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Suzette MARKO-MICHEL et Carleen CAILLAT

PRPARER ET RUSSIR
LE TOEFL

Troisime dition

ditions dOrganisation, 2003


ISBN : 2-7081-2838-8

Chapitre 4

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DIAGNOSTIC TEST
(PAPER-BASED TEST)

1. Listening comprehension test (Section I)


Part A
Part B
Part C

2. Structure and written expression (Section II)


3. Vocabulary and reading comprehension (Section

III)

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1. LISTENING COMPREHENSION TEST (SECTION I )


Part A

Directions : in part A, each question consists of one sentence. Have a friend


read the sentence one time and then pause in order to give you ten seconds to
find the answer. Choose the answer which means the same thing as the original sentence and fill in the corresponding circle on your answer sheet 1.
Instructions : chaque question comporte une seule phrase. Faites lire la phrase
par un ami qui fera ensuite une pause de dix secondes durant laquelle vous
allez choisir la bonne rponse. Il sagit de la phrase crite qui veut dire la
mme chose que la phrase originale. Noircissez la case correspondante sur
votre feuille de rponse 1.
1. A)
B)
C)
D)

The teacher wanted the test results to remain a secret


The teacher wanted to modify the test results
The teacher wanted to talk quietly about the test results
The teacher wanted to explain the test results

2. A)
B)
C)
D)

The race was postponed


The race was cancelled
The race was commented on by the spokesperson
The race was behind schedule

3. A)
B)
C)
D)

More men than women buy real estate


Women are twice as likely as men to own real estate
Real estate is more difficult to sell to men than to women
Male real estate agents outnumber female agents

4. A)
B)
C)
D)

The movie theatre near the Mexican restaurant is closed


The movie theatre closes at the same time as the Mexican restaurant
The Mexican restaurant is located on the south side of the shopping mall
The movie theatre is located near the shopping mall

5. A)
B)
C)
D)

Jane wants to begin work immediately


Jane wants to wait until the exam is over to begin work
Jane wants to wait until Monday night to begin work
Jane wants to work correctly before the exam

(1) Les phrases lire et la feuille de rponses se trouvent en annexe, p. 123


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6. A)
B)
C)
D)

Beth attended college in Washington


Beth attended college in California
Beth received a poor education in Ohio
Beth wanted to go to school in Washington

7. A)
B)
C)
D)

Mary hasnt bought any sweets


Mary stopped eating sweets when she went on her diet
Mary never eats sweets
Mary is going to go on a diet

8. A)
B)
C)
D)

Mack reads many foreign language magazines


Kay reads many foreign language magazines
Neither Kay nor Mack read foreign language magazines
Mack encouraged Kay to read more foreign language magazines

9. A)
B)
C)
D)

The majority of the graduating students are continuing their studies


40 % of the graduating students will go to university
Only 60 % of the students will graduate
Half of the students in the graduating class have plans which do not
include continuing their studies

10. A)
B)
C)
D)

Bill enjoys reading romance novels


Bill reads many novels
Bill dislikes romance novels
Romance novels are hard to find these days

11. A)
B)
C)
D)

We went to a concert this afternoon


The tickets for the concert are not on sale yet
There are no more tickets available for the concert
We are going to the concert hall to inquire about tickets

12. A)
B)
C)
D)

I had a car accident


I was hit by a car
I collided with someone at the corner
I met someone I know at the mall

13. A)
B)
C)
D)

We have two sales per year


One third of our items go on sale
Prices on all items are reduced by 1/3
The minimum price reduction is 1/3

14. A) A round trip ticket costs twice as much as a one way ticket
B) A one way ticket costs more than half as much as a round-trip ticket
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C) There is no difference in price between buying a round trip ticket and a


one-way ticket
D) It is more economical to buy two one-way tickets
15. A)
B)
C)
D)

John has improved his grade in math


John must improve his grade in math if he wants to win an award
John has to improve his math grade if he wants to get a scholarship next term
John will provide tutoring in math for the prize winners

16. A)
B)
C)
D)

The 8:45 a.m. train to New Haven still hasnt left


The 8:45 a.m. train to New Haven left 20 minutes ahead of schedule
The 8:45 a.m. train to New Haven was on time this morning
The 8:45 a.m. train to New Haven didnt leave until after 9 a.m.

17. A)
B)
C)
D)

The children need to eat soon


The children must finish eating now
The children ate all the food
The children ate recently

18. A)
B)
C)
D)

Susan wrote an excellent essay


Susan could not find a subject for her essay
Susans subject was not acceptable
Susans essay did not address the subject

19. A)
B)
C)
D)

My work week ends on Thursday


I just received the work to do for next week
I am ahead of schedule
I have too much work to do

20. A) I ignored the fact that there was a 3-day weekend as I didnt want to go
away
B) I might go away for a few days
C) I cant remember if I went away last month
D) I wasnt aware of the 3-day weekend last month

Part B

Directions : in part B have your friend read the short conversations and the
question about what was said. Your friend should read the conversation just
one time. Therefore, you must listen carefully to understand what your friend
says. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four
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possible answers in the test and decide which one is the best answer to the
question you heard. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the
question and fill in the space that corresponds to the answer you have chosen 2.
Faites lire les petites conversations par votre ami ainsi que les questions ce
propos. Votre ami doit lire la conversation une fois uniquement. Vous devez
donc couter attentivement pour bien comprendre. Ensuite, lisez les quatre
possibilits et faites votre choix.
Remplissez la case correspondante 2.
21. (A) That
(B) That
(C) That
(D) That

the woman should start a company


Mary is his business partner
the woman has bad business sense
the woman should not interfere with Marys life

22. (A) Twenty-five


(B) Thirty
(C) Forty
(D) Fifty-five
23. (A) Sunday
(B) The mans birthday
(C) The last day of school
(D) A long weekend
24. (A) In a coffee shop
(B) In a gas station
(C) At a cash register
(D) At a supermarket
25. (A) She
(B) She
(C) She
(D) She

will
will
will
will

cook
sew
meet his friend
do the dishes

26. (A) The teacher approved of his coming


(B) He registered
(C) The department chair resolved the problem
(D) He closed the list at registration
(2) Les dialogues correspondants et la feuille de rponses se trouvent en annexe, p. 124.
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27. (A) Mrs


(B) Mrs
(C) Mrs
(D) Mrs

Jones
Jones
Jones
Jones

hired good people in the office


is good in business deals
would be a great choice
has good references

28. (A) A
(B) A
(C) A
(D) A

bank clerk
waiter
journalist
post office clerk

29. (A) It
(B) It
(C) It
(D) It

was informative
was boring
was interesting
made him nervous

30. (A) Six


(B) A dozen
(C) A half
(D) Two dozen
31. (A) The countryside
(B) The weather
(C) The clouds
(D) Housing projects
32. (A) Register for class
(B) Apply for a job
(C) Practice for a play
(D) Get an official copy of grades
33. (A) Make her feel better
(B) Lift her up
(C) Give her a ride
(D) Get dressed
34. (A) No, it was too difficult
(B) Yes, she barely succeeded
(C) Maybe, but she made a great effort
(D) No, she could just about take it
35. (A) They
(B) They
(C) They
(D) They

want to keep friendship with them


think the Joneses are silly
read about them recently
see them as competitors

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Part C

In part C, your friend will read some short talks and conversations as well as
some questions referring to them. Your friend should read the talks and
conversations and the questions about them just one time. They do not
appear on your paper. Therefore, you must listen carefully to understand
what your friend says.
After you hear a question, read the four possible answers and decide which
one is the best answer to the question. Then, on your answer sheet, find the
number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the answer
you have chosen 3. (Ici, il y aura des mini-dialogues et des conversations ainsi
que des questions. Votre ami doit lire les dialogues et les conversations une
fois uniquement. Ils ne seront pas crits et donc vous devez couter attentivement. Remplissez la case qui correspond votre choix.) 3
36. A)
B)
C)
D)

In a rented room off campus


In a dormitory
In an apartment off campus
At home

37. A)
B)
C)
D)

The rooms are big


There are kitchens
There are facilities at ones disposal
Its easy to meet people

38. A)
B)
C)
D)

Off campus
On campus
In a dormitory
In room 8

39. A)
B)
C)
D)

Because
Because
Because
Because

40. A)
B)
C)
D)

The dorms arent pretty


The dorms are overheated
They are too noisy
There are too many art students

the student union is going to close


it is late
the woman has to get home
the most interesting housing offers will be gone quickly

(3) Les dialogues et conversations correspondants, ainsi que la feuille de rponses se trouvent en annexe, p. 126.
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41. A)
B)
C)
D)

The
The
The
The

42. A)
B)
C)
D)

Subsidized housing
Foreigners dont contribute enough to the US
Income tax evasion
Foreigners improve US business

43. A)
B)
C)
D)

They
They
They
They

44. A)
B)
C)
D)

No more food stamps


More signs in hospitals
A richer country
More money staying in the US

45. A)
B)
C)
D)

Immigration to the US
Mexicans in the US
Income tax evasion
Speaking English in neighborhoods

46. A)
B)
C)
D)

At the shower
In the shower
At the wedding
In a meeting

47. A)
B)
C)
D)

Sheila is too young to get married


Sheila is getting married too soon after the prom
Time goes by quickly
She is surprised by the flies

48. A)
B)
C)
D)

For business
To see her fianc
For her birthday
For her honeymoon

49. A)
B)
C)
D)

Buy some tickets


Have his house cleaned
Have his suit cleaned
Buy a new suit

war between Mexicans and Americans


war between foreign countries and the US
migration of immigrants to the US
enemy crossing the Rio Grande

alarm the economy


put signs in many places
keep their own cultures
send money out of the country

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40
50. A)
B)
C)
D)

PRPARER
To
To
To
To

ET RUSSIR LE TOEFL

go to the attic
take care of her clothes
take a trip
ring the guests

2. STRUCTURE AND WRITTEN EXPRESSION (SECTION

I I)

Dure : 25 minutes, 40 questions :


A. Directions : questions 1-15 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence are four words or phrases marked (A), (B), (C), and (D). Choose the
one word or phrase which best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer
sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds
to the answer-you have chosen.
(Dans les questions 1 15, il sagit de blancs remplir avec des rponses
choix multiple. Faites votre choix (A), (B), (C), ou (D) et noircissez la case
correspondant ce choix, qui figure sur votre feuille rponses.) 4
1. ............. the death of Martin Luther King, a museum has been erected in
Tennessee.
(A) For commemorating
(B) To commemorate
(C) For commemorate
(D) Commemorate
2. The peace treaty, signed by those two countries in May 1963,............ one
month later.
(A) was broken
(B) has been broken
(C) breaked
(D) broke
3. Hurricanes............ pose a threat to the Caribbean Islands, are most
devastating in the summer.
(A) always
(B) who
(C) that
(D) which
(4) Le modle de la feuille de rponses se trouve en annexe, p. 129.
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4. Scientists believe that life might exist on other planets or stars and wonder if
those civilizations are not............ advanced than our own.
(A) very
(B) much
(C) very much
(D) much more
5. The paper,............ and submitted by an expert in the field, discusses the
greenhouse effect on Earth.
(A) made
(B) done
(C) to be made
(D) to be done
6. ............., climates are determined by many natural factors, like mountains,
the Gulf Stream and surrounding lakes.
(A) Wholely
(B) As whole
(C) As a whole
(D) On whole
7. During World War II, ham radio operators............ track down the enemy
and help the military.
(A) were helpful in
(B) helped to
(C) able to
(D) were able
8. ............. iguanas fear humans and live in isolated conditions, they can
sometimes be seen on deserted roads in southern Texas.
(A) Despite
(B) Unless
(C) Just as
(D) Even though
9. During this century, human-kind............ to improve the worlds living
conditions and to find cures for diseases.
(A) sought
(B) has sought
(C) seeked
(D) has seeked
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10. The United States, which............ a free country since the end of the
American Revolution in 1783, fought against the British.
(A) has been
(B) have been
(C) is
(D) are
11. Scientists have not............ concluded how the greenhouse effect might
change the future of the planet Earth.
(A) yet
(B) already
(C) always
(D) still
12. Since the Puritans didnt want the British to know their identities at the Boston
Tea Party, they............ Indian clothes to Boston Harbor.
(A) got each other to wear
(B) got each other wear
(C) got each other worn
(D) got each other wearing
13. Before new cultivating methods were perfected, mushrooms used to produce
spores which sometimes............ for months on hard ground before
sprouting new growth.
(A) laid
(B) lay
(C) lie
(D) lain
14. A list of liberal arts subjects, like mathematics, English, science, history and
foreign language.......... the traditional beginning of a good, solid college
education.
(A) signify
(B) signifies
(C) would signify
(D) will signify
15. Dogs sometimes do............ protect homes and personal belongings ; they
also keep lonely people company.
(A) help in
(B) unlike
(C) much
(D) more than
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B. Directions : in questions 16-40 each sentence has four underlined words or


phrases marked (A), (B), (C) and (D). Choose the one word or phrase which
is incorrect and must be changed to make the sentence correct. Then, on
your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that
corresponds to the answer you have chosen.
(Dans les questions 16 40, il sagit de quatre lments souligns. Choisissez
llment qui est faux et devrait tre chang pour corriger la phrase. Faites
votre choix (A), (B), (C) ou (D) et remplissez la case correspondant ce
choix, qui figure sur votre feuille rponse.)
16. Mr Jones was sufferinq from a psychosomatic illness and he refused to sit
A
B
C
in that armchair because he felt uncomfortably in it.
D
17. Even cooks who know that to make a baked Alaska sign up for lessons in
A
B
C
this well-known school.
D
18. Ann was skeptical about getting a new haircut, so she had a beautician
A
B
C
done her hair.
D
19. Since it is statistically proven that 50 % of the population in the Midwest
A
moves South, the luggage is a good product to sell in this region.
B
C
D
20. Each small farmer in the Plain states wished that he was able to express
A
his ideas with more clout to the United States government rather than rely on
B
C D
plantation owners to influence the law.
21. He had to balance his account very carefully because he had few time
A
B
C
to follow the stock exchange.
D
22. Even though that dog hadnt seen his master during ages, he recognized him
A
B
right away, followed him home and showed respect for him for years to come.
C
D
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23. After the purchase of the Louisiana Territory, the United States had two times
A
B
as much land than it had previously owned.
C
D
24. Due to her great maturity, Mary always behaved responsibly, hasnt she ?
A
B
C
D
25. Each child who participated in the Junior Olympics last year continued
A
concentrating on their school work despite a rigorous sports schedule.
B
C
D
26. In order to find themselves, male and female fireflies send signals with their
A
B
twinkling lights as a means of communication.
C
D
27. When people settled in Antigua, a little did they know that one day they
A
would be forced to move to Guatemala City, the new capital, because of
B
C
volcano eruptions.
D
28. This Chemistry course is composed from three parts : lectures, small
A
B
discussion groups for general problems and laboratory work, each twice
C
a week.
D
29. It is hypothesized that earthquakes occur more fast near young mountain
A
B
chains, like the Himalayas, than on old faults.
C
D
30. Some retirement communities will not sell property to new residents less they
A
B
themselves are senior citizens.
C
D
31. With the purpose of gathering information, counselors in this university
A
B
program ask students what do they plan to do in the future.
C
D
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32. Although the great Maria Callas was performing, the audience were asked
A
B
not to applaud until the end of each act to avoid disturbing the cast members.
C
D
33. Jacques Cousteau believes that if Christopher Columbus had not discovered
A
America, the world would saved from its environmental problems.
B
C D
34. The bodies of cold-blooded animals have the same hot as their environment
A
B
C D
and are usually colder than the temperature of the human body.
35. Studies predict that in the next century the worlds forests will not be sufficient
A
B
enough to meet human-kinds demands for paper.
C
D
36. Compared to other people in the world, the Japanese rarely go away
A
B
on vacation and if they do so, it is for a short period of time.
C
D
37. In the Morrill Act, Congress granted federal lands to the states for found
A
B
agricultural and mechanical arts colleges.
C
38. Inflation, the economic malady of modern times, is measured in the cost
A
of living, which has raised over 8 percent recently.
B
C
D
39. The Scarlet Letter by Nathanial Hawthorne is as well-written, descriptive and
A
appealed today as it was when the Puritans first settled in New England.
B
C
D
40. Some psychologists agree that the role of the mother is to give many advice,
A
B
C
but this should only be done when asked for by the child.
D
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3. VOCABULARY AND READING COMPREHENSION (SECTION

I I I)

Dure : 45 minutes, 60 questions.


A. Vocabulaire

Directions : in questions 1-30 each sentence has an underlined word or


phrase, marked (A), (B), (C) and (D). Choose the one word or phrase which
best keeps the meaning of the original sentence if it replaced the underlined
word or phrase. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question
and fill in the space that corresponds to the answer you have chosen.
(Dans les questions 1-30, il sagit de choisir le mot ou lexpression qui peut le
mieux se substituer au mot soulign dans la phrase. Faites votre choix (A),
(B), (C) ou (D) et noircissez la case, correspondant ce choix, qui figure sur
votre feuille de rponses.)
1. A number two pencil is compulsory for any computer-corrected exam.
(A) advised
(B) mandatory
(C) voluntary
(D) useful
2. Wearing certain clothing has never been condoned by public schools.
(A) criticized
(B) promoted
(C) approved of
(D) questioned
3. Each time those workers have a grievance they go to their foreman for a
discussion.
(A) sorrow
(B) question
(C) doubt
(D) complaint
4. Snow hindered the Maine potato farmers from putting down their fertilizer in
May this year.
(A) hampered
(B) avoided
(C) omitted
(D) postponed
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5. Even
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

47

the most inept of Army officers can be protected by military secrecy.


dishonest
incompetent
irresponsible
imminent

6. That company tried to coerce the government official by gathering


compromising information about his private life.
(A) bribe
(B) force
(C) investigate
(D) know
7. Going to the hospital did not necessarily alleviate his pain right away.
(A) relieve
(B) cause
(C) worsen
(D) levelize
8. Eating shark is akin to eating a steak, only more tender.
(A) not far from
(B) in the family of
(C) opposed to
(D) similar to
9. When a student is eighteen years old, one blunder can cause a complete
change in his future and in his career plans.
(A) stroke of luck
(B) surprising event
(C) serious mistake
(D) lie
10. Gustave Flaubert chose a female character, Mme Bovary, to exemplify the
boredom of country living and depicted her as insecure and unable to cope
with her situation.
(A) saw
(B) viewed
(C) stabbed at
(D) characterized
11. Weatherproofing enhances long-term wear for leather and suede boots.
(A) causes
(B) improves
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PRPARER
(C)
(D)

ET RUSSIR LE TOEFL

shortens
impedes

12. Discussions ensued after two weeks of conferences about the worlds
environmental situation.
(A) stopped
(B) followed
(C) went to court
(D) slowed down
13. The
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

case ended with a hung jury since all the evidence presented was flimsy.
decisive
genuine
weak
extravagant

14. After
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

the accident, the skiers limb was put into a cast.


body
pole
leg
equipment

15. Unfortunately, rich countries sometimes think they can meddle in the affairs of
poorer countries.
(A) interfere
(B) win
(C) compromise
(D) merge
16. Psychology claims that a child who has been through an ordeal during the
formative years may be influenced for life.
(A) business affair
(B) unusual event
(C) exam
(D) painful experience
17. Crows are most prevalent in the country during spring seeding and summer
harvest.
(A) voracious
(B) active
(C) commonly seen
(D) warned
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18. The
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

only remnants left of the dinosaur era are fossils and footprints.
proofs
objects
remainders
souvenirs

49

19. Scheherazade surmised that she could entertain the king with her 1 001
stories merely by the fascinated look on his face when she told the first one.
(A) assumed
(B) hoped
(C) wished
(D) aspired
20. His terse reply was a sign of discomfort.
(A) emotional
(B) long-winded
(C) brief
(D) nervous
21. Jimmy Connors says a tennis champion should never falter at a crucial
moment.
(A) give up
(B) hesitate
(C) fret
(D) perish
22. The Polish astronomer, Copernicus, found a new order for our solar system,
based on the premise that the Earth was not located in the center.
(A) hypothesis
(B) fact
(C) proof
(D) hoax
23. Due to growing numbers of visitors to northwestern Canada, the mating of
polar bears has become sporadic.
(A) difficult
(B) nearly impossible
(C) ineffective
(D) irregular
24. Two necessary qualities for an elementary schoolteacher are forbearance and
good-heartedness.
(A) cheerfulness
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PRPARER
(B)
(C)
(D)

ET RUSSIR LE TOEFL

patience
kindness
softness

25. The students didnt know what would be on the Chemistry 101 final exam
because their professor digressed too much in class.
(A) deviated
(B) shouted
(C) dissimulated
(D) abetted
26. History books say that Germany held a grudge against certain countries after
its defeat in World War I.
(A) conference
(B) hatred
(C) resentment
(D) truce
27. In certain situations, electrons of different molecules repel each other.
(A) attract
(B) join with
(C) neuter
(D) fight off
28. The New York City blackout on November 9, 1965 caused such turmoil that
most people went home immediately.
(A) revelry
(B) fear
(C) excitement
(D) confusion
29. Mrs Stevens noticed that the output of her word processor was lower than
usual.
(A) production
(B) performance
(C) noise
(D) feedback
30. Many doctors advocate a vegetarian diet for sports competitors.
(A) spurn
(B) judge
(C) support
(D) debate
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51

B. Comprhension

Directions : in this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed
by several questions about it. For questions 31-60, you are to choose the best
answer to each question, marked (A), (B), (C) and (D). Then, on your answer
sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds
to the answer you have chosen.
Questions 31-35 refer to the following passage :
Advertising can be classified as a means of communication, therefore it
stands to reason that communication is the basic source for stating advertising goals. Experts express their goals clearly, such as When a survey is
taken and consumers make a list of brands they know in one product
range, 30 % of these people will mention our brand . It is clear that these
goals can be checked by survey, and they usually remain valid for a certain
period of time.
Advertising goals, however, are not expressed in relation to sales. As a matter
of fact, sales were historically a criterium for judging the effects of advertising,
but now experts have changed their outlook on selling. In their new opinion,
sales are not just a result of advertising, but of other things. Thus, the emphasis is now put on communication objectives.
31. The
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

main idea of this passage is


advertising measured by sales
stating advertising objectives
advertising and the target market
advertising checks by survey

32. According to this passage


(A) sales are a direct measurement of advertising
(B) marketers have realized that sales and advertising are not related
(C) sales should be measured by survey once a year
(D) sales are a consequence of several phenomena
33. Emphasis as used in this paragraph, means the same as
(A) strategy
(B) survey
(C) accentuation
(D) objective
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34. According to this passage


(A) if consumers name a
(B) if consumers name a
(C) if consumers name a
(D) if consumers name a
35. The
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

brand,
brand,
brand,
brand,

ET RUSSIR LE TOEFL

survey objectives are met


advertising objectives are met
sales objectives are met
product category objectives are met

next paragraph in this discussion most likely would talk about


historical events leading to the shifting of advertising goals
definition of target markets
the role of communication in advertising
historical events leading to sales as a measurement

Questions 36-40 refer to the following passage :


The average American knows little about the Constitution and the powers its
authors delegated during the eighteenth century. The power to tax was put
on Congresss shoulders, although the President presents the annual budget.
Despite this separation of power, the Congress often amends the Presidentss
suggestions for taxation and budget and demonstrates its upper hand granted
by the Constitution. It is beyond a doubt that the Constitution favors the
legislative branch over the executive. In modern times, however, with the
world becoming smaller through travel and communications, power in general has fallen into the hands of single heads of government, whatever their
educational background or titles might be.
36. One
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

could infer that the author feels that the evolution of power
has continued in the spirit of the Constitution
has moved to the President
has tilted the balance in favor of the Congress
has shifted to individuals

37. Amends , as it is used in this paragraph, means the same as


(A) supports
(B) rejects
(C) changes
(D) controls
38. A replacement for the word executive , as it is used in this paragraph is
(A) presidential
(B) Congressional
(C) financial
(D) expenditure
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VOTRE NIVEAU DE DPART

39. The
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

major idea of this paragraph deals with


the power of the Constitution
the power of the President
the balance of power
the power of the Congress

40. The
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

next paragraph in this discussion would most likely talk about


specific activities of Congress
specific activities of the President
specific activities of heads of government
historical interpretations of the Constitution

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Questions 41-45 refer to the following passage


Each school year, students must submit applications if they want to receive
financial aid. Deadlines must be met early, even before dates for school application. A student asking for federal or state monies must clearly justify his
claims in a written statement, a legal prerequisite adopted by most MBA
schools.
Students may use the Financial Aid Form (FAF) which is published by the
College Scholarship Service (CSS) of the College Board to apply for financial
aid. Many schools have also accepted the needs analysis service of the Graduate and Professional School Financial Aid Service (GAPSFAS).
41. A written statement must be made by
(A) MBA applicants
(B) legal applicants
(C) the Graduate and Professional School Financial Aid Service
(D) financial aid applicants
42. It can be inferred that financial aid
(A) is granted to most MBA students
(B) is granted to students who have met early deadlines
(C) is a legal prerequisite
(D) is granted to students who wish to receive funds
43. A legal prerequisite , as it is mentioned in this passage
(A) applies to all MBA students
(B) is published by the College Scholarship Service
(C) is valid for all students desiring state money
(D) is valid for all applicants for financial aid
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PRPARER

ET RUSSIR LE TOEFL

44. Students wishing to apply for financial assistance may


(A) use an application form provided by the GAPSFAS
(B) submit to the MBA school
(C) precede application deadlines
(D) talk to the CSS
45. We
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

know the following about the College Scholarship Service :


They establish deadlines
They counsel students on financial matters
They publish standardized applications
They are a part of the GAPSFAS

Questions 46-50 refer to the following passage :


The twentieth century will have seen numerous discoveries but none as prominent as the infamous hole in the ozone layer, observed in 1985 in Antarctica. Scientists were immediately alarmed by this finding, for even though
ozone is just one element of the Earths stratosphere, it does act as an important protector against the sun. In fact, as ozone disappears from the atmosphere, ultraviolet rays penetrate the strastosphere more easily. The result of a
lack of protection from these harmful rays is skin cancer, eye disease and
damage to marine life, as well as crop destruction and environmental pollution.
46. From
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

information in this passage, one can infer that ozone acts like
a pair of sunglasses
a fire
a radiator
an ultraviolet ray

47. Scientists first discovered a hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica implies
that a person living there would
(A) notice damaged crops
(B) experience some uneasiness
(C) notice a change in the pollution level
(D) notice more frequent snow storms
48. The
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

listing of effects due to a thinned ozone layer indicates


the sun needs ozone to survive
the Earth cannot survive without ozone
ozone is an important element in the suns rays
life on Earth would not flourish without ozone
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VOTRE NIVEAU DE DPART

49. The
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

word harmful as it is used in the passage refers to


strastospheric rays
the suns rays
ultraviolet rays
ozone rays

50. As it
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

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is used in the selection, infamous refers to


the size of the hole
the seriousness of the hole
the vileness of the hole
the width of the hole

Questions 51-55 refer to the following passage :


Have you been looking in the mirror these days and not liking what you see ?
Gray hair pull it, cut it, tint it it still grows in, due to a variety of genetic
reasons. If your parents or grandparents turned gray early, despair ! You will
probably turn gray at the same age, in the same pattern, because of heredity.
If you are Caucasian, tough luck ! The average black sees his first gray hair at
44 years old, while Caucasians have a head start at 34.
What to do ? It may surprise you to know that all the hair follicles you will
ever have were intact three months before your birth. And while your hair
may be vibrant, it is really a non-organic material with the same proteins
found in fingernails. In fact, destiny and nature seem to be against us !
51. This
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

article was written for the following audience


Caucasians
blacks
adults
heirs

52. An analogy can be made between hair and


(A) race
(B) follicles
(C) matter
(D) fingernails
53. Heredity refers to
(A) a factor for imitating your parents
(B) a factor for turning gray
(C) a factor for average blacks
(D) a factor for parents and grandparents
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PRPARER

ET RUSSIR LE TOEFL

54. The
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

passage implies that the common characteristic shared by all is


possession of all hair follicles three months before birth
vibrant, live hair
turning gray early
the number of follicles at birth

55. The
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

term in the same pattern in this article means


at the same age
at the same rate
on the same model
at the same time

Questions 56-60 refer to the following passage :


Directions : Here are some simple, straightforward instructions to be followed very closely. Do not alter any steps. You may wish to have eggs at Easter
or any time.
1. Select white eggs at your grocers counter. Hard boil in an enamel, stainless
steel or glass pot.
2. Pour 1 tablespoon of vinegar into an 8 oz. container. Drop color tablet into
vinegar and mix. Add 1/2 cup cold water. Repeat this process for each color.
3. Dunk egg until desired shade is obtained. This implies a strict minimum of 3
minutes.
4. Remove egg from solution and put it in a safe place to dry. It will be ready in
10 minutes.
56. The
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

main idea of this passage is


instructions for baking a cake
instructions for cooking eggs
instructions for making a salad
instructions for coloring eggs

57. Dunk as used in this passage means


(A) boil
(B) put into liquid
(C) fry
(D) paint
58. The conditions for success in this operation require
(A) a brush
(B) a glass pot
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(C)
(D)

VOTRE NIVEAU DE DPART

a color tablet
oil

59. According to the passage, this operation


(A) takes place at Easter
(B) takes place when it is dry
(C) takes place before dinner
(D) takes place any time of the year
60. In this passage, hard boil refers to
(A) washing of eggs
(B) cooking of eggs
(C) baking of eggs
(D) frying of eggs

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