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Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical
Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Calc. by

Date

Chk'd by

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

Date
App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

FLAT SLAB DESIGN TO BS8110:PART 1:1997


Slab geometry
Span of slab in x-direction;

Spanx = 7200 mm

Span of slab in y-direction;

Spany = 7200 mm

Column dimension in x-direction;

lx = 400 mm

Column dimension in y-direction;

ly = 400 mm

External column dimension in x-direction;

lx1 = 250 mm

External column dimension in y-direction;

ly1 = 250 mm

Edge dimension in x-direction;

ex = lx1 / 2 = 125 mm

Edge dimension in y-direction;

ey = ly 1 / 2 = 125 mm

Effective span of internal bay in x direction;

Lx = Spanx - lx = 6800 mm

Effective span of internal bay in y direction;

Ly = Spany - ly = 6800 mm

Effective span of end bay in x direction;

Lxi = Spanx - lx / 2 = 7000 mm

Effective span of end bay in y direction;


Slab details
Depth of slab;

Lyi = Spany - ly / 2 = 7000 mm


h = 250 mm

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis &fcu


Design,
In accordance
with BS8110:PART
Characteristic strength ofProject:
concrete;
= 35 N/mm
fy =
1:1997
Characteristic strength of reinforcement;
500 N/mm fyv =
2

Characteristic strength of shear reinforcement;


Material safety factor;

GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.


Costas Sachpazis

Section

Cover to bottom reinforcement;

Civil & Geotechnical


Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

1.15 c = 20 mm c'
Civil & Geotechnical
Engineering
= 20 mm

Cover to top reinforcement;


Calc. by
Loading details

500 N/mm Ym =

Date
Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014


Gk = 7.000 kN/m

Qk = 5.000 kN/m

Characteristic dead load;

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210

Characteristic imposed load;

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5711461 - Mobile: (+30)

Dead load factor;


castas@sachpazis.infa
SAGGING MOMENTS
Imposed load factor;
End bay A-B
Total ultimate load;
Effective span;
Moment redistribution ratio;
Depth of reinforcement;
Ratio of support moments to span moments;
Midspan moment;

6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,

Sheet no./rev. 1

Chk'd by

Yg =

App'd by

Date

1.4 Yq = 1.6

Nult = (Gk x yg) + (Qk x yq) = 17.800 kN/m Pb =


2

1.0 i = 1.0

DESIGN
SLAB IN THE X-DIRECTION
Support moment;
Design reinforcement
Lever arm;

L = 7000 mm
d = 200 mm
m = (Nult x L ) / (2 x (1 + V(1 + i)) ) = 74.823 kNm/m m' = i x
2

m = 74.823 kNm/m
Area of reinforcement designed; Minimum
area of reinforcement required; Area of

K = 0.402 x (p - 0.4) - 0.18 x (p - 0.4) = 0.176 K = m / (d x

reinforcement required;

fcu) = 0.053

Compression reinforcement is not required

Provide 20 dia bars @ 150 centres


Area of reinforcement provided;

z = min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d = 187.3 mm


As_des = m / (z x fy / Ym) = 919 mm /m As_min = 0.0013 x h =
2

Check deflection
Design service stress;
Modification factor;

325 mm /m As_req = max(As_des, As_min) = 919 mm /m


2

As_prov = n x D / (4 x s) = 2094 mm /m
PASS - Span reinforcement is OK
2

Allowable span to depth ratio;


Actual span to depth ratio;

fs = 2 x fy x As_ req / (3 x As_ prov x Pb) = 146 N/mm ki =


2

min(0.55+(477N/mm -fs)/(120x(0.9N/mm +(m/d ))),2) = 1.545 0.9 x 26 x


2

ki = 36.151 L / d = 35.000

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical
Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by
Calc. by

Date
Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

PASS - Span to depth ratio is OK


Internal bay B-C
Effective span;
Depth of reinforcement;
Midspan moment;
Support moment;
Design reinforcement
Lever arm;

L = 6800 mm d = 202 mm
m = (Nult x L ) / (2 x (V(1 + i) + V(1 + i)) ) = 51.442 kNm/m m' = i x m =
2

51.442 kNm/m

K = 0.402 x (p - 0.4) - 0.18 x (p - 0.4) = 0.176 K = m / (d x fcu) = 0.036


b

Compression reinforcement is not required


z = min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d = 191.9 mm As_des = m / (z
x fy / ym)

Area of reinforcement designed; Minimum


area of reinforcement required; Area of

= 617 mm /m As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m As_req =


2

max(As_des, As_min) = 617 mm /m


2

As_prov = n x D / (4 x s) = 1005 mm /m
PASS - Span reinforcement is OK
2

reinforcement required;

Provide 16 dia bars @ 200 centres


Area of reinforcement provided;

fs = 2 x fy x As_req / (3 x As_prov x Pb) = 204 N/mm ki =


2

min(0.55+(477N/mm -fs)/(120x(0.9N/mm +(m/d ))),2) = 1.601 0.9 x 26 x


2

Check deflection

ki = 37.469 L / d = 33.663

Design service stress;

PASS - Span to depth ratio is OK

Modification factor;
Allowable span to depth ratio;
Actual span to depth ratio;

HOGGING MOMENTS - INTERNAL STRIP Penultimate column B3


Consider the reinforcement concentrated in half width strip over the
support
Depth of reinforcement; d' = 200 mm

Support moment;

m' = 2 x i x m = 149.646 kNm/m

Lever arm;

K = 0.402 x (Pb - 0.4) - 0.18 x (Pb - 0.4) = 0.176


2

K = m' / (d' x fcu) = 0.107


2

Compression reinforcement is not required z =


min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d' = 172.5 mm Area of reinforcement required;

As_des = m' / (z x fy / y ) = 1996


m

mm /m
2

Minimum area of reinforcement required;

As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m

Area of reinforcement required;

As_req = max(As_des, As_min) = 1996 mm /m

Provide 20 dia bars @ 150 centres


Area of reinforcement provided;

As prov n x D / (4 x s) = 2094 mm /m
2

PASS - Support reinforcement is OK

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical
Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by
Calc. by

Date
Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Internal column C3
Consider the reinforcement concentrated in half width strip over the support
Depth of reinforcement;

d' = 200 mm

Support moment;

m' = 2 x i x m = 102.884 kNm/m

Lever arm;

K = 0.402 x (p - 0.4) - 0.18 x (p - 0.4) = 0.176


b

K = m' / (d' x fcu) = 0.073


2

Compression reinforcement is not required z =


min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d' = 182.1 mm Area of reinforcement required;

As_des = m' / (z x fy / ym) = 1300

mm /m
2

Minimum area of reinforcement required;

As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m

Area of reinforcement required;

As_req = max(As_des, As_min) = 1300 mm /m

Provide 20 dia bars @ 200 centres


Area of reinforcement provided;

As prov n x D / (4 x s) = 1571 mm /m
2

PASS - Support reinforcement is OK


HOGGING MOMENTS - EXTERNAL STRIP
Penultimate column B1, B2
Consider one and a half bays of negative moment being resisted over the edge and penultimate column Width
of span;

B = 7200 mm

Edge distance;

e = 125 mm

Depth of reinforcement;

d' = 200 mm

Support moment;

m' = m x i x(e + B + B / 2) / ((0.5 x B) + (0.2 x B) + e) = 158.265

kNm/m
Lever arm;

K = 0.402 x (p - 0.4) - 0.18 x (p - 0.4) = 0.176


b

K = m' / (d' x fcu) = 0.113


2

Compression reinforcement is not required z =


min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d' = 170.5 mm Area of reinforcement required;

As_des = m' / (z x fy / y ) = 2134


m

mm /m
2

Minimum area of reinforcement required;

As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m

Area of reinforcement required;

As_req = max(As_des, As_min) = 2134 mm /m

Provide 20 dia bars @ 125 centres


Area of reinforcement provided;

As prov n x D / (4 x s) = 2513 mm /m
2

PASS - Support reinforcement is OK


Internal column C1, C2
Consider one and a half bays of negative moment being resisted over the edge and penultimate column Width
of span;

B = 7200 mm

Edge distance;

e = 125 mm

Depth of reinforcement;

d' = 200 mm

Support moment;

m' = m x i x(e + B + B / 2) / ((0.5 x B) + (0.2 x B) + e) = 108.810

kNm/m
4

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical
Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by
Calc. by

Date
Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Lever arm;
K = 0.402 x (Pb - 0.4) - 0.18 x (Pb - 0.4) = 0.176 K = m' / (d' x
2

fcu) = 0.078
Area of reinforcement required;
Minimum area of reinforcement required;
Area of reinforcement required;
Provide 20 dia bars @ 200 centres
Area of reinforcement provided;

Compression reinforcement is not required


z = min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d' = 180.9 mm
As_des = m' / (z x fy / y ) = 1383 mm /m
2

As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m


2

As_req = max(As_des, As_ in) = 1383 mm /m


2

s_prov

Corner column A1

= n x D / (4 x s) = 1571 mm /m
PASS - Support reinforcement is OK
2

Depth of reinforcement;
Total load on column;

d' = 206 mm

Area of column head;

S = ((Spanx / 2) + ex) x ((Spany / 2) + ey) x Nult = 247 kN A =

Support moment;
Lever arm;

lx x lyi = 0.100 m

m' = S x (1 - (Nult x A / S) ) / 2 = 99.639 kNm/m K = 0.402 x


1/3

(Pb - 0.4) - 0.18 x (Pb - 0.4) = 0.176 K = m' / (d' x fcu) = 0.067
2

Compression reinforcement is not required z


= min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d' = 189.3 mm As_des = m' / (z x
Area of reinforcement required;

fy / y ) = 1211 mm /m As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m As_req =

Minimum area of reinforcement required;

max(As_des, As_min) = 1211 mm /m

Area of reinforcement required;


Provide 16 dia bars @ 150 centres
Area of reinforcement provided;
Edge column A2, A3
Depth of reinforcement;
Total load on column;
Area of column head;
Support moment;
Lever arm;

As_prov = n x D / (4 x s) = 1340 mm /m
PASS - Support reinforcement is OK
2

d' = 202 mm
S = Spanx x (Spany / 2 + ey) x Nult = 477 kN A = lxt x ly = 0.100
m

m' = S x (1 - (Nult x A / S) ) / 5.14 = 78.476 kNm/m K' =


1/3

0.402 x (Pb - 0.4) - 0.18 x (Pb - 0.4) = 0.176 K = m' / (d' x fcu)
2

= 0.055
Compression reinforcement is not required z
= min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d' = 188.8 mm As_des = m' / (z x
fy / y ) = 956 mm /m As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m As_req =
2

Area of reinforcement required;


Minimum area of reinforcement required;
Area of reinforcement required;

max(As_des, As_ in) = 956 mm /m


m

As_ prov = n x D / (4 x s) = 1149 mm /m


2

Provide 16 dia bars @ 175 centres


Area of reinforcement provided;
5

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by

Civil & Geotechnical


Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Calc. by

Date
Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

PASS - Support reinforcement is OK


Between columns 1-2, 2-3
Around the perimeter between the column heads provide a minimum of 50% of the required end span bottom
reinforcement.
Area of reinforcement required;

As_req = Asx1 / 2 = 1047 mm /m


2

Provide 16 dia bars @ 150 centres - 'U' bars with 1600 mm long legs
Area of reinforcement provided;

As prov n x D / (4 x s) = 1340 mm /m
2

PASS - Edge reinforcement is OK


Distribution reinforcement Provide 12
dia bars @ 300 centres
Area of reinforcement provided;

As prov n x D / (4 x s) = 377 mm /m
2

DESIGN SLAB IN THE Y-DIRECTION


SAGGING MOMENTS
End bay 1-2
Effective span;

L = 7000 mm

Depth of reinforcement;

d = 220 mm

Midspan moment;

m = (Nuit x L ) / (2 x (1 + V(1 + i)) ) = 74.823 kNm/m m' = i x

Support moment;
Design reinforcement
Lever arm;

m = 74.823 kNm/m

K = 0.402 x (p - 0.4) - 0.18 x (p - 0.4) = 0.176 K = m / (d x


b

fcu) = 0.044
Compression reinforcement is not required
Area of reinforcement designed; Minimum

z = min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d = 208.6 mm

area of reinforcement required; Area of

As_des = m / (z x fy / y ) = 825 mm /m As_min = 0.0013 x h =

reinforcement required;

325 mm /m As_req = max(As_des, As_min) = 825 mm /m

Provide 20 dia bars @ 200 centres


Area of reinforcement provided;

s_prov

= n x D / (4 x s) = 1571 mm /m
2

PASS - Span reinforcement is OK


Check deflection
Design service stress;

fs = 2 x fy x As_req / (3 x As_prov x Pb) = 175 N/mm k1 =

Modification factor;

min(0.55+(477N/mm -fs)/(120x(0.9N/mm +(m/d ))),2) = 1.579 0.9 x 26

Allowable span to depth ratio;

xk

= 36.942 L / d = 31.818
PASS - Span to depth ratio is OK

Actual span to depth ratio;

Internal bay 2-3


Effective span;

L = 6800 mm

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical
Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by
Calc. by

Date
Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Depth of reinforcement;
Midspan moment;
Support moment;

d = 222 mm
m = (Nutt x L ) / (2 x (V(1 + i) + V(1 + i)) ) = 51.442 kNm/m m' = i x m =
2

51.442 kNm/m

Design reinforcement
Lever arm;

K = 0.402 x (p - 0.4) - 0.18 x (p - 0.4) = 0.176 K = m / (d x fcu) = 0.030


b

Compression reinforcement is not required


z = min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d = 210.9 mm As_des = m / (z
x fy / ym)

Area of reinforcement designed; Minimum

= 561 mm /m As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m As_req =


2

max(As_des, As_min) = 561 mm /m

area of reinforcement required; Area of


reinforcement required;

As_prov = n x D / (4 x s) = 1005 mm /m
2

Provide 16 dia bars @ 200 centres

PASS - Span reinforcement is OK

Area of reinforcement provided;

fs = 2 x fy x As_ req / (3 x As_ prov x Pb) = 186 N/mm ki =


2

Check deflection
Design service stress;
Modification factor;

min(0.55+(477N/mm -fs)/(120x(0.9N/mm +(m/d ))),2) = 1.798 0.9 x 26 x


2

ki = 42.062 L / d = 30.631
PASS - Span to depth ratio is OK

Allowable span to depth ratio;


Actual span to depth ratio;

HOGGING MOMENTS - INTERNAL STRIP


Penultimate column C2
Consider the reinforcement concentrated in half width strip over the

support
Depth of reinforcement;

d' = 220 mm

Support moment;

m' = 2 x i x m = 149.646 kNm/m

Lever arm;

K = 0.402 x (Pb - 0.4) - 0.18 x (Pb - 0.4) = 0.176


2

K = m' / (d' x fcu) = 0.088


2

Compression reinforcement is not required z =


min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d' = 195.7 mm Area of reinforcement required;

As_des = m' / (z x fy / y ) = 1758


m

mm /m
2

Minimum area of reinforcement required;

As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m

Area of reinforcement required;

As_req = max(As_des, As_min) = 1758 mm /m

Provide 20 dia bars @ 150 centres


Area of reinforcement provided;

As prov n x D / (4 x s) = 2094 mm /m
2

PASS - Support reinforcement is OK


Internal column C3
Consider the reinforcement concentrated in half width strip over the support Depth of reinforcement;

d' = 220 mm

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical
Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by
Calc. by

Date
Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Support moment;

m' = 2 x i x m = 102.884 kNm/m

Lever arm;

K = 0.402 x (p - 0.4) - 0.18 x (p - 0.4) = 0.176


b

K = m' / (d' x fcu) = 0.061


2

Compression reinforcement is not required z =


min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d' = 204.0 mm Area of reinforcement required;

As_des = m' / (z x fy / ym) = 1160

mm /m
2

Minimum area of reinforcement required;

As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m

Area of reinforcement required;

As_req = max(As_des, As_min) = 1160 mm /m

Provide 20 dia bars @ 200 centres


Area of reinforcement provided;

As prov n x D / (4 x s) = 1571 mm /m
2

PASS - Support reinforcement is OK


HOGGING MOMENTS - EXTERNAL STRIP
Penultimate column A2, B2
Consider one and a half bays of negative moment being resisted over the edge and penultimate column Width
of span;

B = 7200 mm

Edge distance;

e = 125 mm

Depth of reinforcement;

d' = 220 mm

Support moment;

m' = m x i x(e + B + B / 2) / ((0.5 x B) + (0.2 x B) + e) = 158.265

kNm/m
Lever arm;

K = 0.402 x (p - 0.4) - 0.18 x (p - 0.4) = 0.176


b

K = m' / (d' x fcu) = 0.093


2

Compression reinforcement is not required z =


min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d' = 194.1 mm Area of reinforcement required;

As_des = m' / (z x fy / y ) = 1875


m

mm /m
2

Minimum area of reinforcement required;

As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m

Area of reinforcement required;

As_req = max(As_des, As_min) = 1875 mm /m

Provide 20 dia bars @ 150 centres


Area of reinforcement provided;

As_prov = n x D / (4 x s) = 2094 mm /m
2

PASS - Support reinforcement is OK


Internal column A3, B3
Consider one and a half bays of negative moment being resisted over the edge and penultimate column Width
of span;

B = 7200 mm

Edge distance;

e = 125 mm

Depth of reinforcement;

d' = 220 mm

Support moment;

m' = m x i x(e + B + B / 2) / ((0.5 x B) + (0.2 x B) + e) = 108.810

kNm/m
Lever arm;

K' = 0.402 x (Pb - 0.4) - 0.18 x (Pb - 0.4) = 0.176


2

K = m' / (d' x fcu) = 0.064


2

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical
Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by
Calc. by

Date
Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Compression reinforcement is not required


z = min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d' = 203.0 mm Area
of reinforcement required;

As_des = m' / (z x fy / y ) = 1233 mm /m

Minimum area of reinforcement required;

As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m

Area of reinforcement required;

As_req = max(As_des, As_min) = 1233 mm /m

Provide 20 dia bars @ 200 centres


Area of reinforcement provided;

As prov n x D / (4 x s) = 1571 mm /m
2

PASS - Support reinforcement is OK

Edge column B1, C1


Depth of reinforcement;
Total load on column;
Area of column head;
Support moment;
Lever arm;

d' = 222 mm
S = (Spanx / 2 + ex) x Spany x Nuit = 477 kN A = lyi x lx =
0.100 m

m' = S x (1 - (Nutt x A / S) ) / 5.14 = 78.476 kNm/m K' = 0.402 x (p


1/3

- 0.4) - 0.18 x (Pb - 0.4) = 0.176 K = m' / (d' x fcu) = 0.045


2

Compression reinforcement is not required z


= min((0.5 + V(0.25 - (K / 0.9))), 0.95) x d' = 210.1 mm As_des = m' / (z x
fy / y ) = 859 mm /m As_min = 0.0013 x h = 325 mm /m As_req = max(As_des,
2

Area of reinforcement required;

As_min) = 859 mm /m
2

Minimum area of reinforcement required;


Area of reinforcement required;
Provide 16 dia bars @ 175 centres
Area of reinforcement provided;

As_ prov = D / (4 x s) = 1149 mm /m


PASS - Support reinforcement is OK
Between columns A-B, B-C
nx

Around the perimeter between the column heads provide a minimum


of 50% of the required end span bottom reinforcement.
Area of reinforcement required;

As_req = Asy1 / 2 = 785 mm /m


2

Provide 16 dia bars @ 200 centres - 'U' bars with 1600 mm long legs
Area of reinforcement provided;

As_prov = n x D / (4 x s) = 1005 mm /m
2

PASS - Edge reinforcement is OK


PUNCHING SHEAR
Corner column A1
Design shear transferred to column;
Design effective shear transferred to column;
Area of tension steel in x-direction;
Area of tension steel in y-direction;
Column perimeter;
Average effective depth of reinforcement;

Vt = ((0.45 x Spanx) + ex) x ((0.45 x Spany) + ey) x Nut = 202 kN


Veff = 1.25 x Vt = 252 kN
Asx_ten = Ascorner = 1340 mm /m
Asy_ten = Ascorner = 1340 mm /m
uc = lx 1 + ly = 650 mm
d = h - c - ^p = 214 mm

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by

Civil & Geotechnical


Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Date

Calc. by

Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Maximum allowable shear stress;

Vmax = min(0.8 x V(fcu), 5) = 4.733 N/mm

Design shear stress at column perimeter;

v0 = Veff / (u

x d)

= 1.811 N/mm

PASS - Maximum concrete shear stress not exceeded at column perimeter


Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 1.50d - (321 mm)
Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 x

(kx x ky) x k x d) = 1292 mm

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky x (px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x(py + (ky x k x d)) x

Asx_ten)
As_ten = 1731 mm

Design concrete shear stress;


vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

vc = 0.707 N/mm

1/4

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 0.911 N/mm

vc < v <= 1.6 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) = 119 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 2.25d - (482 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 x (kx

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky x (px

sx_ten

x ky) x k x d)

= 1613 mm

+ (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py + (ky x k x d)) x

As_ten = 2161 mm

Design concrete shear stress;


vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

vc = 0.707 N/mm

1/4

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 0.730 N/mm


vc < v <= 1.6 x vc
Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) = 16 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.00d - (642 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;
Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;
A

sx_ten

u = uc + (2 x (kx
As_ten = (ky x (px

x ky) x k x d)

= 1934 mm
+ (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py + (ky x k x d)) x

As_ten = 2592 mm

Design concrete shear stress;


vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

vc = 0.707 N/mm

1/4

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 0.609 N/mm

v < vc no shear reinforcement required


Penultimate edge column A2
Design shear transferred to column;
Design effective shear transferred to column;
Area of tension steel in x-direction;

Vt = ((0.45 x Spanx) + ex) x (1.05 x Spany) x Nuit = 453 kN Veff =


1.4 x Vt = 634 kN
Asx_ten = Asx_edge = 1148 mm /m

1
0

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by

Civil & Geotechnical


Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Date

Calc. by

Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)

Area of tension steel in y-direction; Column

6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,


castas@sachpazis.infa

perimeter;
Average effective depth of reinforcement;
Maximum allowable shear stress;

Asy_ten = Asy1e = 2094 mm /m uc


2

= (2 x lx1)+ ly = 900 mm d = h -

Design shear stress at column perimeter;

c-

= 214 mm

VMAX = min(0.8 x V(fCU), 5) = 4.733 N/mm VO = VEFF / (uC x d) = 3.292 N/mm PASS - Maximum concrete shear stress not
2

exceeded at column perimeter Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 1.50d - (321 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;
Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;
A

sx_ten

u = uc + (2
As_ten = (ky
As_

x
x

(kx x ky) x k x d) = 2184 mm


(px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx

x (py

+ (ky x k x d)) x

3588
mm

ten

Design concrete shear stress;


Vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

1/4

Vc = 0.757 N/mm

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 1.356 N/mm

1.6 x vc < v <= 2 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = 5 x ((0.7 x v) - Vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) = 947 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 2.25d - (482 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2

(kx x ky) x k x d) = 2826 mm

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky

(px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx

sx_ten

x (py +

(ky x k x d)) x

As_ten = 4628 mm

Design concrete shear stress;


vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

1/4

vc = 0.756 N/mm

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 1.048 N/mm

vc < v <= 1.6 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) = 372 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.00d - (642 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 x

(kx x ky) x k x d) = 3468 mm

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky x

(px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py +

sx_ten

(ky x k x d)) x

As_ten = 5669 mm

Design concrete shear stress;


vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

vc = 0.756 N/mm

1/4

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 0.854 N/mm

vc < v <= 1.6 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) = 154 mm

1
1

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by

Civil & Geotechnical


Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Date

Calc. by

Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.75d - (803 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = Uc + (2 x (kx x ky) x k x d) = 4110 mm

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky x (px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py + (ky x k x d)) x

sx_ten

As_ten = 6710 mm

Design concrete shear stress;


vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

1/4

vc = 0.755 N/mm

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 0.721 N/mm

v < vc no shear
Internal edge column A3

reinforcement

Design shear transferred to column;

required

Design effective shear transferred to column;


Area of tension steel in x-direction;

Vt = ((0.45 x Spanx) + ex) x Spany x Nult = 431 kN

Area of tension steel in y-direction;

Veff = 1.4 x Vt = 604 kN

Column perimeter;

Asx_ten = Asx_edge = 1148 mm /m

Average effective depth of reinforcement;

Asy_ten = Asye = 1570 mm /m


2

Maximum allowable shear stress;

uc = (2 x lx1)+ ly = 900 mm

Design shear stress at column perimeter;


Vmax = min(0.8 x V(fcu), 5) = 4.733 N/mm

d = h - c - ^p = 214 mm

VO = VEFF / (uC X d) = 3.135 N/mm PASS - Maximum concrete shear stress not exceeded at column perimeter Shear
2

reinforcement at a perimeter of 1.50d - (321 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;
Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;
A

sx_ten

u = uc + (2 x (kx x ky) x k x d) = 2184 mm


As_ten = (ky x (px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py + (ky x k x d)) x

As ten = 2989 mm
Design concrete shear stress;
Vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
2

1/3

1/3

1/4

Vc = 0.712 N/mm

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 1.292 N/mm

1.6 x vc < v <= 2 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = 5 x ((0.7 x v) - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) = 945 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 2.25d - (482 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 x

(kx x ky) x k x d) = 2826 mm

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky x

(px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx

sx_ten

x (py +

(ky

x k x d)) x

As_ten = 3862 mm

Design concrete shear stress;


vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

vc = 0.712 N/mm

1/4

1
2

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by

Civil & Geotechnical


Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Calc. by

Date
Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Ver / (u x d) = 0.998 N/mm

Vc < v <= 1.6 x Vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) = 365 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.00d - (642 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky

x (px +

sx_ten

(kx x ky) x k x d) = 3468 mm


(kx x

k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py + (ky x k x d)) x

As_ten = 4734 mm

Design concrete shear stress;


vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

1/4

vc = 0.712 N/mm

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 0.814 N/mm

vc < v <= 1.6 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) = 159 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.75d - (803 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky

x (px +

(kx x ky) x k x d) = 4110 mm


(kx x

k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py + (ky x k x d)) x

Asx_ten)
As_ ten = 5607 mm
Design concrete shear stress;
vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
2

1/3

1/3

1/4

vc = 0.711 N/mm

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 0.686 N/mm

v < vc no shear
Penultimate edge column B1

reinforcement

Design shear transferred to column;

required

Design effective shear transferred to column;


Area of tension steel in x-direction;

Vt = (1.05 x Spanx) x ((0.45 x Spany) + ey) x Nuit = 453 kN Veff

Area of tension steel in y-direction;


Column perimeter;

= 1.4 x Vt = 634 kN
Asx ten = Asx1e = 2513 mm /m

Average effective depth of reinforcement;

Asy_ten = Asy_edge = 1148 mm /m

Maximum allowable shear stress;

uc = lx + (2 x ly1) = 900 mm

Design shear stress at column perimeter;

d=h-c-

= 214 mm

vmax = min(0.8 x V(fcu), 5) = 4.733 N/mm

v0 = VEFF / (uC X d) = 3.292 N/mm PASS - Maximum concrete shear stress not exceeded at column perimeter Shear
reinforcement at a perimeter of 1.50d - (321 mm)
Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 x (kx x ky) x k x d) = 2184 mm

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky x (px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py + (ky x k x d)) x

sx_ten

As ten = 4066 mm

1
3

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by

Civil & Geotechnical


Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Calc. by

Date
Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Design concrete shear stress;


Vc=(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmm(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

1/4

Vc = 0.789 N/mm

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Vf / (u x d) = 1.356 N/mm

1.6 x Vc < v <= 2 x Vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = 5 x ((0.7 x v) - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) = 789 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 2.25d - (482 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;
Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;
A

sx_ten

u = uc + (2 x
As_ten = (ky x

(kx x ky) x k x d) = 2826 mm


(px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx

x (py

+ (ky x k x d)) x

As ten 5241 mm
Design concrete shear stress;
vc(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

1/4

vc 0.788 N/mm

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v Vf / (u x d) 1.048 N/mm

vc < v <= 1.6 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) 331 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.00d - (642 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u uc + (2 x

(kx x ky) x k x d) 3468 mm

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten (ky x

(px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x

sx_ten

(py + (ky x k x d)) x

As_ten 6416 mm

Design concrete shear stress;


vc(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

vc 0.788 N/mm

1/4

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v Vf / (u x d) 0.854 N/mm

vc < v <= 1.6 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) 104 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.75d - (803 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u uc + (2 x (kx

x ky) x k x d)

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten (ky x (px

+ (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx

sx_ten

4110 mm
x (py

+ (ky x k x d)) x

As_ten 7592 mm

Design concrete shear stress;


vc(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

vc 0.787 N/mm

1/4

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v Vf / (u x d) 0.721 N/mm

v < vc no shear reinforcement required

1
4

Job Ref.

Project: Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART 1:1997

Section

GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.


Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering
Chk'd by

Civil & Geotechnical


Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Calc. by
Dr. C. Sachpazis

Date

Date

18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210

Penultimate central column B2

5711461 - Mobile: (+30)

6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,


castas@sachpazis.infa

Design shear transferred to column;


Design effective shear transferred to column; Area of tension steel in x-

Vt = (1.05 x Spanx) x (1.05 x Spany) x Nult = 1017 kN Veff = 1.15 x Vt =

direction;

1170 kN

Area of tension steel in y-direction;

Asx ten = Asx1e = 2513 mm /m

Column perimeter;

Asy_ten = Asyte = 2094 mm /m uc = 2 x (lx + ly) = 1600 mm d = h - c -

Average effective depth of reinforcement; Maximum allowable shear

214 mm

stress;

VMAX = MIN(0.8 x

Design shear stress at column perimeter;

Maximum concrete shear stress not exceeded at column

V(FCU), 5) = 4.733

N/MM2 VO = VEFF / (UC x D) = 3.417 N/MM2 PASS

perimeter Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 1.50d - (321 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2

(kx

x ky) x k x d) = 4168

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky

(px

+ (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) +

As_

ten

9601 mm

mm
(kx

x (py

+ (ky

x k x d)) x

Asx_ten)
Design concrete shear stress;
Vc=(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
Vc = 0.847 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 1.312 N/mm2

v < v <= 1.6 x vc


c

Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95

x fyv) = 872

mm2

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 2.25d - (482 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 x

(kx

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky x

(px + (kx x

sx_ten

x ky) x

k x d) = 5452 mm
k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py

+ (ky

x k x d)) x

As_ten = 12559 mm2


Design concrete shear stress;
vc=(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
vc = 0.847 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 1.003 N/mm

vc < v <= 1.6 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95

x fyv) = 382

mm2

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.00d - (642 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 x

(kx

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky x

(px + (kx x

sx_ten

x ky) x

k x d) = 6736 mm
k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py

+ (ky x

k x d)) x

As_ten = 15516 mm2


Design concrete shear stress;
vc=(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25

1
5

Job Ref.

Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART


1:1997
Project:

Section
GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.
Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1

Civil & Geotechnical Engineering


Chk'd by

Civil & Geotechnical


Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Calc. by

Date
Date

Dr. C. Sachpazis 18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Vc = 0.847 N/mm

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 0.812 N/mm

v < Vc no shear reinforcement required


Internal central column B3
Design shear transferred to column;
Design effective shear transferred to column
Area of tension steel in x-direction;
Area of tension steel in y-direction;
Column perimeter;
Average effective depth of reinforcement;
Maximum allowable shear stress;
Design shear stress at column perimeter;

Vt = (1.05 x Spanx) x Spany x Nuit = 969 kN


Veff = 1.15 x Vt = 1114 kN
Asx_ten = Asxii = 2094 mm /m
2

Asy ten Asye 1570 mm /m


uc 2 x (lx + ly) 1600 mm
dh-cv

max

214 mm

min(0.8 x V(fcu), 5) 4.733 N/mm

vO VEFF / (uC X d) 3.254 N/mm PASS - Maximum concrete shear

stress not exceeded at column perimeter Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 1.50d - (321 mm)
Length of shear perimeter;

u uc + (2 x (kx x ky) x k x d) 4168 mm

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten (ky x (px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py + (ky x k x d)) x
As_

sx_ten

7636
mm

ten

Design concrete shear stress;


vc(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
1/3

1/3

1/4

vc 0.785 N/mm

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v Veff / (u x d) 1.249 N/mm

vc < v <= 1.6 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) 872 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 2.25d - (482 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u uc + (2 x

(kx x ky) x k x d) 5452 mm

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten (ky x

(px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py

sx_ten

+ (ky x k x d)) x

As_ten 9988 mm
Design concrete shear stress;
vc(min(fcu,40)/25) x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3) xmax(400/d,1) /1.25
2

1/3

1/3

1/4

vc 0.785 N/mm

Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v Veff / (u x d) 0.955 N/mm

v < v <= 1.6 x vc


c

Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) 418 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.00d - (642 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u uc + (2 x

(kx x ky) x k x d) 6736 mm

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten (ky x

(px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x

sx_ten

(py + (ky x k x d)) x

1
6

Job Ref.

Project: Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART 1:1997

Section

GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.


Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering

Civil &
Geotechnical
Engineering
Consulting
Company for
Structural
Engineering,
Soil
Mechanics,
Rock
Mechanics,
Foundation
Engineering &
Retaining
Structures.

Chk'd by
Date

Calc. by
Dr. C. Sachpazis

Date

18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

As_ten = 12340 mm2

Design concrete shear stress;

Vc=(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
Vc = 0.785 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 0.773 N/mm

v < Vc no shear reinforcement required


Internal edge column C1
Design shear transferred to column;

Vt = Spanx x ((0.45 x Spany) + ey) x Nult = 431

Design effective shear transferred to column Area of tension steel in x-

kN Veff = 1.4 x Vt = 604 kN Asx_ten = Asxe = 1570

direction;

mm2/m Asy_ten = Asy_edge = 1148 mm /m uc = lx +

Area of tension steel in y-direction;

(2 x ly1) = 900 mm Average effective depth of

Column perimeter;
(Library item: Flat slab shear map C1)

reinforcement;
d=h-c-

vmax = min(0.8 x V(fcu), 5) = 4.733 N/mm2

Maximum allowable shear stress;

= 214 mm

Design shear stress at column perimeter; vo = Veff / (uc x d) =

3.135 N/mm

PASS - Maximum concrete shear stress not exceeded at column perimeter


Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 1.50d - (321 mm)
Length of shear perimeter;
Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 x (kx x ky) x k x d) = 2184 mm


As_ten = (ky x (px + (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x (py + (ky x k x d)) x

sx_ten)
As ten = 2989 mm2

Design concrete shear stress;


vc=(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
vc = 0.712 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 1.292 N/mm

1.6 x vc < v <= 2 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = 5 x ((0.7 x v) - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) =

945 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 2.25d - (482 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;
Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;
A

sx_ten

u = uc + (2 x
As_ten = (ky x

(kx x
(px +

ky) x
(kx x

k x d) = 2826 mm
k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx

x (py + (ky

x k x d)) x

As_ten = 3862 mm2


Design concrete shear stress;
vc=(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
vc = 0.712 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Veff / (u x d) = 0.998 N/mm2

vc < v <= 1.6 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) =

365 mm

1
7

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.00d - (642 mm)

1
8

Job Ref.

Project: Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART 1:1997

Section

GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.


Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering

Civil &
Geotechnical
Engineering
Consulting
Company for
Structural
Engineering,
Soil
Mechanics,
Rock
Mechanics,
Foundation
Engineering &
Retaining
Structures.

Chk'd by
Calc. by
Dr. C. Sachpazis

Date

Date

18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Length of shear perimeter;


Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

u = Uc + (2 x (kx

x ky) x

As_ten = (ky x (px

+ (kx x

k x d) = 3468 mm
k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x

(py +

(ky x k x

d)) x

(py +

(ky x k x

d)) x

sx_ten)
As ten 4734 mm

Design concrete shear stress;


Vc(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
Vc 0.712 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v Vf / (u x d) 0.814 N/mm2

Vc < v <= 1.6 x Vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req (v - Vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv)

159 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.75d - (803 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;
Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

u uc + (2 x (kx

x ky) x

As_ten (ky x (px

+ (kx x

k x d) 4110 mm
k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x

sx_ten)
As_ten 5607 mm2

Design concrete shear stress;


vc(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
vc 0.711 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v Vf / (u x d) 0.686 N/mm2

Internal central column C2


Design shear transferred to column;

Vt Spanx x (1.05 x Spany) x Nuit 969 kN

Design effective shear transferred to column Area of tension steel in x-

Veff 1.15 x Vt 1114 kN

direction;

Asx_ten Asxe 1570 mm2/m

Area of tension steel in y-direction;

Asy ten Asy1i 2094 mm /m

Column perimeter;

uc 2 x (lx + ly) 1600 mm

Average effective depth of reinforcement; Maximum allowable shear

d h - c - ^p 214 mm

stress;

vmax min(0.8 x V(fcu), 5) 4.733 N/mm2

Design shear stress at column perimeter;

VO

VEFF / (UC X D) 3.254 N/MM PASS

- Maximum concrete shear stress

not exceeded at column perimeter Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 1.50d - (321 mm)

v < vc no shear
Length of shear perimeter;

reinforcement

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;


A

sx_ten)

Design concrete shear stress;

required
u uc + (2 x

(kx x ky)

x k x d) 4168 mm

1
9

As_ten (ky x

(px + (kx

x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx x

(py

+ (ky

x k x d)) x

As_ten 7636 mm2


vc(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
2
vc 0.785 N/mm v Veff / (u x d)
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter;

1.249 N/mm

2
0

Job Ref.

Project: Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART 1:1997

Section

GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.


Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering

Civil &
Geotechnical
Engineering
Consulting
Company for
Structural
Engineering,
Soil
Mechanics,
Rock
Mechanics,
Foundation
Engineering &
Retaining
Structures.

Chk'd by
Calc. by
Dr. C. Sachpazis

Date

Date

18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Vc < v <= 1.6 X Vc


Asv_req = (v - Vc) X u X d / (0.95 X fyv) = 872 mm2

Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 2.25d - (482 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 X

(kx

ky) X

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky X

(px

+ (kx X

k X d) = 5452 mm
k X d)) X Asy_ten) + (kx X (py

+ (ky X k X d)) X

sx_ten)
As_ten = 9988 mm2

Design concrete shear stress;

vc=(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
vc = 0.785 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Vf / (u X d) = 0.955 N/mm2

vc < v <= 1.6 X vc


Asv_req = (v - vc) X u X d / (0.95 X fyv) = 418 mm2

Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.00d - (642 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 X

(kx

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky X

(px

+ (kx X

sx_ten

ky) X

k X d) = 6736 mm
k X d)) X Asy_ten) + (kx X (py

+ (ky X k X d)) X

As_ten = 12340 mm2


Design concrete shear stress;
vc=(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
vc = 0.785 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Vf / (u X d) = 0.773 N/mm

v < vc no shear reinforcement required


Internal column C3
Design shear transferred to column;
Design effective shear transferred to column Area of tension steel in xdirection;
Area of tension steel in y-direction;
Column perimeter;
Average effective depth of reinforcement; Maximum allowable shear
stress;
Design shear stress at column perimeter;

Vt = Spanx X Spany X Nult = 923 kN


Veff = 1.15 X Vt = 1061 kN
Asx_ten = Asxi = 1570 mm2/m
Asy_ten = Asyi = 1570 mm2/m
uc = 2 X (lx + ly) = 1600 mm
d = h - c - ^p = 214 mm
vmax = min(0.8 X V(fcu), 5) = 4.733 N/mm2
VO

= VEFF / (UC X D) = 3.099 N/MM PASS

- Maximum concrete shear stress

not exceeded at column perimeter Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 1.50d - (321 mm)
Length of shear perimeter;
Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 X (kx X ky) X k X d) = 4168 mm


As_ten = (ky X (px + (kx X k X d)) X Asy_ten) + (kx X (py + (ky X k X d)) X

sx_ten)
As_

ten

6544 mm

2
1

Job Ref.

Project: Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART 1:1997

Section

GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.


Costas Sachpazis

Sheet no./rev. 1
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering

Civil &
Geotechnical
Engineering
Consulting
Company for
Structural
Engineering,
Soil
Mechanics,
Rock
Mechanics,
Foundation
Engineering &
Retaining
Structures.

Chk'd by
Date

Calc. by
Dr. C. Sachpazis

Date

18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Design concrete shear stress;


Vc=(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmm(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
Vc = 0.746 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Vf / (u x d) =

1.190 N/mm

Vc < v <= 1.6 x Vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) =

834 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 2.25d - (482 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;
Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 x (kx
As_ten = (ky x (px

x ky) x k x d) = 5452 mm
+ (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx

x (py

+ (ky x

k x d)) x

x (py

+ (ky x

k x d)) x

sx_ten)
As_ten = 8560 mm2

Design concrete shear stress;

vc=(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
vc = 0.746 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Vf / (u x d) =

0.910 N/mm

vc < v <= 1.6 x vc


Shear reinforcement required at perimeter;

Asv_req = (v - vc) x u x d / (0.95 x fyv) =

403 mm

Shear reinforcement at a perimeter of 3.00d - (642 mm)


Length of shear perimeter;

u = uc + (2 x (kx

x ky) x k x d) = 6736 mm

Area of tension steel at shear perimeter;

As_ten = (ky x (px

+ (kx x k x d)) x Asy_ten) + (kx

sx_ten)
As_ten = 10576 mm2

Design concrete shear stress;


vc=(min(fcu,40)/25)1/3x0.79xmin(100xAs_ten/(uxd),3)1/3xmax(400/d,1)1/4/1.25
vc = 0.746 N/mm2
Nominal design shear stress at perimeter; v = Vf / (u x d) =

0.736 N/mm

v < vc no shear reinforcement required


CURTAILMENT OF REINFORCEMENT
Internal column
Radius of circular yield line; mm

r = (lx x ly / n)1/2 x (1.05 x Spanx x 1.05 x Spany / (lx x ly))1/3 = 1601

Minimum curtailment length in x-direction; Minimum curtailment


length in y-direction;

Corner column

lint_x = Max(r + 12 x D, 0.25 x Spanx) = 1841 mm lint_y = Max(r + 12 x D,


0.25 x Spany) = 1841 mm

Radius of yield line;


ly))1/3

r = (lx1 x ly / n)1/2 x ((0.45 x Spanx + ex) x (0.45 x Spany + ey)/ (lx1 x r = 863 mm
lcorner_x = Max(r + 12 x D, 0.2 x Spanx) =

1440 mm

Minimum curtailment length in x-direction;

2
2

Job Ref.

Project: Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART 1:1997

GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.


Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical
Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Section

Sheet no./rev. 1
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering
Chk'd by

Calc. by
Dr. C. Sachpazis

Date

Date

18/01/2014

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

Minimum curtailment length in y-direction;

lcorner_y = Max(r + 12 x D, 0.2 x Spany) = 1440 mm

Edge columns
Radius of yield line in x-direction;

r = (lx1 x ly / n)1/2 x ((0.45 x Spanx + ex) x (1.05 x Spany) / (lx1 x

1/3

ly))

r = 1130 mm
Minimum curtailment length in x-direction; Radius of yield line in y-

ledge_x = Max(r + 12 x D, 0.2 x Spanx) = 1440 mm r = (lx x ly1 / n)1/2 x ((0.45 x Spany + ey) x (1.05 x

direction;
ly1))1/3

Spanx) / (lx x

r = 1130 mm
Minimum curtailment length in y-direction;

ledge_y = Max(r + 12 x D, 0.2 x Spany) =

1440 mm

2
3

Job Ref.

Project: Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART 1:1997

GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.


Costas Sachpazis

Section

Sheet no./rev. 1
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering

Civil & Geotechnical


Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Chk'd by
Calc. by
Dr. C. Sachpazis

Date
18/01/2014

Date

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

0.5 x Spanx ->|


0.2 x Spanx
When the effective span in the x direction, Lx, is greater than the effective span in the y direction, Ly, the reinforcement in the outer layer is assumed to be that in the x direction otherwise it
is assumed to be that in the y direction.

2
4

Job Ref.

Project: Flat Slab Analysis & Design, In accordance with BS8110:PART 1:1997

GEODOMISI Ltd. - Dr.


Costas Sachpazis
Civil & Geotechnical
Engineering Consulting
Company for Structural
Engineering, Soil Mechanics,
Rock Mechanics, Foundation
Engineering & Retaining
Structures.

Section

Sheet no./rev. 1
Civil & Geotechnical Engineering
Chk'd by

Calc. by
Dr. C. Sachpazis

Date
18/01/2014

Date

App'd by

Date

Tel.: (+30) 210 5238127, 210


5711263 - Fax. : + 30 210
5711461 - Mobile: (+30)
6936425722 & (+44) 7585939944,
castas@sachpazis.infa

REINFORCEMENT KEY

a = 20 dia bars @ 150 centres - (2094 mm 2/m);


b = 16 dia bars @ 200 centres - (1005 mm 2/m) c
= 20 dia bars @ 200 centres - (1570 mm 2/m); d
= 16 dia bars @ 200 centres - (1005 mm 2/m) e =
20 dia bars @ 125 centres - (2513 mm2/m); f =
20 dia bars @ 200 centres - (1570 mm 2/m) g =
20 dia bars @ 150 centres - (2094 mm 2/m); h =
20 dia bars @ 200 centres - (1570 mm 2/m) j =
20 dia bars @ 150 centres - (2094 mm 2/m); k =
20 dia bars @ 200 centres - (1570 mm 2/m) l =
20 dia bars @ 150 centres - (2094 mm 2/m); m =
20 dia bars @ 200 centres - (1570 mm 2/m) n =
16 dia bars @ 150 centres - (1340 mm 2/m) p =
16 dia bars @ 175 centres - (1148 mm 2/m); q =
16 dia bars @ 150 centres - (1340 mm 2/m) r =
16 dia bars @ 175 centres - (1148 mm 2/m); s =
16 dia bars @ 200 centres - (1005 mm2/m)
Distribution bars = 12 dia bars @ 300 centres - (377 mm2/m)

Shear reinforcement is required - Refer to output above for details.

2
5