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By :


03/AKS A

Jalan Terbahsari 01, Wates, Kulon Progo, 0274 773067
Tahun 2012

Definition of Hortatory Exposition
Hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to
persuade the listeners or readers that something should or should not
happen or be done.
Hortatory is similar to analytical exposition but if we have to differentiate
both from one to each other, we have one useful tool by making analysis
on the generic structure. What makes hortatory different from analytical
exposition is the last finalizing step which analytical exposition is ended
by a reiteration while hortatory exposition is finalized by certain a
Social function of the hortatory exposition is to persuade the readers or
listeners that something should or should not be the case.
Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition
1. Thesis
: Statements or announcement of issue concern.
2. Arguments
: Reasons for concern that will lead to

3. Recommendation

: Statement of what should or should not happen or be

done based on the given arguments.

Language Feature of Hortatory Exposition

1. Focusing on the writer
2. Using abstract noun; policy, advantage, etc
3. Using action verb
4. Using thinking verb
5. Using modal adverb; certainly, surely, etc
6. Using temporal connective; firstly, secondly, etc
7. Using evaluative words; important, valuable, trustworthy, etc
8. Using passive voice
9. Using simple present tense

Example of Hortatory Exposition Text:

Mobile Phones Should Not be Banned in School (Title)

Mobile phones is not used just for calling, but sending text, taking
pictures, accessing internet, and mush more. Many students bring their
phones to school. For them, mobile phones has many uses. So, mobile
phones should not be banned in school. Why do I said that? (Thesis)
Firstly, students call their parents for another needs. By mobile
phones, student can call their close relative of they need something to be
brought to school. In addition, mobile phones can be used to call their
children when one of their family were hit by disaster suddenly. An then,
student can called their parent to pick her up when want to go home.
Secondly, increased of knowledge among students. When trying to
find answer of difficult task at school, mobile phone can be used as a
connecting to search the answer through GPRS or Wi-Fi networks.
Finally, expand the network of friendship among students. School
is the right place to find friends. Average, student been at school about 7
hours or more. So that, a lot of students found their friend in the school
environment. Therefore, communication between friends should be kept
on of which using a mobile phone. (Argument)
So, I think mobile phone should not be banned in school. But, use
your phone in the time and right place so that no one was disturbed.

Make Hortatory Text

Argument about Miss World in Indonesia :
In my opinion Miss World held in Indonesia make some negative and
positive impact. But the negative will domination. There are some
consequence about this problem. Like differentiation culture very visible.
Their culture not fit with Indonesian, and when the resident see it will
influenced and make some bad result for young generation on Indonesia.

Dialog Agreement

: Hi, what are you doing there?

: Oh, I just see this plant.

: Hmm, whats wrong with that.

: Nothing, but I think I too much pour the water everyday.

: I agree with you, this plant look pale. You much reduce the water.

: Okay. Thank you.

: Ya.

Dialog Annoyance

: Im sorry, I got stuck in the way.

: You late more than one hour. Its too long. Its annoying me.

: Keep calm please.

: How can, Iam angry with you.

: Im really sorry, lets talk about its first.

: No.