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Winchester Model 94 ~2 Q-/ ~-- /1 I I I I I I 24 /~
Winchester
Model 94
~2
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24
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62
63
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63~
PARTS LEGEND
1. Barrel with
ramp
14. Finger
lever
pin
27.
Hammer stirrup pin
39.
Finger lever
2. Front
sight
15. Finger
lever pin
28. Upper tang screw
40.
Locking bolt
3. Front sight
cover
stop screw
41.
Firing
pin
striker
4. Rear sight
16. Breech bolt
42. Firing pin striker stop pin
52. Trigger
53. Sear
54. Sear pin
55. Spring cover
5. Rear sight elevator
17. Firing pin stop pin
model)
43. Finger lever link screw
56. Spring cover screw
6. Magazine follower
18. Extractor pin
29. Carrier screw(s)
(one or two
depending on
30. Carrier
44.
Lower tang
57. Peep sight
plug screw
'"
7. Magazine
spring
8A. Magazine tube
19. Extractor
20. Ejector
31. Carrier
spring
45. Safety catch
46. Sear and safety
8l
32. Carrier spring screw
58. Rear band
59. Rear band screw
~
8. Magazine plug
21. Ejector spring
:;i
9. Magazine plug screw
22. Ejector stop pin
33. Link
34. Link pin
catch spring
47. Sear and safety
ill
10. Receiver
23. Firing pin
35. Link
pin stop screw
screw
60. Front band
61. Front band screw
62. Buttplate
~
i-
11. Cartridge guide,
right hand
24. Hammer screw
25. Hammer
(may not be
36. Friction stud
37. Friction stud
38. Friction stud
present)
catch spring
48. Safety catch
49. Mainspring
50. Mainspring
pin
63. Buttplate
screws (2)
64. Buttstock (not shown) Ol
12. Cartridge guide, left hand 26. Hammer stirrup
spring
screw
65. Fore-end (not shown)
.!:
'-13. Cartridge guide screws (2)
(may not be present).
stop pin
51. Mainspring strain screw
---,0~

up, pull trigger and remove the hammer upward and outward while pulling the lower tang (44) rearward (Fig. 3). Remove the locking bolt (40) by sliding it out of the bottom of the receiver. Remove the breech bolt (16) by sliding it out the back of the receiver. Remove the spring cover

screw (56) from the receiver's right side, then remove the spring cover (55). Remove the magazine plug screw (9) from the front ofthe magazine tube, then remove the magazine plug (8). Withdraw the maga- zine spring (7) and follower (6) through the front of the magazine tube. Remove front and rear band

AMERICAN RIFLEMAN· November/December 2000

screws (59 and 61), then slide the fore-end (65) and rear bar- rel band up on the barrel. Loosen the rear barrel band (61) from the fore-end (65), then pull the magazine tube (8A) from the front of the receiver. Further disassembly is not recommended. Reassembly is in the reverse order.

is not recommended. Reassembly is in the reverse order. 71 By Michael E. Bussard Technical Editor

71

By Michael E. Bussard Technical Editor Winchester Model 94 Rifle And Carbine
By Michael E. Bussard
Technical Editor
Winchester Model 94 Rifle And Carbine
Technical Editor Winchester Model 94 Rifle And Carbine I n November 1894, Winchester introduced its new

I n November 1894, Winchester introduced its new Model 94 lever- action rifle with the follow- ing prophetic words: "We believe that no repeating rifle system ever made will appeal to the eye and under- standing of the rifleman as this will and that use will continue to warrant first impressions." Win- chester's new rifle quick- ly became the preferred firearm of western set- tlers, prospectors, law enforcement officers, hunters and ranchers who appreciated its power, reliability, light weight and compact dimen- sions. Today, more than one hundred years and 5,500,000 rifles later, the Winchester Model 94 remains a bestseller for those same reasons. Like so many other successful rifles and shotguns, the Winchester Model 94 rifle was designed by John M. Browning who sold his Model 94 patent (No. 524702 of August 1894) to Winchester. Although

similar in appearance to other
similar in appearance to other

Winchester rifles, the Model 94 differs from all its earlier guns in that it was the first repeating rifle designed exclusively for use with smokeless powder. To accommodate the then-new propellant, Winchester Model 94 rifles had high-strength, nickel-steel barrels. Initially, Model 94 rifles were offered in two popular blackpowder cal- ibers: .32-40 Win. and .38-55 Win. In the spring of 1895, Winchester introduced two new cartridges that were designed from the beginning for use with smokeless

other calibers would be intro- duced: .44 Mag. in 1984, .45 Colt in 1985, 7-30 Waters in 1989 and .357 Mag. in 1992. By far the greatest number of Model 94 rifles have been made in .30-30 Win. cahber.

or octagonal barrels in lengths from 14" to 26", takedown models and wood or synthetic stocks may be encountered in seemingly never ending combinations. Finishes range from the pedestrian to the elegant. Regardless, the basic design has changed very little through the years. In 1964, the Model 94 design was slightly modi- fied to reduce production costs. Subsequent rifles are distinguished as "Post- 1964" in contrast to those made earlier as "Pre-1964." In 1982, angled ejection and a crossbolt safety became standard in order to accommodate the increas- ing number of hunters who preferred optical sights. The following year, Winchester introduced a much- modified model called the Model 94 Big Bore in cahbers .307 Win., .356 Win., .375 Win.

later, .444 Marlin. ~R~

powder: the .25-35 Win. and the classic .30-30 Win. The combination of power, low recoil
powder: the .25-35
Win. and the classic
.30-30 Win. The
combination of
power, low recoil
and relatively flat
The screws and pins on the receiver are
numerous and may be confusing. They
are: the hammer screw (24); the carrier
screws (29); the spring cover screw (56);
the finger lever pin (15); the link pin (34);
and the cartridge guide screw (13).
trajectory of the
.30-30 Win. cartridge revolu-
tionized hunting. The .32 Win.
Special cartridge chambering
was added in 1902. A little more
than 83 years would pass before
The Winchester Model 94
will be encountered configured
as a rifle, saddle-ring carbine or
trapper's short carbine. Small-
loop or large-loop levers, round
DISASSEMBLY
First, make certain the rifle
is unloaded and all ammuni-
tion has been removed from
the work area. With the
action closed and the hammer
down, turn out the upper
tang screw (28), then
remove the buttstock.
Remove the finger lever
pin stop screw (15) from the
left side of the receiver, then,
using a small punch, drift out
the finger lever pin (14)
through the hole on the
receiver's right side.
Next, remove the link pin
stop screw (35), if present,
then, using a small punch,
drift out the link pin (34)
from either side of the
receiver. Remove the finger lever
(39) and link (33) through the bot-
tom of the receiver (Fig. 1).
Remove the two carrier
70

and,

of the receiver (Fig. 1). Remove the two carrier 70 and, screws (29) from the right

screws (29) from the right and left sides of the receiver. (Some mod- el s may have only one screw.) The carrier (30) will drop out the bot- tom of the receiver. Turn out the hammer screw (24) (Fig. 2), hold the safety catch

AMERICAN RIFLEMAN· November/December 2000