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ELDIS

APOID
User Description

Technical Description of APOID Unit

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
APOID
CRC
CTS
HDLC
LAN
RTS
UDP
TCP/IP

HW block designed for the data reception via LAN network and for the data
transmission via a serial synchronous line
Check polynomial
Clear to send signal
Synchronous communication protocol (control of data high-level data link)
Local computer network
Request to send signal
Data transmission protocol (unconfirmed transmission in network)
Data transmission protocol (confirmed transmission in network)

1 Scope
1.1 System Identification
APOID a communication module is an intelligent data interface between the LAN and serial
synchronous line.

1.2 System Survey


APOID module is a single-channel data receiver/transmitter on a serial synchronous line in
HDLC format. The module communicates with an ambient connected system via the LAN
network. Data arriving from the LAN network are transmitted to the serial synchronous line,
and data received from the serial synchronous line are transmitted to the system with the help
of the LAN network.

1.3 Document Survey


This document describes the hardware and software performance, and APOID communication
module operation as well.

2 Hardware Description
This module comprises a single LAN (RJ45) connector and a single XC3 MODEM (DB25)
connector for the modem connection.
The module support RS232, RS422, TTL standards.
The module sets DTR and RTS.
It receives CTS and DCD.
The module enables external input of synchronous clock signal and internal output of clock
signal.
The module is situated in a separate sheet cabinet together with the +5V/1A power supply.
The module LAN basic configuration (IP address, network mask, default gate) is saved in the
EEPROM.
The module comprises the FLASH program memory.

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APOID
User Description

The module comprises LCD display of internal diagnostics.

2.1 MODEM Data Connector Wiring


DB25M
Pin
4
5
7
8
9
10
12
13
15
16
20
22
23

Signal
RTS
CTS
GND
DCD
VOUT1
VOUT2
TD
RD
RxC
TxC
DTR
CLK1
CLK2

Note
Request To Send

Clear To Send
Ground
Data Carried Detection

Supply voltage output adjustable by a jumper


Supply voltage output adjustable by a jumper
Transmitted Data
Received Data
Received Clock
Transmitted Clock
Data Transmitted Ready
Clock signal output adjustable by UNC 2400 Hz 307.2 kHz
Clock signal output adjustable by INC 2400 Hz 307.2 kHz

2.2 Electrical Characteristics


Electrical characteristics of the APOID interface meet the RS 232 C standard. In addition,
they meet requirements of the CCITT V24-V28.

2.3 Data Link Characteristics


Clock signal in the range from 2400 Bd to 153,600 Bd.
Synchronous communication.
The clock signals can be received from external equipment, or can be generated with the help
of an internal generator of clock signal.
LSB bit is sent off first.

2.4 Internal Clock


APOID interface comprises also internal clock generator enabling transmitted data timing.
The baud rate is set by a program switch from 2400 Bd up to 153,600 Bd.

3 APOID Module Identification


UNC communication modules utilized in the APOID module work under the Linux operating
system. A special version is applied here intended for this type of processors. This module
communicates with other blocks in the system via the LAN network.

3.1 APOID Module Operation


APOID module comprises an interface with synchronous communication channels. The data
can be received and/or transmitted by means of these channels. Transmitted and received data
on the serial synchronous line must be in HDLC.

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APOID
User Description

3.2 HDLC Frame Description


The HDLC frame has following structure:
Open Flag
8 bits

Address Field
8 bits

Open flag
Address Field
Control Field
Data Block
CRC
Close Flag

Control Field
8 bits

Data block

CRC
16 bits

Close Flag
8 bits

filling character for transmission initiation (01111110)


field of a single byte size
field of a single byte size
message data, 512 bytes maximum
CRC code
filling character for transmission frame termination (01111110)

3.3 Data Adapter Description


APOID module comprises a software module communicating with a single synchronous
communication channel. Software module involves following processes:

Data reception from synchronous line and their transfer to the LAN

Data received from the LAN transfer to the synchronous line

Communication channel diagnostics

3.3.1 Data Reception from Synchronous Line and Transfer to LAN


This process serves for the data reception from the synchronous line, for the data check with
the help of CRC, and for received data transfer to defined output LAN channels. The LAN
channels may be either UDP (unicast, broadcast, multicast), or TCP/IP (server or client).
Depending on configuration, the process enables transmission of full received HDLC message
to the system including the address field and control field. A configuration file can be defined
whether these bytes are to be transmitted. These bytes are not transmitted by default, i.e. only
Data Block part is transmitted to the system.
3.3.2 Transmission of Data Received from LAN to Synchronous Line
This process serves for transmitting data received via LAN channel to the serial synchronous
line. The process automatically adds the heading to the HDLC data frame and CRC to its end,
and sends data to the serial synchronous line.

3.4 Block Restart


After the APOID block restart, automatic loading of pertinent adapter configuration files
occurs, and powerful processes in preset (default) mode shall be initiated.

3.5 Watchdog
As soon as the APOID module user program started, the watchdog is initiated automatically
checking the system performance. If the system does not respond, the watchdog shall
automatically restart the APOID module.

3.6 Configuration Files


All configuration files are saved in the directories:
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APOID
User Description

/flash/apoid/etc adapter configuration files

Exact description of particular parts of these files is given directly in them. Changes
performed in these files shall manifest themselves only after the adapter restart.

4 Control and Diagnostics


4.1 External Diagnostics
The data adapter is equipped with the diagnostic channel for input/output interface, which
provides via LAN following information in regular intervals:

DCD signal status

CTS signal status

OVERFLOW indication

Transmitted data flow

Received data flow

Counter of transmitted data frames

Counter of correctly received data frames

Counter of received data frames with erroneous CRC code

The external diagnostics program can be connected to pertinent diagnostic channel of the
APOID module for the presentation of above mentioned information.
Current status of the APOID module can be checked by connecting to its diagnostic channel
since the information are sent in text representation. Actual setting of the diagnostic channel is
obtained from APOIDs configuration file.

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APOID
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4.1.1 DCD Signal Status


The DCD signal status for given channel shall be checked. It is possible to set in the
configuration file whether the transmission and reception are to be blocked, whether the DCD
signal status log. 0.
4.1.2 CTS Signal Status
The CTS signal status for given channel shall be checked. It is possible to set in the
configuration file whether the transmission and reception are to be blocked, whether the CTS
signal status log. 0.
4.1.3 OVERFLOW Indication
OVERFLOW indication for given channel guards data quantity in the transmission buffer
memory. If the data quantity exceeds set limit, the OVERFLOW shall be indicated.
Possible causes:

Baud rate in the transmission channel is less than transmitted data quantity
CTS signal not set, i.e. RTS is to be set by the counterparty
Transmission process cannot send data to the line

4.1.4 Transmitted Data Flow


Transmitted data flow is permanently checked and converted to number of bytes/sec.
4.1.5 Received Data Flow
Received data flow is permanently checked and converted to number of bytes/sec.
4.1.6 Frames of Transmitted Data
Transmitted data frames are continuously added to the data frames counter, sent off to the
serial synchronous line.
4.1.7 Frames of Received Data
Received data frames are continuously added to the data frames counter, received from the
serial synchronous line.

4.2 Internal Diagnostics


Internal diagnostics is realized with the help of LCD display on the front panel of the APOID
block. The LCD display contains 2 rows. Text in particular rows can be changed over.
Meaning of particular indications in the data channel are shown in the table.
Row
1

Text on LCD
DCD:x
CTS:x
TxC:xxxx
TxI:x
RxC:xxxx

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Description
DCD detection
CTS detection
Measured baud rate of transmission clock on TxC pin
Filling characters are present in Tx channel
Measured baud rate of transmission clock on RxC pin

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APOID
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RxI:x
RxD:xxx
TxD:xxx
Tx format/Rx
format

Filling characters are present in Rx channel


Baud rate of received data flow (or CRC error)
Baud rate of transmitted data flow (or OVERLOAD)
Selected data format

4.3 Control and Setting


Parameters of both channels can be set with the help of above mentioned configuration files,
or via internet interface from an external computer.
4.3.1 Web Configuration Interface
Start an internet browser on an external computer, which is on the current LAN network.
Enter the IP address of pertinent APOID module like an internet address (e.g.
http://192.168.105.242). Web configuration interface for the given APOID block shall appear.

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APOID
User Description

4.3.1.1 Change Settings


You can change some APOID modules parameters through the Change Setting page
accessible via change settings of this APOID link. Basic layout of this page is as follows:

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APOID
User Description

BASIC SETTINGS
Speed speed of the internal clock generator selected from the list (0, 2400, 4800, 9600,
19200, 38400, 76800 and 153600).

Output format Format of the data sent to the RS-232 line. Possible options are
ASTERIX, AIRCAT , EV720 and EV760. This settings affects the next section of the
configuration page which is format specific. Different options are displayed in
dependence of the chosen output format.

ASTERIX SETTINGS
Send services/targets as set the desired ASTERIX category of the output data.

Change SIC SAC whether to change Data Source Identification of the data. Two
configuration items for entering new SIC and SAC will appear upon selecting YES.

Generate HDLC Header if data from LAN does not contain Address Field and Control
Field, the APOID module adds these bytes to the message. When YES is selected,
HDLC Control byte configuration option is displayed.

HDLC Control Byte when variable option is chosen, HDLC control byte changes with
every sent message in this manner: 0x0, 0x2, 0x4, . 0xC, 0xE, 0x0 (handshake).
Fixed option causes the HDLC Control byte to have the same value.

Skip data at reception, it enables skipping determined number of bytes at the frame
beginning.

AIRCAT SETTINGS
North Delay specify the value for a North Time of Day in AIRCAT North signal. Should
be set to 0.

Station Code sent as a Station Code in AIRCAT North signal. (see AIRCAT data format
ICD for more information about these two items).

SIC, SAC used for Data Source Identification ASTERIX item when converting
incoming AIRCAT data back to ASTERIX format.

EV SETTINGS
SIC, SAC used for Data Source Identification ASTERIX item when converting
incoming EV data back to ASTERIX format.

TEST TARGET SETTINGS


These configuration items represents parameters of the test target. When APOID module
recognizes the test target in the data to be sent to RS-232 line, it sets its appropriate TEST
flag. Moreover, when Remove is chosen, the test target is not sent at all.

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APOID
User Description

4.3.1.2 View Statistics


You can also see the statistics provided by the diagnostic channel of the APOID module using
web configuration interface. Just click the view statistics link in the main page of web
interface and wait few seconds before the page loads. Besides input/output interface
information the statistics of the ASTERIX format are included. All items on the page are
pretty self-explanatory thus not requiring any further clarification:

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APOID
User Description

4.3.2 Basic jumpers and switches setting on APOID card


XCH1 and XCH2(1,1; 2,2; 4,4;5,5; 7,7; 8,8)
Loading from UNC to
interconnection
APOID
JP20

UNC reset

JP9

XILINX reset

JP1

WatchDog

JP3

+2V5 power supply

JP12

+1V2 power supply

JP10

+3V3 power supply

JP19

Outputs activation

JP18

Outputs activation

JP17

Outputs activation

JP16

Outputs activation

SW1

Set to ON

SW2

Set to ON

RP1

LCD backlight control

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ELDIS

APOID
User Description

Appendix 1: APOID outside dimensions

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APOID
User Description

Appendix 2: APOID card layout

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