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# 4531/1

Fizik
Kertas 1
2009
1 Jam

Nama :Tingkatan:.

## PEJABAT PELAJARAN DAERAH

PASIR GUDANG
PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2009
TINGKATAN 5
PHYSICS
Kertas 1
Satu jam lima belas minit
JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

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The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.
v u
t

1.

a=

1.

v2 = u2 + 2as

2.

s = ut +

3.

Momentum = mv

1 2
at
2

n=

1 1 1

f
u v

real depth
apparent depth

4.

F = ma

5.

## Kinetic energy = mv2

Linear magnification, m = v
u
P = 1/ f

6.

v = f

7.

## Elastic potential energy =

8.

Power, P = energy
time

9.

m
=
V

10.

Pressure, p =hg

11.

Pressure, p =

12.

Heat, Q = mc

13.

Heat, Q = m

14.

P1V1 = P2V2

15.

V1 = V2
T1 T2

16.

P1 = P2
T1 T2

17.
18.

1
Fx
2

ax
D

Q = It
E = VQ

F
A

PV
= constant
T

n=

sin i
sin r

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V = IR
E = V + Ir
Power, P = VI

NS
V
S
N P VP

32. Efficiency =
33.

eV = mv2

34.

E = mc2

35.

g = 10 ms-2

I S VS
x 100%
I PV P

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Each question is followed by either three, four or five options. Choose the best option for each
question, and then blacken the correct space on the answer sheet.
1

## Which of the following is not the main area of physics?

A

Heat

Mechanics

Geometry

Light

Which of the following shows the relation between the base quantities for density?
A

mass
length length length

## mass mass length

time

time time
length mass

mass length
length length time

A shop-keeper places two identical blocks of cheese on a set of scales and notices that
their combined mass is 240g. Each block measures 2.0 cm 5.0 cm 10.0 cm.

Diagram 1
What is the density of the cheese?

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A

0.42 g / cm3

0.83 g / cm3

1.2 g / cm3

2.4 g / cm3

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A

Mass of a ball

## Earths gravitational pull on our body

An object is displaced 8 m to the east followed by another displacement of 10 m northwest. What is the resultant displacement of the object?
A

2m

4m

6m

14 m

18 m

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Table 1 shows the results obtained from an experiment to examine the resistivity of a wire.
Diameter of wire / mm
0.40
0.80
1.20
1.60
2.00

Current / A
0.36
0.41
0.55
0.72
0.88
Table 1

Potential difference / V
3.6
3.8
4.5
5.0
5.1

## Table 2 shows the record of an experiment carried out by a student.

Temperature / C
30
32
34
36
38

Electric Current / A
0.48
0.44
0.4
0.36
0.32
Table 2

A

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A

## Diagram 2 shows a book falling down from a table.

Diagram 2
Which physical quantity of the book increases while it is falling?
A

Mass

Kinetic energy

Acceleration

Potential energy

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Oil drips at a constant rate from a moving car. Diagram 3 shows the pattern of the drips on

Diagram 3
Which statement describes the motion of the car?

11

12

## It moved at a steady speed and then accelerated.

Anuar lifts a heavy object underwater. He finds it is much easier to lift the object while it
is underwater. This is because the object experiences
A

buoyant force

force of gravity

surface tension

Water friction

## Diagram 4 shows a car with a bumper fitted with shock absorbers.

Bumper

Diagram 4
The advantage of using the bumper fitted with shock absorbers is
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8
A

## to ensure that the car is not smashed in an accident.

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Diagram 5 shows a wooden block pulled by a force of 10N at an angle of 40o above the
horizontal floor.

Diagram 5
If the wooden block is pulled through a distance of 5m, how much work is done on the
wooden block?
A
B
C
D
E
14

7.66 J
18.8 J
24.4 J
38.3 J
50.0 J

## Diagram 6 shows an aeroplane flying at a constant velocity.

Diagram 6
Which relationship between the forces is true?
A
U=W
B
F>G
C
U<W
D
F=G

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## A spring of 10 cm length extends by 6 cm when a load of 30 N is attached to it.

Diagram 7
When two identical springs are used to carry a 20 N loads, as shown in Diagram 7, what is
the length of the spring system?
A
B
C
D
E
16

A
B
C

17

2 cm
4 cm
6 cm
12 cm
15 cm

Lift pump
Hydraulic brakes
Aerofoil

A

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Diagram 8 shows two identical bricks X and Y placed in two different ways on a sandy
ground.

Diagram 8
What is the factor that causes brick Y to sink more into the sand?
A
B
C
D
19

Weight
Pressure
Force
Density

The diagram shows the position of a hydrometer in four different liquids P, Q, R and S.
Which liquid has the lowest density?

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11

Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2 shows an object being weighed in air and in water
respectively.

6.0 N

4.8 N

0N

1.2 N

Diagram 9.1

Diagram 9.2

21

1.2 N

3.6 N

4.8 N

6.0 N

## Diagram 10 shows a cylinder containing water.

.

Diagram 10
If the pressure at point P is 12 000 N m-2, the height of h is
[the density of the water = 1000 kg m-3]
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23

12

0.8 m

1.0 m

1.2 m

2.0 m

2.2 m

A mixture of gas and air is produced by a bunsen burner. This can be explained by
A

Archimedes principle

Bernoullis principle

Pascals principle

## Diagram 11 shows two objects X and Y, touching each other.

Diagram 11
They are at thermal equilibrium if they have
A

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Which graph represents the relationship between the pressure, P and the volume, V of a
gas at constant temperature?

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## Diagram 12 shows a mercury thermometer.

Diagram 12
Why does the capillary tube have a very narrow bore?
A
B
C
D
26

27

To improve sensitivity
To increase the temperature range measured
To prevent mercury returning to the bulb
To reduce the amount of mercury used

700 g of water at a temperature of 300C in a plastic container is placed inside the freezer
of a refrigerator. It takes 20 minutes for the water to be frozen to become ice. What is the
rate of heat released from the water?
[Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J kg1 0C 1 ; specific latent heat of fusion of ice =
3.34 105 J kg1]
A

26.8 J s1

89.4 J s1

134.2 J s1

268.3 J s1

402.5 J s1

Table 3 below shows the freezing point and the boiling point of four liquids A, B, C and D.
Which liquid is most suitable to be used in a liquid-in-glass thermometer from -900C to
900C?
Liquid Freezing point (0C) Boiling point ( 0C)
A
-70
140
B
0
100
C
-120
120
D
-50
140
Table 3

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15

What is the quantity which is constant in all the three Gas laws?
A
B
C
D

29

31

## the number of gas molecules

the distance between the gas molecules
the total force per unit area of the containers wall.
the average kinetic energy of the gas molecule

A gas inside a container at a temperature of 30oC has a pressure of 1.20 Pa. The container
is heated at a constant volume until the temperature of the gas inside it is 55oC. What is
the final pressure of the gas?
A
B
C
D
E

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0.72 Pa
1.11 Pa
1.30 Pa
2.20 Pa
2.20 Pa

Which of the following is not the characteristic of an image formed by a plane mirror?
A

Laterally inverted

## Object distance from mirror equals image distance from mirror

Real

Which of the optical instrument uses the principle of the total internal reflection of light?
A

Plane mirror

Projector

Astronomical telescope

Binoculars

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## Diagram 13 shows an object placed in front of a convex mirror.

R
S

Diagram 13
Which object
ray is the correct
2F reflected ray?
F
T
A
R
U
B
S

33

When a ray of light travel from water to the air, its speed will
A

increase

decrease

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Diagram 14 shows a coin is put at the base of the beaker. The image of
appears to be 5 cm from the base of the beaker.

the

coin

Diagram 14
What is the refractive index of the liquid?
A
B
C
D
E

35

36

A convex len has a focal length of f cm. The lens produces an enlarged, virtual and
upright image. The object distance is
A

less than f

between f and 2f

same as 2f

more than 2f

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telescope ?

37

Both the focal lengths of the objective lens and the eyepiece lens
are the same

The focal length of the objective lens is shorter than the focal length
of the eyepiece lens

## At normal adjustment, the distance between the objective lens and

the eyepiece lens is longer than the sum of both focal length of the
two lenses

## At normal adjustment, the distance between the objective lens and

the eyepiece lens is equal to the sum of both focal length of the two
lenses

Diagram 15 shows plain water waves in a ripple tank passing through a slit

Diagram 15

Which of the following quantity will decrease after the water wave passing through the
slit?
A
B
C
D
38

Amplitude
Frequency
Wavelength
Speed

Diagram 16 shows
pattern of two
waves of sources, P

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an interference
coherent water
and Q

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Diagram 16
Which of the positions A, B, C or D, does the amplitude of the water waves is zero?
39

Diagram 17 shows the condition of candle flame after the audio frequency generator is
switched on.

Diagram 17

Based on the observation, which of the following answer show the correct movement
of the air particle?
A

40

Diagram 18 shows an ultrasonic wave transmitted from a boat to the seabed to determine
the depth, D of the sea. The speed of the ultrasonic waves in water is 1500 ms-1. The echo
of the waves is received 2.0s after the transmission.

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Diagram 18
What is the value of D?
A
B
C
D
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1500 m
1550 m
1600 m
2000 m

The wavelength of light can be determined with a double slit plate. Diagram 19 shows the
pattern of interference fringes obtain in a Youngs double slit experiment. The separation
distance of the two slit is 0.55 mm and the distance between the screen and the double slit
plate is 4.0 m.

Diagram 19
Calculate the wavelength of the light used in the experiment.
A
B
C
D

1.234 X 10-2 m
3.375 X 10-6 m
5.625 X 10-7 m
4.821 X 10-7 m

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## Which diagram shows the correct electric field pattern?

A

Which of the following graphs shows the correct relationship between the potential
difference, V and current, I for an Ohmic conductor?
A

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Which of the following factors does not influence the resistance of a wire?
A
B
C
D

45

## Length of the wire

Material of the wire
Cross-sectional area of the wire
Hardness of the wire

## A 24 resistor is connected across the terminals of a 12 V battery. Calculate the power

dissipated in the resistor.
A
B
C
D

46

0.5 W
2.0 W
4.0 W
6.0 W

A housewife uses a 2 kW electric iron for 30 minutes a day. If the cost of 1 unit of
electricity is 20 cents, what is the cost of using the electric iron for 30 days?
A
B
C
D

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22

RM2.00
RM4.00
RM6.00
RM8.00

A

B
D

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Diagram 20 shows a circuit containing three resistors and a cell with an electromotive
force of 12V and internal resistance of 6

Diagram 20
What is the current flowing through the circuit?

49

1.1 A

1.0 A

1.3 A

1.4 A

Diagram 21 shows an electric circuit containing with four bulbs. Which of the bulbs in the
following diagram is the brightest?

Diagram 21

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Daya. F/N

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24

A

## END OF QUESTION PAPER

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