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# Calculate the specific volume of an air-vapor

## mixture in cubic meters per kilogram of dry air

when the ff. conditions: t=30C, w=0.015
kg/kg, and Pt =90kpa
A. 0.99 m3/kg
C.
0.79 m3/kg
B. 0.89 m3/kg
D.
0.69 m3/kg
A
A coil has an inlet temperature of 60 F and an
outlet of 90F. If the mean temperature of the
coil is 110F. Find the bypass factor of the coil.
A. 0.20
C. 0.40
B. 0.30
D. 0 .50
C
A rectangular duct has a diameter of 0.25 m by
1 m. determines of the equivalent diameter of
the duct.
A. 0.40 m
C.
0.70 m
B. 0.80 m
D.
0.30 m
A
The mass of an outside air at 50C in an air
conditioning
unit
is
60
kg.
Find
the
temperature after mixing if the outside air
mixed with 40 kg with recirculated air at 35C.
A. 44C
C. 52C
B. 39C
D. 47C
A
A creamery must cool 20,000 liters of milk
received each day from initial temperature at
29C to a final temperature at 2C in 5 hours. If
refrigeration losses amount to 10 percent of
the cuilling load, what must be the capacity of
the refrigeration machine?
Note: specific heat of milk 3.9 kJ/kg-K and S.G.
= 1.05
A. 38.5 TOR
C.
37.5 TOR
B. 36.5 TOR
D.
39.5 TOR
A
How many tons of refrigeration are required to
produce 10 metric tons of ice per day at -10C
from raw water at 22C if miscellaneous losses
are 15% of the chilling and freezing load?
A. 17 TOR
C. 15 TOR
B. 20 T0R
D. 24 TOR
A
Five hundred kilogram of poultry enters a
chiller at 8C and are frozen and chilled to a
final temperature of -18C for a storage in 15
hours. The specific heat above and below the
freezing are 3.18 kJ/kg-KC and 1.55 kJ/kg-KC
respectively. The latent heat is 246 kJ/kg and
the freezing temperature is -5C. Compute the
A. 2.75 kW
C. 2.95 kW
B. 2.85 kW
D. 3.15 kW
B
Fish weighing 11,000 kg with a temperature of
20C is brought to a cold storage and which
shall be cooled to -10C in 11 hours. Find the
required plant refrigerating capacity in tons of
refrigeration if the specific heat of fish is 0.7
kCal/kgC above freezing and 0.30 kCal/kgC

## below freezing point which is -3C. The latent

heat of freezing is 55.5 kCal/kg.
A. 25.26
C. 14.38
B. 15.26
D. 24.38
D
The power requirement of Carnot refrigeration
in maintaining a low temperature region at 300
K 1.5 kW per ton. Find the heat rejected.
A.
B.

4.02 kW
7.02 kW
C

C.
D.

5.02 kW
6.02 kW

## A vapor compression refrigeration system is

designed to have a capacity of 150 tons of
refrigeration. It produces chilled water from
22C to 2C. Its actual coefficient of
performance is 5.86 and 35% of the power
supplied to the compressor is lost in the form
of friction and cylinder cooling losses.
Determine
the
condenser
cooling
water
required for a temperature rise of 10C.
A. 14.75kg/s
C. 18.65 kg/s
B. 15.65 kg/s
D. 13.75 kg/s
A
Determine the heat extracted from 2000 kg of
water from 25C to ice at -10C.
A. 621,150 kJ
C. 821,150 kJ
B. 721,159 kJ
D. 921,150 kJ
D
A single acting, twin cylinder, Ammonia
compressor with bore equal to stroke is driven
by an engine at 250 rpm. The machine is
installed in a chilling plant to produce 700 kW
of
refrigeration
at
-18C
evaporating
temperature. At this temperature the cooling
effect per kg mass is 1160 kJ. The specific
volume of vapor entering the compressor is
0.592 m3
per kilogram. Assume 85%
volumetric efficiency. Determine the bore in
mm.
A. 400 mm
C. 450 mm
B. 300 mm
D. 500 mm
A
A cylindrical flash tank mounted with its axis
horizontal is used to separate liquid ammonia
from ammonia vapor. The ammonia vapor
bubbles through the liquid with 70 m3/min
leaving
the
disengaging
surface.
The
disengaging rate is limited to 60 m/min and the
liquid level is to operate with the liquid level
one-third of the diameter from the top.
Determine the diameter if the tank is 1.5 m
long.
A. 830 mm
C. 860 mm
B. 730 mm
D. 760 mm
A
A 150 Hp motor is used to drive a compressor.
If the heat loss from the compressor is 25 kW
and the mass flow rate of the refrigerant
entering
the
compressor
is
0.50
kg/s,
determine the difference of the enthalpies
between
the
inlet
and
outlet
of
the
compressor.

A.
B.

143.80 kJ/kg
153.80 kJ/kg
C

C.
D.

173.80 kJ/kg
183.80 kJ/kg

## Determine the estimated condenser load for an

open-type
compressor
having
a
cooling
capacity of 16,500 Btu/hr and a heat rejection
factor of 1.32.
A. 22,280 Btu/hr C. 21,780 Btu/hr
B. 20,780 Btu/hr D. 91,780 Btu/hr
C
To cool farm products 300 kg of ice at -4.4C
are placed in bunker twenty four hours later
the ice have melted into water at 7.2C. What
is the average rate of cooling provided by the
ice in kJ/Hr?
A. 2679.28 kJ/Hr C. 3679.28 kJ/Hr
B. 5679.28 kJ/Hr D. 4679.28 kJ/Hr
D
The load on a watercooled condenser is
90,000 Btu/hr. if the quantity of water
circulated through the condenser is 15 gpm,
determine the temperature rise of the water in
the condenser.
A. 12F
C. 16F
B. 14F
D. 18F
A

## Determine the coil face area required to

maintain a face velocity of 400 Ft/min if the air
flow rate over the coil is 2100 Ft3/hr
A. 3.25 Ft2
C. 5.25 Ft2
B. 4.45 Ft2
D. 6.25 Ft2
C
A centrifugal pump discharge 20 L/s against a
head of 17 m when the speed is 1500 rpm. The
diameter of the impeller was 30 cm and the
brake horsepower was 6.0. A geometrically
similar pump 40 cm in diameter is to run at
1750 rpm. Assuming equal efficiencies, what
brake horsepower is required?
A. 51.55 HP
C. 40.15 HP
B. 50.15 HP
D. 45.15 HP
C
A pump delivers 20 cfm of water having a
density of 62 lb/ft3. The suction and discharge
gage reads 5 in. Hg vacuum and 30 psi
respectively. The discharge gage is 5 ft above
the suction gage. If pump efficiency is 70%,
what is the motor power?
A. 5.31 Hp
C. 4.31 Hp
B. 3.31 Hp
D. 6.31 Hp
C

## If the load on a watercooled condenser in

150,000 Btu/hr and the temperature rise of the
water in the condenser is 10F. What is the
quantity of water circulated in gpm?
A. 30
C. 20
B. 40
D
50
A

## Calculate the air power of a fan that delivers

1200 F Ft3/hr of air through a 1m by 1.5m
outlet. Static pressure is 120 mm WG and the
density of air is 1.18
A. 20.45 kW
C. 30.45 kW
B. 25.64 kW
D. 35.64 kW
B

## The weight of ammonia circulated in a machine

is found to be 21.8 lb/hr. if the vapor enters the
compressor with a specific volume of 9.6 Ft3/hr,
calculate the piston displacement, assuming
80% percent volume efficiency.
A. 261.6 Ft3/hr
C. 281.8 Ft3/hr
3
B. 271.6 Ft /hr
D. 291.6 Ft3/hr
A

## The piston displacement of a double acting

compressor is 0. 358 m3 delivers gas from
101.325 kPa and 300 K to 675 kPa at the rate
of 0.166 m3/s at 150 rpm. Value of n for
compression and expansion is 1.33. Find the
compressor percent clearance.
A. 19.66
C. 15.69
B. 10.75
D. 16.96
D

## A single stage ammonia compressor is

producing 10 tons of refrigeration and the
power consumed is 15 Hp. Suction pressure is
25 psi, condensing pressure is 180 psi. Brine
temperature is 20F off brine cooler. Determine
the actual coefficient of performance.
A. 10.14
C. 12.14
B. 11.14
D. 13.14
D
In
an
ammonia
condensing
machine
(compressor plus condenser) the water used
for condensing is 55F. Calculate the ideal COP.
A. 11.875
C. 10.875
B. 12.875
D. 13.875
A
How much refrigeration capacity is required to
cool 2000 cfm of air from 85F to 70F?
A. 2.7 TOR
C. 1.7 TOR
B. 3.7 TOR
D. 4.7 TOR
A

## Determine the specific speed of a centrifugal

pump delivers 7500 gpm acting against a total
head of 370 ft and operating at 1000 rpm.
A. 1072 rpm
C. 1041 rpm
B. 1027 rpm
D. 1014 rpm
B
An induced draft fan is used to extract 270000
m3 of flue gas per hour from a boiler furnace.
The fan is to deliver at a total pressure of 250
mm water gage. Determine the size of the
electric motor in kW if a mechanical efficiency
of 55% is considered.
A. 444.33 kW
C. 433.44 kW
B. 343.44 kW
D. 334.44 kW
D
The fan has a total head of 190 m and static
pressure of 20 cm WG. If the air density is 1.2
kg/m3. What is the velocity of air flowing?
A. 16.21 m/s
C. 16.66 m/s
B. 27.21 m/s
D. 17.77 m/s
D

## A pump delivers 500 gpm of water against a

total head of 200 ft and operating at 1770 rpm.
Changes have increased the total head to 375
ft. At what rpm should the pump be operated
to achieve the new head at the same
efficiency?
A. 2800 rpm
C. 3434 rpm
B. 3600 rpm
D. 2424 rpm
D
The diesel electric plant supplies energy for
meralco. During a 24 hr period, the plant
consumed 200 gallons of fuel at 28C and
produced 3930 Kw-hr. industrial fuel is used is
28API and was purchased at P 5.50 per liter at
15,6C. What should the cost of fuel be
produced one kw-hr?
A. P 1.05
C. P 1.069
B. P 1.10
D. P 1.00
A
A boiler contains 3.5 tons of water initially
having 40 ppm dissolved solids after 24 hrs the
dissolved solids in the water is 2500 ppm. If
the feed rate is 875 kg/hr, find the ppm of
dissolved solids contained in the feed water.
A. 410 ppm
C. 390 ppm
B. 320 ppm
D. 420 ppm
A

## A travelling-grate stoker can burn bituminous

coal with 10% moisture and 10% ash at a rate
of 500,000 Btu/hr-Ft2. A boiler with a steam
rating of 200,000 lb/hr will be fired with the
above fuel having a high heat value of 12,200
Btu/lb. if the boiler efficiency is 80%, and if it
takes 1000 BTU to evaporate and superheat
one pound of feed water to the desired
temperature, find the hourly coal supply and
grate area needed.
A. 20,500 lb, 500 Ft2
C.
28,200 lb,
400 Ft2
B. 26,400 lb, 700 Ft2
D.
22,600 lb,
200 Ft2
A
A steam is expanded through a nozzle and the
enthalpy drop per kg of steam from the initial
pressure to the final pressure is 60 kJ.
Neglecting the friction, find the velocity of
discharge and the exit area of the nozzle to
pass 0.20 kg/s if the specific volume of the
steam at exit is 1.5 m3/kg.
A. 346.4 m/s, 879 m2
C. 765.6 m/s,
467 m2
2
B. 356.7 m/s, 278 m
D.346.4
m/s,
866 m2
D
A 60 MW steam turbine generator power plant
has a full-load steam rate of 8 kg/kW-hr.
assuming that no-load steam consumption as
15% of full-load steam consumption, compute
for the hourly steam consumption at 75% load,
in kg/hr.

A.
B.

37,800 kg/hr
38,700 kg/hr
A

C.
D.

30,780 kg/hr
30,870 kg/hr

## The feed water to a boiler is 92% condensate

and 8% make-up containing 270 ppm solids.
What weights of solids enter the boiler per
hour at 22,680 kg per steam evaporation?
A. 0.49 kg solids/hr
C.
0.39 kg
solids/hr
B. 0.59 kg solids/hr
D.
0.69 kg
solids/hr
A
The 1370 diameter steam drum on a boiler is
2440 mm long has a 250 mm gage glass at
mid-drum level. Find the maximum steam
generation that could be cared for by a blow
down of half a water gauge each 8 hr. shift.
Pressure, 17.5 kg/cm2 gage. Sr = 150 PPM, Sb =
2000 PPM
A. 450.59 kg/hr
C. 650.59 kg/hr
B. 550.59 kg/hr
D. 750.59 kg/hr
B
Given a horizontal conveyor, 46 m centers, 175
pounds per hr capacity of handling bituminous
coal at 0.5 m/s with 800 kg per m 3. Other data
as follows
Flight width and depth 610 mm x 200
mm
Quantity of material
0.108
mm3/m
Coefficient of friction elements 0.10
Material coefficient of friction 0.59
Assume an engineering-type chain with sleeve
bearing rollers weighing with flights, 89.3
kg/m. Calculate the chain pull in kg
A. 2180.33
C. 1555.36
B. 4550.10
D. 3166.46
D
Air is drawn into a gas turbine working on the
constant pressure cycle at 1 bar 21C and
compressed to 5.7 bars. The temperature at
the end of heat supply is 680C. Taking
expansion and compression to be adiabatic
where Cv = 0.718 kJ/kg-K, Cp = 1.055 kJ/kg-K,
calculate the heat energy supplied per kg at
constant pressure.
A. 472 kJ/kg
C. 501 kJ/kg
B. 389 kJ/kg
D. 489 kJ/kg
A
In
an
air-standard
Bryton
cycle,
the
compressor receives air at 101.325 kPa, 21C
and it leaves at the rate of 4 kg/s. determine
the turbine work if the temperature of the air
entering the turbine is 1000C
A. 3000 kW
C. 2028 kW
B. 2701 kW
D. 3500 kW
C
The net power output of an air-standard
Brayton cycle is 200 kW. Air enters the
compressor at 32C and leaves the hightemperature heat exchanger at 800C. What is
the mass flow rate of air if it leaves the turbine
at 350C?
A. 0.57 kg/s
C. 0.77 kg/s

B.

0.67 kg/s
D

D.

0.87 kg/s

## In an air-standard Brayton cycle the inlet

temperature and the pressure are 20C and
101.325 kPa. The turbine inlet conditions are
1200 kPa and 900C. Determine the air flow
rate if turbines produce 12 MW.
A. 21.41 kg/s
C. 19.25 kg/s
B. 20.20 kg/s
D. 18.10 kg/s
B
A gas turbine power plant operating on the
Brayton cycle delivers 15 MW to a standby
electric generator. What are the mass flow rate
and the volume flow rate of air if the minimum
and maximum pressures are 100 kPa and 500
kPa respectively, and temperature of 20C and
1000C?
A. 31.97 kg/s, 26.88 m3/s
C.
41.97
kg/s, 26.88 m3/s
B. 36.98 kg/s, 28.99 m3/s
D.
46.98
kg/s, 28.99 m3/s
A
A
hydro-electric
power
plant
consumes
60,000,000 kW-hr per year. What is the net if
the expected flow is 1500 m 3/min and over-all
efficiency is 63%?
A. 34.34 m
C.
44.33 m
B. 43.43 m
D. 33.44 m
C
A pelton type turbine has a gross head of 40 m
and a friction head loss of 6 m. What is the
penstock diameter if the penstock length is 90
m and the coefficient of friction head loss is
0.0001 (Morse).
A. 2040 mm
C. 2440 mm
B. 3120 mm
D. 2320 mm
A
A hydro-electric impulse turbine is directly
coupled to a 24 pole, 60 Hz alternator. It has a
specific speed of 60 rpm and develops 3000
Hp. What is the required diameter assuming a
peripheral speed ratio of 0.45?
A. 0.661 m
C. 0.443 m
B. 0.552 m
D. 0.775 m
A
The tail water and the headwater of a hydroelectric power plant are 150 m and 200 m
respectively. What is the water power if the
flow is 15 m3/s and a head loss of 10% of the
A. 6,621.75 kW
C. 5,621.76 kW
B. 7,621.65 kW
D. 4,621.56 kW
A

## In a hydro-electric plant, water flows at 10 m/s

in a penstock of 1 m2 cross-sectional area. If
the net head of the plant is 30 m and the
turbine efficiency is 85%, what is the turbine
output?
A. 2,501.55 kW
C. 3,626.34 kW
B. 2,100.21 kW
D. 3,124.65 kW

A
A 75 MW power plant has an average load of
35,000 kW and a load factor of 65%. Find the
reserve over peak.
A. 21.15 MW
C. 25.38 MW
B. 23.41 MW
D. 18.75 MW
A
A power plant is said to have/had a use factor
of 48.5% and a capacity factor of 42.4%. How
many hrs. Did it operate during the year?
A. 6,600.32 hrs
C. 8,600.32 hrs
B. 7,658.23 hrs
D. 5,658.23 hrs
B
A 50,000 kW steam plant delivers an annual
output of 238,000,000 kW-hr with a peak load
of 42,860 kW. What is the annual load factor
and capacity factor?
A. 0.634, 0.534
C. 0.634, 0.543
B. 0.643, 0.534
D. 0.643, 0.534
C
Calculate the use factor of a power plant if the
capacity factor is 35% and it operates 8000 hrs
during the year?
A. 38.325 %
C. 35.823 %
B. 33.825 %
D. 32.538 %
A
A 39.5 m high chimney of radial brick masonry
is described by the ff. top and bottom. D 2 = 1.9
m, d2 = 1.5 m, D1 = 3.2 m, d1 = 2.3 m.
Determine the moment due to wind load.
A. 172,051 kg-m C. 150,160 kg-m
B. 160,388 kg-m D. 182,030 kg-m
D
It is desired to deliver 5 gpm at a head of 640
ft in a single stage pump having s specific
speed not to exceed 40. If the speed is not to
exceed 1352 rpm, how many stages are
required?
A. 3
C. 5
B. 4
D. 2
D
A centrifugal pump discharge 20 L/s against a
head of 17 m when the speed is 1500 rpm. The
diameter of the impeller was 30 c, and the
brake horsepower was 6.0. A geometrically
similar pump 40 cm in diameter is to run at
1750 rpm. Assuming equal efficiency, what
brake horsepower is required?
A. 51.55 Hp
C. 40.15 Hp
B. 50.15 Hp
D. 45.15 Hp
C
A condensate pump at sea level takes water
from a surface condenser where the vacuum is
15 in. of mercury. The friction and turbulence
in the piping in the condenser hot well and the
pump suction flange is assumed to be 6.5 ft. if
the condensate pump to be installed has a
required head of 9 ft, what would be the
minimum height of water level in the hot well
that must be maintained above the centerline
of the pump to avoid cavitations?

A.
B.

2.5 ft
C. 18 ft
15.5 ft
D. 5.5 ft
B
A pump delivers 2o cfm of water having a
density of 62 lb/ft3. The suction discharge gage
reads 5 in. Hg vacuum and 30 psi respectively.
The discharge gage is 5 ft above the suction
gage. If the pump efficiency is 70%, what is
motor power?
A. 5.31 Hp
C. 4.31 Hp
B. 3.31 Hp
D. 6.31 Hp
C
A fan has a total head of 190 m and a static
pressure of 20 cm WG. If the air density is 1.2
kg/m3, what is the velocity of air flowing?
A. 16.21 m/s
C. 16.66 m/s
B. 17.21 m/s
D. 17.766 m/s
D
A jet of water is discharge through a 1 inch
diameter orifice under constant head of 2.1 ft
total discharge is 228 lb, in 90 seconds. The jet
is observed to pass through a point 2 ft
downward and 4 ft away from vena contrata.
Coefficient of contraction.
A. O.786
C. 0.567
B. 0.685
D. 0.345
B
A jet of water is discharge through a 1 inch
diameter orifice under constant head of 2.1 ft
total discharge is 228 lb, in 90 seconds. The jet
is observed to pass through a point 2 ft
downward and 4 ft away from vena contrata.
Coefficient of velocity.
A. 0.976
C. 0.567
B. 0.758
D. 0.845
A
What is the velocity of sound
at a standard pressure? Note:
150F is 0.064 lbm/ft3.
A. 1215 ft/s
B. 3245 ft/s
A

density of air @
C.
D.

2345 ft/s
4321 ft/s

## Ideal Oxygen is throttled at 140F from 10 atm

to 5 atm. What is the temperature change?
A. 0
C. infinity
B. Negative
D. 1
A
A duct 0.40 m high and 0.80 wide suspended
from the ceiling in a corridor, makes a right
angle turn in the horizontal plane. The inner
measured from the same center. The velocity
of air in the duct is 10 m/s. compute the
pressure drop in this elbow. Assuming; f = 0.3,
= 1.204 kg/m3 and L = 10 m.
A. 341 Pa
C. 143 Pa
B. 441 Pa
D. 144 Pa
A
To what weight will 68F ethyl alcohol rise in a
0.005 inch internal diameter glass capillary
tube? The density of alcohol is 49 lbm/ft 3.

Where:
surface
A.
B.

## = 0 = angle of contact angle and

tension = 0.00156 lbm/ft @ 68F.
0.3056 ft
C. 0.4312 ft
0.2504 ft
D. 0.2432 ft
A

## What is the velocity of sound in 150F (66C)

air at a standard pressure? Note: density of air
@ 150F is 0.064 lbm/ft3.
A. 1295 ft/s
C. 2345 ft/s
B. 3245 ft/s
D. 1096 ft/s
A
What is the pressure 8000 ft below the water
surface of the ocean? Neglect compressibility.
A. 512,000 psf
C. 157,000 psf
B. 324,500 psf
D. 213,000 psf
A
If atmospheric air 14.7 psia and 60F at sea
level, what is the pressure at 12000 ft altitude
if air is incompressible? Note: @ 60F; the
density of air is 0.0763 lbm/ft3 ; P1 = 14.7 psia
A. 5.467 psia
C. 8.342 psia
B. 9.345 psia
D. 2.346 psia
C
If atmospheric air 14.7 psia and 60F at sea
level, what is the pressure at 12000 ft altitude
if air is compressible? Note @ 60F; the density
of air is 0.0763 lbm/ft3 ; P1 = 14.7 psia
A. 5.467 psia
C. 8.342 psia
B. 9.53 psia
D. 2.346 psia
B
A two-pass surface condenser is to be designed
using overall heat transfer coefficient of 480
BTU/F lbm/ft2 of outside tube surface. The
tubes are to be 1 inch outside diameter with
1/16 in walls (or 7/8 in. inside diameter).
Entering circulating water velocity is to be 6
ft/s. steam enters the condenser at a rate of
100,000 lb/hr at a pressure of one psia and an
enthalpy of 1090 Btu/lb. condensate leaves at
saturated liquid at one psia. Circulating water
enters the condensate at 85 deg. F and leaves
at 95 deg. F. Note: 1 psia condensate has
temperature of 101.7 deg. F. wet steam
entering becomes condensate at 101.7 deg. F
with hf = 69.72 Btu/lb. calculate the total
number of tubes to be used in each passes.
A. 18,200 tubes
C. 10,450 tubes
B. 15,400 tubes
D. 11,456 tubes
A
Determine the approximate load on a cooling
tower if the entering and leaving temperatures
are 96F and 88F, respectively and the flow
rate of the water over the tower is 30 gpm.
A. 2500 Btu/min C. 3000 Btu/min
B. 2000 Btu/min D. 3500 Btu/min
B
Determine the quantity of water lost by bleed
off if the water flow rate over the tower 30
gpm and the range is 10F. Percent bleed-off
requires 33%.
A. 0.077 gpm
C. 0.099 gpm

B.

0.088 gpm
C

D.

0.066 gpm

## How many tons of refrigeration is required to

produce 10 metric tons of ice per day at -10C
from raw water at 22C if miscellaneous losses
are 15% of the chilling and freezing load?
A. 17 TOR
C. 15 TOR
B. 20 TOR
D. 24 TOR
A

## Refrigeration is 2 m high, 1.2 m wide and 1 m

deep. The over-all heat transfer coefficient is
o.532 W/m2 C. how many kilograms of 0C ice
will melt per hour if the inside temperature is
maintained at 10C while the surrounding air
temperature is at 35C?
A. 1.60 kg
C. 2.60 kg
B. 1.80 kg
D. 2.80 kg
A
Determine the heat extracted from 2000 kg of
water from 25C to ice -10C.
A. 621,150 kJ
C. 821,150 kJ
B. 721,150 kJ
D. 921,150 kJ
D
How many independent properties are required
to completely fix the equilibrium state of a
pure gaseous compound?
A. 1
C. 2
B. 3
D. 4
C
Calculate the heat transfer per hour through a
solid brick wall 6 m long, 2.9 m high, and 225
mm thick, when the outer surface is at 5C and
the inner surface at 17C, the coefficient of
thermal conductivity of the brick being 0.6
W/m-K.
A. 2,004.48 kJ
C. 2,400.48 kJ
B. 3,004.48 kJ
D. 3,400.48 kJ
A
A vertical furnace wall is made up of an inner
wall of firebrick 20 cm thick followed by
insulating brick 15 cm thick and an outer wall
of steel 1 cm thick. The surface temperature of
the wall adjacent to the combustion chamber is
1200C while that of the outer surface of steel
is 50C. The thermal conductivities of the wall
material in W/m-K are; firebrick, 10; insulating
brick, 0.26; and steel, 45. Neglecting the film
resistance and contact resistance of joints,
determine the heat loss per sq.m. Of the wall
area.
A. 1.93 W/m2
C. 1.55 W/m2
2
B. 2.93 W/m
D. 2.55 W/m2
A
A composite wall is made up of an external
thickness of brickwork 110 mm thick inside
which is a layer of fiberglass 75 mm thick. The
fiberglass is faced internally by an insulating
board 25 mm thick. The coefficients of thermal
conductivity for the three are as follows:

Brickwork
1.5 W/m-K
Fiberglass
0.04 W/m-K
Insulating board
0.06 W/m-k
The surface transfer coefficient of the inside
wall is 3.1 W/m 2-K while that of the outside
wall is 2.5 W/m2-K. Take the internal ambient
temperature as 10C and the external
temperature is 27C. Determine the heat loss
through such wall 6 m high and 10 m long.
A.
330.10 W
C. 430.10 W
B.
230.10 W
D. 530.10 W
A

One
insulated
wall
of
a
cold-storage
compartment is 8 m long by 2.5 m high and
consist of an outer steel plate 18 mm thick. An
inner wood wall 22.5 mm thick, the steel and
wood are 90 mm apart to form a cavity which is
filled with cork. If the temperature drop across
the extreme faces of the composite wall is
15C. Calculate the heat transfer per hour
through the wall and the temperature drop
across the thickness of the cork. Take the
coefficients of thermal conductivity for steel,
cork and wood as 45, 0.045, and 0.18 W/m-K
respectively.
A. 408.24 kJ, 12.12C
C.
608.24 kJ,
13.12C
B. 708.24 kJ, 11.12C
D.
508.24 kJ,
14.12C
D
One side of refrigerated cold chamber is 6 m
long by 3.7 m high and consist 168 mm
thickness of cork between outer and inner
walls of wood. The outer wood wall is 30 mm
thick and its outside face temperature is 20C,
the inner wood wall 35 mm thick and its inside
face temperature is -3C. taking the coefficient
of thermal conductivity of cork and wood 0.42
and 0.20 W/m-k respectively, calculate the heat
transfer per second per sq. m of surface area.
A. 5.138 J
C. 6.318 J
B. 4.138 J
D. 3.318 J
B
Hot gases at 280C flow on one side of a metal
of 10mm thickness and air at 35C flows on the
other side. The heat transfer coefficient of the
gasses is 31.5 W/m2-K and that of the air is 32
W/m2-K.
Calculate
the
over-all
transfer
coefficient.
A. 15.82 W/m2-K C. 14.82 W/m2-K
B. 16.82 W/m2-K D. 17.82 W/m2-K
A
The surface temperature of the hot side of the
furnace wall is 1200C.it is desired to maintain
the outside of the wall at 38C. A 152 mm of
refractory silica is used adjacent to the
combustion chamber and 10 mm of steel

## covers the outside. What thickness of

insulating
brick
is
necessary
between
refractory and steel, if the heat loss should be
kept at 788 W/m2, and 45 for steel.
A. 220 mm
C. 260 mm
B. 240 mm
D. 280 mm
A
A hollow sphere has an outside radius of 1 m
and is made of polystyrene foam with a
thickness of 1 cm. a heat source inside keeps
the inner surface 5.20C hotter than the
outside surface? The thermal conductivity of
polystyrene foam is 0.033 W/mC.
A. 200 W
C. 300 W
B. 216 W
D. 316 W
B
An insulated steam pipe located where the
ambient temperature is 32C, has an inside
diameter of 50 mm with 10 mm thick wall. The
outside diameter of the corrugated asbestos
insulation is 125 mm and the surface
coefficient of still air is, ho = 12 W/m2-K. Inside
the pipe is steam having a temperature of
150C with film coefficient hi = 6000 W/m2-K.
Thermal conductivity of pipe and asbestos
insulation are 45 and 0.12 W/m2-K respectively.
Determine the heat loss per unit length of
pipe.
A. 110 W
C. 130 W
B. 120 W
D. 140 W
B
How many watts will be radiated from s
spherical black body 15 cm diameter at a
temperature of 800C?
A. 5.34 kW
C. 6.34 kW
B. 4.34 kW
D. 3.34 kW
A
A wall with an area of 10 m2 cm thickness of
white pine (k = 0.113 W/mC) followed by 10
cm of brick (k = 0.649C W/mC). The pine is on
the inside where the temperature is 10C.
Assuming equilibrium conditions exist, what is
the temperature at the interface between the
two metals?
A. 15.65C
C. 18.21C
B. 17.64C
D. 19.31C
D
A counter flow heat exchanger is designed to
heat fuel oil from 45C to 100C while the
heating fluid enters at 150Cvand leaves at
115C.
Calculate
the
arithmetic
mean
temperature difference?
A. 40C
C. 60C
B. 50C
D. 70C
C
A pipe with an outside diameter of 2.5 in. is
insulated with a 2 in layer of asbestos (k a =
0.396 Btu/in./hr-ft2-F). If the temperature of
cork 1.5 in. thick (kc = 0.30 Btu/in./hr-ft2-F). If
the temperature of the outer surface of the
cork is 90F, calculate the heat loss per 100 ft
of insulated pipe.
A. 847.64 Btu/hr C. 2847.42 Btu/hr
B. 3847.51 Btu/hr D. 1847.14 Btu/hr
C

## The journals of a shaft are 380 mm diameter, it

runs at 105 rpm and the coefficient of friction
between journals and bearings is 0.02. If the
average load on the bearing is 200 KN, find the
heat generated per minute at the bearing?
A. 501.375 kJ
C. 401.375 kJ
B. 505.575 kJ
D. 501.575 kJ
A
The flow energy of 124 liters per minute of a
fluid passing a boundary to a system is 108.5
kJ/min. determine the pressure at this point.
A. 875 kPa
C. 975 kPa
B. 675 kPa
D. 575 kPa
A
Work done by a substance in reversible non
flow manner in accordance with V = 100/P ft 3,
where P is in psia. Evaluate the work done on
or by the substance as the pressure increases
from 10 psia to 100 psia.
A. 33,157.22 ft-lb C. 43,157.22 ft-lb
B. -33,157.22 ft-lb D. -43,157.22 ft-lb
B
Calculate the change in enthalpy as 1 kg of
nitrogen is heated from 1000 K to 1500 K,
assuming the nitrogen is an ideal gas at a
constant pressure. The temperature dependent
specific heat of nitrogen is Cp = 39.06 512.79
T1.5 + 1072.7 T2 820.4T3 where Cp is in kJ/kgmol, T is in K.
A. 600 kJ
C. 800 kJ
B. 697.27 kJ
D. 897.27 kJ
B
One kilogram of wet steam at a pressure of 8
bar (Vg = 0.2404 m3/kg, vf = 0.0011148 m3/kg)
and dryness 0.94 is expanded until the
pressure is 4 bar (vg = 0.4625 m3/kg, vf =
0.0010836 m3). If the expansion follows the law
PVn = C, where n =1.12, find the dryness
fraction of the steam at the lower pressure.
A. 0.9072
C. 0.2260
B. 0.4197
D. 0.2404
A
Wet saturated steam at 16 bar (h f = 859 kJ/kg ,
hg = 1935 kJ/kg) reducing valve and is throttled
to a pressure of 8 bar (h r = 721 kJ/kg, hfg =
2048 kJ/kg). Find the dryness fraction of the
reduces pressure steam.
A. 0.8833
C. 0.9933
B. 0.7733
D. 0.6633
C
A 650 BHP diesel engine uses fuel oil of 28API
gravity, fuel consumption is 0.65 lb/BHP-hr.
cost of fuel is P 7.95 per liter. For continuous
operation, determine the minimum volume of
cubical day tank in cm3, ambient temperature
is 45C.
A. 4,372,890 cm3 C. 5,291,880 cm3
B. 5,987,909 cm3 D. 7,352,789 cm3
A
A typical industrial fuel oil, C16H32 with 20%
excess air by weight. Assuming complete

## oxidation of the fuel, calculate the actual airfuel ratio by weight.

A. 17.56 kgair/kgfuel
C.
16.75
kgair/kgfuel

B.

15.76 kgair/kgfuel
kgair/kgfuel
A

D.

17.65