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# PRACTICAL REPORT

CALORI WORK
Name

NPM

: 1506788894

Faculty

: Engineering

Department/Major

## : Chemical Engineering/ Chemical Engineering International Class

Practicum Code

: KR-02

Week of Experiment : 2

(UPP-IPD)
Universitas Indonesia
Depok

Purpose of Practicum
To calculate the calor capacity of a counductor wire

Apparatus
1. Source of voltage that could be varies
2. Conductor wire (with mass 2 grams)
3. Thermometer
4. Voltmeter and Ampere meter
6. Camcorder
7. Unit PC with DAQ and automatic controlling ware

Theory Basis
The relation of energy eternity state that energy could not be destroyed or created. Energy could
only change from one state to another state. For this experiment, there will be energy
conservation from electricity energy to caloric energy.
Electricity energy is produced by a power supply on a conductor that has a resistance that state
by the equation:

Where
W = electricity energy (joule)
V = electricity voltage (volt)
i = electricity flow (Ampere)
t = time / long of electricity flows (second)

Heat energy that produced by this conductor wire is state in for the temperature increasing. The
amount of heat that needed to increase the temperature of substance is state by this equation:

Where
Q = the heat needed (calorie)
m = substance mass (gram)
c = heat type of substance ( Cal/gr.0C)
Ta = final temperature of substance (K)
T = origin temperature of substance (K)
A wire is wound at a temperature sensor. That wire will take the electricity flow so it will
dissipate the heat energy. The change of temperature that happened will be observed by the
sensor and will be written by instrumentation system. The voltage that giving to the wire could
be changed so the temperature change could be varies for each of voltage giving.
Experiment Procedure
The R-lab experiment can be doing by click the R-lab button below the experiment module, and
with the data taken:
1. Activate the Web Cam (click the video icon at R-lab page).
2. Apply Voltage V0 to the wire conductor
3. Turn on the motor of fan by clicking the radio button at the icon turn on fan power
supply.
4. Take the data of the changes between temperature, voltage and electricity flow or every 1
second and 10 second by clicking the icon measure
5. Observe the wire temperature that showed on the webcam, and wait until it approach the
origin temperature when it was giving V0.
6. Repeat step 2 to 5 for voltage V1, V2, and V3.
Assignment and Evaluation
1. From the data we got, make a graph that showed the relation between temperature and
time for every voltage that giving to wire conductor.
2. For voltage V1, V2, and V3, calculate the value of heat capacity (c) from the conductor
wire that we used.
3. Based on the value of c that we got, find out the wire conductor that being used.
4. Give the analysis from the experiment result.

Observation Data
1. The data attained from Voltage V0
No

Time

Temp

1.

23.84

0.00

18.4

2.

23.84

0.00

18.4

3.

23.84

0.00

18.5

4.

12

23.84

0.00

18.4

5.

15

23.84

0.00

18.5

6.

18

23.84

0.00

18.5

7.

21

23.84

0.00

18.5

8.

24

23.84

0.00

18.5

9.

27

23.84

0.00

18.5

10.

30

23.84

0.00

18.5

No

Time

Temp

1.

35.25

0.65

18.3

2.

35.13

0.65

18.4

3.

35.13

0.65

18.6

4.

12

35.13

0.65

18.8

5.

15

35.25

0.65

18.9

6.

18

35.25

0.65

19.1

7.

21

35.13

0.65

19.2

8.

24

35.13

0.65

19.3

9.

27

35.13

0.65

19.4

10.

30

35.13

0.65

19.6

No

Time

Temp

1.

50.99

1.56

18.6

2.

50.99

1.56

19.0

3.

50.99

1.56

19.9

4.

12

50.99

1.56

20.9

5.

15

50.99

1.56

21.9

6.

18

50.99

1.56

22.8

7.

21

50.99

1.56

23.6

8.

24

50.99

1.56

24.4

9.

27

50.99

1.56

25.1

10.

30

50.99

1.56

25.6

## 4. The data attained from Voltage V3

No

Time

Temp

1.

41.98

1.05

18.6

2.

41.98

1.05

18.8

3.

41.98

1.05

19.2

4.

12

41.98

1.05

19.7

5.

15

41.98

1.05

20.1

6.

18

41.98

1.05

20.5

7.

21

41.98

1.05

20.9

8.

24

41.98

1.05

21.2

9.

27

41.98

1.05

21.5

10.

30

42.09

1.05

21.8

1. Make a graph that showed the relation between temperature and time for every voltage
that giving to wire conductor

The Graph made from the relation of time with each Voltage
1) Voltage V0

2) Voltage V1

Temperature (C)

Graph V1 Voltage
19.8
19.6
19.4
19.2
19
18.8
18.6
18.4
18.2
18

y = 0.143x + 18.173
R = 0.9905

Temp
Linear (Temp)

12

15

18

21

24

27

30

Time (Second)

3) Voltage V2

Temperatue (C)

Graph V2 Voltage
25.6
25
24.4
23.8
23.2
22.6
22
21.4
20.8
20.2
19.6
19
18.4

y = 0.8315x + 17.607
R = 0.9938
Temp
Linear (Temp)

12 15 18 21
Time (Second)

24

27

30

4) Voltage V3

Temperature (C)

Graph V3 Voltage
22
21.6
21.2
20.8
20.4
20
19.6
19.2
18.8
18.4
18

y = 0.3739x + 18.173
R = 0.9944

Temp
Linear (Temp)

12

15

18

21

24

27

30

Time (Second)

2. For voltage V1, V2, and V3, calculate the value of heat capacity (c) from the conductor
wire that we used.
We know that electricity energy could be converted into heat energy with the
equation W = V.i.t and Q = C.(Ta T). And then, the relation between them is V.i.t =
C. T with V = volt, I = Ampere, t = second, m = kg, C = J/K, and T = Kelvin. And the
T on x-axis and t on y-axis, we can reassemble the equation:

## And b as the gradient, we can relate both of graph as:

a. Voltage V0

No

Time

Temp

C (J/K)

1.

23.84

0.00

18.4

2.

23.84

0.00

18.4

3.

23.84

0.00

18.5

4.

12

23.84

0.00

18.4

5.

15

23.84

0.00

18.5

6.

18

23.84

0.00

18.5

7.

21

23.84

0.00

18.5

8.

24

23.84

0.00

18.5

9.

27

23.84

0.00

18.5

10.

30

23.84

0.00

18.5

b . Voltage V1

No

Time

Temp

C (J/K)

1.

35.25

0.65

18.3

2.

35.13

0.65

18.4

1370.07

3.

35.13

0.65

18.6

1027.55

4.

12

35.13

0.65

18.8

1370.07

5.

15

35.25

0.65

18.9

3436.88

6.

18

35.25

0.65

19.1

2062.12

7.

21

35.13

0.65

19.2

4795.25

8.

24

35.13

0.65

19.3

5480.28

9.

27

35.13

0.65

19.4

6165.32

10.

30

35.13

0.65

19.6

3425.17

c. Voltage V2

No
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Time
3
6
9
12
15
18
21
24
27
30

I
50.99
50.99
50.99
50.99
50.99
50.99
50.99
50.99
50.99
50.99

V
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.56
1.56

Temp
18.6
19
19.9
20.9
21.9
22.8
23.6
24.4
25.1
25.6

d. Voltage V3

C (J/K)
0
1193.17
795.444
954.533
1193.17
1590.89
2088.04
2386.33
3068.14
4772.66

No
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Time
3
6
9
12
15
18
21
24
27
30

I
41.98
41.98
41.98
41.98
41.98
41.98
41.98
41.98
41.98
42.09

V
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05
1.05

Temp
18.6
18.8
19.2
19.7
20.1
20.5
20.9
21.2
21.5
21.8

C (J/K)
0
1322.37
991.778
1057.9
1652.96
1983.56
2314.15
3526.32
3967.11
4419.45

3. Based on the value of c that we got, find out the wire conductor that being used
From the results that we calculated before, we have 3 different values for C. From that 3
results, we can calculate an average of C.

From the calculation above, we could conclude that the average heat capacity of the wire
is 124.4750 J/K .From that average heat capacity we could determine from what material does
the wire made of. Considering its heat capacity the most common material used is Platinum
which have a heat capacity value of 130 J/K the closest than any metal.
Relative Mistake = |

| x 100%

## Relative Mistake if the metal is Platinum

=|

| x 100%

= 4.25%
4. Data Analysis
The main objective of the experiment is to find the values capacity from a wire conductor.
Another objective is to found out the type of materials that used in the wire that used in the
experiment. First of all, we have to find out the data from the experiment we did. We have to
choose the voltage we want to give to the wire. We have four values of voltage we give to the
wire, V0 = 0V, V1 =
, V2 = 1.56 V, V3 = 1.05 V. After we choose the voltage that we
want to give to wire conductor, we have to turn on the power supply.
For the next step, we have to input the temperature data to the table. The temperature data
is the changing of the data and the changing of voltage and the changing of electricity flow for
every 3 second in 30 second elapsed time. The changing of temperature has to be observed,
because in the end the temperature value will get back to the origin temperature when it was
giving by the voltage.

To get the capacity value of heat, we can get it by relate the energy relation
equation and heat (V.i.t = C. T), and with the equation of linier graph (
with T is
the changing of temperature in the x-axis, and t (time) in the y-axis. So, the equation can be
reassemble to

## and we could relate it to the graph equation and it becomes

So, after we calculate the graph with this formula, we get 3 different

## values of C and we take the average. And all we got, the C is

. From that heat
capacity we could found which material used for the wire. For this experiment based on heat
capacity acquired we could assume that, although with a low relative mistake percentage of
4.25% that the wire is a Platinum Wire.

Analysis Mistake
1. Technical Mistake
The mistake caused by the equipment or the material of the experiment.
2. Rough Mistake
The mistake or human error that caused by the user where that person is not experience and
skilled enough to do the experiments because they barely do the experiments and they make
mistakes.
3. Random Mistake
The mistake caused by nature.

Conclusion
1. Energy can be converted into some other form of energy, but it can neither be created
nor destroyed.
2. The temperature will keep increasing as long as voltage is given, while an increase in
voltage will also increase the rate at which the temperature will rise.
3. Capacity value of heat that we get from the average of the graph is

References
1. Giancoli, D.C.; Physics for Scientists & Engeeners, Third Edition, Prentice Hall, NJ,
2000.
2. Halliday, Resnick, Walker; Fundamentals of Physics, 7th Edition, Extended Edition, John
Wiley & Sons, Inc., NJ, 2005.
3. www.sitrampil.ui.ac.id/elaboratory