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when the ff. conditions: t=30C, w=0.015

kg/kg, and Pt =90kpa

A. 0.99 m3/kg

C.

0.79 m3/kg

B. 0.89 m3/kg

D.

0.69 m3/kg

A

A coil has an inlet temperature of 60 F and an

outlet of 90F. If the mean temperature of the

coil is 110F. Find the bypass factor of the coil.

A. 0.20

C. 0.40

B. 0.30

D. 0 .50

C

A rectangular duct has a diameter of 0.25 m by

1 m. determines of the equivalent diameter of

the duct.

A. 0.40 m

C.

0.70 m

B. 0.80 m

D.

0.30 m

A

The mass of an outside air at 50C in an air

conditioning

unit

is

60

kg.

Find

the

temperature after mixing if the outside air

mixed with 40 kg with recirculated air at 35C.

A. 44C

C. 52C

B. 39C

D. 47C

A

A creamery must cool 20,000 liters of milk

received each day from initial temperature at

29C to a final temperature at 2C in 5 hours. If

refrigeration losses amount to 10 percent of

the cuilling load, what must be the capacity of

the refrigeration machine?

Note: specific heat of milk 3.9 kJ/kg-K and S.G.

= 1.05

A. 38.5 TOR

C.

37.5 TOR

B. 36.5 TOR

D.

39.5 TOR

A

How many tons of refrigeration are required to

produce 10 metric tons of ice per day at -10C

from raw water at 22C if miscellaneous losses

are 15% of the chilling and freezing load?

A. 17 TOR

C. 15 TOR

B. 20 T0R

D. 24 TOR

A

Five hundred kilogram of poultry enters a

chiller at 8C and are frozen and chilled to a

final temperature of -18C for a storage in 15

hours. The specific heat above and below the

freezing are 3.18 kJ/kg-KC and 1.55 kJ/kg-KC

respectively. The latent heat is 246 kJ/kg and

the freezing temperature is -5C. Compute the

product load.

A. 2.75 kW

C. 2.95 kW

B. 2.85 kW

D. 3.15 kW

B

Fish weighing 11,000 kg with a temperature of

20C is brought to a cold storage and which

shall be cooled to -10C in 11 hours. Find the

required plant refrigerating capacity in tons of

refrigeration if the specific heat of fish is 0.7

kCal/kgC above freezing and 0.30 kCal/kgC

heat of freezing is 55.5 kCal/kg.

A. 25.26

C. 14.38

B. 15.26

D. 24.38

D

The power requirement of Carnot refrigeration

in maintaining a low temperature region at 300

K 1.5 kW per ton. Find the heat rejected.

A.

B.

4.02 kW

7.02 kW

C

C.

D.

5.02 kW

6.02 kW

designed to have a capacity of 150 tons of

refrigeration. It produces chilled water from

22C to 2C. Its actual coefficient of

performance is 5.86 and 35% of the power

supplied to the compressor is lost in the form

of friction and cylinder cooling losses.

Determine

the

condenser

cooling

water

required for a temperature rise of 10C.

A. 14.75kg/s

C. 18.65 kg/s

B. 15.65 kg/s

D. 13.75 kg/s

A

Determine the heat extracted from 2000 kg of

water from 25C to ice at -10C.

A. 621,150 kJ

C. 821,150 kJ

B. 721,159 kJ

D. 921,150 kJ

D

A single acting, twin cylinder, Ammonia

compressor with bore equal to stroke is driven

by an engine at 250 rpm. The machine is

installed in a chilling plant to produce 700 kW

of

refrigeration

at

-18C

evaporating

temperature. At this temperature the cooling

effect per kg mass is 1160 kJ. The specific

volume of vapor entering the compressor is

0.592 m3

per kilogram. Assume 85%

volumetric efficiency. Determine the bore in

mm.

A. 400 mm

C. 450 mm

B. 300 mm

D. 500 mm

A

A cylindrical flash tank mounted with its axis

horizontal is used to separate liquid ammonia

from ammonia vapor. The ammonia vapor

bubbles through the liquid with 70 m3/min

leaving

the

disengaging

surface.

The

disengaging rate is limited to 60 m/min and the

liquid level is to operate with the liquid level

one-third of the diameter from the top.

Determine the diameter if the tank is 1.5 m

long.

A. 830 mm

C. 860 mm

B. 730 mm

D. 760 mm

A

A 150 Hp motor is used to drive a compressor.

If the heat loss from the compressor is 25 kW

and the mass flow rate of the refrigerant

entering

the

compressor

is

0.50

kg/s,

determine the difference of the enthalpies

between

the

inlet

and

outlet

of

the

compressor.

A.

B.

143.80 kJ/kg

153.80 kJ/kg

C

C.

D.

173.80 kJ/kg

183.80 kJ/kg

open-type

compressor

having

a

cooling

capacity of 16,500 Btu/hr and a heat rejection

factor of 1.32.

A. 22,280 Btu/hr C. 21,780 Btu/hr

B. 20,780 Btu/hr D. 91,780 Btu/hr

C

To cool farm products 300 kg of ice at -4.4C

are placed in bunker twenty four hours later

the ice have melted into water at 7.2C. What

is the average rate of cooling provided by the

ice in kJ/Hr?

A. 2679.28 kJ/Hr C. 3679.28 kJ/Hr

B. 5679.28 kJ/Hr D. 4679.28 kJ/Hr

D

The load on a watercooled condenser is

90,000 Btu/hr. if the quantity of water

circulated through the condenser is 15 gpm,

determine the temperature rise of the water in

the condenser.

A. 12F

C. 16F

B. 14F

D. 18F

A

maintain a face velocity of 400 Ft/min if the air

flow rate over the coil is 2100 Ft3/hr

A. 3.25 Ft2

C. 5.25 Ft2

B. 4.45 Ft2

D. 6.25 Ft2

C

A centrifugal pump discharge 20 L/s against a

head of 17 m when the speed is 1500 rpm. The

diameter of the impeller was 30 cm and the

brake horsepower was 6.0. A geometrically

similar pump 40 cm in diameter is to run at

1750 rpm. Assuming equal efficiencies, what

brake horsepower is required?

A. 51.55 HP

C. 40.15 HP

B. 50.15 HP

D. 45.15 HP

C

A pump delivers 20 cfm of water having a

density of 62 lb/ft3. The suction and discharge

gage reads 5 in. Hg vacuum and 30 psi

respectively. The discharge gage is 5 ft above

the suction gage. If pump efficiency is 70%,

what is the motor power?

A. 5.31 Hp

C. 4.31 Hp

B. 3.31 Hp

D. 6.31 Hp

C

150,000 Btu/hr and the temperature rise of the

water in the condenser is 10F. What is the

quantity of water circulated in gpm?

A. 30

C. 20

B. 40

D

50

A

1200 F Ft3/hr of air through a 1m by 1.5m

outlet. Static pressure is 120 mm WG and the

density of air is 1.18

A. 20.45 kW

C. 30.45 kW

B. 25.64 kW

D. 35.64 kW

B

is found to be 21.8 lb/hr. if the vapor enters the

compressor with a specific volume of 9.6 Ft3/hr,

calculate the piston displacement, assuming

80% percent volume efficiency.

A. 261.6 Ft3/hr

C. 281.8 Ft3/hr

3

B. 271.6 Ft /hr

D. 291.6 Ft3/hr

A

compressor is 0. 358 m3 delivers gas from

101.325 kPa and 300 K to 675 kPa at the rate

of 0.166 m3/s at 150 rpm. Value of n for

compression and expansion is 1.33. Find the

compressor percent clearance.

A. 19.66

C. 15.69

B. 10.75

D. 16.96

D

producing 10 tons of refrigeration and the

power consumed is 15 Hp. Suction pressure is

25 psi, condensing pressure is 180 psi. Brine

temperature is 20F off brine cooler. Determine

the actual coefficient of performance.

A. 10.14

C. 12.14

B. 11.14

D. 13.14

D

In

an

ammonia

condensing

machine

(compressor plus condenser) the water used

for condensing is 55F. Calculate the ideal COP.

A. 11.875

C. 10.875

B. 12.875

D. 13.875

A

How much refrigeration capacity is required to

cool 2000 cfm of air from 85F to 70F?

A. 2.7 TOR

C. 1.7 TOR

B. 3.7 TOR

D. 4.7 TOR

A

pump delivers 7500 gpm acting against a total

head of 370 ft and operating at 1000 rpm.

A. 1072 rpm

C. 1041 rpm

B. 1027 rpm

D. 1014 rpm

B

An induced draft fan is used to extract 270000

m3 of flue gas per hour from a boiler furnace.

The fan is to deliver at a total pressure of 250

mm water gage. Determine the size of the

electric motor in kW if a mechanical efficiency

of 55% is considered.

A. 444.33 kW

C. 433.44 kW

B. 343.44 kW

D. 334.44 kW

D

The fan has a total head of 190 m and static

pressure of 20 cm WG. If the air density is 1.2

kg/m3. What is the velocity of air flowing?

A. 16.21 m/s

C. 16.66 m/s

B. 27.21 m/s

D. 17.77 m/s

D

total head of 200 ft and operating at 1770 rpm.

Changes have increased the total head to 375

ft. At what rpm should the pump be operated

to achieve the new head at the same

efficiency?

A. 2800 rpm

C. 3434 rpm

B. 3600 rpm

D. 2424 rpm

D

The diesel electric plant supplies energy for

meralco. During a 24 hr period, the plant

consumed 200 gallons of fuel at 28C and

produced 3930 Kw-hr. industrial fuel is used is

28API and was purchased at P 5.50 per liter at

15,6C. What should the cost of fuel be

produced one kw-hr?

A. P 1.05

C. P 1.069

B. P 1.10

D. P 1.00

A

A boiler contains 3.5 tons of water initially

having 40 ppm dissolved solids after 24 hrs the

dissolved solids in the water is 2500 ppm. If

the feed rate is 875 kg/hr, find the ppm of

dissolved solids contained in the feed water.

A. 410 ppm

C. 390 ppm

B. 320 ppm

D. 420 ppm

A

coal with 10% moisture and 10% ash at a rate

of 500,000 Btu/hr-Ft2. A boiler with a steam

rating of 200,000 lb/hr will be fired with the

above fuel having a high heat value of 12,200

Btu/lb. if the boiler efficiency is 80%, and if it

takes 1000 BTU to evaporate and superheat

one pound of feed water to the desired

temperature, find the hourly coal supply and

grate area needed.

A. 20,500 lb, 500 Ft2

C.

28,200 lb,

400 Ft2

B. 26,400 lb, 700 Ft2

D.

22,600 lb,

200 Ft2

A

A steam is expanded through a nozzle and the

enthalpy drop per kg of steam from the initial

pressure to the final pressure is 60 kJ.

Neglecting the friction, find the velocity of

discharge and the exit area of the nozzle to

pass 0.20 kg/s if the specific volume of the

steam at exit is 1.5 m3/kg.

A. 346.4 m/s, 879 m2

C. 765.6 m/s,

467 m2

2

B. 356.7 m/s, 278 m

D.346.4

m/s,

866 m2

D

A 60 MW steam turbine generator power plant

has a full-load steam rate of 8 kg/kW-hr.

assuming that no-load steam consumption as

15% of full-load steam consumption, compute

for the hourly steam consumption at 75% load,

in kg/hr.

A.

B.

37,800 kg/hr

38,700 kg/hr

A

C.

D.

30,780 kg/hr

30,870 kg/hr

and 8% make-up containing 270 ppm solids.

What weights of solids enter the boiler per

hour at 22,680 kg per steam evaporation?

A. 0.49 kg solids/hr

C.

0.39 kg

solids/hr

B. 0.59 kg solids/hr

D.

0.69 kg

solids/hr

A

The 1370 diameter steam drum on a boiler is

2440 mm long has a 250 mm gage glass at

mid-drum level. Find the maximum steam

generation that could be cared for by a blow

down of half a water gauge each 8 hr. shift.

Pressure, 17.5 kg/cm2 gage. Sr = 150 PPM, Sb =

2000 PPM

A. 450.59 kg/hr

C. 650.59 kg/hr

B. 550.59 kg/hr

D. 750.59 kg/hr

B

Given a horizontal conveyor, 46 m centers, 175

pounds per hr capacity of handling bituminous

coal at 0.5 m/s with 800 kg per m 3. Other data

as follows

Flight width and depth 610 mm x 200

mm

Quantity of material

0.108

mm3/m

Coefficient of friction elements 0.10

Material coefficient of friction 0.59

Assume an engineering-type chain with sleeve

bearing rollers weighing with flights, 89.3

kg/m. Calculate the chain pull in kg

A. 2180.33

C. 1555.36

B. 4550.10

D. 3166.46

D

Air is drawn into a gas turbine working on the

constant pressure cycle at 1 bar 21C and

compressed to 5.7 bars. The temperature at

the end of heat supply is 680C. Taking

expansion and compression to be adiabatic

where Cv = 0.718 kJ/kg-K, Cp = 1.055 kJ/kg-K,

calculate the heat energy supplied per kg at

constant pressure.

A. 472 kJ/kg

C. 501 kJ/kg

B. 389 kJ/kg

D. 489 kJ/kg

A

In

an

air-standard

Bryton

cycle,

the

compressor receives air at 101.325 kPa, 21C

and it leaves at the rate of 4 kg/s. determine

the turbine work if the temperature of the air

entering the turbine is 1000C

A. 3000 kW

C. 2028 kW

B. 2701 kW

D. 3500 kW

C

The net power output of an air-standard

Brayton cycle is 200 kW. Air enters the

compressor at 32C and leaves the hightemperature heat exchanger at 800C. What is

the mass flow rate of air if it leaves the turbine

at 350C?

A. 0.57 kg/s

C. 0.77 kg/s

B.

0.67 kg/s

D

D.

0.87 kg/s

temperature and the pressure are 20C and

101.325 kPa. The turbine inlet conditions are

1200 kPa and 900C. Determine the air flow

rate if turbines produce 12 MW.

A. 21.41 kg/s

C. 19.25 kg/s

B. 20.20 kg/s

D. 18.10 kg/s

B

A gas turbine power plant operating on the

Brayton cycle delivers 15 MW to a standby

electric generator. What are the mass flow rate

and the volume flow rate of air if the minimum

and maximum pressures are 100 kPa and 500

kPa respectively, and temperature of 20C and

1000C?

A. 31.97 kg/s, 26.88 m3/s

C.

41.97

kg/s, 26.88 m3/s

B. 36.98 kg/s, 28.99 m3/s

D.

46.98

kg/s, 28.99 m3/s

A

A

hydro-electric

power

plant

consumes

60,000,000 kW-hr per year. What is the net if

the expected flow is 1500 m 3/min and over-all

efficiency is 63%?

A. 34.34 m

C.

44.33 m

B. 43.43 m

D. 33.44 m

C

A pelton type turbine has a gross head of 40 m

and a friction head loss of 6 m. What is the

penstock diameter if the penstock length is 90

m and the coefficient of friction head loss is

0.0001 (Morse).

A. 2040 mm

C. 2440 mm

B. 3120 mm

D. 2320 mm

A

A hydro-electric impulse turbine is directly

coupled to a 24 pole, 60 Hz alternator. It has a

specific speed of 60 rpm and develops 3000

Hp. What is the required diameter assuming a

peripheral speed ratio of 0.45?

A. 0.661 m

C. 0.443 m

B. 0.552 m

D. 0.775 m

A

The tail water and the headwater of a hydroelectric power plant are 150 m and 200 m

respectively. What is the water power if the

flow is 15 m3/s and a head loss of 10% of the

gross head?

A. 6,621.75 kW

C. 5,621.76 kW

B. 7,621.65 kW

D. 4,621.56 kW

A

in a penstock of 1 m2 cross-sectional area. If

the net head of the plant is 30 m and the

turbine efficiency is 85%, what is the turbine

output?

A. 2,501.55 kW

C. 3,626.34 kW

B. 2,100.21 kW

D. 3,124.65 kW

A

A 75 MW power plant has an average load of

35,000 kW and a load factor of 65%. Find the

reserve over peak.

A. 21.15 MW

C. 25.38 MW

B. 23.41 MW

D. 18.75 MW

A

A power plant is said to have/had a use factor

of 48.5% and a capacity factor of 42.4%. How

many hrs. Did it operate during the year?

A. 6,600.32 hrs

C. 8,600.32 hrs

B. 7,658.23 hrs

D. 5,658.23 hrs

B

A 50,000 kW steam plant delivers an annual

output of 238,000,000 kW-hr with a peak load

of 42,860 kW. What is the annual load factor

and capacity factor?

A. 0.634, 0.534

C. 0.634, 0.543

B. 0.643, 0.534

D. 0.643, 0.534

C

Calculate the use factor of a power plant if the

capacity factor is 35% and it operates 8000 hrs

during the year?

A. 38.325 %

C. 35.823 %

B. 33.825 %

D. 32.538 %

A

A 39.5 m high chimney of radial brick masonry

is described by the ff. top and bottom. D 2 = 1.9

m, d2 = 1.5 m, D1 = 3.2 m, d1 = 2.3 m.

Determine the moment due to wind load.

A. 172,051 kg-m C. 150,160 kg-m

B. 160,388 kg-m D. 182,030 kg-m

D

It is desired to deliver 5 gpm at a head of 640

ft in a single stage pump having s specific

speed not to exceed 40. If the speed is not to

exceed 1352 rpm, how many stages are

required?

A. 3

C. 5

B. 4

D. 2

D

A centrifugal pump discharge 20 L/s against a

head of 17 m when the speed is 1500 rpm. The

diameter of the impeller was 30 c, and the

brake horsepower was 6.0. A geometrically

similar pump 40 cm in diameter is to run at

1750 rpm. Assuming equal efficiency, what

brake horsepower is required?

A. 51.55 Hp

C. 40.15 Hp

B. 50.15 Hp

D. 45.15 Hp

C

A condensate pump at sea level takes water

from a surface condenser where the vacuum is

15 in. of mercury. The friction and turbulence

in the piping in the condenser hot well and the

pump suction flange is assumed to be 6.5 ft. if

the condensate pump to be installed has a

required head of 9 ft, what would be the

minimum height of water level in the hot well

that must be maintained above the centerline

of the pump to avoid cavitations?

A.

B.

2.5 ft

C. 18 ft

15.5 ft

D. 5.5 ft

B

A pump delivers 2o cfm of water having a

density of 62 lb/ft3. The suction discharge gage

reads 5 in. Hg vacuum and 30 psi respectively.

The discharge gage is 5 ft above the suction

gage. If the pump efficiency is 70%, what is

motor power?

A. 5.31 Hp

C. 4.31 Hp

B. 3.31 Hp

D. 6.31 Hp

C

A fan has a total head of 190 m and a static

pressure of 20 cm WG. If the air density is 1.2

kg/m3, what is the velocity of air flowing?

A. 16.21 m/s

C. 16.66 m/s

B. 17.21 m/s

D. 17.766 m/s

D

A jet of water is discharge through a 1 inch

diameter orifice under constant head of 2.1 ft

total discharge is 228 lb, in 90 seconds. The jet

is observed to pass through a point 2 ft

downward and 4 ft away from vena contrata.

Coefficient of contraction.

A. O.786

C. 0.567

B. 0.685

D. 0.345

B

A jet of water is discharge through a 1 inch

diameter orifice under constant head of 2.1 ft

total discharge is 228 lb, in 90 seconds. The jet

is observed to pass through a point 2 ft

downward and 4 ft away from vena contrata.

Coefficient of velocity.

A. 0.976

C. 0.567

B. 0.758

D. 0.845

A

What is the velocity of sound

at a standard pressure? Note:

150F is 0.064 lbm/ft3.

A. 1215 ft/s

B. 3245 ft/s

A

density of air @

C.

D.

2345 ft/s

4321 ft/s

to 5 atm. What is the temperature change?

A. 0

C. infinity

B. Negative

D. 1

A

A duct 0.40 m high and 0.80 wide suspended

from the ceiling in a corridor, makes a right

angle turn in the horizontal plane. The inner

radius is 0.2 m and the outer radius is 1.0 m

measured from the same center. The velocity

of air in the duct is 10 m/s. compute the

pressure drop in this elbow. Assuming; f = 0.3,

= 1.204 kg/m3 and L = 10 m.

A. 341 Pa

C. 143 Pa

B. 441 Pa

D. 144 Pa

A

To what weight will 68F ethyl alcohol rise in a

0.005 inch internal diameter glass capillary

tube? The density of alcohol is 49 lbm/ft 3.

Where:

surface

A.

B.

tension = 0.00156 lbm/ft @ 68F.

0.3056 ft

C. 0.4312 ft

0.2504 ft

D. 0.2432 ft

A

air at a standard pressure? Note: density of air

@ 150F is 0.064 lbm/ft3.

A. 1295 ft/s

C. 2345 ft/s

B. 3245 ft/s

D. 1096 ft/s

A

What is the pressure 8000 ft below the water

surface of the ocean? Neglect compressibility.

A. 512,000 psf

C. 157,000 psf

B. 324,500 psf

D. 213,000 psf

A

If atmospheric air 14.7 psia and 60F at sea

level, what is the pressure at 12000 ft altitude

if air is incompressible? Note: @ 60F; the

density of air is 0.0763 lbm/ft3 ; P1 = 14.7 psia

A. 5.467 psia

C. 8.342 psia

B. 9.345 psia

D. 2.346 psia

C

If atmospheric air 14.7 psia and 60F at sea

level, what is the pressure at 12000 ft altitude

if air is compressible? Note @ 60F; the density

of air is 0.0763 lbm/ft3 ; P1 = 14.7 psia

A. 5.467 psia

C. 8.342 psia

B. 9.53 psia

D. 2.346 psia

B

A two-pass surface condenser is to be designed

using overall heat transfer coefficient of 480

BTU/F lbm/ft2 of outside tube surface. The

tubes are to be 1 inch outside diameter with

1/16 in walls (or 7/8 in. inside diameter).

Entering circulating water velocity is to be 6

ft/s. steam enters the condenser at a rate of

100,000 lb/hr at a pressure of one psia and an

enthalpy of 1090 Btu/lb. condensate leaves at

saturated liquid at one psia. Circulating water

enters the condensate at 85 deg. F and leaves

at 95 deg. F. Note: 1 psia condensate has

temperature of 101.7 deg. F. wet steam

entering becomes condensate at 101.7 deg. F

with hf = 69.72 Btu/lb. calculate the total

number of tubes to be used in each passes.

A. 18,200 tubes

C. 10,450 tubes

B. 15,400 tubes

D. 11,456 tubes

A

Determine the approximate load on a cooling

tower if the entering and leaving temperatures

are 96F and 88F, respectively and the flow

rate of the water over the tower is 30 gpm.

A. 2500 Btu/min C. 3000 Btu/min

B. 2000 Btu/min D. 3500 Btu/min

B

Determine the quantity of water lost by bleed

off if the water flow rate over the tower 30

gpm and the range is 10F. Percent bleed-off

requires 33%.

A. 0.077 gpm

C. 0.099 gpm

B.

0.088 gpm

C

D.

0.066 gpm

produce 10 metric tons of ice per day at -10C

from raw water at 22C if miscellaneous losses

are 15% of the chilling and freezing load?

A. 17 TOR

C. 15 TOR

B. 20 TOR

D. 24 TOR

A

deep. The over-all heat transfer coefficient is

o.532 W/m2 C. how many kilograms of 0C ice

will melt per hour if the inside temperature is

maintained at 10C while the surrounding air

temperature is at 35C?

A. 1.60 kg

C. 2.60 kg

B. 1.80 kg

D. 2.80 kg

A

Determine the heat extracted from 2000 kg of

water from 25C to ice -10C.

A. 621,150 kJ

C. 821,150 kJ

B. 721,150 kJ

D. 921,150 kJ

D

How many independent properties are required

to completely fix the equilibrium state of a

pure gaseous compound?

A. 1

C. 2

B. 3

D. 4

C

Calculate the heat transfer per hour through a

solid brick wall 6 m long, 2.9 m high, and 225

mm thick, when the outer surface is at 5C and

the inner surface at 17C, the coefficient of

thermal conductivity of the brick being 0.6

W/m-K.

A. 2,004.48 kJ

C. 2,400.48 kJ

B. 3,004.48 kJ

D. 3,400.48 kJ

A

A vertical furnace wall is made up of an inner

wall of firebrick 20 cm thick followed by

insulating brick 15 cm thick and an outer wall

of steel 1 cm thick. The surface temperature of

the wall adjacent to the combustion chamber is

1200C while that of the outer surface of steel

is 50C. The thermal conductivities of the wall

material in W/m-K are; firebrick, 10; insulating

brick, 0.26; and steel, 45. Neglecting the film

resistance and contact resistance of joints,

determine the heat loss per sq.m. Of the wall

area.

A. 1.93 W/m2

C. 1.55 W/m2

2

B. 2.93 W/m

D. 2.55 W/m2

A

A composite wall is made up of an external

thickness of brickwork 110 mm thick inside

which is a layer of fiberglass 75 mm thick. The

fiberglass is faced internally by an insulating

board 25 mm thick. The coefficients of thermal

conductivity for the three are as follows:

Brickwork

1.5 W/m-K

Fiberglass

0.04 W/m-K

Insulating board

0.06 W/m-k

The surface transfer coefficient of the inside

wall is 3.1 W/m 2-K while that of the outside

wall is 2.5 W/m2-K. Take the internal ambient

temperature as 10C and the external

temperature is 27C. Determine the heat loss

through such wall 6 m high and 10 m long.

A.

330.10 W

C. 430.10 W

B.

230.10 W

D. 530.10 W

A

One

insulated

wall

of

a

cold-storage

compartment is 8 m long by 2.5 m high and

consist of an outer steel plate 18 mm thick. An

inner wood wall 22.5 mm thick, the steel and

wood are 90 mm apart to form a cavity which is

filled with cork. If the temperature drop across

the extreme faces of the composite wall is

15C. Calculate the heat transfer per hour

through the wall and the temperature drop

across the thickness of the cork. Take the

coefficients of thermal conductivity for steel,

cork and wood as 45, 0.045, and 0.18 W/m-K

respectively.

A. 408.24 kJ, 12.12C

C.

608.24 kJ,

13.12C

B. 708.24 kJ, 11.12C

D.

508.24 kJ,

14.12C

D

One side of refrigerated cold chamber is 6 m

long by 3.7 m high and consist 168 mm

thickness of cork between outer and inner

walls of wood. The outer wood wall is 30 mm

thick and its outside face temperature is 20C,

the inner wood wall 35 mm thick and its inside

face temperature is -3C. taking the coefficient

of thermal conductivity of cork and wood 0.42

and 0.20 W/m-k respectively, calculate the heat

transfer per second per sq. m of surface area.

A. 5.138 J

C. 6.318 J

B. 4.138 J

D. 3.318 J

B

Hot gases at 280C flow on one side of a metal

of 10mm thickness and air at 35C flows on the

other side. The heat transfer coefficient of the

gasses is 31.5 W/m2-K and that of the air is 32

W/m2-K.

Calculate

the

over-all

transfer

coefficient.

A. 15.82 W/m2-K C. 14.82 W/m2-K

B. 16.82 W/m2-K D. 17.82 W/m2-K

A

The surface temperature of the hot side of the

furnace wall is 1200C.it is desired to maintain

the outside of the wall at 38C. A 152 mm of

refractory silica is used adjacent to the

combustion chamber and 10 mm of steel

insulating

brick

is

necessary

between

refractory and steel, if the heat loss should be

kept at 788 W/m2, and 45 for steel.

A. 220 mm

C. 260 mm

B. 240 mm

D. 280 mm

A

A hollow sphere has an outside radius of 1 m

and is made of polystyrene foam with a

thickness of 1 cm. a heat source inside keeps

the inner surface 5.20C hotter than the

outside surface? The thermal conductivity of

polystyrene foam is 0.033 W/mC.

A. 200 W

C. 300 W

B. 216 W

D. 316 W

B

An insulated steam pipe located where the

ambient temperature is 32C, has an inside

diameter of 50 mm with 10 mm thick wall. The

outside diameter of the corrugated asbestos

insulation is 125 mm and the surface

coefficient of still air is, ho = 12 W/m2-K. Inside

the pipe is steam having a temperature of

150C with film coefficient hi = 6000 W/m2-K.

Thermal conductivity of pipe and asbestos

insulation are 45 and 0.12 W/m2-K respectively.

Determine the heat loss per unit length of

pipe.

A. 110 W

C. 130 W

B. 120 W

D. 140 W

B

How many watts will be radiated from s

spherical black body 15 cm diameter at a

temperature of 800C?

A. 5.34 kW

C. 6.34 kW

B. 4.34 kW

D. 3.34 kW

A

A wall with an area of 10 m2 cm thickness of

white pine (k = 0.113 W/mC) followed by 10

cm of brick (k = 0.649C W/mC). The pine is on

the inside where the temperature is 10C.

Assuming equilibrium conditions exist, what is

the temperature at the interface between the

two metals?

A. 15.65C

C. 18.21C

B. 17.64C

D. 19.31C

D

A counter flow heat exchanger is designed to

heat fuel oil from 45C to 100C while the

heating fluid enters at 150Cvand leaves at

115C.

Calculate

the

arithmetic

mean

temperature difference?

A. 40C

C. 60C

B. 50C

D. 70C

C

A pipe with an outside diameter of 2.5 in. is

insulated with a 2 in layer of asbestos (k a =

0.396 Btu/in./hr-ft2-F). If the temperature of

cork 1.5 in. thick (kc = 0.30 Btu/in./hr-ft2-F). If

the temperature of the outer surface of the

cork is 90F, calculate the heat loss per 100 ft

of insulated pipe.

A. 847.64 Btu/hr C. 2847.42 Btu/hr

B. 3847.51 Btu/hr D. 1847.14 Btu/hr

C

runs at 105 rpm and the coefficient of friction

between journals and bearings is 0.02. If the

average load on the bearing is 200 KN, find the

heat generated per minute at the bearing?

A. 501.375 kJ

C. 401.375 kJ

B. 505.575 kJ

D. 501.575 kJ

A

The flow energy of 124 liters per minute of a

fluid passing a boundary to a system is 108.5

kJ/min. determine the pressure at this point.

A. 875 kPa

C. 975 kPa

B. 675 kPa

D. 575 kPa

A

Work done by a substance in reversible non

flow manner in accordance with V = 100/P ft 3,

where P is in psia. Evaluate the work done on

or by the substance as the pressure increases

from 10 psia to 100 psia.

A. 33,157.22 ft-lb C. 43,157.22 ft-lb

B. -33,157.22 ft-lb D. -43,157.22 ft-lb

B

Calculate the change in enthalpy as 1 kg of

nitrogen is heated from 1000 K to 1500 K,

assuming the nitrogen is an ideal gas at a

constant pressure. The temperature dependent

specific heat of nitrogen is Cp = 39.06 512.79

T1.5 + 1072.7 T2 820.4T3 where Cp is in kJ/kgmol, T is in K.

A. 600 kJ

C. 800 kJ

B. 697.27 kJ

D. 897.27 kJ

B

One kilogram of wet steam at a pressure of 8

bar (Vg = 0.2404 m3/kg, vf = 0.0011148 m3/kg)

and dryness 0.94 is expanded until the

pressure is 4 bar (vg = 0.4625 m3/kg, vf =

0.0010836 m3). If the expansion follows the law

PVn = C, where n =1.12, find the dryness

fraction of the steam at the lower pressure.

A. 0.9072

C. 0.2260

B. 0.4197

D. 0.2404

A

Wet saturated steam at 16 bar (h f = 859 kJ/kg ,

hg = 1935 kJ/kg) reducing valve and is throttled

to a pressure of 8 bar (h r = 721 kJ/kg, hfg =

2048 kJ/kg). Find the dryness fraction of the

reduces pressure steam.

A. 0.8833

C. 0.9933

B. 0.7733

D. 0.6633

C

A 650 BHP diesel engine uses fuel oil of 28API

gravity, fuel consumption is 0.65 lb/BHP-hr.

cost of fuel is P 7.95 per liter. For continuous

operation, determine the minimum volume of

cubical day tank in cm3, ambient temperature

is 45C.

A. 4,372,890 cm3 C. 5,291,880 cm3

B. 5,987,909 cm3 D. 7,352,789 cm3

A

A typical industrial fuel oil, C16H32 with 20%

excess air by weight. Assuming complete

A. 17.56 kgair/kgfuel

C.

16.75

kgair/kgfuel

B.

15.76 kgair/kgfuel

kgair/kgfuel

A

D.

17.65

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