Sie sind auf Seite 1von 24

4531/1

Fizik
Kertas 1
2009
1 Jam

Nama :Tingkatan:.

PEJABAT PELAJARAN DAERAH


PASIR GUDANG
PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2009
TINGKATAN 5
PHYSICS
Kertas 1
Satu jam lima belas minit
JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU

1.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 50 soalan.

2.

Jawab semua soalan.

3.

Jawab dengan menghitamkan ruangan yang betul pada kertas jawapan.

4.

Bagi setiap soalan hitamkan satu ruangan sahaja.

5.

Sekiranya anda hendak menukarkan jawapan , padamkan tanda yang telah dibuat.

6.

Kemudian hitamkan jawapan yang baru.

7.

Satu senarai rumus disediakan di halaman 2.

8.

Penggunaan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogramkan adalah dibenarkan.

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 25 halaman bercetak

SULIT

4531/1

The following information may be useful. The symbols have their usual meaning.
v u
t

1.

a=

1.

v2 = u2 + 2as

2.

s = ut +

3.

Momentum = mv

1 2
at
2

n=

1 1 1

f
u v

real depth
apparent depth

4.

F = ma

5.

Kinetic energy = mv2

Linear magnification, m = v
u
P = 1/ f

6.

Gravitational potential energy = mgh

v = f

7.

Elastic potential energy =

8.

Power, P = energy
time

9.

m
=
V

10.

Pressure, p =hg

11.

Pressure, p =

12.

Heat, Q = mc

13.

Heat, Q = m

14.

P1V1 = P2V2

15.

V1 = V2
T1 T2

16.

P1 = P2
T1 T2

17.
18.

1
Fx
2

ax
D

Q = It
E = VQ

F
A

PV
= constant
T

n=

sin i
sin r

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

V = IR
E = V + Ir
Power, P = VI

NS
V
S
N P VP

32. Efficiency =
33.

eV = mv2

34.

E = mc2

35.

g = 10 ms-2

I S VS
x 100%
I PV P

SULIT

4531/1

Each question is followed by either three, four or five options. Choose the best option for each
question, and then blacken the correct space on the answer sheet.
1

Which of the following is not the main area of physics?


A

Heat

Mechanics

Geometry

Light

Which of the following shows the relation between the base quantities for density?
A

mass
length length length

mass mass length


time

time time
length mass

mass length
length length time

A shop-keeper places two identical blocks of cheese on a set of scales and notices that
their combined mass is 240g. Each block measures 2.0 cm 5.0 cm 10.0 cm.

Diagram 1
What is the density of the cheese?

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT

4
A

0.42 g / cm3

0.83 g / cm3

1.2 g / cm3

2.4 g / cm3

4531/1

Which of the following is a vector quantity?


A

Mass of a ball

Age of the earth

Number of students in a class

Earths gravitational pull on our body

An object is displaced 8 m to the east followed by another displacement of 10 m northwest. What is the resultant displacement of the object?
A

2m

4m

6m

14 m

18 m

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
6

4531/1

Table 1 shows the results obtained from an experiment to examine the resistivity of a wire.
Diameter of wire / mm
0.40
0.80
1.20
1.60
2.00

Current / A
0.36
0.41
0.55
0.72
0.88
Table 1

Potential difference / V
3.6
3.8
4.5
5.0
5.1

Which one of the following statements is true about the experiment?

The smallest scale on the ammeter is 0.02 A.

The smallest scale on the voltmeter is 0.1 V.

The diameter of the wire is the responding variable.

The diameter of the wire is measured with vernier calipers.

Table 2 shows the record of an experiment carried out by a student.


Temperature / C
30
32
34
36
38

Electric Current / A
0.48
0.44
0.4
0.36
0.32
Table 2

What is the mistake made by the student?


A

The temperature readings do not have decimal places.

Each physical quantity measured is not labeled.

The readings recorded are not consistent.

The units of the quantities measured are not labeled.

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
8

4531/1

Which graph shows an increasing acceleration?


A

Diagram 2 shows a book falling down from a table.

Diagram 2
Which physical quantity of the book increases while it is falling?
A

Mass

Kinetic energy

Acceleration

Potential energy

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
10

4531/1

Oil drips at a constant rate from a moving car. Diagram 3 shows the pattern of the drips on
the road.

Diagram 3
Which statement describes the motion of the car?

11

12

It accelerated and then moved at a steady speed.

It accelerated and then decelerated.

It moved at a steady speed and then decelerated.

It moved at a steady speed and then accelerated.

Anuar lifts a heavy object underwater. He finds it is much easier to lift the object while it
is underwater. This is because the object experiences
A

buoyant force

force of gravity

surface tension

Water friction

Diagram 4 shows a car with a bumper fitted with shock absorbers.

Bumper

Diagram 4
The advantage of using the bumper fitted with shock absorbers is
4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG
SULIT

SULIT

13

8
A

to ensure that the car will decelerate in an accident.

to minimise the impulsive force during an accident.

to ensure that the car is not smashed in an accident.

4531/1

Diagram 5 shows a wooden block pulled by a force of 10N at an angle of 40o above the
horizontal floor.

Diagram 5
If the wooden block is pulled through a distance of 5m, how much work is done on the
wooden block?
A
B
C
D
E
14

7.66 J
18.8 J
24.4 J
38.3 J
50.0 J

Diagram 6 shows an aeroplane flying at a constant velocity.

Diagram 6
Which relationship between the forces is true?
A
U=W
B
F>G
C
U<W
D
F=G

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
15

4531/1

A spring of 10 cm length extends by 6 cm when a load of 30 N is attached to it.

Diagram 7
When two identical springs are used to carry a 20 N loads, as shown in Diagram 7, what is
the length of the spring system?
A
B
C
D
E
16

Which of the following operates on the effects of atmospheric pressure?


A
B
C

17

2 cm
4 cm
6 cm
12 cm
15 cm

Lift pump
Hydraulic brakes
Aerofoil

Which of the following appliances work based on Bernoullis Principle?


A

Bunsen burner, syringe and car carburator.

Bunsen burner, filter pump and car carburetor.

Wing of aeroplane, syringe and filter pump.

Wing of aeroplane, filter pump and syringe.

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
18

4531/1

10

Diagram 8 shows two identical bricks X and Y placed in two different ways on a sandy
ground.

Diagram 8
What is the factor that causes brick Y to sink more into the sand?
A
B
C
D
19

Weight
Pressure
Force
Density

The diagram shows the position of a hydrometer in four different liquids P, Q, R and S.
Which liquid has the lowest density?

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
20

4531/1

11

Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2 shows an object being weighed in air and in water
respectively.

6.0 N

4.8 N

0N

1.2 N

Diagram 9.1

Diagram 9.2

What is the buoyant force on the object?

21

1.2 N

3.6 N

4.8 N

6.0 N

Diagram 10 shows a cylinder containing water.


.

Diagram 10
If the pressure at point P is 12 000 N m-2, the height of h is
[the density of the water = 1000 kg m-3]
4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG
SULIT

SULIT

22

23

12

0.8 m

1.0 m

1.2 m

2.0 m

2.2 m

A mixture of gas and air is produced by a bunsen burner. This can be explained by
A

Archimedes principle

Bernoullis principle

Pascals principle

The principle of conservation of momentum

Diagram 11 shows two objects X and Y, touching each other.

Diagram 11
They are at thermal equilibrium if they have
A

The same density

The same volume

The same mass

The same temperature

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

4531/1

SULIT
24

13

4531/1

Which graph represents the relationship between the pressure, P and the volume, V of a
gas at constant temperature?

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
25

14

4531/1

Diagram 12 shows a mercury thermometer.

Diagram 12
Why does the capillary tube have a very narrow bore?
A
B
C
D
26

27

To improve sensitivity
To increase the temperature range measured
To prevent mercury returning to the bulb
To reduce the amount of mercury used

700 g of water at a temperature of 300C in a plastic container is placed inside the freezer
of a refrigerator. It takes 20 minutes for the water to be frozen to become ice. What is the
rate of heat released from the water?
[Specific heat capacity of water = 4200 J kg1 0C 1 ; specific latent heat of fusion of ice =
3.34 105 J kg1]
A

26.8 J s1

89.4 J s1

134.2 J s1

268.3 J s1

402.5 J s1

Table 3 below shows the freezing point and the boiling point of four liquids A, B, C and D.
Which liquid is most suitable to be used in a liquid-in-glass thermometer from -900C to
900C?
Liquid Freezing point (0C) Boiling point ( 0C)
A
-70
140
B
0
100
C
-120
120
D
-50
140
Table 3

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
28

15

What is the quantity which is constant in all the three Gas laws?
A
B
C
D

29

31

the number of gas molecules


the distance between the gas molecules
the total force per unit area of the containers wall.
the average kinetic energy of the gas molecule

A gas inside a container at a temperature of 30oC has a pressure of 1.20 Pa. The container
is heated at a constant volume until the temperature of the gas inside it is 55oC. What is
the final pressure of the gas?
A
B
C
D
E

30

4531/1

0.72 Pa
1.11 Pa
1.30 Pa
2.20 Pa
2.20 Pa

Which of the following is not the characteristic of an image formed by a plane mirror?
A

Laterally inverted

Same size as object

Object distance from mirror equals image distance from mirror

Real

Which of the optical instrument uses the principle of the total internal reflection of light?
A

Plane mirror

Projector

Astronomical telescope

Binoculars

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
32

4531/1

16

Diagram 13 shows an object placed in front of a convex mirror.

R
S

Diagram 13
Which object
ray is the correct
2F reflected ray?
F
T
A
R
U
B
S

33

When a ray of light travel from water to the air, its speed will
A

increase

decrease

Remain the same

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
34

4531/1

17

Diagram 14 shows a coin is put at the base of the beaker. The image of
appears to be 5 cm from the base of the beaker.

the

coin

Diagram 14
What is the refractive index of the liquid?
A
B
C
D
E

35

36

A convex len has a focal length of f cm. The lens produces an enlarged, virtual and
upright image. The object distance is
A

less than f

between f and 2f

same as 2f

more than 2f

Which of the following statement is correct in designing a simple astronomical

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT

4531/1

18

telescope ?

37

Both the focal lengths of the objective lens and the eyepiece lens
are the same

The focal length of the objective lens is shorter than the focal length
of the eyepiece lens

At normal adjustment, the distance between the objective lens and


the eyepiece lens is longer than the sum of both focal length of the
two lenses

At normal adjustment, the distance between the objective lens and


the eyepiece lens is equal to the sum of both focal length of the two
lenses

Diagram 15 shows plain water waves in a ripple tank passing through a slit

Diagram 15

Which of the following quantity will decrease after the water wave passing through the
slit?
A
B
C
D
38

Amplitude
Frequency
Wavelength
Speed

Diagram 16 shows
pattern of two
waves of sources, P

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

an interference
coherent water
and Q

SULIT

4531/1

19

Diagram 16
Which of the positions A, B, C or D, does the amplitude of the water waves is zero?
39

Diagram 17 shows the condition of candle flame after the audio frequency generator is
switched on.

Diagram 17

Based on the observation, which of the following answer show the correct movement
of the air particle?
A

40

Diagram 18 shows an ultrasonic wave transmitted from a boat to the seabed to determine
the depth, D of the sea. The speed of the ultrasonic waves in water is 1500 ms-1. The echo
of the waves is received 2.0s after the transmission.

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT

20

4531/1

Diagram 18
What is the value of D?
A
B
C
D
41

1500 m
1550 m
1600 m
2000 m

The wavelength of light can be determined with a double slit plate. Diagram 19 shows the
pattern of interference fringes obtain in a Youngs double slit experiment. The separation
distance of the two slit is 0.55 mm and the distance between the screen and the double slit
plate is 4.0 m.

Diagram 19
Calculate the wavelength of the light used in the experiment.
A
B
C
D

1.234 X 10-2 m
3.375 X 10-6 m
5.625 X 10-7 m
4.821 X 10-7 m

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
42

43

4531/1

21

Which diagram shows the correct electric field pattern?


A

Which of the following graphs shows the correct relationship between the potential
difference, V and current, I for an Ohmic conductor?
A

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT
44

Which of the following factors does not influence the resistance of a wire?
A
B
C
D

45

Length of the wire


Material of the wire
Cross-sectional area of the wire
Hardness of the wire

A 24 resistor is connected across the terminals of a 12 V battery. Calculate the power


dissipated in the resistor.
A
B
C
D

46

0.5 W
2.0 W
4.0 W
6.0 W

A housewife uses a 2 kW electric iron for 30 minutes a day. If the cost of 1 unit of
electricity is 20 cents, what is the cost of using the electric iron for 30 days?
A
B
C
D

47

4531/1

22

RM2.00
RM4.00
RM6.00
RM8.00

Which of the following circuit has the lowest total resistance?


A

B
D

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

SULIT

48

23

4531/1

Diagram 20 shows a circuit containing three resistors and a cell with an electromotive
force of 12V and internal resistance of 6

Diagram 20
What is the current flowing through the circuit?

49

1.1 A

1.0 A

1.3 A

1.4 A

Diagram 21 shows an electric circuit containing with four bulbs. Which of the bulbs in the
following diagram is the brightest?

Diagram 21

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT

Daya. F/N

SULIT

50

4531/1

24

Which circuit can be used to determine the electromotive force a battery?


A

END OF QUESTION PAPER


KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

4531/1 Hak Cipta PPD PASIR GUDANG


SULIT