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Mapa Institute of Technology

School of Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering


Feedback and Control Systems Laboratory
ECE131L/B12

CONTROL SYSTEMS
Module No.: 8
Understanding RLC circuits through MATLAB demos

Submitted by:
Sapalaran, Ma. Carmela P.

Submitted to:
Engr. Ernesto Vergara

Submitted on:
September 3, 2015

Interpretation of Results
Module 8 is about Understanding RLC circuits through MATLAB demos.
In the MATLAB RLC Response Demo the four graphs shows the response of
the system, initially it was set to low-pass parallel topology filter, then by
increasing the resistance it affects the frequency response of the system
because the amplitude increases, the poles moves to the right meaning the
response approaches oscillation and becomes stable, the Nyquist graph
widens. Varying the capacitance and inductance of the system also affects
the frequency of the system because the amplitude phase, poles and Nyquist
diagram also varies, it either increases or decreases.
For a high pass, band pass, and band stop filters the resistance when
it decreased the response is stable and fast; when it is increased the
response is less stable and slow.
For inductance when it is decreased, the response is less stable and
slow; when it is increased the response is stable and fast.
For capacitance when it is decreased the response is stable and fast
and when it is increased the response is less stable and slow.
When the topology was changed for the high pass, band pass and
band stop filters, for resistance when it is decreased, the response is stable
and fast; when it is increased the response is very fast.
For inductance when it is decreased the response is very fast and
stable; when it is increased the response is fast but less stable.

For capacitance when it is decreased the response is very fast but with
overshoot; when it is increased the response is fast and stable.
The advantage of series or parallel topology in the implementation of
filters using RLC circuits is it give more reliability of passing or rejecting
certain signals since L and C are frequency dependent while the
disadvantage is the component RLC depend on each other making the
system susceptible to variation.
The pole-zero-map, step response, bode plot, and Nyquist plot are
related to each other because they show the stability of the system. They
can determine the location of the poles in the pole-zero-map, the number of
closed and opened loop poles in the Nyquist diagram and frequency with
data it the Bode plot.
Through transfer function we can know the response of the system
given the variables at the numerator of denominator.

Conclusion:
Upon the completion of this module Ive learned that there are
different types of analog filters which are the high pass filter, low pass filter,
band pass filter, and band stop filter.
A high pass filter accepts signals of high frequencies and rejects those
of lower frequencies.
A low pass filter accepts signals of low frequencies and rejects those of
higher frequencies.
A bandpass filter accepts signals at middle frequencies and rejects
those outside the range of middle frequencies.
A bandstop filter accepts signals outside the middle frequencies which
means it is the opposite of the bandpass filter.
Analog RLC filters have can be any of the two topologies its either
series or parallel.