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ANCIENT

EGYPT
The Journey Begins

Egypt was
power
led
The
Ang
by
oftwo
Egypt
Ilog
the
their
divisions
Nile
priests
islocal
located
ay tinatawag
and
government
were
in
changed
fighting
thena
northeastern
daluyan
the
before
forEgyptians
thethe
position
ngfringes
dynasties
buhay
belief
asofpharaoh.
sa
of
Africa
many
Ehipto.
and
Ang
Pamana
ng
Nile
Like the other civilizations that flourished in this era, the
started. Egypt
gods.
Ang
Instead,
was
shares
lupain
divided
international
he
nito
told
into
aythe
tinagurian
Nomes
people
boundaries
(provinces)
that
naming
Aton,
with
Ang
which
the
Libya
god
Handog
were
tohe
the
isng
west
praising,
Nile
(692
Egyptian Civilization
startedended
in a when
river Mentuhoteo
valley. Thesat
Ancient
The argument
in the position. The
led by Nomarchs.
is the
(The
only
miles),
Gift
God.
ofSudan
the Nile)
to the
dahil
south
kung
(791
wala
miles),
ang ilog
andna
Israel
ito, ang
to the
Egyptians livedUpper
in theand
valley
near
the Nile
It was because
Lower
Egypt
wereRiver.
once united.
lupain
north-east
nito ay
(165
magiging
miles).disyerto.
The Mediterranean
Dahil naninirahan
Sea to the
angnorth
mga of
river
valleys
provide
them of
with
the Egypt
basic
things
they need
inst dynasty.
Before
the
The
Old
conquering
Kingdom
started,
different
nations
was
continued
separated
the
(Upper
21
sinaunang
Egypt
and
tao
ng
the
Ehipto
Red
Sea,
sa
ilog
the
Gulf
lambak
of
Suez,
ng
Nile,
and
pagtatanim
the
Gulf
of
Several pharaohs
were
able to
serve
Egypt
untilofthe time when
order
live.
They
toto
offer
sacrifices
to
Osiris,
the God
and to
Lower
Eventually,
Egypt)used
due
the
dynasty
constant
ended
warand
and
it was
the difference
followed
byin
a king from
atnew
pangingisda
Aqaba
to the
ang
east
pinagkukunan
endow
the country
nila ng pagkain.
with
coastline
Ang tubig
a
problem
aroused.
This was
caused
by
thea arrival
of the
Nile,
when
the
river
overflows.
their
traditions
Libya
and
beliefs. Egypt was united when Menes
na
umaapaw
stretching
mula
over
sa
1820
Nile
miles
ay
maari
in
all.
nilang
Egypt
magamit
covers
an
sa
area
of
Hyskos from Mesopotamia. The conquerors from Mesopotamia
ruled. He was the leader of the Upper Egypt that conquered the
irigasyon.
386,660
sq mi
and
the
th largest country in the world.
The Ancient Egypt
was individed
into is
three
kingdoms:
perished
the
arrival
of
the 30th
17
dynastyThe Old
Lower Egypt in order to unite the two divisions.
The
ancient
Egyptians
thought
of Egypt as being divided into
Kingdom, The Middle Kingdom and The New Kingdom.
The Middle
and
Kingdom
now
has
its the
focus
conquering
types
of New
land,
the 'black
land'
and
'redinland'.
The
The Old Kingdomtwo
focused
on
the start
of Egypt.
This
is called
different
nations
in
order
to
have
a
larger
territory.
The
New
land'this
waswas
thethe
fertile
land
on the
the banks
of the Nile. The
the Pyramid Era'black
because
time
when
pharaohs
Kingdom
was
called used
the Golden
Age of
Egypt their
because
in this
ancient
Egyptians
thisas
land
growing
of Egypt started
to build
their pyramids
thefor
monument
of crops. This
era, was
the the
aggressive
conquering
of Egypt
other near
only
land
ancient
thatagainst
could
their power. The slaves
were
forced
toinwork
andEgypt
were whipped
to be farmed
nations
started.
These
wereblack
led bysilt
strong
pharaohs.there every
because
layer
ofthese
rich,
was
deposited
death in the process
of amaking
pyramids.
Inside
these

GEOGRAPHY

year after
the pharaohs.
Nile flooded.
The 'red land' is
was the
pyramids areIn
the
mummies
ofAkhenaton,
the
Mummification
this
time also,
a pharaoh
tried to diminish the,
barrenand
desert
that protected
on two sides.
These
a process of embalming
preserving
a body.Egypt
This practice
is
separated
ancient Egypt from neighboring countries
because of their deserts
great belief
in afterlife.
and invading armies. They also provided the ancient
A new problem aroused
within
united
divisionsmetals
whichand semiEgyptians
with athe
source
for precious
separated them.