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VSD Calcu

Inputs
Nameplate Horsepower
Nameplate Efficiency
Motor Load at Fan Design CFM
Duty Cycle
Percent of Capacity
(cfm)
30
50
70
90

%
%
%
%

Percent of Time at
this Capacity
15
55
25
5

Outputs
Energy and Cost savings
Current Annual Energy use
VSD Annual Energy Use
Annual Energy Savings
Annual Cost Savings

#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!

References and Equations


References:

For the energy savings analysis, this tool used power curves developed from data o
the operating characteristics of various fans and from information provided in "Flow
Westinghouse publication, Bulliten B-851, F/86/Rev-CMS 8121. The curves are repr
Final economic analysis should be based on actual power (kW) measurements of th

Constants:

Conversion Constant (kW/hp) = 0.746


Polynomial Coefficients A1, A2, A3 and A4:
Fan Type
1
2
3
4
5
6
VSD

A1
20.00000
47.26190
50.25833
20.41905
55.92857
16.39683
5.90000

A2
0.06808
0.67944
0.71648
0.10983
-0.56905
-0.05647
-0.19567

A3
-0.00128
-0.01554
-0.01452
0.00745
0.02462
0.01237
0.00766

A4
0.00009
0.00014
0.00013
0.00000
-0.00014
-0.00003
0.00004

Equations:

Power at Design CFM = Nameplate Horsepower Conversion Constant (kW/hp) Motor Load at Desig
Efficiency

Computed for each capacity level:


Percent of Design kW = A1 + (A2 Capacity) + (A3 (Capacity2)) + (A4 (Capacity3))
Percent of Design kW for VSD = A1 + (A2 Capacity) + (A3 (Capacity2)) + (A4 (Capacity3))

Current Power (kW) = Percent of Design kW (Power at Design CFM / 100)


VSD Power (kW) = Percent of Design kW for VSD (Power at Design CFM / 100)

Current Energy (kWh) = Current Power (kW) (Percent of time at this Capacity / 100) Ope
VSD Energy (kWh) = VSD Power (kW) (Percent of time at this Capacity / 100) Operating Hours

Current Annual Energy Use = sum of all Current Energy (kWh)


VSD Annual Energy Use = sum of all VSD Energy (kWh)
Annual Energy Savings = Current Annual Energy Use VSD Annual Energy Use
Annual Cost Savings = Annual Energy Savings Cost of Electricity

Acknowledgements
This tool was created by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). For more information

VSD Calculator for Fans

hp
%
%

Annual Operating Hours


Fan Type
Cost of Electricity

t of Time at
%
%
%
%

kWh/yr
kWh/yr
kWh/yr
$/yr

developed from data obtained by measuring


ation provided in "Flow Control", a
1. The curves are representative, not precise.
W) measurements of the pumping system.

Motor Load at Design CFM / Nameplate

(Capacity3))

(Capacity3))

apacity / 100) Operating Hours

Operating Hours

r more information on BPA, visit their website at www.bpa.gov.

$/kWh

Instructions for using the VSD Calculator for Fans Tool


1 Select the "Tool" tab located in the bottom left corner of this window highlighted in red.
2 Enter the Nameplate Horsepower, Nameplate Efficiency, Motor Load at Fan Design CFM,
Annual Operating Hours, and Cost of Electricty
3 Select the Fan Type from the drop down list, like the following:

4 Select a standard Duty cycle from the drop down list, like the following:

Alternativly, you can enter your own values into the Percent of Capacity and Percent of time
at this Capacity table.
*Note: If you enter your own values into the Percent of time at this Capacity table, they must
equal 100% for the claculations to continue.
** Note: once you have entered your own values for the "Percent of Time at this Capacity",
if you want to use the generic "High Fan Loading, Low Fan Loading", you
must open a new copy of the workbook downloaded from the wesite.

Key
Motor Load at Design CFM

Example, if 80 bhp is required at the design cfm and a 100 hp motor


the motor loading is 80% at fan/pump design cfm.

One method to estimate this would be to take an Amp reading when


is operating at design cfm and divide this amp reading by the motor
value.

Cost of Electricity

The dollar amount per kilowatt hour of power consumed. This value
on your utility bill.

Duty Cycle

The percent of time that the fan/pump spends in an active state. S


and low will populate the table with standard system specifications
the table are editable. The "low load" duty cycle offers greater ASD
potential than the "high load" duty cycle.

Percent of Capacity

The estimated percentage of the fan's design flowrate in cubic feet

Percent of time at this capacity

The estimated percentage of the year that the fan is expected to op


flowrate specified in the adjacent column.

or Fans Tool

ow highlighted in red.
d at Fan Design CFM,

pacity and Percent of time

s Capacity table, they must

f Time at this Capacity",


Loading", you

at the design cfm and a 100 hp motor is installed,


n/pump design cfm.

ould be to take an Amp reading when the fan/pump


divide this amp reading by the motor's full load amp

t hour of power consumed. This value can be found

an/pump spends in an active state. Selecting high


e with standard system specifications. The values in
w load" duty cycle offers greater ASD energy savings
duty cycle.

he fan's design flowrate in cubic feet per minute.

he year that the fan is expected to operate at the


ent column.