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General Knowledge PDF

MINERAL PRODUCTION & INDUSTRIES IN INDIA & CENTRES


classification of minerals
1. Ferrous ---- Iron , chromite , nickel , magnesium
2. Non ferrous ---Aluminium ,Copper , Brass , Silver ,Lead , Zinc, Tungusten
3. Precious minerals -- Platnium , gold , silver
4. Non mettalic minerals-- Mica , asbestos
5. Fertilizer minerals --- Gypsum , phosphate
6. Fuel minerals ---- Coal , petroleum , natural gas
7. Nuclear minerals -- Thorium , uranium , zirconium
**NOTE __INDIA in -exports -- Iron , Mica , Thorium
Imports -- Petroleum , Silver , Zinc, Tin , Copper
Self sufficent -- Coal , Chromite , Slate , Dolomite
COAL -- BLACK GOLD
Production as per states top order -- Jharkahand , Odisha , Chattisgarh , Andhra
pradesh , West bengal , Maharastra
Rani gung ( wbengal) first coal mine in india -- 1774
jharia largest coal mine -- jharkahand
talcher -- odisha
singareni -- warangal ( telangana)
Korba -- chattisgarh
Terrestrial coal -- NEVYALI --tamilnadu , MACCOM-- Assam , BIKANER -- rajasthan
COAL india limited -- 1974 Est
Types of coal and form in pure -- pit coal -- 20% , lignite coal --40%, BITMIUS COAL -75% , ANTHRCITE COAL -- 90%
Prodcution -- TOP-3 -- CHINA , INDIA , USA
IN INDIA -- TOP-3 -- JHARKHAND , CHATTISGARH , ODIHSA
CRUDE OIL or petroleum or ROCK OIL
Crude oil top -3 Producers -- SAUDI ARBIA , IRAN , USA
Petroleum -- top -3 -- SAUDI ARBIA , Russia , USA
CRUDE oil exports -- top-3 -- SAUDI ARBIA , russia , norway
imports OR usage -- USA , china , japan , india
world largest refinary -- Abudan , IRAN
Higest oil refienary -- azarbyzan
INDIA OIL WELLS
India first natural gas identified -- jwalamukhi -- himachal pradesh
india first oil wells -- maccom -1866 ( Assam)
2nd oil well --digboui --1890( Assam)
Oil wells in india ASSAM -- maccom , digboui , sharkhatia , shivsagar, rudrasagar
Gujrat oil wells -- khambat , ankaleswar , aliabet , jawhar oil well
Arunchal pradesh -- cherali , karsang
Tripura -- bharamura , hampi bazar
Rajasthan -- mangalam , saraswathi , rajeswari
Maharastra -- bombay high (Arbian sea)-- india largest oil well , mukta , neelima ,
bassung .
Tamil nadu -- Narmin oilfield
Andhrapradesh --Gaddi mogga , ravva , mori , lingala.
Total refianries -- 20 , public sector --17 , 2 -- private sector , 1 -- manglore (
karnataka ).

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NATURAL GAS
CNG -- Ethane , methane
LPG-- propane , butane
COAL GAS -- hydrgoen , methane , carbon monoxide
WATER GAS -- CO, H2
India longest oil pipe line -- mundra --newdelhi --1054 km
Asia longest gas pipe line --TAPI -- turminsthan , afganistan , pakistan , india -1735km
India longest natural gas pipe line -- HBJ -- 1150 km , hazria , bijapur , jagadeshpur
IRON RESERVES
Iron reserves -- 20% available in the world
Iron production -- 1st place -- russia , next china , india --6th position
Types of iron -- Hematite --72% , magnetite -- 60% , lemonite -- 40% , cedanite -20% as per purity
Iron reserves in india -- TOP -3 -- jharkhand, odissa , karnataka
Iron production -- top-3 , karnataka , odisha , chattisgarh
Iron ore mines -- "BAILDILLA " -- Chattisgarh
Siri goa , -- goa , exports to -- iran
Kenvangundi -- karnataka , exports to -- manglore
Mayurbung -- odisha -- exports to -- japan
Obalupuram mines -- Andhra pradesh -- exports -- china
Ratnagiri -- maharastra -- singubum exports -- to asia countires
1. MANGANESE -- World prduction -- top -3 , RUSSIA , INDIA , canada
2. ALUMINIUM -- world top -3 - australia , jamaica , tanzania ,in india -- odisha ,gujrat
3. COPPER --RED GOLD -- WORLD TOP-3 -- CONGO , USA , CHILE , IN INDIA -- M.P,
Rajasthan --> copper mines -- K3- Rajasthan , singbum -- jharkhand , agnigundalu-Andhrapradesh
4. CHROMITE -- World top south africa , russia , in india -- odisha , bihar
5. GOLD -- Production top -3 -- china , s africa , russia IN india -- karnataka , andhra
pradesh
6. DIAMONDS -- Prodcution -- 1st -SAfrica , congo , In india -- madhyapradesh
7. SILVER -- Argentina , canada , in india -- rajasthan
8. BARYTES --india 1st place in the world followed by china
9. MICA-- top-3 -- india , china , russia
10.
THORIUM-- top-3 , india , USA , canada
11.
URANIUM-- yellow cake -- production-- canada , reserves -- australia
in india -- jaharakahand -- jaduguda , AP -- nalagonda
INDIA MINERAL ZONES
1. Chota nagpur plateau -- ganagpur division
2. Chota nagpur plateau -- damodara division
3. Bundelkahnad division -- madhyapradesh
4. Deccan plateau -- dharvar range
5. Deccan plateau -- kurnool & kadapa range ( andhra pradesh )
6. Konda lite range -- easern ghats
7. Vindhya range -- Gujrat region
8. Arvalli range -- Gujrat region
Industrial regions of india
1. Hoogly industrial region -- famous -- jute textile
2. Mumbai -- pune industrial corridor -- cotton textiles
3. Ahmdebad -- vadodora region -- cotton textiles
4. Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor
5. Madurai -coimbatore -- cotton textiles
6. Banglore -chennai -- cotton textiles
7. Chota nagpur industrial region -- iron & steel industry
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Mineral research centres


Central mining research instutite -- dhanabad (status for IIT recent budget --(201516)--jharkhand
Indian school of mine -- dhanbad
Indian bureau of mines -- nagpur
Coal india limited -- kolkatta
Geographical survey of india -- kolkatt
Nevylite lignite corporation -- tamilnadu
First in industries in india
1. first cotton industry -- rishra -- kolkatta -- 1818
2. first iron industry -- port nova -- chennai -- 1830
3. first paper industry -- srirampur -- kolkatta -- 1832
4. first modern cotton textile industry -- mumbai -- 1854
5. first jute textile industry -- rishra - kolkatta -- 1855
6. first cermic industry -- patraghat -- bihar -- 1860
7. modern paper industry -- ballgang -- kolkatta -- 1870
8. bengal iron works limited -- kutti -- wbengal -- 1875
9. woollen textil industry -- kanpur -- 1876
10.first sugar industry -- PUSA -- bihar -- 1903
11.first phosphate fertilizer industry -- ranipet-- tamilnadu-- 1906
12.TISCO -- tata steel company -- sakshi -- jamshedpur -- 1907
13.IISCO -- Baranpur -- wbengal -- 1919
14.vishweryyya tron & steel -- badravathi -- karnartaka-- 1923
15.first silk industry -- howrah -- 1932
16.first glass industry -- ferozabad -- uttarpradesh-- 1932
17.first fertilizer industry -- sindri -- bihar -- 1951
18.first shipyard limited -- hindustan shipyard limited -- vizag -- 1952
19.HMT -- hindustan machines & tools -- banglore -- 1953
20.BEL --Bharat electronics limited -- banglore -- 1954
21.synthetic rubber plant -- baralie -- UP --1955
22.BEML -- Banglore -- 1964
23.HAL -- BANGLORE -- 1964
24.BDL -- hyderabad -- 1970
25.MIDANI -- hyderabad -- 1973
IRON & STEEL INDUSTRIES
1. TISCO - jharkhand -- 1907--Est by J.R.D.TATA
2. IISCO -- baran pur - westbengal -- 1919
3. Visveswarya iron & steel limited-- karnataka -- 1923
4. bhilai steel plant -- chattisgarh -- support USSR -- 1959
5. durgapur steel plant -- wbengal -- support BRITAIN -- 1962
6. rourkela steel plant -- odisha -- germany -- 1969
7. bokaro steel plant -- jharkhand -- USSR -- 1972
8. vizag steel plant --Vishapatnam -- USSR -- 1971
9. SALEEM steel plant --TAMILNADU
10.vijayanagar steel plant --KARNATKA
LEATHER INDUSTRY --India top in the world folowed by china
PAPER INDUSTRY -- Tp -3 -- USA , CANADA , india-- wbengal , gujarat , maharastra
CEMENT INDUSTRY -- TOP3 , china , india , USA , in india -- MP , AP, rajasthan

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AGRO BASED INDUSTRY
COTTON -- top -3 -- china , USA , India ,, in india -- maharastra , gujrat , tamil nadu
WOOLLEN -- TOP -- Australia , in india -- punjab , maharastra , UP
SILK -- TOP -3 , CHINA , INDIA , JAPAN ,, in india -- karnataka , Assam , wbengal
JUTE -- top -- india , bangladesh , in india -- wbengal , andhrapradesh
SUGAR -- top -- cuba , india , in india --maharastra , UP , tnadu
Maharatna CPSEs
1. Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
2. Coal India Limited
3. GAIL (India) Limited
4. Indian Oil Corporation Limited
5. NTPC Limited
6. Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Limited
7. Steel Authority of India Limited
Navratna CPSEs
1. Bharat Electronics Limited
2. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited
3. Container Corporation of India Limited
4. Engineers India Limited
5. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
6. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
7. Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited
8. National Aluminium Company Limited
9. National Buildings Construction Corporation Limited
10.NMDC Limited
11.Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited
12.Oil India Limited
13.Power Finance Corporation Limited
14.Power Grid Corporation of India Limited
15.Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited
16.Rural Electrification Corporation Limited
17.Shipping Corporation of India Limited
Miniratna Category - I CPSEs
1. Airports Authority of India
2. Antrix Corporation Limited
3. Balmer Lawrie & Co. Limited
4. Bharat Coking Coal Limited
5. Bharat Dynamics Limited
6. BEML Limited
7. Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
8. Bridge & Roof Company (India) Limited
9. Central Warehousing Corporation
10.Central Coalfields Limited
11.Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited
12.Cochin Shipyard Limited
13.Dredging Corporation of India Limited
14.Kamarajar Port Limited
15.Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Limited
16.Goa Shipyard Limited
17.Hindustan Copper Limited
18.HLL Lifecare Limited
19.Hindustan Newsprint Limited
20.Hindustan Paper Corporation Limited
21.Housing & Urban Development Corporation Limited
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22.India Tourism Development Corporation Limited
23.Indian Rare Earths Limited
24.Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporation Limited
25.Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited
26.India Trade Promotion Organisation
27.IRCON International Limited
28.KIOCL Limited
29.Mazagaon Dock Limited
30.Mahanadi Coalfields Limited
31.Manganese Ore (India) Limited
32.Mangalore Refinery & Petrochemical Limited
33.Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited
34.MMTC Limited
35.MSTC Limited
36.National Fertilizers Limited
37.National Seeds Corporation Limited
38.NHPC Limited
39.Northern Coalfields Limited
40.North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Limited
41.Numaligarh Refinery Limited
42.ONGC Videsh Limited
43.Pawan Hans Helicopters Limited
44.Projects & Development India Limited
45.Railtel Corporation of India Limited
46.Rail Vikas Nigam Limited
47.Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Limited
48.RITES Limited
49.SJVN Limited
50.Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India Limited
51.South Eastern Coalfields Limited
52.State Trading Corporation of India Limited
53.Telecommunications Consultants India Limited
54.THDC India Limited
55.Western Coalfields Limited
56.
WAPCOS Limited
Miniratna Category-II CPSEs
57.Bharat Pumps & Compressors Limited
58.Broadcast Engineering Consultants (I) Limited
59.Central Mine Planning & Design Institute Limited
60.Central Railside Warehouse Company Limited
61.Ed.CIL (India) Limited
62.Engineering Projects (India) Limited
63.FCI Aravali Gypsum & Minerals India Limited
64.Ferro Scrap Nigam Limited
65.HMT (International) Limited
66.HSCC (India) Limited
67.Indian Medicines & Pharmaceuticals Corporation Limited
68.M E C O N Limited
69.Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited
70.National Film Development Corporation Limited
71.National Small Industries Corporation Limited
72.P E C Limited
73.Rajasthan Electronics & Instruments Limited

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