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Pistols

Name/
designation

Year of
intro

Country of
origin

Primary
cartridge

United States

COP 357 Derringer

Major users

.357 Magnum

The COP 357 was a 4 shot Derringer type pistol chambered for the powerful .357 magnum round. It was designed by Robert Hillberg, based on earlier work on the Hillberg Insurgency Weapon. It was manufactured by the now defunct
COP Inc. of Torrance, California (COP stood for Compact Off-Duty Police). The double action weapon is only slightly larger than the typical .25 automatic pistol pistol, which made it a good choice for a defensive weapon or a police
backup gun.

Brazil
Garrucha

n/a

The Garrucha is a small pistol, similar to a Derringer, common in southern Brazil and Argentina in the early 20th Century. It is usually double-barreled, though with the barrels side-by-side rather than vertical as is common in American
derringers, and the bores can be rifled or smooth. In Brazil, the most popular chamberings were for the .320 and .380 centrefire cartridges, similar to the .32 S&W and .38 S&W in appearance, but conical. They were also chambered for
the .22 Short, .22 Long, .22 Long Rifle, and the .32, 8mm, and 9mm Flobert cartridges, among others.

Pepper-box

United States

18th Century

n/a

Civil-War America

The pepper-box revolver is a multiple-barrel repeating firearm that has three or more barrels grouped around a central axis. It mostly appears in the form of a multi-shot handheld firearm.

Howdah pistol

United Kingdom

19th Century

n/a

British Empire

The Howdah pistol was a large-calibre handgun, often with two or four barrels, used in India and Africa in the mid-to-late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, during the period of British Colonial rule. It was typically intended for
defence against tigers, lions, and other dangerous animals that might be encountered in remote areas. Multi-barreled designs were initially favoured for Howdah pistols because they offered faster reloading than was possible with
contemporary revolvers, which had to be loaded and unloaded through a gate in the side of the frame.

Lancaster Pistol

United Kingdom

1884

.455 Webley

British Empire

The Lancaster Pistol was a multi-barrelled (either 2 or 4 barrels) handgun produced in England in the mid-late 19th century, chambered in a variety of centrefire pistol calibreschiefly .380", .450 Adams, .455 Webley, and .577 calibre. It
was a modernised version of the pepper-box pistol popular in the early-mid 19th century. Unlike these earlier guns, which had percussion cap ignition the Lancaster was chambered for the more modern brass cartridges. It had a faster
rate of fire than the standard-issue Adams revolver and was often fitted with a Tranter-type trigger to overcome the heavy pull of the revolving striker.

Mossberg Brownie

United States

19201932

.22LR

n/a

The Mossberg Brownie was a four-barreled, .22 Long Rifle pistol, similar to a derringer or pepperbox, produced by O.F. Mossberg & Sons from 1920-1932. The Brownie was based on an earlier pistol patented and licensed to the
Shattuck Company by Oscar Mossberg.

France
Bayl 1879 wallet / palm pistol

1879

12 gauge

n/a

The Bayl Pistol was a 6 barrel pistol of French origin introduced in 1879. The barrels were placed vertical and firing was actuated with a double-action trigger mechanism firing each round at a time.
[edit]Revolvers

Name/
designation

Year of
intro

Country of
origin

Primary
cartridge

Major users

Japan
Bajzutsu revolver

n/a

The bajzutsu () revolver was a Japanese 3 shot pistol of the Edo period and possibly invented at the same time, before the Americans and Europeans were in search of multi shot firearms.

Belgium
Henrion, Dassy & Heuschen Revolver

1911

.32 S&W

n/a

The Henrion, Dassy & Heuschen Revolver (HDH Revolver) was a 20 shot revolver manufactured by the French firm of Henrion, Dassy & Heuschen (HDH) from 1911 to 1928. It was marketed under a variety of names that were
supposed to denote power and manly coolness. Names such as "Wild West", "Terrible", "Redoubtable", or even "Machine-gun HDH" certainly have a get-down-to-business ring to them.

France
LeMat revolver

1861

Confederate States

.42
16ga

n/a

The LeMat revolver was a .42 or .36 caliber cap & ball black powder revolver invented by Dr. Jean Alexandre LeMat of New Orleans, which featured a rather unusual secondary 16 gauge smoothbore barrel capable of firing buckshot,
and saw service with the armed forces of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War of 18611865.

Pepperbox

19th Century (Noted Examples)

Various

Various

n/a

The pepper-box revolver or simply pepperbox (also "pepper-pot", from its resemblance to the household pepper grinder) is a multiple-barrel repeating firearm that has three or more barrels grouped around a central axis. It mostly
appears in the form of a multi-shot handheld firearm. Pepperboxes exist in all ammunition systems: matchlock, wheellock, flintlock, percussion, pinfire, rimfire and centerfire.

Cobray Pocket Pal

United States

19??

.22LR
.380 ACP

n/a

The Cobray Pocket Pal was a unique revolver that featured the same break-action, layout, and hammer system of the Mossberg Brownie. Cobray combined this with a unique twin-barrel, dual-caliber system. Two "zig-zag" revolving
cylinders were provided, one in .22 LR and the other in .380 ACP. The same hammer fired either the .22 caliber in the bottom barrel or the .380 in the top depending on which cylinder was installed.
[edit]Shotguns

Name/
designation

Year of
intro

Country of
origin

Double-barreled shotgun

Primary
cartridge

Various

Major users

12ga

A double-barreled shotgun is a shotgun or Combination gun with two parallel barrels, allowing two shots to be fired in quick succession.

Italy

28 Gauge
.410 bore

FAMARS Rombo

The FAMARS Rombo is a model of four-barrelled break-action shotgun made by the FAMARS factory in Italy. The shotgun is produced in 28 gauge and .410 bore, and was primarily designed for small-game hunting. It is notable for
having a complex action, which allows all four barrels to be fired consecutively and sequentially using just the one trigger.

Russia
Leopard 12

12 Gauge

n/a

n/a

Luftwaffe

The Leopard 12 is a 4 barrel shotgun

Germany
M30 Luftwaffe drilling

The M30 Luftwaffe drilling was a survival weapon issued to Luftwaffe pilots during World War II. It was intended to be used in the event that a pilot was shot down, for defense and for hunting game to stay alive until rescue. For
maximum versatility the M30 featured two 12 gauge shotgun barrels, and a 9.3x74mmR rifle barrel. They were manufactured by the German firm JP Sauer.

Soviet Union

TP-82

n/a

The TP-82 is a triple-barreled Soviet firearm that was carried by cosmonauts on space missions. It is intended as a survival aid to be used after landings and before recovery in the Siberian wilderness. The upper two smoothbore barrels
use 12.5x70 mm ammunition, or approximately 40 gauge, and the lower rifled barrel uses 5.45 mm caliber ammunition. The pistol can be used for hunting, to defend against predators and for visible and audible distress signals. The
detachable buttstock is also a machete that comes with a canvas sheath.

Colt Defender Mark I

United States

1967

12ga

n/a

Colt Defender Mark I was an 8-barrel shotgun intended for law enforcement or military use, completed in 1967. The shotgun had a semi-automatic like fire without the complexity of being a semi-automatic weapon. Each barrel was
chambered for the 20 gauge 3 inch magnum shell. The barrels were joined together around a central axis with a pistol grip double action revolver mechanism and a second forward pistol grip for instinctive shooting. The shotgun was
extremely simple to operate and very robust.

United States

Winchester Liberator

12ga

n/a

The Winchester Liberator is a 16-gauge, four-barrelled shotgun, similar to a scaled up four-shot double action derringer. It was an implementation of the Hillberg Insurgency Weapon design. Robert Hillberg, the designer, envisioned a
weapon that was cheap to manufacture, easy to use, and provided a significant chance of being effective in the hands of someone who had never handled a firearm before. Pistols and submachine guns were eliminated from
consideration due to the training required to use them effectively. The shotgun was chosen because it provided a very high volume of fire with a high hit probability. Both Winchester and Colt built prototypes, although the Colt eight-shot
design came late in the war and was adapted for the civilian law enforcement market. No known samples were ever produced for military use.
[edit]Non-lethal

weapons
Name/
designation

Year of
intro

Country of
origin

Primary
cartridge

Major users

France
Flash-ball

44mm

France

The Flash-Ball is a hand-held weapon which is mainly used by law enforcement officers in riot situations as an alternative to lethal firearms, baton rounds, and plastic bullets. It was developed by French hunting firearms manufacturer
Verney-Carron who owns the brand name "Flash-Ball" which should only be used to refer to this specific caliber 44/83 weapon of which two versions are currently available. The super-pro version features vertically stacked barrels and
is made from metal alloys, while the compact version is made from lighter composite materials with the twin barrels side by side. Both versions of the weapon can be used to fire a variety of ammunition although a soft 44 mm rubber ball
is the most common.

PB-4M

Russia

15.5mm

n/a

The PB-4 "Osa" ("", rus. "Wasp") is a family of Russian non-lethal pistols that can be also used as flare launcher or flashbang gun. The pistol is designed and manufactured by state owned organizations Federal center for research
and manufacturing and The Institute for science and research in the applied chemistry. The last one is one of the most important military contractors in Russia, first developer of the gun.
[edit]Underwater

firearms
Name/
designation

Year of
intro

Country of
origin

Primary
cartridge

Major users

Germany
H&K P11

n/a

Germany

The HK P11 is a Heckler & Koch pistol designed as an underwater firearm. Since ordinary-shaped rounds are inaccurate and have a very short range when used underwater, this pistol fires steel darts about 10 cm long. It has five
barrels, each of which is loaded with a cartridge, giving the gun a pepper-box appearance, and it is electrically ignited from a battery pack in the pistol grip. After firing all five cartridges, the barrel unit must be sent back to its
manufacturer for reloading. In the past, Heckler & Koch has denied knowledge of its existence.

United States

Mk 1 Underwater Defense Gun

n/a

US

The M1 Underwater Defense Gun, also called the Underwater Defense Gun Mark 1 Mod 0, is an underwater firearm developed by the United States during the Cold War. Like other underwater firearms, it fires a special 4.25 inch metal
dart as its projectile.

Soviet Union

SPP-1

Soviet Union
Russia

n/a

The 4.5 mm SPP-1 Underwater Pistol was made in the USSR for use underwater by Soviet frogmen as an underwater firearm. It was developed in the late 1960s and accepted for use in 1971. Underwater, ordinary-shaped bullets are
inaccurate and very short-range. As a result, this pistol fires a round-based 4.5 mm caliber steel dart about 115 mm long (about 4.5 inches), weighing 12.8 g, which has longer range and more penetrating power than speargun spears.
The complete cartridge is 145 mm long (about 5.7 inches) and weighs 17.5 g.
[edit]Flare

launchers
Name/
designation

Year of
intro

Country of
origin

Primary
cartridge

Major users

Germany
Krieghoff Model L

n/a

Luftwaffe

The Krieghoff Model L was a double-barrel Flare gun of German origin. It was manufactured by Krieghoff Waffenfabrik and used by the Luftwaffe.

Japan
Nambu Type 90

Imperial Japanese Navy

The Nambu Type 90 was a Flare Pistol of Japanese Origin and manufactured by Nambu. It was used by the Imperial Japanese Navy and came with two or three barrels.
[edit]Grenade

launchers
Name/
designation

Year of
intro

Country of
origin

Australia

Redback

Primary
cartridge

Major users

n/a

n/a

The Redback weapon system is being developed under a teaming agreement with Electro-Optic Systems (EOS), Metal Storm (MS) and Singapore Technologies Kinetics (ST Kinetics). The Redback is a 4-barrel, 16-shot remotely
operated weapon system that can automatically track targets and slew at speeds of up to 700 degrees/second (almost 2 complete revolutions per second). The primary role of Redback is as a lightweight vehicle or fixed asset mounted
40 mm weapon system.
[edit]Rifles

Name/
designation

Nock gun

Year of
intro

Country of
origin

United Kingdom

1779

Primary
cartridge

n/a

Major users

Royal Navy

The Nock gun was invented by British engineer James Wilson in 1779, and named for Nock, the London-based armaments manufacturer contracted to build the gun. It was intended to be fired from the rigging of Royal Navy warships
onto the deck in the event that the ship was boarded by enemy sailors. Theoretically, the simultaneous discharge of seven barrels would have devastating effect on the tightly packed groups of enemy sailors.

Double rifle

Various

Various

A double-barreled rifle or double rifle is a type of sporting rifle with two barrels instead of one, available in either side-by-side or the more accurate over-and-under barrel configurations. Double rifles are one of the family of combination
guns. In general, double rifles are much more expensive than the much more common magazine-repeater rifles, and, owing to the large-calibre cartridges commonly used, have to withstand very high levels of recoil. Because of their
ability to fire two quick shots, double rifles are often used for the hunting of dangerous game in Africa. While today double rifles are typically associated with African big game hunting, double rifles saw their most extensive use during the
colonial period in India.

Springfield Armoury SALVO

United States

1957

5.56x45mm NATO

n/a

n/a

n/a

The Springfield Armoury SALVO was an entrant of Project SALVO. It was a 3 barrel salvo rifle fed by a feeding rotor.

Germany
Steinkamp SW1

2010

The Steinkamp SW1 is an over/under double rifle of German origin. The weapon uses a lever action handguard to cock the weapon and a lower trigger to eject the spent brass.

France
VFIW

1970-73

5.56x45mm NATO

n/a

The Volley Firing Infantry Weapon (VFIW) was a rifle concept with the capability of firing semi/full automatic and adjustable spread. It was magazine fed but used special clips holding 3 rounds each.
[edit]Assault

rifles

Name/
designation

80.002

Year of
intro

Country of
origin

Primary
cartridge

Soviet Union

1974

Major users

5.45x39mm M74
12.7mm Grenade

n/a

The 80.002 is a combined Assault Rifle/Grenade Launcher based on the AK platform that predated the similar OICW. In developing this set of designers participated V. Minaev, VI Chelikin, GA Jan. The main difference from the
Kalashnikov is the presence of weapons of two adjacent shafts 5.45 mm and 12.7 mm respectively.

AO-63

Soviet Union

1986

5.45x39mm M74

Spetsnaz

The AO-63 was intended as a more accurate alternative to the standard issue AK-74 with capabilities firing from 850 to a theoretical 6,000RPM when the two round burst selected making it effective against body armour. It was used
during the Abakan trials with the AN-94 being the winner.

TKB-059

Soviet Union

1966

7.62x39mm

n/a

The TKB-059 assault rifle was a bullpup weapon with rapid burst capabilities. It had a unique recoil operation with the spent brass ejecting downwards behind the magazine area enabling the weapon to be used ambidextrously. The
TKB-059 recoil operation was used as the basis of the AN-94.

Ukraine

4.92x34mm
20mm

TVGK

n/a

The TVGK is a combined Assault rifle/ Airburst grenade launcher concept from Ukraine. It is of Bullpup configuration and is developed by KB Shar.

South Korea
K11

5.56x45mm NATO
20mm

2008

South Korea
United Arab Emirates

The K11 is an OICW chambered to fire 5.56mm rounds, as well as 20mm air-burst shells from its overbarrel launcher. The weapon was adopted by the Republic of Korea Armed Forces in 2008 and was distributed within the Republic of
Korea Army during 2010, making it the world's first army to use an airburst rifle as standard issue in the military.
[edit]Battle

rifles
Name/
designation

Year of
intro

ITM Model 3

Country of
origin

Primary
cartridge

United States

1989

7.62x51mm NATO
9x19mm Parabellum

Major users

n/a

The ITM Model 3 is a combined battle rifle and submachine gun developed by ITM Tool & Die of Ohio for urban warfare. The top section is an AK derivative rifle with the lower section a 9mm submachine gun. The Model-3 chambers
7.62x39mm in the 16" top barrel and 9mm Parabellum in the 7.8" lower barrel. This too has a single trigger with a selector switch. Like the Model-4 also cycles at 800 rounds/minute. The Model-3 unloaded weighs 4.4 kg.

Olin/Winchester FAL

United States

1957

5.56mm T65 Duplex

n/a

The Olin/Winchester FAL is an FN FAL battle rifle chambered in the experimental 5.56mm T65 Duplex Round used in Project SALVO to fire flechette projectiles. It was designed by Stefan K. Janson who previously worked on the
abandoned Enfield EM2 which actually lost out to the L1A1 SLR in British Service during the 1950s. An example of this weapon can be seen at the Springfield Armoury Museum.
[edit]Submachine

Guns
Name/
designation

Gordon Close-Support Weapon System

Year of
intro

1972

Country of
origin

Australia

Primary
cartridge

12ga
9x19mm Parabellum

Major users

n/a

5.56x45mm NATO
7.62x51mm NATO

The Gordon Close-Support Weapon System (Gordon CSWS) was an exotic firearm project of Australian origin. A very unusual weapon system was proposed at one time Australian Duncan Gordon. It was assumed that the basis of this
family of automatic weapons constitute a belt fed machine gun, automatic shotgun with box magazine and the double-barreled submachine gun with overhead inserted magazines (A la Villar-Perosa SMG) is very unusual configuration.

United States

ITM Model 4

9x19mm Parabellum

n/a

9x21mm Largo

Austria Hungary
Italy

Italy
Villar-Perosa aircraft submachine gun

1914

The Villar-Perosa aircraft submachine gun was an Italian double barreled light machine gun designed by Bethel Abiel Revelli, a Major in the Italian Army in 1914. The weapon fired pistol calibre 9 mm Glisenti ammunition, a reducedpower version of the famous 9 mm Para, at the extremely high rate of fire of 3,000 rounds per minute, or 1,500 rounds per minute per barrel. It was arguably the first submachine gun though it was highly impractical due to its design as
a stationary machine gun.
[edit]Machine

guns
Name/
designation

Year of
intro

Country of
origin

Primary
cartridge

Major users

Nepal
Bira gun

1896-97

.577/.450 Martini-Henry

British Empire

The Bira gun was a .577/450 Martini-Henry calibre machine gun designed and manufactured in Nepal during the latter part of the 19th Century. It was a development of, and based upon, the American Gardner gun. It was double
barreled, but fed through an overhead drum magazine similar to the later Lewis gun. The Bira gun was never deployed operationally.

Germany
Fokker-Leimberger

1916

7.92x57mm Mauser

Germany

The Fokker-Leimberger was an early example of an externally powered machine gun of Imperial German origin that predated the M134 Minigun. It had 12 barrels and could fire over 7200RPM it had the spent brass ruptured. The
weapon was experimented with during World War I until the armistice.

Germany
Gast gun

1916

7.92x57mm Mauser
13mm

Germany

The Gast Gun was a German twin barreled machine gun developed by Karl Gast of Vorwerk und Companie of Barmen, and used during the First World War. It was notable for its high rate of fire of 1,600 rounds per minute and a unique
mechanism that is used today in the Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-23L series of Russian aircraft cannon.

GShG-7.62

1960s

Soviet Union

7.62x54mmR

Russia
Warsaw Pact
Various

The Shipunov GShG-7.62 is a four-barreled rotary machine gun, similar to firearms such as the M134 "Minigun". It has been used only in gun pods and flexible mounts on Kamov Ka-29 prototypes.

Gardner gun

1874

United States

Various

Various

The Gardner gun was an early type of mechanical machine gun. It had one or two barrels, was fed from a vertical magazine or hopper and was operated by a crank. When the crank was turned, a feed arm positioned a cartridge in the
breech, the bolt closed and the weapon fired. Turning the crank further opened the breechblock and extracted the spent round.

Gatling gun

1865

United States

Various

Various

The Gatling gun was a hand-cranked, rotary barrel weapon capable of rapid fire. It formed the basis of many externally operated derivatives used today.

GAU-19

1983

United States

.50 BMG

Various

An electrically driven Gatling-type gun that fires the .50 BMG (12.799mm) cartridge. Due to its weight and size, it is not a field-portable weapons system, but it is often installed on helicopters, ground vehicles, and water vessels.

Minigun

1963

United States

7.62x51mm NATO

Various

The Minigun is a 7.62 mm, multi-barrel machine gun with a high rate of fire (2,000 to 6,000 rounds per minute), employing Gatling-style rotating barrels with an external power source. In popular culture, the term "Minigun" has come to
refer to any externally-powered Gatling gun of rifle caliber, though the term is sometimes used to refer to guns of similar rates of fire and configuration, regardless of power source and caliber. Specifically, minigun refers to a single
weapon, originally produced by General Electric. The "Mini" of the name is in comparison to designs that use a similar firing mechanism but larger shells, such as General Electric's earlier 20 mm M61 Vulcan.

Mitrailleuse

1851

France

n/a

France

Belgium
Montigny mitrailleuse

1863

Belgium
Qing Empire

n/a

The Montigny mitrailleuse was an early type of crank-operated machine-gun developed by the Belgian gun works of Joseph Montigny between 1859 and 1870. It was an improved version of the "Mitrailleuse", (English: Grapeshot
shooter) invented by Belgian Captain Fafschamps in 1851 which was a fixed 50-barrelled volley gun. It was designed to defend narrow defensive positions such as the moats of fortresses. The Belgian army initially purchased
Fafschamps volley guns. Only later did they acquire Montigny mitrailleuses. Joseph Montigny also promoted and sold the weapon for offensive field use by placing the weapon on an artillery carriage.

Sweden
Nordenfelt gun

1873

Various

Various

The Nordenfelt Gun was a multiple barrel machine gun that had a row of up to twelve barrels. It was fired by pulling a lever back and forth. It was produced in a number of different calibres from rifle up to 25 mm (1 inch). Larger calibres
were also used, but for these calibres the design simply permitted rapid manual loading rather than true automatic fire.

Silin gun

Soviet Union

1937

7.62x54mmR

n/a

7.62x54mmR

n/a

The Silin Gun was a gast-derived, belt-fed machine gun capable of firing up to 6,000RPM.

Slostin gun

1944-46

Soviet Union

The Slostin was a self-powered Gatling Gun of Russian origin and was chambered in 7.62x54mmR, mounted on PM M1910 wheeled tripods. It used a gas-operation, with stationary breech and movable barrels. each barrel has its own
gas cylinders, with piston connected to the next barrel. Upon firing one barrel, next one was forced forward, and thus caused the whole barrel block to rotate through the roller, attached to the mentioned barrel running through cam track
in outer shell. The Slostin gun was tested and worked well but not adopted by the Soviet Government as they found it was overcomplicated and had no advantage over the existing PM 1910's, SG-43 Goryunov and RP-46 machine
guns.
[edit]Cannons

Name/
designation

GAU-8

Year of
intro

1977

Country of
origin

United States

Primary
cartridge

30 mm caliber

Major users

United States

The General Electric GAU-8/A Avenger is a 30 mm hydraulically-driven seven-barrel Gatling-type cannon that is mounted on the United States Air Force's Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II.

GSh-6-23

Soviet Union

23 mm

Russia

The Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-6-23 is a powerful, fast-firing gas operated six-barreled 23 mm Gatling-type gun used by some modern Soviet/Russian military aircraft.

M61 Vulcan

1959

United States

20 mm caliber

Various

The M61 Vulcan is a hydraulically or pneumatically driven, six-barreled, air-cooled, electrically fired Gatling-style rotary cannon which fires 20 mm rounds at an extremely high rate. The M61 and its derivatives have been the principal
cannon armament of United States military fixed-wing aircraft for fifty years.