Sie sind auf Seite 1von 198

Texas Department of Transportation

GEOPAK I
Advanced Training Course
For

GEOPAK
Civil Design Software

Training Code: DES730


October 2012
Copyright 2012 by Texas Department of Transportation
All rights reserved.

Table of Contents
Introduction

CHAPTER

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-1

Basic Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I -1
File Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I -2
Accessing GEOPAK. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I -3
GEOPAK Dialog Box Tips & Tricks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I -3

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Project Manager

Coordinate Geometry

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1

Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Accessing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
Project Manager Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Project Users Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5
Road Project Dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6
Project Manager Process. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1

Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Accessing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
Coordinate Geometry Dialog Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
File Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Edit Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
Element Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Point . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Curve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Chain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
Parcel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Manual Entry - Parcel Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Profile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Tools Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Locate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-11
Traverse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12

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Intersect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roadway Intersections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important Cogo Toggles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Redefine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visualization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Measurement Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Navigator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graphical Cogo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exercise 2.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exercise 2.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exercise 2.3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Horizontal Alignment

Design and Computation Manager

2-12
2-13
2-13
2-13
2-13
2-14
2-14
2-15
2-16
2-17
2-19
2-23

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1

Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
COGO Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Store Graphics Method. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Exercise 3.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Ascii Input File Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Exercise 3.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Exercise 3.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9
Chain Modifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-10
Exercise 3.4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-11
Exercise 3.5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Exercise 3.6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-15
Place Turning Paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1

Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
File Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit Commands. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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4-1
4-1
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-3

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Settings Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Favorites Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Operational Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
DP Station/Offset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Draw Transition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-7
Exercise 4.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
Exercise 4.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-14
Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-15
Compute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Shape Maker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Creating Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
Exercise 4.3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
Pavement Markings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Striping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-22
Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Chevron Diverge. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Chevron Merge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Exercise 4.4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-26

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Digital Terrain Modeling

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1

Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Extract Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exercise 5.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Build . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Build Triangles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Additional Load Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exercise 5.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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5-1
5-1
5-1
5-2
5-2
5-4
5-5
5-5
5-6
5-7
5-8
5-9

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Exercise 5.3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Additional Extract Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Extract XYZ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exercise 5.4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Extract DEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Extracting Set Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exercise 5.5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other Pull-Down Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drape. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Elevation Differences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slope Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Themes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drainage Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Existing Ground Profile

Original Ground Cross Sections

5-10
5-11
5-11
5-12
5-14
5-14
5-15
5-16
5-18
5-18
5-18
5-18
5-19
5-19
5-19
5-20
5-20
5-20
5-20
5-20
5-21
5-21

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1

Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Accessing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Reviewing and Plotting Profile Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Exercise 6.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Draw Profile Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5
Exercise 6.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1

Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1

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Pattern Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Accessing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Creating Pattern Lines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Generating Original Ground Cross Sections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Accessing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Labeling and Viewing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
Accessing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
Cross Section Navigator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7
Cross Section Labeler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
Exercise 7.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
Cross Section Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-11

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Vertical Profile Design

Sheet Generation

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-1

Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vertical Alignment Generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
File. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Best Fit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating A New Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Precision Placement Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exercise 8.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exercise 8.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8-1
8-1
8-1
8-2
8-3
8-3
8-3
8-4
8-5
8-6
8-8

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1

Objectives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Accessing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Main Menu Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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9-1
9-1
9-2

Table of Contents
Sheet Layout - General Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Sheet Layout - Grid Alignment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-3
Sheet Layout - Sheet Annotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-3
Sheet Layout - Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
Sheet Composition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-6
Sheet Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-7
Clip Sheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
Output File. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
Labels and Annotations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
Process Sheets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
Exercise 9.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-10

Comprehensive Exercise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Appendix A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
Design Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Appendix B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
Example Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G-1

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I NTRODUCTION
GEOPAK is a comprehensive software package that covers every project phase from conceptualization to final quantities. The software works within the MicroStation graphic environment providing
true interactive design. For example, a horizontal alignment can be created graphically, it can be
calculated with the coordinate geometry component of GEOPAK or some interactive combination
of the two. Dynamic on-screen design provides immediate interpretation of plan view geometrics for
making design choices through visualization.
Using GEOPAK will help ensure consistency and accuracy of design work and generate a significant
time savings in the overall effort of producing construction plans.
GEOPAK Road will be taught in two courses, GEOPAK I and GEOPAK II. GEOPAK I will focus
on teaching how to use GEOPAK to accomplish COGO, Horizontal and Vertical alignments,
Drafting, Digital Terrain Modeling, Original Cross Sections and Sheet Generation. The training
code for GEOPAK I is DES730.
GEOPAK II will continue through the design and PS&E phases of a project. More features of design
and quantity calculations will be introduced.The training code for GEOPAK II is DES731.
For GEOPAK support, please contact the Design Support Unit of the Engineering Solutions
Delivery & Support Services Branch of the Technology Services Division.
Help Desk Phone Number 512-302-2350 option 3 then 2

I.1 Basic Design File Configuration (Seed File)


Working Units

GEOPAK can use the elements drawn in MicroStation as actual design elements, therefore,
increased accuracy is required. Master Units in the Seed files are set to Feet and the Sub Unit to
Tenths with the Resolution to 1000 per Foot. The units.def file is set to U.S. survey feet. There is
only one set of Seed files (2D & 3D) for all districts and they are located on the TSD Crossroads
Site. Data collection will be based on NAD83 (North American Datum) coordinate system.
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Introduction
File Names

I.2 File Names


GEOPAK uses and/or creates files during the design process. The files you need to be familiar with
are listed below:
job###.gpk

- this binary file is created when the user starts a Coordinate Geometry
(COGO) session for the first time or through Project Manager and may be
appended to during the design process. All coordinate geometry elements
are stored in this file. The "###" is the only variable in this name. It represents a job number (up to 3 alphanumeric characters) unique to a project and
is defined by the user upon creation. Example: job99.gpk

name.inp

- any ascii input file for running GEOPAK processes. Name is user defined
and can support from 1 - 8 characters; Example: desxs.inp

name###.ioc

- ascii input file for loading data during a COGO session. "###" represents the
job number and "oc" is the operator code (users initials). Example: base99.ijf

name###.ooc - ascii output file created by GEOPAK during a COGO session. Example:
base99.ojf
- ascii or binary input file for generating topographical surfaces (DTM)

name.tin

- a binary file containing triangular surfaces created from the processing of


the.dat file

project.prj

- ascii file resulting from the creation of a new project

txdot_*.ddb

- standard English TxDOT database for use with the Design and Computation
Manager Example: txdot_V8i.ddb

txdot_*.itl

- TxDOT template library ex: txdot_V8i.itl

name.dat

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Introduction
Accessing GEOPAK

I.3 Accessing GEOPAK


To start GEOPAK navigate along the MicroStation menu bar to where
the Applications menu is located. Then simply pull down Applications
> GEOPAK > Activate GEOPAK. This will allow access to the various
GEOPAK tools. When each GEOPAK tool is selected, the corresponding dialog will appear. To
utilize the full potential of GEOPAK, usage of the GEOPAK dialogs may be interspersed with
generic MicroStation commands. In addition, several dialogs may be opened simultaneously.
To close a dialog, simply double click in the upper left or right corner of the dialog. In addition,
various dialog boxes may be closed by selecting the File > Exit option. Exiting the MicroStation file
automatically closes all GEOPAK dialogs.

I.4 GEOPAK Dialog Box Tips & Tricks


I.4.1 GEOPAK ROAD TOOL

The GEOPAK Road Tool is a short cut to most of the major GEOPAK dialog box. To access go to
GEOPAK > ROAD > ROAD Tools. You can then dock it just like any other MicroStation menu.

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GEOPAK Dialog Box Tips & Tricks

I.4.2 Level Symbology


Many of GEOPAKs Dialog box have a level symbology toggle. As you pass the curser over the
dialog box the current symbology setting will appear. To activate the box just double click with the
mouse directly over the box. A dialog box called GEOPAK Set Feature will appear.

I.4.3 GEOPAK HELP

To access GEOPAKs online help you can go from Applications >> GEOPAK >> ROAD >> Help.

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GEOPAK Dialog Box Tips & Tricks

Another option is to activate the dialog box you need help with then hit the F1 key on your keyboard.
This will take you directly to the desired location in the help file. (See example below)

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I-5

P ROJECT M ANAGER

1.1 Objectives

Learn how to set up a project using Project Manager.


Learn how to utilize Project Manager as a work flow guide.
Learn how to access GEOPAK dialogs from the Project Manager.

1.2 Definition
Project Manager is a GEOPAK tool that associates a project with its respective .gpk job number,
users, working directories and project files. It is also an excellent work flow system that records
processes run throughout the design of a project.

1.3 Accessing
To access the Project Manager Selector, select
Applications >> GEOPAK Road >>
Project Manager. The following dialog
appears:

An alternative way to start Project Manager is to use the


GEOPAK Road Tools, select Applications >> GEOPAK
Road >>GEOPAK Road Tools. The following toolbar will
appear. Select the top tool as shown.

The GEOPAK Road Tools toolbar is a dockable MicroStation toolbar.


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Project Manager

1.4 Project Manager Dialog

Project Manager Dialog

1.4.1 General Description


The current directory is displayed at the top of the dialog box. This may be modified by traversing
to a different directory in the Directories list box. Below the current directory is the filter field which
can be used to control the types of files displayed in the Project Manager Selector box.
The bottom of the Project Manager Selector box displays
information after a project has been selected from the Project
Manager Selector box. At the bottom of the dialog box are
the OK and Cancel buttons. If the user wishes to exit Project
Manager, the Cancel button should be selected. To continue
in the Project Manager process, the OK button should be
selected.

1.4.2 Project Manager Menu Bar


There are three pull down choices on the Menu Bar: Projects,
Directory and Admin. Each of these choices have options
contained in the pull down.

1.4.2.1 Project Tools


There are four choices under the Projects pull down: New, Edit, Delete and Exit as shown below.
As can be seen from this dialog box, the Windows motif also
keeps track of the last few process that have been executed
and these may be recalled as needed by selecting the desired
process.

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Project Manager
Project Tools

The menu option New is used to create a


new project. When the New menu option
is selected, the following Create New
Project dialog appears. The Project Name
can be from one to eight alphanumeric
characters. The .prj file created will be
stored in the Working Directory. The
Working Directory may be keyed in or the
Select button may be chosen and the
appropriate directory selected. The next
field is for keying in the job number or the
Select button may be chosen and the
appropriate COGO Job Number selected.

Next, the Preferences button should be chosen


and the following GEOPAK User Preferences
dialog appears. When beginning most TxDOT
projects, the user must remember to set the
Coordinates toggle to XY. From this dialog box
the user can set the particular parameters for the
project including the Feature Preferences and
COGO Preferences. By clicking on COGO
Preferences the directories for the COGO job
number, COGO input files and COGO output
files can be set. By setting these parameters for
each project, the user can open a design file in
one directory and then open another design file
in a different directory and still access the correct .gpk file and also save COGO input and
output files to the proper directory. If no directories are selected the files will default to the
working directory. This is the recommended
method. By toggling on Redefinition of Elements, every time a user accesses COGO,
redefinition is on and by using Force Redefinition Off Upon COGO Activation, redefinition is off. After all the information is entered
the OK button is selected or if the user wishes
to abort, the Cancel button may be selected.

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Project Manager
Directory Tools

The Edit menu option is used to change any settings


associated with the currently selected project.
When chosen, the following Project Info Edit
dialog box appears.
The Delete menu option is used to delete any
project that has been stored. The user highlights
the project in the Projects Manager Selector box
and selects Delete.
The Exit menu option closes the Project Manager
and writes the settings to a resource file.

1.4.2.2 Directory Tools


There are two options under the Directory pull down, Create New
Directory and Current Working Directory as shown.
The Create New Directory option will create a new directory on the
disk. When this option is chosen, the following will appear.

Key in the name of the working directory and select the OK button
or select Cancel to abort. If the Current Working Directory option
is chosen, the directory path in Project is changed to that directory.

1.4.2.3 Administration Tools


The Administration menu option is used to set a password on a project.
When this option is selected, the following dialog box appears.
The user may key in a Password and then retype it in the Confirm
field. The GEOPAK Implementation Team recommends that a password not be used because the project may need to be accessed by more
than one user.

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CHAPTER

Project Manager

1.5 Project Users Dialog

Project Users Dialog

Once a project is highlighted and OK is selected, the Project


Users dialog appears.
This dialog has three sections: Project Users, User Info and
Description. The Project Users list displays a list of users
that have been created to work with any project that resides
in the current projects home directory. Within the User Info
group box, the Full Name field displays the full name of the
user that is currently selected and the OP Code field displays
the Operator Code of the currently selected user. The Description field displays the description of the currently selected
user.
Five tools are supported on the Project Users dialog as depicted in the exploded view below.

1.5.1 New
The New pull down menu option creates new users. When
this menu option is activated, the New User dialog appears
as depicted to the right.
The Name field is the name of the user to be created. It
must be a legal file name with no spaces or special punctuation characters. A directory with this name will be
created under the project home directory\projdbs directory. This directory will hold all of the project information
for each project with which this users works. The Full
Name field further identifies users and will be displayed
when users are being selected. The OP Code (two character limit) field sets the GEOPAK Operator Code used
for all COGO operations during this session. The Operator
Code, along with the Job Number, will also be utilized
whenever an input or output file is created by the COGO.
The Description field further identifies the user by associating a description with a particular user. Select the OK
button to accept the fields entered and create the user or
select the Cancel button to abort the operation. Once the
OK button is chosen the user will be prompted to Password Protect User. This is optional, but setting a password in GEOPAK is not recommended.

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CHAPTER

Project Manager
Edit

1.5.2 Edit

The Edit pull down menu option allows the user to change any of the parameters of the currently
selected user. (note: The User cannot be changed.)

1.5.3 Delete
The Delete pull-down menu option allows the user to delete a user along with all files associated with
that user.

1.5.4 Password
The Password tool creates or modifies a password for
the selected user. If the selected user already has a
password, the user will be prompted to enter the current
password before continuing. The GEOPAK Implementation Team recommends that a password not be
used. If a password is lost or unknown, it cannot be
reset or unlocked.

1.5.5 Exit
The Exit option closes the User Dialog and returns back to the Project Manager Selector box.

1.6 Road Project Manager


After a minimum of one user has been defined, selecting the OK button in the lower left corner of
the Project Users Dialog or double clicking on a Project User, the Road Project Manager will open.

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Project Manager

1.6.1 General Description

General Description

The top of the dialog displays the Working Directory, Working Alignment (if defined), User and
GEOPAK Job Number. In addition, a toggle for Working Alignment Influence Runs is also
supported. The bottom portion of the dialog box displays the various processes supported during the
design process. The small square in the upper right corner (to the right of the Job Number) will
condense the dialog as depicted in the graphic below.

1.6.2 Road Project Manager Menu Bar


There are three pull down menu bar options: File, Remember and
Options. When the File option is selected, the choices are Close and
Exit.
If the Close option is selected, the user is returned to the Project
Manager Selector box. If Exit is selected the user is exited from the
Project Manager.
When the Remember option is selected, the user can instruct the
software to remember the Project or User in subsequent sessions. For
example, if both toggles are activated, and the Project Manager is
completely closed (all dialogs), selecting Project Manager immediately
invokes the Road Project Manager (flow chart) and utilizes the project
name, user name, etc., which were active when the Remember toggles
were selected. If only the User toggle is activated, the user is returned to the Project Manager Selector
in later sessions. If only the Project toggle is activated, the user is returned to the Project Users dialog
in subsequent sessions. This option is particularly useful when numerous users are working on one
project.
Another option on the Road Project menu bar is Options >> Auto
Sink. When activated, any subsequent selection of any button within
the workflow area automatically sinks the Road Project Manager
dialog.

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CHAPTER

Project Manager

1.6.3 Working Alignment

Working Alignment

The concept of a working alignment enables the designer to organize a project and to access project
information without continually typing the required information. On a simple project, only one
working alignment may be needed. However, on a more complicated project, an unlimited number
of working alignments may be defined. The designer can easily change from one working alignment
to another by highlighting the desired alignment listed in the Select dialog.
Three tools relating to working alignments are located at the top of the Road Project Manager box:
Select Button
Define button
Port Viewer (Working Alignment Influence Runs)

1.6.4 Select Option


When the [Select] button is pressed, the Select Working
Alignment dialog appears as depicted to the right. If no
working alignments have been defined, Untitled appears in
the Run List box along with the current time. If working
alignments have been defined, they are listed with the last
run time. The description of the working alignment can be
seen in the bottom of the dialog when each Name is highlighted. To select a previously defined working alignment,
highlight the run from the list, then press the OK button at
the bottom of the dialog. Double clicking on the Name also
selects a previous working alignment for subsequent processing. Pressing the Cancel button will close the Select
Run dialog without any File selection. Several Run options
are supported as depicted in the exploded view below. These
include New, Copy, Modify and Delete.

Run > New

Run > Copy


Project,
Run > Modify
and/or

Run > Delete

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allows the user to create a new Run.


allows the user to copy an existing
User or Run.
allows the user to change the name
description of an existing Run.
allows the user to the delete an existing
Run.
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CHAPTER

Project Manager
Define Option

1.6.5 Define Option


Once a Run has been selected,
pressing the Define button invokes
the dialog depicted to the right. The
information that can be associated
with a working alignment is listed in
the left portion of the dialog box. As
each option is chosen, the right side
of the dialog box will change to
reflect the information needed as can
be seen in the dialog box below after
Profile View was selected.
All information entered in these
fields can be used in subsequent processes run from Project Manager. In
the beginning of a project, much of
this information will not be known,
but as the user goes through the design
process, it can be added to the working
alignment definitions.

For example, as soon as a chain has


been stored in COGO, the user can
enter that information in the Plan
View fields as depicted to the right.

1.6.6 Port Viewer


The Port Viewer button is a tool which enables the user to view all three major aspects of a road
design simultaneously even though they are located in different files. The three views include:
Plan
Profile
Cross Sections

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Project Manager
Road Project Manager Process

As a prerequisite to invoking the Port View, a working alignment must be defined with the following
information.
Alignment Specification
Plan View Design File
Profile Information
Cross Section File
Digital Terrain Models
The Port Viewer will be covered in more detail in the GEOPAK II class.

1.7 Road Project Manager Process


The primary Road Project Manager dialog is depicted below. The advantage of utilizing the Road
Project Manager, rather than selecting functions directly from the Road drop-down menu is that
pertinent information stored within the Project Manager is automatically displayed within the selected
dialog. Therefore, job numbers, chain names, stationing, file names and data associated with the
project do not have to be typed in each time a dialog is utilized. However, if the user chooses to
change any fields, they have that option to.

Many of the Road Project Manager processes function identically to their corresponding drop-down
menu dialogs. However, some of the procedures will invoke the Select Run dialog prior to invoking
the actual dialog. The Select Run dialog allows the user to set up different options/settings to use in
alternative design choices.
Each of the Road Project Manager dialog processes will be covered individually in the separate
chapters of GEOPAK I and II.

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1-10

C OORDINATE G EOMETRY

2.1 Objectives

Learn to set up and access the Coordinate Geometry database


Become proficient in using Coordinate Geometry commands

2.2 Definition
The Coordinate Geometry Dialog Box :
is an interactive graphical users interface for storing coordinate geometry
calculates and stores points, lines, curves, chains, parcels and profiles

2.3 Accessing
From GEOPAK ROAD Tools

From GEOPAK ROAD > Geometry > Coordinate Geometry


A Start-Up Dialog Box appears if Project Manager is not active.
Project Name . . . name displayed on reports (optional entry,
60 alphanumeric characters, max)
Job Number . . . identifies coordinate geometry database (3 alphanumeric characters, max)
(required)
Select

allows the user to pick a gpk previously


created.

Operator Code. . unique 2 character code


allows multiple users access
to database (required, users initials suggested)
Subject . . . . . . . . description of work (48 alphanumeric characters, max)
(optional)
Once these parameters have been defined, the Coordinate Geometry dialog box will appear. See
dialog box on the following page.
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Coordinate Geometry
Coordinate Geometry Dialog Box

2.4 Coordinate Geometry Dialog Box

a
b

c
The Coordinate Geometry dialog box is made up of three separate display areas:
a) key in field for COGO commands (Use for COGO commands not
on pull down menus)
b) input buffer displays an audit trail of COGO commands already issued
(Single click on a line in this buffer will copy it to the key in field. Double
click on the same line will copy and execute this line.)
c) output buffer displays output from COGO commands

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CHAPTER

Coordinate Geometry
File Commands

2.4.1 File Commands

Input File Utility

has multiple options for file input and output. The File Utility will be discussed in more detailed the next section.

Input File Restore loads the default input file into COGO, where the input file can be processed with READ, MODIFY, EDIT and/or SAVE selected, a menu
appears listing all saved input files in the project directory. This is for reference only, no action is taken.

Database Utilities two options exist:


Validate
Scans the GPK database for errors and only reports findings.
Clean and Compress Scans database and removes any corrupt elements then compresses
the GPK file. Recommend running this command periodically.

Import

will import horizontal and vertical alignments and points from RDS format
into the GEOPAK .gpk file. It will also import horizontal alignments and
points from SDMS format into the GEOPAK .gpk file as well as ASCII
points and LandXML Geometry.

Export

will export GEOPAK chains and profiles into RDS format and GEOPAK
chains and other standard formats, such as SDMS.

Exit

closes the COGO dialog box and ends the Coordinate Geometry session.
When selected a prompt to save the session appears. Yes saves the input
buffer; No exits without saving. Cancel returns to the COGO session.

NOTE: Upon using Exit, whether you pick Yes or No everything you did is still saved
in the .gpk file.
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Coordinate Geometry

File Commands

File >> Input File Utility

File >> Input File Utility

Load

clears the buffer and then loads (into memory) the highlighted input file. Once
loaded, the COGO commands entered in the input file can be processed (read),
edited, modified or deleted. Highlight a file name then click Apply.

Append

this command is for input files only. A new input file is created by copying the
contents of an existing input file to the end of the current input file; you must use
the Save command to store this new file.

Delete

removes the selected input file from the project directory. Highlight a file name
then click Apply. (note: Redefine MUST be selected in COGO)

Output

writes GEOPAK output from your current output buffer session to a newly created
output file for review/print. (name(99).o(oc))

Print Input File selected input file is printed. Highlight a file name and then click Apply.
Print Output Fileselected input file is printed. Highlight a file name and then click Apply.
Save

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will save the current input buffer to a file (name(99).i(oc)). A subject can also be
added if desired.

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Coordinate Geometry

Edit Commands

File >> Input File Utility

2.4.2 Edit Commands

Clear

empties the memory of the current input and output buffers without saving and
initializes the line numbers to begin a new sequence of commands.

Delete

deletes input commands in the input buffer by line number (or range of line
numbers) and resequences the line numbers for the remaining commands.

Insert

allows the user to add a command line to the current input buffer before a user
specified line number; the other command lines will shift down and line numbering
will automatically be re-sequenced

Modify

allows the user to change a word in a command line. The modified command line
will not be computed until the Read command is executed.

Read All

the command lines loaded in the output buffer are processed.

Type All

displays the content of the current input file.

Line Range

allows a portion (Line Range) of the input file to be displayed (Type) or processed
(Read).

Editor

opens the GEOPAK COGO Command Editor, which allows the user to edit an
input file before executing.

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Coordinate Geometry

Element Commands

Element >> Point

2.4.3 Element Commands


2.4.3.1 Element >> Point

Utility

displays all stored points and has three point command options Delete, Print and
Display. Delete will remove the selected point or points from the database (gpk).
Print will display the selected point or points point number, coordinates, station
value, etc. in the output buffer. Display will display selected point or points to
the DGN file if Visualization is toggled on.

Cell

assigns a cell name to a previously stored point

Copy

copies one point to another

Elevation

assigns an elevation to a previously stored point

Equate

store new point from previously stored point, curve, chain or parcel

Station

allows user to specify a station for an existing point

Store

stores a point located by key-in or by digitizing a point on the screen

Transformation transforms one set of points into a new coordinate system.


Compare points to TIN compares COGO elevation to the
TIN elevation and completes statistical analysis for goodness of fit.
Set elevation from TIN adds or updates an elevation to a
previously defined point, based on
a TIN model.
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Coordinate Geometry

Element Commands

Element >> Curve

2.4.3.2 Element >> Curve

Utility

displays all stored curves and has four curve command options Reverse, Delete,
Print and Display. Reverse reverses the forward sense and curve direction of a
stored curve. The values of the curve elements and the position of the curve are
unchanged. The remaining utility commands work similar to the point utility with
the Print command displaying the selected curves data which includes delta,
degree, tangent, coordinates, etc. in the output buffer.

Station

allows user to identify a curve and a position on the curve (PC, PT, or PI) where
a station value may be assigned.

Store

provides various options for defining and storing lines and curves such as Store
Curve By Tangents as shown below. (15 alphanumeric characters, no spaces)

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Coordinate Geometry

Element Commands

Element >> Chain

2.4.3.3 Element >> Chain

Utility

displays all stored chains and has five chain command options. Area calculates
the area of a selected chain. Delete will remove the selected chain or chains from
the database (gpk). Print lists the elements that comprise the chain. Describe list
the geometry of the chain, including coordinates, stationing, curve data, bearings,
etc. Visualize will display selected chain to the DGN file if Visualization is
toggled on.

Layout Offset

projects points onto a chain or computes offset distance and direction between two
chains with three options, point, radial projection and radial intersection.

Station

provides a method for stationing or re-stationing a chain

Station Equation provides a method for applying a station equation to a chain


Store

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provides three options for storing a chain into the database, Store Chain From
Elements, Store Offset Chain and Store Transition. (Chain name can be
between 1-15 alphanumeric characters, no spaces)

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Coordinate Geometry

Element Commands

Element >> Parcel

2.4.3.4 Element >> Parcel

Utility

displays all stored parcels and has four parcel command options. Delete will
remove the selected parcel or parcels from the database (gpk). Print lists the
elements that comprise the parcel. Describe list the geometry of the parcel,
including coordinates, bearings, distances, etc. Visualize will display selected
parcel to the DGN file if Visualization is toggled on.

Store

allows a user to store a parcel by adding points, curves and spirals to a collection
box for processing

Subdivide

allows users to subdivide previously stored parcels

Editor

opens the map check/store parcel tool for creating, modifying, or verifying parcels.

Manual Entry - Parcel Commands


Store Taken

allows you to store the portion of a parcel taken by entering point and curve names
in either a clockwise or counterclockwise direction

Store Easement allows you to store an easement by entering point and curve names in either a
clockwise or counterclockwise direction
Own Parcel

stores the name of the owner associated with a previously stored parcel

Make Legal

creates a legal description and writes it to a user named text file

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Coordinate Geometry

Element Commands

Element >> Parcel

2.4.3.5 Element >> Profile

Utility

displays all stored profiles and has two profile command options. Delete will
remove the selected profile or profiles from the database (gpk). Print lists the
geometric data for the selected profile including stationing, elevations, etc. .

Elevation

provides three options for reporting elevations along a selected profile, Station,
Even Station, Incremental Stations

List/Print

displays to output buffer all the data of the selected profile from the .gpk database

Offset

stores a new profile name by offsetting a previously stored profile by a specified


amount.

Restation

stores a new profile based on an existing profile and chain but uses a new beginning
station. Useful when the horizontal alignment has changed but the profile was
already created.

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Coordinate Geometry
View

Tools >> Locate

2.4.4 View

Under the View tab reside various options to customize the cogo dialog box. Some of the options
worth considering are Redefine, On/Off Control, Cogo Key-in, and Coordinates.

2.4.5 Tools Commands


2.4.5.1 Tools >> Locate

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Tools Commands

Tools >> Traverse

2.4.5.2 Tools >> Traverse


Traverse

stores a point at a specified distance and direction from a point already stored in
the database.

2.4.5.3 Tools >> Intersect


Line - Arc >> Single Point stores a single point at the intersection of a line and arc

Line -Line stores a point at the intersection of two lines.


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Coordinate Geometry
Tools >> Roadway Intersections

2.4.6 Tools >> Roadway Intersections


Roadway Intersections based on supplied data,
draws a roadway intersection and stores the
geometry data into the COGO database (gpk).
Two types of intersections are supported, X and
T.

2.4.7 Important Cogo Toggles


2.4.7.1 Redefine
The redefine toggle allows the user to overwrite previous stored elements. The user must be careful because this can cause unintended
consequences.

2.4.7.2 Visualization
GEOPAK has unique options in displaying cogo elements. You can Disable
Visualization which draws nothing. Temporary Visualization which displays
as long as the current cogo session is running and Permanent Visualization
which actually writes the element to the file based on the TxDOT_V8i.smd
settings.

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Coordinate Geometry
Measurement Commands

2.5 Measurement Commands


Measurement commands compute and display direction, distance, angle and area associated with
previously stored geometry elements. (These measurements are not stored in the .gpk database.)
Computation of the desired values are initiated by keying-in the appropriate measurement command
into the key-in field of the COGO dialog box. This is a manual entry and will not be found in the
pull down menus of GEOPAK.
Angle At

measures the angle, in a clockwise direction, between two lines defined by three
stored geometry points [a vertex (10) and two other points (5 & 8)]
Example Key-in: angle at 10 5 to 8

Angle

given an occupied point (10) and a back sight point (9), this command will calculate
a clockwise angle from this line to another stored point(s). It will also display the
distance from the occupied point to the third point.
Example Key-in: angle 10 9 12-15

Area

will compute the area within a list of given points. The first point must be repeated
as the last point to close the area.
Example Key-in: area 10 9 12 13 14 15 10

2.6 Miscellaneous Commands


Make Input File creates ASCII input file for stored COGO elements
Example Key-in : make input file "name" element "element name"
e.g.: make input file nbfr99.itc chain nbfr
make input file backup99.itc chain * profile * parcel *
or
make input file backup99.itc all

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Coordinate Geometry
Navigator

2.7 Navigator
The COGO Navigator is an excellent tool to assist the user in viewing, manipulating, and editing
Coordinate Geometry elements. Think of it as a type of shortcut. Access Navigator from the Coordinate
Geometry box using the
icon or from Tools >> Navigator.
This will bring up the Navigator dialog box as seen below. The dialog consists of two pull downs,
several icons, an element option, and a Name, Feature, etc. list box.

The Select pull-down deals with several selection options

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Navigator

The Tools pull-down deals with element manipulation and visualization options.

The following icons will allow the user to Add, Delete, Modify, Identify, Visualize, Print, elements
or Create a Selection Set.

The selection box below allows the user to choose an element to create, review, edit, or manipulate.

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CHAPTER

Coordinate Geometry
Exercise

EXERCISE 2.1
For this exercise use the Tools commands to store points at these intersections:
Line - Arc
Line - Line
Step 1

Enter ex21.dgn and start Project Manager for Class1.prj.

Step 2

Open Coordinate Geometry

Step 3

Set the visualization toggle to temporary

Step 4

Store point 1 & 2 on top of existing points 1 & 2 at both ends of line 1
Store point 3 on top of existing center point (3).
Element >> Point >> Store

Step 5

Store point 4 at the intersection of line 1 and arc. (Reference dialog box, next page)
Tools >> Intersect

Step 6

Store point 5 & 6 on top of existing points 5 & 6 at both ends of line 2.
Element >> Point >> Store

(exercise continued on next page)

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CHAPTER

Coordinate Geometry
Exercise

EXERCISE 2.1 (continued)


Step 7

Store point 7 at the intersection of lines 1 and 2 (reference dialog box, below)
Tools >> Intersect

Step 8

Expand the COGO dialog box and view the buffers.

For use in Step 7

For use in Step 5

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CHAPTER

Coordinate Geometry
Exercise

EXERCISE 2.2
Before beginning this exercise:
turn off level Exercise 2-1 Level
clear buffers, Edit >> Clear
For this exercise use the commands introduced in Chapter 2 to accomplish the following:
construct the parcel of land shown in Diagram 2.1 (p. 2-21)
store the taking portion of the parcel
save output of parcel to a file par1a
Step 1

Store point 300 at X 2172450.0000 Y 7123100.0000


Element >> Point >> Store

Step 2

Store point 301 using COGO key- in.


Key-In: locate 301 traverse 300 distance 140 N 44 22 00 W

Step 3

Store points 302-307 by traversing from point 301 (Refer to Diagram 2.1, p. 2-22).
Tools >> Locate >> Traverse
Example for first traverse command :

note: the dialog box will toggle the Locate Point and Station Point from point to point
(exercise continued on next page)
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CHAPTER

Coordinate Geometry
Exercise

EXERCISE 2.2
Step 4

(continued)

Store parcel 1a. Verify parcel.


Element >> Parcel >> Store 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 300
toggle on Owner Name and type John Smith, et. ux.
Element >> Parcel >> Utility highlight Parcel 1a, click on Print

Step 5

Store taking area 1a.


Element >> Parcel >> Store 300 301 302 307 300

(exercise continued on next page)


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CHAPTER

Coordinate Geometry
Exercise

EXERCISE 2.2
Step 6

(continued)

Save the output describing the John Smith parcel (1a).


Element >> Parcel >> Utility highlight parcel 1a, click on Describe (Review
display in COGO buffer)
File >> Input File Utility toggle to Output

1) Enter par1a into the Output File box.


2) Click Apply
A file named par1a99.otc is created and stored in the project directory.

Step 7

Generate a legal description for parcel 1a and write to file legal.txt


Key-In: make legal parcel 1a legal.txt
View legal.txt via the GEOPAK editor.
(exercise continued on next page)

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CHAPTER

Coordinate Geometry
Exercise

EXERCISE 2.2
Step 8

(continued)

Save input file named par1a


File >> Input File Utility toggle to Save
1) Enter par1a into name
2) Click Apply
3) View par1a99.itc via the GEOPAK editor.

Diagram 2.1.

For use with exercise 2.2


Sketch to accompany field notes for 16,778.315 sq. feet / 0.385 acre of land
out of a part of the Samuel Little Survey No. 3 situated in Travis County, Texas.

N 62^2605 E
53.85 ft.

P 304
P 303

P 305

N 39^3025 E
13.79 ft.

P 302

S 49^2200 E
40.00 ft.

7
95 t.
1
^
f
57
.40
N
4
10

S 18^4955 W
53.85 ft.

P 306

P 301
N
W
00 .
2
ft
^2
44 0.00
14

S 23^5603 W
104.40 ft.
P 307

P 300

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CHAPTER

Coordinate Geometry
Exercise

EXERCISE 2.3
This exercise will give you experience in:
storing points and curves
create partial or entire curves
assigning stationing to the curve
From Coordinate Geometry
Edit >> Clear
toggle Temporary Visualization on
Step 1

Create ex23.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn.

Step 2

Store the following points using the information provided.


Point No.:

Step 3

100 X: 2172028.7300 Y: 7123106.5190


101 X: 2172348.3710 Y: 7123115.6950
102 X: 2172180.8180 Y: 7123239.6840

Construct a curve (c1) using the points just stored.


Element >> Curve >> Store >> By End Points
Enter this information

(exercise continued on next page)

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CHAPTER

Coordinate Geometry
Navigator

Tools >> Intersect

EXERCISE 2.3 (continued)


Step 4

Construct curve c2 40 ft. offset from curve c1


Element >> Curve >> Store >>Concentric

Step 5

Construct curve segment c3 -40 ft. offset from curve c1 starting at point 100
150 ft. long.
Element >> Curve >> Segment

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H ORIZONTAL A LIGNMENT

3.1 Objectives
Create, store and modify horizontal chains using:
COGO elements
MicroStation Elements
Ascii Input Files

3.2 Definition
A horizontal alignment in GEOPAK is called a Chain. A chain can be made up of COGO points,
curves and other chains. Listed below are several methods used to store chains into the coordinate
geometry database:

Store Chain From Elements command through COGO


Store Chain key-in command through COGO
Horizontal Alignment Generator
Storing Graphic Elements
ASCII input files
Place PI Alignment

3.3 Methods
3.3.1 COGO Method (Store Chain From Elements)
This method will utilize the Store Chain From Elements command which will store a chain into
the coordinate geometry database using previously stored elements.
First access Coordinate Geometry from GEOPAK Road >> Project Manager >> Coordinate
Geometry or from the COGO Icon located in the GEOPAK Road Tools Dialog Box

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Horizontal Alignment

COGO Method (Store Chain From Elements)

If the XY coordinates of all the PIs are known, select Element >> Point >> Store to store all of the
PIs of the horizontal alignment. If the XY coordinates for each PI are not known, an alternative
method of storing points my be used. One such method is by traversing. Select Tools >> Locate >>
Traverse and store the points from the beginning point by using a bearing and distance.

After storing the PI points, select Element >> Curve >> Store >> By Tangents to store the curves
for each PI.

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CHAPTER

Horizontal Alignment
Store Graphics Method

The final step is to store the horizontal alignment/chain using the COGO elements from the previous
steps. This is done by selecting Element >> Chain >> Store >> From Elements.

3.3.2 Store Graphics Method


The Store Graphics dialog box is a tool used to store MicroStation
elements as GEOPAK COGO elements. An optional ascii file is made
which stores the GEOPAK COGO input commands used in creating
the elements. To access select GEOPAK Road >> Geometry >>
Store Graphics or from Store Graphics Icon in GEOPAK Road
Tools

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CHAPTER

Horizontal Alignment
Exercise

EXERCISE 3.1
This exercise will demonstrate creating an alignment from COGO elements.
Step 1

Create ex31.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn


Click GEOPAK Road >> Project Manager >> Coordinate Geometry
Select Temporary Visualization

Step 2

Store Points
Element >> Point >> Store
Use the following information:
Point No.
10
X:
2173795.9903
20
2174736.8514
30
2174283.8636
40
2174144.9860
50
2172911.6475

Step 3

Y:

7120705.9193
7122215.2404
7124793.0306
7127279.4168
7129777.1737

Store curves.
Element >> Curve >> Store >> By Tangents
Select option for PB (point back), PI (point of intersection), and PA (point ahead)
Use the following information:
Curve Name:
base2-1
Degree: 2^4500 Points: 10, 20, 30
base2-2
1^2500
20, 30, 40
base2-3
1^4500
30, 40, 50

Verify curve creation.


Element >> Curve >> Utility select Print
Curves: base2-1, base2-2, base 2-3
(exercise continued on next page)
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CHAPTER

Horizontal Alignment
Exercise

EXERCISE 3.1 (continued)


Step 4

Store chain base2 from COGO elements.


Element >> Chain >> Store >> From Elements (see below)

Step 5

Save input.
File >> Input File Utility toggle to Save then click Apply

Step 6

Save as: base2

Review input file using the GEOPAK editor.


GEOPAK Road >> Utilities >> Text Editor
File >> Open base299.itc
After review, exit.

Step 7

Review chain data


Element >> Chain >> Utility select Describe or use the Navigator

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CHAPTER

Horizontal Alignment
Ascii Input File Method (Inverse Method)

3.3.3 Ascii Input File Method (Inverse Method)


This method uses an ascii file created in an editor. The necessary COGO commands needed to store
a chain are typed in the ascii file in the order in which they should be processed. The following is an
example:
$ chain base1
sto 210 x 2173795.9903 y 7120705.9193
loc 220 210 1778.5583 n 31 56 17 e
loc 230 220 2617.2888 n 9 58 00 w
loc 240 230 2490.2617 n 3 11 49 w
loc 250 240 2785.6621 n 26 16 45 w
alignment base1 inv
pot 210 sta 000.00
cur base1-20 pi 220 d 2 45 00
cur base1-30 pi 230 d 1 25 00
cur base1-40 pi 240 d 1 45 00
pot 250
end alignment
$
After the ascii file has been created, it is loaded into COGO by selecting File >> File Utility toggle
to Load highlight file name then click Apply. The results are illustrated below. (note: only the first
ten lines are displayed)

The next step is to tell COGO to execute these commands. This is done by selecting
Edit >> Read All. The chain will then be stored into the COGO database (.gpk) file.
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CHAPTER

Horizontal Alignment
Exercise

EXERCISE 3.2
This exercise will demonstrate creating an alignment using an input file.
Step 1

Create ex32.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn and load input file base199.itc


File >> Input File Utility toggle to Load highlight Base1 then click Apply
(Note display in COGO menu)

Step 2

Display entire input file


Edit >> Type All

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Horizontal Alignment
Exercise

EXERCISE 3.2
Step 3

(continued)

Execute input file


Edit >> Read All

Step 4

Check output and view chain Base1


Element >> Chain >> Utility >> Describe

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CHAPTER

Horizontal Alignment
Exercise

EXERCISE 3.3
In this exercise the user will practice creating an alignment.
Step 1

Create ex33.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn

Step 2

Create an alignment (ALT1) using any of the methods discussed in Chapter 3 of this
training class. Use job number 99. Points 200-204 represent the PI locations of the
alignment (alt1). (hint: use the store point and traverse commands in COGO)
200
201
202
203
204

Step 3

X 2173943.7886
N 26 36 04.49 E
N 13 29 22.22 W
N 1 00 24.07 E
N 27 12 35.29 W

Y 7120607.0284
Dist 2071.6766
Dist 4538.2134
Dist 1242.3742
Dist 1837.8260

d = 3^1500
d = 2^3000
d = 5^1000

After you have successfully created alignment alt1


Verify the results in COGO and create an output file of alignment data.

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Horizontal Alignment
Chain Modifications

3.3.4 Chain Modifications


Existing chains may be modified by inserting PIs, deleting PIs, modifying existing curve data,
entering station equations, etc. The following exercises will demonstrate three of these modifications
Exercise 3.4 - Modify the radius on an existing chain
Exercise 3.5 - Insert a PI on an existing chain
Exercise 3.6 - Enter an equation on existing chain

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CHAPTER

Horizontal Alignment
Exercise

EXERCISE 3.4
In this exercise you will edit the radius for a previously stored curve and restation the chain containing
the curve.
Step 1

Create ex34.dgn from txdotV8iseed2d.dgn, activate COGO, toggle on the redefine option and set the visualization mode to temporary visualization and load
input file base99.itc. (Remember that the 99.itc will not display)
1. File >> File Utility toggle to Load highlight base click Apply.
2. Edit >> Read All (Note display in COGO menu)

Step 2

Open Navigator toggle the element option to curve and double click on Base-1.

(exercise continued on next page)


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Horizontal Alignment
Exercise

EXERCISE 3.4

(continued)

Step 3

Change the radius to 2291.8312 and click Store Curve. (Make sure redefine is toggled
on)

Step 4

Restation chain Base by going to Element >> Chain >> Station and fill out the dialog
box as shown below then click on Station Chain.

Step 5

Verify results in COGO:


1. Open COGO Navigator
2. Toggle element to chain and highlight chain Base
3. Select Print/Describe Element
4. Review results.

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CHAPTER

Horizontal Alignment
Exercise

EXERCISE 3.5
In this exercise you will alter an existing chain by inserting a PI and curve, then save as it as a new
chain. After the new chain is stored, you will need to verify the results.
Step 1

Create ex35.dgn using txdotv8iseed2d.dgn.


Open the COGO dialog box.

Step 2

Store point ins1 at coordinates, X = 2173328.6422 and Y = 7128827.8125.


Element >> Point >> Store

Step 3

Store curve ins1-1 using the following parameters:


PC = ins1, DB = N 28^4416.37 W, Degree = 3^3000, DA = N 23^4246.30 W
Element >> Curve >> Store>> By Tangents

(exercise continued on next page)

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CHAPTER

Horizontal Alignment
Exercise

EXERCISE 3.5 (continued)


Step 4

Store the new chain as insert.


Element>>Chain>>Store>>From Elements

Step 5

Verify the results in COGO.


1. Open COGO Navigator
2. Toggle element to chain and highlight chain Insert
3. Select Print/Describe Element
4. Review results.

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CHAPTER

Horizontal Alignment
Exercise

EXERCISE 3.6
In this exercise you will insert an equation onto a existing chain.

Step 1

Enter ex31.dgn
Open the COGO dialog box and toggle the Redefine option on.

Step 2

Input an equation at the PT of curve base2-2 on chain base2.


Element >> Chain >> Station Equation
Ahead Station: 55+00

Step 3

Tangent Point: 821

Review chain data


1. Open COGO Navigator
2. Toggle element to chain and highlight chain Base2
3. Select Print/Describe Element
4. Review results.

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CHAPTER

Horizontal Alignment
Place Turning Paths

3.4 Place Turning Paths


This tool draws into the dgn file the turning paths of a variety of
vehicles based on the users Turning Path Design Table. The
default table is based on the AASHTO green book but the user can
easily modify it or create their own table. The Place Turning Path
tool is located at Horizontal Alignment Generator >> Tools >>
Main, then select Place Turning Paths.
The Preferences for
the Place Turning
Paths tool is located
at
Horizontal
Alignment Generator >> File >>
Preferences then
highlight Turning
Paths.

To Draw a Turning Path:


1. Select preferences and verify table file and label settings.
2. Select the tool.
3. Set the Vehicle Class and Vehicle Description. The
minimum turning radius is displayed.
4. Set to Deflection Angle and enter angle or select ID Exit
Element.
5. (optional) Turn on Dynamic Approach Adjustment.
6. Set Right or Left turn.

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Horizontal Alignment
Place Turning Paths

7. (Optional) Turn on Inside and / or Outside


Distance and enter value(s).
8. Set the path symbology.
9. Identify the two centerlines (if using ID Exit
Element option) or Element and point ahead (if
using Deflection Angle option.)
10. Turning path is attached to the cursor. Move
to correct position and data point again, which
discontinues the dynamics.

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4 D ESIGN

AND

C OMPUTATION M ANAGER

4.1 Objectives

Understand the use of the D&C Manager in creating construction plans.


Understand the format of the hierarchical database and how to use it.
Be able to use the D&C Manager in conjunction with MicroStation to store roadway
features and calculate their quantities.
The use of reference files to calculate quantities.
The use of the D&C Manager to place and quantify pavement markings.
The use of the Plan View Labeler to label plans.

4.2 Definition
The Design and Computation Manager (D&C Mgr) is a tool that allows TxDOT to standardize
graphics elements for drafting and payitem quantities.

4.3 Database
A hierarchical database is used with the Design and Computation Manager. For TxDOT the default
database is TxDOT_V8i.ddb. This database stores information concerning functional classification
and display preferences for each feature and item used in a graphics file.
Categories are used to group and classify the features and items used in creating construction
drawings. The content of TxDOT_V8i.ddb is divided into 11x17 sheet size and 22x34 sheet size
with two overall categories FEATURES and PAYITEMS under each.
These two categories each contain sub-categories. The sub-categories break down each classification
into more specific sections. (See dialog box next page).
For example, PayItems/ is broken into two additional categories, Drainage/ and Plan/. Drainage/
is broken into many different categories representing various drainage features that may be used in
the design of your project.
You will notice three symbols following database entries. These are used to help the user identify the
classification of the various entries. These are explained below:
Symbol:
Indicates:
Category
Feature
PayItem
This database is created by TSD GEOPAK support personnel and maintained by each individual
District. You may find commands within the D&C menu that require a password before execution.
This is a security measure to protect the integrity of the database file and ensure its consistent
application on a District basis.

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Accessing

4.4 Accessing

From GEOPAK Road >> Design & Computation Manager. Or another way to access the D&C
Manager is from the GEOPAK ROAD Tools box (as seen below).

B
C

The D&C Manager dialog box is composed of three distinct areas:


a) The D&C Manager may be configured to operate in seven different operational modes
Display
Design
Set
Compute
Shape
Pavement
Preferences
b) The Path box displays the name of the attached database file and your current position
within the database structure.
c) The Operations box will appear differently depending on the set mode of operation.

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File Commands

4.5 File Commands

For a TxDOT GEOPAK user, the only file command options needed are
Open and Exit.
TxDOT_V8i.ddb will be used for all English TxDOT projects and will be
automatically attached.

4.6 Edit Commands


Find will search the database (from your current location) for an item or
category. The display in the D&C Mgr dialog box will change to each
item/category as it is found.

Identify tool that enables the user to better navigate the hierarchy. The tool
is accessed via the shortcut button at the top of the dialog or from the Edit
pulldown. When pressed, the user is prompted to select a MicroStation
element. After selecting and accepting the element, GEOPAK moves to the
item in the hierarchy which corresponds to the selected element. If no item
is found within the specified database, GEOPAK displays the following
message in the prompt field: "No matching database item."

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Settings Commands

Review Item opens the Item Review dialog


box which shows all information concerning
the classification and display parameters of the
currently selected item as defined in
TxDOT_V8i.ddb.

The Drafting Preferences portion of this


dialog box allows the user to review the
drawing parameters of the item currently
highlighted in the D&C Manager. This is for
the users information only and may not be
edited.

4.7 Settings Commands


Display temporarily changes the display of elements on the screen to
one common color, then the user may specify additional elements to
be viewed in their original colors. This tool enhances visualization
when working on a complex project.
Design sets the maximum gap tolerance and deduction tolerance
used in computations. Controls Custom Line Styles and Cell Creation.
Computation Units a window appears displaying abbreviations and
descriptions of various units of measure

4.8 Favorites Command


Add to Favorites saves current D&C Mgr path for easy recall in the future.
Organize Favorites allows user to arrange and store to a ascii file the users collection of features
and payitems used.
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CHAPTER

4.9 Operational Modes

Design and Computation Manager


Operational Modes

Design

Design

allows GEOPAK to tag each roadway element as it is placed in the design file based
on item parameters and/or write COGO elements to the file. The Path and Content
boxes of this menu have been defined.
will set the level, symbology and attribute tags of elements drawn
or copied using MicroStation commands.
When On, elements are drawn using the
level, symbology and attributes as defined
i n t h e G E O PA K d a t a b a s e f i l e
(TxDOT_V8i.ddb). When place influence
is Off, elements are drawn using MicroStation's active level, symbology and
attributes.
changes the active text
size setting to the point size text of the highlighted item. To see point size text, Edit
>> Review Item, then select Review Point
from the Preferences portion of the dialog
box.

The Draw Plan & Profile button is for drawing Cogo elements
based on a Feature, to a design file. A
single click to this button prompts you for
a .gpk number then opens another dialog
box, GEOPAK Plan and Profile Draw.

The Draw Cogo Element works just like the Draw Plan & Profile but is based on a Payitem.

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Operational Modes

Design

There are eight possible COGO elements


that may be recalled from the .gpk:
Points
Lines
Curves
Spirals
Chains
Stationing
Parcels
Profiles
Each of these options changes the dialog
box to offer relevant draw and label features used when placing an element in a
graphics file. Elements drawn through
Draw Plan & Profile do not require
Place Influence to be on; when off, the
element is placed with the parameters of
the highlighted item/feature.
The dialog boxes for points and lines have
a key-in field for specifying the names of
the COGO elements to be drawn. The
lines Element Type can use point numbers. The points/lines are drawn immediately after you enter
their respective names and press the enter key. To draw more than one point or line, place a dash inbetween the point numbers. To draw a line without using consecutive point numbers, use a forward
slash. The dialog boxes for curves and chains have a list box that display the names of all stored
curves and chains. Highlighting one of the available elements causes it to be drawn into the file.
**Note that GEOPAK can draw elements to levels not turned on. After elements are drawn, it may
be necessary to turn on appropriate levels and fit screen.**
**Remember that Place Influence is for drawing Microstation elements. Draw Plan & Profile and
Draw Cogo Element is for drawing Cogo elements. Let GEOPAK Control having Place
Influence on or off when using Draw Plan & Profile and Draw Cogo Element**

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4.10 DP Station/Offset

Design and Computation Manager


DP Station/Offset

Design

This command works in conjunction with MicroStation commands and the D&C Manager. It can
be used as the data point for any MicroStation command. DP Station/Offset provides precision
placement of elements based on a station/offset of a stored chain. Uses for this command include
precision placement of elements and window functions.

4.11 Draw Transition


Draw Transition will draw a line/curve/arc based on a beginning station/offset and an ending station/
offset relative to a selected chain. Use of this command includes turn lanes, mail box widening and
lane transitions.

Note: Elements placed with Draw Transition will have MicroStation element type curve when the
beginning and ending offsets are different and will have MicroStation element type line and/or arc
when parallel.

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Design and Computation Manager


Exercise

EXERCISE 4.1
This exercise provides practice in navigating through the Design and Computation Manager dialog
box. You will perform the following tasks:
save a path
place COGO elements
place and tag design features
draw transition and station & offset
Step 1

Create ex41.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn

Step 2

Open the D&C Manager dialog box


GEOPAK ROAD >> Design & Computation Manager

Step 3

Attach the database TxDOT_V8i.ddb (if not currently attached)


Single click: File >> Open; navigate to TxDOT_V8i.ddb and click OK

Step 4

Review the display parameters for Mainlane Horizontal Alignment


a. Change operation mode option button to Design (if different)
b. Navigate the following path:
11x17/FEATURES/DRAFTING STANDARDS/Alignments/
D_Alignment 1_Horizontal Alignment 1
c. Highlight D_Alignment 1_Horizontal Alignment 1
Edit >> Review Item
d. Click on Cancel

Step 5

Store the current path


From the D&C Manager dialog box:
Favorites >> Add to Favorites

(exercise continued on next page)

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CHAPTER

Design and Computation Manager


Exercise

EXERCISE 4.1
Step 6

(continued)

Draw Mainlane Alignment and station


Click Draw Plan & Profile push button;
From the Plan & Profile Draw dialog box:
a. Change the Element Type to Chains
b. Select the option button for Curve Data (toggle on)
c. Set Label Scale to 100
d. Select Chain Base1
(Alignment "Base1" should be displayed on your
screen, if not, do a fit view from MicroStation)
e. Change Element Type to Stationing and set annotation parameters
f. Select Chain Base1
Close Plan & Profile Draw dialog box

Step 7

Draw Mainlane Curb (hint: use Draw Transition)


a. Navigate the following path:
11x7/PAYITEMS/Plan/Curbs/Type I Curb 529-0501/
D_CURB_1_Curb 1 (Face of)
b. Highlight D_CURB_1_Curb 1 (Face of)
c. From the D&C Mgr dialog box:
Favorites >> Add to Favorites
d. Select the Place Influence option button
e. Place Mainlane curb for chain "Base1" 12 ft. left and right

(exercise continued next page)


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CHAPTER

Design and Computation Manager


Exercise

EXERCISE 4.1
Step 8

(continued)

Draw a Storm Sewer pipe using Station and Offset


a. Navigate the following path:
11x17/PAYITEMS/Drainage/Pipes/Rein. Concrete Pipe Item 464/
RCP Circular/464_RC PIPE 1 (CIRC).
b. Change the operation option button to Design
c. Highlight, then select, Place Influence option button
d. Activate DP Sta/Off dialog box from the GEOPAK Road Palette;
Set the following values to begin pipe:
Job:99
Chain:Base1
Station:1+00 Offset:18
Click MicroStation Place Line; Click [DP] button on DP Sta/Off box
e. Set the following values to end pipe:
Job:99
Chain:Base1
Station:5+50 Offset:18
Click [DP] button on DP Sta/Off dialog box

Step 9

Draw a Storm Sewer pipe using Station and Offset


a. Select: 464_RC PIPE 2 (CIRC)
b. Highlight, then select, Place Influence option button
c. Activate DP Sta/Off dialog box
Set the following values to begin pipe:
Job:99
Chain:Base1
Station:1+00 Offset:-18
Click MicroStation Place Line; Click [DP] button on DP Sta/Off box
d. Set the following values to end pipe:
Job:99
Chain:Base1
Station:5+50 Offset:-18
Click [DP] button on DP Sta/Off dialog box
View the results of Steps 8 and 9:
MicroStation View>>Zoom>>In; Click [DP] button on DP Sta/Off dialog box
Close GEOPAK DP Station/Offset dialog box
(exercise continued next page)

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Exercise

EXERCISE 4.1
Step 10

(continued)

Draw Lane Widening (Transition)


a. Use Add to Favorites for D_CURB_1_Curb 1 (Face of)
Select Place Influence option button
b. Select the Draw Transition dialog box from the GEOPAK Road Palette;
Set the following values:
Job: 99
Chain: Base1
Beg Station: 10+00 Beg Offset: 12
End Station: 20+00 End Offset: 24
c. Click Draw; View the result
Close GEOPAK Draw Transition dialog box

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Design and Computation Manager


Exercise

EXERCISE 4.2
During this exercise you will decide how to construct roadway design elements using a combination
of commands covered in Chapter 4 of this manual. Refer to Diagram 4.1 on the following page for
help. To begin create ex42.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn.
Step 1

Draw and station chain Base1

Step 2

Place Edge of Travelway and Edge of Shoulder for a four lane road using Base1

Step 3

Place a cross drainage structure (using GEOPAK and MicroStation commands) 90 ft.
long, (45 ft. left and right of chain) using any of the Drainage/Box items at station
15+00

Step 4

Place a Buried Telephone Util. 75 ft. to the right of the entire centerline.

Step 5

Place a mailbox turnout at stations 33+00 to 34+00, offset 44 ft. right


and a transition taper of 10:1 (see diagram 4.1, next page)

Step 6

Place a Metal Beam Guard Fence at the above drainage structure, offset 37 ft.
right, from the centerline, from station 14+60 to 15+40

(reference drawings on next page)

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Design and Computation Manager


Exercise

EXERCISE 4.2

(continued)

CL

12

10

12

12

12

10

6:1

6:1

10
:1

CL Roadway
35+00

34+00

44 ft.
Widening

33+00

32+00

Typical Section - Four Lane Roadway

10

:1

Plan View - Mail Box Turnout

Diagram 4.1
N.T.S.

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Display

4.12 Display
Display is used to enhance on screen visualization.

a) Operational mode is set to Display.


b) The collection field holds the category(ies) and/or item(s) as selected
from the content area that will be
viewed as indicated in the Display
area.
c) When items are added to the collection box the display box becomes
active.

Four display options are available :


Normal display mode
Highlight will change those items
stored in the collection area to
MicroStation highlight color.
Not simply turns off the display of
the collection items leaving
everything else on.
Only will turn off everything but
the collection items.

The normal order of operation for using this feature is:


1) Change operational mode of D&C Mgr to Display
2) Navigate to desired items or categories and add to Collection Field
3) Select Display mode (Normal, Highlight, Not or Only) for viewing

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Set

4.13 Set
This mode allows you to assign attributes
from the TxDOT_V8i.ddb database to
existing graphic elements in the file. Two
methods are available for specifying the
graphic elements to be changed, Identify
Element and Complex Chain. Identify
Element is the normal mode.

automatically creates
a chain from graphic elements and applies
the attributes of the highlighted item in the
content box.
is used with Complex
Chain to specify the elements to be
changed.
activates the command and changes the element attribute.
To use this function:
1) Change the operational mode of the D&C Mgr dialog box to Set
2) Navigate to the desired item and highlight in the content box
3) Choose the Set mode - Identify Element or Complex Chain
4) Click

if using Complex Chain and data point screen elements

5) Click

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Compute

4.14 Compute
Provides quantity calculations from graphic
elements placed using the D&C Manager.
On screen elements included in calculations
are defined by either View or Fence.
Modes of Computation:
Comp Book calculates station/offset and
coordinates for items defined in the Collection box (within a range right and left of
selected chain). Calculations can be written
to a specified output file or displayed on the
screen.
Item Tables Calculations are based on each
item displayed within a view or fence. Calculations are written to a specified output file
which may then be used with the Tables command. The Tables command will produce a
quantity table to be included in a drawing file.
DBMS is very detailed information
including calculated and rounded
quantities, geometric quantities, pay
item numbers, descriptions, station
and offset values, etc. The format is
the selected database format (ex.
Access, Oracle, SQL Server and
dbase).

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Shape Maker

4.15 Shape Maker

To use Shape Maker:


Attach the standard TXDOT database, TxDOT_V8i.ddb, by selecting
File >> Open.
Navigate to the appropriate PayItem.
Set the mode of operation to Shape.
Notice that the bottom of the dialog
box has changed to Shape Maker. The
element attributes that are displayed
reflect the attributes of the highlighted
item.
Look at the options provided by Shape
Maker. Deciding which option to use
should be based on the complexity of
the plan view and the type of area
where quantities are wanted.

Semi-auto

this is the preferred method of operation since it gives the greatest degree of
flexibility. The user is prompted when each element is selected to determine the
path when producing shapes. Notice the Shape Maker portion of the dialog box
change when Semi-auto is chosen. Although the Tolerance and Radius values
are still applicable, additional options that control the visual display of the tracking ball seen when creating a shape are provided.
Resume continues the shape making process after it has timed out
Time Out suspends the shape making process so MicroStation commands can be used
Ball Enlarge increases the track ball size as it creates the shape
Ball Reduce decreases the track ball size as the shape is created
Ball Restore returns ball size to radius value originally specified

Automatic

use when elements forming the shape are not in conflict with other elements in
the view
Exclusive
allows you to exclude an interior area, such as a traffic island, from a pavement
quantity
Tolerance and Radius boxes are common to all three options. The tolerance variable sets the
maximum gap allowed between two elements when creating the shape. The radius value sets the
size of the tracking ball displayed as the shape is being created.
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Design and Computation Manager

4.15.1 Creating Shapes

Creating Shapes

Begin in a blank design file with the master design file referenced. Using Prep R.O.W. as an example,
these are the steps to follow when creating shapes:
Step 1

Navigate to 11x17/FEATURES/DRAFTING STANDARDS/ROW/D_ROW


LINE ROW Line and highlight it

Step 2

Change the operational mode to Shape

Step 3

Turn on the reference file level to display R.O.W. Turn off all other reference file
levels.

Step 4

Close the areas at the beginning and end of the project by connecting the R.O.W.
lines on either side of the road with another line. This can be a line placed through
MicroStation or, using GEOPAK, place a line for R.O.W. with the place influence
option toggled on. (The latter is recommended).

Step 5

Set the Shape Maker option to Semi-auto and the option button (next to Draw) to
Resume.

Step 6

Click the Draw button and select a R.O.W. line to begin the shape process. The line
will highlight and the track ball will appear.

Step 7

As each element is highlighted, issue a data point to accept or press the reset button
to reject the path of the shape. Once the shape is defined, the area will fill in with
the color of the payitem.

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Design and Computation Manager


Exercise

EXERCISE 4.3
In this exercise you will use the Design and Computation Manager to:
calculate quantities
create shapes for quantity calculations
Reference files will be used extensively for all of the exercises in this chapter; you may want to leave
the reference file dialog box displayed in your working view.
Step 1

Create Compute.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn.

Step 2

Attach ex41.dgn as a reference file and set the D&C Manager to Compute.

Step 3

Calculate quantities for item 529-0501 Mainlane Curb


a. Navigate the following path:
11x17/PAYITEMS/Plan/Curbs/Type I Curb 529-0501/
D_CURB_1_Curb 1 (Face of)
b. Highlight D_CURB_1_Curb 1 (Face of) and add it to the collection field
c. Set the operations box as shown and click Compute Quantities.:

d. Set Export Format to Item Report and name the file cmp.out, then click
Export.
(exercise continued next page)

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Exercise

EXERCISE 4.3
Step 4

(continued)

Calculate quantities for items 464_RC PIPE 1 (CIRC) and 464_RC PIPE 2 (CIRC).
a. Navigate the following path:
11x17/PAYITEMS/Drainage/Pipes/Rein. Concrete Pipe Item 464/
RCP Circular
b. Clear collection field then highlight path and add to collection field.
c. Fence pipes.
d. Set the operations box as shown and click compute.

hint: (make sure fence is set to inside)

(exercise continued on next page)

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Exercise

EXERCISE 4.3
Step 5

(continued)

Attach mdf.dgn (master design file) as a reference file


a. Turn display off for ex41.dgn
b. Turn off all reference file levels except for level D_PAV_CONC_1 for
mdf.dgn.

Step 6

Navigate the D&C Manager path and highlight:


11x17/PAYITEMS/Plan/Pavement/Concrete Pavement/360 CONC PAV 1
Set operational mode to Shape

Step 7

Toggle Shape Maker option to Exclusive


Click the Draw button and answer the prompts:
Outer Shape
data point inside intersecting street
Inside Shape
data point inside traffic island

Step 8

Toggle operational mode to Compute


With 360 CONC PAV 1 highlighted or in the collection field, calculate the
quantity for concrete pavement using the Item Report mode
with the fence option on.

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Pavement Markings

4.16 Pavement Markings

The Design and Computation Managers component of pavement striping not only facilitates production of pavement marking plan sheets, but also automates the quantity calculation process.
Access from GEOPAK Road >> Plans Preparation >> Pavement Markings.
The Design and Computation
Manager dialog box will open with
the pavement mode already activated.
The icons at the bottom of the dialog
box represent the four types of
pavement markings available.
From left to right, they are:
Striping
Separation
Chevron Diverge
Chevron Merge
A payitem must be selected from
the D&C Manager before a pavement icon can be selected. Once an
icon is selected, an additional
dialog box will appear where the
user establishes the parameters for
drawing the pavement markings.
NOTE: The Maximum Gap Tolerance set under SETTINGS >> Design Settings affects the drawing
of pavement markings.

4.16.1 Striping
The options available in the Striping dialog box depend on the current mode of operation. Notice
the differences in the dialog box between the Single Stripe and Double Stripe operations.
.
Important to remember: The Selection Set option works with
both the active design file and all attached reference files. The
Complex Chain option works with the active design file only.

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Striping

Single Striping
A brief explanation of the Single Stripe mode of operation
follows:
This box offers predefined configurations for single stripe
and double stripe options so the user can easily control the
type of striping being placed.
The payitem box will reflect the currently selected payitem
in the D&C Manager dialog box, this may be changed by
the user at any time during the process.
Next, define the start option by selecting Solid or Skip (or a
combination thereof). If Skip is active, the user must define
the stripe and skip lengths. If an ending stripe is shorter than
the Tolerance value, it will not be drawn.
A Reference Element must be selected before striping will
be processed. Select either a GEOPAK Chain or a Microstation Element and set the beginning and ending limits
After clicking Draw Stripes, the user must enter a data point on either side of the reference element
to begin striping. Striping is placed at the indicated offset value; the data point controls whether
striping is offset left or right. (Note: Striping is placed as a graphic group).

Double Striping.
The process for Double Striping is the same as Single, except
for having two payitem placement options, Inside and Outside The user must select either the Inside or Outside button
for the highlighted (D&C Manager) payitem to be displayed
in the dialog box. Separate quantities are calculated for each
stripe.

The remaining process is the same as described above.

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Separation

4.16.2 Separation
This option draws pavement markings between two sets of
selected elements. Elements may be either GEOPAK or
MicroStation generated.
Once a payitem has been selected, the user may set the Distance Between Stripes and the Slash Stripe Angle. Tolerance functions the same as for striping.
A Begin DP and End DP should be issued before the Reference DP is identified. The Reference DP must fall between
the beginning and ending DP. It marks the location of the
first pavement marking and determines the direction of the
slashed stripe. All other markings will be based on the first
stripe.
Tools for defining the limits of the pavement markings are
located at the bottom of the Separation dialog box. Side 1
and Side 2 can be defined as Single Element, Complex
Chain or Selection Set.
After the Draw Separation button is selected, the user must
issue a data point in the graphics file for the pavement markings to be displayed.

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Chevron Diverge

4.16.3 Chevron Diverge

Once the Payitem and its relative parameters have been


defined, there are three points needed to define the chevron:
Gore Point, Breaking Line and Diverge Point.
The Gore Point defines the wide end of the gore.
The Breaking Line point must fall between the two sides of
the gore and sets the location of the point at which the chevron
diverts in a different direction.
The Diverge Point represents the narrow end of the gore
where chevrons are to stop.
Use the two ID buttons to identify the sides of the gore.
Once the Draw Chevron Diverge button is selected, the
chevrons are displayed.

4.16.4 Chevron Merge


This process works basically the same as Chevron Diverge
except the two points, Gore/Break Point and Breaking
Line, have been combined into one point that serves both
functions.
The Gore/Break Point should be located near the wide end
of the chevron. It simultaneously sets the beginning of the
pavement markings and the point at which the chevron will
break. The Merge Point should be set at the narrow end of
the gore.
The remainder of the process is as described above.

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Exercise

EXERCISE 4.4 - STRIPING & DOUBLE STRIPING


This exercise will give you experience in placing pavement markings in a design file.
Step 1

Create ex44.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn

Step 2

Open the D&C Mgr dialog box and make sure that the standard TxDOT database
(TxDOT_V8i.ddb) is attached.

Step 3

Navigate to 11x17/FEATURES/DRAFTING STANDARDS/Alignments/


D_Alignment 1_Horizontal Alignment 1
a. Set the operational mode to Design
b. Draw chain base1

Step 4

Place a broken, white stripe (pavement marking) 12 ft. left and right of chain base1.
a. Navigate to 11x17/PAYITEMS/Plan/Pavement Markings/Reflectorized
Pav Markings 666/D_PAV_MRK 1 REFL PAV MRK TY I (W)
(4")(BRK) and highlight it.
b. Change operational mode to Pavement and open the Striping dialog box
c. Duplicate the settings shown:
d. Click the Draw Stripes button.
e. Now data point on either side of
the alignment to draw the stripe.
f. Click the reset button on the
mouse and data point on the
other side of the alignment to
draw the other stripe.

(exercise continued on next page)


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Exercise

EXERCISE 4.4
Step 5

(continued)

Place a solid white stripe 23.8 ft. left and right of chain base1.
a. Navigate to 11x17/PAYITEMS/Plan/Pavement Markings/Reflectorized
Pav Markings 666/D_PAV_MRK 2 REFL PAV MRK TY I (W)
(4")(SLD) and highlight it.
b. Change the settings in the Striping dialog box:
Set pattern option to Single Stripe B and click the Single button
Change the Solid/Skip button to Solid and set the Offset to 23.8 ft.
c. Place the pavement markings by selecting Draw Stripes.
After placing striping on one side, click the Reset button, then select
Draw Stripes again to place striping on the other side.

Step 6

a. Navigate to 11x17/PAYITEMS/Plan/Pavement Markings/Reflectorized Pav


Markings 666/D_PAV_MRK 4 REFL PAV MRK TY I (Y) (4")(SLD) and highlight it.
b. Now complete the Striping Dialog box as shown below.
c. Click Draw Stripes.

Step 7

Turn off the centerline level and view the striping.

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5 D IGITAL TERRAIN M ODELING


5.1 Objectives

Understand Digital Terrain Models (DTM's)


Learn how to extract existing ground data from a DTM for use in roadway design.
Explore additional DTM Tools.

5.2 Definition
A Digital Terrain Model represents the topography of a project in a three dimensional graphics file.
Digital Terrain Models can be generated from various sources including MicroStation Elements,
survey data, GEOPAK cross sections, RDS data and geometry data.
Triangulation is a mathematical process applied to stored points, and break lines to create surfaces.
The result of Triangulation is the creation of a .tin file from which original ground profiles and original
ground cross sections can be generated.

5.3 Accessing
From the GEOPAK Road >> Project Manager >> Existing Ground
A Select Run dialog box will appear. Completing this box will bring up the following dialog box:
Selecting the icon to the far left from the
GEOPAK ROAD Tools will bring up the same
DTM Tools bar. Clicking on the first option will
bring up a different style DTM menu bar.

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Settings

5.4 Settings

Stroking is the process of automatically adding shots to the DTM Input file by interpolating new shots
from the linear and curved sections of the data.

5.5 Extract Graphics


The Extract tool translates MicroStation elements into DTM input data. Access
this dialog box from the GEOPAK DTM pull down by single clicking Extract
>> Graphics.

The File Name specifies the name of the file to be


created for storing the input data. If the file exists, it
may be found by using the Files button.
The File Type allows the user to choose one of two
options. Ascii or Binary with Ascii being the most
commonly used because of the viewing and editing
ability of this option.
The File Open with the options to Create or Append
allows the user to either create a new file or append
data to an existing data file.
The Feature option allows the user to choose from
the items from below to be extracted from a design
file.

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Extract Graphics

Under Mode there are two options; Extraction and Interpolation. The Extraction option calculates
XYZ data directly from the coordinate values of 3D MicroStation elements. The Interpolation option
produces XYZ data by interpolating between spot elevations along linear MicroStation elements.
These options work in both 2D and 3D files.
The Search Criteria section of the dialog box allows the user to specify the characteristics of the
features to be extracted. When each of the search items are selected the Select Levels (as seen below)
button to the right will become active. When this button is chosen the user can select specific levels,
weights, styles, and types. When the color item is selected the user can enter the color name or
number. If an item is not selected, GEOPAK will search all levels, colors, etc. The Match, Display,
and Reset buttons will assist in interactively defining the search criteria.
The Extract section has four options for data extraction. Complex Chain reads those elements along
adjoining MicroStation elements. Selection Set uses MicroStation selection set tool to identify
elements to choose from. Fence will extract all elements within a fence boundary. View 1, View 2, etc.
will extract all the elements displayed in the selected view. It is important to remember that only the
items within that view will be extracted.

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Exercise

EXERCISE 5.1
In this exercise you will:
create an ASCII file to store DTM input data
extract the roadway data from a Digital Terrain Model, Ex51.dgn
append the break information to the DTM data file
Step 1

Open ex51.dgn.

Step 2

Define parameters and extract spots (Create Run name EX51)

GEOPAK Road >> Project Manager >> Existing Ground >> DTM
Menu>> Extract >> Graphics

Use the following information:

File Name:
topo.dat
File Type:
Ascii
File Open:
Create
Feature Type: Spots
Mode:
Extraction
Decimal:
3
Select Criteria: Level - P_DTM MASS POINTS
Extract:
View 1 (Hint: Do a fit view before you hit the Apply button.)
Then select Apply
Step 3

Review topo.dat using the GEOPAK Text Editor

Step 4

Define parameters and extract breaklines.


Use the following information:
Open: Append
Select Criteria:Use Level Menu (appendix A)
Feature Type:Breaks

Step 5
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Review topo.dat using the GEOPAK Text Editor


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Build

5.6 Build

Included under the Build pull down are options for creating, manipulating and merging DTM models. This class will address, in detail,
only those options utilized in routine DTM operations.

5.6.1 Build Triangles


Build >> Triangles processes the information stored
in a DTM input file (.dat) to create a triangulated
model (.tin). The file extension .tin represents a triangular irregular network.

Is the DTM input file


where the extracted topological features are stored

This file stores the triangulated model in binary format.


In either of the above cases, you do not have to enter the file extension with the file name and you
can always navigate to an existing file using
icon.

None - no external triangles are dissolved


Sliver - long, thin triangles not representative of the surface are dissolved
Side - external triangles whose external side is longer than a user specified
length are dissolved (recommended)

5.6.2 Additional Build Options


Build >> Lattice creates a grid (.lat) that can be draped over the triangulated data (.tin) to create a
three dimensional visual display of the topography.

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Reports

Build >> Merge Tins allows two triangulated models to be merged together as long as the boundaries
of one of the models overlaps the other. This process will create a third model (.tin) from the
combination of the two existing models.
Build >> Clip Tin creates a new model (.tin) from a clipped portion of an existing model. The area
is defined as internal or external to a user defined clip polygon.

5.7 Reports
Options under the Reports pull down include generating reports about DTM features and the ability
to generate statistics associated with a .tin file.

Duplicate Points - Generate a report from the .dat file that will list points with coincident X,Y
coordinates.
Crossing Features - Generates a report from the .dat file that lists intersecting break lines or contours.
Triangle Statistics and Lattice Statistics (as seen below) - Displays a summary indicating the total
count of each element type and minimum and maximum X, Y, Z ranges for the specified .tin or .lat file.

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Load

5.8 Load
Display or draw DTM Features, such as contours, triangles, lattice, voids, islands, etc.

GEOPAK supports a wide variety of options to provide the user with maximum flexibility when
drawing or displaying DTM Features, all within a single dialog. Depending on the source file chosen
you will have various Features to select from. Parameters of each feature can be defined at the bottom
of the dialog when the Feature, such as Triangles, is selected.

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Additional Load Options

Different DTM Features can be loaded, depending on the type of source file
selected. For example, Contours can only be loaded when the source file is
set to TIN.
These options control how much of the source file is loaded. Extent will
load the entire file. For Fence will load only with a MicroStation Fence
present in the file. For View will only load the portion of the source file that
falls within your current MicroStation view.
When this toggle is activated, elements are not drawn into the MicroStation
file and disappear when an update or view control command is issued. When
toggled off, elements are drawn into the file at the specified element symbology.
When activated, all elements placed within a single process (each time the
Load button is pressed) are placed into a single graphic group for easy manipulation and/or deletion.
The top light bulb activates the display for all features regardless of their current
status. The second bulb down deactivates the display for all features. The bottom
two light bulbs activate or deactivate the highlighted feature. The current value for
each feature is shown under the Display heading on the dialog box, either OFF or ON.

Open - Select a previously stored set of DTM settings.


Save - Saves the current DTM features as the default settings, no additional file is created.
Save As - Saves the current DTM features to an LPF file for retrieval in a subsequent
session or by other users. Use the File > Open option to select this file. Once a file is
saved, it is loaded to the bottom of the File pull-down menu.

5.8.1

Additional Load Options

Load is a process used to display or draw DTM data. Additional options include:

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Spots
Tin Hull
Lattice
Voids
Islands
Vertical Edges

Break Lines
Contours
Boundary
Ext. Contours
Holes

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Exercise

EXERCISE 5.2
Using the input file created in the previous exercise, have GEOPAK build, check and load the triangles.
Step 1

Create ex52.dgn from txdotv8iseed3d.dgn

Step 2

Build triangles
DTM Menu >> Build >> Triangles

Step 3

Use the same parameters as shown below.

Check triangle statistics


DTM Menu >> Reports >> Triangles Statistics

Step 4

Load triangles
DTM Menu >> Load >> DTM Features
Use the same parameters as shown below.

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Exercise

EXERCISE 5.3
This comprehensive exercise will give you the opportunity to use all of the commands covered in
this chapter of the manual. You are to extract, build, review and load DTM data.
Step 1

Enter ex51.dgn and create Run name EX53

Step 2

Extract all Break Lines, Spots and Voids. Overwrite the original topo.dat
DTM Menu >> Extract >> Graphics
Use level guide in Appendix A to determine the levels of the data to be extracted.
(Spots, breaks and voids) Note: Extract Voids as Break Voids.

Step 3

Build triangle file called topo.tin


DTM Menu >> Build >> Triangles
Use the dissolve option with a side length of 150 feet.

Step 4

Process triangle statistics


DTM Menu >> Reports >> Triangle Statistics

Step 5

Create and enter a blank 3D graphics file called topo3d.dgn. Use seed file,
txdotv8iseed3d.dgn

Step 6

Load triangles, break lines and voids as described below. (Turn graphic group on)
DTM Menu >> Load >> DTM Feature
Triangles - use lv=D_DTM_TRIANGLES, co=4, wt=1, lc=0, ON
Break Lines - use lv=D_DTM_BREAKLINES, co=2, wt=1, lc=0, ON
Voids use lv=D_DTM_VOIDS, co=0, wt=5, lc=0, ON
Fit view

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5.9 Additional Extract Options

Additional Extract Options

5.9.1 Extract XYZ

Additional DTM data can be read in by accessing the Extract >> XYZ command. This dialog box
shown below allows you to convert multiple data formats to an ascii format DTM .dat file.

The first step in assigning fields is to set the delimiter option to the correct delimiter separating the
format fields. Various delimiters include the comma, dash, slash, semi-colon and space keys.
The second step is to click once onto a line of data (under the Contents of File
heading). The individual item fields will appear over the series of option buttons
located beneath the list box as shown to the right.
Once all fields of data are identified correctly, choose an Output File Format
and click the Process button. The Output File Format we suggest is the ASCI
format. This format allows the user to review the data in a basic Text Editor.

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Exercise

EXERCISE 5.4
In this exercise you will append additional field data (spot elevations) to the existing DTM input file
(topo.dat).
Step 1

Enter topo3d.dgn

Step 2

Open the box: DTM Menu >> Extract >> XYZ


a. Select survey.xyz as the Input File and topo.dat as the Output File (set file option to append)
b. Set the delimiter to (Space); set column description to reflect
input file format
c. Complete remainder of dialog box as shown below:

d. Click Process

(exercise continued on next page)

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Exercise

EXERCISE 5.4

(continued)

Step 3

Fit the view and zoom into the right side of the DTM.

Step 4

From the DTM dialog box:


a. Build triangles (overwrite topo.tin)
(Before loading triangles, place fence around void area and use the
Load For Fence option.)
b. Load triangles using the information below and review the results.
lv=D_DTM_TRIANGLES, co=5, wt=1, lc=0

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5.10

Digital Terrain Modeling


Extract DEM

Extract DEM

Digital Elevation Model


(DEM) is another format
that can be used to create
a .tin file. A DEM consists
of sampled array of elevations that are normally at
regularly spaced intervals.
The accuracy of the typical USGS DEM file is not
accurate enough for
normal roadway design.

5.11 Extracting Set Format


The second type of extraction utilizes ASCII files as its data source. When the Extract Set Format
option is selected, the dialog box as shown below appears.
Modes:
TEX - RDS cross section format (English or
Metric)
THD - RDS cross section format (English only)
RT40 - RDS cross section modification format
CAiCE - Survey Manager format

The four input file modes are depicted above. As a mode is selected, the dialog field changes to
reflect the selection.

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Contours

5.12 Contours
Contours may be generated from either
a triangulated (.tin) or a lattice (.lat)
model. As the different options are
selected under the Contours portion of
the Load DTM Features dialog box
changes to give the user the ability to
customize how and what information is
displayed or drawn into the MicroStation File.
This dialog box is accessed from
DTM Menu >> Load >> DTM Features

Other control features included in the Load Contour dialog box are directly related to graphic display.
They include level, color, weight and style.

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Exercise

EXERCISE 5.5
In this exercise you will load contours into a dgn file.
Step 1

Enter topo3d.dgn and turn off levels D_DTM_TRIANGLES


D_DTM_BREAKLINES
D_DTM_VOIDS

Step 2

Generate contours from the triangulated model, topo.tin


a) Go to DTM Menu>> Load >> DTM Features
b) Use the settings shown in the dialog boxes on this and the following page
c) Select the Read button to establish the minimum and maximum contour
range, (Min. Z, Max Z), of the project.

Step 3

Experiment using different settings:


a) Fence delete or Graphic Group delete then try different major and minor
intervals (Use Load Within Fence)

(exercise continued on next page)

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Exercise

EXERCISE 5.5

(continued)

Leave Minor Label off.

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5.13 Other Pull-Down Menus

Other Pull-Down Menus

5.13.1 Edit
The Edit pull down provides the means to alter various components of an existing triangulated file.

5.13.2 Drape
GEOPAK provides three tools for draping MicroStation elements onto a triangulated model: Vertices,
Vectors, and Elements.

5.13.3 Analysis
GEOPAK provides seven tools that allow you to perform various analyses on your .tin file. These
are briefly described below.

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Height

5.13.4 Height

GEOPAK offers a tool, by which the plan view coordinates, elevation, slope, and aspect of the
triangulated model can be integrated. You have the option of viewing or drawing the contour, the
triangle, or the direction of flow arrow line at the cursor position.

Slope can be displayed in a variety of formats. Triangle Slope (at the point selected) which only
displays Slope Percent or Between Points that displays; Rise:Run, Run:Rise, Slope Percent and
Unit/Unit.

5.13.5 Profile
The Profile tool drapes a user defined MicroStation element onto a TIN model. It creates a series of
line-strings by draping each linear reference element onto the triangulated model.

5.13.6 Volumes
The Volumes tool computes volumes between TIN models and planes. The quantities are displayed
in the dialog, and can be optionally written into an ASCII file. Eight volumes analysis are supported
to compute cut and fill volumes.

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5.13.7 Elevation Differences

Elevation Differences

The Elevation Difference tool supports a variety of grid generation, Isopach contour drawing, and
cut/fill latticing.

5.13.8 Slope Area


The Slope Area tool displays the horizontal area and actual slope area (area following the terrain of
the Model or Object).

5.13.9 Themes
The Themes tool allows for analysis of TIN or lattice models in terms of elevation, slope, or aspect
ranges giving the option of drawing the map.

5.13.10 Drainage Tools


GEOPAK Drainage has a multitude of tools to analyze and evaluate drainage patterns of a GEOPAK
Digital Terrain Model. These tools include delineating watersheds, flow paths, flow directions, and
hydrographic features.

5.13.11 Camera
The Camera tool supports a wide variety of tools and options to view DTMs in a MicroStation 3D
file. When the tool is selected, the Surface Navigation Camera tool frame opens.

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Utilities

5.13.12 Utilities

Options here include several utilities to convert a .tin file and to check the validity of triangulation
.
Convert TIN allows a .tin file to be converted from previous
releases of GEOPAKs prior to GEOPAK 98. (GEOPAK 98 .tin
files are not backward compatible)
ASCII to Binary and Binary to ASCII permits conversion of
the DTM input file (.dat).
Check Triangulation provides a tool that reviews the binary
triangulation file and determines if the binary file is a valid triangulation model by checking its topology and producing precision.
This is typically used if your triangulation file is producing error
messages within various DTM procedures.
Metric <-> English will allow for metric to english, english to
metric, metric to imperial, and custom
conversion of an existing .tin file.
The Export DTM tool utilizes a GEOPAK .tin or .lat file to generate a file formatted for use with
various field equipment. Three exports are supported: Lattice LAT to Trimble DTX, Triangle TIN
to Trimble TTM, and Triangle TIN to Leica GSI.
The Import LandXML tool utilizes a LandXML file to create a .dat file readable by various DTM
tools.
The Export LandXML utilizes a .tin file to create (or append) a LandXML file, suitable for import
into external programs.

5.14 Summary
Typical DTM Procedures
1.
2.
3.
4.

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Extract >>
Build >>
Reports >>
Load >>

Spots, Breaks and Voids (.dat)


Triangles (.tin)
Statistics
DTM Features

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E XISTING G ROUND P ROFILE

6.1 Objectives
Learn to calculate original ground profiles based on a DTM using four different options:
Intersect - Graphic (3D)
Intersect - Tin (2D)
Even - Tin (2D)
Increment - Tin (2D)

6.2 Definition
GEOPAK will generate an existing ground profile based on a stored chain from either a 3D graphic
file or from a triangulation file (TIN). The profile information is stored in the .gpk file with the option
to create an input (.inp) file.
Existing ground profiles may be generated in either a 2D or 3D graphics file, both methods are similar
except that an additional option is available with a 3D file.

6.3 Accessing
To access the Ground Profile utility: GEOPAK ROAD >> Project Manager >> Existing Ground
Profile
Profile Name - Name of the profile to be stored.
Job Number and Operator - .gpk job number and users
initials.
Chain - Name of stored chain used for profile stationing.
Offset - Produces a profile at a user specified offset to the
selected chain.
Beg Station and End Station - By clearing each field and
hitting the Enter key the stationing will default to the
beginning and ending station limits of the selected chain.
The user may also key-in a station range within the limits
of the chain.

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Existing Ground Profile


Reviewing and Plotting Profile Data

There are four options that control the frequency of elevation calculations along the
chain.

Increment

based on the beginning station of the alignment, incremented by


a user specified value.

Intersect

an elevation is calculated at every intersection of the alignment with a triangle


side. The process allows you to specify a tin file or a graphic file to provide the
triangle information. If the graphic option is specified, a 3D file which contains
the triangles, must be used.

EVEN

will compute elevations at even stations rather than an incremented distance along
the alignment. This is best used for alignments with station equations.

POT

calculates an elevation at each POT along the alignment

When in a 2D graphic file and using the Increment, Even or POT mode, an additional option box
will provide two modes of operation for extracting data; TIN and Graphic. Only the TIN option
will be available for selection. If the Intersect mode is chosen in a 2D file the graphic option can
be selected but will revert back to the TIN mode when a profile is stored.
When using the Intersect option with the Graphic option in a 3D file, you will have an additional
option to specify the size of a circle to be drawn into the file at the location of the intersection.

6.4 Reviewing and Plotting Profile Data


The profile data can be reviewed in the COGO output buffer from one of the following:

From the COGO dialog box Element >> Profile >> Utility

From the COGO navigators Print/Describe Element Icon

The profile can be drawn from the D&C Mgr. by selecting the appropriate categories, for example:
FEATURES >> PROFILES >> PROFILE(Scale) >>Natural Grnd. >> D_PROF_NG_1 @ Natural Ground Profile 1
Note: Set up the profile datum by drawing the profile cell with the Draw Cell at X,Y button
found on the D&C Manager. To utilize an existing datum where the cell has already been drawn, use
the Identify Cell button to match the datum.

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Exercise

EXERCISE 6.1
In this exercise you will generate an existing ground profile and use the D&C Manager to plot the
profile.
Step 1

Create ex61.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn

Step 2

Open the Profile dialog box from Project Manager >> Existing Ground Profile
Create Run name EX61
Use the following information:
Profile Name: expro1
Chain: BASE1

increment (option) using 100.00 increment


TIN File: topo.tin

(exercise continued on next page)

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Exercise

EXERCISE 6.1 (CONT)


Step 3

Use the D&C Mgr dialog box to draw the ground profile, (see dialog boxes, below)
Set up the profile datum with the Draw Cell At XY button.

Note: To activate the second Profile dialog


box you must highlight the profile name.

Hint: Use your own DP X and DP Y settings.


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Draw Profile Tool

6.5 Draw Profile Tool


The Draw Profile Tool enables the
user to draw several profiles from
a variety of sources simultaneously
from a variety of data sources. In
addition, if the source data are TIN
files or site components, the
resultant profile may be stored
within the coordinate geometry
database (.gpk).The first entries
required in the dialog are at the top
of the dialog. These include:
Job Number - Required to identify
the coordinate geometry database
wherein the chain for generating
the profiles is stored.
Chain - Required to reference an
alignment within each cross section. The subsequent specifications
of station ranges and left/right offsets are computed relative to this
baseline when pattern by station is
utilized.

Dialog Profile Cell Control

button opens the Profile Cell Control dialog, wherein the current

profile cells are listed along with associated station, elevation, etc.

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Surface

By clicking on the Place Profile Cell icon


will open the
dialog box as shown to the right. A profile cell is required in
order to un-ghost the majority of the Draw Profiles dialog.
Update Profile
profile.

This button updates any previously drawn

Label Scale is utilized when the By Feature Display settings


option is utilized. The specified Label Scale is compared to the
scale within the D&C Item and proportionated.
NOTE: This option is only utilized if the text setting is set to scale, not fixed.
The top of the dialog consists of a menu bar with three listings:
File - Standard file utilities to load, or save settings, plus a dialog exit option.
Edit - Options to save settings, clear lists.
Update Option - User-defined options on how the software handles the redrawing of cross sections.

6.5.1 Surface
Three tabs on the dialog support the input
data required to draw profiles; Surfaces,
COGO, and Projection.
The Surfaces tab defines the surfaces utilized as source data when drawing profiles.
Multiple surfaces from a variety of sources
can be drawn in a single processing.
Each surface to be drawn must be added to
the list box. This is accomplished via the
action / edit buttons on the right side of the
dialog. When a line of information is added
to the list box, the profile is drawn. NOTE:
Clicking on the draw toggle in the list box
deletes or redraws the profile.

To add to the list box, simply select the


source data type and data, then populate the
Display Settings, Station Limits, Offsets. Then click the top Add
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Display Settings

Modify a line by highlighting the desired line in the list box, make the desired changes in the fields
directly below the list box. Then click the second from the top Modify

icon to the right.

To delete a line from the list box, simply highlight the line to be deleted and click the third icon,
Delete

, to the right.

The fourth icon to the right is the Store Surface in COGO


. When the profile is drawn, click to
open the Store Profile dialog, to store the profile in COGO. The profile may be stored, or just the
input file may be created. Operator Code and File Name are required for the input file.

6.5.2 Display Settings


The Display Settings group box specifies the By Level Symbology of the profile element being
generated. The symbology may be specified using level, color, weight, and style.
The second option to set symbology is By Feature. In this option, the user selects an item from the
current Design and Computation Manager. First, set the option to By Feature. Next, click the
Paintbrush icon, which opens the current Design and Computation Manager. Select the desired item.

6.5.3 Station Limits


When the Chain field at the top of the dialog is populated, its beginning and ending station are
displayed in the Station Limits group box. The defaults may be utilized if the entire profile is drawn.
However, manually entering stations or clicking Set Station and graphically identifying a location
is supported.

6.5.4 Filter Tolerances


Both Horizontal and Variance filter tolerances are considered together for each pair of profile
segments. The middle point is deleted if both segment lengths are less than the Horizontal filter
tolerance while the projected distance between the mid-point and the chord between the two end
points is less than the Variance tolerance.

6.5.5 Offsets
Vertical or Horizontal Offsets may be specified in terms of master units (i.e., feet or meters). The
Horizontal Offset is the distance offset from the Chain. Once the horizontal location for the profile
is determined, the data source is utilized to determine the profile. Any Vertical Offset is applied after
the profile is generated from the source data.

6.5.6 Voids
The Void Plot Parameters specify the element symbology of the existing ground lines being generated
which are located within a void in the model.
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COGO

6.5.7 COGO
Multiple profiles may be drawn by populating the list box using the COGO Tab, then utilizing the
Add, Modify, and Edit buttons on the right side of the list box.
Station Limits and Vertical Offset
are identical to the Surfaces tab.
To define the symbology of the profile(s), the user may specify the
parameters via the By Symbology
option, or By Feature.
When the By Feature option is
selected, the user must identify an
Item from the Design and Computation Manager.
Other options which are found on the
Draw Plan and Profile dialog within
Design and Computation Manager
are also supported within the Draw
Profile dialog, i.e., General Labels,
VPI, VPC, etc.

Simply highlight the desired option in the list box, then set the toggles and fields accordingly. Scale
for Custom Line Styles is also supported.

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Projection

6.5.8 Projection
The Project tab can be used when the Chain / Profile to be drawn is different than the Chain / Profile
used to create the profile cell. When the Projection tab is selected, the dialog dynamically changes,
as depicted below.
Each projected profile to be drawn must
be added to the list box. This is accomplished via the action / edit buttons on the
right side of the dialog. When a line is
added to the list box, the profile is drawn.
Note: Clicking on the draw toggle in the
list box deletes or redraws the profile.
Type: A COGO chain or Survey chain may
be utilized. When a Survey chain is used,
the dialog changes slightly.
Chain: After the desired Type has been
selected, the Chains in the current GPK are
listed for selection.
Profile: (COGO Chain option only) Select
the profile to be utilized.
Vertical Offset: Offset in terms of master
units. Any Vertical Offset is applied after
the profile is generated from the source
data.

6.5.9 Extraction From TIN


If the toggle is activated, the elevations may be ascertained from a TIN file or Site Model, Object or
Base.
Method: Triangles/Break Lines - If the Triangle option is selected, triangles are interpolated to
determine the elevation defining the profiles. If the Break Lines option is used, any profile drawn
between two break lines in the site component or TIN will interpolate only between the break lines,
not the triangles.

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Display Settings

6.5.10 Display Settings


The Display Settings group box specifies the element symbology of the profile being generated. The
symbology may be specified using Level Symbology. Set the option to By Level Symbology.
The second option to set symbology is By Feature. In this option, the user selects an item from the
current Design and Computation Manager. First, set the option to By Feature. Next, click the
Paintbrush
item.

, which invokes the current Design and Computation Manager. Select the desired

6.5.11 Station Limits


When the Chain field at the top of the dialog is populated, its beginning and ending station are displayed
in the Station Limits group box. The defaults may be utilized if the entire profile is drawn. However,
manually entering stations or clicking Set Station and graphically identifying a location is supported.
POT:
The POT method creates a profile with VPIs at every location where a POT occurs in the referenced
chain.
Increment:
The Increment option creates a profile where the user specifies the incremental distance between
successive VPI points on the existing ground profile where the first VPI point is coincident with the
Beginning Station.
Even:
The Even method specifies the incremental distance between successive VPI points on the existing
ground profile where the first VPI point is rounded to the next highest even station from the Beginning
Station. For example, if the Beginning Station is 10+15 and the Even value is 25, the VPIs would
be generated at 10+25, 10+50, etc.

6.5.12 Filter Tolerance


Both Horizontal and Variance filter tolerances are considered together for each pair of profile
segments. The middle point is deleted if both segment lengths are less than the Horizontal filter
tolerance while the projected distance between the mid-point and the chord between the two end
points is less than the Variance tolerance.

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Exercise

EXERCISE 6.2
In this exercise you will generate profile EXPRO2 and use the Draw Profile tool.
Step 1

Create ex62.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn

Step 2

Open the Profile dialog box from GEOPAK ROAD >> Plan Preparation
>> Draw Profiles.
Use the following information:
Job Number: 99
Chain: BASE1

Step 3

Label Scale 100.00

Click the Dialog Profile Cell Control icon to bring up dialog box.
(Hint: to the right of the Job Number).
Select Base1 for the active chain.
Click the Place Profile Cell icon and fill out
dialog box as shown
When the Place Profile Cell dialog box
appears, a green cell will be attached to the
cursor in the design file. After filling out the
dialog box, click any where in the design file
to place cell and dialog box will disappear.
Now you have a active profile cell.
Close the Profile Cell Control box.

You will notice that most of the Draw Profile dialog box has unghosted.
(exercise continued on next page)
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Exercise

EXERCISE 6.2 (CONT)


Step 4

Fill out the Draw Profile dialog as shown below:


Display Settings: By
Feature
Click on
to select
D&C profile feature
(navigate to path):
Features:
Profiles >> Profiles
100H 10V Scale >>
Natural Grnd. >>
D_PROF_NG_3
Click the Add Surface
Settings
icon to
right of the list box
This will place all information into the List Box
and will draw EXPRO2
profile on cell.

Step 5

Click on the Store Surface in COGO icon

to the right of the list box.

The Store Profile dialog will appear.


Fill out dialog as shown :
Profile Name: EXPRO2
Toggle on: Store Profile in GPK
Click Apply button to
store EXPRO2 in gpk.

Step 6
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7 O RIGINAL G ROUND C ROSS S ECTIONS


7.1 Objectives

Create pattern lines


Generate original ground cross sections based on a DTM via pattern lines
Use the Cross Section Labeling Tool to view, extract and label cross section information
Generate existing ground cross section layout sheets

7.2 Definition
GEOPAK uses topographic elements to generate original cross sections. These include breaklines
and spot elevations. GEOPAK can access and read this data from several basic data formats:
DTMs based on Photogrammetric Mapping **
DTMs based on survey information **
RDS cross sections
Field Notes
** Of these basic formats, the Department primarily uses data from DTM's for generating existing
ground cross sections. **

7.3 Pattern Lines


7.3.1 Definition
Pattern lines are 2D MicroStation lines and/or line strings, which determine the locations where cross
sections are taken. GEOPAK will create one cross section for each pattern line.

7.3.2 Accessing
To access the draw pattern lines process you have three choices:
From the pull-down GEOPAK >> ROAD >> Cross Sections >> Draw Patterns by
Station Range
From the Road
tool box.
From the Draw
Pattern button on
the Road Project
Manager box.

After clicking on the Draw


Pattern box, you will be asked to select a run. You can create a new run by selecting
Run >> New.

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Creating Pattern Lines

7.3.3 Creating Pattern Lines

Once all the key-in fields have been completed and the Draw Pattern Lines button is selected, graphic
lines (according to the specified level, color, style and weight) appear along the chain. The result is
a visual representation of the plan view location of the cross sections to be generated.
:The Draw Pattern Line dialog box offers six options which are accessed
by from the option box shown. The options are defined as follows

Increment - creates pattern lines at a specified increment along the horizontal alignment.

Even - creates pattern lines at even station increments along the alignment.

Once - creates a single pattern line.

Control Points Horizontal - creates pattern lines at the PCs, PTs and POTs along the specified
alignment.

Control Points Vertical - places pattern lines at the VPCs, VPTs, low points and high points
along the specified vertical profile.

Superelevation Transition - places pattern lines at the superelevation transitions by utilizing a


specified cluster. The shape cluster must be in the current MicroStation selection set to use this
option.

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Generating Original Ground Cross Sections

7.4 Generating Original Ground Cross Sections


7.4.1 Preface
GEOPAK provides three options for specifying where cross sections will be taken using the DTM:

Pattern by Station - specifies beginning and ending station, increment and offsets
Pattern by Design - cross section locations are determined by graphic lines in a 2D MicroStation
file.
In Existing only - draws original ground cross sections only for cross section cells which were
previously drawn.
The discussion and exercises covered in this section demonstrate the Pattern By Design method.
which is the method the Department recommends.
**Once a pattern type is chosen, it is required that you use that method for the entirety of the
project.**

7.4.2 Accessing
There are three options to access the original ground cross section process:
GEOPAK >> Project Manager >> Existing Ground Cross Sections
Applications >> GEOPAK >> ROAD >> Cross Sections >> Draw Cross Sections
from Surfaces
The Cross Section toolbox select the Draw Cross Sections from Surfaces icon.

7.4.3 File Options


Options supported on the Files menu are depicted to the left.
The File options are utilized to remember more dialog settings than the
dialog resource file. The default extension is .xsd.

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Update Options

7.4.4 Update Options


Delete Existing Elements and
Redraw - When this option is activated, any existing ground lines previously drawn with this tool are
deleted and new ground lines are
drawn.
Delete Non-Modified Elements
and Redraw - When this option is
activated, only existing ground lines
previously drawn with this tool and
have not been modified are deleted
and new ground lines are drawn. Any
ground lines previously drawn with
this tool and were modified are left
intact.
Draw on Top of Existing - When
this option is activated, any previously drawn ground lines are ignored
and a new set is drawn, resulting in
two sets of ground lines.
Query - When activated, the user is prompted each time the Draw button is pressed.
The user must select one of the three options when utilizing the Query option and press the Apply button to
commence processing. Pressing the Cancel button closes
the dialog with no subsequent processing.

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Processing Original Ground Cross Sections using Pattern by Dgn

7.5 Processing Original Ground Cross Sections using Pattern by Dgn


The upper portion of this dialog box requires job number and selected chain name.
Two Tabs on the Dialog support the Input data required to Draw Cross Sections
XS Cells Cross section parameters are set
by defining the MicroStation design file and
the element symbology (level, color, weight,
line style, line and/or line string) for the pattern
lines.
Scale Indicates the horizontal and vertical
scales at which the cross sections are to be
drawn.
Spacing sets the spacing between each cross
section as it appears in the file.

NOTE: DO NOT CHANGE !

Surfaces The details portion of this dialog


box requires the existing TIN file, the method
used to draw the cross sections and cross section element type (Use Line not Line String)
for the cross section lines. NOTE: USE
LEVEL XS_ORIGINAL_1
Display Settings define the element symbology of the cross sections being generated.
Filter Tolerance sets minimum acceptable
values as a basis for sorting data to be included
in producing accurate cross sections. Horizontal sets the width of each ground segment
and the Variance tolerance discards any segments that do not represent a change in elevation greater than the filter tolerance value.
NOTE: DO NOT CHANGE!
Text Settings places the elevation at the baseline location on each cross section.
Void defines the element symbology for the void section of the cross section
Draw will create and draw the cross sections into the active design file.
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Labeling and Viewing

7.6 Labeling and Viewing


Note: You need to be in a cross section design file before using this function of GEOPAK.

7.6.1 Definition
The Cross Section Navigator tool allows the user to examine cross section data one station at a time.
It includes limited drawing tools to aid in the labeling of cross sections.
The Cross Section Labeler tool allows for the placement and labeling of detailed information (i.e.
offsets, elevations, notes, etc.) onto cross sections.

7.6.2 Accessing
To access the cross section labeling tools:
Applications >> GEOPAK ROAD >> Cross Sections >> Cross Sections Labeling
Cross Sections toolbox select the Cross Section Labeling icon

To access the cross section navigator without the cross section labeler
Applications >> GEOPAK ROAD >> Cross Sections >> Navigator
Cross Sections toolbox select the Cross Section Navigator icon

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Cross Section Navigator

7.6.3 Cross Section Navigator


Shown below is the cross section navigator toolbox. It can be used in conjunction with the cross
section labeler or as a stand alone utility.
Note: You need to be in a cross section design file before using this function of GEOPAK.

Note: A Chain field will be displayed if more than one set of cross sections are created in the design file.
Chain/Station display: Allows the user to select a station for
viewing.
Station Key-in: Allows the user to key-in a cross section for viewing
Scroll buttons: Allows the user to scroll through the cross section
file one station ahead; one station back; jump to the first cross
section; jump to the last cross section. The middle button resets the
navigator, centering the first cross section in the design file.
The next four buttons on the navigator assist in the placement of elements on cross sections. The first button
invokes the DP Offset Elevation tool, which provides
precision placement of elements based on an offset and
elevation. The following four buttons are used to place MicroStation lines with specified angles. The
next icon invokes the Profile Elevation tool, which provides precision placement of elements based
on an offset and a profile elevation. And the last button is used to open and close cross section views

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Cross Section Labeler

7.6.4 Cross Section Labeler


Shown below is the cross section labeler dialog box. It must be used in conjunction with the cross
section navigator tool.

The cross section labeler dialog box contains four menu options and six different tab options. Of the
tab options, the Text tab is the most utilized option. It allows for the placement of Computed Text
Inserts and User inserts.
Computed text inserts are calculated values such as slope, offset and xy coordinates; which are
related to a cross section element or a data point.
User inserts consist of commonly used text strings, labels and notes. Since user inserts are defined
in an ASCII text file, the user has the option of modifying or adding to the user inserts file.
The remaining tab options control the appearance and format of user inserts and computed text inserts.
Numerous formatting parameters can be defined (cursor orientation, delimiters, display parameters,
shapes, leader lines, etc.) and stored in a Style file.

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Exercise

EXERCISE 7.1
In this exercise you will generate original ground cross sections based on a DTM using the Pattern
by DGN option.
Step 1

Create patt.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn

Step 2

Attach reference file, train.dgn


Load Tin Hull (hint: from DTM)
Draw and station chain, Base1 (hint: from D&C Manager)

Step 3

Access the Draw Pattern Lines dialog box.


GEOPAK ROAD >> Project Manager >> Draw Pattern
(Create Run name ex71)
Use the following information:

(Hint: Fit view and turn on pattern line level before attempting to redraw pattern lines.)
Step 4

Extend the pattern lines to the edge of the tin hull for Stations 55+00 thru 60+00.

Step 5

Create a design file named xs.dgn using the seed file txdotv8iseed2d.dgn

(exercise continued on the next page)

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Exercise

EXERCISE 7.1
Step 6

(continued)

Open xs.dgn and process cross sections.


GEOPAK ROAD >> Project Manager >> Existing Ground Cross Sections
(Create Run name ex71)
Use the following information:

Step 7

Review Cross Sections


Applications >> GEOPAK ROAD >> Cross Sections >> Navigator

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Cross Section Sheets

7.7 Cross Section Sheets


Understand and be able to use the Cross Section Sheet Composition.
Become familiar with TxDOT's sheet library.
Learn how to use Project Manager to set up and process cross sections to sheet format.

7.7.1 Definition
GEOPAK sheet layout provides an automated tool to draw cross section data to sheet format construction drawings for plotting.
For example:
1) Cross sections will be spaced closer together.
2) Sections are referenced into sheets, changes in cross sections are immediately reflected in sheets.
3) Sheets need to be generated only once, unless more sections are added to project.
4) Sheet labels such as baseline, station, offsets, and elevation are added.

7.7.2 Accessing
To access the Cross Section Sheet:
GEOPAK ROAD >> Cross Sections >> Process Cross Section Composition
Cross Section Sheets button from Road Project Manager as depicted below

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Sheet Library

After choosing the Cross Section Sheets button, the Select Run dialog box appears. An existing run
may be selected or a new run may be created. Once the run is selected the Cross Section Sheet
Composition dialog will appear as depicted below:

The left side of the dialog contains the list of parameters required to process Cross Sections into
sheets. When each parameter is selected, a graphic explanation of the parameter appears in the lower
left side of the dialog, and key-in fields for each variable appear on the right side of the dialog.

7.7.3 Sheet Library


In order to layout or clip sheets, a Sheet Library must be attached to the current session. The GEOPAK/
DESIGN support personnel at TSD have created a Sheet Library file (TXDOT_V8i.xssl) that will
eliminate users from creating their own Sheet Library.

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File >> Sheet Library

7.7.4 File >> Sheet Library


New creates a new Sheet Library
Attach allows user to attach an existing Sheet Library
Save saves modifications in attached Sheet Library
Save As saves attached Sheet Library to a new name

7.7.5 File >> Sheet


New creates a new sheet. Enter sheet name and description

Delete deletes current sheet. A warning message is displayed


prior to deletion
Update stores the changes in the library

7.7.6 File >> Load V7 Input File


Allows user to utilize a sheet input file from previous versions. When Load V7 Input File is selected,
the user will be prompted to select the V7 input file. Once selected, user will then be prompted to
create a new x-section sheet name along with description. This new sheet is then added to the attached
Sheet Library file (.xssl).

7.7.7 Fail-safe Settings


Saves dialog settings

7.7.8 File >> Layout Sheets


Begins to Process Cross Section Sheets
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Active Cross Section Sheet

7.8 Active Cross Section Sheet


Once the TxDOT Sheet Library is attached, a variety of different Cross Section Sheets are stored
within the Sheet Library as standards. To begin, the user would select the desired sheet layout from
the list as depicted below.

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File >> XS DGN File

Below is a Table of Standard Sheet Formats that have been developed to help guide the user in
developing the desired cross section sheets.

The individual sheet formats 10:5sht, 10:5r150, 10:5r300, etc. are based on the maximum R-O-W
width allowable on a sheet or roll plot. This will result in x-sections remaining legible with standard
text sizes. For example, when using the 10:5sht sheet for x-section sheets, this would result a 11x17
sheet with a plot scale of 1"=10' Horiz. and 1"=5' Vert.

7.8.1 File >> XS DGN File


The following dialog
box has been completed as an example.
The user must select
each parameter and
enter the appropriate
data. Location of cross
sections to be plotted
on sheets which must
include the GEOPAK
XS cell.

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CHAPTER

Original Ground Cross Sections


Sheet DGN File

7.8.2 Sheet DGN File

Sheet DGN File - Name of the MicroStation design file where GEOPAK draws the cross section
sheets. User must create file.
Horizontal / Vertical Scale - Scale at which x-sections are drawn.
Sheet Placement Point - X Y coordinate value at which x-section will be placed.
Detach Existing Sheets before Processing - When toggled ON, any elements from previous run
will be deleted and any reference files attached will be detached and replaced. When toggled OFF,
any existing reference file and elements from previous run are not removed. This will allow the user
to add cross section sheets with different station ranges.
Attachment:
All Sheets In Active Model - All sheets are placed in the active model. (Recommended)
One Sheet Per Model - Each sheet is placed in its own model. The models will be
named XS_SHEET_sheet number. Nothing is placed in the active model.
One Sheet Per Model/Display All - Each sheet is placed in its own model. The models
will be named XS_SHEET_sheet number. All sheets are attached to the active
model as references.

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CHAPTER

Original Ground Cross Sections


Sheet Dimension Cell

7.8.3 Sheet Dimension Cell

Sheet Dimensions - Width and Height of sheet in plotting units.


Place Sheet Cell:
Library - Cell Library which contains the sheet cell.
Name - Sheet Cell name.
Scale - Scale to be applied to the sheet cell
Place as Shared Cell - Toggle on if sheet cell is to be placed as a shared cell.
Sheet Offset from Cell Origin
X Offset - Horiz. offset from cell origin to sheet corner.
Y Offset - Vert. offset from cell origin to sheet corner.
Sheet Cell Placement
Place Sheet Cell in XS Sheet File - Sheet cell placed in sheet file, once for each sheet.
Place Sheet Cell Once is a Reference File - Sheet cell placed in the specified reference
file once, and then referenced for each sheet.

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CHAPTER

Original Ground Cross Sections


XS Search Criteria

7.8.4 XS Search Criteria

XS Search Criteria
Search Criteria - By selecting a combination of levels, weights, styles, types and colors,
the user can identify only those elements to be placed on sheets.
Match - Matches selected symbology parameters.
Display - Displays elements matching the specified search criteria.
Reset - Clears all search parameter dialogs.

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CHAPTER

Original Ground Cross Sections


Sheet Stack Orientation

7.8.5 Sheet Stack Orientation

Sheet Stack Orientation:


Sheet Stack Orientation - Cross section sheets can be stacked either vertically or
horizontally.
Horizontal Spacing - Distance between sheets from right edge to left edge.
Vertical Spacing - Distance between sheets from top to bottom.
Number of Sheets per Row - Number of sheets stacked vertically on top of one another
before creating a second row

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CHAPTER

Original Ground Cross Sections


Sheet Stack Columns

7.8.6 Sheet Stack Columns

Allows single or double stacking of cross sections on sheets and the parameters associated with them.

7.8.7 Margins and Spacing

Parameters that set the Cross Section Clip Limits, Spacing, and Maximum Vertical Size.
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CHAPTER

Original Ground Cross Sections


Station Labels

7.8.8 Station Labels

Specifies the plot parameters for all station offset labels including element symbology, font, text size,
and justification.

7.8.9 Offset Labels

Specifies the plot parameters for Offset Labels including element symbology, font, etc.
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CHAPTER

Original Ground Cross Sections


Elevation Labels

7.8.10 Elevation Labels


Specifies the plot
parameters for Elevation
Labels
including element
symbology, font, etc.

7.8.11 Earthwork Quantity Labels


Earthwork quantities can be written directly onto cross section sheets with a two step process. First,
an ASCII text file is produced when calculating earthwork volumes. This ASCII text file contains
the area and/or volume quantities that are to be written onto the cross section sheets. Second, the
GEOPAK sheet layout utility reads this ASCII file and places the appropriate text onto the cross
section sheets.

7.8.12 Sheet Labels


By setting parameters allows Sheet Labels to be placed on each individual sheet.
Steps for creating cross section sheet layouts utilizing the TxDOT_V8i.xssl library:
1.
Access Cross Section Sheets dialog through project manager
2.
Create blank MicroStation file for sheet output
3.
Attach TxDOT_V8i.xssl sheet library
4.
Select desired sheet format
5.
Select XS DGN File parameter and fill in variables for location of cross-sections,
baseline, begin station and end station.
6.
Select Sheet DGN File and location of where sheets are to be drawn
7.
Select XS Sheet Criteria parameter and identify MicroStation elements that are
to be displayed on sheets.
8.
From Cross Section Sheet Composition dialog select File >> Save Settings
9.
Select Layout Sheets
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VERTICAL P ROFILE D ESIGN

8.1 Objectives
To create and store vertical alignments using:
the Profile Generator
COGO interface
ASCII input files

8.2 Definition
The Profile Generator is a GEOPAK tool that can graphically create and modify proposed design
profiles or modify an existing ground profile. These operations may be accomplished through a
dialog box and/or by dynamic manipulation of graphic elements.
A profile may also be created with Coordinate Geometry (COGO) input.

8.3 Accessing
Vertical Profile generator may be invoked via the Project Manager:

From Applications >> GEOPAK >> ROAD >> Geometry >> Layout Profiles (VPI Based)

From the Horizontal & Vertical Geometry icon.

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CHAPTER

Vertical Profile Design


Vertical Alignment Generator

The first dialog box that appears is labeled Settings. The


entries in this box set the parameters and define the location
within the design file where the profile is to be displayed. All
fields must be completed before the design process can begin.
As the OK button is clicked, the Vertical Profile Generator
dialog box will appear.

8.4 Vertical Alignment Generator


This tool allows a user to load a previously stored profile or
create a new profile. Notice changes in the configuration of
this dialog box as you design a vertical alignment.

Various design parameters must be defined prior to designing a new profile; we will discuss those as
we look at the options provided under the three headers, File, Tools, and User.
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CHAPTER

Vertical Profile Design


File

8.4.1 File
Standard file commands are provided:
Preferences - sets the rounding parameters for each of the items listed in
the dialog box
Profile Cell Settings - Parameter settings for the green reference cell.
K Value Table - is a table of stopping sight distance K-values for crest and
sag conditions for various design speeds. These values are based on the
TxDOT Design Manual.
Load Profile- retrieves a previously stored profile from the COGO database (.gpk)
Save Profile - stores a new profile or updates (redefines) a previously
stored profile (under the same name)
Save Profile As - is used to store the profile or to save a modified profile
under a different name
Clear Profile - clears the profile display from MicroStation graphics and
removes all VPI's from the dialog box.
Draw Profile - writes the graphic elements of the profile to the MicroStation file
Exit - ends the process

8.4.2 Tools
Issue Data Point - Permits the user to type in stations and elevations,
issue a data point that can be part of a MicroStation place line, place a cell
or perform another generic operation. This is useful in displaying visual
references within the profile that need to be considered in design of the
vertical profile.
Critical Points - Vertical curves may also be defined by one or two critical points. If mathematically solvable, the vertical curve will be drawn
and the design speed display adjusted to fit the current parameters.

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CHAPTER

Vertical Profile Design


Best Fit

8.4.2.1 Best Fit


Line - uses the selected elements to create a best fit line
Parabola - uses the selected elements to create a best fit parabolic vertical curve.
Profile - uses the selected elements to and design parameters
to create a best fit profile. When this command is executed there
is a unique mathematical solution.

8.5 Creating A New Profile


Step 1

Place the first VPI (Note: The enter key must be used to ensure values are accepted.)
DO NOT key-in data directly after invoking the dynamic placement button. You must
either reset the command or complete the dynamic placement command by placing a
data point.
Four options : i. Type station and elevation of the VPI into dialog box
ii. Enter station of VPI as precision input (type in value)
Elevation is defined through dynamic cursor placement on screen
iii. Elevation is defined via precision input
Station is defined through dynamic cursor placement on screen
iv. Both values for the VPI can be established dynamically on screen

Step 2

Define ahead (or back tangent)


Station, elevation, grade and length parameters may be defined via precision input,
dynamic manipulation or a combination of both.

Step 3

Define remaining VPI's and Grades


A repetition of the process from Step 2 with an option to insert VPI's between two
existing VPI' s

Step 4

Define Vertical Curves


Simply define the design speed from the Speed option button and GEOPAK will reference the K-value table and draw the vertical curve. Should a curve overlap occur, an
overlap message will be displayed in the dialog box along with the overlap length.

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CHAPTER

Vertical Profile Design


Precision Placement Options

Step 5

Adjusting Curve Lengths


The vertical curve can be modified by directly keying in either the K-value, curve length
or design speed in the dialog box. You will see the displays in the dialog box automatically adjust to reflect the results of any modifications.

Step 6

Save the Profile

8.6 Precision Placement Options


Options available for creating or modifying vertical curves, VPI's and grade lines :
OFF - Values change.
INC (Increment) - Ensures that the designated profile parameter will be adjusted as
defined in the Preferences dialog box.
LCK (Locked) - Forces all operations to maintain the designated profile parameters.

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CHAPTER

Vertical Profile Design


Exercise

EXERCISE 8.1
In this exercise you will perform the following operations:
draw an existing ground profile
design a vertical alignment
Step 1

Create ex81.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn.

Step 2

Draw the existing ground profile (expro1) via D&C Manager. Use the following
settings:
Horizontal Scale = 100
Vertical Scale = 10
DP Station
= 0+00
DP Elevation
= 830.00
DP
= DP in the middle of view
PGL Chain
= BASE1
After the settings have been entered, select the Draw Cell at X,Y and a green cell
with the above settings will be created, then select the OK button.

Step 3

Open the Vertical Profile Generator; Geopak Road >> Project Manager >>
Vertical Alignment
Select the Identify Cell button on the
dialog box and then select the cell
drawn in Step 2. GEOPAK will automatically fill in the appropriate settings. Next select the OK button to
activate the Profile Generator. Verify
that the TxDOT_V8i.kvl is attached.
This will be shown in the title portion
of the Profile Generator dialog box.
If not, attach by going to File >> K
Value Table >> File and attach
TxDOT_V8i.kvl

(exercise continued on next page)


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CHAPTER

Vertical Profile Design


Exercise

EXERCISE 8.1
Step 4

(continued)

Change your active color; place VPI 1 via dynamic location; adjust via key-ins
a.) Click Dynamic button, a circle will appear at origin of reference line. Move
cursor over circle (to activate) and data point a location near the beginning of
the ground profile.
b.) Adjust VPI 1 by keying in: Station (0+20) and Elevation (908.6)
c.) Click Insert button; (notice changes to dialog box)

Step 5

Place VPI 2 via dynamic placement,


a.) As you move the cursor, read the display for VPI 2, data point when the
readings are near Station 6+50 and Elevation is approximately 925.00
b.) Click: Insert button

Step 6

Place VPI 3 via a combination of the two methods


a.) Key-in: Station 11+50 (note LCK)
b.) Click Dynamic button and place elevation at approximately 923.5

Step 7

Place VPI 4 via key-in, then adjust stationing


Station: 20+50 Elev: 909.8
a.) Lock Back Grade by changing Off to LCK for VPI 3
b.) Click Dynamic button; move cursor to place VPI 4 at approx. Station 18+93

Step 8

Place remaining VPIs via key-in.


a.) VPI 5 Station 36+00 Elev. 920.00.
b.) VPI 6 Station 64+00 Elev. 882.00
c.) VPI 7 Station 95+00 Elev. 865.00

Step 9

Establish the vertical curve for VPI 2.


a.) Click the Previous button until you reach VPI 2; dialog box will reconfigure
b.) Set Speed to 45mph
c.) Set curve length to 200.00

Step 10

Save new profile as Despro1


File >> Save >> Despro1

Step 11

Review the profile


Use Print Profile from the Navigator dialog box.

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CHAPTER

Vertical Profile Design


Exercise

EXERCISE 8.2
(Before beginning this exercise select File >> Clear Profile from the Profile Generator dialog box)
Use the following information and various options of the Profile Generator to create profile despro2.

VPI

STA

ELEV

DESIGN PARAMETERS

0+23

908.79

3+64.17

903.48

VC = 240

7+48.69

916.17

VC = 170

11+16.63

921.78

SPEED = 50

16+57.74

22+37.64

910.96

33+94.46

930.75

SPEED = 60

BK. GRADE = -1.7570

VC = 275

Open the D&C Manager to draw and annotate design profile despro2

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8-8

S HEET G ENERATION

9.1 Objectives
Understand and be able to use the Plan & Profile Sheet Generator
Understand and use the supplied TxDOT_Sheets_V8i.psl (Plan Sheet Library) file

9.2 Definition
The automated Plan and Profile Sheets tools provide the designer with a flexible, yet productive
method of generating construction and plan / profile and tabular data sheets. Based on user defined
parameters and sheet size, sheet borders will be placed into a blank design file relative to a specific
alignment. Modifications may be made to sheet size and location. Once the sheet boundaries are in
the proper location, the designer may then place the sheet(s) into a design file(s) with the appropriate
reference files and sheet cell.
The GEOPAK Team has set-up a sheet library file TxDOT_Sheets_V8i.psl as a basis for generating
typical plan and profile sheets. This sheet library file includes all of the settings that are User
Definable via the Plan and Profile Sheet Preferences dialog box. These settings include the General
Settings, Grid Alignment, Sheet Annotation, Port1 (Plan), Port2 (Profile), Port3 (Tabular Data),
etc. These settings may be modified by the user as needed.

9.3 Accessing
The Plan and Profile Sheets Generator may be accessed three ways:
invoked via the pull-down GEOPAK >> Road >> Plans Preparation >> Plan and
Profile Sheets.

From the Road tool


box.

From the Plan & Profile Sheets button on


the Road Project Manager box.

A Select Run dialog box will appear. Completing this box will bring up the main Plan Sheet Layout
dialog box.

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CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Main Menu Options

9.4 Main Menu Options


Four options are supported in the main menu bar File, View, Settings and Tools.

File Create and/or modify sheet library (.psl) files. These files set sheet composition, define sheet
layout, clip options, etc. which GEOPAK uses to control the creation of plan and profile sheets.
Tools Allows user to modify sheets or adjust individual sheets to conform to the project limits, etc.
Modify sheet numbering, draw tabular annotation, and also allows user to select a previous clipping
shape which will automatically populate the dialog with the settings to match with the Sheet Name,
Scale, etc.
View Allows user to set a filter to view sheets by name, scale or by selecting automatic update.
Settings Allows Left to Right or Right to Left Sheet Layout, Stair Stepping for profiles, and Sheet
View Attributes.

9.4.1 Sheet Layout General Settings


The General Settings layout allows the user to define the sheet Description, Base Scale, Stacking
Offset, Cell Library, Sheet Cell and Sheet Placement.

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Sheet Generation
Sheet Layout Grid Alignment

Description Assists the user in identifying the desired format.


Base Scale The specified scale identifies the scale of the original sheet border cell.
Stacking Offset The offset between sheets (in master units) when multiple sheets are placed into
a single MicroStation file during the Clip Sheets process.
Cell Library Cell library in which the sheet border cell is located. In lieu of typing, pressing the
File button to the right of the keyin field will invoke the File Manager, wherein the cell library may
be selected.
Sheet Cell Cell which will be utilized during the Clip Sheet process. GEOPAK will draw the cells
at the correct orientation into the MicroStation file.
Sheet Placement Two options are supported. One method is the sheet cell is placed for each sheet
within the sheet file. The second method is place the sheet cell once in the specified sheet cell reference
file, then referenced for each sheet.

9.4.2 Sheet Layout Grid Alignment


Grid Alignment values should be the distance of either minor or major grid lines on the sheet. This
ensures the profile is drawn on even grids.

9.4.3 Sheet Layout - Sheet Annotation


When option is activated, this allows the user to place the Sheet Title, Number, and Project Number
on the Plan Profile sheets.

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CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Sheet Layout - Ports

9.4.4 Sheet Layout - Ports


Each sheet consists of one or more Ports. A Port can be considered a window into the design. For
each sheet that is placed into a layout design file, each Port on that sheet is placed as a Clipping Shape.
Port Types - There are three types of Ports: Plan, Profile, and Tabular Data. Each Port requires
the Dependency, Clipping Shape symbology, and method used for clipping shapes. Below is an
example of parameter settings for Port Settings.

Port 1 (Plan) Requires the drawing area, offset from cell origin, and match line symbology.
Port 2 (Profile) Requires the drawing area, offset from cell origin, and text parameters and
symbology for the horizontal and vertical axis labels.
Port 3 (Tabular Data) Requires the drawing area and offset from cell origin.
Dependency Ports may be either Alignment Dependent or Port Dependent. If Port Dependent, its
corresponding Clipping Shapes are laid out along an alignment coordinated with each other sequentially. For Port Dependent Ports, the corresponding Clipping Shapes are laid out according to the
stationing of the controlling Port. This insures that the stationing remains coordinated between any
given Clipping Shape and the Clipping Shapes that depend on it. (e.g. For a Plan Profile sheet, the
Plan Port would be Alignment Dependent and the Profile and Tabular Data Port would be Port
Dependent on the Plan Port).
Clipping Shape Symbology - Specifies the element symbology used to draw clipping shapes during
the layout process.

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CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Sheet Layout - Ports

Clipping Shape - If the Port is shaped as a standard rectangle or square, the option of Generate
Clipping Shape from Port Symbology is used. If the Port has a notch or is an irregular shape, the
option to Take Clipping Shape from Sheet Cell is utilized. This application finds the shape within the
sheet cell by the symbology which then uses this identified shape as the clipping boundaries.
Below, are the results of how Port parameters are defined for a Plan Profile sheet.

Note:
When generating plan sheets from the master file, only the active levels that were drawn with will
be referenced into the plan sheet.
Changes made in the master file using levels not used prior to generating sheets will not automatically
appear in the plan sheets. The levels will need to be turned on in the attached reference files using
the Level Display dialog box.

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CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Sheet Composition

9.5 Sheet Composition

When the Sheet Composition tool is accessed, the dialog depicted below opens.

By Beginning/Station Overlap sheets


are not cut at even stations, but GEOPAK
will fit as much as possible on each sheet
within the specified border and overlap
parameters.
By Station Range: Inside Out using
this option orients sheets between a
rounded station interval and measures the
amount of overlap from the outside edge
of the clip area.
By Station Range: Outside In using
this option is opposite Inside Out. Adjusts
the clip area from the edge of the sheet
inward.
By Station Range: Radial this option
will result the clipping shapes perpendicular to the alignment at the beginning and
end of the clip boundaries.

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CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Sheet Layout

9.6 Sheet Layout


The Sheet Layout tool is utilized to define the GEOPAK job number and associated geometrics (chains
and profiles) for placing clipping shapes. This is accomplished by selecting Sheet > Layout from
the Sheet Layout menu bar or pressing the Layout Sheets icon.

To begin, define the GEOPAK Job, either by manually entering the Job in the upper left corner or
via the Open GEOPAK Job icon.
A Single Sheet or Multiple Sheets can be drawn by setting the option at the top of the dialog.
In the list box, the ports are listed based on the sheet name selected from the current sheet library.
Each port needs additional information, based on whether it's a Plan, Profile, or Tabular Data port.
Double clicking on each line in the list box opens the appropriate dialog, based on the port type.
When the Port Type is Plan, the dialog depicted below opens.

Select the Chain from the pick list of all chains in the current job. An optional Offset (based on master
units) will shift the sheets so they are centered about the offset, rather than at centerline.
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CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Sheet Layout

When the Port Type is Profile, the dialog depicted below opens.
The required information in the Profile Port
dialog defines the location of the profile reference point, most of which can be determined
from the profile cell. The easiest method to
populate the dialog is to press the Identify Cell
button, then select and accept the profile cell.
This populates all fields in the Profile Data
group box. If there is no cell, the fields may
be populated either manually, or by data point,
then a cell drawn by pressing the Draw Cell
at X, Y button.

When the Port Type is Tabular, the dialog depicted below opens.
The profile used as the basis for the tabular
data is identified in the Profile Data group
box and is identical to the Profile Data port.
The Clipping Shape Vertical Offset group
box allows the application to plot alternating Clipping Shapes offset vertically. This
may be needed when the sheet design calls
for left or right margins in the Tabular Data
Port. If there are margins, the staggering
effect that this option causes will enable the
Tabular Data application to place the Row
labels without encroaching on adjacent data.

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CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Clip Sheets

9.7 Clip Sheets


The final step is the creation of sheets and is accomplished by pressing the Clip Sheets icon (as
depicted below) or selecting Sheet > Clip from the menu bar. (Note: that the correct cell library must
be attached to the design file prior to invocation of this procedure.)

9.7.1 Output File


Directory location where process plan profile
sheets are to be exported.
Sheet Name Prefix prefix of the sheet names
to be created. GEOPAK will add a 1, 2, etc. to the
end of each file.
Rotate View will attach all reference files and
rotate the view to conform to the orientation of
the sheet. This option allows true coordinates for
the file.
Rotate Reference will rotate each reference file
to orient with the sheet.
Sheet Range allows user to process a range of
sheets.
Model - Active: uses active MicroStation file settings when creating sheets.

9.7.2 Labels and Annotations


In addition to clipping sheets, attaching reference files, and placing borders, the Clip Sheets dialog
also has options for placing a Sheet Title, Project Number, Match Lines, and Auxiliary Sheet Annotations.

9.7.3 Process Sheets


When all the information is entered, selecting the Process Sheets initiates the sheet(s) creation.
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9-9

CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Exercise

EXERCISE 9.1
In this exercise you will generate Plan and Profile sheets using the chain BASE1 and the profiles
Expro1 (existing) and Despro1 (proposed) at a 100:10 scale.
Step 1

Create ex91.dgn from txdotv8iseed2d.dgn and attach the mapping file train.dgn
as a reference file.

Step 2

From D&C Manager draw and station chain BASE1 and profiles Expro1 (nat
grnd.)and Despro1 (pgl) at a 100:10 scale(Use the 11x17 option). When drawing
profiles use the elevation preference of 820. Draw vertical and horizontal axis labels
and strip grades.

Step 3

Open the Plan & Profile Sheet Application via Project Manager: GEOPAK
Road>>Project Manager>>Plan & Profile Sheets.

Step 4

Create a new run named pp100, highlight it and click OK.

(exercise continued on next page)

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CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Exercise

EXERCISE 9.1

(continued)

Step 5

Select Settings >> Sheet Layout from the main Plan and Profile sheet dialog box
and populate as shown below.

Step 6

Select the Sheet Composition icon from the GEOPAK Sheet


layout dialog box and populate as shown below.

(exercise continued on next page)


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9-11

CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Exercise

EXERCISE 9.1

(continued)

Step 7

From the main GEOPAK Sheet Layout dialog select the Layout Sheets icon
The dialog below should appear.

Step 8

Double click the Port 1 line and populate as shown below. Select OK

(exercise continued on next page)

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9-12

CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Exercise

EXERCISE 9.1
Step 9

(continued)

Double click the Port 2 line and populate as shown below. Select the Identify Cell
button. Identify and accept the green profile cell in the MicroStation file. Select OK.

(exercise continued on next page)

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9-13

CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Exercise

EXERCISE 9.1

(continued)

Step 10

Double click the Port 3 line and populate as shown below. Select the Identify Cell
button. Identify and accept the green profile cell in the MicroStation file. Select OK
and close the dialog box.

Step 11

Click the Layout 8 Sheets button. Eight sheet clip boundaries should be placed along
the alignment, profile and the area where Tabular Data is to be placed.

(exercise continued on next page)


G E O PA K I
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9-14

CHAPTER

Sheet Generation
Exercise

EXERCISE 9.1

(continued)

Step 12

From the main GEOPAK Sheet Layout dialog box select the Clip Sheets icon. The
dialog box below should appear. Populate as shown below, making sure the output
directory is correctly set.
Step 1 1. Turn off levels D_SHEET_CLIP and PROFILE_CELL.
Step 2 2. File>>Save Settings (MicroStation).
Step 3 3. Click Process Sheets

Step 13

Review the created P&P files.

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

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9-15

C OMPREHENSIVE E XERCISE
The following exercise gives you the opportunity to recall most of the GEOPAK functions introduced
during this class. This is the same process you will use in your own office to produce construction
drawings. The following table lists the tasks and necessary information needed to design a roadway
based on a DTM.
Use these files located in the c:\engdata\comp directory:
Compdtm.dgn
Digital Terrain Model (DTM)
Compmap.dgn
Reference file
TxDOTv8iseed2d.dgn
2D seed file
TxDOTv8iseed3d.dgn
3D seed file
(Hint: Create DTM before Existing Ground Profile and Cross Sections)
CREATE

PARAMETERS

A new .prj and .gpk

Job No.:
Op. Code:

98
tc

Project Name: Comp.prj

A horizontal chain

Chain name: comp


Design Data: See Table 1, page 2

An output file

File name:

comp

Edge of travelway and shoulders

Based on:

See typical section, page 2

An Existing Ground Profile

Profile name: orig

A design vertical profile

Profile name: des

Original ground cross sections

Location:

every 100 feet along chain

Scale:
Plan View:
Plan and Profile sheets

100
Show mapping file
stationed alignment
edge of pavement
shoulders
Profile View: Show existing ground profile
design profile

A backup input file

File Name:

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

backup98

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

Comprehensive Exercise
Continued

Table 1: Design Data for


Horizontal Chain - Comp
P. I.

X Coordinate

Y Coordinate

Degree of Curve

2598300.7581

7019947.2658

2601422.1528

7019821.4951

1^ 10 00

2602041.5446

7019859.2673

0^ 40 00

2608407.7261

7019951.0979

Use 5+00 as the beginning station.

CL

12

10

12

12

12

10

6:1

6:1

TYPICAL SECTION - Four Lane Roadway


N.T.S.

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

APPENDIX

Table of Contents
Page
2

GEOPAK Team Support List

TSD CROSSROADS SITE

Planimetric / DTM File Level Menu

State of Texas map defining the five zones for data collection using North American Datum
(NAD83)

State of Texas Seed File list for all districts (for MicroStation J and earlier versions)

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

A-1

APPENDIX

Geopak Team Support List


Michael Meinecke
W.L. Gasper
Steve Newman
John Paxton
Julie Cerroni
Mark Meuth

G E O PA K I
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A-2

APPENDIX

TSD CROSSROADS SITE


Engineering and Survey Systems maintains directories on TSDs Crossroads site for user support.
This site has directories for Microstation, GEOPAK, Caice, etc. The GEOPAK directory has multiple
subdirectories such as superelevation, vertical, etc. which contain TxDOT customizations to
GEOPAK. Some of the same files can be accessed from MicroStation as shown below.

G E O PA K I
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A-3

APPENDIX

Photogrammetry .dgnlib
File Level Menu
New Level

Description

Old Level

p_control ground ctrl

Control, ROW Markers, PP, DTM Boundary

p_road-paved curb

Paved roads, Curbs

p_road dirt road

Dirt Roads

p_road guard rails

Guardrail

p_road guard fences

Guard Fences

p_road guard posts

Guard Posts

p_road conc barrier

Concrete Barriers

p_road paint stripe

Paint Striping

62

p_road bridge end

Bridge End

p_road cattle guard

Cattle Guard

16

p_road overhead sign

Overhead Signs

p_road general road

General Road Item

p_railroad rr control

Railroad Control

10

p_drainage earthen dam

Earthen Dam

26

p_drainage conc dam

Concrete Dam

27

p_drainage conc drain

Concrete Drain (lc=3)

28

p_drainage riprap

RipRap (lc=3)

p_drainage culvert

Culverts

p_drainage inlet

Inlets

p_drainage water

Water

25

p_drainage marsh

Marsh Areas

24

p_structure building

Buildings (Limit Obscured Area)

11

p_structure ruins

Ruins (lc=3)

12

p_structure sidewalk

Sidewalks (lc=2)

13

p_structure slab

Slabs (lc=3)

14

p_structure porch

Porches

15

G E O PA K I
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A-4

APPENDIX

Photogrammetry .dgnlib
File Level Menu
New Level

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Description

Old Level

p_structure stairs

Stairs

16

p_structure fence

Fences

17

p_structure ret wall

Retaining Wall

18

p_structure wall

Walls

18

p_structure cemetery

Cemetery

23

p_structure billboard

Billboards

21

p_structure sign

Signs

21

p_structure antenna

Antenna

20

p_structure windmill

Windmills

23

p_structure flag pole

Flag Poles

20

p_structure pipe

Pipes

23

p_structure tank

Tank

23

p_structure constr area

Construction Area

12

p_structure general

General Structure

23

p_structure unidentified

Unidentified Structure

23

p_utility fire hydrant

Fire Hydrant

20

p_utility manhole

Manholes

20

p_utility marker

Utility Markers

20

p_utility trans towers

Transmission Towers

20

p_utility pipeline

Underground Pipeline

22

p_utility general pole

General Utility Pole

20

p_veg woods

Woods (Limit Obscured Area)

29

p_veg tree

Trees

29

p_veg tree farm

Tree Farm (Limit Obscured Area)

30

p_veg orchard

Orchards (Limit Obscured Area)

29

p_veg palm

Palm Tree

29

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

A-5

APPENDIX

Photogrammetry .dgnlib
File Level Menu
New Level

Description

Old Level

p_dtm breakline

Breaklines (Only)

40

p_dtm retaining wall

Retaining Wall / Breakline

53

p_dtm sidewalk

Sidewalk / Breakline (lc=2)

48

p_dtm mass point

Mass Points (Spots)

38

p_dtm water obscured

Water (Obscured)

45

p_dtm obscured area

Obscured Area (Only)(Voids)

41

p_dtm pit or fill area

Pit and/or Fill Area

24

p_dtm stock piles

Stock Piles

19

Notes:
* Extract as Breaklines
# Extract as Spot Shots
+ Extract as Voids

G E O PA K I
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A-6

APPENDIX

Planimetric / DTM

For use with MicroStation J and previous versions only.


File Level Menu
Lvl

Description

Lvl

Description

-1

Control, ROW Markers, PP, DTM Bdry.

35

DTM - Processed Intermediate Contours

*2

Paved Roads, Curbs

36

Skipped Points

*3

Dirt Roads

37

Withheld Points

-4

Guardrails

38

Mass Points (Spots)

-5

Guardfences

39

Uncollected Points

-6

Concrete Barriers

* 40

Breaklines (Only)

-7

General (roads) Overhead Signs, Grdpst.

* 41

Obscured Areas (Only) (Voids)

*8

Riprap (lc=3)

*9

Culverts, Inlets

- 10

Railroads, RR Control

44

- 11

Buildings (Limit obscured areas)

45

Water (Obscured)

- 12

Construction, Ruins, Framework (lc=3)

46

Uncollected Points

- 13

Sidewalks (lc=2)

- 14

Slabs (lc=3)

- 15

Porches

49

- 16

Steps, Stairs, Cattleguards

50

- 17

Fences, Posts

51

- 18

Retaining Walls, walls

52

* 19

Storm Cellar outline, Stockpile

- 20

Poles, Manholes, Fire Hydrant

54

- 21

Signs

55

- 22

Underground Pipeline

56

- 23

General, Swimming Pool, Tank, Windmill, Pipe

57

* 24

Pit, Fill area, Marsh

58

* 25

Water

59

* 26

Earthen Dam

60

* 27

Concrete Dam

61

* 28

Concrete Drain (lc=3)

62

- 29

Woods, Trees, Orchards(limit obscured areas)

63

- 30

Tree Farms

- 31

DTM - Processed Index Contours

42
*#43

Sidewalk / Breakline (lc=2)

47
*#48

*#53

Retaining Wall / Breakline (lc=2)


Bridge Elements

General / Breakline

Paint Stripes

32

Plan Only

33

Always tag as Breakline

34

Secondary Command (plan & breakline)

G E O PA K I
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A-7

APPENDIX

STATE OF TEXAS
DATA COLLECTION ZONES
(NAD83)

For use with MicroStation J and previous versions only.

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

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A-8

APPENDIX

TxDOT English Seed Files


For use with MicroStation J and previous versions only.
Districts

Seed Files

Global Origin

Counties

Abilene

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

Borden, Callahan, Fisher, Haskell,


Howard, Jones, Kent, Mitchell, Nolan,
Scurry, Shackelford, Stonewall, Taylor

Amarillo

e42012d.dgn
e42013d.dgn

0, 2000000

Armstrong, Carson, Dallam, Deaf Smith,


Gray, Hansford, Hartley, Hemphill,
Hutchinson, Lipscomb, Moore, Ochiltree, Oldham, Potter, Randall, Roberts,
Sherman

Atlanta

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

Bowie, Camp, Cass, Harrison, Marion,


Morris, Panola, Titus, Upshur

Austin

e42032d.dgn
e42033d.dgn

240000,8500000

Bastrop, Blanco, Burnet, Gillespie, Lee,


Llano, Mason, Travis, Williamson

e42042d.dgn
e42043d.dgn

0, 12000000

e42032d.dgn
e42033d.dgn

240000,8500000

e42042d.dgn
e42043d.dgn

0, 12000000

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

Eastland, Stephens

240000,8500000

Brown, Coleman, Comanche, Lampasas,


McCulloch, Mills, San Saba

240000,8500000

Brazos, Burleson, Freestone, Grimes,


Leon, Madison, Milam, Robertson,
Walker, Washington

Beaumont

Brownwood

e42032d.dgn
e42033d.dgn
Bryan

e42032d.dgn
e42033d.dgn

Caldwell, Hays
Hardin, Jasper, Liberty, Newton, Orange,
Tyler

Chambers, Jefferson

NOTE: FOR ALL CROSS SECTION FILES USE Exsseed.dgn .

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

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A-9

APPENDIX

TxDOT English Seed Files


For use with MicroStation J and previous versions only.
Districts
Childress

Seed Files

Global Origin

Counties

e42012d.dgn
e42013d.dgn

0, 2000000

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

e42042d.dgn
e42043d.dgn

0, 12000000

e42052d.dgn
e42053d.dgn

0, 15000000

Dallas

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Kaufman,


Navarro, Rockwall

El Paso

e42032d.dgn
e42033d.dgn

240000, 8500000

Culberson, El Paso, Hudspeth,


Jeff Davis

e42042d.dgn
e42043d.dgn

0, 12000000

Fort Worth

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

Erath, Hood, Jack, Johnson, Palo Pinto,


Parker, Somerville, Tarrant, Wise

Houston

e42032d.dgn
e42033d.dgn

240000, 8500000

Montgomery

e42042d.dgn
e42043d.dgn

0, 12000000

e42042d.dgn
e42043d.dgn

0, 12000000

Dimmit, Kinney, La Salle, Maverick,


Val Verde, Zavala

e42052d.dgn
e42053d.dgn

0, 15000000

Duval, Webb

Corpus Christi

Laredo

Briscoe, Childress, Collingsworth, Donley, Hall, Wheeler

Cottle, Dickens, Foard, Hardeman, King,


Knox, Motley
Aransas, Bee, Goliad, Karnes, Live Oak,
Refugio

Jim Wells, Kleberg, Nueces,


San Patricio,

Brewster, Presidio

Brazoria, Fort Bend, Galveston, Harris,


Waller

NOTE: FOR ALL CROSS SECTION FILES USE Exsseed.dgn .


G E O PA K I
9/25/12

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A-10

APPENDIX

TxDOT English Seed Files


For use with MicroStation J and previous versions only.
Districts
Lubbock

Seed File

Global Origin

Counties
Castro, Parmer, Swisher

e42012d.dgn
e42013d.dgn

0, 2000000

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

Lufkin

e42032d.dgn
e42033d.dgn

240000, 8500000

Angelina, Houston, Nacogdoches, Polk,


Sabine, San Augustine, San Jancinto,
Shelby, Trinity

Odessa

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

Andrews, Martin

e42032d.dgn
e42033d.dgn

240000, 8500000

e42042d.dgn
e42043d.dgn

0, 12000000

Paris

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

Delta, Fannin, Franklin, Grayson, Hopkins, Hunt, Lamar, Rains, Red River

Pharr

e42052d.dgn
e42053d.dgn

0, 15000000

Brooks, Cameron, Hidalgo, Jim Hogg,


Kenedy, Starr, Willacy, Zapata

San Angelo

e42032d.dgn
e42033d.dgn

240000, 8500000

Coke, Concho, Crockett, Glasscock,


Irion, Kimble, Menard, Reagan, Runnels,
Schleicher, Sterling, Sutton, Tom Green

e42042d.dgn
e42043d.dgn

0, 12000000

e42042d.dgn
e42043d.dgn

0, 12000000

San Antonio

Bailey, Cochran, Crosby, Dawson, Floyd,


Gaines, Garza, Hale, Hockley, Lamb,
Lubbock, Lynn, Terry, Yoakum

Crane, Ector, Loving, Midland, Pecos,


Reeves, Upton, Ward, Winkler

Terrell

Edwards, Real

Atascosa, Bandera, Bexar, Comal, Frio,


Guadalupe, Kendall, Kerr, Medina,
McMullen, Uvalde, Wilson

NOTE: FOR ALL CROSS SECTION FILES USE Exsseed.dgn .


G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

A-11

APPENDIX

TxDOT English Seed Files


For use with MicroStation J and previous versions only.
Districts
Tyler

Waco

Seed File

Global Origin

Counties

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

e42032d.dgn
e42033d.dgn

240000, 8500000

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

Hill

240000, 8500000

Bell, Bosque, Coryell, Falls, Hamilton,


Limestone, McLennan

e42032d.dgn
e42033d.dgn

Gregg, Henderson, Rusk, Smith,


Van Zandt, Wood

Anderson, Cherokee

Wichita Falls

e42022d.dgn
e42023d.dgn

0, 5000000

Archer, Baylor, Clay, Cooke, Montague,


Throckmorten, Wichita, Wilbarger, Young

Yoakum

e42042d.dgn
e42043d.dgn

0, 12000000

Austin, Calhoun, Colorado, De Witt, Fayette, Gonzales, Jackson, Lavaca, Matagorda, Victoria, Wharton

NOTE: FOR ALL CROSS SECTION FILES USE Exsseed.dgn .

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

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A-12

APPENDIX

Contents
Example Output:

File par1a99.otc

File legal.txt

Command Describe Chain BASE

Command Describe Chain BASE2

Command Describe Chain BASE1

Command Describe Chain ALT1

Command Describe Chain INSERT

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-1

APPENDIX

Copyright: (c) 2004 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All rights reserved.


Project: class1
Subject:
Job No. 99
Operator: TC
Date:
Friday July 22, 2005 10:59 am
SYSTEM FIX 4 ASEC 2 BEAR PRI 0 RED NE STA 3 FILE: PAR1A

1 Describe Parcel 1A

Parcel 1A : 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 300
Owner : John Smith, et. ux.
Feature:
Taken : 300 301 302 307 300
Taken area
=
2,778.9840 ft =
Total parent tract area =
Total taken area
=
Total easement area =
Remaining area
=

16,778.3151 ft =
2,778.9840 ft =
0.0000 ft =
13,999.3310 ft =

0.0638 a
0.3852 a
0.0638 a
0.0000 a
0.3214 a

Description of parcel: 1A
Beginning parent tract description
======================================================================
Point 300 X 2,172,082.2250 Y 7,123,145.3290 Sta 0+00.000
Course from 300 to 301 N 44^ 22 00.00 W
Point 301

2,171,984.3303 Y

7,123,245.4121 Sta

Course from 301 to 302 N 39^ 30 25.00 E


Point 302

2,171,993.1032 Y

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

2,172,080.9889 Y

1+40.000

Dist 13.7900

7,123,256.0518 Sta

Course from 302 to 303 N 57^ 19 57.00 E


Point 303

Dist 140.0000

1+53.790

Dist 104.4000

7,123,312.4030 Sta

2+58.190

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-2

APPENDIX

Course from 303 to 304 N 62^ 26 05.00 E


Point 304

2,172,128.7260 Y

Point 305

2,172,159.0817 Y

2,172,141.6993 Y

Point 307

2,172,099.3456 Y

Point 300

2,172,082.2250 Y

4+05.890

Dist 104.4000

7,123,164.8837 Sta

Course from 307 to 300 S 41^ 12 10.48 W

3+52.040

Dist 53.8500

7,123,260.3066 Sta

Course from 306 to 307 S 23^ 56 03.00 W

3+12.040

Dist 40.0000

7,123,311.2740 Sta

Course from 305 to 306 S 18^ 49 55.00 W


Point 306

Dist 53.8500

7,123,337.3226 Sta

Course from 304 to 305 S 49^ 22 00.00 E

5+10.290

Dist 25.9904

7,123,145.3290 Sta

5+36.280

=====================================================================
Ending parent tract description
Beginning taken description
======================================================================
Point 300 X 2,172,082.2250 Y 7,123,145.3290 Sta 0+00.000
Course from 300 to 301 N 44^ 22 00.00 W
Point 301

2,171,984.3303 Y

7,123,245.4121 Sta

Course from 301 to 302 N 39^ 30 25.00 E


Point 302

2,171,993.1032 Y

2,172,099.3456 Y

1+53.790

Dist 139.9967

7,123,164.8837 Sta

Course from 307 to 300 S 41^ 12 10.48 W

1+40.000

Dist 13.7900

7,123,256.0518 Sta

Course from 302 to 307 S 49^ 22 00.00 E


Point 307

Dist 140.0000

2+93.787

Dist 25.9904

Point 300 X 2,172,082.2250 Y 7,123,145.3290 Sta 3+19.777


=====================================================
Ending taken description
G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-3

APPENDIX

Parcel 1A
From P.O.B. North 44^ 22 00.00 West a distance of 140.0000 feet;
thence North 39^ 30 25.00 East a distance of 13.7900 feet; thence
North 57^ 19 57.00 East a distance of 104.4000 feet; thence North
62^ 26 05.00 East a distance of 53.8500 feet; thence South 49^ 22
00.00 East a distance of 40.0000 feet; thence South 18^ 49 55.00
West a distance of 53.8500 feet; thence South 23^ 56 03.00 West a
distance of 104.4000 feet; thence South 41^ 12 10.48 West a
distance of 25.9904 feet to the P.O.B.
Containing 16,778.3151 square feet, more or less.
Taken :
From P.O.B. North 44^ 22 00.00 West a distance of 140.0000 feet;
thence North 39^ 30 25.00 East a distance of 13.7900 feet; thence
South 49^ 22 00.00 East a distance of 139.9967 feet; thence South
41^ 12 10.48 West a distance of 25.9904 feet to the P.O.B.
Containing 2,778.9840 square feet, more or less.

Copyright (1998) GEOPAK Corporation


G E O PA K I
9/25/12

===========

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-4

APPENDIX

Copyright: (c) 2004 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All rights reserved.


Project: class1
Subject:
Job No. 99
Operator: TC
Date:
Friday July 22, 2005 10:59 am
SYSTEM FIX 4 ASEC 2 BEAR PRI 0 RED NE STA 3 FILE: BASE

1 Describe Chain BASE

Chain BASE contains:


1 CUR BASE-1 CUR BASE-2 CUR BASE-3 2
Beginning chain BASE description
======================================================================
========
Point 1

2,173,795.9900 Y

7,120,705.9190 Sta

Course from 1 to PC BASE-1 N 31^ 56 17.06 E

0+00.000

Dist 980.7705

Curve Data
*----------*
Curve BASE-1
P.I. Station
17+78.559 X 2,174,736.8517 Y 7,122,215.2401
Delta
= 41^ 54 17.17 (LT)
Degree =
2^ 45 00.00
Tangent =
797.7882
Length =
1,523.8098
Radius =
2,083.4829
External =
147.5184
Long Chord =
1,490.0735
Mid. Ord. =
137.7642
P.C. Station
9+80.770 X 2,174,314.8199 Y 7,121,538.2208
P.T. Station
25+04.580 X 2,174,598.7739 Y 7,123,000.9884
C.C.
X 2,172,546.7339 Y 7,122,640.3881
Back
= N 31^ 56 17.06 E
Ahead
= N 9^ 58 00.11 W
Chord Bear = N 10^ 59 08.47 E
Course from PT BASE-1 to PC BASE-2 N 9^ 58 00.11 W

Dist 1,580.2830

Curve Data
*----------*
G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-5

APPENDIX

Curve BASE-2
P.I. Station
43+24.074 X 2,174,283.8637 Y 7,124,793.0234
Delta
=
6^ 46 11.11 (RT)
Degree =
1^ 25 00.00
Tangent =
239.2108
Length =
477.8648
Radius =
4,044.4080
External =
7.0680
Long Chord =
477.5869
Mid. Ord. =
7.0557
P.C. Station
40+84.863 X 2,174,325.2653 Y 7,124,557.4227
P.T. Station
45+62.728 X 2,174,270.5233 Y 7,125,031.8619
C.C.
X 2,178,308.6372 Y 7,125,257.4115
Back
= N 9^ 58 00.11 W
Ahead
= N 3^ 11 49.00 W
Chord Bear = N 6^ 34 54.56 W
Course from PT BASE-2 to PC BASE-3 N 3^ 11 49.00 W

Dist 1,582.4979

Curve Data
*----------*
Curve BASE-3
P.I. Station
68+13.784 X 2,174,144.9858 Y 7,127,279.4147
Delta
= 23^ 04 55.94 (LT)
Degree =
1^ 45 00.00
Tangent =
668.5582
Length =
1,318.9832
Radius =
3,274.0445
External =
67.5625
Long Chord =
1,310.0818
Mid. Ord. =
66.1965
P.C. Station
61+45.226 X 2,174,182.2702 Y 7,126,611.8970
P.T. Station
74+64.209 X 2,173,848.9851 Y 7,127,878.8759
C.C.
X 2,170,913.3209 Y 7,126,429.3092
Back
= N 3^ 11 49.00 W
Ahead
= N 26^ 16 44.94 W
Chord Bear = N 14^ 44 16.97 W
Course from PT BASE-3 to 2 N 26^ 16 44.94 W
Point 2

2,172,911.6470 Y

Dist 2,117.1062

7,129,777.1740 Sta

95+81.315

=====================================================================
Ending chain BASE description
Copyright (1998) GEOPAK Corporation
===========
G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-6

APPENDIX

Copyright: (c) 2004 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All rights reserved.


Project: class1
Subject:
Job No. 99
Operator: TC
Date:
Friday July 22, 2005 10:59 am
SYSTEM FIX 4 ASEC 2 BEAR PRI 0 RED NE STA 3 FILE: BASE2
*

1 Describe Chain BASE2

Chain BASE2 contains:


10 CUR BASE2-1 CUR BASE2-2 821 CUR BASE2-3 50
Beginning chain BASE2 description
Point 10

2,173,795.9903 Y

7,120,705.9193 Sta

Course from 10 to PC BASE2-1 N 31^ 56 17.00 E

0+00.000

Dist 980.7711

Curve Data
*----------*
Curve BASE2-1
P.I. Station
17+78.558 X 2,174,736.8514 Y 7,122,215.2404
Delta
= 41^ 54 17.00 (LT)
Degree =
2^ 45 00.00
Tangent =
797.7872
Length =
1,523.8081
Radius =
2,083.4829
External =
147.5181
Long Chord =
1,490.0719
Mid. Ord. =
137.7639
P.C. Station
9+80.771 X 2,174,314.8203 Y 7,121,538.2218
P.T. Station
25+04.579 X 2,174,598.7742 Y 7,123,000.9879
C.C.
X 2,172,546.7340 Y 7,122,640.3886
Back
= N 31^ 56 17.00 E
Ahead
= N 9^ 58 00.00 W
Chord Bear = N 10^ 59 08.50 E
Course from PT BASE2-1 to PC BASE2-2 N 9^ 58 00.00 W

Dist 1,580.2918

Curve Data
*----------*
Curve BASE2-2
P.I. Station
43+24.081 X 2,174,283.8636 Y
Delta
=
6^ 46 11.00 (RT)
Degree =
1^ 25 00.00
G E O PA K I
9/25/12

7,124,793.0306

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-7

APPENDIX

Tangent =
239.2097
Length =
477.8627
Radius =
4,044.4080
External =
7.0679
Long Chord =
477.5848
Mid. Ord. =
7.0556
P.C. Station
40+84.871 X 2,174,325.2649 Y 7,124,557.4309
P.T. Station
45+62.734 X 2,174,270.5233 Y 7,125,031.8680
C.C.
X 2,178,308.6371 Y 7,125,257.4177
Back
= N 9^ 58 00.00 W
Ahead
= N 3^ 11 49.00 W
Chord Bear = N 6^ 34 54.50 W
End Region 1
Equation: Sta 45+62.734 (BK) = Sta 55+00.000 (AH)
---------------Begin Region 2
Point 821

2,174,270.5233 Y

7,125,031.8680 Sta

Course from 821 to PC BASE2-3 N 3^ 11 49.00 W

55+00.000

Dist 1,582.4933

Curve Data
*----------*
Curve BASE2-3
P.I. Station
77+51.052 X 2,174,144.9860 Y 7,127,279.4168
Delta
= 23^ 04 56.00 (LT)
Degree =
1^ 45 00.00
Tangent =
668.5587
Length =
1,318.9841
Radius =
3,274.0445
External =
67.5626
Long Chord =
1,310.0827
Mid. Ord. =
66.1966
P.C. Station
70+82.493 X 2,174,182.2704 Y 7,126,611.8986
P.T. Station
84+01.477 X 2,173,848.9849 Y 7,127,878.8782
C.C.
X 2,170,913.3211 Y 7,126,429.3108
Back
= N 3^ 11 49.00 W
Ahead
= N 26^ 16 45.00 W
Chord Bear = N 14^ 44 17.00 W
Course from PT BASE2-3 to 50 N 26^ 16 45.00 W
Point 50

2,172,911.6475 Y

7,129,777.1737 Sta 105+18.581

Ending chain BASE2 description


Copyright (1998) GEOPAK Corporation
G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Dist 2,117.1034

===========

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-8

APPENDIX

Copyright: (c) 2004 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All rights reserved.


Project: class1
Subject:
Job No. 99
Operator: TC
Date:
Friday July 22, 2005 10:59 am
SYSTEM FIX 4 ASEC 2 BEAR PRI 0 RED NE STA 3 FILE: BASE1

1 Describe Chain BASE1

Chain BASE1 contains:


210 CUR BASE1-20 CUR BASE1-30 CUR BASE1-40 250
Beginning chain BASE1 description
======================================================================
========
Point 210

2,173,795.9903 Y

7,120,705.9193 Sta

Course from 210 to PC BASE1-20 N 31^ 56 17.00 E

0+00.000

Dist 980.7711

Curve Data
*----------*
Curve BASE1-20
P.I. Station
17+78.558 X 2,174,736.8514 Y 7,122,215.2404
Delta
= 41^ 54 17.00 (LT)
Degree =
2^ 45 00.00
Tangent =
797.7872
Length =
1,523.8081
Radius =
2,083.4829
External =
147.5181
Long Chord =
1,490.0719
Mid. Ord. =
137.7639
P.C. Station
9+80.771 X 2,174,314.8203 Y 7,121,538.2218
P.T. Station
25+04.579 X 2,174,598.7742 Y 7,123,000.9878
C.C.
X 2,172,546.7339 Y 7,122,640.3886
Back
= N 31^ 56 17.00 E
Ahead
= N 9^ 58 00.00 W
Chord Bear = N 10^ 59 08.50 E
Course from PT BASE1-20 to PC BASE1-30 N 9^ 58 00.00 W

Dist 1,580.2919

Curve Data
*----------*
G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-9

APPENDIX

Curve BASE1-30
P.I. Station
43+24.081 X 2,174,283.8636 Y 7,124,793.0306
Delta
=
6^ 46 11.00 (RT)
Degree =
1^ 25 00.00
Tangent =
239.2097
Length =
477.8627
Radius =
4,044.4080
External =
7.0679
Long Chord =
477.5848
Mid. Ord. =
7.0556
P.C. Station
40+84.871 X 2,174,325.2648 Y 7,124,557.4309
P.T. Station
45+62.734 X 2,174,270.5233 Y 7,125,031.8681
C.C.
X 2,178,308.6371 Y 7,125,257.4177
Back
= N 9^ 58 00.00 W
Ahead
= N 3^ 11 49.00 W
Chord Bear = N 6^ 34 54.50 W
Course from PT BASE1-30 to PC BASE1-40 N 3^ 11 49.00 W

Dist 1,582.4933

Curve Data
*----------*
Curve BASE1-40
P.I. Station
68+13.786 X 2,174,144.9860 Y 7,127,279.4168
Delta
= 23^ 04 56.00 (LT)
Degree =
1^ 45 00.00
Tangent =
668.5587
Length =
1,318.9841
Radius =
3,274.0445
External =
67.5626
Long Chord =
1,310.0827
Mid. Ord. =
66.1966
P.C. Station
61+45.227 X 2,174,182.2704 Y 7,126,611.8986
P.T. Station
74+64.211 X 2,173,848.9849 Y 7,127,878.8783
C.C.
X 2,170,913.3211 Y 7,126,429.3108
Back
= N 3^ 11 49.00 W
Ahead
= N 26^ 16 45.00 W
Chord Bear = N 14^ 44 17.00 W
Course from PT BASE1-40 to 250 N 26^ 16 45.00 W
Point 250

2,172,911.6475 Y

Dist 2,117.1034

7,129,777.1737 Sta

95+81.315

Ending chain BASE1 description


Copyright (1998) GEOPAK Corporation
G E O PA K I
9/25/12

===========

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-10

APPENDIX

Copyright: (c) 2004 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All rights reserved.


Project: class1
Subject:
Job No. 99
Operator: TC
Date:
Friday July 22, 2005 10:59 am
SYSTEM FIX 4 ASEC 2 BEAR PRI 0 RED NE STA 3 FILE: ALT1

1 DESCRIBE CHAIN ALT1

Chain ALT1 contains:


200 CUR ALT1-1 CUR ALT1-2 CUR ALT1-3 201
Beginning chain ALT1 description
======================================================================
========
Point 200

2,173,943.7890 Y

7,120,607.0280 Sta 100+00.000

Course from 200 to PC ALT1-1 N 26^ 36 04.05 E

Dist 1,428.4368

Curve Data
*----------*
Curve ALT1-1
P.I. Station
120+71.676 X 2,174,871.4369 Y 7,122,459.4073
Delta
= 40^ 05 26.06 (LT)
Degree =
3^ 15 00.00
Tangent =
643.2387
Length =
1,233.5560
Radius =
1,762.9471
External =
113.6825
Long Chord =
1,208.5452
Mid. Ord. =
106.7958
P.C. Station
114+28.437 X 2,174,583.4096 Y 7,121,884.2583
P.T. Station
126+61.993 X 2,174,721.3910 Y 7,123,084.9009
C.C.
X 2,173,007.0786 Y 7,122,673.6648
Back
= N 26^ 36 04.05 E
Ahead
= N 13^ 29 22.01 W
Chord Bear = N 6^ 33 21.02 E
Course from PT ALT1-1 to PC ALT1-2 N 13^ 29 22.01 W

Dist 3,603.4952

Curve Data
*----------*
G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-11

APPENDIX

Curve ALT1-2
P.I. Station
165+56.966 X 2,173,812.8252 Y 7,126,872.4233
Delta
= 14^ 29 45.91 (RT)
Degree =
2^ 30 00.00
Tangent =
291.4782
Length =
579.8435
Radius =
2,291.8312
External =
18.4609
Long Chord =
578.2982
Mid. Ord. =
18.3134
P.C. Station
162+65.488 X 2,173,880.8172 Y 7,126,588.9861
P.T. Station
168+45.332 X 2,173,817.9460 Y 7,127,163.8565
C.C.
X 2,176,109.4234 Y 7,127,123.5930
Back
= N 13^ 29 22.01 W
Ahead
= N 1^ 00 23.91 E
Chord Bear = N 6^ 14 29.05 W
Course from PT ALT1-2 to PC ALT1-3 N 1^ 00 23.91 E

Dist 672.1817

Curve Data
*----------*
Curve ALT1-3
P.I. Station
177+96.231 X 2,173,834.6516 Y 7,128,114.6092
Delta
= 28^ 12 59.00 (LT)
Degree =
5^ 10 00.00
Tangent =
278.7177
Length =
546.1237
Radius =
1,108.9506
External =
34.4894
Long Chord =
540.6217
Mid. Ord. =
33.4491
P.C. Station
175+17.513 X 2,173,829.7550 Y 7,127,835.9345
P.T. Station
180+63.637 X 2,173,707.2082 Y 7,128,362.4836
C.C.
X 2,172,720.9756 Y 7,127,855.4168
Back
= N 1^ 00 23.91 E
Ahead
= N 27^ 12 35.09 W
Chord Bear = N 13^ 06 05.59 W
Course from PT ALT1-3 to 201 N 27^ 12 35.09 W
Point 201

2,172,994.3080 Y

Dist 1,559.1063

7,129,749.0570 Sta 196+22.743

Ending chain ALT1 description


Copyright (1998) GEOPAK Corporation
G E O PA K I
9/25/12

===========

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-12

APPENDIX

Copyright: (c) 2004 Bentley Systems, Incorporated. All rights reserved.


Project: class1
Subject:
Job No. 99
Operator: TC
Date:
Friday July 22, 2005 10:59 am
SYSTEM FIX 4 ASEC 2 BEAR PRI 0 RED NE STA 3 FILE: REVIS

1 Describe Chain REVISE

Chain REVISE contains:


900 CUR REVISE-1 CUR REVISE-2 CUR REVISE-3 901
Beginning chain REVISE description
======================================================================
========
Point 900

2,173,943.7890 Y

7,120,607.0280 Sta

Course from 900 to PC REVISE-1 N 26^ 36 04.38 E

50+00.000

Dist 1,311.4843

Curve Data
*----------*
Curve REVISE-1
P.I. Station
70+71.679 X 2,174,871.4413 Y 7,122,459.4087
Delta
= 40^ 05 26.64 (LT)
Degree =
2^ 45 00.00
Tangent =
760.1945
Length =
1,457.8449
Radius =
2,083.4829
External =
134.3531
Long Chord =
1,428.2862
Mid. Ord. =
126.2142
P.C. Station
63+11.484 X 2,174,531.0429 Y 7,121,779.6847
P.T. Station
77+69.329 X 2,174,694.1127 Y 7,123,198.6314
C.C.
X 2,172,668.1076 Y 7,122,712.6227
Back
= N 26^ 36 04.38 E
Ahead
= N 13^ 29 22.26 W
Chord Bear = N 6^ 33 21.06 E
Course from PT REVISE-1 to PC REVISE-2 N 13^ 29 22.26 W

Dist 3,486.5374

Curve Data
*----------*
G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-13

APPENDIX

Curve REVISE-2
P.I. Station
115+47.348 X 2,173,812.8238 Y 7,126,872.4246
Delta
= 14^ 29 46.49 (RT)
Degree =
2^ 30 00.00
Tangent =
291.4815
Length =
579.8499
Radius =
2,291.8312
External =
18.4614
Long Chord =
578.3045
Mid. Ord. =
18.3138
P.C. Station
112+55.866 X 2,173,880.8169 Y 7,126,588.9843
P.T. Station
118+35.716 X 2,173,817.9451 Y 7,127,163.8611
C.C.
X 2,176,109.4225 Y 7,127,123.5940
Back
= N 13^ 29 22.26 W
Ahead
= N 1^ 00 24.23 E
Chord Bear = N 6^ 14 29.02 W
Course from PT REVISE-2 to PC REVISE-3 N 1^ 00 24.23 E

Dist 672.1715

Curve Data
*----------*
Curve REVISE-3
P.I. Station
127+86.607 X 2,173,834.6520 Y 7,128,114.6050
Delta
= 28^ 12 59.50 (LT)
Degree =
5^ 10 00.00
Tangent =
278.7192
Length =
546.1263
Radius =
1,108.9506
External =
34.4897
Long Chord =
540.6242
Mid. Ord. =
33.4494
P.C. Station
125+07.888 X 2,173,829.7550 Y 7,127,835.9288
P.T. Station
130+54.014 X 2,173,707.2077 Y 7,128,362.4806
C.C.
X 2,172,720.9756 Y 7,127,855.4129
Back
= N 1^ 00 24.23 E
Ahead
= N 27^ 12 35.27 W
Chord Bear = N 13^ 06 05.52 W
Course from PT REVISE-3 to 901 N 27^ 12 35.27 W
Point 901

2,172,994.3060 Y

Dist 1,559.1070

7,129,749.0540 Sta 146+13.121

Ending chain REVISE description

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

B-14

G LOSSARY
Absolute Angle

label option that positions the label at the angle defined in MicroStation

Attribute Tag

allows a MicroStation element to be used in conjunction with TxDOT's database for display and computational purposes. (Gives the element intelligence)

Boundary

polygon used to constrain the external limits of a triangulated model; no triangles will be created outside the boundary polygon

Breaklines

lines used to represent linear feature, such as, edges of pavement, ditch bottoms and ridges

COGO

an abbreviated term for Coordinate Geometry

Deduction Tolerance defines a maximum distance for cell placement, in relation to a payitem to
be considered during computation of quantities
Digital Terrain

(DTM), a three dimensional representation of the topography of a project

Drape

a method of viewing the DTM by "laying" a gridded mesh over the terrain
model to enhanced visualization of differences in elevations

Drape Void

delineates an area of no data or obscured area and is defined in a closed element. It differs from a Void in that the elevations of the void elements are not
incorporated into the data file. Rather, the Void elements are draped onto the
model, and model elevations are utilized. The Void must be contiguous within
the data file.

Dynamic Placement

an option incorporated in the Vertical Alignment Generator that provides


the user the ability to set VPI's by graphic manipulation (e.g. data point)

Extract

determines the XYZ data directly from the coordinate values of three dimensional MicroStation elements

Feature

a graphical standard from TxDOT's database; e.g. Edge of Pavement

Feature Code

a code used to describe a type of point. Useful in DTM's; e.g., a feature code
of two (2) indicates the point is part of a breakline

Graphic Triangles 3D triangles placed at true elevations


Hull

outer limits (boundary) of all data used in a triangulated model

Interpolation

derives the XYZ data by interpolating spot elevations along longitudinal


MicroStation elements (may be two dimensional elements)

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

G-1

Glossary
Island

a closed element completely encompassed within a Void. Random spots,


breaks and contour elements may be present within the island

Lattice

a grid mesh used to represent a model; an enhancement to visualization

Maximum Gap
Tolerance

defines the distance GEOPAK reads to determine if two elements intersect;


if two elements are within this distance GEOPAK assumes they intersect, if
they are outside this distance, GEOPAK reads them as separate elements

Operator Code

a two character code unique to each project which allows multiple users access
to the database; usually defined by the operators initials

Pad

user defined polygon integrated into a triangulated model

Pattern Lines

lines drawn into a 2D file that represent the location(s) of cross sections

Pay Item

a quantity item which correlates to TxDOT's Standard Specifications Bid Items

Place Influence

a toggle box within the Design and Computation Manager that determines the
source of display parameters used for graphic elements

Point Code

a code that is used by surveyors to describe the ground feature they are shooting; e.g., in CAiCE the point code BRN refers to a barn

Relative Angle

label option that positions the label at the same angle, or radial to the object it's
associated with

Spots

points that have no functional relationship to any other point. MicroStation


elements and/or text used to define point elevations in a DTM

Triangles

three dimensional elements that represent an irregular surface of a DTM

TIN

triangulated irregular network

Visualization

allows for temporary viewing of COGO elements as they are stored, printed,
described, etc.

Voids

obscured areas (shapes or complex shapes) where no data can be read

G E O PA K I
9/25/12

Te x a s D e p a r t m e n t o f Tr a n s p o r t a t i o n

G-2