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Petrofac

Petrofac International Limited


PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

CHECKED

MNR

INTRODUCTION TO THE SPREADSHEET FOR DESIGN OF


RECTANGULAR PILE CAP:
In this section, the general features of the spreadsheet are explained briefly.
This spreadsheet can be used for the design (as per BS 8110-1:1997) of
rectangular pile caps with 4 or more piles.
1.0 ASSUMPTIONS & LIMITATIONS OF THE SPREADSHEET:
1) The pile cap is assumed to be rigid.
2) This spreadsheet is meant only for rectangular pile caps. Octagonal or
irregular shaped pile caps are outside the purview of this spreadsheet.
3) This spreadsheet is meant only for pile caps with single pedestal/column.
Pile caps for multi-pedestals/columns are outside the purview of this spreadsheet.
4) Minimum number of piles shall be 4. (Separate spreadsheets are made
for pile caps with 2 piles & 3 piles). Maximum number of piles shall be 28.
5) Centroid of pedestal is considered as the origin for co-ordinate axes.
6) Eccentricity of horizontal loads with respect to C.G. of pile cap is not considered.
7) Maximum load cases is limited to 100.
8) The diagrams showing the plan of pile cap is indicative only; meant to show
the direction of co-oridnate axes. The number of piles/size of pile cap shown
will not change based on the input.
9) For checking the buoyancy condition, only two conditions are considered design water table either at ground level or below the founding depth of pile cap.
Intermediate levels between these two are not considered.
2.0 FEATURES OF THE SPREADSHEET:
1) STAAD analysis output can be directly fed as the input for design of pile cap.
2) There are options to design the pile cap either for the actual pile loads or for
the full capacity of pile. In the case of design with full capacity of piles, all the
pile loads will be taken as compression capacity for calculating the bottom
reinforcement and all the pile loads will be taken as tension capacity for
calculating the top reinforcement.
3) For easy reference, all inputs for the spreadsheet are highlighted in "Rose"
colour and the output are highlighted in "Yellow" colour.
4) All cells other than the input cells are locked to protect the spreadsheet from
any unintended change/modification.

11-11-2006
SHEET

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

CHECKED

MNR

5) Effect of water table is considered in the spreadsheet. However, the loss in


self weight of pile due to water table shall be accounted in the tension
capacity of pile.
3.0 PROCEDURE FOR USING THE SPREADSHEET:
The procedure for using the spreadsheet is briefly explained below.
"Input" Sheet:
1) The output (unfactored support reactions) from STAAD for the required
pedestal/column along with the load case number shall be pasted under "Loads
from STAAD Output". Care shall be taken to ensure that the units are in
"kN" & "m" and proper direction of co-ordinate axes is selected.
2) Select "Yes" or "No" for "Whether load at bottom of pile cap is available or not?"
3) Enter the number of load cases in the cell for "Total number of load cases".
Take care to give the exact number of load cases, because otherwise
the output will give misleading values.
"Design" Sheet:
1) Under "General Data" provide various input like size of pile, number of piles,
depth of water table, capacity of piles, grade of material, dimensions of pile cap,
founding depth of pile cap, clear cover to reinforcement, dimensions of pedestal,
etc. in the proper units in the respective cells.
2) Under "Arrangement of Piles", furnish the co-ordinates of each pile in metres,
based on the direction of co-ordinate axes, as shown in the diagram of pile cap.
3) Enter the location of critical sections for shear in mm, with respect to the CG
of pile cap.
4) Under "Design of Pile Cap", select the option for design with "Actual Pile
Reactions" or "Full Capacity of Piles", as the case be.
5) Select the diameter of reinforcement to be used, suiting the conditions.
6) Look for various checks (failure messages) and complete the design.
7) Remember to click the "Perform Design" button each time the design input
is changed.
8) All the calculations are performed in the sheet "Calculation", which is protected.
However, the relevant output is written to sheets "Pile Loads" and "Critical
BM & SF", which are unprotected to enable submission of output.

11-11-2006
SHEET

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

CHECKED

MNR

11-11-2006
SHEET

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

CHECKED

MNR

11-11-2006
SHEET

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
Whether the load at the bottom of pile cap is available or not
Total number of load cases

Total height from the top of pedestal to the bottom of pile cap

PROJECT

Validation of Spreadsheet

ITEM

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

No

JOB No.

28 nos

JI-183

3.25 m

DOC. No.

PREPARED
JJX

CHECKED

APPROVED

DATE

SHEET

11-11-2006

MNR
Spreadsheet-Validation-3

REVISION

Appendix 1: Load Input for the Design of Pile Cap

FX (kN)

FY (kN)

FZ (kN)

MX (kN-m)

MY (kN-m)

MZ (kN-m)

Load
Factor for
Pile Cap
Design

301

-26.029

-8.612

-0.006

1.4

1.25

-26.029

186.388

-0.006

-0.02

84.594

302

34.753

152.047

-0.001

1.4

1.25

34.753

347.047

-0.001

-0.003

-112.947

303

4.279

72.068

-1.903

1.4

1.25

4.279

267.068

-1.903

-6.185

-13.907

304

4.444

71.367

1.896

1.4

1.25

4.444

266.367

1.896

6.162

-14.443

305

-11.423

164.955

-2.107

0.001

1.4

1.25

-11.423

359.955

-2.107

-6.848

0.001

37.125

306

61.269

353.589

-2.102

0.001

1.4

1.25

61.269

548.589

-2.102

-6.832

0.001

-199.124

307

18.885

245.635

-4.004

0.002

1.4

1.25

18.885

440.635

-4.004

-13.013

0.002

-61.376

308

18.957

244.708

-0.225

0.001

1.4

1.25

18.957

439.708

-0.225

-0.731

0.001

-61.61

309

-22.871

236.126

1.885

-0.001

1.4

1.25

-22.871

431.126

1.885

6.126

-0.001

74.331

310

49.822

424.76

1.89

-0.001

1.4

1.25

49.822

619.76

1.89

6.143

-0.001

-161.922

311

7.437

316.806

-0.011

-0.001

1.4

1.25

7.437

511.806

-0.011

-0.036

-0.001

-24.17

312

7.509

315.878

3.768

-0.001

1.4

1.25

7.509

510.878

3.768

12.246

-0.001

-24.404

313

13.059

231.411

-2.095

0.001

1.6

13.059

426.411

-2.095

-6.809

0.001

-42.442

314

5.62

373.521

1.89

-0.001

1.6

5.62

568.521

1.89

6.143

-0.001

-18.265

301

-33.535

213.418

-0.011

1.4

1.25

-33.535

408.418

-0.011

-0.036

108.989

302

27.253

52.758

-0.004

1.4

1.25

27.253

247.758

-0.004

-0.013

-88.572

303

-3.224

132.737

-2.022

1.4

1.25

-3.224

327.737

-2.022

-6.572

10.478

304

-3.059

133.439

2.007

1.4

1.25

-3.059

328.439

2.007

6.523

9.942

Load
Case

Support Reactions from STAAD Output

Increase
Factor for
Pile
Capacity

FX (kN)

FY (kN)

FZ (kN)

MX (kN-m)

MY (kN-m)

MZ (kN-m)

Loads at the bottom of the pile cap

Appendix 1: Load Input for the Design of Pile Cap

FX (kN)

FY (kN)

FZ (kN)

MX (kN-m)

MY (kN-m)

MZ (kN-m)

Load
Factor for
Pile Cap
Design

305

-57.498

547.483

-2.094

-0.065

1.4

1.25

-57.498

742.483

-2.094

-6.806

-0.065

186.869

306

15.201

358.848

-2.085

-0.065

1.4

1.25

15.201

553.848

-2.085

-6.776

-0.065

-49.403

307

-27.186

466.802

-4.105

-0.065

1.4

1.25

-27.186

661.802

-4.105

-13.341

-0.065

88.355

308

-27.114

467.73

-0.097

-0.065

1.4

1.25

-27.114

662.73

-0.097

-0.315

-0.065

88.121

309

-44.468

675.927

1.817

-0.108

1.4

1.25

-44.468

870.927

1.817

5.905

-0.108

144.521

310

28.231

487.292

1.826

-0.108

1.4

1.25

28.231

682.292

1.826

5.935

-0.108

-91.751

311

-14.157

595.246

-0.194

-0.108

1.4

1.25

-14.157

790.246

-0.194

-0.631

-0.108

46.01

312

-14.085

596.174

3.814

-0.108

1.4

1.25

-14.085

791.174

3.814

12.396

-0.108

45.776

313

-33.012

481.026

-2.081

-0.065

1.6

-33.012

676.026

-2.081

-6.763

-0.065

107.289

314

-22.795

738.146

1.812

-0.149

1.6

-22.795

933.146

1.812

5.889

-0.149

74.084

Load
Case

Support Reactions from STAAD Output

Increase
Factor for
Pile
Capacity

FX (kN)

FY (kN)

FZ (kN)

MX (kN-m)

MY (kN-m)

MZ (kN-m)

Loads at the bottom of the pile cap

Appendix 1: Load Input for the Design of Pile Cap


Load
Case

Support Reactions from STAAD Output


FX (kN)

FY (kN)

FZ (kN)

MX (kN-m)

MY (kN-m)

MZ (kN-m)

Load
Factor for
Pile Cap
Design

Increase
Factor for
Pile
Capacity

Loads at the bottom of the pile cap


FX (kN)

FY (kN)

FZ (kN)

MX (kN-m)

MY (kN-m)

MZ (kN-m)

Appendix 1: Load Input for the Design of Pile Cap


Load
Case

Support Reactions from STAAD Output


FX (kN)

FY (kN)

FZ (kN)

MX (kN-m)

MY (kN-m)

MZ (kN-m)

Load
Factor for
Pile Cap
Design

Increase
Factor for
Pile
Capacity

Loads at the bottom of the pile cap


FX (kN)

FY (kN)

FZ (kN)

MX (kN-m)

MY (kN-m)

MZ (kN-m)

Appendix 1: Load Input for the Design of Pile Cap


Load
Case

Support Reactions from STAAD Output


FX (kN)

FY (kN)

FZ (kN)

MX (kN-m)

MY (kN-m)

MZ (kN-m)

Maximum

61.27

738.15

3.81

Minimum

-57.5

-8.61

-4.11

-0.15

Load
Factor for
Pile Cap
Design

Increase
Factor for
Pile
Capacity

Loads at the bottom of the pile cap


FX (kN)

FY (kN)

FZ (kN)

MX (kN-m)

MY (kN-m)

MZ (kN-m)

61.27

933.15

3.81

12.4

186.87

-57.5

186.39

-4.11

-13.34

-0.15

-199.12

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

B.4 DESIGN OF PILE CAP PC-6: (as per BS 8110:Part 1 - 1997)


1.0 GENERAL DATA:
Name of the pile cap

Type of pile

= Driven cast in-situ

Shape of pile

Circular

Size of pile

450

No. of piles

nos

Depth of design water table below FGL

3000

mm

PC4

a) in compression

300

kN

b) in tension

75

kN

c) in shear

30

kN

Load factor for pile cap design

1.5

Grade of concrete

35

N/mm2

Grade of reinforcement

390

N/mm2

Density of concrete

25

kN/m3

Density of soil

18

kN/m3

Length of pile cap in X direction, LpX

2100

mm

Length of pile cap in Z direction, LpZ

2100

mm

Thickness of pile cap, tp

1000

mm

Founding depth of bottom of pile cap below FGL =

1800

mm

mm dia

Capacity of Pile (unfactored):

Detail of Materials:

Detail of Pile Cap:

Depth of soil above pile cap

= 1800 - 1000
=

800

kN/m2

a) for bottom reinforcement

75

mm

b) for top reinforcement

50

mm

Length of pedestal in X direction, LpedX

700

mm

Length of pedestal in Z direction, LpedZ

700

mm

Height of pedestal above FGL

1450

mm

Surcharge above pile cap, if any

DATE

mm

Clear Cover:

Detail of Pedestal:

CHECKED

MNR

11-11-2006
SHEET

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

11-11-2006

CHECKED

SHEET

MNR

Weight of Pile Cap + Pedestal + Soil + Surcharge:


Self weight of pile cap

= {2.1 x 2.1 x 1} 25
=

Weight of pedestal

kN

56.45

kN

= {2.1 x 2.1 - 0.7 x 0.7} 0


=

Total weight

27.56

= {2.1 x 2.1 - 0.7 x 0.7} 0.8 x 18


=

Load due to surcharge, if any

kN

= 0.7 x 0.7 {1.45 + 1.8 - 1} 25


=

Weight of soil above pile cap

110.25

kN

(No surcharge)

= 110.25 + 27.56 + 56.45 + 0


=

195

kN

Net Upward Load on Pile Cap due to Design Water Table:


Total net upward load on pile cap due to the

= Design water table is below the bottom of pile cap

design water table

kN

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
DOCUMENT No.

PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

CHECKED

MNR

LpX

LpedZ

zi

xi
Z

PLAN OF PILE CAP


(only to indicate the direction of co-ordinate axes)

0.3 Dp
(Typ)

LpZ

LpeX

+Mz1

+Mx2

Critical section for shear


X

+Mx1

+Mz2

PLAN SHOWING CRITICAL SECTIONS

11-11-2006
SHEET

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
DOCUMENT No.

PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

(only to indicate the location of critical sections)

2.0 ARRANGEMENT OF PILES & PROPERTIES OF PILE GROUP:


Note: The centre of pedestal is taken as the origin.
Pile No.

DATE

Co-ordinates, m

Moment of Inertia, m4

xi

zi

Ixxi

Izzi

P1

-0.675

-0.675

0.456

0.456

P2

0.675

-0.675

0.456

0.456

P3

-0.675

0.675

0.456

0.456

P4

0.675

0.675

0.456

0.456

CHECKED

MNR

11-11-2006
SHEET

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

Total

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

1.824

11-11-2006

CHECKED

SHEET

MNR

1.824

Critical Sections for Bending & Shear (distances from the CG of pile cap):
a) for bending about X axis

350

mm

(at the pedestal face)

b) for bending about Z axis

350

mm

(at the pedestal face)

c) for shear in plane parallel to X axis

540

mm

Refer 3.11.4.3 of BS 8110:

d) for shear in plane parallel to Z axis

540

mm

Part 1 - 1997

a) around pedestal

4320

mm (at location of critical section)

b) around square pile

c) around circular pile

3222

mm (at 1.5 d from face of corner pile)

a) Maximum vertical load on pile

273.4

kN

(Compression)

b) Minimum vertical load on pile

15.28

kN

(No Tension)

c) Maximum shear on pile

15.33

kN

Perimeter for Punching Shear:

(Not applicable in this case)

(where d = effective depth of pile cap)

3.0 CHECK FOR PILE LOADS (unfactored):

The pile loads are checked against increased capacities for wind/seismic
load combinations with appropriate factors, wherever applicable. Refer
Appendix-2 for load on piles for each load case.
a) Check for compression capacity

Safe

Hence Ok for compression

b) Check for tension capacity

Safe

Hence Ok for tension

c) Check for shear capacity

Safe

Hence Ok for shear

Note:
a) Refer Appendix-1 for Load Input for the Design of Pile Cap.
b) Refer Appendix-2 for Load in Piles & Check for Pile Capacity.
c) Refer Appendix-3 for Critical Bending Moments & Shear Forces in Pile Cap.

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

CHECKED

11-11-2006
SHEET

MNR

4.0 DESIGN OF PILE CAP:


Design forces for the pile cap

= Actual pile reactions

Diameter of reinforcement

20

mm

(only for the calculation of


initial effective depth)

4.1 Design for Bending Moment:


a) Calculation of reinforcement at the bottom of pile cap:
i) about X axis:
Maximum factored bending moment,

MuX b =

296.83

K' =

0.156

b=

2100

mm

d=

915

mm

K=

Mu/bd2 fcu

kN-m
Refer 3.4.4.4 of BS 8110:

0.005

z = d {0.5 + sqrt(0.25 - K/0.9)}


=

Part 1 - 1997

869.25

(zmax = 0.95d)

mm

Ast = Mu/(0.95 fy z)

Area of reinforcement required

922

mm2

Astmin =

2730

mm2

(0.13%, Refer Table 3.25

Astreq =

2730

mm2

of BS 8110:Part 1 - 1997)

Diameter of reinforcement

20

mm

Required spacing of reinforcement

241

mm

Spacing of reinforcement provided

225

mm

Astprovided =

2933

mm2

Provide 20 T @ 225 mm c/c (at the bottom of pile cap along Z direction).
Percentage of reinforcement provided

0.153

MuZ b =

113.54

kN-m

ii) about Z axis:


Maximum factored bending moment,

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

K' =

0.156

b=

2100

mm

d=

895

mm

K=

Mu/bd fcu

11-11-2006

CHECKED

SHEET

MNR
Refer 3.4.4.4 of BS 8110:
Part 1 - 1997

0.002

(zmax = 0.95d)

z = d {0.5 + sqrt(0.25 - K/0.9)}


=

850.25

mm

Ast = Mu/(0.95 fy z)

Area of reinforcement required

361

mm2

Astmin =

2730

mm2

(0.13%, Refer Table 3.25

Astreq =

2730

mm2

of BS 8110:Part 1 - 1997)

Diameter of reinforcement

20

mm

Required spacing of reinforcement

241

mm

Spacing of reinforcement provided

225

mm

Astprovided =

2933

mm2

Provide 20 T @ 225 mm c/c (at the bottom of pile cap along X direction).
Percentage of reinforcement provided

0.156

b) Calculation of reinforcement at the top of pile cap:


i) about X axis:
Maximum factored bending moment,

MuX t =

88.08

K' =

0.156

b=

2100

mm

d=

940

mm

K=

Mu/bd fcu

kN-m
Refer 3.4.4.4 of BS 8110:

0.001

z = d {0.5 + sqrt(0.25 - K/0.9)}


=

Part 1 - 1997

893

(zmax = 0.95d)

mm

Ast = Mu/(0.95 fy z)

Area of reinforcement required

267

mm2

Astmin =

2730

mm2

(0.13%, Refer Table 3.25

Astreq =

2730

mm2

of BS 8110:Part 1 - 1997)

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

Diameter of reinforcement

20

mm

Required spacing of reinforcement

241

mm

Spacing of reinforcement provided

225

mm

Astprovided =

2933

mm2

11-11-2006

CHECKED

SHEET

MNR

Provide 20 T @ 225 mm c/c (at the top of pile cap along Z direction).
Percentage of reinforcement provided

0.149

MuZ t =

28.56

kN-m

K' =

0.156

b=

2100

mm

d=

920

mm

K=

Mu/bd fcu

ii) about Z axis:


Maximum factored bending moment

Refer 3.4.4.4 of BS 8110:

z = d {0.5 + sqrt(0.25 - K/0.9)}


=

Part 1 - 1997

874

(zmax = 0.95d)

mm

Ast = Mu/(0.95 fy z)
89

mm2

Astmin =

2730

mm2

(0.13%, Refer Table 3.25

Astreq =

2730

mm2

of BS 8110:Part 1 - 1997)

Area of reinforcement required


Diameter of reinforcement

20

mm

Required spacing of reinforcement

241

mm

Spacing of reinforcement provided

225

mm

Astprovided =

2933

mm2

Provide 20 T @ 225 mm c/c (at the top of pile cap along X direction).
Percentage of reinforcement provided

0.152

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

11-11-2006

CHECKED

SHEET

MNR

4.2 Check for One-way Shear:


Maximum design shear stress, max

0.5
2
= 0.8 (fcu) or 5 N/mm , whichever is less (Refer 3.6.4.6

N/mm2

of BS 8110:Part 1 - 1997)

347.26

kN

(factored)

b=

2100

mm

d=

915

mm

4.73

i) in plane parallel to X axis:


VuX =

Design shear force,

Shear stress,

VuX/b d

0.181

N/mm2

Refer Table 3.8 of BS 8110: Part 1 - 1997.


Design concrete shear stress, c

1/3
1/4
= 0.79 {100 As/(bv d)} {400/d} /m

Factor for characteristic strength of concrete

(fcu/25)1/3

1.119

100 As/bv d =

0.153

{400/d}1/4 =

0.813

m =

1.25

c =

0.308

Partial safety factor for material

Length of portion of the member transversed

by shear failure plane, av

190

Enhanced allowable shear stress

c {2d/av}

2.967

2
where, fcumax = 40 N/mm

(without shear reinforcement)


(Refer 2.4.4.1 of BS 8110:Part 1 - 1997)

N/mm2

540 - 700/2 (i.e. distance between critical section &


mm

edge of pedestal)
Refer 3.4.5.8 of BS 8110:

N/mm2

Part 1 - 1997

kN

(factored)

Shear stress is less than the allowable stress, hence Ok.

ii) in plane parallel to Z axis:


Design shear force,

VuZ =

395.75

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

Shear stress,

b=

2100

mm

d=

895

mm

VuZ/b d

0.211

11-11-2006

CHECKED

SHEET

MNR

N/mm2

Refer Table 3.8 of BS 8110: Part 1 - 1997.


Design concrete shear stress, c

1/3
1/4
= 0.79 {100 As/(bv d)} {400/d} /m

Factor for characteristic strength of concrete

1.119

100 As/bv d =

0.156

{400/d}1/4 =

0.818

m =

1.25

c =

0.311

(without shear reinforcement)

N/mm2

av = 540 - 700/2 (i.e. distance between critical section &

Enhanced allowable shear stress

190

c {2d/av}

2.93

mm

edge of pedestal)
Refer 3.4.5.8 of BS 8110:

N/mm2

Part 1 - 1997

Shear stress is less than the allowable stress, hence Ok.

4.3 Check for Two-way Shear:


i) Check for punching due to pedestal:
This check is required only for those cases where the spacing of pile exceeds Refer 3.11.4.5 of BS 8110:
3 x dia of pile. For other cases, ignore this check.

Part 1 - 1997

Refer 3.7.7 & Figure 3.23 of BS 8110:Part 1 - 1997.


kN (max. pedestal load + weight of pedestal,

Maximum punching load from pedesta

792.36

Load factor

1.5

Factored punching load, Pu

1188.54

kN

Perimeter along the critical section, u

4320

mm

Effective depth, d

905

mm

Shear strength due to concrete, V c

8645

kN

portion of pile cap & soil + surcharge)

Punching load is less than the shear strength of concrete, hence Ok.

ii) Check for punching stress along the perimeter of the pedestal:
Refer 3.11.4.5 of BS 8110:Part 1 - 1997.

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

CHECKED

11-11-2006
SHEET

MNR

Maximum punching load from pedesta

765.71

Load factor

1.5

Factored punching load, Pu

1148.57

kN

Perimeter along the critical section, u o

2800

mm

Effective depth, d

905

mm

Shear stress,

0.453

Allowable shear stress

0.5
2
= 0.8 (fcu) or 5 N/mm , whichever is less (Refer 3.6.4.6

4.73

kN (max. pedestal load + weight of pedestal)

N/mm2

N/mm2

of BS 8110:Part 1 - 1997)

Punching stress is less than the allowable shear stress, hence Ok.

iii) Check for punching stress at "1.5d" distance from the pedestal face: Refer 3.7.7.4 of BS 8110:
Effective depth, d

905

mm

a) parallel to X axis

mm, (critical sect. is outside pile cap)

b) parallel to Z axis

mm, (critical sect. is outside pile cap)

Total perimeter along the critical section, u

NAP

mm

Maximum punching load from pedesta

746.40

kN

Load factor

1.5

Factored punching load, Pu

1119.6

Punching shear stress,

NAP

N/mm2

Allowable punching stress

0.31

N/mm2

Part 1 - 1997

Perimeter at critical section,

(Check is not applicable)

kN
(Check is not applicable)

This check is not applicable.

iv) Check for punching stress around the perimeter of pile:


Maximum punching load, Ppile

273.4

Load factor

1.5

Factored punching load, Pu

410.1

kN

Perimeter, uo

1414

mm

Effective depth, d

905

mm

Punching shear stress,

0.32

N/mm2

Allowable shear stress

0.5
2
= 0.8 (fcu) or 5 N/mm , whichever is less (Refer 3.6.4.6

4.73

kN

N/mm2

Punching stress is less than the allowable shear stress, hence Ok.

(unfactored)

of BS 8110:Part 1 - 1997)

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
DOCUMENT No.

PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

Maximum punching load, Ppile

273.4

Load factor

1.5

Factored punching load, Pu

410.1

kN

Perimeter, uo

3222

mm

Effective depth, d

905

mm

Punching shear stress,

0.141

N/mm2

Allowable punching stress

0.31

N/mm2

kN

Punching stress is less than the allowable stress, hence Ok.

CONTENTS

Description

Page No.

1.0

General Data

2.0

Arrangement of Piles & Properties of Pile Group

3.0

Check for Pile Loads

4.0

Design of Pile Cap

4.1 Design for Bending Moment

4.2 Check for One-way Shear

4.3 Check for Two-way Shear

10

Appendix 1 Load Input for the Design of Pile Cap


Appendix 2 Load in Piles & Check for Pile Capacity
Appendix 3 Critical Bending Moments & Shear Forces

CHECKED

MNR

v) Check for punching stress at "1.5d" distance from the pile face:

S. No.

DATE
11-11-2006
SHEET

Petrofac
Petrofac International Limited
PROJECT:

Validation of Spreadsheet

TITLE :

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOCUMENT No.

DATE

Spreadsheet-Validation-3
DESIGNED

JJX

CHECKED

MNR

11-11-2006
SHEET

Petrofac

JOB No.

Petrofac International Limited

JI-183 JJX

PROJECT

Validation of Spreadsheet

ITEM

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

PREPARED

DOC. No.

CHECKED

APPROVED

MNR

DATE

SHEET

11-11-2006
REVISION

Spreadsheet-Validation-3

Appendix-2: Load in Piles & Check for Pile Capacity


Load on Piles - kN (without the effect of design water table)

Load
Case

P1

301
302
303
304

P4

Max.
Pile
Load

* Min.
Pile
Load

Shear
per Pile

#
Factor for
Check for Pile Capacity
Pile
Compression
Tension
Shear
Capacity

P2

P3

77.91

15.3

77.89

15.28

77.91

15.28

6.51

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

44.97

128.56

44.96

128.56

128.56

44.96

8.69

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

63.91

74.2

59.33

69.62

74.2

59.33

1.17

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

58.97

69.66

63.53

74.22

74.22

58.97

1.21

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

305

106.26

78.78

101.19

73.72

106.26

73.72

2.9

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

306

65.99

213.36

60.93

208.31

213.36

60.93

15.33

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

307

92.26

137.69

82.63

128.06

137.69

82.63

4.83

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

308

87.4

133

86.86

132.46

133

86.86

4.74

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

309

133.02

78.01

137.56

82.54

137.56

78.01

5.74

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

310

92.74

212.59

97.29

217.14

217.14

92.74

12.46

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

311

119.02

136.91

118.99

136.88

136.91

118.99

1.86

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

312

114.16

132.22

123.22

141.28

141.28

114.16

2.1

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

313

93.42

124.83

88.38

119.79

124.83

88.38

3.31

Safe

Safe

Safe

314

133.1

146.62

137.64

151.16

151.16

133.1

1.48

Safe

Safe

Safe

301

142.45

61.78

142.42

61.76

142.45

61.76

8.38

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

302

29.17

94.72

29.16

94.71

94.72

29.16

6.81

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

303

88.24

80.49

83.38

75.62

88.24

75.62

0.95

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

304

83.38

76.02

88.2

80.84

88.2

76.02

0.91

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

305

257.29

118.99

252.26

113.95

257.29

113.95

14.38

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

306

122.69

159.25

117.67

154.24

159.25

117.67

3.84

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

307

203.08

137.69

193.21

127.82

203.08

127.82

6.87

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

308

198.41

133.19

198.18

132.96

198.41

132.96

6.78

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

309

269.03

162.06

273.4

166.43

273.4

162.06

11.13

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

310

134.42

202.33

138.82

206.72

206.72

134.42

7.07

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

311

214.82

180.77

214.35

180.3

214.82

180.3

3.54

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

312

210.15

176.27

219.32

185.44

219.32

176.27

3.65

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

313

211.21

131.81

206.21

126.8

211.21

126.8

8.27

Safe

Safe

Safe

314

258.52

203.69

262.88

208.05

262.88

203.69

5.72

Safe

Safe

Safe

Load on Piles - kN (without the effect of design water table)

Load
Case

P1

P2

P3

P4

Max.

269.03

213.36

273.4

217.14

Legend: ( - ) indicates tensile load in pile


* For the calculation of minimum vertical load in pile, the effect of design water table is considered.

Max.
Pile
Load

* Min.
Pile
Load

Shear
per Pile

#
Factor for
Check for Pile Capacity
Pile
Tension
Shear
Capacity Compression

Load
Case

Load on Piles - kN (without the effect of design water table)


P1

P2

P3

P4

# For checking the safety of piles, increase factors for pile capacities are considered (wherever applicable).
Critical Loads in Pile:
Maximum vertical load in pile

273.4 kN (unfactored)

Minimum vertical load in pile *

15.28 kN (unfactored)

Maximum shear in pile

15.33 kN (unfactored)

Max.
Pile
Load

* Min.
Pile
Load

Shear
per Pile

#
Factor for
Check for Pile Capacity
Pile
Tension
Shear
Capacity Compression

Petrofac

JOB No.

Petrofac International Limited

JI-183

PROJECT

Validation of Spreadsheet

ITEM

Design Calculation for 6-Pile Cap

DOC. No.

PREPARED
JJX

CHECKED

APPROVED

DATE

SHEET

11-11-2006

MNR
Spreadsheet-Validation-3

REVISION

Appendix-3: Critical Bending Moments & Shear Forces (Factored)

Load
Case

Load
Factor
for
Design

Factored Bending Moment about X axis at


Pedestal Face
without the effect of
design water table

with the effect of


design water table

Factored Bending Moment about Z axis at


Pedestal Face
without the effect of
design water table

with the effect of


design water table

MuX1

MuX2

MuX1w

MuX2w

MuZ1

MuZ2

MuZ1w

MuZ2w

Factored Shear Force (One-way) for Critical


Section Parallel to X axis

Factored Shear Force (One-way) for Critical


Section parallel to Z axis

without the effect of


design water table

without the effect of


design water table

SFuX1

SFuX2

with the effect of


design water table
SFuX1w

SFuX2w

SFuZ1

SFuZ2

with the effect of


design water table
SFuZ1w

SFuZ2w

301

1.4

-10.65

16.22

-44.46

-17.59

-12.08

28.31

-28.56

11.83

39.78

66.64

5.97

32.83

9.23

133.53

-41.48

82.81

302

1.4

121.97

81.78

88.16

47.97

81.97

30.88

65.49

14.40

172.40

132.21

138.59

98.40

298.61

141.42

247.90

90.71

303

1.4

-47.19

48.28

-81.00

14.47

9.82

4.23

-6.66

-12.26

3.24

98.70

-30.57

64.89

76.62

59.41

25.90

8.69

304

1.4

158.53

49.72

124.72

15.91

60.06

54.97

43.58

38.49

208.95

100.15

175.14

66.34

231.22

215.55

180.50

164.84

305

1.4

-15.77

53.09

-49.58

19.28

3.75

27.96

-12.73

11.48

34.65

103.52

0.84

69.71

57.95

132.43

7.24

81.72

306

1.4

122.38

122.49

88.57

88.68

103.89

29.00

87.41

12.51

172.81

172.92

139.00

139.11

366.08

135.63

315.36

84.91

307

1.4

-52.31

85.17

-86.12

51.36

25.65

3.88

9.17

-12.60

-1.89

135.59

-35.70

101.78

125.34

58.35

74.62

7.63

308

1.4

296.83

85.24

263.02

51.43

113.54

86.24

97.05

69.76

347.26

135.66

313.45

101.85

395.75

311.76

345.03

261.04

309

1.4

-17.73

74.70

-51.54

40.89

2.73

38.56

-13.76

22.08

32.69

125.12

-1.12

91.31

54.79

165.05

4.07

114.34

310

1.4

120.43

144.09

86.62

110.28

102.88

39.60

86.39

23.12

170.86

194.52

137.05

160.71

362.94

168.25

312.23

117.53

311

1.4

-54.27

106.76

-88.08

72.95

24.62

14.48

8.14

-2.00

-3.85

157.18

-37.66

123.37

122.17

90.95

71.46

40.24

312

1.4

294.87

106.85

261.06

73.04

112.51

96.84

96.03

80.36

345.30

157.28

311.49

123.47

392.60

344.38

341.88

293.66

313

1.6

-27.37

96.76

-66.01

58.12

33.04

16.23

14.20

-2.60

30.26

154.39

-8.38

115.75

154.70

102.99

96.74

45.03

314

1.6

-4.76

142.01

-43.40

103.37

45.25

37.11

26.41

18.28

52.87

199.64

14.23

161.00

192.25

167.23

134.29

109.27

301

1.4

302

1.4

303

1.4

304

1.4

305

1.4

306

1.4

307

1.4

308

1.4

Appendix-3: Critical Bending Moments & Shear Forces (Factored)

Load
Case

Load
Factor
for
Design

309

1.4

310

1.4

311

1.4

312

1.4

313

1.6

314

1.6

Factored Bending Moment about X axis at


Pedestal Face
without the effect of
design water table
MuX1

MuX2

with the effect of


design water table
MuX1w

MuX2w

Factored Bending Moment about Z axis at


Pedestal Face
without the effect of
design water table
MuZ1

MuZ2

with the effect of


design water table
MuZ1w

MuZ2w

Factored Shear Force (One-way) for Critical


Section Parallel to X axis

Factored Shear Force (One-way) for Critical


Section parallel to Z axis

without the effect of


design water table

without the effect of


design water table

SFuX1

SFuX2

with the effect of


design water table
SFuX1w

SFuX2w

SFuZ1

SFuZ2

with the effect of


design water table
SFuZ1w

SFuZ2w

Appendix-3: Critical Bending Moments & Shear Forces (Factored)

Load
Case

Load
Factor
for
Design

Factored Bending Moment about X axis at


Pedestal Face
without the effect of
design water table
MuX1

MuX2

with the effect of


design water table
MuX1w

MuX2w

Factored Bending Moment about Z axis at


Pedestal Face
without the effect of
design water table
MuZ1

MuZ2

with the effect of


design water table
MuZ1w

MuZ2w

Factored Shear Force (One-way) for Critical


Section Parallel to X axis

Factored Shear Force (One-way) for Critical


Section parallel to Z axis

without the effect of


design water table

without the effect of


design water table

SFuX1

SFuX2

with the effect of


design water table
SFuX1w

SFuX2w

SFuZ1

SFuZ2

with the effect of


design water table
SFuZ1w

SFuZ2w

Appendix-3: Critical Bending Moments & Shear Forces (Factored)

Load
Case

Load
Factor
for
Design

Factored Bending Moment about X axis at


Pedestal Face
without the effect of
design water table

with the effect of


design water table

Factored Bending Moment about Z axis at


Pedestal Face
without the effect of
design water table

with the effect of


design water table

Factored Shear Force (One-way) for Critical


Section Parallel to X axis

Factored Shear Force (One-way) for Critical


Section parallel to Z axis

without the effect of


design water table

without the effect of


design water table

with the effect of


design water table

with the effect of


design water table

MuX1

MuX2

MuX1w

MuX2w

MuZ1

MuZ2

MuZ1w

MuZ2w

SFuX1

SFuX2

SFuX1w

SFuX2w

SFuZ1

SFuZ2

SFuZ1w

SFuZ2w

Maximum

296.83

144.09

263.02

110.28

113.54

96.84

97.05

80.36

347.26

199.64

313.45

161.00

395.75

344.38

345.03

293.66

Minimum

-54.27

16.22

-88.08

-17.59

-12.08

3.88

-28.56

-12.60

-3.85

66.64

-37.66

32.83

9.23

58.35

-41.48

7.63

1) for tension at bottom

296.83

kN-m

2) for tension at top

88.08

kN-m

for design with Actual Pile Loads:


a) Maximum factored BM, MuX

Appendix-3: Critical Bending Moments & Shear Forces (Factored)

Load
Case

Load
Factor
for
Design

Factored Bending Moment about X axis at


Pedestal Face
without the effect of
design water table
MuX1

MuX2

with the effect of


design water table

Factored Bending Moment about Z axis at


Pedestal Face
without the effect of
design water table

MuX1w

MuX2w

MuZ1

1) for tension at bottom

113.54

kN-m

2) for tension at top

MuZ2

with the effect of


design water table
MuZ1w

MuZ2w

b) Maximum factored BM, MuZ

28.56

kN-m

c) Maximum factored shear force, VuX

347.26

kN

d) Maximum factored shear force, VuZ

395.75

kN

Appendix-3: Critical Bending Moments & Shear Forces (Factored) for Full Capacity of Piles

Load
Case

Load
Factor
for
Design

Factored Bending
Moment about X axis
at Pedestal Face

Factored Bending
Moment about Z axis
at Pedestal Face

Factored Shear Force


(One-way) for Critical
Section Parallel to X
axis

Factored Shear Force


(One-way) for Critical
Section parallel to Z
axis

MuX1

MuX2

MuZ1

MuZ2

SFuX1

SFuX2

SFuZ1

SFuZ2

for
Bottom
Tension

1.5

782.68

782.68

388.80

388.80

836.70

836.70

1246.01

1246.01

for Top
Tension

1.5

-342.32

-342.32

-159.64

-159.64

-288.30

-288.30

-441.49

-441.49

i) for tension at bottom

782.68

kN-m

ii) for tension at top

342.32

kN-m

i) for tension at bottom

388.8

kN-m

ii) for tension at top

159.64

kN-m

c) Maximum factored shear force, VuX

836.7

kN

d) Maximum factored shear force, VuZ

1246.01

kN

for design with Full Capacity of Piles:


a) Maximum factored BM, MuX

b) Maximum factored BM, MuZ

Factored Shear Force (One-way) for Critical


Section Parallel to X axis

Factored Shear Force (One-way) for Critical


Section parallel to Z axis

without the effect of


design water table

without the effect of


design water table

SFuX1

SFuX2

with the effect of


design water table
SFuX1w

SFuX2w

SFuZ1

SFuZ2

with the effect of


design water table
SFuZ1w

SFuZ2w

LOAD IN PILES & CHECK FOR PILE CAPACITY

Load
Case

Load on Piles - kN (without the effect of design water table)


P1

P2

P3

P4

Max.
Pile
Load

* Min.
Pile
Load

#
Shear Factor for
Check for Pile Capacity
per
Pile
Pile
Capacity Compression Tension
Shear

301

77.91

15.3

77.89

15.28

77.91

15.28

6.51

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

302

44.97

128.56

44.96

128.56

128.56

44.96

8.69

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

303

63.91

74.2

59.33

69.62

74.2

59.33

1.17

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

304

58.97

69.66

63.53

74.22

74.22

58.97

1.21

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

305

106.26

78.78

101.19

73.72

106.26

73.72

2.9

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

306

65.99

213.36

60.93

208.31

213.36

60.93

15.33

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

307

92.26

137.69

82.63

128.06

137.69

82.63

4.83

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

308

87.4

133

86.86

132.46

133

86.86

4.74

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

309

133.02

78.01

137.56

82.54

137.56

78.01

5.74

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

310

92.74

212.59

97.29

217.14

217.14

92.74

12.46

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

311

119.02 136.91 118.99 136.88

136.91 118.99

1.86

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

312

114.16 132.22 123.22 141.28

141.28 114.16

2.1

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

313

93.42

124.83

119.79

124.83

88.38

3.31

Safe

Safe

Safe

314

133.1

146.62 137.64 151.16

151.16

133.1

1.48

Safe

Safe

Safe

301

142.45

61.78

142.42

61.76

142.45

61.76

8.38

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

302

29.17

94.72

29.16

94.71

94.72

29.16

6.81

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

303

88.24

80.49

83.38

75.62

88.24

75.62

0.95

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

304

83.38

76.02

88.2

80.84

88.2

76.02

0.91

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

305

257.29 118.99 252.26 113.95

257.29 113.95

14.38

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

306

122.69 159.25 117.67 154.24

159.25 117.67

3.84

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

307

203.08 137.69 193.21 127.82

203.08 127.82

6.87

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

308

198.41 133.19 198.18 132.96

198.41 132.96

6.78

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

309

269.03 162.06

273.4

162.06

11.13

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

310

134.42 202.33 138.82 206.72

206.72 134.42

7.07

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

311

214.82 180.77 214.35

214.82

312

210.15 176.27 219.32 185.44

88.38

273.4

166.43
180.3

313

211.21 131.81 206.21

314

258.52 203.69 262.88 208.05

126.8

180.3

3.54

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

219.32 176.27

3.65

1.25

Safe

Safe

Safe

211.21

126.8

8.27

Safe

Safe

Safe

262.88 203.69

5.72

Safe

Safe

Safe

LOAD IN PILES & CHECK FOR PILE CAPACITY

Load
Case

Load on Piles - kN (without the effect of design water table)


P1

P2

P3

P4

Max.
Pile
Load

* Min.
Pile
Load

#
Shear Factor for
Check for Pile Capacity
per
Pile
Pile
Capacity Compression Tension
Shear

LOAD IN PILES & CHECK FOR PILE CAPACITY

Load
Case

Max.

Load on Piles - kN (without the effect of design water table)


P1

P2

P3

P4

269.03

213.36

273.4

217.14

Legend: ( - ) indicates tensile load in pile


* For the calculation of minimum vertical load in pile, the effect of design water table is considered.
# For checking the safety of piles, increase factors for pile capacities are considered (wherever applicable).
Critical Loads in Pile:
Maximum vertical load in pile

273.4 kN (unfactored)

Minimum vertical load in pile *

15.28 kN (unfactored)

Maximum shear in pile

15.33 kN (unfactored)

Max.
Pile
Load

* Min.
Pile
Load

#
Shear Factor for
Check for Pile Capacity
per
Pile
Pile
Capacity Compression Tension
Shear