, Explanatory notes.
These definitions are used by most of the international
organisations that collect energy statistics.
Nevertheless, energy statistics at the national level are
often collected using criteria and definitions which
differ, sometimes considerably, from those of international organisations. The IEA Secretariat has identified these differences and, where possible, adjusted
the data to meet international definitions.
Recognised anomalies occurring in specific countries
are presented in Part I.5, Country notes and sources.
Country notes present the most important deviations
from the IEA methodology, and are by no means a
comprehensive list of anomalies by country.

Estimation
In addition to adjustments compensating for differences in definitions, estimations are sometimes required to complete major aggregates, when key statistics are missing.
The Secretariat has aimed to provide all the elements
of energy balances down to the level of final consumption, for all countries and years. Providing all the
elements of supply, as well as all inputs and outputs of
the main transformation activities (such as oil refining
and electricity generation), has often required estimations. Estimations have been generally made after
consultation with national statistical offices, oil companies, electricity utilities and national energy experts.
For all countries and all years, the Secretariat also
provides energy indicators computed with GDP and
population data. When these economic data were not

available from official international sources, the


Secretariat used estimates provided by the CHELEMCEPII database (see General references in Part I.5,
Country notes and sources; and Indicators, in
Part I.2, Explanatory notes).

Time series and political


changes
Energy balances for the individual countries of the
Former Soviet Union and the Former Yugoslavia have
been constructed since 1990, and are not available for
previous years. Estonia is included in Former Soviet
Union prior to 1990 and in OECD Total from 1990
onwards. Slovenia is included in Former Yugoslavia
until 1990 and in OECD Total from 1990 onwards.
These balances are generally based on official submissions, but estimations have been made by the
Secretariat.
Data for Kosovo are available starting in 2000. Between 1990 and 1999, data for Kosovo are included in
Serbia. Prior to 1990, they are included in Former
Yugoslavia. Data for Montenegro are available starting in 2005. Between 1990 and 2004, data for Montenegro are included in Serbia. Prior to 1990, they are
included in Former Yugoslavia.
The Netherlands Antilles was dissolved on 10 October
2010 resulting in two new constituent countries
(Curaao and Saint Maarten) with the other islands
joining The Netherlands as special municipalities.
However, due to lack of detailed data the Secretariats
data and estimates under the Netherlands Antilles
still refer to the whole territory of the Netherlands
Antilles as it was known prior to 10 October 2010.
Energy statistics for some countries undergo continuous changes in their coverage or methodology.
Consequently, breaks in series are considered to
be unavoidable.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Methodology

I.4 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

The IEA Secretariat reviews its databases each year.


In the light of new assessments, important revisions
may be made to time series of individual countries
during the course of this review. Therefore, some data
in this publication have been substantially revised
with respect to previous editions. Please always consult Part I.5, Country notes and sources.

Classification of fuel uses


National statistical sources often lack adequate information on the consumption of fuels in different categories of end use. Many countries do not conduct annual surveys of consumption in the main sectors of
economic activity, and published data may be based on
out-of-date surveys. Therefore, sectoral disaggregation
of consumption should generally be interpreted with
caution.
In transition economies (countries of non-OECD
Europe and Eurasia) and in China, the sectoral classification of fuel consumption before the reforms of the
1990s significantly differed from that of market
economies. Sectoral consumption was defined according to the economic branch of the user, rather than
according to the purpose or use of the fuel. For example, consumption of gasoline in the vehicle fleet of an
enterprise attached to the economic branch Iron and
steel was classified as consumption in the Iron and
steel industry itself.
Where possible, data have been adjusted to fit international classifications. For example, all gasoline is assumed to be consumed in transport. However, it has
not been possible to reclassify products other than
gasoline and jet fuel as easily, and few other adjustments have been made to other products.

Specific issues by fuel


Coal
Data on sectoral coal consumption are usually reported in metric tonnes. Net calorific values of different coal types used in different end use sectors are not
always available. In the absence of specific information, the Secretariat estimates end use net calorific
values based on the available net calorific values for
production, imports and exports.

Oil
The IEA Secretariat collects comprehensive statistics
for oil supply and use, including oil for own use of
refineries, oil delivered to international bunkers, and
oil used as petrochemical feedstock. National statistics
often do not report all these amounts.
Reported production of refined products may refer to net
rather than gross refinery output; consumption of oil
products may be limited to sales to domestic markets,
and may not include deliveries to international shipping or aircraft. Oil consumed as petrochemical feedstock in integrated refinery/petrochemical complexes
is often not included in available official statistics.
Where possible, the Secretariat has estimated those
unreported data, in consultation with the oil industry.
In the absence of any other indication, refinery fuel
use is estimated to be about 5% of refinery throughput, and equally split between refinery gas and fuel
oil. For a description of some adjustments made to the
sectoral consumption of oil products, see the above
section Classification of fuel uses.

Natural gas

For a given product, imports and exports may not sum


up to zero at the world level for a number of reasons.
Fuels may be classified differently (i.e. fuel oil exports may be reported as refinery feedstocks by the
importing country; NGL exports may be reported as
LPG by the importing country, etc.). Other possible
reasons include discrepancies in conversion factors,
inclusion of international bunkers in exports, timing
differences, data reported on a fiscal year basis instead
of calendar year for certain countries, and underreporting of imports and exports for fiscal reasons.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Natural gas should be comprised mainly of methane;


other gases, such as ethane and heavier hydrocarbons,
should be reported under the heading of oil. The
IEA defines natural gas production as the marketable
production, i.e. net of field losses, flaring, venting and
re-injection.
However, the lack of adequate definitions makes it
difficult or impossible to identify all quantities of gas
at all different stages of its separation into dry gas
(methane) and heavier fractions. National data for
natural gas do not always explicitly show separate
quantities for field losses, flaring, venting and reinjection.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Imports and exports

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.5

Reliable consumption data for natural gas at a disaggregated level are often difficult to find. This is especially true for some of the largest natural gas consuming countries in the Middle East. Therefore, industrial
use of natural gas for these countries is frequently
missing from the data published here.

Electricity
The IEA classification shows main activity producers separately from autoproducers of electricity and
heat. As defined in Part I.2, Explanatory notes, an
autoproducer of electricity is an establishment which,
in addition to its main activities, generates electricity
wholly or partly for its own use. For non-OECD countries, data on autoproducers are not always reported.
In such cases, the quantities of fuels used as input to
electricity are included under the appropriate end-use
sector.
When statistics of production of electricity from biofuels and waste are available, they are included in
total electricity production. However, these data are
not comprehensive; for example, much of the electricity generated from waste biomass in sugar refining
facilities remains unreported.
When unreported, inputs of fuels for electricity generation are estimated using information on electricity
output, fuel efficiency and type of generation capacity.

Heat
For heat, transition economies (countries of nonOECD Europe and Eurasia) and China used to adopt a
different methodology from that adopted in market
economies. They allocated the transformation of primary fuels (coal, oil and gas) by industry into heat for
consumption on site to the transformation activity
heat production, not to industrial consumption, as in
the IEA methodology1. The transformation output of
Heat was then allocated to the various end use sectors.
The losses occurring in the transformation of fuels

1. For autoproducer plants, the international methodology restricts the


inclusion of heat in transformation to that sold to third parties. See
definition in Part I.2, General notes.

into heat in industry were not included in final consumption of industry.


Although a number of countries have recently
switched to the practice of international organisations,
this important issue reduces the possibility of crosscountry comparisons for sectoral end use consumption
between transition economies and market economies.

Biofuels and waste


The IEA publishes data on production, domestic supply and consumption of biofuels and waste for all
non-OECD countries and all regions.
Data are often based on secondary sources, and may
be of variable quality, which makes comparisons between countries difficult. For many countries, historical data are derived from surveys which were often
irregular, irreconcilable, and conducted at a local
rather than national level.
Where historical series were incomplete or unavailable, they were estimated using a methodology consistent with the projection framework of the IEAs
1998 edition of World Energy Outlook (September
1998). First, nation-wide domestic supply per capita
of biofuels and wastes was compiled or estimated for
1995. Then, per capita supply for the years 1971 to
1994 was estimated using a log/log equation with either GDP per capita or percentage of urban population
as exogenous variable, depending on the region. Finally, supply of total biomass and waste after 1996
was estimated assuming a growth rate either constant,
or equal to the population growth, or based on the
1971-1994 trend.
Those estimated time series should be treated very
cautiously. The chart below provides a broad indication of the estimation methodology and of the data
quality by region.
Region

Main source
of data

Data
quality

Exogenous
variables

Africa

FAO database
and AfDB

low

population
growth rate

Non-OECD
Americas

national and
OLADE

high

none

Asia

surveys

high to
low

population
growth rate

Non-OECD
Europe and
Eurasia

questionnaires
and FAO

high to
medium

none

Middle East

FAO

medium
to low

none

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Natural gas supply and demand statistics are normally


reported in volumetric units, and it is difficult to obtain
accurate data on the calorific value. In the absence of
specific information, the IEA generally applies an average gross calorific value of 38 TJ/million m3.

I.6 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

The IEA hopes that the inclusion of these data will


encourage national administrations and other agencies
active in the field to enhance the level and quality of
data collection and coverage for biofuels and waste.
More details on the methodology used by country
may be provided on request, and comments are
welcome.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Given the importance of vegetal fuels in the energy


picture of many developing countries, balances down
to final consumption by end-use for individual products or product categories have been compiled for all
countries. Data for the years 2009 and 2010 are shown
in the Annual tables. Time series for charcoal production are shown in the Summary tables.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.7

2. EXPLANATORY NOTES
The IEA energy balance methodology is based on the
calorific content of the energy commodities and a
common unit of account. The unit of account adopted
by the IEA is the tonne of oil equivalent (toe) which is
defined as 107 kilocalories (41.868 gigajoules). This
quantity of energy is, within a few per cent, equal to the
net heat content of 1 tonne of crude oil. Throughout
this publication 1 tonne means 1 metric ton or
1000 kg.1

Conversion (from original


units to toe)
The change from using the original units to tonnes of
oil equivalent implies choosing coefficients of equivalence between different forms and sources of energy.
This problem can be approached in many different
ways. For example, one could adopt a single equivalence for each major primary energy source in all
countries, e.g. 29 307 kJ/kg (7 000 kcal/kg) for hard
coal, 41 868 kJ/kg (10 000 kcal/kg) for oil, etc.
The main objection to this method is that it results in
distortions since there is a wide spread in calorific
values between types of coal and individual coal
products, and between calorific values of these fuels
in different countries. The Secretariat has therefore
adopted specific factors supplied by the national administrations for the main categories of each quality
of coal and for each flow or use (i.e. production, imports, exports, electricity generation, coke ovens, blast
furnaces and industry).

1. Totals in the printed publications may not add due to rounding.

For crude oil, specific factors have been used for production, imports and exports based on consultations
with experts from the national administrations. The
IEA applies regional conversion factors (in conjunction
with Eurostat for the European countries) for oil
products.
Gas data in Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries
are presented in terajoules on a gross calorific basis.
Data on biofuels & waste are presented in terajoules
on a net calorific basis (with the exception of liquid
biofuels which are in 1000 tonnes).
The balances are expressed in terms of net calorific
value. The difference between the net and the
gross calorific value for each fuel is the latent heat
of vaporisation of the water produced during combustion of the fuel. For coal and oil, the net calorific
value is about 5% less than gross, for most forms of
natural and manufactured gas the difference is 9-10%,
while for electricity and heat there is no difference as
the concept has no meaning in this case. The use of
net calorific value is consistent with the practice of the
Statistical Offices of the European Communities and
the United Nations.
Electricity data are converted from original units of
gigawatt hours to million tonnes of oil equivalent using the relationship: 1 terawatt hour = 0.086 Mtoe.
For more detail on converting to heat units, see Section 3, Units and conversions.

Primary energy conventions


When constructing an energy balance, it is necessary
to adopt conventions for primary energy from several
sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar, hydro,
wind, etc. The two types of assumptions that have to
be made are described below.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Unit

I.8 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

For each of these sources, there is a need to define the


form of primary energy to be considered; for instance,
in the case of hydro energy, a choice must be made
between the kinetic energy of falling water and the
electricity produced. For nuclear energy, the choice is
between the energy content of the nuclear fuel, the
heat generated in the reactors and the electricity produced. For photovoltaic electricity, the choice is between the solar radiation received and the electricity
produced.
The principle adopted by the IEA is that the primary
energy form should be the first energy form downstream in the production process for which multiple
energy uses are practical. The application of this principle leads to the choice of the following primary energy forms:
Heat for nuclear, geothermal and solar thermal;
Electricity for hydro, wind, tide/wave/ocean and
solar photovoltaic.

Calculation of the primary energy equivalent


There are essentially two methods that can be used to
calculate the primary energy equivalent of the above
energy sources: the partial substitution method and the
physical energy content method.
The partial substitution method: In this method, the
primary energy equivalent of the above sources of
electricity generation represents the amount of energy
that would be necessary to generate an identical
amount of electricity in conventional thermal power
plants. The primary energy equivalent is calculated
using an average generating efficiency of these plants.
This method has several shortcomings, including the
difficulty of choosing an appropriate generating efficiency and the fact that the partial substitution method
is not relevant for countries with a high share of hydro
electricity. For these reasons, the IEA, as most of the
international organisations, has now stopped using
this method and adopted the physical energy content
method.
The physical energy content method: This method
uses the physical energy content of the primary energy source as the primary energy equivalent. As a
consequence, there is an obvious link between the
principles adopted in defining the primary energy
forms of energy sources and the primary energy
equivalent of these sources. For instance, in the case
of nuclear electricity production, as heat is the primary energy form selected by the IEA, the primary
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

energy equivalent is the quantity of heat generated in


the reactors. However, as the amount of heat produced
is not always known, the IEA estimates the primary
energy equivalent from the electricity generation by
assuming an efficiency of 33%, which is the average
of nuclear power plants in Europe.
In the case of hydro and solar PV, as electricity is the
primary energy form selected, the primary energy
equivalent is the physical energy content of the electricity generated in the plant, which amounts to assuming an efficiency of 100%. A more detailed presentation of the assumptions used by the IEA in establishing its energy balances is given in Section 3.
For geothermal, if no country-specific information is
reported, the primary energy equivalent is calculated
as follows:
10% for geothermal electricity;
50% for geothermal heat.
Since these two types of energy balances differ significantly in the treatment of electricity from solar,
hydro, wind, etc., the share of renewables in total energy supply will appear to be very different depending
on the method used. As a result, when looking at the
percentages of various energy sources in total supply,
it is important to understand the underlying conventions that were used to calculate the primary energy
balances.

Layout
The energy balances are presented in tabular format:
columns for the various sources of energy and rows
for the different origins and uses.

Columns
Across the top of the table from left to right, there are
eleven columns with the following headings:

Column 1: Coal and peat includes all coal, both primary (including hard coal and lignite) and derived
fuels (including patent fuel, coke oven coke, gas coke,
BKB, gas work gas, coke oven gas, blast furnace gas
and other recovered gases). Peat is also included in
this category.
Column 2: Crude oil comprises crude oil, natural gas
liquids, refinery feedstocks, and additives as well as
other hydrocarbons (including emulsified oils, synthetic
crude oil, mineral oils extracted from bituminous
minerals such as oil shale, bituminous sand, etc., and
oils from coal and gas liquefaction).

OECD/IEA, 2012

Choice of the primary energy form

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.9

Column 4: Natural gas includes both associated and


non-associated gas as well as colliery gas (excluding
natural gas liquids). Note: starting with the 2011 edition, gas works gas is included with coal. In previous
years, gas works gas was included with natural gas.
Column 5: Nuclear shows the primary heat equivalent of the electricity produced by a nuclear power
plant with an average thermal efficiency of 33%.
Column 6: Hydro shows the energy content of the
electricity produced in hydro power plants. Hydro
output excludes output from pumped storage plants.
Column 7: Geothermal, solar, etc. shows production
of geothermal, solar, wind and tide/wave/ocean energy and the use of these energy forms for electricity
and heat generation. Unless the actual efficiency of
the geothermal process is known, the quantity of geothermal energy entering electricity generation is inferred from the electricity production at geothermal
plants assuming an average thermal efficiency of
10%. For solar, wind and tide/wave/ocean energy, the
quantities entering electricity generation are equal to
the electrical energy generated. Other uses shown in
this column relate to geothermal and solar thermal
heat.
Column 8: Biofuels and waste comprises solid biofuels, liquid biofuels, biogases, industrial waste and
municipal waste. Biofuels are defined as any plant
matter used directly as fuel or converted into fuels
(e.g. charcoal) or electricity and/or heat. Included here
are wood, vegetal waste (including wood waste and
crops used for energy production), ethanol, animal
materials/wastes and sulphite lyes (also known as
black liquor which is an alkaline spent liquor from
the digesters in the production of sulphate or soda
pulp during the manufacture of paper where the energy content is derived from the lignin removed from
the wood pulp and which is usually 65-70% solid in
its concentrated form).
Municipal waste comprises wastes produced by residential and commercial/public services that are collected by local authorities for disposal in a central
location for the production of heat and/or power. Hospital waste is included in this category.
Note that for biofuels, only the amounts of biomass
specifically used for energy purposes (a small part of

the total) are included in the energy statistics. Therefore, the non-energy use of biomass is not taken into
consideration and the quantities are null by definition.
Data under this heading are often based on incomplete
information. Thus, the data give only a broad impression of developments, and are not strictly comparable
between countries. In some cases complete categories
of vegetal fuel are omitted due to lack of information.
Please refer to individual country data when consulting regional aggregates.

Column 9: Electricity shows final consumption and


trade in electricity, which is accounted at the same
heat value as electricity in final consumption
(i.e. 1 GWh = 0.000086 Mtoe).
Column 10: Heat shows the disposition of heat produced for sale. The large majority of the heat included
in this column results from the combustion of fuels
although some small amounts are produced from electrically powered heat pumps and boilers. Any heat
extracted from ambient air by heat pumps is shown as
production.
Column 11: Total equals the total of Columns 1
to 10.

Rows
The categories on the left hand side of the table have
the following functions:

Row 1: Production is the production of primary energy, i.e. hard coal, lignite, peat, crude oil, NGL, natural gas, biofuels and waste, nuclear, hydro, geothermal,
solar and the heat from heat pumps that is extracted
from the ambient environment. Production is calculated
after removal of impurities (e.g. sulphur from natural
gas). Calculation of production of hydro, geothermal,
etc. and nuclear electricity is explained in Section 3,
Units and conversions.
Row 2/3: Imports and exports comprise amounts having crossed the national territorial boundaries of the
country, whether or not customs clearance has taken
place.
For coal: Imports and exports comprise the amount of
fuels obtained from or supplied to other countries,
whether or not there is an economic or customs union
between the relevant countries. Coal in transit should
not be included.
For oil and natural gas: Quantities of crude oil and
oil products imported or exported under processing
agreements (i.e. refining on account) are included.
Quantities of oil in transit are excluded. Crude oil,
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Column 3: Oil products comprise refinery gas, ethane, LPG, aviation gasoline, motor gasoline, jet fuels,
kerosene, gas/diesel oil, fuel oil, naphtha, white spirit,
lubricants, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke
and other oil products.

I.10 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

For electricity: Amounts are considered as imported


or exported when they have crossed the national territorial boundaries of the country. If electricity is
wheeled or transited through a country, the amount
is shown as both an import and an export.

Row 4: International marine bunkers covers those


quantities delivered to ships of all flags that are engaged in international navigation. The international
navigation may take place at sea, on inland lakes and
waterways, and in coastal waters. Consumption by
ships engaged in domestic navigation is excluded. The
domestic/international split is determined on the basis
of port of departure and port of arrival, and not by the
flag or nationality of the ship. Consumption by fishing
vessels and by military forces is also excluded. See
domestic navigation (Row 40), fishing (Row 46) and
non-specified other (Row 47).
Row 5: International aviation bunkers includes deliveries of aviation fuels to aircraft for international aviation. Fuels used by airlines for their road vehicles are
excluded. The domestic/international split should be
determined on the basis of departure and landing locations and not by the nationality of the airline. For
many countries this incorrectly excludes fuel used by
domestically owned carriers for their international
departures.
Note: In October 2008, the IEA hosted the 3rd meeting of InterEnerStat. This group is made up of 24 international organisations that collect or use energy
statistics. One of the objectives of the group is to improve the quality of energy data by harmonizing definitions for energy sources and flows. As a result of
this meeting, the IEA decided to align its energy statistics and balances with most other international organisations and to treat international aviation bunkers in the same way as international marine bunkers.
Starting with the 2009 edition, international aviation
bunkers is subtracted out of supply in the same way as
international marine bunkers.This differs from the
treatment of international aviation bunkers in the annual oil statistics published in Oil Information.
For World, World marine bunkers and World aviation
bunkers represent the sum of International bunkers
from all countries. They are not subtracted out of the
Supply, but included in Transport.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Row 6: Stock changes reflects the difference between


opening stock levels on the first day of the year and
closing levels on the last day of the year of stocks on
national territory held by producers, importers, energy
transformation industries and large consumers. A
stock build is shown as a negative number, and a
stock draw as a positive number.
Row 7: Total primary energy supply (TPES) is made
up of production (Row 1) + imports (Row 2) - exports
(Row 3) - international marine bunkers (Row 4) international aviation bunkers (Row 5) stock
changes (Row 6).
Row 8: Transfers include interproduct transfers,
products transferred and recycled products (e.g. used
lubricants which are reprocessed).
Row 9: Statistical differences includes the sum of the
unexplained statistical differences for individual fuels,
as they appear in the basic energy statistics. It also
includes the statistical differences that arise because
of the variety of conversion factors in the coal and oil
columns. See introduction to Energy Statistics of NonOECD Countries for further details.
Row 10: Electricity plants refers to plants which are
designed to produce electricity only. If one or more
units of the plant is a CHP unit (and the inputs and
outputs can not be distinguished on a unit basis) then
the whole plant is designated as a CHP plant. Both
main activity producer2 and autoproducer3 plants are
included here. Columns 1 through 8 show the use of
primary and secondary fuels for the production of
electricity as negative entries. Heat from chemical
processes used for electricity generation will appear in
Column 10. Gross electricity produced (including
power stations' own consumption) appears as a positive
quantity in the electricity column. Transformation
losses appear in the total column as a negative number.
Row 11: Combined heat and power plants (CHP),
refers to plants which are designed to produce both
heat and electricity, sometimes referred as cogeneration power stations. If possible, fuel inputs and
electricity/heat outputs are on a unit basis rather than
on a plant basis. However, if data are not available on
a unit basis, the convention for defining a CHP plant
noted above is adopted. Both main activity producer

2. Main activity producer generate electricity and/or heat for sale to third
parties, as their primary activity. They may be privately or publicly
owned. Note that the sale need not take place through the public grid.
3. Autoproducer undertakings generate electricity and/or heat, wholly
or partly for their own use as an activity which supports their primary
activity. They may be privately or publicly owned.

OECD/IEA, 2012

NGL and natural gas are reported as coming from the


country of origin; refinery feedstocks and oil products
are reported as coming from the country of last consignment. Re-exports of oil imported for processing
within bonded areas are shown as exports of product
from the processing country to the final destination.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.11

and autoproducer plants are included here. Note that


for autoproducer CHP plants, all fuel inputs to electricity production are taken into account, while only
the part of fuel inputs to heat sold is shown. Fuel
inputs for the production of heat consumed within the
autoproducer's establishment are not included here
but are included with figures for the final consumption of fuels in the appropriate consuming sector.

Row 16: Oil refineries shows the use of primary energy for the manufacture of finished oil products and
the corresponding output. Thus, the total reflects
transformation losses. In certain cases the data in the
total column are positive numbers. This can be due
either to problems in the primary refinery balance, or
to the fact that the IEA uses regional net calorific values
for oil products.

Columns 1 through 8 show the use of primary and


secondary fuels for the production of electricity and
heat as negative entries. Total gross electricity produced appears as a positive quantity in the electricity
column and heat produced appears as a positive number in the heat column. Transformation losses appear
in the total column as a negative number.

Row 17: Petrochemical plants covers backflows returned from the petrochemical industry. Note that
backflows from oil products that are used for nonenergy purposes (i.e. white spirit and lubricants) are
not included here, but in non-energy use.

Columns 1 through 8 show the use of primary and


secondary fuels in a heating system that transmits and
distributes heat from one or more energy sources to,
among others, residential, industrial, and commercial
consumers, for space heating, cooking, hot water and
industrial processes.

Row 13: Blast furnaces contains inputs to and outputs


of fuels from blast furnaces. It is often difficult to correctly account for all inputs and outputs in energy
transformation industries, and to separate energy that
is transformed from energy that is combusted. As a
result, in certain cases the data in the total column are
positive numbers, indicating a problem in the underlying energy data.
Row 14: Gas works contains the inputs to and outputs
from plants manufacturing gases for distribution to the
public, either directly or after blending with natural
gas. The coal column will contain the output of gas
works gas minus any inputs of coal and coal products
into the gas works. Inputs of oil products or natural
gas into the gas works will figure as negative numbers
with conversion losses appearing in the total column.
Row 15: Coke/patent fuel/BKB plants contains
losses in transformation of coal from primary to secondary fuels and from secondary to tertiary fuels (hard
coal to coke and patent fuel, lignite to BKB, etc.).

Row 19: Other transformation covers non-specified


transformation not shown elsewhere, such as the
transformation of primary solid biofuels into charcoal.
Row 20: Energy industry own use contains the primary and secondary energy consumed by transformation industries for heating, pumping, traction and
lighting purposes [ISIC4 05, 06, 19 and 35, Group 091
and Classes 0892 and 0721]. These quantities are
shown as negative figures. Included here are, for example, own use of energy in coal mines, own consumption in power plants (which includes net electricity consumed for pumped storage) and energy used
for oil and gas extraction.
Row 21: Losses includes losses in energy distribution,
transmission and transport.
Row 22: Total final consumption (TFC) is the sum of
consumption by the different end-use sectors. Backflows from the petrochemical industry are not included in final consumption (see Row 17, petrochemical plants and Row 52, of which petrochemical
feedstocks).
Rows 23-36: Industry consumption is specified by
sub-sector as listed below (Note - energy used for
transport by industry is not included here but is reported under transport):
Iron and steel industry [ISIC Group 241 and
Class 2431];
Chemical and petrochemical industry [ISIC Divisions 20 and 21] excluding petrochemical feedstocks;

4. International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic


Activities, Series M, No. 4 / Rev. 4, United Nations, New York, 2008.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Row 12: Heat plants refers to plants (including heat


pumps and electric boilers) designed to produce heat
only, which is sold to a third party under the provisions of a contract. Both main activity producer and
autoproducer plants are included here. Heat pumps
that are operated within the residential sector where
the heat is not sold are not considered a transformation process and are not included here - the electricity
consumption appears as residential use.

Row 18: Liquefaction plants includes diverse liquefaction processes, such as coal liquefaction plants and
gas-to-liquid plants.

I.12 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Non-metallic minerals such as glass, ceramic, cement,


etc. [ISIC Division 23];
Transport equipment [ISIC Divisions 29 and 30];
Machinery comprises fabricated metal products, machinery and equipment other than transport equipment
[ISIC Divisions 25 to 28];
Mining (excluding fuels) and quarrying [ISIC Divisions 07 and 08 and Group 099];
Food and tobacco [ISIC Divisions 10 to 12];
Paper, pulp and printing [ISIC Divisions 17 and 18];
Wood and wood products (other than pulp and paper)
[ISIC Division 16];
Construction [ISIC Divisions 41 to 43];
Textile and leather [ISIC Divisions 13 to 15];
Non-specified5 (any manufacturing industry not included above) [ISIC Divisions 22, 31 and 32].
Note: Most countries have difficulties supplying an
industrial breakdown for all fuels. In these cases, the
non-specified industry row has been used. Regional
aggregates of industrial consumption should therefore
be used with caution.

Rows 37-43: Transport includes all fuels used for


transport [ISIC Divisions 49 to 51] except international marine bunkers and international aviation bunkers. It includes transport in industry and covers domestic aviation, road, rail, pipeline transport, domestic navigation and non-specified transport. Domestic
aviation includes deliveries of aviation fuels to aircraft
for domestic aviation commercial, private, agriculture, etc. It includes use for purposes other than flying, e.g. bench testing of engines, but not airline use
of fuel for road transport. The domestic/international
split should be determined on the basis of departure
and landing locations and not by the nationality of the
airline. Note that this may include journeys of considerable length between two airports in a country
(e.g. San Francisco to Honolulu). For many countries,
the split between international aviation and domestic
aviation incorrectly allocates fuel use for both domestic and international departures of domestically owned

5. In the short country tables, non-specified is shown together with


other categories not explicitly listed (Other/non-specified).

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

carriers to domestic air. Fuel used for ocean, coastal


and inland fishing (included under fishing) and military consumption (included in other non-specified) are
excluded from transport.

Rows 44-49: Other covers residential [ISIC Divisions


97 and 98, although this is only a small part of residential], commercial and public services [ISIC Divisions 33, 36-39, 45-47, 52, 53, 55, 56, 58-66, 68-75,
77-82, 84 (excluding Class 8422), 85-88, 90-96 and
99], agriculture/forestry [ISIC Divisions 01 and 02],
fishing [ISIC Division 03] and non-specified consumption. Non-specified includes military fuel use for
all mobile and stationary consumption (e.g. ships,
aircraft, road and energy used in living quarters) regardless of whether the fuel delivered is for the military
of that country or for the military of another country. In
many cases administrations find it impossible to distinguish energy consumption in commercial and public services from residential consumption. Some cannot distinguish consumption in agriculture from that
in residential. In these cases, residential will also include consumption in agriculture and/or commercial/
public services. The other total is, therefore, more
accurate than its components.
Rows 50-54: Non-energy use covers those fuels that
are used as raw materials in the different sectors and
are not consumed as a fuel or transformed into another
fuel. Non-energy use is shown separately in final consumption under the heading non-energy use.
Note that for biofuels, only the amounts of biomass
specifically used for energy purposes (a small part of
the total) are included in the energy statistics. Therefore, the non-energy use of biomass is not taken into
consideration and the quantities are null by definition.
of which: petrochemical feedstocks. The petrochemical industry includes cracking and reforming processes for the purpose of producing ethylene, propylene, butylene, synthesis gas, aromatics, butadene and
other hydrocarbon-based raw materials in processes
such as steam cracking, aromatics plants and steam
reforming [part of ISIC Group 201].

Rows 55-57: Electricity generated shows the total


number of GWh generated by installations separated
into electricity plants and CHP plants. Production includes electricity from combustible fuels, nuclear,
hydro (excluding pumped storage production), geothermal, etc. (see, however, the notes on Rows 10
and 11). Electricity produced by heat from chemical
processes is shown in the heat column.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Non-ferrous metals basic industries [ISIC Group 242


and Class 2432];

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.13

Indicators
Energy production: total primary energy production,
expressed in Mtoe.
Net imports: imports minus exports, expressed in
Mtoe.
Total primary energy supply: expressed in Mtoe.
Oil supply: primary supply of oil, expressed in Mtoe.
Electricity consumption: domestic consumption
(i.e. gross production) + imports - exports - losses,
expressed in GWh.
Population: the main source of the population data is
World Development Indicators, The World Bank,
Washington D.C., 2012.
Population data for Chinese Taipei, Gibraltar, Iraq,
Former Soviet Union (before 1990), Former
Yugoslavia (before 1990) and for a few countries
within the regions6 Other Africa, Other Non-OECD
Americas and Other Asia are based on the
CHELEM-CEPII online database, 2012. Population
data for Cyprus is calculated using the 2010 population growth rate given by Eurostat, 2012.

GDP figures for Chinese Taipei, Cyprus (1971-1973),


Ethiopia, Gibraltar, Myanmar, Netherlands Antilles
(available from 1980), North Korea, Former Soviet
Union (before 1990), Former Yugoslavia (before
1990) and a few countries within the regions6 Other
Africa, Other Non-OECD Americas7 and Other Asia
are based on the CHELEM-CEPII online databases,
2012.
The GDP data have been compiled for individual
countries at market prices in local currency and annual rates. These data have been scaled up/down to
the price levels of 2005 and then converted to USD
using the yearly average 2005 exchange rates.
GDP PPP: The main source of the GDP PPP data is
World Development Indicators, The World Bank,
Washington, D.C., 2012. However, this source is
available for GDP PPP (constant 2005 USD) only
from 1980. Therefore, prior to 1980 GDP PPP data
have been estimated based on the growth rates of the
CHELEM-CEPII online database, 2012. GDP PPP
figures for Chinese Taipei, Zimbabwe, Dominican
Republic, Gibraltar, Netherlands Antilles (available
from 1980), North Korea, Former Soviet Union
(before 1990), Former Yugoslavia (before 1990) and
a few countries within the regions6 Other Africa,
Other Non-OECD Americas and Other Asia are
based on the CHELEM-CEPII online databases, 2012.
GDP PPP figures for Bosnia and Herzegovina (up to
1993), Haiti (up to 1990), Iraq (up to 1996), Libya
(up to 1998), Tanzania (up to 1987), Vietnam (up to
1983) and Yemen (up to 1989) have been estimated
based on the growth rates of the CHELEM-CEPII
online database, 2012.

GDP: The main source of the GDP data is World Development Indicators, The World Bank, Washington D.C.,
2012.

Both sources have rebased the GDP PPP series from


2000 USD to 2005 USD. As a result, those series and
all associated ratios now refer to 2005 USD.

6. Due to lack of complete time series, figures for population and for
GDP of Other Non-OECD Americas do not include British Virgin
Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Martinique, Montserrat,
Saint Pierre and Miquelon, and Turks and Caicos Islands; and figures
for population and GDP of Other Asia do not include Cook Islands.

7. Due to lack of a complete series of GDP data, regional aggregates


for GDP and GDP PPP do not include Netherlands Antilles from 1971
to 1979.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Rows 58-60: Heat generated shows the total number


of TJ generated installations separated into CHP
plants and heat plants. Heat produced by electric boilers is shown in the electricity column. Heat produced
by heat pumps, heat from chemical processes and heat
from non-specified combustible fuels is shown in the
heat column.

OECD/IEA, 2012

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.15

3. UNITS AND CONVERSIONS


General conversion factors for energy
To:
From:

TJ

Gcal

Mtoe

MBtu

GWh

238.8

2.388 x 10-5

947.8

0.2778

10-7

3.968

1.163 x 10-3

multiply by:

terajoule (TJ)

1
-3

gigacalorie (Gcal)

4.1868 x 10

million tonne of oil


equivalent (Mtoe)

4.1868 x 104

107

3.968 x 107

11630

million British thermal


unit (MBtu)

1.0551 x 10-3

0.252

2.52 x 10-8

2.931 x 10-4

3.6

860

8.6 x 10-5

3412

gigawatt hour (GWh)

Conversion factors for mass


To:
From:

kg

lt

st

lb

0.001

9.84 x 10-4

1.102 x 10-3

2.2046

multiply by:

kilogramme (kg)

tonne (t)

1000

0.984

1.1023

2204.6

long ton (lt)

1016

1.016

1.120

2240.0

short ton (st)

907.2

0.9072

0.893

2000.0

pound (lb)

0.454

4.54 x 10-4

4.46 x 10-4

5.0 x 10-4

Conversion factors for volume


To:

gal U.K.

bbl

ft3

m3

0.8327

0.02381

0.1337

3.785

0.0038

multiply by:

U.S. gallon (gal)

U.K. gallon (gal)

1.201

0.02859

0.1605

4.546

0.0045

barrel (bbl)

42.0

34.97

5.615

159.0

0.159

cubic foot (ft )


litre (l)
3

cubic metre (m )

7.48

6.229

0.1781

28.3

0.0283

0.2642

0.220

0.0063

0.0353

0.001

264.2

220.0

6.289

35.3147

1000.0

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

From:

gal U.S.

I.16 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

To calculate the net heat content of a gas from its


gross heat content, multiply the gross heat content by
the appropriate following factor.

101

deca (da)

10-1

deci (d)

102

hecto (h)

10-2

centi (c)

103

kilo (k)

10-3

milli (m)

Natural gas

0.9

106

mega (M)

10-6

micro ()

Gas works gas

0.9

109

giga (G)

10-9

nano (n)

1012

tera (T)

10-12

pico (p)

Coke oven gas

0.9

1015

peta (P)

10-15

femto (f)

Blast furnace gas

1.0

exa (E)

10-18

atto (a)

Other recovered gases

1.0

1018

Coal
Coal has separate net calorific values for production,
imports, exports, inputs to electricity/heat generation
and coal used in coke ovens, blast furnaces and industry. All other flows are converted using an average net
calorific value. Country-specific net calorific values
for 2010 are given in Part II.

Crude oil
Country-specific net calorific values (NCV) for production, imports and exports by country are used to calculate
the balances. The average value is used to convert all
the other flows to heat values. Country-specific net
calorific values for 2010 are given in Part II.

Gas
Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries expresses
the following gases in terajoules, using their gross
calorific value.
1 terajoule = 0.00002388 Mtoe.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Gas

Gross to net ratio

Biofuels and waste


The heat content of primary solid biofuels, biogases,
municipal waste and industrial waste, expressed in
terajoules on a net calorific value basis, is presented in
Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries. The Secretariat does not receive information on volumes and
other characteristics of these fuels.
1 terajoule = 0.00002388 Mtoe.
Data for charcoal are converted from tonnes using the
average net calorific values given in Part II.
Unless country-specific information has been provided, data for biogasoline are converted from tonnes
using 26 800 kJ/kg. Biodiesels and other liquid biofuels are assumed to have a net calorific value of
36 800 kJ/kg unless otherwise specified.

Oil products
The IEA applies regional conversion factors (in conjunction with Eurostat for the European countries) for
oil products.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Decimal prefixes

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.17

Regional net calorific values for oil products


Oil products

Regional defaults

Specific values for selected countries

Europe*

Non-OECD

Algeria

Brazil

Malaysia

South Africa

kJ/kg

kJ/kg

kJ/kg

kJ/kg

kJ/kg

kJ/kg

Refinery gas

49 500

48 100

35 008

Ethane

49 500

49 400

Liquefied petroleum gases

46 000

47 300

49 404

46 473

45 575

46 767
44 045

Motor gasoline

44 000

44 800

43 543

43 991

Aviation gasoline

44 000

44 800

44 380

43 961

45 552

Gasoline type jet fuel

43 000

44 800

40 738

Kerosene type jet fuel

43 000

44 600

43 543

43 208

41 073

Other Kerosene

43 000

43 800

43 543

43 208

43 250

Gas/diesel oil

42 600

43 300

42 267

42 496

42 915

Fuel oil

40 000

40 200

40 151

41 533

41 826

Naphtha

44 000

45 000

44 506

44 129

44 924

White spirit

43 600

43 000

47 060

43 208

42 496

42 372

42 119

Lubricants

42 000

Bitumen

39 000

40 828

41 826

Paraffin waxes

40 000

Petroleum coke

32 000

35 007

36 383

Non-specified oil products

40 000

40 817

42 496

* Defaults for Europe were applied to non-OECD Europe and Eurasia.

Figures for electricity production, trade, and final consumption are calculated using the energy content of the
electricity (i.e. at a rate of 1 TWh = 0.086 Mtoe).
Hydro-electricity production (excluding pumped storage) and electricity produced by other non-thermal
means (wind, tide/wave/ocean, photovoltaic, etc.) are
accounted for similarly using 1 TWh = 0.086 Mtoe.
The primary energy equivalent of nuclear electricity is
calculated from the gross generation by assuming a 33%
conversion efficiency, i.e. 1 TWh = (0.086 0.33) Mtoe.
In the case of electricity produced from geothermal
heat, if the actual geothermal efficiency is not known,
then the primary equivalent is calculated assuming an
efficiency of 10%, so 1 TWh = (0.086 0.1) Mtoe.

Heat
Information on heat is supplied in terajoules
and 1 terajoule = 0.00002388 Mtoe.

In the case of heat produced in a geothermal plant, if


the actual geothermal efficiency is not known, then
the primary equivalent is calculated assuming an efficiency of 50%, so 1 TWh = (0.086 0.5) Mtoe.
For direct use of geothermal and solar thermal heat,
all the heat consumed is accounted for in production
and consumption.

Examples
The following examples indicate how to calculate the
net calorific content (in Mtoe) of the quantities expressed in original units in Energy Statistics of NonOECD Countries.
From original units

To Mtoe (NCV)

Coking coal production (Colombia) for


2010 in thousand tonnes

divide by 41 868 and


then multiply by 27.214

Natural gas in terajoules (gross)

multiply by 0.00002388
and then multiply by 0.9

Motor gasoline (except Brazil, Malaysia divide by 41 868 and


and South Africa) in thousand tonnes then multiply by 44.800
Heat in terajoules (net)

multiply by 0.00002388

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity

OECD/IEA, 2012

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.19

4. GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE

Other Africa includes Botswana (until 1980),


Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cape Verde, Central African
Republic, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Equatorial
Guinea, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho,
Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania,
Mauritius, Namibia (until 1990), Niger, Reunion,
Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, Sierra
Leone, Somalia, Swaziland, Uganda and Western
Sahara (from 1990).
Middle East includes Bahrain, Islamic Republic of
Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar,
Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, United Arab
Emirates and Yemen.
Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia includes Albania,
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus1, Georgia, Gibraltar,
Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania,
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM),
Malta, Republic of Moldova, Montenegro, Romania,
Russian Federation, Serbia2, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan,
Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Former Soviet Union and
Former Yugoslavia.
Non-OECD Americas3 includes Argentina, Bolivia,
Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican
Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti,

1. See the note on Cyprus in Part I.5, Country notes and sources.
2. Serbia includes Montenegro until 2004 and Kosovo until 1999.
3. Due to lack of a complete series of GDP data, regional aggregates
for GDP and GDP PPP do not include Netherlands Antilles from 1971
to 1979.

Honduras, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles4, Nicaragua,


Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago,
Uruguay, Venezuela and Other Non-OECD Americas.
Other Non-OECD Americas includes Antigua and
Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda,
British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica,
Falkland Islands, French Guyana, Grenada, Guadeloupe,
Guyana, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico5 (for
natural gas and electricity), St. Kitts and Nevis,
Saint Lucia, Saint Pierre et Miquelon, St. Vincent and
the Grenadines, Suriname, and Turks and Caicos Islands.
China includes the Peoples Republic of China and
Hong Kong (China).
Asia includes Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia
(from 1995), Chinese Taipei, India, Indonesia, DPR of
Korea, Malaysia, Mongolia (from 1985), Myanmar,
Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka,
Thailand, Vietnam and Other Asia.
Other Asia includes Afghanistan, Bhutan, Cambodia
(until 1994), Cook Islands, East Timor, Fiji, French
Polynesia, Kiribati, Laos, Macau, Maldives, Mongolia
(until 1984), New Caledonia, Palau (from 1994),
Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga
and Vanuatu.
The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and
Development (OECD) includes Australia, Austria,
Belgium, Canada, Chile, the Czech Republic,
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,

4. The Netherlands Antilles was dissolved on 10 October 2010 resulting


in two new constituent countries (Curaao and Saint Maarten) with the
other islands joining The Netherlands as special municipalities. However, due to lack of detailed data the Secretariats data and estimates
under the Netherlands Antilles still refer to the whole territory of the
Netherlands Antilles as it was known prior to 10 October 2010.
5. Oil statistics as well as coal trade statistics for Puerto Rico are included under the United States.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Africa includes Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana


(from 1981), Cameroon, Congo, Democratic Republic
of Congo, Cte dIvoire, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia,
Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Libya, Morocco, Mozambique,
Namibia (from 1991), Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa,
Sudan, United Republic of Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia,
Zambia, Zimbabwe and Other Africa.

I.20 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

OECD Americas includes Canada, Chile, Mexico


and the United States.
OECD Asia Oceania includes Australia, Israel,
Japan, Korea and New Zealand.
OECD Europe includes Austria, Belgium, the
Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Portugal, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain,
Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.
Estonia and Slovenia are included starting in 1990.
Prior to 1990, Estonia is included in Former Soviet
Union and Slovenia is included in Former Yugoslavia.
Within the OECD:
Australia excludes the overseas territories;
Denmark excludes Greenland and the Danish
Faroes, except prior to 1990, where data on oil for
Greenland were included with the Danish statistics. The Administration is planning to revise the
series back to 1974 to exclude these amounts;
France includes Monaco, and excludes the
following overseas departments and territories:
Guadeloupe, Guyana, Martinique, New Caledonia,
French Polynesia, Reunion, and St.-Pierre and
Miquelon;
Germany includes the new federal states of
Germany from 1970 onwards;

Portugal includes the Azores and Madeira;


Spain includes the Canary Islands;
Switzerland includes Liechtenstein for oil data;
Shipments of coal and oil to the Channel Islands
and the Isle of Man from the United Kingdom are
not classed as exports. Supplies of coal and oil to
these islands are, therefore, included as part of UK
supply. Exports of natural gas to the Isle of Man
are included with the exports to Ireland.
United States includes the 50 states and the
District of Columbia. Oil statistics as well as coal
trade statistics also include Puerto Rico7, Guam,
the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Johnston
Atoll, Midway Islands, Wake Island and the
Northern Mariana Islands.
The European Union - 27 (EU-27) includes Austria,
Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus1, the Czech Republic,
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania,
the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the
United Kingdom. Please note that in the interest of
having comparable data, all these countries are
included since 1990 despite different entry dates into
the European Union.
The Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) includes Algeria, Angola, Ecuador,
Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria,
Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and
Venezuela.
Please note that the following countries have not been
considered due to lack of data:

Italy includes San Marino and the Vatican;


Japan includes Okinawa;
The Netherlands excludes Suriname and the
Netherlands Antilles4;

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia: Liechtenstein8


(except for oil data);
Africa: Saint Helena;
Other Non-OECD Americas: Anguilla;
Asia: Christmas Island, Nauru and Niue.

6. The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the
OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East
Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of
international law.

7. Natural gas and electricity data for Puerto Rico are included under
Other Non-OECD Americas.
8. Oil data for Liechtenstein are included under Switzerland.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel6, Italy, Japan, Korea,


Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand,
Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak Republic,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the
United Kingdom and the United States.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.21

5. COUNTRY NOTES AND SOURCES

General references
Annual Bulletin of Coal Statistics for Europe, Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), New York,
1994.
Annual Bulletin of Electric Energy Statistics for
Europe, Economic Commission for Europe (ECE),
New York, 1994.
Annual Bulletin of Gas Statistics for Europe, Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), New York,
1994.

Annual Statistical Report, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), Kuwait, various
editions up to 2011.
APEC Energy Database, Tokyo, 2011.
Arab Oil and Gas Directory, Arab Petroleum Research Centre, Paris, various editions up to 2011.
ASEAN Energy Review 1995 Edition, ASEAN-EC
Energy Management Training and Research Centre
(AEEMTRC), Jakarta, 1996.
Asia Pacific Databook, FACTS Global Energy,
Singapore, various editions up to 2011.
Banque de donnes Enerdata, Fiches dexpertise des
donnes, Enerdata, Grenoble, September 2009.
Base CHELEM-PIB, Centre dEtudes Prospectives et
dInformations Internationales (CEPII), Paris, 2008 to
2011.
Centroamrica: Estadsticas de Hidrocarburos, Comisin Econmica para Amrica y el Caribe (CEPAL), United Nations, Mexico, 2009.
CIS and East European Energy Databook, Eastern
Bloc Research Ltd, Tolsta Chaolais, various editions
up to 2011.
Eastern Bloc Energy, Tadcaster, various issues to
May 1999.

Annual Bulletin of General Energy Statistics for


Europe, Economic Commission for Europe (ECE),
New York, 1994.

Energy Indicators of Developing Member Countries,


Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila, 1994.

Annual Crude Steel production, World Steel Association, www.worldsteel.org/statistics.

Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE), Latin


American Energy Organization (OLADE), Ecuador,
2011.

Annual Report July 1991-June 1992, South African


Development Community (SADC), Gaborone, 1993.
Annual Statistical Bulletin, Organization of Petroleum
Exporting Countries (OPEC), Vienna, various editions
up to 2011.

Energy Statistics Yearbook 1990, South African Development Community (SADC), Luanda, 1992.
Energy Statistics Yearbook 2008, United Nations,
New York, 2011.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

In the references below, both the statistical year


(2010) for which data are being published in this edition as well as publication dates of the many documents which have been consulted during the development of this publication are mentioned. As a general rule, where specific documents or personal communications have been used, the date that is referenced is the date of publication of the document or the
date of the communication, whereas, where data received through the completion of questionnaires are
mentioned, the date that is referenced is the statistical
year for which data are being published in this edition,
namely 2010.

I.22 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

External Trade of the CIS countries, The Interstate


Statistical Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Moscow, 2005.

Prospects of Arab Petroleum Refining Industry, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries
(OAPEC), Kuwait, 1990.

Forestry Data, Food and Agriculture Organisation of


the United Nations, Rome, 2000.

Review of Wood Energy Data in RWEDP Member


Countries, Regional Wood Energy Development Programme in Asia, Food and Agriculture Organisation
of the United Nations, Bangkok, 1997.

Forests and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African


Energy Programme of the African Development
Bank, Abidjan, 1996.
Global E&P Service, Commonwealth of Independent
States, IHS Energy Group IEDS Petroconsultants,
Geneva.
International Energy Annual, Energy Information Administration (EIA), Washington, D.C., 1991 to 1994.
International Energy Data Report 1992, World Energy Council, London, 1993.
Les Centrales Nuclaires dans le Monde, Commissariat
lnergie Atomique, Paris, 2009.
Lund et. al, Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy
2010 Worldwide Review, World Geothermal Congress,
Bali, 2010.
Middle East Economic Survey (MEES), Nicosia, various issues to June 1999.
Middle East Petroleum Databook, FACTS Global
Energy Group, Singapore, various editions up to 2011.
Natural Gas in the World, Cedigaz, Paris, various
editions up to 2011.
Natural Gas Vehicles Statistics, International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles, online database:
www.iangv.org.
Notes d'Information et Statistiques, Banque Centrale
des Etats de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, Dakar, 1995.
Ptrole 1994, Comit Professionnel du Ptrole
(CPDP), Paris, 1995.
Pirani et al, Russian and CIS Gas Markets and Their
Impact on Europe, Oxford University Press, Oxford,
2009.
PIWs Global Oil Stocks & Balances, New York,
various issues to June 1995.
PlanEcon Energy Outlook for Eastern Europe and the
Former Soviet Republics, Washington, 2003.
PlanEcon Energy Outlook for the Former Soviet Republics, Washington, June 1995 and 1996.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

SIE-Afrique (Systmes dInformation nergtique


Afrique), projet promu par ECONOTEC et Institut de
lEnergie et de lEnvironnement de la Francophonie
(IEPF), organe subsidiaire de lOrganisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF).
Solar Heat Worldwide, AEE - Institute for Sustainable
Technologies, Gleisdorf, various editions up to 2011.
Statistical Bulletin, Arab Union of Producers, Transporters and Distributors of Electricity (AUPTDE),
Amman, various editions up to 2011.
Statistical Bulletin, The InterState Statistical Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent States,
Moscow, 1993 and 1994.
Statistiques conomiques, Banque des Etats de
lAfrique Centrale (BEAC), online database 2011.
Statistical Handbook 1993 - States of the Former
USSR, The World Bank, Washington, 1993.
Statistical Yearbook, The Interstate Statistical Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent States,
Moscow, various editions up to 2011.
Statistical Yearbook of the Member States of the
CMEA, Council of Mutual Economic Assistance
(CMEA), Moscow, 1985 and 1990.
Statistiques conomiques, Banque des Etats de
lAfrique Centrale (BEAC), online database 2011.
The LNG Industry, International Group of Liquefied
Natural Gas Importers (GIIGNL), Levallois, various
editions up to 2011.
The United Nations Energy Statistics Database,
United Nations Statistical Office, New York, 2011.
World Development Indicators 2010, The World
Bank, Washington, 2011.
Note:
The OLADE database was used for several Non-OECD
Americas countries.
The UN database was the only source of information for
time series of the countries not listed individually and
included in the regions Other Africa, Other Non-OECD
Americas and Other Asia. It was also used in a number
of other countries as a complementary data source.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Foreign Scouting Service, Commonwealth of Independent States, IHS Energy Group IEDS Petroconsultants, Geneva.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.23

Albania
For 1993, large quantities of oil, widely reported to
have moved through Albania into Former Yugoslavia,
may not be included in oil trade. Although estimated
to represent up to 100 per cent of domestic consumption levels, no reliable figures for this trade were
available.
Sources 2005 to 2010:

Sources up to 1989:
Bilan Energtique National, Gouvernement Algrien,
Algiers, 1984.
Algrie Energie, No 6, Ministre de l'Energie et des
Industries Chimiques et Ptrochimiques, Algiers,
1979 to 1983.
Annuaire Statistique de l'Algrie 1980-1984, Office
National des Statistiques, Algiers, 1985.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:

Energy Balances 2005-2010, Energy Department of


the National Agency of Natural Resources of Albania,
Tirana.

The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Secretariat estimates.

Secretariat estimates.

Ministry of Energy and Mining.

Sources up to 2004:
UNECE annual energy questionnaires 1994, 1995,
1998.
Energy Balances, National Agency of Energy of
Albania, 1999 to 2004.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Aide Memoire of World Bank Mission to Albania
May/June 1991.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires.
Secretariat estimates.

Angola
Crude oil production and export data do not include
field condensate. Field condensate quantities are included with natural gas liquids.
Sources 2003 to 2010:
Relatora de Activadas do Sector Petrolfero, Ministerio dos petrleos, Luanda, 2007 and 2008 editions.
Annual Report, Southern African Power Pool, Harare,
various editions up to 2010.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1992 to 2002:
Direct communication with oil industry sources.

Crude oil production and export data do not include


field condensate. Field condensate quantities are included with natural gas liquids.
Revision was made to the energy balance in 2009 and
2010 which adds more detail for certain products and
flows. This may result in breaks in time series between 2008 and 2009.
Sources 1990 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministry of Energy
and Mining, Algiers.
Additional sources 2008:
SONELGAZ, Socit nationale de llectricit et du
gaz, online statistics on electricity production, Algiers.

Secretariat estimates.
Eskom Annual Statistical Yearbook, 1993, 1994, 1995
citing Empresa Nacional de Electricidad as a source,
Johannesburg, 1994-1996.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Sources up to 1991:
Le Ptrole et l'Industrie Ptrolire en Angola en 1985,
Poste d'Expansion Economique de Luanda, Luanda,
1985.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from African
Energy Programme of the African Development
Bank, Forests and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa,
Abidjan, 1996.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Algeria

I.24 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

In 2010, a sharp reduction in fuel oil use by international marine bunkers has been confirmed from different data sources.
Sources up to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministry of Economy,
Secretariat of Energy, Buenos Aires.
Balance Energtico Nacional, Ministerio de Economa, Secretaria de Energa, Buenos Aires, various editions up to 2011.
Informe del sector elctrico, Ministerio de Planificacin Federal, Inversin Pblica y Servicios, Secretaria
de Energa, Direccin Nacional de Prospectiva,
Buenos Aires, various editions up to 2011.
Informacin del mercado de hidrocarburos, Ministerio
de Planificacin Federal, Inversin Pblica y Servicios,
Secretaria de Energa, Direccin Nacional de Prospectiva, Buenos Aires, various editions up to 2011.
Informe Enargas, Enargas, Buenos Aires, various editions up to 2011.
Camara Argentina de Biocombustibles, online statistics.
Informe del sector elctrico, Ministerio de Economa,
Secretaria de Energa, Buenos Aires, 1986 to 2003.
Anuario de Combustibles, Ministerio de Economa,
Secretaria de Energa, Buenos Aires, 1980 to 2003.
Anuario Estadstico del sector energtico Argentino,
Instituto Argentino de la Energa General Mosconi,
Buenos Aires, 2000.
Anuario Estadstico de la Repblica Argentina, Instituto Nacional de Estadstica y Censos, Buenos Aires,
September 1997.
Boletn Mensual de Combustibles, Ministerio de Obras
y Servicios Pblicos, Secretaria de Energa, Buenos
Aires, various editions.
Natural Gas Projection up to 2000, Gas del Estado
Argentina, Buenos Aires, 1970, 1984 to 1986.
Anuario Estadstico de la Repblica Argentina 19701981, Instituto Nacional de Estadstica y Censos,
Secretaria de Planificacin, Buenos Aires, 1982.
Plan Energtico Nacional 1986-2000, Ministerio de
Economa, Secretara de Energa, Subsecretara de
Planificacin Energtica, Buenos Aires, 1985.
Anuario Estadstico, Yacimientos Petrolferos Fiscales,
Buenos Aires, 1984 to 1987.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Memoria y Balance General, Yacimientos Petrolferos


Fiscales, Buenos Aires, 1984 to 1986.

Armenia
Data for Armenia are available starting in 1990. Prior
to that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communication with National Statistical Service,
Yerevan.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires on Coal, Electricity and heat, Natural gas, Oil.
Sources 1990 to 1991:
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Forestry Statistics, FAO and Secretariat estimates.

Azerbaijan
Data for Azerbaijan are available starting in 1990.
Prior to that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communications with the State Committee of
Statistics and the Ministry of Economics of Azerbaijan,
Baku.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires, 1992 to 2010.
Sources 1990 to 1991:
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Forestry Statistics, FAO and Secretariat estimates.

Bahrain
Crude oil production includes production from the
Abu Safah field, which is shared with Saudi Arabia.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Statistics 2009 and 2010, National Oil and Gas Authority,
Manama.
Direct communication with National Oil and Gas
Authority and oil industry sources.
Statistics 2007 and 2008, Electricity & Water Authority,
Manama.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Argentina

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.25

Statistical Bulletin, Arab Union of Producers, Transporters and Distributors of Electricity, Amman, various editions up to 2011.

The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Statistical Abstract, 1994, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,


2002 and 2003, Council of Ministers, Control Statistics
Organisation, Bahrain, 1995 to 2006.

Bangladesh Energy Balances 1976-1981, Government


of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 1982.

Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 1991:
Statistical Abstract 1990, Council of Ministers, Central Statistics Organisation, Manama, 1991.
1986 Annual Report, Bahrain Monetary Agency,
Manama, 1987.
B.S.C. Annual Report, Bahrain Petroleum Company,
Manama, 1982-1984.
Foreign Trade Statistics, Council of Ministers, Central Statistics Organisation, Manama, 1985.
Bahrain in Figures, Council of Ministers, Central Statistics Organisation, Manama, 1983-1985.

Bangladesh
Data are reported on a fiscal year basis.
Sources 2008 to 2010:
PetroBangla Annual Report, Bangladesh Oil, Gas and
Mineral Corporation, Dhaka, 2011.
Annual Report, Bangladesh Power Development Board
(BPDB), Dhaka, 2007 to 2010.
Annual Report, Dhaka Electric Supply Company Limited (DESCO), Dhaka, 2008 to 2010.
Bangladesh Economic Review, Ministry of Finance,
Dhaka, 2008 to 2010.
Sources 1996 to 2007:
U.S. Agency for International Development, Dhaka,
2003 to 2008.
Secretariat estimates.
Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh 1996 to 1999,
Ministry of Planning, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics,
Dhaka, 1997 to 2000.
Sources 1992 to 1995:
Statistical Pocket Book of Bangladesh, Ministry of
Planning, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Dhaka,
1986 to 1996.

Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh 1991, Government


of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 1976 to 1991.
Monthly Statistical Bulletin of Bangladesh, Ministry
of Planning, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics
Division, Dhaka, June 1986 and October 1989.

Belarus
Data for Belarus are available starting in 1990. Prior
to that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.
Since January 1, 2011, Belarus became member of a
Customs Union with Russia and Kazakhstan. Breaks
in time series appear in trade figures for 2009/2010 as
the Customs progressively shifted from one accounting system to another.
Sources 1990 to 2010:
Direct communication with the National Statistical
Committee of Belarus, Minsk.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires, 1990 to 2010.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
UNECE annual energy questionnaires and Secretariat
estimates.

Benin
Member of the SIE-Afrique project.
Time series were revised from 2005 to 2009 based on
data received from the Ministre des Mines, de
lEnergie et de lHydraulique, Cotonou in 2011.
Breaks in the time series may occur for 2004 and
2005 for some products.
Sources 1999 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministre des Mines,
de lEnergie et de lHydraulique, Cotonou, through
the WEC-IEA Joint Energy Reporting Format for
Africa, 1999 to 2002, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2011, 2012.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 1998:
Direct communication with the Secretariat, Direction
de l'Energie, Cotonou, 1999, 2000.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Sources up to 1991:

I.26 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Direct communication with the electricity utility,


Cotonou, 1998 to 1999.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Rapport sur lEtat de lEconomie Nationale, Ministre
de lEconomie, Cotonou, September 1993.

Breaks in time series for solid biomass occur between


2009 and 2010. This is due to differences in definitional issues between Bolivia and IEA. Solid biofuels
may include other sources of renewable energy
(e.g. wind, solar, etc.). Efforts are underway to resolve
these definitional issues for future publications.

Secretariat estimates.
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Forests
and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy Programme of the African Development Bank, Abidjan,
1996.

Bolivia
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Balance Energtico Nacional 2000-2010, Ministerio
de Hidrocarburos y Energa, La Paz, 2010.

Bosnia and Herzegovina


Data for Bosnia and Herzegovina are available starting in 1990. Prior to that, they are included in Former
Yugoslavia.
Energy statistics are available from the Agency for
Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 2008 for
electricity and heat and from 2009 for coal and natural
gas. As a consequence, breaks in time series may occur between 2007 and 2008 for electricity and heat
and 2008 and 2009 for other products.
Sources 2009 to 2010:

Anuaro Estadstico, Ministerio de Hidrocarburos y


Energa, La Paz, 2011.

Direct communication with the Agency for Statistics


of Bosnia and HerzegovinaSarajevo.

Boletn Estadstico, Yacimientios Petroliferos Fiscales


Bolivianos, La Paz, 2008 to 2010.

UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Coal, Natural


Gas and Electricity, 2010.

Informe Estadstico, Yacimientos Petrolferos Fiscales


Bolivianos, La Paz, various editions from 1992 to
1998.

Secretariat estimates.

Anuaro Estadstico, Autoridad de Fiscalizacin y


Control Social de Electricidad, La Paz, 2010.
Anuaro Estadstico, Superintendencia de Electricidad, La Paz, various editions from 1996 to 2007.
Memoria Anual, Comit Nacional de Despacho de
Carga, 2010.
SIEE, OLADE.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 1991:
Boletn Estadstico 1973-1985, Banco Central de
Bolivia, Divisin de Estudios Econmicos, La Paz, 1986.
Diez Anos de Estadstica Petrolera en Bolivia 1976-1986,
Direccin de Planeamiento, Division de Estadstica,
La Paz, 1987.
Empresa Nacional de Electricidad S.A. 1986 Ende Memoria, Empresa Nacional de Electricidad, La Paz, 1987.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
SIEE, OLADE.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Sources 2006 to 2008:


European Network of Transmission System Operators
for Electricity, online statistics, 2010.
Union for the Co-ordination of Transmission of Electricity, online statistics, 2009.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 2000 to 2005:
Energy Sector Study BiH, Third Electric Power Reconstruction Project, consortium led by Energy Institute Hrvoje Pozar, Sarajevo, 2008.
Direct communication with the Joint Power Coordination Centre (JPCC).
Statistical Yearbook of BiH, Federation of Bosnia and
Herzegovina Federal Office of Statistics, Sarajevo, 2008.
Power Generation and Transmission System in Bosnia
Herzegovina, International Management Group,
European Commission, Sarajevo, November 2000.
Energy Outlook, Federal Ministry of Energy, Mining
and Industry, Sarajevo, December 2001.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Sources for Biofuels and waste up to 1995:

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.27

Botswana
Data for Botswana are available from 1981. Prior to
that, they are included in Other Africa.
Sources 1981 to 2010:
Statistical Yearbook 2010, Central Statistics Office,
Gaborone.
Annual Report 2011, Botswana Power Corporation,
Gaborone.
Annual Report 2009, Department of Mines, Gaborone.
Energy Statistics, Central Statistics Office, Gaborone.
Secretariat estimates.
Direct communication with the Energy Affairs Division, Ministry of Minerals, Energy and Water Affairs,
Gaborone.

Brazil
In the IEA balance for Brazil, Biogasoline refers to
anhydrous ethanol while Other liquid biofuels refers
to hydrated ethanol.1
Although IEAs balance is based on Brazils national
statistics, differences with the national energy balance
can be observed due to the different methodologies
adopted for reporting nuclear, chemical heat, natural
gas, renewables, blast furnaces and coke ovens.
Sources 1971 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministrio de Minas e
Energia, Brasilia.
Solar Heat Worldwide, AEE - Institute for Sustainable
Technologies, Gleisdorf, various editions up to 2010.

Brunei Darussalam
Sources 2006 to 2010:
APEC Energy Database, Tokyo, 2012.
Direct communication with the Prime Minister's
Office, Strategic Planning Division, Bandar Seri
Begawan.
Direct communication to the secretariat from the Prime
Minister's Office, Department of Electrical Services,
Bandar Seri Begawan.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1992 to 2005:
APEC Energy Database, Tokyo, 2007.
Direct communication with the UN Statistics Division, the Office of the Prime Minister, Petroleum
Unit, the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre
and the Ministry of Development, Electrical Services
Department.
Brunei Statistical Yearbook, 1992 to 1994, Ministry of
Finance, Statistics Section, Bandar Seri Begawan,
1993, 1995.
Sources up to 1991:
Fifth National Development Plan 1986-1990, Ministry
of Finance, Economic Planning Unit, Bandar Seri
Begawan, 1985.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Bulgaria
Sources 1990 to 2010:
Direct communication with the National Statistical
Institute, Sofia.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires.
Energy Balances, National Statistical Institute, Sofia,
1995.
Sources up to 1991:
Energy Development of Bulgaria, Government of
Bulgaria, Sofia, 1980 and 1984.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

1. The national energy balance of Brazil shows bioethanol as two


separate products: anhydrous ethanol ("lcool anidro", i.e. nearly pure
ethanol, containing less than 1% of water) and hydrated ethanol
("lcool hidratado", i.e. a blend of ethanol and water, in the proportion
of about 95% to 5%, generally obtained from conventional distillation).
While anhydrous ethanol is blended with gasoline (the blend sold at the
pump generally contains 20-25% of ethanol), hydrated ethanol is sold
at separate pumps as a product by itself (lcool) to be used in flex fuel
cars, i.e. vehicles that can run on any mix of gasoline and ethanol.

I.28 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

General Statistics in the Republic of Bulgaria


1989/1990, Government of Bulgaria, Sofia, 1991.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The UN Energy Statistics Database and UNECE annual energy questionnaires.

Cambodia
Data for Cambodia are available starting in 1995.
Prior to that, they are included in Other Asia.
Sources up to 2010:
Direct communication with the Department of Energy, Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy, the
Department of Corporate Planning and Projects, the
Electricity Authority of Cambodia and Electricit du
Cambodge, Phnom Penh through the APEC annual
energy statistics questionnaire, 1995-2010.
Secretariat estimates.

Cameroon
Member of the SIE-Afrique project.
Sources 1971 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministre de l'Energie
et de l'Eau, Yaound.
Statistiques conomiques, Banque des Etats de
lAfrique Centrale (BEAC), online database, 2011.
Direct communication with the Socit Nationale de
Raffinage (SONARA).
Direct communication with the Socit Nationale
d'Electricit du Cameroun (AES SONEL), Douala.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Forests
and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy
Programme of the African Development Bank, Abidjan,
1996.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Peoples Republic of China


In 2012 the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) revised the format and detail of their energy balance.
Data for wind power generation, fuel consumption in
natural gas liquefaction plants and for several new oil
products (petroleum coke, white spirit, bitumen, lubricants, liquefied natural gas, etc.) were provided. These
changes may result in breaks in time series between
2009 and 2010.
A collaborative effort between NBS and IEA continues to work towards providing additional detail on
energy production, transformation and consumption
of all 5 different types of coal (e.g. anthracite, coking
coal, other bituminous, sub-bituminous and lignite)
from 2004 to 2010. At the moment NBS is only able
to provide quantities of raw coal and washed coal in
their energy balances and secretariat assumptions
have been used to attribute these quantities to coking
coal and other bituminous coal. It is expected that the
continuing work to provide disaggregated data on five
different coals will result in greater detail in future
publications.
In the 2010 China Energy Balance imports and exports of cleaned coal are reported as zero, whereas in
the past they have been reported. These imports and
exports are reported as coking coal within the IEA
energy balance.
In 2010, the National Bureau of Statistics revised the
allocation of data for consumption to different subsectors, based on the results of a new economic survey.
As the revisions apply only to 2008 data, breaks in
sectoral consumption may appear between 2007 and
2008.
In 2010, the time series for primary solid biomass was
revised due to the inclusion of new parameters on
elasticities of supply and demand related to costs of
other substitution fuels in the estimation model.
Time series for liquid biofuels, wind (except for
2010), geothermal, solar photovoltaic and solar thermal generation are based on tertiary sources of information and Secretariat estimates. Neither of these
time series is reported in the national energy balance
of China.
The IEA data of coal stocks for the years 1985 and
1990 as well as coal production for the year 1999 are
estimates and do not represent official data released
by the Chinese government. Those estimates were
based on the assumption that coal consumption

OECD/IEA, 2012

Energy in Bulgaria, Government of Bulgaria, Sofia,


1980 to 1983.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.29

Sources 1990 to 2010:


China Energy Statistical Yearbook, National Bureau
of Statistics, Beijing, various editions up to 2011.
Direct communication with the Energy Research
Institute (NDRC), Beijing.
Solar Heat Worldwide, AEE - Institute for Sustainable
Technologies, Gleisdorf, various editions up to 2011.
China Electricity Council, online statistics, various
editions up to 2010.
Zhang G., Report on Chinas Energy Development
2010, Chinas National Energy Administration,
Beijing, editions 2009 to 2011.
Zheng et. al, Steady Industrialized Development of
Geothermal Energy in China: Country Update Report,
Beijing, 2005-2009.

Sources for Biofuels and waste:


Secretariat estimates.

Chinese Taipei
Data for the period 1982-2009 were revised in 2012
based on new balances submitted by the Bureau of
Energy. Breaks in time series may occur between
1981 and 1982.
Sources 1982 to 2010:
Energy Balances in Taiwan, Bureau of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Taipei.
Direct communication with the electricity utilities.
Yearbook of Energy Statistics, Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, Taipei, 1996.
Sources up to 1981:

Lund et. al, Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy


2010 Worldwide Review, World Geothermal Congress,
Bali, 2010.

The Energy Situation in Taiwan, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Energy Committee, Taipei, 1986,
1987, 1988 and 1992.

World Biodiesel Balance 2011, World Ethanol and


Biofuels Report, F.O. Lichts, London, Vol. 9 No. 13,
Mar. 15, 2011.

Industry of Free China 1975-1985, Council for Economic Planning and Development, Taipei, 1986.

Secretariat estimates.

Taiwan Statistical Data Book 1954-1985, Council for


Economic Planning and Development, Taipei, 1986.

Sources up to 1990:
Electric Industry in China in 1987, Ministry of Water
Resources and Electric Power, Department of Planning, Beijing, 1988.
Outline of Rational Utilization and Conservation of
Energy in China, Bureau of Energy Conservation
State Planning Commission, Beijing, June 1987.
China Coal Industry Yearbook, Ministry of Coal Industry, People's Republic of China, Beijing, 1983,
1984, 1985 and 2000.
Energy in China 1989, Ministry of Energy, People's
Republic of China, Beijing, 1990.
China: A Statistics Survey 1975-1984, State Statistical
Bureau, Beijing, 1985.

Energy Policy for the Taiwan Area, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Energy Committee, Taipei, 1984.
Energy Balances in Taiwan, Ministry of Economic
Affairs, Taipei, 1980 to 1981.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Energy Balances in Taiwan, Bureau of Energy, Ministry
of Economic Affairs, Taipei; The UN Energy Statistics
Database; Secretariat estimates.

Colombia
Sources 1992 to 2010:

China Petro-Chemical Corporation (SINOPEC) Annual Report, SINOPEC, Beijing, 1987.

Direct communication with the Ministry of Mines and


Energy, Energy Information Department, Bogot.

Almanac of China's Foreign Economic Relations and


Trade, The Editorial Board of the Almanac, Beijing,
1986.

Statistics 1996-2010, Sistema de Informacin Elctrico


Colombiano, Ministry of Mines and Energy, online
statistics, 2011.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

statistics are more reliable than coal production statistics and that the production-consumption relationship
should maintain a balance over time.

I.30 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Boletin Minero-Energtico, Ministerio de Minas y


Energa, Bogot, December 1991.

Democratic Republic of
Congo

Estadsticas Minero-Energticas 1940-1990, Ministerio


de Minas y Energa, Bogot, 1990.

Member of the SIE-Afrique project.

Estadsticas Bsicas del Sector Carbn, Carbocol,


Oficina de Planeacin, Bogot, various editions from
1980 to 1988.

Time series for the period 2000-2007 were revised in


2009 based on the new energy balances received from
the Ministry of Energy. Breaks in time series may
occur between 1999 and 2000.

Colombia Estadstica 1985, DANE, Bogot, 1970 to


1983 and 1987.

Sources up to 2010:

Empresa Colombiana de Petrleos, Informe Anual,


Empresa Colombiana de Petrleos, Bogot, 1979,
1980, 1981 and 1985.

Direct communication with the Ministre de lEnergie,


Kinshasa Gombe.

Estadsticas de la Industria Petrolera Colombiana


Bogota 1979-1984, Empresa Colombiana de Petrleos,
Bogot, 1985.

Commission Nationale de lEnergie, Ministre de


lEnergie, Kinshasa Gombe, 2005.

Informe Estadstico Sector Elctrico Colombiano,


Government of Colombia, Bogot, 1987 and 1988.
La Electrificacion en Colombia 1984-1985, Instituto
Colombiano de Energa Electrica, Bogot, 1986.
Balances Energticos 1975-1986, Ministerio de Minas y Energa, Bogot, 1987.
Energa y Minas Para el Progreso Social 1982-1986,
Ministerio de Minas y Energa, Bogot, 1987.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Ministry of Mines and Energy, Energy Information
Department, Bogot.

Congo
Sources 1971 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Agence de Rgulation
de lAval Ptrolier, Brazzaville, 2008 to 2012.
Les chiffres caractristiques de la Socit Nationale
dlectricit 2005-2011, SNE, Brazzaville.
Direct communication with the Ministre de l'Energie
et de l'Hydraulique, Brazzaville, 2000 to 2010.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste::
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Forests
and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy
Programme of the African Development Bank, Abidjan,
1996.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Secretariat estimates.

WEC-IEA Joint Energy Reporting Format for Africa,


1999 to 2000.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
L'Energie en Afrique, IEPE/ENDA, Paris, 1995, in turn
sourced from the Annuaire Statistique Energtique
1990, Communaut Economique des Pays des Grands
Lacs, Bujumbura, 1990.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Forests
and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy
Programme of the African Development Bank, Abidjan,
1996.

Costa Rica
Time series for biogas, geothermal energy and jet kerosene were revised in 2012, based on newly available
information.
Sources up to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministerio del Ambiente
y Energa, San Jos.

Cte dIvoire
Member of the SIE-Afrique project.
Time series for primary solid biomass and charcoal
were revised in 2009 for the period 2004-2006, based
on newly available information. Breaks in time series
may occur between 2003 and 2004.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Sources up to 1991:

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.31

Sources 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministry of Mines and
Energy, Abidjan, 2012.
Secretariat estimates.

Direct communication with the Central Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb.


UNECE annual energy questionnaires.
Secretariat estimates.

Sources 2005 to 2008:

Direct communication with the Direction de lEnergie,


Abidjan.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 2002 to 2004:
Direct communication with the Ministry of Mines and
Energy, Abidjan, 2005-2006, and Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1992 to 2001:
Direct communication to the Secretariat from oil industry and the Ministry of Energy, Abidjan, July 2003.
Direct communication to the Secretariat from SIR,
Socit Ivoirienne de Raffinage, 2004.

Cuba
Breaks in time series in 1992 can be explained by historical events. Breaks in time series may also occur
between 2001 and 2002.
Figures for crude oil include additives added to reduce
viscosity.
Sources up to 2010:
Anuario Estadstico de Cuba 1996 to 2010, Oficina
Nacional de Estadsticas, Havana, various editions
from 1998 to 2011.
Estadsticas Energticas en la Revolucin, Oficina
National de Estadsticas, Havana, September 2009
edition.

La Cte d'Ivoire en chiffres, Ministre de l'Economie


et des Finances, Abidjan, 1996-97 edition.

SIEE, OLADE.

L'Energie en Afrique, IEPE/ENDA, Paris, 1995, in


turn sourced from the Ministre des Mines et de
l'Energie, Abidjan.

Compendio estadstico de energa de Cuba 1989, Comit Estatal de Estadsticas, Havana, 1989.

The UN Energy Statistics Database.


Sources up to 1991:
Etudes & Conjoncture 1982-1986, Ministre de
l'Economie et des Finances, Direction de la Planification et de la Prvision, Abidjan, 1987.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Forests
and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy
Programme of the African Development Bank, Abidjan,
1996.

Croatia
Data for Croatia are available starting in 1990. Prior
to that, they are included in Former Yugoslavia.
Sources 1990 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Energy Institute
Hrvoje Poar, Zagreb.

Secretariat estimates.

Anuario Estadstico de Cuba, Comit Estatal de Estadsticas, Havana, various editions from 1978 to 1987.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
SIEE, OLADE.
Anuario Estadstico de Cuba 1996 to 2010, Oficina
Nacional de Estadsticas, Havana, various editions
from 1998 to 2011.

Cyprus
Note by Turkey:
The information in this document with reference to
Cyprus relates to the southern part of the Island.
There is no single authority representing both Turkish
and Greek Cypriot people on the Island. Turkey recognizes the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC).
Until a lasting and equitable solution is found within
the context of the United Nations, Turkey shall preserve
its position concerning the Cyprus issue.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

WEC-IEA Joint Energy Reporting Format for Africa,


questionnaire submitted by the Direction de lEnergie,
Abidjan.

I.32 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

The Republic of Cyprus is recognised by all members


of the United Nations with the exception of Turkey.
The information in this report relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the
Republic of Cyprus.
Sources 1994 to 2010:
Direct communication with the statistical service of
Cyprus, Nicosia.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires.
Electricity Authority of Cyprus Annual Report 1996,
Electricity Authority of Cyprus, Nicosia, 1997.
Sources up to 1993:
Electricity Authority of Cyprus Annual Report 1988,
1992, Electricity Authority of Cyprus, Nicosia, 1989
and 1993.
Industrial Statistics 1988, Ministry of Finance, Department of Statistics, Nicosia, 1989.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
UNECE annual energy questionnaires and Secretariat
estimates.
Note: Data on electricity generation from solar thermal
and heat production from municipal waste and wood
were submitted for the first time for the year 2004.

Dominican Republic
Statistical differences between supply and consumption of electricity are due to the fact that the IEA uses
Oficina Nacional de Estadstica as a source for main
producer electricity generation and OLADE data as a
source for consumption.
Sources 1971 to 2010:
Capacidad instalada y generacin del SENI por ao,
segn tecnologa, 2000-2010, Oficina Nacional de
Estadstica, Santo Domingo.
SIEE, OLADE.
The LNG Industry, International Group of Liquefied
Natural Gas Importers (GIIGNL), Levallois, various
editions up to 2010.
Secretariat estimates.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Ecuador
Crude oil production and export data do not include
field condensate. Field condensate quantities are included with natural gas liquids.
Sources 1999 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministerio de Minas y
Petrleos, Quito.
Estadstica del Sector Elctrico Ecuatoriano, Conelec, Consejo Nacional de Electricidad, Quito, various
editions up to 2010.
Informe Estadstico Gerencial, Petroecuador, Empresa
Estatal Petrleos del Ecuador, Quito, various editions
up to 2010.
SIEE, OLADE.
Sources 1990 to 1998:
SIEE, OLADE.
Sources up to 1989:
Ministerio de Energa y Minas.
Cuentas Nacionales, Banco Central del Ecuador, Quito, various editions from 1982 to 1987.
Memoria 1980-1984, Banco Central del Ecuador,
Quito, 1985.
Ecuadorian Energy Balances 1974-1986, Instituto
Nacional de Energa, Quito, 1987.
Informacion Estadstica Mensual, No. 1610, Instituto
Nacional de Energa, Quito, 1988.
Plan Maestro de Electrificacin de Ecuador, Ministerio de Energa y Minas, Quito, 1989.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
SIEE, OLADE.

Egypt
Data are reported on a fiscal year basis.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Organisation for Energy Planning, Cairo.
WEC-IEA Joint Energy Reporting Format for Africa,
2000 to 2010.
Secretariat estimates.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Note by all the European Union Member States


of the OECD and the European Commission:

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.33

Annual Report 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, Ministry of


Petroleum, Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation,
Cairo, 1996, 1998 to 2000.

Sources for Biofuels and waste:


SIEE, OLADE.

Eritrea

Annual Report of Electricity Statistics 1996/1997 to


2010/2011, Ministry of Electricity and Energy, Egyptian Electricity Holding Company, Cairo, 1998 to
2010.

Data for Eritrea are available from 1992. Prior to that,


they are included in Ethiopia.

Arab Oil and Gas, The Arab Petroleum Research


Center, Paris, October 1997.

Direct Communication with the Ministry of Energy


and Mines, Asmara.

Middle East Economic Survey, Middle East Petroleum


and Economic Publications, Nicosia, February 1994,
June 1996, March 1998.
A Survey of the Egyptian Oil Industry 1993, Embassy
of the United States of America in Cairo, Cairo, 1994.
Sources up to 1991:
Annual Report of Electricity Statistics 1990/1991,
Ministry of Electricity and Energy, Egyptian Electricity Authority, Cairo, 1992.
Statistical Yearbook of the Arab Republic of Egypt,
Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics,
Cairo, 1977 to 1986.
L'Electricit, l'Energie, et le Ptrole, Rpublique
Arabe d'Egypte, Organisme Gnral de l'Information,
Cairo, 1990.
Annual Report, The Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation, Cairo, 1985.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The UN Energy Statistics Database and Secretariat
estimates.

El Salvador
Sources 1971 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministerio de Economa,
Direccin de Hidrocarburos y Minas, San Salvador.
Direct communication with the Consejo Nacional de
Energia El Salvador (CNE), San Salvador.
Boletn de Estadsticas, Superintendencia General de
Electricidad y Telecomunicaciones (SIGET), San Salvador, various editions from 1998 to 2010.
SIEE, OLADE.
Secretariat estimates.

Sources 1992 to 2010:

Ethiopia
Ethiopia energy data include Eritrea from 1971 to 1991.
From 1992, the two countries are reported separately.
For biofuels, breaks in time series may occur between
2006 and 2007 due to more detailed data availability.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Secretariat estimates.
Direct communication with the Ministry of Water and
Energy, Addis Ababa, 2012.
Direct communication with the Ministry of Mines and
Energy, Addis Ababa, 2004 to 2011.
Direct communication with the Energy Development
Follow-up and Expansion Department of the Ministry
of Infrastructure, Addis Ababa, 2004 and 2005.
Direct communication with the Ministry of Finance and
Economic Development, Addis Ababa, 1998 to 2003.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Sources up to 1991:
Ten Years of Petroleum Imports, Refinery Products,
and Exports, Ministry of Mines & Energy, Addis
Ababa, 1989.
Energy Balance for the Year 1984, Ministry of Mines
& Energy, Addis Ababa, 1985.
1983 Annual Report, National Bank of Ethiopia,
Addis Ababa, 1984.
Quarterly Bulletin, National Bank of Ethiopia, Addis
Ababa, various editions from 1980 to 1985.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1992 data from Eshetu
and Bogale, Power Restructuring in Ethiopia,
AFREPREN, Nairobi, 1996.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Direct submission to the Secretariat from the Ministry


of Petroleum, Cairo.

I.34 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Data on refinery input for 2009 were interpolated to


avoid a large decrease. Discussions with the Ministre
de lconomie, du commerce, de lindustrie et du tourisme are on-going to try to resolve the discrepancy.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Statistiques conomiques, Banque des Etats de lAfrique
Centrale (BEAC), online database, 2011.
Annuaire Statistique du Gabon, Ministre de
lconomie, du commerce, de lindustrie et du tourisme,
Libreville, 2001 to 2007 and 2004 to 2008, 2011.
Direct communication with the Direction Gnrale de
L'Energie, Libreville, 2003 to 2008.

Data for other bituminous coal were revised in 2010


to reflect that coal production in Georgia is mainly
sub-bituminous coal. This change has been made for
the whole time series and affects production, exports
and consumption in the residential and commercial/institutional sectors.
Sources 2008 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Energy Efficiency
Centre, Tbilisi.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires. submitted by
the State Department of Statistics of Georgia, Industry, Energy and Water Supply Division, Tbilisi.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1990 to 2008:

Rapport annuel de la SEEG, Socit dnergie et


dEau du Gabon, Libreville, various editions from
2000 to 2008.

Official Energy Balance of Georgia 1990-1999, 20002008, Ministry of Economy and Ministry of Energy,
Tbilisi.

Secretariat estimates.

Secretariat estimates.

Direct communication with the Socit Gabonaise de Raffinage, Port Gentil, 1997, 2000 to 2006, 2008 to 2009.
Tableau de Bord de l'Economie, Situation 1997, Perspectives 1998-1999, Direction Gnrale de l'Economie,
Ministre des Finance, de l'Economie, du Budget et des
participations, charg de la privatisation, Mai 1998.
Rapport d'Activit, Banque Gabonaise de Dveloppement, Libreville, 1985, 1990, 1992 and 1993.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Sources up to 1991:
Tableau de Bord de l'Economie, Situation 1983 Perspective 1984-85, Ministre de l'Economie et des Finances,
Direction Gnrale de l'Economie, Libreville, 1984.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Forests
and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy Programme of the African Development Bank, Abidjan,
1996.

Georgia
Data for Georgia are available starting in 1990. Prior
to that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.
Data for 2006 were revised in 2009 based on a new
submission of energy balances by the national administration. Breaks in time series between 2005 and 2006
may occur for some products.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Ghana
Data were revised until 2000 based on the new energy
statistics received from Energy Commission in 2009.
Breaks in time series may occur between 1999 and
2000 for some products.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Energy Statistics 2000-2010, Energy Commission,
Accra, 2011.
Direct communication with the Energy Commission,
Accra, 2004 and since 2009.
Detailed Statistics of Petroleum Products Consumption
1999-2008, National Petroleum Authority, Accra,
2009.
Secretariat estimates.
National Energy Statistics, Ministry of Energy and
Mines, Accra, 2000.
Quarterly Digest of Statistics, Government of Ghana,
Statistical Services, Accra, March 1990, March 1991,
March 1992, March 1995.
Energy Balances, Volta River Authority, Accra, various editions from 1970 to 1985.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Ministry of Mines and Energy, the UN Energy Statistics Database and Secretariat estimates.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Gabon

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.35

Gibraltar
Sources up to 2010:
Abstract of Statistics, Government of Gibraltar,
Gibraltar, various editions up to 2011.
Gibraltar Electricity Authority, Gibraltar, 2008.
Secretariat estimates.

Honduras
Sources 2007 to 2010:
SIEE, OLADE
Centroamrica: Estadsticas de Hidrocarburos, Comisin Econmica para Amrica y el Caribe (CEPAL), United Nations, Mexico, 2010.
Secretariat estimates.

Added geothermal energy in 2012 for the time series


Sources 1999 to 2010:
SIEE, OLADE.
Sources 2002 to 2010:
Production, consumption, Exports and Imports of Oil
products 2002-2009, Ministry of Energy and Mines,
Guatemala City, 2010.
Sources 2004 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Direccin Nacional de
Energa Ministerio de Energa, Guatemala City
Sources up to 1998:
SIEE, OLADE and direct communication with the
Direccin Nacional de Energa Ministerio de Energa.

Haiti
Sources 2009 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Bureau des Mines et
de lEnergie, Port-au-Prince.
SIEE, OLADE.
Sources 2008:
Direct communication with the Table Sectorielle
nergie lectrique, Ministre des Travaux Publics,
Transports et Communications, Haiti.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 2005 to 2007:
SIEE, OLADE.
Sources up to 2004:
Direct communication with the Bureau des Mines et
de lEnergie.

Sources up to 2006:
Direct communication with the Empresa Nacional de
Energa Elctrica, Comayagela.
Direct Communication with the Secretariat de Recursos Naturales y del Ambiente, Tegucigalpa.
SIEE, OLADE

Hong Kong, China


Sources up to 2010:
Hong Kong Energy Statistics - Annual Report, Census
and Statistics Department, Hong Kong, various editions up to 2011.
Direct communication with the Hong Kong Electric
Company, Ltd, Hong Kong.
China Light and Power - Annual Report, China Light
and Power Group, Hong Kong, several editions up to
2011.
Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics, Census and
Statistics Department, Hong Kong, various editions to
1994.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The UN Energy Statistics Database, Hong Kong Energy Statistics - Annual Report 2003, and Secretariat
estimates.

India
Data are reported on a fiscal year basis.
Time series data for solar thermal heat and coke oven
gas were estimated by the Secretariat.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Coal Controllers
Organisation of the Ministry of Coal, Kolkata.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Guatemala

I.36 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Direct communication with the Central Electricity


Authority of the Ministry of Power, New Delhi.
Direct communication with the Central Statistical Organisation of the Ministry of Planning and Programme
Implementation, New Delhi.
Direct communication with the Ministry of New and
Renewable Energy, New Delhi.
Coal Directory of India, 1992-1993 to 2009-2011,
Coal Controller's Organization, Ministry of Coal,
Kolkata, 1994 to 2010.
Provisional Coal Statistics, 2009, Coal Controller's
Organization, Ministry of Coal, Kolkata, 2010.
Indian Petroleum and Natural Gas Statistics 2000-01
to 2008-09, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas,
New Delhi, 2002 to 2010.

Monthly Abstract of Statistics, Ministry of Planning,


Central Statistics Organisation, Department of Statistics,
New Delhi, various editions from 1984 to March
1998, 1998-2000.
Annual Report 1994-1996, 1998-1999, Ministry of
Energy, Department of Non-Conventional Energy,
New Delhi, 1996 and 1999.
Annual Report 1993-1994, 1998-1999, Ministry of
Petroleum and Natural Gas, New Delhi, 1995, 2000.
General Review, Public Electricity Supply, India Statistics, Central Electricity Authority, New Delhi, 1982
to 1985, 1995-1998.
Indias Energy Sector, July 1995, Center for Monitoring
Indian Economy PVT Ltd., Bombay, 1995.
Monthly Review of the Indian Economy, Center for
Monitoring Indian Economy PVT Ltd., New Delhi,
various issues from 1994 to June 1999.
Sources up to 1991:

Basic Statistics on Indian Petroleum and Natural Gas


Statistic, various editions up to 2010, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, New Delhi, 2012.

Indian Oil Corporation Limited 1987-88 Annual Report, Indian Oil Corporation Limited, New Delhi,
1989-1992.

Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell Reports 2010,


Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, New Dehli.

Report 1986-87, Ministry of Energy, Department of


Coal, New Delhi, 1981 to 1987.

Energy Statistics, Central Statistical Organisation,


Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation,
New Dehli, various editions up to 2012.

Annual Report 1986-1987, Ministry of Energy, Department of Non-Conventional Energy, New Delhi, 1987.

All India Electricity Statistics General Review 199899, 2000-01 to 2007-08, Central Electricity Authority,
Ministry of Power, New Delhi, 2000, 2002 to 2009.
Growth of Electricity Sector in India from 1947-2011,
Central Electricity Authority, Ministry of Power, New
Delhi, 2000, 2002 to 2010.
Solar Heat Worldwide, AEE - Institute for Sustainable
Technologies, Gleisdorf, various editions up to 2010.
Gobal Market Outlook for Photovoltaic 2009, European
Photovoltaic Industry Association, Brussels, 2010
edition.
Annual Review of Coal Statistics, various issues from
1993-1994 to 1998-1999, Coal Controller's Organization, Ministry of Coal, Kolkata, 1995-2000.
Energy Data Directory, Yearbook "TEDDY", and Annual Report, Tata Energy Research Institute "TERI",
New Delhi, 1986-1988, 1990, 1994-2000.
General Review, Public Electricity Supply, India Statistics, Central Electricity Authority, New Delhi, 1982
to 1985, 1995-1998, 2000-2004.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Economic Survey, Ministry of Finance, New Delhi,


various editions from 1975 to 1986.
Statistical Outline of India, Ministry of Finance, New
Delhi, 1983, 1984, 1986, 1987.
Monthly Coal Bulletin, vol xxxvi no.2., Ministry of
Labour, Directorate General of Mines Safety, New
Delhi, February 1986.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Direct communication to the Secretariat from the
Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources, Government of India.
Secretariat estimates based on a per capita average
consumption from various surveys and studies.

Indonesia
Sources 2008 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Centre for Energy
Information, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Jakarta.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Direct communication with the Ministry of Petroleum


and Natural Gas, New Delhi.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.37

Direct communication with the Indonesia Coal Mining


Association, Jakarta.
Handbook of Indonesias Energy Economy Statistics,
Centre for Energy Information, Ministry of Energy and
Mineral Resources, Jakarta, various editions up to 2010.

Indikator Ekonomi 1980-1985, Biro Pusat Statistik,


Jakarta, 1986.
Statistical Yearbook of Indonesia, Biro Pusat Statistik,
Jakarta, 1978 to 1984 and 1992.
Statistik Pertambangan Umum, 1973-1985, Biro Pusat
Statistik, Jakarta, 1986.

Coal trade data for 2000-2010, website of the Central


Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Indonesia:
www.bps.go.id.

Energy Planning for Development in Indonesia, Directorate General for Power, Ministry of Mines and
Energy, Jakarta, 1981.

PLN Statistics, PT.PLN (Persero), Jakarta, various editions up to 2009.

Commercial Information, Electric Power Corporation,


Perusahaan Umum Listrik Negara, Jakarta, 1984, 1985.

Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1992 to 2007:
Indonesia Mineral and Coal Statistics, Directorate of
Coal and Mineral Resources, Jakarta, 1998 to 2007.
Statistics on Electricity and Energy, 1998 to 2004,
Directorate General of Electricity and Energy Utilisation, Jakarta, 1999 to 2005.
Oil and Gas Statistics of Indonesia, Directorate General
Oil and Gas, Jakarta, various editions 1981 to 2007.
The Petroleum Report Indonesia, various editions,
U.S. Embassy in Jakarta, Jakarta, 1986 to 2008.
Oil and Gas Data Information, 6th Edition, Directorate
General Oil and Gas, Jakarta, 2002.
Statistik Perminyakan Indonesia 1995 to 1999, Indonesia Oil and Gas Statistics, Directorate General of
Oil and Gas, Jakarta, 2001.
Neraca energy 2000, Energy Balance of Indonesia
2000, Asean Center for Energy.
Mining and Energy Yearbook, 1998, Ministry of
Mines and Energy, Jakarta, 1998.
APEC annual energy statistics questionnaires.
Direct communication with Directorate General of
Coal and Mineral Resources, Directorate General Oil
and Gas, and Directorate General of Electricity and
Energy Utilisation of the Ministry of Energy and
Mineral Resources.
Direct communication with the Indonesian Institute
for Energy Economics, 2004 and 2005.
Direct communication with the ASEAN Centre for
Energy, 2005.
Sources up to 1991:
Indonesian Financial Statistics, Bank of Indonesia,
Jakarta, 1982.

Sources for Biofuels and waste:


The UN Energy Statistics Database and Secretariat
estimates.
Direct communication with Indonesian Biofuel Producer Association (APROBI), Jakarta.

Islamic Republic of Iran


Data are reported according to the Iranian calendar
year. Data for 2010 corresponds to 20 March 2010 20 March 2011.
Crude oil production and export data do not include
field condensate. Field condensate quantities are included with natural gas liquids.
Time series from 1999-2009 were revised based on
new data provided by the Ministry of Energy, Teheran
in 2011. Breaks in series may occur between 1998 and
1999 for some products.
Sources 2004 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministry of Energy,
Teheran.
Iran Statistical Yearbook, Statistical Centre of Iran,
Teheran, various editions up to 2010.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1992 to 2003:
Direct communication with the Ministry of Energy,
Office of Deputy Minister for Energy, Teheran, 1998,
2001 to 2005.
Direct communication with the Ministry of Petroleum,
Teheran, 1999.
Electric Power in Iran, Ministry of Energy, Power
Planning Bureau, Statistics Section, Teheran, 1992.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Direct communication with PT PLN (Persero), Jakarta.

I.38 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Electric Power in Iran, Ministry of Energy, Power


Planning Bureau, Statistics Section, Teheran, 1967 to
1977, 1988, 1990, 1991.
Ministry of Energy, Office of Deputy Minister for
Energy, Teheran, 1971 to 1991.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The UN Energy Statistics Database; Forestry Statistics,
FAO, 2000, Rome; and Secretariat estimates.
Direct communications with the Ministry of Energy,
Teheran.

Iraq
New data on natural gas consumption became available from the Ministry of Electricity in 2012. Data
have been revised for both consumption and production from 2006 onward. Therefore breaks in time series may occur between 2005 and 2006.
Crude oil production and export data do not include
field condensate. Field condensate quantities are included with natural gas liquids.
Sources 1998 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministry of Oil, Ministry of Electricity, Ministry of Planning and Development Cooperation and with the Central Organization
for Statistics and Information Technology.
Annual Statistical Bulletin, Organization of Petroleum
Exporting Countries (OPEC), Vienna, various editions
up to 2011.
Annual Statistical Report, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), Kuwait, various
editions up to 2011.
Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI) online database.
Statistical Bulletin, Arab Union of Producers, Transporters and Distributors of Electricity (AUPTDE),
Amman, various editions up to 2011.
Iraq Weekly Status Report, US Department of State
2003 to 2004.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 1997:
The UN Energy Statistics Database and Secretariat
estimates.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Jamaica
Sources 2007 to 2010:
SIEE, OLADE
Secretariat estimates.
Petroleum Industry Consumption Statistics Jamaica
2003-2008, Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica, Kingston.
Import Statistics 2006-2007, Petrojam limited.
Direct communication with the Office of Utilities
Regulation, Kingston, 2008.
Sources 1991 to 2006:
SIEE, OLADE.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 1990:
National Energy Outlook 1985-1989, Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica, Economics and Planning Division, Kingston, 1985.
Energy and Economic Review, Petroleum Corporation
of Jamaica, Energy Economics Department, Kingston,
September 1986, December 1986 and March 1987.
Production Statistics 1988, Planning Institute of
Jamaica, Kingston, 1989.
Statistical Digest, Research and Development Division, Bank of Jamaica, Kingston, 1984, 1985, 1986,
1989, 1990.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
SIEE, OLADE.

Jordan
Sources 2005 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministry of Energy
and Mineral Resources, Amman.
Annual Report, National Electric Power Company,
Amman, 2006 to 2011.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1992 to 2004:
Direct communication with the National Electric
Power Company, Amman.
Secretariat estimates.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Sources up to 1991:

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.39

Annual Report, National Electric Power Company,


Amman, 1996, 1997, 1999 to 2004.
Annual Report 1992, 1993, Jordan Electricity Authority,
Amman, 1993, 1994.
Energy and Electricity in Jordan 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995,
Jordan Electricity Authority, Amman, 1993 to 1996.
Statistical Yearbook, 1994, Department of Statistics,
Amman, 1995.
44th Annual Report for the year ending 31st December
1999, Jordan Petroleum Refinery Company, Amman,
2000.

Sources 1990 to 1992:


Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Fuel and Energy Balance of Kazakhstan Republic,
Agency on Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan,
Astana, various editions up to 2010.
Forestry Statistics, FAO, Rome, 2000 and Secretariat
estimates.

Kenya

Sources up to 1991:
Monthly Statistical Bulletin, Central Bank of Jordan,
Department of Research Studies, Amman, various
issues.
Statistical Yearbook, Department of Statistics, Amman,
1985, 1986 and 1988.
1986 Annual Report, Ministry of Energy and Mineral
Resources, Amman, 1987.
1989 Annual Report, Ministry of Energy and Mineral
Resources, Amman, 1990.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Forestry Statistics, FAO, Rome, 2000, and Secretariat
estimates.

As of 2001, electricity data are reported on a fiscal


year basis, beginning on the 1st of July and ending on
the 30 June of the subsequent year.
Sources 2005 to 2010:
Economic Survey, various editions, Central Bureau of
Statistics, Nairobi.
Direct communication with AFREPREN and Petroleum Institute of East Africa, Nairobi, up to 2008.
Kenya, Facts and figures, 2006 Edition, Central Bureau of Statistics, Nairobi.
Annual Report and Accounts, 2006/07 to 2010/11 the
Kenya Power & Lighting Company Limited, Nairobi.
Secretariat estimates.

Data for Kazakhstan are available starting in 1990.


Prior to that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.
More detailed information on final consumption for the
years 2008-2010 was newly available. As a result, breaks
in time series may appear between 2007 and 2008.
Sources 1993 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Agency on Statistics
of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana.

Sources 1992 to 2004:


Direct communication with the Ministry of Energy,
Nairobi.
Economic Survey, 1995 to 2004, Central Bureau of
Statistics, Nairobi.
Annual Report and Accounts, 2001/02, 2002/03,
2003/2004, 2004, 2005, the Kenya Power & Lighting
Company Limited, Nairobi.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Sources up to 1991:

Fuel and Energy Balance of Kazakhstan Republic,


Agency on Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan,
Astana, various editions up to 2010.

Economic Survey, Government of Kenya, Nairobi,


1989.

UNECE annual energy questionnaires, 1993, 1995,


1997 to 2009.

Economic Survey 1991, Ministry of Planning and National Development, Central Bureau of Statistics,
Nairobi, 1992.

Statistical Yearbook Kazakhstan in 2009, Agency on


Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana, 2010.
Secretariat estimates.

Kenya Statistical Digest, Ministry of Planning and


National Development, Central Bureau of Statistics,
Nairobi, 1988.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Kazakhstan

I.40 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Data for 2000 are based on research carried out by the


Ministry of Energy on consumption of biomass. The
results of this research were published as part of a
National Energy Policy initiative.
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Forests
and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy
Programme of the African Development Bank, Abidjan,
1996.

Democratic Peoples
Republic of Korea
Sources 1971 to 2010:
Direct communication with various Korean sources,
2002 to 2011.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Kosovo
Data for Kosovo are available starting in 2000. Prior to
that, they are included in Serbia.
Sources 2003 to 2010:
Kosovo National Energy Balances, Ministry of Energy and Mining Department of Strategy, Standards
and Statistics from 2003 to 2010.
Secretariat estimates
Sources 2000 to 2002:
Secretariat estimates.

Kuwait
Crude oil production and export data do not include
field condensate. Field condensate quantities are included with natural gas liquids.
Data for crude oil production include 50 per cent of
the output of the Neutral Zone.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Sources 1992 to 2010:


Statistical Bulletin, Arab Union of Producers, Transporters and Distributors of Electricity (AUPTDE),
Amman, 2011.
Direct communication with the Ministry of Oil, Economic Affairs, Energy Research, Safat, 2005, 2007 to
2009.
Annual Electrical Statistics, Ministry of Electricity
and Water, Safat, various editions up to 2009.
Annual Statistical Bulletin, Organization of Petroleum
Exporting Countries (OPEC), Vienna, various editions
up to 2011.
Annual Statistical Report, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), Kuwait, various
editions up to 2011.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Direct communication to the Secretariat from the
Ministry of Oil, Safat, the Ministry of Planning and
the Ministry of Electricity & Water, Kuwait City.
Monthly Digest of Statistics, Ministry of Planning,
Central Statistical Office, Kuwait, 1999.
A Survey of the Kuwait Oil Industry, Embassy of the
United States of America in Kuwait City, Kuwait,
1993.
Twelfth Annual Report 1991-1992, Kuwait Petroleum
Corporation, Kuwait, 1993.
Sources up to 1991:
Quarterly Statistical Bulletin, Central Bank of Kuwait,
Kuwait, various editions from 1986 and 1987.
The Kuwaiti Economy, Central Bank of Kuwait, Kuwait, various editions from 1980 to 1985.
Annual Statistical Abstract, Ministry of Planning,
Central Statistical Office, Kuwait, 1986 and 1989.
Monthly Digest of Statistics, Ministry of Planning,
Central Statistical Office, Kuwait, various editions
from 1986 to 1990.
Economic and Financial Bulletin Monthly, Central
Bank of Kuwait, Kuwait, various editions from 1983
to 1986.
Kuwait in Figures, The National Bank of Kuwait,
Kuwait, 1986, 1987.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Forestry Statistics, FAO, Rome, 2001, and Secretariat
estimates.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Sources for Biofuels and waste:

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.41

Kyrgyzstan
Data for Kyrgyzstan are available starting in 1990.
Prior to that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.
Sources 2007 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Interstate Statistical
Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent
States, Moscow.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
CIS and East European Energy Databook, Eastern
Bloc Research Ltd, Tolsta Chaolais, 2008 to 2011.
Direct communication with the National Statistical
Committee of Kyrgyzstan, Bishkek.
Natural Gas Vehicles Statistics, International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles, online database:
www.iangv.org.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1993 to 2006:
UNECE annual energy questionnaires, 1993 to 2006.
CIS and East European Energy Databook, Eastern
Bloc Research Ltd, Tolsta Chaolais, various editions
up to 2007.

Lebanon
Solar thermal data have been added in cycle 2012.
Sources up to 2010:
Direct communication with lAssociation Libanaise
pour la Matrise de lEnergie et lEnvironnement,
(ALMEE), Beirut.
Les bilans nergtiques au Liban, Association Libanaise
pour la Matrise de lEnergie et de lEnvironnement,
Beirut, 2007 to 2011.
LEnergie au Liban, Association Libanaise pour la
Matrise de lEnergie et de lEnvironnement, Beirut,
1994 to 2006.
LEnergie au Liban, le Dfi, Association Libanaise
pour la Matrise de lEnergie, Beirut, December 1996.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Le march du solaire thermique au Liban, Association Libanaise pour la Matrise de lEnergie et de
lEnvironnement, Beirut, 2010.
Forestry Statistics, FAO, Rome, 2000 and Secretariat
estimates.

Asian Development Bank.


Sources 1990 to 1992:
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Latvia
Data for Latvia are available starting in 1990. Prior to
that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.
Sources 1990 to 2010:
Direct communication with Statistics Latvia, Riga.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires.
Balance of Latvian Energy, EC PHARE Project
Implementation Unit, Ministry of Economics, Department of Energy, Riga, 1994.
Secretariat estimates.

Libya
Crude oil production and export data do not include
field condensate. Field condensate quantities are included with natural gas liquids.
Sources 1971 to 2010:
Annual Statistical Bulletin, Organization of Petroleum
Exporting Countries (OPEC), Vienna, various editions
up to 2010.
Annual Statistical Report, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), Kuwait, various
editions up to 2010.
Annual Report, 2008, General Electricity Company
(GECOL), Tripoli.
Statistiques dElectricit du COMELEC, 2006, 2007,
Comit Maghrbin de lElectricit.
Statistical Abstract of Libya, 19th vol., Government of
Libya, Tripoli, 1983.
Secretariat estimates.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Secretariat estimates.

I.42 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Sources for Biofuels and waste:


The UN Energy Statistics Database and Secretariat
estimates.

corresponds to Malaysia. The rest is being reported as


imports. For the JDA with Vietnam, the production
reported includes all the gas produced.
Sources 2000 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Energy Commission,
formerly known as Malaysia Energy Centre (PTM),
Putrajaya.

Lithuania shut down its only nuclear power plant in


2009 (Ignalina nuclear power plant), therefore 2010
data show no nuclear power generation.

National Energy Balance, Malaysia, Energy Commission, Putrajaya, 2009 to 2010

Data for Lithuania are available starting in 1990. Prior


to that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.

Electricity Supply Statistics, Malaysia Energy Information Hub, website: meih.st.gov.my, 2010

Sources 1990 to 2010:


Direct communication with Statistics Lithuania, Vilnius.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires.

Former Yugoslav Republic


of Macedonia (FYROM)
Data for FYROM are available starting in 1990. Prior
to that, they are included in Former Yugoslavia.
Sources 1990 to 2010:
Direct communication with the State Statistical Office
of Macedonia, Department for Environment, Energy
and Transport, Skopje.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires, 1993 to 1995,
1999 to 2010.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
UNECE annual energy questionnaires, Secretariat
estimates, UN Energy Statistics Database and Forestry
Statistics, FAO, Rome, 2000.

Malaysia
From 2009, new data for electricity generation from
co-generators, small renewable power producers and
self-generators is available. As a consequence, breaks
in time series may appear for electricity between 2008
and 2009.
For natural gas production from the JointDevelopment Areas (JDA) with Thailand and with
Indonesia, Malaysia reports only the production that
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Electricity Supply Industry in Malaysia, Performance


and Statistical Information, Malaysia Energy Comission, Putrajaya, 2009.
Monthly exports of oil palm products, Malaysia Palm
Oil Board, Kuala Lumpur.
APEC annual energy questionnaires, 2009.
National Energy Balance Malaysia, Ministry of Energy, Water and Communication, Kuala Lumpur,
2002 to 2008.
Sources up to 2000:
Direct communication with Petroliam Nacional Berhad,
Kuala Lumpur, April 2001.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Monthly exports of oil palm products, Malaysia Palm
Oil Board, Kuala Lumpur.
Secretariat estimates.
The UN Energy Statistics Database and Forestry Statistics, FAO, Rome, 2002.

Malta
Sources 1971 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Central Office of Statistics, Valletta.
UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Oil, 1995 to
1998, 2000, 2001, 2005 to 2010.
UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Electricity
and Heat, 1994 to 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, and 2005
to 2010.
UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Coal, 1994,
1995.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Lithuania

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.43

Solar Heat Worldwide, AEE - Institute for Sustainable


Technologies, Gleisdorf, various editions up to 2010.

Mongolia

Secretariat estimates.

Republic of Moldova
Data for 2009-2010 include natural gas estimations
for the electricity produced in the autonomous region
of Stnga Nistrului (also known as the Pridnestrovian
Moldavian Republic or Transnistria) and consumed in
Moldova. Other energy production or consumption
from this region are not included in the Moldovan
data. This may lead to breaks in the time series for
some products.
From 2005 to 2010, only partial data for the refinery
in Comrat is available. Data for Moldova are available
starting in 1990. Prior to that, they are included in
Former Soviet Union.
Sources 2006 to 2010:
Direct communication with the National Bureau of
Statistics of the Republic of Moldova, Chisinau.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires on Coal, Oil
Natural gas and Electricty.
Secretariat estimates

Data for Mongolia are available starting in 1985. Prior


to that, they are included in Other Asia.
Time series data from 2005-2009 for coking coal,
other bituminous coal and lignite were revised based
on newly available information. Breaks in time series
are possible between 2004 and 2005 for some
products.
Sources 1985 to 2010:
Mongolian Statistical Yearbook, National Statistical
Office, Ulaanbataar, various issues up to 2010.
Mongolian Statistical Bulletin, December 2009, National Statistical Office, Ulaanbataar, 2009.
Asian Development Bank online database.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
FAO wood energy database.
Secretariat estimates.

Montenegro

Sources 2005:

Sources 1992 to 2004:


UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Electricity
and heat, 1991 to 2004.
UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Natural gas,
1991 to 2004.
UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Coal, 1992 to
2004.
UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Oil, 1993 to
1998, 2001 to 2004.
Direct communication with the Ministry of Industry
and Energy, July 1992.
Sources 1990 to 1991:
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Data for Montenegro are available starting in 2005.


Between 1990 and 2004, they are included in Serbia.
Prior to 1990, they are included in Former Yugoslavia.
Sources 2005 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Statistical Office of
Montenegro (MONSTAT), Podgorica.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires on Gas, Oil,
Renewables, Coal, Electricity and Heat, 2005 to 2010.

Morocco
A new refinery opened up in 2009 which can accommodate new feedstocks and additives. This may lead
to breaks in time series between 2009 and 2010.
Time series data from 1994-2007 for electricity output
were revised based on newly available data for autoproducers obtained in 2009. Breaks in time series are
possible between 1993 and 1994 for some products.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Secretariat estimates.

I.44 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Direct communication with the Ministre de l'Energie


et des Mines, Direction des Mines, Rabat.
Annuaire Statistique du Maroc, Haut-Commissariat
au Plan, Direction de la Statistique, Rabat, 1980,
1984, 1986 to 2010.
Electricity consumption by economic sector from direct
communication from Office National de lElectricit,
Casablanca.
Sources up to 1991:
Rapport d'Activit 1992, Office National de l'Electricit, Casablanca, 1993.
Le Maroc en Chiffres 1986, Ministre du Plan, Direction de la Statistique, Rabat, 1987.
Rapport Annuel, Office National de Recherches et
d'Exploitations Ptrolieres, Maroc, 1984.
Rapport d'Activit du Secteur Ptrolier 1983, Ministre de l'Energie et des Mines, Direction de l'Energie,
Rabat, 1984.
Rapport sur les Donnes Energtiques Nationales
1979-1981, Ministre de l'Energie et des Mines,
Rabat, 1982.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The UN Energy Statistics Database and Secretariat
estimates.

Mozambique
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communication with Ministerio da Energa,
Maputo and the National Petroleum Institute.
Annual Statistical Yearbook 1993, 1994, 1995, Eskom,
Johannesburg, 1994, 1995, 1996, citing Electricidade
de Mozambique, Maputo, as source.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 1991:
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Forests
and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Programme of the African Development Bank, Abidjan,


1996.

Myanmar
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communication with IEEJ, Tokyo, 2010.
Selected Indicators, Myanmar Central Statistical
Organisation website: www.csostat.gov.mm.
Secretariat estimates.
Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI) online database. 2004
to 2005, 2007 to 2009.
Oil and Thailand, Ministry of Energy, Department of
Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency,
2007 to 2010.
Direct communications with the Ministry of Energy,
Planning Department, Rangoon, 2006-2007.
Review of the Financial Economic and Social Conditions, Ministry of National Planning and Economic
Development, Central Statistical Organization, Rangoon, 1995, 1996.
Statistical Yearbook, Ministry of National Planning and
Economic Development, Central Statistical Organization, Rangoon, 1995, 1996.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
The ASEAN Energy Statistics Database.
Asian Development Bank online database.
Sources up to 1991:
Sectoral Energy Demand in Myanmar, UNDP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific,
Bangkok, 1992.
Selected Monthly Economic Indicators, paper no. 3,
Ministry of Planning and Finance, Central Statistical
Organization, Rangoon, 1989.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Wood data have been submitted by the Ministry of
Energy, from 1985 to 2003.
Secretariat estimates based on 1990 data from UNDP
Sixth Country Programme Union of Myanmar, World
Bank, Programme Sectoral Review of Energy, by
Sousing et. al., Washington, D.C., 1991.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Sources 1992 to 2010:

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.45

Namibia
Data for Namibia are available starting in 1991. Prior
to that, data are included in Other Africa.
Sources 1991 to 2010:
Secretariat estimates.
Direct communications with the Ministry of Mines
and Energy, Windhoek.
NamPower Annual Reports 2004-2011, Namibia
Power Corporation, Windhoek.

Sources 1997 to 2010:


Statistical indicators 1998-2009, Central Bank of
Netherlands Antilles, Willemstad.
Direct communication with La Isla Refinery, Emmastad, up to 2008.
Statistical Information, Central Bureau of Statistics,
Fort Amsterdam, up to 2008.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 1996:
The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Sources for Biofuels and waste:


Secretariat estimates.

Nepal
Data are reported on a fiscal year basis.
Sources up to 2010:
Energy Sector Synopsis Report, Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (WECS), Kathmandu, July 2010.
A Year in Review, Nepal Electricity Authority, Durbar
Marg, Kathmandu, various editions up to fiscal year
2009/10.
Imports and Sales of Petroleum Products, Nepal Oil
Corporation Limited, Kathmandu.
Secretariat estimates.
Direct communication with the Water and Energy
Commission Secretariat (WECS), Ministry of Water
Resources, Kathmandu, 2004.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (WECS),
Ministry of Water Resources, Kathmandu

Nicaragua
Sources up to 2010:
Estadsticas de los Hidrocarburos, Ministerio de
Energa y Minas, Managua, 2008 to 2010.
Generacin Bruta por Tipo de Planta, Instituto Nicaragense de Energa, Managua, 2010.
Consumo de Combustible por Tipo de Planta, Instituto Nicaragense de Energa, Managua, 2010.
Balance Energtico Nacional, Ministerio de Energa y
Minas, Managua, 2006 to 2007.
Balance Energtico Nacional, Comisin Nacional de
Energa (CNE), Direccin de Polticas Energticas,
Managua, 2000 to 2005.
Estadsticas des Suministro de los Hidrocarburos, Instituto Nicaragense de Energa, Managua, 1999 to 2004.
Informe Anual 1996: Datos Estadsticos del Sector
Electrico, INE, Managua, 1999.
SIEE, OLADE.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:

The Netherlands Antilles was dissolved on 10 October


2010, resulting in two new constituent countries,
Curaao and Saint Maarten, with the other islands
joining the Netherlands. However, due to a lack of
detailed data, the Secretariats data and estimates under the Netherlands Antilles cover the whole territory
of the former Netherlands Antilles.
Due to lack of a complete series for GDP data, regional aggregates for GDP and GDP PPP do not include the Netherlands Antilles from 1971 to 1979.

SIEE, OLADE 1971 to 2010.


Balance Energetico Nacional, Comision Nacional de
Energia (CNE), Managua, 1999 to 2007.

Nigeria
Crude oil production and export data include field
condensate.
Statistical differences may include oil products smuggled into neighbouring countries.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Netherlands Antilles

I.46 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Sources 1992 to 2010:


Annual Petroleum Bulletin, 1998 to 2010, Nigerian
National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Abuja.
Statistical Bulletin, Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja,
2003 to 2011.
Secretariat estimates.
Natural Gas in the World, Cedigaz, Paris, various
editions up to 2011.
Annual Statistical Bulletin, Organization of Petroleum
Exporting Countries (OPEC), Vienna, various editions
up to 2011.
Monthly Petroleum Bulletin for 2000, Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Abuja.
Annual Report and Statement of Accounts 1995, Central Bank of Nigeria, Lagos, 1996.
Nigerian Petroleum News, Energy Publications,
monthly reports, various issues up to May 1998.
Sources up to 1991:

Annual Statistical Report, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), Kuwait, various
editions up to 2011.
The LNG Industry, International Group of Liquefied
Natural Gas Importers (GIIGNL), Levallois, 20052008.
Direct communication with the Ministry of National
Economy, Muscat.
Direct communication with the Ministry of Oil and
Gas, Muscat.
Direct communication with the Ministry of Petroleum
and Minerals, Muscat, 1997, 1998, and 1999.
Direct communication with the Ministry of Electricity
& Water, Office of the Under Secretary, Ruwi, 1998
to 2001.
Quarterly Bulletin December 1994, Central Bank of
Oman, Muscat, 1995.
Annual Report 1992, Central Bank of Oman, Muscat,
1993.

Annual Report and Statement of Accounts, Central Bank


of Nigeria, Lagos, various editions from 1981 to 1987.

Statistical Yearbook, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, Ministry of Development, Muscat, 1995 to 1998.

Basic Energy Statistics for Nigeria, Nigerian National


Petroleum Corporation, Lagos, 1984.

Secretariat estimates.

NNPC Annual Statistical Bulletin, Nigerian National


Petroleum Corporation, Lagos, 1983 to 1987.
The Economic and Financial Review, Central Bank of
Nigeria, Lagos, various editions.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Forests
and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy Programme of the African Development Bank, Abidjan,
1996.

Oman
The product refinery gas has been estimated by the
Secretariat in the 2012 edition for the whole time
series.

Sources up to 1991:
Quarterly Bulletin, Central Bank of Oman, Muscat,
1986, 1987, 1989 and 1995.
Annual Report to His Majesty the Sultan of Oman,
Department of Information and Public Affairs, Petroleum Development, Muscat, 1981, 1982, and 1984.
Oman Facts and Figures 1986, Directorate General of
National Statistics, Development Council, Technical
Secretariat, Muscat, 1987.
Quarterly Bulletin on Main Economic Indicators, Directorate General of National Statistics, Muscat, 1989.
Statistical Yearbook, Directorate General of National
Statistics, Development Council, Muscat, 1985, 1986,
1988 and 1992.

Pakistan

Statistical Yearbook, Ministry of National Economy,


Muscat, various editions from 1999 to 2011.
Natural Gas in the World, Cedigaz, Paris, various editions up to 2011.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Time series data for natural gas for the years 20042007 were revised in 2009 due to the inclusion of the
North-West Frontier Province data (now called KPK)
and Pakistan Steel Mills. Breaks in time series may
occur between 2003 and 2004.

OECD/IEA, 2012

Sources 1992 to 2010:

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.47

Sources 1992 to 2010:


Energy Yearbook, Hydrocarbon Development Institute
of Pakistan, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Resources, Islamabad, various editions from 1979 to 2011.
Pakistan Economic Survey 1994-1995, 1996, 1997,
Government of Pakistan, Finance Division, Islamabad,
1995, 1997, 1998.
Statistical Supplement 1993/1994, Finance Division,
Economic Adviser's Wing, Government of Pakistan,
Islamabad, 1995.
Sources up to 1991:
Monthly Statistical Bulletin, no. 12, Federal Bureau of
Statistics, Islamabad, December 1989.
1986 Bulletin, The State Bank of Pakistan, Islamabad,
1987.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Household Energy Strategy Study (HESS) of 1991.

Panama

From 2006 onwards, there has been no output of oil


products, due to refinery closure.
Sources 1971 to 2010:
Balance Energtico Nacional, 1971-2010, Viceministerio de Energa y Minas, Ministerio de Obras
Pblicas y Comunicaciones, San Lorenzo.
Direct communication with the Ministerio de Obras
Pblicas y Comunicaciones, San Lorenzo.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Direct communication with the Non-Conventional
Energy Department of Ministerio de Obras Pblicas y
Comunicaciones, San Lorenzo.

Peru
Liquid biofuels start to be considered in the energy balances in 2010.
Motor gasoline consumption in road transport has been
revised and it now includes gasoline sold to industry,
commerce and the public sector, which is used for road
transportation.
Sources 1971 to 2010:

International aviation bunkers figures for jet kerosene


may include exports. The national administration is
working to revise time series for jet kerosene.

Direct communication with the Ministerio de Energa


y Minas, Oficina Tcnica de Energa, Lima.

From 2003 onwards, there has been no output of oil


products, due to refinery closure.

Balance Nacional de Energa, Ministerio de Energa y


Minas, Lima, various editions up to 2010.

Sources up to 2010:
Compendio Estadstico Energtico 1970-2007, Ministerio de Economa y Finanzas, Comisin de Poltica
Energtica, Panama.
Boletn Estadstico Martimo Portuario, Autoridad
Maritima de Panama (AMP), 2007 to 2010
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), website, marine bunkers data from 2001 to 2006.

Paraguay
The Itaipu hydroelectric plant, operating since 1984
and located on the Paran River (which forms the
border of Brazil and Paraguay) was formed as a joint
venture between Eletrobrs and the Paraguayan government. Production is shared equally between Brazil
and Paraguay.

Philippines
Sources 1990 to 2010:
APEC annual energy statistics questionnaires 19902010.
Direct communication with the Department of Energy, Metro Manila.
Energy Commodity Account (ECA) and Overall Energy Balance (OEB) 1990-2008, 2010 submitted by
the Department of Energy, Manila.
Annual Report, Semirara, 2006-2010.
Philippine Energy Bulletin 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999.
Sources up to 1989:
Direct communication with the Office of Energy Affairs, Metro Manila.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

SIEE, OLADE.

I.48 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Annual Statistical Abstract, Presidency of the Council of


Ministers, Central Statistical Office, Doha, 1994 to 2008.

1990 Power Development Program (1990-2005), National Power Corporation, Manila, 1990.

The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Philippine Medium-term Energy Plan 1988-1992,


Office of Energy Affairs, Manila, 1989.

Natural Gas in the World, Cedigaz, Paris, various


editions up to 2011.

Philippine Statistical Yearbook 1977-1983, National


Economic and Development Authority, Manila.

The LNG Industry, International Group of Liquefied


Natural Gas Importers (GIIGNL), various editions up
to 2009.

1985 and 1989 Annual Report, National Power Corporation, Manila, 1986, 1990.
Philippine Economic Indicators, National Economic
and Development Authority, Manila, various editions
of 1985.
Accomplishment Report: Energy Self-Reliance 19731983, Ministry of Energy, Manila, 1984.
Industrial Energy Profiles 1972-1979, vol. 1-4, Ministry of Energy, Manila, 1980.
National Energy Program, Ministry of Energy, Manila,
1982-1987 and 1986-1990.
Philippine Statistics 1974-1981, Ministry of Energy,
Manila, 1982.
Energy Statistics, National Economic and Development Authority, Manila, 1983.
Quarterly Review, Office of Energy Affairs, Manila,
various editions.
UN Energy Statistics Database and Secretariat estimates.

Qatar
Crude oil production and export data do not include
field condensate. Field condensate quantities are included with natural gas liquids.
Natural gas input to Gas to Liquids plants is not
reported due to lack of reliable data, while the output
of this transformation is accounted for.
Electricity production from autoproducers includes
generation by desalination plants since 1988.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communication with Qatar Petroleum, Doha.
Energy Statistics 2004-2010, Qatar Petroleum, Doha.
Qatar in Figures 2011, Qatar Statistics Authority.
Doha.
Statistics Report, Qatar General Electricity and Water
Corporation, Doha, 2005 to 2010.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 1991:
Qatar General Petroleum Corporation 1981-1985,
General Petroleum Corporation, Doha, 1986.
Economic Survey of Qatar 1990, Ministry of Economy and Commerce, Department of Economic
Affairs, Doha, 1991.
Statistical Report 1987 Electricity & Water, Ministry
of Electricity, Doha, 1988.
State of Qatar Seventh Annual Report 1983, Qatar
Monetary Agency, Department of Research and Statistics, Doha, 1984.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Forestry Statistics, FAO, Rome, 2000, and Secretariat
estimates.

Romania
Data on quantities of coke oven coke used in blast
furnaces do not correspond to the official submission
of the national administration, as they have been estimated by the Secretariat to ensure a carbon balance in
the blast furnace transformation.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communication with the National Institute of
Statistics, Bucharest.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires.
Buletin Statistic de Informare Publica, Comisia Nationala Pentru Statistica, Bucharest, various editions
up to June 1995.
Renel Information Bulletin, Romanian Electricity Authority, Bucharest, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994.
Sources up to 1991:
Anuarul Statistic al Republicii Socialiste Romania,
Comisia Nationala Pentru Statistica, Bucharest, 1984,
1985, 1986, 1990, 1991.

OECD/IEA, 2012

APEC Energy Statistics 1994, Tokyo, October 1996.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.49

UNECE annual energy questionnaires and Secretariat


estimates.

Russian Federation
Oil statistics are mainly based on submissions received from Rosstat. However, secondary sources
show a growing gap for some products, especially
naphtha and kerosene. These gaps will be further investigated for the next edition of the publication.
Data for the Russian Federation are available starting
in 1990. Prior to that, they are included in Former
Soviet Union.
In 2007, the Federal State Statistics Service introduced a new classification, the Russian Classification
of Economic Activities (OKVED), oriented towards
harmonization with the Statistical Classification of
Economic Activities in the European Community
(NACE Rev.1). Data for the years prior to 2005 were
submitted to the Secretariat according to the Russian
Classification of the Industries of the Economy
(OKONKH). Therefore, breaks in time series for final
consumption sectors may occur between 2004 and
2005.
Heat from other sources is produced from recovered
waste heat.
Sources 1990 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Department of Foreign Statistics and International Cooperation from the
Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), Moscow,
Russian Federation.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires.

Statistical Bulletin, various editions, The State Committee of Statistics of the CIS, Moscow, 1993, 1994.
Statistical Bulletin n 3, The Federal State Statistics
Service, Moscow, 1992.
Fuel and Energy Balance of Russia 1990, The Federal
State Statistics Service, Moscow, 1991.
Energetika, Energo-Atomisdat, Moscow, 1981 to 1987.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The Federal State Statistics Service and Secretariat
estimates.

Saudi Arabia
Crude oil production and export data do not include
field condensate. Field condensate quantities are included with natural gas liquids.
Data for crude oil production include 50 per cent of
the output of the Neutral Zone.
Natural gas consumption in oil refineries may include
quantities used for oil and gas extraction and for electricity generation in oil refineries.
Electricity production from autoproducers includes
generation by desalination plants since 1979.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Annual Reports, Saudi ARAMCO, Dhahran, various
editions up to 2010.
Annual Report, Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency, Research and Statistics Department, Riyadh, 2011.
Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI) online database.
Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, 2009.

Secretariat estimates.

Direct communication with the Saudi Electricity


Company.

Energy trade: direct communication with the Federal


State Statistics Service, July 1994.

Middle East Petroleum Databook, FACTS Global


Energy Group, Singapore, 2009 and 2010.

Statistical Yearbook of Russia 1994. The State Committee of Statistics, Moscow, 1994.
The Russian Federation in 1992, Statistical Yearbook,
The Federal State Statistics Service, Moscow, 1993.

Electricity Growth and Development in the Kingdom


of Saudi Arabia up to the year from 1416H. (1996G.),
1420 H (1999/2000G) and 1423/1424 H (2003G),
Ministry of Industry and Electricity, Riyadh, 1997,
1998, 1999, 2004.

Russian Federation External Trade, annual and quarterly various editions, the Federal State Statistics
Service, Moscow.

Annual Statistical Report, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), Kuwait, various
editions up to 2010.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Sources for Biofuels and waste:

I.50 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Secretariat estimates.
Direct communication from the Central Department
of Statistics of the Ministry of Planning and oil industry sources.
A Survey of the Saudi Arabian Oil Industry 1993,
Embassy of the United States of America in Riyadh,
Riyadh, January 1994.
Sources up to 1991:
Annual Reports, Saudi ARAMCO, various issues.

Direct communication with the Ministre de lEnergie,


Dakar.
Sources 2000 to 2007:
Bilans nergtiques du Sngal 2003, 2004, 2005,
2006, Direction de lEnergie, Dakar.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1992 to 1999:
Direct communication with the Ministre de lEnergie,
des Mines et de lIndustrie, Direction de lEnergie,
Dakar, 1997 to 2002.

Petroleum Statistical Bulletin 1983, Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Riyadh, 1984.

Direct communication with the Ministre de lEnergie,


des Mines et de lHydraulique, Comit National des
Hydrocarbures, Dakar, 2002.

Achievement of the Development Plans 1970-1984,


Ministry of Planning, Riyadh, 1985.

Direct communication from oil industry sources, Socit Africaine de raffinage.

The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Development Plans, Ministry of Planning, Riyadh, 1970, 1975, 1980 and 1985.

Direct communication from electricity industry sources,


SENELEC.

Annual Report, Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency, Research and Statistics Department, Riyadh, 1984, 1985,
1986, 1988, 1989.

Report of Senegal on the Inventory of Greenhouse


Gases Sources, Ministre de l'Environnement et de la
Protection de la Nature, Dakar, 1994.

Statistical Summary, Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency,


Research and Statistics Department, Riyadh, 1986.

Direct communication to the Secretariat from ENDA Energy Program, Dakar, 1997.

Sources for Biofuels and waste:


Forestry Statistics, FAO, Rome, 2000, and Secretariat
estimates.

Senegal
Member of the SIE-Afrique project.
Data on electricity generation from solid biomass
have been submitted for the first time in 2005. Breaks
in series may occur between 2002 and 2003 due to
changes in data sources.
Sources 2010:
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 2009:
Bilans nergtiques du Sngal 2009, Direction de
lEnergie, Dakar 2010.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 2008:
Bulletin mensuel des statistiques conomiques, Agence
national de la Statistique et de la Dmographie
(ANSD), Dakar, March 2009.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

The UN Energy Statistics Database.


Sources up to 1991:
Situation Economique 1985, Ministre de l'Economie et
des Finances, Direction de la Statistique, Senegal, 1986.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1994 data from Forests
and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy
Programme of the African Development Bank, Abidjan,
1996, and from direct communication with ENDA,
Senegal.

Serbia
Data for Serbia are available starting in 1990. Prior to
that, they are included in Former Yugoslavia.
Serbia energy data include Montenegro until 2004 and
The United Nations Interim Administration Mission
in Kosovo until 1999.
Breaks in time series for oil products and natural gas
may appear between 2006 and 2007 due to newly
available data for 2007 (see Sources).

OECD/IEA, 2012

Annual Statistical Bulletin, Organization of Petroleum


Exporting Countries (OPEC), Vienna, various editions
up to 2011.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.51

Sources 1990 to 2010:


Direct communication with the Statistical Office of
the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires on Gas, Oil,
Renewables, Coal, Electricity and Heat, 2004 to 2010.

Motor Vehicle Population by Type of Fuel Used, website of the Land Transport Authority: www.lta.gov.sg.
Bunker sales, website of The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore: www.mpa.gov.sg.
Solid Waste Management Statistics, website of The
Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources:
http://app.mewr.gov.sg/.
The Strategist Oil Report, Singapore, various issues
up to March 1999.

Pilot study: Energy Balances (2007 and 2008) - Oil


and Derivates of Oil, Natural Gas, Geothermal Energy
and Energy Balance of the Republic of Serbia, Statistical
Office of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, 2009.

Petroleum in Singapore 1993/1994, Petroleum Intelligence Weekly, Singapore, 1994.

Secretariat estimates.

AEEMTRC, 1996.

Direct communication with the Federal Ministry of


Economy, Belgrade, 2001 and 2002.

The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Singapore
No official data on production and consumption of
primary and secondary oil products, coal, biofuels and
wastes are available.
The Energy Market Authority published a first energy
statistics book in 2011, containing data on electricity
and natural gas consumption for 2009. Breaks in time
series may occur between 2008 and 2009 due to this
new data release.
Electricity consumption in the industry sector may
include electricity consumption in the energy sector.
Electricity generation from waste may include quantities generated from synthesis gas or manufactured
gases.
From 2009, trade figures exclude transit trade according to the Secretariats methodology. Breaks in time
series appear in motor gasoline imports and exports
between 2008 and 2009.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Energy Market Authority, Singapore, 2009-2010.
Singapore Trade Statistics, International Enterprise
Singapore, Singapore, various CD ROM editions up
to 2011.
Singapore Energy Statistics 2011, Energy Market Authority, Singapore, 2011.
Yearbook of Statistics Singapore, Department of Statistics, Singapore, various editions up to 2011.

Direct submissions from oil industry sources up to 1996.


Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 1991:
Monthly Digest of Statistics, Department of Statistics,
Singapore, various editions from 1987 to 1989.
Yearbook of Statistics Singapore 1975/1985, Department of Statistics, Singapore, 1986.
ASEAN Oil Movements and Factors Affecting Intra-ASEAN Oil Trade, Institute of Southeast Asian
Studies, Singapore, 1988.
The Changing Structure of the Oil Market and Its Implications for Singapore's Oil Industry, Institute of
Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, 1988.
Public Utilities Board Annual Report (1986 and 1989),
Public Utilities Board, Singapore, 1987 and 1990.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
The UN Energy Statistics Database and Secretariat
estimates.

South Africa
Time series data for crude oil refinery input, all oil
products transfers and other hydrocarbons production
from other sources have been revised from 1971-2009
because of reallocation of gas to liquids and coal to
liquids plant production.
Sources 2010:
Statistical release on electricity generated and available for distribution, Statistics South Africa, Pretoria.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

In 2012, the IEA received revised data for biomass for


2009 and 2010 from the ministry.

I.52 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI) online database.


Annual Reports, South Africa Petroleum Industry Association (SAPIA), Sandton.
Annual Reports, Electricity Supply Commission
(ESKOM), South Africa.
Natural Gas in the World, Cedigaz, Paris, various
editions up to 2011.
World Steel Association online statistics database.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1992 to 2009:
Energy balances submitted to the Secretariat from the
Department of Minerals and Energy, 2003 to 2009.
Electricity generated and available for distribution,
Statistics South Africa, Pretoria, various editions up to
2009.
Direct submission from the Institute for Energy Studies,
Rand Afrikaans University, Pretoria, 1998 to 2001.
Digest of South African Energy Statistics 1998.
Direct submissions from the Energy Research Institute, University of Cape Town.
ESKOM Annual Report, Electricity Supply Commission (ESKOM), South Africa, 1989 to 1994.
Statistical Yearbook, Electricity Supply Commission
(ESKOM), South Africa, 1983 to 1994.
South Africas Mineral Industry, Department of Mineral
and Energy Affairs, Braamfontein, 1995.
South African Energy Statistics, 1950-1993, Department
of Mineral and Energy Affairs, Pretoria, 1995.
Wholesale Trade Sales of Petroleum Products, Central
Statistical Service, Pretoria, 1995.
South African Coal Statistics 1994, South African
Coal Report, Randburg, 1995.
Energy Balances in South Africa 1970-1993, Energy
Research Institute, Plumstead, 1995.
Sources up to 1991:

Energy Projections for South Africa (1985 Balance),


Institute for Energy Studies, Rand Afrikaans University, South Africa, 1986.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
South African Energy Statistics 1950-1989, No. 1,
National Energy Council, Pretoria, 1989, and Secretariat estimates.

Former Soviet Union


Data for individual countries of the Former Soviet
Union are available starting in 1990, and most of the
information on 1990 and 1991 was estimated by the
IEA Secretariat. Because of large breaks in reporting
occurred in the early 1990s, breaks may occur in
1990 for all regional totals.
Coal production statistics refer to unwashed and unscreened coal up to 1990. IEA coal statistics normally
refer to coal after washing and screening for the removal of inorganic matter. Also, see notes under
Classification of Fuel Uses and Heat, in Part I.1,
Issues of data quality.
The commodity balances presented for the Former
Soviet Union include Secretariat estimates of fuel
consumption in the main categories of transformation.
These estimates are based on secondary sources and
on isolated references in FSU literature.
In older editions of this publication, intra-FSU trade
was excluded.
Sources up to 1989:
Statistical Yearbook, The State Committee for Statistics
of the USSR, Moscow, various editions from 1980 to
1989.
External Trade of the Independent Republics and the
Baltic States, 1990 and 1991, the State Committee of
Statistics of the CIS, Moscow, 1992.
External Trade of the USSR, annual and quarterly,
various editions, The State Committee of Statistics of
the USSR, Moscow, 1986 to 1990.

Statistical News Release 1981-1985, Central Statistical Service, South Africa, various editions from 1986
to 1989.

CIR Staff Paper no. 14, 28, 29, 30, 32 and 36, Center
for International Research, U.S. Bureau of the Census,
Washington, 1986, 1987 and 1988.

Annual Report Energy Affairs 1985, Department of


Mineral and Energy Affairs, Pretoria, 1986.

Yearbook on Foreign Trade, The Ministry of Foreign


Trade, Moscow, 1986.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Bulletins of Statistics, Statistics South Africa, Pretoria.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.53

Breaks in time series may occur between 1999 and


2000 due to newly available energy balances provided
by the Sri Lanka Sustainable Energy Authority in 2009.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Economic and Social Statistics of Sri Lanka 2011,
Central Bank of Sri Lanka, Colombo, May 2012.
Direct communication with the Sri Lanka Sustainable
Energy Authority, Colombo.
Sri Lanka Energy Balances 2000-2010.
Secretariat estimates.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Direct communication with the Department of Census
and Statistics, 2003 to 2006.
Annual Report 1993, Central Bank of Sri Lanka,
Colombo, July 1994.
Direct communication with the Ceylon Electricity
Board, Sri Lanka Energy Balances, 1994.
Sources up to 1991:
Energy Balance Sheet 1991, 1992, Energy Unit,
Ceylon Electricity Board, Colombo, 1992, 1993.
Bulletin 1989, Central Bank of Sri Lanka, Colombo,
July 1989.
Bulletin (monthly), Central Bank of Sri Lanka, Colombo,
May 1992.
Sectoral Energy Demand in Sri Lanka, UNDP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the
Pacific, Bangkok, 1992.
External Trade Statistics 1992, Government of Sri
Lanka, Colombo, 1993.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Energy Conservation Fund and Ceylon Electricity Board.

Sudan
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministry of Energy
and Mines, Khartoum.
Sudanese Petroleum Corporation Statistics, Ministry
of Petroleum, Khartoum, May 2012.
Sudan Energy Handbook 2006, Ministry of Energy
and Mines, Khartoum.

Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 1991:
Foreign Trade Statistical Digest 1990, Government of
Sudan, Khartoum, 1991.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1990 data from Bhagavan
(ed.) Energy Utilities and Institutions in Africa,
AFREPREN, Nairobi, 1996.

Syrian Arab Republic


Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct Communication with the Ministry of Petroleum
and Mineral Resources, 2012.
Statistical Abstract, Office of the Prime Minister,
Central Bureau of Statistics, Damascus, various editions up to 2011.
Natural Gas in the World, Cedigaz, Paris, various
editions up to 2011.
Statistical Bulletin, Arab Union of Producers, Transporters and Distributors of Electricity (AUPTDE),
Amman, various editions up to 2011.
Annual Statistical Report, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), Kuwait, various
editions up to 2011.
The UN Energy Statistics Database (until 2007).
Quarterly Bulletin, Central Bank of Syria, Research
Department, Damascus, 2001.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 1991:
Quarterly Bulletin, Central Bank of Syria, Research
Department, Damascus, 1984.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Forestry Statistics, FAO, Rome, 2000, and Secretariat
estimates.

Tajikistan
Data for Tajikistan are available starting in 1990. Prior
to that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.
Sources 1990 to 2010:
Direct communication with the State Committee on
Statistics, Republic of Tajikistan, Dushanbe.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Sri Lanka

I.54 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

CIS and East European Energy Databook, Eastern


Bloc Research Ltd, Tolsta Chaolais, various editions
up to 2011.

for natural gas and LPG will be reviewed by the Ministry and may be revised.
Sources 2002 to 2010:

Asian Development Bank Statistics, various editions


up to 2011.

Thailand Energy Situation, Ministry of Energy, Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency, 2002 to 2010Electric Power in Thailand,
Ministry of Energy, Department of Alternative Energy
Development and Efficiency, 2002 to 2010.

Natural Gas Vehicles Statistics, International Association for Natural Gas Vehicles, online database:
www.iangv.org.

Oil and Thailand, Ministry of Energy, Department of


Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency,
2002 to 2010.

Secretariat estimates.

Thailand Alternative Energy Situation, Ministry of


Energy, Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency, 2009-2010.

Statistical Agency under the President of the Republic


of Tajikistan.

Industry of Tajikistan, Statistics, the State Committee


on Statistics of the Republic of Tajikistan, 2004.

Tanzania, United Republic of


Sources up to 2010:
SAPP Annual Report 2008, Southern African Power
Pool, online statistics, 2010.
The Economic Survey, The Presidents Office - Planning and Privatization, Dar Es Salaam, 2003-2007.

Direct communication with the Petroleum Institute of


Thailand, Bangkok, 2008 to 2010.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources up to 2001:
Electric Power in Thailand, Ministry of Science,
Technology and Energy, National Energy Administration, Bangkok, 1985, 1986, 1988 to 2001.

Annual Report, Orca Exploration Group Inc., 2007 to


2010.

Oil and Thailand, Ministry of Science, Technology


and Energy, National Energy Administration, Bangkok,
1979 to 2001.

EWURA Annual Report, Energy and Water Utilities


Regulatory Authority of the United Republic of Tanzania,
2009 to 2010.

Thailand Energy Situation, Ministry of Science, Technology and Energy, National Energy Administration,
Bangkok, 1978 to 2001.

Secretariat estimates.
Direct communication with the Ministry of Energy
and Minerals and the electricity utility.
Tanzanian Economic Trends, Economic Research
Bureau, University of Dar-es-Salaam, 1991.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1990 data from Energy
Statistics Yearbook 1990, SADC, Luanda, 1992.

Thailand
Data for naphtha, lubricants, bitumen and nonspecified oil products are not published by the Ministry of Energy and are estimated by the Secretariat.
Data for production, own use and non energy use of
natural gas may include propane, butane and ethane
produced in gas separation plants. In 2012, time series
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Sources for Biofuels and waste:


Thailand Energy Situation, Ministry of Energy,
Department of Alternative Energy Development and
Efficiency, 2002 to 2010.
Thailand Alternative Energy Situation, Ministry of
Energy, Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency, 2009-2010.
Secretariat estimates.

Togo
Member of the SIE-Afrique project.
Sources 1999 to 2010:
Direct communication with the Ministre de l'Equipement, des Mines, de lEnergie et des Postes et Tlcommunications, Lom, 2009.
Bilans Energtiques du Togo, 1999 to 2008.

OECD/IEA, 2012

UNECE annual energy questionnaires, 1991 to 2007.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.55

Sources up to 1999:
Secretariat estimates.

Trinidad and Tobago


Sources 1992 to 2010:
Energy Industry Consolidated Monthly Bulletins,
Ministry of Energy and Energy Affairs, Port of Spain,
various editions up to 2010.
SIEE, OLADE.

Sources 1992 to 2010:


Direct communication with the Observatoire National
de l'Energie, Agence Nationale pour la Matrise de
l'Energie, Tunis.
Rapport Annuel, Socit Tunisienne de lElectricit et
du Gaz, 2010 online statistics.
Socit Tunisienne des Industries de Raffinage, 2010
online statistics, 2008 to 2010.
Statistiques dElectricit du COMELEC, 2006, 2007,
Comit Maghrbin de lElectricit.
Sources up to 1991:

Natural Gas in the World, Cedigaz, Paris, various


editions up to 2010.

Bilan Energtique de l'Anne 1991, Banque Centrale


de Tunisie, Tunis, September 1992.

Direct communication with the Ministry of Energy


and Natural Resources, Port of Spain.

Rapport d'Activit 1990, Observatoire National de


l'Energie, Agence pour la Matrise de l'Energie, Tunis,
1991.

Annual Economic Survey, Central Bank of Trinidad


and Tobago, Port of Spain, 1995 to 2010.
Petroleum Industry Monthly Bulletin, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Port of Spain, various
issues up to 1999.
Sources up to 1991:
Annual Statistical Digest, Central Statistical Office,
Port of Spain, 1983, 1984.
History and Forecast, Electricity Commission, Port of
Spain, 1987.
Annual Report, Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, Port of Spain, 1985, 1986.
The National Energy Balances 1979-1983, Ministry
of Energy and Natural Resources, Port of Spain, 1984.
Trinidad and Tobago Electricity Commission Annual
Report, Trinidad and Tobago Electricity Commission,
Port of Spain, 1984, 1985.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
SIEE, OLADE.
FAO
United Nations.

Tunisia
A significant increase in crude oil production was reported for 2007 due to the start up of several new development wells and the beginning of production of
the Oudna field.

Rapport Annuel 1990, Banque Centrale de Tunisie,


Tunis, 1991.
Activits du Secteur Ptrolier en Tunisie, Banque
Centrale de Tunisie, Tunis, 1987.
Statistiques Financires, Banque Centrale de Tunisie,
Tunis, 1986.
Entreprise Tunisienne d'Activits Ptrolires (ETAP),
Tunis, 1987.
Annuaire Statistique de la Tunisie, Institut National de
la Statistique, Ministre du Plan, Tunis, 1985, 1986.
L'Economie de la Tunisie en Chiffres, Institut National de la Statistique, Tunis, 1984, 1985.
Activits et Comptes de Gestion, Socit Tunisienne
de l'Electricit et du Gaz, Tunis, 1987.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Analyse
du Bilan de Bois dEnergie et Identification dun Plan
dAction, Ministry of Agriculture, Tunis, 1998.

Turkmenistan
Data for Turkmenistan are available starting in 1990.
Prior to that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.
Sources up to 2010:
CIS and East European Energy Databook, Eastern
Bloc Research Ltd, Tolsta Chaolais, various editions
up to 2011.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Secretariat estimates.

I.56 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Natural Gas in the World, Cedigaz, Paris, various


editions up to 2011.
Secretariat estimates.
Direct communication with the National Institute on
Statistics and Forecasting of Turkmenistan, November
1999 and January 2001.

Ukraine

Natural gas: Direct communication with Ukrgazprom,


February 1995.
Direct communication with the Ministry of Statistics
of the Ukraine, July 1994.
Ukraine in 1992, Statistical Handbook, Ministry of
Statistics of the Ukraine, Kiev, 1993.
Ukraine Power Demand and Supply Options, The
World Bank, Washington, 1993.
Power Industry in Ukraine, Ministry of Power and
Electrification, Kiev, 1994.

Data for Ukraine are available starting in 1990. Prior


to that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.

Energy Issues Paper, Ministry of Economy, March


1995.

The State Statistics Committee submitted detailed


final consumption data for coal and natural gas for the
first time in 2006, for the year 2004. Therefore, breaks
in time series may occur between 2003 and 2004.

Ukraine Energy Sector Statistical Review 1993, 1994,


1995, 1996, 1997, The World Bank Regional Office,
Kiev, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998.

IEA Secretariat and State Statistics Committee of


Ukraine are working closely and intensively on the
improvement of data quality. Therefore, breaks in
time series may occur between 2008 and 2009.
For 2009 and 2010 the transparency of data may be
reduced because of confidentiality issues.
Official Ukrainian coal statistics refer to unwashed
and unscreened coal prior to 1995. IEA statistics normally refer to coal after washing and screening for the
removal of inorganic matter. Therefore, the IEA revised Ukrainian coal supply and demand statistics
downward to reflect levels of washed coal.
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communication with the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, Kiev, 2004 to 2012.
UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Coal, 1991,
1992 and 1995 to 2010.
UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Oil, 1992 and
1995 to 2010.
UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Natural gas,
1992 and 1995 to 2010.
UNECE annual energy questionnaire on Electricity
and heat, 1991, 1992 and 1994 to 2010.

Global Energy Saving Strategy for Ukraine, Commission of the European Communities, TACIS, Madrid,
July 1995.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1990 to 1991:
Secretariat estimates.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Statistical Office in Kiev, The World Bank and Secretariat estimates.

United Arab Emirates


Crude oil production and export data do not include
field condensate. Field condensate quantities are included with natural gas liquids.
Time series were revised from 2005 to 2009 based on
new data regarding natural gas use in the petrochemical industry. Breaks in the time series may occur between 2004 and 2005 for natural gas. Sources 1993 to
2010:

Secretariat estimates.

Annual Statistical Bulletin, Organization of Petroleum


Exporting Countries (OPEC), Vienna, various editions
up to 2011.

Direct communication with the Ministry of Statistics,


the Coal Ministry, the National Dispatching Company,
1995.

Annual Statistical Report, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), Kuwait, various
editions up to 2011.

Coal: Direct communications with the State Mining


University of Ukraine, 1995, 1996.

Natural Gas in the World, Cedigaz, Paris, various


editions up to 2011.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Asian Development Bank online database.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.57

Secretariat estimates.
Statistical Yearbook 1995, 1996, 1998, Department of
Planning, Abu Dhabi, 1998, 2001.
Direct communications with the Ministry of Electricity
and Water, Abu Dhabi, March 2001.
The UN Energy Statistics Database Sources up to
1992:
Annual Report 1998, Ministry of Electricity & Water,
Dubai.
Abu Dhabi National Oil Company, 1985 Annual Report, Abu Dhabi National Oil Company, Abu Dhabi,
1986.
United Arab Emirates Statistical Review 1981, Ministry
of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Abu Dhabi, 1982.
Annual Statistical Abstract, Ministry of Planning,
Central Statistical Department, Abu Dhabi, various
editions from 1980 to 1993.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Forestry Statistics, FAO, Rome, 2001, and Secretariat
estimates.
Initial National Communication to the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change, Ministry
of Energy, United Arab Emirates, 2006, and Secretariat estimates.

Uruguay
The pronounced growth of production of biofuels and
waste from 2008 to 2010 was due to the development
of the cellulose industry (i.e. black liquor).
The power produced from the Salto Grande hydroelectric plant, located on the Uruguay River between Concordia in Argentina and Salto in Uruguay is equally
shared between the two countries. Exports include power
produced in Salto Grande and exported to Argentina.
Sources 1990 to 2010:
Direct communication with Ministerio de Industria,
Energa y Minera, Montevideo.
Balance Energtico Nacional, Ministerio de Industria,
Energa y Minera, Direccin Nacional de Energa,
Montevideo, 1971 to 2010.

Sources for Biofuels and waste:


Direccin Nacional de Energa, Ministerio de Industria, Energa y Minera, Montevideo.
SIEE, OLADE.

Uzbekistan
Data for Uzbekistan are available starting in 1990. Prior
to that, they are included in Former Soviet Union.
Up to 1994, crude oil includes NGL.
Sources 1990 to 2010:
Asian Development Bank online database.
CIS and East European Energy Databook, Eastern
Bloc Research Ltd, Tolsta Chaolais, various editions
up to 2011.
Direct communication with the Interstate Statistical
Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
Secretariat estimates.
Direct communications to the Secretariat from the Institute of Power Engineering and Automation, Academy of
Sciences of Uzbekistan 1994, 1996, 1998 to 2003.
UNECE annual energy questionnaires, 1995 to 1997.

Venezuela
Data for crude oil production, exports and refinery
input are obtained from the Organizacin Latinoamericana de Energa (OLADE). Crude oil production
data are comparable to data reported by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC);
however, some other sources of information report
lower crude oil production, noting field or lease condensate may be included in the crude oil production
data reported in the above sources.
Sources up to 2010:
Balance Energtico de Venezuela, Direccin de Planificacin Energtica, Ministerio de Energa y Minas,
Caracas.
Natural Gas in the World, Cedigaz, Paris, various
editions up to 2011
SIEE, OLADE.
Estadsticas consolidadas, Cmara Venezolana de la
Industria Elctrica, 1996 to 2007.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Statistical Bulletin, Arab Union of Producers, Transporters and Distributors of Electricity (AUPTDE),
Amman, various editions up to 2011.

I.58 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Petrleo y Otros Datos Estadsticos, Direccin General


Sectorial de Hidrocarburos, Caracas, 1993 to 2004, 2007
to 2008.
Estadsticas consolidadas, Cmara Venezolana de la
Industria Elctrica, 2006.
Transformando la energa en desarrollo social, CVG
EDELCA Informe Anual 2006.
Petrleo y Otros Datos Estadsticos, Direccin General
Sectorial de Hidrocarburos, Direccin de Planificacin
y Economa de Hidrocarburos, Caracas, 1983 to 1991.
Balance Energtico Consolidado de Venezuela 19701984, Ministerio de Energa y Minas, Direccin General Sectorial de Energa, Divisin de Programacin
Energetica, Caracas, 1986.
Compendio Estadstico del Sector Elctrico, Ministerio
de Energa y Minas, Direccin de Electricidad, Carbn
y Otras Energas, Caracas, 1984, 1989, 1990, 1991.

World Economic Problems (20), National Centre for


Social Sciences of the S.R. Vietnam, Institute of
World Economy, Hanoi, 1993.
Vietnam Energy Review, Institute of Energy, Hanoi,
1995, 1997, 1998.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1992 data from Vietnam Rural and Household Energy Issues and Options: Report No. 161/94, The World Bank, ESMAP,
Washington, D.C., 1994.

Yemen
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Petroleum Exploration and Production Authority
online statistics, 2012.
Yemen Petroleum Company, online statistics, 2010.

Memoria y Cuenta, Ministerio de Energa y Minas,


Caracas, 1991.

Statistical Yearbook, Central Statistical Organization,


Sanaa, 1994 to 1999, 2004, 2006 to 2010.

Petrleos de Venezuela S.A. 1985 Annual Report,


Petrleos de Venezuela, Caracas, 1991.

Statistical Bulletin, Arab Union of Producers, Transporters and Distributors of Electricity (AUPTDE),
Amman, various editions up to 2010.

Sources for Biofuels and waste:


The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Vietnam
Sources 1992 to 2010:
Direct communications with the Institute of Energy
and the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Hanoi.
APEC annual energy statistics questionnaires.
Secretariat estimates.
Annual Report 2006, Petrovietnam, Vietnam national
Oil and Gas Group.
Direct communications with the Center for EnergyEnvironment Research and Development, Pathumthami,
1997 to 1999.
Direct communication with the oil industry.

Oil & Gas in Figures 2001 2007, Ministry of Oil &


Minerals, Statistics Technical Committee, Yemen, 2008.
Oil, Gas and Minerals Statistics, Annual Bulletin
2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006, Ministry of Oil
& Minerals, Statistics Technical Committee, Yemen,
2001 to 2007.
Secretariat estimates.
Direct communications to the Secretariat from the
Yemen General Oil and Gas Corporation, the Public
Electricity Corporation, and the National Information
Center, Sanaa, 2001.
Statistical Indicators in the Electricity Sector, Ministry
of Planning and Development, Central Statistical Organization, Yemen, 1993.
Sources up to 1991:
Statistical Yearbook, Government of Yemen Arab
Republic, Yemen, 1988.

Sectoral Energy Demand in Vietnam, UNDP Economic


and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific,
Bangkok, 1992.

The UN Energy Statistics Database.

Energy Commodity Account of Vietnam 1992, Asian


Development Bank, Manila, 1994.

Forestry Statistics, FAO, Rome, 2000, and Secretariat


estimates.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

Sources for Biofuels and waste:


OECD/IEA, 2012

Oficina de operatin de sistemas interconectados Venezuela, 2008.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - I.59

Data for individual countries of the Former Yugoslavia


are available starting in 1990, and most of the information on 1990 and 1991 was estimated by the IEA
Secretariat. Because of large breaks in reporting
which occurred in the early 1990s, breaks may occur
in 1990 for all regional totals.
Sources up to 1989:

Sources 1996 to 2005:


Direct communication with the Ministry of Energy
and Power Development, 2007.
Direct communication with the Zimbabwe Electricity
Supply Authority (ZESA), 2003, 2005, 2006.
African Economic Outlook 2004, OECD, Paris, 2004.
Direct communication to the Secretariat from the
Department of Energy Resources and Development,
February 2002, AFREPEN, 2002.

Statisticki Godisnjak Yugoslavije, Socijalisticka Federativna Rebublika Jugoslavija, Savezni Zavod Za


Statistiku, Beograd, 1985 to 1991.

Direct communication to the Secretariat from the


Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Harare, 1999,
2000.

Indeks, Socijalisticka Federativna Rebublika Jugoslavija,


Beograd, 1990, 1991, 1992.

Direct communication to the Secretariat from the electricity utility.

Zambia
Breaks in times series may occur between 2000 and
2001.
Sources 1971 to 2010:
Secretariat estimates.
Energy Sector Report 2008, 2010, Energy Regulation
Board, Lusaka.

Electricity Statistics Information, Central Statistical


Office, Causeway, February 1998.
Secretariat estimates.
Sources 1992 to 1995:
Eskom Annual Statistical Yearbook 1993, 1994, 1995,
Johannesburg, 1994, 1995, 1996, citing Zimbabwe
Electricity Supply Authority, Harare as source.
The UN Energy Statistics Database.
Sources up to 1991:

Economic Report 2003, Ministry of Finance, Lusaka.

Zimbabwe Statistical Yearbook 1986, Central Statistical Office, Harare, 1990.

Energy Statistics Bulletin 1980-1999, The Department


of Energy, Lusaka, 2000.

Quarterly Digest of Statistics, Central Statistical Office, Harare, 1990.

AFREPEN, 2002.

Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority Annual Report, Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority, Harare,
1986 to 1991.

Annual Statistical Yearbook 1993, 1994, 1995 (Consumption in Zambia 1978-1983), Eskom, Lusaka,
1984.
Sources for Biofuels and waste:
Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Forests
and Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy
Programme of the African Development Bank, Abidjan,
1996.

Zimbabwe
Sources 2006 to 2010:
Southern African Power Pool, online Annual Report.
Secretariat estimates.

Sources for Biofuels and waste:


Secretariat estimates based on 1991 data from Forests and
Biomass Sub-sector in Africa, African Energy Programme
of the African Development Bank, Abidjan, 1996.

Other Africa, Other Non-OECD


Americas and Other Asia
The series for these regions are obtained by adding
data corresponding to their individual countries (see
lists in Part I.5, Geographical coverage). As a consequence, intra-regional trade is included as part of total
trade. Therefore, trade is likely to be overstated.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Former Yugoslavia

OECD/IEA, 2012

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.1

PART II

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

STATISTICAL DATA

OECD/IEA, 2012

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.3

COUNTRY-SPECIFIC
NET CALORIFIC VALUES

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

II.4 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Country-specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme)

Albania

Algeria

Angola

Argentina

Armenia

Azerbaijan

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Belarus

Benin

41868
41868
41868

43292
42370
43292
43292

42747
42747
42747

41868
41868
41868

42077
42077
42077

42705
42705
42705

42161
42161

42077
42077
42077

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

46725
-

41868
-

42496
44799
41868
26800
36800
-

41910
44799
-

42705
-

42705
-

36800
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

30145
30145
24702

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

24702
30145
24702
24702
30145
24702

20926
20926
20926
20926
20926

23249
23249
23249
23249

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

9843
9843
9843
9843

28200
-

30800

28458
27214

29015
15240
10172
30800

29308

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.5

Country-specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme)

Bolivia

Bosnia
and Herz.

Botswana

Brazil

Brunei
Daruss.

Bulgaria

Cambodia

Cameroon

PR of
China

Chinese
Taipei

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

43333
43333

42747
42747

42634
42634
42634
42634

42747
42747
42747

40721
42538
42538

42454
42454
42454
42454

41868
41868
41868
41868

42370
42370
42370

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

43333
-

42496
-

45217
44506
28261
42267
26377

42747
41868
-

44799
25121
41868
36800
36800

42705
26800
36800
-

41868
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

25185
23395
27400
27304

27452
27452
27452

27424
26377
26796

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

30685
30132
30308
26544
25946

30982
30982
30982

24149
26745
24149
24149
24149

27424
28889
26796

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

25800
25800
25800
25800
25800

23865
23865
23865
23865
23865

17373
25964
22065
25572
27337
21179

21213
21213
21213
21213
21213
21213
21213

27424
28889
26796
26377
26796

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

17999
17999
17999
17999
17999
17999

18073
18073
18073
18073
18073

19887
19887
18900

18900
18900
18900
18900

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

8893
8893
8893
8893
8893
8893

12853
12853
12853
12853

7008
12875
6898
15539
7441

30354

26900
-

28889
35797
27047

28500
18220
30800

28889

16957

17752
26796
33494
-

28200
-

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

II.6 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Country-specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme)

Colombia

Congo

Dem.Rep
Congo

Costa
Rica

Cte
d'Ivoire

Croatia

Cuba

Cyprus

Dominican R.

Ecuador

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

42245
42245
42245

42915
42915
42915

42161
42161
42161

42161
42161

42622
42622
42622
42622

42600
42600
42600

42559
42559
42559

42161
42161

41868
41868
41868

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

41868
26800
36800
-

45217
-

42622
-

46614
42600
42600
36800
36800

41701
25101
-

36800
-

42454
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

27619
27619
24501

26700
26700
26700

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

27214
27214
27214
27214

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

27214
27214
27214
27214
27214

25228
25228
25228
25228

25800
25800
25800

24240
24130
24760
24600

26820
28780
25800

25800
25800
25800

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

19510
19510
16751

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

16610
16610
16610

5179
5179

20097
30800

30800

29000
28200
30800

28200
30800

30800

29310
30800

28200
30229

30800

28200
30800

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.7

Country-specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme)

Egypt

El
Salvador

Eritrea

Ethiopia

Gabon

Georgia

Ghana

Gibraltar

Guatemala

Haiti

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

42538
42538
42538
42538

42161
42161

42622
42622
42622

42077
42077
42077
42077

42622
42622
42622

42454
42454
42454

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

42538
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

28200
28200
28200

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

25000
25000
25000

25800
25800
25800

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

17600
17600
17600

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

28200
-

30800

30800

30800

30800

30800

30800

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

II.8 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Country-specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme)

Honduras

Hong
Kong

India

Indonesia

Islamic
Rep. Iran

Iraq

Jamaica

Jordan

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

42789
42789
42789

42663
42663
42663
42663

42663
42663
42663
42663

42831
42831
42831

42161
42161

42705
42705
42705

42867
42620
42913
42663

42077
42077

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

42998
26800
-

42768
44799
36800
-

42538
-

42831
-

41910
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

24283
27089
28200
26000
28200
28200
24283

28200
28200
28200
28200
28200

28200
28200
28200
28200
28200

28200
28200
28200

18581
18581
18581
18581
18581

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

25800
25800
25800

25800
25800
25800
25800

18464
25800
18464
18631
18631
18631

25800
25800
25800
25800

25800
25800
25800
25800

18581
18581
18581
18581
18581
18581

25800
25800
25800

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

18900
9797
9797

22000
22000
22000
22000
22000

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

9546
9546
9546
9546

14654
14654
14654
14654
14654
14654

28200
-

30800

28200
20000
-

20000
30800

28200
30800

30800

30800

30800

25121
-

30800

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.9

Country-specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme)

DPR of
Korea

Kosovo

Kuwait

Kyrgyzstan

Latvia

Lebanon

42161
42161

42538
42538
42538

42077
42077

42998
42998
42998

42622
-

39350
26800
36800
36800

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

26700
26700
26700

25089
24934
25259

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

25800
25800
25800
25800

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

17585
17585
17585
17585

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

28200
-

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average
NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

FYR of
Maced.

Malaysia

42780
42780
42780
42780

42900
42900

43300
42613
43333
43333

42998
-

44799
25121
26800
36800
-

40500
36800
-

44413
42538
42119
36800
-

25120
25120

26051
26051
25052

25120
25120
25120
25120
25120

18581
18581
18581
18581
18581

26220
26220
26220
26220
26220

27675
27675
27675

25120
25120
25120
25120
25120

26051
26051
27891

26394
26394
26394
26394
26394
26394

22082
16902
22081
18209

11095
11095
11095
11095
11095
11095

14654
14654
14654
14654

14650
14650

7436
8126
10307
7365
10627
10627

9760
-

26790
10050
30800

30800

29300
15000
11720
30800

25077
11459
-

28889

Libya Lithuania

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

II.10 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Country-specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme)

Malta

Rep. of
Moldova

Mongolia

Montenegro

Morocco

Mozambique

Myanmar

Namibia

Nepal

Neth.
Antilles

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

42077
42077

42161
42161
42161

38937
42460
42460

42245
42245

42161
42161

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

44799
-

44799
41868
-

42705
-

42705
-

44799
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

18581
18581
18581

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

28200
28200
28200
28200

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

18581
18581
18581

28596
28596
28596

27633
27633
27633
27633

24995
24995
24995
24995

25800
25800
25800
25800

22692
22692
22692

25121
25121
25121
25121

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

14403
14403
14403
14403
14403

9210
9210
9210
9210
9210

11900
11900

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

25121
-

28200
30800

30019

30800

29730

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.11

Country-specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme)

Nicaragua

Nigeria

Oman

Pakistan

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Qatar

Romania

40863
40863

42747
42747
42747

42705
42705
42705

41990
43415
42965

42747
42161
42747
42747

41471
41471
41471
41471

42873
42873
42873

40639
41857
40645
41430

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

42747
44799
-

42705
-

42873
25121
-

26800
-

42747
44799
26800
36800
-

41868
29655
39423
-

42998
41868
-

49458
44799
36792
38854
26800
36800
36800

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

25533
25533
25533

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

27545
27545
18732

27500
27500
27500
27500
27500

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

25800
25800
25800

18810
27645
23655
23655
23655

29308
29308
29308
29308
29308
29308

25121
24325
24325

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

22098
22098
22098
22098
22098
22098

21779
24603
24603
24585
24585
24585

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

11900
11900
11900

7938
9234
9234
7902
7716
7716

30800

30800

28200
30800

28200
30800

28889

28200
27214

28200
25104

26370
8790
-

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

II.12 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Country-specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme)

Russian
Fed.

Saudi
Arabia

Senegal

Serbia

Singapore

South
Sri Lanka
Africa

Sudan

Syrian
Arab R.

Tajikistan

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

42077
42077
42077

42538
42538
42538

42622
42622

44194
44194
44194

42705
42705

40520
40520

43124
43124

42622
42622
42622

42035
42035
42035

42077
42077
42077

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

41910
-

44924
-

46000
42496
41868
-

44799
-

42743
40520
-

42035
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

29000
29000
29000
29000

25089
24583
24934
25259

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

28500
28500
28500
28500
28500

30995
30995
30995
30995
30995

18581
18581

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

24901
25000
26107
24009
22831
24009
24009

25916
25916
25916

22799
22959
22778
22880

23597
27993
20097
26996
26996

29308
29308
25800

18581
18581
18581

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

14654
14654

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

14918
14918
14918
14250
14918
14918

7970
16969
8097
7569
18548
12798

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

29000
29015
38000
17585
9965
-

30800

28889

30157
28432
17580
-

28200
-

26498
30800

30800

30145

28200
30800

25121
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.13

Country-specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme)

United R.
Tanzania

Thailand

Togo

Trinidad
and Tob.

Tunisia

Turkmenistan

Ukraine

United A.
Emirates

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

42226
42226
42226
42226

42245
42245
42245
42245

43124
43124
43124
43124

42077
42077
42077

42077
42077
42077

42622
42622
42622

42223
42223

42077
42077

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

46850
44799
26800
36800
-

41868
-

43124
-

41910
-

41910
44799
41868
-

42622
-

41910
25121
41868
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

26377
26377
26377
26377

21160
25539
21587
21160
21160
21600

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

28604
25539
21587
28604
28604

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

25800
25800
25800

26377
26377
26377
26377
26377

21160
25539
21587
21160
21160
21160

25800
25800
25800

25800
25800
25800

18581
18581
18581

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

12142
10802
18250
12142

7737
14654
14654
7737
7737

14654
14654
14654
14654
14654
14654

30800

28200
30800

30800

30800

30800

25121
38000
20000
30800

30800

31401

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

II.14 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Country-specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme)

Venezuela

Vietnam

Yemen

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Other Africa

Other NonOECD Am.

Other Asia

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

44736
44736
44736

42622
42622
42622

42998
42998
42998

42702
42702

42161
42161
42161

42161
42161
42161
42161

42161
42161
42161
42161

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

41994
-

42705
-

42538
-

42705
23000
-

42705
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

23446
23446
23446
23446
23446

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

26996
26996
26996
26996

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

30564
30564
30564
30564

23446
23446
23446
23446

24706
24706
24706

26996
26996
26996
26996
26996

25800
25800
25800
25800
25800
25800

25800
25800
25800
25800
25800
25800

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

14403
14403
14403
14403

30800

28200
9760
30800

30800

32594

25121
-

9760
30800

29000
30800

30800

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.15

Country-specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne)

Albania

Algeria

Angola

Argentina

Armenia

Azerbaijan

Bahrain

Bangladesh

Belarus

Benin

1.0000
1.0000
1.0000

1.0340
1.0120
1.0340
1.0340

1.0210
1.0210
1.0210

1.0000
1.0000
1.0000

1.0050
1.0050
1.0050

1.0200
1.0200
1.0200

1.0070
1.0070

1.0050
1.0050
1.0050

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

1.1160
-

1.0000
-

1.0150
1.0700
1.0000
0.6401
0.8790
-

1.0010
1.0700
-

1.0200
-

1.0200
-

0.8790
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.7200
0.7200
0.5900

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.5900
0.7200
0.5900
0.5900
0.7200
0.5900

0.4998
0.4998
0.4998
0.4998
0.4998

0.5553
0.5553
0.5553
0.5553

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.2351
0.2351
0.2351
0.2351

0.6735
-

0.7356

0.6797
0.6500

0.6930
0.3640
0.2430
0.7356

0.7000

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

II.16 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Country-specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne)

Bolivia

Bosnia
and Herz.

Botswana

Brazil

Brunei
Daruss.

Bulgaria

Cambodia

Cameroon

PR of
China

Chinese
Taipei

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

1.0350
1.0350

1.0210
1.0210

1.0183
1.0183
1.0183
1.0183

1.0210
1.0210
1.0210

0.9726
1.0160
1.0160

1.0140
1.0140
1.0140
1.0140

1.0000
1.0000
1.0000
1.0000

1.0120
1.0120
1.0120

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

1.0350
-

1.0150
-

1.0800
1.0630
0.6750
1.0095
0.6300

1.0210
1.0000
-

1.0700
0.6000
1.0000
0.8790
0.8790

1.0200
0.6401
0.8790
-

1.0000
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6015
0.5588
0.6544
0.6521

0.6557
0.6557
0.6557

0.6550
0.6300
0.6400

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.7329
0.7197
0.7239
0.6340
0.6197

0.7400
0.7400
0.7400

0.5768
0.6388
0.5768
0.5768
0.5768

0.6550
0.6900
0.6400

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.5700
0.5700
0.5700
0.5700
0.5700

0.4149
0.6201
0.5270
0.6108
0.6529
0.5059

0.5067
0.5067
0.5067
0.5067
0.5067
0.5067
0.5067

0.6550
0.6900
0.6400
0.6300
0.6400

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.4299
0.4299
0.4299
0.4299
0.4299
0.4299

0.4317
0.4317
0.4317
0.4317
0.4317

0.4750
0.4750
0.4514

0.4514
0.4514
0.4514
0.4514

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.2124
0.2124
0.2124
0.2124
0.2124
0.2124

0.3070
0.3070
0.3070
0.3070

0.1674
0.3075
0.1648
0.3711
0.1777

0.7250

0.6425
-

0.6900
0.8550
0.6460

0.6807
0.4352
0.7356

0.6900

0.4050

0.4240
0.6400
0.8000
-

0.6735
-

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.17

Country-specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne)

Colombia

Congo

Dem.Rep
Congo

Costa
Rica

Cte
d'Ivoire

Croatia

Cuba

Cyprus

Dominican R.

Ecuador

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

1.0090
1.0090
1.0090

1.0250
1.0250
1.0250

1.0070
1.0070
1.0070

1.0070
1.0070

1.0180
1.0180
1.0180
1.0180

1.0175
1.0175
1.0175

1.0165
1.0165
1.0165

1.0070
1.0070

1.0000
1.0000
1.0000

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

1.0000
0.6401
0.8790
-

1.0800
-

1.0180
-

1.1134
1.0175
1.0175
0.8790
0.8790

0.9960
0.5995
-

0.8790
-

1.0140
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6597
0.6597
0.5852

0.6377
0.6377
0.6377

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6500
0.6500
0.6500
0.6500

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6500
0.6500
0.6500
0.6500
0.6500

0.6026
0.6026
0.6026
0.6026

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.5790
0.5763
0.5914
0.5876

0.6406
0.6874
0.6162

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.4660
0.4660
0.4001

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.3967
0.3967
0.3967

0.1237
0.1237

0.4800
0.7356

0.7356

0.6927
0.6735
0.7356

0.6735
0.7356

0.7356

0.7001
0.7356

0.6735
0.7220

0.7356

0.6735
0.7356

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

II.18 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Country-specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne)

Egypt

El
Salvador

Eritrea

Ethiopia

Gabon

Georgia

Ghana

Gibraltar

Guatemala

Haiti

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

1.0160
1.0160
1.0160
1.0160

1.0070
1.0070

1.0180
1.0180
1.0180

1.0050
1.0050
1.0050
1.0050

1.0180
1.0180
1.0180

1.0140
1.0140
1.0140

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

1.0160
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6735
0.6735
0.6735

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.5971
0.5971
0.5971

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.4204
0.4204
0.4204

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6735
-

0.7356

0.7356

0.7356

0.7356

0.7356

0.7356

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.19

Country-specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne)

Honduras

Hong
Kong

India

Indonesia

Islamic
Rep. Iran

Iraq

Jamaica

Jordan

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

1.0220
1.0220
1.0220

1.0190
1.0190
1.0190
1.0190

1.0190
1.0190
1.0190
1.0190

1.0230
1.0230
1.0230

1.0070
1.0070

1.0200
1.0200
1.0200

1.0239
1.0180
1.0250
1.0190

1.0050
1.0050

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

1.0270
0.6401
-

1.0215
1.0700
0.8790
-

1.0160
-

1.0230
-

1.0010
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.5800
0.6470
0.6735
0.6210
0.6735
0.6735
0.5800

0.6735
0.6735
0.6735
0.6735
0.6735

0.6735
0.6735
0.6735
0.6735
0.6735

0.6735
0.6735
0.6735

0.4438
0.4438
0.4438
0.4438
0.4438

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.4410
0.6162
0.4410
0.4450
0.4450
0.4450

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.4438
0.4438
0.4438
0.4438
0.4438
0.4438

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.4514
0.2340
0.2340

0.5255
0.5255
0.5255
0.5255
0.5255

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.2280
0.2280
0.2280
0.2280

0.3500
0.3500
0.3500
0.3500
0.3500
0.3500

0.6735
-

0.7356

0.6735
0.4777
-

0.4777
0.7356

0.6735
0.7356

0.7356

0.7356

0.7356

0.6000
-

0.7356

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

II.20 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Country-specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne)

DPR of
Korea

Kosovo

Kuwait

Kyrgyzstan

Latvia

Lebanon

1.0070
1.0070

1.0160
1.0160
1.0160

1.0050
1.0050

1.0270
1.0270
1.0270

1.0180
-

0.9399
0.6401
0.8790
0.8790

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6377
0.6377
0.6377

0.5992
0.5955
0.6033

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.4200
0.4200
0.4200
0.4200

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6735
-

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average
NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

FYR of
Maced.

Malaysia

1.0218
1.0218
1.0218
1.0218

1.0246
1.0246

1.0342
1.0178
1.0350
1.0350

1.0270
-

1.0700
0.6000
0.6401
0.8790
-

0.9673
0.8790
-

1.0608
1.0160
1.0060
0.8790
-

0.6000
0.6000

0.6222
0.6222
0.5984

0.6000
0.6000
0.6000
0.6000
0.6000

0.4438
0.4438
0.4438
0.4438
0.4438

0.6263
0.6263
0.6263
0.6263
0.6263

0.6610
0.6610
0.6610

0.6000
0.6000
0.6000
0.6000
0.6000

0.6222
0.6222
0.6662

0.6304
0.6304
0.6304
0.6304
0.6304
0.6304

0.5274
0.4037
0.5274
0.4349

0.2650
0.2650
0.2650
0.2650
0.2650
0.2650

0.3500
0.3500
0.3500
0.3500

0.3499
0.3499

0.1776
0.1941
0.2462
0.1759
0.2538
0.2538

0.2331
-

0.6399
0.2400
0.7356

0.7356

0.6998
0.3583
0.2799
0.7356

0.5990
0.2737
-

0.6900

Libya Lithuania

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.21

Country-specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne)

Malta

Rep. of
Moldova

Mongolia

Montenegro

Morocco

Mozambique

Myanmar

Namibia

Nepal

Neth.
Antilles

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

1.0050
1.0050

1.0070
1.0070
1.0070

0.9300
1.0141
1.0141

1.0090
1.0090

1.0070
1.0070

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

1.0700
-

1.0700
1.0000
-

1.0200
-

1.0200
-

1.0700
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.4438
0.4438
0.4438

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6735
0.6735
0.6735
0.6735

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.4438
0.4438
0.4438

0.6830
0.6830
0.6830

0.6600
0.6600
0.6600
0.6600

0.5970
0.5970
0.5970
0.5970

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.5420
0.5420
0.5420

0.6000
0.6000
0.6000
0.6000

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.3440
0.3440
0.3440
0.3440
0.3440

0.2200
0.2200
0.2200
0.2200
0.2200

0.2842
0.2842

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

0.6000
-

0.6735
0.7356

0.7170

0.7356

0.7101

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

II.22 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Country-specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne)

Nicaragua

Nigeria

Oman

Pakistan

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Qatar

Romania

0.9760
0.9760

1.0210
1.0210
1.0210

1.0200
1.0200
1.0200

1.0029
1.0369
1.0262

1.0210
1.0070
1.0210
1.0210

0.9905
0.9905
0.9905
0.9905

1.0240
1.0240
1.0240

0.9706
0.9997
0.9708
0.9895

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

1.0210
1.0700
-

1.0200
-

1.0240
0.6000
-

0.6401
-

1.0210
1.0700
0.6401
0.8790
-

1.0000
0.7083
0.9416
-

1.0270
1.0000
-

1.1813
1.0700
0.8788
0.9280
0.6401
0.8790
0.8790

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6098
0.6098
0.6098

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6579
0.6579
0.4474

0.6568
0.6568
0.6568
0.6568
0.6568

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.4493
0.6603
0.5650
0.5650
0.5650

0.7000
0.7000
0.7000
0.7000
0.7000
0.7000

0.6000
0.5810
0.5810

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.5278
0.5278
0.5278
0.5278
0.5278
0.5278

0.5202
0.5876
0.5876
0.5872
0.5872
0.5872

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.2842
0.2842
0.2842

0.1896
0.2206
0.2206
0.1887
0.1843
0.1843

0.7356

0.7356

0.6735
0.7356

0.6735
0.7356

0.6900

0.6735
0.6500

0.6735
0.5996

0.6298
0.2099
-

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.23

Country-specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne)

Russian
Fed.

Saudi
Arabia

Senegal

Serbia

Singapore

South
Sri Lanka
Africa

Sudan

Syrian
Arab R.

Tajikistan

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

1.0050
1.0050
1.0050

1.0160
1.0160
1.0160

1.0180
1.0180

1.0556
1.0556
1.0556

1.0200
1.0200

0.9678
0.9678

1.0300
1.0300

1.0180
1.0180
1.0180

1.0040
1.0040
1.0040

1.0050
1.0050
1.0050

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

1.0010
-

1.0730
-

1.0987
1.0150
1.0000
-

1.0700
-

1.0209
0.9678
-

1.0040
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6927
0.6927
0.6927
0.6927

0.5992
0.5872
0.5955
0.6033

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6807
0.6807
0.6807
0.6807
0.6807

0.7403
0.7403
0.7403
0.7403
0.7403

0.4438
0.4438

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.5948
0.5971
0.6236
0.5734
0.5453
0.5734
0.5734

0.6190
0.6190
0.6190

0.5445
0.5484
0.5440
0.5465

0.5636
0.6686
0.4800
0.6448
0.6448

0.7000
0.7000
0.6162

0.4438
0.4438
0.4438

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.3500
0.3500

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.3563
0.3563
0.3563
0.3404
0.3563
0.3563

0.1904
0.4053
0.1934
0.1808
0.4430
0.3057

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

0.6927
0.6930
0.9076
0.4200
0.2380
-

0.7356

0.6900

0.7203
0.6791
0.4199
-

0.6735
-

0.6329
0.7356

0.7356

0.7200

0.6735
0.7356

0.6000
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

II.24 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Country-specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne)

United R.
Tanzania

Thailand

Togo

Trinidad
and Tob.

Tunisia

Turkmenistan

Ukraine

United A.
Emirates

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

1.0086
1.0086
1.0086
1.0086

1.0090
1.0090
1.0090
1.0090

1.0300
1.0300
1.0300
1.0300

1.0050
1.0050
1.0050

1.0050
1.0050
1.0050

1.0180
1.0180
1.0180

1.0085
1.0085

1.0050
1.0050

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

1.1190
1.0700
0.6401
0.8790
-

1.0000
-

1.0300
-

1.0010
-

1.0010
1.0700
1.0000
-

1.0180
-

1.0010
0.6000
1.0000
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6300
0.6300
0.6300
0.6300

0.5054
0.6100
0.5156
0.5054
0.5054
0.5159

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6832
0.6100
0.5156
0.6832
0.6832

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.6300
0.6300
0.6300
0.6300
0.6300

0.5054
0.6100
0.5156
0.5054
0.5054
0.5054

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.4438
0.4438
0.4438

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.2900
0.2580
0.4359
0.2900

0.1848
0.3500
0.3500
0.1848
0.1848

0.3500
0.3500
0.3500
0.3500
0.3500
0.3500

0.7356

0.6735
0.7356

0.7356

0.7356

0.7356

0.6000
0.9076
0.4777
0.7356

0.7356

0.7500

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.25

Country-specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne)

Venezuela

Vietnam

Yemen

Zambia

Zimbabwe

Other Africa

Other NonOECD Am.

Other Asia

Crude oil
Production
Imports
Exports
Average

1.0685
1.0685
1.0685

1.0180
1.0180
1.0180

1.0270
1.0270
1.0270

1.0199
1.0199

1.0070
1.0070
1.0070

1.0070
1.0070
1.0070
1.0070

1.0070
1.0070
1.0070
1.0070

NGL
Refinery feedstocks
Additives
Other hydrocarbons
Biogasoline
Biodiesels
Other liquid biofuels

1.0030
-

1.0200
-

1.0160
-

1.0200
0.5493
-

1.0200
-

Anthracite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.5600
0.5600
0.5600
0.5600
0.5600

Coking coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.6448
0.6448
0.6448
0.6448

Other bituminous coal


Production
Imports
Exports
Coke ovens
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.7300
0.7300
0.7300
0.7300

0.5600
0.5600
0.5600
0.5600

0.5901
0.5901
0.5901

0.6448
0.6448
0.6448
0.6448
0.6448

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162
0.6162

Sub-bituminous coal
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

Lignite
Production
Imports
Exports
Main activity elec. generation
Industry
Other uses

0.3440
0.3440
0.3440
0.3440

0.7356

0.6735
0.2331
0.7356

0.7356

0.7785

0.6000
-

0.2331
0.7356

0.6927
0.7356

0.7356

Patent fuel
Coke oven coke
Coal tar
BKB
Peat
Charcoal

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.27

GRAPHS AND
ENERGY BALANCE SHEETS
2009-2010

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

REGIONAL TOTALS

II.28 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

World
Total production of energy by region
14000
12000
10000

Mtoe

8000
6000
4000
2000
0
1971

1975

1979

1983

OECD Total
China
Africa

1987

1991

1995

Middle East
Asia (excluding China)

1999

2005

2010

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia


Non-OECD Americas

Total primary energy supply (TPES) by region


14000
12000
10000

Mtoe

8000
6000
4000
2000
0
1971

1975

1979

OECD Total
China
Africa

1983

1987

1991

Middle East
Asia (excluding China)
Bunkers*

1995

1999

2005

2010

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia


Non-OECD Americas

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

* Includes world marine bunkers and world aviation bunkers.

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.29

World
Production of crude oil and NGL by region
4500
4000
3500

Mtoe

3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
1971

1975

1979

1983

OECD Total
China
Africa

1987

1991

1995

Middle East
Asia (excluding China)

1999

2005

2010

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia


Non-OECD Americas

Primary supply of oil by region


4500
4000
3500

Mtoe

3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500

1975
OECD Total
China
Africa

1979

1983

1987

1991

Middle East
Asia (excluding China)
Bunkers*

1995

1999

2005

2010

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia


Non-OECD Americas

* Includes world marine bunkers and world aviation bunkers.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

II.30 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

World
Production of coal/peat by region
4000
3500
3000

Mtoe

2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

2010

1999

2005

2010

1999

2005

2010

Production of natural gas by region


3000
2500

Mtoe

2000
1500
1000
500
0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

Electricity generation* by region


25000

20000

TWh

15000

10000

5000

1975

1979

OECD Total
China
Africa

* Excludes production from pumped storage.


INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

1983

1987

1991

Middle East
Asia (excluding China)

1995

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia


Non-OECD Americas

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.31

World

toe per thousand 2005 USD

TPES/GDP
3.0

3.0

2.5

2.5

2.0

2.0

1.5

1.5

1.0

1.0

0.5

0.5

0.0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

0.0
2010

toe per thousand 2005 USD

TPES/GDP PPP
1.4

1.4

1.2

1.2

1.0

1.0

0.8

0.8

0.6

0.6

0.4

0.4

0.2

0.2

0.0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

0.0
2010

5.0

5.0

4.0

4.0

3.0

3.0

2.0

2.0

1.0

1.0

0.0
1971

1975

1979

World
Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia
Non-OECD Americas

1983

1987

OECD Total
China
Africa

1991

1995

1999

2005

0.0
2010

Middle East
Asia (excluding China)

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

toe per capita

TPES/population

II.32 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

World
Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

14000

14000

12000

12000

10000

10000

8000

8000

100%

80%

Mtoe

Mtoe

Figure 1. Energy production

6000

60%

6000

4000

4000

2000

2000

40%

20%

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**


4500

106%

4000
3500

104%

3000
Million tonnes

102%
100%
98%
96%

2500
2000
1500
1000

94%

500
1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

20000

200

15000

150

1971=100

TWh

250

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

100

50

5000

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

25000

10000

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

0
1971

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

108%

92%
1971

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.33

World
2009
Million tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Production
Imports
Exports
Stock changes
TPES

3394.42
580.46
-585.66
-99.24
3289.99

3993.14
2267.01
-2171.41
-9.42
4079.31

986.18
-1074.44
-1.42
-89.68

2528.77
755.14
-737.82
-7.29
2538.80

703.31
703.31

279.78
279.78

102.24
102.24

1229.49
8.61
-8.39
0.47
1230.18

50.92
-50.31
0.61

0.98
0.00
-0.01
0.97

12232.12
4648.32
-4628.03
-116.89
12135.52

-8.41
-1871.52
-165.65
-96.69
-151.69
-10.32
-50.37
-17.90
-0.01
-80.44
-1.87
835.12

-149.77
5.69
-30.17
-0.01
-0.76
-0.00
-3897.71
29.40
6.42
0.14
-9.99
-6.02
26.51

169.93
-19.93
-203.37
-24.15
-12.34
-0.64
-3.35
-1.72
3851.06
-30.39
-0.35
-208.59
-0.63
3425.84

-0.25
-643.62
-278.55
-82.36
-0.07
2.69
-0.04
-0.59
-6.71
-1.85
-260.48
-18.77
1248.21

-697.25
-5.91
-0.15
-

-279.78
-

0.00
-80.99
-1.06
-0.19
-0.13
-0.14
19.74

0.02
-54.67
-32.02
-8.70
-0.02
-0.00
-51.42
-12.95
-0.15
1070.29

0.66
1570.26
161.23
-0.33
-147.29
-149.12
1436.02

0.01
-0.36
141.05
169.34
-0.34
-36.60
-19.24
254.83

20.16
-22.20
-2291.45
-205.07
-32.18
-152.40
-10.99
-52.14
-47.24
-0.99
-18.19
-53.83
-756.47
-195.96
8316.56

654.00
221.40
59.10
14.47
178.62
4.38
14.51
7.71
22.03
21.28
2.76
5.63
11.85
90.26
3.38
3.23
0.13
0.03
141.38
78.00
25.06
9.96
0.01
28.35
36.35
36.04

10.98
0.01
2.00
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.05
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.03
8.81
0.03
0.03
0.00
1.20
0.45
0.08
0.08
0.58
14.31
14.31

300.92
11.47
47.58
6.24
36.13
2.90
9.91
15.77
25.72
8.47
4.26
30.16
5.50
96.81
2138.08
146.14
92.04
1634.76
27.40
0.34
186.29
43.96
7.14
428.37
212.16
100.91
95.99
6.19
13.12
558.48
529.85

431.07
46.64
90.93
15.47
48.33
10.34
21.18
12.91
34.39
24.05
3.08
5.56
6.72
111.47
77.69
23.73
53.53
0.05
0.38
600.41
412.59
172.69
5.99
0.04
9.09
139.05
139.04

0.44
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.15
0.00
0.00
0.29
19.30
8.80
1.79
0.60
0.03
8.08
-

186.63
3.50
1.85
0.12
6.61
0.01
0.11
0.05
28.81
49.97
10.53
0.15
0.21
84.72
51.08
51.06
0.01
0.00
0.00
832.58
805.61
16.93
7.23
0.00
2.82
-

575.18
77.43
87.28
61.70
37.00
15.54
56.86
21.72
32.30
37.94
7.27
7.33
20.71
112.12
22.80
0.00
17.21
2.69
2.90
838.04
405.23
345.30
37.38
0.37
49.76
-

104.40
14.52
38.25
2.30
2.58
3.74
5.38
1.92
10.49
9.69
2.05
1.29
6.40
5.78
150.43
93.66
31.94
3.49
0.06
21.28
-

2263.62
374.97
326.99
100.30
309.28
36.93
107.96
60.08
153.79
151.56
29.95
50.13
51.42
510.25
2293.06
146.14
92.04
1709.58
47.85
56.56
186.29
44.14
10.46
3011.70
2016.50
694.69
160.73
6.69
133.09
748.18
719.24

2.30

13.84

354.90

136.39

507.43

0.31

10.92
17.70

0.00
-

10.93
18.01

4370808 2696162 3253217


3291601 2675489 3253217
1079207
20673
6134781
28114
3204086
21702
2930695
6412
-

370051
366489
3562
317718
10277
307441

290351
179105
111246
662540
379991
282549

7517
322
7195

1462
823
639
63802
22246
41556

20133492
18258098
1875394
13038739
5927379
7111360

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
World aviation bunkers
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
World marine bunkers
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Electr. Generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat Generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

8155899
7577867
578032
4992682
1914433
3078249

23149
23132
17
27296
216
27080

972393
890375
82018
804289
374106
430183

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.34 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

World
2010
Million tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Production
Imports
Exports
Stock changes
TPES

3596.04
640.82
-681.28
-79.80
3475.77

4069.38
2295.06
-2211.55
6.49
4159.37

1053.71
-1111.80
6.16
-51.93

2719.10
817.02
-826.35
17.84
2727.61

718.96
718.96

295.62
295.62

112.02
112.02

1277.08
10.78
-9.29
-0.54
1278.03

51.38
-50.74
0.64

1.04
0.00
-0.01
1.04

12789.25
4868.77
-4891.01
-49.86
12717.16

0.00
-49.50
-1974.84
-161.19
-103.61
-168.50
-8.80
-51.08
-16.20
0.01
-86.22
-2.70
853.14

-156.64
11.30
-34.63
-0.01
-0.81
-3964.42
30.51
7.85
0.13
-10.10
-8.23
34.34

179.33
-27.05
-201.57
-22.50
-12.92
-0.79
-3.53
-2.40
3921.30
-31.35
-0.17
-210.37
-0.58
3535.48

-1.68
-705.47
-304.76
-90.14
-0.11
2.81
-0.00
-0.80
-7.10
-2.22
-275.36
-24.63
1318.16

-715.67
-3.13
-0.15
-

-295.62
-

0.00
-88.61
-1.06
-0.22
-0.13
-0.14
21.87

-0.40
-63.40
-35.21
-10.42
-0.02
-0.01
-53.14
-13.27
-0.15
1102.01

1.43
1671.71
171.56
-0.34
-156.15
-153.17
1535.69

-1.24
-0.37
150.84
189.23
-0.39
-40.51
-22.67
275.93

22.69
-67.14
-2408.47
-205.45
-29.38
-169.40
-9.54
-53.49
-43.92
-0.84
-15.45
-55.77
-792.10
-212.27
8676.63

677.86
248.74
58.37
14.47
176.70
4.67
14.34
6.93
22.70
21.66
2.71
6.12
11.18
89.28
3.36
3.22
0.12
0.01
135.96
78.65
22.94
10.90
0.01
23.47
35.97
35.63

12.51
0.03
2.18
0.00
0.07
0.01
0.05
0.12
0.01
0.01
0.05
0.06
9.93
0.04
0.03
0.00
6.75
0.55
0.11
0.09
6.00
15.05
15.05

310.02
11.36
47.73
6.84
36.98
3.19
10.04
16.96
26.68
8.08
4.78
26.92
5.59
104.85
2195.89
153.65
96.42
1666.60
28.37
0.43
200.72
43.98
5.73
435.64
210.54
102.97
101.47
6.23
14.43
593.93
569.93

463.87
51.71
99.18
16.16
50.61
11.35
23.24
15.93
37.22
26.06
3.30
6.38
7.14
115.59
89.06
28.52
59.99
0.05
0.49
612.83
421.08
179.56
6.07
0.02
6.10
152.40
152.40

0.46
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.15
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.30
21.41
9.42
2.01
0.67
0.06
9.25
-

195.83
4.16
2.30
0.11
7.08
0.01
0.17
0.06
29.92
53.10
11.58
0.16
0.23
86.95
57.56
57.53
0.02
0.01
0.00
848.62
820.70
17.76
7.43
0.00
2.73
-

636.96
87.06
95.52
68.40
40.97
18.39
67.77
23.72
34.93
40.87
7.89
8.00
23.22
120.21
23.91
0.00
18.04
2.90
2.97
874.82
426.24
358.61
38.98
0.39
50.60
-

125.43
17.48
45.11
2.97
3.01
4.22
6.78
2.52
11.20
10.88
5.87
1.78
7.01
6.60
150.50
105.72
31.52
3.76
0.05
9.45
-

2422.94
420.54
350.39
108.96
315.43
41.83
122.39
66.11
162.78
160.79
36.14
49.41
54.44
533.72
2369.81
153.65
96.42
1752.68
49.65
63.31
200.72
44.16
9.21
3086.53
2072.88
715.47
169.37
6.77
122.04
797.35
773.01

2.44

14.49

362.42

149.75

529.10

0.33

6.63
17.38

0.00
-

6.63
17.71

4768076 2756289 3437483


3582493 2746188 3437483
1185583
10101
6597541
27357
3489955
20944
3107586
6413
-

449596
446008
3588
346248
10389
335859

331679
211248
120431
761894
434740
327154

7495
208
7287

1573
827
746
60077
24958
35119

21431466
19435848
1995618
14284824
6338809
7946015

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
World aviation bunkers
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
World marine bunkers
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Electr. Generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat Generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

8697512
8091865
605647
5706864
2058353
3648511

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

27881
27864
17
26036
216
25820

961377
891872
69505
751312
299046
452266

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.35

OECD Total
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

6000

4500
4000

5000

80%

3500
4000

60%

2500

Mtoe

Mtoe

3000

2000

3000
40%

2000

1500
1000

20%

1000

500
0
1971

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

2500

100%

2000

Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

1000

500

20%
0%
1971

1500

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


250

12000
10000

200

1971=100

TWh

8000
6000

150

100

4000
50

0
1971

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

2000

II.36 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

OECD Total
2009
Million tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

970.15
341.58
-246.70
-35.86
1029.17

890.56
1524.99
-353.17
1.21
2063.59

540.34
-476.63
-87.99
-84.75
-1.56
-110.59

939.10
596.70
-280.78
-6.38
1248.64

584.44
584.44

114.01
114.01

56.87
56.87

238.23
8.18
-3.83
-0.34
242.25

32.93
-32.15
0.77

0.55
0.00
-0.01
0.55

3793.93
3044.72
-1393.26
-87.99
-84.75
-42.94
5229.70

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy

-7.94
-758.72
-80.78
-4.47
-39.60
-2.03
-7.33
-0.71
0.03
-12.31
-0.76
114.54
89.76
32.91
10.30
1.75
16.41
0.18
0.33
0.55
5.52
6.59
0.42
2.25
0.40
12.15
0.14
0.01
0.13
0.00
22.16
16.10
4.66
1.16
0.01
0.23
2.47
2.31

-47.40
-4.15
-3.18
-2027.93
25.70
1.05
0.14
-0.08
7.74
2.04
0.00
1.98
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.03
0.60
0.45
0.08
0.07
5.07
5.07

59.70
-12.62
-55.66
-14.74
-1.30
-0.64
-2.83
-1.07
2022.21
-26.15
-0.10
-118.39
-0.01
1737.80
112.14
4.33
24.18
2.58
19.45
1.20
3.87
7.25
8.70
6.70
3.77
9.95
1.19
18.96
1101.90
66.37
1000.40
14.06
0.02
19.90
1.16
209.81
96.34
63.09
41.79
4.39
4.19
313.95
306.33

-3.22
-324.37
-102.71
-7.12
-0.07
3.28
-0.04
-0.59
-1.96
-0.43
-102.78
-3.31
705.32
232.92
21.25
57.21
11.73
27.33
8.55
17.84
10.49
29.72
22.56
2.64
2.25
5.78
15.57
20.83
2.66
18.02
0.05
0.10
423.47
265.26
147.13
4.04
0.01
7.03
28.10
28.10

-581.76
-2.68
-

-114.01
-

0.00
-47.20
-1.06
-0.14
-0.13
-0.14
8.20
0.30
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.15
0.00
0.00
0.14
7.91
6.70
0.73
0.16
0.03
0.28
-

0.08
-40.21
-29.70
-5.09
-0.02
-0.40
-0.21
-0.03
166.66
67.50
0.15
1.41
0.11
4.29
0.01
0.09
0.04
3.68
42.98
9.89
0.13
0.08
4.64
35.22
35.20
0.01
0.00
0.00
63.95
57.06
4.71
2.14
0.04
-

0.55
807.53
86.25
-0.33
-65.82
-59.02
769.93
238.54
26.63
44.72
24.49
13.85
9.15
27.92
8.26
19.48
28.76
4.49
1.91
6.24
22.65
9.26
0.00
7.59
0.40
1.27
522.13
248.35
250.80
7.73
0.24
15.01
-

-0.01
-0.15
56.81
14.84
-0.34
-8.10
-5.08
58.51
24.12
0.74
11.43
0.41
0.18
0.75
0.65
0.16
1.68
2.86
0.73
0.06
0.99
3.47
34.40
19.70
10.38
0.28
0.02
4.01
-

12.30
-27.33
-1117.73
-88.60
-3.62
-40.31
-1.60
-8.45
-6.30
-0.45
-1.63
-1.10
-307.82
-68.35
3568.70
767.32
86.02
151.24
41.07
81.50
19.85
50.72
26.74
68.80
110.61
21.94
16.56
14.69
77.59
1167.37
66.37
1038.29
21.67
18.44
20.08
2.52
1284.42
709.98
481.59
57.36
4.70
30.79
349.60
341.81

0.85

5.07

221.01

27.06

253.98

0.16

4.05
3.58

4.05
3.74

2370962 2242140 1325719


1849094 2232319 1325719
521868
9821
1329150
5060
1079600
5060
249550
-

294135
290573
3562
16146
10277
5869

241129
133842
107287
496967
334405
162562

7494
322
7172

546
193
353
46119
14590
31529

10392791
9389514
1003277
3023443
2392025
631418

of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

3593599
3290423
303176
852539
713659
138880

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

15321
15321
-

309240
252030
57210
269968
234112
35856

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.37

OECD Total
2010
Million tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

984.22
369.05
-285.96
19.06
1086.37

894.85
1536.81
-354.29
-3.63
2073.74

563.98
-501.46
-90.21
-85.88
1.29
-112.28

965.11
636.80
-299.24
14.30
1316.96

596.49
596.49

116.21
116.21

63.17
63.17

258.50
10.12
-5.18
0.16
263.60

33.18
-32.25
0.94

0.66
0.00
-0.01
0.65

3879.21
3149.95
-1478.38
-90.21
-85.88
31.17
5405.87

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy

-8.20
-785.14
-85.22
-5.14
-49.07
-2.04
-7.76
-0.79
0.02
-14.09
-0.94
128.00
102.11
40.29
11.28
1.72
17.11
0.17
0.35
0.59
6.23
6.70
0.42
2.33
0.42
14.51
0.14
0.01
0.12
0.00
23.57
18.11
3.87
1.38
0.00
0.19
2.19
2.00

-49.66
-5.59
-4.13
-2033.89
26.84
1.30
0.13
-0.10
8.65
2.21
0.00
2.14
0.00
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.03
0.73
0.55
0.10
0.08
5.67
5.67

63.27
-6.55
-50.42
-15.40
-1.46
-0.79
-2.99
-1.19
2030.82
-27.33
-0.08
-117.47
-0.01
1758.12
113.47
4.68
24.22
2.88
19.00
1.29
4.01
7.95
8.41
6.36
4.17
10.09
1.09
19.31
1107.23
67.10
1005.31
14.98
0.01
18.65
1.19
210.10
96.00
61.61
43.67
4.56
4.26
327.31
319.14

1.43
-349.41
-112.85
-8.35
-0.11
3.47
-0.00
-0.80
-1.93
-0.49
-107.12
-3.84
736.95
255.25
23.59
63.03
12.11
28.89
9.30
19.18
12.76
32.00
24.21
2.79
2.63
6.13
18.63
22.67
3.25
19.28
0.05
0.10
429.06
269.23
151.55
4.32
0.01
3.96
29.97
29.97

-593.73
-2.76
-

-116.21
-

0.00
-52.99
-1.06
-0.17
-0.13
-0.14
8.69
0.30
0.01
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.15
0.00
0.00
0.15
8.39
7.16
0.88
0.19
0.06
0.09
-

-0.03
-43.97
-32.56
-5.79
-0.02
-0.00
-0.30
-0.26
-0.03
180.62
72.09
0.05
1.90
0.10
4.51
0.01
0.15
0.04
3.91
45.58
10.89
0.14
0.10
4.72
40.28
40.26
0.02
0.00
0.00
68.25
61.00
4.84
2.38
0.04
-

-0.09
840.75
92.73
-0.34
-68.05
-59.07
806.87
259.35
29.58
49.05
25.93
14.72
10.07
32.66
9.08
20.43
30.39
4.79
2.02
6.74
23.91
9.33
0.00
7.65
0.38
1.31
538.18
259.75
256.21
7.74
0.25
14.24
-

-0.10
-0.22
60.42
16.86
-0.39
-8.71
-5.27
63.22
24.01
0.59
11.08
0.35
0.20
0.89
0.93
0.20
1.53
2.96
0.75
0.05
0.80
3.68
39.20
22.18
11.92
0.26
0.02
4.83
-

13.61
-19.14
-1155.47
-96.70
-4.40
-49.97
-1.59
-8.95
-3.87
-0.49
-1.43
-1.12
-315.93
-69.31
3691.11
828.80
98.79
162.69
43.09
84.43
21.74
57.29
30.61
72.52
116.36
23.81
17.25
15.29
84.91
1179.69
67.10
1048.85
22.66
19.67
18.82
2.59
1317.48
733.98
490.97
60.03
4.90
27.61
365.14
356.78

0.91

5.67

231.46

28.87

266.92

0.19

4.20
3.97

4.20
4.16

2544099 2288372 1351283


1971885 2278271 1351283
572214
10101
1430638
5368
1145310
5368
285328
-

350735
347147
3588
17043
10389
6654

263543
147518
116025
568173
386942
181231

7477
208
7269

877
395
482
43794
17327
26467

10854369
9775648
1078721
3263449
2544509
718940

of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

3746497
3425926
320571
924412
753898
170514

20177
20177
-

288786
233046
55740
266544
225067
41477

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.38 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Non-OECD Total
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

10000

8000

9000

7000

8000

5000
Mtoe

Mtoe

6000
5000
4000

60%

4000
40%

3000

3000

2000

2000

20%

1000

1000
1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

400%

2000

350%

1800
1600

300%

1400
Million tonnes

250%
200%
150%

1200
1000
800
600

100%

400

50%
0%
1971

80%

6000

7000

0
1971

100%

200
1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


400

12000

350

10000

300
250
1971=100

TWh

8000
6000
4000

200
150
100

2000

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

50

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.39

Non-OECD Total
2009
Million tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

2424.27
238.88
-338.96
-63.37
2260.82

3102.57
742.02
-1818.24
-10.64
2015.72

445.84
-597.81
-98.29
-61.39
0.15
-311.52

1589.66
158.44
-457.03
-0.90
1290.17

118.87
118.87

165.76
165.76

45.37
45.37

991.26
0.43
-4.56
0.81
987.94

17.99
-18.16
-0.17

0.42
0.42

8438.19
1603.60
-3234.76
-98.29
-61.39
-73.95
6573.39

-0.47
-1112.80
-84.87
-92.22
-112.09
-8.29
-43.04
-17.18
-0.04
-68.13
-1.12
720.58
564.24
188.49
48.80
12.73
162.21
4.21
14.17
7.16
16.51
14.68
2.34
3.38
11.45
78.11
3.24
3.22
0.02
119.22
61.90
20.40
8.80
0.00
28.13
33.88
33.73

-102.37
9.84
-26.98
-0.01
-0.76
-0.00
-1869.78
3.70
5.37
-9.92
-6.02
18.78
8.94
0.01
0.02
0.01
0.00
0.01
0.04
0.00
0.02
0.02
8.81
0.00
0.00
0.60
0.00
0.01
0.58
9.24
9.24

110.23
-7.30
-147.72
-9.41
-11.03
-0.52
-0.65
1828.84
-4.24
-0.26
-90.20
-0.62
1355.62
188.79
7.14
23.40
3.65
16.68
1.70
6.03
8.52
17.02
1.77
0.49
20.21
4.31
77.86
703.75
25.68
634.36
13.34
0.32
24.06
5.98
218.56
115.82
37.82
54.21
1.79
8.92
244.52
223.52

2.97
-319.25
-175.84
-75.25
-0.59
-4.75
-1.42
-157.71
-15.46
542.89
198.14
25.38
33.72
3.74
21.01
1.79
3.34
2.43
4.66
1.49
0.44
3.31
0.95
95.89
56.86
21.07
35.51
0.28
176.93
147.33
25.55
1.96
0.03
2.06
110.94
110.94

-115.49
-3.23
-0.15
-

-165.76
-

0.00
-33.79
-0.05
-0.00
-0.00
11.53
0.14
0.00
0.14
11.39
2.09
1.06
0.44
7.80
-

-0.05
-14.46
-2.32
-3.61
-0.00
-51.02
-12.73
-0.12
903.62
119.13
3.35
0.44
0.01
2.32
0.00
0.01
0.01
25.12
6.99
0.64
0.02
0.13
80.08
15.86
15.86
0.00
0.00
768.63
748.54
12.22
5.09
0.00
2.78
-

0.11
762.74
74.98
-0.00
-81.47
-90.10
666.09
336.64
50.79
42.55
37.21
23.15
6.38
28.95
13.46
12.82
9.18
2.78
5.42
14.47
89.47
13.55
0.00
9.61
2.29
1.64
315.91
156.88
94.50
29.65
0.12
34.75
-

0.02
-0.21
84.24
154.50
-28.50
-14.17
196.32
80.28
13.78
26.81
1.89
2.40
2.99
4.73
1.76
8.81
6.83
1.32
1.23
5.41
2.31
116.04
73.96
21.56
3.21
0.04
17.27
-

7.86
5.13
-1173.72
-116.46
-28.56
-112.09
-9.40
-43.69
-40.94
-0.54
-16.56
-52.73
-448.65
-127.60
4415.43
1496.30
288.96
175.74
59.23
227.78
17.08
57.25
33.34
84.99
40.95
8.01
33.58
36.73
432.67
793.27
25.68
671.29
26.18
38.12
24.06
7.93
1727.28
1306.52
213.10
103.37
1.99
102.30
398.58
377.43

1.45

8.77

133.90

109.33

253.44

0.14

6.88
14.12

0.00
-

6.88
14.27

454022 1927498
443170 1927498
10852
23054
16642
6412
-

75916
75916
301572
301572

49222
45263
3959
165573
45586
119987

23
23

916
630
286
17683
7656
10027

9740701
8868584
872117
10015296
3535354
6479942

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

4562300
4287444
274856
4140143
1200774
2939369

7828
7811
17
27296
216
27080

663153
638345
24808
534321
139994
394327

1999846
1442507
557339
4805631
2124486
2681145

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.40 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Non-OECD Total
2010
Million tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

2611.82
271.77
-395.33
-98.87
2389.40

3174.53
758.25
-1857.27
10.12
2085.64

489.73
-610.33
-110.51
-67.77
4.87
-294.02

1753.99
180.22
-527.11
3.55
1410.65

122.47
122.47

179.41
179.41

48.85
48.85

1018.58
0.66
-4.11
-0.70
1014.43

18.19
-18.49
-0.30

0.39
0.39

8910.04
1718.82
-3412.63
-110.51
-67.77
-81.03
6956.92

0.00
-41.31
-1189.70
-75.97
-98.47
-119.44
-6.76
-43.32
-15.41
-0.01
-72.13
-1.75
725.14
575.75
208.44
47.10
12.74
159.59
4.49
14.00
6.34
16.47
14.96
2.29
3.79
10.76
74.77
3.22
3.21
0.00
0.01
112.39
60.53
19.06
9.51
0.01
23.28
33.78
33.63

-106.98
16.89
-30.49
-0.01
-0.81
-1930.53
3.67
6.55
-10.00
-8.23
25.69
10.29
0.03
0.04
0.06
0.04
0.11
0.00
0.05
0.05
9.92
0.00
0.00
6.02
0.01
0.01
6.00
9.38
9.38

116.06
-20.49
-151.15
-7.10
-11.46
-0.53
-1.21
1890.48
-4.02
-0.09
-92.89
-0.57
1423.00
196.55
6.68
23.51
3.97
17.98
1.89
6.03
9.01
18.27
1.72
0.61
16.83
4.50
85.54
734.29
29.32
661.28
13.39
0.42
25.33
4.54
225.54
114.54
41.36
57.80
1.67
10.18
266.62
250.79

-3.11
-356.07
-191.91
-81.79
-0.65
-5.16
-1.73
-168.23
-20.79
581.21
208.62
28.12
36.15
4.05
21.72
2.05
4.05
3.17
5.22
1.85
0.51
3.76
1.02
96.96
66.38
25.28
40.71
0.40
183.77
151.85
28.01
1.75
0.01
2.15
122.43
122.43

-121.94
-0.37
-0.15
-

-179.41
-

-35.62
-0.05
-0.00
-0.00
13.18
0.16
0.00
0.00
0.15
13.03
2.26
1.14
0.48
9.15
-

-0.36
-19.43
-2.64
-4.63
-0.01
-52.83
-13.01
-0.12
921.39
123.74
4.11
0.40
0.01
2.57
0.00
0.02
0.02
26.02
7.52
0.69
0.02
0.13
82.23
17.28
17.28
0.00
0.00
780.37
759.70
12.92
5.05
0.00
2.70
-

1.53
830.96
78.83
-0.00
-88.10
-94.10
728.82
377.61
57.48
46.48
42.47
26.26
8.32
35.11
14.64
14.50
10.49
3.10
5.98
16.47
96.30
14.58
0.00
10.39
2.52
1.67
336.63
166.49
102.40
31.24
0.14
36.36
-

-1.14
-0.15
90.43
172.38
-31.79
-17.40
212.71
101.41
16.89
34.03
2.63
2.81
3.32
5.85
2.32
9.67
7.91
5.12
1.72
6.21
2.92
111.30
83.53
19.61
3.51
0.03
4.62
-

9.08
-48.00
-1253.00
-108.75
-24.98
-119.44
-7.94
-44.54
-40.06
-0.35
-14.02
-54.65
-476.16
-142.96
4631.14
1594.13
321.75
187.70
65.86
231.00
20.08
65.09
35.50
90.26
44.44
12.33
32.16
39.15
448.81
835.75
29.32
703.84
26.99
43.64
25.34
6.62
1769.05
1338.91
224.50
109.34
1.87
94.43
432.21
416.23

1.53

8.82

130.96

120.88

262.18

0.14

2.43
13.41

0.00
-

2.43
13.55

467917 2086200
467917 2086200
21989
15576
6413
-

98861
98861
329205
329205

68136
63730
4406
193721
47798
145923

18
18

696
432
264
16283
7631
8652

10577097
9660200
916897
11021375
3794300
7227075

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

4951015
4665939
285076
4782452
1304455
3477997

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

7704
7687
17
26036
216
25820

672591
658826
13765
484768
73979
410789

2223977
1610608
613369
5166903
2344645
2822258

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.41

Africa
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

1400

800

1200

700

100%

80%

600

1000

500
Mtoe

600

200

200

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

160

700%

140

600%

120
Million tonnes

180

800%

500%
400%
300%

80
60
40

100%

20
1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

700

300

600

250

500
1971=100

200

400
TWh

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

300

150
100

200

50

100

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

100

200%

1975

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

900%

0
1971

20%

100

Coal/peat
Nuclear

0%
1971

40%

300

400

0
1971

60%

400

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Mtoe

800

II.42 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Africa

2009

Million tonnes of oil equivalent


SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

143.84
6.59
-35.58
-4.58
110.27

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

491.61
41.63
-393.70
-4.07
135.47

63.61
-39.85
-5.19
-6.90
3.07
14.74

166.70
4.28
-88.65
82.33

3.34
3.34

8.38
8.38

1.39
1.39

319.98
0.00
-0.29
319.69

4.00
-2.67
1.33

0.01
0.01

1135.24
120.12
-560.74
-5.19
-6.90
-5.58
676.95

-62.45
-27.08
20.74
11.68
3.91
0.98
2.52
4.27
0.00
0.00
7.82
4.93
2.51
0.16
0.22
1.24

-0.55
-118.36
-16.45
0.12
0.12
0.12
-

-19.25
114.17
14.56
124.21
12.17
1.14
11.02
77.26
2.62
73.53
1.10
24.71
14.32
2.08
6.11
2.21
10.07

-41.19
-15.04
26.11
11.01
0.37
0.55
0.14
9.94
1.93
0.36
1.57
5.69
4.76
0.12
0.03
0.78
7.48

-3.34
-

-8.38
-

-1.33
0.06
0.06
0.00
0.06
-

-0.31
-34.83
284.55
27.59
0.00
27.59
256.95
251.44
3.41
1.36
0.74
-

53.80
-9.79
45.35
19.45
0.47
1.10
0.63
17.25
0.47
0.00
0.47
25.42
13.62
6.89
1.61
3.29
-

-0.01
-

-83.01
-4.19
-88.62
501.13
82.01
4.75
2.63
4.43
70.19
79.67
2.62
73.89
3.15
320.66
289.07
15.01
9.26
7.31
18.79

250161
-

79518
-

181601
-

12806
-

3160
-

831
-

47
513

625517
513

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


97393
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

147.08
6.67
-45.24
-0.00
108.50

501.21
36.72
-398.97
-5.20
133.75

64.76
-41.80
-5.53
-6.73
-0.95
9.75

177.46
4.66
-95.37
86.75

3.15
3.15

9.07
9.07

1.54
1.54

328.37
0.00
-0.29
328.08

4.04
-2.80
1.24

0.01
0.01

1167.89
116.84
-584.47
-5.53
-6.73
-6.16
681.84

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-66.30
-26.40
15.81
10.87
5.34
1.00
1.24
3.30
0.01
0.01
3.71
2.04
1.07
0.20
0.40
1.22

-0.71
-122.52
-10.39
0.12
0.12
0.12
-

-19.26
118.61
11.88
120.99
12.47
1.19
11.27
72.74
2.61
67.89
2.23
27.30
14.25
1.95
7.34
3.76
8.48

-44.13
-15.87
26.76
11.95
0.45
0.65
0.15
10.69
1.36
0.37
0.98
5.64
4.70
0.14
0.03
0.77
7.82

-3.15
-

-9.07
-

-1.48
0.07
0.07
0.00
0.07
-

-0.31
-36.23
291.54
28.30
0.00
28.29
263.25
257.59
3.51
1.39
0.76
-

57.28
-10.43
48.09
20.50
0.54
1.16
0.66
18.14
0.42
0.00
0.42
27.17
14.64
7.10
1.72
3.72
-

-0.01
-

-87.14
-3.91
-87.43
503.37
84.19
6.32
2.81
3.25
71.82
74.51
2.61
68.27
3.63
327.14
293.21
13.77
10.68
9.48
17.52

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

259937
-

81250
-

3936
-

827
-

49
535

664212
535

200686
-

12099
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

105428
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.43

Non-OECD Americas
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

700

900
800

600
80%

700
500

600
Mtoe

Mtoe

500
400
300

60%

400
300

40%

200

200

20%

100

100
0
1971

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

350%

300

300%

250

250%
Million tonnes

200

200%
150%
100%

150
100
50

50%
0%
1971

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


450

1200

400
1000

350
300
1971=100

TWh

800
600

250
200
150

400

100
200

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

50

II.44 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Non-OECD Americas

2009

Million tonnes of oil equivalent


SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

52.23
11.80
-46.01
-0.70
17.32

386.76
64.04
-169.91
-7.42
273.48

57.04
-77.99
-13.36
-5.74
3.19
-36.87

130.13
12.04
-27.66
114.50

5.50
5.50

57.25
57.25

3.33
3.33

109.06
0.05
-2.88
0.94
107.17

4.58
-4.40
0.18

0.11
0.11

744.38
149.54
-328.85
-13.36
-5.74
-3.98
541.99

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-5.39
-4.06
7.88
7.65
4.25
0.15
0.98
2.27
0.00
0.00
0.08
0.08
0.00
0.14

-2.89
-263.84
-5.26
1.49
1.49
0.01
0.00
0.01
1.47
0.00
0.00
-

-25.61
256.56
-8.46
185.63
29.71
1.39
5.35
3.61
19.36
107.94
3.60
99.91
4.43
27.40
13.61
1.86
10.73
1.20
20.58

-30.15
-29.17
55.19
26.01
5.09
4.32
3.33
13.26
5.45
4.79
0.66
11.55
9.69
1.82
0.00
0.04
12.19

-5.50
-

-57.25
-

-3.01
-0.00
0.32
0.32
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.31
-

-8.20
-17.85
81.11
38.39
3.29
0.18
2.19
32.73
13.32
13.32
29.40
25.19
0.61
3.29
0.31
-

86.99
-17.36
69.81
29.28
3.40
2.54
0.87
22.47
0.25
0.25
40.28
20.16
16.70
2.00
1.43
-

-0.11
-

-51.13
-7.28
-82.15
401.43
132.53
17.42
12.55
11.00
91.56
126.96
3.60
118.03
5.33
109.04
68.73
20.99
16.02
3.29
32.90

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

20231
-

7811
-

125124
-

133933
-

21118
-

5273
-

31605
-

583
4773

1011401
4773

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Electricity and Heat Output


665723
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

52.52
14.92
-47.02
0.34
20.75

392.48
54.75
-187.75
1.79
261.27

70.70
-61.21
-13.81
-7.02
5.20
-6.13

139.18
17.02
-31.22
124.98

5.65
5.65

57.81
57.81

3.41
3.41

117.99
0.12
-2.40
-0.80
114.92

4.17
-4.22
-0.05

0.07
0.07

769.11
161.68
-333.82
-13.81
-7.02
6.54
582.67

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-6.08
-4.98
9.68
9.47
5.78
0.18
0.72
2.79
0.00
0.00
0.07
0.05
0.02
0.00
0.14

-2.86
-248.26
-8.36
1.79
1.78
0.03
0.01
0.02
1.72
0.01
0.01
-

-27.19
241.54
-7.30
200.92
33.51
0.86
4.99
4.95
22.72
117.05
3.89
108.20
4.95
28.24
13.94
1.96
11.26
1.08
22.12

-37.03
-28.69
59.26
27.79
5.96
5.06
3.57
13.20
6.06
4.83
1.22
12.17
10.15
2.00
0.00
0.02
13.25

-5.65
-

-57.81
-

-3.03
0.37
0.37
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.37
-

-9.62
-18.13
87.16
41.32
4.03
0.19
2.40
34.71
14.75
14.75
31.08
26.86
0.66
3.38
0.19
-

91.94
-18.15
73.74
31.26
3.26
2.60
0.95
24.45
0.25
0.25
42.23
21.11
17.55
2.09
1.47
-

-0.07
-

-57.41
-6.72
-85.62
432.92
145.13
19.92
13.02
12.60
99.58
138.11
3.89
127.79
6.43
114.17
72.11
22.18
16.75
3.14
35.51

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

22358
-

7687
-

127511
-

6177
-

40464
-

383
2855

1068977
2855

170437
-

21694
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

672266
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.45

Asia (excluding China)


Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

1400

1400

1200

1200

1000

1000
Mtoe

1600

Mtoe

1600

800

600

400

400

200

200

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

80%

60%

800

600

0
1971

100%

40%

20%

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

250%

600
500

200%

Million tonnes

400
150%

100%

50%

0%
1971

300
200
100

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


800

2500

700
2000

600
500
1971=100

TWh

1500

1000

400
300
200

500

100

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

II.46 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Asia (excluding China)

2009

Million tonnes of oil equivalent


SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

473.78
113.63
-159.61
-7.21
420.59

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

174.05
352.82
-56.64
0.94
471.17

164.28
-157.90
-39.53
-19.79
3.12
-49.82

252.92
39.51
-76.59
0.67
216.50

16.44
16.44

20.71
20.71

26.82
26.82

338.08
0.13
-0.52
-0.00
337.69

1.50
-0.81
0.69

1302.79
671.88
-452.09
-39.53
-19.79
-2.47
1460.79

-276.09
-17.22
127.28
103.42
18.31
4.88
27.52
52.71
0.01
0.01
23.58
4.18
3.91
0.03
15.46
0.26

-451.14
-11.97
8.06
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
8.06

-39.26
449.64
-16.94
343.62
53.42
2.15
6.40
2.41
42.47
160.50
4.11
148.60
7.79
55.86
36.28
5.94
11.28
2.36
73.85

-103.91
-32.81
79.78
39.74
1.21
4.93
0.82
32.77
6.38
6.37
0.01
9.24
7.38
1.52
0.15
0.18
24.42

-16.44
-

-20.71
-

-26.49
0.33
0.33
0.10
0.00
0.22
-

-5.24
-10.95
321.50
51.79
0.02
51.77
1.03
1.03
268.68
260.54
7.05
0.01
1.09
-

167.35
-33.43
134.61
59.52
1.79
3.91
1.03
52.79
1.34
1.34
73.75
34.69
21.89
11.65
5.51
-

0.83
-0.05
0.78
0.20
0.20
0.58
0.36
0.19
0.00
0.03
-

-319.96
-1.50
-123.36
1015.97
308.09
23.45
20.15
31.78
232.71
169.27
4.11
156.00
9.16
432.02
343.53
40.51
23.12
24.85
106.59

923289
34736

137346
100

531605
-

63102
-

38580
-

11189
-

1945904
34836

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Electricity and Heat Output


240793
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

501.83
125.52
-186.20
-3.25
437.89

177.56
361.38
-54.70
-1.08
483.16

186.47
-166.47
-43.91
-21.81
3.61
-42.12

268.22
45.06
-81.41
-0.24
231.63

18.59
18.59

22.24
22.24

26.85
26.85

344.87
0.19
-0.44
0.04
344.65

2.16
-0.92
1.24

1360.15
720.77
-490.15
-43.91
-21.81
-0.92
1524.13

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-284.60
-14.87
138.42
118.66
25.61
5.62
29.04
58.39
0.02
0.02
18.70
4.34
4.10
0.02
10.24
1.04

-464.33
-10.59
8.24
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
8.23

-40.80
462.65
-15.51
364.21
57.60
2.44
6.45
2.95
45.75
170.97
4.90
157.47
8.60
57.20
35.86
7.09
12.50
1.76
78.45

-118.07
-34.17
79.39
37.53
1.21
4.66
0.88
30.79
7.61
7.60
0.01
9.90
7.92
1.61
0.18
0.19
24.34

-18.59
-

-22.24
-

-26.46
0.40
0.40
0.10
0.00
0.29
-

-5.65
-11.60
327.40
52.61
0.03
52.59
1.06
1.05
0.00
273.73
265.48
7.15
0.01
1.09
-

178.71
-33.89
146.07
65.33
2.48
4.55
1.10
57.20
1.45
1.45
79.29
37.24
23.74
12.40
5.90
-

0.84
-0.05
0.78
0.21
0.21
0.57
0.34
0.21
0.00
0.03
-

-336.86
-1.68
-120.68
1064.91
331.94
31.73
21.31
33.97
244.93
181.11
4.90
166.13
10.08
439.80
351.28
43.91
25.11
19.50
112.07

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

976245
34912

145002
100

40584
-

11736
-

2078015
35012

574551
-

71315
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

258582
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.47

China (P.R. of China and Hong Kong)


Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

3000

2500

2500

2000

80%

2000
60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

1500
1500

40%

1000
1000
500

0
1971

20%

500

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

140%

500
450

120%

400
100%
Million tonnes

350

80%
60%

300
250
200
150

40%

100
20%

50
1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel


2000

4000

1800

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

1400
1971=100

3000
TWh

1983

1600

3500

2500
2000
1500

1200
1000
800
600

1000

400

500

200
1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

4500

0
1971

1975

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

II.48 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

China (P.R. of China and Hong Kong)


2009
Million tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

1496.17
80.50
-12.10
-47.41
1517.16

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

189.62
203.65
-5.07
-6.77
381.43

67.63
-29.08
-17.30
-9.31
-11.30
0.64

71.34
8.91
-2.68
77.56

18.28
18.28

52.95
52.95

12.99
12.99

203.55
0.00
203.55

1.51
-1.82
-0.30

2044.88
362.21
-50.75
-17.30
-9.31
-65.47
2264.25

-4.43
-740.25
-78.92
-82.45
-3.49
-26.25
-61.14
520.24
408.43
140.45
41.95
11.98
128.37
4.15
14.00
4.37
15.55
11.90
2.33
3.26
10.87
19.25
3.17
3.17
77.01
48.32
10.38
8.30
10.01
31.63
31.63

-0.13
0.15
-0.04
-0.02
-371.09
-4.87
-1.87
3.57
2.29
2.29
0.17
0.17
1.10
1.10

0.15
-2.23
-4.08
-3.13
-0.50
360.30
-18.77
-0.02
332.35
47.12
2.08
4.92
1.60
8.50
1.45
4.69
1.65
1.52
0.71
0.31
16.18
1.41
2.10
154.68
9.26
123.27
5.74
0.00
15.20
1.21
59.01
24.82
20.80
13.38
71.55
51.17

-0.15
-13.40
-2.15
-0.60
-9.40
-1.82
50.04
15.94
1.57
6.09
0.56
3.73
1.01
1.76
0.18
0.41
0.13
0.07
0.08
0.14
0.22
6.20
6.08
0.11
19.48
14.86
4.61
0.00
8.42
8.42

-18.28
-

-52.95
-

0.00
-2.48
10.51
0.14
0.14
10.37
1.77
0.96
0.43
7.20
-

-0.81
-0.47
202.27
1.24
1.24
201.04
201.03
0.00
-

-0.00
325.15
-37.77
-19.86
267.22
175.45
34.58
28.95
22.15
18.28
4.86
21.38
6.34
6.15
4.87
1.95
3.63
11.68
10.63
2.80
2.80
88.97
42.83
16.86
8.08
21.19
-

63.70
-8.30
-0.76
54.64
35.75
4.90
14.97
1.85
0.26
0.59
1.28
0.43
2.83
3.10
0.15
0.15
4.73
0.49
18.89
16.00
1.18
0.02
1.69
-

0.02
-6.66
-507.14
-20.99
-82.45
-4.59
-26.25
-10.80
-140.24
-24.33
1440.84
685.13
183.59
96.88
38.15
159.15
12.06
43.11
12.98
26.45
20.70
4.81
23.30
28.83
35.12
168.09
9.26
130.59
11.71
0.11
15.20
1.21
474.92
349.64
54.79
30.21
40.28
112.70
92.33

1.10

30.91

8.42

40.43

6.47
13.91

6.47
13.91

615640
615640
-

27446
27446
-

2351
2351
11870
11870

3780827
3780827
2667479
2667479

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

2986621
2986621
2460513
2460513

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

16630
16630
114053
114053

62005
62005
81043
81043

70134
70134
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.49

China (P.R. of China and Hong Kong)


2010
Million tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

1623.22
93.01
-11.82
-102.91
1601.50

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

203.16
237.68
-3.03
-8.90
428.91

71.08
-31.41
-20.81
-10.99
-1.91
5.96

79.35
15.72
-3.37
91.70

19.25
19.25

62.11
62.11

16.05
16.05

205.87
0.00
205.87

1.43
-1.86
-0.44

2209.02
418.91
-51.49
-20.81
-10.99
-113.72
2430.92

-19.88
-800.09
-83.58
-89.44
-1.83
-28.35
-64.67
513.66
400.53
148.35
39.83
11.13
124.63
4.43
13.84
4.72
15.41
11.65
2.28
3.68
10.16
10.41
3.15
3.15
79.40
49.98
10.34
8.97
10.11
30.59
30.59

-0.14
0.15
-0.04
-0.03
-418.69
-4.82
-1.92
3.41
2.17
2.17
0.17
0.17
1.07
1.07

0.17
-13.85
-3.25
-1.72
-4.00
-0.52
405.18
-19.18
-0.03
368.77
45.89
1.66
5.52
1.78
7.83
1.56
4.57
1.79
1.53
0.68
0.36
13.04
1.35
4.22
169.13
11.29
134.94
5.45
0.00
16.10
1.34
62.95
25.56
23.25
14.13
90.81
75.64

-0.28
-18.05
-2.43
-0.66
-11.49
-1.58
57.21
16.50
1.69
5.81
0.75
3.49
1.04
2.25
0.16
0.49
0.19
0.05
0.10
0.17
0.31
7.29
7.16
0.13
24.17
18.98
5.14
0.04
9.25
9.25

-19.25
-

-62.11
-

-4.06
12.00
0.15
0.15
11.84
1.91
1.04
0.46
8.42
-

0.00
-3.92
-1.13
200.82
1.21
1.21
199.61
199.61
0.00
-

-0.02
365.20
-41.86
-22.51
300.39
203.47
39.66
31.53
26.91
21.06
6.80
26.48
7.23
6.77
5.43
2.21
4.16
13.06
12.20
3.42
3.42
93.49
45.01
18.90
8.40
21.18
-

76.87
-9.44
-3.14
64.28
45.03
5.91
17.44
2.32
0.32
0.74
1.55
0.49
3.11
3.61
3.57
0.16
5.24
0.58
19.25
16.10
1.33
0.02
1.80
-

0.03
-33.88
-545.57
-1.72
-14.30
-89.44
-3.01
-28.35
-13.51
-151.46
-29.18
1520.54
713.74
197.28
100.13
42.88
157.33
14.57
48.67
14.39
27.31
21.55
8.48
21.13
29.98
30.04
184.20
11.29
143.31
12.02
0.13
16.10
1.34
490.88
357.15
60.02
32.03
41.68
131.72
116.55

1.07

20.50

9.25

30.83

2.01
13.16

2.01
13.16

722172
722172
-

45724
45724
-

11406
11406
33911
33911

4246556
4246556
3218884
3218884

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

3296583
3296583
2949750
2949750

13367
13367
143657
143657

83424
83424
91566
91566

73880
73880
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.50 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia


Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

2000

1800

1800

1600

1600

1400

1400
Mtoe

Mtoe

1000
800

60%

1000
800

40%

600

600
400

400

200

200
1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

20%

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

350%

600

300%

500

250%
Million tonnes

400

200%
150%
100%

300
200
100

50%
0%
1971

80%

1200

1200

0
1971

100%

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


200

2500

180
160

2000

140
1971=100

TWh

1500

1000

120
100
80
60
40

500

20
1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.51

Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia

2009

Million tonnes of oil equivalent


SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

257.47
25.31
-85.64
-3.48
193.66

651.17
67.64
-369.33
-1.35
348.12

32.77
-148.75
-4.35
-8.24
0.68
-127.89

620.26
68.96
-175.45
-1.57
512.19

75.31
75.31

25.37
25.37

0.70
0.70

20.03
0.20
-0.87
-0.13
19.23

5.54
-7.28
-1.74

0.30
0.30

1650.59
200.43
-787.33
-4.35
-8.24
-5.86
1045.24

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-113.36
-36.73
43.57
32.19
21.54
0.83
2.19
7.63
0.06
0.06
10.71
4.37
3.60
0.32
2.43
0.60

-0.01
-342.94
-4.64
0.54
0.03
0.00
0.02
0.02
0.42
0.01
0.41
0.08

-12.37
332.98
-26.49
166.23
17.20
1.52
6.61
1.02
8.05
93.00
5.29
82.66
5.05
23.09
7.99
3.93
7.20
3.98
32.94

-189.79
-114.78
207.62
49.40
16.86
4.93
12.80
14.82
33.66
0.55
33.11
90.56
75.63
12.67
1.43
0.82
34.00

-75.16
-0.15
-

-25.37
-

-0.46
-0.05
0.19
0.00
0.00
0.19
0.11
0.07
0.01
0.00
-

-2.21
-3.36
13.66
1.35
0.06
0.24
0.13
0.92
0.27
0.27
0.00
12.03
10.21
1.15
0.43
0.24
-

139.01
-39.68
97.59
42.72
9.67
5.32
2.24
25.50
8.66
8.66
46.21
22.46
19.49
3.88
0.39
-

83.33
57.27
140.90
44.33
8.88
11.85
2.15
21.46
96.57
57.60
20.19
3.18
15.59
-

-196.39
-9.95
-168.60
670.30
187.25
58.53
29.79
20.52
78.41
135.65
5.29
83.48
46.88
279.78
178.36
61.10
16.46
23.86
67.62

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

381622
1644894

17
27296

37444
420168

610795
4724588

286862
23054

294942
-

1229
301572

3237
153703

23

286
12397

1616434
7307695

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Heat

Total

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

286.49
29.88
-104.96
6.96
218.37

666.42
59.11
-361.09
-2.96
361.47

36.36
-157.96
-6.11
-8.88
-1.37
-137.98

691.11
69.05
-196.19
3.78
567.76

75.82
75.82

26.66
26.66

0.84
0.84

20.91
0.32
-0.98
0.06
20.31

5.26
-7.32
-2.05

0.31
0.31

1768.56
199.98
-828.51
-6.11
-8.88
6.47
1131.50

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-108.48
-63.50
46.39
35.06
23.35
0.47
3.02
8.21
0.05
0.05
10.50
4.11
3.55
0.30
2.53
0.78

-0.01
-347.57
-7.90
5.99
0.08
0.03
0.04
0.02
5.84
0.01
5.82
0.07

-7.37
339.64
-25.96
168.33
17.57
1.72
6.39
1.05
8.40
94.31
5.81
83.58
4.92
23.75
8.18
4.15
7.07
4.35
32.71

-207.37
-133.31
227.08
53.49
18.51
5.64
13.45
15.90
38.97
0.62
38.35
91.61
75.55
14.11
1.13
0.83
43.01

-75.67
-0.15
-

-26.66
-

-0.58
-0.05
0.21
0.00
0.00
0.21
0.12
0.07
0.01
0.00
-

-2.56
-3.80
13.95
1.51
0.08
0.19
0.17
1.07
0.26
0.26
0.00
12.18
10.06
1.61
0.27
0.25
-

145.82
-39.59
104.17
46.07
10.43
5.73
2.41
27.50
9.01
9.01
49.09
23.48
21.11
4.05
0.44
-

89.52
57.82
147.65
56.17
10.98
16.59
2.49
26.11
91.48
67.10
18.07
3.48
2.83
-

-193.37
-7.92
-216.44
713.77
209.96
65.08
35.03
22.63
87.21
142.60
5.81
84.46
52.32
284.65
188.60
62.67
16.33
17.05
76.57

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

395539
1797790

17
26036

22225
341011

2274
329205

3690
159810

18

264
12893

1695537
7764089

672631
5075337

288929
21989

309968
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.52 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Middle East
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

700

1800
1600

600
80%

1400
500

1000

Mtoe

Mtoe

1200

800
600

60%

400
300

40%

200

400

20%

100

200
0
1971

1975

1979

Coal/peat

Oil

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995

Hydro/other

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

600%

300

500%

250
Million tonnes

350

400%
300%

100%

50

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

Biofuels/waste

150
100

1979

Hydro/other

200

200%

1975

Natural Gas

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

700%

0%
1971

Oil

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999
LPG

2005

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


1400

900
800

1200

700
1000
1971=100

TWh

600
500
400
300

800
600
400

200
200

0
1971

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983
Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999
Hydro

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference. Maximum scale refers to values greater than or equal to 700%.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

100

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.53

Middle East

2009

Million tonnes of oil equivalent


SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

0.77
1.06
-0.02
1.81

1209.37
12.23
-823.58
8.02
406.04

60.50
-144.24
-18.56
-11.41
1.39
-112.32

348.32
24.75
-85.99
287.08

1.12
1.12

0.15
0.15

0.57
0.04
0.60

0.85
-1.18
-0.33

1560.31
99.42
-1055.01
-18.56
-11.41
9.41
584.15

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-0.13
-0.81
0.87
0.86
0.03
0.62
0.20
0.01
0.01
-

-23.50
-322.41
-55.12
5.00
5.00
5.00
-

-56.55
315.20
57.25
203.57
29.17
0.13
29.05
110.36
0.79
106.39
3.18
28.49
18.80
3.21
5.52
0.96
35.54

-116.65
-46.28
124.15
56.05
0.29
12.89
0.18
42.69
3.24
2.91
0.33
40.43
35.01
4.80
0.34
0.27
24.43

-1.12
-

-0.02
0.13
0.00
0.00
0.13
0.11
0.02
-

-0.00
-0.07
0.53
0.53
0.13
0.40
-

65.41
-13.57
51.52
10.21
0.89
0.73
0.09
8.50
0.02
0.02
41.28
23.12
12.67
2.43
3.06
-

-132.56
-7.22
-58.61
385.77
101.30
1.22
13.75
0.89
85.44
113.63
0.79
109.30
3.54
110.87
77.19
20.70
8.29
4.69
59.97

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

376
-

267091
-

479907
-

228
-

9
-

760618
-

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


13007
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

0.68
1.78
-0.08
2.38

1233.71
8.61
-851.72
26.47
417.08

60.37
-151.48
-20.34
-12.33
0.30
-123.49

398.67
28.71
-119.55
307.83

1.53
1.53

0.15
0.15

0.57
0.03
0.60

1.14
-1.37
-0.24

1635.32
100.64
-1124.20
-20.34
-12.33
26.77
605.85

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-0.12
-1.09
1.17
1.16
0.01
0.94
0.21
0.01
0.01
-

-26.89
-329.15
-54.90
6.15
6.15
6.15
-

-58.65
322.84
59.07
199.77
29.52
0.16
29.36
110.10
0.81
109.20
0.09
26.10
16.75
2.95
5.49
0.91
34.06

-123.33
-52.99
131.51
61.37
0.30
14.34
0.19
46.54
5.10
4.69
0.41
40.29
34.56
5.01
0.36
0.36
24.75

-1.53
-

-0.01
0.14
0.00
0.00
0.14
0.12
0.02
-

-0.00
-0.08
0.52
0.52
0.12
0.40
-

70.85
-14.24
56.37
10.99
1.12
0.90
0.09
8.89
0.03
0.03
45.36
25.00
13.99
2.58
3.78
-

-139.69
-6.31
-64.22
395.64
109.18
1.42
15.40
1.21
91.15
115.23
0.81
113.89
0.53
112.41
76.56
21.97
8.44
5.45
58.81

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

353
-

283236
-

166
-

13
-

823800
-

522248
-

17784
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

OECD/IEA, 2012

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.55

GRAPHS AND
ENERGY BALANCE SHEETS
2009-2010

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

COUNTRIES

OECD/IEA, 2012

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.57

Albania
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

4.0

3.5

3.5

3.0

100%

80%

3.0

2.5

Mtoe

Mtoe

2.5
2.0

60%

2.0
1.5

40%

1.5
1.0

1.0

20%

0.5

0.5
0.0
1971

1975

1979

Coal/peat

Oil

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995

Hydro/other

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

300%

1.6
1.4

250%

1.2
Million tonnes

200%
150%
100%

1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4

50%

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0.0
1971

2010
Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel


350

70
7.0

300

6.0
1971=100

TWh

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

250

5.0
4.0
3.0

200
150
100

2.0

50

1.0

1975

1979

1983
Oil

*
**
***
****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

8.0

0.0
1971

1975

1987

1991

1995

1999

Hydro

2005

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

0.2

II.58 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Albania
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

3
50
53

577
73
-338
15
327

1026
-24
-18
-71
913

7
7

448
448

7
7

210
210

162
-42
120

1252
1311
-404
-18
-56
2085

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

0
53
50
50
3
1
2
-

-355
28
-

-2
341
-50
1202
104
16
19
28
41
736
722
14
183
73
48
37
25
179

-7
1
1
1
-

-448
-

0
7
7
2
5
-

210
2
2
208
180
22
6
-

448
-106
462
71
10
4
4
53
391
224
94
8
65
-

-2
-14
-134
1935
228
26
23
82
97
736
722
14
792
480
170
52
90
179

1
-

5207
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

5206
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

3
55
58

744
-498
-90
156

1091
-3
-18
1070

12
12

652
652

7
7

205
205

171
-252
-82

1622
1317
-754
-18
-90
2077

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

58
55
55
3
1
2
-

-157
1
-

-5
157
-22
1199
146
15
11
88
32
742
729
13
202
85
34
63
20
110

-11
1
1
1
-

-652
-

7
7
2
5
-

205
3
3
202
180
15
7
-

652
-82
488
89
12
7
4
66
399
223
103
9
64
-

-5
-0
-114
1958
294
26
18
147
102
742
729
13
812
490
159
79
84
110

1
-

7580
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

7579
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.59

Algeria
Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

180

45

160

40

140

35

120

30

100

25

Mtoe

Mtoe

Figure 1. Energy production

80

15

40

10

20

5
1975

1979

Coal/peat

Oil

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995

Hydro/other

1999

2005

80%

60%

20

60

0
1971

100%

40%

20%

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

2500%

18
16

2000%

14
Million tonnes

12
1500%

1000%

10
8
6
4

500%

2
1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel


800

45

700

40

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

500
1971=100

30
TWh

1983

600

35

25
20
15

400
300
200

10

100

5
1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

50

0
1971

1975

1983

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999

2005
Hydro

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

II.60 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Algeria
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

266
154
420

81733
370
-47665
123
34561

1249
-18949
-286
-473
140
-18319

70900
-46915
23985

26
26

77
77

28
-31
-3

152736
1914
-113560
-286
-473
416
40746

-174
-48
-80
118
118
118
-

-9602
132
-24430
-486
-175
-

10126
206
-185
23130
-303
14654
1005
642
363
10036
187
9811
38
2470
1749
35
686
1143
1143

261
-10259
-4108
-197
9681
2529
261
39
91
266
1769
29
74
1569
1569
4323
3765
23
535
1259
1259

-26
-

77
77
77
-

-6
3285
-232
-676
2368
837
64
71
87
245
19
351
46
37
9
1484
876
46
562
-

524
592
-7186
-174
-48
-1300
-5130
-1128
26897
4489
442
110
91
353
2656
48
788
11652
187
9811
76
1578
8354
6467
104
1783
2402
2402

283

1259

1542

306
306
-

38195
38195
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

607
607
-

37282
37282
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.61

Algeria
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

337
5
343

78468
324
-40881
-186
37724

912
-21042
-316
-497
-154
-21097

71962
-48644
23318

15
15

74
74

63
-69
-6

150519
1636
-110636
-316
-497
-335
40371

-161
-74
108
108
108
-

-8748
372
-28602
-521
-225
-

9226
-276
-313
27260
-298
14502
920
597
323
10357
425
9892
39
2396
1737
32
627
829
829

325
-10269
-3733
-170
9471
2994
325
45
87
147
2280
25
85
982
982
4220
3676
28
516
1276
1276

-15
-

74
74
74
-

15
3918
-267
-782
2878
1092
103
99
103
277
25
485
55
44
11
1732
1011
86
634
-

478
435
-6679
-161
-1342
-4818
-1250
27034
5115
536
144
87
250
3153
50
894
11393
425
9892
83
992
8422
6498
146
1777
2105
2105

205

1276

1481

174
174
-

45560
45560
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

964
964
-

44422
44422
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.62 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Angola
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

16

120

14

100

80%

12
10
Mtoe

Mtoe

80
60

60%

8
40%

40

4
20
0
1971

20%

1975
Oil

1979

1983

Natural Gas

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Natural Gas

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

4000%

6.0

3500%

5.0

3000%
4.0
Million tonnes

2500%
2000%
1500%

3.0
2.0

1000%
1.0

500%

1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

FO

6.0

300

5.0

250

4.0

200

3.0

100

1.0

50

1979

1983

1987

1991

Oil

*
**
***
****

1995

1999

Hydro

2005

2010

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

Other

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

150

2.0

1975

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

1971=100

TWh

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

0.0
1971

1975

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.63

Angola
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

92971
-90483
26
2514

3260
-1240
-183
-206
154
1786

563
563

266
266

7471
7471

101271
3260
-91723
-183
-206
180
12600

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-1890
-624
-

-706
1892
565
3537
283
283
1895
227
1655
13
1171
425
735
4
6
187

563
563
563
-

-266
-

-1967
5504
132
132
5372
5372
-

407
-64
343
107
107
236
236
-

-565
2
-2089
9948
1086
1086
1895
227
1655
13
6779
6034
735
4
6
187

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

1641
-

4735
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


3094
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

90332
-85917
-1886
2530

3691
-673
-174
-210
-75
2559

596
596

304
304

7683
7683

98915
3691
-86590
-174
-210
-1960
13672

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-1923
-607
-

-741
1888
586
4292
306
306
2531
232
2286
13
1298
444
839
4
11
156

596
596
596
-

-304
-

-2023
5661
136
136
5525
5525
-

452
-71
381
119
119
262
262
-

-593
-35
-2115
10930
1157
1157
2531
232
2286
13
7085
6231
839
4
11
156

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

1721
-

5256
-

3535
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.64 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Argentina
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

100

80

90

70

80

50
Mtoe

60
Mtoe

80%

60

70

50
40

60%

40
40%

30

30

20

20

20%

10

10
0
1971

100%

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

250%

35
30

200%

Million tonnes

25
150%

100%

20
15
10

50%
5
0%
1971

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

140

400

120

350
300

100
1971=100

250

60
40

50

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

150
100

20
0
1971

200

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

TWh

80

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.65

Argentina
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

48
1153
-66
30
1165

35301
-4680
33
30654

1281
-3805
-945
-474
78
-3865

37160
2071
-514
38718

2127
2127

2912
2912

3
3

3269
-1011
32
2290

740
-210
529

80821
5244
-10286
-945
-474
173
74534

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy

-282
-703
-367
380
-1
192
192
38
154
-

-3299
1443
-28797
-1
-

3641
-346
-3375
-648
28444
-882
-59
22910
4214
4214
10661
528
10049
83
4800
1328
240
3231
3235
3235

-745
-12986
-6174
-154
18659
6234
1390
325
1134
45
917
296
24
107
1996
2594
2203
391
8166
7097
1069
1665
1665

-2127
-

-2912
-

-3
-

0
-909
-141
1241
897
897
47
47
296
268
28
-

-1
10485
-319
-1546
9149
3915
3915
57
57
5177
2780
2325
71
-

342
70
-12529
-367
-268
-353
-141
-7376
-1759
52150
15452
1428
325
1134
45
917
296
24
107
11176
13360
528
12299
57
391
83
18438
11474
3662
3302
4900
4900

2182

1665

3848

33866
33866
-

36
36
-

2777
2777
-

121919
121919
-

of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

2824
2824
-

14277
14277
-

59978
59978
-

8161
8161
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.66 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Argentina
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

38
949
-44
14
957

34941
-4661
-202
30078

3632
-3980
-1180
-659
-175
-2362

35361
3003
-390
37974

1869
1869

2888
2888

2
2

3750
-1260
-2
2488

886
-146
739

78849
8470
-10480
-1180
-659
-365
74635

-24
-803
-367
421
-1
183
183
34
149
-

-1480
-28598
-1
-

1921
1470
-3866
-600
28541
-1008
-62
24035
3909
3909
11781
444
10999
338
5203
1321
292
3590
3141
3141

-694
-12895
-6017
-176
18191
5260
1715
375
1111
57
857
378
29
113
625
2628
2229
399
8728
7683
1044
1576
1576

-1869
-

-2888
-

-2
-

18
-730
-150
1626
771
771
529
529
326
303
23
-

1
10773
-369
-1446
9697
4156
4156
58
58
5483
2945
2463
75
-

442
771
-12281
-367
-179
-56
-150
-7397
-1685
53732
14279
1749
375
1111
57
857
378
29
113
9610
14995
444
13757
58
399
338
19740
12252
3823
3665
4717
4717

2025

1576

3601

33587
33587
-

25
25
-

2195
2195
-

125263
125263
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

3303
3303
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

16596
16596
-

62386
62386
-

7171
7171
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.67

Armenia
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

1.0

9.0

0.9

8.0

0.8

7.0

0.7
Mtoe

Mtoe

80%

6.0

0.6
0.5
0.4

60%

5.0
4.0

40%

3.0

0.3
0.2

2.0

01
0.1

1.0

0.0
1990

100%

1993

1996

Nuclear

1999

2002

Hydro/other

2005

0.0
1990

2010

20%

0%

1993

1996

1999

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

2002

2005

Oil
Hydro/other

2010 1990 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

5.0
4.5

100%

4.0
3.5
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0

20%

0.5
05
0%
1990

1993

1996

Coal/peat

1999

2002

Oil

2005

2010

Natural Gas

Total

0.0
1990

1993
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1996
Mid. dist.

1999
Av. fuels

2002
Mogas

2005
LPG

2010
Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


160

12

140

10

120
100
1990=100

TWh

8
6
4

80
60
40

1993
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1996
Natural Gas

1999

2002

Nuclear

2005
Hydro

2010
Other****

0
1990

1993

1996

1999

2002

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1990

20

II.68 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Armenia
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

401
-30
371

1409
1409

650
650

174
174

0
0

1
1

25
-29
-4

825
1835
-29
-30
2601

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

371
193
193
130
130
48

-275
1134
409
409
248
248
477
448
29
-

-650
-

-174
-

-0
-

1
1
1
-

488
-98
386
87
0
9
15
62
10
10
289
148
69
11
61
-

23
-1
22
12
12
10
10
-

-587
-99
1915
508
0
9
15
484
451
441
10
907
606
98
11
192
48

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

1154
981

2494
-

4
-

5671
981

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


2019
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

398
-1
-44
353

1370
-79
1291

649
649

220
220

1
1

1
1

24
-93
-68

870
1792
-94
-44
-79
2445

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

353
199
199
142
142
12

-269
1021
220
220
292
292
510
382
32
96
-

-649
-

-220
-

-1
-

1
1
1
-

558
-89
401
90
1
10
15
64
10
10
301
150
69
11
71
-

12
-1
11
6
6
5
5
-

-569
-89
1787
316
1
10
15
289
501
491
10
959
537
101
11
310
12

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

7
-

6491
494

1438
494

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2490
-

2556
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.69

Azerbaijan
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

70

30

60

25

50

60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

80%

20

40
30

15
40%

10

20

20%

10
0
1990

100%

1993
Oil

1996

1999

Natural Gas

2002

2005

0
1990

2010

Hydro/other

0%

1993

1996

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

1999

2002

Oil

2005

Natural Gas

2010 1990 2010


Hydro/other

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

1800%

12

1600%
10

1400%
1200%
Million tonnes

1000%
800%
600%

6
4

400%
2
200%
0%
1990

1993

1996

Coal/peat

1999
Oil

2002

2005

2010

Natural Gas

Total

0
1990

1993
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1996
Mid. dist.

1999
Av. fuels

2002
Mogas

2005
LPG

2010
Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


200

25

180
160

20

140
1990=100

TWh

15

10

120
100
80
60
40

20
1993
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1996

1999

Natural Gas

2002
Hydro

2005

2010
Other****

0
1990

1993

1996

1999

2002

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1990

II.70 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Azerbaijan
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

50683
1
-44553
-17
6114

37
-2417
-310
-144
-2834

13623
-4909
-531
8183

199
199

0
0

9
-33
-23

40
40

64545
47
-51913
-310
-691
11678

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy

120
-107
-6128
-

-104
-70
-10
-127
6113
-435
2532
117
3
10
3
4
1
27
45
1
22
1534
64
1388
10
72
393
79
9
301
4
487
450

-16
-1989
-2165
-79
-261
-994
2678
273
3
52
2
136
31
0
27
0
0
2
20
2378
2342
30
5
1
27
27

-199
-

-0
-

-9
985
637
-173
-353
1066
166
22
23
19
16
1
11
5
18
1
0
40
5
3
45
35
10
854
503
297
55
0
-

280
57
-75
-12
290
219
8
141
19
0
0
1
50
0
71
37
34
0
-

17
-202
-1212
-1375
-22
-15
-944
-1359
6565
775
36
226
42
157
1
43
7
122
1
1
85
8
46
1579
64
1388
45
10
72
3696
2960
370
361
5
515
477

251

27

278

37
-

37
-

2309
2309
-

2
2
-

1673
1673
-

18869
11459
7410
15798
13394
2404

of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

501
45
456
111
111
-

16057
9103
6954
14014
11610
2404

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.71

Azerbaijan
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

51144
-44730
182
6595

26
-2736
-403
231
-2882

13952
-5194
-943
7816

296
296

0
0

9
-40
-31

44
44

65436
35
-52700
-403
-530
11838

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy

-61
-150
-6384
-

65
-72
-4
-14
-3
6208
-597
2701
80
3
12
1
2
4
19
38
1
1720
92
1551
3
74
427
78
6
343
474
443

21
-2017
-1793
-69
-272
-938
2749
249
5
8
2
109
8
15
3
65
1
0
19
3
10
2467
2416
30
22
33
33

-296
-

-0
-

-11
1109
500
-172
-329
1066
145
28
16
1
14
1
8
6
22
1
0
41
5
3
47
37
10
874
495
322
57
-

286
60
-70
-12
308
235
18
156
0
0
1
0
59
1
73
32
40
0
-

4
-211
-1208
-1021
-12
-176
-1111
-1279
6823
709
53
193
3
125
9
24
14
165
2
0
99
9
13
1767
92
1551
40
10
74
3841
3021
398
422
506
476

243

33

276

30
-

30
-

3446
3446
-

1
1
-

1844
1844
-

18710
12898
5812
16347
13829
2518

of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

31
13
18
602
483
119

15232
9438
5794
13901
11502
2399

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.72 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Bahrain
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

12

20
18

10

16
14

80%

8
60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

12
10

6
40%

8
4

6
4

20%

2
0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Natural Gas

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Natural Gas

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

3000%

2.5

2500%

2.0

Million tonnes

2000%
1500%
1000%

1.0

0.5

500%

1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

FO

14

700

12

600

10

500

400

200

100

1979

1983

1987

1991

Oil

*
**
***
****

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

2010

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

Other

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

300

1975

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

1971=100

TWh

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

0
1971

1975

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

1.5

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.73

Bahrain
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

9655
3845
13501

-10520
-68
-709
-641
-11939

7893
7893

14
14

17548
3860
-10520
-68
-709
-641
9469

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-13129
-371
-

13111
105
1277
1129
13
1117
0
84
84
64

-3430
-1518
2945
2945
1274
1671
-

1037
-176
875
106
106
769
465
300
4
-

-2393
-18
-1960
5098
3051
1274
1778
1129
13
1117
0
853
549
300
4
64

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

12056
-

12056
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

9640
4333
13973

-11149
-72
-665
-402
-12289

8085
8085

17
-2
15

17725
4349
-11151
-72
-665
-402
9784

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-13582
-391
-

13563
115
1390
1229
14
1215
0
91
91
70

-3622
-1555
2907
2907
1305
1603
-

1138
-108
1044
121
121
923
513
406
4
-

-2485
-19
-1939
5341
3028
1305
1724
1229
14
1215
1015
604
406
4
70

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

13230
-

13230
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.74 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Bangladesh
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

30

25

80%

25

Mtoe

Mtoe

20
15
10

15

40%

20%

1975

1979

Coal/peat

Oil

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995

Hydro/other

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

140%

6.0

120%

5.0

100%
Million tonnes

4.0

80%
60%
40%

3.0
2.0
1.0

20%
0%
1971

60%

20

10

5
0
1971

100%

35

30

1975

1979

1983

1987

Coal/peat

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0.0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators****


3000

45
40

2500

35
2000
1971=100

TWh

30
25
20

1500
1000

15
10

500

5
1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****

1983

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.75

Bangladesh
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

444
400
-215
628

70
867
140
1077

3862
-148
-35
-192
141
3629

15321
15321

133
133

8632
8632

24601
5129
-148
-35
-192
66
29422

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-219
-9
400
400
400
-

-1077
-

-655
1071
-84
3961
269
269
1909
1346
563
1468
429
1039
315

-8226
-251
6845
2444
2444
727
727
1919
1729
175
15
1754

-133
-

8632
8632
8632
-

3256
-208
3048
1691
1691
1357
1003
203
112
39
-

-5978
-6
-551
22886
4804
400
4404
2636
2073
563
13377
11794
378
1167
39
2069

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

638
-

1832
-

33840
-

37862
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


1552
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

385
400
-156
628

64
1189
-276
978

4262
-157
-35
-168
183
4085

16490
16490

143
143

8730
8730

25812
5851
-157
-35
-168
-249
31053

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-219
-9
400
400
400
-

-978
-

-701
982
-82
4284
279
279
2060
1425
635
1659
389
1270
285

-9420
-967
6102
1517
1517
922
922
2147
1938
190
19
1517

-143
-

8730
8730
8730
-

3642
-254
3388
1882
1882
1507
1093
258
114
41
-

-6842
4
-1311
22904
4077
400
3678
2981
2346
635
14043
12151
449
1403
41
1802

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

638
-

1961
-

42347
-

38086
-

1662
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.76 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Belarus
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

4.5

50

4.0

45
40

3.5

30
Mtoe

Mtoe

2.5
2.0

60%

25
20

1.5

40%

15

1.0

10

0.5

5
1993
Coal/peat

1996
Oil

1999

Natural Gas

2002

Hydro/other

2005

0
1990

2010

Biofuels/waste

20%

0%

1993

1996

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

1999

2002

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro/other

2010 1990 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

35

100%

30
25
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

20
15
10

20%
0%
1990

80%

35

3.0

0.0
1990

100%

1993

1996

Coal/peat

1999

2002

Oil

2005

2010

Natural Gas

Total

0
1990

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1993

1996

FO

Mid. dist.

1999

2002

Mogas

2005
LPG

2010
Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


120

45
40

100

35
80
1990=100

TWh

30
25
20

60
40

15
10

20

5
1993
Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1996
Oil

1999

2002

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro

2010
Other****

0
1990

1993

1996

1999

2002

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1990

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.77

Belarus
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

537
85
-179
70
513

1729
21616
-1725
147
21767

2525
-15117
389
-12202

170
14622
-104
14688

4
4

0
0

1609
1609

723
-338
385

4049
39571
-17359
502
26764

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy

1
-23
-108
-5
-13
-50
316
50
12
11
18
4
3
0
7
7
0
243
181
58
4
16
16

-25
-21742
-

-127
-503
-1313
-397
21306
-765
-8
5991
127
1
29
11
3
6
13
11
1
6
40
3
2
2070
1861
210
1961
1186
84
691
1832
1832

-2626
-4799
-2546
-209
-115
4394
1421
100
158
4
898
21
78
17
71
3
11
21
34
4
368
14
354
1422
1295
55
72
1183
1179

-4
-

-0
-

-0
-92
-501
-4
-1
-38
973
238
0
191
15
4
3
17
6
2
1
19
19
715
495
181
39
-

1223
1389
-316
-300
2381
1061
149
311
1
113
4
202
107
25
31
30
39
50
139
61
53
26
1182
556
499
126
0
-

3306
2923
-461
-557
5211
1636
7
459
174
57
116
37
478
72
61
88
87
3575
2207
1202
166
0
-

-127
-24
-1910
-1531
-629
-8
-436
-1
-1803
-1029
19265
4532
270
1147
5
1222
85
425
67
673
101
126
100
166
144
2604
1894
277
406
26
9098
5919
2080
1098
0
3031
3028

1179

1179

3
-

3
-

44
44
-

1
1
-

143
1
142
16170
2175
13995

30376
14222
16154
260839
138455
122384

of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

15
15
3909
670
3239

5356
2341
3015
45623
31578
14045

24817
11835
12982
195137
104032
91105

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.78 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Belarus
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

571
83
-141
49
563

1708
14813
60
16581

1532
-11037
-20
-9524

177
17903
66
18145

4
4

0
0

1728
1728

668
-436
232

4189
34999
-11613
156
27730

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy

-30
-110
-5
-13
-52
354
60
10
21
5
14
0
9
2
0
10
9
0
269
209
56
4
15
15

-44
-16537
-

-50
637
-89
-109
-217
16300
-1133
-7
5808
131
2
13
7
4
6
3
14
1
6
72
2
1
2204
2023
181
1979
1291
58
629
1495
1495

-3745
-6628
-2746
-229
-110
4687
1564
110
173
4
983
23
85
19
87
3
12
23
37
4
305
12
293
1576
1452
51
74
1241
1238

-4
-

-0
-

-0
-118
-551
-7
-2
-60
990
178
1
132
12
5
5
14
7
1
1
30
30
782
496
246
40
-

1483
1518
-382
-325
2527
1136
171
346
1
121
4
209
107
30
37
31
42
35
147
62
59
26
1244
590
518
135
1
-

3662
2982
-481
-603
5560
1816
8
551
0
159
61
123
34
494
86
66
122
113
3744
2343
1218
183
0
-

-50
592
-2355
-1705
-642
-12
-237
-2
-2298
-1096
19927
4885
302
1215
6
1302
97
442
57
717
120
135
134
205
155
2696
2065
253
352
26
9595
6381
2148
1065
1
2750
2748

1238

1238

2
-

2
-

45
45
-

1
1
-

209
1
208
18507
2702
15805

34895
17249
17646
278221
153343
124878

of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

28
28
4123
873
3250

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

713
413
300
9544
2330
7214

33899
16789
17110
246047
147438
98609

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.79

Benin
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

4.0

2.5

3.5
2.0

80%

3.0
2.5
Mtoe

Mtoe

1.5

1.0

60%

2.0
40%

1.5
1.0

0.5

20%

0.5
0.0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

350%

1.8
1.6

300%

1.4
250%
Million tonnes

1.2

200%
150%
100%

1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4

50%
0%
1971

0.2
1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

Oil

1999

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

1975

1979

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1983

1987

Mid. dist.

1991

1995

Av. fuels

1999
Mogas

2005

2010

LPG

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


1000

0.25

900
800

0.20

700
1971=100

TWh

0.15

0.10

600
500
400
300
200

0.05

100
1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

1987

1991

Hydro

1995

1999

2005

Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0.00
1971

II.80 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Benin
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

1464
-92
-3
1370

1996
1996

74
74

1996
1539
-92
-3
3440

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-30
30
1370
46
40
6
944
943
1
379
377
2
-

-1
-386
1609
2
2
1607
1339
268
-

11
-18
68
11
7
4
57
29
28
-

-20
-374
3046
59
49
10
944
943
1
2043
1745
297
-

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

127
-

1
-

128
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

1680
-159
-3
1518

2055
2055

80
80

2055
1760
-159
-3
3653

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-35
1483
45
40
5
1061
1060
1
376
374
2
-

-1
-400
1654
2
2
1652
1376
275
-

13
-21
72
12
7
5
61
31
29
-

-23
-421
3209
59
50
10
1061
1060
1
2089
1782
307
-

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

149
-

1
-

150
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.81

Bolivia
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

18

8.0

16

7.0

14

6.0

12
Mtoe

Mtoe

80%

5.0

10
8

60%

4.0
40%

3.0

2.0

20%

1.0

2
0
1971

100%

1975
Oil

1979

1983

Natural Gas

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

2500%

3.0
2.5

2000%

Million tonnes

2.0
1500%

1000%

500%

1.0
0.5

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0.0
1971

2010
Total

FO

8.0

400

70
7.0

350

6.0

300

5.0

250

3.0

1.0

50

Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995
Hydro

1999

2005
Other****

2010

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

150
100

1975

1983

200

2.0

0.0
1971

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

1971=100

TWh

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

4.0

1975

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

1.5

II.82 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Bolivia
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

2333
23
2356

570
-356
-45
32
201

10562
-8214
2348

197
197

0
0

1102
1102

14195
570
-8570
-45
55
6204

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-2089
-267
-

-32
2036
167
2372
65
65
1789
87
1701
0
495
400
6
90
23

-988
-441
920
562
562
312
312
46
23
23
-

-197
-

-0
-

-36
-35
1030
480
480
550
550
-

526
-65
461
139
139
322
156
88
78
-

-727
-53
-641
4783
1247
1247
2100
87
2013
1413
1129
116
168
23

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

104
-

3655
-

2
-

64
-

6121
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


2296
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

2431
-1
2430

726
-364
-47
-2
313

12340
-9733
2607

188
188

0
0

1784
1784

16743
726
-10097
-47
-3
7322

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-2161
-269
-

-40
2099
246
2618
81
81
1975
92
1884
-0
528
414
6
108
34

-1192
-427
988
539
539
380
380
69
42
27
-

-188
-

-0
-

-90
-50
1644
894
894
749
749
-

592
-76
516
144
144
372
180
110
83
-

-918
-62
-576
5766
1658
1658
2355
92
2264
0
1718
1385
142
191
34

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

131
-

3
-

157
-

6884
-

4411
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2182
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.83

Bosnia and Herzegovina


Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

5.0

8.0

4.5

7.0

4.0

5.0
Mtoe

3.0
Mtoe

80%

6.0

3.5

2.5
2.0

60%

4.0
40%

3.0

1.5

2.0

1.0

20%

1.0

05
0.5
0.0
1990

100%

1993

1996

Coal/peat

1999
Hydro/other

2002

2005

0.0
1990

2010

Biofuels/waste

0%

1993

1996

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

1999

2002

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro/other

2010 1990 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

2.5

100%

2.0

Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

1.0

0.5

20%
0%
1990

1.5

1993

1996

1999

Coal/peat

Oil

2002

2005

2010

Natural Gas

Total

0.0
1990

1993
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1996
Mid. dist.

1999
Av. fuels

2002
Mogas

2005
LPG

2010
Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators****


120

18
16

100

14
80
1990=100

TWh

12
10
8

60
40

6
4

20

2
1993
Coal/peat

*
**
***
****

1996

1999
Oil

2002
Natural Gas

2005

2010
Hydro

0
1990

1993

1996

1999

2002

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1990

II.84 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Bosnia and Herzegovina


2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

3706
598
-318
-107
3880

952
952

846
-291
-5
550

190
190

537
537

183
183

248
-505
-257

4426
2834
-1114
-5
-107
6034

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-3161
-431
288
168
80
1
47
40
119
79
40
-

-1105
153
-

-11
1030
-200
1369
1018
1018
212
212
139

-18
-42
131
67
28
1
5
33
64
40
24
-

-537
-

-3
180
180
180
-

1347
-276
814
269
30
6
15
218
8
8
536
390
6
140
-

30
89
120
1
1
118
98
21
-

-2348
-75
-709
2901
506
138
8
67
293
1027
1018
8
1230
787
6
437
139

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

9325
2966

39
1130

65
1359

99

15668
5554

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


6239
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

3501
912
-477
90
4026

1130
1130

770
-260
-5
505

199
199

690
690

183
183

265
-594
-329

4374
3276
-1330
-5
90
6405

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-3101
-571
354
186
106
41
39
168
114
54
-

-1234
104
-

-13
1154
-162
1484
1069
1069
241
241
173

-15
-45
140
72
26
2
10
35
68
43
25
-

-690
-

-4
179
179
179
-

1473
-254
890
328
51
7
16
255
12
12
550
391
8
151
-

34
95
129
1
1
128
96
32
-

-2313
-79
-838
3175
587
183
9
66
330
1081
1069
12
1334
823
8
503
173

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

8991
3088

53
1163

144

17124
6001

54
1606

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

8026
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.85

Botswana
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

1.2
1.0
10

2.5

100%

2.0

80%

1.5

60%

1.0

40%

0.5

20%

Mtoe

Mtoe

0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2

0.0

0.0
1983

1987

1991

Coal/peat

1995

Hydro/other

1999

2005

0%

1983

2010

Biofuels/waste

1987

1991

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

1995
Oil

1999
Hydro/other

2005

2010 1981 2010

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

1.0
0.9

100%

0.8
0.7
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2

20%

0.1
01
0.0

0%
1983

1987

1991

1995

Coal/peat

1999

2005

Oil

2010

1983

Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

Mid. dist.

1995
Av. fuels

1999
Mogas

2005
LPG

2010
Other

350
300

1.0

250
1981=100

0.8
0.6
0.4

200
150
100

0.2

50
0

0.0
1983

1987

1991
Coal/peat

1995

1999

2005
Oil

2010

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

TWh

1991

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

1.2

*
**
***
****

1987

II.86 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Botswana
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

455
2
1
457

863
-16
847

0
0

481
481

236
236

936
1101
-16
1
2022

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-277
10
190
181
181
9
1
3
5
-

2
849
143
2
141
632
2
621
8
59
29
20
9
1
15

0
0
0
-

481
481
481
0
-

47
-32
252
106
1
1
1
103
146
66
71
7
1
-

-229
-20
1773
430
1
1
3
425
632
2
621
8
696
577
92
20
7
15

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

550
-

550
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

609
2
1
611

925
-17
908

0
0

488
488

257
257

1097
1183
-17
1
2263

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-296
-112
203
194
194
9
1
3
5
-

-2
906
153
2
151
677
2
666
9
59
29
20
9
1
16

0
0
0
-

488
488
488
0
-

39
-28
268
117
1
2
1
113
151
71
71
8
1
-

-257
-141
1865
464
1
2
3
458
677
2
666
9
707
588
92
21
7
16

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

457
-

457
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.87

Brazil
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

300

300

250

250

200

200

100%

80%

Mtoe

Mtoe

60%

150

150
40%

100

100

50

50

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

100%

100

80%

80
Million tonnes

120

60%
40%
20%

60
40
20

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

500

500

400

400
1971=100

TWh

600

200

100

100

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

300

200

1975

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

600

300

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

0
1971

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

0%
1971

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

20%

II.88 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Brazil
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

2239
9076
-335
10980

104057
19347
-27118
-1112
95174

13358
-7852
-3692
-1654
88
247

9880
7115
16995

3377
3377

33625
33625

417
417

76701
1
-1715
910
75898

3532
-93
3439

114
114

230410
52427
-36778
-3692
-1654
-449
240265

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy

-4
-2613
-2792
-107
-419
-166
4880
4737
3732
65
165
111
342
47
75
202
143
-

-1626
-90
-96590
3132
-

1621
-529
-3200
95899
-3132
-4930
-316
85661
12215
835
2676
1654
3468
1029
730
597
13
119
1092
47542
2875
42675
633
1358
12602
6123
872
5606
13303
13303

48
-2499
-4841
-114
9589
6777
822
1667
623
960
227
529
576
272
1101
1754
1754
397
226
169
2
662
662

-3377
-

-33625
-

-106
310
310
310
-

-0
-4223
-3706
-12543
-119
55306
31462
3287
147
8
2189
18298
6649
88
797
13156
13156
10687
8111
158
2418
-

-0
40090
-1613
-6890
35025
16020
1857
1991
3106
707
706
2020
1571
663
3398
137
137
18868
8753
8688
1428
-

-114
-

-5
-574
-9668
-2792
-107
-691
-3706
-24346
-7605
190771
71211
10532
6546
5556
7435
2304
21624
9468
13
1143
6590
62588
2875
57585
770
1358
42864
23213
9888
9453
310
14108
13965

7573

662

8235

143

143

390988
390988
-

1238
1238
-

22512
22512
-

583
583
4773
4773

466031
466031
4773
4773

of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

9782
9782
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

14639
14639
-

13332
13332
-

12957
12957
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.89

Brazil
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

2093
12100
250
14443

109624
17496
-32614
1184
95691

21827
-6537
-3964
-1949
-305
9072

12486
10533
23018

3785
3785

34683
34683

556
556

83078
39
-984
-806
81328

3088
-108
2980

68
68

246373
65083
-40243
-3964
-1949
324
265624

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy

56
-3198
-3425
107
-462
-314
7208
7065
5377
121
768
97
418
69
98
116
143
-

-1953
-202
-96539
3036
-33
-

1891
-1028
-3747
-610
96441
-3036
-5004
-155
93825
11850
461
2390
1785
3864
1157
664
497
4
77
951
53660
3240
48122
920
1379
12909
6297
753
5859
15407
15407

-4
-6622
-3221
-410
12762
8777
850
2167
688
1101
595
626
640
311
1799
2119
1672
447
491
242
248
2
1375
1375

-3785
-

-34683
-

-187
368
368
368
-

25
-5799
-3868
-12774
-120
58792
34238
4033
162
9
2396
19523
7133
92
890
14066
14066
10489
7784
175
2531
-

44359
-2308
-7374
37656
17488
2341
2055
3198
776
972
2319
1636
714
3477
143
143
20025
9327
9176
1522
-

-68
-

-61
-1154
-13730
-3425
-503
-98
-3868
-23802
-8372
210611
79417
13061
6894
6448
8234
3141
23201
10005
4
1194
7233
69987
3240
63859
1063
447
1379
44283
23649
10352
9913
368
16924
16782

7794

1375

9169

143

143

403289
403289
-

2177
2177
-

31495
31495
-

383
383
2855
2855

515745
515745
2855
2855

of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

11338
11338
-

16065
16065
-

36475
36475
-

14523
14523
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.90 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Brunei Darussalam
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

4.0

25

3.5
20

80%

3.0
2.5
Mtoe

Mtoe

15

10

60%

2.0
40%

1.5
1.0

20%

0.5

1975

1979

Oil

1983

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**


0.8

3000%

0.7
0.6
Million tonnes

2500%
2000%
1500%
1000%

0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2

500%

0.1

1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

4.5

1000

4.0
40

900

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999
LPG

2005

2010

Other

800
700
1971=100

3.0
TWh

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

3.5

2.5
2.0
1.5

600
500
400
300

1.0

200

0.5

100
1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Oil

*
**
***
****

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

0.0
1971

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

3500%

0%
1971

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference. Maximum scale refers to values greater than or equal to 3500%.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.91

Brunei Darussalam
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

8485
-7667
-145
674

98
-91
-3
4

10454
-8009
2445

18939
98
-15675
-91
-148
3123

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-690
16
-

-9
673
-86
582
141
47
94
377
377
53
18
35
10

-1155
-499
791
762
762
26
26
3

311
-32
279
48
48
231
105
125
-

-854
-17
-600
1653
952
47
904
377
377
310
149
125
35
14

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

37
-

3575
-

3612
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

8293
14
-7869
165
603

143
-111
3
35

10266
-7590
2677

18559
157
-15459
-111
168
3314

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-663
60
-

-9
645
-94
577
151
39
112
395
395
16
16
15

-1172
-666
838
810
810
25
25
3

332
-46
286
51
51
235
102
134
-

-850
-18
-746
1701
1011
39
972
395
395
276
142
134
18

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

38
-

3862
-

3824
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.92 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Bulgaria
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

30

10

80%

25

Mtoe

Mtoe

8
6
4

60%

20
15

40%

10
20%

2
0
1971

100%

35

12

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

16
14

100%

12
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

10
8
6
4

20%
0%
1971

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


250

50
45

200

40
35
1971=100

TWh

30
25
20

150

100

15
50

10
5
1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.93

Bulgaria
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

4598
1750
-6
64
6407

24
6330
66
6420

1504
-3168
-206
-152
-181
-2202

13
2130
17
2160

3999
3999

298
298

53
53

798
-37
-11
750

229
-665
-436

42
42

9826
11944
-3875
-206
-152
-44
17492

10
-4649
-1399
-9
-1
-7
352
205
23
52
29
82
1
6
10
1
1
0
147
137
5
5
-

103
0
-6574
29
22
-

-87
-99
-21
-172
-36
6436
-28
-304
-2
3484
365
1
37
29
170
7
6
38
10
52
10
5
2529
24
2485
20
219
26
65
127
1
372
372

-26
-3
-678
-229
-20
-39
-17
1148
602
97
102
17
193
3
24
0
92
27
8
9
23
7
189
49
140
143
51
66
26
214
214

-3976
-23
-

-298
-

-21
33
33
33
-

-0
-1
-2
13
760
83
0
0
15
0
0
0
10
18
35
0
0
4
5
5
673
653
16
4
-

-6
3164
481
-506
-388
2309
722
96
105
76
63
8
59
76
96
21
12
32
42
37
40
31
2
7
1547
886
639
22
0
-

4
-5
1144
249
-370
-132
933
456
310
15
0
0
1
0
17
2
1
7
104
477
361
115
0
-

16
-116
-5810
-648
-17
-9
-138
1
22
-7
-1221
-546
9019
2432
216
606
165
523
11
92
88
263
68
65
95
83
157
2763
24
2539
51
142
7
3237
2114
939
183
1
586
586

187

214

401

3470
3470
-

240
240
-

8
8
61
61

15
15
1742
1742

42381
36773
5608
60113
47926
12187

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

21103
17767
3336
26070
26070
-

328
29
299
6041
4652
1389

1961
11
1950
25232
16237
8995

15256
15256
967
967
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.94 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Bulgaria
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

4937
1744
-38
271
6914

22
6103
-2
6123

1682
-3573
-96
-167
-100
-2255

59
2130
110
2300

3997
3997

435
435

103
103

961
11
-66
8
913

100
-827
-726

55
55

10569
11770
-4504
-96
-167
287
17857

-39
-5187
-1189
-16
-31
1
-1
-10
441
262
26
75
31
118
1
10
1
1
1
179
172
4
4
-

76
-5
-6232
38
-

-71
-29
-58
-161
-14
6005
-289
3128
322
6
32
200
6
7
23
9
1
30
8
1
2440
15
2405
20
193
23
46
124
1
173
173

-18
-5
-681
-272
-34
-27
-13
1250
620
57
127
19
201
4
24
0
105
32
14
7
20
10
207
66
141
154
49
80
24
269
269

-3974
-23
-

-435
-

-60
43
43
6
36
-

-0
-4
-2
13
920
174
0
0
0
20
0
0
0
7
115
29
0
0
2
20
20
726
711
11
3
-

-7
3520
437
-508
-385
2331
672
72
81
79
65
8
63
72
94
28
15
26
33
35
34
25
2
7
1624
908
697
19
0
-

-5
-1
1080
283
-309
-139
963
485
356
10
0
0
1
11
5
0
1
7
93
478
354
115
9
-

5
-104
-6199
-540
-22
-31
-228
38
-20
-1134
-548
9076
2535
154
644
171
603
12
95
79
251
190
60
65
69
140
2702
15
2491
45
143
7
3397
2224
989
183
1
443
443

269

269

5057
5057
-

696
696
-

35
35
80
13
67

14
14
2283
2283

46017
40922
5095
59350
45232
14118

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

22606
19741
2865
21789
21211
578

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

393
162
231
5275
4787
488

1967
17
1950
28980
18278
10702

15249
15249
943
943
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.95

Cambodia
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

6.0

4.0
3.5

5.0
50

80%

3.0
4.0
60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

2.5
2.0

3.0
40%

1.5

2.0

1.0

0.0
1995

1997

1999

2001

Hydro/other

2003

2005

0.0
1995

2010

Biofuels/waste

0%

1997

1999

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

2001
Oil

2003

2005

Hydro/other

2010 1995 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

1.4

100%

1.2
1.0
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

0.8
0.6
0.4

20%
0%
1995

20%

1.0

0.5

0.2

1997

1999

2001

2003

Coal/peat

2005
Oil

0.0
1995

2010
Total

1997
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1999
Mid. dist.

2001

2003

Av. fuels

2005
Mogas

2010
LPG

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


1200

1.6
14
1.4

1000

1.2
800
1995=100

TWh

1.0
0.8
0.6

600
400

0.4
200

0.0
1995

1997

1999

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

2001
Oil

2003

2005

Hydro

2010
Other****

0
1995

1997

1999

2001

2003

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0.2

II.96 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Cambodia
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

15
-7
8

1258
-24
1235

3
3

0
0

3599
3599

62
62

3603
1335
-24
-7
4907

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-8
-0
-

-313
-47
875
129
129
606
6
493
106
122
122
18

-3
-

-0
-

-6
-493
3100
644
644
2455
2455
-

108
-17
153
28
28
125
78
41
6
-

-222
-558
4127
802
802
606
6
493
106
2702
2655
41
6
18

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

28
-

1170
-

37
-

2
-

19
-

1256
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

16
-8
8

1304
-26
1278

2
2

0
0

3619
3619

117
117

3621
1437
-26
-8
5024

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-8
-0
-

-242
-51
985
205
205
630
6
513
111
131
131
19

-2
-

-0
-

-7
-509
3102
657
657
2445
2445
-

85
-27
175
33
33
143
89
47
7
-

-174
-588
4262
894
894
630
6
513
111
2719
2665
47
7
19

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

31
-

914
-

26
-

3
-

20
-

994
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.97

Cameroon
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

14

8.0

12

7.0

100%

80%

6.0

10

5.0
Mtoe

Mtoe

8
6

40%

3.0

2.0

2
0
1971

60%

4.0

20%

1.0

1975
Oil

1979

1983

Natural Gas

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Natural Gas

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

1200%

1.8
1.6

1000%

1.4
800%
Million tonnes

1.2

600%
400%

1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4

200%
0.2
0%
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


200

7.0

180

6.0

160

5.0
1971=100

140

4.0
TWh

1975

3.0

120
100
80
60

2.0

40
1.0

20
1975
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995
Hydro

1999

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0.0
1971

II.98 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Cameroon
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

3810
1440
-3282
176
2144

330
-680
-50
-71
207
-265

257
257

345
345

4433
4433

8845
1770
-3963
-50
-71
383
6914

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-1787
-357
-

-295
1793
-127
1107
121
5
116
835
15
798
22
126
123
3
24

-95
-162
-

-345
-

-16
-160
4256
4256
3869
387
-

497
-96
401
234
5
10
220
167
78
85
4
-

-254
6
-902
5764
355
5
14
336
835
15
798
22
4550
4070
475
4
24

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

1283
-

413
-

71
-

5783
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


4016
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

3350
1735
-2860
130
2355

283
-640
-44
-69
170
-301

259
259

366
366

4429
4429

8405
2018
-3501
-44
-69
300
7109

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-2092
-263
-

-323
2124
-347
1153
113
4
109
887
16
850
21
129
125
5
24

-96
-163
-

-366
-

-13
-163
4253
4253
3866
387
-

507
-89
418
239
6
10
223
179
85
89
5
-

-291
32
-1026
5824
352
6
14
332
887
16
850
21
4561
4075
481
5
24

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

1163
-

59
-

5899
-

417
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

4260
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.99

People's Republic of China


Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

3000

2500

2500

2000

80%

2000
60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

1500
1500

40%

1000
1000
500

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

160%

450

140%

400
350

120%

300
Million tonnes

100%
80%
60%
40%

250
200
150
100

20%
0%
1971

20%

500

50
1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


2500

4500
4000

2000

3500

1971=100

TWh

3000
2500
2000

1500

1000

1500
1000

500

500
1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

II.100 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

People's Republic of China


2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

1496171
72900
-12098
-47407
1509566

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

189619
203653
-5073
-6765
381434

47613
-28133
-7053
-4568
-11304
-3445

71338
6387
-2685
75040

18277
18277

52945
52945

12986
12986

203496
203496

517
-1495
-979

2044831
331069
-49484
-7053
-4568
-65476
2249320

-4431
-733981
-78919
-82451
-4071
-26247
-61138
518328
407086
140455
41951
11982
128374
4147
14000
4373
15552
11895
2328
3258
10871
17900
3168
3168
76444
47989
10139
8301
10015
31630
31630

-129
154
-44
-20
-371094
-4869
-1867
3565
2294
2294
172
172
1099
1099

151
-2063
-4037
-3130
-3
360296
-18767
-24
328979
46417
2083
4918
1597
8501
1452
4689
1651
1516
709
311
16176
1410
1402
152690
9262
121272
5743
1
15204
1208
58536
24806
20350
13380
71336
50962

-146
-11231
-2150
-257
-9397
-1821
50039
15941
1570
6091
559
3733
1014
1757
176
408
132
65
81
139
215
6196
6083
112
19479
14864
4613
1
8423
8423

-18277
-

-52945
-

0
-2479
10507
141
141
10366
1770
963
430
7203
-

-808
-472
202215
1236
1236
200979
200979
-

-5
321820
-37767
-19421
263649
175183
34576
28948
22155
18285
4862
21378
6341
6146
4865
1953
3628
11683
10362
2803
2803
85663
41901
14486
8083
21194
-

63699
-8300
-759
54640
35752
4904
14969
1855
256
588
1284
435
2833
3099
153
153
4729
494
18888
16000
1177
20
1691
-

23
-6491
-501982
-20992
-82451
-4331
-26247
-10798
-140238
-23892
1431921
682814
183588
96877
38148
159149
12064
43108
12976
26455
20701
4811
23296
28833
32808
166092
9262
128591
11714
113
15204
1208
470527
348308
51729
30215
40275
112488
92114

1099

30910

8423

40432

6466
13908

6466
13908

615640
615640
-

27445
27445
-

2351
2351
11870
11870

3742095
3742095
2667479
2667479

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

2959218
2959218
2460513
2460513

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

16494
16494
114053
114053

50813
50813
81043
81043

70134
70134
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.101

People's Republic of China


2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

1623224
86645
-11817
-102910
1595142

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

203157
237682
-3030
-8900
428909

48851
-30641
-8630
-5527
-1612
2440

79352
12587
-3372
88568

19254
19254

62107
62107

16054
16054

205815
205815

477
-1639
-1162

2208962
386242
-50499
-8630
-5527
-113421
2417126

-19885
-794669
-83576
-89436
-2421
-28348
-64674
512134
399573
148353
39833
11134
124631
4430
13837
4718
15408
11646
2283
3681
10164
9456
3149
3149
78826
49653
10096
8969
10108
30586
30586

-143
149
-37
-33
-418694
-4823
-1920
3408
2166
2166
170
170
1072
1072

168
-14017
-3215
-1720
-3996
405183
-19176
-29
365638
45258
1662
5521
1775
7834
1560
4566
1790
1527
676
363
13036
1351
3597
167281
11294
133091
5451
1
16103
1340
62524
25545
22846
14133
90575
75402

-283
-15256
-2429
-328
-11486
-1577
57208
16496
1693
5809
745
3490
1043
2245
164
491
187
55
97
167
310
7292
7162
130
24165
18983
5140
43
9254
9254

-19254
-

-62107
-

-4058
11996
152
152
11844
1914
1042
465
8423
-

0
-3922
-1130
200763
1211
1211
199553
199553
-

-17
361910
-41857
-22087
296788
203207
39660
31531
26910
21057
6796
26475
7231
6771
5426
2208
4156
13055
11932
3422
3422
90159
44072
16509
8398
21180
-

76867
-9439
-3144
64283
45033
5911
17441
2319
319
736
1549
490
3109
3611
3573
158
5243
576
19250
16098
1334
22
1797
-

25
-34053
-540606
-1720
-14298
-89436
-2749
-28348
-13511
-151455
-28757
1512218
711886
197278
100134
42884
157330
14566
48673
14392
27305
21546
8481
21128
29981
28190
182355
11294
141465
12022
131
16103
1340
486491
355816
56966
32029
41679
131486
116314

1072

20501

9254

30827

2012
13160

2012
13160

722172
722172
-

45723
45723
-

11406
11406
33911
33911

4208261
4208261
3218884
3218884

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

3272798
3272798
2949750
2949750

13255
13255
143657
143657

69027
69027
91566
91566

73880
73880
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.102 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Chinese Taipei
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

14

120

12

100

10

60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

80%

80

8
6

60
40%

40

20%

20

2
0
1971

100%

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

140%

50
45

120%

40
100%
Million tonnes

35

80%
60%

30
25
20
15

40%

10
20%

5
1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

FO

300

1200

250

1000

200

800

400

50

200

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

Other

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

600

100

0
1971

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

1971=100

TWh

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

150

1975

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.103

Chinese Taipei
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

37299
-25
881
38156

14
48247
341
48602

14128
-19094
-1585
-1870
252
-8168

281
10323
667
11271

10834
10834

322
322

172
172

1215
1215

12838
109997
-19118
-1585
-1870
2142
102404

-485
-21675
-7490
-1594
-150
-666
-13
6082
5977
1225
3113
1294
245
60
40
105
105

147
-48749
-

-236
527
-1392
-969
49578
-1860
37480
3549
351
1408
58
312
30
169
51
287
165
7
71
531
110
11676
81
11327
25
244
2582
1151
974
3
328
127
19673
19673

-1021
-7903
-114
-399
1834
823
163
202
19
132
162
108
0
7
4
24
2
1011
655
345
12
-

-10834
-

-322
-

-68
104
104
101
3
-

-1174
-1
40
40
23
1
15
0
0
-

58
16347
3122
-1377
-810
17341
9434
1001
3004
82
390
171
3313
28
294
319
34
42
500
257
95
95
7812
3704
2446
144
79
1440
-

-236
-774
-27020
-5450
-1594
-150
829
-4303
-823
62882
19823
2740
7751
159
2128
364
3590
79
589
748
41
113
1115
408
11771
81
11327
120
244
11510
5610
3768
146
406
1579
19778
19778

17101

17101

3748
3748
-

795
795
-

3413
3413
-

226389
190084
36305
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

123733
90476
33257
-

8685
6151
2534
-

44444
43930
514
-

41571
41571
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.104 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Chinese Taipei
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

41428
-79
80
41429

12
44766
-153
44625

17445
-16075
-1708
-2109
9
-2438

237
12939
-221
12955

10849
10849

361
361

191
191

1305
1305

12955
116578
-16154
-1708
-2109
-284
109278

-1144
-21766
-7510
-2217
-17
-897
-49
7830
6890
1511
3572
1373
284
68
82
940
940

141
-44766
-

-261
-42
-1874
-973
46216
-1791
38838
3679
388
1464
66
339
35
193
53
297
149
8
76
511
100
12057
82
11682
28
265
2454
1114
898
3
308
131
20647
20647

63
-10255
-110
-539
2115
1006
207
266
23
150
198
123
0
8
5
24
2
1108
695
399
14
-

-10849
-

-361
-

-86
105
105
102
3
-

-1256
-1
49
49
25
1
22
0
0
0
-

24
17801
3177
-1394
-831
18777
10677
1281
3279
94
438
195
3820
35
309
333
36
41
545
272
100
100
8000
3735
2484
148
77
1556
-

-261
-958
-28644
-5415
-2217
-17
1450
-4622
-880
67714
22302
3387
8606
183
2300
429
4136
87
615
793
44
116
1148
457
12157
82
11682
128
265
11668
5646
3785
151
385
1701
21587
21587

17999

17999

4194
4194
-

999
999
-

3652
3652
-

243935
206988
36947
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

125271
91389
33882
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

10849
8284
2565
-

57341
56841
500
-

41629
41629
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.105

Colombia
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

30

100

80%

25

Mtoe

Mtoe

80
60
40

60%

20
15

40%

10
20%

20
0
1971

100%

35

120

1975

1979

Coal/peat

Oil

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995

Hydro/other

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

2500%

16
14

2000%

Million tonnes

12

1500%

1000%

10
8
6
4

500%

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel


300

60

250

50
1971=100

TWh

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

200

40
30

150
100

20

50

10

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

70

0
1971

1975

1983
Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999
Hydro

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

II.106 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Colombia
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

47324
-43784
-424
3117

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

34934
-18250
-23
16661

1732
-4125
-503
-604
60
-3441

8891
-1380
7511

3530
3530

5
5

3523
3523

2
-93
-91

98207
1734
-67631
-503
-604
-387
30815

181
-1158
-233
-145
-32
-56
1673
1592
341
88
601
114
258
1
188
1
1
81
81
-

-138
-462
-1
-15700
-245
-2
113
109
9
3
8
12
36
1
14
16
9
4
4
-

136
-1
-92
13957
-581
9978
635
23
358
55
25
67
9
2
28
18
49
6538
33
6239
34
232
1614
590
180
843
1
1190
1190

-70
-2196
-1897
3348
1739
48
733
666
7
110
83
29
18
44
522
522
1087
924
163
-

-3530
-

-5
-

31
-149
-20
3385
917
32
0
1
0
653
230
2
13
13
2456
1755
679
21
-

-25
4918
-93
-723
3987
1227
225
194
167
55
228
103
18
5
187
46
5
5
2755
1641
958
148
9
-

-2
-345
-2212
-233
-146
-1743
-20
-2848
-781
22485
6218
646
1408
0
1498
99
1208
683
51
47
429
148
7079
33
6774
40
232
7997
4990
1305
1670
31
1190
1190

41050
41050
-

58
58
-

541
541
-

57189
57189
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

4165
4165
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

322
322
-

11053
11053
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.107

Colombia
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

48327
-45109
3218

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

40923
-23075
17
17865

2488
-4793
-642
-700
-147
-3795

9422
-1195
8227

3474
3474

3
3

3310
3310

1
-69
-68

105460
2489
-74242
-642
-700
-130
32235

-553
-1044
-193
-255
-4
-77
1092
1040
235
57
386
0
73
166
122
1
1
52
52
-

-266
-1364
-15573
-315
-21
326
315
25
8
24
36
106
2
40
46
26
11
11
-

256
-135
-144
14531
-476
-70
10167
662
23
356
1
56
1
38
1
69
11
2
29
19
56
6788
33
6486
35
233
1
1661
589
187
883
1
1
1056
1056

-451
-2304
-1892
3580
1934
54
815
740
8
122
92
32
20
49
553
553
1093
834
259
-

-3474
-

-3
-

-11
-134
-20
3144
729
27
0
1
0
526
173
1
1
19
19
2396
1755
625
16
-

173
4884
-97
-786
4107
1264
232
200
172
56
235
106
18
5
192
47
5
5
2838
1690
987
152
9
-

-10
-2341
-2220
-193
-255
-1042
-20
-2784
-954
22416
5943
569
1462
1
1379
1
139
1
1132
549
55
75
400
179
7366
33
7059
41
233
1
8051
4920
1444
1660
1
26
1056
1056

40401
40401
-

39
39
-

499
499
-

56792
56792
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

3754
3754
-

502
502
-

11597
11597
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.108 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Congo
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

20

1.6

18

1.4

16

1.0
Mtoe

10
8

0.4

1975
Oil

1979

1983

Natural Gas

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

600%

0.6

500%

0.5
Million tonnes

0.7

400%
300%

100%

0.1

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

Biofuels/waste

0.3
0.2

1979

Hydro/other

0.4

200%

1975

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

700%

0.0
1971

2010

Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999
LPG

2005

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators****


350

0.6

300

0.5

250
1971=100

0.4
TWh

20%

0.2

0.3
0.2

200
150
100

0.1

50

1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****

40%

0.6

0.0
1971

60%

0.8

1983

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999

2005
Hydro

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference. Maximum scale refers to values greater than or equal to 700%.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

Mtoe

12

0%
1971

80%

1.2

14

0
1971

100%

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.109

Congo
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

14485
-14092
355
747

217
-354
-64
17
-184

46
46

28
28

741
741

38
38

15300
255
-14447
-64
372
1416

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-747
-

-8
690
-28
470
17
17
402
16
386
34
34
16

-46
-

-28
-

-246
494
494
494
-

46
-43
41
20
20
21
21
-

-36
-57
-317
1006
38
38
402
16
386
550
550
16

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

23
-

186
-

330
-

539
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

16490
-15665
-136
689

205
-226
-64
-2
-87

29
29

37
37

760
760

43
43

17315
247
-15891
-64
-138
1469

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-689
-

-4
660
-34
535
10
10
471
16
455
38
38
17

-29
-

-37
-

-252
508
508
508
-

48
-48
43
21
21
22
22
-

-22
-28
-334
1086
31
31
471
16
455
567
567
17

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

12
-

430
-

559
-

117
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.110 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Democratic Republic of Congo


Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

30

30

25

25

20

20

100%

80%

Mtoe

Mtoe

60%

15

15
40%

10

10

0
1971

1975

1979

Coal/peat

Oil

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995

Hydro/other

1999

2005

20%

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

500%

1.2

450%
1.0

400%
350%
Million tonnes

0.8

300%
250%
200%
150%
100%

0.6
0.4
0.2

50%
1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0.0
1971

2010
Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel


500

8.0
80

450

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

350
1971=100

6.0
TWh

1983

400

7.0

5.0
4.0
3.0

300
250
200
150

2.0

100

1.0

50
1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

9.0

0.0
1971

1975

1983

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999

2005
Hydro

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.111

Democratic Republic of Congo


2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

81
215
296

1116
-1117
4
3

553
-16
537

7
7

670
670

21472
21472

9
-76
-67

23347
777
-1193
-16
4
22919

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-48
248
169
52
117
79
79
-

-3
-

-2
60
595
40
40
227
227
288
13
275
40

-7
-

-670
-

-468
21005
4418
4418
16586
16586
-

673
-34
572
363
363
209
192
18
-

-6
-492
22420
4991
52
4939
227
227
17162
16870
18
275
40

6
-

29
-

7831
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

7796
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

84
230
314

1116
-1117
1
-

785
-157
628

7
7

675
675

22200
22200

14
-79
-65

24081
1029
-1196
-157
1
23759

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-51
263
182
56
126
81
81
-

-2
14
640
42
42
258
258
299
8
291
41

-7
-

-675
-

-920
21279
4473
4473
16807
16807
-

678
-74
539
341
341
197
181
17
-

-6
-1032
22721
5038
56
4982
258
258
17384
17077
17
291
41

6
-

7884
-

29
-

7849
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

II.112 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Costa Rica
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

5.0

3.0

4.5
2.5
25

4.0

80%

3.5

2.0
Mtoe

Mtoe

3.0
1.5

60%

2.5
2.0

1.0

40%

1.5
1.0

0.5

20%

05
0.5
0.0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

2.5

100%

2.0

Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

1.0

0.5

20%

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Coal/peat

1995

1999

2005

Oil

0.0
1971

2010

Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

300
250
1971=100

8
TWh

1983

350

10

6
4

200
150
100

50

1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

12

0
1971

1975

1983

1987

1991

Hydro

1995

1999

2005

Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

1.5

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.113

Costa Rica
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Electricity and CHP plants
Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

71
71

406
-16
390

1969
-140
-163
66
1732

621
621

980
980

768
768

13
-12
1

2369
2459
-151
-163
49
4563

-33
38
38
35
2
-

-379
-11
-

-120
360
-39
1933
237
16
221
1472
3
1465
3
162
48
38
36
39
62

-621
-

-980
-

-42
-4
721
435
435
286
265
21
-

801
-87
715
151
26
125
564
285
246
28
5
-

-962
-19
-175
3407
861
35
42
783
1472
3
1465
3
1012
598
305
64
44
62

451
-

1512
-

123
-

9311
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

7225
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Electricity and CHP plants
Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

65
65

506
7
513

1919
-99
-166
-23
1632

625
625

1010
1010

803
803

14
-12
2

2438
2503
-110
-166
-16
4649

-31
34
34
33
1
-

-517
4
-

-173
509
-24
1944
243
18
225
1520
5
1513
2
147
52
43
38
14
34

-625
-

-1010
-

-50
-5
748
417
417
331
310
21
-

824
-90
737
157
32
125
579
289
258
27
6
-

-1033
-7
-146
3463
851
33
50
768
1520
5
1513
2
1058
650
322
65
20
34

641
-

1535
-

145
-

9584
-

7263
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

II.114 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Cte d'Ivoire
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

14

12

12

10

10

60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

6
40%

20%

1975
Oil

1979

1983

Natural Gas

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Natural Gas

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

400%

1.8

350%

1.6
1.4

300%

1.2
Million tonnes

250%
200%
150%
100%

1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4

50%
0%
1971

80%

0
1971

100%

0.2
1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

7.0

400

6.0

350
300

5.0
1971=100

250

3.0
2.0

50

1975
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

150
100

1.0
0.0
1971

200

1979

1983

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Hydro

1999

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

TWh

4.0

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.115

Cte d'Ivoire
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

2318
3071
-2203
47
3233

113
-2352
-15
-56
66
-2245

1216
1216

183
183

7105
7105

-42
-42

10823
3184
-4597
-15
-56
113
9452

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-3597
363
-

-3
3315
-32
1036
182
182
529
439
89
301
167
72
62
24

-978
-12
227
227
227
-

-183
-

-37
-3317
3751
3751
3361
390
-

508
-105
361
83
2
5
76
278
156
110
12
-

-693
-281
-3102
5375
265
2
5
258
529
439
89
4557
3684
572
74
227
24

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

11
-

3656
-

107
-

5905
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


2131
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

1728
2562
-1642
39
2687

116
-1895
-14
-43
40
-1796

1335
1335

139
139

7248
7248

-41
-41

10449
2679
-3577
-14
-43
78
9572

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-2687
-

-3
2678
-15
865
157
157
423
348
75
260
143
67
51
24

-1138
-12
185
185
185
-

-139
-

-37
-3384
3826
3826
3428
398
-

515
-108
367
84
2
5
77
282
159
111
12
-

-802
-8
-3519
5242
242
2
5
234
423
348
75
4553
3729
577
63
185
24

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

11
-

109
-

5993
-

4255
-

1618
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.116 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Croatia
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

10

6.0

9
5.0
50

80%

4.0
Mtoe

Mtoe

6
3.0

60%

5
4

2.0

40%

3
2

1.0

20%

1
0.0
1990

1993
Coal/peat

1996
Oil

1999

Natural Gas

2002

Hydro/other

2005

0
1990

2010

Biofuels/waste

0%

1993

1996

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

1999

2002

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro/other

2010 1990 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

5.0
4.5

100%

4.0
3.5
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0

20%

0.5
05
1993

1996

Coal/peat

1999

2002

Oil

2005

2010

Natural Gas

Total

0.0
1990

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel


140

14

120

12
1990=100

TWh

Mid. dist.

1999
Av. fuels

2002
Mogas

2005
LPG

2010
Other

100

10
8
6

80
60
40

20

1993
Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1996

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

16

0
1990

1993

1996
Oil

1999

2002

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro

2010
Other****

0
1990

1993

1996

1999

2002

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1990

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.117

Croatia
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

455
52
507

834
4178
57
5068

1153
-1920
-7
-45
84
-734

2196
848
-653
12
2403

579
579

13
13

447
9
-91
364

652
-163
489

4068
7294
-2828
-7
-45
206
8688

0
-376
-0
5
-0
135
126
1
105
0
1
0
18
9
6
3
-

-121
-4948
-

123
-295
-188
-25
-2
4922
-510
3290
386
23
5
124
4
5
25
38
14
2
136
6
3
2066
58
1933
29
47
576
248
100
175
53
262
239

-117
-434
-60
-3
-184
-42
1563
506
17
157
1
124
4
20
0
118
40
5
15
5
1
1
716
568
132
16
341
341

-579
-

-5
8
8
5
3
-

-1
-5
-8
351
61
0
0
10
0
1
0
3
16
0
30
8
8
283
279
3
-

878
214
-72
-174
1334
305
12
39
7
53
12
26
5
54
27
14
24
13
20
23
15
2
6
1006
556
444
6
-

208
69
-19
-30
228
43
0
15
0
6
14
1
2
5
185
147
38
-

2
0
-494
-205
-16
-1
-26
-8
-785
-246
6909
1427
29
234
13
418
20
58
31
243
85
36
160
35
64
2098
58
1942
43
2
47
6
2782
1808
723
197
53
603
580

56

341

397

22
2

22
2

6730
6730
-

54
54
-

25
2
23
-

12691
10206
2485
11598
8695
2903

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

1658
1655
3
-

2013
1305
708
3670
2811
859

2211
460
1751
7928
5884
2044

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.118 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Croatia
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

701
-1
-17
683

765
3681
3
4449

1289
-1959
-7
-56
-44
-777

2214
868
-393
-58
2632

716
716

24
24

499
7
-108
1
399

575
-165
410

4218
7121
-2626
-7
-56
-116
8535

-0
-528
-4
4
-0
155
144
3
1
124
17
11
9
2
-

-112
-4337
-

114
3
-15
-127
-27
4307
-442
3035
309
1
4
4
97
3
5
20
34
13
2
119
4
2
1986
54
1867
29
38
552
234
98
169
51
188
167

-19
-583
-70
-4
-9
-205
-49
1692
511
19
161
0
107
2
21
0
128
45
8
14
6
2
2
769
595
156
18
409
409

-716
-

-12
12
12
5
7
-

-3
-0
-6
-4
385
58
0
0
9
0
0
0
6
10
0
34
3
3
324
6
318
-

943
261
-76
-174
1364
310
16
41
6
54
11
27
4
56
28
15
20
13
19
23
21
2
1031
572
453
6
-

225
74
-17
-37
245
45
0
13
8
17
1
1
5
200
154
45
1
-

1
0
-349
-234
-24
-0
-29
-13
-739
-260
6889
1378
38
220
11
391
16
61
25
252
94
35
139
31
66
2014
54
1871
50
2
38
2900
1575
1080
194
51
597
576

51

409

460

20
2

20
2

8329
8329
-

139
139
-

33
1
32
63
63
-

13999
10963
3036
12503
9411
3092

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

2385
2363
22
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

560
59
501
2696
1753
943

2553
72
2481
9744
7595
2149

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.119

Cuba
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

9.0

20

8.0

18
16

7.0

12
Mtoe

Mtoe

5.0
4.0

60%

10
8

3.0

40%

2.0

1.0

2
1975
Oil

1979

1983

Natural Gas

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

20%

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

14

100%

12
10
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

8
6
4

20%
0%
1971

80%

14

6.0

0.0
1971

100%

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


300

20
18

250

16
14

200
1971=100

TWh

12
10
8

150
100

6
4

50

2
1975
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995
Hydro

1999

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

II.120 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Cuba
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

18
18

2883
6615
9498

303
-417
-30
-145
-289

918
918

13
13

0
0

1532
1532

5346
6936
-417
-30
-145
11691

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-4
14
14
3
11
-

-2687
-5323
-107
1381
1381
1381
-

-2983
5058
548
2335
1076
1076
482
436
46
587
170
3
107
307
190

-512
16
422
363
363
60
55
4
-

-13
-

-0
-

-278
-99
1155
595
595
560
290
20
20
231
-

1525
-313
1212
318
318
23
23
871
552
291
27
-

-4948
-265
41
6519
3747
3
3744
504
436
68
2078
1067
315
154
542
190

7811
-

6846
-

2381
-

151
-

4
-

535
-

17728
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

16
16

3150
6167
9317

219
-531
-30
-146
-487

852
852

8
8

1
1

1273
1273

5284
6402
-531
-30
-146
10980

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-4
11
11
3
8
-

-2644
-5136
-75
1462
1462
1462
-

-2647
4908
477
2251
1002
1002
475
431
45
573
170
3
103
297
201

-488
15
380
325
325
54
50
4
-

-8
-

-1
-

-241
-86
947
515
515
432
282
11
18
121
-

1496
-316
1180
325
325
22
22
833
573
236
24
-

-4532
-229
12
6230
3640
3
3637
497
431
66
1892
1075
250
145
422
201

7687
-

6877
-

97
-

12
-

455
-

17397
-

2269
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.121

Cyprus
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

3.0

0.10
0.09

2.5
25

0.08
0.07

80%

2.0
60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

0.06
0.05

1.5
40%

0.04
1.0

0.03
0.02

20%

0.5

0 01
0.01
1975

1979

1983

1987

Hydro/other

1991

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**


3.5

100%

3.0

Million tonnes

60%
40%

2.0
1.5
1.0

20%

0.5

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Coal/peat

1995

1999

Oil

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


700

6.0

600

5.0

500
1971=100

4.0
TWh

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

3.0
2.0

400
300
200

1.0

100

1975

1979

1983
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

Biofuels/waste

2.5

80%

0.0
1971

Hydro/other

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

0%
1971

Oil

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

1987

1991

1995

1999

Other****

2005

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0.00
1971

II.122 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Cyprus
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

18
-3
15

2869
-214
-272
31
2414

62
62

23
23
46

85
2910
-214
-272
28
2537

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-0
15
14
14
0
0
-

-1217
4
1201
181
148
33
729
729
216
104
21
24
67
75

-4
58
58
50
9
-

-0
-2
43
14
14
15
15
15
10
5
-

450
-41
409
51
0
2
17
31
358
148
186
12
11
-

-771
-40
1726
260
0
2
194
64
744
744
647
311
221
37
78
75

5184
-

43
-

6
-

5233
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

11
6
17

2889
-182
-277
-116
2313

70
70

22
33
-10
45

92
2933
-182
-277
-120
2445

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

1
18
18
18
0
0
-

-1176
42
1179
153
119
33
745
745
199
86
25
23
64
83

-8
62
62
52
9
-

-3
2
45
15
15
15
15
14
8
6
-

463
-43
420
50
0
3
16
31
370
149
194
13
14
-

-725
3
1723
236
0
3
168
65
760
760
645
295
235
36
78
83

5249
-

97
-

34
-

5380
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.123

Dominican Republic
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

9.0

2.5

8.0
2.0

80%

7.0
6.0
Mtoe

Mtoe

1.5

1.0

60%

5.0
4.0

40%

3.0
2.0

0.5

20%

1.0
0.0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

Hydro/other

1991

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Natural Gas

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

7.0

100%

6.0
5.0
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

4.0
3.0
2.0

20%
0%
1971

Oil

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

1.0

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0.0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


700

18
16

600

14
500
1971=100

TWh

12
10
8
6

400
300
200

4
100

0
1971

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983
Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999
Hydro

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

II.124 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Dominican Republic
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

532
532

1267
25
1292

3978
-99
3879

443
443

146
146

1801
1801

1946
6219
-99
25
8091

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-476
16
71
71
71
-

-1291
-1
-

-1896
1239
-147
3074
395
395
1823
1414
409
856
783
51
23
-

-434
10
10
10
-

-146
-

-21
-434
1346
444
444
902
902
-

1288
-184
1104
450
450
654
364
169
121
-

-1684
-52
-750
5606
1370
1370
1823
1414
409
2413
2049
220
144
-

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

1939
-

9305
-

2017
-

29
-

14982
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


1692
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

508
508

1373
16
1389

3912
-100
3812

692
692

154
154

1784
1784

1938
6485
-100
16
8339

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-460
23
71
71
71
-

-1389
-

-1923
1332
-186
3034
387
387
1808
1415
393
839
770
50
20
-

-647
45
45
45
-

-154
-

-17
-434
1333
422
422
910
910
-

1368
-183
1186
483
483
703
391
181
130
-

-1834
-57
-779
5668
1408
1408
1808
1415
393
2452
2072
231
150
-

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

1874
-

8874
-

24
-

15912
-

3347
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

1793
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.125

Ecuador
Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

35

14

30

12

25

10

20

100%

80%

Mtoe

Mtoe

Figure 1. Energy production

15

60%

10

40%

20%

0
1971

1975
Oil

1979

1983

Natural Gas

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Natural Gas

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

900%

12

800%
10

700%
600%
Million tonnes

500%
400%
300%

6
4

200%
2
100%
1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

0
1971

2010

Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel


800

18

700

16

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

500
1971=100

12
TWh

1983

600

14

10
8
6

400
300
200

100

2
1975
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

20

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995
Hydro

1999

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

II.126 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Ecuador
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

25486
-17097
-200
8189

3943
-1751
-1232
-347
728
1340

430
430

793
793

0
0

616
616

96
-2
95

27324
4039
-18850
-1232
-347
528
11462

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-194
-8824
829
-

-1325
8749
-786
7979
1123
1123
4871
1
4085
785
1226
1045
70
107
5
758

-383
-47
-

-793
-

-0
-

-152
11
474
121
121
353
353
-

1550
-530
1114
327
327
788
403
287
98
-

-1297
-75
-523
9567
1571
1571
4871
1
4085
785
2367
1801
357
107
102
758

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

6377
-

1978
-

3
-

442
-

18022
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


9222
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

25491
-17494
-200
7797

4736
-1492
-976
-346
428
2351

486
486

743
743

0
0

647
647

75
-1
74

27366
4811
-18987
-976
-346
228
12097

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-206
-7840
249
-

-1680
7875
-704
7842
1033
1033
4913
4
4157
752
1254
1066
72
111
5
642

-432
-54
-

-743
-

-0
-

-166
480
123
123
357
357
-

1521
-385
1211
380
380
831
440
300
91
-

-1706
35
-893
9533
1536
1536
4913
4
4157
752
2442
1863
372
111
96
642

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

6331
-

3
-

483
-

17688
-

2235
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

8636
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.127

Egypt
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

100

80

90

70

80

50
Mtoe

50
40

20

20

1975

1979

Coal/peat

Oil

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995

Hydro/other

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

300%

35

250%

30
25
Million tonnes

200%
150%
100%

20
15
10

50%

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

160

900

140

800
700

120

600
1971=100

100
TWh

20%

10

10

80
60

500
400
300

40

200

20

100
1975
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

40%

30

30

0
1971

60%

40

1979

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995
Hydro

1999

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Mtoe

60

0%
1971

80%

60

70

0
1971

100%

II.128 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Egypt
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

1150
-329
822

34531
2561
-5524
31568

6727
-4944
-303
-1012
140
608

50694
-14965
35730

1106
1106

97
97

1562
1
-23
1539

16
-96
-80

87990
10455
-25880
-303
-1012
140
71391

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-433
388
380
380
8
8
-

-30247
-1321
-

-5594
29409
649
25072
2610
2610
13309
622
12278
409
7245
5042
2203
1908

-20023
-4651
11055
5008
5008
359
359
805
805
4883

-1106
-

-97
-

0
1539
786
786
754
754
-

11954
-1648
10226
3347
3347
6879
4079
1552
416
832
-

-14867
-838
-7405
48281
12131
380
11751
13668
622
12637
409
15690
10687
1552
2619
832
6791

29547
-

95457
-

1133
-

139000
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

12863
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

1126
-322
804

35237
2476
-6933
30780

7096
-5248
-430
-861
238
796

50302
-12110
38192

1122
1122

128
128

1589
1
-24
1567

13
-137
-124

88378
10713
-24774
-430
-861
238
73264

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-425
379
372
372
8
8
-

-29384
-1396
-

-5115
28752
739
25171
2814
2814
12598
592
11617
389
8182
5035
3147
1577

-21244
-5290
11658
5282
5282
373
373
854
854
5149

-1122
-

-128
-

0
1567
800
800
767
767
-

12624
-1737
10764
3500
3500
7263
4418
1378
424
1044
-

-14984
-632
-8109
49539
12768
372
12396
12971
592
11990
389
17074
11082
1378
3571
1044
6726

30987
-

1485
-

146795
-

101277
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

13046
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.129

El Salvador
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

5.0

3.0

4.5
2.5
25

4.0

80%

3.5

2.0
Mtoe

Mtoe

3.0
1.5

60%

2.5
2.0

1.0

40%

1.5
1.0

0.5

20%

05
0.5
0.0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

2.5

100%

2.0

Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

1.0

0.5

20%

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Coal/peat

1995

1999

2005

Oil

0.0
1971

2010

Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel


600

6.0

500

5.0
1971=100

TWh

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

400

4.0
3.0

300
200

2.0

100

1.0

1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

7.0

0.0
1971

1975

1983

1987

1991

Hydro

1995

1999

2005

Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

1.5

II.130 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

El Salvador
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

899
6
905

1302
-101
-118
12
1095

129
129

1310
1310

773
773

18
-7
11

2212
2220
-108
-118
18
4224

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-905
-

-499
887
72
1555
463
463
864
864
207
202
5
21

-129
-

-1310
-

-139
-24
610
160
160
450
407
43
-

498
-85
424
190
190
235
141
51
7
37
-

-1579
-18
-36
2589
813
813
864
864
891
749
99
7
37
21

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

2527
-

1524
-

232
-

5788
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


1505
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

814
26
840

1323
-123
-115
-1
1084

179
179

1311
1311

771
771

15
-8
7

2261
2151
-130
-115
25
4192

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-840
-

-416
805
55
1528
428
428
857
857
231
215
16
11

-179
-

-1311
-

-137
-24
610
158
158
452
409
43
-

514
-90
432
190
190
243
141
51
7
44
-

-1529
-35
-59
2570
776
776
857
857
925
764
110
7
44
11

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

2088
-

1525
-

283
-

5980
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2084
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.131

Eritrea
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

1.2

0.9
0.8

1.0
10

80%

0.7
0.8

0.6

60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

0.5
0.4

0.6
40%

0.4

0.3
0.2

20%

0.2

0.1
0.0
1992

1994

1996

1998

2000

Hydro/other

2002

2004

2006

0.0
1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Hydro/other

0%

2010 1992 2010

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

0.5
0.5

100%

0.4
0.4
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

0.3
0.3
0.2
0.2
0.1

20%

0.1
01
0%
1992

1994

1996

1998

2000

2002

2004

Oil

2006

0.0
1992

2010

Total

1994
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1996

1998

Mid. dist.

2000
Av. fuels

2002

2004

Mogas

2006
LPG

2010
Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

0.35

160

0.30

140
120

0.25
1992=100

100

0.15
0.10

20

1994

1996

1998
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

60
40

0.05
0.00
1992

80

2000

2002

2004

2006

Other****

2010

0
1992

1994

1996

1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

TWh

0.20

II.132 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Eritrea
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

159
-1
7
164

0
0

561
561

562
159
-1
7
726

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-62
-11
91
8
8
37
37
44
18
26
2

-0
-

-175
387
387
370
17
-

25
-5
21
6
6
15
9
6
-

-37
-190
498
13
13
37
37
446
397
48
2

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

293
-

2
-

295
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

160
-1
4
164

0
0

581
581

581
160
-1
4
745

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-63
-3
97
6
6
46
46
44
16
28
2

-0
-

-185
396
396
379
17
-

27
-5
22
6
6
17
10
7
-

-37
-193
515
11
11
46
46
456
404
52
2

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

309
-

2
-

311
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.133

Ethiopia
Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

100%

80%

Mtoe

Mtoe

Figure 1. Energy production

15

60%

15

10

10

40%

20%

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

2.5

100%

2.0

Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

1.0

0.5

20%

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

Oil

1999

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

300
250
1971=100

4.0
TWh

1983

350

5.0

3.0
2.0

200
150
100

1.0

50

1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

6.0

0.0
1971

1975

1983

1987

1991

Hydro

1995

1999

2005

Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

1.5

II.134 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Ethiopia
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

2160
-264
-0
1895

303
303

21
21

30126
30126

30450
2160
-264
-0
32345

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-158
1737
380
380
862
862
457
278
30
74
74
37

-303
-

-21
-

-1698
28428
28428
28217
211
-

343
-64
280
105
105
175
102
70
2
-

-139
-1762
30445
485
485
862
862
29060
28598
311
74
77
37

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

444
-

24
-

3992
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


3524
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

2121
-341
-10
1770

424
424

15
15

30992
30992

31431
2121
-341
-10
33202

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-11
2
1761
405
405
880
880
438
250
32
78
79
37

-424
-

-15
-

-1759
29233
29233
29012
220
-

428
-98
330
120
120
210
127
81
3
-

-23
-1855
31324
525
525
880
880
29881
29389
333
78
81
37

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

31
-

18
-

4980
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

4931
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.135

Gabon
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


2.5

100%

20

2.0

80%

15

1.5

60%

10

1.0

40%

0.5

20%

Mtoe

Mtoe

25

0
1971

1975
Oil

1979

1983

Natural Gas

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***


1.2

2500%

1.0

2000%

0.8
Million tonnes

3000%

1500%
1000%
500%
0%
1971

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

0.6
0.4
0.2

1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999
LPG

2005

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


600

2.0
1.8

500

1.6
1.4

400
1971=100

TWh

1.2
1.0
0.8

300
200

0.6
0.4

100

0.2
1975
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995
Hydro

1999

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference. Maximum scale refers to values greater than or equal to 3000%.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0.0
1971

II.136 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Gabon
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

12252
-10777
-583
892

208
-373
-255
-57
310
-167

150
150

76
76

1109
1109

13587
208
-11150
-255
-57
-274
2060

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-892
-

-113
871
592
303
303
185
185
92
47
32
13
11

-135
-13
2
2
2
-

-76
-

-6
1103
215
215
887
887
-

160
-40
120
32
0
32
1
1
87
63
18
7
-

-170
-21
-53
1816
553
0
553
185
185
1
1067
997
50
13
7
11

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

530
-

437
-

886
-

7
-

1860
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

12946
-12375
384
955

220
-399
-293
-61
355
-178

158
158

70
70

1129
1129

14303
220
-12773
-293
-61
739
2134

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-955
-

-121
933
634
326
326
199
199
99
50
34
14
11

-142
-14
2
2
2
-

-70
-

-6
1123
219
219
903
903
-

159
-39
119
32
0
32
1
1
87
62
18
7
-

-180
-22
-53
1878
579
0
579
199
199
1
1089
1016
52
14
7
11

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

569
-

809
-

7
-

1847
-

462
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.137

Georgia
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

14

2.5

12
80%

2.0
10

Mtoe

Mtoe

1.5

1.0

60%

8
6

40%

4
20%

0.5
2
0.0
1990

1993
Coal/peat

1996
Oil

1999

Natural Gas

2002

Hydro/other

2005

0
1990

2010

Biofuels/waste

0%

1993

1996

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

1999

2002

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro/other

2010 1990 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

8.0
7.0

100%

6.0
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0

20%
0%
1990

1.0

1993

1996

Coal/peat

1999

2002

Oil

2005

2010

Natural Gas

Total

0.0
1990

1993
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1996
Mid. dist.

1999
Av. fuels

2002
Mogas

2005
LPG

2010
Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators****


300

16
14

250

12
200
1990=100

TWh

10
8
6

150
100

4
50

0
1990

1993
Oil

*
**
***
****

1996

1999

2002

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro

2010

0
1990

1993

1996

1999

2002

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

II.138 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Georgia
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

64
55
-8
111

51
5
-41
15

903
-41
861

6
1080
1086

637
637

44
44

382
382

22
-64
-42

1185
2064
-112
-41
3096

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

5
116
30
30
24
24
63
8
36
11
8
-

-15
-

-67
12
-5
802
29
29
677
677
89
89
7

-410
-135
541
181
38
62
31
49
21
10
11
266
201
16
37
13
73

-637
-

44
44
38
6
-

382
382
330
38
14
-

736
-190
504
113
48
8
26
31
57
57
334
251
66
18
-

43
-3
40
21
4
15
2
19
10
2
7
-

-336
-3
-328
2429
373
90
85
59
139
778
687
91
1197
926
164
73
34
81

39
-

1107
1794

8558
1794

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

7412
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Electricity and CHP plants
Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

44
5
49

52
6
-56
-2
-

994
-41
952

5
1009
1015

806
806

46
46

359
359

20
-128
-108

1312
2034
-185
-41
-2
3118

-13
36
12
5
2
5
12
12
12
8
5
-

-55
898
24
24
673
673
125
84
31
10
75

-277
-130
608
193
41
59
36
56
17
11
6
325
263
19
35
8
74

-806
-

46
46
40
6
-

359
359
312
31
16
-

871
-136
627
184
59
10
38
77
53
53
390
326
44
20
-

46
-4
42
20
4
15
2
0
21
10
5
6
-

-221
-282
2615
433
109
86
76
162
756
684
72
1278
1035
105
100
38
149

32
-

10124
1920

725
1920

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

9367
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.139

Ghana
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

10

8.0

7.0

8
6.0

6
Mtoe

4.0

3.0

1.0

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**


3.5

100%

3.0

Biofuels/waste

2.5
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

2.0
1.5
1.0

20%

0.5

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

Oil

1999

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

180

160

140

120

1971=100

200

5
4

40

20

Oil

1987

1991

1995

1999

Hydro

2005

2010

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

80
60

1983

1983

100

1979

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

10

1975

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

TWh

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

*
**
***
****

20%

Oil

0
1971

40%

2.0

0%
1971

60%

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Mtoe

5.0

0.0
1971

80%

II.140 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Ghana
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

999
999

2000
-426
-77
-139
1360

591
591

5888
5888

17
-65
-48

6479
3016
-490
-77
-139
8790

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-550
-449
-

358
797
2514
436
436
1614
1487
127
403
271
45
87
61

-591
-

-1496
4391
1020
1020
3371
3240
127
4
-

770
-187
535
251
251
284
208
76
-

-371
-91
-887
7441
1707
1707
1614
1487
127
4059
3719
248
91
61

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

2058
-

8935
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


6877
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

177
1632
1809

1746
-482
-99
-120
1044

602
602

5948
5948

9
-89
-80

6727
3387
-571
-99
-120
9322

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-714
-1095
-

1029
380
2452
417
417
1647
1519
128
326
197
40
89
61

-602
-

-1512
4437
1031
1031
3406
3273
128
4
-

874
-204
590
271
271
319
235
83
-

-441
-67
-1336
7478
1719
1719
1647
1519
128
4051
3706
251
93
61

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

1370
-

8365
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

6995
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.141

Gibraltar
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

1.0

0.18

0.9

0.16

0.8

0.12
Mtoe

0.6

Mtoe

80%

0.14

0.7

0.5
0.4

60%

0.10
0.08

40%

0.06

0.3
0.2

0.04

01
0.1

0.02

0.0
1971

100%

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

20%

0.00
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Figure 4. Oil products demand***


3.0

100%

2.5

80%

2.0
Million tonnes

120%

60%
40%
20%

1.0
0.5

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Oil

450

0.16

400

0.14

350

0.12

300

1971=100

TWh

500

0.18

0.10
0.08

0.04

100

0.02

50
1987

1991
Oil

*
**
***
****

1995

1999

2005

2010

Mid. dist.

1991

1995

Av. fuels

1999
Mogas

2005

2010

Other

200
150

1983

1987

250

0.06

1979

1983

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

0.20

1975

1979

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

0.00
1971

1975

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

1.5

II.142 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Gibraltar
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

2551
-2384
-6
162

2551
-2384
-6
162

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-41
121
100
100
21

15
-1
14
14
14
-

-26
-1
135
100
100
14
14
21

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

174
-

174
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

2608
-2432
-5
171

2608
-2432
-5
171

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-42
129
108
108
21

15
-1
14
14
14
-

-27
-1
143
108
108
14
14
21

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

177
-

177
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.143

Guatemala
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

12

8.0
7.0

10

80%

6.0
8
60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

5.0
4.0

6
40%

3.0

2.0

0.0
1971

20%

1.0

1975

1979

Oil

1983

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

4.0
3.5

100%

3.0
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0

20%
0%
1971

0.5

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Coal/peat

1995

1999

Oil

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


600

10
9

500

8
7

400
1971=100

TWh

6
5
4

300
200

3
2

100

1
1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

1987
Oil

1991

1995
Hydro

1999

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

II.144 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Guatemala
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

213
-31
181

746
-640
-14
92

3962
-179
-281
-25
-100
3377

216
216

332
332

5124
5124

3
-8
-5

6418
4178
-827
-281
-25
-146
9318

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-181
-

-92
-

-767
87
-26
2671
521
521
1879
1877
2
214
209
6
57

-216
-

-332
-

-1201
-126
3797
3797
3674
124
-

777
-131
642
259
259
383
210
172
-

-1920
-5
-282
7111
780
780
1879
1877
2
4394
4093
301
57

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

737
-

3078
-

387
-

2327
-

9039
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


2510
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

352
-49
303

660
-563
-22
75

3441
-200
-290
-42
73
2983

283
283

233
233

6359
6359

31
-12
19

7536
3824
-775
-290
-42
2
10256

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-303
-1
-

-75
-

-421
65
-29
2598
417
417
1896
1894
2
253
246
8
32

-283
-

-233
-

-1102
-45
5213
5213
5046
167
-

760
-109
670
273
273
397
218
179
-

-1582
-10
-183
8481
689
689
1896
1894
2
5863
5510
354
32

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

1232
-

1692
-

271
-

2343
-

8832
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

3294
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.145

Haiti
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

3.0

2.5

2.5
25

2.0

80%

2.0
60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

1.5
1.5

40%

1.0
1.0
0.5

0.0
1971

20%

0.5

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

0.9
0.8

100%

0.7
80%
Million tonnes

0.6

60%
40%

0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2

20%
0.1
0%
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Coal/peat

1995

1999

2005

Oil

0.0
1971

2010

Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


600

0.8
07
0.7

500

0.6
400
1971=100

TWh

0.5
0.4
0.3

300
200

0.2
100

0.0
1971

1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

1987

1991

Hydro

1995

1999

2005

Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0.1

II.146 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Haiti
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

747
-18
729

18
18

1849
1849

1867
747
-18
2595

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-127
62
663
148
148
437
244
193
72
72
6

-18
-

-197
1652
233
233
1418
1384
35
-

62
-33
29
9
9
19
11
9
-

-83
-169
2343
390
390
437
244
193
1510
1467
43
6

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

514
-

207
-

721
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

696
-21
675

15
15

1598
1598

1613
696
-21
2288

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-102
28
601
170
170
356
131
225
70
70
4

-15
-

-145
1453
170
170
1283
1247
36
-

50
-31
20
6
6
13
7
6
-

-67
-148
2074
347
347
356
131
225
1366
1324
42
4

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

410
-

177
-

587
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.147

Honduras
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

5.0

2.5

4.5
4.0

2.0

80%

3.5
3.0
Mtoe

Mtoe

1.5

60%

2.5
2.0

1.0

40%

1.5
1.0

0.5

20%

05
0.5
0.0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***


3.0

100%

2.5

80%

2.0
Million tonnes

120%

60%
40%
20%
0%
1971

Oil

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

1.5
1.0
0.5

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Coal/peat

1995

1999

2005

Oil

0.0
1971

2010

Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


600

8.0
70
7.0

500

6.0
400
1971=100

TWh

5.0
4.0
3.0

300
200

2.0
100

0.0
1971

1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

1987

1991

Hydro

1995

1999

2005

Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

1.0

II.148 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Honduras
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

110
110

2510
-344
-1
-52
39
2152

241
241

1954
1954

-4
-4

2195
2620
-348
-1
-52
39
4453

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

110
110
110
-

-707
92
1536
264
264
1012
1012
261
58
34
169
-

-241
-

-327
-0
1627
99
99
1529
1529
-

563
-126
433
106
106
327
185
142
-

-711
-35
3707
579
579
1012
1012
2116
1772
176
169
-

3614
-

141
-

6552
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

2797
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

114
114

2283
-1
-49
2233

255
255

1965
1965

2
-2
-

2220
2400
-2
-1
-49
4567

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

114
114
114
-

-698
-1
1534
268
268
996
996
270
63
42
165
-

-255
-

-298
1667
103
103
1564
1564
-

579
-141
439
109
109
330
187
143
-

-672
-142
3754
594
594
996
996
2164
1814
185
165
-

3629
-

139
-

6734
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2966
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.149

Hong Kong, China


Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

16

0.06

14

0.05
0 05

80%

12
10
Mtoe

Mtoe

0.04
0.03

60%

8
40%

0.02

4
0.01
0.00
1971

20%

1975

1979

1983

1987

Hydro/other

1991

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

25

100%

20

Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

10

20%

1975

1979

1983

1987

Coal/peat

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel


500

40

450

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

350
1971=100

30
TWh

1983

400

35

25
20
15

300
250
200
150

10

100

50
1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

45

0
1971

1975

1983

1987
Oil

1991

1995

Natural Gas

1999

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

15

II.150 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Hong Kong, China


2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

7599
7599

20020
-944
-10252
-4746
5
4083

2519
2519

0
0

52
4
57

997
-321
676

52
31139
-1265
-10252
-4746
5
14933

-6271
586
1914
1347
1347
567
329
238
-

-170
-42
-495
3375
698
698
1994
1994
471
19
452
212
212

-2173
-346
-

-0
-

57
57
52
4
-

0
3331
-438
3569
266
266
3302
931
2371
-

-170
-5155
-256
-438
8914
2311
2311
1994
1994
4396
1331
3061
4
212
212

1
1
-

38732
38732
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

27403
27403
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

136
136
-

11192
11192
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.151

Hong Kong, China


2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

6362
6362

22224
-764
-12178
-5465
-300
3517

3131
3131

0
0

53
3
56

950
-224
726

53
32670
-989
-12178
-5465
-300
13792

-5424
593
1531
958
958
573
328
245
-

168
-37
-516
3132
627
627
1847
1847
423
14
409
236
236

-2795
-336
-

-0
-

56
56
53
3
-

0
3293
-419
3601
265
265
3336
940
2396
-

168
-4963
-259
-419
8319
1849
1849
1847
1847
4387
1335
3050
3
236
236

1
1
-

38295
38295
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

23785
23785
-

112
112
-

14397
14397
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.152 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

India
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

800

600

700

500

80%

600
500
Mtoe

Mtoe

400
300

60%

400
40%

300

200

200
100
0
1971

20%

100

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat
Nuclear

1987

1991

Oil
Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil
Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

180
160

100%

140
80%
Million tonnes

120

60%
40%

100
80
60
40

20%
20
1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

600
500
1971=100

800
TWh

1983

700

1000

600
400

400
300
200

200

100

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

1200

0
1971

1975

1983

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Nuclear

1999
Hydro

2005

2010

Other****

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.153

India
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

244910
47488
-1265
-8356
282776

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

38527
162762
201289

14834
-52962
-146
-3450
-41724

38497
10429
48926

4857
4857

8962
8962

1756
1756

167896
167896

461
-5
456

505405
235974
-54232
-146
-3450
-8356
675195

-1729
-199786
-5603
-20
-3636
-981
71022
52548
16770
1751
330
10036
1454
300
21907
18474
2889
3560
12025
-

-2305
-185
-198800
-

2535
-12261
-10796
199375
-13335
123795
23258
857
3255
134
478
530
1395
11671
751
4186
48058
1479
42864
2438
1265
12
26251
22572
3065
615
26228
26228

-21458
-4497
22970
8289
8289
1992
1992
161
22
138
12529
12529

-4857
-

-8962
-

-1533
223
223
223
-

-1164
166732
28811
28811
164
164
137757
131423
6334
-

301
77986
-4985
-17167
56591
25595
25595
1066
1066
29930
12199
5072
10276
2383
-

231
-13874
-170570
-5603
-20
-3636
576
-23798
-17167
441334
138501
17627
5007
464
10514
530
1395
11671
1454
1051
88789
51280
1479
45021
3503
1265
12
212796
169105
14966
13479
15246
38757
38757

8992

12529

21521

104211
104211
-

17827
17827
-

2030
2030
-

906818
906818
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

625244
625244
-

22757
22757
-

116112
116112
-

18637
18637
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.154 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

India
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

244527
49379
-2074
-3473
288359

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

42847
167193
210039

16794
-60619
-166
-3787
-47779

42428
10295
52723

6845
6845

9840
9840

2006
2006

170177
170177

482
-5
477

518671
244143
-62699
-166
-3787
-3473
692689

-4033
-201466
-4925
-21
-1335
-754
75825
62059
23626
2026
519
10657
1667
397
23166
13766
2924
3734
7108
-

-2227
4955
-212768
-

2449
-10824
-11253
213979
-18232
128340
25784
838
3040
124
444
514
1453
12389
711
6272
51857
1623
46335
2595
1290
13
25842
22932
2910
24857
24857

-26045
-3761
22918
7428
7428
2301
2301
184
24
160
13005
13005

-6845
-

-9840
-

-1714
292
292
292
-

-1180
168998
29200
29200
182
182
139616
133196
6420
-

1511
82553
-5289
-18133
61118
27643
27643
1151
1151
32324
13175
5477
11098
2574
-

223
-8392
-175790
-4925
-21
-1335
1211
-28036
-18133
457491
152115
24464
5066
644
11101
514
1453
12389
1667
1108
93709
55491
1623
48818
3746
1290
13
212024
172250
15631
14168
9974
37862
37862

9977

13005

22982

114424
114424
-

19934
19934
-

2057
2057
-

959916
959916
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

653005
653005
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

26441
26441
-

117789
117789
-

26266
26266
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.155

Indonesia
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

450

250

100%

200

80%

150

60%

100

40%

50

20%

400
350
300
Mtoe

Mtoe

250
200
150
100
50
1975

1979

Coal/peat

Oil

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995

Hydro/other

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**


80

600%

70

Million tonnes

400%
300%
200%

50
40
30

10

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

180

5000

160

4500
4000

140

3500
1971=100

120
TWh

Biofuels/waste

20

100%

100
80
60

3000
2500
2000
1500

40

1000

20

500
1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

Hydro/other

60

500%

0
1971

Natural Gas

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

700%

0%
1971

Oil

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

1983
Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999
Hydro

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

II.156 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Indonesia
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

166802
46
-136336
30513

48215
20736
-17691
664
51925

18551
-5341
-167
-640
-174
12229

67047
-32676
34370

979
979

15981
15981

52804
-262
-25
52517

351828
39334
-192306
-167
-640
465
198514

-2223
-17834
-3
10453
10453
205
3626
615
6007
-

-1462
1913
-50173
2202
2202
2202

1617
1348
-8549
50687
-2306
55026
8953
540
684
959
79
1138
696
387
1277
3195
31676
1694
28306
1676
10847
6584
1105
2823
335
3550
3550

-506
-8511
-9457
-490
15407
11371
568
3000
7803
8
8
118
18
100
3909
3909

-979
-

-15981
-

-75
-27
-681
51734
6503
6503
20
20
45211
45008
203
-

-0
13485
-490
-1294
11701
4017
4017
7684
4777
2907
-

155
457
-38397
-3
514
-681
-12253
-1784
146522
41297
1109
3684
205
4585
79
1138
696
615
387
1277
27525
31704
1694
28334
1676
63860
56387
4315
2823
335
9661
9661

2202

2671

3909

8782

11384
11384
-

9295
9295
-

63
63
-

156799
156799
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

65754
65754
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

35540
35540
-

34763
34763
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.157

Indonesia
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

186328
37
-155882
30483

48442
19954
-17385
266
51277

22128
-5215
-230
-680
-350
15652

74741
-35952
38789

1520
1520

16088
16088

54326
-290
3
54039

381446
42119
-214725
-230
-680
-82
207849

1112
-18732
-4
12860
12860
243
3315
915
8386
-

-1868
72
-47313
2168
2168
2168

2066
5406
-8488
47133
-2117
59653
10454
714
828
1150
87
1276
797
427
1439
3736
35843
2302
31532
2009
10511
6111
1078
2965
356
2845
2845

-835
-8642
-9740
-3723
15849
11786
493
2505
8788
10
10
151
19
132
3902
3902

-1520
-

-16088
-

-141
-41
-664
53193
6328
6328
34
34
46831
46629
202
-

0
14602
-504
-1372
12726
4405
4405
8321
5169
3152
-

198
5615
-38909
-4
-180
-664
-12361
-5095
156449
45833
1207
3332
243
4465
87
1276
797
915
427
1439
31643
35887
2302
31576
2009
65814
57927
4565
2965
356
8915
8915

2168

2381

3902

8451

17676
17676
-

9357
9357
-

95
95
-

169785
169785
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

68114
68114
-

34505
34505
-

40038
40038
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.158 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Islamic Republic of Iran


Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

400

250

100%

200

80%

150

60%

100

40%

50

20%

350
300

Mtoe

Mtoe

250
200
150
100
50
0
1971

1975

1979

Coal/peat

Oil

1983

1987

Natural Gas

1991

1995

Hydro/other

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

2500%

100
90

2000%

80

Million tonnes

70
1500%

1000%

60
50
40
30

500%

20
10

0%
1971

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


1200

250

1000

200

800
1971=100

TWh

150

100

600
400

50

1975

1979

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1983
Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999
Hydro

2005
Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

200

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.159

Islamic Republic of Iran


2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

770
430
-15
1185

223545
4740
-126993
3570
104863

10168
-15331
-1970
-1248
-757
-9137

116220
4896
-5739
115377

622
622

19
19

309
309

178
-529
-351

341485
20413
-148607
-1970
-1248
2814
212887

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-129
-810
246
238
33
204
9
9
-

-89516
-15347
-

-12952
86471
10072
74453
8846
103
8743
39036
35861
3175
14649
8053
2635
3961
11922

-36709
-8569
70099
21341
6517
14824
3245
2913
332
40152
35011
4801
340
5360

-622
-

-19
-

-1
-3
306
306
9
297
-

19038
-3877
14809
5020
5020
24
24
9766
4784
2824
1841
316
-

-31395
-3045
-18533
159913
35445
33
6621
28791
42305
38774
3531
64881
47866
10260
6142
613
17282

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

376
-

45191
-

168343
-

225
-

2
-

221370
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


7233
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Electricity and CHP plants
Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

685
834
-79
1440

226043
795
-129491
97347

8417
-15967
-2282
-1284
-1807
-12922

121249
7609
-7181
121677

819
819

14
14

308
308

259
-577
-318

349119
17915
-153295
-2282
-1284
-1807
208367

-121
-1088
230
222
7
215
9
9
-

-88825
-8522
-

-13192
85780
5696
65361
7880
126
7753
35983
35897
86
13261
6866
2429
3966
8238

-37966
-8427
75284
24205
7351
16855
5101
4688
413
39933
34564
5011
357
6045

-819
-

-14
-

-2
-1
305
305
9
296
-

20034
-3716
16001
5423
5423
26
26
10552
5238
2927
2080
307
-

-32081
-3045
-16059
157182
37730
7
7477
30246
41110
40585
525
64060
46685
10367
6404
603
14283

353
-

46029
-

163
-

6
-

232955
-

176878
-

9526
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

II.160 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Iraq
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

200

45

180

40

160

35

140
Mtoe

Mtoe

80%

30

120
100
80

60%

25
20

40%

15

60
40

10

20

0
1971

100%

1975
Oil

1979

1983

Natural Gas

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

20%

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Natural Gas

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

3000%

40
35

2500%

30
Million tonnes

2000%
1500%
1000%

25
20
15
10

500%
0%
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0
1971

2010

Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators****


5000

60

4500
50

4000
3500
1971=100

TWh

40
30
20

3000
2500
2000
1500
1000

10

500
1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****

1983

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999

2005
Hydro

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.161

Iraq
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

119767
-97177
22590

7415
-1395
-139
-740
120
5260

3859
3859

278
278

26
26

480
480

123929
7895
-98572
-139
-740
120
32492

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-3518
-22758
3686
-

-7396
22461
-4274
16051
2293
2293
9219
9219
3983
3983
557

-3675
184
184
184
-

-278
-

-11
15
15
15
-

3922
-1585
2818
474
474
2344
1154
135
1054
-

-10944
-297
-2184
19068
2950
2950
9219
9219
6342
5137
135
1069
557

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

16418
-

25962
-

45607
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


3227
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

121421
-96240
25181

8428
-202
-138
-750
132
7470

4188
4188

410
410

26
26

529
529

126045
8957
-96441
-138
-750
132
37805

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-3251
-26861
4931
-

-9922
26372
-6524
17395
2456
2456
10045
10045
4454
4454
439

-3989
199
199
199
-

-410
-

-11
15
15
15
-

4314
-1585
3259
540
540
2719
1424
189
1106
-

-13258
-489
-3190
20868
3196
3196
10045
10045
7188
5879
189
1121
439

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

17222
-

50167
-

28179
-

4766
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.162 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Jamaica
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


4.5

0.6

4.0

0.5

80%

3.5
3.0
Mtoe

0.4

Mtoe

100%

5.0

0.7

0.3

60%

2.5
2.0

40%

1.5

0.2

1.0
0.1
0.0
1971

20%

05
0.5
1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

5.0
4.5

100%

4.0
3.5
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0

20%

0.5
05
0%
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Coal/peat

1995

1999

2005

Oil

0.0
1971

2010

Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


350

9.0
8.0
80

300

7.0
250
1971=100

TWh

6.0
5.0
4.0
3.0

200
150
100

2.0
50

0.0
1971

1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

1987

1991

Hydro

1995

1999

2005

Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

1.0

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.163

Jamaica
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

22
12
34

1198
1198

1503
-40
-175
195
1483

12
12

5
5

517
517

534
2724
-40
-175
207
3250

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

34
34
34
-

-1198
-

-951
1157
19
1709
42
42
977
510
467
650
46
52
551
39

-12
-

-5
-

-54
-159
304
92
92
212
212
-

477
-41
435
217
217
218
94
125
-

-545
-42
-181
2482
385
34
350
977
510
467
1081
352
177
551
39

5304
-

140
-

59
-

38
-

5541
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

36
36

1155
1155

1619
-40
-256
75
1399

13
13

5
5

446
446

464
2811
-40
-256
75
3054

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

36
36
36
-

-1155
-

-939
1136
-50
1545
24
24
934
492
441
549
52
63
435
38

-13
-

-5
-

-91
-124
231
58
58
173
173
-

361
-82
279
61
61
218
96
122
-

-687
-19
-257
2091
179
36
143
934
492
441
940
320
185
435
38

3925
-

152
-

53
-

64
-

4194
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

II.164 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Jordan
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

0.35

8.0

0.30

7.0

100%

80%

6.0

0.25

5.0
Mtoe

0.15

2.0

0.05

1975

1979

1983

Natural Gas

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

100%

5.0

80%

4.0
Million tonnes

6.0

60%
40%
20%

Biofuels/waste

3.0
2.0

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

0.0
1971

2010

Total

14

1400

12

1200

10

1000
1971=100

1600

8
6

200

Oil

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995
Hydro

1999

2005
Other****

2010

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

Other

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

600
400

1983

1983

800

1979

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

16

1975

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

TWh

Hydro/other

1.0

Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

0
1971

20%

1.0

Oil

0%
1971

40%

3.0

0.10

0.00
1971

60%

4.0

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

Mtoe

0.20

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.165

Jordan
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

1
3633
12
3646

922
-38
-330
20
575

162
2923
3085

5
5

120
120

5
1
6

33
-12
21

293
7512
-12
-38
-330
32
7458

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-3647
1
-

-336
3569
-219
3589
845
845
1729
7
1714
8
885
554
188
142
130

-3085
-0
-

-5
-

-0
120
120
105
15
-

-2
4
4
3
1
-

1227
-204
1045
250
10
36
204
795
420
222
152
-

-2201
-78
-422
4757
1095
10
36
1050
1729
7
1714
8
1803
1083
425
152
143
130

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

1633
-

12570
-

59
-

3
-

7
-

14272
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

1
3484
-46
3439

1639
-17
-363
-71
1188

136
2152
2288

5
5

124
124

5
1
6

168
-14
153

272
7443
-14
-17
-363
-116
7204

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-3440
1
-

-943
3399
-268
3378
733
733
1752
7
1738
7
770
461
175
134
122

-2288
-

-5
-

-0
124
124
108
16
-

-2
4
4
3
1
-

1271
-319
1105
280
11
40
229
824
449
188
188
-

-1967
-41
-586
4610
1014
11
40
963
1752
7
1738
7
1722
1021
378
188
135
122

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

5384
-

61
-

3
-

7
-

14779
-

9324
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.166 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Kazakhstan
Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

180

90

160

80

140

70

120

60

100

50

Mtoe

Mtoe

Figure 1. Energy production

80

30

40

20

20

10
1993
Coal/peat

1996
Oil

1999

Natural Gas

2002

Hydro/other

2005

0
1990

2010

80%

60%

40

60

0
1990

100%

Biofuels/waste

40%

20%

0%

1993

1996

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

1999

2002

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro/other

2010 1990 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

800%

25

700%
20

600%
Million tonnes

500%
400%
300%
200%

15

10

100%
0%
1990

1993

1996

1999

Coal/peat

Oil

2002

2005

2010

Natural Gas

Total

0
1990

1993
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1996
Mid. dist.

1999
Av. fuels

2002
Mogas

2005
LPG

2010
Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators****


140

100
90

120

70

100

60

80

1990=100

50
40
30

40

20

20

10
0
1990

1993
Coal/peat

*
**
***
****

60

1996

1999
Oil

2002
Natural Gas

2005

2010
Hydro

0
1990

1993

1996

1999

2002

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

TWh

80

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.167

Kazakhstan
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

44282
526
-12686
-108
32014

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

79390
6137
-70393
45
15179

1652
-6033
-24
74
-4331

23618
1807
-5552
-12
19861

592
592

67
67

147
-205
-57

147948
10269
-94868
-24
-1
63324

1284
-17034
-747
-1011
-776
-490
13240
9457
3187
31
499
1
10
792
120
0
35
5
4776
3783
1107
702
177
1797
-

-1040
-291
-2
-12685
-200
-620
341
341
341
-

1142
546
-251
11883
-515
-17
8457
1679
633
26
51
1
10
259
104
1
1
135
3
455
4156
9
3937
199
10
2308
846
966
449
1
46
313
313

862
-3158
-14073
-965
2527
1314
265
246
178
3
8
349
208
12
1
42
3
1214
901
301
12
-

-592
-

67
67
62
4
-

60
592
6177
-1832
-557
4384
3013
1944
175
62
1
69
369
121
1
1
105
3
162
235
77
158
1136
734
364
37
0
-

-18
9337
-2306
-1109
5903
2429
1448
119
8
4
25
124
331
10
3
172
2
181
3474
2298
898
278
-

101
2443
-2
-4929
-747
-1011
-802
-19702
-3757
34919
17891
7477
598
798
10
122
1894
884
24
6
489
17
5574
4391
9
3937
276
10
158
12323
5949
3231
953
1
2188
313
313

6879
6879
-

78710
6879
71831
390984
390984
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

58090
58090
390984
390984
-

884
884
-

12857
12857
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.168 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Kazakhstan
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

48547
589
-13766
-855
34515

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

82864
6085
-65527
-991
22430

1729
-6724
-84
-256
-5335

24599
2946
-5224
237
22558

690
690

50
50

251
-151
100

156750
11600
-91392
-84
-1866
75008

1404
-18020
-768
-1064
-815
-876
14375
10284
3201
30
605
0
13
751
130
0
37
4
5513
4091
1191
760
185
1955
-

-1278
-40
-14278
-377
-729
5729
5729
5729
-

1403
435
-178
13292
-553
-16
9048
1816
769
21
138
1
13
313
97
2
1
92
2
367
4442
140
4088
195
18
2447
754
1122
408
162
344
344

1340
-1804
-17901
-992
3200
1475
283
178
175
3
9
473
274
13
1
55
10
1725
1166
541
18
-

-690
-

50
50
42
9
-

55
690
6418
-1755
-570
4936
3450
2240
238
59
2
32
382
139
2
1
39
1
316
269
56
213
1217
764
400
53
0
-

-0
9609
-2167
-1058
6384
2956
1514
116
1
5
27
246
301
10
2
88
1
647
3427
2335
879
213
-

125
3194
-3976
-768
-1064
-986
-23570
-4241
43722
19982
8007
583
979
11
94
2165
939
27
5
311
17
6843
4710
140
4088
251
18
213
18686
6252
3702
877
0
7855
344
344

8022
8022
-

82646
8022
74624
402385
402385
-

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

66657
66657
402385
402385
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

620
620
-

7347
7347
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.169

Kenya
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

18

25

100%

20

80%

15

60%

10

40%

20%

16
14
12
Mtoe

Mtoe

10
8
6
4
2
0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Hydro/other

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

4.5
4.0

100%

3.5
80%
Million tonnes

3.0

60%
40%

2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0

20%
0.5
0%
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Coal/peat

1995

1999

2005

Oil

0.0
1971

2010

Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****


250

8.0
70
7.0

200
6.0
1971=100

TWh

5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0

150

100

50

1.0

1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****
*****

1983

1987

1991

Hydro

1995

1999

2005

Other****

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0.0
1971

II.170 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Kenya
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

59
59

1636
10
1646

2557
-77
-8
-608
1863

187
187

1152
1152

13866
13866

3
-2
1

15205
4255
-80
-8
-608
10
18774

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

59
59
59
-

-1646
-

-864
1570
-83
2487
421
421
1297
1
1234
62
497
335
82
80
272

-187
-

-1152
-

-91
-4641
9135
9135
9135
-

591
-96
496
290
290
206
135
71
-

-1703
-76
-4820
12176
769
59
711
1297
1
1234
62
9838
9606
71
82
80
272

3029
-

1355
-

316
-

6870
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

2170
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

102
102

1560
81
1641

2688
-66
-6
-575
2040

295
295

1251
1251

14233
14233

3
-3
-

15779
4352
-69
-6
-575
81
19562

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

102
102
102
-

-1641
-

-652
1556
-82
2862
531
531
1571
3
1496
72
522
324
101
97
238

-295
-

-1251
-

-91
-4764
9379
9379
9379
-

645
-106
539
312
312
227
149
78
-

-1643
-85
-4952
12881
945
102
843
1571
3
1496
72
10128
9852
78
101
97
238

2287
-

1471
-

316
-

7501
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

3427
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.171

Democratic People's Republic of Korea


Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

35

40

30

35

100%

30

25

25
Mtoe

Mtoe

20
15

10

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Hydro/other

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

Hydro/other

60%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

140%

3.0

120%

2.5

100%
Million tonnes

2.0

80%
60%
40%

1.5
1.0
0.5

20%
0%
1971

80%

15

10

0
1971

20

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Coal/peat

1995

1999

2005

Oil

0.0
1971

2010

1975

Total

1979
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1983

1987

1991

Mid. dist.

1995

1999

Mogas

2005

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

35

160

30

140
120

25
1971=100

100

15
10

20

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****

60
40

5
0
1971

80

1987

1991
Oil

1995

1999

2005
Hydro

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

TWh

20

II.172 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Democratic People's Republic of Korea


2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

18146
152
-1914
16383

345
345

316
316

1072
1072

1060
1060

20278
813
-1914
19176

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-2495
-72
13816
10553
66
10487
3263
3263
-

-345
-

-256
343
-10
392
58
58
310
310
25
25
-

-1072
-

1060
1060
1060
-

1814
-459
1355
678
678
678
678
-

-2009
-3
-540
16624
11288
66
11222
310
310
5026
25
5001
-

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

8033
-

596
-

21093
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Electricity and Heat Output


12464
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

18484
133
-2934
15683

329
329

301
301

1153
1153

1065
1065

20702
763
-2934
18531

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-2391
-69
13223
10100
64
10037
3123
3123
-

-329
-

-245
328
-10
375
55
55
296
296
24
24
-

-1153
-

1065
1065
1065
-

1864
-471
1392
696
696
696
696
-

-1925
-1
-550
16056
10851
64
10788
296
296
4908
24
4884
-

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

7696
-

569
-

21673
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

13408
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.173

Kosovo
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

3.0

2.0
1.8

2.5
25

1.6
1.4

80%

2.0
60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

1.2
1.0

1.5
40%

0.8
1.0

0.6
0.4

20%

0.5

02
0.2
0.0
2000

2002
Coal/peat

2004

2006

Hydro/other

2008

0.0
2000

2010

Biofuels/waste

2004

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

2006

Oil

2008

Hydro/other

2010 2000 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***


0.6

100%

0.5

80%

0.4
Million tonnes

120%

60%
40%
20%
0%
2000

0%

2002

0.3
0.2
0.1

2002

2004

2006

Coal/peat

2008

Oil

0.0
2000

2010
Total

2002
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

2004
Mid. dist.

2006
Mogas

2008
LPG

2010
Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators****


180

6.0

160
5.0

140
120
2000=100

TWh

4.0
3.0

100
80
60

2.0

40
1.0

2002
Coal/peat

*
**
***
****

2004

2006
Oil

2008
Hydro

2010

0
2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0.0
2000

20

II.174 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Kosovo
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

1601
7
-23
1585

495
495

10
10

1
1

234
1
235

66
-24
42

1845
569
-24
-23
2368

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-1538
0
48
23
3
19
25
22
2
0
0

-4
59
549
97
1
25
71
340
339
1
85
27
48
10
26

-10
-

1
1
0
0
-

-0
235
11
0
0
0
10
224
216
6
2
-

428
-133
337
95
39
0
5
51
243
184
52
6
-

9
9
9
6
3
-

-1124
-65
1178
225
42
1
30
152
340
339
1
586
456
112
18
27

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

4841
-

15
495

120
-

4976
495

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

1612
28
-3
37
1673

474
-1
473

13
13

1
1

235
1
236

70
-30
40

1861
574
-34
-1
37
2436

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-1598
-0
75
47
11
36
28
22
5
0
0

-6
59
525
90
1
24
64
319
318
1
81
26
44
10
1
36

-13
-

-0
-0
1
1
0
0
-

-0
236
11
0
0
0
10
226
218
6
2
-

444
-132
353
99
40
0
5
54
254
193
55
6
-

5
5
5
3
2
-

-1173
-68
1196
247
52
1
29
165
319
318
1
594
462
112
19
1
36

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

4989
-

22
231

156
-

1
-

5168
231

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.175

Kuwait
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

200

40

180

35

160

25
Mtoe

120
Mtoe

80%

30

140

100
80

60%

20
40%

15

60

10

40

20%

20
0
1971

100%

1975

1979

Oil

1983

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

2000%

25

1800%
1600%

20

Million tonnes

1400%
1200%
1000%
800%

15

10

600%
400%

200%
1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

0
1971

2010

Total

FO

60

1200

50

1000

40

800

30

400

10

200

1979

1983
Oil

*
**
***
****

1987

1991

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

2010

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999
LPG

2005

2010

Other

600

20

1975

1979

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

1971=100

TWh

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

0
1971

1975

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference. Maximum scale refers to values greater than or equal to 2000%.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1971

II.176 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Kuwait
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

120858
-69367
51492

-29941
-375
-812
-299
-31427

9382
727
10109

130240
727
-99308
-375
-812
-299
30173

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-2835
-44285
-4372
-

-9258
42703
4057
6075
897
897
3949
3949
186
186
1044

-3469
-3930
2709
2709
1450
1259
-

4577
-1626
2951
2951
1924
1027
-

-10985
-1581
-5872
11735
3606
1450
2155
3949
3949
3136
2109
1027
1044

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

37877
-

15339
-

53216
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

124212
-70895
53318

-31033
-392
-811
330
-31906

9718
2270
11988

133930
2270
-101927
-392
-811
330
33400

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-3038
-45154
-5126
-

-9749
43801
3965
6112
852
852
3974
3974
194
194
1092

-3283
-4661
4045
4045
1720
2325
-

4904
-1728
3177
3177
2070
1107
-

-11165
-1353
-7549
13333
4897
1720
3177
3974
3974
3371
2264
1107
1092

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

42516
-

57029
-

14513
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.177

Kyrgyzstan
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

9.0

3.0

8.0
2.5
25

6.0
Mtoe

2.0
1.5

60%

5.0
4.0

40%

3.0

1.0

2.0
0.5
0.0
1990

1993
Coal/peat

1996
Oil

1999

Natural Gas

2002

Hydro/other

2005

0.0
1990

2010

Biofuels/waste

3.5

100%

3.0

Million tonnes

60%
40%

2002

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro/other

2010 1990 2010


Biofuels/waste

2.0
1.5
1.0

20%

0.5

1993

1996

Coal/peat

1999

2002

Oil

2005

2010

Natural Gas

Total

0.0
1990

1993
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1996
Mid. dist.

1999
Av. fuels

2002
Mogas

2005
LPG

2010
Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

18

200

16

180
160

14

140
1990=100

12
TWh

Oil

1999

2.5

80%

10
8
6

120
100
80
60

40

20
1993

1996

Coal/peat

*
**
***
****

1996

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

0
1990

0%

1993

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

0%
1990

20%

1.0

1999

2002

Natural Gas

2005

2010
Hydro

0
1990

1993

1996

1999

2002

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Mtoe

80%

7.0

II.178 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Kyrgyzstan
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

217
217
433

75
75

1656
-117
-417
1122

13
537
550

852
852

4
4

-28
-28

1161
2410
-145
-417
3010

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-134
172
471
471
471
-

-31
44
44
44
-

30
1153
843
843
239
239
70

-375
175
6
6
169
169
-

-852
-

4
4
4
-

955
-307
620
348
9
27
312
5
5
266
124
142
-

244
244
244
244
-

-163
-1
-136
2710
820
9
27
783
855
850
5
965
124
142
699
70

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

306
3168

884
7032

11100
10200

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


9910
-

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

210
243
453

70
70

1700
-115
-412
1173

10
378
388

888
888

4
4

-58
-58

1182
2321
-174
-412
2918

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-148
159
464
464
464
-

70
70
70
-

1173
864
864
239
239
70

-321
67
6
6
60
60
-

-888
-

4
4
4
-

976
-295
622
345
9
27
309
5
5
272
131
142
-

209
209
209
209
-

-173
-136
2609
809
9
27
773
876
870
5
854
131
142
582
70

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

262
2715

11350
8743

758
6028

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

10330
-

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.179

Latvia
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

8.0

2.5

7.0
2.0

80%

6.0
5.0
Mtoe

Mtoe

1.5

1.0

60%

4.0
40%

3.0
2.0

0.5

20%

1.0
0.0
1990

1993

1996

Coal/peat

1999

2002

Hydro/other

2005

0.0
1990

2010

Biofuels/waste

0%

1993

1996

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Oil

1999

2002

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro/other

2010 1990 2010


Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

4.5
4.0

100%

3.5
80%
Million tonnes

3.0

60%
40%

2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0

20%
0.5
1993

1996

Coal/peat

1999

2002

Oil

2005

2010

Natural Gas

Total

0.0
1990

FO

7.0

140

6.0

120

5.0

100

4.0

80

40

1.0

20

1993
Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1996
Oil

1999

2002

Natural Gas

2005
Hydro

2010
Other****

Mid. dist.

1999
Av. fuels

2002
Mogas

2005
LPG

2010
Other

60

2.0

0.0
1990

1996

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

1990=100

TWh

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

3.0

1993

0
1990

1993

1996

1999

2002

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

2010

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1990

II.180 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Latvia
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

6
83
-5
1
85

2
1
3

1836
-270
-273
-102
5
1195

1399
-173
1227

297
297

4
4

1789
6
-487
-42
1267

366
-224
142

2097
3692
-986
-273
-102
-207
4221

-11
-3
-0
71
36
3
31
1
1
35
19
15
1
-

-3
-

6
185
-8
-18
-4
1356
70
18
2
8
1
1
2
14
5
19
1024
946
74
4
186
48
38
91
8
76
61

-574
-194
-12
-15
432
212
81
12
2
22
2
5
2
43
2
24
9
6
1
0
0
220
103
112
6
-

-297
-

-4
-

-0
-22
-135
-11
1099
197
3
4
1
0
9
4
171
1
0
3
4
4
898
804
77
17
-

302
177
-0
-32
-64
525
130
12
5
0
15
3
7
1
24
4
39
10
4
4
10
3
1
6
385
172
201
11
1
1
-

345
283
-8
-89
531
7
2
0
1
2
0
0
1
1
0
524
388
132
4
0
-

6
182
-0
-92
-67
-11
-56
-168
4014
651
114
24
2
80
7
15
5
93
11
240
40
12
8
1039
950
77
1
4
6
2247
1534
574
130
9
1
76
61

15
-

15
-

3457
3457
-

50
50
-

49
3
46
4019
395
3624

4
4

5569
3510
2059
26308
14457
11851

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

2
2
362
262
100

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

4
4
889
262
627

2007
2007
21034
13538
7496

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.181

Latvia
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION
Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES
Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy
of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

2
115
-3
-5
109

2
-1
1

1707
-266
-251
-118
97
1169

903
559
1461

303
303

4
4

1804
30
-572
29
1292

342
-267
75

2113
3098
-1107
-251
-118
678
4414

-9
-4
-1
94
47
3
42
1
0
1
47
26
21
1
-

-1
-

3
249
-5
-13
-5
1398
84
23
2
21
1
1
2
15
5
14
1046
972
67
7
195
53
36
96
10
73
59

-746
-191
-21
-6
498
242
91
14
3
24
2
6
2
43
2
35
11
7
2
255
124
116
15
-

-303
-

-4
-

-1
-2
-27
-148
-5
1109
254
4
28
1
7
4
205
1
0
2
27
27
828
734
81
13
0
-

308
262
-0
-48
-62
534
137
13
5
0
19
3
8
2
25
3
41
9
3
6
11
3
2
6
387
167
208
11
1
0
-

402
283
-13
-92
579
9
2
0
0
2
0
0
2
1
0
570
407
155
8
0
-

3
247
-1
-123
-73
-5
-87
-163
4212
773
130
28
3
135
6
17
5
93
9
286
39
12
9
1083
999
70
2
7
6
2283
1511
616
145
11
0
73
59

14
-

14
-

3520
3520
-

49
49
7
7

66
8
58
4290
455
3835

5
5

6627
3577
3050
28662
16821
11841

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

2
2
389
288
101

2
2
642
162
480

2988
2988
23329
15916
7413

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.182 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Lebanon
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*

6.0

0.25
0 25

80%

5.0

Mtoe

0.15
0.10

3.0

20%

1.0

1975

1979

1983

1987

Hydro/other

1991

1995

1999

2005

0.0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Coal/peat

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**


7.0

100%

6.0

Million tonnes

60%
40%

Hydro/other

Biofuels/waste

4.0
3.0
2.0

20%

1.0

1975

1979

1983

Coal/peat

1987

1991

Oil

1995

1999

2005

Natural Gas

0.0
1971

2010
Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999

2005

LPG

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators****

18

800

16

700

14

600

12

500
1971=100

TWh

Natural Gas

5.0

80%

10
8
6

400
300
200

100

2
1975

1979
Oil

*
**
***
****

Oil

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

0
1971

40%

2.0

0.05

0%
1971

60%

4.0

1983

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999

2005
Hydro

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

Mtoe

0.20

0.00
1971

100%

7.0

0.30

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.183

Lebanon
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

72
72

6394
-23
-187
6185

41
41

53
53

13
13

120
6
126

99
99

187
6613
-23
-187
6590

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

72
72
72
-

-3131
3054
163
163
1760
1760
1047
1047
84

-41
-

-53
-

13
1
1
13
8
4
-

-3
123
123
114
8
-

1184
-154
1130
297
297
833
431
189
213
-

-2041
-157
4392
532
72
460
1760
1760
2015
1600
193
221
84

12934
-

215
-

622
-

13771
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

225
225

5962
-25
-236
5701

212
212

72
72

15
15

120
120

107
107

207
6506
-25
-236
6452

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

225
225
225
-

-3411
2290
45
45
1737
1737
408
408
100

-212
-

-72
-

15
1
1
14
10
5
-

-12
108
108
100
8
-

1351
-161
1298
341
341
957
495
217
245
-

-2344
-173
3935
611
225
387
1737
1737
1487
1012
222
253
100

13777
-

839
-

15712
-

1096
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output


Electricity generated - GWh
Heat generated - TJ

II.184 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Libya
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

30

160
140

25

80%

120
20
60%

Mtoe

Mtoe

100
80

15
40%

60

10

40

0
1971

1975

1979

Oil

1983

1987

1991

Natural Gas

1995

1999

2005

0
1971 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999

2010

Biofuels/waste

Oil

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

Biofuels/waste

16

4500%

14

4000%

12
Million tonnes

3500%
3000%
2500%
2000%
1500%

10
8
6
4

1000%

500%
1975

1979

1983

1987

Oil

1991

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

0
1971

2010

Total

1975
FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel

1979

1983

Mid. dist.

1987

1991

Av. fuels

1995
Mogas

1999
LPG

2005

2010

Other

Figure 6. Selected indicators****


5000

35

4500

30

4000

25
1971=100

3500

20
TWh

Natural Gas

0%

2005 2010 1971 2010

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

5000%

0%
1971

20%

20

15

3000
2500
2000
1500

10

1000
5

500
1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

Oil

*
**
***
****

1995

1999

Natural Gas

2005

2010

0
1971

1975

1979

1983

1987

1991

1995

1999

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference. Maximum scale refers to values greater than or equal to 5000%.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0
1971

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.185

Libya
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

80144
-57879
22265

30
-4275
-86
-246
-4578

12984
-7488
5496

168
168

6
-11
-4

93296
36
-69653
-86
-246
23347

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-18098
-4168
-

-6237
16829
319
6334
406
406
4013
3
4009
753
753
1162

-2997
-152
2346
1009
1009
1337

168
168
168
-

2617
-678
1934
320
320
1614
526
777
225
86
-

-6617
-1268
-4679
10782
1735
1735
4013
3
4009
2535
1447
777
225
86
2499

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

17955
-

12471
-

30426
-

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Electricity and Heat Output

2010
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

74657
-55288
19369

30
-5783
-86
-272
-6111

13727
-8003
5725

170
170

7
-11
-5

88555
37
-69085
-86
-272
19148

Electricity and CHP plants


Oil refineries
Other transformation*
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-metallic minerals
Other/non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Other/non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and public services
Agriculture/forestry
Other/non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE

-20204
835
-

-6481
18773
307
6487
414
414
4021
3
4018
0
795
795
1257

-3297
-161
2266
873
873
1393

170
170
170
-

2719
-705
2010
333
333
1677
547
807
234
88
-

-7060
-1431
277
10933
1620
1620
4021
3
4018
2643
1513
807
234
88
2650

Electricity generated - GWh


Heat generated - TJ

18655
-

31613
-

12958
-

* Includes transfers, statistical differences, energy industry own use, and losses.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.186 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Lithuania
Figure 1. Energy production

Figure 2. Total primary energy supply*


100%

20

6.0

18
5.0
50

16

80%

14

4.0
Mtoe

Mtoe

12
3.0

60%

10
8

2.0

40%

6
4

1.0

20%

2
0.0
1990

1993
Coal/peat

1996
Oil

1999

Nuclear

2002

Hydro/other

2005

0
1990

2010

0%

1993

1996

1999

Coal/peat
Nuclear

Biofuels/waste

Figure 3. Energy self-sufficiency**

2002

2005

Oil
Hydro/other

2010 1990 2010


Natural Gas
Biofuels/waste

Figure 4. Oil products demand***

120%

8.0
7.0

100%

6.0
Million tonnes

80%
60%
40%

5.0
4.0
3.0
2.0

20%

1993

1996

Coal/peat

1999
Oil

2002

2005

2010

Natural Gas

Total

0.0
1990

FO

Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel


120

30

100

25
1990=100

TWh

Mid. dist.

1999
Av. fuels

2002
Mogas

2005
LPG

2010
Other

80

20
15

60
40

10

20

1993
Coal/peat

*
**
***
****
*****

1996

Figure 6. Selected indicators*****

35

0
1990

1993

1996
Oil

1999

Natural Gas

2002

2005

Nuclear

Hydro

2010
Other****

0
1990

1993

1996

1999

2002

2005

TPES/GDP

Electricity/GDP

TPES per capita

Electricity per capita

Excluding electricity trade.


Production divided by TPES. The gray dashed line shows the 100% reference.
Includes international bunkers. LPG: LPG, NGL, ethane and naphtha. Other also includes direct use of crude oil and other hydrocarbons.
Includes geothermal, solar, wind, biofuels and waste, etc.
GDP in 2005 USD.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

2010

OECD/IEA, 2012

0%
1990

1.0

ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition) - II.187

Lithuania
2009
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

15
137
-12
24
164

118
8806
-115
39
8846

476
-6862
-126
-36
102
-6445

2189
-8
2181

2875
2875

36
36

19
19

1115
79
-197
-0
997

411
-663
-252

214
214

4391
12098
-7850
-126
-36
157
8635

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigation
Non-specified
OTHER
Residential
Comm. and publ. services
Agriculture/forestry
Fishing
Non-specified
NON-ENERGY USE
in industry/transf./energy

-7
-0
157
65
1
61
3
0
1
92
35
56
1
-

-8848
2
-

0
-143
-27
8911
-621
-4
1672
52
1
20
1
13
2
12
2
1383
1318
58
5
2
88
40
3
39
2
4
149
131

-844
-235
-2
-2
-0
1097
262
0
83
19
3
4
0
87
21
18
10
12
3
24
1
23
234
145
62
27
577
577

-2875
-

-36
-

-14
-5
-

-0
-58
-194
-0
744
66
0
9
1
0
2
2
39
3
0
10
51
51
626
584
31
11
-

73
1186
-0
-203
-83
720
209
2
54
14
3
8
2
46
9
20
9
18
25
7
1
2
4
504
234
254
15
0
-

-74
539
377
-33
-138
885
167
0
147
0
0
1
11
1
1
2
2
2
719
517
192
9
-

0
-0
-51
-2195
-92
-0
63
-1
-859
-226
5275
821
3
285
123
6
15
3
162
33
80
36
35
40
1465
1371
59
25
5
6
2263
1555
599
102
2
4
726
708

54

577

630

18
-

18
-

424
424
-

158
158
107
107

102
102
7591
1520
6071

19
19

271
271
8982
5983
2999

14643
582
14061
47332
28560
18772

of which: feedstocks

in transport
in other

Electr. generated - GWh


Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat generated - TJ
CHP plants
Heat plants

207
207

735
735
1689
870
819

2101
2101
26792
18242
8550

10852
10852
1945
1945
-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and Heat Output

II.188 - ENERGY BALANCES OF NON-OECD COUNTRIES (2012 edition)

Lithuania
2010
Thousand tonnes of oil equivalent
SUPPLY AND
CONSUMPTION

Coal
& peat

Crude
oil

Oil
products

Natural
Gas

Nuclear

Hydro

Geotherm.
solar
etc.

Biofuels
& waste

Electricity

Heat

Total

Production
Imports
Exports
Intl. marine bunkers
Intl. aviation bunkers
Stock changes
TPES

9
205
-24
15
205

118
9436
-113
-10
9430

763
-7487
-139
-48
-78
-6989

2484
7
2491

46
46

24
24

1113
64
-199
15
993

703
-188
515

209
209

1519
13655
-8011
-139
-48
-51
6925

Transfers
Statistical differences
Electricity plants
CHP plants
Heat plants
Blast furnaces
Gas works
Coke/pat.fuel/BKB plants
Oil refineries
Petrochemical plants
Liquefaction plants
Other transformation
Energy industry own use
Losses
TFC
INDUSTRY
Iron and steel
Chemical and petrochemical
Non-ferrous metals
Non-metallic minerals
Transport equipment
Machinery
Mining and quarrying
Food and tobacco
Paper pulp and printing
Wood and wood products
Construction
Textile and leather
Non-specified
TRANSPORT
Domestic aviation
Road
Rail
Pipeline transport
Domestic navigat