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Non-cooperation

Movement
1920-1922
Started by Mahatma
Gandhi

Background
India

in an economic hardship so taxes


increase.
Farmers
forced
to
produce
trade
crops(tobacco, cotton, spices, indigo, etc)
instead of food crops. This leads to a famine.
British used India as a machine thinking that
it would never warm up.
Indians unhappy from British rule.
India was desperate to start a freedom struggle
but lacked a leader, someone like Mahatma
Gandhi. Many people did not understand the
concept of Ahinsa.

Against Whom and Why


Against the British empire.
For killing several hundred Indians pitilessly at

Jallianwala Baug and from later indignation at


the governments alleged failure to take
adequate action against those responsible.
The movement was to consist of the
resignations of titles; the boycott of
government educational institutions, the
courts, government service, foreign goods,
and elections; and the eventual refusal to pay
taxes.

Supporters
Rajendra Prasad
Jawaharlal Nehru
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Maulana Azad
Bhagat Singh
Chandra Shekhar Azad
Younger generation of India

Aims of the Movement


Surrender of all titles and Government posts
Boycott of Government schools and colleges
Boycott of all functions of the British Government
Boycott of law courts
Boycott of all foreign articles
Giving up the policy for Indian soldiers in Mesopotamia
Formation of Nyay Panchayats
Development of small scale industries
Development of communal harmony
Use of Swadeshi articles
Establishment of national schools
End of untouchability and caste-system
Adoption of non-violence in the whole country.

Satyagraha
Two elements: Truth and non-violence
Gandhi jis guidelines for a Satyagrahi in a

famous speech: He should refuse to accept


dishonesty and remains peaceful during
extreme provocation.
He should not hate the person doing evil, he
rather hates evil.
In order to prove the establish the truth, he
deliver pain on the opponent, and rather
accept suffering.
By the doing this, he would hope to arouse
conscience in the man who has committed

Cause of failure
February 1, 1922 an angry mob killed British officers

by lighting a police station on fire in Chauri Chaura.


Also, the mob burned down the police station killing
23 police officers
After this incident, Gandhi ji himself called off the
movement.
The Indian National Congress officially called of the
Non-Cooperation Movement on February 12, 1922.
Why: People were not ready for a non-violent
movement.
Such an incident could spark many others
Difficult to sustain such a large-scale movement for a
much longer time

Impact on the people and British


Gave boost to Indian textile industry
Many new traders and manufacturers grew up
Value of foreign imports reduced to half.
British understood that Indians could participate

in natioanl movements in unity and their old


divide-and-rule policy will not work here
Indian National Congress (INC) was no longer a
microscopic minority as it commanded the
support and sympathy of millions of Indians.
British cautious from: Gandhi ji, INC, unity of
Hindus and Muslims, and Satyagraha.

Thank You
PPT made by Aayush Gala