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TENSE OVERVIEW

A. THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE
Prezentul simplu se foloseste pentru a vorbi despre actiuni prezente, obisnuite, repetate – actiuni zilnice –
S +VI
- la persoana a-III-a singular (he, she, it) se adaugă terminaţia –s sau –es .
I drink a cup of milk every morning.
She drinks a cup of tea every morning.
- terminaţia –es se adaugă la sfârşitul verbelor terminate in: -o, -ch, -th, -sh, -ss, -z.
She goes to school from Monday to Friday.
- Forma interogativa: DO/DOES(III.sing) + V
Do you play tennis?
Does she play the guitar?
- Forma negativa: S+ DO/DOES + NOT + V
do + not = don’t
does + not = doesn’t
No, I don’t play tennis.
She doesn’t play the guitar.

THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Prezentul continuu se foloseşte pentru a vorbi despre acţiuni prezente care sunt in desfăşurare in momentul
vorbirii. Nu mai vorbim despre acţiunile obişnuite, repetate exprimate de prezentul simplu.
S + TO BE(PREZENT) + V-ing.
- TO BE: am, are, is
She is reading a book now.
- Forma interogativa: TO BE + S + V-ing
Is he playing tennis?
- Forma negativa: S + TO BE + NOT + V-ing
is not = isn’t
are not = aren’t
No, he isn’t playing tennis.
Se foloseşte, de obicei, cu expresii ca „now, at this moment, as we speak, ...”.
She is reading a book now. Ea citeşte o carte acum.

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B. THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE
Folosim trecutul simplu pentru a vorbi despre acţiuni începute şi terminate în trecut.
Yesterday I met my friend Jack.
Pentru a exprima o acţiune repetată în trecut.
Grandma drank three cups of coffee a day.
După verbele sau construcţiile wish, as if/as though, if only, would rather, it’s (high) time.
I wish I were on holiday now.
Forma afirmativă:
S + VII
I danced at the party yesterday.
Forma interogativă:
Did + S + VI ?
Did Mary tell her father about the party last week?
Forma negativă:
S + did not + VI.
Mother did not buy those trousers last month.

THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

Acţiuni care erau în desfăşurare la un moment dat din trecut.
I was taking a shower when you came in.
 Acţiuni paralele în trecut
Sue was peeling potatoes while Andy was cooking the fish.
 Acţiuni progresive – care sunt în desfăşurare – de-a lungul unei perioade de timp specificate din trecut.
She was shopping between 3 o’clock anf four.
Forma afirmativă:
S + was/were + V-ing.
I was dancing when he came in.
Forma interogativă:
Was/Were + S + V-ing ?
Was Mary doing her homework when you arrived?
Forma negativă:
S + was/were not + V-ing.
Mother was not playing cards.

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C. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
Prezentul prefect simplu arată acţiunea începută în trecut şi care fie mai continuă în prezent, fie influenţează
momentul prezent. Accentul este pus pe rezultat.
Formele
I / you / we / they
he / she / it

Afirmativ
I have spoken.
He has spoken.

Negativ
I have not spoken.
He has not spoken.

Excepţii la adăugarea terminaţiei ‘ed’
Exceptions in spelling when adding ed
După e final se adaugă doar i
Consoana finală, după vocală accentuată, scurtă, precum şi l
final se dublează
y final după consoană devine i

Interogativ
Have I spoken?
Has he spoken?
Example
love – loved
admit – admitted
travel – travelled
hurry – hurried

Folosirea

Pune accent pe rezultat:
Exemplu: She has written five letters.

Acţiune care încă se desfăşoară:
Exemplu: School has not started yet.

Acţiune încheiată recent:
Exemplu: She has cooked dinner.

Acţiune încheiată ce influenţează momentul prezent:
Exemplu: I have lost my key.

Acţiune ce nu a mai avut loc înainte de momentul vorbirii sau care s-a întâmplat o dată sau de mai multe ori:
Exemplu: I have never been to Australia.

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4 . I have not been speaking. Have I been speaking? he / she / it He has been speaking. accentuată. se dublează consoana finală sit – sitting Consoana finală l este dublată după o vocală (în British English) travel – travelling ie final devine y lie – lying Folosirea Prezentului Perfect Continuu  Pune accent pe durata nu pe rezultatul acţiunii: Exemplu: She has been writing for two hours. Pune accent pe durata acţiunii. Has he been speaking? Excepţii de ortografiere Excepţii la adăugarea terminaţiei -ing Exemplu e-ul final dispare come – coming (dar: ee nu este schimbat) (dar: agree – agreeing) După o vocală scurtă.PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Arată o acţiune începută în trecut şi care fie s-a terminat recent.  Acţiune recent încheiată sau care încă mai durează: Exemplu: I have been living here since 2001. fie mai continuă. He has not been speaking. Formele Afirmativ Negativ Interogativ I / you / we / they I have been speaking.

Exemple:   I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai. PAST PERFECT [had + past participle] Exemple:   You had studied English before you moved to New York. I had been to the U. before your PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS [had been + present participle] Exemple:   You had been waiting there for more than two hours when she finally arrived.  Tony knew Istanbul so well because he had visited the city several times.S.  A: Had you ever visited B: Yes. Had you been waiting there for more than two hours when she finally arrived? 5 trip in 2006? . I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.S.  We were not able to get a hotel room because we had not booked in advance. once before. Had you studied English before you moved to New York?  You had not studied English before you moved to New York.  Had Susan ever studied Thai before she moved to Thailand?  She only understood the movie because she had read the book. Acţiuni începute şi terminate înaintea altor acţiuni trecute Trecutul perfect arată că o acţiune trecută a avut loc înaintea altei acţiuni trecute.  Kristine had never been to an opera before last night. the U.D. De asemenea poate arăta că un anumit lucru a avut loc înaintea unui moment dat din trecut.

6 Turkish before you moved to Ankara? . She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of business. Exemple:   They had been talking for over an hour before Tony arrived.  James had been teaching at the university for more than a year before he left for Asia.  How long had you been waiting to get on the bus?  Mike wanted to sit down because he had been standing all day at work. You had not been waiting there for more than two hours when she finally arrived. Putem folosi expresiile "For five minutes" and "for two weeks". USE 1 Duration Before Something in the Past Folosim trecutul perfect continuu pentru a arăta că un lucru a început în trecut şi continuat până la un moment dat din trecut.  A: How long had you been studying B: I had not been studying Turkish very long.

b FUTURE CONTINUOUS Formă: (+) S + will be + V-ing (?) Will + S + be + V-ing  You will be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight. (?) Will + S + V1? (-) S + will not + V1  Will you help him later?  You will not help him later.  I won't tell anyone your secret. FUTURE TENSES 1.  Don't worry. I'll be careful. Formă “Be Going To” (+) S + am/is/are + going to + V1 (?) am/are/is + S + going to + V1  You are going to meet Jane tonight.E.se foloseşte pentru a vorbi despre planuri şi intenţia vorbitorului de a face un lucru. Formă “Will” (+) S + will + V1  You will help him later. so Mr.  He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii. BE GOING TO . Cu toate că aceste două forme se pot substitui una pe alta ele au utilizări diferite. 1.  I will translate the email. Smith can read it.  I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party.a FUTURE SIMPLE (will and be going to) Viitorul simplu are 2 forme în limba engleză: “will” şi „be going to”. 7 (-) S + will + not + be + V-ing . (-) S + am/are/is/ + not + going to + V1  Are you going to meet Jane tonight?  You are not going to meet Jane tonight.  She is not going to spend her vacation in Hawaii. WILL – se foloseşte pentrua vorbi despre:   ceea ce vorbitorul face în mod voluntar acţiuni stabilite din viitor  promisiuni  I will send you the information when I get it.

3. FUTURE PERFECT Formă: (+) S + will have + V3 (?) Will + S + have + V3? (-) S + will + not + have + V3  You will have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U. 8 . A few people will be eating pizza. and having a good time. Will you be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?  You will not be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight. They always do the same thing. Acţiune întreruptă din viitor .NU SE FOLOSEŞTE VIITOR ÎN PROPOZIŢIA SUBORDONATĂ TEMPORALĂ.  I will be waiting for you when your bus arrives. 2.S. I will have taken ten tests. 2. 4.  By the time I finish this course. everybody is going to be celebrating. and several people are going to be drinking beer. Some will be dancing. discussing their plans. Acţiune viitoare terminată înaintea unei alte acţiuni viitoare:  By next November.  I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight.S. Acţiuni paralele din viitor  Tonight. they will be eating dinner. Acţiune în desfăşurare la un moment dat din viitor  We will be writing at this time tomorrow. Others are going to be talking. Atmosferă din viitor  When I arrive at the party.S. I will have received my promotion. IMPORTANT! . 1.?  You will not have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.o acţiune de durată din viitor va fi întreruptă de una mai scurtă.  Will you have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.

. Lessons ..35 every morning... but he makes a lot of money.............. but I ....... (go) to college on her bike... Mary’s really tired. Write the HE/SHE/IT forms catch read come run cook smoke drink stand fetch start fix touch live watch miss wish rush write buy carry copy enjoy fry marry play study try 2....... what he does......... 8. 3.. I’m the right man for their daughter..... work... She ....... a) Make questions 10.. 4.... (work........................ 2..... (like) a lot of exercise..... 5.. (fly) south in the winter........ What time / the plane / leave? 6........ I’m sorry – I ......... but I ............... work) 4........ How / you pronounce / this word? b) Make questions........ You / like / your new job? 4.. your name. Where / you live? 4........ He .. Children .. a word of Japanese (sing............... How / you do? present? 8....... stand.............. cricket at all...................... like......... How / you spell / that? 1.................... We ... They /work / hard / at university? 6. She / live / with her parents? 3... What / you do? 5....... walk) 6.. but she ............................ It doesn’t snow very often in San Francisco (snow................ want.. He works in New York.............. speak) 3. (work..... Choose one verb to make each sentence negative e.. My father .. remember. play...... What / this word / mean? 2........... (write...... 10......... Your sister / help / you / very much? 9........ play) 1............ 6...... stop) 8. 2......... but she .. What time / the train / arrive? 1... (understand) Arabic....... What time/ the class / start? 7... want) 7. (think.. 9........ 7.. A lot of birds ... a big flat – just one bedroom.g.. He’s very naughty – he ............ We /usually give/ her a birthday 7......... (study) very hard at the weekends... Ann’s parents ............. She ............ (eat..... Write the verb in the right form 1............ Phil ........... She lives in Japan................... (start) at 8......... I /speak / good Italian? 5........ sing.... How much / they cost? 3................................................PRESENT SIMPLE AND CONTINUOUS PRESENT SIMPLE 1.. 3.... Big dogs...... (know. use.. remember) 2.......... (help. to go to bed.. very hard.. He .. (ask) a lot of questions............. read................... I like football...... Alan /smoke? PRESENT CONTINUOUS 9 .... (fight) with his brother. (watch) television most evenings....... think) 4....... (push) other children... come) 5...

.......... (learn) how to walk. (drink) tea.............................. I /speak / clearly? 3.... Where / they / stay? 6.............1.... We ......... Write the short answer continuous 1........ 5... Fill in the blanks with the verbs in the present continuous tense 1...... What book / you / read? 4...... 6........................... 7.... Use the present b) Make questions.. Use the present continuous 1. Write the –ING FORM of these verbs........... Where / they / wait? 8... Kevin ........ 2....... ( look) for your keys..... (buy) a new car.......... 2....... The plane / land/ now? 5.. Why / John and Patrick / laugh? 3....... (stay) in a beautiful hotel. I ... The children / study / in their bedroon? 7. 4.. She ... We .. (visit) their grandmother today............ You .. 3......................................... Rewrite the sentences in the negative... Jack and Jill .. He ................................ 5. The baby ...................... 7................ (learn) to read............ What / you / sell? 10 .............................. 3... A) Write the questions.................. 8.......................... I ......... Break clean wash live Come die enjoy go Make play sing jump Write start get feel Begin put hit rain Rob shop dream sleep Shout sit stand talk Turn open visit forget 2................. (walk) too fast.................... 3... (plan) our next holiday.................. They ..... 4............... The Smiths / plan / a party? 6......... (sell) the house...... Angela and Fred / dance / together? 4.... (read) in her bedroom at the moment........ 8....... What /Jessica / do? 2....... 4........... You / learn / French / at school? 2............... (wait) for a very important letter............... The girls ................. (go) home now.. It / rain? 1................... Chris / wave/ at us? 8...................... John and I .... Why / we / sit in the dark? 7.... They . I ...... (work) very hard... (run) downhill.............. 6....................... What / we / watch? 5. (work) at home today... You ............

3. I (tell) him to wait until I (finish) eating. VI. The teacher talked about “Robinson Crusoe” last week. 2 Peter (have) ________________ a sandwich for lunch." " If I (be) you. The cat (look) happy. which (be) still on the table. II. 5. "I (arrive) here two weeks ago and I (not make) up my mind whether or not to stay here. 1. Write statements. Did Jane clean her room yesterday? IV. It would be easier then to make up your mind. The dog (chase) the cat." I said. 5. The dog (start) to bark. The dog chased the cat. a man (come) over to my table and (ask) if he may sit down for a few minutes. "I would learn the language as quickly as I (can) and then make a tour of the country. Write the sentences in the negative. Example: Jane cleaned her room yesterday. 4. Write the following sentences in the Past Tense. The cat (climb) the tree quickly. yesterday. 2. I (sit) down and (eat) mine. Jane didn’t clean her room yesterday. b) One day while I (sit) in a café. 0 you/have/brown hair (question) Did you use to have brown hair? 1 people/use/the computer (negative) ___________________________________ 2 he/go/running (statement) ___________________________________________ 11 . Write the sentences in ex. 2.PAST TENSE I. 7 It (begin) ________________ to rain." V. 1. My mother (ask) him whether he (like) a cup of coffee. Change the verbs in brackets into the past simple. negative sentences or questions with used to. Father watched TV last night. Example: The dog (chase) the cat. 6 Kevin (run) ________________ to school. Put the verbs in the simple past and translate the texts. 10 We (jump) ________________ into the swimming pool. III in the interrogative. It (be) a friend of mine. He said. 4. 6. Example: Jane cleaned her room yesterday. The reporter asked the film star a lot of questions. we (find) out that we once had met in Europe. After we (speak) for some time. 5 John always (wear) ________________ a uniform to school. I had only just begun when the door-bell (ring). 0 I (finish) finished my book last week. III. The dog’s owner (arrive) and (walk) away with it. I (want) to chase the dog away. 4 My sister (make) ________________ a big cake for my birthday. I (find) that the family had finished dinner. I wanted to read the book. a) When I (come) home. 3. 9 My family (go) ________________ to Portugal for a holiday. 8 We (play) ________________ football for hours. I walked to my friend’s house two days ago. 1 A plane (fly) ________________ over our house. He (say) he would rather read until I (be) ready. 3 The bus (arrive) ________________ two hours late.

8. 3. Ce oraş ai vizitat anul trecut? 9. dark and handsome. Când l-ai văzut ultima dată? 4. II. Put the verbs in parentheses into the Past Simple or the Past Continuous and translate (Scrie verbul din paranteze la trecut simplu sau continuu şi tradu): 1. We were buying fresh fruit. please? D It’s nearly four o’clock. Am cunoscut-o pe verişoara ta în 1988. III. Aş fi de părere să te duci acolo cât mai curând posibil. 10. What does your boyfriend look like? B It’s interesting. 3. Let’s go for some tea! H He’s tall. I was learning a poem. 6. 2. Ce se întâmpla în casa ta când am trecut pe la tine ieri seară? Am sunat la uşă dar nu mi-a răspuns nimeni. 7. The children were laughing. IX. Când Pater era tânăr. 12 . Do you mind if I sit here? F No thanks. The ship (approach) _______________ Cape Town when the tornado (begin) _______________ . Mary recită poezii ca şi când ar fi o mare artistă. When I (get) ________________ home everybody (dance) _______________ . Do you know where the theatre is? E A That’s a good idea. Turn the following into the interrogative and negative (Transformă următoarele propoziţii în propoziţii interogative şi negative): 1. but very noisy. The girl was coming home. The man was waiting. It’s next to the post office. 4. 8. 5. The bomb (go) _______________ off when the president (give) _______________ a speech. Era timpul ca ei să cunoască adevărul. 3.3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 they/like/painting (question) _________________________________________ your brother/come/by bus (statement) __________________________________ we/drink/coffee (negative) __________________________________________ my mother/speak/Spanish (negative) __________________________________ he/live/in Paris (statement) __________________________________________ Julie/play/football (question) ________________________________________ houses/have/bathrooms indoors (negative) ______________________________ all children/go/to school (question) ____________________________________ VII. 6. You were looking at the picture. Tim (crash) _______________ into a street light because he (drive) _______________ too fast. I was translating the text. 7. You were leaving the office. alerga timp de o jumătate de oră în fiecare dimineaţă. Where’s the bus station? I No. 9. He (not hear) ________________ the bell because the radio (play) _______________ . not at all. Choose the best reply (A-I) for the questions (0-8). 2. Aş dori să înţelegeţi situaţia aceasta. 2. Translate into English. deşi se auzea muzică înăuntru. Could you tell me the time. Can I help you? E Yes. What’s New York like? C It’s near the theatre. 5. Translate into English (Tradu în limba engleză): 1. please. 4. The boys were drawing red cars. 6. 10. I can do it. Când am plecat de la poliţie John şi soţia lui încă mai vorbeau cu un poliţist. The plane (catch) _______________ fire when it (take) ________________ of. 2. PRACTICE I SIMPLE & CONTINUOUS PAST I. 5. De-aş şti adresa lui acum. 1. Am înţeles atunci cât de mult îşi iubea fratele. Would you like some cake? G Yes. Mother was making the bed.

He thinks things (10) ______ better in the old days. 10 Mr. 2 He (walk) ________________ into the classroom. IV. but now he only teaches music. 3 While I (study) ________________ . I-am pus această întrebare de câteva ori. but I (have) had soup. 6 Nothing happened when I (turn on) ________________ the DVD player. 9 The children (go) ________________ to the cinema last night. my sister (eat) ate pizza. Translate. dar el nu m-a auzit fiindcă citea ziarul. 4. As he (6) ______ . but now we play basketball as well. He (5) ______ art and music. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 A goes A comes A was being A said A remembered A is teaching A talks A is showing A told A play A are B was going B came B is B says B remembers B used to teach B is talking B showed B is telling B were playing B were C used to go C was coming C was C was saying C was remembering C teaches C was talking C was showing C tells C used to play C used to 13 . the teacher (drive) ________________ home. Read the paragraph. One of them still teaches at the school. 5. Nu ne-am dus la teatru ieri deoarece nişte prieteni de-ai noştri veneau pe la ora şapte. then he (sit) ________________ down. (Citeşte paragraful.3. He (1) ______ to our school last week to talk to the class about what it (2) ______ like in the old days. 5 Harry (sing) _______________ a song when Jane (come) _______________ in. Change the verbs in brackets into the past simple or the past continuous (Schimbă timpul verbelor din paranteze în trecut simplu sau continuu): 0 For dinner. 4 When the class (finish) ________________ . he (7) ______ us pictures of his school friends. 7 It (start) ________________ to rain while I (walk) ________________ to the park. Alege cel mai bun timp pentru fiecare spaţiu. He (3) ______ he (4)______ the names of all his teachers. 1 My brother (drink) ________________ coffee while he (do) ________________ his homework. Eu încă dormeam când a venit stewardesa să ne spunem că trecem peste Himalaya. Choose the best tense for each space. 8 Yuki (listen) ________________ to the radio when the phone (ring) ________________ . V. Tradu): My grandfather (0) C to the same school as me. Jones (find) ________________ some money when he (clean) ________________ the cupboards. Sue (run) ________________ into the library. He (8) ______ us that the boys (9) ______ only football.

..... 6... Emma ………...(seem) to be spending a lot of time travelling backwards and forwards. His father ………..... Tata se scoală foarte devreme.........(study) in the library........... (love) Ben and Ben ………....... (go) to lectures every morning............... Where.............. but today Emma ……….. In fact I ..... ( not / speak ) 4..( look for) somewhere of my own to live.......... folosind prezentul continuu sau prezentul simplu: Jack is a teacher. They usually ……….......... he is on holiday......... (live) in college here. (also learn) to drive. and I............ Ben usually ………..... 1............ (have) a party.. It.. (play) together.. I . He teaches (teach) at a University..... (it / rain ) 3.......(get) really cold here in the evenings.. ......................(spend) a lot of time just making friends........ He often ……….......FOLLOW UP PRESENT TENSES I.... he ……….... 3..... and most afternoons I.better.. He isn’t teaching (not teach) at the moment........ (prepare) the decorations and the games because Ben ……….. 5.... (study) quite hard as well.............. Completaţi cu forma cea mai potrivită a verbului din paranteze......... ‘Bonjour’. Put each verb in brackets into either the present simple or the present continuous..............(know) some other students and generally speaking we....... It’s Ben’s birthday and he ……….... and I...... 2......... (still stay) with my friend Sue................................ De obicei ei deja dorm la această oră.. Emma and Ben are brother and sister. (catch) a cold in winter................ II.............. he has a cold.... (like) to have fun and games at his parties............ Mereu îmi dă telefon şi îmi pune întrebări stupide.. Your English.............. Actually........... and I..... .......... Verbs forms and use: Complete the sentences with the correct verb forms of present simple or continuous.... and to tell you how I...(save) to buy a winter coat.(write) this letter instead of an essay on Hamlet! I............................ (help) her mother to make a cake. Tradu în limba engleză folosind prezentul simplu sau continuu după caz: 1... Mă bucur că îţi place cadoul meu.... Mă întreb de ce nici băieţelul nici fetiţa nu dorm la această oră... II................. (not feel) well.. (think) I´ll buy some new clothes with the money you sent. I............ Henry ……….(just write )to tell you how much I enjoy the money you sent me...... Copacii înfloresc aşa că grădinile au un miros plăcut............ but only nine ……….golf? Yes....................... Copii par foarte obosiţi în această dimineaţă. (not come). Oh. French...... thank you (get) 5............... but not very well (you/play) 14 ........ Only a few of the firstyear students.... se spală şi îşi ia micul dejun aşa de încet încât nu auzim nimic.... See you soon. (really enjoy) myself! I.....( get on )in my first term at university................. He is reading (read) a newspaper on the beach.... B I.... I now.....(have) quite a good time socially! I..... Sorry. (invite) ten friends..... Everything ......... I.. I..... 4..... Katherine.... Dear Aunt Jean..... dar se bărbiereşte....................... (love) Emma. I..... but at the moment I. (come) today.....(cost) a lot here...................here in summer? Not very often.......these days? In a garage (she / work) 2......

...... q....A: ………………………………………………… (Donna/speak) Italian to that man? B: Yes......?’ not yet (that water / boil) III.......... ( boil) ‘....A nurse ………………………………………………………………for the sick or disabled......to ? My boyfriend (you / write) Where´s Susan?..... (I / go) Water. we……………… We ………………………………………………… (have) a great time.....A web designer ………………………………………………………web pages........ 9.... IV..... at 100ºC. ......... c. m.... she……………… She ………………………………………………… (learn) it at night school..... p...Complete the sentences with the verbs in the box.... k... Who...A car mechanic ………………………………………………cars. Factory workers ……………………………………………manual or industrial labor....Builders …………………………………………………………and repair houses............ now (she / come ) Well.... 10.... r. j- A lawyer ……………………………………………………………people with legal problems.... 7. i..... Use the Present Continuous of the verbs in brackets..An architect …………………………………………………houses.A postman ……………………………………………………………letters and packages.............. activity or business.Waiters …………………………………………………………………food in restaurants..... goodnight..................... a.Firefighters ………………………………………………………fires....6..........A DJ ………………………………………………………………music at parties or discos.... l... b.. 8. A teacher ………………………………………………………lessons to his/her students. n..........to bed....A: ………………………………………………… (you/enjoy) the party? B: Yes.......Sales assistants …………………………………………………things in a shop..... Complete the conversations...Doctors…………………………………………………………………sick people..Executives ………………………………………………………………a project.A pilot …………………………………………………………………planes....... 15 .... perform repair (2x) care serve help sell treat build deliver fly play design (2x) teach fight cure administrate a........ o. h. An engineer ……………………………………………………or services machines........... defg- Dentists …………………………………………………………people´s teeth. b..........

they………………… They ………………………………………………… (prepare) dinner. She ___________ (stay) at home. Now she ………………………………………… (wear) jeans and a T-shirt. but at the moment she ……………………………… (enjoy) her day off.  (they / leave) ___________ the country last Saturday?  (you / like) _____________ the film?  They _________ (not finish) the homework yesterday. but now she ……………………… (watch) it. e.  Last summer Peter ________ (spend) his holidays in a summer camp with his friends. she……………… She ………………………………………………… (not do) any work today.A: ………………………………………………… (you/do) here? B: I ………………………………………………… (wait) for some friends. Write the correct form of the verbs in brackets in the Simple Present or Present Continuous. d.  My sister ________ (get) a good job in a bank. a.  My cousin __________ (phone) from France yesterday evening. Jennifer is a newscaster. they _________ (play) football and golf they _______ (visit) many interesting places.m. They _________ (go) swimming. ~ focus on simple past ~ A – FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH THE PAST SIMPLE OF THE VERBS IN BRACKETS:  When I ___________ (be) in Japan I ___________ (find) everything very different. She ………………………………………… (think) the news is very important. Jennifer Robbins ………………………………… (sit) at home.She usually …………………………… (report) the news on television. she didn’t.She ………………………………………… (love) her job.  Susan and her cousins ___________ (come) to Portugal ten years ago. 16 . She ………………………………………… (drink) a cup of tea. cdefg- At work she ………………………………………… (wear) a suit. Look at the pictures.A: ………………………………………………… (they/watch) the news at the moment? B: No. V.c.  Two years ago my parents _________ (buy) a new car.  (she / go) _____________ to the cinema with her parents last night? No. She __________ (get) a cold. B – COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE PAST SIMPLE (AFFIRMATIVE / NEGATIVE / INTERROGATIVE) OF THE VERBS IN BRACKETS:  My sister and her husband _________ (come) from Greece.It´s 09:00 p.  On Monday Johann ___________ (go) to school on foot.A: ………………………………………………… (Holly/use) her computer? B: No.  I __________ (not like) the U2 concert. At work she ………………………………………… (drink) bottled water. b. h.

…..stand .…. C – CHOOSE THE BEST OPTION FOR EACH OF THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES:  Mrs. a) Take b) took c) did take  There ________ many people here last night. If you put the sand into the jar first. YOU SHOULD CHANGE THE VERBS INTO THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE IN ORDER TO MAKE SENSe agree . that the jar 4) ……. filling a large glass jar with golf balls. your car. “The jar represents your life.. The sand represents the trivial things. there is always room for a glass of wine with a friend.’ 17 . 8) ………….……. a box of sand into the jar.  (you / travel) _________ to Madrid by car or by plane?  Many years ago it __________ (be) very difficult to live without electricity.  Last year they _______ (buy) a house at the seaside. and picked up a box of small pebbles and poured them into the jar. Harris __________ the last train. a) Was b)were c) wasn’t  He _________ at home with me yesterday evening.. into the small spaces.lose .smile .  I _____________ (have) a wonderful holiday with my family last July. ‘The balls are the important things – your family. if you 9) …………………….be . a) Leave b) did leave c) left  She ________some interesting photos.…. So the professor 5) …. FILL IN THE MISSING VERBS IN THE TEXT TO FIND OUT A FASCINATING STORY ABOUT YOUR LIFE. a) Were b) was c) be  She ___________with her family on holidays. of course. what wine represented. he said. Then the professor 7) …………. a) Go b) did go c) went  He ___________ some books and CDs. The students 3) ………….’ One student 10) …………. ‘You know what. your house.fall .….………. ‘Now it’s full’. just like life. your health.…. The rest is just sand.. your religion.. No matter how full your life is. a) Take b)taken c) took  It __________ a good present. Then he explained.shake . a) Brought b) bought c) did buy  They __________ their passports at home. ‘the moral of the story is simple.. your life would still be full. before his class and had some items in front of him.’ the professor continued.… full. what happens!’ then he poured the entire contents of the glasses of wine into the jar and it was easily absorbed. a) Were b) was c) is  ___________ (she /arrive) home at 5:30? a) Did she arrived b) did she arrive c) arrived D. there is no room for the pebbles or the balls. Take care of the rocks first.………. The professor smiled and said:’ Look. We _________ (go) to Spain by car... and the sand completely filled the jar....ask . First he 2) …………. The pebbles. everything else.the things that really matter.. The pebbles are the smaller things that matter – your job.pour A philosophy professor 1) ……………….begin .  I __________ (meet) him the day before yesterday. 6) ………………. it.’ said the professor.

....................I _______________(study) History when my friends__________________ (come) around..............The students ______________(have) a test when the storm ____________(start).the doorbell rang.I ___________________(walk) along the road when I_____________(see) you with her.. 10..He __________________ (work) when her wife _______________________(phone) him. ........ 8..While my dad was brushing his teeth........... B........... .... 2...... 7..... ...... 3-The thief ___________________(break) into while we were sleeping. 2-While the woman was getting off the bus........ 4............ 10.....What happened in your dream while a monster ___________________(chase) you? C...... 8..Her baby_________________ (wake) up while she __________________(clean) the house....I had a nightmare while I ___________________(sleep) last night.. the burglars broke in................ 3..I was reading a book ........While Susan_______________(walk) in the street.. she _______________(hurt) her back....... her brother was playing video games...... 5..... 2...Ben was playing in a basketball team ...... Angela got home....... 4-John took a photo while I ____________________(not/look)......Dady _______________(fall) asleep while he __________________(read) a book.. 5-While my mum was working in the garden ... 3.. 6.......... 9.....Write the correct form of the verbs! 1...Write “When” or “While”! 1. Sharon came home .......... We were having a lesson ...Write the correct form of the verbs! 1-She met him while she ___________________(travel) on a train.... he was a kid. she was making some coffee........Susan______________(fall) down while she ___________________(climb) the ladder.We ______________(see) a falling star while we ________________(go) fishing in the lake............... 9...... 7........... it _________________(rain) heavily..... 6-We were living in Madrid when our old aunt________________(die)....... my mum _______________ (fall asleep).......... 4............... she_______________(fall down)........ 6... 5... I was cycling.... the rain started..~ focus on past tenses ~ A... her husband went to work... They were sleeping ........... 8. Rose was cooking dinner.. 18 ............. Sandra and Kathy was talking in the living-room....... suddenly I heard a noise........ 10. He broke his arm .. 7-When I got up this morning... ...........Tom _______________(burn)his hand while he _________________(cook)the dinner....... 9....... he was playing basketball..... we heard a terrrible noise... she ____________(meet) an old friend..

11. (organize) the bedrooms. I _____________ (not/find) my English homework. 4. Look! Chuck Norris is outside and he ____________ (walk) by our school! 9.. Right now our English teacher _________________(talk) to us about the past continuous and the whole class ________________(sleep). 18. Mrs. They ___________(think) that the tickets ___________ (cost) too much money. Water ______________ (not/boil) at 0 degrees. 12. the robber _________(panic) and __________(run) away. Radio announcer says: Pele ___________ (pass) the ball to Ronaldo and he _________ (kick) the ball to Messi who ____________ (make) a goal.. Chuck Norris ____________ (drive) his Lotus very fast when a giant monster ____________ (appear) in front of him.-The two friends ……………… (finish) the Maths project.30 am Richard ………… (train) with his team for the football match. 3.At 10. After school I usually ____________ (watch) TV to relax and then I ___________ (do) my homework. Chuck Norris ___________(not/believe) in ghosts.he ____________ (not/get up) at noon. Chuck Norris ___________ (hate) robbers and killers. I can’t stand Justin. 13. he ________________ (load) his gun. (read) a magazine. D . My parents ________ (not/let) me go to the Lady Gaga concert last month. There ____________ (not/be) any computer games then and worst of all. Why _______ you __________ (call) me 20 times yesterday? _________ you ___________ (realize) that my phone __________________ (not/work)? 6. 19 . This week my handball team __________________ (practice) three times instead of two.D . As Chuck Norris _____________ (draw) his gun out of the holster. Crabtree.-My team …………… (lose) the match so I was very sad. 17. He has missions to accomplish. 15. Every day Chuck _______________ (get up) at 7 o’clock. In 1850 nobody ______________ (play) Minecraft.Present Simple or Present Continuous OR Past Simple or Past Continuous 1. Sorry. 2.Sheila ……….. I think I ____________(leave) it at my friend’s house last night. Yesterday Chuck Norris _________ (become) the winner of the strongest man in the world. 7. While Chuck ____________________ (eat) dinner. 3. He __________ (stop) in time.-The housekeeper ……………. 19. 14. You can say that again. (fly) to Barcelona and she …………. He ___________ (think) they _________ (not/exist). he always ______________ (catch) him. 8. 20. When Chuck Norris _______________ (run) after a bad guy.there ___________ (not/be) any TV! 10. 16.it ____________ (boil) at 100. Everyone __________ (be) scared of Chuck Norris. We _________________ (play) against the Halandri team on Saturday. 4.they _______________ (not/listen) to her. 2. 5. 1. 5.Write the verbs in brackets into Past continuous tense. He always ________________ (throw) things in class. He ___________ (not/need) even a gun to frighten them away.

-The man …………… (try) to start the car.-Johnny ………….-My sister ……………… (paint) her nails in the bathroom.-The top model ……………….-The famous painter …………… (give) an interview on TV. 27.-They ……………….-The girls ……………… (rehearse) the play. (cry) 9.-The cat ………………. 18. (present) a creation by Chanel. 21 . 8. (polish) the silverware. (run) after the mouse.….-Interpol ……………. (kick) the football. 19. 20. (talk) to the customer.. 12... 14.-Alex …………………...-The maid ……………….A woman ……………... (design) some cool handbags.Michael ……………….. (not tell) the truth to me..-Miriam ………………… (shout) and I …………….-He ………………..-Barbara …………………(relax) in sea resort.. 17.-Liana ……………… (share) the limousine with some friends. 13.-The photographers …………… (take) good photos of the event. (look )for the criminals.6.-The manager ……………. 23. (explain) the pictures at the museum. 20 . 11. 24.-The parrot ………………… (sit) on the pirate’s shoulder.. (celebrate) her wedding anniversary... (get) furious and exhausted.(wear) an elegant grey suit and a blue tie. 25. 7.-The footballer ………………. 26. 10. 20.-Yolanda ……………… (not listen) to what I ……………… (say) 22. 15. 16.The policeman ………………… (question) the suspect at the police station.

Parsons __________ to work together every day. Cook Cooks are cooking is cooking This week Barbara is away on 4 business so Tom __________ dinner for himself. Eat Eats are eating is eating 9 My husband and his colleague 10 __________ golf whenever they are not too busy. and Mrs. a. Once a week. and Mrs. Arrive Arrives are arriving is arriving Barbara usually __________ dinner 3 for her husband after work. Play Plays are playing is playing My parents normally __________ breakfast at 7:00 a. Parsons __________ to work separately 6 because Mr. Arrive Arrives are arriving is arriving John always __________ on time for 2 meetings. ? have b. Play Plays are playing is playing Mr. so they __________ breakfast much later. I ________ lunch in the cafeteria every day. You won't find Jerry at home right now.m. Drive Drives are driving is driving 7 My husband and his colleague__________ golf right now. ? think B. Cook Cooks are cooking is cooking 5 Eat Eats are eating is eating At the moment my parents are on 8 vacation. He ________ in the library. Parsons has to go to a meeting at another branch. She ________ it! a. ? am thinking 12. ? hates b. Today Mr. ? is studying 13. ? studies b. a. Drive Drives are driving is driving 11.PRESENT SIMPLE vs. 21 . ? is hating 15. I ________ to an art class at the college. I ________ you're crazy! A. ? am having 14. PRESENT CONTINUOUS ~ multiple choice quiz ~ 1 John __________ at this moment. Don't give Jan any cheese.

... do you wear b... do you do c... do you going 24) ... ? B: I'm looking for my glasses... a really good book at the moment... ? snows b.... a. a.. was getting / was eating / was going b....... a..... does your father doing 22) Why . ? is jumping 21) A: What .. are you wearing c. a. Do you enjoying PAST SIMPLE vs..... a.... ? jumps b... Are you enjoying b. an ipad and a computer. It ________ quite hard — perhaps we shouldn't go out tonight.. 22 ....... (read) a newspaper while his friends ... to the cinema? B: About once a month. is doing 29) A: What .. He's so lucky! a...... a......... I reading 25) He....... do you wearing d.... a.. a shower.. very much.. Do you enjoy c..... read / prepared c.......... really hard at the moment because his company has just received a big order from China..... ? B: He's an engineer.. sunglasses? It's cloudy today.. Look! Junko ________ into the water... (eat) breakfast and ........ went / was going 2..... ? believe b.. went / asked b............... My father ..... (prepare) dinner. ? go b.. drives b... I read b.. you are doing 30) A: .. got / ate / went 4.. ? am going 20. Are you enjoy d... (ask) us for money....... was reading / were preparing b........ ? am going 16. has b..a...... He .. a.. was reading / prepared d. ? is driving 19.. an iphone...... .. got / ate / was going d. rain c.. is working c.......... Marie-Claude isn't a Canadian..... is having b......... have c.. were going / was asking c.... do you go b..... a lot in La Spezia in winter.... ? is snowing 18........ got / was eating / went c... I ________ to Toronto next Thursday... a. (go) to the park when a strange man . her neighbour . is your father do c....... are you go d...... We . a... is work 27) It ... (get) up. When Jane . ? go b. read / was preparing Peter ....... are you wear 23) A: How often ... PRESENT CONTINUOUS ~ multiple choice quiz ~ 1.... is your father doing b.... is making d. does your father do d... a. a................. (wash) her hair.... is raining 28) A: Where's John? B: He's in the bathroom... a. are you going c.. were going / asked d.... works b. was washing / was coming 3.. Salman is rich — he ________ a Mercedes.. a.... I'm reading c... a... I ________ she comes from France. the party? B: Yes......... Do you want to come? a....... ? am believing 17. thank you. (go) to work. (come) in.. a... a........ rains b..... are you doing b................. is having c. has 26) Bill ...

(take) a pen and paper and .... d....... (tell) a story the other pupils ...... d. a... c....... 10. a.... d............. b.. (play) the piano........ sang / played sang / was playing was singing / was playing was singing / played When Tim ... c. c.......... (visit) two museums....... d..... (break) her leg while she ... 12...... told / were whistling was telling / whistled told / whistled was telling / were whistling Harry .... met / did met / was doing was meeting / did was meeting / was doing My sister .. 13.............. c.. (start) to cry when it . was watching / was eating watched / ate was watching / ate watched / was eating Martin and Eve .......................... was breaking / was skiing broke / was skiing broke / skied was breaking / was skiing I ...... (drop) his pen........ played / heard was playing / was hearing was playing / hear was playing / heard They ... c....b.... visited / drank / was driving visited / drank / drove was visiting / was drinking / was driving was visiting / drank/ was driving ...... (write) a letter........ d....... b...... (drink) a bottle of mineral water and ............ d. d......... d..... 7.... b... a. (break) a pot while they . a................. (do) shopping in Auchan.. a.. (start) to rain when we ......... d... was starting / were playing was starting / played was starting / plaied started / were playing He ...... (do) her homework and then she . c.. broke / were watering broke / watered was breaking / was watering was breaking / watered The wind ... 15...... (sit) down.. b.. c......... b.. did / tidied was doing / tidyed did / was tidying was doing / was tidying While the children ......... b................ 20.... 17.............. b.. a.... (tidy) her room. wrote / was dropping were writing / was dropping were writing / dropped wrote / dropped Sam ... a....... (go) out.............. 14........ c. (ski).. d.. d.. c........... (sing) their teacher . b.......... c... c....... was having / went had / went had / were going was having / were going It . c.. ... a...... b. d. a.. (whistle)........... b.. b. 11......... a.... 16.. (eat) a sandwich........... c..... 9......... (play) computer games when he .. (see) an old lady. c.. b..... 8. (play) tennis....... sat / took / wrote sat / took / was writing was sitting / took /was writing sat / was taking / was writing The students ......... blew / was seeing was blowing / was seeing was blowing / saw blew / saw a.. ... 6. a.... b... c.. a...... washed / was coming was washing / came washed / came Susan .. d..... (watch) TV while Bruce . d... took / appeared took / was appearing were taking / appeared were taking / was appearing Kim . c............................. 5. (take) photos when a strange object ... (appear) in the sky... 23 David’s baby . (meet) my wife when I .. b.. c........... (water) the flowers... a. 18...... b......... a... (see) an owl on a tree................. (drive) away....... (hear) a strange noise.. d..... was begining / was seeing began / saw began / was seeing was begining / saw My mother ..... (write) a test when Tim .. 19. (blow) when Peter ...... b. a........... d... d.. (have) a shower when the lights .

21. __________ you? hadn't didn't weren't 23. When I saw Dave. You __________ me. he __________. did you? understood weren't understanding didn't understand 26. when __________ the ESL Cafe on the Web? were you begin began did you begin 25. is working worked was working 22. __________ well on this quiz? Did you Were you Did you do 24 . When __________ yesterday morning? you got up did you get up were you getting up 27. __________ when the telephone rang? Were you sleeping Did you sleep Were sleeping 24. I saw an accident. While I __________ to work. You had a good time at the party. drove was driving did drive 28. Dave.

series (serie.: MPs (Members of Parliament). storm (furtuna) Pluralul regulat al substantivelor se formeaza prin adaugarea unui s la forma de singular: . passers-by. handkerchief . fish (peste. caprioare).wharfs/ wharves (debarcadere)  Câteva substantive formeaza pluralul prin schimbarea unei vocale interne: Ex. self . gulf . tooth .companies (companii). se formeaza adaugând es la singular: . s. serii).: boy-friends (iubiti). photo . piano .: cat+s = cats (pisici).selves (insine). Substantivele unice (uncountable nouns) Substantivele unice sunt cele care in engleza nu se numara (uncountable) deoarece reprezinta unicate sau obiecte puternic individualizate.wolves (lupi) Exceptii: roof .: sisters-in-law. travel agents (agentii de turism) Exceptii: substantivele compuse al caror prim element este man sau woman vor forma pluralul pentru ambele substantive componente.handkerchiefs (batiste). 25 . men servants (servitori) În cazul substantivelor compuse formate din constructii de genul substantiv + prepozitie / adverb + substantiv.  Unele substantive ramân la fel si pentru plural: Ex. (copii). wife. world. life .sopranos (soprane).leaves (frunze). sh. VIPs (very important persons) 2.: aircraft (avion. bush+es = bushes (tufisuri).: men drivers (soferi). lookers-on. runners-up Abrevierile sau initialele vor forma pluralul prin adaugarea unui s: Ex. Ex.factories (fabrici).  Substantive terminate în consoana+y formeaza pluralul cu ies: Ex. baby babies (bebelusi)  Unele substantive terminate în o fac plural prin adaugarea unui s: Ex.roofs (acoperisuri).gulfs (golfuri.: company . sheep (oaie. Ex. day+s = days (zile). wharf . class+es = classes (clase). species (specie. oi). avioane). Ex.Ex. wife .Ex. girl.: foot . ori notiuni abstracte.men (barbati). man .: soprano .lives (vieti).THE NOUN 1. x. factory .pianos (piane).halves (jumatati).teeth (dinti)  Pluralul substantivului child (copil) este children. specii). wolf .: leaf . half .wives. Singularul este forma de baza a unui substantiv: dog. deer (caprioara. pesti) Pluralul substantivelor compuse În cazul substantivelor compuse numai ultimul cuvânt va trece la plural. hangers-on. break-ins (spargeri). world+s = worlds (lumi) Pluralul substantivelor teminate în: ch.box+es = boxes (cutii) Pluralul neregulat: Sunt unele substantive care formeaza forma de plural neregulata.photos (fotografii)  Unele substantive terminate în f sau fe vor avea la plural schimbarea în ves: Ex. potato+es = potatoes (cartofi). prapastii). o. women teachers (profesoare).feet (picioare [talpa]). Numarul substantivelor Numarul substantivelor reprezinta forma pe care o ia un substantiv pentru a arata ca ne referim la unul sau mai multe obiecte sau fiinte.: church+es = churches (biserici). doar substantivul de baza va primi semnul pluralului. men-of-war.

Nume de substante - bread (paine), coffee (cafea), gold (aur), pepper (piper), glass
(sticla), oil (ulei, petrol), stone (piatra), wood (lemn).
Abstractiuni - earth (pamant), paradise (paradis), nature (natura), the present (prezentul),
advice (sfat), death (moarte), help (ajutor), information (informatie), news (stire), beauty
(frumusete), experience (experienta), knowledge (cunoastere), friendship (prietenie),
theory (teorie), literature (literatura).
Alte substantive - baggage (bagaj), damage (dauna), shopping (cumparaturi), reading
(citire), luggage (bagaje), parking (parcare), weather (vreme).
3. Forma posesiva
Pentru a exprima posesiunea unui substantiv, se foloseste Forma posesiva a
substantivului, care se formeaza in diferite moduri.
- La forma de singular a substantivelor care nu se termina în s se adauga 's :
Ex.: a child's voice (vocea unui copil), the people's choice (alegerea oamenilor), a
dog's mouth (gura unui caine), women's clothes (haine de /pt. femei)
- Cu formele de plural ale substantivelor care se termina în s se foloseste doar apostroful
(') :
Ex.: a boys' school (o scoala de baieti), the sisters' house (casa surorilor)
- Numele proprii terminate în s vor primi fie doar apostrof ('), fie 's :
Ex.: Mr Jones's / Mr Jones' car (masina domnului John), Yeats's / Yeats' poems
(poeziile lui Yeats)
- În cazul substantivelor compuse si a titlurilor, ultimul cuvânt va primi 's :
Ex.: My father-in-law's guitar (chithara socrului meu), Henry the Eighth's wife (a opta
sotie a lui Henry)
- 's se foloseste si dupa initiale sau abrevieri:
Ex.: The CEO's assistant (asistentii CEO), the PM's speech (discursul de /a lui PM)
Forma posesiva se foloseste în general când vorbim de oameni, animale, tari. Se foloseste
si în urmatoarele cazuri:
a) În expresii temporale:
Ex.: yesterday's newspaper (ziarul de ieri), in five years' time (in timp de 5 ani), ten
minutes' break (pauza de zece minute)
b) În expresii construite dupa modelul bani + worth of (bani + in valoare de):
Ex.: ten dollars' worth of bananas (banane de zece dolari), a shilling's worth of stamps
(timbre in valoare de un siling)
c) În alte expresii uzuale, cum ar fi:
Ex.: for heaven's sake (pentru Dumnezeu), a winter's day (o zi de iarna), the water's
edge (marginea apei), the plane's wings (aripi de avion), the train's departure (statia de
tren)
~ practice time ~
PLURAL OF NOUNS
1. My grandparents ____ eleven children.
are
has
have
is
2. The Evans have four _____, two boys and two girls.
childs
childrens
children
child
26

3. Three or four ____ are sitting on chairs.
man
mans
men
mens
4. Mrs Brown is speaking to three or four ____.
women
woman
wimin
wamen
waman e is brought to you by www.nonstopenglish.com
5. There ___ many people in the park.
is
have
has
can
are
6. ____ people have only two children.
A
An
Any
Many
Much
7. In some countries you can have more ____.
wieves
wife
wifes
wiffes
wives
8. These people ____ a nice house.
wants
is
have
has
can
9. One man - two ____.
man
mean
men
min
mine
10. ____ shoes cost too much.
That
These
This
Those
11. ____ there any tea in the cup?
Many
Is
How
Do
Are
12. One fish - two ____.
fisch
fisches
fish
fishes
COUNTABLE vs. UNCOUNTABLE
1. He did not need _____.
lot of helps
many helps
much help
2. How _____ did they need?

much helpings

much helps

much sands
much sandes
much sand
many sands
many sandes
3. How _____ did he eat?
big chocolate
many chocolate
much chocholate
much chocholates
much
chocolate
4. How _____ do you want?
very tea
much teas
much tea
many teas
many tea
5. There weren't _____ at the meeting.
many woman
many women
many womens
much woman
much women
6. So _____ came that we ran out of food.
much people
many persons
many person
many peoples
many people
7. Don't talk too _____.
lot
many
much
much thing
very
8. I do not have _____.
many work
many works
much work
much works
much works
9. He hasn't got _____ as a teacher.
much experiences
much experience
many experiences
many experience
a lot of experiences
10. We did not make _____.
much mistakes
much mistake
many mistook
many mistakes
many mistake
11. It was not _____ to live with him.
much funs
much funny
much funnies
much fun
many funs
12. This company doesn't have _____.
much machinery
much machineries
much machiner
many machineries
lot of machineries
27

a

13. Not _____ like maths.
many children
many childrens
many childs
much children
much childrens
14. There was _____ at meeting on Friday.
a lot of fusses
many fuss
many fusses
much fuss
much fusses
15. How _____ do you have?
much sheeps
much sheep
many sheeps
many sheep
big sheeps
16. How _____ do you have?
a lot of luggages
many luggage
many luggages
much luggage
much
luggages
17. I haven't read _____ about World War II.
much informations
much information
many informations
many
information
lot of informations
18. We haven't got _____ this week.
lot of homeworks
many homework
many homeworks
much homework
much homeworks
19. This company does not need _____.
lot of machine
many machine
many machines
much machine
much
machines
20. He did not give me _____.
much advices
much advice
many advices
many advice
a lot of
advices

~ THE NOUN – follow up ~
1. Explicaţi de ce s-a transformat sau nu s-a transformat y la următoarele substantive
plurale:
baby – babies, key – keys, butterfly – butterflies
2. Traduceţi în limba română:
The sheep is a mild animal.
Our sheep ar in the mountains now.
Where are your children?

The child begins to speak.
The geese are near the lake.
Our kids like the mice in the cartoons.

3. Puneţi substantivele din paranteză la numărul plural:
There are hundreds of (book) .................. on the (shelf) ..................
All his (toy) ............... are in his room.
Those (man)................. are (tourist).......................
(Child) ........................... like (story) .........................
(Leaf) .................... fall in autumn.
There are lots of (goose) ....................... on that farm.
Did you buy any (potato) ..................... yesterday?
Those (woman) .................... are (housewife) .........................
There are some (mouse) ................... in the barn.
4. Treceţi la plural următoarele substantive:
class, month, piano, deer, advice, information, hobby, money, map, furniture, box.
28

husband. brother. grandmother. Mister White has got an umbrella. uncle. This is John’s book. mother. aunt. My cousin has got a new toy. 7. boy. father. conform modelului: John has got a book. man. student. Dick has got a new bicycle. Peter has got a bicycle and Mary has got a bicycle too. Lily has got a doll. nephew. sister. Care sunt corespondentele feminine ale următoarelor substantive masculine? son. Formulaţi propoziţii cu substantive la genitiv. king. grandfather. Lawrence and Paul have got an electric train. Vorbiţi despre familia dumneavoastră în cel puţin zece propoziţii. 29 . cousin. My neighbour has got a car. friend.5. father. Includeţi şi cuvintele: uncle. 6.

Knife ___________ 6.A buffalo is drinking water from the lake. How could I know? I was still half-asleep. I could hear the other guys in my _________ (dorm) rushing out to the Dining Hall to get _____________ (breakfast).~ Follow up 2 ~ A. I always wake up with a __________ (smile). I raised my _________(head). 1-A child under twelve is not allowed to see this film. Day ___________ 10. 12-A man is picking up a leaf. Write the noun in the correct form (singular or plural): Tweet. Briefcase ___________ 20. 8-This woman owns a ranch in the Farwest. Ox ___________ 4. Tomato ___________ 12. Mouse ___________ 15. Class ___________ B. Computer ___________ 14. Sandwich ___________ 19. Hey. Change into the plural. 30 . Dish ___________ 9. Door ___________ 18. 11-The book is on the table. My bird alarm _________ (clock) woke me up gently. 4-This actress is really beautiful. 1. Baby ___________ 17. 7-There is only one wolf on the prairie. 5-That actor usually dresses as a cowboy. Write the correct plural form. No _____ (idea) that today would lead to the Biggest Pie Battle in the history of the __________ (school) – maybe the __________(world). tweet. There is only one shelf in his bedroom. 9. Horse ___________ 8. Fox ___________ 5. Table ___________ 7. Hero ___________ 3. 13-This piano is very expensive. Wife ___________ 16. Cactus ___________ 22. Foot ___________ 25. Man ___________ 2. Child ___________ 11. 14-That knife was used by the thief. Why shouldn’t I smile? I had no ________(idea) today was the _______ (day) it would all start. 3-This baby has got one tooth. Thesis ___________ 21. 10-A famous person’s life is an interesting piece of news. Catch those ___________(dimple) in my _________ (cheek). Book ___________ 24. Dictionary ___________ 23. 6-A sheriff saw the thief. I’m Bernie Bridges. C. tweet. Person ___________ 13. 15. 2-A man is looking at the film poster. I opened my big brown _________(eye) and smiled.

My ______________ (parents) travel all the ________(time). Heinie is also our fourth-grade core ________________(teacher). sniffing in ____________ (corners). “Bernie. So they sent me to the Rotten School.Hey. Mrs. we live in an old ____________ (house) called Rotten House. Mrs. The ____________(curtain) fluttered in a cool _____________ (breeze). It’s a _________________________ (boarding school). I talk to myself a lot. am I going to hurry? No way. the big ______________ (poster) of ME. That means I get to live in a ____________ (dorm) with my _____________(friend). Good __________(kid). I gazed at my favourite _____________(poster) on the __________ (wall). _____________ (sunlight) poured through my ___________ (window). I mean. She has her own _______________ (apartment) in the _______________(attic). You probably go __________ (home) every ___________ (day) after____________ (school). I knew my faithful ____________(friend) Belzer would bring my ______________ (breakfast) in _________(bed) every _____________(morning). see. I settled back on my feather ___________(pillow) and smiled some more. How cool is that? Actually. No _____________ (parent). 31 . That means she’s always snooping around. Poor _________(sucker). Belzer.and fifth-grade friends live on my __________ (floor). who else understands pure __________(genius)? I put on my __________(glasses). I sat up and stretched. We claimed the third __________ (floor) because it’s good for dropping water______________( balloon) out the ______________ (window). keeping an _________(eye) on us. you’ve got it made!” I told myself. She’s really nice. my __________ (home) away from ______________ (home). but she has a_____________( job) to do. A whole __________ (bunch) of my fourth. Heinie is our _____________________ (dorm mother).

It's ____ party.Do you mind if I take ____ home now? me myself me myself Q5 . Me & To Me Q2 . please.She took it upon ____ to organize everything.He warned ____ about it.Listen ____.He sent ____ a letter. my mine Possessive and Reflexive Pronouns Q2 . me to me me to me Q9 .He told a joke _____. me to me me to me Q1 .I wanted to do it ____. Q4 .Post it _____ as soon as you can. Q6 . us to us me to me Q7 .He's so ill he can't dress ____. please.I helped ____ to some food.She hurt ____. me myself me myself Q7 .He helped ____ do it.I hurt ____ playing football.Ayed recommended it ____. his himself 32 . him himself her herself Q9 . Q6 . me myself him himself Q3 . Q10 . Q8 . them to them me to me Q5 .He wrote _____ a very rude letter.The decision is fine by ____.Explain it again _____. us to us them to them Q3 . Object Pronoun or Reflexive Pronoun? Q2 .She sent a letter _____.THE ENGLISH PRONOUN Q1 . Q10 .She wrote a nice letter_____. me myself me myself Q1 . Q8 .I cut ____ shaving. Q4 .He hurt ____.

Q12 . Q6 .No one would help us.I didn't believe ____ story. Q10 .My sister and ____ went there.He took it from ____ room. Q4 . hers herself my myself Either could be used here.Give that to ____.Did she see ___? I me us we Q3 . her hers herself her hers herself Q1 .____ is the white one. him himself our ours Q11 . so we had to do it ____. Q6 . her hers my mine myself Q7 . she her they them herself Q5 .She didn't do ____ best.I saw it with ____ own eyes.Q3 .Someone took it while ___ were asleep. Q13 .I took it from ____. Q8 .I don't think it's____. Q5 .She did it ____.It's not up to ____. Pronouns Q2 .Did you phone ____? Q4 . I think it's a stupid idea.It's not ____ problem.Between you and ____.It's ____ not mine.Be careful or you'll hurt ____! mine my myself yourself yourselves Either could be used here. Q8 .He'll just have to do it ____. Q14 . we us I me Q7 . us ourself ourselves ourselves we Q9 . I me Mine My 33 .

She kissed ____. Q12 .He took ____. she her me I Q11 .I took ____ both. them they us we Q11 .I told ____ to be here at three o'clock. Q12 .What did ____ want? he him her she Q13 .Q9 . Subject and Object Pronouns Q2 .Give it to ____. Them They Either could be used here. Q10 . I really didn't like it.My brother and ____ went there.They said ____ had to pay for it. I we me she her 34 .If ____ have time.Between you and ____. Q14 .She's faster than ____ am.What did ____ say about it? Q10 . he him it them Either could be used here.It's got nothing to do with ____.Tell ____ what happened. it should be OK. Q4 . Q5 . her she Either could be used here me I Q9 .Did anyone see ____? Q6 . Q16 .He gave it to me and ____. you and me you and I it they its them Q1 . I me us we Q15 . Q7 .I saw ____. her she they them Q3 .What did ____ say? Q8 .I saw you and ____ there._____ arrived on time. us we Either could be used here.

4. me) have obtained a degree in Chemistry. 7. I met Alice yesterday.Ask ____.Are ____ coming? Q6 . she) know that _____ (me.Have ____ been invited? Q10 . them) bought the fruits from _____ (we. He rewarded _____ with an ice-cream. us). they their them them they Fill in the blanks with suitable pronouns. "When _____ finished your work. Them. The teacher said to the class. 3. 6. I remember that _____ (they.You take our books and I'll take ____. 35 . I taught _____ to draw. He has a bad temper so he must learn to control _____.Did you speak to ____? they them they them Q9 . 2. Their & Theirs Q2 . Jane has a cat. Please don't tell ______ (she. they them their theirs Q3 . 8. That monkey is scratching _____. _____ ran as fast as _____ could. me). 9. Does _____ (her. 4. Q4 . her) about _____ (I. 8. 1. 10. I) was absent? 2. Please tell _____ ( he.I am angry with both of ____. When the dog chased John.Q1 . _____ says _____ is a noisy place. _____ likes to play with _____." Fill each blank with a suitable Reflexive Pronoun. they their they their them                    Q7 . 3.It was very kind of ____ to help. You must explain _____ more clearly. 1. 5. They agreed amongst _____ that they would not tell anyone. _____ can swim because _____ has webbed feet. One must defend _____ against bullies. 5. _____ invited _____ to her house. 7. We thoroughly enjoyed _____ at the party on Sunday. My brother and I bought _____ some apples. him) _____ (I. My uncle works in a factory.It took ____ an hour to get to work. They. please pass _____ up to me. 6.Did ____ speak to you? Q8 .Do you know ____? they their them they them Q5 . 9.

The policeman. 6. ______ caught the thief. . Kangaroos. You have a dog. She has a cat. ‘who'. Fill in the gaps with the corresponding pronoun or adjective form. These books are ………………. That dog is ! 2. . suffers from diabetes. That key is ! 6. _____ you saw. That is my uncle.Jack's friends are in classs. I have a dog. arrived rather early. was scolded by her mother. _____ car was stolen. We have a car. ? I am 15 years old. Possessive Adjective vs. Mum and I have a boat. _____ we invited to the party. 5.Can I borrow …………………… rubber? Yes. 2. That hat is ! C. Fill in the blanks with ‘which. The boy. because ……………… have some questions for ………………………. here ………………. The girl. 9..That bike over there is …………………………. Max and you have a dad.           10. 8. 6. You have a hat. It's dog. 4.Fill out the correct possessive pronoun! 1. I have a bike. B . _____ use their pouch to carry their babies. 3. That woman. The thief. _____ broke the mirror. is a very brave man. was my auntie. 4. Our friends. ………………………… classroom is on the second floor. are. . John and Max have a skateboard. . They have a bike. . 2. It's skateboard. is walking with Peter and talking to ……………. 3. That bike is ! 5. It's bike. _____ they caught. That car is ! 4.Ann and James are speaking to ………………… teachers. 1. It's boat.Claire has two dogs.. It's dad. . This is not something _____ we like to do. are found in Australia. 36 . . Possessive Pronoun A Fill out the correct possessive adjective! 1. 7. …………. He has a key. It's apple. She cooks for _____ every day.How old are …………………………. ‘whom' and ‘whose'. was sent to the prison. That cat is ! 3.Sheila is an English girl. 10. …………………… dogs like playing very . . 7. is my best friend.We have a very light classroom. _____ father is a doctor. That man. The horse has an apple. _____ left leg was amputated.

10. There’s _______________ a station near here. Choose one of the words in the box 1. Don’t tell _________________.______________ broke the window. ’Do you know ______________ in Tokyo?’ ’Yes. 6. ’What’s in that suitcase?’ ’_______________ It’s empty. because there’s ____________________ to go. 4. I lost my watch. You’re right. 2. 7. Choose one of the words in the box 1. I have ____________________ to talk to. somebody something somewhere anybody anything anywhere This bag is empty. ’ Stay at home.~ Follow up ~ The indefinite pronoun Complete the sentences. Their house is full of books. 11. He didn’t tell anyone where he was going. Choose one of the words in the box everybody everything everywhere 1. It’s comfortable and _________________ is clean. I’ve looked for it _______________. 37 nobody nothing nowhere . 3. I wasn’t hungry. Don’t go __________________. 3. 4. You can have a shower. 9. 8. _________________ is hungry. The tank is almost empty. Let’s have dinner. 7. 7. It’s a nice hotel. 3. ’How much does it cost to visit the museum?’ ’__________________. 9. Do you have ________________ you need? Dan has gone ______________. 8. The house is empty. There’s _____________ to go. Complete the sentences. Ken never uses his car. 2. 4. 5. ’What did you have to eat?’ ’________________. We don’t go out very much. There are books __________________. 5. I don’t like this place. 6. Why?’ They live __________________ in the south of France. I want _______________ to read. Did you go _______________ interesting for your vacation? I like the people here. but I didn’t understand her. He can’t remember __________________. ’ 6. I’m bored.’ It’s a secret. 2. He goes _________________ by motorcycle. I’m looking for my glasses. I have a few friends there. _________________ lives there. There’s ________________ in the bathroom. Complete the sentences.’ 12. _______________ you say is true. ________________ is very friendly. I’m lonely. 8. 12. 10. I don’t have _____________________ to do. ’What are you doing here? ’ ’I’m waiting for _______________. I can’t find them _________________. 5. Tom lives ________________ near Toronto. Jack has a bad memory. I’m going to buy a magazine. She said ______________. 11. there isn’t _______________ in it.

We write it ____. Kate took his/her doll from the shelf. Circle the correct pronoun: 1. 4.’ 10. Ann and Sally wrote a letter yesterday. They showed their/our new car. 7. The pet is ____. 9. He made a report ____. 13. 9. Her shoes. The bird is ____. 5. The letters are ____. Choose the correct possessive adjective: 1. 5. 4. 11. __ 11. My/me brother is a dentist. It is his/your car. 3. 7. Tim’s got a new CD. I wash my hair _____. ’What’s wrong?’ ’I have __________________ in my eye. We’ve got a pet. 2. 6.There’s ______________ at the door. The flag is ____. 6. 12. 14. You’re going with us/we. The mobile is ___. 9. The boys were running in the park. The girls are knitting now. 13. I like to do it ____. Their lecture. 13. These books are very interesting. 12. I’m looking at they/them. We like watching it/its. 2. You’ve got a new job. Choose the correct reflexive pronoun: 1. I sent a letter _____. John and Nick are planting trees now. 5. The books are ____. 5. The lecture is _. Your bird. His photos. Can you go and see who it is? ~ Revision 1~ 1. 4. Pam is looking at me/my. 10. She eats soup ____. I can lend money to her/she. 11. 11. 4. Tim sends me SMS every day. The photos are ____. He cuts the bushes ____. We are waiting for you/your. ’Do you know Bob?’ ’Yes.9. Bob is sending an SMS to her/she. It is our/his CD. 13. Pam and I went to the zoo. It is their/our pet. 7. My flowers. 4. Alice is my best friend. I’ve got a bike. 12. I put my/her book on the table. 13. The test is ____. 6. It’s my/his bike. 12. My mother is cooking dinner at the moment. 3. He does his homework ___. Their CDs. Her lessons. My books. Pam has taken her/your keys. Change the underlined words by personal pronouns: 1. 10. Sam has got a dog. We watered the trees ____. This is my/her sister. Put they/them on the table. I’m looking for they/them. They bought the tickets ___. 2. Kate gave me a beautiful picture. They cleaned the rooms ____. 14. The cake is ____. The flowers are _. 7. It’s her/your job. 7. 38 8. 9. please. 2. 3. The dog is barking at the cat. The lessons are __. 14. Your test. Tom will call me tomorrow. 10. I don’t know him/his. 2. She cooks dinner ____. He is teaching maths to we/us. 6. 2. It is her/his mobile. 10. You’ve got a car. 8. Fill in the correct possessive pronoun: 1. 14. His mobile. The CDs are ____. You drew this picture ____. 5. 11. 10. Its/it’s name is Boss. 12. Our letters. We water the flowers in their/our garden. 8. 3. Sam is talking to her/she. 5. 4. I knit everything ____. 8. Liz and I helped our mum in the kitchen. Our flag. My pet. Her/my name is Liz. Nick’s got a mobile. 3. He is going to show I/me his collection. __________________ knows him. ’ 12. 3. Tim doesn’t have _________________ to help him. Our cake. . 8. The shoes are ____. 9. Can you help him/he? 11. 6.

11. Pam is me best friend. 14. 6. I saw his yesterday. 5. They are waiting for our. She writes letters myself.6. Look at him pet. 10. Him name is Tim. Please. 8. John is ours friend. We drew this picture themselves. He gave mine an interesting book. 2. Look! This book is me. 13. Her plays tennis every day. It is nice. 7. show my your photo. Me father’s name is David. 3. This is my friend. 12. . 4. Correct the mistakes: 1. I’ll give his my phone number. 9.

Do you have ___ dictionary that I can borrow? 13. 5.. ___ apple a day keeps ___ doctor away. 10. an. Can you tell me how to get to ___ cinema from here? 3. street is called "Hudson Street" and ………… house is old . English lecturer at ……. England. Hania broke ___ glass when she was washing-up. Magda is wearing ___ blue dress with red shoes 4. music and taking ………. zero 1. . 8. My girlfriend has ___ my car today. Jane went to the shop to buy ___ bread. 6. Polish food very much. 9. Astrid is ___ best teacher in our school.. There were many dogs in the park. ……………. Christmas comes once ___ year. May I ask you ___ question? 6. 7. photographs. …………. I went to ___ sea during my summer holiday. 2. Polish food is delicious! EXERCISE 2 a. Taunton which is on ………… River Tone. Winchester is ………. I live in …… town called …………. I go to ……… Polish restaurant in Bath. EXERCISE 4 1. May I have your ___ phone number? 4. home by ……….. 6. I usually go ……….. restaurant is called "Magda's". I like …………. 4. 5. Bornholm is ___ island in the Baltic Sea. Stephen could you speak ___ little louder? 3. I can't believe I failed ___ yesterday's test! 10. 7... 9. 9. The Severn is ___ river. Pandas and ___ tigers are both endangered animals. This is ___ easy question. house in ……… quiet street in the countryside. One dog was ___ Dalmatian.. 3. I have never seen ___ UFO. Sometimes. I live in …………. 2. Hampshire. ___ college is closed today. college near …………… centre of ………………. 2. the.. Gregory is one of ___ strangest people I know. EXERCISE 3 1.. ___ owl is __ bird.. I am from Winchester. United Kingdom. We have all kinds of food in ………. 5. 7. Tom took ___ umbrella as it was raining heavily. city in ……………. Would you like to see ___ film? 8. books.. I recommend you to try ___ tomato soup at this restaurant.THE ARTICLE EXERCISE 1 Fill in the gaps. Robert and Jessica went to ___ party last night. ___ beer is good for you. I usually have ………… lunch at college. I like …………. What is ___ name of the next station? 8. car. ……….more than 100 years old! I am …………. town.

a. 1. Kate Winslet is ____ actress. a b. If no article is required. a b. This is Shirley. put a "0" in the blank. a. an 3. . She's ___ housewife. however. an 4. a b. According to Gibbon. a b. a. a.10. a. a b. _______(a) Decline and Fall of ______(b) Roman Empire 2. ________(a) extent of ________(b) Roman conquest became too great to be managed by _______(c) Roman government. 3. That's Mark. a. She's _____ doctor. an EXERCISE 6 Fill in each blank with the appropriate article. She's ___ hairdresser. a b. and _______(d) decline began. an 2. The nouns that the articles go with are in italics. an 6. Sean Connery is ___ actor. 5. a b. ________(a) complexity of _______(b) problem of ______(c) decline and fall of the Roman Empire is made evident by _______(d) wide variety of causes that are emphasized in varying degrees by _______ (e) different authors. a b. I'm ____ student. Mr. an 10. Sańko is ___ teacher. 4. an 9. ________(a) concise formulation of Edward Gibbon serves as _________(b) widely accepted basis for _______(c) modern discussion of _________(d) problem. This is Joanna. an 7. a. Simon is ____ engineer. Fortunately. John is ____ electrician. a b. a. a. a b. an 8. a. _________(a) empire reached its peak during _______(b) administration of ________(c) two Antonines. an 5. He's ___ police officer. That's Sandra. After that. Is there ___ cash machine near here? EXERCISE 5 1.

______(a) victorious legions began to dominate and corrupt _______(b) government. ______(a) military government was weakened and finally dissolved as ______(b) barbarians were allowed to constitute ______(c) ever-growing percentage of ______(d) Roman legions.6. 7. weakening it at ______(c) time when it most needed ______(d) strength to overcome _______(e) other problems .

riding a horse or using a wagon. Matter can take three different forms. If you could look at gas matter under the microscope. Many families stayed behind while husbands and fathers went alone. liquid. It also takes up a definite amount of space. a liquid. Suddenly. Scientists group matter based on its properties. you would see its tiny particles floating around with lots of space in between them. They decided to travel there and try to fi nd gold. Don’t forget to go back to the passage whenever necessary to find or confirm your answers. by boat or by horse. Utah. Answer the following questions based on the reading passage. It was his dream to unite the east and west with the fi rst transcontinental railroad. how did most people travel? 2) What two things made a lot of people want to move west to settle? 3) What was Theodore Judah’s dream? 4) Why do you think that workers built the railroad from both sides at the same time? 5) How did the new railroad make the country feel more united? . it is shaped like the cup. Because of this unique sliding movement. America began to expand toward the west. The volume of the liquid stays the same. they needed a better way to travel. the tracks met in Promontory.READING COMPREHENSION 1 Forms of Matter Everything around you is made of matter. Liquid matter takes the shape of its container. it is shaped like the vase. Travel was by foot. or a gas? Traveling to the Distant West In the early days of America. The western lands were unknown. you would see its tiny particles sliding past each other. They planned to make a home where their families could join them later. If you could look at solid matter under a very powerful microscope. New areas. If you were to look at liquid matter under the microscope. Solid matter has a definite shape. The air around us has several different gases. Thousands of workers came to California to help build the tracks going east from Sacramento. matter is usually invisible. This means it has a specific volume. like the oxygen we breathe in and the carbon dioxide we breathe out. Theodore Judah saw that people needed a faster way to travel in this new direction: west. It was not as easy to get by with walking. When liquid is in a cup. As more and more settlers arrived. the original colonies were fairly close together on the East Coast. Don’t forget to go back to the passage whenever necessary to find or confirm your answers. Answer the following questions based on the reading passage. In the form of a gas. 1) What does the word properties mean in the first paragraph? 2) What are the three forms that matter can take? 3) What does the word vibrate mean in the second paragraph? 4) What is one difference between a solid and a liquid? 5) Are the tiny particles closer together in a solid. Transportation expanded to include a few tracks of railroad. It would be a train system that would reach from one side of the continent to the other. you would see its tiny particles moving back and forth. People used a horse and wagon to take goods from one place to another over land. like the Oregon Territory. The California Gold Rush of 1849 gave many people dreams of becoming rich. Their overall shape does not change. When the liquid is in a vase. The three forms are solid. so they vibrate in place. They spread out to fill any container the gas is placed in. and gas. In 1869. or characteristics: what it looks like and how it acts in different situations. the liquid is able to change its shape so we can pour it. offered rich land for those who would travel there. 1) When the colonies were close together. Travel in settled areas was not hard. Many others started building west from Nebraska. Many settlers went far away to claim land for their own. the parts of our nation that had seemed so distant were joined once again by the tracks. The particles are packed together.

Towns and cities are pushing farther into the brush. Now that’s stubborn! The biggest problem for koalas now is that the brush land in Australia is being cut down. Many of these trees are also called gum trees. the koala should have no trouble finding food. 1) What does it mean when an animal is extinct? All the animals in a species die and they are gone forever. Answer the following questions based on the reading passage. They live in tall eucalyptus trees. they are losing their tree homes and the trees leaves that feed them. were you a picky eater? Did your parents have to force you to eat things that were good for you? Hopefully you listened to what they taught you and ate your dinner. Koalas are picky eaters. Koalas eat the leaves of those trees. If all the animals in a species die. such as lions and tigers. 2) Imagine if you were like a koala and ate only one kind of food. If a species is endangered it means there are very few of those animals left in the world. They would rather starve than eat the other kinds. The koalas of a specific area will only eat about four or five kinds of eucalyptus leaves. Since there are over 600 different types of eucalyptus trees. Interestingly. A protected species means governments have made laws against killing the animals. Don’t forget to go back to the passage whenever necessary to find or confirm your answers. Koalas are too stubborn for their own good! When you were younger.In Danger of Extinction A species is the name for a group of animals that are alike. But koalas are picky! They only want certain eucalyptus tree leaves to eat. the species becomes extinct. The koala is close to being an endangered species. Those animals are gone forever. koalas will only eat the leaves of about 120 kinds of eucalyptus tree. What kind of food would it be? student’s choice 3) What is another name for many gum trees? eucalyptus tree 4) Why do you think the koala is so picky? student’s choice 5) What would you tell people to get them to stop cutting down the brush land where koalas live? . Some are even pickier than that. Out of the 600 varieties of trees. Many species are protected. the koala is partly to blame for its decline. Since many koalas live there.

sell → question Have we won? She has turned around. The lesson has not started. - b. 1. the men / cards / play → 5. 1. 4. you / knock / at the door 2. 1. 4. III. Paul / to the radio / listen / not → 4. Emma been learning English five years. Brad / wear / a blue shirt V. positive Negative We have chatted. lie → 2. give → II. Present perfect continuous I. Jane has asked a question. 1. spend → 3. the girls / cycle / not → IV. Write questions in present perfect simple. she / buy / a new computer 4. Write sentences in present perfect simple. My friends been living here 2003. 3. 1. they / not / discover / the treasure 5. our team / lose / the match 3. 5. win → II. prepare → 4. you / TV / watch / all day → 3. they / rescue / the girl 5. Write sentences in present perfect progressive. Complete the table in present perfect simple. Carol been exercising in the gym 2 o'clock. she / underline / the word 4. Kevin / read → 2. Ron / not / talk / about the problem IV. teach → 5. Write questions in present perfect progressive. we / reach / our goal 2. cry → 3. Write the participle forms of the following verbs. the teacher / mark / the tests 3. 1. Bill has ordered three desserts. 1. . Ross and Gavin been travelling around Australia 5. Clara has repeated the sentence five times. 2. 4. III. They have seen him at the library. Present perfect simple I. Robby Robber has robbed another bank. I been waiting for Danny 20 minutes. Choose the correct form: have or has and since or for. Write the ing-form of the following verbs. They have not arrived. Carol / shout → six weeks. shut → 2.PRACTICE I a. 1. 3. Ask for the information in the bold part of the sentence. 2.

We (wait) ________________________ here for over half an hour and nobody (take) _________________________________ our order yet. 3. a) had seen b) haven't seen c) haven't been seeing d) didn't see 7. I (play) ____________________________ football for five years. Robin: Look at that couple over there. How long (wait / you) __________________________ for us? Robin: I think the waiter (forget) ________________________ us. a) have been redecorating b) have redecorated c) already redecorated d) didn't redecorated 3. only) _____________________ here for five or ten minutes and they already have their food. I___________ all day. not) ________________________________ yet! We (sit) _______________________________________________here for over half an hour staring at him. Their new kitchen looks fantastic. already) ______________________________________________________________. a) have been going b) have gone c) are going d) have went 6. Michele: He must realize we (order. We_______ any cleaning for weeks. They______________ a lot of each other recently. 4. My team (win / only) __________________________ two matches so far. 5. But we (cover / only) ___________________________________an area of five miles so far. not) _____________________________________ in our direction once. 3. Our kitchen’s a mess. and he (look. a) had seen b) haven't been seeing c) have been seeing d) have seen 5. 2.2. Robin: I don't know if he (notice. I (work) ________________________________ on this essay since two o'clock. I'm very hungry. He (walk) _________________________________by us at least twenty times. Michele: That's true. a) didn't eat b) haven't ate c) haven’t eaten d) have been eating 2. Are we not there yet? We (walk) ________________________________for hours. I (finish/just) ______________________________my homework. 6. 9. The others (be / always) _____________________________ better. 7. I think they are dating. they (be. They ________ completely ________ it. Alege varianta corectă şi tradu: 1. He probably thinks we (order. Michele: I think you're right. How's your Mum? I _________ her for ages. We've discovered this great café and we__________ there a lot. Jane (go out) ______________________________ with Bob for seven years. You're covered in paint! What __________ you __________? a) have done b) were doing c) did do d) have been doing . a) didn't do b) haven't been doing c) have done d) haven't done 4. 4. 5. even) _____________________us. II. He (run) ____________________________ from table to table taking orders and serving food. you / dance → Kevin / run → they / on the phone / talk / how long → these books / lie / on the floor / how long → c. Pune verbele la prezent perfect simplu sau continuu şi tradu: 1. 10. 8. Diferenţa dintre prezent perfect simplu şi continuu Prezent Perfect Simplu Accent pe rezultat Prezent Perfect Continuu Accent pe durata sau cursul acţiunii Acţiune din trecut înspre prezent Acţiune terminată dar care influenţează prezentul I. Martin (date) ___________________________ three girls this week.

.. 4 My English teacher has just missed the bus. c) has felt a) have written d) doesn't feel b) have been writing 9. His boss is very angry with him. twelve hours. 12. 4 Dad haven’t / hasn’t watered the plants. we were at primary school.-Has the girl lived in France ……….. just. Choose the right option 1. c) wrote a) have waited d) have to write ~ FOLLOW UP ~ A. 9. 3... Fill in with for. Choose the correct option. b) waited She ______________________ too well lately. Nicola has been to New York. John hasn’t eaten_________yesterday. yet 1.I have known my boyfriend ………………..The waiter has ………. I_____ about half of it so far. C.Miriam has lived in Morocco ……………… she was ten years old. 3 The Black family have / has gone to the seaside. brought me some coffee and biscuits. 8 I have known him since 5 years. Frank and Jim have / has bought a new house.. Are these sentences correct () or not ()? Correct the incorrect ones. met the new teacher at the high school.. gone there..Leonard has ………..-That man has .-Have they visited London ………? No. 10. (a) for (b) since (c) ago . 13. she arrived five years ago. 5 Have you ever gone to Italy? 6 Mum have already drunk her coffee.-The businessman has worked in the same office ……… he was twenty-five years old. they haven’t …………. B. 2. 9 My friend.. I have to write an essay.. 3 I have just saw a great film on TV. 5. a long time.My son went to the supermarket but he hasn’t come back ……. come late again.. 8 Have / Has you taken the dog for a walk? 9 The weather have / has been terrible since yesterday. 2 They have lived here since 2006..We have …………. 7 Ann. 1 Clara hasn’t just done her homework. 7.. since. 4.-John has performed the same play ………. already. c) was waiting a) hasn't felt d) have been waiting b) hasn't been feeling 10.-There has been many accidents on this road ………… last year.. five years? Yes. 8. 5 Have / Has Sam ever been to the USA? 6 Our English teachers have / has never ridden a horse.. 6.. She’s gone to the doctor's.The woman hasn’t sold her car ………. 7 They haven’t phoned me since yesterday. made his bed but he hasn’t called his girlfriend …….8.. but she wants to sell it. 14. 10 The plane hasn’t arrived D.. 11. 1 I have / has already finished my homework. 2 My son have / has just started the university.. Where have you been? I__________________ for ages..-The plane has flown ………...

“Liz is away on holiday”. I haven’t heard Mexican music _____I was a little girl. never”. You have a friend who is learning Arabic. Two years________the trees produced lots of sap. …………………………………. 3.. (a) for (b) since (c) ago 4. (a) for (b) since (c) ago E. . A friend of yours is a teacher. 4. 1. (a) for (b) since (c) ago 8 . My brother is an actor.  (how many people / invite?) …………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………… (I / not / wait) long”.. “Is it still raining?” “No. (a) for (b) since (c) ago 12. I haven’t eaten watermelon____last summer. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE VS. (a) for (b) since (c) ago 6. 6. He hasn’t been in space ____ the last years. Mary made lots of money at the sale two weeks _________. I’ve had my beach towel________two years.  ( wait / long?) …………………………………………………………………………………………. (he / appear) in several films. 2. “…………………………………… (you / ever / work) in a factory?” “No.. ask a question using the words in brackets. “Sorry. You look tired. but …………………. (I / not / finish) it yet. present perfect simple or present perfect continuous.  (how long / learn / Arabic?) …………………………………………………………………………………………. You have just arrived to meet a friend. (a) for (b) since (c) ago 3. 7. I’m late” “That’s all right.2. so you can have it back now. We haven’t travelled__________2001. I haven’t seen the dentist_______last May.. …………………………………. ……………………………. 5. 2) For each situation. (you / work) hard? 3. (a) for (b) since (c) ago 5.. “Is she? Where ……………………………….. Look! ……………………………… (somebody / break) that window? 2. (a) for (b) since (c) ago 9. (you / see) it? 9. 4.” 8. 1. …………………………… (I / read) the book you lent me. John hasn’t built any houses _____ last year. (a) for (b) since (c) ago 7... ……………………………….. (she / go)?” 5. The criminal hasn’t been in jail______2010.. (I / read) the book you lent me. ………………………………. It’s very interesting. She is waiting for you. You see somebody fishing by the river. (a) for (b) since (c) ago 10.. …………………………………. (a) for (b) since (c) ago 11. (it / stop). PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS 1) Put the verb into the more suitable form. Some friends of yours are having a party next week. (I / lose) my address book. 10.  (how long / teach?) …………………………………………………………………………………………. The teacher rang the bell two hours________.  (catch / any fish?) ………………………………………………………………………………………….

 (how long / save?) …………………………………………………………………………………………….6.. You meet somebody who is a writer.  (how much money / save?) ……………………………………………………………………………………………..  (how long / write / books?) ………………………………………………………………………………………………  ( how many / books / write)) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 7. . A friend of yours is saving money to go on holiday.

( yet ) ___________________________________________. he didn’t – hasn’t. I cannot find it anywhere. last month – since 2003 – in 1978 – just (2). She is fine. 50 . simple past ~ A) Underline the correct one 1) I lost – have lost my wallet. They must be having great time. 2) I didn’t sell – haven’t sold my car. ( an hour ago ) ____________________________________.PRACTICE ~ present perfect vs. He is busy. It was an unbelievable holiday. I decided – have decided to keep it. C) Rewrite the sentences. 6) Haven’t you made up your mind ________? 7) He has ________ painted the benches. 10) She was – has been a teacher when she was – has been 21. B) Fill in the blanks with the given time expressions. We don’t need to phone her again. 2) ________. Last month she moved – has moved to Barcelona. Last semester I was – have been there and I had – have had wonderful time. I missed it.already – yesterday – yet (2) – last summer – ever – ten minutes ago 1) I haven’t watered the flowers ________. 3) We didn’t get ready for the party. 6) I was – have been born in Sydney but I lived – have lived in Canberra. 4) The train left ________. 8) Have you ________ been to Istanbul? 9) It was very cold ________ but today it is warm and sunny. 11) We were in Hawaii ________. 10) We have ________ found a new servant. They are wet. 2) She has already done the washing up. 3) My family has lived in Dubai ________. 7) “Did he help – has he helped you with your Spanish exam?” “No. 12) I have ________ phoned Melisa. It has got a very large garden. ( just ) __________________________________________. 3) Didn’t you finish – haven’t you finished your work yet? 4) They went – have gone to New York.” 8) My father was – has been very busy recently. I bought a mobile phone but I lost it. 1) I prepared the table a few minutes ago. 9) We bought – have bought a new house. I looked – have looked at the bedroom but it wasn’t there. 5) I graduated from high school ________. 5) Selma lived – has lived in Qatar for two years.

( since ) _____________________________________________. 7) They have never been to Bangkok. I love clothes. 2. D) Write sentences using present perfect or past simple tense a) Mr Jones /work/ for my father /for 15 years. What _____________ (you/do) last weekend? 8. ( this afternoon ) _____________________________________________. ( two minutes ago ) ________________________________. Dad ______________ (repair) the car.4) Have you ever visited an orphanage? ( last year ) ______________________________________. 5) Uncle Tom took me to the school today. c) The girls /ask/ the teacher / some questions. you can use it now. h)She /not have/ wash/ her hair this morning. 7. 11. 6. b) Juliette /start/to teach at the school in 2009. j) Lawrence/take/ the books /to the library. Where __________________(you/be) last weekend? 4. 9) The clients have complained about the products for hours. ( already ) _______________________________________. Where ______________ (you/buy) your laptop? 12. e)Mathew /travel/ to Germany/ 3 weeks ago. Oh! You ______________ (paint) the kitchen. 10) I didn’t play chess last year. f)Hector /understand/ the problems/already. 8) Haven’t you put on your jacket yet? ( in the morning ) __________________________________. E) Present perfect or simple past? 1. ( never ) _____________________________________________. 10. I ___________ (see) the twins in town last week. 13) Susan didn’t spend her summer in Italy last year. 6) Dorothy has just watered the flowers. d) Christopher /want/to buy the iPod /yesterday. ( in the past ) ____________________________________. i) Nuria /enjoy/ the school play/ last Saturday. We ________________ (not/go) on holiday last year. ( one minute ago ) _____________________________________________. 51 . ______________ (you/see) Kathleen? 5. g)Alice /drink/ a glass of orange juice. I like the colour. 9. 12) My father has just come in. Granny still _________________ (not/find) her glasses. 11) The children didn’t turn back from the school. Agatha Christie _____________ (live) from 1890 to 1976. ( yet ) _____________________________________________. I ______________ (buy) a lot this year. _____________________(you/ever/meet) her brother? 3.

I have read the book 16. a) study b) studied c) is studying 3. his grandfather last night? a)do … call b)does …. What time _______________ (you/get) home last night? Emma! Your letter ________________ (arrive) at last! The weather ______________ (be) good all week. q) in a skiing accident last year. a)ask b)asked c)is asking 7. My watch has stopped 10. John ……. o) since 1999. Brian ____________ (live) in England until the age of 14. a)were b) was c) weren’t 4. the teacher some questions now. a)strong b)the strongest c)stronger 8. Have you ever left a cafe 3. Maths at university ten years ago. j) when I was at school..-The train is ……… than the bus.Sheila ……….13.……. Have you seen 6.. 19. n) the Internet since our computer broke. We ______________ (be) to the cinema twice this month.. My father lost 15. e) the radio five minutes ago. p) his job in May. The weather ____________ (not/be) very good last week..My father is ……… than your father. s) your breakfast in the morning? t) your dinner today? ~ All tense review ~ CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER 1. r) the telly i can‘t hear anything. a) are going b) is going) c) goes 2.Hector . We haven‘t browsed 12. 18. I _______________ (finish) work early yesterday. she _______________ (go) out.. F) Match the beginnings with the correct endings: 1.-Silver is …. g) without paying? h) the morning show this morning? i) my leg skiing in the mountains.Miriam ……….. I read the book 11.-Elisa is as ……… as her brother. 17. Did you see 4. I lived in 5. He has lost 17... 15. a)cleverer b)clever c)the cleverest 9. a)get b)getting c) got 5. He turned on 9. My clock stopped 7..…. 20. f) Paris twenty years ago.Williams ……… . m) it is very interesting. Did you have 19.. k) yesterday without paying? l) at midnight. to Australia by plane next month. You have turned off 18.call c)did …call 6.. I didn‘t browse 2.Lucy ………. Sue’s not here. 16.…… good marks at the final exams. I have lived here 14. 14. I have broken 8. d) the Internet last week. a)early b)earlier c)the earliest 52 . Have you had a) I don‘t know the time. expensive than gold. b) the morning show yesterday? c) his job now he is unemployed.swimming in the sea last Saturday. Did you leave a cafe 13. a)more b)less c)much 10. He broke his leg 20.

me a lift to work.. a )there will be b) there isn’t 37. all the letters yesterday.. a)enough b)too 26.is a kilogram of apples? a)many b) often c)much 16...-My dad ……..… (hit) the little town two years ago.11.. win the race..There isn’t ……. a) will studies b)will study c)wont’ studying 38. a) hurt b)hurts c)hurting 39.-Julio ……… in this town for 20 years. 3.-The student won’t pass the exam unless he ……… harder.-Patricia ……… lost in the big city in 2011.-They chose a name for the dog while they………………… (walk) in the park. bottles and cans to special recycling containers.(look) for the missing child. a) short b)tall c) strong 27..-His father often ………..-Look! There are clouds in the sky.. 8. a)many b)much c) a 19....-Charles ……. (study) extreme weather.. already ………. 11.-If the boy doesn’t run fast. a)won’t b)will c)is going to 14..-Where ……… your sister born? a)was b)were c)are 23.The tornado ………. a)gives b)giving c)give 35.-Does the boy wear …… uniform for school? a)an b)a c)some 20. a)much b)many c)little 31. 6. 4.a)The girl’s cats are white b)The cats’ girl are white c)The girl’s cats is white 17. a) have taught b)has taught 29. a) finish b)finishing c)finished 24.a) I have never flown by helicopter b)I have never fly by helicopter 36..My cat never ……. a)are going b)is going c)aren’t going 13. a)will b)are c)won’t 12.-Today is my mother’s birthday.. (go) to the National Museum on Saturday afternoon.-Roberto is very friendly... a) won’t b)will c) don’t COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE APPROPRIATE VERBAL TENSE. up very early yesterday.-I have just …….(sleep) in my bed.-My team is very good..Jim is a scientist. a)much b)many c)a little 18.-The secretary ……. rain soon.-Mrs Dorrit …….. a)have ….-Thomas isn’t …….-There aren’t ……. 9. enough to reach the shelf.-If Sarah …… her leg. sugar in my tea. 12. came b) has…. a)get b)got c)is getting 34.-How do you go to school? a)on foot b)the car c) bus 15..Have you ever been ………….Lorena and her father often ……….with his mum. a) near b) far c)between 30. peace in the world soon.Police …………. He …………... 10..-Probably ……. come c)has came 25.. a) Can I have a water? b)Can you give me something to drink? 32-At 5.-Frederick ……. 7. my homework...-My neighbours are ……… noisy at weekends.The children …………. It ……. a)have lived b)has live c)has lived 22. a)send b) is sending c)sent 21. (start) to rain.-I’m very thirsty. 1. he …….. 53 ..30 my friend Paul ……. friends. (swim) in the sea when it …………. (go) to take paper...-My uncle ……on holidays tomorrow afternoon. Law at university. home. He has ……. win the next match. she won’t play tennis.We …………. (buy) her a good present.Josephine …………. a) woke b)wakes c) is waking 28. the park. a)were shopping b)wasn’t shopping 33. in my school since 1998. (eat) two bananas for lunch yesterday... cinemas here.. so I ………….Many students ………… (wear) costumes for the festival.Patrick ………….-The cinema isn’t ………. I think we ……. a)study b) studying c)studies 40.-How ……….. (learn) Spanish at school.. 13. (trap) in a lift? 5.. 2.

(come) home..-………….. He doesn’t love you. 17. 15. just………....My brother ………. 18.-If I were you. (do) the project yet? 20... (find) the treasure if he asked his friends.-Margaret …………..-Thomas ….(not marry) Tony. 21. you……….. 54 .(be) angry with me because I ……….I ………… (give) you a prescription for your sore throat... (not visit) her sister in London last month. 19....The exam was difficult because I ………… (not study) the day before.Raymond ……….14. I ………………. 16... (forget) his birthday...

eat II. 1.. We admired the picture that Lucy (paint) …………………………… . 5. 4. She put on the red dress. (why / you / clean) the bathroom before you bathed the dog? 3. The pupils talked about the film they (watch) ………………………… . Write the verbs in Past Perfect Simple.. 2. catch 5. so I wasn't tired and went to the disco at night. We could not send you a postcard because we (forget) ___________________ our address book. which she (not / wear) ___________________ for ages. 4. 1. when it suddenly began to rain.PRACTICE past perfect simple/continuous I. on a banana skin VII. They were very tired in the evening because they (help) ____________________ on the farm all day. We lived in the house that my father (build) ……………………………… . 1. My friend was in hospital because she (slip) …………………………………………………. 2. understand 2. (she / find) a place to stay when she went to Boston? 5. He (drive) ___________________________ less than an hour when he ran out of petrol. IV.………… for ages. In the shopping centre. III. The teacher corrected the tests that the pupils (write) ……………………………. I met a friend who I (see / not) ……………………………………….. Write the past participle (3rd form) of the following irregular verbs. 5. 9. When they came home. Use the negative form. Put the verbs into the correct form (past perfect progressive).. on ego4u. 10.. 6. I had to clean the floor because my cats (knock) …………………………. the door. .……………. speak 4. She told me that she (see) ____________________ a ghost. Write the verbs in Past Perfect Simple. He (not / play) ________________________tennis before that day. How long (learn / she) ___________________ English before she went to London? 6. I was late for work because I (miss) ……………………… the bus. His mother was angry because he (not / help) _______________________ her with the shopping.…. They watered the trees that they (plant) ………………………………… . I went downstairs because I (hear) ___________________ a noise. He went to Alaska where he (not / be) _______________________ before. The mail order house did not send me the shirt that I (order) ………………………………. 7. 4.… over the flower pots. I received a good mark in my test because I (practise) ……………………………. begin 3. 8.. Complete the sentences in Past Perfect Simple (positive). 3. 10. 3. 1. 3. 1. We (look for) _______________________ her ring for two hours and then we found it in the bathroom. 2. 5. I (not / walk) ________________________ for a long time. I lost the key that he (give) _____________________ to me. Sue (cook) ___________________ dinner already. . (you / have) breakfast before you came here? 4. 7. I (not / work) ______________________ all day. Complete the sentences in Past Perfect Simple (negative). 2.……………. 8. (you / finish) your homework before you went to the cinema? 2. We (sleep) ________________________ for 12 hours when he woke us up. 1.. 1. 9.. They (cycle) ______________________ all day so their legs were sore in the evening. 2. 55 . Frank Sinatra caught the flu because he (sing) ____________________ in the rain too long. The waiter served something that we (not / order) _______________________.. VI. 5.. Complete the questions in Past Perfect Simple. 3. They (wait) ________________________ at the station for 90 minutes when the train finally arrived. 4. The thief could walk right into the house because you (lock / not) ……………………………………. (where / she / live) before she moved to Chicago? V.

Jim quickly copied the homework that he (do / not) …………………………………………………… . 1. dinner before they came to the party? 8. in the house before we moved in? IX.. PRACTICE III Present Perfect Simple / Continuous Complete the sentences with correct form of the verbs.……………………. a room before they went to Dublin? 6. I couldn’t go to the cinema with my friends last night because I (finish / not) ………………………………..…………….the windows.. The doctor took off the plaster that he (put on) ………………………….……………. He (not / be) ……………………………………………………………………………. in London before he moved to Glasgow? 4. 9. 6.. 8. All day long. (live) 4 Ouch! I _______my finger on the oven!. (who / live) ……………………………………………….him first.. her homework. to Cape Town before 1997. 9. 6. (learn) 6 How long _______Jim? (you go out with) Present Continuous / Present Perfect Continuous 56 .………………………. Use short forms where possible. the bell before he answered the door? 7. 1. We lost the match because we (practise / not) ……………………………………………….. The children collected the chestnuts that (fall) ……………………………………………………… from the tree.... (how often / you / ring) …………………………….. she (have / not) ………………………………….. Put the verbs into the correct form . Phil was angry with me just because I (greet / not) ………………………………….…… a new job by that time? 5.…………… .…………..3..………………. breakfast yet. him. 1 How long _______flu? (have) 2 We _______the house all morning. (you / eat) …………………………………………. We ate at a restaurant last night because I (buy / not) ……………………………. 4. six weeks before.. (they / book) ………………………………………….…………………… the week before.…………………… anything before you went to the theatre? 3. Complete the questions in Past Perfect Simple. (she / find) ……………………………………………………………………………….…………anything for dinner. Angie before he went to see her in London? 10. 7. My brother ate all of the cake that our mum (make) ……………………………………………………. 8. When I met Jane at eleven o’clock. She (not / ride) …………………………………………………………………. (Carly / wash) ……………………………………………………………. 4. (burn) 5 Alan _______French since September. When she went out to play.. 2. The waiter brought a drink that I (not / order) …………………………………………………………. ………………….. that he was kept in after school? 2. (you / read) ……………………………………………………………………….. she (do / already) ………………………………. When we came back... it was cold in the house because Alice (close / not) ………. 3. 7.…. VIII. (he / live) …………………………………………. (what / Bob / do) ………………………………………………………………….………… .……. I could not remember the poem we (learn) …………………………………. Use the Present Perfect Simple or Continuous. The storm destroyed the sandcastle that we (build) ………………………………………………….……………………. 10.……………………. (why / they / have) …………………………….…………………………..…………………….. (clean) 3 I _______abroad for a year.. a horse before that day..……………………. the contract before you signed it? 10. Fred answered my question although I (ask / not) ……………………………………………………………. 5.. (he / phone) …………………………………………………………. but now I'm going home.. 5. At school. the days before. the dishes when her mum came home? 9. my homework yet.

I (compete) ________________________________________ in a tennis tournament this weekend.A: What is that sound? B: A car alarm (ring) ___________________ somewhere down the street. B: Thanks. I just look tired because I (feel) ______________________ a little sick for the last week. presently) ____________________________ on the same project. Since then. I (work. Soon he will be totally fluent. 5. he (review) ____________________ for the test every day for the last week. I worked for Met Life for six years and World Insurance for four and a half. Mr. play) __________________________________ tennis? Mr. When we first (start) _______working here three years ago. how long (you. 6. 7. We (try) __________________________________ to create a wildlife sanctuary near the bay. Sam (arrive) _______in San Diego a week ago. Joseph's English (improve. Mr. In fact. Smith: Really. A: I hope you feel better soon. Mr. I hope it stops by Saturday because I want to go to the beach. Smith: I know Frank quite well. He (write) _______ten very creative short stories in the last year. not) _______this much fun since I (be) _______a kid. 2.. only) _______six employees. A: You look a little tired. exercise) __________________________ at the fitness center? 4. One day. volunteer at the Sierra Club and play tennis. many of our clients are from Mexico. at the library) _______for his German test on Wednesday. Mr. I (see.I wish it would stop! It (ring) _____________________ for more than twenty minutes. Just one more thing. I (sleep) ____________________________ relatively well. Mr. Harris: I (play) ____________________________________ since high school. Mr. 7. currently) _____________________________________ with them on the sea turtle project. A: Did you like the movie "Star Wars"? B: I don't know. I (study) _______________________________ Spanish since elementary school. (You. I love the sport. really) ________________________ . 6. Any brother of Frank's would be a welcome addition to Hollings Life. he'll be as famous as Hemingway. Present Continuous / Present Perfect Continuous 1. It (rain) _________________ all week. where have you been? We (wait) __________________________ for you since 1 P. My best friend and I (know) _______each other for over fifteen years. Mr. currently) ________________________ some medicine. Inc. Stinson is a fantastic writer. In fact. Things (change) _______a great deal at Coltech. Smith: Sounds like you are the perfect candidate. 3. never) _______that movie. It (drive) _____________________ me crazy . Frank. we (look) ____________________________________ for somebody who is fluent in Spanish.M. We still get together once a week. He (work. I (take. 4. 3. get) ___________________________ enough sleep lately? B: Yes.Mr. Mr. Harris: In my spare time. so I should feel better in a couple of days. I (tell) _______him to stay on the path while he was hiking. 5. Smith: Great! We like dedication here at Hollings Life. I would like to find out a little bit more about your background. but he (wander) _______off into the forest and (be) 57 . Simple Past / Present Perfect 1. Smith: Tell me a little about your hobbies and interests. During that time. 2. Harris: No problem. Mr. You mentioned you volunteer at the Sierra Club. Harris. I heard many good things about Hollings Life Insurance and that's why I (apply) __________________________________ for the new sales position. the company (have. You look really great! (You. we (expand) _______to include more than 2000 fulltime workers. A: Where is Gary? B: He (study. Harris: I (work) _____________________________ in the insurance industry for over ten years. I (have. Harris: Do you know Frank Harris? He's my brother. Mr. isn't it? He (watch) ____________________________ American television programs and (study) ______________________________ his grammar every day since he first arrived in San Diego. I hike in the mountains outside of town. Smith: So tell me a little bit about yourself.

Sam is from Colorado. which is hundreds of miles from the coast. 8. individual machines of the past (evolve) _______into an international World Wide Web of knowledge. never) _______the ocean. I (think) _______about changing my career because I (become) _______dissatisfied with the conditions at my company. 10. 12. I (have) _______the same car for more than ten years. ever) _______. but I (travel) _______to South America several times. technology (change) _______a great deal. never) _______the ocean. How sad! George (dream) _______of going to California before he died. John (work) _______for the government since he graduated from Harvard University. Early computers were often quite expensive and customers often (pay) _______thousands of dollars for machines which actually (do) _______very little. They (have. but today's games (become) _______faster. We (start) _______to create international communities online. 4. Programmers (create) _______a large selection of useful programs which do everything from teaching foreign languages to bookkeeping. also) _______on the Internet and (begin) _______communicating with other computer users around the world. You (be) _______late to work too many times. 7. he (enjoy) _______his work. The climb is extremely difficult and many people (die) _______trying to reach the summit. Listen Donna. Matt and Sarah (have) _______some difficulties in their relationship lately. traveling (become) _______much easier and very comfortable. Simple Past / Past Perfect I can't believe I (get)______________ that apartment. I (visit) _______Brazil and Peru. I (see) _______Judy for more than five years and during that time I have (see) _______many changes in her personality. Simple Past / Present Perfect Since computers were first introduced to the public in the early 1980's. individual machines used mostly as expensive typewriters or for playing games. You are fired! 9. 58 . I (love) _______chocolate since I was a child. but I didn't think I had a chance of actually getting it. so they (go) _______to a marriage counselor. In short. not) _______much memory and they (be. When I (show)___________________ up to take a look around. A: How long (be) _______in Canada? B: I (study) _______here for more than three years. I can't believe how much you (change) _______since the last time I (see) _______you. In the last hundred years. there were at least twenty other people who (arrive)__________________ before me. 2. never) _______Africa. This tree (be) _______planted by the settlers who (found) _______our city over four hundred years ago. I (spend) _______two weeks in the Amazon. The trip (be) _______very rough and often dangerous. 14. Times (change) _______. Computers (become) _______powerful machines with very practical applications. You might even call me a "chocoholic". not) _______very powerful. Lately. Until recently. the simple. I hope they work everything out. He should come with us to Miami. I'm thinking about buying a new one. more exciting interactive adventures. and (fly) _______over the Nazca Lines. 3. Jonny. it (take) _______two or three months to cross North America by covered wagon. The last time I (go) _______to South America. never) _______climbed by anyone. Most computers (be) _______separate. This mountain (be. Present Perfect / Present Perfect Continuous 1._______bitten by a snake. Several mountaineers (try) _______to reach the top. I don't care if you (miss) _______the bus this morning. I (visit. but he didn't make it. Most of them (fill. I (submit)__________________ my application last week. (hike) _______for a week near Machu Picchu. Many computer users (get. Things (change) _______a great deal in the last hundred and fifty years. 15. but nobody (succeed. 6. He (see. The first computers (be) _______simple machines designed for basic tasks. so he (see. Now you can fly from New York to Los Angeles in a matter of hours. 11. We are still playing video games. but now he is talking about retiring. 5. In the 19th century. You (grow) _______at least a foot! 13.

I think you owe her an apology. When I arrived at the theater. but I didn't want to list my previous landlord because I (have)_______________________ some problems with him and I knew he wouldn't recommend me. Kathy (pick. I (try)____________________ to fill out the form. I really lucked out! Past Perfect / Past Perfect Continuous I'm sorry I left without you last night. She mentioned that she (miss) ______________________ several movies because of your late arrivals. By the time I finally left the coffee shop where we were supposed to meet. It was total luck that he (decide) _____________________ to give me the apartment. so I did. I (end)______________________________ up listing my father as a reference. I had to leave because I (arrange)____________________ to meet Kathy in front of the theater. The landlord said I could still apply. He decided that I could have the apartment before he (look)___________________ at my credit report. I (try) ______________________ to get tickets for that play for months. It turns out that the landlord and my father (go) ______________________ to high school together. I (have) ______________________ five cups of coffee and I (wait) __________________ over an hour. already) ___________________ up the tickets and she was waiting for us near the entrance. I suggest you be on time! 59 .already) _________________out their applications and were already leaving. She said she (give. but I told you to meet me early because the show started at 8:00. They (want) __________________________me to include references. and I didn't want to miss it. And in the future. Kathy told me you (be) _______________________ late several times in the past and that she would not make plans with you again in the future. but I couldn't answer half of the questions. almost) ___________________ up and (go) ________________ into the theater without us. She was really angry because she (wait) ______________________ for more than half an hour.

Ted: I am absolutely positive they (do) ……………………….you a cup of coffee.. drinks. Nice and Grenoble. the air-conditioning on. 8. Sandra: And then what? Marcus: We (pick) ………………………………………… Michele up at work and go out to dinner. all of those? Jack: I promise I (do) …………………………………………………. 4. Sandra: Where is Tim going to meet us? Marcus: He (wait) ………………………………… for us when our train arrives. 9.. Beth (dance) ………………………………. 10. I am afraid it is simply too small for four people. 2. After I graduate. 5. I think he (be) …………………………………………………………. down to the beach and go swimming Simple Future / Future Continuous Using the words in parentheses.Practise on Future Tenses Will / Be Going To Using the words in parentheses. 3. they always do the same things.. the same things. Oliver (be) ………………………………… there as well.. 7. TV.. medical school and become a doctor. to the party. A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I (write)…………………………………... A: I'm about to fall asleep. by herself. that mountain will be gone and nice stacks of sparkling clean dishes (sit) …………………………………………………………… in the cabinets. we (walk) ……………………………. complete the text below with the appropriate tenses 1. Ted: It is so hot in here! Sarah: I (turn) ………………………………………. I (attend) ………………………………………………. A: I can't hear the television! B: I (turn)…………………………………………it up so you can hear it. them when I get home from work. 3.a letter to my friends back home in Texas. 60 . look at that mountain of dirty dishes! Who (wash) ………………………………. We (visit) ………………………………………………… Paris. That will wake you up. B: That man at the service counter (help) …………………………………………… you. I (stay) …………………………………………… at the Hoffman Hotel. I am sure he (stand) ………………………………………… on the platform when we pull into the station. Ted: When we get to the party. Sarah (come) …………………………………. I need to talk to someone about our hotel room. We are so excited about our trip next month to France. the next President of the United States. 4. A: Excuse me. Sam (make) …………………………. 6. 2. Nancy: I (call) ……………………………………………… you if there are any problems. complete the text below with the appropriate tenses 1. As soon as the weather clears up. I need to wake up! B: I (get)…………………………………………………. and Thad (complain) …………………………………… about his day at work. Jack: When you get home this evening. Jerry (watch) ………………………. this time they won't be doing the same things. Florence: Oh.. Florence: Thanks. Robin: Maybe. I have wanted to be a doctor all my life. Doug: If you need to contact me next week.

. up tomorrow morning.. 5. about something unimportant. 3.. When you (get) …………………………… off the plane. out over this marketing project. 10. How are you going to enjoy yourself knowing that I am working so hard? Samantha: I 'll manage somehow.. drinks. 7. Darren: While you are luxuriating on the beach. Margaret: Do you think everything will be finished when I get back from the store? Jerry: Don't worry. and Mary (complain) ……………………………………………. I (stay) …………………………………………………. I (go) ……………………………………… to the beach. Samantha: Just think. to the party. out and (scream) ……………………………. up the living room and (finish) 61 .. They are so predictable. By the time you get back. tropical beach. they (be) ………………………………………. "Surprise!" 5. Tomorrow after school. out. Simple Future / Future Perfect Using the words in parentheses.. John (make) …………………………………. Tomorrow at this time. Nancy: Don't worry.at his surprise party.. If you (come) …………………………….. Darren: You're terrible. I (pick) ………………………. at the Sheraton in San Francisco. I (watch) ………………………………………………TV as well. I (wait) ……………………………………………… for you. When I (get) ……………………………….. we (jump) …………………………. Sally and Doug (dance) ……………………………………… . We work out at the fitness center every day after work. We (hide) …………………………………………… when Tony (arrive) ……………………………. that (make) ………………………. the sun (shine) …………………………………………. 8. we will not be able to let you into the house. 1. While you (study) ……………………… at home. Right now. 9. But I (send) ……………………………………………. complete the text below with the appropriate tenses. something controversial. white sand beach. me feel much better Simple Present / Simple Future Present Continuous / Future Continuous Using the words in parentheses. 2. If you (need) ……………………………………… to contact me sometime next week. 1. I am watching TV. As soon as he opens the door. Just to be safe. I (lie) ………………………………………… on a sunny. They are always doing the same things. on a tropical beach in Maui drinking Mai Tais and eating pineapple. next week at this time. when we (wake) …………………………………………. I am going on a dream vacation to Tahiti. in class.. be fine. Magda (be) …………………………………………. Darren: Great. to annoying customers on the phone. complete the text below with the appropriate tenses.. 6. I (stress) ………………………………………. I (lie) ………………………………. over while we (work) …………………………………………………. While you (do) …………………………………… paperwork and (talk) …………………………………………. Are you jealous? 4. you a postcard of a beautiful.. I am sick of rain and bad weather! Hopefully. we (leave) …………………………………………… a key under the welcome mat so you will not have to wait outside.Doug: This is the first time I have ever been away from the kids. Sue and Frank (discuss) …………………………………. Can't you take me with you? Samantha: No.

When I go back home. spotless by the time they get here. here for an extended period of time. Nobody (see. I (be) …………………………… here for more than three months. Fred: At this rate. 62 . that's quite a vacation! You (see. everyone (finish. Stacey: That's a good idea. Nick: I just have two more courses before I graduate from university. not only) …………………………. You took way too long in the bathroom. 2. Peru. but I (work. By this time next year. definitely) …………………… just about everything there is to see in Miami by then. Judy: How long do you plan on staying? Elaine: I love Miami. also) ……………………………. she (visit) ………………………… every country in the world by the time she's 50. so I (stay) …………………………. Bolivia and Ecuador. everyone (leave) …………………………… ... in the real world. Judy: Wow. Margaret: I hope so. 5. . Jane: I can't believe how late we are! By the time we get to the dinner. I (graduate) ……………………………. Jack: Who cares? By the time we get there. Everything will be perfect when your parents arrive. 3. around 6 o'clock.…………………………. Stan: Did you hear that Christine (take) …………………………… a vacation in South America this winter? Fred: I can't believe how often she goes abroad. already) ……………………………. to a career counselor and get some advice on how to find a good job. Nick: I am also going to do an internship so that when I leave school.. over 13 business courses. even) …………………………………………. Jack: It's your own fault. Jane: I couldn't get my hair to look right. your hair. washing the dishes.. Stacey: Does that scare you? Are you worried about the future? Nick: Not really. I (complete. Jerry: Everything (be) …………………………. I (go) ………………………………. They (arrive) ……………………………………. and I will already be looking for a job. Judy: How long have you been in Miami? Elaine: I have only been here for a couple of weeks. 4. Where exactly does she want to go? Stan: She (visit) …………………………………. eating.

think. taking into consideration the above reasons… De pilda. I have had this dream of curing sick people since kindergarden. I will prepare myself very well after the bacallaureate exam and I think I have a great chance to succeed.” A-“As a conclusion I admit that my future work will be that of a doctor. after I graduate from the university. Being a doctor. Would you consider going to the Faculty of Medicine?” A-“Yes. House” series in which the main character is a skilled doctor. when I was trying to be a good doctor for my dolls. that brings a lot of benefits to the community and also to the persons I care about. as they are among the deadly diseases of our century”. the last but not the least important argument sau alte expresii asemanatoare. precum ati folosit si in argumentarea orala de la limba romana. filme sau alte surse relevante pentru intrebarea voastra incheiati raspunsul cu o concluzie care sa reia raspunsul intial.” B-“Why would you choose such a job?” A-“In the first place. Answer the following questions: What is your favourite means of transport? Why? 2. I aim at entering the Faculty of Medicine. as far as I am concerned ( in ceea ce ma priveste). I am good at Physics and Chemistry. to relief pain and to prescribe medicines that would definitely help sick people.” A-“Secondly. precum: in the first place. FOLLOW UP 1. Give your opinion on the following statement: A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity. Describe an experience that made you appreciate your health. later. utilizati in argumentare conectori. finally. apelati la experiente personale si la exemple semnificative din romane. from my point of view si verbe de opinie de tipul: believe. Use relevant arguments and examples to support your ideas. I would choose this job because it is a very useful one. B-“The work of a doctor is really a noble one. 63 . clare si la obiect. pentru a dovedi ca stapaniti limba engleza la nivel conversational. etc. at first. la intrebarea de mai sus avem raspunsul: A-“I consider that I would like to work as a doctor in the future. consider. ca intelegeti o intrebare care va este adresata si aveti capacitatea de a raspunde la aceasta.SPEAKING PRACTICE       What kind of work would you like to do in the future? reflectati intai asupra raspunsului pe care doriti sa il dati si apoi stabiliti 2-3 argumente care sa sustina raspunsul. Thank you very much for your time and have a good day!” (these words are addressed to the examiners). first of all. de asemenea. raspunsul este cel care trebuie sa va ghideze in alegerea celor mai bune argumente. for instance a surgeon. folositi in argumentare si expresii ca: in my opinion. construind un dialog cu replici simple. indeed. an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. until. but also a modern one as he uses several methods of alternative medicine. I would have the possibility to cure diseases. folositi cuvinte simple. just then. I am also a fan of the “Dr. 3. utilizand: as a conclusion. therefore. One of my biggest dreams is to discover an antidote for cancer or for aids. in the second/ in the third place.

Folosim timpul trecut in condiţională şi Condiţionalul prezent in propoziţia principală. Fraza condiţională de tipul 2 O frază condiţională de tipul 2 se referă la o condiţie improbabilă sau ipotetică şi la rezultatul probabil al acesteia. exam El ar fi luat examenul dacă ar fi învăţat. Exemplul de mai sus se referă la o situaţie contrară realităţii trecute – el nu a învăţat. Ea implică obţinerea unui anumit rezultat prin indeplinirea unei condiţii date. deci nu şia luat examenul 64 . PROPOZIŢIA PRINCIPALĂ PROPOZIŢIA CONDIŢIONALĂ SIMPLE FUTURE SIMPLE PRESENT He will pass the exam if he studies. El va lua examenul dacă va învăţa. Fraza condiţională de tipul 3 O frază condiţională de tipul 3 se referă la o condiţie ireală trecută si exprimă o situaţie imaginară sau contrară realităţii intr-un moment trecut. Folosim mai mult ca perfectul in subordonată si condiţionalul perfect in regentă. PROPOZIŢIA PRINCIPALĂ PROPOZIŢIA CONDIŢIONALĂ PERFECT CONDITIONAL SIMPLE PAST PERFECT He would have passed the if he had studied.IF CLAUSE Fraza condiţională de tipul 1 O frază condiţională de tipul 1 se referă la o condiţie posibilă în viitor şi la rezultatul probabil al acesteia. El ar lua examenul dacă ar învăţa. PROPOZIŢIA PRINCIPALĂ PROPOZIŢIA CONDIŢIONALĂ PRESENT CONDITIONAL SIMPLE PAST He would pass the exam if he studied. Folosim timpul prezent in subordonata condiţionala(pentru exprimarea condiţiei) si viitorul in propoziţia principală (pentru exprimarea rezultatului). Folosim acest tip de condiţională pentru a exprima o situaţie imaginară contrară realităţii prezente sau pentru a exprima o situaţie improbabilă intr-un moment viitor.

If the child (not be playing) with matches. 14. never) 9.If we are/would be late for class.30. 11. it (fail. If Dave _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (not. we would be able / are able to fly. 16.I was so stupid! Nothing (happened) if I (not. 7. 8. 3. she (make) friends. you’re seeing Terry tonight. If Emma _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (not. he (not burn) himself. 2....I don’t think she’s worried about us. you will feel / felt cold. I (sit) down. If John’s parents _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (know) French. If you (be) careful.If our team had scored / scored more goals. II.. she (phone) or something.If I had known / would know it was your birthday. 6.. If I knew Diana’s address.I had given / would have given you the news if you phoned / had phoned me yesterday. 7. 5.PRACTICE I. If I (manage) to finish before 4. 4.Unless I (have) a problem. 11. feel) better tomorrow.. 13. they could help him with his project. I (do) the shopping on my way back.. 1.. Fill in the best form of the verb/phrase to make conditionals types 0/1/2/3. it had won / could have won.Why didn’t you go to the police station? If you (report) the theft. If we _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (earn) enough money. Complete with the correct form to form conditional sentences: 1.She’s a bit short. they (can arrest) the robbers. she should see a doctor..If we take / will take a taxi.. Circle the right option: 1. What _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (Jane. I would sen / would have sent you a card. If I hadn’t got up earlier.. I (bother. I (invite) all my friends for the weekend.. He (get) to the airport on time if he (not oversleep). If there (be) an empty seat. 10.If you don’t wear / wouldn’t wear your pullover..If Tim drove / had driven more carefully. I _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (send) her a valentine card. we would see / will see the Earth in the sky. you (not.... I would give / gave some to all my friends.The bus is full up. 18. 4. never) my friends. he wouldn’t have crashed / didn’t crash.. 3.30 tomorrow.. break) all those glasses. 5. 3. 7.Tom missed his flight. I would feel disappointed.. we will arrive / arrived sooner. 10...She’s so shy.If I had / would have lots of money. 13.. Kevin wouldn’t have moved to Britain if he _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (find) a decent job here..If we were / are birds. We _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (stay) at home if it snows tomorrow. If she (be) worried.If you had come / came to seen the film.So. III.. but he never gave it to us. What would you do if you _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (get) lost in a forest at night? 6. 10. If he (ask) you about me. do) if she fails the university entrance examination? 9. our teacher will be / was angry... you would have enjoyed/ had enjoyed it. If you (try) you (win) your opponent. 5.. 65 .Look what you’ve done. we’ll buy a new hi-fi system. I would have forgiven him. 8. invite) me to his birthday party. 15. My cousin would play video games all day long if his parents _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (allow) him to. tell) him I’m going out with John.I have an appointment at 3. you might feel / had felt better 6.I (leave) him a message but he (not. 11.. 12.If you took / would have taken more exercise. If Finn _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (apologize) to me. 9. be) home when I phone.You’re very strong.If we lived / would live on another planet.We (invite) him if we (know) his address. 8. (not.. 12. Now he’s in hospital.If a machine (be) properly maintained. 2. I _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (miss) my flight to Vienna. 17. I (lend) you the money you need if I (have) it.. 2. moved) to his flat.Sorry. 12. If she (talk) to people.You wouldn’t get / didn’t get wet if you would have worn / were wearing a coat. 4.. If she (be) taller he (can) play basket.If I (have) such a large house as yours.

13. Who _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (you, choose) if you could take one friend to go to Disneyland with you?
14. Kate _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (call) you if she had known you were ill.
15. If you _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (be) cold, you can put on warm socks and a bathrobe.
16. James would buy his wife a BMW if he _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (be) richer.
17. If Barbara and Paul _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (spend) more time together their marriage would have lasted longer.
18. My parents _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (buy) me a new MP3 player if I pass my final exams.
19. If my team _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (lose) the match, we will fall to the second division.
20. If the concert _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (finish) earlier, I would have taken the 10.30 bus.
IV. Fill in the gaps with the type 2 conditional sentences.
1. If my children ________ (like) raw fruit, I _________ (not / need) to boil it.
2. The road traffic _______ (flow) if there _______ (be) some policemen.
3. Communication _____ (not / be) so easy if there ____ (not / be) for the Internet.
4. If the cardigan __________ (not / be) so expensive, I _________ (buy) it.
5. If I __________ (not / have) a computer, I ___________ (borrow) one.
6. If the dress __________ (not / be) so tight, I __________ (wear) it tonight.
7. If I ________ (not / like) chocolate so much, I _________ (give) you this piece.
8. If you ______ (be) more understanding, we could have a better relationship.
9. If you __________ (turn) the TV on, we __________ (wake up) our neighbours.
10. We ________ (visit) the Eiffel Tower if we _________ (go) to Paris.
11. If I _____ (be) you, I ______ (apply) for the job.
12. If Ann _______ (apply) for the job, she ________ (get) it.
V. Fill in the gaps so as to build correct type 3 conditional sentences.
1. If you _________ (have) some protection, you _________ (damage) your eyes.
2. It ______ (be) impossible to enter the building if the porter _____ (not / be) there.
3. If the flight hadn’t been delayed, my boss __________ (arrive) on time to the meeting.
4. If the driver ________ (stop) at the red sign, I _________ (not / have) the accident.
5. I __________ (eat) the soup if it __________ (not / be) so salty.
6. If the thieves __ (rob) the whole jewellery store, the owners would have been ruined.
7. If you ________ (take) your umbrella, you ________ (not / catch) a cold.
8. I __________ (manage) to escape the storm if I __________ (be) more cautious.
9. The burglars ______ (escape) to a foreign country if the police ____ (not / catch) them.
10. If you _______ (learn) to play the piano, you could have participated in the contest.
11. If you ______ (study) more, you ______ (get) a better mark.
12. There _____ (be) a fight if the police ________ (not / arrive) in time.
VI. Fill in the blanks with either second or third conditional.
1. You ____________ (notice) my new haircut if you had been more attentive.
2. If you _____________ (enjoy) modern art, we could visit the new exhibition.
3. If you had eaten at lunch, you ______________ (not / be) so hungry now.
4. If there were an ashtray in the house, we _____________ (not / need) to go to the balcony to smoke a cigarette.
5. I would apply for the job if I ____________ (know) how to write an application letter.
6. If I _____________ (go) to the job interview, I might have got the job.
7. You would need to find another job if you _____________ (move) to a new town.
8. I would exercise twice a day if I _____________ (have) more time.
9. If the T-shirt _____________ (not / be) so loose, I would wear it.
10. If the factory ______________ (not / close), many workers wouldn’t be unemployed.
11. If there hadn’t been for the snow, most European airports ___ (not / close) during Christmas time.
12. If there wasn’t for the fire, we _______________ (freeze) to death.
13. I would eat your adorable meatloaf if I _____________ (not / be) a vegetarian.
66

14. If you _______________ (teach) me how to dance, I would learn it fast.

67

INTERIM EVAL 1
PART 1 - Reading Comprehension
Hot dog eating champion retains title after tiebreaker
Friday, July 4, 2008
For the second year in a row, American competitive eater Joey Chestnut defeated his Japanese
rival Takeru Kobayashi at the annual Nathan's Hot Dog Eating Contest in New York City, after a tie
forced a five-hot-dog eat-off to be held.
After ten minutes of hot dog eating, two shorter than in previous years, Chestnut and Kobayashi
were tied at 59 frankfurters. But after the rare tiebreaker, 24-year-old Chestnut emerged as the winner,
claiming a $10,000 prize and a mustard-yellow belt. "It was crazy," he said. "I'm just a normal guy eating
hot dogs on the Fourth. You can't overcomplicate it."
Kobayashi, whose loss last year shattered a six-year winning streak, said that a sore jaw and a
tooth problem may have altered his performance. "If I put one more mouthful in, I could have won", the
30-year-old Nagano native said through a translator. "I lost because I wasn't quick enough in the
rematch."
This year, the 22 competitors were under a 10-minute time limit, unlike the 12 minutes used for
previous contests. The reason for this, according to Nathan's, was the discovery of a document from 1916,
which revealed that the original competition was 10 minutes long.
Thousands gathered at Coney Island to watch the annual event, which has become one of the more
colorful traditions of America's Independence Day.
1. Who won the contest last year?
A. Takeru Kobayashi
B. Joey Chestnut
C. First there was a tie, then Chestnut won
D. The text does not say
2. Who came second last year?
A. Takeru Kobayashi
B. Joey Chestnut
C. Somebody else
D. The text does not say
3. How long was the competition this year?
A. 10 minutes
B. 12 minutes
C. More than 10 minutes
D. The text does not say
4. How long was the competition last year?
A. 8 minutes
B. 10 minutes
C. 12 minutes
D. The text does not say
5. How many hot dogs did Joey Chestnut eat in the whole of the final?
A. 59
B. 64
C. Between 59 and 64
D. The text does not say
6. How many hot dogs did Takeru Kobayashi eat in the whole of the final?
A. 59
B. 64
C. Between 59 and 64
68

None of the above 12.what you…. Where is Joey Chestnut from? A. a) these days b) so far this year c) presently d) lately 2. a) are seeming b) should seem c) seem d) are likely to seem 3.. None of the above 10. Which sentence is true for Kobayashi? A. Takeru Kobayashi B. Nagano C. New York D. On what occasion is the contest held? A. a) astonish. very happy together.D. Where is Takeru Kobayashi from? A. am agreeing 69 . thinking d) see. New York D. The text does not say 7. mean. mean. Coney Island B.me! I'm afraid I … with you.. I am not making much money …. The text does not say 8. Coney Island's birthday B. The text does not say 9. are meaning.he should get a second chance. Coney Island B. I …. Under 10 minutes B. None of the above PART 2 – Grammar and Vocabulary 1. Somebody else D. None of the above 11. thinks c) see.now. The discovery of a document in 1916 C. mean. is thinking b) see. You …. He said he had health problems after the contest B. thinks 4. At the moment she is going out with Keith and they …. He didn't speak English C. 10 minutes C. 12 minutes D. Nagano C. Joey Chestnut C. How long was the contest in 1916? A. He …. He said the rematch wasn't fair D. a) 'm seeing. Independence Day D. Who won the contest two years ago and in the five years before that? A.

By the end of the week we …. I …. It ….... b) the play will already have started. c) the play has already started d) the play already started. a) had not been. haven't seen c) saw. for hours and I couldn't get to sleep.. expected b) was not. money from the till all this time! a) stole b) has stolen c) has been stealing d) was stealing 70 .him for ages. a) had seen. I …. Last night my neighbours …. 'm disagreeing 5. was expecting 13.. a) am going to b) shall c) am seeing d) 'll have 9. always loved c) weren't. disagree d) are astonishing.him yesterday evening. disagree c) astonish.. had always loved b) had not been. I hope this trip …. a) the play will already started. had expected d) hadn't need. have always loved d) aren't.them a) weren't.b) are astonishing. Maybe by the time we get to the theatre. They ……really our cousins. but we …. hadn't seen 12. didn't see b) saw.. a) have decided b) must have decided c) will decide d) will have decided 7. as nice on the terrace as my sister … but we were definitely enjoying the evening. 8. a) were shouting b) would shout c) used to shout d) did shout 10. had always loved 11.. I can't believe it! Smith …. I haven't seen any work yet. I suppose I …some day.. a) is not going to be b) is not to be c) won't be d) should not be 6. expected c) was not. too expensive for us. didn't see d) saw. where to go.

a) announced b) have announced c) are announcing d) have been announcing 16. ………. a) it would be b) it might be c) it was d) 0 20.14. No one knew that Paul …… in the investigation since the very beginning. …… you? a) don't b) do 71 . wouldn't ask b) If he had understood. weren't asking c) Had he understood. take a taxi. Jane Fonda. It's incredible! Julia …. Surely you are not …….………the latest? She's leaving her husband and going to live in Italy. a) will be involved b) had been involved c) has involved d) can be involved 19. If …… necessary. could you ask her to call me? a) If only b) Unless c) Should d) Would 21.. a) Did you hear b) Did you know c) Have you heard d) Do you know 17. needn't have asked 22. …… you see Anna. are you? a) the b) 0 c) very d) the one 23. he ……those stupid questions. You never say what you're thinking. wouldn't have asked d) Should he understand.. for a pay-rise three times this year.the problem. . Luckily by the time we got there the painting …… a) hadn't been sold b) wasn't sold c) hasn't been sold d) wasn't going to be sold 18. a) If he understands. a) has asked b) have been asking c) did ask d) would ask 15. On the news this morning: The two banks ……plans to merge next year.

by his daughter Elizabeth. a) On b) By c) In d) At 27.. Sean Connery was awarded a knighthood in recognition …. …. a) dominance b) domination c) dominion d) domain 33. and was ….c) haven't d) are 24. his work and charity. The king enjoyed a long ….………... The …… of better living conditions in Europe has long been a desire for most of the countries. Alex earns very little as a classical pianist. Deanna broke …… and wept when she heard the bad news. a) out b) off c) up d) down 30. his brother's pop musicals have made millions. You'll be leaving for Venice soon. …… the time I got there.. 72 . a) on b) at c) in d) of 28. I found out that the tickets were sold out.? a) aren't you b) won't you c) don't you d) shall you 25. a) compared with b) whereas c) in spite of d) since 31. a) necessity b) congregation c) association d) concomitance 32. a) to b) of c) for d) at 26. a) to b) up against c) up to d) about 29. The new play didn't come …… expectation. The country longs to be free of colonial…. I can't understand why he is always …… dispute with his wife.

you can go and buy ….. a) Even so b) Furthermore c) To some extent d) In the first place 36.. a) each other b) one another c) themselves d) them 40. a) far from b) far away c) off from d) farther of 38. succeeded d) living. tracked 34. others prefer the mountains. a) somewhere b) nowhere c) anywhere d) everywhere 37. They feel very lonely. Here's the money....a car. a) nightfall b) nightshift c) midnight d) nightmare 35. a) Them b) Every c) Any d) Some 41. We lived ……the next village.a) kingship. …… she can get lonely. She felt ………. sequenced b) realm. They talk to …… a lot. …… people like the sea. a) for youself b) on yourself c) yourself 73 . I'd like to see the old house. followed c) reign.about leaving him a) pretty badly b) pretty bad c) rather badly d) badly enough 39. No-one can find Helen or her son ….. I woke up screaming after having a terrible. She's a sociable girl with lots of friends. ………she told me about when we last met.. a) that b) who c) which d) of which 42. like anyone else.

the. The old railway line has been …… as far as the new airport. So far researchers have not …. the c) The. a way to fight the virus. 0 d) The. a) stroked b) stroke c) struck d) striked 45. a) 0.d) to yourself 43..Earth. …Pacific Ocean is…. The head of the party said he …… the behaviour of the demonstrators. She took two quick steps forward and …… him across the mouth. …. the d) 0. 0 b) 0.largest body of water on…. a) offended b) reproached c) stressed d) deplored 48.popular sport worldwide. 0 46. 0. the. the c) The. a) The. the.. a) finded b) find c) founded d) found 44. a b) 0.football was fast becoming …. a 47. a) extended b) expanded c) enlarged d) augmented 74 .

(C) Este evident cine sau ce a făcut acţiunea: (i) The thief has been arrested. (=vb. (= People made the first tools in Africa two million years ago. (B) Se schimbă locul subiectului şi al complementului.) (B) Acţiunea sau cel care suportă acţiunea sunt mai importante decât autorul: (i) Income tax was introduced in England in 1798. (=vb. (By the police) (ii) The meeting is called off. tranzitiv) An apple was eaten by her. (i) She ate an apple. (By the management) (iii) The new law of income tax is introduced. (C) Când se tranformă propoziţia din activ în pasiv se modifică şi structura predicatului: NO. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 TENSE Simple Present Tense Simple Past Tense Simple Future Tense Present Continuous Tense Past Continuous Tense Future Continuous Tense Present Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense Future Perfect Tense ACTIVE Write/s wrote Will write Is/am/are writing Was/were writing Will be writing Has/have written Had written Will have written 75 PASSIVE Is/am/are + written Was/were + written Will + be + written Is/am/are + being + written Was/were + being + written Will be writing (No Changes) Has/have + been + written Had + been + written Will + have + been + written .ACTIVE VOICE – PASSIVE VOICE  CÂND ESTE DIATEZA PASIVĂ FOLOSITĂ? Folosim diateza pasivă atunci când: (A) Autorul este necunoscut: (i) My mobile has been stolen. intranzitiv) Can’t be changed into passive. (ii) The Prime Minister was given a warm welcome. (By the government)  REGULI PENTRU A TRANSFORMA DIN ACTIV ÎN PASIV (A) Doar verbele tranzitive (cele care primesc un complement pentru a le întregi sensul) pot fi puse la diateză pasivă. (ii) The tree grows. (= Someone has stolen my mobile) (ii) The first tools were made in Africa two million years ago. Subject: The person who did the action. Ex. Subject: The thing that received the action Passive Verb Object: The person who did the action. Exemple: Active Sentence: Greg painted the gate just now. Passive Sentence: Active Verb Object: The thing that received the action The gate was painted by Greg just now.

(G) Atunci când folosim adverbe de timp. (H) Când se transformă o locuţiune verbală (verb + preposition OR verb + adverb) din activ în pasiv este important să nu omitem adverbul sau prepoziţia care intră în structura acestuia.(B) 1 Notă: De obicei se proferă varianta în care subiectul este o persoană şi nu un lucru. (Passive) –-.. fill. (Passive) (E) Uneori propoziţia la diateză pasivă nu precizezază cine face acţiunea (subiectul). ‘with’.(A) 2 Some information was given to the police by a witness. decorate. (Active) 200 books are contained in this rack. 1. de ex: A. give) primeşte două complemente: A witness gave the police some information. (Active) He is known to me. (Passive) --. (Passive) (iii) This rack contains 200 books. 3. To + be + written May/might/shall/should … + be + written Let + that letter + be + written Let + that letter + be + written He is said to … It is predicted that … (D) Conjuncţii ca ‘by’. Shyam and Raju have seldom been seen at the gym. (Passive) Some burglars broke into our house last night. ‘in’ etc. ‘to’. flood throng] (ii) I know him. de ex. Example: (i) Our house was broken into last night.10 11 Infinitive Form Modal Auxiliary 12 13 14 15 Imperative Sentences Sentences with ‘LET’ Miscellaneous Miscellaneous To write May/might/shall/should … + write Write that letter Let her write a letter It is said … Everyone predicts that. [cram. Prin urmare. mod sau frecvenţă de obicei acestea apar după primul auxiliar al predicatului. The brand Thumbs up was taken over by Coca Cola in the last decade of 20th cen.. atunci când tranformăm în activ aproximăm cine ar putea fi autorul acţiunii. Coca Cola took over the brand Thumbs up in the last decade of 20th century. (Active) (F) Verbe cu două complemente: Uneori câte un verb la diateză activă (ex. crowd. Exemple: (i) A saw cut the tree. 76 . (Active) 1 2 Oricare complement poate îndeplini rolul de subiect al propoziţiei la diateză pasivă: The police were given some information by a witness. We are always taught to be kind and honest. (Active) A nice letter was written by Nila. apar în faţa complementelor (de agent) în diateza pasivă. P. (Passive) (iv) Nila wrote a nice letter. prin urmare varianta A este preferată în cazul exemplului de mai sus. The carpets are often put out to air in the sun. (Active) The tree was cut with a saw. 2.

the ground _________ (clear) of stones and plants. The teapot _________ (keep) aside for a couple of minutes. The letter _________ (post) a week ago and it _________ (arrive) yesterday. The kitchen tent _________ (put up) near the sleeping tents. It _________ (also offer) to the guests as a mark of courtesy. The children _________ (look) after these trees until they _________ (get) married. which _________ (start) by Gopinath Muthukad. for cypress suggests softness and sweetness. In Israel. And a refreshing cup of tea _________ (be) ready. sixty students _________ (teach) conjuring and other illusions.m. Now tea water _________ (pour) into a cup. (C) (Simple Past) The country’s first school of magic _________ (open) last year in Thiruvanthapuram. they follow the light of the moon. 77 . nesting turtles _________ (often disturb) by noise and light of the discos. At the marriage ceremony. _________ (somebody/clean) this room yesterday? Water _________ (cover) most of the earth’s surface. (F) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Put the verb into the correct form. has become very popular. But if the child _________ (be) a girl. fathers _________ (plant) trees when their children _________ (bear). A special shelf _________ (make) in each tent 4 inches off the ground. Five hundred people _________ (employ) there. The tents _________ (put up) in a circle. (B) (A/P) People all over the world _________ (drink) tea. If they reach the sea. Magicians from other states _________ (invite) for guest lectures. First. To make tea _________ (be) quite easy. But if they _________ (distract) by hotel lights.30 p. Meanwhile milk _________ (boil) in another pot. Approval for the school _________ (give) by the International Brotherhood of Magicians. Babies who lose their way on the beach _________ (often kill) by birds. The school. (E) (A/P) Let me tell you of a country where planting trees _________ (be) an essential part of life. About one hundred eggs _________ (lay) in each nest. This country is Israel. The suitcases and sleeping bags _________ (put) on this shelf. the father _________ (plant) a cypress tree. active or passive. dance and theatre. branches from these trees _________ (cut) to hold up the wedding tent. present simple or past simple.LET’S PRACTICE! (A) (Simple Present) Turtles _________ (find) in all the warm oceans of the world. in the days gone by. It _________ (suppose) to be a very refreshing drink. for cedars are usually tall and strong. In the first year. Milk and sugar _________ (add) to it according to one’s taste. When the babies leave the nest for the sea. All the food _________ (put) inside this tent to keep it safe. The boys stayed in this camp for eight days. every evening. A cedar tree _________ (plant) if the child ________ (be) a boy. (D) (Simple Past) Last summer Tom went camping with Boy Scouts. Muthukad won an award for magic from the Sangeet Natak Akademi – the first one to be given after magic _________ (add) to its list of awards in music. It is a big factory. they _________ (sometimes injure) or even killed by speedboats. How much of the earth’s surface _________ (cover) by water? The park gates _________ (lock) at 6. Wood _________ (collect) and _________ (place) in the centre of the circle for fire. However. they move in the wrong direction. Tea leaves _________ (take) in a teapot and boiling water _________ (pour) over them. Turtle’s nests _________ (make) at night on sandy beaches.

” said a police official. “The youth was from Madhya Pradesh and _________ (come) to Mota Bhandariya to work as a labourer. (11) While I was on holiday. Luckily no bones _________ (break) but she _________ (examine) carefully and x-rays _________ (take). or somebody else? (17) Sometimes it is quite noisy living here. Fortunately everybody _________ (rescue). (12) Why _________ (Sue/resign) from her job? Didn’t she enjoy it? (13) Why _________ (Bill/sack) from his job? Why did he do wrong? (14) The company is not independent. but I _________ (grow up) in Canada. Two new senior secondary schools _________ (open) in the next session. Lal: Have the curtains been mended? Director: I don’t think they _________ (mend) until Thursday. Mrs. we _________ (try) out best to improve the living conditions in the city.(7) The boat hit a rock and _________ (sink) quickly. According to officials of Amreli rural police. but it is not problem for me – I _________ (not/bother) by it. Sports and transport facilities _________ (improve). Patients _________ (must / take) to hospital as quickly 78 . Mrs. The name _________ (tattoo) on his wrist. (8) Rechard’s parents _________ (die) when he was very young. Mrs. Ambulance services are also important. He and his sister _________ (bring up) by their grand parents. so the ambulance_________ (not/need). “The deceased _________ (identify) as Premsinh Manusinh. Lal: Have the boy’s costumes been made? Director: They _________ (make) by the end of this week. my camera _________ (disappear) from my hotel room. It _________ (be) our sincere effort to make this city a model one. Lal: What about the girl’s dress? Director: They _________ (finish) tomorrow. When Jane _________ (hit) by a car last month. large water reservoir at a suitable place and _________ (set) up a thermal power plant. (H) (A/P) We promise that if our party comes into power. roads _________ (remetal) and parks _________ (develop) in all colonies. To deal with the two major problems of water and power shortage. The students of her school are going to stage a play Mrs. Drains _________ (repair). (I) (Mixed) A youth _________ (find) dead on the outskirts of Mota Bhandariya village on Thursday. Lal is talking to the director. It ________ (own) by a much larger company. Lal is the headmistress of a big school. the youth _________ (strangle) to death with a handkerchief. we _________ (construct) a new. Somebody _________ (call) an ambulance but nobody _________ (injure).” the official added. She _________ (keep) there for a night and she _________ (give) permission to leave the next day. I’m lucky because I _________ (never / take) to hospital. (15) I saw an accident last night. Some other plans are also under active consideration. But I happened to go there once. (G) (Simple Future) Mrs. my camera _________ (steal) from my hotel room. (J) (Mixed) Hospitals are places where people _________ (examine) and _________ (bring) back to good health. (9) I was born in London. Mrs. (16) Where _________ (these photographs/take)? In London? _________ (you/take) them. (10) While I was on holiday. Midday meals _________ (supply) free in all the government schools. Lal: What about the chairs? Director: I think they _________ (sell) in a couple of days.

and it _________ (be + not) too bad. encouragement and sound advice when we were young. I _________ (board) the plane at Croydon Airfield and. (K) (Mixed) Last summer. magazines and newspapers _________ (distribute). They _________ (transfer) from the law courts in Manchester to Strangeways Prison. My parents ______ (raise) three children. Then. Dinner _________ (serve) on a tray. A lot of people _________ (kill) in road accidents and a lot more _________ (injure) but if more ambulances _________ (put) into service. Next. After dinner. Next. A government minister _________ (find) guilty of fraud yesterday. I _________ (be) sorry to have to leave and start doing things for myself again. We ______ always ______ (be) grateful to them. Because my ears hurt. my life _________ (arrange) for me by the flight attendants on the trip. my father ______ (join) a well known law firm as a junior lawyer. It was a lovely surprise to find all the washing-up _________ (do) while I was asleep. Today. which I _________ (use) later to watch the movie. and when I felt airsick. when the plane _________ (be) ready to take off. I _________ (take) out some gum to chew. the other passengers and I _________ (tell) to fasten our seat belts. I _________ (give) a blanket. They _________ (find) guilty of stealing electrical goods and money from shops in the Manchester area. we _________ (give) instructions on what to do in case of an emergency. When I _________ (feel) cold. more lives ________ (can / save). my parents ______ (celebrate) their silver wedding anniversary. we _________ (ask) if we _________ (want) a cocktail. (M) Twenty five years ago. Next Friday. the firm ______ (employ) Mum as the personal assistant to the manager. I _________ (give) a paper bag. These souvenirs _________ (make) by children from the local school. Soon after. I didn’t come here in order _________ (make) a fool of! The votes _________ (count) right now and we should know the result before 79 . I _________ (direct) to my seat by the flight attendants. who _________ (inform) of the route _________ (take) by the van. Dad and Mum ______ (fall) in love and ______ (get) married six months later. we _________ (advise) where the emergency exits were. Dad ______ (hold) the position of a senior partner in the firm. (L) (Mixed) Four burglars have escaped from custody only hours after _________ (sentence) to ten years in prison. we _________ (show) a funny movie. when the driver _________ (force) to stop because of a tree across the road. They escaped from the van in which they _________ (transport). My brothers and I ______ (compere) an evening of entertainment. I _________ (make) sure that I _________ (give) a seat next to an exit. When the plane _________ (land).as possible. A full investigation of the events leading to escape _________ (order) and anyone with information _________ (ask) to contact the police to help with their enquiries. First. Dad ______ (dedicate) and smart and he ______ (rise) quickly in the firm. Before dinner. It _________ (think) that they were all members of the same gang. it was chicken. They ______ (give) us plenty of love. We ______ (present) them with gifts to cherish as mementos. It _________ (believe) that the tree _________ (place) by other members of the gang. Everything _________ (do) for the comfort of the passengers. A few minutes after take off. I took an airplane flight from London to New York. (N) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) midnight. from that moment on. I _________ (pay) two dollars for some earphones. Fill in the blanks with the correct passive form of the verb in brackets. We _________ (permit) to have a refill on any beverage.

(23) The injured man couldn’t walk and had to _________ (carry). 6. Somebody has cleaned the room. They cancelled all flights because of fog. (10) Cheese _________ (make) from milk. It should _________ (repair) a long time ago. (15) Originally the book _________ (write) in Spanish. 8. Rewrite these sentences in Passive Voice. How do people learn languages? Somebody warned us not to go out alone. (16) Although we were driving quite fast. (P) 1. 4. When we got to the stadium. That might _________ (send) to the wrong address. he found it hard to get another. Living conditions are being gradually improved. 9. 8. Superstitions are still believed in. 10. 2. It is often said that honesty pays in the long run. Somebody accused me of stealing money. 10. 4. (11) The roof of the building _________ (damage) in a storm a few days ago. I didn’t realise that somebody was recording our conversation. (18) The situation is serious. Rewrite these sentences in Active Voice. 80 . (20) A decision will not _________ (make) until the next meeting. (26) If you hadn’t pushed the policeman you wouldn’t _________ (arrest). They are building a new ring-road round the city. 3. 9. (17) You can’t see the house from the road. 6. (9) Many accidents _________ (cause) by dangerous driving. (21) Do you think that more money should _________ (spend) on education? (22) This road is in very bad condition. (24) It is not certain how the fire started.30 the next morning. we _________ (overtake) by a lot of other cars. Supply the subject yourself wherever needed: Her sweet will never be heard again in this hall. 2. These instructions can be easily understood. and a few years ago it _________ (translate) into English. (19) I haven’t received that letter. But it might _________ (cause) by an electrical fault. Why didn’t you go? (13) A cinema is a place where films _________ (show). we found that they had cancelled the game.(6) This parcel appears _________ (open) before it _________ (deliver). It _________ (surround) by trees. 5. (14) In the US. (8) The judges still have to decide which design _________ (award) the top prize. The late comers shouldn’t be permitted into the examination hall. elections for president _________ (hold) every four years. People don’t use this road much. 3. (7) As he _________ (sack) from his previous job. Was the patient requested to wait? What are you being disturbed by? How many candidates were called for interview? Rotten eggs and tomatoes were thrown at the speaker. 7. 11. Somebody is using the computers at the moment. Remove subjects if needed: Somebody cleans the room everyday. 12. (25) I told the hotel receptionist I wanted to _________ (wake) at 6. They have postponed the meeting. (12) You _________ (invite) to the wedding. 11. 7. 5. The account had already been checked by me. something must _________ (do) before it’s too late. (O) 1.

11. 15. Did anyone call an ambulance after the accident? 14. They will build a flyover at this site. 7. When is he going to pay the taxes? 5. 13. 20. 22. the guide had shown us all the places of historical interest. 3. How much do they spend on these activities? 7. A young woman asked the rest of us to be there at eight o’clock. Who has packed my luggage? (R) Change these sentences into PASSIVE FORM: 1. 26. 17. 25. You can avoid many serious accidents with a little care. People often say that it pays to be honest. 18.13. People believe that the thieves got through the kitchen window. 3. 2. Will you pay the fine? (S) Turn into the PASSIVE: a. 8. Don’t offer eatables to the animals. Students should study environment problems at school. 21. Who invented the electric bulb? 9. People say that the company is loosing a lot of money. 8. They taught him French and gave him a dictionary. This topic ________________________________________ 81 . 16. They have built a new hospital near the airport. 6. They broke a lot of plates while they were dancing. 14. 9. The organizers will exhibit the paintings till the end of the month.m. We expect our students to behave properly. People believe that the strike will end soon. Did they give you a great reception? 12. Teachers could include this topic in their classes. When did they ring the church bells? Does listening to music disturb you? The principal has announced a revised programme of terminal tests. When we first met. they had already offered me a job at the bank. 11. Who has designed these buildings? 6. 2. 4. 19. 12. 10. Did the idea interest you? Why didn’t they mend the roof before it fell in? The burglars had cut a huge hole in the steel door. 4. Put the following sentences into the PASSIVE VOICE: Someone has already paid the electrician for his work. 24. 10. Nobody sends her a card at Christmas. 5. People believe that they are secret agents. (Q) 1. Environment problems _____________________________ b. Do you deal in sports goods also? A senior student of her school gives her judo lessons. Who wrote it? The author has written a special edition for children. Why were they paying us so little? By 5 p. 23. A man requested the stranger to leave the meeting.. People think that he takes harmful drugs. This magazine contains much useful information. They had eaten all the dinner before they finished the conversation. 13.

The workers gave the boss some flowers. Returnable bottles _____________________________________ d. Last year several nations held a meeting to discuss environmental problems. Students __________________________________________________ f. Glass. Consumers could buy returnable recipients instead of throw away ones. The taxi driver drove us to the airport. She showed the visitors the new house. First. we have to do the exercises. Did they repair all the windows? 15. 21. 20. In underdeveloped countries everyone wastes and throws away useful objects. Governments have constantly ignored important issues on economic reasons. 3. They will pick up John at this office. 6. 12. Have they watered the plants? 22. Returnable _______________________________________________ m. The secretary has already sent all the documents to Mr. 8. You shouldn’t throw litter on the ground. Someone has sent John a mysterious letter. Some people buy returnable bottles and use recycle paper. Parents must teach their children what to do about rubbish. Someone stole my purse while I was doing the shopping. Everybody _______________________________________________ g. 18. Where did they find the book? 19. Useful objects _____________________________________________ o. The news surprised us all. The mechanic can’t fix my car. paper ______________________________________________ n. 4. 14. In developped countries authorities will lead everybody to cooperate. we have to read the text and then. His parents promised Tom a hundred Euros if he passed the test. The teacher asked the students a very difficult question at the oral exam. 13. 11. 82 . The police followed the thieves into a building. 7. A meeting ________________________________________________ j. 16. Organizations like Greenpeace are giving people leaflets about what to do. In developped countries people are recycling glass. Smith. Bottles ___________________________________________________ (T) Turn into the PASSIVE again 1. Everybody should pass their bottles on to others when they no longer use them. 9. metal and even plastic. 5.c. People ___________________________________________________ k. Mothers should teach children not to throw litter in the streets. The neighbour has told us the news. Important _________________________________________________ e. Everybody should throw their bottles into recycling bottle banks. Many people have seen a UFO in this area. At school teachers advise students about pollution and its prevention. Children _________________________________________________ l. The students painted the walls last year. 2. Is the teacher correcting the exams right now? 17. 23. We should clean these windows before tomorrow. Their bottles ______________________________________________ h. 10. The old woman feeds the pigeons every day. paper. Children _________________________________________________ i.

25. 26. They have offered Michael an excellent job in a British company. The police could arrest the bank robbers when they were crossing the border.24. Someone has used the computer without permission. 27. The maid was cleaning my hotel room when I came in. 83 . 28. My grandmother is baking a delicious cake.

REPORTED SPEECH  Expression of time & place Direct Today Yesterday The day before yesterday Tomorrow The day after tomorrow Next week/day/year. He said that he had been working hard at six that morning.” PAST PERFECT He said that he had worked hard.” PAST CONTINUOUS He said that he was working hard. then /that time could might had to should would that those there TENSE PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS DIRECT SPEECH “I work hard. PAST CONTINUOUS PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT FUTURE SIMPLE 84 .” PAST PERFECT He said that he had worked hard.. “I will work hard. PAST SIMPLE “I worked hard yesterday..” “I was working hard at six this morning. “I have worked hard.” PAST PERFECT PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS He said that he had worked hard the previous day / the day before.” CONDITIONAL He said that he would work hard. “I have been working hard.” TENSE PAST SIMPLE REPORTED SPEECH He said that he worked hard. Last week/year… A week/year ago Now  Modals: Can May Must Shall Will  Demonstratives: This These Here Reported that day the day before two days before the next/following day in two days time the following week/year… the previous week/year… a year before/the previous year. “I am working hard.” PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS He said that he had been working hard. “I had worked hard.

Washington actually has a very low crime rate. "I get to go to lots of overseas places. "Listen. mayor of Washington. "I owe a lot to my parents. ‘These T-shirts don’t fit me.’ Tom told me 5. ‘It’s difficult to finish this project this week.’ Alicia told me 13. "The doctors X-rayed my head and found nothing. “I have no reason not to believe you” “I’ll pay a hundred and fifty” “She’s been crying till she’s half blind” her mother reports “Don’t go too deep into the water” she told her children “They lie and steal and have to be watched all the time” she noted “I’m looking for sunny side cottage." . Pip”.” C. 4. I don’t suppose you’ve heard of it” “Don’t leave me here alone!” “I shall never claim of any trouble to you” “Mrs. ‘The scarf is in my bag. Put the following into indirect speech using the given reporting verbs. ‘I’m not busy now.’ Mike said 8.’ Caroline said 2. Golfer 9. Report what these famous people said (stupid quotes): 1.C. "I don't diet." ." . "Sure there have been injuries and deaths in boxing . especially my mother and father. UK 8. ‘This film wasn’t very interesting. ‘He’s my best friend.’ They said 9. Pop Singer 10.’ Fed told me 3.Madonna D. Supermodel 11.Alan Minter.but none of them serious. where's the Cannes Film Festival being held this year?" ." .’ The girls said 85 . ‘It’s my boyfriend’s birthday party tomorrow. "I think that gay marriage is something that should be between a man and a woman. ‘I think there will be a students’ meeting very soon.’ Jerry said 6.Christina Aguilera 12. looking for you. death comes at the end of their lives. ‘We’re parking our car here.Marion Barry. "So. 6. Joe has been out a dozen times." . "Traditionally. ‘I watch a film on Saturdays. Rewrite in Reported Speech 1. "If you take out the killings.’ My brother said 14. Boxer 5." . Baseball pitcher." . when a waitress asked whether he wanted his pizza cut into six or eight slices.’ Janice said 4. like Canada. ‘We’ll walk for half an hour’ Yesterday Jennifer told me 7. "For most people.Britney Spears. “We don’t like his attitude” (say) “I’m not competent to give advice on this subject” (claim) “Please tell us the latest news that you have heard” (request) “Will you have supper with us after the performance tonight?” (wonder) B. everyone is entitled to my opinion." .Former Australian cabinet minister Keppel Enderbery 3. “And she is out now.Greg Norman. D. I just don't eat as much as I'd like to.Dizzy Dean explaining to the media how he felt after being hit on the head by a ball in the 1934 World Series.’ Helen told me 10." Arnold Schwarzenegger 2. most of Australia's imports come from overseas.Linda Evangelista. ‘I don’t want these CDs anymore. "Better make it six.’ The students said 12. Put these statements using introductory verbs in the past. I can't eat eight.Dan Osinski.GLR broadcaster. 7." ." . ‘We feel fine now. ‘This isn’t my school.PRACTICE A.’ He said 11.

A 1) 'When did you buy this television set?' Frank to Jenny 2) 'Why will you plant trees in the garden?' Mr Ford to Lola 3) 'Let's play basketball. the secretary said 6. “ When did Peter get up?”. Julie? Frank B 1.' Mrs Gibson to Dave 5) 'What is the capital of India?' Sally to Rob 6) 'Tidy your room. my uncle said 5. “Who’s that girl?” . they told us 4. “Mrs Johnson isn’t at work today because she is ill”. “Did you hear that explosion?”.’ Marik said 18. ‘I often think about my future. “I worked hard last week”. “It may rain at the weekend”. Make indirect sentences in the past. he said 3. “What’s your name?”.' Frank to Jenny 10) 'Were you looking after your little sister yesterday. they asked us 5. “Have a rest!” She said (tell) 3. I am not feeling well’ Helen said E. “If I were you. “I’m going to buy a car tomorrow”. ‘She had finished her homework when I arrived. ‘I go the doctor tomorrow.’ My parents told me 16. “Do you have any brothers or sisters?”. “I spent a lot last Friday”. his mother asked 6. “Would you like to go on holiday with us?” they said (invite) 7. ‘We’re going to the shopping today. don’t drive so fast” his wife said (ask) 4. Tony told me 8. I wouldn’t take the job” she told him (advise) 9. “You have extra lessons this week”. she asked me 8. “Let’s walk instead of waiting for the bus”. she said 2. “have you spent all your money?”. “Don’t touch that”.15.' Mother 7) 'You are standing on my foot now. Philip said 86 . I asked her 4.’ Mary said 17.' I to Ben 4) 'I met your mother yesterday. my mum said (tell) 2. “Where have they gone?”. children. “Please. my father said (tell) 6. “Do you think it will rain tomorrow?” I asked him D 1. “Give this to your brother”. the boy asked me 3. he said C 1. I asked 2. “I don’t have much money”. I asked them 7. “Don’t forget to post the letter” she said (remind) 8. “ Don’t tell anybody” I said (warn) 5.' Sally to Rob 8) 'Will you help me with my homework?' Sally to Rob 9) 'Meet me in front of the cinema. he told me 7. “I’ve won a fortune on the football pools”.

usually with no roof. is a symbol of their separation from the world and a constant reminder of their commitment to God and their religion. some buttons are worn on winter coats) on their clothes in order to maintain humility and disavow* anything that might gain them recognition. it was the men who wanted to be fathers and promised to finance the excellent childcare from six weeks if the women would agree to give birth. MOTHERING MOCKED Your article "Power lunches with my two-year-old" (City +. Why do they not wear luxurious things? · What do you think about fashion and models? TOBACCO ADVERTS A recent cigarette advert consisted of a dull picture of a motorcycle. Moustaches are taboo since they were once associated with military officers and Amish are pacifists. Power lunches make a mockery of fathering.eye fasteners. wear makeup. which. often referred to as a plain people. manufactured clothing or anything to alter God’s creation. maintain a very distinct lifestyle. Ministers wish to cut smoking by children under 16 years by a third by 1998. Black is the dominating colour for Amish life but. Only one clue told consumers which brand to buy: the motorcycle was red. straight pins and velcro* are used as fasteners. They also wear select pastel colours. I was told that many of them didn't want a baby. Wire hookand. in others there seems to be an increase in smoking. However. Buggies are a common sight in Lancaster as they clip-clop down country roads as well as more travelled routes. there is no hard evidence that advertising has much effect on total consumption. Men and boys wear dark suits. but they anger anti-smoking groups. The nurse became their mother. Men keep their hair trimmed in a single layer. the colour of Marlboro. 87 . Women wear skirts with long sleeves and high necks topped off with caps and white or black aprons. coats without lapels*. Many people believe there are better ways to prevent smoking. Six-week-old infants were brought into a superbly equipped creche in the basement of an office block. Intelligencer Journal.EXTENDED READING PRACTICE AMISH LIFESTYLE Amish. Likewise. Married men wear a beard. Such adverts may puzzle or bore most people. Amish are buried in white. They were also brought in to the creche at weekends and when they were sick. These children suffered severe emotional distress at the age of three when they had to leave. Sunday 21/12/97 *buggy=a small car. a straw or black broad-brimmed hat and black shoes. pastel-coloured shirts. When do Amish people wear clothes in white? c. Whereas in some countries prohibitions are followed by a fall in consumption. which argue that smoking is a health risk that should be prohibited. used for fastening clothing and other objects *disavow=deny · Answer the following questions a. such as distinctive dress. Women and men do not wear jewellery or embellishments such as buttons (although. 8 April) reminded me of the contract babies I saw in Philadelphia in 1995. This makes a mockery of mothering. unparted cut that dips to the earlobe on the sides and above the collar in the back of the head. Why are Amish referred to as plain people? b. · What’s the main idea of the text? Do you agree or not with the text? · Comment upon: Cigarette smoking should be forbidden in all public places. which is designed for driving on rough ground * conveyance =a vehicle or method of transport *lapel= one of the two parts at the front of a coat or jacket that are folded back on each side below the collar *Velcro= special cloth material having two rough surfaces that stick together when pressed. Next week. The British Parliament will vote on a ban for all cigarette advertising. and the creche home. so that their working mothers could have time off. Amish do not style their hair. Tax increases or to enforce the law to prevent cigarette sales to teenagers under sixteen may have more effect than restrictions on advertising. When I questioned why such women wanted children at all. they feel. Amish are easily identified by their manner of dressing. Their proposal is to make existing rules tighter. They use few modern conveniences and keep a horse and buggy* as their means of conveyance*. ironically.

What is the main argument against the teaching of English in Switzerland? c. particularly in Northern Europe. What do the defenders of using English as global language content? d. In one European Union survey. Pershore. · Answer the following questions according to the text. Daily Variety. what seems to be the opinion of the majority of Europeans? · What do you think about the use of English as a global language? Would it be practical? Would it threaten or endanger national identity? THE TITANIC: ANOTHER DISASTER MOVIE? The biggest gamble in movie making history has received no fewer than fourteen Oscar nominations. Chairman. on the time a mother spends caring for her young children at home. European Universities. goes to the school there. Some see it as the language that might bind the Continent together. · Answer the following questions according to the text 88 . Even some companies like the French telecommunications giant Alcatel –state-owned until 1982. Capturing the right balance is a subject of debate. Beyond the schoolhouse here. and concludes that. not just abroad. has no doubts.” said Beatrix Caforeo. huge casts and expensive. According to the text. besides the Swiss school. as young as 7. In many places and in many ways. Test screenings in America have been overwhelmingly positive. “Everywhere people are speaking English. which at 236 metres was almost as big as the original. It is time the UK followed this example and set a true value. James Cameron’s $200 million epic about what he has called the quintessential tragedy of the 20th century has been a great success across Europe and America. Europe is debating the growing prominence of English. Students. the movie seemed set to become as big a disaster as the story on which it was based. But the growing use of English is not going down easily everywhere. Norway plans to pay mothers to stay at home with their 0-2 year olds on condition that they do not use a public daycare centre. is English increasing in use? b. where critics have questioned why English should be taught before another one of Switzerland’s four national languages. The perfectionist James Cameron went to extraordinary lengths to get his film exactly right. lists of songs that the first grade has already mastered include not only local German tunes but “Old Mc Donald” and “How are you this morning?” Parents are delighted. With such lavish sets. are learning multiplication or discussing the weather in English.” But nearly.now use English as their internal language. Everything in Cameron’s movie is bigger. the most influential film newspaper in America. and mounted it on giant hydraulic lifts to reproduce the effect of the vessel sinking. The model stood in a tank filled with 77million litres of sea water. Andrea. English is growing in use and acceptability. this Titanic arrives at its destination. grander and more expensive than anything that has been done before. (Sue Clasen. where in Europe. 70 percent of those surveyed agreed with the proposition that “everybody should speak English. Did these mothers want to have babies? Why did they have them? · What kind of father/mother would you like to be? THE USE OF ENGLISH AS A GLOBAL TONGUE IS BOOMING AND SO IS CONCERN THALWIL. But it hasn’t been all that easy. The English program here has caused uproar in other parts of the country.From August this year. Switzerland – In the tall stucco schoolhouse here its big. philosophy and business in English.” Throughout Europe. Titanic. whose son. English has become part of the daily routine. And not only that: contrary to what almost everyone said during the troubled course of its production. airy classrooms and views of Lake Zurich. their own language needed to be protected. “It is something that you need. Why were infants taken into creches? c. Titanic saw its budget spiral almost out of control. a. In one classroom. The filmmakers built a perfect scale model of the ship. Shot over eight months (about two months longer than originally planned). Worcestershire) · Answer the following questions a. state-of-the-art computerized special effects. it looks like the gamble is going to pay off. financial and social. When were infants taken into creches? b. According to the article. as many said. are giving courses in science. unlike the liner which sank in the North Atlantic eighty-five years ago. They call it a spectacular demonstration of what modern technology can contribute to dramatic story-telling.

One reason why air hostesses don’t get over-anxious about flying may be that they’re so busy. or worse. What do air hostesses have to do before and during the flights? · Summarize paragraph 4 (On a Monday morning. Yet if you look around Europe. NW5 · Answer the following questions a. more future. malaria. this can make it a 12-hour day. drinking from large and small plastic bottles. the day after you might be on relief duty and have to be ready to work if someone else becomes ill or there is an emergency.. Why is Cameron being described as a perfectionist? · Going to the movies is one kind of entertainment. There’s a 45 minute turn-around interval. Depending on where you’re flying. What are the main differences between pilots and air hostesses? 2.m. This is little to balance against the possibility of a hijack or a disaster. Unless you come from a country. US. where dreaded diseases such as cholera. before.a. one of their biggest concerns is. urban setting where you may notice many people. And these people will tell you. more infrastructure. So why do they do it? I went to see Diane Humphreys. the qualities the British are known for are tolerance. the ability to laugh at themselves. an acute sense of irony. These are the same kind of people who will also inform you that you will drop dead before 40. the basic pay is as little as $300 a month. the next an afternoon flight. which. On a Monday morning. Now simply turn the tap water and drink long and deep to quench your thirst. That might mean leaving home at 4 a. 89 . Why settle for less when you can have more? Nick Russell. young and old. especially in a hip. · Read the text and answer these questions in your own words. · Is there a job that you would especially like to do? ULSTER'S OPPORTUNITY As before. who is responsible for all Dan-Air’s cabin staff based at Manchester airport. Do the Unionists recognise and cherish these qualities in themselves and will they work to sustain them as we try to on the "mainland"? Undoubtedly.. What does the Daily Variety mean with this Titanic arrives at its destination? b. when the hostesses have to prepare the plane for the return flight. What’s the difference between British and Unionist opponents? b. Unionist opponents of the Northern Ireland peace deal are quoted as saying they are British and want to stay British. 1. a hostess might have an early morning flight. Dan-Air doesn’t do long-distance flights and so there are no overnight stopovers. more prosperity. become ugly fat and stupid if you don't jog or join an expensive health club where you pay to sweat. What opportunity is Ulster being offered? c. Air hostesses have an uncertain status and earn little. Before the flight hostesses have to prepare the cabin and toilets and make sure that the food and drinks are aboard. thanks to the EU. How long did it take to shoot the Titanic? c. For those recently qualified. you do not need inoculations to enter America. But the opportunity they and all Ulster are being offered is the chance to stop fighting over pieces of the same historic cake and to co-operate in sharing out a much larger cake. yellow or dengue fever are a fact of daily life. on a narrow interpretation. "Can you drink the water?" You may find asking yourself the same question. the Unionists have most to lose from the agreement as their 60year stalemated hegemony departs.m. What will they get if they become a single Ireland? · Comment upon: Gibraltar: British or Spanish? HEALTH IN AMERICA When Americans go abroad. that "No! You cannot drink the tap water in this country anymore!" Ignore these people. willingness to accept and implement negotiated agreements and above all.5 hours before the flight. a commitment to democratic process. UK and peace itself can provide everyone with more: more jobs. During the flight you’ve got no time to relax -the safety instructions have to be demonstrated and the food and drinks served. So one day you might have an early morning flight. London. during and after a flight. Do not be surprised the next morning if you still feel healthy and energetic. Do you have any hobbies? How do you like to spend your free time? HIGH-FLYERS Airline pilots have high social status and earn a great deal of money. or stopped over in one. She has to check in 1. a 12-hour day) in no more than 30 words. perhaps at 7 a. fiercely to put the fear of God in you.

thus producing the first black Creole speech in the region. spoken by the incoming black population. But within its narrow confines are some of the most impressive cliffs. and in particular a pidgin between the slaves and the sailors. anyway for John Muir. What you have been able to get at your neighbourhood pharmacy in your country may require a doctor's prescription. waterfalls. Small enough. many of whom spoke English.000 feet above sea level to more than 13. there were over four million black slaves in America. Do you need to be vaccinated if you travel to America? c. Can you ride a bike around the park? Why? 90 . The ships then returned to England. Among its most famous peaks are El Capitan. So if you take medications. valleys. Or bring extra enough to last during your stay. to explore the entire area on foot is quite hard. be aware of the black bears that no longer appear to fear humans and have known to brazenly walk into campsites and raid food. · Answer the following questions according to the text. When did the slave trade begin? b. Similarly. and among the blacks themselves. This Creole English rapidly came to be used throughout the cotton plantations. for blood pressure or cholesterol). By the middle of the nineteenth century. especially during the very busy and crowded holiday weekends such as Memorial Day. The slaves were shipped in barbarous conditions to the Caribbean islands and the American coast. 32 miles away by road. Spanish and Portuguese emerged in and around the Caribbean. such as the Bridal Veil Falls. The policy of the slave-traders was to bring people of different language backgrounds together in the ships. The park ranges from 2. Yosemite Valley is quite small. nearly 200 years of trading had taken place. meadows. completing an 'Atlantic triangle' of journeys. · Answer the following questions according to the text a. and Half Dome. you must find an American doctor who can prescribe them for you. Coyotes and other denizens of the forests are more cunning and less visible. Is the water from the tap good in America? b. this pidgin English continued to act as a major means of communication between the black population and the new landowners. What can you do if you go to America after having been prescribed a certain medicine? d. · Answer the following questions according to the text a. a. The result was the growth of several pidgin forms of communication. Then. the pidgin became their mother tongue. (e. to make it difficult for groups to plot rebellion. Britain and the United States had outlawed the stave trade by 1865. The view of the Valley floor from the top of 3. creolized forms of French. a highly distinctive form of English was beginning to develop in the islands of the West Indies and the southern part of the mainland. The beginning of the seventeenth century saw the emergence of the slave trade. and Labour Day But don't let a trifle like that stop you from visiting one of the most fabulous natural wonders of the world. Once arrived in the Caribbean. Fourth of July. and molasses. rum. and in the coastal towns and islands. Compared to other protected areas.000 feet. What kind of job did the slaves have? · What kind of job would you like to have in the future? YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARK Yosemite National Park became America's first state park in 1864. but by that time.200 foot Glacier Point.g. What animals may threaten the visitors? c. How big is Yosemite Park? b. There are 196 miles of paved roads within the park and 840 miles of trails. are only a short hike from the Yosemite Valley floor. about seven miles long and a mile wide. and the process began again. where they were in turn exchanged for such commodities as sugar. Since it also has 8 miles of paved bike path. where they exchanged cheap goods for black slaves. the largest piece of exposed granite in the world. Some of the most spectacular waterfalls.. To prevent congestion and overcrowding. there have been proposals to ban automobiles in Yosemite.Availability of certain drugs is also restricted. when children came to be born. rent a bike and explore the relatively flat valley floor. When was the slave trade forbidden in the USA? c. the conservationist and founder of Sierra Club. Why do some American people drink water from plastic bottles? · What do you know about health and healthy habits? BLACK ENGLISH During the early years of American settlement. is considered by many to be the most impressive of all. Ships from Europe travelled to the West African coast. and flora and fauna. When you are not feeling "stoned" by the sheer cliffs that circle the valley. Why did the pidgins emerge? d.

was stabbed five times in the stomach and chest. Japan or Saudi Arabia is confronted with not one version. MURDER AT THE QUEEN ROCK FESTIVAL FAN BLEEDS TO DEATH IN CROWD. who offer either British English or American English to their pupils. but also in forming taste and preparing audiences. * the way in which the sound of your voice changes during speech. How many varieties of English do some school languages teach? Which ones? · Comment upon the differences between your mother language and a foreign language. What is the greatest difference between British and American English? b. But though they know what they like and what they don't 91 .000 people at Knebworth House.d. to find out the speed with which a programme will be switched off if viewers don't like it." An ambulance man confirmed: "People were standing shoulder to shoulder and it was impossible to get through quickly. There is a recognized standard in Britain and America. believed to be from Glasgow. There were about a dozen arrests but none for drug offences. knock up* and fag. He died before an ambulance could get him to hospital in nearby Stevenage. above all. a. Hertfordshire. vocabulary: apartment versus flat. A shocked witness said: "The guy didn't have a chance in hell. Ambulance men couldn't get to him because of the crowds and he was just bleeding to death. · QUESTIONS. as superior people like to say: one has only to look at the series of TAM* ratings. As Queen lead singer Freddie Mercury thrilled 120. The dead man. standardized vocabulary and spelling system. The differences are essentially differences of accent. diaper versus nappy. for example when you emphasize particular words *knock up= to make a woman pregnant * To box someone in is to limit their choices in a difficult situation · Answer the following questions using your own words. but two. This is not to say they are really "captive". Or nearly. How old was he? 3. There is also an agreed. More than 1000 people needed first aid during the concert. In another incident an ambulance was called to help a young woman attacked by a Hell's Angel* who poured boiling water over her. like Berlitz. candy versus sweets. not only in offering a valuable testing ground for new dramatists.91 metres. The whole thing was overcrowded and badly organised. Where was the concert played? 4. a fight broke out between rival fans only yards* from the stage. spelling and. 1. a distinction recognized by the main language schools. inflection*. A student in. The Reuters office in New York has a twelve-page list of common terms requiring translation and many are the books that compile jokes about box. * One yard is equal to 0. Why do some people want to ban cars from the Park? · What do you know about National Parks? GLOBAL ENGLISH The global English of our times has all the benefits of a standardizing process. almost imperceptibly. which record the state of the television set in the testing sample's home every thirty seconds. Did the fan die? 2. Global English speaks with two voices: British and American. *a member of a motorcycle gang and organized crime syndicate whose members typically ride Harley-Davidson motorcycles. say. A 21-year-old pop fan was knifed to death early yesterday during a massive open air concert by rock super group Queen. How many people needed help? · What do you think about safety in pop concerts? TELEVISION AND DRAMA During the last five or six years television has become more and more important to drama in general. There are so many different expressions that America’s Associated Press and Britain’s Reuters news agencies have to translate English into English. buddy versus mate." Last night several youths were helping police in Stevenage with their inquiries. for new things. The advantage with television in this respect is precisely what has generally been taken as its main disadvantage: the relatively uncritical approach of the mass audience. Why couldn't the fan be saved or rescued? 5.

is judged by the same simple but reliable rule of thumb* as Wagon Train or What's my line*: if they like it. one could deduce it from general principles. When has television become important? 2. Even if one didn't know.that running. demanding grace rather than strength. At the international level sport is frankly mimic warfare. What is it important for? 3. if it holds their attention. and the game has little meaning unless you do your most to win. it stays on. What is the attitude of the spectators? 4. · QUESTIONS 1. Football. for instance) that international sporting contests lead to orgies of hatred. You play to win. Does the writer agree with them? 3.like when they see it. behind the spectators. the most savage combative instincts are aroused. is far worse. Worst of all is boxing. *Television Audience Measurement * a practical and approximate way of doing or measuring something *TV series · QUESTIONS 1. Nearly all the sports practised nowadays are competitive. they would have no inclination to meet on the battlefield. On the village green. it is possible to play simply for the fun and exercise: but as soon as the question of prestige arises. Even a leisurely game like cricket. and seriously believe -at any rate for short periods. whoever it is by and whatever style it is written. they do not on the whole have any marked preconceptions before any given programme begins. as soon as you feel that you and some larger unit will be disgraced if you lose. What do people say about sport? 2. A play. Do you agree with the author's opinions about sport? Why? Why not? · What do you think/know about American habits? 92 . in extreme cases switch off. of the nations who work themselves into furies over these absurd contests. and that if only the common peoples of the world could meet one another at football or cricket. But the significant thing is not the behaviour of the players but the attitude of the spectators: and. Why is it important? 4. from concrete examples (the 1936 Olympic Games. jumping and kicking a ball are tests of national virtue. if not they switch to the other channel or even. a game in which everyone gets hurt. George Orwell. Which is the real advantage for television? · Do you think it is important to have any preconceptions of a programme before watching it? · Do you agree with the text? Why? Why not? THE SPORTING SPIRIT I am always amazed when I hear people saying that sport creates good will between the nations. can cause much ill-will. where you pick up sides and no feeling and local patriotism is involved.

b) to introduce visitors to famous Catskills entertainers. There is an all organic sheep farm where visitors can see how a traditional sheep farm operates. Which of the following most reflects the author’s tone in this passage? a) informative and scientific b) humorous and skeptical c) regretful and reminiscent d) light and encouraging 5. Many of the Catskill hotels closed in the 1970s. which of the following caused the decline in the number of resorts in the 1970s? a) television b) shorter vacations c) affordable air travel d) more traffic 3. Route 42. b. c) to describe the history of the Catskills region. c or d. Currently. The rugged mountains in New York State. According to the passage. By the late 1950s. 1. In what season would a tourist most likely have visited the Catskills in the 1950s? a) fall b) winter c) spring d) summer 4. What is the author’s main purpose in this passage? a) to promote the Catskills as a vacation destination. Are you interested in seeing the beautiful fall foliage of New England but tired of traffic jams and overbooked hotels? Then this year forget the crowds in New England and see the beautiful colors of autumn in the Catskills. is an excellent site for spotting bald eagles. families have stopped coming to the Catskills in such large numbers. 1950s and 1960s. According to the passage. what might a visitor be lucky enough to do? a) see fall leaves in color b) see a kind of bird c) work on a sheep farm d) drive on scenic roads 93 . however.TEST ACADEMIE 1 (2010) Partea I: Choose the correct answer a. d) to compare the Catskills to New England. There are also hundreds of scenic drives in the area. there are many activities available to the traveler besides witnessing the changing colors of the leaves. but some remain and have expanded and changed their facilities to meet the needs of today’s visitors. there were over 500 resorts and hotels offering nighttime entertainment as well as all kinds of outdoor activities. Families trying to escape the heat of New York City found the Catskills to be the perfect place to stay for a month or so each summer. Since the introduction of air-conditioning and cheaper air travel. just 90 miles northwest of New York City. for instance. and more recently for the summer hotels that sprang up in the region during the 1940s. are famous for the legendary tales of Rip Van Winkle. choosing instead more distant locations at different times of the year. 2.

The main idea of paragraph two is: a) In a thunderstorm. People have smoked cigarettes for a long time now. c) the thunder comes after the lightning. which forms as the tobacco burns. 9. tar and nicotine. The tobacco which is used to make cigarettes was first grown in what is now part of the United States. Lightning is electricity that is moving very rapidly. d) Cigarette smoke damages not only our lungs but also the heart. b) There is a special warning on each package of cigarettes. This hot air expands. This is what happens when there is a thunderstorm. d) People remember the days when bad weather scares them. Lightning is colourful. For this reason. the Turks made cigarettes popular. and it causes the air to move in waves. b) in waves. d) slowly. saw the Indians smoking. you may hear many rumbles and not just one sound. It may be moving between a cloud and the ground. too. The author implies that in the Catskills there are few: a) leaves b) eagles c) people d) sheep The weather is not beautiful all of the time. b) A thunderstorm consists of lightning and thunder. The air waves pass you in series.6. 7. Christopher Columbus. c) At the beginning of a thunderstorm. When you hear thunder. Tar. who discovered America. The US government now requires that each package of cigarettes bears a special warning about the danger of smoking. This is because: a) the hot air moves between two clouds. and the loud sound is called thunder. In the late 1800s. one after another. A few seconds later you hear a loud rumbling sound. c) rapidly. Lightning always moves: a) between two clouds. 94 . First you see a sudden flash of bright light. there is heavy rain and lightning. Smoking cigarettes is dangerous. you may hear a series of loud sounds and not one big sound. Cigarette smoke contains at least two harmful substances. 8. causes the heart to beat faster and increases the breathing rate. Soon the dried leaves were transported to Europe where smoking began to catch on. Nicotine. The US Public Health Service stated that cigarette smoking is the cause of lung cancer and several other deadly diseases. but it can cause serious problems. 10. c) The US Public Health Service said that smoking causes lung cancer. b) the air waves pass one after another. The main idea of paragraph 3 is: a) Smoking is very bad for your health. damages the lungs and therefore affects breathing. The lightning heats the air around it. This quick flash is called lightning. One kind of bad weather that scares many people is called a thunderstorm. or gets bigger. d) it is summer time and too hot outside. Perhaps you can remember a day when bad weather made you afraid. between two clouds or between two parts of the same cloud. lightning is dangerous. and thunder is. which is found in the leaves.

This liquid can burn skin and hurt other animals’ eyes. and set up a good system of international law. The skunk is probably most famous for its method of protecting itself. c) Skunks have a unique way of protecting themselves from danger. d) had been looking a) didn’t eat 18. If she were rich she …… a big b) haven’t eaten house. California. in San Francisco. b) Some skunks are black with a white stripe. tries to keep world peace. d) buys a) have been looking 19. If another animal tries to attack or hurt it. encourage countries to respect each other. smoking became popular because of the people in: a) India b) Turkey c) the US d) England 13. d) The United Nations is a large international organization. was proposed by Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt. but there are other patterns. this liquid smells horrible! 14. 24. at a special meeting. I feel like …… out tonight. I’m hungry I …… anything c) had looked since breakfast. which has more than 130 nation members. The UN. Before Columbus discovered America: a) Europeans did not smoke cigarettes b) nicotine was not in tobacco c) both a) and b) d) Turks used to smoke cigarettes 12. b) The United Nations has 130 members. In the nineteenth century. the skunk will release or spray a yellowish liquid. In addition. The United Nations was officially set up on October. What is the main idea of the paragraph? a) The United Nations began in 1945. as the United Nations is often called. Breathing is affected by: a) tar b) nicotine c) both a) and b) d) neither a) nor b) The skunk is a small animal that comes in a variety of color patterns. improve living conditions. d) Skunks try to attack or hurt other animals that have the same colors. I …… for a new car for months c) could buy before I bought one. help countries to be friends. Partea a II-a: GRAMATICĂ ŞI VOCABULAR 16.11. b) looked What about you? 95 . 15. 1945. c) The United Nations was begun by Churchill and Roosevelt. The idea of the UN. c) don’t eat a) will buy d) hadn’t eaten b) can buy 17. What is the main idea of the paragraph? a) Skunks are small animals with strong feet. but the most well-known variety is black with a white line or stripe down its back.

Can this camera …. us to go there for our summer holiday. a) mother b) birth c) native d) natural 96 . The bank …. . I’m so excited! It’s my first day …. a) rehearsing b) revisiting c) repeating d) rejecting 35... We are just …. a) cleaned b) was cleaning c) used to clean d) clean 23. a) at job b) in work c) in job d) at work 31. a) let b) permit c) agree d) leave 27. me to call John on his birthday.. a) ought to b) must c) could d) had to 21... with murder. a) were announced b) announced c) was announced d) is announced 25... a) to be cancelled b) to have cancelled c) cancelled d) to have been cancelled 26. Father would not ….. When you rang I …… my bike.. a) up b) over c) off d) out 32. were caught by the police on the same day. I …… apologize when I broke my mom’s favourite glass.. The news …… on the radio yesterday. her own business. a) charge b) run c) make d) order 30. . a) for b) from c) since d) when 24. Our mutual friend was …. Spanish is the …...a) to go b) going c) we go d) to going 20.. tongue of many South Americans. Sergeant Sheila prefers iceskating …… driving. a) accused b) arrested c) charged d) sentenced 28.. a) than b) from c) to d) rather 22. good photos? a) make b) take c) achieve d) do 29. a) remember b) recollect c) remind d) reiterate 33. She prefers to …. the last act of the play.. They had a terrible fight and now their wedding is …..... The play was said …… because the lead actor was ill. Lizzie has been having dance classes …… she was four years old.. Please …. a) thieves b) robbers c) burglars d) bandits 34.

b) Dear Madam. Choose the best connectors: I …… agreed with them. Choose the correct variant to complete the sentence: I want to know …. my last holiday. and b) either ….. but olso 44. c) Yours friendly. c) I was really excited when the parcel arrived for me. 97 . b) Best wishes. nor c) neither …. 43. d) I’m seeing forward to look you here. c) Yours sincerely. b) Yours. …… thoroughly disagreed. a) where located your hotel is.. Which is the correct order: a) I really was excited when the parcel arrived for me. c) I’m seeing forward to looking you here. d) Dear Mr. b) I’m looking forward to see you here. Choose the correct conclusion to a letter: a) I’m looking forward to seeing you here. b) where is your hotel located. b) I was really excited when the parcel did arrived for me. 42. 39. Which is the correct sentence? a) Why bought your sister a new skirt for her birthday? b) Why don’t you buy your sister a new skirt for her birthday? c) Why don’t you buy your sister a skirt new for her birthday? d) Why not you buy your sister a new skirt for her birthday? 37. Which is the correct salutation of a formal letter when you do not know the name of the person you are writing to? a) Dear Sir. a) both ….Partea a III-a: SCRIS 36. 38. 40. Select the phrase that best completes the sentence: I am writing ……. nor d) not only …. c) where your hotel located is. d) Best. a) complaining about b) to complain at c) to complain to d) to complain about 41. Which would you choose to end an informal letter? a) Yours faithfully./Mrs. d) Was I really excited when did the parcel arrive for me. Which is the correct ending to a formal letter which begins with Dear Sir/Madam? a) Yours faithfully. d) Yours sincerely.. c) Dear Sir/Madam..

45.2 puncte. b) I am writing to express my satisfaction at working in this hotel. Se alocă 1 punct din oficiu. Pentru fiecare item corect rezolvat se acordă 0.d) where your hotel is located. c) It’s great working in this hotel. Toţi itemii sunt obligatorii. 98 . d) I’m writing to let you know how enthusiastic I am about working in this hotel. NOTĂ: Timpul de lucru 90 de minute. Which is the best sentence to begin an e-mail to a friend: a) I am writing to tell about my experience working in this hotel.

at c. a. “I’m not really as__________as you think Iam” a. Don’t work so hard. am I doing c. already b. . a favorable 15. twenty. I began to feel afraid. whitch b. have known b. You _____________very tired. “You probably get a really great salary”. are you having b. of to increase c. looking as if c. “Why aren’t you working?” “Because I don’t know what________” a. Ideally. As soon as c. as least. have spending 3. next time c. where 9. Would you mind___________ the book I gave you? a. a successful b. must be b. well paying 21. a. I’d like you to_____ some recent photos__________ you write me. give her c. like going c. yet 10. How long___________ your car? a. a. _______________ it go dark. I____________ in California when I met my friend Joe. I don’t think I’m going to be hired a. attend. should. know c. you are having 2. to give her 12. descriptions c. stressed. to returning 4. enter. a. “That___________a really interesting job”. stressed. of increasing 17. The people_____________ house we’re staying in live in England. the next time 16. “ What sort of job are you looking for?” 99 . would have been c. twenties. paid well b. a. they_______have completed_______ one year_______university. Can you ______________the keys when you get home? a.MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. in 14. Until 7. enclose. at last. I don’t feel__________ to the cinema. of increasing b. working 11. at least. have been knowing 6. a. spending b. give to her b. should. an important c. olders 13. a. a. must. a. After___________ some time with my family. In his speech. have spent c. will be 20. I traveled to London a. Although students____________Everton are___________ in their early____. older b. If you follow the____________you’ll learn how to operate this stereo system. Although I made_________ impression during my job interview. “I work as a journalist for a national newspapers”. generally. olders c. a. generally. in b. I heaven’t finished my homework____________. whose c. attending. to going b. worker b. attending. While b. returning c. look 8. have you had c. generally. the Predident__________the importance_________our productivity a. we are accepting more and more _________applicants. to go 5. to return b. instructions 19. pointed. I______ him for years. look as if b. still c. a. next time b. twenties. writings b. was working c. well paid c. a. to do 18. enclose. do I do b.

open 30._________sweater. her. been b. red. his. wasn’t getting c. My sister had always______selfconscious about_______nose so she decided to go to________clinic _________an operation__________will straighten it. didn’t want 34. You________obviously _________ill for several days. “O. doesn’t have b. “Anne’s not here now. well. for. which b. a. is 32. The company has_________an office in Paris. where to c. wining c. to tell b. could you tell c. What sort of_________car has Christine__________this time? a. will. her. tell 28. with 39. for a. I have been_________to run a new office _________Paris. were c. how b. woolen b. publishing c. make b. can. been 33. red. is.“I’d like to have a job_________use the foreign languages I know” a. She is so untidy! a. “You’re late” “I_________ here fasted because there was such a heavy traffic”. be c. woolen. know. has. have suppose 23. for. ‘re b can. educational c. am supposed to c. How do you get________ __________your parents? a. -. does. new. be. -. choosen. wollen 24. for. for. afford. chose. in a. a. couldn’t get 26. buy c. buy b. was b. makes 38. _________you ring me to let me_________you_______safely? a. when 27. been. Why________Andrew__________mistakes all the time? a. Please___________her to call Joe at eight o’clock” a. must. whether c. to stay 35. know. oppened c. publishing 29. have. sharing b. new. to win b. the. educated 25. players c. had. a. a. a. aren’t about c. publishing b. but I can take a message for her. You________be very proud of your son________so many prizes. I’d like to ask you some questions about your_________background. It is dreadful having__________a room with her. a. who c. making c. with c. Can you really_________to buy that CD__________now? a. a. a. am supposing b. a. that can b. in the b. bought 40. know. where I can 22. been.” . winning 100 . “How good are you at keeping deadlines?” “I always finish my work when I_________. recorder b.” a. will. to share c. education b. I wonder__________you’d mind lending me your calculator a. player 36. are c. should. new. would be 37. What did she say? She said she__________to talk to you. a. at 31. a. with b._______.K. in c. a. a. on. affrord. I work_______ small ________company. opened b. I bought a _______. red c. -. can’t get b. chosen.Alexandra said she__________their marketing manager. a. -. who 41. afford.

a.” a. is a. should to ring me up 45. given b. Why did you walk all the way from the station? You_________for a lift. -. We thought our cousins_______ us when they were in town last week. both b. There are a lot of nice places________ downtown. I suppose they________too busy. It was your birthday yesterday. There__________great_________betwee n the two countries. her. can b. cannot c. borne. her. succeede b managed c. a. fix. for us eating b. for eat at 101 . want c. those 46. must have been c. It is one of___________cities in England. a. voting 53. since. too 51. peoples. the 59. would pay a visit. Are you interested__________photography? a. be allowed c. a. results b. are all the time b. can. polluted 47. had been leaving 58. a. would visit. can’t b. the b. gave 52. his. cannot 44. difference. are 43. He__________in politics since the last ________. spent. has.42. suitable 61. have given c. fixed. I________ two years in __________United States several years ago. although. succeeded 49. a. rung. They are ___________ good friends. I prefer travelling by airplane_________ it’s usually faster and more__________than other means of transportation. has been leaving c. spent. cannot. elections b. but they didn’t even phone. Whatever arguments the Union leader used in_________speech. young__________ are lucky to__________to drive at sixteen in some states. wasn’t it b. allow 56. will. fixed. a. to open 55. has. at 60. people. a. people. or it wasn’t 62. could have phoned c. in c. exists c. _________? a. are. b. He finally __________to get in touch with him. have been interested. rules c. wish b. b. I___________ never manage to remember how________that door. his. a. had to phoned b. a. rung. outcome 48. The expenses will be_________by__________taxpayer. the most polluted c. such. a. He should________ the waiter a bigger tip. In the USA. a. exist b. didn’t c. a. a. Close relations __________between them. most polluted b. Supported. furthermore. will visit. for b. has been interested. the c. a c. “ Where will we be able to have lunch?” “ Don’t worry . comfortable b. elections c. a. oppening c. a. a. a. spend. my. ring. the 57. are. c. She is _________ French and American. I_________ I had a car to see them more often. differences. wanted 54. has been living b. are 50. comfortable c. borne. was interested. but I_________get an answer. he_________failed to convince ________ nation. She _________ alone for ten years. since her parents’death. difference. also c. to open b. I have just_______the garage to check whether they’ve__________my car. The___________of the negotiations is uncertain yet.

leader b. learning b. He contributed a great deal to the development of our culture_________-. firm c. I would have looked for b. brother-in –law b. set 71. wrinting. Your money will be______ if you are not satisfied with our service. the higher 77. restored 69. I don’t want to cook. don’t afford it b. booths b. give up c. teaching and lecturing 102 . renovated 78. take off 82. learn c. refunded c. wigs 83.c. If you __________an effort. take home b. peeling 70. I ____________! a. had been c. changed 73. a. a. the highest b. His uncle’s son is his ___________. higher c. It was very difficult. wouldn’t b. either b. the second gate 76. I can’t do this puzzle. a. To look for 64. a. Let’s buy some__________food a. bushes c. tied b. nephew c. founded b. have been b. a. master 68. pats c. I would look for c. We never stop____________a language. a. wrinting. gate two b. give out b. “What would you do if you lost your job?” “I guess _________another one. rent b. close 67. hits b. speaker c. try b. were 81. a. can’t afford 65. can’t afford it c. a. you will finish your work by two o’clock. a. both 75. a. to learn 80. do 66. If I _____________you. My teacher always _________me on the back whenever I do good work. rejoined b. cleaning b. “ Why have you decided not to buy the car?” “Because I ____________. Most of the tenants who_________in our apartament building are students. a. oughtn’t c. undoing c. for eating 63.” a. near b. remover c. neither c. make c. The Oxford University was__________in the thirteenth century. He couldn’t listen to his walkman because his mother had_________the batteries. shouldn’t 79. as a teacher and lecturer b. ____________the price. I’ve been asked to be the_________ of ceremonies at our school’s graduation dinner.” a. John is a very _____friend of mine and we’ve known each other for years. I’d write that letter straight away. a. a. They have some very lovely___________in their garden. It is healthier to eat apples without ____________ them. the gate two c. found c. The greater the demand. Flight nineteen from Paris is now arriving at ___________. take away c. a. reside c. a. cousin 84. give off 74. a. hands 72. a. a. _____________ of them could win the quiz. We__________ swim near windsurfers.

Passengers who are 5 years the age and younger travel free-of-charge. a. they cleaned the house thoroughly. Find the correct interpretation: Every writer is a student of human nature. but unfortunately I am madly in love with one of them.. They were very coarse c. Fifteen people were standing next to me in the queue for the job 103 . He described the man accusingly c. out of which: 50%discount for night-time trips. drivers are very educated 86. Rockefeller b.” Based an the above astatements. They used a simple computing language 93. there are fewer car accidents. Europe is as big as the USA c. because: a. Passengers who are 18 years of age and younger pay 90%of the fare. drivers are better trained c. The reason for this decrease can be attributed to better driver education. Find the correct interpretation: Before they moved in. John D. there are better cars on the road b. a. 90. Writers always want to become students again. Europe is slightly bigger than the USA b. Find the correct interpretation: They only knew basic language.000One Way. Benjamin Franklin c. Writers’ human nature is similar to students’ one 91. we get married secretly. a.”. How much would you pay if you were sixteen years old? a. The USA is much bigger than Europe 94. They had a very small vocabulary b. “ I’m fictional character in a play by Shakespeare. “ The ability to deal with people is as purchasable a commodity as sugar or coffee. more than $20.000 b. less than $15. Find the correct interpretation: There were fifteen people besides me applying for the job a. 10% off the regular fare 87. teaching and as a “ According to a recent report. And I will pay more for that ability than for any other the sun. Juliet Capulet 88. They cleaned the house from top to bottom and then they moved in b. a. In our story. lecturer 85.” Who might these words belong to? a. They went through the house to make sure it was clean before moving in c. Sad. a. The end of our love story takes place in my family’s vault where my lover poisons himself and I end up stabbing myself with a dagger. They decided to clean the house they had moved in 92. but then things start to go drastically wrong. The Duke of Windsor c. wrinting. b. Find the correct interpretation: The USA is almost as large as Europe.000 c. Find the correct interpretation: He gave an accurate description of the man.c. Robert Kennedy b. My family are the swor enemies of the Montagues. I live in Verona. “ Ticket prices: $30. Albert Einstein 89.All Destinations. He handled them a report about the man b. a. the number of automobile accidents has actually gone down. isn’t it? My name is……. Writers always learn about the human nature c. He gave a correct and exact description of the man.

very critical c. . Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: His RUGGED manners betrayed his low origins. she walked out He walked in and then she walked out Find the correct interpretation: Plase. untidy 103. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: His DESULTORY remaks made the vistors feel confused a. certain c. My mane is not on the list of candidates b. My name is not on the list. direct 102. He has studies English. a. a. 96. tolerant 101. but it will be soon c. trustful b. 95. remarkable c. What do you think of me? 98. clever c. awful b. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: Her CONSPICUOUS achievements are her best recommendation a. she walked out. It is quite difficult to get hold of me. Find the correct interpretation: How on earth did you find me? a. stupid b. but you did c. Find the correct interpretation: He could have studied English last year. He was able to study English last year. He walked in and at the same time she walked out Before he walked in. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: The report was SCATHING about the lack of safety. c. You’ll never find out where I am b. a. a. but he doesn’t any more b. scornful b.There were fifteen of us who wanted the job I was not applying for the job Find the correct interpretation: As he walked through the door. social 104. I withdrew my mane from the list of candidates 99. b. good b. a. He had the opportunity to study English but didn’t take it 100. take a seat! Pick one up and take it away I don’t want all my seats any more Sit down 97. c. c. clear 105. b. initial c. indecent 104 b. Find the correct interpretation: I am not actually on the list of candidates a. well-known b. c. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: Helen was definitely a SHREWD woman a. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: He was CONFIDENT in his approaches a.

brave. a. brave. brief b. put b. cast 105 . False b. a. sparing 111. shocked c. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: As he seemed to be a coward. an important matter to one of his small means and never wasted a penny. pointed at 108. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: She was a THRIFTY housekeeper. severe 112. a. planned c. engaged c. everybody TAUNTED him. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: With a sign he TOSSED the programme back on the table. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: I was STUNNED by the news of her death. filled in c. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: He proved himself a BOLD and ASTUTE commander. cunning b. a. ridiculed c. casual 109. impressed b. coarse 106. poor c. kind b.c. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: She cast a FURTIVE glance at her partner a. stunted 107. a. sly c. Choose the best synonym for the words written in capital letters: Their sudden outburst was obiously genuine. dissolute 110. a. fearless. it couldn’t have been CONTRIVED. accused b.

Nor (18)________________(meet) many people from Asia. he (19) ________________ (at last / enroll) for a course in spoken Cantonese which ___________(20) next week... which he describes as ‘quite tasty’. the Philippines. Indonesia. He (5)___________(work) for three different schools over the years and (6)____________(just/start) work for his fourth employer. He still finds communication with local people difficult at times and he (18)__________(be) lazy about learning Chinese. To date he (8)___________(go) to China. He (13)___________(not/sample) monkeys’ brains yet.TENSE REVISION Past & Present Perfect Richard Fox (1)___________(live) in Hong Kong for around seven years and for the past two years he (2)_________(share) a flat in Wan Chai. He says that living in a city like Hong Kong is very different to the small town in England where he (14)___________(bring up) and (15) ____________(give) him a broader outlook on life. He (9)____________(not/go) to Macau as he says he’s not interested in gambling. Vietnam and Cambodia. He likes the food in this part of the world and (10) ___________(try)a lot of dishes that he (11)_____________(not/hear of ) before he (11)__________(come) here. He originally (3)________ (come) here on holiday but (4)_________(decide) to stay on when he heard that it was easy to find a job as a teacher. He (16)______________(never / have to) learn a foreign language before he (17)_____________(come) here. but says he’ll give anything a try. 106 . While on holiday in China a couple of years ago he even (12)___________(try) dog. Thailand. However.once. He likes Hong Kong because of its convenient location in Asia which (7)__________(allow) him to visit a lot of countries in the region.

My father _____________________ everything about cars. When ______________________ (you buy) the car? – I ______________________ (buy) it a few years ago. – You shouldn’t disturb them. What’s in it? (smell) 18. tell) 14. Emma ______________________ (pass) her exam a few weeks ago. I ______________________ (look)out of the window and saw that people __________________ (walk) in the park. 11. ______________________ (you buy) that bag while I ______________________ (look) after the children? 16. I _____________________ no idea what the book is about. look) 10. I _____________________ what you _____________________ me but I don’t agree with you (hear. Was _________________________(Jimmy. They normally _____________________ lunch at two. look) Past Tense – Simple or progressive 1. (belong) 13. He ______________________ (sit) in the garden when a wasp ______________________(sting) him in the nose.Present Tense – Simple or progressive 1. What _____________________ for a living? . You _____________________ new clothes every Saturday! (buy) 4. It _____________________ like mine! (you wear. John _____________________ a difficult time at the university this year (have) 7. but you ______________________ (not pick) up the phone. – What _____________________ at the moment? – I _____________________ the sunshine at the beach.He is a government official but he quit his job a few weeks ago. I played football at school but now I _____________________ swimming (prefer) 5. The car ______________________ (stop) at the lights. They _____________________ lunch at the moment. 13. 8. but nothing about bicycles. 3. These days we _____________________ tests at school. 14. It ______________________ (be) peaceful and the birds ______________________ (sing). When we ______________________ (see) the spaceship we ___________________(stop) the car. 5. He ______________________ (break)his leg when he ______________________ (ski) . She ______________________ (have) a beautiful dream when the alarm clock ________________ (ring). I ______________________ (ring) at about 3 o’clock yesterday. 9. I ______________________ (be) ill last week. The moon _____________________ round the earth. enjoy) 19. We _____________________ that the contents of this letter should be changed. 17. 6. Can you tell me what it’s about? (have) 6. (go) 9. It _________________(happen) very quickly. 10. I’m sorry. (have) 2. already wait) for you when you ______________________ (get) there? 18. Hi Jake. 2. Claire ______________________ (go) to Egypt last month. (you do. This cake _____________________ strange.(feel) 11. This medicine _____________________ a new substance (contain) 15. The watch _____________________ to my grandmother. 107 . 4. look) 17. – And what _____________________ now? – At the moment he _____________________ for a new job. We ______________________ (drive) home in the middle of the night when we ______________ (see) a flashing light. 7. Why _____________________ my coat? – Oh. Are _____________________ in Paris this week? (you work) 3. The car ______________________ (come) out of the side road and then the van ______________________ (drive) into the back of it. Do _____________________ those men at the door? – They _____________________ at us very strangely (you see. 12. Soft music ______________________ (play) when I ______________________ (go) into the room. (always have) 16. Where __________________________ from? (new neighbours. 15. come) 20. (know) 8. (your Dad do. (have) 12. he do. It ______________________ (rain) when we __________________ (come) out of the shopping centre.

At last . make). It ______________________ (stop) after a few rings. The kids ________________________ on my nerves. I ________________________ care of my neighbour’s cats while they are away (take) 7. but they will any day now. John and Mary ________________________ with each other since the day they got married (quarrel). How many times ________________________ the cat today? (Kim feed) 28. (be married) 22. They ________________________ hard on an important project. 20. (not open) 24. They ________________________ up their minds yet. They ____________________________ (look forward to) it the whole week. 26. 3. I ________________________ for 6 years. The earth __________________ here for billions of years (be). Cuba ________________________ a socialist country since 1959 (be) 6.– What ______________________ (you do) ? – I ______________________ (help) Dad in the garden so I probably ______________________ (not hear)it. 10. It ________________________ hard since last night (rain). Our daughter ___________________________ lipstick since she was 16 (wear). (not show. _________________________________ your problems? (your parents. 8. win) 9.my favourite team ________________________ against its most important rival (win) 21. Where ________________________ the money? (you. They ___________________ (build) a summer house there at the moment. 11. (not make) 27. (make. 19. 18. (not feel) 12. They ________________________ our new refrigerator yet. I ________________________ (fix) it if I 108 . It ______________________ (be) cold when we ______________________ (leave) the house that day. A big earthquake ________________________ San Francisco since 1906. work). 2. 29. We ________________________ problems with our new car recently (have) 4. I’m tired because I ________________________ well lately. I ______________________ (lie) in the bath when the phone ______________________ (ring). ____________________________ on anything interesting lately ?(you work) 5. Fill in the correct form of the Present Perfect tense! 1. She is angry because her boyfriend ________________________ up yet and she ________________________ for half an hour. They ________________________ too much noise (get. (not hit) 15. ________________________________ an important fight? (the boxer . My family ___________________ (buy) some land in southern France recently. We ________________________ very cold weather this year (have) 19. 30. I ________________________ my car for three years (have). Everyone in the Middle East ________________________ about the situation for decades (worry). Dad ________________________ a number of jobs in the last few years (have). My car ___________________ (break) down when I ___________________ (drive) home from work. They ___________________________ in San Francisco since they arrived in the USA 20 years ago. Andy and Mary ___________________ (go) to a concert tomorrow night. (not deliver) Fill in the correct form of the verb – All tenses 1. My company ________________________ a lot of money in the last few years. 2. 25. I’m still waiting for an answer. The patient ________________________ penicillin for several days now (take) 14. It ________________________ yet. The bank is still closed. (live) 16. (not recover) 17. hide) 20. always. Jonathon ___________________ (watch) the news on TV every day and it ___________________ (help) him with his English. 3. 4. understand) 13. ever. We ________________________ cards for the last few hours (play). He got ill five weeks ago and ________________________ yet. wait). 23.

He ___________________ (ride) his bike when someone in front of him suddenly ___________________ (open) a car door. I ______________________ (not sleep) at all last night. Mrs Smith said that one day she ________________________ (retire) from teaching. Janet _____________________ for Smith and Brothers before she came to work for us. She _______________ the new car in 2005. write) 5. (see) 13. 18. but I _______________________ (not enjoy) it very much because I _______________________ (already read) the book. 8. The judge sentenced the man to eight years in prison because he ___________________ (rob) a bank. The other driver ___________________ (lose) control of his car because he ___________________ (fall) asleep. The police ___________________ (interrogate) them last night. (play. 15. (see) 2. She ___________________ (not see) her father since he ___________________ (start) to work in Marseille two years ago. (live) 7. The band _______________ while I _______________ . 17. Linda phoned and explained that she _________________________ (not can) to come to the party the next day because she ___________________ (be) still sick. 10. 9. I _____________________ three movies so far this week. They ________________________ (stand) in the queue for over an hour when the manager ___________________ (tell) them that there were no more tickets. While he ___________________ (wait) for the bus there ___________________ (be) a robbery at the bank. 14. Bill Gates was only 20 years old. (buy) 6. Someone ___________________ (listen) to music all night. An accident ___________________ (happen) near my house last night. My sister ___________________ (fly) home from London today. Her flight ___________________ (arrive) in an hour so I ___________________ (leave) for the airport right now to get there in time. _______________________ to get married? (you plan) 9. I ___________________ (sleep) when the fire broke out. see. I ___________________ (not have) but I ___________________ (read) the book. When I got up I _____________________ out of the window and _____________________ that it _____________________ . 7. Fill in the correct form verb – All Tenses 1.___________________ (know) what was wrong. 5. How long _____________________ for me? (you wait) 14. 12. (work) 12. 16. (have) 10. When he ___________________ (found) Microsoft. He ___________________________ (already write) his first computer programme six years earlier. rain) 11. After the robbers ___________________ (go) away the police ___________________ (come) but they ___________________ (not can) to catch them. Alan ___________________ (be) in the car accident yesterday. 11. Unless he ___________________ (sell) more he won’t get much money. 20. A car _______________ (hit) a young man. – ___________________ (you see) it too? – No. Her mother _____________________ in Victoria for the past five years. (meet) 4. (already be) 8. I ___________________ (see) a film a week ago. If I ___________________ (not read) the book I ____________________________ (probably enjoy) the film more. (look. They ____________________________ in Germany when we arrived a few days ago. She said that she ___________________ (spend) her new free time learning about computers. 19. I _______________ a great film yesterday. I _______________ him last Monday. I _____________________ over Loch Ness 109 . 13. I ___________________ (use) to ski when I was at the university but I ___________________ (break) a leg five years ago and since then I ___________________ (not ski) any more. Many people ___________________ (see) the accident. I _____________________ so much fun since I was a kid. 6. I ________________________ (just see) the film “The Da Vinci Code”. But I didn’t so ___________________ (have) to take it to the garage. _____________________ a new car? (you ever buy) 3.

(be) 42. I _____________________ this kind of work when I was a small boy. The doctor’s waiting room was full of people. play. (go. He always _____________________ to the supermarket alone. see) 39. she probably went to her friend’s place. you see) 15. She _____________________ in school all day. (never. (live) 33. but today he _____________________ his son with him. I _____________________ my report because I had a problem with my computer. (speak) 31. Herbert’s father _____________________ his son’s birthday (never forget) 43. (you have) 28. take) 36. I’m afraid I’m not hungry. (anyone. I _____________________ to the bank yesterday but when I got there it was closed. wondering where he _____________________ her before. He _____________________ in Oxford for two years and when his mother died he moved to London. He twisted his ankle while he _____________________ . be) 38. (not finish) 110 . Lee _____________________ late every day since Tuesday. (see) 19. knit. _____________________ breakfast yet? – Yes I had it together with Sue at 7. . (be) 41. When I first came to this house it _____________________ quite a noisy area. (do) 29. (read. (be) 23. come) 20. (you do) 18. (finish. I _____________________ cake. That’s why my hands are full of flour. Haven’t you finished yet? (do) 35. He never _____________________ in the evening. I _____________________ to South America but I have been to New York several times. a woman _____________________ and a child _____________________ with a doll. “What _____________________ between 9 and 12 yesterday morning”. (go) 40. He _____________________ for an hour now. My best friend and I _____________________ each other for 15 years. Jack usually _____________________ but he _____________________ when his father comes. (read) 30. After Harry _____________________ his work he _____________________ Jude from the office. not smoke) 27. (become) 21. (know) 26.We met the couple over thirteen years ago. Suddenly the door _____________________ and a nurse _____________________ out. How long _____________________ John and Maria?. Some _____________________ a magazine. (smoke. the detective said. (you know) 32. Travelling _____________________ much easier and more comfortable in the past hundred years. (work) 37. only on Sundays._____________________ the Loch Ness monster? (fly. (ski) 24. I’ll be finished soon. call) 34. _____________________ Jean? – No. (bake) 22. He _____________________ the paper when his wife came home. (already eat) 16. I _____________________ . You _____________________ your homework for two hours.last week. open. _____________________ the doors before you leave the house? (you ever lock) 25. Peter _____________________ football in the afternoon when he got the call. (play) 17. He kept looking at her.

alcohol or smoking. the UK and France. many young people can at times be difficult to talk to. 2.TEST ACADEMIE (2013) Partea I: CITIT Many people think that being clever. Parents should also watch for danger signs: some young people in trying to be adult may experiment with sex. What is the main purpose of the passage? 1 to list the countries in which IKEA operates 2 to advise people on what to buy from IKEA 3 to give a presentation of IKEA 4 to make people change their mind about home decorating. Parents need to watch for any signs of unusual behaviour which may be connected with these and get help if necessary. 1. This is a normal development at this age. but perhaps IKEA is most famous for its flatpack furniture. Over 365 million people worldwide spend more than £8 billion in IKEA stores each year and the number of customers keeps rising. of teenagers trying to be adult while they are still growing up. these things aren’t as important as we think.and their list makes very surprising reading. Parents should do their best to talk to their son or daughter about school. They often seem to dislike being questioned. IKEA has become one of the biggest furniture empires in the world. The company has made people think differently about the way they furnish their homes. rich and attractive is the best way to find happiness. What is the writer trying to do? 1 help parents to understand teenagers 2 give advice to inexperienced teachers 3 give advice to difficult teenagers 4 help parents to behave responsibly 4. drugs. though it can be very hard for parents to understand. It is part of becoming independent. But according to a recent report in New Scientist magazine. chairs and coat hangers. The best-selling products are bookshelves. A group of scientists reviewed hundreds of research studies from around the world and then made a list of the top ten reasons for happiness . sofas. 3. work and future plans but should not push them to talk if they don’t want to. For what reason would somebody read the text? 1 for amusement 2 for pleasure 3 for information 4 for opinion 5. particularly in countries like Germany. What does the writer say about teenagers? 1 they enjoy adult relationships 2 they hate answering questions 111 . During the teenage years. candles. Young people are usually more willing to talk if they believe that questions are asked out of real interest and not because people are trying to check up on them. They may seem unwilling to talk about their work in school. What would be a suitable title for the passage above? 1 The secret of happiness 2 Rich and clever 3 What scientists think 4 A very surprising discovery Since it opened its first store in 1963.

Matt and I went to the caves first. Kevin and Simon. and realised why people love rock-climbing. while sisters Carole and Lynn had come with Amanda. We knew we were going to spend the weekend outdoors. 4 They came from the same city. as she seemed to 112 . my interest in the whole business of language learning began with my grandmother. 7. we were out at last – covered in mud but pleased and excited by what we’d done. What do we learn about the group? 1 Some of them had been there before. She was an immigrant and. as a young child. What is the purpose of the text? 1 to advertise the Activity Centre 2 to describe some people she met 3 to explain how to do certain outdoor sports 4 to say how she spent some free time 8. Cameron had come along with two friends. We had come from various places and none of us knew the area. 3 Some of them already knew each other. Half of us spent the morning caving while the others went rock-climbing and then we changed at lunchtime. 2 They had already chosen their preferred activities.3 4 they prefer being with their friends they may behave strangely 6. but none of us was sure exactly how. I was always confused that my grandmother spoke one language to me. What is said about parents? 1 they are not very good listeners 2 they should make a special effort 3 they tend to use too much force 4 they don’t understand problems A month ago I had no idea that on a Saturday afternoon in November I’d be hanging 30 meters above the ground and enjoying it. or even a writer. My friend Matt and I had arrived at the Activity Centre on Friday evening. another to my parents and a third one to my grandfather and on the phone to relatives back home. Climbing out was harder than going in. How do you think the writer might describe her weekend? 1 interesting 2 relaxing 3 frightening 4 unpleasant In many ways. 11. Now I looked down at the river far below me. What can the reader learn from the text? 1 when to depend on other people at the Centre 2 how to apply for a place at the Centre 3 what sort of activities you can experience at the Centre 4 which time of year is best to attend the Centre 9. I guess she could have been a translator of books. What activity did the writer engage in first? 1 rock-climbing 2 caving 3 pushing 4 rafting 10. but after a good deal of pushing. On Saturday morning we met the other ten members of our group.

these days. He said he didn’t want to go to the theatre. so we’ll 2 are phenomena have to be careful what we buy. In fact. Partea a II-a: GRAMATICĂ ŞI VOCABULAR 16. I’ve got a _________ money left. Tom _________ cricket for long. 4 She could write quickly in different languages. 3 aren’t 113 . so can we. Although it’s often said that learning languages can help you to find higher-paid employment. 2 the more 1 isn’t playing 3 more 2 hasn’t been playing 4 as many 3 doesn’t play 20. People _________ happier if they ate well 2 sees and got more exercise. but the amazing thing was that she’d left school at the age of 11 and had taught herself everything she knew.pick languages up so quickly. The writer says the most important reason why people use language is 1 to learn about other cultures 2 to travel internationally 3 to get better jobs 4 to use the internet 15. there’s a lot of extra help these days from IT. If you _________ decide very soon. 4 would be 1 won’t 19. and so improve. Snow and rain _________ of nature. 3 She learnt languages without having teachers. the more work there is. so my grandmother has still got it right. What does the writer think is special about her grandmother? 1 She spoke three languages. 4 didn’t play 1 are phenomenon 17. 12. real people in the same space. If she did. It’s good to combine these methods. Unfortunately. 4 many 1 saw 18. The writer says IT helps you to learn languages because it means 1 you can study in different places 2 you can talk to other learners 3 you can repeat things easily 4 you can check your mistakes. The main reason to speak different languages for her was so she could communicate in these different cultures. _________ projects we 2 don’t complete successfully. but it can also mean that you keep repeating the same mistakes. 3 had seen 1 are 4 has seen 2 were 22. 2 She translated books for publishers. 3 is phenomenon 1 little 4 is phenomena 2 few 21. What could the writer’s grandmother have become? 1 school teacher 2 translator 3 web designer 4 IT consultant 14. Recording your voice with feedback facilities on web learning sites helps you to control how you speak. travel and the internet are generally happening in a kind of limited global English or can be translated electronically. 3 much as he _________ “Hamlet” three times. I still think going to class means you can interact with other. 13. you 3 would have been will end up staying at home. but he’s 1 as the more already quite good at it.

1 trail 2 track 3 lane 4 platform 33. You _________ be really hungry. Space is the most _________ environment we will ever explore. Don’t stand at the edge of the _________. 1 hostile 2 unkind 3 adverse 4 angry 35. They haven’t contacted us lately. 1 said why I hadn’t 2 asked why hadn’t I 3 said why hadn’t I 4 asked why I hadn’t 24. sex or creed. _________. You haven’t eaten anything. we haven’t heard from them in a while.4 wouldn’t 23. You should _________ sure you’ve answered all the questions on the exam paper. He was so _________ at maths in school that he was the youngest student accepted in a college. There’s a train coming. 1 Although 2 In fact 3 Therefore 4 Than 37. Our team faced fierce _________ in the relay races. but the machine was out of _________. 1 hasn’t yet handed in the test 2 hasn’t handed in yet the test 3 hasn’t handed in the test yet 114 . The bank was _________ again yesterday. We need _________ information in order to finish the project. I wanted to buy a drink. 1 might 2 will 3 must 4 can 26. 1 stolen 2 broken 3 robbed 4 taken 31. 1 further 2 farther 3 furthest 4 farthest 25. 1 work 2 order 3 position 4 operation 30. Anyone is accepted at this college _________ of race. The teacher _________. 1 attack 2 competition 3 contest 4 enemies 32. 1 brilliant 2 hopeless 3 keen 4 proud Partea a III-a: SCRIS 36. Have you _________ studying astronomy at university? 1 wondered 2 thought 3 guessed 4 considered 28. I did badly in the test. My dad is worried because he _________ a lot of money to the bank. 1 lacks 2 costs 3 owes 4 purchases 29. 1 devoid 2 depending 3 regardless 4 considering 34. 1 do 2 have 3 take 4 make 27. The teacher _________ studied for it.

One of the advantages of the Internet is the abundance of information. it allows you to communicate easily. Choose the most appropriate beginning for an informal letter: 1 Thomas dear.4 hasn’t handed the test yet in 38. Choose the most appropriate ending for a formal letter: 1 Best wishes 2 Yours faithfully 3 Lots of love 4 Regards 42. 2 Dear Mr. 2 I am writing you to express my strong dissatisfaction with the services provided. Your essay has many strong points. 4 Dear Thomas. Choose the most appropriate line to finish an informal letter: 1 Write back and tell me about your plans for the weekend. 115 . 3 Dear Sir. I would consider accepting the job offer. “If I were in your position. you still need to rewrite some passages. _________. 41. 3 I look forward to receiving a reply from you. _________.”? 1 Letter giving information 2 Letter of application 3 Letter of complaint 4 Letter requesting information 43.” This line appears in a letter: 1 giving information 2 giving advice 3 requesting advice 4 introducing an argument 44. 4 I’m sorry I haven’t written for such a long time. What type of letter contains the following line: “I am writing to draw your attention to the inadequate behaviour of your staff. 1 However 2 In spite of 3 Even if 4 Despite 39. Can you tell me _________? 1 when does the next train to Geneva leave 2 when leaves the next train to Geneva 3 when does the next train to Geneva leaves 4 when the next train to Geneva leaves 40. 1 For instance 2 Consequently 3 Despite 4 In addition 45. Thomas.

.... would be/ flew E..... lived E..... him the news. readed E......... take you C.......... It will be her birthday. sailed 11. will visit B.TENSE QUIZ 1.. positive reviews about that film in the papers so I am going to see it... he .. did you arrived C.. A.. from a large whisky-bottle..... Have you done B........ I ….. has read B........ were/ will fly C........ is drinking E. Look! She ………………………………………. Hi Jane. If I . may shine D.. A...... will always complain 18.. did you arrive 4. have you taken D........... do you take E. I ........... lives 8... finish / have B... will drink 16. shines E........ A. We _____ my aunt next week on Friday. is looking C. is always complaining D..Vinland while he …………………………towards the west... has/ finished had C. took you B... were sailing C. Has you ever played D.....(start) at nine o'clock... will read 14.. A. A.....(encounter) a strange animal which I'd never seen before...(speak) to all the others is still my favorite.. A... left D. Did you ever played B.... had already left 17.. A.. had woken up/told B... had left E. has lived C....... He ... Everybody will be at the office at about 08:30 tomorrow as the meeting ---.... to school yesterday? A. A... have already seen C....... have lived D. discovered . has discovered .... finished/ had 20... was waking up/ told D....... 116 . didn't changed C..was/ fly B......... drinks D. would be/ would fly 12. A. sailed B. are drinking. Has you done C.... at the airport.. read D. discovered ... Leif Ericson... While climbing onto the mountain top..... Hardly had the minister finished his speech when gunshots ---. have changed E..... have visited E....... left C......... about everything! A....... Harry . Have you ever play E. A. did you take 3. A. had arrived . looks E.. Have you do E. ........ the plane .... visited C....... wakes up /told C. Did you do D.... He …………………………… mineral water every day.. am finishing B...painting.. had arrived ...... changed B.. was sailing D. arrived . We .. has changed D.... is shining C.. already saw E.... have just finished D... Has you done 2. has arrived ...... drink C............. just have finished 13... are drinking B...... was discovering ... have you arrived E. A.... Do you ever played C.... 4....... was sailing E. I ---. is drinking E.. When _____? A.. He was late... had finished/ had D. will look 15... always complains C. B. has discovered .. will drink 10...... woke up told E... Which books ....... 3. and we . the Superman. is complaining E. I .. has you arrived D.. That candidate who we had been interviewed before we ---.. has already seen D. has been living B... has just finished C...... woke up were telling 19..... were/ would fly D...... have read C. is going to shine B. When he .. will shine 7. The weather forecast says the sun _____ tomorrow.. are visiting 5............ do you arrived B. left . _____ your homework? A.......... are looking B.. 2.(storm) the stadium.... had arrived B.……… (finish) doing this exercise........ rugby? A........ A. already did see 6.. Many things _____ this month.. After he ... look D.. A... is visiting D. She _____ in this house for years...... just finished E... would change 9. Have you ever played FILL IN WITH THE CORRECT VERB FORM: 1. drink C...... drinks D. will already seen B....... you _____ sad! What's up? A....... that film.....a shower..... had finished/ had had E..... always complain B.............

(arrive).(always / be) a problem which causes several environmental challenges ever since the rate of migration ---. since I ---. 14. I was amazed when he accepted a drink. A going B is going C goes D is gone 4. Nothing in my life ---. I ---.(become) a major problem for people for the last ten years. Before people landed on the Moon in 1969. very strange incidents ---. Every day.(be) so strong to stop me achieve my goals so far and I don't think anything will be. 13.(oppose) it up to that time.(come) home this evening. By the year 2020. 10. At the moment.(increase) after the industrial revolution. thousands of vending machines ---. all of the students in our class __________________ to their countries. 16. This time tomorrow some of the people in this room __________________ to their home countries.(have to be converted) before the new coins have come into circulation.(compose) an enviable number of musical pieces. 7. By the time the troops ---. 11.(play) tennis tomorrow but I won't be able to do that because I have injured my right ankle. I wasn't surprised to hear that Monica ---. According to a survey. linguists ---. A will travel B will travelling C will be travelling D will have travelling 2.(explain) recently that an ancient underground city around Cappadocia has long wide corridors where there are many special areas for making cheese and wine. Henry ____ for an early morning run before eating breakfast. Gasoline ---. my parents had gone out for a walk. MULTIPLE CHOICE 2 1.(study) the Indy-European language family for more than 200 years. even when it's raining heavily. the war will have ended. A I do B I doing C I'm doing D I've done 5. _________ an exercise in order to review the English verb tenses that I have learned. 8. 15. 6. We ---. A believed B were believing C have believed D had been believing 6. Wolfgang Mozart ---. The chairman was sure that his plan would work out fine as no other member ---. By the time he was 14. 18. some people ________ that the moon was made of cheese. Urbanization ---. A will return B will have returned C will be returning D will have returning 117 . Augusto couldn't open the classroom door because one of the other students __________ it from the inside.(have) an accident as she is a very reckless driver.5. 12.(take place) within the research complex. Archaeologists ----.(always / assume) that he was a teetotaler. 19. during this time many people have preferred to sell their cars and buy smaller ones. Since the very first day when the Umbrella Company embarked upon such a dangerous and risky labresearch. When I ---. 17. 9. A locked B was locking C has locked D had locked 3.(visit) the seashore many times before but last summer we enjoyed ourselves more than ever. therefore. By Christmas.

It's a long journey by train. She loves _____ Hungarian music. the teacher was collecting the homework from the other students. A will finish B will have finished C will be finishing D will have been finishing 12. ? come the post yet D. I'm sorry I can't come to your party tomorrow night. A. A studied B studies C was studying D has studied 11. Tchior ________ to six pancake parties and fifteen barbecues. A he says B he said C he's said D he's been saying 8. Maybe I can come along afterwards. This is Javi's last week at the school so ________________ Goodbye to all his new friends for the last three days. _____ by road. ? a B. but Jenny _____. I don't speak Japanese. ? the post come yet C. ? by B. In two minutes' time you __________________ and then you will find out your score. ? got D. ? am seeing D. 8. ? have seen B. I _____ your uncle tomorrow. A I will have B I'm having C I have D I will have had 9. ? from B. ? was shining 6. ? --D. 118 . ? of A. As the sun _____. 9. ? have B. looking. ? the C. A came B comes C has come D has been coming 10. ? long 4. __________ dinner with Cristina and Samara. ? across C. ? are A. ? yet the post came 5. At six o'clock this morning most of us were asleep in bed. ? shine C. ? --A. ? the post yet come B. ? more quickly B. She walked _____ the road without 3. So far. so I'll 2. When Elisabetta _______ for her morning lesson. ? more quick 7. ? some of D. They _____ married in church last year. A. ? made C. ? has shone D. This is the second to last question in this set of questions.7. ? going to see A. But Atheer ____________ for today's grammar. ? quickly C. A. ? shines B. A arrived B was arriving C had arrived D had been arriving MULTIPLE CHOICE 3 1. ? to C. My house is opposite _____ the park. it's much give him your note. ? quicker D. ? through D. during her time at International House Bristol. Has _____? A. I decided to go out. ? shall have sheen C.

? much less B. ? was cooking C. How long does it _____ to get to London? A. ? nephew 23. ? solo C. It's not raining _____. ? --17. ? some more 16. ? much fewer D. A. A. ? Did you finish C. A. He's _____ intelligent than his sister. A. "It's a pity you haven't seen that play. ? is speaking it 10. A. ? alone B. will you do some shopping for me? 119 . ? All 19. ? the whole 12. ? had hidden D. ? does C. A. ? hide C. ? cousin B. ? whole of the B. My brother's son is my _____. ? had cooked D. ? on the B. ? the 21. ? do B. If you _____ to town tomorrow. ? All the B. ? Every C. The whole thing is much simpler _____ you think. ? on D. Can you play _____ piano? A. ? an old my friend B. ? they're D. ? their C. _____ books on this shelf were written by Dickens. Janet is _____. ? saw C. ? lonely 27. ? all the D. ? The all D. ? there 15. ? had been working D. ? worked C. ? Are you finishing 11. ? The B. A. ? was seen D. A. ? has been working 13. ? to 25. ? an old friend of me C. ? have seen B. ? any more C. ? Have you finished D. ? are hiding B. ? --C. ? speaks D. ? then 22. A. She said she _____ for five hours. the thieves _____ the stolen money. ? need B. A. ? uncle C. ? --D. ? not so C. My uncle arrived while I _____ dinner. ? lesser 20. ? at B. ? would cook 24. A. They never do _____ homework. ? no more D. Don't be late _____ your music lesson. ? A D. ? than B. I _____ it last week. ? will have hidden 14. He always works _____. ? has worked B. ? as what C. ? more B. A." "But I have. By the time the police arrived. ? whole C. ? Do you finish B. ? Some C. A." A. ? they B.A. ? cook B. ? son-in-law D. ? an old friend of mine 18. A. He doesn't like company. ? take C. "_____ yet?" " Nearly. ? a D. ? a my old friend D. We spent _____ day sunbathing. ? make 26. _____ cows are animals. ? for C. ? had seen 28." A. ? want D. ? only D.

? did D. ? habit 35. ? you did meet B. ? travel B. ? something C.A. ? terribly bad B. The family lost their money on roulette so they're unable to buy _____. ? --D. ? job C. ? usage C. How long does the train _____ from London to Edinburgh take? A. ? I'm afraid not. A. D. ? are 38. ? you met 34. A. ? for an hour D. He would be very happy if you _____ what he asked. They _____ to the theatre twice so far his month. ? fastly B. ? anything B. He won't be late. ? have had to 45. I'm _____ a hurry. ? will C. ? will be taken C. When _____ Mr. A. ? sewed 31. ? myself terribly tired D. ? No. ? will do B. ? custom B. ? journey 37. ? an hour B. ? terribly tired C. Will you do me a favour if _____ you? A. A. A. B. We have been waiting for you _____. ? nothing 44. ? that whom C. ? are going D. ? voyage D. ? have done 41. ? on C. I can't wait. ? sow D. ? everything D. _____ he? A. ? we all would like 42. ? I ask D. sorry. ? did you meet C. ? do C. ? can be able to C. C. I feel _____ after all this typing. ? somebody wants it B. ? I want C. ? for 39. 46. A. ? myself terribly bad 33. A. ? profession B. ? sawed C. ? work D. ?S who 40. ? have been C. ? will has to B. sadly. "Can you lend me a pound?" "_____" A. A. ? I afraid no. ? speedy C. ? could D. We _____ be millionaires one day. ? with whom B. ? with D. ? occupation 30. ? fast D. A. ? have you met D. ? isn't D. ? hard 43. Do you know _____ I met last Saturday? A. I've got a very good _____ with the BBC. ? Not. ? an hour ago 36. ? they were being taken 120 . ? will go C. A. The hijackers were arrested and didn't know where _____. ? practice D. Yesterday I _____ my son's trousers. A. ? they're taken D. ? they would take B. ? won't B. ? sew B. A. Jones? A. ? tour C. ? go B. ? went D. ? don't 32. Smoking is a bad _____ of yours. ? in B. He was fined by the police for driving too _____. ? will be going 29. ? since an hour C. ? were B.

? born B. ? in late C. ? visiting 60. ? as B. "How old is she now?" "She _____ in 1905." A. B. B. ? to visit C. ? how difficult it seems B. ? would intend D. ? will you need C. ? will want C. ? Thanks. A. The policeman warned the photographer _____ too near. A horrible morning was followed by a torrent of rain _____ afternoon. ? was burn D. ? was born C. My son is only one and a half years old but he can already _____. "How many eggs have we got?" "_____" A. I don't. I'd have known when you _____ to go on holiday. ? go C. D. ? need you D. In his spare time he works _____ a salesman for an insurance company. C. A. ? a visit to B. ? Not too many. A. no me! 52. "What are you doing?" "I _____ to find my watch. ? They're no in the fridge. ? however it seems difficult D. ? late in D. ? was fighting in the battles of 1944 C. 51. A. ? however seems it difficult C. ? try C. A. ? like C. ? out 53. ? had won the war alone 56. ? to visiting D. ? fifteen past ten B. ? come D. ? There aren't some. ? on late B. "Some sugar?" "_____" A. ? Yes. ? wanted B. I'd like. ? ten fifteen D. ? you need B. If you'd written earlier.47. A. ? No. ? Not too much. ? have you needed 121 . ? don't come D. A. ? fifteen ten C. C. ? defeat the enemy B. ? late in the 49. D. My train arrived at 10:15. which means: _____. ? 'm trying D. ? has fought the Germans D. A. please. ? ten past fifteen 55. The tourists were looking forward _____ the Tate Gallery. ? walk 57. you must keep trying. ? doesn't come 48. ? No. ? how difficult does it seem 54. ? not to come C. A. ? was borne 58. ? 've tried 50. ? would want 59. ? shouldn't come B. The old general told us stories of how he _____. No matter _____. ? hurry B." A. ? tried B. ? at D. How much longer _____ this dictionary? A.

TEST ACADEMIE (2011) Partea I: CITIT Choose the correct answer a. He grew up and spent most of his life near the great Mississippi River. c) The third U. Americans eat in excess of thirty million litres per year. 3. The Telegraph The telegraph was invented in 1837 by Samuel Morse and revolutionized communication. A message sent on a telegraph is called a telegram. and he was born in 1835 in the state of Missouri. president had ice cream in the White House. d) Some people prefer ice milk instead of ice cream. First. Ice Cream Ice cream is the favourite frozen dessert in most countries. What is the main idea of the text? a) Ice cream is a very popular and delicious dessert. In 1864 he travelled to California. The telegraph makes use of a special code. 4. To operate a telegraph. b) Ice cream may contain cream sometimes. d) A tic-tac-toe grid has only nine spaces. Ice milk has less fat than ice cream but is also delicious. Tic-Tac-Toe To play tic-tac-toe is not difficult. president (James Madison) was the first person to serve ice cream in the White House about two hundred years ago. 1. You can do this by drawing two vertical lines and then drawing two horizontal lines across them. One player puts an X in any square. His real name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens. c) Tic-tac-toe is an easy game to play. called the Morse code. What is the main idea of the text? a) Three players cannot play tic-tac-toe at the same time. In the 1800s. It is made of cream. sugar. b) First you must draw a grid to play tic-tac-toe. 2. and then the other player puts an O in one of the open spaces. you must draw a grid. you push a special key and then release it. This action closes and opens the electric circuit. Some kinds of ice cream also contain eggs. c) It is not very difficult to operate a telegraph. You now have a grid with nine spaces.S. The wife of the third U. b) Telegrams are sent on telegraphs.S. When did Mark Twain become well known as a writer? a) in 1863 b) in 1864 c) in 1865 d) in 1866 122 . He became famous the following year when he wrote a short story which was called “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County”. the telegraph was extremely important until it was replaced by the radio and the telephone. The goal of the game is to be the first player to have three marks (X or O) in the same line. What is the main idea of the text? a) The telegraph was a very important invention for communication. d) The radio was a more important invention than the telegraph. Today. b. c or d. and different flavours. Mark Twain Mark Twain was one of the most popular authors in America. he travelled around the world and continued his writing career. It is an instrument for sending messages between distant places by an electric current. In the next few years.

How much money did the purse contain? a) 50 pounds b) about 50 pounds c) a few pounds d) more than 50 pounds Ainsley Harriott I’ve always been a bit of an entertainer and played the funny man. Where was Mark Twain born? a) in California b) in Mississippi c) in Calaveras d) in Missouri Letter to the Newport Evening News On Saturday afternoon I left my handbag on the bus. I stood by the side of the road and just cried. It made me sure of myself. What is the writer trying to do in the letter? a) make a complaint b) show her thanks c) report a theft d) make an enquiry 7. d) She was anxious. d) You should always have the correct bus fare. B. so I learned how to stand in front of audiences. amazingly with all its contents untouched. I didn’t know what to do: I’m 72 years old. It was the manager of CityBus. b) Travelling by bus is too difficult when you are old. Jimmy and Madeleine. A young man asked me what was wrong and I explained what had happened to me. Newport 6. He gave me some money for my bus fare home. Mrs.5. I got my handbag back. We spend a lot of time just singing and dancing around the house. James. Chester Harriot – who’s still playing. address book and my purse. My working day is divided between television 123 . I grew up with music because my dad is the pianist. I’ve lived in London all my life and have just moved to a larger house with my wife Clare and our two children. What will the reader learn from the letter? a) You should not carry much cash in a handbag. 10. and I was quite worried. In fact. I got home safely and the telephone rang soon after. When I told the bus driver what had happened he said I should keep the fare. I like being liked and I love making everyone smile. I would just like to say how wonderful everybody was who helped me on that day. I was a part-time comedian for years. and how much I appreciate their kindness and honesty. When I realized what I had done. Why did the writer cry? a) She was late. I was a long way from home. c) She was poor. 8. In it were my cheque book. How did the writer feel after her experience? a) surprised that nothing was stolen b) annoyed that the local bus service is inconvenient c) afraid to travel on her own again d) worried about how to repay the bus driver 9. c) There are some kind people in Newport. which contained about £50 in cash and some credit cards. by the way. He said that they had my handbag and he offered to drive over to return it. the company that owned the bus on which I had left my handbag. b) She was lost. it was too late.

Col. d) He enjoys spending time with his family. d) He should practice cooking more. What is the writer’s main purpose in writing the text? a) to describe how he lives b) to say what makes him laugh c) to talk about his cooking ideas d) to explain how he started in TV 12. What does the writer say about himself? a) He loves going out and meeting people. Late evening is when fresh thoughts on cooking usually come to me. Show me the woman … husband a) can is a doctor. What does he say about his working life? a) He would like to appear less on TV. I eat all sorts of things at home but I only buy quality food. We … better go home now. When I eventually get to bed. c) He enjoys being popular.and writing cook books. so I often write or plan my programmes then. You … listen to me when I’m d) a few talking to you. 20. There was … smoke in the a) do kitchen. b) He is very similar to his father. a) deliver a) it is b) delivering b) is c) delivered c) unless it is d) to deliver d) and is 17. b) may a) who’s c) must b) whose 124 . Jones is preparing … his d) need speech. though TV takes most of my time. Who. 13. 14. 15. b) He gets his best ideas at certain times. What would a reader learn about Ainsley from the text? a) He is a very good musician. There’s nothing better than a night at home playing with the children. b) He likes to plan the family meals. When I’m cooking. but I’m a home loving person really. I’m a football fan and enjoy going to matches. I don’t like going to the pub but we do go out to eat about twice a month. The desert … cool at night. plays the piano? a) Clare b) Jimmy c) Madeleine d) Chester Partea a II-a: GRAMATICĂ ŞI VOCABULAR 16. I rarely go to bed before midnight. c) He is nervous about performing on stage. I experiment with whatever is in the fridge – it’s good practice for my TV series. 21. I have no trouble sleeping! 11. d) He should go to bed earlier. b) should a) many c) did b) a lot of d) had c) few 18. c) He prefers being a comedian. in the writer’s family. I spend about five days a fortnight working on the cooking programmes I appear in. 19.

Britain’s … is fairly mild – it’s morning. A car is … than a bike. I 28. I was very … when I was little. a) achieved a) forecast b) taken b) climate c) failed c) environment d) passed d) heat wave 27.c) of which 29. You have to … on the word was always getting into trouble! “Next” to see the next web page. Make sure you follow guy who knocks on the door. … us that joke about a kitchen table. a) bad tempered a) press b) naughty b) click c) depressed c) push d) polite d) hit Partea a III-a: SCRIS 36. Jeanne. I hope I’ve … it. a) say a) degrees b) speak b) directions c) make c) instructions d) tell d) experiences 35. Choose the correct line to end an informal letter: a) Yours sincerely. They would offer us a 10% a) industry discount if we … in advance. a) tight a) the fastest b) smooth b) as faster c) rough c) much faster d) practical d) more fast 31. We had our English exam this 33. b) contract a) book c) staff b) would book d) profession c) booked 30. Is it really your … to be a 25. half hour. It’s important to have a sense 24. Which is the correct order? a) Every month you do go to the dentist’s? b) You do go every month to the dentist’s? c) Do you go to the dentist’s every month? d) Do you every month go to the dentist’s? 37. never very hot or very cold. a) laughter a) has been crying b) amusement b) has cried c) comedy c) had been crying d) humour d) had cried 32. them. Don’t sign the … until you’ve d) who read every word of it! 22. Do you know where …? paratrooper? a) is this author born a) application b) this author was born b) profession c) has this author been born c) ambition d) was this author born d) contract 26. My little daughter … for the last of … or it’s easy to get depressed. This military shirt is too … d) will book around the neck. 125 . I can’t breathe! 23. b) Lots of love. I’ve left you a list of … on the 34.

is a masterpiece. b) Sorry. is a masterpiece.. TEST CÂMPINA LIMBA ENGLEZĂ 2007 Choose the right answer: 61. d) Discounts would encourage students to buy textbooks. as usual. b) There are four learning styles. “Sorry to disturb you” is used to express: a) opinion b) agreement c) apology d) disagreement 45. Which is the correct order? a) Before have you ever met him? b) Have you ever met him before? c) Have you before ever met him? d) You have before ever met him? 44.S. 43. is a masterpiece. c) People strongly agree with the decision to build a large shopping centre here. Choose the correct sentence to begin a narrative paragraph: a) I got up at 6:30 a. c) Hamlet. a) have b) had c) has 62. b) As Donald entered the castle. Unless you ……her now. I’ve taken so long to write … c) I am writing to apply for the position of … d) How are you? 42. a) such b) even c) if d) so 39.c) Yours faithfully. In what type of letter can you find the following sentence? “I would greatly appreciate if you could provide me with some information on ……” a) letter giving information b) letter requesting information c) letter of complaint d) letter of invitation 41. d) Finally. c) New York is one of the biggest cities in the U. we were allowed to leave. Choose the correct word to complete the sentence: It was … windy that half the trees had been blown down. Which of the following sentence can be found in a descriptive paragraph? a) This attractive suburban home has four bedrooms and two bathrooms. 38. It’s time you ……your hair cut. Which sentence is correct? a) Hamlet. d) Thank you.m. d) Hamlet who is Shakespeare’s most famous play is a masterpiece. 40. she will leave for good. 126 . which is Shakespeare’s most famous play. b) Hamlet which is Shakespeare’s most famous play. he felt strange. whom is Shakespeare’s most famous play. Which sentence can you find in a formal letter? a) Thanks a million for your letter.

time for you to finish the job! a) It is plenty time b) There are enough c) There is plenty of 83.” “……. a) regarded b) consulted c) concerned 70.? a) don’t he b) don’t they c) aren’t they 73. We must have ……sharpened. He was so interested in his book that he didn’t … her enter the room. a few advice 77. the subject is closed. a) None.a) don’t call b) would call c) call 63. a) laughing at b) to laugh at c) being laughed at 64. a) Did I be b) Were I c) Would I be 69.the furniture ……. Didn’t you … play football ? a) used to b)get used to c) use to 62. a) nothing b) no things c) anything 70. 127 . Don’t you think that the balance of power has ……recently? a) swept b) shifted c) sifted 88. ………. a) agree to b) agreed with c) don’t agree to 90. a) of studying b) to study c) on studying 87. No sooner ……the team ….in your shoes. a) didn’t make b) don’t make c) didn’t made 67. I would choose the other type of car.. “Threateningly” means: a) menacingly b) overwhelming c) disastrously 86.the speed limit. when c) did ….so much! a) hadn’t eaten b) didn’t eat c) haven’t eaten a) what b) that c) which 66. Young people laugh very loudly .come.. a) will eat b) would be eaten c) will have eaten 76. . a) little.ideas and …. I have such a bad stomach ache after so much food. VARIANTA 2 61. a) don’t come b) didn’t come c) hadn’t come 71. … makes their parents mad . His brother ….. John was the first person I saw …. Your fiancée won’t buy that hat unless you ……it... “Obstinate” means: a) stubborn b) capable c) obstructed 64. Robin denies ……. a) this. a) beginning b) we begin c) to begin 68. I don’t enjoy … . than b) had…. By the time their parents come back.come. …. a) have exceeded b) exceeding c) to having exceeded 84.back. are c) the. the coach resigned. My father doesn’t approve ……late at night....come.. Nobody has ever told me …. has b) None of. a) little b) fewer c) less 65. a) had…. I came across this antique chair quite by … .. You have given me …. a) by leaving b) as leaving c) on leaving 79. a) random b) chance c) choice 80.. than 78. any advices b) few. A lot of water ……under the bridge since they last heard of her. She insisted on … the party at midnight.. The three winners were picked entirely at ……from a pile of entries. I asked him if he … a good time. “I don’t have a ticket. Would you mind … the door ? a) to close b) close c) closing 65.look at me when I’m talking to you! a) might b) couldn’t c) need 82. a) did give b) had given c)gave 63. ………news in this paper ……never accurate.their dinner. they wouldn’t have had to take a taxi. the children …. If he … them a lift . Everybody is joining us.arrived yet.it to someone. As far as I’m … . a) has flown b) has flewn c) has flowed 89. If only I …..to do now without his help? a) am I b) should I c) must I 75.the hospital. She’d rather you……in drunk last night. a) had had b) did have c) has had 67. little advice c) a few. ……………. We wish you……up your mind in such a hurry for this important decision. ……. Tom can’t find the book on the shelf. is b) these.about the job. What …. …. You …. have 81.. a) must have lent b) may lend c) need have lended 72. has c) None of. a) this scissors b) these scissor c) these scissors 74..” a) Me too b) Neither do I c) Neither have I 68. is 66. ……… a pause in the conversation she left the room a) During b) By c) As 85. She earns ……money than her sister. a) sight b) chance c) luck 69.

a) remark b) notice c) recognize
71. The boy … stealing his friend ‘s pencil.
a) refused b) rejected c) denied
72. Johnny … for the airport as soon as the taxi
….
a) leaves / will arrive b) will leave / will arrive
c ) will leave / arrives
73. Cathy … for her boyfriend for an hour when
he finally … .
a) was waiting / showed up b) had been waiting /
showed up c) was waiting / had showed up
74. Her cousin is preparing to leave … school
and join … army.
a) the / the b) - / the c) a / an
75. He forgot that his assistant … him that she
… the next day .
a) told / is leaving b) told / was leaving c) had
told / was leaving
76. The officer … to punish any soldier who
disobeys his orders.
a) is expected b) is waited c) is expecting
77. She decided to buy herself a dog after her
house … .
a) has been broken b) had been broken into c)
had been broken
78. If you … me a lift to school , my parents …
grateful to you.
a) will give / will be b) give / will be c) give /
are
79. If the girl … one or two friends , she … so
lonely.
a) had / wouldn’t feel b) has had / wouldn’t feel
c) had had / would feel

80. The police asked the victim how … to
escape unharmed .
a) did he manage b) had he managed c) he had
managed
81.I wish you … him win the race today.
a) can have seen b) could have seen c) must
have seen
82. It is high time parents … trusting their own
children.
a) start b) started c) had started
83. If only they … us about the upcoming
meeting.
a) have warned b) had warned c) had been
warning
84. She said she … come with us to the
mountains.
a) might b) mustn’t c ) can
85. She looks very relaxed ; she … have had a
very nice holiday .
a) can b) must c) could
86. Charles keeps complaining that his teachers
have made him … hard lately.
a) study b) to study c) to have studied
87. The boy finally confessed that he had been
made … his story .
a) change b) to change c) to have changed
88. Your brother will have to get used to … to
school .
a) walk b) walking c) have walked
89. Tom asked his girlfriend where … so that he
could take her home.
a) did she live b) she lives c) she lived
90. I wish the world … a better place
a) will be b) wasn’t c) were

CÂMPINA 2008
61. It's time you ... if you will come or stay.
a) decided; b) have decided; c) will decide.
62. She wishes she ... to see that play last night.
a) would have gone; b) went; c) had gone.
63. Who is ... tolerant? Mr. or Mrs. Brown?
a) the most; b) as; c) the more.
64. The more carefully you read, ... you'll understand the book.
a) best; b) the better; c) the best.
65. Could you give me ... more milk in my tea?
a) a little; b) many; c) a few.
66. There is hardly ... wine left.
a) some; b) no; c) any.
67. We had to queue for nearly two hours, and ....
a) neither had he; b) so did he; c) so should he.
68. The journey was ... longer than I thought it would be.
a) farther; b) very; c) much.
128

69. No sooner ... his umbrella than it began to rain again.
a) had he closed; b) has he closed; c) did he close.
70. The new theatre ... next month.
a) has been opened; b) will be opened; c) was opened.
71. Suppose you ... the exam, what would you do?
a) failed; b) would fail; c) have failed.
72. They were ... nice people that everybody enjoyed their company.
a) so; b) such; c) such a.
73. I ... my mother to sew up the hole in my shirt.
a) made; b) had; c) got.
74. She spends ... money on clothes.
a) a large amount of; b) a couple of; c) a great number of.
75. ... of these two records do you like best?
a) which; b) who; c) whose.
76. Let's visit the museum, ...?
a) shall we; b) will you; c) do we.
77. She was very tired, ... she couldn't sleep.
a) although; b) despite; c) yet.
78. I had my car ... yesterday.
a) mend; b) mending; c) mended.
79. If I had got up earlier, I ... the train.
a) didn't miss; b) wouldn't have missed; c) won't have missed.
80. If he ... so much in his early career, he wouldn’t be so rich now.
a) didn't work; b) hadn't worked; c) wouldn't work.
81. We've decided to go to ... Canary Islands on holiday. Last year we went to ... Crete and liked ... people
there very much
a) the / - / the; b) a / - / the; c) - / the / -.
82. We suggested ... to the Lake District as it would be the best place to find hotel rooms each night.
a) to go; b) going; c) having gone.
83. He regretted ... lies to his parents when he was young.
a) to tell; b) telling; c) to be telling.
84. Last June my brother ... a car. He had an old scooter before, but it ... several times during the spring.
a) wanted to buy / had broken down;b) wanted buying / was breaking down; c) liked to buy / was
breaking up.
85. He said he ... me up tonight.
a) may ring; b) might ring; c) may have rung.
86. I ... asleep while I was working because it took me a long time to realise that the telephone ....
a) ought to fall / rang; b) had to fall / has rung; c) must have fallen / was ringing.
87. My boss ... on holiday tomorrow and he ... arrange everything before he ....
a) is going / wants me to / leaves; b) shall go / wants me to / will leave;
c) shall be going / wants that I / shall leave.
88. While I was walking down the street the other day, somebody asked me ....
a) what was the time; b) what the time was; c) what is the time.
89. They said I ... manage to mend it myself.
a) won't; b) wouldn't; c) don't.
90. I've just seen Mary ... the village.
a) to walk towards; b) walking towards; c) walking against.

129

TEST ACADEMIE
2014
Choose the correct answer a, b, c or d.
Partea I: CITIT
Patrick has recently turned sixteen and his father taught him his first driving lesson yesterday. “Back
out of the driveway. Be careful!”, his father said. “Make sure you look in the rear view mirror to see that
there is nobody behind you.” Patrick followed the steps, backed up the car and turned the wheel quickly.
Suddenly, he and his father felt a strong bump. Oh, God! Patrick had hit the mailbox.
1. The idea that best summarizes the paragraph above is:
1
Patrick’s first driving lesson did not go very well.
2
Patrick will never be a good driver.
3
Patrick’s father was very upset.
4
Patrick doesn’t have good driving skills.
There are more than two hundred million people in the United States today. People who live in the
U.S. are commonly called Americans. Most Americans are descendants of people who came from Europe
one or two hundred years ago. Of the people who came from Europe, most of those came from Germany,
Italy, England, Ireland and Austria. Many others came from the Scandinavian nations, such as Sweden
and Denmark. Many blacks came to the U.S. in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as slaves. Today
there are more than twenty million blacks in the U.S. In other words, one out of every ten Americans is
black.
2. The main idea of the text above is:
1
More Americans came from Germany than from Austria.
2
American families first came from many different nations.
3
The first blacks came to the U.S. as slaves.
4
Sweden and Denmark are Scandinavian countries.
More than three thousand years ago, the Greek people developed a very sophisticated society. They
had a great civilization, one of the greatest that the Western world has ever seen. Greek architecture,
thinking, and art influenced other civilizations. Even the Greek language influenced other languages,
including English. For example, the English words alphabet, democracy and arithmetic come from
Greek.
3. The main idea of the text above is:
1
Greece was an extremely powerful nation.
2
Greece has influenced other civilizations and peoples.
3
The Greek language influenced many languages, including English.
4
The Greek architecture has influenced Western civilizations today.
The government published a report yesterday saying that we need to eat more healthily – more fruit and
vegetables, less fat and sugar. So, that means fewer burgers, chips and fried food as well as cutting down
on sweet things. We went into central London yesterday at lunchtime and asked people what they thought
about it. “It’s got nothing to do with the government what I eat”, says Paul Keel, a building worker, as he
eats a beefburger and chips washed down with strawberry milkshake. “I think I have a healthy diet. You
see, I don’t normally eat a beefburger for lunch. Normally I just have the chips.” Any fish? “I like cod.
But I’ve only ever had it once.” Tim Kennor, a librarian, welcomes the government advice. But he also
has his own rules. “I think”, he explains while eating his fried chicken and chips, ”it’s important to eat a
variety of food.” We then asked Dorothy Matthews, aged 74. “I don’t think it’s the government’s business
to tell us what to eat.” We went into Simson’s restaurant and asked the manager if people had changed
what they were eating. “I don’t think people believe all these reports anymore. What they say is good for
you in June, they say is bad for you in July. People have stopped taking notice. We served what we have
always served. Almost all of it is fattening.”
4. What is the writer trying to explain in the text?
130

3 People should take the time to prepare their own food at home instead of eating in restaurants. So what’s he doing in this nonsense? It’s a story about a small town doctor who finds he’s making more money by looking after the local children’s pets than he is by looking after humans. when it comes to a cinema near you – stay in and shampoo the cat. 2 Compare Herman Gross with another actor. But my advice is. 2 Bad health in this country is caused by people eating the wrong kind of food. 2 The government should let people decide what they want to eat. Which of the following is part of the government report? 1 The population of this country should eat less. 8. 6. although I can’t really find many reasons for saying it’s a good one. you’d be annoyed with me for telling you. 4 He eats too many beefburgers. surprise. His appearance on the New York stage last winter in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet showed that he really can act. 12. 3 News about the lives of film stars. 2 People think they will soon be given different advice. 3 The government is partly entitled to regulate people’s diet. 7. because he doesn’t have the right sort of licence to do this and. 2 Which meals are healthiest. 4 Give his or her opinion about Pet Doctor. 4 She has no particular opinion regarding this report. 2 His own opinion. How did the writer feel about Pet Doctor? 131 . 2 Ideas about how animals should be cared for. What can the reader learn from the text? 1 What the government is going to do. 11. 3 People don’t bother to read these reports. 3 The government report. 10. 3 Give his or her opinion about using animals in films. 4 Working people should make sure they have a good hot meal in the middle of the day. 5.” It’s a pity that Herman Gross has never heard this piece of advice. It’s not so much that Pet Doctor is a bad film. Gross is a good actor. that he didn’t pay attention to it. What is Dorothy Matthews’s attitude towards the government report? 1 The government is right to interfere in people’s diet. What does the restaurant manager think of the report? 1 People don’t understand the advice given. 4 The popularity of certain foods. as it’s the only part of the film that’s even slightly original or amusing. What is the writer trying to do in the text? 1 Compare the theatre and the cinema. 9. There’s an old saying in the theatre world – “Never work with children or animals. 3 Whether the advice will be followed. It’s more that it makes me angry. 4 What kind of people like beefburgers. 3 He doesn’t need to change his habits.1 What people think. surprise. the children and their pets find a way to solve his problems. 4 People are more concerned about losing weight. What is Paul Keel’s opinion? 1 The government’s advice is wrong. I won’t say how. 4 Information about the careers of child actors. 2 Fish isn’t good for you. If you have to see it. or if he has. Then he gets into trouble with the police. What would the reader expect to get from this text? 1 Information about a new film.

... Partea a II-a: GRAMATICĂ ŞI VOCABULAR 16. 3 because 4 but 132 . 15. than the last one. his homework. But everything goes wrong and he is sent to prison..... we find the solution. I heard there’s . 2 is the post office.. the animals are cured. 21. 3 It’s not worth seeing... become an explorer when I grow up. 4 shall 1 go to 22. 2 could have 1 many 3 must 2 much 4 must have 3 several 19. Which one of these TV guides is describing Pet Doctor? 1 A doctor’s patients complain about him.. 3 It was produced in New York. 1 when 3 the post office is? 2 before 4 the post office is.. What does the writer advise the viewers? 1 To go to the nearest cinema to see the film. 4 more hard 1 is the post office? 25. 2 To shampoo the cat while watching the film. I . money. But it all finishes happily. I wonder if you know where .the reviews were very 4 will eat good! 23. 2 A doctor prefers animals to humans and stops looking after his patients. We haven’t got . Why did the writer mention Romeo and Juliet? 1 It’s an example of a really good play. If I were you. It’ll be great . 4 plenty 1 a 24. 2 the 1 hard 3 an 2 hardest 4 one 3 harder 20. 2 It ends too suddenly. 4 The central characters are very young. 4 It’s ideal family entertainment. think about this 1 am reading carefully. then the police arrive. 4 To take their children to see the film.. People are dying... new sports shop in town.. 3 To do other activities rather than see the film. I . 3 A doctor finds he can cure local animals. This job is much . 2 going to 1 is eating 3 goes to 2 had eaten 4 am going to 3 has eaten 18. a newspaper at least once a week. 13. 2 Gross proved he is a good actor in it. 4 A doctor is loved by the children whose pets he cures. He is reported to the police and he has a lot of explaining to do.. be a good film ..1 It’s funny. 2 read 1 will 3 have read 2 would have 4 had read 3 would 17. Michael said the dog . I . then discovers this isn’t allowed. but we can buy 1 can’t our tickets.. 14. It ..

and there is a railway . like a Chinese dragon on the back.. because you can . especially if you books. Partea a III-a: SCRIS 36. 3 too. 1 hand 1 tear 2 papers 2 design 3 heavy 3 cotton 4 more 4 pile 28..... a lot of money in are a little bit overweight. a small shop a lot of homework.. three 1 make miles away. When I was a pupil I remember I had to . 2 classics 32. Which is the correct order? 1 Every day you go to the mess hall? 2 Do you every day go to the mess hall? 3 Do you go to the mess hall every day? 4 You do go every day to the mess hall? 37.. It is easy to buy the wrong size and find 35. When you go to an open market.. 1 classic 4 one. people like going to .. 4 classified The main problem is whether you can carry 27. In what type of letter would you find the following sentence? “I would be grateful if you could send me full details of .” 1 letter of complaint 2 letter of invitation 3 letter of request 4 letter of information 38. The village has a post office... 133 .26... listening to an orchestra. What kind of music do you enjoy? Some 1 resort... but these chemicals 34. wildlife.. music concerts. fresh 3 classical fruit and vegetables are normally good health. and 2 post. It has a . and a pub. What is the proper ending of an informal letter: 1 Yours faithfully. 1 straight 1 borrow 2 close 2 spend 3 stiff 3 save 4 tight 4 count 31.. When travelling.. 33. bags. people love buying … pollute the environment and .. 2 do 1 stop 3 ask 2 station 4 follow 3 post 29. from the places they visit. Most people enjoy going abroad for their holiday and having the opportunity to stay in an interesting city or a seaside. home lots of . 1 harm 1 memories 2 spoil 2 memoirs 3 wound 3 souvenirs 4 wrong 4 recollections 30. 2 Hope to hear from you soon. this way.. It’s always worth looking at second hand that your trousers are too . I bought a new shirt yesterday. Farmers use powerful chemicals to help 4 base them grow better crops..

she thought to herself..” 1 there the platoon is camped.. 2 which the platoon is camped. “Oh. I would spend the holidays in Hawaii. 39.. There.” 1 for 2 because 3 and 4 if 40. “If I were you. no!”. 2 John sent in his applications yet he waited in front of the computer for a response. 4 where the platoon is camped.3 I would like to say how sorry I am about the trouble I have caused.. 3 John sent in his applications nor he waited in front of the computer for a response. Which of the following is the best way to combine the sentences below? John sent in his applications by email.” This line appears in a letter: 1 requesting information 2 requesting advice 3 giving advice 4 giving information 43. they did not have advertisements. Choose the right connector: “I am writing . was a large photograph of Colin. What text type is it? She casually opened the newspaper. 3 who the platoon is camped. 4 Looking forward to receiving news about your brother’s wedding. What’s he done this time? She sighed and read the report below the picture. Choose the right connector: The Ancient Egyptians did not have television... I want to apologize for missing your party last Friday. 42. 1 However 2 As a result 3 Nevertheless 4 Moreover 44. 1 John sent in his applications but waited in front of the computer for a response. 134 . 1 a report 2 an article 3 a short story 4 a formal letter 41. . Which sentence is incorrect? 1 Have you met Helen’s new boyfriend? 2 Have you met that new boyfriend of Helen’s? 3 Have you met the Helen’s new boyfriend? 4 Have you met Helen’s boyfriend? 45. The best way to complete the following sentence is: “You know the way to the area . on page two.. 4 John sent in his applications and he waited in front of the computer for a response. He waited in front of the computer for a response.

girl. water .. knowledge. advice. girls.COUNTABLES AND UNCOUNTABLES Countables – numarabile .prezinta unitati individuale Apple. furniture. bread. meat. Much – mult Little – catva A little . homework. coffee  Substantive concrete ce denumesc clase Money.nu formeaza plural. traffic  Substantive abstracte News. rice. equipment. clothing. Few – cativa. seven bottles of water.formeaza pluralul cu terminatii Apples.fac acord doar in singular The water in on the table (!) Insotite de cuantificatori fac acord in plural Seven bottles of water are the table Categorii:  Substantive concrete ce se cantaresc Oil. dar au cuantificatori ce indeplinesc aceasta functie A lot of knowledge. information. cateva A few – putini.. . two bags of rice. bikes Many – multi multe. . rice. The apples are on the table Uncountables – nenumarabile .fac acord atat in singular cat si in plural The apple is on the table.putin . truth 135 . putine . clase Knowledge. bike.prezinta categorii.