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A biorthogonal wavelet packets associated with nonuniform multiresoltion analysis
(NUMRA) was introduced by Firdous shah, In this paper we generalize and define the biorthogonal
nonuniform multiwavelet packets associated by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with multiplicity D
(NUMRA-D). Further from the meaning of Fourier transform we study their characteristics

A biorthogonal wavelet packets associated with nonuniform multiresoltion analysis
(NUMRA) was introduced by Firdous shah, In this paper we generalize and define the biorthogonal
nonuniform multiwavelet packets associated by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with multiplicity D
(NUMRA-D). Further from the meaning of Fourier transform we study their characteristics

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nonuniform multiresolution analysis with multiplicity D

1

1 2 3

, , Department of Mathematics and Statistics,

SHIATS, (Deemed to be University), Allahabad, India-211 007

(NUMRA) was introduced by Firdous shah, In this paper we generalize and define the biorthogonal

nonuniform multiwavelet packets associated by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with multiplicity D

(NUMRA-D). Further from the meaning of Fourier transform we study their characteristics.

Riesz basis, Fourier transform.

I.

INTRODUCTION

In [9,10] Gabardo and Nashed considered a generalization of Mallats[16] theory of MRA based on

spectral pairs where the translation set is of the form {0, /} + 2, where 1 is an integer, 1 2

1, is an odd integer and , are relatively prime, which is called NUMRA. In [14] we provided the necessary

and sufficient condition for the existence of NUMRAMW multiplicity D. G.Gripenberg and X. Wang gave the

characterization theorem for dyadic orthonormal wavelet in 2 () Wavelet packets constructed by coifman [15]

it was gave rise to a large class of orthonormal bases of 2 () into direct sum of its closed subspaces Wavelet

packets. Behera[2,3] has constructed nonuniform wavelet packets associated with NUMRA. In [1] we

constructed multiwavelet packets associated with nonuniform multiresolution analysis with multiplicity D

(NUMRA-D). Firdous [8] introduce the notion of biorthogonal wavelet packets associated with nonuniform

multiresolution analysis. Our result extends the biorthogonal wavelet packets of Firdous shah into NUMRA-D

in has constructed nonuniform wavelet packets associated with NUMRA.

II.

We will state some important preliminaries and notation in this section that we are need it in the recent

paper. First we recall the definition of as defined in [14], some of its properties and the associate

multiwavelet packets [1-3, 8, 14] as follows:

Definition 2.1. A nonuniform multiresolution analysis with multiplicity for dilation 2 and translation

, is a collection { } of closed subspaces of 2 () satisfying the following axioms:

(1) +1 , ,

2 +1 , ,

(3) = {0},

(4) 2 (), and

(P5) There exist functions 1 , 2 , . . . , 0 , called the scaling functions, such that the collection { (

) , 1 } is a complete orthonormal basis for 0 .

In the axiom (5), the set of scaling functions {1 , 2 , . . . , } is called multiscaling function of

multiplicity . When 1, the dilation factor of ensures that 2 .

In the theory of multresolution analysis, another sequence { } of closed subspaces of 2 () is defined by

= +1 , and denotes the orthogonal complement of in +1 , for an { }

with dilation factor . These subspaces hold the scaling property of { } , and we have :

2 () = = 0 ( 0 )

(1)

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Biorthogonal Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packet associated with by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with

A set of functions { 1 ( 1)} = in 2 () is said to be a nonuniform multiwavelet

associated with the { } if the collection { ( ) 1 ( 1), } forms an

orthonormal basis for 0 . We call to be an multiwavelet. In view of properties of , the

collection

{ /2 ( ) , 1 ( 1),

}

forms an orthonormal basis for 2 () if is a nonuniform multiwavelet.

Below we mention a result obtained in [14] that will be used in sequel.

Theorem 2.2. Suppose { } is an with dilation and translation . If there exist functions

, 1 , in 1 such that the family of functions

1 = ,

: 1 ; 1 ;

forms an orthonormal system for the generating subspace 1 , then; = ( 1) is a necessary and sufficient

condition such that the above system is complete in 1 .

Proposition 2.3. Suppose { } is an with dilation and translation . Then the space 1

consists precisely of the functions 2 () whose Fourier transform can be written as

, (),

=1

,

. .

(2)

2

,

1

=

+ 2 ,

(3)

,

,

2

where 1 and 2 , = 1, 2, . . . , , are locally , 1/2-periodic functions.

In the above proposition the space 1 consist functions 2 (). Since (1/)(/) 0 , there exists a

,

,1

,2

sequence { = ( , , . . . ,

1

)} satisfying

=1

, 2

( ) ,

(4)

=1

or, equivalently, by taking the Fourier transform of both sides of the previous equation, we obtained the result

(2.1) and (2.2), with

, =

,

1

() =

, 2

,

,

4

2

(5)

,

2

() =

,

2 +

(6)

respectively. In particular, since () 0 1 , from Proposition 2.3 there are locally 2 functions 0 , , for

1 , , such that, for a.e.

0 ,

=

=1

,

,

Taking 01

01

,

01

+

,

02

(7)

=1

,

and 02

02 , in the matrix notation, this can be written as follows:

= 0 , . . ,

with 0 () = 01 () + 2 / 02 ()

, where the matrices 01 and 02 defined by

,

01 = 01

1,

,

and 02 = 02

1 ,

Similarly, in case of () 0 1 , where 0 = : 1 ; , there are locally 2

,

functions 1

() =

=1

11

() + 2 / 12 () (),

(8)

=1

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Biorthogonal Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packet associated with by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with

,

,

whose matrix notation is given as follows by considering 11

11

,

12

,

12

and

= 1 (), . . ,

with 1 = 11 () + 2 / 12 (), where the matrices 11 and 12 defined by

,

11 = 11

1,1

and

,

12 = 12

1,1

are usually called high-pass filters associated with the scaling family (, ).

Definition

2.4.

The

: 1 , 1

function

as

defined

as

follows

= =1 ,,

(/) , . . .

(9)

2 () associated with the dilation .

Note that (4.2) defines for every non-negative integer l and every such that 1 .

Now 0 = , = 1, . . , is a multiscaling function of multiplicity while , 1 1, = 1,

, , are the basic multiwavelets associated with . Now for any 0 = {0}, we define

: 1 , recursively as follows. Suppose that { : 1 , 0 } are defined already. Then

define +

, 0 1, by

+

=

=1

,,

( ).

(10)

(+

)() = =1 ,, (/) (/) , 0 1, 1 .

(11)

Theorem 2.5.[1] Let : 0, 1 be the basic nonuniform multiwavelet packets associated with

the { }. Then

(i)

: () () +1 1, , 1 is an orthonormal basis of , 0.

( ) 0 () 1, , 1 is an orthonormal basis of , 0.

( ) 0, , 1 is an orthonormal basis of 2 ().

(ii)

(iii)

Now as in (4), (7), (8), (9), (10) and (11) we can define:

=1 0

,

= =1 1

()

= =1 ,,

(/) , . .

,,

+

= =1

( )

,,

(+ )() = =1

(/) (/) , 0

(12)

(13)

(14)

(15)

(16)

1, 1

And

,,

,

0

: = 0, 1 , ;

,

0

:

0; = + 1 1 ; 1 , ; 1 ( 1);

III.

= 1,2

. , (. ) = 0, ,

.

Where 0, is kronecker symbol.

If , () 2 () are a pair of biorthogonal scaling functions, then

. , (. ) = 0, , , 1 .

(17)

2

Moreover we say that . , . , 1 1,1 are pair of biorthogonal

nonuniform multiwavelet associated with a pair of biorthogonal scaling functions . , (. ) if the family

. : , = 1, , 1, 1 is a riesz of 0 , and

| IJMER | ISSN: 22496645 |

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Biorthogonal Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packet associated with by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with

. , (. ) = 0 , , 1 1, 1

. , (. ) = 0 , , 1 1, 1

. , (. ) = , , , , 1 , 1, 1

(18)

(19)

(20)

, , 2 =

1

= 0 0 = =1

Where

= . : , , 1 1, = 1, ,

(21)

Lemma 3.3. Let , () be a pair of scaling functions. Then , () are biorthogonal scaling if

and only if =1 ( ) = 1 a. e .

Lemma 3.4. Asume that , 2 , 1 1, 1 are a pair of biorthogonal nonuniform

multiwavelet associated with a pair of biorthogonal scaling functions 0 () and 0 (). Then,

1

=0

,,

=1

+ 2 ,, + 2 = , , 0 , 1, 1

(22)

+ 2 + 2

, =

,, 1 + 2

=1

0 ( 1

1

+ 2 ) ,, 1 + 2

,, 1 + 2

0 1 + 2

,, 1 + 2

=0 =1

0 1 + 2) + 2

0 1 + 2 + 2

,, 1 + 2

,, 1 + 2

=0 =1

multiwavelet Packets of multipilicity D with respect to a pair of biorthogonal scaling functions 0 () and

0 (), respectively. Then, for 0, we have

. , . = 0, ,

, 1

(23)

Proof. The proof it will be by induction, for = 0,1, , 1, (15) is true from (11), (14). Assume that it

holds when < ; > 0. For = . Order = + , where 0, 0 1 & < . We have

. , (. ) = 0, =1 ( ) = 1 , .

And

. , (. ) = . , (. )

=

=

=1

,, (/) (/)

,,

=1 ( 0,2 +)

0,2

=1

=1

,,

=

[0,2] =1

1

,,

=

[0,2] =0 =1

,, (/) (/) 2

+ 2

+ 2 ,, (/) (/) 2

+ 2 ( + 2)

+

+

() 2

,,

=1

,, (/)

,, (/) 2

+ 2 ,, ( + 2) 2

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Biorthogonal Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packet associated with by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with

2 = 0, .

[0,2]

are Nonuniform

multiwavelet Packets of multipilicity D with respect to a pair of biorthogonal scaling functions 0 () and

0 (), respectively. Then, for 0, we have

1+ . , 2+ . = 0, 1 , 2 , , 0 1 , 2 1,1

(24)

Proof. Similar steps in above proof.

Theorem 3.7. If : 0, = 1, , and : 0, = 1, , are basic nonuniform

multiwavelet packets with respect to a pair of biorthogonal multiscaling functions 0 () and 0 (),

respectively. Then, for , 0, we have

. , (. ) = , 0,

(25)

Proof. For = , the result (25) follows by Theorem 3.5. When , and 0 , 1 0 , the result

(25) can be get from Theorem 3.6. Assuming that , and at least one of , does not lies in 0,1, ,

1, then we can rewrite , as = 1 + 1 , = 2 + 2 , where 1, 2 0, 0 1 , 2 1.

Case 1. If 1 = 2 , then 1 2 . Therefore, Eq. (25) follows by (11),(15), Lemma and (22), i.e.,

. , (. ) = 1 + 1 . , 2+ (. )

2

= 1 + 1 . , 2+ (. )

2

1 + 1 .

2+ . 2

2

, 1 , 1 1 1 2 1 , 2 , 1 2

, 1 , 1 1 1 2 1 , 2 , 1 2

=

( 0,2 +)

1 1 ( + ) 2 1 ( + )

=

[0,2]

, 1 , 1 , 2 , 1 2

, 1 , 1 ( + 2) , 2 , 1 ( + 2) 2

=

[0,2] =0

1 , 2 2 = 0, = 0

=

[0,2]

3 = 4 , then 3 4 . Similar to Case 1, (25) can be established. When 3 4 , we order 3 = 5 +

5 , 4 = 6 + 6 , where 5 , 6 0 and 0 5 , 6 1. Thus, after taking finite steps (denoted by

), we obtain 0 , 2 1 and 0 , 2 1. If = 2 , then 2 .Similar to the

Case 1, (25) follows. If

, then

. , 2 .

= 0,

( ) 2 ( ) = 0

Furthermore, we obtain

. , (. ) = . , (. )

= 1+

. , 2 + 2 (. )

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Biorthogonal Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packet associated with by nonuniform multiresolution analysis with

1 + 1 . 2 + 2 (. ) 2

= , 1 , 1 , 3, 2 ( +

2) 3242,2,1,4,12

, ,

, ,

=

( , + )

, +1 ,

, +1 ,

, ,

+)

=

[ , ]

, +1,

( + ) 2

=0

( (

REFERENCES

[1].

Atlouba, N. A. S., Mittal, S. and Paul, A., (2015), Nonuniform Multiwavelet Packets associated ith Nonuniform

Multiresolution Analysis with Multiplicity D, J. Progressive Research in Mathematics, 3(3), 192-202.

[2].

Behera, B., (2007). Wavelet packets associated with nonuniform multiresolution analysis, J. Math. Anal. Appl,

328, 1237-1246.

[3].

Behera, B., (2001) Multiwavelet packets and frame packets of L2(Rd), Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci., 111, 439-463.

[4].

Calogero, A., & G. Garrigos, (2001) A characterization of wavelet families arising from biorthogonal MRAs of

multiplicity d, J. Geom. Anal. 11(2), 187217.

[5].

Coifman R., & Meyer, Y., (1989). Orthonormal wave packet bases, (Yale University)

[6].

Coifman R., Meyer, Y. and Wickerhauser, M. V., (1992). Wavelet analysis and signal procesing, in: Wavelets and

Their Applications (eds) M B Ruskai et al (Boston: Jones and Bartlett), 153-178.

[7].

Coifman, R., Y. Meyer and M. V. Wickerhauser, Size properties of wavelet packets, in: Wavelets and Their

Applications (eds) M B Ruskai et al (Boston: Jones and Bartlett) (1992) 453-470.

[8].

F. A. Shah, (1998). Biorthogonal Wavelet Packets Associated with Nonuniform Multiresolution, J. Information

and Computing Science,9(1), (2014) 011-021.

[9].

Gabardo, J. P. and Nashed, M. Z., Nonuniform multiresolution analyses and spectral pairs, J. Funct. Anal., 158(1),

209241.

[10]. Gabardo, J.-P. & Nashed, M. Z., (1998). An analogue of Cohens condition for nonuniform multiresolution

analyses, Wavelets, multiwavelets, and their applications (San Diego, CA, 1997), 4161, Contemp. Math., 216,

Amer. Math. Soc., Providence, RI.

[11]. Gabardo, J. P. & Yu, X., (2006). Wavelets associated with nonuniform multiresolution analyses and onedimensional spectral pairs, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 323(2) 798817. 13.

[12]. Long, R. & Chen, W. (1997). Wavelet basis packets and wavelet frame packets, J. Fourier Anal. Appl. 3(3) 239256

[13]. Mittal, S. and Shukla, N. K., Generalized nonuniform multiresolution analyses, preprint.

[14]. Mittal, S., Shukla, N. K. and N. Atlouba, A. S., Nonuniform multiresolution analyses with multiplicity D, preprint.

[15]. R. R. Coifman, Y. Meyer, S. Quake, and M. V. Wickerhauser, (1990). Signal processing and compression with

wavelet packets, Technical Report, Yale University.

[16]. S. G. Mallat, (1989). Multiresolutions and wavelet orthonormal bases of 2 (), ChaosAmer. Math. Soc. 315, 130137.

[17]. Wang, X. (1995). The study of wavelets from the properties of their Fourier transforms, Thesis (Ph.D.)Washington University in St. Louis, 138 pp.

[18]. Yu, X. (2005). Wavelet sets, integral self-affine tiles and nonuniform multiresolution analyses, Thesis(Ph.D.)

McMaster University (Canada), 145 pp.

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