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1. What is degree of polymerization?

No. of repeating units in a polymeric network.

2. Mention functionality of a monomer with suitable example.

No. of bonding or reactive site in a monomer.

3. What are co- polymers? Give example.

Formed by joining of two different monomer.

4. What are engineering plastics?

High molecular weight polymer resin posses mechanical strength toughness

5. What is a dead polymer?

The product of additional polymerization is known as dead polymer.s

6. Define Tacticity.

The orientation of monomeric units in a polymer is called tacticity.

7. Write any two thermal initiators used in thermal polymerization.

Acetyl peroxide & Benzoyl peroxide.

8. Mention the monomers which are polymerized in anionic polymerisation.

Acrylonitrite, methylacrylate, methylmethacrylate.

9. What are homochain and heterochain polymer?

Homochain: Addition polymer, Chain is made up of same type of atom

Heterochain: condensation polymer, Chain is made up of different types of atom
10. Why thermosetting plastics cannot be remolded?

Because the chains are joined by strong covalent force

1. What is a system?

It is the part if the physical universe to which we direct out attention for the
purpose of experimental or theoretical investigation.
2. What is an extensive property?

An extensive property of a system depends upon the total amount of substance in

the system.
3. What is a process? Mention its type.

The operation which brings about the changes in the state of the system is called a
process. Types: i) Isothermal Process ii) Adiabatic process iii) cyclic process.
4. Define II law of thermodynamics?

Heat cannot of itself pass from colder to hotter body without the intervention of
any external agency.
5. What is Gibbs free energy?

The isothermally available energy present in a system is called free energy.

6. Mention any two applications of clausius.
Molar Latent heat of vaporization can be calculated.
To study the effect of pressure on boiling point.
7. Define work function?

The part of the internal energy which is isothermally available is called the work
function of the system.
8. Define entropy.

It is the measure of degree of disorder or randomness in a molecular system.

9. What is an adiabatic process?

A process is said to be adiabatic if no heat enters or leaves the system during any
step of the process.
10. Write the significance of vant hoff equation.

To calculate H of a reaction by measuring the values of

equilibrium constant at two different temperatures.

To calculate the value of equilibrium constant at a particular temperatures.

1. State Grothus Draper Law.
Only the light that is absorbed by the substance can bring about a chemical change
in the substance.
2. State Starck- Einstein Law.

Each molecule taking part in a photochemical reaction absorbs one quantum of

3. Write any two reasons for high quantum yield.
Formation of intermediate product will act as a catalyst.
Absobtion of raditions in the primary step produces atoms or free

radicals which initiate a series of chain reaction.

4. What is a photosensitiser?

The foreign substance which absorbs light radiation and transfers the absorbed
energy to the reactant is called photo sensitizer.
5. What is quenching?

When the foreign substance in the excited state colloids with another substance it
gets converted into some other product is called quenching.
6. What are chromophores? Give example.

The group (multiple bonds) which are the reason for colour of a compound.
7. Define the term bathochromic shift.

The shift of an absorbtion maximum towards longer wavelength is called

bathochromic or red shift.
8. What if finger print region?

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