Sie sind auf Seite 1von 9

# PHYSICS

## Annual Examination 2012-13

Date : 04-02-2013
Duration : 3 Hrs.
Max. Marks : 70
General Instructions:

### (Theory)

• 1. All questions are compulsory.

CLASS
XI
• 2. There are 30 questions in total. Questions 1 to 8 carry one mark each, questions 9 to 18 carry 2 marks each, questions 19 to 27 carry 3 marks each & the questions 28 to 30 carry 5 marks each.

• 3. There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question of two marks, one question of three marks and all three question of five marks each. You have to attempt only one of the given choices in such questions.

• 4. Use of calculators is not permitted.

• 1. Can a physical quantity have different dimension in different system of units?

• 2. Two balls of different masses (one lighter and other heavier) are projected vertically upward from a point with same velocity. Which one will pass through the point of projection with greater speed?

• 3. Which physical quantities are conserved in an elastic collision?

• 4. Why is the tip of the nib of a pen slit?

• 5. Out of the three modes of transmission of heat, which one is fastest?

• 6. Mercury is preferred over water for use in a barometer. Why?

• 7. Can a motion be periodic but not oscillatory ? If yes, give an example of such a motion. If no, justify your answer.

• 8. Passengers are not allowed to stand while travelling in a double decker bus. Why?

• 9. Two straight lines drawn on the same displacement-time graph make angles 30° & 60° with time axis respectively. Which line represents greater velocity? What is the ratio of the two velocities?

• 10. What is inertia? Discuss its types giving one example in each case.

OR

Define momentum. Is it a scalar or vector quantity? Give its units and dimensions.

• 11. A light body and a heavy body have the same momentum. Which one will have greater kinetic energy?

• 12. Define angular momentum. Give its unit and dimension.

• 13. State and derive Kepler s law of periods (or harmonic law) for circular orbits.

-(1)-

14. n moles of a gass at temperature T expands from volume (V 1 ) to volume (V 2 )

isothermaly. Obtain the expression for work done.

15.

At what temperature is the rms velocity of hydrogen molecule equal to that of an oxygen molecule at 47°?

16.

A transverse harmonic wave on a string is described by y (x, t) = 3 sin (36 t + 0.018 x + /4). Where x and y are in cm and t in sec.

• (a) Is this a travelling or a stationary wave? If it is travelling, what are the speed and direction of its propagation?

• (b) What are its amplitude and frequency?

17.

Give four differences between standing wave and travelling wave.

18.

What happens to a body when it is projected vertically upwards from the surface of the earth with a speed of 11200 m/s? Compare escape speeds for two planets of masses M and 4M and radii 2R and R respectively.

19.

20.

Assuming that the mass M of the largest stone that can be moved by a flowing river depends upon v the velocity, the density of water and on g the acceleration due to gravity. Using dimensions, show that M varies with the sixth power of the velocity of flow.

Two balls are thrown simultaneously along the same line of action, A vertically upwards with a speed of 20 m/s from the ground and B vertically downwards from a height of 40 m with the same speed. At what point and at what time do the balls collide? (g = 9.8 m/s 2 )

21.

State and explain the laws of limiting friction with necessary graphs.

OR

A force of 6 kg wt. is just sufficient to push a block of 2 kg over a horizontal

surface. What is the angle of friction.

22.

Derive a relation for the optimum velocity of negotiating a curve by a body in a smooth banked and curved track.

23.

State work - energy theorem and prove it. For what kind of forces, can potential energy be defined?

24.

• (a) Find the moment of inertia of a sphere about a tangent to the sphere, given the moment of inertia of the sphere about any of its diameters to be 2MR 2 /5, where M is the mass of the sphere and R is the radius of the sphere.

• (b) Given the moment of inertia of a disc of mass M and radius R about any of its diameters to be MR 2 /4, find the moment of inertia about an axis normal to the disc and passing through a point on its edge.

25.

Define acceleration due to gravity and show that the value of g decreases with altitude?

-(2)-

26.

A plane is in level flight at constant speed and each of its two wings has an area of 25 m 2 . If the speed of the air is 180 km/h over the lower wing and 234 km/h over the upper wing surface, determine the plane s mass. Take air density to be 1 kg m 3 and g = 9.81 ms 2 .

27.

Show that the pressure exerted by a gas is two-third of the average kinetic energy per unit volume of the gas molecules.

28.

• (a) Show that for two complementary angles of projection of a projectile thrown with the same velocity, the horizontal ranges are equal.

• (b) For what angles of projection of a projectile is the range maximum.

• (c) For what angle of projection of a projectile, are the horizontal range and maximum height attained by the projectile equal.

29.

OR

Derive the following relations

 1 s ut at 2

v =u + at,

• 2 ,v 2 =u 2 + 2 as

What is the necessary condition for these equations to be valid?.

State and prove Bernoulli s theorem in a flowing ideal liquid. State the assumptions used.

OR Describe stress strain relationship for a loaded steel wire and hence explain the terms elastic limit, yield point, tensile strength? Steel rod of radius 5 mm and length 2 m is stretched by a 100 kN force. Calculate stress and strain (Young s Modulus of steel is 2.0 × 10 11 N m 2 ).

30.

• (a) What are the necessary conditions for an SHM.

• (b) A 50 cm long wire of mass 20 g supports a mass of 160 kg as shown in figure. Find the fundamental frequency of the portion of the string between the wall and the pulley. Take g = 10 m/s 2 .

40 cm
160 kg

10 cm

OR Explain Doppler s effect of sound. Also obtain an expression for apparant frequency where both the obeserver and the source are moving. The apparent frequency heard by a moving listener is double of the frequency heard by a stationary listener. If the speed of sound is v S , find the speed of the source of sound.

-(3)-

### Hints / Solutions to Annual Examination 2012-13

Date : 04-02-2013
Duration : 3 Hrs
Max. Marks : 70

### (Theory)

CLASS
XI
• 1. No dimensions are independent of the unit system used.

• 2. They will pass the point with the same speeds.

• 3. Momentum and kinetic energy.

• 4. The slit forms a narrow capillary so that ink gets transported from the reservoir to the tip.

• 6. Mercury has greater density, therefore a barometer of small height can be prepared.

1/
31
3 /1
3
• 7. Yes, e.g. uniform circular motion.

• 8. Standing in a double decker bus makes the COM to rise up. Hence, stability decreases resulting in a greater chance of toppling.

• 9. The line making 60° with time axis represents greater velocity. Velocity = Slope = tan Ratio of velocities =

tan30
tan60
• 10. The tendency of a body to resist any change in its state of rest or state of motion is inertia. Three types of inertia are:

• (a) Inertia of rest

• (c) Inertia of direction

(b)

Inertia of motion

OR

• 10. The product of mass and velocity is called momentum. It is a vector quantity. Its unit is kg m/sec. Its dimensions are [MLT 1 ].

2
p
11.
K.E. =
2
m
p =2m K.E. = Constant

For the product

K.E.

2m K.E. to remains constant. The lighter body has a greater

• 12. Torque is the moment of linear momentum. It is expressed as the cross product of displacement vector and linear momentum. Its unit is kg m 2 s

1

.

Its dimension is [ML 2 T 1 ]

r p

-(4)-

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

State + Derivation

Derivation
3RT
V
=
rms
M
0
V
=
rmsH 2 ,T
V rmsO 2 ,47°
33 (273
RT
R
47)
2
10

Solving we get, T = 40 K

• (a) It is a travelling wave direction opposite to the x-axis.

(b)

= 2 f= 36

Amplitude = 3 cm

Four differences

f =

 [1+1] [2] 36 2 = 5.73 Hz [½×4=2]

The body will escape the gravitational field of the earth.

1:
8
b
c
 (i) (ii) -3 (i) (ii)
2
GM
.
R
24
GM
 v e '2 vR e = [M b b = 1 a 3b + c = 0 a + c = 3 a 2c = 0 c = 3 c = 3 a 3 = 3 a = 6 x

1

8

Mass of largest stone = Kv a g

[M] = [LT 1 ] a [ML 3 ] b [LT 2 ] c

T a 2c ]

L a 3b+c

By adding (i) and (ii) we get,

Hence, mass of largest stone = kv 6 g

1

= 20t + ½10t 2

• 40 x = 20t ½10t 2

By adding the two equations we get,

• 40 = 40 t

t = 1s

• x = 20 × 1 + ½ × 10 × 1 2

= 20 + 5 = 25 m

 x 40 x

The balls collide after 1s at a distance 25 m from the top.

-(5)-

• 21. Statement and Explanation

OR

• 21. f S = 6 × 9.8 = 58.8 N

N = mg = 2 × 9.8 = 19.6 N

[1½+1½=3]

 f S 19.6 tan = N 58.8 19.6 = tan 1 58.8 = tan 1 0.33 22. Derivation of optimum velocity. mv 2 (1) Nsin = [N sin provides the r (2) Ncos = mg necessary centripetal force] Dividing (1) and (2) N Ncos F mg v 2 tan = v = Nsin rg rg tan 23. An elastic collision is one is which both energy and momentum is conserved. [1] Prove by the conservation equations, v 2 -v 1 = -(u 2 -u 1 ) [2] 2 2 (a) 24. Here I D = MR 5 the tangent EF is parallel to the diameter CD. By the theorem of parallel axes, I EF = I CD + MR 2 I = 2 22 MR MR T 5 = 7 MR 2 5 (b) By the theorem of parallel axes, M.I. about an axis passing through an edge point and normal to disc. = M.I. about central normal axis + MR 2 I' = 1 22 MR MR MR 3 2 2 2 25. F = GMm m h M R R h () 2 F GM g = mR h () 2

As h increases, g decreases. As h<< R e g h becomes g(1-(2h/R e )).

-(6)-

26.

27.

Here, v 1 = 180 km h 1

5
1
= 180 ×
= 50 ms
18
5
1
v 2 = 234 km h 1 = 234 ×
= 65 ms
18
Area of the wings,
3
2 , = 1 kg m
.
A
=
2
×
2
5
=
5
0
m
For a plane in the level flight, Bernoulli s equation is
1
1
2
2
p v p v
11
22
2
2
1
v v
22
or
p 1 p 2 =
21
2
1
22
=
1
65
50
2
= 862.5 Nm 2
Upward force on the plane = (p 1 p 2 ) × A
= 862.5 × 50 = 43125 N
In level flight, the upward force balances the weight of the plane, so mg = 43125 N
43125
43125
Mass of the plane, m =
= 4396 kg
g
9.81
2
Average pressure per unit volume P = 1/3 v
Multiplying and dividing by 2 we get,
2
2
2
P =
×1/2 v
=
3 (Average KE per unit volume).
3

Hence, the pressure exerted by a gas is equal to two-thirds of average kinetic

energy of translation per unit volume of the gas.

28. (a) [2]

• (b) [1]

• (c) [2]

 OR 28. Derivation + Necessary condition [4+1] 29. Statement + Proof + Assumptions [1+3+1] OR 29. Explanation [3] F 100 10 3 N Stress = A 2.5 10 3 2 10 5 10 14 = 6.25 10 6 = 6.25

-(7)-

= 0.05 × 10 11 =

• 5 10

11

• 100 N m 2

Strain =

Stress

Young's modulus

 5 10 9 = 2 10 11 l Strain = l l 0.025 = 2

= 2.5 × 10 2 = 0.025

l = 2 × 0.025 = 0.05 m

30.

• (a) Restoring force must be directly proportional to the displacement and it should be directed towards the mean position.

• (b) Here, mass/length m =

20

10

3

50/100

= 0.04 kg/m

[2]

[3]

T = 160 kg = 160 × 10 N = 1600 N

11
T
1600
= 250 Hz
22
Lm
0.4
0.04
OR

Length that vibrates, L = 50 10 = 40 cm = 0.4 m

=

30. Derivation of apparent frequency

[3]

[2]

Here, v S = ?, v L = 0

' = 2 . It is possible if source is approaching the stationary listener, i.e., v S is +

 As, ' = vv vv L S v or 2 = vv S or 2v 2v S =v or v S =v/2

2 =

v

vv

S

or

2v S =v

Thus source should approach the listener with half the velocity of sound propagation.

-(8)-