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A

Seminar Report On
E-GOVERNANCE
Submitted By
IMRAN JAMADAR
SUFYAN KHAN
SAIF KHAN

111P017
111P025
111P016

Under the guidance of

Prof.MOHD ASHFAQUE SHAIKH

Department of Computer Engineering

Rizvi College of Engineering


New Rizvi Educational Complex, Off-Carter Road,
Bandra(w), Mumbai - 400050
Affiliated to

University of Mumbai

Rizvi College of Engineering


Department of Computer Engineering
New Rizvi Educational Complex, Off-Carter Road,
Bandra(w), Mumbai - 400050

CERTIFICATE
This is certify that
IMRAN JAMADAR
SUFYAN KHAN
SAIF KHAN
of Third Year Computer Engineering have completed the seminar work entitled E-GOVERNANCE
under my supervision at Rizvi College of Engineering, Mumbai under the University of Mumbai.

Prof.Mohd Ashfaque Shaikh


Project Guide

Internal Examiner

Date:25-04-2014

Prof. Dinesh B. Deore


HOD, Computer Department

External Examiner

Acknowledgements
I am profoundly grateful to Prof. Mohd Ashfaque Shaikh for his expert guidance and continuous encouragement throughout to see that this report rights its target since its commencement to its completion.

I would like to express deepest appreciation towards Dr. Varsha Shah, Principal RCOE, Mumbai and
Prof. Dinesh B. Deore HOD Computer Department whose invaluable guidance supported me in completing this report.

At last I must express my sincere heartfelt gratitude to all the staff members of Computer Engineering
Department who helped me directly or indirectly during this course of work.

IMRAN JAMADAR
SUFYAN KHAN
SAIF KHAN

ABSTRACT
E-governance has become the key to good-governance in a developing country like India. To be at par
with developed countries, the Government of India had made out a plan to use Information Technology extensively in its operation to make more efficient and effective and also to bring transparency and
accountability. However, for successful implementation of E-Governance, government officials have to
realize that E-Governance is no longer a matter of choice, but an absolute need of the day. Cooperation from government officials and staff will be crucial in realizing the goals of modernizing this nation
through E-Governance. While the developed countries have been able to benefit greatly from the wide
use of Information Technology, many developing countries are still grasping to make sense of how IT
fits into their problems. The trend is true in the case of E-Governance also. In every developing country,
E-Governance has been talked about a lot; some government offices have even taken innovative steps
towards certain E-Government projects. Since this is a new concept for government officials who are
used to familiar methods of work, the growth of E-Governance is met with resistance and fear, among
other infrastructural problems. This paper deals with the problems and challenges of E-Governance,
reasons of E-Government Project Failures, current status of E-Governance related initiatives in India
and future prospects of E-Governance in India.

Keywords :Accountability, E-Governance, Implementation, Information Technology, Resistance, Transparency.

I NDEX

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FLOW OF TRANSACTION
2.1 FILE FORMATS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2 INTRODUCTION TO CONTENT MANAGERr: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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DIFFERENT N-TIER ARCHITECTURE AND DIFFERENT LANGUAGES


3.1 DIFFERENT N-TIER ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1.1 DIAGRAMATIC REPRESENTATION OF N-TIER ARCHITECTURE
3.2 DIFFERENT LANGUAGES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.1 CLIENT SIDE LANGUAGES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2.2 SERVER SIDE TECHNOLOGIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Introduction
1.1 WHAT IS E-GOVERNANCE? . . . . . .
1.2 G2C(GOVERMENT TO CITIZEN) . . .
1.3 G2E(GOVERMENT TO EMPLOYEE) .
1.4 G2B(GOVERMENT TO BUSINESS) . .
1.5 G2G(GOVERMENT TO GOVERMENT)

PHP HYPERTEXT PRE-PROCESSOR


4.1 BASICS OF PHP . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2 WORKING OF PHP? . . . . . . . . .
4.3 WHY USE PHP? . . . . . . . . . . .
4.4 WHY USE PHP WITH MY SQL . .
4.4.1 DIFFERENT PHP SERVERS
4.5 INSTALLING XAMP . . . . . . . .

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Component and challenges


5.1 Component of e-governace . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2 challenges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3 Advantages and Disadvantages . . . . . . . . . .
5.4 SECURITY HANDLING IN E-GOVERNANCE
5.5 FUTURE SCOPE OF E-GOVERNANCE . . . .

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References

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List of Figures
2.1

FLOW OF TRANSACTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3.1

N TIER ARCHITECTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.1
4.2

working of php . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing XAMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5
6

Chapter 1

Introduction

Chapter 1

Introduction
1.1

WHAT IS E-GOVERNANCE?

E-governance is the application of information & communication technologies to transform the efficiency,effectiveness, transparaency and accountability of informational and transactional exchanges with
in goverment and goverment agencies of national state,municipal and local levels ,citizen and business
and to empower citizens through access and use of information
TYPES OF E-GOVERNANCE
G2C(GOVERMENT TO CITIZEN)
G2E(GOVERMENT TO EMPLOYEE)
G2B(GOVERMENT TO BUSINESS)
G2G(GOVERMENT TO GOVERMENT)

1.2

G2C(GOVERMENT TO CITIZEN)

G2C is the transaction between goverment and citizens. It includes, 1.Basic citizen services such as registration of birth and death example:national portal of india ie india.gov.in WWW.PASSPORTINDIA.GOV.IN

1.3

G2E(GOVERMENT TO EMPLOYEE)

G2E is the transaction between goverment and employee. It includes, 1.online conference for employee.
2.online training. EXAMPLE:-E-TRAINING FOR EMPLOYEES WWW.EGOVONLINE.NET

1.4

G2B(GOVERMENT TO BUSINESS)

G2B is the transaction between goverment and business. It includes, 1.Dissemination of policies,memos,etc
2.Goverment rules and regulatins. 3.Business information. 4.Application forms,renewing licenses,registration.
example:business portal of india WWW.GOV.IN

1.5

G2G(GOVERMENT TO GOVERMENT)

G2G is the transaction between the central/national and local goverments,and between goverment department and agencies and organization. It includes, 1.records by state goverment. 2.schemes,plan,initiatives
example:The example of goverment is that e-governance standard portal of india HTTP://EGOVSTANDARDS.G
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Chapter 2

FLOW OF TRANSACTION

Chapter 2

FLOW OF TRANSACTION
DIAGRAMMATIC REPRESNTATION OF FLOW OF TRANSACTION

Figure 2.1: FLOW OF TRANSACTION

The flow of transaction in e-governance begins with the services of the goverment.The citizens,employees
as well as business ngos take part in the flow of transaction in the e-governance.If the citizen wants the
services of the government it can ask the central government and the flow can go from local government
and vice versa.

2.1

FILE FORMATS

1.your pages will include various content formats,including pdf documents ,images and media files
2.common files formats HTML:TEXT/HTML JPEG:IMAGE/JPEG CASCADING STYLE SHEETS(CSS):TEX
MPEG:AUDIO/MPEG MP3:AUDIO/MP3

2.2

INTRODUCTION TO CONTENT MANAGERr:

THE PROBLEM:A major challenge in eGOV:data managementeg:land records,citizen databse,etc.


content manager : A possible solution
WHAT IS CONTENT MANAGER? content manager is a scalable solution for storing and retriving documents of various types FEATURES OF CM:- lets you store content regardless of format eg:text documents ,scanned images,audio,video,forms any binary object.stores data on distributed servers
and provides single point acess.provides many sophisticated features like acess contol,storage management,user management,automated workflow,streaming audio and video

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Chapter 3

DIFFERENT N-TIER ARCHITECTURE AND DIFFERENT LANGUAGES

Chapter 3

DIFFERENT N-TIER ARCHITECTURE


AND DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
3.1

DIFFERENT N-TIER ARCHITECTURE

In n-tier architecture(3-tier architecture) .The first tier consist of the client which is responsible for communicating with the server for different types of services.The middle tier consist of the main application
server which is responsible to grant services to the client.The third tier consist of the database server
which provides different types of RDMS data like oracle,db2 etc.
3.1.1

DIAGRAMATIC REPRESENTATION OF N-TIER ARCHITECTURE

Figure 3.1: N TIER ARCHITECTURE

3.2

DIFFERENT LANGUAGES

There are different types of languages such as 1.server side language 2.client side language
3.2.1

CLIENT SIDE LANGUAGES

html(hypertext markup language),html 5.0;


css(cascading style sheet);
java script.

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Chapter 3

3.2.2

DIFFERENT N-TIER ARCHITECTURE AND DIFFERENT LANGUAGES

SERVER SIDE TECHNOLOGIES

jsp(java server programming);


asp(active server programming);
php(php hyper text preprocesor);

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Chapter 4

PHP HYPERTEXT PRE-PROCESSOR

Chapter 4

PHP HYPERTEXT PRE-PROCESSOR


4.1

BASICS OF PHP

HYPERTEXT PROCESSOR.
SERVER SIDE LANGUAGE.
EXECUTED ON SERVER.
OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE.

Figure 4.1: working of php

4.2

WORKING OF PHP?

php is a server side scripting language that enables you to build dynamic web pages.php pages may
contain text,htmk and script blocks.when a browser a php page the php page is executed on the web
server and resulting html is displayed in the browser.
A PHP page must have a php supported extension.typically a php file ends with .php.although other
php extensions such as .php4 and .phtml also exist

4.3

WHY USE PHP?

a.It is compatible with all servers.


b.It is easy to use.
c.It is platform independent
d.It is free to download.
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Chapter 4

4.4

PHP HYPERTEXT PRE-PROCESSOR

WHY USE PHP WITH MY SQL

a.It is cost effective .


b.It is platform independent.
c.It is open source
d.It is easy to use.
e.It provides high speed.
4.4.1

DIFFERENT PHP SERVERS

a.Wamp server(used in windows os).


b.Lamp server(used in linux os)
c.xamp server(used in both linux and os).

4.5

INSTALLING XAMP

Figure 4.2: Installing XAMP

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Chapter 5

Component and challenges

Chapter 5

Component and challenges


5.1

Component of e-governace

The following components can be identified: Technological Component with Electronic dimension.
Social Component with Egalitarian dimension. Cultural Component with Ethical dimension. Political
Component with Enactment dimension. Psychological Component with Extensional dimension. Service
Component with Empowerment dimension

5.2

challenges

LACK OF INTEGRATED SERVICE: Most of the eGovernance Services being offered by state or central governments are not integrated. This can mainly be attributed to Lack of Communication between
different Departments So the information that resides with one department has no or very little meaning
to some other department of Government
LACK OF KEY PERSONS: eGovernance projects lack key persons, not only from technological
aspect, but from other aspects as well.
POPULATION: This is probably the biggest challenge. Apart from being an asset to the country
it offers some unique issues, an important one beingEstablishing Person Identities There is no unique
identity of a person in India. Apart from this, measuring the population, keeping the database of all
Indian nationals (and keeping it updated) are some other related challenges
Different Languages: A challenge due to the diversity of the country. It enforces need to do governance (upto certain level), in local languages. Ensuring eGovernance in local language is a big task to
achieve.

5.3

Advantages and Disadvantages

.ADVANTAGES
The ultimate goal of the e-government is to be able to offer an increased portfolio of public services
to citizens in an efficient and cost effective manner. E-government allows for government transparency.
Government transparency is important because it allows the public to be informed about what the government is working on as well as the policies they are trying to implement. Simple tasks may be easier to
perform through electronic government access. Many changes, such as marital status or address changes
can be a long process and take a lot of paper work for citizens. E-government allows these tasks to be
performed efficiently with more convenience to individuals. E-government is an easy way for the public
to be more involved in political campaigns. It could increase voter awareness, which could lead to an
increase in citizen participation in elections. It is convenient and cost-effective for businesses, and the
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Chapter 5

Component and challenges

public benefits by getting easy access to the most current information available without having to spend
time, energy and money to get it.
.DISADVANTAGES
One goal of e-government will be greater citizen participation. Through the internet, people from
all over the country can interact with politicians or public servants and make their voices heard. and
interactive surveys will allow politicians or public servants to see the views of the people they represent
on any given issues can place citizens in real-time contact with elected officials, their offices or provide
them with the means to replace them by interacting directly with public servants, allowing voters to
have a direct impact and influence in their government. These technologies can create a more transparent
government, allowing voters to immediately see how and why their representation in the capital is voting
the way they are. This helps voters better decide who to vote for in the future or how to help the public
servants become more productive. .

5.4

SECURITY HANDLING IN E-GOVERNANCE

1)authentication:-capability to identify who is using the services.


2)authorization:-capability to give rights to resources.
3)confidentiality:-capability to prevent unauthorized access to information.
4)integrity:-capabilty to prevent information from unauthorized modification.

5.5

FUTURE SCOPE OF E-GOVERNANCE

E-services:-the electronic delivery of government information ,programs , and services over the internet.
E-democracy:-the use of electronic communication to increase citizen participation in the public
decision making process.
E-commerce:-the electronic exchange of money for goods and services such as citizens paying taxes
and utility bills
E-management:-the use of information technology to improve the management of government,from
streamlining business processes to maintaining electonic records.

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References

References
[1] e-governace www.india.gov.in
[2] IEEE International Conference and CSI paper on e-governace
[3] http://www.goggle.com
[4] wikipedia

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